CN209614249U - A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion intelligence equipment of large scale - Google Patents

A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion intelligence equipment of large scale Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209614249U
CN209614249U CN201821991273.7U CN201821991273U CN209614249U CN 209614249 U CN209614249 U CN 209614249U CN 201821991273 U CN201821991273 U CN 201821991273U CN 209614249 U CN209614249 U CN 209614249U
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China
Prior art keywords
cigarette
base station
vaccum
scale
powdering
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CN201821991273.7U
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Inventor
毛忠发
牛小东
魏华贤
张秋娟
吴福培
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Shantou Ruixiang Mould Co Ltd
Shantou University
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Shantou Ruixiang Mould Co Ltd
Shantou University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusions of large scale intelligently to equip, it mainly include laser galvanometer system, intelligent monitor system, powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device, forming workbench system, powder recovery system, implementation of the laser galvanometer system for the energy source and scan path of the equipment.The forming workbench system includes substrate, base station, pre-heating system, fine motion levelling mechanism, sealing device of powder and base station motion control and feedback system.Base station motion control and feedback system then realize the Real-time Feedback that base station and substrate move up and down with position.The powder recovery system includes to receive powder cabin and receive powder tank, realizes the instant recycling of powder.The utility model solves the problems such as precinct laser fusion forming dimension is small, forming process flue dust is difficult to be effectively treated, it can be achieved that the forming of large scale precinct laser fusion and its effective real-time processing of flue dust, ensure that the high quality forming of part.

Description

A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion intelligence equipment of large scale
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of metal laser increasing material manufacturing equipment, more particularly to one kind to be based on powdering and pressure-vaccum smoke machine The precinct laser fusion equipment of structure unitary design packaged type pressure-vaccum cigarette.
Background technique
Precinct laser fusion (SelectiveLaserMelting, SLM) is one kind of metal increases material manufacturing technology, its energy Gone out according to the slice of data direct forming of part three-dimensional CAD model close to completely fine and close and function admirable metal parts.It is based on The compacting mechanism being successively selectively completely melt, SLM have a variety of unique advantages: (1) energy forming height parts with complex structures, Such as lightweight porous structure, casual coolant flow channel;(2) designer's design freedom is greatly liberated, and eliminates a large amount of systems Process constraint is made, more quality products can be designed;(3) process is not necessarily to frock clamp, and manufacturing procedure is made to contract significantly Subtract, research and development of products is shortened dramatically with the production cycle, so as to fast responding market demand;(4) it is able to achieve the one chemical conversion of part Shape improves the overall performance and its reliability of part;(5) stock utilization is high, and no cutting waste, the metal powder of recycling can To reuse;(6) non-environmental-pollution.Forming process is the fusion of metal powder forming carried out in inertia closed environment, lazy Property gas equipment internal circulation filtering use, no industrial wastewater.(7) compacting mechanism that rapid melting quickly solidifies can be shown It writes refinement and uniform microscopic structure, part comprehensive performance gets a promotion.Therefore, SLM technology is by developed countries such as America and Europes Pay much attention to, and has formulated a large amount of industrialized development policy.However, being still suffered from big in SLM industrialization progradation Measure technical problem: (1) precinct laser fusion equipment forming dimension is small, it is difficult to meet the big part of aerospace, automobile and other industries and answer Use demand;(2) forming process flue dust is difficult to be effectively treated.The increase of forming dimension will lead to the increase of pressure-vaccum cigarette span, due to weight Power effect flue dust can fall in formation of parts surface, have an impact to part performance;(3) precinct laser fusion equipment automatization and Intelligence degree is inadequate, shapes pre-treatment and finishing time is too long, and lack the Intelligent treatment of forming process, i.e., in face of forming Forming defects in the process real-time monitoring and can not make corresponding antifeedback measures;(4) forming board is difficult to effectively be fixed. For big forming board, is fixed by simply carrying out screw at edge, effectively substrate central areas cannot be inhibited due to thermal stress Deformation caused by accumulative.Therefore, this series of problems will all hinder selective laser melting process industrialized development.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the embodiment of the utility model is, it is sharp to provide a kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette constituency of large scale Light fusing intelligence equipment.Pressure-vaccum cigarette distance can be adjusted according to path planning, realize mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette.Guaranteeing not influence powdering Under the premise of quality, pressure-vaccum cigarette efficiency is improved, to improve part forming quality.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, it is sharp to provide a kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette constituency of large scale for the utility model embodiment Light fusing intelligence equipment, including laser galvanometer system, intelligent checking system, powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device, forming workbench system System, powder recovery system;
The powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device includes that smoking apparatus and powdering blow cigarette integrating device;
The forming workbench system includes substrate, base station, electronic magnetic mechanism, preheating device, guide rail slide block mechanism, electricity Machine and base station frame, the base station frame are vertically installed in the guide rail slide block mechanism, and the motor and the base station frame drive Connection, the electronic magnetic mechanism are set between the substrate and the base station contact surface, and the preheating device is set to institute It states in base station frame upper surface;
The smoking apparatus is that a pair is respectively arranged on the rack two sides above the base station, and blows cigarette with the powdering Integrating device is arranged in same level;
The powder recovery system includes the receipts powder cabin for being undertaken in the base station two edges;
The powdering is blown cigarette integrating device and is slideably positioned in above the base station;
The laser galvanometer system, intelligent checking system are all set in above the base station.
Further, it includes movable mounting plate that the powdering, which blows cigarette integrating device, and vertical guide rail, vertical slipper, level are led Rail, horizontal slider, body frame, powdering block, the movable mounting plate are slidably mounted on the horizontal guide rail by the horizontal slider On, the vertical guide rail is set on the movable mounting plate, and the end of the body frame is hung down by the vertical slipper with described Straight sliding rail is slidably connected, and the powdering block is fixedly installed on the bottom of the body frame, and driving is provided on the movable mounting plate The motor of the vertical slipper.
Further, the movable mounting plate is driven by horizontal drive apparatus and is moved.
Further, the horizontal drive apparatus is the belt of horizontal motion.
Further, the forming workbench system further includes grating scale, and the lifting for detecting the substrate is displaced.
Further, the forming workbench system further includes miniature leveling motor, and the miniature leveling motor is at least It is set on the base station for three, and its output end acts on the substrate lower end.
Further, the forming workbench system further includes spring seal unit, the spring seal unit setting In in the groove at both ends that the base station is contacted with the receipts powder cabin, the spring seal unit includes spring and acts on institute State the closing cock for receiving powder cabin side.
Further, the powder recovery system further includes the receipts powder tank connecting with the receipts powder cabin.
Further, the body frame two sides are provided with gas hole.
Implement the utility model embodiment, have the following beneficial effects: the utility model solve precinct laser fusion at The problems such as shape size is small, forming process flue dust is difficult to be effectively treated are, it can be achieved that the forming of large scale precinct laser fusion and its flue dust Effective real-time processing, ensure that part high quality forming.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built schematic cross-sectional view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the schematic view of the front view that powdering blows cigarette integrating device;
Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-sectional view that powdering blows cigarette integrating device.
Specific embodiment
It is practical new to this below in conjunction with attached drawing to keep the purpose of this utility model, technical solution and advantage clearer Type is described in further detail.
Referring to Fig.1, Fig. 2, structural schematic diagram shown in Fig. 3.
A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale of the utility model embodiment is intelligently equipped, including laser vibration Mirror system 1, intelligent checking system 2, powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device, forming workbench system, powder recovery system.
Wherein powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device includes that smoking apparatus 3 and powdering blow cigarette integrating device 4.
Forming workbench system includes substrate 5, spring seal unit 6, electronic magnetic mechanism 7;Miniature leveling motor 8, base Platform 11, preheating device 12, grating scale 14, guide rail slide block mechanism 15, motor 16 and base station frame 17.
Electronic magnetic mechanism is set between the substrate and the base station contact surface, and the preheating device is set to described In base station frame upper surface.
Miniature leveling motor is at least three and is set on the base station, and its output end acts on the substrate lower end. Logical three miniature leveling motors form one plane of three-point fix.Fixed one of leveling motor, passes through front and back leveling motor Substrate 5 is adjusted, the gap that guarantee substrate 5 and powdering blow cigarette integrating device 4 is uniform, then adjusts left and right leveling motor and adjusts substrate 5 guarantee to remain uniform with the gap of substrate 5 when powdering blows cigarette 4 side-to-side movement of integrating device, i.e. powdering thickness is uniform.
Powder recovery system includes receiving powder cabin 9 and receipts powder tank 13.
Spring seal unit is set in the groove at the both ends that the base station is contacted with the receipts powder cabin, described spring sealed Device includes spring and the closing cock for acting on the receipts powder cabin side.
Laser galvanometer system 1 is mounted at the top of equipment on mounting plate, is sealed generation deflection laser beam by lens, is used In fusing powder bed.
Intelligent checking system 2 be similarly installed at top mounting plate on, be made of CCD, thermal imaging system, by aviation plug into The transmission of row external data, and be uniformly distributed according to the progress of the size of forming dimension is multiple, for monitoring forming process.
Laser galvanometer system, intelligent checking system are all set in above base station, and face base station.
Powdering blows cigarette integrating device 4 and contains linear motor 4-1, guide rail 4-2, sliding block 4-3, belt 4-4, movable peace Loading board 4-5, body frame 4-6, powdering block 4-7.Powdering block 4-7 is made of hairbrush or plastic strip, is fixed on the bottom body frame 4-6 Portion is paved for powder.Body frame 4-6 is mounted on movable mounting plate by sliding block 4-3, is driven by motor 4-1, is realized The vertical up-or-down movement on guide rail 4-2.
It includes vertical slipper, horizontal slider that guide rail 4-2, which includes vertical guide rail, horizontal guide rail, sliding block 4-3,.Movable installation Plate is slidably mounted on horizontal guide rail by horizontal slider, and vertical guide rail is set on movable mounting plate, and the end of body frame passes through Vertical slipper is slidably connected with the vertical slide rail.
As shown in Fig. 2, movable mounting plate 4-5 is fixed on present device side plate by sliding block 4-3, pass through belt 4-4 drives it to realize side-to-side movement as shown in Figure 1.
Smoking apparatus is that a pair is respectively arranged on the rack two sides above the base station, and is blown cigarette with the powdering and integrated Device is arranged in same level.
Body frame two sides are provided with gas hole.
Sequencing is embodied in present device are as follows: substrate 5 polishes in advance, if substrate is non-magnetic material, as titanium closes Gold need to inlay magnetic patch, not need to inlay magnetic patch if substrate is magnetic material in base station for adsorbing fixed substrate.By base Plate is placed on base station 11.Electronic magnetic mechanism 7 is housed on base station, substrate is fixed by generating electromagnetism.Drive fine motion Leveling motor 8 realizes that substrate is slowly moved in vertical direction, and cooperates powdering to blow cigarette integrating device 4 and move left and right progress substrate 5 Leveling.It is one that powdering, which blows 4 powdering of cigarette integrating device by motor 16 driving adjustment the distance between substrate and powdering block 4-7, A thickness distance (20 80 microns of ~).Preheating device 12 is mounted in base station 5, is preheated to substrate.Powdering blows the integrated dress of cigarette One end that 4 resets return to substrate is set, intelligent checking system 2 is opened, and powdering quality is detected.It is lower than preset value to oxygen content in storehouse And after substrate temperature reaches preset value, powdering blows the mobile other end of cigarette integrating device 4 and completes powdering, and extra powder is by receiving powder Storehouse 9 falls on receipts powder tank 13 and is recycled.Body frame 4-6 rises, and avoids having an impact powdering last layer, while according to scanning area Domain planning is moved to the nearest region of scanning, and pressure-vaccum cigarette is opened, and inert gas pair is formed between body frame 4-6 and smoking apparatus 3 Stream, and start gas circulation with external filter (vacuum pump is housed), as illustrated by the arrows in fig. 1.Laser galvanometer system 1 is opened, root The scanning of current layer part section data is carried out according to scan path strategy.According to the movement of scanning area, powdering blows the integrated dress of cigarette It sets 4 to carry out following movement, realizes mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette.Entire forming process intelligent monitor system 2 is kept it turning on, Real-time Feedback temperature Degree and deformation data.To the end of one layer of forming, powdering blows cigarette integrating device 4 and returns to both ends reduction point nearby, and motor 16 drives base Platform 11 declines a thickness, and 11 displacement of base station is adjusted in real time by 14 real-time feedback data of grating scale, improves base station positioning accurate Degree and repetitive positioning accuracy.Body frame 4-6, which is moved down and is moved to the other end, completes powdering movement, and so the above steps are repeated, until Entire part completes the process.
The utility model has the advantages that
(1) more laser joint conceptual designs such as double excitation or four laser are used.Precinct laser fusion large scale zero can be achieved Part forming, and more laser are shared out the work and helped one another, and part forming efficiency is greatly improved;
(2) it is designed using powder supply mechanism with smoke absorbing mechanism integrated form is blown, i.e., powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device is, it can be achieved that mobile Formula dust treatment.The powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device is to be equipped with to blow smoke pipe road junction on powdering side plate, forms biggish gas storage Storehouse, and gradual change type reduced bore is used on side plate, reach air-flow supercharging effect, improves dust treatment efficiency.The device simultaneously It is driven by belt wheel, the side-to-side movement of realization device.In order to avoid the influence in the device motion process to the end of powdering, It is equipped with its up and down motion of motor driven simultaneously, that is, after completing powder, which is able to achieve certain distance rising.The device is using symmetrical Formula design, blows scheme according to the planning intelligent selection left side in laser scanning region or scheme is blown on the right side, to greatest extent processing forming The flue dust generated in the process.
(3) powder supply mechanism is designed using symmetric scheme, realizes two-way powder laying.The powder supply mechanism is equipped with spiral powder supply machine Structure guarantees that powder is uniformly sprawled in powder supply mechanism, while being equipped with neat carbon fiber or wear-resisting soft modeling in powder supply mechanism bottom symmetrical Glue reduces influence of the part Light deformation to powdering process.
(4) using the fixed device of inserted magnetic, effective fixation of large-size substrate is realized.The magnetic fixes device It is inlaid with multiple magnetic patch on substrate, and is correspondingly provided with calutron on base station, forming process carries out automatic magnetic and fixes, and takes It then can be achieved to be automatically separated when part, guarantee effective fixation of more materials (comprising non-magnetic material) substrate.
(5) base station further comprises the fine motion motor for substrate leveling, for avoiding the spring sealed of side wall powder leakage Device and use sectional type are distributed, for the preheating device of basal plate preheating.
(6) base station is connect with base station frame using screw, and motor drives base station frame to move up and down by feed screw nut, together It is equipped with grating scale by Shi Jitai frame, is used for accurate feedback base station movement position information.
(7) the invention equipment is equipped in forming storehouse two sides and receives powder cabin, and receives powder cabin and be connected with receipts powder tank, for shaping The timely collection of journey excessive powder, realizes the recycling of powder.
(8) the invention equipment is further comprised for the thermal imaging system of forming process temperature field detecting and for deformation detection CCD, realize the monitoring of entire forming process.
Above disclosed is only a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, certainly cannot be practical to limit with this Novel interest field, therefore equivalent variations made according to the claim of the utility model still belong to what the utility model was covered Range.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that including laser galvanometer system, intelligence It can detection system, powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device, forming workbench system, powder recovery system;
The powdering pressure-vaccum cigarette integrating device includes that smoking apparatus and powdering blow cigarette integrating device;
The forming workbench system include substrate, base station, electronic magnetic mechanism, preheating device, guide rail slide block mechanism, motor with And base station frame, the base station frame are vertically installed in the guide rail slide block mechanism, the motor and the base station frame are drivingly connected, The electronic magnetic mechanism is set between the substrate and the base station contact surface, and the preheating device is set to the base station In frame upper surface;
The smoking apparatus is that a pair is respectively arranged on the rack two sides above the base station, and is blown cigarette with the powdering and integrated Device is arranged in same level;
The powder recovery system includes the receipts powder cabin for being undertaken in the base station two edges;
The powdering is blown cigarette integrating device and is slideably positioned in above the base station;
The laser galvanometer system, intelligent checking system are all set in above the base station.
2. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 1 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described It includes movable mounting plate, vertical guide rail, vertical slipper, horizontal guide rail, horizontal slider, body frame, powdering that powdering, which blows cigarette integrating device, Block, the movable mounting plate are slidably mounted on the horizontal guide rail by the horizontal slider, and the vertical guide rail is set to On the movable mounting plate, the end of the body frame is slidably connected by the vertical slipper and the vertical slide rail, the paving Powder agglomates is fixedly installed on the bottom of the body frame, and the motor for driving the vertical slipper is provided on the movable mounting plate.
3. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 2 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described Movable mounting plate is driven by horizontal drive apparatus and is moved.
4. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 3 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described Horizontal drive apparatus is the belt of horizontal motion.
5. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 2 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described Forming workbench system further includes grating scale, and the lifting for detecting the substrate is displaced.
6. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 2 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described Forming workbench system further includes miniature leveling motor, and the miniature leveling motor is at least three, and to be set to the base station good, And its output end acts on the substrate lower end.
7. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 2 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described Forming workbench system further includes spring seal unit, and the spring seal unit is set to the base station and connects with the receipts powder cabin In the groove at the both ends of touching, the spring seal unit includes spring and the closing cock for acting on the receipts powder cabin side.
8. the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of large scale according to claim 2 is intelligently equipped, which is characterized in that described Powder recovery system further includes the receipts powder tank connecting with the receipts powder cabin.
9. intelligently being equipped according to the mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion of the described in any item large scales of claim 2-8, feature It is, the body frame two sides are provided with gas hole.
CN201821991273.7U 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion intelligence equipment of large scale Active CN209614249U (en)

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CN201821991273.7U CN209614249U (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion intelligence equipment of large scale

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821991273.7U CN209614249U (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 A kind of mobile pressure-vaccum cigarette precinct laser fusion intelligence equipment of large scale

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111730027A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-10-02 铜车马动力科技(宁波)有限公司 New energy automobile power assembly flow direction of packaging line based on thing networking

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111730027A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-10-02 铜车马动力科技(宁波)有限公司 New energy automobile power assembly flow direction of packaging line based on thing networking

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