发光二极管灯具技术领城本实用新型涉及一种发光二极管灯具，特别涉及一种具散热功能的灯管结构。 LED lamp technology collar city present invention relates to a light emitting diode lamp, and particularly relates to structure of a lamp having a heat radiation function. 背景技术目前以发光二极管作为灯具已经是时代的潮流，因为发光二极管的使用具有极高的稳定性，比以往的灯具更能长久点用，具耐用性与省电性，更无需维修，但是发光二极管单颗使用有其局限性，当引用至一组灯具上时，需要多颗一起使用，由于发光二极管也是一种发光发热体， 当多颗在一起使用时，便有热的问题产生，功率越大，所产生的热越多， 若将这些发光源封包在一个密闭的灯体内，会因热的堆积，产生热破坏， 热灯体先被烧坏，于是限制了这种灯具的应用性。 BACKGROUND currently emitting diode lamp as already is the trend of the times, because the use of light-emitting diodes with high stability, better than the previous lamps with long points, with durability and power efficiency, but no maintenance, but luminous use single diode has its limitations, when referring to a group of the lamp, with the need to use multiple satellites, since a light-emitting diode is the heat generator, when multiple satellites are used together, there will be problems of heat, power the larger, the more heat generated, if the light emitting source packets in a closed lamp body, due to the accumulation of heat, to produce thermal damage, the heat of the lamp body to be burned, thus limiting the application of such lamps . 发明内容本实用新型的目的在于解决上述问题，提供一种发光二极管灯具， 该灯具导热散热的功用，能增加整体的使用寿命，且能更省电。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention aims to solve the above problems, there is provided a light emitting diode lamp, the function of the thermal cooling of the lamp, can increase the overall life, and can more power. 为达成上述目的，本实用新型提供的技术方案是： 一种发光二极管灯具，具有一体形成的散热座体，散热座体有一个顶面，散热座体上具有鳍片状的多个散热片；散热座体顶面设有至少一串的发光二极管，相对于该串发光二极管于散热座体的顶面连设有正极导电层与负极导电层，更有定位导电层，正极导电层与定位导电层间有第一隔离层，负极导电层与定位导电层间有第二隔离层，定位导电层与各发光二极管的管脚相接，使至少二个以上一组的发光二极管两端分别连接至正极导电层与负极导电层，其中的正极导电层、第一隔离层、定位导电层、第二隔离层、负极导电层位于同一平面； To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a technical solution: an LED lamp having a heat sink base member, the heat sink is integrally formed base body has a top surface having a plurality of fins on the heat sink fins-like base body; the top surface of the heat sink body is provided with at least one series of light emitting diodes, with respect to the top surface of the light emitting diode string connected to the heat sink base member is provided with the conductive layer of the positive electrode and the negative electrode conductive layer, the conductive layer is positioned more positive conductive conductive layer positioned a first interlayer isolation layer, a negative electrode with a separator layer between the second conductive layer and the conductive layer is positioned, the positioning pins conductive layer in contact with the light emitting diodes, light emitting diodes at both ends of a set of at least two or more are connected to the the conductive layer of the positive electrode and the negative electrode conductive layer, wherein the positive electrode conductive layer, a first spacer layer, positioning a conductive layer, a second spacer layer, a negative electrode conductive layer is located in the same plane;
其中，两串发光二极管的负极导电层能共用；另设置一个定位版，将各导电层接于定位板的底面，定位板上有对应于发光二极管的管脚的穿孔，更设有一个垫片板于定位板下方，有容纳孔容纳发光二极管的焊点。 Wherein the anode conductive layer can share two strings of light emitting diodes; the other one positioning plate is provided, each conductive layer is connected to the bottom surface of the positioning plate, the positioning plate corresponding to the light emitting diodes pin perforation, furthermore equipped with a gasket plate positioned below the plate, with a receiving hole for receiving the light emitting diode pads. 本实用新型提供的发光二极管灯具，运用导电材料，如铜制成的基板取代惯用的塑胶电路板，采用铝挤压成型的散热座体（亦能为金属制或陶瓷制），让导电基板（下述的导电层）连接在散热座体上，便能让导电基板分成导电部与导热部，导热部直接与各发光二极管的底部相接触，且固定各发光二极管，导电部连接多个或多组发光二极管，形成一种长串式的供电与导热组合，将其内产生的热直接由散热座体排放至外界，光线由发光二极管经罩盖投射出，使整体具有导热散热的功用，能增加整体的使用寿命，且能更省电。 LED lamp according to the present invention provides, the use of a conductive material, such as a plastic substrate made of copper unsubstituted conventional circuit board, with the heat sink base body extruded aluminum (as can also a metal or ceramic) so that the conductive substrate ( a conductive layer described below) is connected to the heat sink body, they allow the conductive substrate and the thermally conductive portion is divided into portions, direct heat-conducting contact with the bottom portion of each light-emitting diodes, and light-emitting diodes, or a plurality of the conductive connection portion is fixed group of light emitting diodes form a power supply with long strings of formula thermally conductive composition, the heat generated within the heat sink directly from discharging to the outside, the light from the light emitting diode is projected out of the cover, so that the overall function of a thermally conductive heat dissipation can increase the overall service life, and can more power. 为了更容易制作，将导电基板设于一个定位板底面，且增设一个垫片板，定位板上设有对应于发光二极管的穿孔，以定位发光二极管，且方便整体的过锡炉焊接作业，垫片板上设有对应于发光二极管一对接脚的容纳孔，使定位板经过垫片板易于固定于散热座体顶面处。 For easier manufacture, the conductive substrate provided on a bottom surface of the positioning plate, and one additional gasket plate, the alignment plate is provided with perforations corresponding to the light emitting diode, to locate the light emitting diode, and conveniently the entire welding operation through the furnace, the pad sheet receiving plate is provided with holes corresponding to the light emitting diode of a mating pin, through the positioning plate gasket plate is easy to fix the heat sink to the top surface thereof. 附图说明图1:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具的立体分解图；图2:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具图1的导电层、定位导电层接至散热座体时的立体分解图； 图3:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具图1的发光二极管组接至定位导电层时的立体分解图（同时显示其串并联的状态）； 图4:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具组合后的立体图； 图5:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具组合后的仰视立体图； 图6:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具組合后的剖视图； 图7:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具的垫片板的俯视图； 图8:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具的定位板的仰视图； 图9:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具的定位板的俯视图； 图10:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具含定位板与垫片板时的剖视图； 图11:为本实用新型发光二极管灯具仅含定位板与垫片板时的局部立体图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG 1: a perspective exploded view of the invention of the present LED lamp; FIG. 2: the conductive layer of FIG novel LED lamp 1 of the present utility, positioning conductive layer connected to the exploded perspective view of the heat sink member; FIG. 3 : LED lamp of the present invention is a light emitting diode group in FIG 1 an exploded perspective view of the conductive layer is connected to the positioning (with a status of its series and parallel); Figure 4: a perspective view of the novel compositions of the present utility LED lamp; FIG. 5: a bottom perspective view of the novel combination of a light emitting diode lamp of the present utility; Figure 6: a cross-sectional view of the novel compositions of the present utility LED lamp; Figure 7: a plan view of the spacer plate of the new LED lamp of the present utility; FIG. 8: a cross-sectional view of the LED lamp containing the new positioning plate and the spacer plate of the present utility: a bottom view of the positioning plate novel LED lamp of the present utility;:; 9 a plan view of the positioning plate 10 of the LED lamp of the present novel and practical ; FIG. 11: novel contains only a partial perspective view of the positioning plate and the spacer plate LED lamp the present invention. 其中：1--散热座体；ll--散热片；lO--顶面；12、 13--正极导电层；14— 负极导电层；15、 16—定位导电层间；17--电导线； 18--正极电线；19—负极电线；2、 20—串发光二极管； .22—发光二极管；23、 24—第一隔离层；25、 26—第二隔离层；21、 29--管脚；27、 28--连线；3--罩盖； 4、 40--二脚式接头；41—正极端；42--负极端；5—定位板；51、 52—穿孔；50—透气孔；60—焊点；6—垫片板； 61、 62、 63--容纳孔。 Wherein: 1-- heat sink member; ll-- fins; lO-- top surface; 12, 13-- positive electrode conductive layer; 14- negative electrode conductive layer; between 15, 16 positioned conductive layer; 17-- electrical conductor ; 18-- positive electrical wire; 19- negative electrical wire; 2, LED string 20; .22- light emitting diodes; 23, 24 a first separation layer; 25, 26- second spacer layer; 21, tube 29-- foot; 27, 28-- connection; 3-- cap; 4, two feet of formula 40-- linker; 41- positive terminal; 42-- negative terminal; 5- positioning plate; 51, 52- perforation; 50 holes; 60 pads; 6- gasket plate; 61, 62, 63-- receiving hole. 具体实施方式为能更进一步了解本实用新型为达到预定目的所采取的技术、手段及功效，兹举较佳的实施例，并配合图式详细说明如下：如图1至图6所示，为本实用新型发光二极管灯具，主要以日光灯管来作实施说明，但不以此型式为限，以散热的装置与组装结构为优先， 具有一体形成的散热座体l，散热座体l有一顶面10,散热座体1上具有鳍片状的数散热片11，图中所示的散热座体1为侧面为半圆状，各散热片11为平行设置或辐射状设置，散热座体1顶面IO连设有至少一串发光二极管2、 20 (各图中所示为两串，但不以此为限，可以是一串， 也可以是三排或更多串），相对于该串发光二极管2、 20于散热座体1 的顶面IO连设有正极导电层12、 13与负极导电层14，更有定位导电层 DETAILED DESCRIPTION In order to further understand the present invention to achieve the predetermined purpose of the technique employed, means, and effectiveness, the preferred embodiment is hereby held, and accompanying drawings in detail as follows: As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, is the present invention is a light emitting diode lamp, mainly fluorescent tubes to make embodiments described, but not type is limited to apparatus and assembly structure of heat is a priority, having a heat sink base member l integrally formed heat sink body l has a top surface 10, the heat sink having a number of fin-shaped fins 11, the heat sink member shown in FIG. 1 is a side in a semicircular shape, each of the fins 11 arranged in parallel to or radially disposed, a heat sink base body surface IO is connected with at least two, series of light emitting diodes 20 (as shown in each figure two strings, but not limited to, it may be a string, or may be three or more rows of strings), with respect to the light emitting string diode 2, the heat sink 20 to the top face of the connected IO 1 is provided with a positive electrode conductive layer 12, conductive layer 14 and the negative electrode 13, a conductive layer is positioned more
15、 16,正极导电层12、 13与定位导电层15、 16间有第一隔离层23、 24,负极导电层14与定位导电层15、 16间有第二隔离层25、 26，定位导电层15、 16分别与各发光二极管22的管脚21 (正管脚）、29 (负管脚）相接，使至少二个以上一组的发光二极管22两端分别以一个连线27 (正连线）、28 (负连线）连接至正极导电层12 (13)、负极导电层14，图中各管脚21、 29的外端处以突起的部份代表焊接的点位，且图中以六个发光二极管为一组，每一组间为串联，组与组间为并联；其中的正极导电层12 (13)、第一隔离层23 ( 24 )、定位导电层15 (16)、 第二隔离层25 ( 26 )、负极导电层14为位于同一平面；两串发光二极管2、 20的负极导电层14能共用；由负极导电层14接电源的负极，两正极导电层12、 13间以一电导线17导接，以构成电气导接，电导线17 为两端焊接于正极导电层12、 13上，使 15, 16, the cathode conductive layer 12, conductive layer 15 and the positioning 13, 16 have a first spacer layer 23, 24, the anode conductive layer 14 and conductive layer 15 is positioned, a second spacer layer 25 26 16, conductive positioning layer 15, and the light emitting diodes 16 are pins 21 (pin n), 29 (negative pin) 22 is in contact, at least at both ends of the light emitting diode 22 a set of two or more wires 27, respectively, a (n connection), 28 (negative connection) connected to the cathode conductive layer 12 (13), a negative electrode conductive layer 14, the outer end of the pin of FIG. 21, the projection 29 of the imposed point on behalf of the welding part, and FIG. in a set of six light-emitting diode, in series between each group, among the groups in parallel; wherein the positive electrode conductive layer 12 (13), a first spacer layer 23 (24), positioning conductive layer 15 (16), the second spacer layer 25 (26), a negative electrode conductive layer 14 is located in the same plane; a negative electrode conductive layer bunches of light emitting diode 2, 20, 14 can be shared; negative electrode connected to the negative power supply conductive layer 14, two positive electrode conductive layer 12, 13 between the guide wire 17 to an electrical contact, electrically conductively connected to form electrical lead 17 is soldered to both ends of the positive electrode conductive layer 12, 13, so that 正极导电层12并联另一正极导电层13;其中散热座体1为以铝制成，或类似的，如金属或陶资等散热材。 The positive electrode conductive layer 12 in parallel with the other of the positive electrode conductive layer 13; wherein the heat sink body 1 in aluminum, or the like, such as a metal or a ceramic heat dissipating material resources and the like. 正极导电层12、 13与负极导电层14为以铜制成，或类似的导电材料制成；定位导电层15、 16为以铜制成，或类似的导电材料制成；第一隔离层23 ( 24 )、第二隔离层25 ( 26 )为空出的通道；各导电层以导热胶定位于散热座体1上。 The positive electrode conductive layer 12, 13 and 14 are made of copper, or the like, the negative electrode conductive layer made of conductive material; positioning a conductive layer 15, 16 is made of copper, or the like made of conductive material; a first spacer layer 23 (24), the second spacer layer 25 (26) out of the empty channel; each conductive layer in a thermally conductive adhesive positioned on the body of the heat sink 1.
由于本实用新型主要是以日光灯的型式为最主要的实施，长条状的散热座体1的顶面IO设有一个透明的罩盖3，罩盖3为半圓状或圓弧状的长条型式，罩盖3与散热座体1相配合，可以是罩盖占侧面三分之二亦可，散热座体1与罩盖3合成一个圆状，且其两端分别接有日光灯管两端的二脚式接头4、 40，且仅由二脚式接头4的一端形成电气导接， 也就是正极导电层12以一正极电线18与接头4的正极端41相接，负极导电层14以一正极电线19与接头4的负极端42相接，正极电线18、 负极电线l9的两端为焊接。 Since the present invention mainly fluorescent type is the most important embodiment, the top surface of the heat sink IO elongated body 1 is provided with a transparent cover 3, the cover 3 is a semicircular arc shape or an elongated type, the cover 3 cooperates with the heat sink body 1, two thirds of the cover may be also accounted side, the heat sink 3 synthesis of a circular body 1 and the cover, and both ends thereof are respectively connected to both ends of fluorescent tubes two pin couplings 4, 40, and is formed from only one end of the two pin type connector 4 electrically conductively connected, that is, the positive electrode conductive layer 12 to the positive terminal 18 and the connector 41 of a positive electrode in contact with the wire, to a negative electrode conductive layer 14 positive wire 19 and negative terminal 42 of the connector contact 4, a positive electrode wire 18, both ends of the negative electrode is welded wire l9. 本实用新型还含有一个日光灯管型的灯座， 灯座中设有一个控制电路（图中未显示）。 The present invention further comprises a fluorescent tube type socket, the socket is provided with a control circuit (not shown).
如图7至图11为本实用新型的另一实施，主要是因为制作上的需求，设有一个垫片板6与一个定位板5,垫片板6为接于散热座体1的顶面处，定位板5为接于垫片板6的顶面处；且此实施以三串（排）发光二极管作为实施的对象，相对图面更小了，定位板5上设有对应于各发光二极管22的穿孔51、 52，以定位发光二极管22的管脚21、 29,也就是让发光二极管22的管脚21、 29穿过穿孔51、 52后固定，且方便整体发光二极管22透过定位板5展开过锡炉焊接作业，垫片板6上设有对应于各发光二极管一对管脚的容纳孔61、 62、 63 (表示三串之不同位置）， 使定位板5底面所产生的一对对的焊点60经过垫片板6容纳孔61、 62、 63后，不会有突起的点，让定为板5易于固定于散热座体1顶面处。 7 to 11 a further embodiment of the present invention as shown, mainly because of the production needs, with a gasket plate 6 and a positioning plate 5, the spacer plate 6 is attached to the top surface of the heat sink body 1 , the positioning plate 5 is attached to the top surface of the gasket plate 6; and the object of this embodiment to three strings (row) light emitting diodes as the embodiment, FIG opposing surface is smaller, the positioning plate 5 is provided with respective light-emitting perforation of the diode 5122, 52, pins 21 for positioning the light emitting diode, 22, 29, i.e. the pin 21 so that the light emitting diode, passes through the perforations 29 of 5122, 52 after fixing, and overall convenience through the light emitting diode 22 is positioned 5 expand tin furnace plate welding operation, is provided corresponding to the respective one pair of light emitting diodes pin receiving hole 61 gasket plate 6, 62, 63 (showing three different positions of the strings), so that the bottom surface of the positioning plate 5 produced a pair of pads 60 through the gasket plate 6 receiving aperture 61, after 62, 63, there will be no point of the protrusion, so that as the plate 5 is fixed to an easy-to-face of the heat sink body. 此实施是将导电层接设于定位板5底面，如图8所示，上下两侧仍为正极导电层12、 13,中间曲折为负极导电层14，其间则为定位导电层15、 16,正极导电层12、 13与定位导电层15、 16间有第一隔离层23、 24， 负极导电层14与定位导电层15、 16间有第二隔离层25、 26，此处的各隔离层23~26界限受限于偶尔要连接中间排发光二极管22的关系，较为曲折，不过基本上此实施为以四个发光二极管一组，而连线27(正连线）、28 (负连线）亦直接形成导电层连接至正极导电层12 ( 13)、负极导电层14。 This embodiment is connected to a conductive layer disposed on a bottom surface of the positioning plate 5, as shown in FIG. 8, upper and lower sides of the positive electrode remains conductive layers 12, 13, the intermediate conductive layer 14 turns negative electrode, was positioned between the conductive layers 15, 16, the positive electrode conductive layer 12, conductive layer 15 and the positioning 13, 16 have a first spacer layer 23, 24, the anode conductive layer 14 and conductive layer 15 is positioned, a second spacer layer 25 26 16, each of the spacer layer here 23 to 26 is limited by the boundaries of the relationship occasionally be connected light emitting diodes 22 of the middle row, it is tortuous, but basically this embodiment is a set of four light-emitting diodes, and wires 27 (positive connection), 28 (negative wires ) also forming a conductive layer directly connected to the cathode conductive layer 12 (13), a negative electrode conductive layer 14. 本实施的垫片板6与定位板5可为铝质（或金属、陶瓷等）， 且利用螺丝锁接在散热座体1上。 Gasket plate 6 and the positioning of the present embodiment may be an aluminum plate 5 (or a metal, ceramic, etc.), and using the screws into contact with the heat sink base member 1. 于定位板5的中排旁分别设有一个通气孔50，以增加热传效果。 The next row in the positioning plate 5 are provided with a vent hole 50 to increase the heat transfer effect. 综上所述的结构，本实用新型运用一般惯用的铝质散热座体与铜质导电体的关系，在铜质导电层都能确保其导电的顺畅，铜质定位导电层能确保与发光二极管间的焊接固定，更重要的是通过定位导电层铜质的导热性佳，快速地将发光二极管所产生的热直接传至散热座体，已能将发光二极管所产生的热导至外界，能让上述实施的日光灯管型罩盖3内 In summary the structure of the present invention using the general relationship aluminum heat sink base body and conventional copper conductor, in the copper conductive layer can ensure its smooth electrically conductive, the conductive copper layer to ensure the positioning and the LED between the welded and fixed, more importantly, by positioning the conductive layer of good thermal conductivity copper, quickly heat generated by the light emitting diode is directly transmitted to the heat sink body, the thermal conductivity of the light emitting diode can have generated to the outside, can so that the above-described embodiment of the fluorescent tube type cover 3
部的热量降至最低，于是能提高发光二极管与罩盖的使用寿命，且因无热堆积，发光二极管更能发挥最佳工作效率，且具有更好的省电节电功用；所以本实用新型整体能提供很好的使用性。 Portion to minimize the amount of heat, so can improve the life of the light emitting diode and the cover, and because no heat buildup, the light emitting diode can bring optimal efficiency and power saving function better; therefore the present invention provide good overall usability.