CN1327166C - Wind-solar combined driven multifunctional natural ventilating device - Google Patents

Wind-solar combined driven multifunctional natural ventilating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1327166C
CN1327166C CNB2005101115179A CN200510111517A CN1327166C CN 1327166 C CN1327166 C CN 1327166C CN B2005101115179 A CNB2005101115179 A CN B2005101115179A CN 200510111517 A CN200510111517 A CN 200510111517A CN 1327166 C CN1327166 C CN 1327166C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air draft
wind
conical gear
bearing
draft tube
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2005101115179A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1776309A (en
Inventor
周正平
姚晔
连之伟
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上海交通大学
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Application filed by 上海交通大学 filed Critical 上海交通大学
Priority to CNB2005101115179A priority Critical patent/CN1327166C/en
Publication of CN1776309A publication Critical patent/CN1776309A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1327166C publication Critical patent/CN1327166C/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines

Abstract

The present invention relates to a multifunctional natural ventilating device with the combined driven of wind energy and solar energy, which belongs to the technical field of ventilating engineering. The present invention comprises a wind exhaust barrel, a vane, a fan, conic speed-increasing gears, a switch, a solar panel, an accumulator, a support frame and a support seat, wherein the wind exhaust barrel is arranged in a slideway of the support seat; driving blades are arranged outside a casing at the other side of the wind exhaust barrel corresponding to the vane; two conic speed-increasing gears A and B are engaged, and are arranged in the wind exhaust barrel; the driving blades are connected with a slide spline of the conic speed-increasing gear A; the exhaust fan is arranged at the lower part of the conic speed-increasing gear B, and is connected with a slide spline of the conic speed-increasing gear B arranged in a slideway with a ball on a motor casing. Outdoor wind is used for driving exhaust blades to rotate so as to generate desired exhaust wind. When wind power is not enough, the solar energy stored in the accumulator is used for generating electricity to drive the exhaust blades to rotate so as to generate the exhaust wind. The present invention has the advantages of novel design, safe and stable indoor ventilation, obvious energy saving effect and good economical benefit and social benefit.

Description

The multifunction natural ventilation unit that wind energy and solar association drive
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of natural ventilation equipment, and the particularly a kind of industrial premises of a large amount of indoor waste heats and multifunction natural ventilation unit of wind energy that needs central exhaust ventilation place and solar association driving of being applicable to belongs to the ventilating engineering technical field.
Background technology
Many industrial premises (as transformer room etc.) are furnished with a lot of heat-producing devices, these equipment can produce a large amount of waste heats in the middle of operation, too high for preventing the industrial premises indoor temperature, to guarantee the safe operation of equipment, often need to utilize to ventilate industrial premises is carried out heat extraction.And can produce large quantity of exhaust gas and smog such as places such as toilet, kitchens, serious harm, also needs to utilize to ventilate and takes a breath in order to reach the purpose that purifies air as early as possible to health.Though force ventilation can reach the effect of smoke evacuation heat radiation preferably, need expend a large amount of energy, so in the actual production situation of utilizing force ventilation fully be arranged seldom.Gravity-flow ventilation is a kind of without any need for artificial energy cost " economical " draft type, but owing to be subjected to extraneous interference factors, the natural ventilation rate fluctuation is bigger, sometimes even do not have the effect of air draft, brings difficulty to actual motion.
In prior art, application number is 99204624, and grant number is 20000308, and name is called the utility model patent of roof with natural ventilation equipment, be that the hot pressing that utilizes the indoor-outdoor air temperature difference to produce is ventilated, but hour air draft effect will be very undesirable when hot pressing; Application number is 88204878, and grant number is 19900131, and name is called the utility model patent of roof wind-force aspirator, be by air deflector, utilize wind energy to drive air exhauster and carry out air draft, but less when extraneous blast, when blower fan can't rotate, just can not form air draft, not reach the effect of ventilation.Domestic existing patent of invention about gravity-flow ventilation, all be to utilize hot pressing and blast to produce power mostly, but when hot pressing and blast deficiency, often can not guarantee the continuity of gravity-flow ventilation, do not reach the requirement of getting rid of indoor waste heat and flue gas, so how to produce the gravity-flow ventilation of efficient stable, saving the energy to greatest extent, is subject matter to be solved in the present gravity-flow ventilation technical field.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcomings and deficiencies of prior art, satisfy the development need of indoor heat dissipation ventilation energy saving of system design, the present invention designs the multifunction natural ventilation unit of a kind of wind energy and solar association driving, utilize outdoor wind energy as drive energy, driving the air draft fan blade rotates, produce required air draft, factory building heat radiation, kitchen and toilet ventilation meet the requirements of farthest realize under the situation energy-conservation.When wind drive is not enough, can use solar energy to replenish, utilize the battery generating to drive the air draft fan blade and rotate the generation air draft.
The present invention realizes by following technical proposals, the present invention includes air draft tube, the wind wing, drives fan blade, air draft blower fan, bearing, A conical gear, B conical gear, switch, solar panel, battery, support and bearing.
The air draft tube and the wind wing are made one, and the air draft tube is the cylinder of being made by lightweight metal material, and its upper end 1/3 partly vertically cuts one along diameter, and the cutting tip lower end is 1/4 circular arc air outlet, has both helped air draft, can alleviate own wt again.The air draft tube is installed on the round bearing on roof, in the chute between air draft tube and bearing ball is housed.The wind wing is the block of material right angled triangle thin plate identical with the air draft tube, and one right-angle side and circular arc outlet level are tangent, and another right-angle side welds with the air draft drum outer wall is vertical.Drive fan blade and be installed in outside the air draft tube opposite side housing relative with the wind wing, its axle center and circular arc tangential line point-blank, the bearing that is fixed on the air draft barrel is passed in the rotating shaft of driving fan blade, is connected with A bevel pinion shaft free-sliding spline.A conical gear and B conical gear are a pair of speed increasing gears, are installed in the air draft tube, and the A conical gear is a driving wheel, and the B conical gear is a driven pulley, and the two is made by lightweight metal material, and guarantee the certain mechanical strength requirement.The air draft blower fan is installed under the B conical gear, and its rotating shaft is connected with B bevel pinion shaft free-sliding spline, and its motor is by the stent support that is fixed on the bearing.The B conical gear is installed in the annular chute, and chute is supported by motor, and ball is housed between cell wall.Solar panel is installed in the roof, and its output is electrically connected with battery electric power storage end.Accumulator output end is electrically connected with the air draft blower fan by switch.
The air draft tube is driven by the natural wind that acts on the wind wing, by freely rotating in the chute of ball on bearing, makes to drive fan blade all the time over against the wind comes from, to obtain wind energy to greatest extent.Driving fan blade and rotate by its rotating shaft drive A conical gear, is that free-sliding spline is connected owing to drive the rotating shaft of fan blade with the A conical gear, therefore can only be driven the A conical gear by the rotating shaft of driving fan blade and rotate, and can not be driven by the A conical gear and drive the fan blade rotation.A cone gear-driven B conical gear rotates, and the B conical gear also is that free-sliding spline is connected with the air draft fan shaft, can only be driven the rotating shaft rotation of air draft blower fan by the B conical gear, produces air draft thereby the air draft fan blade is rotated.Solar panel is an electric energy with conversion of solar energy, by the electric power storage end with electrical power storage in battery.When extraneous wind energy was not enough to drive the rotation of air draft fan blade, Closing Switch started battery to the energising of air draft blower fan, drove the rotation of air draft fan blade and reached the air draft purpose.
Beneficial effect of the present invention
Multifunction natural ventilation unit of the present invention, simple in structure, convenient for installation and maintenance, can be used for the ventilation that factory building, toilet etc. are located, have good versatility.Adopt rotatable air draft tube, adjust direction automatically by the wind wing, it is vertical with wind direction that the driving fan blade is remained, and utilizes wind energy to drive the air draft fan blade to greatest extent and rotate.The solar powered air draft blower fan of giving that is stored in the battery can be driven the air draft fan blade and rotates the generation air draft when calm or wind-force is not enough.This ventilation unit can not only be safe, stable the requirement of guaranteeing ventilation smoke exhaust, and energy-saving effect is very obvious, has good economic benefits and social benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a multifunction natural ventilation unit structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is multifunction natural ventilation unit B conical gear of the present invention and air draft blower fan link position structural representation.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing concrete enforcement of the present invention is further described.
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, the present invention includes air draft tube 1, the wind wing 2, bearing 3 drives fan blade 4, bearing 5, A conical gear 6, B conical gear 7, air draft blower fan 8, annular chute 9, chute ball 10, air draft fan supporter 11, switch 12, battery 13, solar panel 14, wherein air draft blower fan 8 comprises motor 15, air draft fan blade 16.
Air draft tube 1 is the cylinder of being made by the lightweight metal material with certain intensity, and upper end 1/3 partly vertically cuts one along diameter, and the cutting tip lower end is the outlet of 1/4 circular arc.The wind wing 2 right angled triangle thin plate identical with air draft tube 1 that be block of material is installed in air draft tube 1 hull outside, constitutes one with air draft tube 1, and the circular arc of its straight horizontal arm of angle and air draft tube 1 exports tangent, another right-angle side and vertical welding of air draft tube 1 housing.Bearing 3 is fixedly mounted on air outlet place, roof, in the chute of bearing 3 peripheries ball is housed, and air draft tube 1 is installed in bearing 3 chutes.Drive fan blade 4 and be installed in outside the air draft tube 1 opposite side housing relative with the wind wing 2, its axle center exports tangent line point-blank with circular arc.Bearing 5 is fixedly mounted on air draft tube 1 housing.A conical gear 6 and B conical gear 7 are installed in the air draft tube 1, and both are meshed and form a pair of speed increasing gear, and gearratio is 3, and A conical gear 6 is a driving wheel, and B conical gear 7 is a driven pulley.Bearing 5 is passed in the rotating shaft that drives fan blade 4, is connected with A conical gear 6 free-sliding splines.Air draft blower fan 8 be installed in B conical gear 7 under, its motor 15 is fixed on the air draft fan supporter 11, air draft fan supporter 11 is fixed on the bearing 3.Annular chute 9 is fixed on motor 15 shells top, and chute ball 10 is housed in it, and B conical gear 7 is installed in the annular chute 9.The axle of air draft blower fan 8 passes annular chute 9, is connected with B conical gear 7 free-sliding splines.Motor 15 is electrically connected with battery 13 outputs by switch 12, and solar panel 14 is electrically connected with battery 13 electric power storage ends.
The power drive air draft tube 1 that is acted on the wind wing 2 by natural wind freely rotates in the chute of bearing 3, thereby make driving fan blade 4 can obtain wind energy to greatest extent all the time, drive A conical gear 6 by the rotating shaft that drives fan blade 4, thereby the B conical gear of driving and its engagement 7 rotates.The rotating shaft that drives fan blade 4 is that free-sliding spline is connected with A conical gear 6, can only drive A conical gear 6 by the rotating shaft that drives fan blade 4 and rotate, and can not drive fan blade 4 by 6 drives of A conical gear and rotate.When air draft tube 1 rotates, drive fan blade 4, A conical gear 6 and B conical gear 7 and all can move thereupon.Because the rotating shaft of B conical gear 7 and air draft blower fan 8 is that free-sliding spline is connected, rotate the generation air draft so can only drive air draft fan blade 16 by B conical gear 7.When extraneous wind-force is not enough, switch 12 closures, battery 13 output electric energy are given motor 15, drive air draft fan blade 16 and rotate, thereby produce air draft.Solar panel 14 can be to battery 13 trickle charges.

Claims (6)

1. the multifunction natural ventilation unit that drives of wind energy and solar association, comprise air draft tube (1), the wind wing (2), bearing (3), drive fan blade (4), bearing (5), A conical gear (6), B conical gear (7), air draft blower fan (8), annular chute (9), chute ball (10), air draft fan supporter (11), switch (12), battery (13), solar panel (14), wherein air draft blower fan (8) comprises motor (15), air draft fan blade (16), it is characterized in that the present invention utilizes wind energy to drive air draft fan blade (16) air draft; When wind-force is not enough, utilize Driven by Solar Energy air draft fan blade (16) wind, air draft tube (1) is made one with the wind wing (2), the wind wing (2) is installed in air draft tube (1) hull outside, bearing (3) is fixedly mounted on air outlet place, roof, air draft tube (1) is installed in the chute of bearing (3), driving fan blade (4) is installed in outside air draft tube (1) the opposite side housing relative with the wind wing (2), bearing (5) is fixedly mounted on air draft tube (1) housing, A conical gear (6) and B conical gear (7) are installed in the air draft tube (1), both are meshed, bearing (5) is passed in the rotating shaft that drives fan blade (4), be connected with A conical gear (6) free-sliding spline, air draft blower fan (8) be installed in B conical gear (7) under, its motor (15) is fixed on the air draft fan supporter (11), air draft fan supporter (11) is fixed on the bearing (3), annular chute (9) is fixed on motor (15) shell top, B conical gear (7) is installed in the annular chute (9), the axle of air draft blower fan (8) passes annular chute (9), be connected with B conical gear (7) free-sliding spline, motor (15) is electrically connected with battery (13) output by switch (12), and solar panel (14) is electrically connected with battery (13) electric power storage end.
2. the multifunction natural ventilation unit that wind energy according to claim 1 and solar association drive is characterized in that its upper end 1/3 of described air draft tube (1) partly vertically cuts one along diameter, and the cutting tip lower end is the outlet of 1/4 circular arc.
3. the multifunction natural ventilation unit that wind energy according to claim 1 and solar association drive, it is characterized in that the described wind wing (2) is the block of material right angled triangle thin plate identical with air draft tube (1), the circular arc outlet of its straight horizontal arm of angle and air draft tube (1) is tangent, another right-angle side and vertical welding of air draft tube (1) housing.
4. the multifunction natural ventilation unit that wind energy according to claim 1 and solar association drive is characterized in that the axle center of described driving fan blade (4) rotating shaft and circular arc export tangent line point-blank.
5. multifunction natural ventilation unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that all a pair of speed increasing gears for being made by lightweight metal material of described A conical gear (6) and B conical gear (7), and gearratio is 3.
6. the multifunction natural ventilation unit that wind energy according to claim 1 and solar association drive is characterized in that chute ball (10) is housed in the described annular chute (9), and ball also is housed in the chute of bearing (3).
CNB2005101115179A 2005-12-15 2005-12-15 Wind-solar combined driven multifunctional natural ventilating device CN1327166C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005101115179A CN1327166C (en) 2005-12-15 2005-12-15 Wind-solar combined driven multifunctional natural ventilating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005101115179A CN1327166C (en) 2005-12-15 2005-12-15 Wind-solar combined driven multifunctional natural ventilating device

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CN1327166C true CN1327166C (en) 2007-07-18

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103438595A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 上海交通大学 Solar water heater wind energy motive power pipeline water circulation anti-freezing device

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101949569B (en) * 2010-10-09 2012-12-26 浙江工商大学 Solar ventilation device for rooms in tall buildings
CN102095213A (en) * 2011-01-24 2011-06-15 董光明 Method and device for fume exhausting with dual purposes of solar power and natural force
CN104033985B (en) * 2014-05-22 2016-08-31 太原理工大学 A kind of ventilating system based on wind light mutual complementing technology
CN104296214A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-21 张英华 Wind screen machine capable of facilitating removal of oily fume of ceiling type range hood
CN105840526B (en) * 2016-05-19 2018-08-03 东华大学 A kind of solar energy rain cap formula air exhausting device to generate electricity
CN106051862A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-10-26 安徽工程大学 Energy-saving pumping and exhausting range hood
CN107896744A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-04-13 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of agricultural production greenhouse based on wind drive ventilation
CN108041145A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of Corned beef room temperature based on wind drive air-dries room
CN109099547A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-28 深圳市福瑞禧科技发展有限公司 A kind of new energy wind energy aeration device and its fresh air system
CN109489706B (en) * 2018-11-07 2020-10-02 王振骁 New forms of energy environment monitoring device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN88202403U (en) * 1988-04-04 1988-09-07 葛长赞 Wind-driven power generator
CN2035009U (en) * 1988-04-19 1989-03-29 余跃 Wind-powered roof aspirator
JP2004176696A (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-06-24 Tomoji Oikawa Lighthouse using wind power generator
CN2665594Y (en) * 2003-11-05 2004-12-22 海尔集团公司 Solar energy air conditioner

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN88202403U (en) * 1988-04-04 1988-09-07 葛长赞 Wind-driven power generator
CN2035009U (en) * 1988-04-19 1989-03-29 余跃 Wind-powered roof aspirator
JP2004176696A (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-06-24 Tomoji Oikawa Lighthouse using wind power generator
CN2665594Y (en) * 2003-11-05 2004-12-22 海尔集团公司 Solar energy air conditioner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103438595A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 上海交通大学 Solar water heater wind energy motive power pipeline water circulation anti-freezing device

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Granted publication date: 20070718

Termination date: 20100115