WO2016008179A1 - Self-made wind power generation system - Google Patents

Self-made wind power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016008179A1
WO2016008179A1 PCT/CN2014/083654 CN2014083654W WO2016008179A1 WO 2016008179 A1 WO2016008179 A1 WO 2016008179A1 CN 2014083654 W CN2014083654 W CN 2014083654W WO 2016008179 A1 WO2016008179 A1 WO 2016008179A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
air inlet
power generation
self
inlet passage
generation system
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2014/083654
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
由智海
姚建国
Original Assignee
遂宁市鑫航风能电力有限公司
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Filing date
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Application filed by 遂宁市鑫航风能电力有限公司 filed Critical 遂宁市鑫航风能电力有限公司
Publication of WO2016008179A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016008179A1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/30Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/34Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on stationary objects or on stationary man-made structures
    • F03D9/35Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on stationary objects or on stationary man-made structures within towers, e.g. using chimney effects
    • F03D9/37Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on stationary objects or on stationary man-made structures within towers, e.g. using chimney effects with means for enhancing the air flow within the tower, e.g. by heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of wind power generation, and in particular to a self-winding wind power generation system. Background technique
  • Wind power generation refers to a power generation method in which a kinetic energy of wind is converted into a kinetic energy by rotation by a windmill or a propeller, and the generator is operated by a speed increaser or the like, and then the generator is operated to convert electric energy into electricity.
  • Inexhaustible and non-polluting energy wind power does not need to consume fuel, and does not emit waste such as carbon dioxide and ash, and has the advantages of fully protecting the environment and continuously using resources.
  • Chinese Patent Publication No. CN202260826U discloses a wind power generation system including a fan, a gearbox, an accelerator, a generator and a rectifying system, wherein a rotating shaft of the fan is coupled to an input shaft of the transmission, and the shifting is performed.
  • An output shaft of the tank is coupled to the input shaft of the accelerator, and the generator is electrically connected to the rectifying system, characterized in that a limited speed control system is disposed between the accelerator and the generator;
  • the speed limit control system includes an encoder, a single chip control circuit and an electromagnetic clutch, wherein an input shaft of the electromagnetic clutch is coupled to an output shaft of the accelerator, and an output shaft of the electromagnetic clutch is coupled to the generator.
  • the input shaft is coupled, the single-chip microcomputer control circuit is electrically connected to the electromagnetic clutch, the encoder is electrically connected to the single-chip microcomputer control circuit, and the encoder is electrically connected to the generator.
  • the wind power generation system requires natural wind to drive the wind turbine to obtain electric energy, and the electric power cannot be obtained in an area where there is no natural wind, and the utility is poor. Summary of the invention
  • the self-winding wind power generation system includes a base, the base is provided with a sleeve, the sleeve is provided with smoke a, the base is connected with an air inlet passage, and the air inlet passage is provided with an air inlet; There are at least four support columns in the base, an electric heater is arranged at the bottom of the base, a plurality of square grooves are arranged at the bottom of the air inlet passage, and a wind turbine is arranged in the square groove, and the side of the air inlet channel An ear room is provided, and a generator is installed in the ear room, and the wind turbine is connected to the generator.
  • the wind turbine includes a rotating shaft and a blade, the blade is disposed on a rotating shaft, the blade is set to four, and adjacent blades are perpendicular to each other; the rotating shaft is flush with a bottom surface of the air inlet passage.
  • the smoke meter comprises a flue, the flue is provided with a top cover, the bottom of the top cover is provided with an air outlet, and the air outlet is symmetrically arranged; the top cover is provided with a lightning rod; the flue is made of bulletproof fiber
  • the flue is set to a diameter of 20 m and a height of 500 m.
  • the cross-sectional area of the flue is larger than the cross-sectional area of the air inlet passage, which is advantageous for increasing the flow speed of the outside air through the air inlet passage.
  • the diameter of the rotating shaft is 0.25 m and the length is 10 m; the blades are square and have a length of 8 m.
  • one of the blades When the wind turbine is in operation, one of the blades is in the air inlet passage; the remaining three blades are in the square groove and do not generate resistance to the air entering the air inlet passage.
  • the height of the sleeve is set to 30 m, and the outer diameter is set to 19.5 m; the base is an inner hollow hemispherical shell with a height of 17 m; the sleeve and the base are both reinforced concrete structure.
  • the base is provided with a plurality of air inlet passages, and the base is connected with the air inlet passage, and the air inlet passage is circumferentially disposed with the base center as a center.
  • the length of the air inlet passage is set to l_2000m, and the width and height are both set to 10m; the inner surface of the air inlet duct is provided with a black heat absorbing coating, and the surface is smooth as a mirror to reduce wind resistance.
  • the square grooves have a pitch of 50 m.
  • an exhaust switch is disposed at the air outlet, and the exhaust switch is preferably an automatic switch.
  • the smoke S is provided with a black heat absorbing coating on the outside, and the smoke ® is internally provided with a wear-resistant coating to improve the service life.
  • the top cover has a hemispherical shape, and the top cover has a diameter of 30 m.
  • the air inlet is funnel-shaped, and the air inlet is horizontally or vertically installed; and the air inlet is provided with a filter.
  • the filter prevents foreign debris from entering.
  • the self-winding wind power generation system of the present invention heats the air inside the base by an electric heater installed at the bottom of the base, so that the air inside the base is discharged by the chimney; the external air flows from the air inlet to the base through the air inlet passage, and is externally When the air passes through the air inlet passage, the wind turbine rotates. Because the wind turbine is connected with the generator, the wind energy is converted into electric energy. Because the black heat absorption coating is arranged outside the chimney, the temperature of the airflow in the chimney is increased, and the airflow in the chimney is increased. The speed, in turn, indirectly increases the rotational speed of the wind turbine.
  • the superior effect of the invention is: heating the air inside the base by the electric heater to raise the airflow inside the base, and installing a wind turbine and a generator in the ventilation duct, so that the external air works on the wind turbine,
  • the wind energy is converted into electric energy;
  • the structure is simple, the cross-sectional area of the flue is larger than the cross-sectional area of the air inlet passage, and the flow speed of the outside air through the air inlet passage is increased;
  • the flue is made of bulletproof fiber, and no artificial construction is required. , low cost.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a self-winding wind power generation system according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the structure of the chimney of the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the base of the present invention.
  • Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of the self-winding wind power generation system A-A of the present invention.
  • Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of the self-winding wind power generation system B-B of the present invention.
  • Figure 6 is a vertical installation of the air inlet of the present invention.
  • Figure 7 is a horizontally mounted air inlet of the present invention.
  • the present invention provides a self-winding wind power generation system including a base 1 , the base 1 is provided with a sleeve 2, and the sleeve 2 is provided with a smoker®3,
  • the susceptor 1 is connected to the air inlet passage 4, and the air inlet passage 4 is provided with an air inlet 41;
  • the base 1 is provided with four support columns 11, and the bottom of the base 1 is provided with an electric heater 12,
  • the air inlet A plurality of square grooves 7 are arranged at the bottom of the channel 4, and the square groove 7 has a pitch of 50 m.
  • the square groove 7 is provided with a wind turbine.
  • the side of the air inlet channel 4 is provided with a stalk 42 and a generator 6 is installed in the ear room 42.
  • the wind turbine is connected to the generator 6, and the wind energy is converted into electric energy by the rotation of the wind turbine.
  • the wind turbine includes a rotating shaft 51 and a blade 52, the blade 52 is disposed on the rotating shaft 51, the blade 52 is set to four, and the adjacent blades 52 are perpendicular to each other;
  • the bottom surface of the air passage 4 is level.
  • one of the blades 52 is in the air inlet passage 4; the remaining three blades 52 are in the square recess 7 and do not generate resistance to the air entering the intake passage 4.
  • the diameter of the rotating shaft is 0.25 m and the length is 10 m; the blade has a square shape and a length of 8 m.
  • the base is hollow inside, the height of the sleeve 2 is set to 30m, and the outer diameter is set to 19. 5m;
  • the hemispherical housing has a height of 17m, which improves the compressive strength of the base 1.
  • the base 1 is provided with a plurality of air inlet passages 4, and the base 1 is connected to the air inlet passage 4, and the air inlet passage 4 is circumferentially disposed with the base 1 as a center.
  • the length of the air inlet passage 4 is set to l-2000m, and the width and height are set to 10m; the inner surface of the air inlet duct is provided with a black heat absorbing coating, and the surface is smooth as a mirror to reduce wind resistance.
  • the top of the air inlet passage 4 is curved.
  • the square grooves have a pitch of 50 m, so that the airflow entering the air inlet passage 4 continues to flow at a high speed from the outside to the inside, so that the wind turbine runs at a high speed.
  • the smoke S3 of the present invention includes a flue 33.
  • the flue 33 is provided with a top cover 31.
  • the bottom of the top cover 31 is provided with an air outlet 32, and the air outlet 32 is symmetrically disposed, and the air outlet 32 is provided.
  • An exhaust switch (not shown) is preferably an automatic switch, and further optionally an electric automatic switch, the automatic switch being an existing device.
  • the top cover 31 is provided with a lightning rod (not shown); the flue 33 is made of bulletproof fiber; the flue 33 has a diameter of 20 m and a height of 500 m.
  • the chimney 3 is provided with a black heat absorbing coating on the outside to reduce friction; and the chimney 3 is provided with an abrasion-resistant coating inside to improve the service life; the top cover 31 has a hemispherical shape, and the top cover 31 has a diameter of 30 m.
  • the air inlet 41 has a funnel shape, and the air inlet 41 is horizontally or vertically installed; the air inlet 41 is provided with a filter 411.
  • the filter 411 prevents entry of foreign debris.
  • the chimney 3 of the self-winding wind power generation system of the present invention is provided with a black heat absorbing coating, which can fully absorb solar energy, heat the air flowing in the chimney 3, and cause the air in the chimney 3 to flow upward at a high speed; installing the chimney 3 At the time, the bottom of the chimney 3 is sleeved on the sleeve 2, and the bacon 3 is stacked on top of the sleeve 2. At this time, the electric heater 12 is activated to heat the air inside the base 1, so that the chimney 3 rises slowly.
  • a wind passage 4 having a length of 1000 m is constructed, and a square groove 7 is provided at the bottom of the inlet passage 4, and the pitch of the square groove 7 is 50 m; a wind turbine is installed in the square groove 7, and the rotating shaft 51 of the wind turbine It is flush with the bottom surface of the air inlet passage 4 to ensure that only one blade 523 ⁇ 4 stands in the air inlet passage 4 during power generation, and the remaining three blades 52 are hidden in the square groove 7 without generating resistance to the air, such as 5 FIG.
  • both the chimney 3 and the air inlet passage 4 are provided with a black heat absorbing coating, that is, the chimney 3 and the air inlet passage 4 both have an endothermic function, and the chimney 3 and the air inlet passage 4 are provided.

Abstract

A self-made wind power generation system, comprising a base (1) provided with a sleeve pipe (2) thereon; the sleeve pipe (2) is provided with a chimney (3) thereon; the base (1) communicates with a wind inlet channel (4) provided with a wind inlet (41); the base (1) is provided with at least four support columns (11) therein; the bottom of the base (1) is provided with electric heaters (12); the bottom of the wind inlet channel (4) is provided with a plurality of square grooves (7) having wind turbines therein; one side of the wind inlet channel is provided with a niche having a generator (6) therein; the wind turbine is connected to the generator (6); and the inner surface of the wind inlet channel (4) or the external portion of the chimney (3) is provided with a black heat-absorbing coating.

Description

说 明 书 自造风风力发电系统  Description Book Self-winding wind power generation system
技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及风力发电领域, 具体涉及一种自造风风力发电系统。 背景技术  The invention relates to the field of wind power generation, and in particular to a self-winding wind power generation system. Background technique
风力发电, 是指通过风车或螺旋桨将风的动能转换为旋转这一动能, 并利用增速机等使 旋转增速之后使发电机运转, 由此变换为电能的发电方式; 而风能是一种取之不尽而且无污 染的能源, 风力发电既不需耗用燃料, 也不会排放二氧化碳、 灰渣等废弃物, 具有充分保护 环境、 永续利用资源等优点。  Wind power generation refers to a power generation method in which a kinetic energy of wind is converted into a kinetic energy by rotation by a windmill or a propeller, and the generator is operated by a speed increaser or the like, and then the generator is operated to convert electric energy into electricity. Inexhaustible and non-polluting energy, wind power does not need to consume fuel, and does not emit waste such as carbon dioxide and ash, and has the advantages of fully protecting the environment and continuously using resources.
近年来, 作为可再生能源在世界中推进导入风力发电系统, 近几年, 由于大量生产和技 术进步带来的风力发电设备的成本降低以及用于设置的补助金等导入支援政策等, 以年平均 大约 30 %的成长率发展, 在利用自然能量的发电系统中正在与太阳能发电一起急速成长。  In recent years, the introduction of wind power generation systems in the world as a renewable energy source, in recent years, the cost reduction of wind power generation equipment due to mass production and technological advancement, and introduction support policies such as subsidies for installation, etc. With an average growth rate of approximately 30%, it is rapidly growing along with solar power generation in power generation systems that utilize natural energy.
除了设置风力发电设备, 还需要风速能够确保一定等级、 即风况良好, 此外还需要存在 用于运送叶片以及塔架这样的风力发电设备器材的道路, 需要用于将来自风力发电设备的电 力送出的输电线, 解决上述问题必然会增加风力发电成本。  In addition to setting up wind power plants, wind speeds are required to ensure a certain level, that is, good wind conditions, and there is also a need for roads for transporting wind power equipment such as blades and towers, which are required to send power from wind power plants. The power transmission line, solving the above problems will inevitably increase the cost of wind power generation.
公开号为 CN202260826U的中国专利公开了一种风力发电系统, 包括风机、 变速箱、 加速 器、 发电机及整流系统, 所述的风机的转轴与所述的变速箱的输入轴联接, 所述的变速箱的 输出轴与所述的加速器的输入轴联接, 所述的发电机与所述的整流系统电连接, 其特征在于 所述的加速器与所述的发电机之间设置有限速控制系统; 所述的限速控制系统包括编码器、 单片机控制电路及电磁离合器, 所述的电磁离合器的输入轴与所述的加速器的输出轴联接, 所述的电磁离合器的输出轴与所述的发电机的输入轴联接, 所述的单片机控制电路与所述的 电磁离合器电连接, 所述的编码器与所述的单片机控制电路电连接, 所述的编码器与所述的 发电机电连接。 该风力发电系统需要自然风驱动风机获取电能, 在没有自然风的地区无法获 取电能, 实用性差。 发明内容  Chinese Patent Publication No. CN202260826U discloses a wind power generation system including a fan, a gearbox, an accelerator, a generator and a rectifying system, wherein a rotating shaft of the fan is coupled to an input shaft of the transmission, and the shifting is performed. An output shaft of the tank is coupled to the input shaft of the accelerator, and the generator is electrically connected to the rectifying system, characterized in that a limited speed control system is disposed between the accelerator and the generator; The speed limit control system includes an encoder, a single chip control circuit and an electromagnetic clutch, wherein an input shaft of the electromagnetic clutch is coupled to an output shaft of the accelerator, and an output shaft of the electromagnetic clutch is coupled to the generator The input shaft is coupled, the single-chip microcomputer control circuit is electrically connected to the electromagnetic clutch, the encoder is electrically connected to the single-chip microcomputer control circuit, and the encoder is electrically connected to the generator. The wind power generation system requires natural wind to drive the wind turbine to obtain electric energy, and the electric power cannot be obtained in an area where there is no natural wind, and the utility is poor. Summary of the invention
为了克服现有技术中的缺陷,本发明的目的是提供一种结构简单的自造风风力发电系统。 本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的:  In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a self-winding wind power generation system having a simple structure. The invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
自造风风力发电系统, 包括基座, 所述基座上设有套管, 套管上设有烟 a, 所述基座与 进风通道连通, 所述进风通道设有进风口; 所述基座内至少设有四根支撑柱, 基座底部设有 电热器, 所述进风通道底部设有多个方形凹槽, 方形凹槽内设有风轮机, 所述进风通道一侧 设有耳房, 耳房内安装发电机, 所述风轮机与发电机连接。 说 明 书 The self-winding wind power generation system includes a base, the base is provided with a sleeve, the sleeve is provided with smoke a, the base is connected with an air inlet passage, and the air inlet passage is provided with an air inlet; There are at least four support columns in the base, an electric heater is arranged at the bottom of the base, a plurality of square grooves are arranged at the bottom of the air inlet passage, and a wind turbine is arranged in the square groove, and the side of the air inlet channel An ear room is provided, and a generator is installed in the ear room, and the wind turbine is connected to the generator. Instruction manual
所述风轮机包括旋转轴和叶片, 所述叶片设置在旋转轴上, 所述叶片设为四个, 相邻的 叶片相互垂直; 所述旋转轴与进风通道的底面相平。  The wind turbine includes a rotating shaft and a blade, the blade is disposed on a rotating shaft, the blade is set to four, and adjacent blades are perpendicular to each other; the rotating shaft is flush with a bottom surface of the air inlet passage.
所述烟 ®包括烟道, 烟道上设有顶盖, 顶盖四周底部设有出风口, 且所述出风口对称设 置;所述顶盖上设有避雷针;所述烟道采用防弹纤维制成;所述烟道直径设为 20m,高度为 500m。 所述烟道的横截面积大于进风通道的横截面积, 有利于提高外部空气通过进风通道的流动速 度。  The smoke meter comprises a flue, the flue is provided with a top cover, the bottom of the top cover is provided with an air outlet, and the air outlet is symmetrically arranged; the top cover is provided with a lightning rod; the flue is made of bulletproof fiber The flue is set to a diameter of 20 m and a height of 500 m. The cross-sectional area of the flue is larger than the cross-sectional area of the air inlet passage, which is advantageous for increasing the flow speed of the outside air through the air inlet passage.
所述旋转轴直径为 0. 25m, 长度为 10m; 所述叶片呈正方形状, 长度为 8m。  The diameter of the rotating shaft is 0.25 m and the length is 10 m; the blades are square and have a length of 8 m.
所述风轮机工作时, 其中的一个叶片在进风通道内; 剩余的三个叶片在方形凹槽内, 不 对进入进风通道的空气产生阻力。  When the wind turbine is in operation, one of the blades is in the air inlet passage; the remaining three blades are in the square groove and do not generate resistance to the air entering the air inlet passage.
进一步地, 所述套管的高度设为 30m, 外直径设为 19. 5m; 所述基座为内部中空的半球形 壳体, 高度设为 17m; 所述套管和基座均为钢筋混凝土结构。  Further, the height of the sleeve is set to 30 m, and the outer diameter is set to 19.5 m; the base is an inner hollow hemispherical shell with a height of 17 m; the sleeve and the base are both reinforced concrete structure.
进一步地, 所述基座设有四周设有多个进风通道, 基座与进风通道连通, 进风通道以基 座为中心环向设置。  Further, the base is provided with a plurality of air inlet passages, and the base is connected with the air inlet passage, and the air inlet passage is circumferentially disposed with the base center as a center.
进一步地, 所述进风通道的长度设为 l_2000m, 宽度和高度均设为 10m; 进风管道内表面 设有黑色吸热涂层、 且表面光滑如镜, 减少风的阻力。  Further, the length of the air inlet passage is set to l_2000m, and the width and height are both set to 10m; the inner surface of the air inlet duct is provided with a black heat absorbing coating, and the surface is smooth as a mirror to reduce wind resistance.
进一步地, 所述方形凹槽的间距为 50m。  Further, the square grooves have a pitch of 50 m.
进一步地, 所述出风口处设有排气开关, 排气开关优选为自动开关。  Further, an exhaust switch is disposed at the air outlet, and the exhaust switch is preferably an automatic switch.
进一步地, 所述烟 S外部设有黑色吸热涂层, 且烟 ®内部设有耐磨涂层, 提高使用寿命。 进一步地, 所述顶盖呈半球形, 顶盖直径为 30m。  Further, the smoke S is provided with a black heat absorbing coating on the outside, and the smoke ® is internally provided with a wear-resistant coating to improve the service life. Further, the top cover has a hemispherical shape, and the top cover has a diameter of 30 m.
进一步地, 所述进风口呈漏斗状, 所述进风口水平或竖直安装; 所述进风口设有过滤网。 所述过滤网防止外部杂物进入。  Further, the air inlet is funnel-shaped, and the air inlet is horizontally or vertically installed; and the air inlet is provided with a filter. The filter prevents foreign debris from entering.
本发明所述自造风风力发电系统通过安装在基座底部电热器将基座内部的空气加热, 使 基座内部空气由烟囱排出; 外部空气由进风口经进风通道流向基座, 在外部空气通过进风通 道时带动风轮机旋转, 由于风轮机与发电机连接, 将风能转换为电能; 由于烟囱外部设有黑 色吸热涂层, 使烟囱内的气流温度升高, 提高了烟囱内气流的速度, 进而间接提高了风轮机 的旋转速度。  The self-winding wind power generation system of the present invention heats the air inside the base by an electric heater installed at the bottom of the base, so that the air inside the base is discharged by the chimney; the external air flows from the air inlet to the base through the air inlet passage, and is externally When the air passes through the air inlet passage, the wind turbine rotates. Because the wind turbine is connected with the generator, the wind energy is converted into electric energy. Because the black heat absorption coating is arranged outside the chimney, the temperature of the airflow in the chimney is increased, and the airflow in the chimney is increased. The speed, in turn, indirectly increases the rotational speed of the wind turbine.
与现有技术相比, 本发明的优越效果在于: 通过电热器加热基座内部空气, 使基座内部 气流上升, 在通风管道内设置风轮机和发电机, 使得外部空气对风轮机做功, 将风能转化为 电能; 结构简单, 所述烟道的横截面积大于进风通道横截面积, 提高了外部空气通过进风通 道的流动速度; 所述烟道采用防弹纤维制成, 不需要人工修建, 成本低廉。  Compared with the prior art, the superior effect of the invention is: heating the air inside the base by the electric heater to raise the airflow inside the base, and installing a wind turbine and a generator in the ventilation duct, so that the external air works on the wind turbine, The wind energy is converted into electric energy; the structure is simple, the cross-sectional area of the flue is larger than the cross-sectional area of the air inlet passage, and the flow speed of the outside air through the air inlet passage is increased; the flue is made of bulletproof fiber, and no artificial construction is required. , low cost.
通过在基座内部设置两千个功率为 lOOOw的电热器, 工作时在进风通道内形成 30-60米 / 秒的高速气流, 从而带动风轮机高速运转发电, 其发电量与一座大型火电站相比, 其造价不 及火电站的 1/10, 不受区域限制, 从而取代矿物燃料发电, 环保安全。 说 明 书 附图说明 By installing two thousand electric heaters with a power of 1000o inside the pedestal, a high-speed airflow of 30-60 m/s is formed in the air inlet passage during operation, thereby driving the wind turbine to generate electricity at a high speed, and the power generation amount is with a large thermal power station. In comparison, its cost is less than 1/10 of that of a thermal power station, and it is not restricted by the region, thus replacing fossil fuel power generation and environmental protection. Description of the specification
图 1为本发明所述自造风风力发电系统结构示意图;  1 is a schematic structural view of a self-winding wind power generation system according to the present invention;
图 2为本发明所述烟囱结构示意图;  2 is a schematic view showing the structure of the chimney of the present invention;
图 3为本发明所述基座结构示意图;  3 is a schematic structural view of the base of the present invention;
图 4为本发明所述自造风风力发电系统 A-A向剖视图;  Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of the self-winding wind power generation system A-A of the present invention;
图 5为本发明所述自造风风力发电系统 B-B向剖视图;  Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of the self-winding wind power generation system B-B of the present invention;
图 6为本发明竖直安装的进风口;  Figure 6 is a vertical installation of the air inlet of the present invention;
图 7为本发明水平安装的进风口。  Figure 7 is a horizontally mounted air inlet of the present invention.
附图标识如下:  The figures are as follows:
1-基座、 11-支撑柱、 12-电热器、 2-套管、 3-烟囱、 31-顶盖、 32-出风口、 33-烟道、 4_ 进风通道、 41-进风口、 411-过滤网、 51-旋转轴、 52-叶片、 6_发电机、 7-方形凹槽。 具体实施方式  1-base, 11-support column, 12-heater, 2-casing, 3-chimney, 31-top cover, 32-air outlet, 33-flue, 4_ inlet passage, 41-air inlet, 411 - Filter, 51-rotary shaft, 52-blade, 6_generator, 7-square groove. detailed description
下面结合附图对本发明具体实施方式作进一步详细说明。  The specific embodiments of the present invention are further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
如附图 1-7所示, 本发明提供一种自造风风力发电系统, 包括基座 1, 所述基座 1上设有套 管 2, 套管 2上设有烟 ®3, 所述基座 1与进风通道 4连通, 所述进风通道 4设有进风口 41 ; 所述 基座 1内设有四根支撑柱 11, 基座 1底部设有电热器 12,所述进风通道 4底部设有多个方形凹槽 7, 方形凹槽 7间距为 50m; 方形凹槽 7内设有风轮机, 所述进风通道 4一侧设有耳房 42, 耳房 42 内安装发电机 6, 所述风轮机与发电机 6连接, 通过风轮机旋转将风能转化为电能。  As shown in FIG. 1-7, the present invention provides a self-winding wind power generation system including a base 1 , the base 1 is provided with a sleeve 2, and the sleeve 2 is provided with a smoker®3, The susceptor 1 is connected to the air inlet passage 4, and the air inlet passage 4 is provided with an air inlet 41; the base 1 is provided with four support columns 11, and the bottom of the base 1 is provided with an electric heater 12, the air inlet A plurality of square grooves 7 are arranged at the bottom of the channel 4, and the square groove 7 has a pitch of 50 m. The square groove 7 is provided with a wind turbine. The side of the air inlet channel 4 is provided with a stalk 42 and a generator 6 is installed in the ear room 42. The wind turbine is connected to the generator 6, and the wind energy is converted into electric energy by the rotation of the wind turbine.
进一步地, 所述风轮机包括旋转轴 51和叶片 52, 所述叶片 52设置在旋转轴 51上, 所述叶 片 52设为四个, 相邻的叶片 52相互垂直; 所述旋转轴 51与进风通道 4的底面相平。 当所述风轮 机工作时, 其中的一个叶片 52在进风通道 4内; 剩余的三个叶片 52在方形凹槽 7内, 不对进入 进风通道 4的空气产生阻力。 所述旋转轴直径为 0. 25m, 长度为 10m; 所述叶片呈正方形状, 长 度为 8m。  Further, the wind turbine includes a rotating shaft 51 and a blade 52, the blade 52 is disposed on the rotating shaft 51, the blade 52 is set to four, and the adjacent blades 52 are perpendicular to each other; The bottom surface of the air passage 4 is level. When the wind turbine is in operation, one of the blades 52 is in the air inlet passage 4; the remaining three blades 52 are in the square recess 7 and do not generate resistance to the air entering the intake passage 4. The diameter of the rotating shaft is 0.25 m and the length is 10 m; the blade has a square shape and a length of 8 m.
所述套管和基座均为钢筋混凝土结构; 为了提高套管 2的抗拉强度, 所述套管 2的高度设 为 30m, 外直径设为 19. 5m; 所述基座为内部中空的半球形壳体, 高度设 17m, 提高了基座 1的 抗压强度。  5m; The base is hollow inside, the height of the sleeve 2 is set to 30m, and the outer diameter is set to 19. 5m; The hemispherical housing has a height of 17m, which improves the compressive strength of the base 1.
所述基座 1设有四周设有多个进风通道 4, 基座 1与进风通道 4连通, 进风通道 4以基座 1为 中心环向设置。所述进风通道 4的长度设为 l-2000m, 宽度和高度均设为 10m; 进风管道内表面 设有黑色吸热涂层、 且表面光滑如镜, 减少风的阻力。 所述进风通道 4的顶部呈弧形。  The base 1 is provided with a plurality of air inlet passages 4, and the base 1 is connected to the air inlet passage 4, and the air inlet passage 4 is circumferentially disposed with the base 1 as a center. The length of the air inlet passage 4 is set to l-2000m, and the width and height are set to 10m; the inner surface of the air inlet duct is provided with a black heat absorbing coating, and the surface is smooth as a mirror to reduce wind resistance. The top of the air inlet passage 4 is curved.
所述方形凹槽的间距为 50m, 使得进入进风通道 4内的气流持续的由外向内高速流动, 使 风轮机高速运转。 说 明 书 The square grooves have a pitch of 50 m, so that the airflow entering the air inlet passage 4 continues to flow at a high speed from the outside to the inside, so that the wind turbine runs at a high speed. Instruction manual
本发明所述的烟 S3包括烟道 33, 烟道 33上设有顶盖 31, 顶盖 31四周底部设有出风口 32, 且所述出风口 32对称设置, 所述出风口 32处设有排气开关 (图中未示) , 所述排气开关优选 为自动开关, 更进一步可选择电力自动开关, 所述自动开关为现有设备。  The smoke S3 of the present invention includes a flue 33. The flue 33 is provided with a top cover 31. The bottom of the top cover 31 is provided with an air outlet 32, and the air outlet 32 is symmetrically disposed, and the air outlet 32 is provided. An exhaust switch (not shown) is preferably an automatic switch, and further optionally an electric automatic switch, the automatic switch being an existing device.
所述顶盖 31上设有避雷针 (图中未示) ; 所述烟道 33采用防弹纤维制成; 所述烟道 33直 径设为 20m, 高度为 500m。  The top cover 31 is provided with a lightning rod (not shown); the flue 33 is made of bulletproof fiber; the flue 33 has a diameter of 20 m and a height of 500 m.
所述烟囱 3外部设有黑色吸热涂层, 以减少摩擦力; 且烟囱 3内部设有耐磨涂层, 提高使 用寿命; 所述顶盖 31呈半球形, 顶盖 31直径为 30m。  The chimney 3 is provided with a black heat absorbing coating on the outside to reduce friction; and the chimney 3 is provided with an abrasion-resistant coating inside to improve the service life; the top cover 31 has a hemispherical shape, and the top cover 31 has a diameter of 30 m.
所述进风口 41呈漏斗状, 所述进风口 41水平或竖直安装; 所述进风口 41设有过滤网 411。 所述过滤网 411防止外部杂物进入。  The air inlet 41 has a funnel shape, and the air inlet 41 is horizontally or vertically installed; the air inlet 41 is provided with a filter 411. The filter 411 prevents entry of foreign debris.
本发明所述自造风风力发电系统的烟囱 3外部设有黑色吸热涂层,可充分吸收太阳能,加 热烟囱 3中流通的空气, 使烟囱 3内的空气高速向上流动; 安装所述烟囱 3时, 将烟囱 3的底部 套在所述套管 2上, 所述烟肉 3叠加堆积在套管 2上面, 此时启动电热器 12工作, 加热基座 1内 部空气, 使得烟囱 3缓慢升起, 直到烟囱 3达到 500m高度; 在基座 1底部设置 2000个功率为 lkw 的电热器 12, 将内部空气加热到 10(TC, 耗电量 2000度 /小时, 利用外部电源为电热器 12提供 电源。修建长度为 1000m的进风通道 4, 在进风通道 4底部设置方形凹槽 7, 方形凹槽 7的间距为 50m; 在方形凹槽 7内安装风轮机, 所述风轮机的旋转轴 51与进风通道 4的底面相平, 保证发电 时只有一个叶片 52¾立在进风通道 4中, 其余三个叶片 52隐藏在方形凹槽 7内, 不对空气产生 阻力, 如图 5所示。  The chimney 3 of the self-winding wind power generation system of the present invention is provided with a black heat absorbing coating, which can fully absorb solar energy, heat the air flowing in the chimney 3, and cause the air in the chimney 3 to flow upward at a high speed; installing the chimney 3 At the time, the bottom of the chimney 3 is sleeved on the sleeve 2, and the bacon 3 is stacked on top of the sleeve 2. At this time, the electric heater 12 is activated to heat the air inside the base 1, so that the chimney 3 rises slowly. Until the chimney 3 reaches a height of 500m; 2000 electric heaters 12 with a power of lkw are placed at the bottom of the base 1, and the internal air is heated to 10 (TC, power consumption is 2000 degrees/hour, and the electric heater 12 is powered by an external power source. A wind passage 4 having a length of 1000 m is constructed, and a square groove 7 is provided at the bottom of the inlet passage 4, and the pitch of the square groove 7 is 50 m; a wind turbine is installed in the square groove 7, and the rotating shaft 51 of the wind turbine It is flush with the bottom surface of the air inlet passage 4 to ensure that only one blade 523⁄4 stands in the air inlet passage 4 during power generation, and the remaining three blades 52 are hidden in the square groove 7 without generating resistance to the air, such as 5 FIG.
由于电热器 12加热基座 1内部空气, 并且烟囱 3和进风通道 4均设有黑色吸热涂层, 即烟囱 3和进风通道 4均具备吸热功能,对烟囱 3和进风通道 4内部的空气加热; 当烟囱 3顶部的排气开 关打开后, 在本发明所述自造风风力发电系统内部形成高速上升的热气流, 大量的空气从出 风口 32喷出, 造成烟囱 3顶部气压降低, 同时烟囱 3底部大量气流上升, 带动进风通道 4内的气 流高速流动, 从而带动风轮机旋转发电。  Since the electric heater 12 heats the air inside the susceptor 1, and both the chimney 3 and the air inlet passage 4 are provided with a black heat absorbing coating, that is, the chimney 3 and the air inlet passage 4 both have an endothermic function, and the chimney 3 and the air inlet passage 4 are provided. Internal air heating; when the exhaust switch at the top of the chimney 3 is opened, a high-speed rising hot air flow is formed inside the self-winding wind power generation system of the present invention, and a large amount of air is ejected from the air outlet 32, causing the top air pressure of the chimney 3 Lowering, at the same time, a large amount of airflow rises at the bottom of the chimney 3, causing the airflow in the air inlet passage 4 to flow at a high speed, thereby causing the wind turbine to rotate and generate electricity.
本发明并不限于上述实施方式, 在不背离本发明的实质内容的情况下, 本领域技术人员 可以想到的任何变形、 改进、 替换均落入本发明的范围。  The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and any variations, modifications, and alterations that may be conceived by those skilled in the art are intended to fall within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1、 自造风风力发电系统, 包括基座, 其特征在于, 所述基座上设有套管, 套管上设有烟 囱, 所述基座与进风通道连通, 所述进风通道设有进风口; 所述基座内至少设有四根支撑柱, 基座底部设有电热器, 所述进风通道底部设有多个方形凹槽, 方形凹槽内设有风轮机, 所述 进风通道一侧设有耳房, 耳房内安装发电机, 所述风轮机与发电机连接; The self-winding wind power generation system includes a pedestal, wherein the pedestal is provided with a sleeve, the sleeve is provided with a chimney, the pedestal is connected with the air inlet passage, and the air inlet passage is provided There is an air inlet; at least four support columns are arranged in the base, an electric heater is arranged at the bottom of the base, a plurality of square grooves are arranged at the bottom of the air inlet passage, and a wind turbine is arranged in the square groove, An ear room is arranged on one side of the air inlet passage, and a generator is installed in the ear room, and the wind turbine is connected with the generator;
所述风轮机包括旋转轴和叶片, 所述叶片设置在旋转轴上, 所述叶片设为四个, 相邻的 叶片相互垂直; 所述旋转轴与进风通道的底面相平;  The wind turbine includes a rotating shaft and a blade, the blade is disposed on a rotating shaft, the blade is set to four, and adjacent blades are perpendicular to each other; the rotating shaft is flush with a bottom surface of the air inlet passage;
所述烟 ®包括烟道, 烟道上设有顶盖, 顶盖四周底部设有出风口, 且所述出风口对称设 置;所述顶盖上设有避雷针;所述烟道采用防弹纤维制成;所述烟道直径设为 20m,高度为 500m; 所述烟道的横截面积大于进风通道的横截面积。  The smoke meter comprises a flue, the flue is provided with a top cover, the bottom of the top cover is provided with an air outlet, and the air outlet is symmetrically arranged; the top cover is provided with a lightning rod; the flue is made of bulletproof fiber The flue diameter is set to 20 m and the height is 500 m; the cross-sectional area of the flue is larger than the cross-sectional area of the inlet passage.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的自造风风力发电系统, 其特征在于, 所述套管的高度设为 30m, 外直径设为 19. 5m; 所述基座为内部中空的半球形壳体, 高度设为 17m; 所述套管和基座均为 钢筋混凝土结构。  The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein the height of the sleeve is set to 30 m, and the outer diameter is set to 19. 5 m; The height is set to 17m; the casing and the base are both reinforced concrete structures.
3、 根据权利要求 1所述的自造风风力发电系统, 其特征在于, 所述基座设有四周设有多 个进风通道, 基座与进风通道连通, 进风通道以基座为中心环向设置。  The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein the base is provided with a plurality of air inlet passages, and the base is connected with the air inlet passage, and the air inlet passage is provided by the base. Center loop setting.
4、 根据权利要求 1所述的自造风风力发电系统, 其特征在于, 所述进风通道的长度设为 l-2000m, 宽度和高度均设为 10m; 进风管道内表面设有黑色吸热涂层。  The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein the length of the air inlet passage is set to be 1-2000 m, the width and the height are both set to 10 m; and the inner surface of the air inlet duct is provided with a black suction. Thermal coating.
5、根据权利要求 1所述的自造风风力发电系统,其特征在于,所述方形凹槽的间距为 50m。  The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein the square grooves have a pitch of 50 m.
6、 根据权利要求 1所述的自造风风力发电系统, 其特征在于, 所述烟囱外部设有黑色吸 热涂层, 且烟囱内部设有耐磨涂层。  6. The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein a black heat absorbing coating is disposed outside the chimney, and an abrasion resistant coating is disposed inside the chimney.
7、 根据权利要求 1所述的自造风风力发电系统, 其特征在于, 所述进风口呈漏斗状, 所 述进风口水平或竖直安装。  7. The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein the air inlet is funnel-shaped, and the air inlet is horizontally or vertically installed.
8、 根据权利要求 7所述的自造风风力发电系统, 其特征在于, 所述进风口设有过滤网。  8. The self-winding wind power generation system according to claim 7, wherein the air inlet is provided with a filter.
PCT/CN2014/083654 2014-07-16 2014-08-04 Self-made wind power generation system WO2016008179A1 (en)

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