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CN1296682C - Device and its method for monitoring river bed sedimentation in tunnel-pass-through river construction - Google Patents

Device and its method for monitoring river bed sedimentation in tunnel-pass-through river construction Download PDF

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CN1296682C
CN1296682C CN 200410051122 CN200410051122A CN1296682C CN 1296682 C CN1296682 C CN 1296682C CN 200410051122 CN200410051122 CN 200410051122 CN 200410051122 A CN200410051122 A CN 200410051122A CN 1296682 C CN1296682 C CN 1296682C
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river
tunnel
method
monitoring
construction
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CN 200410051122
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CN1587923A (en )
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方启超
易觉
赖伟文
何伦
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广东省基础工程公司
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Abstract

一种隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置及其方法。 Monitoring bed apparatus and method for settling the tunnel construction for the river. 本发明包括由至少二个沉入江底固定的水压传感装置组成的水压传感采集机构及设置于江边的信号接收处理分析装置,其中,所述信号接收处理分析装置包括用于接收各水压传感装置产生的振动信号的信号接收仪及包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置,所述各水压传感装置分别通过数据线与信号接收仪相连接,所述信号接收仪通过数据线与电子处理装置相连接并通过电子处理装置对水压传感装置产生的信号进行实时处理分析而得到河床沉降的监测数据。 The present invention comprises at least two fixing sink into the river bottom of the hydraulic pressure sensing means consisting of sensors and collecting means provided on the riverside signal receiving processing and analysis apparatus, wherein said signal receiving means comprises means for processing and analysis signal receiving device each of the vibration signal generated by pressure sensing means for receiving and processing means comprises electronic data processing and analysis system, each of said pressure sensing means are connected to data lines via the signal receiving device, the signal receiving apparatus through the data line and the electronic processing means is connected to real-time processing and analysis of signals generated by the pressure sensing means of electronic data processing apparatus to be monitored riverbed settlement.

Description

一种隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置及其方法 Apparatus and methods for monitoring a settling bed river tunnel construction for

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置及其方法。 The present invention relates to a device and a method of tunnel construction for monitoring the river bed sedimentation.

背景技术 Background technique

在挖过江隧道时需要对位于隧道轴线上方的江底的水压力、沉降等变化情况进行实时监测,并分析得出实时监测结果。 When the need for cross-river tunnel digging of changes in the river bottom is located above the tunnel axis of water pressure, settlement and other real-time monitoring, real-time monitoring and analysis of the results obtained. 以帮助工程人员随时掌握江底的变化情况,辅助工程决策人做出正确决策,从而确保隧道挖掘工作顺利进行。 To help engineers keep abreast of changes in the river bottom, aided engineering decision-makers to make the right decisions to ensure the tunnel excavation work smoothly. 然而,目前能够适用于这种场合监测的各种监测装置(如浮标法、声纳法等),其普遍存在着这样的问题:一、容易受外界因素变化(如:江面的过往船只、潮涨或潮退;)影响,造成监测结果误差大、不准确,无法如实地反映出江底的实际变化情况;二、不能将实时监测得到监测信号,实时转换为直观描述江底的各个测点的水压力和沉降的变化情况;三、监测精度不高(一般的监测精度只能达到10~30cm);四、对江面的影响较大。 However, this situation can be applied to the monitoring of various monitoring devices (such as a buoy law, Sonar, etc.), its widespread such problems: First, easily affected by changes in external factors (such as: passing ships of the river, the tide up or low tide;) affected, resulting in a large error monitoring results, inaccurate, not faithfully reflect the actual changes in the bottom of the river; two, can be monitored real-time signal monitoring, real-time conversion for each measuring point the bottom of the river visual depictions the water pressure changes and settlement; third, monitoring precision is not high (typically accurate to only monitor 10 ~ 30cm); four, the greater impact on the river.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于解决上述存在问题,提供一种可实时对江底的变化的情况进行连续监测,并实时直观描述出江底变化情况的数据,且抗干扰能力强、测量精度高、操作简单的监测装置及其方法。 Object of the present invention is to solve the above problems, to provide a real-time change in the case of continuous monitoring of the river bottom, and the real-time visual representation of the data changes Chujiang bottom, and the anti-interference ability, high accuracy, easy to operate the monitoring apparatus and method.

本发明的技术方案是这样实现的:一种隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置,其特点是包括由至少二个沉入江底且沿隧道的轴线排列固定于江底中的用于采集江底中各点的实际信号的水压传感装置组成的水压传感采集机构及设置于江边的信号接收处理分析装置,其中,所述信号接收处理分析装置包括用于接收各水压传感装置产生的振动信号的信号接收仪及包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置,所述各水压传感装置通过沿江底铺设的数据线并接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端,所述信号接收仪通过数据线与电子处理装置相连接并通过电子处理装置对水压传感装置产生的信号进行实时处理分析而得到河床沉降的监测数据。 Aspect of the present invention is implemented as follows: Construction of a tunneling device monitors the river bed for settlement, which is characterized by comprising at least two sink into the river bottom and the axis arranged along the tunnel is fixed to the bottom of the river with collection means to collect pressure sensor disposed river bottom and the pressure sensing means at each point of the actual signal component in the signal receiving processing river analyzing means, wherein said analyzing means comprises a signal receiving and processing means for receiving respective vibration signal receiving device generates a signal pressure sensing means and the processing means comprises electronic data processing and analysis system, each of said pressure sensing means laid along the data lines through the bottom and connected to a signal provided on the waterfront input receiving apparatus, the signal receiving apparatus through the data line and the electronic processing means is connected to real-time processing and analysis of signals generated by the pressure sensing means of electronic data processing apparatus to be monitored riverbed settlement.

为了为上述电子处理装置提供处理分析的参考水位基准,从而使电子处理装置能够更真实、准确地测量出江底变化情况,使本发明能够更加准确、全面、实时地反映出位于隧道上方的河床的沉降变化情况,上述水压传感采集机构还包括至少二个分别沉入江底固定于隧道轴线的左、右侧的岸基处的用于采集基准信号的水压传感装置,所述各水压传感装置通过沿江底铺设的数据线连接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端。 In order to provide for the processing and analysis of the electronic processing device with reference to the reference level, so that the electronic processing device capable of a more realistic, accurate measurement of changes Chujiang bottom case, the present invention can be more accurate, comprehensive real time reflecting the bed positioned above the tunnel settlement changes said pressure sensing means further comprises at least two collecting sink into the river bottom, respectively fixed to the left tunnel axis, pressure sensing means for acquiring a reference signal at the right side of the shore, the each pressure sensing device laid along the bottom through the data line connected to the reception signal input terminal disposed at the waterfront instrument.

本发明实施上述监测装置的用于监测河床沉降的方法,其步骤如下:(1)根据需要监测的河床的宽度,将多个用于采集江底中各点的实际信号的水压传感装置沉入江底,并以一定间距沿隧道轴线排列固定在江底;(2)沿江底铺设多根数据线,并将各水压传感装置分别与各根数据线相连接;(3)在位于铺设水压传感装置的江边架设信号接收仪,并将连接于各水压传感器的数据线连接于信号接收仪的信号输入端;(4)通过数据线将经信号接收仪处理后得到的监测数据传送到包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置;(5)通过电子处理装置的数据处理及分析系统对各水压传感装置监测产生的振动信号进行处理及分析,将处理及分析得到的监测数据存储于电子处理装置的存储器中,并输出至电子处理装置的显示屏。 A method for monitoring the bed of settling the above-described embodiment of the monitoring device of the present invention, comprises the following steps: (1) the width of the bed to be monitored, the pressure sensing means in the river bottom of each of the actual signal for acquiring a plurality of points sink into the river bottom, and at a distance are arranged along the tunnel axis is fixed in the river bottom; (2) along the end of the laying plurality of data lines, and each of the pressure sensing means are connected to the respective data lines; (3) pressure sensing means located laying river erection signal receiving device, and is connected to the pressure sensor signal input terminal of each data line is connected to a signal receiving device; and (4) through the data lines obtained after processing the signal reception apparatus monitoring data transfer to the electronic processing device includes a data processing and analysis system; (5) for processing and analysis of the signals of the respective pressure sensing means of vibration generated by the monitoring electronic processing device a data processing and analysis system, and the process analysis of the obtained monitoring data stored in the memory of the electronic processing device, and outputs to the display of the electronic processing device.

为了为上述数据处理及分析系统提供处理与分析的参考水位基准,从而使数据处理及分析系统能够更真实、准确地测量出江底变化情况,上述步骤中还包括在位于隧道轴线距离左、右两侧20米及距离岸基10米处分别各装设一个水压传感装置作为数据处理及分析的基准参考点P1、P2。 In order to provide a reference level for the reference processing and analysis of the data processing and analysis system, so that the data processing and analysis system capable of more realistic, accurate measurement of changes in the bottom Chujiang, further comprising the previous step from the tunnel axis located at the left and right both 20 m and 10 meters from the shore are each mounted a pressure sensing device as the data processing and analysis of the baseline reference point P1, P2.

上述步骤(5)中的电子处理装置中的数据处理及分析系统是通过如下步骤处理分析:(5-1)通过数据采集模块将经信号接收仪处理得到的监测数据采集到电子处理装置中;(5-2)通过数据导入模块将数据采集模块采集的数据导入至预先设计好的数据库中存储;(5-3)通过数据处理模块对存储于数据库中的监测所得振动信号的监测数据进行处理与分析,是通过用两基准参考点P1、P2的平均值P‾=p1+p22]]>作为参考水位基准压力,并用i表示第i个监测点,j表示第j次测量,利用Δj=Pi- P转换成水柱深,将Δj与Δj-1比较可得到第i个测点第j次的沉降;(5-4)通过图形输出模块将数据处理模块处理分析得出的结果以变化曲线图、各监测点的每日沉降变化图和累计沉降图,直观输出到电子处理装置的显示屏上。 The above step (5) Data Processing and Analysis System electronic processing device is analyzed by the following process steps: (5-1) collecting the monitoring data obtained by the signal reception apparatus to process electronic processing device by a data acquisition module; (5-2) by the data import module data acquisition module to import data stored in the database of pre-designed; (5-3) for processing the obtained monitoring data to monitor vibration signal stored in the database by the data processing module analysis, by using two reference reference points P1, P2 of the average value of P & OverBar; = p1 + p22]]> as a reference water level reference pressure, and said i-th monitoring point with i, j represents the j-th measurement by Δj = Pi- P is converted into the water column depth, the [Delta] j and Comparative Δj-1 obtained in the j-th measuring point i th settlement; (5-4) through a graphical output module data processing module analyzes the results obtained in curve FIG daily settlement FIG variation of each monitoring point and cumulative sedigraph, visual output on the display screen of the electronic processing device.

本发明由于采用由沉入江底固定的水压传感装置及设置于江边的信号接收仪和装有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置组成的监测装置以及监测方法,使本发明通过将多个水压传感装置沉入江底并沿隧道轴线固定于江底中而对位于隧道轴线上的河床的沉降变化情况进行实时、连续的监控,并将各水压传感装置产生的振动信号通过沿江底铺设的数据线传送到设置于江边的信号接收仪,然后将经信号接收仪处理得到数据通过数据线传送到装有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置,经电子处理装置对水压传感装置产生的信号进行实时、直观、连续处理分析而得到河床沉降的监测数据,从而帮助工程决策人员随时准确地掌握河床的沉降变化。 As a result of the present invention, the monitoring device and monitoring method sink into the river bottom by a fixed pressure sensing means disposed in the river and the signal receiving apparatus and a data processing apparatus provided with electronic processing and analysis system consisting of a plurality of the present invention by a pressure sensing device and sink into the river bottom along the tunnel axis is fixed to the bottom of the river and in real time, continuous monitoring of changes in sedimentation bed located on the axis of the tunnel, the generated vibration signals each pressure sensing means by laying the bottom along the data transfer lines arranged on the river to the signal receiving apparatus, and the resultant signal received by the data processing device to the electronic processing device with a data processing and analysis system through the data line, via electronic processing device for water signal pressure sensing device produces real-time, intuitive, and monitored data riverbed sedimentation, helping engineering decision makers at any time to accurately grasp the changes in the riverbed of continuous settlement processing and analysis. 并且本实用新型具有抗干扰能力强、测量精度高、操作简单的优点。 And the present invention has a strong anti-interference ability, high accuracy, the advantages of simple operation.

下面结合附图对本发明作进一步的说明。 DRAWINGS The invention will be further described below in connection.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的结构组成示意图。 1 structure of the present invention is composed of a schematic view of FIG.

图2为本发明的俯视方向的结构组成示意图图3为本发明水压传感装置的结构示意图。 A top structure 2 direction in FIG. 3 of the present invention a composition structure diagram of the pressure sensing device of the present invention, a schematic view.

具体实施方式 detailed description

如图1、图2及图3所示,本发明包括由至少二个沉入江底固定的水压传感装置组成的水压传感采集机构及设置于江边的信号接收处理分析装置3,其中,所述信号接收处理分析装置3包括用于接收各水压传感装置产生的振动信号的信号接收仪及包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置,所述各水压传感装置分别通过数据线与信号接收仪相连接,所述信号接收仪通过数据线与电子处理装置相连接并通过电子处理装置对水压传感装置产生的信号进行实时处理分析而得到河床沉降的监测数据。 1, shown in the present invention comprises at least two fixing sink into the river bottom of the hydraulic pressure sensing means consisting of sensors and collecting means disposed in signal reception process river analyzer 33 in FIG. 2 and FIG. wherein said signal analysis means 3 comprises a reception processing signal receiving apparatus for receiving a vibration signal generated by each of the pressure sensing means and an electronic processing device includes a data processing and analysis system, each of said pressure sensing means are connected via a data line and the signal receiving apparatus, the signal receiving apparatus through the data line and the electronic processing means is connected to real-time processing and analysis of signals generated by the pressure sensing means and electronic processing device monitoring data obtained settlement bed . 这样,使本发明通过将多个水压传感装置沉入江底并沿隧道轴线固定于江底中而对位于隧道轴线上的河床的沉降变化情况进行实时、连续的监控,并将各水压传感装置产生的振动信号通过沿江底铺设的数据线传送到设置于江边的信号接收仪,然后将经信号接收仪处理得到数据通过数据线传送到装有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置,经电子处理装置对水压传感装置产生的信号进行实时、直观、连续处理分析而得到河床沉降的监测数据,从而帮助工程决策人员随时准确地掌握河床的沉降变化。 Thus, the present invention is that the plurality of hydraulic pressure sensing devices by the sink into the river bottom and along the tunnel axis is fixed to the bottom of the river and in real time, continuous monitoring of changes in sedimentation bed located on the axis of the tunnel, and each of the water a vibration signal produced by the pressure sensing means laid along the bottom line of the data transmitted to the signal receiving device is provided in the river, then the resulting processed data to the electronic data processing and analysis system with the signal received through the data line via the processing device device, the electronic signal processing device for pressure sensing device generates real-time, intuitive, continuous processing and analysis of data obtained by monitoring the riverbed sedimentation, helping engineering decision makers to accurately grasp the changes in the riverbed settlement at any time. 并且由于本发明是采用将水压传感装置1固定在江底中,有效地避免了因外界因素(如:江面的过往船只、潮涨或潮退等因素影响。)的影响而造成监测结果的不准确,并具有抗干扰能力强、对江面通航无影响、可连续测量、实时监测、测量精度高、操作简单的优点。 And since the present invention is the use of the pressure sensing device 1 is fixed to the bottom of the river, is effectively avoided because of external factors (such as: impact of the river passing ships, and other factors tide or low tide) effects caused monitoring results inaccurate, and having strong anti-interference capability, no effect on the navigable river, continuous measurement, monitoring real-time, high measurement precision, simple operation advantages. 其中,所述电子处理装置为笔记本电脑或台式电脑或其它具有程序装载和数据处理分析能力、输出功能的电子仪器。 Wherein said electronic processing device is a laptop or desktop computer or other programs having a load capacity analysis and data processing, output of electronic instruments. 为使本发明能够准确、全面、实时地反映出位于隧道上方的河床的沉降变化情况,上述水压传感采集机构包括至少二个沉入江底且沿隧道的轴线排列固定于江底中的用于采集江底中各点的实际信号的水压传感装置1,所述各水压传感装置1通过沿江底铺设的数据线连接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端。 In order that the invention can accurately and comprehensively in real time to reflect changes in sedimentation bed positioned above the tunnel where the pressure sensing means comprises at least two collecting sink into the river bottom and the axis arranged along the tunnel is fixed to the bottom of the river pressure sensing means for acquiring the actual signal point of each river bottom 1, each of said pressure sensing means laid along the bottom by a data line connected to the signal input terminal disposed at the receiving instrument waterfront. 其中,铺设于江底的各水压传感装置1的个数是根据河底宽度而根据实际情况以一定间距沿隧道的轴线进行铺设。 Wherein each of the number of pressure sensing device 1 is laid on the river bottom of the river width is based on the actual situation at the laying a certain distance along the axis of the tunnel. 同时,为了为上述电子处理装置提供处理分析的参考水位基准,上述水压传感采集机构还包括至少二个分别沉入江底固定于隧道轴线的左、右侧的岸基处的用于采集基准信号的水压传感装置2,所述各水压传感装置2通过沿江底铺设的数据线并接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端。 Meanwhile, in order to provide analysis of the reference water level is the above reference processing electronic processing means, said hydraulic means further comprising sensing at least two collecting sink into the river bottom, respectively fixed to the left of the axis of the tunnel, at the shore for acquiring the right of pressure sensing means a reference signal 2, each of said pressure sensing means 2 by laying the bottom along the data line and connected to the input of the signal receiving device provided in the waterfront. 如图2所示,本实施例采用在隧道轴线的左、右侧的岸基处分别各设置一个水压传感装置1作为参考基准点,该参考基准点的信号作为电子处理装置处理分析位于隧道轴线上的各个水压传感装置1的基准压力,使所述电子处理装置通过该基准压力能够真实、准确地反映出江底变化情况。 2, the present embodiment employs the tunnel axis at the left, at the right side of the shore are respectively provided in a pressure sensing device located in a reference point as a reference, the reference point of the reference signal processing analysis as electronic processing device reference pressure sensing means on each of the pressure tunnel axis 1, the electronic processing device by which the reference pressure truly, accurately reflect the changes in the river bottom. 其中,所述参考水位基准点位置既不能离测量轴线太远,也不能太近。 Wherein the reference level from the reference point position measuring axes neither too far nor too close. 由于涨潮、退潮的原因,水位基准点位置离测量轴线太远不能真实反映测量轴线附近的水位基准,离轴线太近水位基准点位置也会随着地表沉降而下降,不能正确反映测点位置的沉降。 Because of high tide, low tide reasons, the water level measurement axis from the reference point position far not reflect the true measure the water level in the vicinity of the reference axis, the water level will be the reference point position with the surface subsidence decreases from the axis too, does not reflect the correct measuring point settlement. 如图2所示,一般来说,位于隧道轴线L=30米的左、右两侧的距离岸基Q=10米处分别铺设一个水压传感装置1作为参考点P1、P2,并用两参考点的平均值P‾=p1+p22]]>作为参考水位基准压力;用i表示第i个监测点,j表示第j次测量,利用Δj=Pi- P转换成水柱深,将Δj与Δj-1比较可得到第i个测点第j次的沉降。 2, generally, L = 30 meters located in the axis of the tunnel left and right sides from the shore Q = 10 meters each laying a pressure sensing device 1 as reference points P1, P2, and by two the average value of the reference point P & OverBar; = p1 + p22]]> reference level reference pressure; denotes the i th monitoring point with i, j represents the j-th measurement, using Δj = converted Pi- P into the water column depth, the [Delta] j and Comparative Δj-1 obtained i-th measuring point of the j-th sedimentation. 为使上述水压传感装置能够方便地固定在江底中,如图3所示,上述各水压传感装置1、2分别包括钢弦式传感器及用于安装钢弦式传感器的钢管4、钢管桩5,其中所述钢弦式传感器装置于钢管4中,并通过钢管4固定于钢管桩5上。 So that the pressure sensing means is able to be easily fixed to the river bottom, as shown, each of the pressure sensor means 1, 2 each include steel and steel wire sensors for mounting steel wire sensor 34 , steel pipe pile 5, wherein said steel wire sensor apparatus 4 in the steel pipe, by 4 is fixed to the steel tube 5 on the steel pipe pile. 这样,使本发明的钢弦式传感器通过将钢管桩打入江底固定,不易受到外界因素变化(如:江面的过往船只、潮涨或潮退;)而影响监测精度,从而确保监测所得出数据是如实反映出江底变化情况。 Thus, the steel wire sensor of the present invention by fixing the steel pipe pile into the river bottom, susceptible to changes in external factors (such as: the river passing ships, tide or low tide;) affect the accuracy of monitoring to ensure that the results of monitoring data are accurately reflect changes in the river bottom. 上述电子处理装置中的数据处理及分析系统包括顺序连接的用于将经信号接收仪处理得到的监测数据采集到电子处理装置中的数据采集模块、用于将数据采集模块采集的数据导入至预先设计好的数据库中存储的数据导入模块、用于对存储于数据库中的监测数据进行处理与分析的数据处理模块及用于数据处理模块处理分析得出的结果输出的图形输出模块。 The electronic processing means in a data processing and analysis system includes a serially connected for collecting the monitoring data obtained by the signal reception apparatus to process electronic processing device in data acquisition module, for the data acquisition module is introduced into the pre- designed to import data stored in the database module for storing the data processing and analysis processing module for monitoring data in the database and a data processing module for graphics output module analyzes the results of the output.

本发明实施上述监测装置的用于监测河床沉降的方法,其步骤如下:(1)根据需要监测的河床的宽度,将多个用于采集江底中各点的实际信号的水压传感装置沉入江底,并以一定间距沿隧道轴线排列固定在江底;(2)沿江底铺设多根数据线,并将各水压传感装置分别与各根数据线相连接;(3)在位于铺设水压传感装置的江边架设信号接收仪,并将连接于各水压传感器的数据线连接于信号接收仪的信号输入端;(4)通过数据线将经信号接收仪处理后得到的监测数据传送到包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置;(5)通过电子处理装置的数据处理及分析系统对各水压传感装置监测产生的振动信号进行处理及分析,将处理及分析得到的监测数据存储于电子处理装置的存储器中,并输出至电子处理装置的显示屏。 A method for monitoring the bed of settling the above-described embodiment of the monitoring device of the present invention, comprises the following steps: (1) the width of the bed to be monitored, the pressure sensing means in the river bottom of each of the actual signal for acquiring a plurality of points sink into the river bottom, and at a distance are arranged along the tunnel axis is fixed in the river bottom; (2) along the end of the laying plurality of data lines, and each of the pressure sensing means are connected to the respective data lines; (3) pressure sensing means located laying river erection signal receiving device, and is connected to the pressure sensor signal input terminal of each data line is connected to a signal receiving device; and (4) through the data lines obtained after processing the signal reception apparatus monitoring data transfer to the electronic processing device includes a data processing and analysis system; (5) for processing and analysis of the signals of the respective pressure sensing means of vibration generated by the monitoring electronic processing device a data processing and analysis system, and the process analysis of the obtained monitoring data stored in the memory of the electronic processing device, and outputs to the display of the electronic processing device.

为了为上述数据处理及分析系统提供处理与分析的参考水位基准,从而使数据处理及分析系统能够更真实、准确地测量出江底变化情况,上述步骤中还包括在位于隧道轴线距离左、右两侧L=20米及距离岸基Q=10米处分别各装设一个水压传感装置2作为数据处理及分析的基准参考点P1、P2,所述各水压传感装置2通过沿江底铺设的数据线连接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端。 In order to provide a reference level for the reference processing and analysis of the data processing and analysis system, so that the data processing and analysis system capable of more realistic, accurate measurement of changes in the bottom Chujiang, further comprising the previous step from the tunnel axis located at the left and right L = 20 meters or both from shore Q = 10 meters are installed in each pressure sensing device 2 as a data processing and analysis of the baseline reference point P1, P2, each of the pressure sensing device 2 along end of the laying of data lines are connected to a signal input terminal disposed at the receiving instrument waterfront.

上述步骤(5)中的电子处理装置中的数据处理及分析系统是通过如下步骤处理分析:(5-1)通过数据采集模块将经信号接收仪处理得到的监测数据采集到电子处理装置中;(5-2)通过数据导入模块将数据采集模块采集的数据导入至预先设计好的数据库中存储;(5-3)通过数据处理模块对存储于数据库中的监测所得振动信号的监测数据进行处理与分析,是通过用两基准参考点P1、P2的平均值P‾=p1+p22]]>作为参考水位基准压力,并用i表示第i个监测点,j表示第j次测量,利用Δj=Pi- P转换成水柱深,将Δj与Δj-1比较可得到第i个测点第j次的沉降;(5-4)通过图形输出模块将数据处理模块处理分析得出的结果以变化曲线图、各监测点的每日沉降变化图和累计沉降图,直观输出到电子处理装置的显示屏上。 The above step (5) Data Processing and Analysis System electronic processing device is analyzed by the following process steps: (5-1) collecting the monitoring data obtained by the signal reception apparatus to process electronic processing device by a data acquisition module; (5-2) by the data import module data acquisition module to import data stored in the database of pre-designed; (5-3) for processing the obtained monitoring data to monitor vibration signal stored in the database by the data processing module analysis, by using two reference reference points P1, P2 of the average value of P & OverBar; = p1 + p22]]> as a reference water level reference pressure, and said i-th monitoring point with i, j represents the j-th measurement by Δj = Pi- P is converted into the water column depth, the [Delta] j and Comparative Δj-1 obtained in the j-th measuring point i th settlement; (5-4) through a graphical output module data processing module analyzes the results obtained in curve FIG daily settlement FIG variation of each monitoring point and cumulative sedigraph, visual output on the display screen of the electronic processing device.

Claims (7)

1.一种隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置,其特征在于包括由至少二个沉入江底且沿隧道的轴线排列固定于江底中的用于采集江底中各点的实际信号的水压传感装置(1)组成的水压传感采集机构及设置于江边的信号接收处理分析装置(3),其中,所述信号接收处理分析装置(3)包括用于接收各水压传感装置产生的振动信号的信号接收仪及包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置,所述各水压传感装置(1)通过沿江底铺设的数据线并接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端,所述信号接收仪通过数据线与电子处理装置相连接并通过电子处理装置对水压传感装置产生的信号进行实时处理分析而得到河床沉降的监测数据。 1. Construction of a tunneling device monitors the river bed for settlement, comprising at least two sink into the river bottom, and are arranged along the tunnel axis is fixed to the bottom of the river at various points in the bottom of the river for harvesting pressure sensing means (1) sensing the actual signal acquisition means consisting of pressure and disposed on the riverside of the signal receiving processing and analysis means (3), wherein the signal receiving processing and analysis means (3) comprises a means for receiving signal receiving apparatus and electronic processing device includes a data processing and analysis system vibration signals generated by each of the pressure sensing device, each of said pressure sensing means (1) by laying along the bottom and connected to a data line disposed input signal receiving apparatus of the river, the signal receiving apparatus through the data line and the electronic processing means is connected to real-time processing and analysis of signals generated by the pressure sensing means of electronic data processing apparatus to be monitored riverbed settlement.
2.根据权利要求1所述隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置,其特征在于上述水压传感采集机构还包括至少二个分别沉入江底固定于隧道轴线的左、右侧的岸基处的用于采集基准信号的水压传感装置(2),所述各水压传感装置(2)通过沿江底铺设的数据线连接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端。 The tunnel according to claim 1 Construction of the river bed settling means for monitoring, wherein said pressure sensing means further comprises at least two collecting sink into the river bottom, respectively fixed to the tunnel axis of the left and right pressure sensing means (2), each of said pressure sensing means (2) through the bottom laid along the data line is connected to a shore-based acquisition reference signal in the received signal is provided at the instrument input waterfront end.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置,其特征在于上述各水压传感装置(1、2)分别包括钢弦式传感器及用于安装钢弦式传感器的钢管(4)、钢管桩(5),其中所述钢弦式传感器装置于钢管(4)中,并通过钢管(4)固定于钢管桩(5)上。 The tunnel 1 or claim 2 Construction of the river bed settling means for monitoring, wherein each of the pressure sensing means (1,2) each comprises a steel wire sensors and means for mounting Steel String Pipe sensor (4), steel pipe pile (5), wherein the steel wire in the steel pipe sensor means (4) and passed through a steel tube (4) is fixed to a steel pipe pile (5).
4.根据权利要求1所述隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的装置,其特征在于上述电子处理装置中的数据处理及分析系统包括顺序连接的用于将经信号接收仪处理得到的监测数据采集到电子处理装置中的数据采集模块、用于将数据采集模块采集的数据导入至预先设计好的数据库中存储的数据导入模块、用于对存储于数据库中的监测数据进行处理与分析的数据处理模块及用于数据处理模块处理分析得出的结果输出的图形输出模块。 Tunnel according to claim 1 to the construction of the river bed settling means for monitoring, wherein said electronic processing means in a data processing system includes a monitoring and analysis for sequentially connecting the reception signal obtained by the processing device electronic processing device to collect data in a data collection module, for the data acquisition module is introduced to the pre-designed import data stored in the database module for storing in the processing and analysis of monitoring data in the database a data processing module and a data processing module for processing graphics output module analyzes the results of the output.
5.一种隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的方法,其特征在于包括有如下步骤:(1)根据需要监测的河床的宽度,将多个用于采集江底中各点的实际信号的水压传感装置(1)沉入江底,并以一定间距沿隧道轴线排列固定在江底;(2)沿江底铺设多根数据线,并将各水压传感装置分别与各根数据线相连接;(3)在位于铺设水压传感装置的江边架设信号接收仪,并将连接于各水压传感器的数据线连接于信号接收仪的信号输入端;(4)通过数据线将经信号接收仪处理后得到的监测数据传送到包含有数据处理及分析系统的电子处理装置;(5)通过电子处理装置的数据处理及分析系统对各水压传感装置监测产生的振动信号进行实时处理及分析,将处理及分析得到的监测数据存储于电子处理装置的存储器中,并实时输出至电子处理装置的显示屏。 The actual signal (1) according to the width of the bed to be monitored, the river bottom for collecting a plurality of points in each of: a method of monitoring the settling bed A river tunnel construction, characterized in that comprising the steps of the pressure sensing device (1) sink into the river bottom, and are arranged in a predetermined pitch along the tunnel axis is fixed in the river bottom; (2) along the end of the laying plurality of data lines, and each of the pressure sensing means with each of the root, respectively, data line is connected; (3) set up in the signal receiving device located laying pressure sensing means river, and is connected to the pressure sensor signal input terminal of each data line is connected to a signal receiving device; and (4) data vibration (5) generates for each pressure sensing device monitoring the data processing and analyzing system of the electronic processing device; line signal received via the monitoring data obtained after treatment instrument comprises electronic processing device is transmitted to the data processing and analysis system real-time signal processing and analysis, in the memory of the electronic processing apparatus, and outputs the resulting real-time processing and analysis of monitoring data is stored to a display screen of the electronic processing device.
6.根据权利要求5所述隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的方法,其特征在于上述步骤(1)中还包括在位于隧道轴线距离左、右两侧20米及距离岸基10米处分别各装设一个水压传感装置(2)作为数据处理及分析的基准参考点P1、P2,所述各水压传感装置(2)通过沿江底铺设的数据线连接于设置在江边的信号接收仪的输入端。 6. The method of claim 5, wherein the tunnel monitoring subsidence river bed construction, characterized in that said step (a) further comprises the tunnel axis is located 10 meters from the left and right sides of 20 meters from the shore and each mounted at a respective pressure sensing means (2) a data processing and analysis of the baseline reference point P1, P2, each of said pressure sensing means (2) through the bottom laid along the data line is connected to the river provided input side of the signal receiving apparatus.
7.根据权利要求5或6所述隧道过江施工中用于监测河床沉降的方法,其特征在于上述步骤(5)中的电子处理装置中的数据处理及分析系统是通过如下步骤处理分析:(5-1)通过数据采集模块将经信号接收仪处理得到的监测数据采集到电子处理装置中;(5-2)通过数据导入模块将数据采集模块采集的数据导入至预先设计好的数据库中存储;(5-3)通过数据处理模块对存储于数据库中的监测所得振动信号的监测数据进行处理与分析,是通过用两基准参考点P1、P2的平均值P‾=p1+p22]]>作为参考水位基准压力,并用i表示第i个监测点,j表示第j次测量,利用Δj=Pi- P转换成水柱深,将Δj与Δj-1比较可得到第i个测点第j次的沉降;(5-4)通过图形输出模块将数据处理模块处理分析得出的结果以变化曲线图、各监测点的每日沉降变化图和累计沉降图,直观输出到电子处理装置的 The tunnel 5 or claim 6 a method of monitoring the river bed settlement for construction, wherein said step (5) in the electronic processing device in a data processing and analysis system is analyzed by the processing steps of: (5-1) monitoring data received via the signal processing device obtained by the data acquisition module to collect electronic processing device; the data lead (5-2) by the data import module data acquisition module to the pre-designed database storage; (5-3) performed by the data processing module for monitoring the monitoring data obtained vibration signal stored in the database processing and analysis, by using two reference reference points P1, P2 of the average value of P & OverBar; = p1 + p22]] > reference pressure as a reference level, and said i-th monitoring point with i, j represents the j-th measurement, using Δj = Pi- P is converted into the water column depth, the [Delta] j is obtained with Δj-1 comparison of the i-th measurement point j settling time; (5-4) through a graphical output module data processing module analyzes the results obtained in varying graph, the daily settlement FIG changes each monitoring point and cumulative sedigraph, visual output to the electronic processing device 显示屏上。 On display.
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