CN117416675A - Abandoned circuit board recycling, processing and conveying device - Google Patents

Abandoned circuit board recycling, processing and conveying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN117416675A
CN117416675A CN202311646912.1A CN202311646912A CN117416675A CN 117416675 A CN117416675 A CN 117416675A CN 202311646912 A CN202311646912 A CN 202311646912A CN 117416675 A CN117416675 A CN 117416675A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
adjusting
clamping
circuit board
piece
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Granted
Application number
CN202311646912.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN117416675B (en
Inventor
周利兵
柏刘伍
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Anhui Zheneng Technology Co ltd
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Anhui Zheneng Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202311646912.1A priority Critical patent/CN117416675B/en
Publication of CN117416675A publication Critical patent/CN117416675A/en
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Publication of CN117416675B publication Critical patent/CN117416675B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/46Means for holding or retaining the loads in fixed position on the load-carriers, e.g. magnetic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/30Details; Auxiliary devices
    • B65G17/38Chains or like traction elements; Connections between traction elements and load-carriers
    • B65G17/42Attaching load carriers to traction elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a recovery processing and conveying device for waste circuit boards, which relates to the technical field of recovery processing of waste circuit boards and comprises a conveying rack, wherein two conveying chains are symmetrically arranged in the conveying rack in a rotating way, and the recovery processing and conveying device further comprises: the conveying clamping pieces are arranged on the two conveying chains in a corresponding manner; the feeding mechanism is arranged at the inlet end of the conveying rack and is used for automatically locking and fixing the circuit board placed on the feeding mechanism; the clamping and adjusting mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the conveying rack and is positioned on the moving paths of the plurality of groups of conveying clamping pieces. The invention realizes the passive completion of the clamping and fixing of the conveying clamping piece on the circuit board, simultaneously realizes the drive of the feeding mechanism to release the fixing of the circuit board, automatically completes the transitional transfer of the circuit board on the feeding mechanism to the conveying clamping piece to match with the fixing and conveying of the circuit board, has convenient operation and obviously improves the working efficiency.

Description

Abandoned circuit board recycling, processing and conveying device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of recovery processing of waste circuit boards, in particular to a recovery processing conveying device for waste circuit boards.
Background
It is known that, along with the acceleration of the update speed of electronic products, a large amount of waste circuit boards are generated, the recycling of the waste circuit boards is also becoming a topic of increasing attention, a large amount of toxic substances exist in the waste circuit boards, if the waste circuit boards are improperly treated and bring about great social problems and environmental problems, the circuit boards and electric elements on the circuit boards are disassembled and separated firstly, then components in the circuit boards are fully separated in a crushing mode such as impact, shearing and the like according to the differences of physical properties such as density, conductivity and magnetism of each substance in the waste circuit boards, and then the components are separated and recycled by utilizing technologies such as reselection, magnetic separation, electrostatic separation and eddy current separation.
The novel waste circuit board dry type recovery production line comprises a conveying belt, a driving device and a carrier roller positioned at the bottom of the conveying belt, wherein side plates are arranged at two sides of the conveying belt, movable supports are arranged at the bottoms of the side plates, each support comprises a vertical rod and a side rod forming a certain angle with the vertical rod, the vertical rod and the side rod are rotatably connected with a connecting piece positioned at the bottom of the side plate, and the connecting piece is in sliding connection with the side plate.
Like the above-mentioned application is the same, the processing conveyor is retrieved to abandonment circuit board that uses at present is mostly directly adopted market conventional conveying equipment (like belt conveyer) to carry and is used, can't satisfy carrying when carrying out separation processing to the electronic component on the abandonment circuit board, and need carry out one-to-one to the abandonment circuit board when carrying the material loading to abandonment circuit board separation, and the operation is inconvenient, influences work efficiency, for this application provides a processing conveyor is retrieved to abandonment circuit board, and it is used for retrieving to carry and cooperate the electronic component on the separation abandonment circuit board to abandonment circuit board.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a recovery processing and conveying device for waste circuit boards, which aims to solve the defects in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: the utility model provides a processing conveyor is retrieved to abandonment circuit board, includes the conveying frame, symmetrical rotation is provided with two conveying chains in the conveying frame, still includes:
the conveying clamping pieces are arranged on the two conveying chains in a corresponding manner;
the feeding mechanism is arranged at the inlet end of the conveying rack and is used for automatically locking and fixing the circuit board placed on the feeding mechanism;
the clamping and adjusting mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the conveying rack and positioned on the movement paths of the plurality of groups of conveying clamping pieces;
when the conveying belt drives the conveying clamping piece to move to the position of the feeding mechanism, the clamping adjusting mechanism is driven by the passive driving conveying clamping piece to automatically clamp the circuit board on the feeding mechanism and drive the conveying clamping piece to drive the feeding mechanism to release the fixing of the circuit board, so that the circuit board fixed on the feeding mechanism is automatically transitionally fixed on the conveying clamping piece.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the feeding mechanism comprises a supporting plate, the supporting plate is fixed on the conveying rack through a support, two sides of the supporting plate are provided with avoidance notches, the avoidance notches are provided with clamping mechanisms in a rotating mode, elastic adjusting pieces in transmission connection with the clamping mechanisms are further arranged on the outer sides of the supporting plate, and the elastic adjusting pieces drive the clamping mechanisms to enter a clamping state in a normal state.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the clamping mechanism comprises rotating shafts which are arranged on two sides of the supporting plate, clamping side plates are fixed on the rotating shafts, wedge-shaped notches are formed in the side, facing the supporting plate, of the clamping side plates, and spiral adjusting guide grooves are formed in two ends of the rotating shafts.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the elastic adjusting piece comprises a U-shaped adjusting frame which is arranged on the outer side of the supporting plate in a sliding mode, an adjusting convex part is fixedly arranged at the end head of the U-shaped adjusting frame in a treatment mode, the adjusting convex part is embedded in the spiral adjusting guide groove, and a locking spring is connected between the U-shaped adjusting frame and the supporting plate.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the conveying clamping piece comprises a fixed sleeve fixed on a conveying chain, an adjusting sleeve is embedded in the fixed sleeve in a sliding mode, a clamping part is arranged on the adjusting sleeve, an abutting part matched with a U-shaped adjusting frame for use is arranged at the bottom of the clamping part, a reset spring is connected between the adjusting sleeve and the fixed sleeve, and an abutting rod is vertically connected to the bottom of the adjusting sleeve in a rotating mode.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the clamping and adjusting mechanism comprises a side frame arranged on the inner side of the conveying frame, the side frame extends from the position of the feeding mechanism to the tail end of the conveying direction of the conveying frame to form a protruding section, and the abutting rod is abutted to the outer side of the side frame in a abutting mode.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the bottom of the side frame is fixed with a bottom plate, the other side of the bottom plate is fixedly connected with the conveying frame, and the bottom plate is attached to the bottom of the conveying chain.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the clamping part comprises an adjusting rod piece which is rotatably arranged in the adjusting sleeve, the end head of the adjusting rod piece is fixedly provided with a main board jacket, and the adjusting rod piece is provided with an elastic self-locking piece for locking the rotating of the adjusting rod piece.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the middle section position department of conveyer frame is fixed with stroke adjustment spare, and stroke adjustment spare is connected with adjusting rod transmission, works as conveyer belt drive adjusting rod moves to stroke adjustment spare position department, and stroke adjustment spare has three working stroke: first pass: the stroke adjusting piece passively drives an elastic self-locking piece on the adjusting rod piece to unlock; a second stroke: the stroke adjusting piece passively drives the adjusting rod piece to drive the circuit board to turn over; and in the third stroke, the stroke adjusting piece releases the driving of the elastic self-locking piece, and the elastic self-locking piece automatically locks the rotation of the adjusting rod piece.
As a further description of the above technical solution: the elastic self-locking piece comprises a locking sleeve which is sleeved on the adjusting rod piece in a sliding manner, a supporting spring is arranged between the locking sleeve and the adjusting rod piece, two locking convex parts are arranged at the end head of the locking sleeve, and a locking groove matched with the locking convex parts is formed in the end head of the adjusting sleeve.
In the technical scheme, the recovery processing and conveying device for the waste circuit board provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects: through setting up feed mechanism in conveying frame, realize automatic carrying out elastic locking to the circuit board when placing the circuit board on feed mechanism and fix, prevent that the skew can't normally be counterpointed with carrying the holder from appearing in the circuit board, and when carrying the chain and moving the holder and remove to the feed mechanism position, the automatic circuit board that centre gripping mechanism was carried to the automatic centre gripping feed mechanism of holder of clamp control mechanism driven drive is carried and is carried holder drive feed mechanism and release fixedly to the circuit board, realize carrying the holder to the circuit board centre gripping fixed promptly passively, realize simultaneously that drive feed mechanism is released fixedly to the circuit board, accomplish voluntarily and transport the circuit board transition on the feed mechanism to carry on the holder in order to cooperate and carry fixedly to the circuit board, convenient operation is showing improvement work efficiency.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments described in the present invention, and other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings for a person having ordinary skill in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a device for recycling, processing and conveying waste circuit boards according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a conveying frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a butt joint state of a feeding mechanism and a conveying clamping member according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a clamping mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of an elastic adjusting member according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a conveying clamping member according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a disassembled structure of a conveying clamping member according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of an elastic self-locking member according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a clamping and adjusting mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a stroke adjusting member according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals illustrate:
1. a conveyor frame; 11. a sprocket set; 2. a conveyor chain; 3. conveying the clamping piece; 31. a fixed sleeve; 32. an adjusting sleeve; 321. a return spring; 322. a butt joint rod; 323. a locking groove; 33. an adjusting rod piece; 331. an elastic self-locking piece; 332. a locking sleeve; 333. a locking protrusion; 334. a support spring; 335. a limit rod; 336. adjusting the gear ring; 34. a main board jacket; 4. a feeding mechanism; 41. a bracket; 42. a supporting plate; 43. a clamping mechanism; 431. a rotating shaft; 432. clamping the side plates; 433. a spiral adjusting guide groove; 44. an elastic adjusting member; 441. a U-shaped adjusting frame; 442. an adjusting protrusion; 443. a locking spring; 5. a circuit board; 6. a heating mantle; 7. a clamping and adjusting mechanism; 71. a side frame; 72. a protruding section; 73. a bottom plate; 8. a stroke adjusting member; 81. a limit side frame; 82. adjusting the rack; 83. and a limit flange.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical scheme of the present invention better understood by those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-11, the embodiment of the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a waste circuit board retrieves processing conveyor, it is used for carrying waste circuit board one by one, with the cooperation to the electronic component on the waste circuit board disassemble the separation, including conveying frame 1, the symmetrical rotation is provided with two conveying chains 2 in the conveying frame 1, wherein, conveying frame 1's both ends symmetry rotation is provided with conveying chain wheel group 11, two conveying chains 2 rotate the cover and establish on conveying frame 1's both ends sprocket group 11, conveying frame 1's outside still is provided with driving motor, driving motor is connected with a sprocket group 11 transmission, with driving chain wheel group 11 drive conveying chain 2 rotate and carry, conveying frame 1 top is fixed with heating mantle 6, the inside heater that is provided with of heating mantle, circuit board 5 that carries on the heating through the heater makes the circuit board 5 weld the soldering tin of electric component and melt, in order to realize disassembling the separation with the component on the circuit board 5;
the conveying clamping pieces 3 are arranged in a plurality of groups, and each group of conveying clamping pieces 3 is oppositely arranged on the two conveying chains 2; the circuit board 5 is clamped and fixed by each group of conveying clamping pieces 3 to drive the circuit board 5 to convey, wherein a plurality of groups of conveying clamping pieces 3 are distributed at equal intervals,
the feeding mechanism 4 is arranged at the middle position of the inlet end of the conveying frame 1, the feeding mechanism 4 is used for matching with the conveying frame 1 to carry out feeding conveying on the circuit board 5, the feeding mechanism 4 automatically locks and fixes the circuit board 5 placed on the feeding mechanism 4, namely, when the circuit board 5 is placed on the feeding mechanism 4, the feeding mechanism 4 automatically carries out elastic locking and fixing on the circuit board 5;
the clamping and adjusting mechanism 7 is arranged on the inner side of the conveying rack 1 and positioned on the moving paths of the multiple groups of conveying clamping pieces 3; specifically, the clamping and adjusting mechanism 7 is arranged at a working section (namely a section for conveying the circuit board 5) of the conveying frame 1 and is positioned at the inner side of the conveying chain 2 for conveying, when the conveying chain 2 drives the conveying clamping piece 3 to move to the position of the clamping and adjusting mechanism 7, the clamping and adjusting mechanism 7 is in transmission connection with the conveying clamping piece 3, namely when the conveying chain 2 drives the conveying clamping piece 3 to move to the position of the feeding mechanism 4, the clamping and adjusting mechanism 7 passively drives the conveying clamping piece 3 to automatically clamp the circuit board 5 on the feeding mechanism 4 and drives the conveying clamping piece 3 to drive the feeding mechanism 4 to release the fixation of the circuit board 5, so that the circuit board 5 fixed on the feeding mechanism 4 is automatically transferred and fixed on the conveying clamping piece 3, and then the circuit board 5 fixed on the conveying clamping piece 3 is driven to be conveyed by matching with the conveying chain 2.
That is, this embodiment provides a processing conveyor is retrieved to abandonment circuit board, through setting up feed mechanism 4 in conveying frame 1, realize automatic fixed to circuit board 5 of elastic locking when placing circuit board 5 on feed mechanism 4, prevent that circuit board 5 from appearing the skew unable normal with carry holder 3 counterpoint, and when carrying chain drive transport holder 3 and moving to feed mechanism 4 positions, the automatic circuit board 5 on the feed mechanism 4 of holding adjustment mechanism 7 driven transport holder 3 and drive transport holder 3 drive feed mechanism 4 and release fixedly to circuit board 5, realize that transport holder 3 is fixed to circuit board 5 centre gripping is accomplished to the passive, realize simultaneously that drive feed mechanism 4 is released fixedly to circuit board 5, accomplish automatically and transport circuit board 5 transition on the feed mechanism 4 to carry holder 3 with the cooperation and carry out fixed transport to circuit board 5, and is convenient for operation, show improvement work efficiency.
In still another embodiment provided by the invention, the feeding mechanism 4 comprises a supporting plate 42, the supporting plate 42 is fixed on the conveying frame 1 through a bracket 41, two sides of the supporting plate 42 are provided with avoidance notches, the avoidance notches are rotatably provided with clamping mechanisms 43, the clamping mechanisms 43 have two working states and a fixed state, at the moment, the two clamping mechanisms 43 clamp and fix a circuit board placed on the supporting plate 42 from two sides (front and rear sides along the conveying direction of the conveying frame 1) of the supporting plate 42, the two clamping mechanisms 43 rotate from two sides of the supporting plate 42 to be horizontally attached to the avoidance notches so as to release the circuit board 5 on the supporting plate 42, meanwhile, the moving path of the circuit board 5 is avoided, the outer side of the supporting plate 42 is also provided with an elastic adjusting piece 44 in transmission connection with the clamping mechanisms 43, and the elastic adjusting piece 44 drives the clamping mechanisms 43 to enter the clamping state in a normal state. That is, in a normal state, the elastic regulating member 44 drives the two clamping mechanisms 43 to be in a fixed state.
In still another embodiment of the present invention, the clamping mechanism 43 includes a rotating shaft 431 rotatably disposed at two sides of the supporting plate 42, a clamping side plate 432 is fixed on the rotating shaft 431, and a wedge-shaped gap is formed on one side of the clamping side plate 432 facing the supporting plate 42, that is, when the two clamping mechanisms 43 are in a fixed state, the clamping side plates 432 on the two clamping mechanisms are in a vertical state, meanwhile, the wedge-shaped gaps are formed on the inner sides of the two clamping side plates 432, so that when the circuit board 5 is placed on the supporting plate 42, the circuit board 5 can be clamped between the two clamping side plates 432 in a matching manner, then the circuit board 5 is clamped and fixed on the supporting plate 42 through the two clamping side plates 432, two ends of the rotating shaft 431 are provided with spiral adjusting guide grooves 433, an included angle between two ends of the spiral adjusting guide grooves 433 is ninety degrees, the elastic adjusting member 44 includes a U-shaped adjusting frame 441 slidably disposed at the outer sides of the supporting plate 42 (two sides along the width direction of the conveying frame 1), two sides of the supporting plate 42 are provided with sliding grooves, the two side frames of the U-shaped adjusting frame 441 are slidably embedded on the sliding grooves, the ends of the U-shaped adjusting frame 441 are fixedly provided with adjusting protrusions 442, the adjusting protrusions 442 are embedded in the spiral adjusting guide grooves 441, and the adjusting protrusions 433 are connected between the U-shaped adjusting guide grooves 433 and the supporting springs 443. The elastic force of the locking spring 443 is used for driving the U-shaped adjusting frame 441 to move away from the supporting plate 42, at this time, the U-shaped adjusting frame 441 drives the rotating shaft 431 to rotate through the upper adjusting protrusion 442 and the spiral adjusting guide groove 433, and the rotating shaft 431 drives the clamping side plate 432 thereon to rotate in a vertical state, i.e. drives the two clamping mechanisms 43 to be in a fixed state.
In still another embodiment of the present invention, the conveying clamping member 3 includes a fixing sleeve 31 fixed on the conveying chain 2, an adjusting sleeve 32 is slidably embedded in the fixing sleeve 31, the adjusting sleeve 32 can slide in the fixing sleeve 31 in a telescopic manner, but cannot be adjusted in a rotating manner in the fixing sleeve 31, a clamping portion is provided on the adjusting sleeve 32, an abutting portion matched with a U-shaped adjusting frame 441 is provided at the bottom of the clamping portion, a return spring 321 is connected between the adjusting sleeve 32 and the fixing sleeve 31, the return spring 321 is used for driving the adjusting sleeve 32 to move towards the outer side of the conveying frame 1, an abutting rod 322 is vertically connected to the bottom of the adjusting sleeve 32 in a rotating manner, the clamping adjusting mechanism 7 includes a side frame 71 arranged at the inner side of the conveying frame 1, the end of the side frame 71 in the conveying direction extends from the position of the feeding mechanism 4 to the end of the conveying frame 1 in the protruding section 72, and the abutting rod 322 abuts against the outer side of the side frame 71. Specifically, when the conveying chain 2 drives the position department of feed mechanism 4 when carrying holder 3 and remove, the protruding section 72 of side bearer 71 drives the butt pole 322 and removes to conveying frame central point department in the clamping adjustment mechanism 7 this moment, butt pole 322 drives clamping part through adjusting sleeve 32 and removes to conveying frame central point department, thereby carry out the centre gripping to circuit board 5 placed on the layer board 42 through two clamping parts removal in opposite directions, and the butt portion that clamping part bottom set up can the butt in the outside of U type regulating frame 441 when two clamping parts removed in opposite directions, thereby drive U type regulating frame 441 to the layer board 42 direction remove, U type regulating frame 441 at this moment cooperates spiral regulation guide slot 433 to take drive pivot 431 rotation through its last regulating protrusion 442 this moment, the rotation of pivot 431 drives the centre gripping curb plate 432 on it and rotates to be the horizontality, clamping mechanism 43 rotates to be the laminating on dodging the breach from layer board 42 both sides, so as to realize letting 5 to the circuit board on the layer board 42 release, simultaneously, keep away the moving path of circuit board 5 that circuit board 5 placed on the layer board 42 this moment, carry out the centre gripping and carry out the centre gripping to the circuit board 5 that automatic completion carries out on the transition piece 5 to carry out the operation to the circuit board 5 on the transfer mechanism 4, the convenient operation is carried out to the fixed work and is carried on the transfer plate 3.
In still another embodiment of the present invention, a bottom plate 73 is fixed at the bottom of the side frame 71, and the other side of the bottom plate 73 is fixedly connected with the conveying frame 1, and the bottom plate 73 is attached to the bottom of the conveying chain 2, that is, the side frame 71 is fixed on the conveying frame 1 through the bottom plate 73, and meanwhile, the bottom plate 73 is supported at the bottom of the conveying chain 2, so that auxiliary supporting conveying of the conveying chain 2 is realized, and conveying stability of the conveying chain 2 is improved.
In still another embodiment of the present invention, the clamping portion includes an adjusting rod 33 rotatably disposed in the adjusting sleeve 32, that is, the adjusting rod 33 can be rotatably adjusted in the adjusting sleeve 32, but the adjusting rod 33 and the adjusting sleeve 32 cannot be linearly slidably adjusted, the end of the adjusting rod 33 is fixed with a motherboard jacket 34, and the clamping portion and the adjusting sleeve 32 are rotatably disposed, so that the electronic components on both sides of the circuit board can be disassembled and separated conveniently during conveying the circuit board 5.
In still another embodiment of the present invention, the adjusting lever 33 is provided with an elastic self-locking member 331 for locking the rotation of the adjusting lever 33, specifically, the elastic self-locking member 331 is provided to automatically lock the adjusting lever 33, so as to prevent the rotation of the conveyed adjusting lever 33, which results in the rotation of the circuit board 5 fixed thereon, and affect the heating effect of the circuit board 5, thereby affecting the disassembling and separating effect of the electronic components on the circuit board 5.
The middle section position department of the conveying frame 1 is fixed with a travel adjusting piece 8, and the travel adjusting piece 8 is connected with an adjusting rod piece 33 in a transmission way, when the conveying chain 2 drives the adjusting rod piece 33 to move to the travel adjusting piece 8, the travel adjusting piece 8 has three working travels: first pass: the stroke adjusting piece 8 passively drives the elastic self-locking piece 331 on the adjusting rod piece 33 to unlock; a second stroke: the stroke adjusting piece 8 passively drives the adjusting rod piece 33 to drive the circuit board 5 to turn over, wherein the turning angle is 180 degrees; in the third stroke, the stroke adjusting member 8 releases the driving of the elastic self-locking member 331, and the elastic self-locking member 331 automatically rotationally locks the adjusting rod 33.
The embodiment provides a processing conveyor is retrieved to abandonment circuit board, when conveying chain 2 drives circuit board 5 through carrying holder 3 and carries, the elastic self-locking piece 331 on carrying holder 3 is automatic to adjust member 33 locking fixed this moment, prevent that circuit board 5 from appearing rotating, improve the effect of heating to disassemble the separation electronic component to circuit board 5, simultaneously when conveying chain 2 drives circuit board 5 through carrying holder 3 and moves to travel adjustment piece 8 on, travel adjustment piece 8 drives elastic self-locking piece 331 and unlocks this moment, adjust member 33 can rotate at adjustment sleeve 32 promptly this moment, after the unblock is accomplished, travel adjustment piece 8 is at passive drive adjustment member 33 drive circuit board 5 upset 180, thereby realize heating to the circuit board 5 another side and disassemble the separation electronic component, and travel adjustment piece 8 releases the drive to elastic self-locking piece 331 after the upset is accomplished, elastic self-locking piece 331 is automatic to adjust member 33 rotation locking this moment, make circuit board 5 after the upset keep the level steadily to carry.
In still another embodiment of the present invention, the elastic self-locking member 331 includes a locking sleeve 332 slidably sleeved on the adjusting rod 33, the locking sleeve 332 and the adjusting rod 33 are axially locked by rotation, a supporting spring 334 is disposed between the locking sleeve 332 and the adjusting rod 33, two locking protrusions 333 are disposed at the end of the locking sleeve 332, a locking groove 323 matched with the locking protrusions 333 is disposed at the end of the adjusting sleeve 32, in normal state, the locking sleeve 332 is driven to move towards one side of the adjusting sleeve 32 by the supporting spring 334, at this time, the locking protrusions 333 on the locking sleeve 332 are embedded in the locking groove 323 at the end of the adjusting sleeve 32, and as the locking sleeve 332 and the adjusting rod 33 rotate and lock, the locking and fixing of the adjusting rod 33 by the locking sleeve 32 matched with the locking sleeve 332 is realized.
Further, the two sides of the locking sleeve 332 are symmetrically and vertically connected with the limiting rods 335 in a rotating manner, the stroke adjusting piece 8 comprises a limiting side frame 81 fixed at the middle section of the conveying frame 1, the limiting side frame 81 is provided with a limiting flange 83, the limiting rods 335 are rotatably abutted to the outer side of the limiting flange 83, the limiting side frame 81 is further provided with adjusting racks 82 located on the outer side of the limiting flange 83, the tail ends of the adjusting rods 33 are fixedly provided with adjusting racks 336 matched with the adjusting racks 82, namely, when the conveying chain 2 drives the circuit board 5 to move onto the stroke adjusting piece 8 through the conveying clamping piece 3, at the moment, the limiting rods 335 are driven to move under the effect of the limiting flange 83, the limiting rods 335 drive the locking sleeves 332 to move towards the tail ends of the adjusting rods 33, so that the locking convex parts 333 on the locking sleeves 332 are separated from the locking grooves 323, the rotating locking state of the adjusting rods 33 is relieved, the adjusting racks 336 at the tail ends of the adjusting rods 33 are meshed with the adjusting racks 82, the adjusting racks 336 are matched with the adjusting racks 82 in a matching manner, the overturning of the circuit board 5 is driven by 180 degrees through the adjusting racks 33, namely, when the overturning adjusting racks 336 are completed, the overturning adjusting racks are driven, the circuit board 5 are driven to overturn, the circuit board is driven to rotate, the overturning adjusting racks, and the circuit board is completely, the adjusting racks are separated from the overturning adjusting racks are separated from the adjusting racks 82, and the locking racks are matched with the locking rods, and then are separated from the locking rods, and locked by the locking rods, and are 32, and locked, and are simultaneously, and locked by.
While certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been described above by way of illustration only, it will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that modifications may be made to the described embodiments in various different ways without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are to be regarded as illustrative in nature and not as restrictive of the scope of the invention, which is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a processing conveyor is retrieved to abandonment circuit board, includes conveyor frame (1), symmetrical rotation is provided with two conveyer chains (2) in conveyor frame (1), its characterized in that still includes:
the conveying clamping pieces (3) are arranged in multiple groups, and each group of conveying clamping pieces (3) is oppositely arranged on the two conveying chains (2);
the feeding mechanism (4) is arranged at the inlet end of the conveying frame (1), and the feeding mechanism (4) is used for automatically locking and fixing a circuit board (5) placed on the feeding mechanism;
the clamping and adjusting mechanism (7) is arranged on the inner side of the conveying rack (1) and positioned on the moving paths of the multiple groups of conveying clamping pieces (3);
when the conveying chain (2) drives the conveying clamping piece (3) to move to the position of the feeding mechanism (4), the clamping adjusting mechanism (7) drives the conveying clamping piece (3) to automatically clamp the circuit board (5) on the feeding mechanism (4) and drives the conveying clamping piece (3) to drive the feeding mechanism (4) to unfixed the circuit board (5), so that the circuit board (5) fixed on the feeding mechanism (4) is automatically transitionally fixed on the conveying clamping piece (3).
2. The device for recycling, processing and conveying waste circuit boards according to claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism (4) comprises a supporting plate (42), the supporting plate (42) is fixed on the conveying frame (1) through a support (41), two sides of the supporting plate (42) are provided with avoidance notches, a clamping mechanism (43) is rotatably arranged on the avoidance notches, an elastic adjusting piece (44) in transmission connection with the clamping mechanism (43) is further arranged on the outer side of the supporting plate (42), and the clamping mechanism (43) is driven to enter a clamping state under normal state by the elastic adjusting piece (44).
3. The recycling and conveying device for waste circuit boards according to claim 2, wherein the clamping mechanism (43) comprises rotating shafts (431) rotatably arranged on two sides of the supporting plate (42), clamping side plates (432) are fixed on the rotating shafts (431), wedge-shaped notches are formed in the side, facing the supporting plate (42), of the clamping side plates (432), and spiral adjusting guide grooves (433) are formed in two ends of the rotating shafts (431).
4. A waste circuit board recycling and conveying device according to claim 3, wherein the elastic adjusting piece (44) comprises a U-shaped adjusting frame (441) arranged on the outer side of the supporting plate (42) in a sliding mode, an adjusting protruding portion (442) is fixedly arranged at the end of the U-shaped adjusting frame (441), the adjusting protruding portion (442) is embedded in the spiral adjusting guide groove (433), and a locking spring (443) is connected between the U-shaped adjusting frame (441) and the supporting plate (42).
5. The waste circuit board recycling and conveying device according to claim 4, wherein the conveying clamping piece (3) comprises a fixing sleeve (31) fixed on the conveying chain (2), an adjusting sleeve (32) is embedded in the fixing sleeve (31) in a sliding mode, a clamping part is arranged on the adjusting sleeve (32), an abutting part matched with a U-shaped adjusting frame (441) is arranged at the bottom of the clamping part, a reset spring (321) is connected between the adjusting sleeve (32) and the fixing sleeve (31), and an abutting rod (322) is connected to the bottom of the adjusting sleeve (32) in a vertical rotating mode.
6. The waste circuit board recycling conveying device according to claim 5, wherein the clamping and adjusting mechanism (7) comprises a side frame (71) arranged on the inner side of the conveying frame (1), the side frame (71) extends from the position of the feeding mechanism (4) to the tail end of the conveying direction of the conveying frame (1) and is provided with a protruding section (72), and the abutting rod (322) is abutted against the outer side of the side frame (71).
7. The device for recycling, processing and conveying waste circuit boards according to claim 6, wherein a bottom plate (73) is fixed at the bottom of the side frame (71), the other side of the bottom plate (73) is fixedly connected with the conveying frame (1), and the bottom plate (73) is attached to the bottom of the conveying chain (2).
8. The waste circuit board recycling and conveying device according to claim 5, wherein the clamping part comprises an adjusting rod (33) rotatably arranged in an adjusting sleeve (32), a main board jacket (34) is fixed at the end of the adjusting rod (33), and an elastic self-locking piece (331) for rotationally locking the adjusting rod (33) is arranged on the adjusting rod (33).
9. The device according to claim 8, wherein the middle section of the conveying frame (1) is fixed with a stroke adjusting member (8), the stroke adjusting member (8) is in transmission connection with an adjusting rod (33), and when the conveying chain (2) drives the adjusting rod (33) to move to the position of the stroke adjusting member (8), the stroke adjusting member (8) has three working strokes: first pass: the stroke adjusting piece (8) passively drives an elastic self-locking piece (331) on the adjusting rod piece (33) to unlock; a second stroke: the stroke adjusting piece (8) passively drives the adjusting rod piece (33) to drive the circuit board (5) to turn over; and in the third stroke, the stroke adjusting piece (8) releases the driving of the elastic self-locking piece (331), and the elastic self-locking piece (331) automatically locks the rotation of the adjusting rod piece (33).
10. The recycling and conveying device for waste circuit boards according to claim 8, wherein the elastic self-locking piece (331) comprises a locking sleeve (332) which is sleeved on the adjusting rod piece (33) in a sliding manner, a supporting spring (334) is arranged between the locking sleeve (332) and the adjusting rod piece (33), two locking convex parts (333) are arranged at the end of the locking sleeve (332), and locking grooves (323) matched with the locking convex parts (333) are formed in the end of the adjusting sleeve (32).
CN202311646912.1A 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 Abandoned circuit board recycling, processing and conveying device Active CN117416675B (en)

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CN117864653A (en) * 2024-03-12 2024-04-12 泰州市中盛机电有限公司 Film rack based on articulated can adjust
CN117864653B (en) * 2024-03-12 2024-05-31 泰州市中盛机电有限公司 Film rack based on articulated can adjust

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CN117864653B (en) * 2024-03-12 2024-05-31 泰州市中盛机电有限公司 Film rack based on articulated can adjust

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