CN117053540B - Lithium battery loading and unloading system and lithium battery baking and drying production line - Google Patents

Lithium battery loading and unloading system and lithium battery baking and drying production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN117053540B
CN117053540B CN202310964056.8A CN202310964056A CN117053540B CN 117053540 B CN117053540 B CN 117053540B CN 202310964056 A CN202310964056 A CN 202310964056A CN 117053540 B CN117053540 B CN 117053540B
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China
Prior art keywords
clamp
placing
taking
driving unit
transfer
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CN202310964056.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN117053540A (en
Inventor
卢建雄
辛龙
黄庆
李文
李雄泽
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Zhongshan Honwin Automation Technology Co ltd
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Zhongshan Honwin Automation Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202310964056.8A priority Critical patent/CN117053540B/en
Publication of CN117053540A publication Critical patent/CN117053540A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/003Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/38Collecting or arranging articles in groups
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
    • H01M10/052Li-accumulators
    • H01M10/0525Rocking-chair batteries, i.e. batteries with lithium insertion or intercalation in both electrodes; Lithium-ion batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
    • H01M10/058Construction or manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a lithium battery charging and discharging system, which comprises a charging device, a discharging device, a transferring device and an industrial personal computer, wherein the industrial personal computer is respectively and electrically connected with the charging device, the discharging device and the transferring device; the feeding device comprises a feeding rack, a feeding conveying mechanism, a defective product conveying mechanism, a detecting mechanism, a feeding manipulator, a clamp taking and placing mechanism and a clamp seat, wherein the feeding manipulator and the detecting mechanism are both arranged on the feeding rack, the feeding conveying mechanism and the defective product conveying mechanism are both arranged below the feeding rack, the feeding manipulator is used for conveying lithium batteries to the defective product conveying mechanism or the clamp seat, a tray loading clamp is arranged in the clamp seat, and the clamp taking and placing mechanism is used for arranging the lithium batteries on the feeding manipulator and placing the lithium batteries into the tray loading clamp. The lithium battery loading and unloading system can improve the transfer efficiency of the lithium battery and the working efficiency of the whole production line.

Description

Lithium battery loading and unloading system and lithium battery baking and drying production line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of lithium battery production, in particular to a lithium battery feeding and discharging system and a lithium battery baking and drying production line.
Background
In the existing lithium battery production line, since the lithium battery needs to undergo multiple processes, a stacked fixture is required to load the lithium battery, for example, a baking line for a contact type heating vacuum tunnel of the lithium battery is disclosed in the patent application of chinese patent publication No. CN209484993U, wherein the baking fixture for loading the lithium battery is stacked on a fixture loading material vehicle, and then the disassembly work is required, but the corresponding disassembly tool is lacking, so that the disassembly is very troublesome and the working efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a lithium battery loading and unloading system which can improve the splitting efficiency of a tray loading clamp and the transferring efficiency of a lithium battery, thereby improving the working efficiency of the whole production line.
The second purpose of the invention is to provide a lithium battery baking and drying production line, which can improve the working precision of each device and the transfer efficiency of lithium batteries, thereby improving the working efficiency of the whole production line.
In order to achieve one of the above objects, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
The lithium battery charging and discharging system comprises a charging device, a discharging device, a transferring device and an industrial personal computer, wherein the industrial personal computer is electrically connected with the charging device, the discharging device and the transferring device respectively;
the feeding device comprises a feeding frame, a feeding conveying mechanism, a defective product conveying mechanism, a detecting mechanism, a feeding manipulator, a clamp taking and placing mechanism and a clamp seat, wherein the feeding manipulator and the detecting mechanism are both arranged on the feeding frame, the feeding conveying mechanism and the defective product conveying mechanism are both arranged below the feeding frame, the feeding conveying mechanism is used for conveying lithium batteries to the lower part of the feeding frame, the detecting mechanism is used for detecting whether the lithium batteries meet the feeding requirement, the feeding manipulator is used for conveying the lithium batteries to the defective product conveying mechanism or the clamp seat, a tray loading clamp is arranged in the clamp seat, and the clamp taking and placing mechanism is used for sorting the lithium batteries on the feeding manipulator and placing the lithium batteries to the tray loading clamp;
the transfer device comprises a transfer track, a transfer driving assembly, a first moving rack, a second moving rack, a rotating assembly and a clamp taking and placing mechanism, wherein the first moving rack is arranged on the transfer track and can move along the transfer track, the rotating assembly comprises a rotating motor and a rotating platform, the rotating motor is arranged on the first moving rack, the driving end of the rotating motor is connected with the rotating platform and can drive the rotating platform to rotate, the second moving rack is arranged on the rotating platform, the clamp taking and placing mechanism is arranged on the second moving rack, and the clamp taking and placing mechanism is used for splitting the tray clamp into a plurality of sub-clamps;
The transfer driving assembly comprises a transfer motor, transfer pulleys and transfer supporting wheels, the transfer motor is arranged on the first movable frame, the transfer pulleys are rotationally connected to the bottom of the first movable frame, the transfer pulleys are slidably connected to the transfer rail, the driving ends of the transfer motor are connected with the transfer pulleys and can drive the transfer pulleys to rotate so as to drive the first movable frame to move along the transfer rail, supporting grooves with openings towards two sides are formed in two sides of the transfer rail, the transfer supporting wheels are rotationally connected to the bottom of the first movable frame, and the rotation axes of the transfer supporting wheels are perpendicular to the rotation axes of the transfer pulleys and are slidingly connected to the supporting grooves;
the discharging device comprises a discharging frame, a discharging manipulator, a discharging conveyor belt and a clamp taking and placing mechanism, wherein the clamp taking and placing mechanism is used for splitting a dishing clamp and taking out lithium batteries in the dishing clamp, the discharging manipulator is arranged on the discharging frame, and after the dishing clamp is split by the clamp taking and placing mechanism, the discharging manipulator picks up the lithium batteries and places the lithium batteries on the discharging conveyor belt.
Optionally, the tray loading fixture comprises a plurality of sub-fixtures, and the sub-fixtures are stacked in a detachable connection manner to form the tray loading fixture;
the sub-clamp comprises a clamp body, a positioning sleeve and a positioning column, wherein the positioning sleeve is arranged on the lower side of the clamp body, one end of the positioning column is connected with the clamp body, and the other end of the positioning column extends upwards and can be inserted into the positioning sleeve of the other sub-clamp.
Optionally, the fixture is got and is put the mechanism and is put the base, the second is got and put the base, tear open the dish subassembly, the fixture is got and is put piece, base linear drive unit and is got and put piece linear drive unit, the first is got and is put and be equipped with first guide rail on the base, the second is got and is put the base sliding connection in first guide rail, base linear drive unit locates the first is got and is put the base, the drive end of base linear drive unit with the second is got and is put the base and be connected and can order about the second is got and put the base and remove, the second is got and is put and be equipped with the second guide rail on the base, the fixture is got and is put a sliding connection in the second guide rail, get and put a drive end of piece linear drive unit with the fixture is got and is put the piece and be connected and can order about the fixture and is got and put the piece and remove, it is equipped with to tear open the dish subassembly the second and get the tip of putting the base, tear open the dish subassembly and be used for separating two adjacent minutes fixtures.
Optionally, the second tray taking and placing base has a first end, the tray removing assembly is arranged at the first end, the tray removing assembly comprises a first top block, a second top block, a tray removing guide rail, a first tray removing linear driving unit and a second tray removing linear driving unit, the tray removing guide rail is arranged at the first end along a vertical direction, the first top block is slidably connected with the tray removing guide rail, the second top block is slidably connected with the tray removing guide rail and is located above the first top block, the first tray removing linear driving unit and the second tray removing linear driving unit are all arranged at the second tray taking and placing base, the driving end of the first tray removing linear driving unit is connected with the first top block and can drive the first top block to move up and down, and the driving end of the second tray linear driving unit is connected with the second top block and can drive the second top block to move up and down so as to change the distance between the second top block and the first top block, and the first top block is located between the first top block and the tray removing clamp.
Optionally, the disc removing assembly further comprises a distance changing plate and a cam follower, the distance changing plate is vertically arranged, the cam follower is arranged on the first top block, the upper end of the distance changing plate is fixedly connected with the second top block, a groove-shaped hole is formed in the lower end of the distance changing plate and is sleeved on the cam follower, and the cam follower can relatively move up and down in the groove-shaped hole.
Optionally, the fixture is got and is put a body and fixture hook including getting, get and put a body sliding connection in the second guide rail, the fixture hook is located get and put a body, get and put a linear drive unit can order about get and put a body and follow the second guide rail removes, so as to drive the fixture hook is followed the second guide rail removes.
Optionally, the anchor clamps seat includes anchor clamps base and curb plate, the curb plate is equipped with two, two the curb plate is located respectively the both sides of anchor clamps base, two all be equipped with a plurality of gyro wheels on the curb plate, a plurality of the gyro wheel sets up along the horizontal direction interval, divide anchor clamps can set up in the gyro wheel.
Optionally, the fixture seat still includes anchor clamps linear drive unit and bottom plate, the bottom plate is located two between the curb plate, anchor clamps linear drive unit locates the anchor clamps base, anchor clamps linear drive unit's drive end with the bottom plate is connected and can drive the bottom plate reciprocates, the upper surface of bottom plate is used for placing the sabot anchor clamps.
Optionally, the fixture seat still includes first linear drive unit, second linear drive unit, third linear drive unit, first backup pad, second backup pad, third backup pad and supporting roller, first linear drive unit locates the curb plate, first linear drive unit's drive end with first backup pad is connected and can drive first backup pad reciprocates, second linear drive unit locates first backup pad, second linear drive unit's drive end with second backup pad is connected and can drive the second backup pad is close to or keeps away from fixture pick and place the mechanism, third linear drive unit locates the second backup pad, third linear drive unit's drive end with third backup pad is connected and can drive the third backup pad reciprocates, the upper surface of second backup pad with the upper surface of third backup pad all is equipped with the supporting roller.
In order to achieve the second object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
the lithium battery baking and drying production line comprises a drying device, a buffer device and the lithium battery feeding and discharging system.
Compared with the prior art, the scheme of the invention has the following advantages:
1. according to the invention, the fixture taking and placing mechanism is adopted to split the tray clamping device, so that the splitting efficiency of the tray clamping device can be improved, and the transferring efficiency of the lithium battery can be improved, thereby improving the working efficiency of the whole production line.
2. In the transfer device, the rotating assembly drives the clamp picking and placing mechanism to rotate, so that the tray clamping devices in the clamp picking and placing mechanism are conveniently conveyed to procedures in different directions, multi-direction picking and placing can be realized without arranging annular tracks, the occupied space of the whole production line is effectively saved, and the space utilization rate is higher.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The foregoing and/or additional aspects and advantages of the invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a baking and drying production line for lithium batteries according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a transfer device;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a tray clamp;
FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the tray clamp;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a clamp pick-and-place mechanism;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram showing the state change of the clamp pick-and-place mechanism during operation;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamp base;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram showing the state change of the clamp seat during operation;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the cooperation of the holder and the dishing clamp;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged schematic view of FIG. 9A;
fig. 11 is a schematic diagram showing a state change when the clamp seat works.
Reference numerals: 1. a feeding device; 11. a feeding frame; 12. a feeding and conveying mechanism; 13. a defective product conveying mechanism; 14. a feeding manipulator; 2. a blanking device; 21. a cooling channel; 22. a cold air system; 23. a blanking frame; 24. a blanking conveyor belt; 3. a drying device; 31. an oven; 32. a vacuum pipe; 4. a buffer device; 5. a transfer device; 51. a transfer rail; 52. a transfer pulley; 53. a transfer support wheel; 54. a first mobile chassis; 55. a second moving frame; 56. a rotating electric machine; 57. rotating the platform; 6. a dishing clamp; 61. dividing the clamp; 611. a clamp body; 612. a positioning sleeve; 613. positioning columns; 614. a support block; 615. a support sheet; 616. a probe linker; 7. a clamp taking and placing mechanism; 71. a first taking and placing base; 72. a second taking and placing base; 73. the clamp takes and puts the piece; 731. a pick-and-place part body; 732. a clamp hook; 74. a disc dismounting assembly; 741. a first top block; 742. a second top block; 743. disassembling the disc guide rail; 744. a variable-pitch plate; 745. a cam follower; 746. a slot-shaped hole; 8. a clamp seat; 81. a clamp base; 82. a side plate; 83. a roller; 84. a clamp linear driving unit; 85. a bottom plate; 801. a first linear driving unit; 802. a second linear driving unit; 803. a third linear driving unit; 804. a first support plate; 805. a second support plate; 806. a third support plate; 807. and supporting the roller.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to like or similar elements or elements having like or similar functions throughout. The embodiments described below by referring to the drawings are illustrative only and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the invention provides a lithium battery loading and unloading system which is mainly applied to a baking and drying production line of a lithium battery. The existing lithium battery drying lines are generally divided into two types, namely a tunnel furnace type drying line and a contact type vacuum drying line, and the invention is based on the contact type vacuum drying line.
The lithium battery charging and discharging system comprises a charging device 1, a discharging device 2, a transferring device 5 and an industrial personal computer.
In addition, the invention also provides a lithium battery baking and drying production line, which comprises a drying device 3, a buffer device 4 and the lithium battery loading and unloading system
Wherein, loading attachment 1, drying device 3, unloader 2 three are along controlling the direction interval setting, form a production line, and industrial computer respectively with loading attachment 1, unloader 2, drying device 3, buffer memory device 4 and transfer device 5 electric connection, adopt industrial computer control each device, degree of automation is higher, the accuracy is higher.
In some embodiments, the feeding device 1 comprises a feeding rack 11, a feeding conveying mechanism 12, a defective product conveying mechanism 13, a detecting mechanism, a feeding manipulator 14, a clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 and a clamp seat 8, wherein the feeding manipulator 14 and the detecting mechanism are both arranged on the feeding rack 11, the feeding conveying mechanism 12 and the defective product conveying mechanism 13 are both arranged below the feeding rack 11, the feeding conveying mechanism 12 is used for conveying lithium batteries to the lower part of the feeding rack 11, the detecting mechanism is used for detecting whether the lithium batteries need to be baked and dried, the feeding manipulator 14 is used for conveying the lithium batteries to the defective product conveying mechanism 13 or the clamp seat 8, a tray clamp 6 is arranged in the clamp seat 8, and the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 is used for sorting the lithium batteries on the feeding manipulator 14 and placing the lithium batteries into the tray clamp 6.
Further, the feeding conveying mechanism 12 and the defective product conveying mechanism 13 are both conveying belts, the feeding conveying mechanism 12 and the defective product conveying mechanism 13 are both arranged on the left side of the feeding rack 11, the defective product conveying mechanism 13 is located on the front side of the feeding conveying mechanism 12, the feeding conveying mechanism 12 conveys lithium batteries from left to right, the defective product conveying mechanism 13 conveys lithium batteries from right to left, conveying belts are adopted for conveying, and the conveying process is more stable.
Specifically, the detection mechanism is a code scanning machine, each lithium battery is provided with a corresponding code, the code scanning machine can identify the information of the lithium battery by scanning the codes on the lithium battery, the detection mechanism can identify whether the lithium battery on the feeding conveying mechanism 12 is a lithium battery which needs or is suitable for baking and drying, if not, the detection mechanism can transmit corresponding electric signals to the industrial personal computer, the industrial personal computer can transmit the corresponding electric signals to the feeding mechanical hand 14, the feeding mechanical hand 14 can place the lithium battery on the defective product conveying mechanism 13, the defective product conveying mechanism 13 conveys the lithium battery to a corresponding collecting box, if the lithium battery needs to be baked and dried, the detection mechanism can transmit the corresponding electric signals to the industrial personal computer, the industrial personal computer can transmit the corresponding electric signals to the feeding mechanical hand 14, the feeding mechanical hand 14 can place the lithium battery in the tray clamp 6, the whole feeding process is high in intelligentization degree, and the working accuracy is high.
Further, drying device 3 includes oven 31, vacuum pipe 32 and vacuum pump, oven 31 includes furnace body and furnace gate, be equipped with the furnace chamber that is used for placing sabot anchor clamps 6 in the furnace body, be equipped with heating plate on the sabot anchor clamps 6, the furnace chamber passes through vacuum pipe 32 and is connected with the vacuum pump, when toasting, put into furnace chamber with sabot anchor clamps 6, close the furnace gate, the vacuum pump work, carry out the evacuation to the furnace chamber, the heating plate heating on sabot anchor clamps 6 simultaneously, will place the lithium cell in sabot anchor clamps 6 and carry out quick drying, after the stoving is accomplished, the furnace gate is opened, then take out sabot anchor clamps 6 again.
Still further, be equipped with first count unit on the oven 31, first count unit is connected with industrial computer electricity, and first count unit can count the quantity of the sabot anchor clamps 6 that get into in the oven 31, and when the quantity reaches the upper limit, first count unit then can transmit corresponding signal of telecommunication to the industrial computer, and the industrial computer transmits corresponding signal of telecommunication to transfer device 5, makes transfer device 5 convey the follow-up lithium cell to buffer unit 4 in, and whole process intelligent degree is higher, and the work precision is higher.
In some embodiments, the first counting unit may be a photoelectric switch, and the first counting unit may be disposed on a side surface of the oven 31, and can be triggered once when the oven door is opened once, the first triggering indicates that the tray clamping device 6 is placed in the oven, the second triggering indicates that the tray clamping device 6 is taken out, and the lithium battery is baked once for a group of two times, so that the counting is performed in this way, the accuracy is higher, the state inside each oven 31 can be mastered more accurately, the transfer device 5 is convenient to be moved subsequently, and the whole linkage fit effectively improves the working efficiency of the whole production line.
Further, the transfer device 5 includes a transfer rail 51, a transfer driving assembly, a first moving frame 54, a second moving frame 55, a rotating assembly and a clamp picking and placing mechanism 7, the transfer rail 51 extends along a left-right direction, the first moving frame 54 is arranged on the transfer rail 51 and can move left and right along the transfer rail 51, the rotating assembly includes a rotating motor 56 and a rotating platform 57, the rotating motor 56 is arranged on the first moving frame 54, a driving end of the rotating motor 56 is connected with the rotating platform 57 and can drive the rotating platform 57 to rotate around an axis extending up and down, the second moving frame 55 is arranged on the rotating platform 57, the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 is arranged on the second moving frame 55, and the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 is used for drawing the tray clamp 6 out of the clamp seat 8 or the furnace chamber.
In some embodiments, the second moving frame 55 is further provided with an air cylinder, the driving end of the air cylinder is connected with the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7, so that the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 can be driven to move up and down to adapt to ovens 31 with different heights, some ovens 31 are provided with multiple layers, and the tray clamping device 6 in ovens 31 with different heights can be picked and placed by driving the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 to move up and down, so that the adaptability is better, and the use is more convenient.
In some embodiments, the second moving frame 55 is provided with a plurality of clamp picking and placing mechanisms 7, which can adapt to ovens 31 with different heights, and for ovens 31 with multiple layers, the tray clamping devices 6 in ovens 31 with different heights can be picked and placed by driving the clamp picking and placing mechanisms 7 to move up and down, so that the adaptability is better, and the use is more convenient.
Specifically, transport drive assembly includes transporting motor, transport pulley 52 and transport supporting wheel 53, the first frame 54 that removes is located to the transport motor, transport pulley 52 rotation connects in the bottom of first frame 54 that removes, transport pulley 52 sliding connection is in transporting track 51, transport pulley 52 is connected and can drive transport pulley 52 rotation to transport pulley 52, transport pulley 52 can rotate around the axis that a front and back extends, in order to drive first frame 54 and remove about transporting track 51, both sides of transporting track 51 all are equipped with the open-ended supporting groove towards both sides, both sides all are equipped with the supporting groove around transporting track 51 promptly, transport supporting wheel 53 rotation is connected in the bottom of first frame 54, transport supporting wheel 53's axis of rotation and transport pulley 52 rotation axis are perpendicular, transport supporting wheel 53 rotation around an axis that extends from top to bottom promptly, transport supporting wheel 53 sliding connection is in the supporting groove, more specifically, all sliding connection has transport supporting wheel 53 on the supporting groove of both sides, transport supporting wheel 53 can be with transport track 51 centre, prevent that first frame 54 from producing the rocking in the process of removing.
It will be appreciated that the torsion is generated during the rotation of the second moving frame 55 by the rotating assembly, and thus, the torsion can be better resisted by providing the transfer supporting wheels 53 on the front and rear sides of the transfer rail 51, so that the second moving frame 55 rotates more stably.
Further, the number of the transferring support wheels 53 is four, two of which are located at the front side of the transferring rail 51, and the other two of which are located at the rear side of the transferring rail 51, it can be understood that two of which are located at the left side of the first moving frame 54, and the other two of which are located at the right side of the first moving frame 54, so that the effect of the support can be further improved.
Further, the ovens 31 are provided with a plurality of ovens 31, the ovens 31 are arranged at intervals along the extending direction of the transfer rail 51, and the ovens 31 are respectively arranged at two sides of the transfer rail 51 by taking the transfer rail 51 as a symmetry axis.
In transfer device 5, adopt rotating assembly to order about the second and remove frame 55 rotation to drive anchor clamps and get and put mechanism 7 rotation, conveniently get anchor clamps 6 of putting in the mechanism 7 with anchor clamps and convey to the oven 31 of transporting track 51 both sides in, it is more convenient to use, work efficiency is high, does not need to set up annular track in addition and just can realize multi-direction getting and put, has saved the occupation of land space of whole production line effectively, and space utilization is higher.
The discharging device 2 comprises a clamp taking and placing mechanism 7 and a cooling mechanism, wherein the clamp taking and placing mechanism 7 is used for disassembling the lithium battery in the tray clamp 6, and the cooling mechanism is used for cooling the baked lithium battery to avoid the lithium battery from being in a high-temperature state for a long time.
The buffer device 4 comprises a buffer frame, the buffer frame and the feeding device 1 are respectively arranged on two opposite sides of the transfer track 51, a plurality of buffer cavities for placing the tray clamping devices 6 are arranged on the buffer frame, and a second counting unit is arranged on the buffer frame and is electrically connected with the industrial personal computer.
Specifically, the first counting unit can count the number of the tray holders 6 entering the oven 31, when the number reaches the upper limit, the first counting unit transmits the corresponding electric signals to the industrial personal computer, the industrial personal computer transmits the corresponding electric signals to the transfer device 5, the transfer device 5 transmits the subsequent lithium batteries to the buffer device 4, the second counting unit is used for counting the number of the tray holders 6 on the buffer frame, if the number of the tray holders 6 on the buffer frame reaches the upper limit, the number of the tray holders 6 in the oven 31 also reaches the upper limit, the industrial personal computer drives the transfer device 5 to stop transferring, and if the number of the tray holders 6 on the buffer frame does not reach the upper limit, the industrial personal computer drives the transfer device 5 to continuously transmit the tray holders 6 to the oven 31, the intelligent degree of the whole process is higher, and the working accuracy is higher.
Likewise, in some embodiments, the second counting unit may be a photoelectric switch, and the second counting unit may be disposed on a side surface of each buffer cavity, and the second counting unit can be triggered once when the tray clamping device 6 is put into the buffer cavity, the first trigger indicates that the tray clamping device 6 has been put into the buffer cavity, the second trigger indicates that the tray clamping device 6 has been taken out, and the second trigger indicates that the tray clamping device 6 has been taken out of the buffer cavity.
The first counting unit and the second counting unit are adopted to count the number of the tray fixtures 6 in the oven 31 and the cache rack, a linkage fit relationship is formed between the first counting unit and the second counting unit, the transfer device 5 can be better scheduled, the scheduling effect is better, the working precision is high, and the working efficiency is high.
In some embodiments, the tray clamp 6 includes a plurality of sub-clamps 61, and the plurality of sub-clamps 61 are stacked by detachable connection to form the tray clamp 6.
Specifically, the sub-clamp 61 includes a clamp body 611, a positioning sleeve 612 and a positioning post 613, the positioning sleeve 612 is disposed on the lower side of the clamp body 611, one end of the positioning post 613 is connected with the clamp body 611, and the other end of the positioning post 613 extends upwards and can be inserted into the positioning sleeve 612 of another sub-clamp 61.
In some embodiments, a receiving cavity for placing a lithium battery is provided in the clamp body 611, and a plurality of separators are further provided in the receiving cavity, and the lithium battery is placed between two adjacent separators.
In some embodiments, four positioning posts 613 are disposed on the upper side of the single clamp body 611, four positioning sleeves 612 are disposed on the lower side of the single clamp body 611, the four positioning posts 613 and the four positioning sleeves 612 are respectively distributed at four corners of the clamp body 611, two positioning sleeves 612 on one diagonal are provided with circular positioning holes matched with the positioning posts 613, and two positioning sleeves 612 on the other diagonal are provided with oval positioning holes slightly larger than the outer diameter of the positioning posts 613, which can be understood that the requirement of accuracy is properly reduced, so that one sub-clamp 61 can be better and faster lapped on the other sub-clamp 61.
In some embodiments, the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7 includes a first picking and placing base 71, a second picking and placing base 72, a disc disassembling component 74, a clamp picking and placing piece 73, a base linear driving unit and a picking and placing piece linear driving unit, the first picking and placing base 71 is provided with a first guide rail extending along the front-back direction, the second picking and placing base 72 is slidably connected to the first guide rail, the base linear driving unit is arranged on the first picking and placing base 71, the driving end of the base linear driving unit is connected with the second picking and placing base 72 and can drive the second picking and placing base 72 to move back and forth, the second picking and placing base 72 is provided with a second guide rail extending along the front-back direction, the clamp picking and placing piece 73 is slidably connected to the second guide rail, the pickup and placing piece linear driving unit is arranged on the second picking and placing base 72, the driving end of the pickup and placing piece linear driving unit is connected with the clamp picking and placing piece 73 and can drive the clamp picking and placing piece 73 to move back and forth, the disc disassembling component 74 is provided with the end of the second picking and placing base 72, the disc disassembling component 74 is used for separating two adjacent sub clamps 61, and the disc disassembling component 74 is separated, and the clamp taking and placing component 61 is separated, the clamp taking and placing component 61 is more convenient to move in the second picking and placing piece.
In some embodiments, the second picking and placing base 72 has a first end, the tray removing assembly 74 is disposed at the first end, the tray removing assembly 74 includes a first top block 741, a second top block 742, a tray removing guide rail 743, a first tray removing linear driving unit and a second tray removing linear driving unit, the tray removing guide rail 743 is disposed at the first end along a vertical direction, the first top block 741 is slidably connected to the tray removing guide rail 743, the second top block 742 is slidably connected to the tray removing guide rail 743 and is located above the first top block 741, the first tray removing linear driving unit and the second tray removing linear driving unit are both disposed at the second picking and placing base 72, the driving end of the first tray removing linear driving unit is connected to the first top block 741 and can drive the first top block 741 to move up and down, the driving end of the second tray removing linear driving unit is connected to the second top block 742 and can drive the second top block 742 to move up and down so as to change the distance between the second top block 742 and the first top block 741, the picking and placing member 73 is located between the first top block 741 and the second top block 742, the distance between the first top block and the second top block 741 can be changed, and the picking and placing member is more convenient to pick and place the base 61 is located between the two adjacent to the first top block and the second top block.
In some embodiments, one end of the first top block 741 is connected to the end of the second picking and placing base 72, the other end of the first top block 741 extends towards a side far away from the second picking and placing base 72 and can be inserted into the bottom of the sub-clamp 61, similarly, the second top block 742 is similar to the first top block 741 in structure, one end of the second top block 742 is connected to the end of the second picking and placing base 72, the other end of the second top block 742 extends towards a side far away from the second picking and placing base 72 and can be inserted into the bottom of the sub-clamp 61, the second disc removing linear driving unit drives the second top block 742 to move upwards, the second top block 742 can drive the sub-clamp 61 located on the upper side to move upwards, so that two adjacent sub-clamps 61 are separated, and the picking and placing member linear driving unit drives the clamp picking and placing member 73 to move to pull the located sub-clamp 61 back into the second picking and placing base 72.
In some embodiments, the first disc removing linear driving unit and the second disc removing linear driving unit are hydraulic cylinders, so that the moving distance of the first top block 741 and the second top block 742 can be better controlled. It is understood that the first disc removing linear driving unit and the second disc removing linear driving unit may be components having a linear driving function, such as a cylinder or a linear motor.
In some embodiments, two disc-dismantling linear driving units are not required, only one disc-dismantling linear driving unit is required to drive the second top block 742 to move upwards, the disc-dismantling assembly 74 further comprises a distance-changing plate 744 and a cam follower 745, the distance-changing plate 744 is vertically arranged, the cam follower 745 is arranged on the first top block 741, the upper end of the distance-changing plate 744 is fixedly connected to the second top block 742, a groove-shaped hole 746 is formed in the lower end of the distance-changing plate 744 and is sleeved on the cam follower 745, the cam follower 745 can move up and down relatively in the groove-shaped hole 746, and in the process of moving the distance-changing plate 744 upwards, when the cam follower 745 moves up relatively to the lower end of the groove-shaped hole 746, the second top block 742 moves up to drive the first top block 741 to move upwards, so that the follow-up effect is achieved, namely, after the second top block 742 separates the sub-clamp 61 of the upper layer from the sub-clamp 61 of the middle layer, the sub-clamp 61 can be driven to separate from the sub-clamp 61 of the lower layer, and one lifting action can achieve higher work efficiency.
In some embodiments, the clamp picking and placing member 73 includes a picking and placing member body 731 and a clamp hook 732, the picking and placing member body 731 is slidably connected to the second guide rail, the clamp hook 732 is disposed on the picking and placing member body 731, and the linear driving unit of the picking and placing member can drive the picking and placing member body 731 to move along the second guide rail so as to drive the clamp hook 732 to move along the second guide rail, the clamp hook 732 can move to the bottom of the sub-clamp 61, a corresponding groove is disposed at the bottom of the sub-clamp 61, and the clamp hook 732 can hook the corresponding groove and drag the sub-clamp 61 into the second picking and placing base 72, thereby completing the tray disassembling operation and the operation of picking and placing the target sub-clamp 61.
In some embodiments, the second pick-and-place base 72 is provided with corresponding supporting pulleys to support the sub-clamps 61, so that the sub-clamps 61 can enter conveniently and simultaneously have good supporting effect.
As shown in fig. 6, which is a state change diagram of disc removal, when a designated sub-jig 61 needs to be extracted, only the jig pick-and-place mechanism 7 and the disc loading jig 6 need to be in butt joint, and the first top block 741 is placed below the target sub-jig 61, namely, in a state a; after the sub-jigs 61 are abutted, the second jack 742 is lifted up to hold all sub-jigs 61 above the second jack 742 together, when the cam follower 745 moves to the limit position in the distance changing plate 744, namely, the state b, at this time, all sub-jigs 61 above the second jack 742 are separated from the sub-jigs 61 where the first jack 741 is located, the second jack 742 continues to lift up, at the same time, the distance changing plate 744 drives the first jack 741 to lift up, the first jack 741 holds the target sub-jigs 61 to lift up to the designated height, and the lifting is stopped, as in the state c, at this time, the target sub-jigs 61 are separated from the sub-jigs 61 on the lower layer, namely, the target sub-jigs 61 are separated from the adjacent sub-jigs 61, at this time, the jig hooks 732 move toward the target sub-jigs 61, the sub-jigs 61 are pulled back into the second picking and placing base 72, and the next process is performed, at this time, the disc detachment is completed.
In some embodiments, the fixture seat 8 includes a fixture base 81 and side plates 82, the side plates 82 are provided with two, the two side plates 82 are respectively provided at two sides of the fixture base 81, the two side plates 82 are provided with a plurality of rollers 83, the plurality of rollers 83 are arranged at intervals along the horizontal direction, the sub-fixture 61 can be set up on the rollers 83, and the sub-fixture 61 can be conveniently pulled out by the fixture picking and placing mechanism 7 and can also have a good supporting effect.
In some embodiments, the clamp seat 8 further includes a clamp linear driving unit 84 and a bottom plate 85, the bottom plate 85 is located between the two side plates 82, the clamp linear driving unit 84 is disposed on the clamp base 81, the driving end of the clamp linear driving unit 84 is connected to the bottom plate 85 and can drive the bottom plate 85 to move up and down, and the upper surface of the bottom plate 85 is used for placing the tray clamp 6.
In some embodiments, the side plate 82 is provided with a plurality of rollers 83, and the distance between two adjacent rollers 83 is greater than or equal to the sum of the separation distance between two adjacent sub-clamps 61 and the positioning column 613. For example, the layer distance between the sub-jigs 61 of two adjacent layers is 237mm, the disengaging distance of the positioning posts 613 is 20mm, and the distance between the rollers 83 of two adjacent layers is greater than or equal to 257mm, so as to ensure that the sub-jigs 61 of two adjacent layers can be separated by the rollers 83 of two adjacent layers.
In some embodiments, a sensor is provided within the holder base 8 for sensing the palletizing jig 6.
In some embodiments, the clamp linear drive unit 84 is a cylinder. It is understood that the clamp linear driving unit 84 may be a component having a linear driving function, such as a hydraulic cylinder or a linear motor.
It will be appreciated that the tray removing and layering operations may be implemented in the holder 8, the tray clamping device 6 enters the holder 8, the sensor senses that the tray clamping device 6 is in place, the clamping device linear driving unit 84 is operated from the ejection state to the retraction state, at this time, the whole tray clamping device 6 is carried by the clamping device linear driving unit 84, when the tray clamping device 6 descends to the position 1, the bottom of the upper layer of the sub clamping device 61 is contacted with the roller 83, the weight of the upper layer of the sub clamping device 61 is carried by the roller 83, the clamping device linear driving unit 84 continues to descend, at this time, the upper layer of the sub clamping device 61 is supported by the roller 83, the positioning post 613 of the lower layer of the sub clamping device 61 gradually disengages from the positioning sleeve 612 of the upper layer of the sub clamping device 61, until the clamp linear driving unit 84 is retracted to the position, at this time, the positioning post 613 of the lower layer of the sub clamping device 61 is gradually disengaged from the positioning sleeve 612 of the upper layer of the sub clamping device 61, i.e. when the upper layer of the sub clamping device 61 is completely disengaged, the adjacent two sub clamping devices 61 are completely separated, and the tray removing devices 83 can be completely separated independently and completely separated when the tray removing is completed in the position 2.
In some embodiments, the cooling mechanism comprises a cooling tray, a cooling channel 21 and a cold air system 22, the cooling channel 21 comprises an upper channel and a lower channel, the upper channel and the lower channel are internally provided with conveyor belts, the cold air system 22 is communicated with the upper channel, the cooling tray is used for placing lithium batteries, the upper channel is used for cooling the lithium batteries, the lower channel is used for recycling the cooling tray, in particular, the blanking mechanism further comprises a blanking rack 23, a blanking manipulator and a blanking conveyor belt 24, the blanking manipulator is arranged on the blanking rack 23, after the clamp taking and placing mechanism 7 is used for separating the tray clamp 6 in layers, the unloading manipulator places the lithium cell on the cooling tray, and the upper channel is the cooling station, and the lower floor passageway is empty dish backward flow, and when the cooling tray passed through the upper strata, cold wind system 22 in the cooling channel 21 cooled down the cooling tray, cooled down the specification requirement with the lithium cell, then follow cooling channel 21 outflow, flowed to terminal another unloading manipulator station, and the unloading manipulator snatched the lithium cell from the cooling tray and put into unloading conveyer belt 24, presss from both sides the cooling tray to lower floor passageway backward flow through setting up tray manipulator.
The embodiment also provides a lithium battery baking and drying method based on the lithium battery loading and unloading system, which comprises the following steps:
S1, conveying lithium batteries by adopting a feeding conveying mechanism 12, detecting whether the lithium batteries need baking and drying by using a detecting mechanism, conveying the lithium batteries to a defective product conveying mechanism 13 or a clamp seat 8 by using a feeding manipulator 14, arranging a tray loading clamp 6 in the clamp seat 8, arranging the lithium batteries positioned on the feeding manipulator 14 by using a clamp taking and placing mechanism 7, and placing the lithium batteries into the tray loading clamp 6;
s2, using a clamp seat 8 to split the tray clamp 6 into a plurality of sub-clamps 61, using a transfer device 5 to transport the sub-clamps 61 filled with lithium batteries to an oven 31, wherein a first counting unit is arranged on the oven 31 and is electrically connected with an industrial computer, the first counting unit can count the number of the sub-clamps 61 entering the oven 31, when the number reaches the upper limit, the first counting unit can transmit corresponding electric signals to the industrial computer, and the industrial computer transmits corresponding electric signals to the transfer device 5 to enable the transfer device 5 to transmit subsequent lithium batteries to a buffer device 4;
s3, the buffer device 4 comprises a buffer frame, a second counting unit is arranged on the buffer frame, the second counting unit is used for counting the number of the sub-clamps 61 on the buffer frame, if the number of the sub-clamps 61 on the buffer frame reaches an upper limit and the number of the sub-clamps 61 in the oven 31 also reaches an upper limit, the industrial personal computer drives the transfer device 5 to stop transferring, if the number of the sub-clamps 61 on the buffer frame reaches the upper limit and the number of the sub-clamps 61 in the oven 31 does not reach the upper limit, the industrial personal computer drives the transfer device 5 to continuously transfer the sub-clamps 61 to the oven 31;
S4, after baking and drying, the transferring device 5 transfers the sub-clamp 61 in the oven 31 to the blanking device 2;
s5, discharging, taking out and cooling the lithium battery of the sub-clamp 61, and cooling the lithium battery to the specification requirement, so that baking and drying of the lithium battery are completed.
It will be appreciated that in step S2, the tray clamping device 6 is split by the clamping device seat 8, and in some other embodiments, the clamping device seat 8 may not be used for splitting, and the clamping device taking and placing mechanism 7 may be used for splitting, which specifically includes the following steps:
when the designated sub-clamp 61 needs to be extracted, only the clamp taking and placing mechanism 7 and the tray clamp 6 are in butt joint, and the first jacking block 741 is arranged below the target sub-clamp 61, namely in a state a; after the sub-jigs 61 are abutted, the second jack 742 is lifted up to hold all sub-jigs 61 above the second jack 742 together, when the cam follower 745 moves to the limit position in the distance changing plate 744, namely, the state b, at this time, all sub-jigs 61 above the second jack 742 are separated from the sub-jigs 61 where the first jack 741 is located, the second jack 742 continues to lift up, at the same time, the distance changing plate 744 drives the first jack 741 to lift up, the first jack 741 holds the target sub-jigs 61 to lift up to the designated height, and the lifting is stopped, as in the state c, at this time, the target sub-jigs 61 are separated from the sub-jigs 61 on the lower layer, namely, the target sub-jigs 61 are separated from the adjacent sub-jigs 61, at this time, the jig hooks 732 move toward the target sub-jigs 61, the sub-jigs 61 are pulled back into the second picking and placing base 72, and the next process is performed, at this time, the disc detachment is completed.
In one embodiment, referring to fig. 9-11, the fixture seat 8 further includes a first linear driving unit 801, a second linear driving unit 802, a third linear driving unit 803, a first supporting plate 804, a second supporting plate 805, a third supporting plate 806 and a supporting roller 807, where the first linear driving unit 801 is disposed on the side plate 82, the driving end of the first linear driving unit 801 is connected to the first supporting plate 804 and can drive the first supporting plate 804 to move up and down, the second linear driving unit 802 is disposed on the first supporting plate 804, the driving end of the second linear driving unit 802 is connected to the second supporting plate 805 and can drive the second supporting plate 805 to approach or separate from the fixture picking and placing mechanism 7, the third linear driving unit 803 is disposed on the second supporting plate 805, the driving end of the third linear driving unit 803 is connected to the third supporting plate 806 and can drive the third supporting plate 806 to move up and down, and the supporting roller 807 is disposed on the upper surface of the second supporting plate 805 and the upper surface of the third supporting plate 806.
It can be appreciated that the first linear driving unit 801 may drive the first support plate 804 to move up and down, so as to drive the second linear driving unit 802, the third linear driving unit 803, the first support plate 804, the second support plate 805, the third support plate 806 and the support roller 807 to move up and down, the second linear driving unit 802 may drive the second support plate 805 to be close to or far from the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7, so as to drive the third linear driving unit 803, the third support plate 806 and the support roller 807 to be close to or far from the clamp picking and placing mechanism 7, and the third linear driving unit 803 drives the third support plate 806 to move up and down, so as to drive the support roller 807 located on the third support plate 806 to move up and down.
Specifically, the supporting roller 807 on the second supporting plate 805 and the supporting roller 807 on the third supporting plate 806 are used for supporting two adjacent sub-jigs 61, the first linear driving unit 801 and the second linear driving unit 802 are mainly used for changing the position of the whole disc loading jig 6, the third linear driving unit 803 can drive the third supporting plate 806 to move up and down, thereby driving the supporting roller 807 on the third supporting plate 806 to move up and down, and further driving the sub-jigs 61 on the upper side to move up, at this time, the sub-jigs 61 on the lower side are stationary, so that two adjacent sub-jigs 61 can be disassembled to separate them, thereby completing disc disassembly, the disassembled sub-jigs 61 can be taken away by using the above-mentioned jig taking-away mechanism 7, can be taken away by using a common manipulator, and the use is very convenient, and the disc disassembly efficiency is high.
More specifically, the first linear driving unit 801, the second linear driving unit 802, and the third linear driving unit 803 are linear motor devices, and the driving effect is better.
In one embodiment, the sub-clamp 61 further comprises a supporting block 614 and supporting pieces 615, the supporting blocks 614 are arranged on two sides of the clamp body 611, the supporting blocks 614 are fixedly connected with the clamp body 611, such as welding, the supporting pieces 615 are arranged on the supporting blocks 614, one ends of the supporting pieces 615 are connected with the supporting blocks 614, the other ends of the supporting pieces 615 extend downwards and are erected on the outer wall of the clamp body 611 adjacent to the lower side, and through the design, shaking between two adjacent sub-clamps 61 can be reduced, and the whole disc loading clamp 6 is stable and safe in moving.
Specifically, the supporting plate 615 is in a Z-shaped structure, the middle part of the supporting plate 615 is connected to the lower side surface of the supporting block 614, the upper end of the supporting plate 615 is connected to the outer side surface of the supporting block 614, the lower end of the supporting plate 615 is arranged on the outer wall of the clamp body 611 adjacent to the lower side, and through the design, the stability of the supporting plate 615 is better.
More specifically, the supporting piece 615 is made of sheet metal, and the structure is more stable.
In one embodiment, the fixture body 611 is further provided with a probe connector 616, the probe connector 616 is located at the rear side of the fixture body 611, i.e. the side far away from the fixture pick-and-place mechanism 7, and the probe for detection can move from the rear side of the fixture body 611 towards the fixture body 611 and be plugged into the probe connector 616, so that the use is more convenient.
In one embodiment, the rear side plate 82 of the clamp seat 8 is further provided with a drag chain for hiding and protecting the wiring, so that the protection effect is better.
The foregoing is only a partial embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and adaptations can be made without departing from the principles of the present invention, and such modifications and adaptations are intended to be comprehended within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The lithium battery charging and discharging system is characterized by comprising a charging device (1), a discharging device (2), a transferring device (5) and an industrial personal computer, wherein the industrial personal computer is electrically connected with the charging device (1), the discharging device (2) and the transferring device (5) respectively;
the feeding device (1) comprises a feeding rack (11), a feeding conveying mechanism (12), a defective product conveying mechanism (13), a detecting mechanism, a feeding manipulator (14), a clamp taking and placing mechanism (7) and a clamp seat (8), wherein the feeding manipulator (14) and the detecting mechanism are both arranged on the feeding rack (11), the feeding conveying mechanism (12) and the defective product conveying mechanism (13) are both arranged below the feeding rack (11), the feeding conveying mechanism (12) is used for conveying lithium batteries to the lower part of the feeding rack (11), the detecting mechanism is used for detecting whether the lithium batteries meet the feeding requirement, the feeding manipulator (14) is used for conveying the lithium batteries to the defective product conveying mechanism (13) or the clamp seat (8), a tray clamp (6) is arranged in the clamp seat (8), and the clamp taking and placing mechanism (7) is used for arranging the lithium batteries on the feeding manipulator (14) and placing the lithium batteries into the tray clamp (6);
The transfer device (5) comprises a transfer track (51), a transfer driving assembly, a first movable rack (54), a second movable rack (55), a rotating assembly and a clamp picking and placing mechanism (7), wherein the first movable rack (54) is arranged on the transfer track (51) and can move along the transfer track (51), the rotating assembly comprises a rotating motor (56) and a rotating platform (57), the rotating motor (56) is arranged on the first movable rack (54), the driving end of the rotating motor (56) is connected with the rotating platform (57) and can drive the rotating platform (57) to rotate, the second movable rack (55) is arranged on the rotating platform (57), the clamp picking and placing mechanism (7) is arranged on the second movable rack (55), and the clamp picking and placing mechanism (7) is used for splitting the tray clamp (6) into a plurality of sub-clamps (61);
the transfer driving assembly comprises a transfer motor, a transfer pulley (52) and a transfer supporting wheel (53), the transfer motor is arranged on the first movable frame (54), the transfer pulley (52) is rotationally connected to the bottom of the first movable frame (54), the transfer pulley (52) is slidingly connected to the transfer track (51), the driving end of the transfer motor is connected with the transfer pulley (52) and drives the transfer pulley (52) to rotate so as to drive the first movable frame (54) to move along the transfer track (51), supporting grooves with openings towards two sides are formed in two sides of the transfer track (51), the transfer supporting wheel (53) is rotationally connected to the bottom of the first movable frame (54), the rotation axis of the transfer supporting wheel (53) is perpendicular to the rotation axis of the transfer pulley (52), and the transfer supporting wheel (53) is slidingly connected to the supporting grooves;
The blanking device (2) comprises a blanking frame (23), a blanking manipulator, a blanking conveying belt (24) and a clamp taking and placing mechanism (7), wherein the clamp taking and placing mechanism (7) is used for splitting the tray clamp (6) and taking out lithium batteries in the split clamp (61), the blanking manipulator is arranged on the blanking frame (23), and the clamp taking and placing mechanism (7) is used for taking up the lithium batteries and placing the lithium batteries on the blanking conveying belt (24) after the tray clamp (6) is split in layers;
the tray clamping device (6) comprises a plurality of sub-clamping devices (61), and the sub-clamping devices (61) are stacked in a detachable connection mode to form the tray clamping device (6);
the sub-clamp (61) comprises a clamp body (611), a positioning sleeve (612) and a positioning column (613), wherein the positioning sleeve (612) is arranged on the lower side of the clamp body (611), one end of the positioning column (613) is connected with the clamp body (611), and the other end of the positioning column (613) extends upwards and can be inserted into the positioning sleeve (612) of the other sub-clamp (61);
the clamp taking and placing mechanism (7) comprises a first taking and placing base (71), a second taking and placing base (72), a disc removing assembly (74), a clamp taking and placing piece (73), a base linear driving unit and a taking and placing piece linear driving unit, wherein a first guide rail is arranged on the first taking and placing base (71), the second taking and placing base (72) is slidably connected with the first guide rail, the base linear driving unit is arranged on the first taking and placing base (71), the driving end of the base linear driving unit is connected with the second taking and placing base (72) and can drive the second taking and placing base (72) to move, a second guide rail is arranged on the second taking and placing base (72), the clamp taking and placing piece (73) is slidably connected with the second guide rail, the driving end of the taking and placing piece linear driving unit is connected with the clamp taking and placing piece (73) and can drive the clamp taking and placing piece (73) to move, and the disc removing assembly (74) is provided with two adjacent disc removing assemblies (72), and the disc removing assembly (74) is used for separating two adjacent disc removing assemblies (61);
The second is got and is put base (72) has first end, tear open dish subassembly (74) and locate first end, tear open dish subassembly (74) and include first kicking block (741), second kicking block (742), tear open dish guide rail (743), first tear open a set of linear drive unit and second and tear open a set of linear drive unit, tear open a set of guide rail (743) along vertical direction and locate first end, first kicking block (741) sliding connection in tear open a set of guide rail (743), second kicking block (742) sliding connection in tear open a set of guide rail (743) and be located the top of first kicking block (741), first tear open a set of linear drive unit with second tear open a set of linear drive unit and all locate the second and get and put base (72), first kicking block (741) along vertical direction locate, second kicking block (741) sliding connection in tear open a set of linear drive unit with second kicking block (742) and draw down and be located between anchor clamps (741) and the distance between the second kicking block (742).
2. The lithium battery charging and discharging system according to claim 1, wherein the disc dismounting assembly (74) further comprises a distance changing plate (744) and a cam follower (745), the distance changing plate (744) is vertically arranged, the cam follower (745) is arranged on the first top block (741), the upper end of the distance changing plate (744) is fixedly connected to the second top block (742), a groove-shaped hole (746) is formed in the lower end of the distance changing plate (744) and is sleeved on the cam follower (745), and the cam follower (745) can relatively move up and down in the groove-shaped hole (746).
3. The lithium battery charging and discharging system according to claim 2, wherein the clamp picking and placing member (73) comprises a picking and placing member body (731) and a clamp hook (732), the picking and placing member body (731) is slidably connected to the second guide rail, the clamp hook (732) is disposed on the picking and placing member body (731), and the picking and placing member linear driving unit can drive the picking and placing member body (731) to move along the second guide rail so as to drive the clamp hook (732) to move along the second guide rail.
4. The lithium battery charging and discharging system according to claim 3, wherein the fixture base (8) comprises a fixture base (81) and side plates (82), the side plates (82) are provided with two, the two side plates (82) are respectively arranged on two sides of the fixture base (81), a plurality of rollers (83) are respectively arranged on the two side plates (82), the plurality of rollers (83) are arranged at intervals along the horizontal direction, and the sub-fixture (61) can be arranged on the rollers (83).
5. The lithium battery charging and discharging system according to claim 4, wherein the fixture base (8) further comprises a fixture linear driving unit (84) and a bottom plate (85), the bottom plate (85) is located between the two side plates (82), the fixture linear driving unit (84) is arranged on the fixture base (81), the driving end of the fixture linear driving unit (84) is connected with the bottom plate (85) and can drive the bottom plate (85) to move up and down, and the upper surface of the bottom plate (85) is used for placing the tray fixture (6).
6. The lithium battery charging and discharging system according to claim 5, wherein the fixture seat (8) further comprises a first linear driving unit (801), a second linear driving unit (802), a third linear driving unit (803), a first supporting plate (804), a second supporting plate (805), a third supporting plate (806) and a supporting roller (807), the first linear driving unit (801) is disposed on the side plate (82), the driving end of the first linear driving unit (801) is connected with the first supporting plate (804) and can drive the first supporting plate (804) to move up and down, the second linear driving unit (802) is disposed on the first supporting plate (804), the driving end of the second linear driving unit (802) is connected with the second supporting plate (805) and can drive the second supporting plate (805) to approach or separate from the fixture taking and discharging mechanism (7), the third linear driving unit (803) is disposed on the second supporting plate (805), and the driving end of the third linear driving unit (806) is connected with the third supporting plate (803) and can drive the third supporting plate (803) to move up and down on the surface of the third supporting plate (807).
7. A lithium battery baking and drying production line, which is characterized by comprising a drying device (3), a buffer device (4) and the lithium battery loading and unloading system according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
CN202310964056.8A 2023-08-02 2023-08-02 Lithium battery loading and unloading system and lithium battery baking and drying production line Active CN117053540B (en)

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CN202310964056.8A CN117053540B (en) 2023-08-02 2023-08-02 Lithium battery loading and unloading system and lithium battery baking and drying production line

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