CN116237281B - Roadway cleaning dust collection vehicle - Google Patents

Roadway cleaning dust collection vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116237281B
CN116237281B CN202310030032.5A CN202310030032A CN116237281B CN 116237281 B CN116237281 B CN 116237281B CN 202310030032 A CN202310030032 A CN 202310030032A CN 116237281 B CN116237281 B CN 116237281B
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
dust collection
shell
cleaning
rotating shaft
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CN202310030032.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116237281A (en
Inventor
李世航
郭乔松
陈兴岳
周福宝
刘璐
户书达
韩沐泽
温国祥
周安康
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN202310030032.5A priority Critical patent/CN116237281B/en
Publication of CN116237281A publication Critical patent/CN116237281A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/10Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/12Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/30Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools by movement of cleaning members over a surface
    • B08B1/32Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools by movement of cleaning members over a surface using rotary cleaning members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/04Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means
    • F16F15/06Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with metal springs
    • F16F15/067Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with metal springs using only wound springs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Acoustics & Sound (AREA)
  • Aviation & Aerospace Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning Of Streets, Tracks, Or Beaches (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a roadway cleaning dust collector, the front part of a mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1) is movably connected with a dust collection cover main body (2) which is horizontally arranged through a damping rotating device (3), the dust collection cover main body (2) which is horizontally arranged is connected with a dust collection and dust removal device (6) through a dust collection hard pipe II (214), a rear cleaning dust collection device (5) is fixedly arranged on a frame at the rear part of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1), the dust collection and removal device (6) is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the rear cleaning dust collection device (5), and the middle part of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1) is movably connected with the dust collection cover main body (2) which is vertically arranged through a rotating device (4).

Description

Roadway cleaning dust collection vehicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to a sweeper, in particular to a roadway sweeping dust collector, and belongs to the technical field of roadway sweeping.
Background
In the process of tunneling a rock tunnel and a coal mine tunnel, a large amount of dust is scattered into the airflow along with the breaking of coal beds or rocks, and the dust scattered into the airflow is gradually scattered into a tunnel system of the whole mine or the tunnel along with ventilation airflow, so that the tunnel is gradually covered by deposited dust, and the deposited dust is diffused into the ventilation airflow again by slight vibration, so that the health of underground personnel is influenced.
With the continuous development of economy, underground construction units such as rock-soil tunnels, coal mine tunnels and the like pay more and more attention to the environment. Road cleaning in China has been developed for decades, products are gradually enriched, and road sweeper vehicles are also visible everywhere. But at present, relatively few cleaning equipment are available which can clean the side walls of the roadway and can adapt to the working environment of the mine or tunnel. Most of the methods adopt high-pressure water spraying, and the methods are simple and convenient to operate, but require a large amount of manpower and water resources, and sewage formed after flushing is difficult to recycle for the second time, so that great waste is caused; if the whole coal mine roadway is wanted to be manually cleaned, the cleaning efficiency is too low. The mechanical cleaning method can improve the efficiency, and the traditional dust collection vehicle or cleaning vehicle has high cleaning efficiency on the road surface, but most of the cleaning method is not suitable for cleaning underground roadways. Underground roadways, and especially roadway side wall dust cleaning, remain a troublesome problem.
In order to solve the problems, a mine side wall pipeline cleaning device with the Chinese patent number of CN215236491U only solves the problem of cleaning a side wall pipeline, but does not solve the problem of cleaning a roadway floor, and particularly, the cleaning device adopts a cleaning mode of water spraying cleaning, so that a large amount of sewage which is difficult to reutilize is generated during working, and great waste is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides the roadway cleaning dust collector which can clean the side wall and the bottom plate of the roadway efficiently and rapidly without water, can effectively ensure the environmental sanitation of underground construction sites such as a rock-soil tunnel, a coal mine roadway and the like, and can effectively avoid the waste of water resources.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention provides a roadway cleaning dust collector vehicle, which comprises a mining intrinsic safety driving platform, a dust collecting cover main body, a damping rotating device, a rear cleaning dust collecting device and a dust collecting and dust cleaning device, wherein the front part of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform is movably connected with the dust collecting cover main body which is horizontally arranged through the damping rotating device;
the dust hood body comprises a dust hood shell, a motor, a rolling brush body, a rolling brush shell, rolling brush bristles, a bearing, a rolling brush dust collection port, a rear dust collection guide shell, a front dust collection guide shell, a high-pressure air injection device, a connecting pipe, an outer ring cleaning brush, a dust collection hard pipe I, a dust concentration monitoring detector, an inner ring cleaning brush, an air injection pipe, a connecting hose I, a dust collection hard pipe II and a connecting hose II, wherein the motor is arranged on two sides of the front part of the dust hood shell through screws; the rear part of the inner side of the dust hood shell is divided into a front cavity and a rear cavity by an inner ring cleaning brush, the front cavity bears a main dust cleaning function, the rear cavity is used for dealing with dust falling off from the front cavity, in order to ensure that the dust can not escape everywhere, the outer ring cleaning brushes are fixedly arranged at the two sides of the front cavity of the dust hood shell and the two sides of the rear cavity and the lower part of the rear cavity, dust concentration monitoring detectors are fixedly arranged at the two sides of the dust hood shell, an air ejector pipe is fixedly arranged at the position of the front cavity close to the inner ring cleaning brush, two ends of the air ejector pipe penetrate through the rear side wall of the dust hood shell and are connected with a high-pressure air ejector arranged on the surface of the dust hood shell between the rear dust hood shell and the front dust hood shell through a connecting pipe, the high-pressure air ejector is used for transmitting the pressurized air to the air ejector pipe through the connecting pipe after absorbing external air and pressurizing, and the dust of a bottom plate is blown up through a nozzle of the air ejector pipe, the dust collection device is convenient for the rolling brush main body, the rear dust collection guide shell and the front dust collection guide shell to collect dust, one end of the rolling brush main body is fixedly connected to a driving shaft of a motor, the other end of the rolling brush main body is connected with a T-shaped pipe at one end of a dust collection hard pipe I through a bearing, rolling brush bristles and rolling brush dust collection openings are arranged on the surface of the rolling brush main body in a staggered mode, when the motor drives the rolling brush main body to start working, the rolling brush bristles start to rotate under the action of the motor to clean the ground, the rolling brush bristles lift dust on the bottom or the wall surface of a roadway, at the moment, part of lifted dust enters the rolling brush main body along the rolling brush dust collection openings on the surface of the rolling brush main body under the action of negative pressure of a dust collection and ash removal device, passes through the T-shaped pipe of the dust collection hard pipe I, passes through a connecting hose I, and then is absorbed to a dust collection and ash removal device through the dust collection hard pipe II or the connecting hose II, the other part of dust is sucked into the dust collection hard tube I through the rear dust collection guide shell and the front dust collection guide shell and finally is absorbed into the dust collection and dust removal device, and the rolling brush bristles and the rolling brush dust collection openings which are arranged in a staggered way can be directly sucked away by the rolling brush dust collection openings when the dust of the rolling brush bristles is concentrated to a certain degree, so that the long-term stable work of the rolling brush bristles is ensured;
the damping rotating device comprises a fixing frame, damping springs, supporting rods I, damping rotating shafts I, reinforcing supporting frames I and damping rotating shafts II, wherein the fixing frame is fixedly connected to a driving platform, two ends of the fixing frame are connected with the damping rotating shafts I through the supporting rods I, the damping rotating shafts I are connected with the damping rotating shafts II through the reinforcing supporting frames I, the two ends of each damping spring are respectively connected with the fixing frame and the reinforcing supporting frames I, the damping rotating shafts II are movably connected to two sides of a dust hood main body which is horizontally installed, when the dust hood main body which is horizontally installed starts to work, vibration is filtered while the dust hood main body can cling to a bottom plate, the largest cleaning effect is achieved, and the damping rotating shafts I, the reinforcing supporting frames I and the damping rotating shafts II are used for connecting the dust hood main body and providing pitching angle change for the dust hood main body, and the supporting rods I provide damping and keep balance under the action of the damping springs;
the rotating device comprises a base, a bottom rotating shaft, a supporting rod II, a top rotating shaft, a fixing rod, a tail end rotating shaft, a supporting plate, a rotating shaft I, a reinforcing supporting frame II and a rotating shaft II, wherein the base is fixedly arranged in the middle of a driving platform, one end of the supporting rod II is movably arranged on the base through the bottom rotating shaft, the base can rotate by 0-180 degrees, the other end of the supporting rod II is connected to the fixing rod through the top rotating shaft, the fixing rod is fixedly connected to the tail end rotating shaft, the tail end rotating shaft is movably connected to the middle section of the supporting plate, the tail end rotating shaft can rotate by 360 degrees, the rotating shafts I are respectively arranged at two ends of the supporting plate, one end of the reinforcing supporting frame II is movably connected with the other end of the reinforcing supporting frame II, the other end of the reinforcing supporting frame II is movably connected with two sides of a dust hood main body vertically arranged through the rotating shaft II, the rotating shaft I, the reinforcing supporting frame II and the rotating shaft II ensure that the dust hood main body can adapt to fluctuation of a side wall, the tail end rotating shaft ensures pitching action of the dust hood main body, and the base and the supporting rod II enable the dust hood main body to cling to the side wall, so that the dust can achieve the maximum cleaning effect;
the rear cleaning dust collection device comprises cleaning brushes, dust baffle plates, dust collection openings and telescopic rods, wherein the cleaning brushes are respectively arranged on two sides of the rear cleaning dust collection device through the telescopic rods, the telescopic rods are used for controlling the positions of the cleaning brushes, dust collection channels formed by splicing the dust baffle plates are arranged at the positions, close to the rear cleaning dust collection device, of the cleaning brushes, through holes are formed in the surfaces of the lower parts of the rear cleaning dust collection devices at the tail ends of the dust collection channels, the dust collection openings are connected with dust collection and cleaning devices, and dust lifted by the cleaning brushes enters the dust collection openings along the dust collection channels under the action of negative pressure of the dust collection and cleaning devices and finally enters the dust collection dust cleaning devices.
As a further improvement scheme of the invention, dust concentration monitoring detectors are fixedly arranged at the positions, close to the lower edges, of the two sides of the dust hood shell.
As a further improvement scheme of the invention, the dust collecting and cleaning device comprises a carriage shell, a fan, a dust collecting pipe, an air outlet pipe, a dust baffle, a prefilter, a porous plate I, a porous plate II, a porous plate III, a filter cylinder, a slope, an air outlet and an ash bucket, wherein the fan is fixedly arranged at one end of the carriage shell, which is close to the rotating device, and is respectively connected with the dust collecting hard pipe II and the connecting hose II, the fan is connected with the dust collecting opening through the dust collecting pipe, the fan provides dust collecting negative pressure for the two dust collecting cover bodies and the dust collecting opening, a dust filtering chamber is formed by the dust baffle and the slope in the carriage shell, the fan is connected with one side of the dust filtering chamber, which is close to the fan, through the air outlet pipe, the prefilter is arranged at the position, which is opposite to the air outlet pipe, of the upper side in the dust filtering chamber, the dust filtering device comprises a dust filtering device, a dust filtering chamber, a dust hopper, a dust filtering device, a dust hopper, a fan, a dust-containing air flow, a slope and a dust discharging device, wherein the dust filtering device is arranged on the upper side surface of the dust filtering chamber behind the dust filtering device, the dust filtering device is used for filtering dust in air, the dust filtering device is used for filtering dust in the air, an air outlet is arranged at the rear part of the carriage housing, the dust hopper is movably connected to the lower surface of the carriage housing below the air outlet, the dust-containing air flow sucked by the fan enters the dust filtering chamber through the air outlet, the dust filtering device is firstly impacted, part of dust in the dust-containing air can be removed in advance by the dust filtering device, the dust flowing on the dust filtering device and the dust filtered by the dust filtering device fall onto the slope under the action of gravity, fall into the dust hopper along the slope, and the air filtered by the dust filtering device is discharged through the air outlet.
As a further improvement of the invention, the prefilter comprises a porous plate I, a porous plate II and a porous plate III, wherein the porous plate I, the porous plate II and the porous plate III are sequentially arranged, and the sizes and the positions of the holes are different.
As a further development of the invention, the support bar ii is equipped with a hydraulic telescopic bar.
As a further improvement scheme of the invention, an exhaust chamber composed of a plurality of dust baffles is fixedly arranged between the carriage shell and the dust filtering chamber, and a gap is reserved at one side of the exhaust chamber for butt joint of an air outlet.
By means of the scheme, the invention has at least the following advantages: compared with the conventional mine sweeper, the dust is lifted by the cleaning brush by directly rotating the rolling brush of the dust suction device through the motor arranged on the dust suction cover main body by virtue of the two dust suction cover main bodies which are horizontally arranged and vertically arranged, one part of dust is sucked by the holes of the cleaning brush shell, and the other part of dust is blown to the wall surface by the air jet pipe along with the advancing of the sweeper body or due to the natural backward movement of inertia, so that the dust is continuously lifted and sucked out from the upper part of the dust suction cover main body, and the cleaning process is completely free of water. Meanwhile, the dust concentration monitoring detector is arranged outside the dust hood main body, so that the dust overflow condition inside the dust hood shell can be monitored, and the improvement is realized by increasing the negative pressure of the dust collecting and cleaning device. And through installing damping device between dust hood main part and mining intrinsic safety driving platform locomotive, make the dust hood main part of horizontal installation still can hug closely the bottom plate and also can be fine keep balanced and not damage rotating device under the condition of encountering road surface inequality. Finally, through the rotating device, the cleaning position of the side wall cleaning device which is vertically installed can be controlled, the side wall and even the top of the roadway are cleaned, and finally the dust removal on the roadway bottom plate, the side wall and even the top of the roadway is completed, so that the labor cost and the water resource can be effectively saved, the environmental sanitation of underground construction sites such as rock-soil tunnels and coal mine roadways can be effectively ensured, and the device has obvious environmental protection benefit and economic benefit.
Drawings
FIG. 1 shows a schematic overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 shows a schematic view of the main body structure of the dust hood of the invention;
FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the main body of the suction hood of the present invention;
FIG. 4 shows a schematic view of the structure of a rolling brush body of the invention;
FIG. 5 shows a schematic view of the damping rotation device of the present invention;
FIG. 6 shows a schematic view of the turning device of the present invention;
FIG. 7 shows a perspective view of the dust collection and cleaning device of the present invention;
fig. 8 shows a bottom view of fig. 1;
fig. 9 shows a perspective view of the prefilter device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the mining intrinsic safety driving platform comprises 2 parts of dust hood bodies, 21 parts of dust hood shells, 22 parts of motors, 23 parts of roller brush bodies, 231 parts of roller brush shells, 232 parts of roller brush bristles, 233 parts of bearings, 234 parts of roller brush dust collection ports, 24 parts of rear dust collection diversion shells, 25 parts of front dust collection diversion shells, 26 parts of high-pressure air injection devices, 27 parts of connecting pipes, 28 parts of outer ring cleaning brushes, 29 parts of dust collection hard pipes I, 210 parts of dust concentration monitoring detectors, 211 parts of inner ring cleaning brushes, 212 parts of air injection pipes, 213 parts of connecting hoses I, 214 parts of dust collection hard pipes II, 215 parts of connecting hoses II, 3 parts of damping rotation devices, 31 parts of fixing frames, 32 parts of damping springs, 33 parts of supporting rods I, 34 parts of damping rotation shafts I, 35 parts of reinforcing support frames I, 36, damping rotation shafts ii, 4, rotation devices 41, bases, 42, bottom rotation shafts 43, support rods ii, 44, top rotation shafts 45, fixing rods 46, end rotation shafts 47, support plates 48, rotation shafts i, 49, reinforcing support frames ii, 410, rotation shafts ii, 5, rear cleaning dust collection devices 51, cleaning brushes 52, dust collection plates 53, dust collection openings 54, telescopic rods 6, dust collection devices 61, carriage shells 62, fans 63, dust collection pipes 64, air outlet pipes 65, dust baffles 66, prefilter devices 661, porous plates i, 662, porous plates ii, 663, porous plates iii, 67, filter cartridges 68, slopes, 69, air outlets 610, dust hoppers.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 and 7, a roadway cleaning and dust collecting vehicle comprises a mining intrinsic safety driving platform 1, a dust collecting cover main body 2, a damping rotating device 3, a rotating device 4, a rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5 and a dust collecting and dust cleaning device 6, wherein the front part of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform 1 is movably connected with the dust collecting cover main body 2 which is horizontally arranged through the damping rotating device 3, the dust collecting and dust cleaning device 6 is connected with the dust collecting and dust cleaning main body 2 through a dust collecting hard pipe II 214, the horizontally arranged dust collecting cover main body 2 can absorb dust on a bottom plate under the action of the damping rotating device 3, the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5 is fixedly arranged on a frame at the rear part of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform 1, the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5 is used for assisting the horizontally arranged dust collecting cover main body 2, the cleaning range of the bottom plate is further enlarged, the dust scattered part of the dust collecting cover main body 2 which is horizontally arranged is fixedly connected with the dust collecting and dust cleaning device 6, the dust collecting device 6 is used for providing vacuum suction for the dust collecting cover main body 2 and the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5, the middle part of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform 1 is movably connected with the dust collecting cover main body 2 through the rotating device 4 through the rotating device 2, the dust collecting and the dust collecting cover main body 2 is vertically arranged through the dust collecting and dust collecting device 2 is vertically arranged on the dust collecting cover main body 2 which is connected with the dust collecting and dust collecting device 2 through the dust collecting and the dust collecting device 2;
as shown in fig. 1 to 4, the dust hood main body 2 includes a dust hood housing 21, a motor 22, a roller brush main body 23, a roller brush housing 231, roller brush bristles 232, a bearing 233, a roller brush dust collection port 234, a rear dust collection guide shell 24, a front dust collection guide shell 25, a high-pressure air injection device 26, a connecting pipe 27, an outer ring cleaning brush 28, a dust collection hard tube i 29, a dust concentration monitoring detector 210, an inner ring cleaning brush 211, an air injection tube 212 and a connecting hose i 213, a dust collection hard tube ii 214 and a connecting hose ii 215, wherein both sides of the front part of the dust hood housing 21 are provided with the motor 22 through screws, a transmission shaft of the motor 22 penetrates through the dust hood housing 21 to be connected with the roller brush main body 23, the roller brush main body 23 can rotate to clean a bottom plate under the driving of the motor 22, the upper surface outside of the dust hood housing 21 is fixedly provided with a rear dust collection guide shell 24 and a front dust collection guide shell 25, the rear dust collection guide shell 24 and the front dust collection guide shell 25 are respectively communicated with through holes formed in the upper surface outside the dust collection guide shell 21, the rear dust collection guide shell 24 and the front dust collection guide shell 25 are connected with the dust collection guide shell 21, the rear dust collection guide shell 23 can be pulled up through the dust collection guide shell 24 and the front dust collection guide shell 25 through the connecting hose ii to the dust collection hard tube ii, and the dust collection guide shell 214 is connected with the dust collection guide shell 214 through the dust collection pipe ii 6; the rear part of the inner side of the dust hood shell 21 is divided into a front cavity and a rear cavity by an inner ring cleaning brush 211, the front cavity bears a main dust cleaning function, the rear cavity is used for dealing with dust falling from the front cavity, in order to ensure that the dust can not escape everywhere, the outer ring cleaning brushes 28 are fixedly arranged on the two sides of the front cavity and the two sides of the rear cavity of the dust hood shell 21 and the lower part of the rear cavity, dust concentration monitoring detectors 210 are fixedly arranged on the two sides of the dust hood shell 21, an air ejector 212 is fixedly arranged on the position of the front cavity, which is close to the inner ring cleaning brush 211, two ends of the air ejector 212 penetrate through the side wall of the dust hood shell 21 and are connected with a high-pressure air ejector 26 arranged on the surface of the dust hood shell 21 between the rear dust hood shell 24 and the front dust hood shell 25 through a connecting pipe 27, the high-pressure air ejector 26 absorbs external air and pressurizes the air, the pressurized air is transferred to the air ejector 212 through the connecting pipe 27, the dust of a bottom plate is blown up through a nozzle of the air ejector 212, the dust collection device is suspended in the front cavity of the dust collection cover shell 21, so that dust is collected by the roller brush main body 23, the rear dust collection guide shell 24 and the front dust collection guide shell 25, one end of the roller brush shell 231 is fixedly connected to a driving shaft of the motor 22, the other end of the roller brush shell 231 is connected with a T-shaped pipe at one end of a dust collection hard pipe I29 through a bearing 233, roller brush bristles 232 and roller brush dust collection openings 234 are alternately arranged on the surface of the roller brush shell 231, when the motor 22 drives the roller brush main body 23 to start working, the roller brush bristles 232 start to rotate to clean the ground under the action of the motor 22, the roller brush bristles 232 lift dust on the bottom or wall surface of a roadway, at the moment, part of lifted dust enters the roller brush shell 231 through the roller brush dust collection openings 234 on the surface of the roller brush shell 231 under the action of negative pressure of the dust collection device 6, passes through the T-shaped pipe of the dust collection hard pipe I29 and then passes through the connecting hose I213, the dust is absorbed to the dust collecting and cleaning device 6 after passing through the dust collecting hard tube II 214 or the connecting hose II 215, and the other part of dust is absorbed to the dust collecting hard tube I29 through the rear dust collecting guide shell 24 and the front dust collecting guide shell 25 and finally absorbed to the dust collecting and cleaning device 6, and the alternately arranged rolling brush bristles 232 and the rolling brush dust collecting openings 234 can be directly sucked away by the rolling brush dust collecting openings 234 when the dust of the rolling brush bristles 232 is concentrated to a certain degree, so that the long-term stable work of the rolling brush bristles 232 is ensured;
as shown in fig. 5, the damping rotation device 3 includes a fixing frame 31, a damping spring 32, a supporting rod i 33, a damping rotation shaft i 34, a reinforcing support frame i 35 and a damping rotation shaft ii 36, the fixing frame 31 is fixedly connected to the mine intrinsic safety driving platform 1, two ends of the fixing frame 31 are connected with the damping rotation shaft i 34 through the supporting rod i 33, the damping rotation shaft i 34 is connected with the damping rotation shaft ii 36 through the reinforcing support frame i 35, two ends of the damping spring 32 are respectively connected with the fixing frame 31 and the reinforcing support frame i 35, the damping rotation shaft ii 36 is movably connected to two sides of the horizontally installed dust hood main body 2, when the horizontally installed dust hood main body 2 starts to work, in order to enable the dust hood main body 2 to cling to a bottom plate and simultaneously filter vibration, thereby achieving the maximum cleaning effect, the damping rotation shaft i 34, the reinforcing support frame i 35 and the damping rotation shaft ii 36 are used for connecting the dust hood main body 2 and providing a change of a pitching angle for the dust hood main body, and the supporting rod i 33 provides damping and keeps balance under the action of the damping spring 32.
As shown in fig. 6, the rotating device 4 includes a base 41, a bottom rotating shaft 42, a supporting rod ii 43, a top rotating shaft 44, a fixing rod 45, a terminal rotating shaft 46, a supporting plate 47, a rotating shaft i 48, a reinforcing supporting frame ii 49 and a rotating shaft ii 410, the base 41 is fixedly mounted in the middle of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform 1, the base 41 is movably mounted at one end of the supporting rod ii 43 through the bottom rotating shaft 42 and can rotate by 0 ° to 180 °, the other end of the supporting rod ii 43 is connected to the fixing rod 45 through the top rotating shaft 44, the fixing rod 45 is fixedly connected to the terminal rotating shaft 46, the terminal rotating shaft 46 is movably connected to the middle section of the supporting plate 47, the terminal rotating shaft 46 can rotate by 360 °, two ends of the supporting plate 47 are respectively provided with the rotating shaft i 48, the rotating shaft i 48 is movably connected with one end of the reinforcing supporting frame ii 49, the other end of the reinforcing supporting frame ii 49 is movably connected with two sides of the vertically mounted dust hood main body 2 through the rotating shaft ii 410, the rotating shaft i 48, the reinforcing supporting frame ii 49 and the rotating shaft ii 410 ensure that the dust hood main body 2 can adapt to the fluctuation of the side wall, the dust hood main body 2 can pitch motion, the terminal rotating shaft 46 is ensured, and the base 41 and the supporting rod ii 43 can tightly adhere to the side wall of the dust hood main body 2, and the largest cleaning effect can be achieved;
as shown in fig. 1, 7 and 8, the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5 comprises a cleaning brush 51, dust baffle plates 52, dust collecting openings 53 and telescopic rods 54, the cleaning brush 51 is installed on two sides of the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5 through the telescopic rods 54, the telescopic rods 54 are used for controlling the positions of the cleaning brush 51, dust collecting channels formed by splicing the dust baffle plates 52 are formed at positions, close to the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5, of the cleaning brush 51, the dust collecting openings 53 are formed in the lower surfaces of the rear cleaning and dust collecting device 5 at the tail ends of the dust collecting channels, the dust collecting openings 53 are connected with the dust collecting and dust removing device 6, and dust lifted by the cleaning brush 51 enters the dust collecting openings 53 along the dust collecting channels under the action of negative pressure of the dust collecting and dust removing device 6 and finally enters the dust collecting and dust removing device 6.
In order to enable the device to automatically adjust the power according to the dust amount, as a further improvement of the present invention, as shown in fig. 2, dust concentration monitoring detectors 210 are fixedly installed on two sides of the dust hood housing 21 near the lower edge, the dust overflow condition is monitored by the dust concentration monitoring detectors 210, if the dust concentration monitoring detectors 210 monitor that the dust concentration is greater than the set maximum value QMAX, the air suction amount is increased by increasing the power of the fan 62 of the dust collecting and cleaning device 6, so that the dust concentration monitored by the dust monitoring detectors 210 is less than the set maximum value QMAX, and when the dust concentration monitored by the dust concentration monitoring detectors 210 is less than the set minimum value QMIN, the power of the fan 62 of the dust collecting and cleaning device 6 can be appropriately reduced to reduce the air suction amount, thereby saving energy.
In order to make the equipment adapt to the working environment of mines or tunnels and effectively clean, as a further improvement scheme of the invention, as shown in fig. 1, 7 and 8, the dust collecting and cleaning device 6 comprises a carriage shell 61, a fan 62, a dust collecting pipe 63, an air outlet pipe 64, a dust baffle 65, a pre-filtering device 66, a porous plate I661, a porous plate II 662, a porous plate III 663, a filter cylinder 67, a slope 68, an air outlet 69 and an ash bucket 610, wherein the fan 62 is fixedly arranged at one end of the carriage shell 61 near the rotating device 4, the fan 62 is respectively connected with the dust collecting hard pipe II 214 and the connecting hose II 215, the fan 62 is connected with the dust collecting opening 53 through the dust collecting pipe 63, the fan 62 provides dust collecting negative pressure for the two dust collecting hood bodies 2 and the dust collecting opening 53, the carriage shell 61 is internally provided with a dust filtering chamber by the dust baffle 65 and the slope 68, the fan 62 is connected with one side of the dust filtering chamber near the fan 62 through the air outlet pipe 64, the upper side of the interior of the dust filtering chamber is opposite to the air outlet pipe 64, a filter cylinder 67 is arranged on the upper side surface of the dust filtering chamber behind the pre-filtering device 66, the filter cylinder 67 is used for filtering dust in air, cleaning failure caused by the dust discharged from equipment through the air outlet 69 is prevented, the air outlet 69 is arranged on the rear part of the carriage shell 61, an ash bucket 610 is movably connected with the lower surface of the carriage shell 61 below the air outlet 69, dust-containing air flow sucked by the fan 62 enters the dust filtering chamber through the air outlet pipe 64 and firstly hits the pre-filtering device 66, part of dust in the dust-containing air can be removed in advance by the pre-filtering device 66, and the dust which is impacted on the pre-filtering device 66 and the dust filtered by the filter cylinder 67 fall onto the slope 68 under the action of gravity and fall into the ash bucket 610 along the slope 68, while air filtered through the filter cartridge 67 exits the device through the air outlet 69.
In order to effectively enhance the interception efficiency of the dust-containing wind flow and prevent the rapid dust and small stones from damaging the filter cartridge 67, as a further improvement of the present invention, as shown in fig. 9, the prefilter 66 includes a porous plate i 661, a porous plate ii 662 and a porous plate iii 663, and the sizes and positions of the holes between the porous plate i 661, the porous plate ii 662 and the porous plate iii 663 are different from each other.
In order to enable the vertically mounted main body 2 of the suction hood to be attached to the side walls and the top plate as required, the support bar ii 43 is provided with a hydraulic telescopic bar as a further development of the invention.
In order to prevent the air flow exhausted from the dust filtering chamber from affecting other parts in the dust collecting and cleaning device 6, the exhausted air can be directly exhausted from the device through the air outlet 69, as a further improvement of the invention, an exhaust chamber composed of a plurality of dust baffles 65 is fixedly arranged between the carriage shell 61 and the dust filtering chamber, and a gap is reserved on one side of the exhaust chamber to butt against the air outlet 69.
When the roadway cleaning dust collector is used, a roadway cleaning dust collector is installed, and the fuel filling equipment can be put into operation.
When the invention is used, the concrete work is as follows:
when a section of roadway needs to be cleaned, the mining intrinsic safety driving platform 1 is controlled to move equipment to one end of the roadway, the driver controls the equipment to start to clean along the roadway, at the moment, three cleaning parts of the driver start to work simultaneously, when the rear cleaning dust collection device 5 starts to work, the fan 62 in the dust collection device 6 starts to provide negative pressure, the negative pressure provided by the fan 62 enables the dust collection opening 53 to generate suction through the dust collection pipe 63, the telescopic rod 54 stretches downwards, the cleaning brush 51 is enabled to contact with the bottom plate, the cleaning brush 51 starts to rotate to enable dust on the bottom plate to be lifted, and the lifted dust is sucked by the dust collection opening 53 along a dust collection channel formed by splicing a plurality of dust baffles 52 at the lower part of the rear cleaning dust collection device 5 and enters a dust filtering chamber along the dust collection pipe 63 and the fan 62.
When the horizontally mounted dust hood main body 2 starts to work, in order to enable the dust hood main body 2 to be tightly attached to a bottom plate and simultaneously filter vibration, and further achieve the maximum cleaning effect, the vibration absorbing rotary shaft I34, the reinforcing support frame I35 and the vibration absorbing rotary shaft II 36 are connected with the dust hood main body 2 and provide pitching angle change for the same, the support rod I33 is used for providing vibration absorption and balancing under the action of the vibration absorbing spring 32, and further provides a stable working environment for the horizontally mounted dust hood main body 2, at the moment, as the rolling brush main body 23 in the horizontally mounted dust hood main body 2 rotates under the driving of the motor 22, negative pressure provided by the fan 62 is connected into the connecting hose I213 and the dust collecting hard tube I29 through the dust collecting hard tube II 214, at the moment, the connecting hose I213 is connected with the rear dust collecting guide shell 24 and the front dust collecting guide shell 25 which are arranged outside the horizontally mounted dust hood main body 2 in series, the rear dust collecting guide shell 24 and the front dust collecting guide shell 25 can suck dust inside the dust hood main body 21 into the dust filtering chamber by the rolling brush main body 23 through the negative pressure provided by the fan 62, and when the rolling brush main body 23 cleans the bottom plate, dust mixed in the rolling brush main body 23 can enter the dust collecting dust filtering chamber by the dust collecting hard tube I and the dust collecting dust inlet 234 through the dust collecting hard tube I and the dust collecting hard tube I. In use, in order to prevent heavy dust or broken stone and other impurities from redeposition on the bottom plate, the high-pressure air injection device 26 sends pressurized air flow into the air injection pipe 212 through the connecting pipe 27, and the air injection pipe 212 blows the pressurized air flow into the front cavity inside the dust hood shell 21, so that the dust and small broken stone and other impurities in the front cavity are kept in a lifted state, and are sucked away by the rear dust collection diversion shell 24 or the front dust collection diversion shell 25.
When the vertically installed dust hood main body 2 starts to work, firstly, the position of the dust hood main body 2 is adjusted by the support rod II 43, so that the dust hood main body can be clung to the side wall, the pitching angle and the advancing direction of the tail end rotating shaft 46 can be adjusted by rotating the tail end rotating shaft 46, so that the dust hood main body 2 can better avoid obstacles such as a power distribution cabinet, a telephone and a roadway entrance, and the rotating shaft I48, the reinforcing support frame II 49 and the rotating shaft II 410 can enable the dust hood main body 2 to cope with the fluctuated side wall, so that the dust hood main body is clung to the roadway side wall, the dust hood main body is convenient to clean, and the negative pressure provided by the fan 62 is connected to the connecting hose I213 of the vertically installed dust hood main body 2 through the connecting hose II 215, so that the dust hood main body 2 can work. The dust hood main body 2 which is horizontally arranged is consistent with the dust hood main body 2 which is vertically arranged in a working mode and structure, and is convenient for later maintenance.
When the dust hood main body 2 and the rear-mounted cleaning dust collector 5 clean and collect dust and other impurities and enter the dust collecting and cleaning device 6 through the pipeline, the fan 62 in the dust collecting and cleaning device 6 blows air flow containing the dust and other impurities into the dust filtering chamber through the air outlet pipe 64, the air flow firstly impacts on the prefilter 66, step-by-step speed reduction and blocking are carried out through the porous plates I661, II 662 and III 663, heavier dust and broken stone can fall on the slope 68, finally fall into the dust hopper 610 along the slope 68, lighter dust can be blocked by the filter cylinder 67, and air flow filtered by the filter cylinder 67 is finally discharged out of the vehicle through the air outlet 69.
Through the joint operation of multiple parts, the equipment can carry out integral cleaning on the bottom plate, the side edges and even the top plate of the roadway only by one worker to and fro in operation, can effectively save labor cost and water resources, effectively ensure the environmental sanitation of underground construction sites such as rock tunnels, coal mine roadways and the like, and has remarkable environmental protection benefit and economic benefit.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a tunnel cleaning dust catcher, includes mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1), dust hood main part (2), shock attenuation rotary device (3), rotary device (4), rearmounted dust collection device (5) and dust collection ash removal device (6), its characterized in that, mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1) front portion pass through dust hood main part (2) of shock attenuation rotary device (3) swing joint horizontal installation, dust hood main part (2) of horizontal installation pass through dust absorption hard tube II (214) and connect dust collection ash removal device (6), fixed mounting rearmounted dust collection device (5) on the frame at the rear portion of mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1), rearmounted dust collection device (6) are connected to rearmounted dust collection device (5) upper portion surface, dust hood main part (2) of vertical installation are connected through rotary device (4) swing joint dust hood main part (2) of intrinsic safety driving platform (1), dust hood main part (2) of vertical installation pass through connecting hose II (215) and connect dust collection device (6);
the dust collection cover comprises a dust collection cover main body (2) and is characterized in that the dust collection cover main body (2) comprises a dust collection cover shell (21), a motor (22), a rolling brush main body (23), a rolling brush shell (231), rolling brush bristles (232), a bearing (233), a rolling brush dust collection opening (234), a rear dust collection guide shell (24), a front dust collection guide shell (25), a high-pressure air injection device (26), a connecting pipe (27), an outer ring cleaning brush (28), a dust collection hard pipe I (29), a dust concentration monitoring detector (210), an inner ring cleaning brush (211), an air injection pipe (212) and a connecting hose I (213), the two sides of the front part of the dust collection cover shell (21) are provided with the motor (22) through screws, a transmission shaft of the motor (22) penetrates through the dust collection cover shell (21) to be connected with the rolling brush main body (23), the rear dust collection guide shell (24) and the front dust collection guide shell (25) are fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the outer part of the dust collection cover shell (21), the rear dust collection guide shell (24) and the front dust collection guide shell (25) are respectively communicated with through holes on the upper surface of the dust collection cover shell (21), the rear dust collection hard shell (24) and the front dust collection guide shell (25) are respectively connected with the dust collection hard pipe I (214) through the dust collection pipe II; the dust collection device comprises a dust collection cover shell (21), an inner ring cleaning brush (211) and a high-pressure air injection device (26) which is arranged on the surface of the dust collection cover shell (21) between a rear dust collection guide shell (24) and a front dust collection guide shell (25), wherein outer ring cleaning brushes (28) are fixedly arranged on the two sides of the front cavity and the two sides of the rear cavity of the dust collection cover shell (21) and lower parts of the two sides and the rear cavity of the dust collection cover shell (21), dust concentration monitoring detectors (210) are fixedly arranged on the two sides of the dust collection cover shell (21), an air injection pipe (212) is fixedly arranged at the position, close to the inner ring cleaning brush (211), of the front cavity, two ends of the air injection pipe (212) penetrate through the rear side wall of the dust collection cover shell (21) and are connected with a connecting pipe (27), a high-pressure air injection device (26) arranged on the surface of the dust collection cover shell (21) between the rear dust collection guide shell (24) and the front dust collection guide shell (25), one end of a rolling brush shell (231) is fixedly connected to a driving shaft of a motor (22), the other end of the rolling brush is connected with a T-shaped pipe at one end of a dust collection hard pipe I (29) through a bearing (233), and the surface of the rolling brush bristles (232) is alternately arranged on the surface of the rolling brush shell (231;
the damping rotation device (3) comprises a fixing frame (31), damping springs (32), supporting rods I (33), damping rotation shafts I (34), reinforcing support frames I (35) and damping rotation shafts II (36), wherein the fixing frame (31) is fixedly connected to the mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1), the damping rotation shafts I (34) are connected to the two ends of the fixing frame (31) through the supporting rods I (33), the damping rotation shafts I (34) are connected with damping rotation shafts II (36) through the reinforcing support frames I (35), the two ends of the damping springs (32) are respectively connected with the fixing frame (31) and the reinforcing support frames I (35), and the damping rotation shafts II (36) are movably connected to the two sides of a dust hood main body (2) which is horizontally installed;
the rotating device (4) comprises a base (41), a bottom rotating shaft (42), a supporting rod II (43), a top rotating shaft (44), a fixed rod (45), a tail end rotating shaft (46), a supporting plate (47), a rotating shaft I (48), a reinforcing support frame II (49) and a rotating shaft II (410), wherein the base (41) is fixedly arranged in the middle of the mining intrinsic safety driving platform (1), one end of the supporting rod II (43) is movably arranged on the base (41) through the bottom rotating shaft (42), the other end of the supporting rod II (43) is connected to the fixed rod (45) through the top rotating shaft (44), the tail end rotating shaft (46) is fixedly connected to the tail end rotating shaft (46), the tail end rotating shaft (46) is movably connected to the middle section of the supporting plate (47), the rotating shaft I (48) is respectively arranged at two ends of the supporting plate (47), one end of the rotating shaft I (48) is movably connected with one end of the reinforcing support frame II (49), and the other end of the reinforcing support frame II (49) is movably connected with two sides of the dust suction hood main body (2) which is vertically arranged through the rotating shaft II (410);
the rear cleaning dust collection device (5) comprises cleaning brushes (51), dust baffle plates (52), dust collection openings (53) and telescopic rods (54), the cleaning brushes (51) are respectively arranged on two sides of the rear cleaning dust collection device (5) through the telescopic rods (54), dust collection channels formed by splicing the dust baffle plates (52) are arranged at the positions, close to the rear cleaning dust collection device (5), of the cleaning brushes (51), the dust collection openings (53) are formed in the lower surfaces of the rear cleaning dust collection device (5) at the tail ends of the dust collection channels, and the dust collection openings (53) are connected with dust collection and dust removal devices (6).
2. A roadway cleaning dust collector as claimed in claim 1, wherein dust concentration monitoring detectors (210) are fixedly arranged on two sides of the dust collector housing (21) near the lower edge.
3. The roadway cleaning dust collector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dust collecting and cleaning device (6) comprises a carriage shell (61), a fan (62), a dust collecting pipe (63), an air outlet pipe (64), a dust baffle (65), a prefilter (66), a porous plate I (661), a porous plate II (662), a porous plate III (663), a filter cartridge (67), a slope (68), an air outlet (69) and a dust hopper (610), wherein the fan (62) is fixedly arranged at one end, close to the rotating device (4), inside the carriage shell (61), the fan (62) is respectively connected with the dust collecting hard pipe II (214) and the connecting hose II (215), the fan (62) is connected with the dust collecting port (53) through the dust collecting pipe (63), the carriage shell (61) is internally provided with a dust filtering chamber consisting of the dust baffle (65) and the slope (68), the fan (62) is connected with one side, close to the fan (62), the upper side of the dust chamber is opposite to the air outlet pipe (64), the prefilter (66) is arranged on the upper surface of the filtering chamber behind the prefilter (66), the dust filtering chamber is provided with the filter cartridge (69), the lower surface of the carriage shell (61) below the air outlet (69) is movably connected with an ash bucket (610).
4. A roadway cleaning and dust-absorbing vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the prefilter (66) comprises a porous plate i (661), a porous plate ii (662) and a porous plate iii (663), and the sizes and positions of the holes between the porous plate i (661), the porous plate ii (662) and the porous plate iii (663) are different from each other.
5. A road sweeper dust collector as claimed in claim 1 or 3, characterized in that the support bar ii (43) is provided with a hydraulic telescopic bar.
6. A roadway cleaning dust collector as claimed in claim 3, wherein an exhaust chamber composed of a plurality of dust baffles (65) is fixedly arranged between the carriage shell (61) and the dust filtering chamber, and a gap is reserved on one side of the exhaust chamber for butt joint of an air outlet (69).
CN202310030032.5A 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 Roadway cleaning dust collection vehicle Active CN116237281B (en)

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CN117840094A (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-04-09 赛诺威盛科技(北京)股份有限公司 Carbon powder collecting device for medical imaging equipment and medical imaging equipment

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JPH10252028A (en) * 1997-03-17 1998-09-22 Howa Mach Ltd Road surface cleaning vehicle
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