CN116081080A - Transport container for maintaining medicine quality and application method thereof - Google Patents

Transport container for maintaining medicine quality and application method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116081080A
CN116081080A CN202310372947.4A CN202310372947A CN116081080A CN 116081080 A CN116081080 A CN 116081080A CN 202310372947 A CN202310372947 A CN 202310372947A CN 116081080 A CN116081080 A CN 116081080A
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China
Prior art keywords
pair
plates
box
carrying
shaft
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Granted
Application number
CN202310372947.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116081080B (en
Inventor
成晓英
李贝宁
杨建波
杨可凡
武瑞杰
高秀源
刘晓军
李治宇
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Shanxi Dingkunyuan Pharmaceutical Co ltd
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Shanxi Dingkunyuan Pharmaceutical Co ltd
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Priority to CN202310372947.4A priority Critical patent/CN116081080B/en
Publication of CN116081080A publication Critical patent/CN116081080A/en
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Publication of CN116081080B publication Critical patent/CN116081080B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D25/00Details of other kinds or types of rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D25/02Internal fittings
    • B65D25/10Devices to locate articles in containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/05Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/80Packaging reuse or recycling, e.g. of multilayer packaging

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Basic Packing Technique (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a transport container for maintaining medicine quality and a use method thereof, and relates to the technical field of medicine transport. The transport container comprises a bottom box, a pair of side boxes are fixedly arranged on two side walls of the bottom box, roll shafts are arranged in the middle of each side box, and a roller is sleeved on each roll shaft; a plurality of fixed plates are arranged in the bottom box, lifting plates are fixedly arranged in the middle parts of two side walls of each fixed plate, and a plurality of lifting plates positioned on the same side are connected with corresponding rollers through limiting mechanisms; the top surface of each fixed plate is provided with a plurality of pairs of carrying plates, and each pair of carrying plates is provided with a plurality of carrying grooves; the middle parts of the opposite surfaces of each pair of carrying plates are respectively provided with a pair of limiting plates, one side of each carrying groove is respectively provided with a clamping plate, and each limiting plate is connected with the corresponding clamping plate through a hinge mechanism. The utility model is not only beneficial to batch placement of medicines, but also enhances the stability of batch transportation of medicines by adopting a single placement mode.

Description

Transport container for maintaining medicine quality and application method thereof
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of medicine transportation, in particular to a transportation container for maintaining medicine quality and a use method thereof.
Background
The Chinese patent discloses a transportation device (publication No. CN 208376800U) suitable for medicine storage, which comprises a base, wherein a medicine storage box is arranged on the base, a left supporting cavity and a right supporting cavity are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the medicine storage box, elastic pieces are correspondingly arranged in the left supporting cavity and the right supporting cavity, a plurality of storage cavities are arranged in the medicine storage box, wavy heating wires are paved at the bottom of each storage cavity, a heat conducting protective layer is paved on the heating wires, sterilizing lamps are arranged at the top of each storage cavity, a dust collector is arranged at the bottom of the medicine storage box, and dust collection pipelines communicated with dust collection openings in each storage cavity are arranged on the side wall of the medicine storage box.
The current transportation device has the following disadvantages when transporting medicines: 1. in the transportation process, medicines are often influenced by various external factors, and are often stacked for transportation in a superposition mode, so that fragile medicines or non-extrudable medicines are easily damaged; 2. the stability of special medicines in the transportation process is guaranteed, the extrusion damage is avoided by adopting a single placement mode, and the transportation efficiency is also guaranteed.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the defect that the prior art is not firm in fixation and easy to cause extrusion damage during drug transportation, and provides a transport container for maintaining drug quality and a use method thereof.
In order to solve the problem that the medicines in the prior art are not firmly fixed and are easy to cause extrusion damage during transportation, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the transport container for maintaining the medicine quality comprises a bottom box, wherein the bottom box is in a rectangular box shape with an open front, a pair of box doors which are connected in a hinged manner are arranged at the open front of the bottom box, a pair of symmetrically-penetrated side boxes are fixedly arranged on two side walls of the bottom box, and a protective cover which is fixedly connected transversely is arranged between the top surfaces of the side boxes;
the middle part in each side box is provided with a vertically placed roll shaft, two end parts of each roll shaft are rotationally connected with the inner wall of the side box, and each roll shaft is sleeved with a roller which is concentrically fixedly connected;
a plurality of fixed plates which are distributed at equal intervals up and down are arranged in the bottom box, lifting plates are fixedly arranged in the middle of two side walls of each fixed plate, and a plurality of lifting plates positioned on the same side are connected with corresponding rollers through limiting mechanisms;
a plurality of pairs of carrying plates are arranged on the top surface of each fixed plate, and a plurality of evenly distributed carrying grooves are formed in each pair of carrying plates; each pair of opposite surface middle parts of carrying plates are provided with a pair of limiting plates, each carrying groove is internally provided with a clamping plate in sliding connection, and each limiting plate is connected with the corresponding clamping plate through a hinge mechanism.
Preferably, a pair of sliding rods which are arranged in parallel with the roller shafts are arranged on the front side and the rear side in the side box, two ends of each sliding rod are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the side box, a pair of ear seats are fixedly arranged on two ends of the outer side wall of each lifting plate, and each ear seat is sleeved on the corresponding sliding rod and is connected in a rotating mode.
Preferably, a servo motor with a forward output end is arranged in the middle of the top surface of the bottom box, the end part of a motor shaft of the servo motor penetrates through the middle of the rear side wall of the protective cover and extends into the protective cover, and a worm coaxially connected with the end part of the motor shaft of the servo motor is sleeved on the end part of the motor shaft of the servo motor;
the middle part of the top surface of the bottom box is inserted with a pair of fixed shafts which are connected in a rotating way, the pair of fixed shafts are positioned at the middle part in the protective cover and distributed on two sides of the worm, worm gears which are fixedly connected in a concentric way are sleeved at the top end parts of the pair of fixed shafts, and the worm is meshed with the pair of worm gears.
Preferably, the middle part of every the fixed axle all overlaps and is equipped with the first sprocket of concentric rigid coupling, every the top portion of roller all extends to in the protection casing, and every the top portion of roller all overlaps and is equipped with the second sprocket of concentric rigid coupling, both sides are equipped with a pair of drive chain belt in the protection casing, every the both ends portion of drive chain belt all overlaps in proper order and establishes on corresponding first sprocket, second sprocket and carry out meshing transmission connection.
Preferably, the bottom surface of each fixing plate is provided with a plurality of sponge pads which are uniformly distributed, and each sponge pad corresponds to a corresponding carrying groove one by one;
an elliptical hole is formed in the middle of each limiting plate, an elliptical sliding block connected in a sliding clamping mode is arranged in the inner middle of each elliptical sliding hole, and the bottom face of each elliptical sliding block is fixedly connected with the fixing plate.
Preferably, the middle parts of the opposite surfaces of each pair of carrying plates are respectively provided with a linkage shaft, the middle parts of each linkage shaft vertically rotate to penetrate through the fixing plate, the top end parts of each linkage shaft are respectively sleeved with a linkage gear concentrically fixedly connected, the end parts of the opposite surfaces of each pair of limiting plates are respectively provided with a pair of L-shaped linkage racks fixedly connected in a staggered manner, and each linkage gear is meshed and connected with the corresponding pair of linkage racks.
Preferably, the bottom end of each linkage shaft is sleeved with a driven gear which is concentrically fixedly connected, one side of the driven gear is provided with an L-shaped driving rack which is in meshed connection, the other side of the driven gear is provided with an electric telescopic rod which is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the fixed plate, and the end part of the telescopic rod of the electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the end part of the driving rack.
The utility model also provides a using method of the transport container for maintaining the quality of medicines, which comprises the following steps:
step one, opening a box door, sequentially placing medicines to be transported in a carrying groove, sequentially starting an electric telescopic rod, slowly extending the telescopic rod of the electric telescopic rod to drive a driving rack to translate, and meshing the driving rack to drive a driven gear, a linkage shaft and a linkage gear to synchronously rotate;
step two, when the linkage gear rotates, meshing drives a pair of linkage racks to alternately translate, so as to drive a pair of limiting plates to relatively slide along the elliptical sliding block, drives a clamping plate to slide along the inner wall of the carrying groove through a hinged connecting rod, and then clamps and fixes medicines in the carrying groove through the clamping plate;
starting a servo motor, wherein a motor shaft of the servo motor drives a worm to synchronously rotate, the worm is meshed with the worm to drive a pair of worm gears to forwardly and reversely rotate, the worm gears drive a fixed shaft and a first sprocket to synchronously rotate, and the first sprocket drives a second sprocket, a roller shaft and a roller to synchronously rotate through a driving chain belt;
and step four, when the roller rotates, the limiting pin and the spiral groove form a limiting effect, a plurality of limiting plates and a plurality of pairs of lug seats are driven to slide downwards along the sliding rod, and a plurality of fixing plates are synchronously driven to slide downwards, so that the fixing plates are in an equidistant close state, the sponge pads are abutted against the top surfaces of corresponding medicines one by one, the door is closed, and the bottom box is placed on the transport vehicle for carrying out transport operation.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the utility model, through the matched use of the hinge mechanism, the clamping plate is driven to slide along the inner wall of the carrying groove by the hinge connecting rod, and then the medicines in the carrying groove are clamped and fixed by the clamping plate, so that batch preliminary fixing of the medicines is realized, batch placement of the medicines is facilitated, and the stability of batch transportation of the medicines is enhanced by adopting a single placement mode;
2. according to the utility model, through the cooperation of the limiting mechanism, the limiting pin and the spiral groove form a limiting effect, so that the limiting plates and the lug seats are driven to slide downwards along the sliding rod, and the fixing plates are synchronously driven to slide downwards, so that the fixing plates are in an equidistant close state, and the sponge pads are abutted against the top surfaces of corresponding medicines one by one, so that the fixing stability during medicine transportation is further enhanced;
in conclusion, the problem that extrusion damage is easily caused due to the fact that the medicines are not firmly fixed in transportation is solved, the whole structure design is compact, batch placement of the medicines is facilitated, and the stability of batch transportation of the medicines is enhanced by adopting an independent placement mode.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the utility model and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the utility model and together with the description serve to explain the utility model and do not constitute a limitation on the utility model. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a front view of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an isometric structure of the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the front opening of the bottom box of the present utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the bottom box of the present utility model;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of the bottom case of the present utility model;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the bottom structure of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a cut-away top view of the present utility model;
FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of a fixing plate according to the present utility model;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the bottom surface structure of the fixing plate of the present utility model;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the hinge mechanism of the present utility model;
FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of a servo motor drive configuration of the present utility model;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the meshing of a worm with a pair of worm gears in accordance with the present utility model;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a spacing mechanism according to the present utility model;
FIG. 14 is a schematic rear view of the structure of FIG. 13;
FIG. 15 is a flow chart of a method of use of the present utility model.
Reference numerals in the drawings: 1. a bottom box; 11. a door; 12. a side case; 13. a protective cover; 14. a servo motor; 15. a worm; 16. a worm wheel; 17. driving the chain belt; 2. a roll shaft; 21. a roller; 22. a spiral groove; 23. a slide bar; 24. a lifting plate; 25. an ear seat; 26. a limiting pin; 3. a fixing plate; 31. a carrying plate; 32. a carrying groove; 33. a limiting plate; 34. an elliptical slider; 35. a hinged connecting rod; 36. a clamping plate; 37. a sponge cushion; 4. a linkage shaft; 41. a linkage gear; 42. a linkage rack; 43. a driven gear; 44. a drive rack; 45. an electric telescopic rod.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments.
Embodiment one: the embodiment provides a transport container for maintaining medicine quality, referring to fig. 1-14, specifically, the transport container comprises a bottom box 1, wherein the bottom box 1 is in a rectangular box shape with an open front, a pair of box doors 11 in hinged connection are arranged at the open front of the bottom box 1, symmetrical through side boxes 12 are fixedly arranged on two side walls of the bottom box 1, and a protective cover 13 which is transversely fixedly connected is arranged between the top surfaces of the side boxes 12;
the middle part in each side box 12 is provided with a vertically placed roll shaft 2, two end parts of each roll shaft 2 are rotationally connected with the inner wall of the side box 12, and each roll shaft 2 is sleeved with a roller 21 which is concentrically fixedly connected;
a plurality of fixed plates 3 which are distributed at equal intervals up and down are arranged in the bottom box 1, lifting plates 24 are fixedly arranged in the middle of two side walls of each fixed plate 3, and a plurality of lifting plates 24 positioned on the same side are connected with corresponding rollers 21 through limiting mechanisms;
a plurality of pairs of carrying plates 31 are arranged on the top surface of each fixed plate 3, and a plurality of carrying grooves 32 which are uniformly distributed are formed in each pair of carrying plates 31; a pair of limiting plates 33 are arranged in the middle of the opposite surfaces of each pair of carrying plates 31, a clamping plate 36 in sliding connection is arranged on one side in each carrying groove 32, and each limiting plate 33 is connected with the corresponding clamping plate 36 through a hinge mechanism.
In the specific implementation process, as shown in fig. 11 and 12, a servo motor 14 with a forward output end is installed in the middle of the top surface of the bottom case 1, the end part of a motor shaft of the servo motor 14 penetrates through the middle of the rear side wall of the protective cover 13 and extends into the protective cover 13, and a worm 15 coaxially connected is sleeved at the end part of the motor shaft of the servo motor 14; the motor shaft of the servo motor 14 drives the worm 15 to synchronously rotate;
a pair of fixed shafts which are in rotary connection are inserted in the middle of the top surface of the bottom box 1, the pair of fixed shafts are positioned in the middle of the protective cover 13 and distributed on two sides of the worm 15, worm gears 16 which are concentrically fixedly connected are sleeved at the top ends of the pair of fixed shafts, and the worm 15 is in meshed connection with the pair of worm gears 16; the worm 15 is meshed to drive a pair of worm gears 16 to rotate forward and backward;
the middle part of each fixed shaft is sleeved with a first sprocket wheel which is concentrically fixedly connected, the top end part of each roll shaft 2 extends into the protective cover 13, the top end part of each roll shaft 2 is sleeved with a second sprocket wheel which is concentrically fixedly connected, two sides in the protective cover 13 are provided with a pair of driving chain belts 17, and two end parts of each driving chain belt 17 are sequentially sleeved on the corresponding first sprocket wheel and the corresponding second sprocket wheel and are in meshed transmission connection; the worm wheel 16 drives the fixed shaft and the first sprocket to synchronously rotate, and the first sprocket drives the second sprocket, the roll shaft 2 and the roller 21 to synchronously rotate through the driving chain belt 17.
The description is as follows: in the embodiment, a plurality of sponge pads 37 which are uniformly distributed are arranged on the bottom surface of each fixing plate 3, and each sponge pad 37 corresponds to the corresponding carrying groove 32 one by one;
the middle part of each limiting plate 33 is provided with an elliptical hole, the inner middle part of each elliptical hole is provided with an elliptical slide block 34 in sliding clamping connection, and the bottom surface of each elliptical slide block 34 is fixedly connected with the fixed plate 3; the limiting plate 33 can slide along the elliptical sliding block 34, so that the stability of the sliding process is ensured;
a pair of slide bars 23 which are arranged in parallel with the roll shafts 2 are arranged on the front side and the rear side in the side box 12, two ends of each slide bar 23 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the side box 12, two ends of the outer side wall of each lifting plate 24 are fixedly provided with a pair of ear seats 25, and each ear seat 25 is sleeved on the corresponding slide bar 23 and is connected in a rotating way; the ear seat 25 can slide along the slide bar 23, so that the stability of lifting and adjusting the limiting plate 33 is ensured.
Embodiment two: in the first embodiment, there is also a problem that each pair of limiting plates 33 cannot translate in opposite directions, so that the clamping plate 36 cannot clamp and fix the medicine, and therefore, the first embodiment further includes:
in the specific implementation process, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, the middle parts of opposite surfaces of each pair of carrying plates 31 are respectively provided with a linkage shaft 4, the middle part of each linkage shaft 4 vertically rotates to penetrate through the fixed plate 3, the top end part of each linkage shaft 4 is sleeved with a linkage gear 41 concentrically fixedly connected, the opposite surface end parts of each pair of limiting plates 33 are respectively provided with a pair of L-shaped linkage racks 42 staggered and fixedly connected, and each linkage gear 41 is meshed and connected with a corresponding pair of linkage racks 42; when the linkage gear 41 rotates, the meshing drives a pair of linkage racks 42 to alternately translate, so as to drive a pair of limiting plates 33 to relatively slide along the elliptical sliding block 34;
the bottom end part of each linkage shaft 4 is sleeved with a driven gear 43 which is concentrically and fixedly connected, one side of the driven gear 43 is provided with an L-shaped driving rack 44 which is in meshed connection, the other side of the driven gear 43 is provided with an electric telescopic rod 45 which is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the fixed plate 3, and the telescopic rod end part of the electric telescopic rod 45 is fixedly connected with the end part of the driving rack 44; the telescopic rod of the electric telescopic rod 45 slowly stretches to drive the driving rack 44 to translate, and the driving rack 44 is meshed to drive the driven gear 43, the linkage shaft 4 and the linkage gear 41 to synchronously rotate.
Embodiment III: in the first embodiment, although the medicine is clamped and fixed, the medicine still has the problem of unstable fixation, so the first embodiment further comprises:
in a specific implementation process, as shown in fig. 13 and 14, the limiting mechanism comprises limiting pins 26, the outer ring surface of the roller 21 is provided with a plurality of spiral grooves 22 which are arranged in a single circle, the heights of the spiral grooves 22 are sequentially increased and distributed in an equal-difference array, the bottom end points of the spiral grooves 22 are sequentially distributed in equal intervals, the top end points of the spiral grooves 22 are sequentially distributed in equal intervals, the middle part of the outer side wall of each lifting plate 24 is fixedly provided with the limiting pin 26, and the outer end part of each limiting pin 26 is slidably inserted into the corresponding spiral groove 22;
when the roller 21 rotates, the limiting pin 26 and the spiral groove 22 form a limiting effect, the limiting plates 33 and the lug seats 25 are driven to slide downwards along the sliding rod 23, the fixing plates 3 are synchronously driven to slide downwards, the fixing plates 3 are in equidistant close states, the sponge pads 37 are abutted against the top surfaces of corresponding medicines one by one, and the fixing stability during medicine transportation is further enhanced.
Embodiment four: in the first embodiment, there is also a problem that the regulation of the clamp plate 36 is inconvenient, and therefore, the present embodiment further includes, on the basis of the first embodiment:
in a specific implementation process, as shown in fig. 8 and 10, the hinge mechanism includes hinge links 35, opposite surfaces of each pair of carrying plates 31 are provided with a plurality of limiting sliding holes in through connection with the carrying grooves 32, each clamping plate 36 is close to the corresponding limiting sliding hole, two side surfaces of the limiting plate 33 are provided with a plurality of hinge links 35 which are movably hinged, and outer end parts of each hinge link 35 slide through the corresponding limiting sliding hole and are movably hinged with the middle part of the clamping plate 36; when the limiting plate 33 slides, the clamping plate 36 is driven by the hinged connecting rod 35 to slide along the inner wall of the carrying groove 32, and then the medicine in the carrying groove 32 is clamped and fixed by the clamping plate 36.
Fifth embodiment: referring to fig. 15, the working principle and the operation method of the present utility model are as follows:
step one, opening the box door 11, sequentially placing medicines to be transported in the carrying groove 32, sequentially starting the electric telescopic rod 45, slowly extending the telescopic rod of the electric telescopic rod 45 to drive the driving rack 44 to translate, and meshing the driving rack 44 to drive the driven gear 43, the linkage shaft 4 and the linkage gear 41 to synchronously rotate;
step two, when the linkage gear 41 rotates, the meshing drives a pair of linkage racks 42 to alternately translate, so as to drive a pair of limiting plates 33 to relatively slide along the elliptical sliding blocks 34, the hinged connecting rods 35 drive the clamping plates 36 to slide along the inner walls of the carrying grooves 32, and then the clamping plates 36 clamp and fix medicines in the carrying grooves 32;
step three, starting a servo motor 14, wherein a motor shaft of the servo motor 14 drives a worm 15 to synchronously rotate, the worm 15 is meshed with a pair of worm gears 16 to positively and reversely rotate, the worm gears 16 drive a fixed shaft and a first sprocket to synchronously rotate, and the first sprocket drives a second sprocket, a roll shaft 2 and a roller 21 to synchronously rotate through a driving chain belt 17;
step four, when roller 21 rotates, spacer pin 26 forms the spacing effect with helical groove 22, drives a plurality of limiting plates 33 and a plurality of pairs of ear seats 25 to slide downwards along slide bar 23, drives a plurality of fixed plates 3 to slide downwards in step for a plurality of fixed plates 3 become the equidistance state of drawing close together, and foam-rubber cushion 37 one by one supports on the top surface of corresponding medicine, closes chamber door 11, places base case 1 on the transport vechicle and carries out transportation operation.
The utility model solves the problem that the medicines are not firmly fixed and are easy to cause extrusion damage during transportation, has compact overall structural design, is beneficial to batch placement of the medicines, and enhances the stability of batch transportation of the medicines by adopting a single placement mode.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but the scope of the present utility model is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art, who is within the scope of the present utility model, should make equivalent substitutions or modifications according to the technical scheme of the present utility model and the inventive concept thereof, and should be covered by the scope of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. A transport container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product, comprising a bottom box (1), characterized in that: the bottom box (1) is rectangular and open in front, a pair of hinged box doors (11) are installed at the open front of the bottom box (1), a pair of symmetrically-penetrated side boxes (12) are fixedly arranged on two side walls of the bottom box (1), and a protective cover (13) which is transversely fixedly connected is arranged between the top surfaces of the pair of side boxes (12);
the middle part in each side box (12) is provided with a vertically placed roll shaft (2), two end parts of each roll shaft (2) are rotationally connected with the inner wall of the side box (12), and each roll shaft (2) is sleeved with a roller (21) which is concentrically fixedly connected;
a plurality of fixed plates (3) which are distributed at equal intervals up and down are arranged in the bottom box (1), lifting plates (24) are fixedly arranged in the middle of two side walls of each fixed plate (3), and a plurality of lifting plates (24) positioned on the same side are connected with corresponding rollers (21) through limiting mechanisms;
a plurality of pairs of carrying plates (31) are arranged on the top surface of each fixed plate (3), and a plurality of evenly distributed carrying grooves (32) are formed in each pair of carrying plates (31); each pair of opposite surface middle parts of the carrying plates (31) are respectively provided with a pair of limiting plates (33), each side in the carrying groove (32) is respectively provided with a clamping plate (36) in sliding connection, and each limiting plate (33) is connected with the corresponding clamping plate (36) through a hinge mechanism.
2. A container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting device is characterized in that a pair of sliding rods (23) which are arranged in parallel with the roll shafts (2) are arranged on the front side and the rear side in the side box (12), two ends of each sliding rod (23) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the side box (12), a pair of lugs (25) are fixedly arranged at two ends of the outer side wall of each lifting plate (24), and each lug (25) is sleeved on the corresponding sliding rod (23) and connected in a rotating mode.
3. A container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 2, wherein: a servo motor (14) with a forward output end is arranged in the middle of the top surface of the bottom box (1), the end part of a motor shaft of the servo motor (14) penetrates through the middle of the rear side wall of the protective cover (13) and extends into the protective cover (13), and a worm (15) which is coaxially connected is sleeved at the end part of the motor shaft of the servo motor (14);
the middle part of the top surface of the bottom box (1) is inserted with a pair of fixed shafts which are connected in a rotating way, the pair of fixed shafts are positioned at the middle part in the protective cover (13) and distributed at two sides of the worm (15), worm gears (16) which are fixedly connected in a concentric way are sleeved at the top ends of the pair of fixed shafts, and the worm (15) is meshed and connected with the pair of worm gears (16).
4. A transport container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 3, wherein: every the middle part of fixed axle all overlaps and is equipped with the first sprocket of concentric rigid coupling, every the top portion of roller (2) all extends to in protection casing (13), and every the top portion of roller (2) all overlaps and is equipped with the second sprocket of concentric rigid coupling, both sides are equipped with a pair of drive chain belt (17) in protection casing (13), every the both ends of drive chain belt (17) all overlap in proper order and establish on corresponding first sprocket, second sprocket and carry out meshing transmission connection.
5. A container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 4, wherein: a plurality of sponge pads (37) which are uniformly distributed are arranged on the bottom surface of each fixing plate (3), and each sponge pad (37) corresponds to the corresponding carrying groove (32) one by one;
an elliptical hole is formed in the middle of each limiting plate (33), an elliptical sliding block (34) connected in a sliding clamping mode is arranged in the inner middle of each elliptical sliding hole, and the bottom face of each elliptical sliding block (34) is fixedly connected with the fixing plate (3).
6. A container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 5, wherein: every pair of opposite face middle part that carries thing board (31) all is equipped with universal driving shaft (4), every the equal vertical rotation in middle part of universal driving shaft (4) runs through fixed plate (3), every the tip of universal driving shaft (4) all overlaps and is equipped with concentric rigid coupling's linkage gear (41), every pair of opposite face tip of limiting plate (33) all is equipped with the L type of a pair of crisscross rigid coupling linkage rack (42), every linkage gear (41) all are connected with a pair of linkage rack (42) meshing that correspond.
7. A container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 6, wherein: the bottom end of each linkage shaft (4) is sleeved with a driven gear (43) which is concentrically fixedly connected, one side of the driven gear (43) is provided with an L-shaped driving rack (44) which is in meshed connection, the other side of the driven gear (43) is provided with an electric telescopic rod (45) fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the fixed plate (3), and the telescopic rod end of the electric telescopic rod (45) is fixedly connected with the end of the driving rack (44).
8. The method of using a shipping container for maintaining the quality of a pharmaceutical product according to claim 7, comprising the steps of:
step one, opening a box door (11), sequentially placing medicines to be transported in a carrying groove (32), sequentially starting an electric telescopic rod (45), slowly extending the telescopic rod of the electric telescopic rod (45) to drive a driving rack (44) to translate, and driving the driving rack (44) to engage and drive a driven gear (43), a linkage shaft (4) and a linkage gear (41) to synchronously rotate;
step two, when the linkage gear (41) rotates, meshing drives a pair of linkage racks (42) to carry out staggered translation, so as to drive a pair of limiting plates (33) to carry out relative sliding along the elliptical sliding blocks (34), drive a clamping plate (36) to slide along the inner wall of the carrying groove (32) through a hinged connecting rod (35), and then clamp and fix medicines in the carrying groove (32) through the clamping plate (36);
starting a servo motor (14), wherein a motor shaft of the servo motor (14) drives a worm (15) to synchronously rotate, the worm (15) is meshed to drive a pair of worm gears (16) to positively and reversely rotate, the worm gears (16) drive a fixed shaft and a first sprocket to synchronously rotate, and the first sprocket drives a second sprocket, a roll shaft (2) and a roller (21) to synchronously rotate through a driving chain belt (17);
step four, when roller (21) rotates, spacer pin (26) and helicla flute (22) form spacing effect, drive a plurality of limiting plates (33) and a plurality of pair of ear seat (25) and slide downwards along slide bar (23), drive a plurality of fixed plates (3) and slide downwards in step for a plurality of fixed plates (3) become the equidistance and draw close the state, and foam-rubber cushion (37) one by one support on the top surface of corresponding medicine, close chamber door (11), place base case (1) on the transport vechicle and transport the operation.
CN202310372947.4A 2023-04-10 2023-04-10 Transport container for maintaining medicine quality and application method thereof Active CN116081080B (en)

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