CN115611008A - Automatic feeding device and working method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic feeding device and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115611008A
CN115611008A CN202110783675.8A CN202110783675A CN115611008A CN 115611008 A CN115611008 A CN 115611008A CN 202110783675 A CN202110783675 A CN 202110783675A CN 115611008 A CN115611008 A CN 115611008A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tray
module
jacking
magnetic
trays
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Pending
Application number
CN202110783675.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱长立
田志坚
宋岩
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Changzhou Qilin Automation System Co ltd
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Changzhou Qilin Automation System Co ltd
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Application filed by Changzhou Qilin Automation System Co ltd filed Critical Changzhou Qilin Automation System Co ltd
Priority to CN202110783675.8A priority Critical patent/CN115611008A/en
Publication of CN115611008A publication Critical patent/CN115611008A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/02De-stacking from the top of the stack
    • B65G59/04De-stacking from the top of the stack by suction or magnetic devices
    • B65G59/045De-stacking from the top of the stack by suction or magnetic devices with a stepwise upward movement of the stack
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/912Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/02Control or detection
    • B65G2203/0208Control or detection relating to the transported articles
    • B65G2203/0241Quantity of articles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • De-Stacking Of Articles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of magnetic tile feeding, in particular to an automatic feeding device and a working method thereof. The automatic feeding device provided by the invention can avoid collision among the magnetic shoes in the feeding process, is high in feeding speed, can realize automatic feeding, and saves labor cost.

Description

Automatic feeding device and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of magnetic shoe feeding, in particular to an automatic feeding device and a working method thereof.
Background
The magnetic shoe is one of permanent magnets, and is a shoe-shaped magnet mainly used on a permanent magnet motor. When the magnetic shoes are produced, the magnetic shoes need to be detected to judge whether each magnetic shoe has defects, sometimes the magnetic shoes need to be marked by marking lines and the like so as to divide an external arc surface during assembly, and when the operations are carried out, the magnetic shoes need to be loaded, namely the magnetic shoes are arranged one by one to enter a conveyer belt and then are conveyed to a detection area or a marking area by the conveyer belt.
Generally set up the vibration dish between magnetic shoe feed bin and conveyer belt among the prior art, make the magnetic shoe arrange in proper order through the vibration dish and get into the conveyer belt, but often can collide between each magnetic shoe in the vibration dish, lead to a plurality of magnetic shoes to produce the defect, fall into for the wastrel, cause a large amount of unnecessary extravagant to material loading speed also has certain limitation when adopting this kind of material loading mode. In the prior art, a manipulator is used for grabbing magnetic shoes from a storage bin and placing the magnetic shoes on a conveying belt, the cost of the method is high, and the feeding speed is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic feeding device and a working method thereof, aiming at solving the technical problems that the magnetic shoes are easy to collide when being fed and the feeding speed is low in the prior art, so that the collision among the magnetic shoes can be avoided when the magnetic shoes are fed, and the feeding speed is accelerated.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
an automatic feeding device, comprising:
the jacking mechanism comprises a jacking module, a plurality of trays stacked up and down in sequence are jacked on the jacking module, a plurality of magnetic shoes are placed in each tray, and the trays are jacked to a material sucking position by the jacking module;
the suction mechanism comprises a sucker component and a displacement module, and the sucker component sucks the magnetic shoe and then is driven to the upper part of the conveying belt by the displacement module and is released onto the conveying belt;
and the recovery mechanism comprises a connecting module, a moving module and an empty tray frame, and after all the magnetic tiles in the uppermost tray are sucked to the conveying belt to form empty trays, the connecting module is connected with the empty trays and is driven to the empty tray frame by the moving module.
Furthermore, M is multiplied by N magnetic shoes are laid in each tray in parallel, wherein M and N are positive integers larger than or equal to 1, each sucker component comprises M suckers, the M suckers correspond to the M magnetic shoes in a row one to one, and each sucker component sucks one row of magnetic shoes and then is driven to the upper portion of the conveying belt by the displacement module and is released to the conveying belt.
Furthermore, the moving end of the jacking module is fixed with a jacking plate, the automatic feeding device further comprises a drawer assembly, the drawer assembly is arranged above the jacking mechanism and comprises a slidable push-pull supporting plate, the tray is placed on the push-pull supporting plate, a jacking hole corresponding to the jacking plate is formed in the push-pull supporting plate, and the size of the jacking hole is larger than that of the jacking plate and smaller than that of the tray.
Furthermore, both sides of a tray on the jacking mechanism are provided with supporting components, each supporting component comprises a supporting plate and a transverse driving module, each tray is provided with a supporting groove matched with the supporting plate, and the two supporting plates respectively support the uppermost tray under the driving of the transverse driving module.
Furthermore, both sides of a tray on the jacking mechanism are provided with supporting components, each supporting component comprises a supporting plate, a transverse driving module and a vertical driving module, each tray is provided with a supporting groove matched with the supporting plate, the two supporting plates respectively support at least two uppermost trays under the driving of the transverse driving module, and the magnetic shoe on the uppermost tray is driven by the vertical driving module to move upwards by the thickness of one tray after being absorbed.
Furthermore, the automatic feeding device also comprises a first detection switch for detecting whether the push-pull supporting plate is pushed in place or not and a second detection switch for detecting whether the tray reaches the material sucking position or not.
Furthermore, the connecting module comprises a plurality of suckers, the empty tray is sucked through the suckers, the moving module comprises a lifting moving module and a horizontal moving module, and the lifting moving module drives the connecting module to suck the empty tray and then drives the empty tray to the empty tray frame on the side of the material sucking mechanism.
Further, the automatic feeding device further comprises a material arranging module, the material arranging module comprises a front material arranging module, a rear material arranging module, a left material arranging module and a right material arranging module, the front material arranging module and the rear material arranging module are arranged on the rear side of the tray at the material sucking position, the left material arranging module and the right material arranging module are arranged on the right side of the tray at the material sucking position, and the front material arranging module, the rear material arranging module, the left material arranging module and the right material arranging module respectively adjust the magnetic shoes on the tray at the material sucking position in the front-back direction and the left-right direction.
In another aspect of the present invention, a working method of an automatic feeding device is further provided, which includes the following steps:
step 1: pulling the push-pull supporting plate open, loading a plurality of new trays filled with magnetic tiles, and pushing the push-pull supporting plate in;
and 2, step: after the push-pull supporting plate is pushed in place, the first detection switch is triggered, and the jacking module jacks a plurality of trays;
and step 3: when the uppermost tray is jacked to a material suction position, a second detection switch is triggered, the material arrangement module adjusts the magnetic shoe on the uppermost tray in a front-back and left-right mode, and then the material suction mechanism starts to suck the magnetic shoe on the uppermost tray onto the conveying belt and conveys the magnetic shoe onto a production line;
and 4, step 4: after all the magnetic tiles on the uppermost tray are sucked onto the conveying belt, the recovery mechanism recovers the empty tray onto the empty tray rack;
and 5: the jacking module continuously jacks a height of the thickness of a tray, and then the material suction mechanism continuously works after the position of the material arranging module is adjusted;
step 6: the recovery mechanism continues to recover the empty tray;
and 7: when the number of the trays on the jacking mechanism reaches a set value, the supporting assembly clamps the trays on the current jacking mechanism, then the jacking module descends to an initial position, and the automatic feeding device sends out prompts to remind workers to load new trays and take away empty trays on an empty tray rack;
and 8: and returning to the step 1.
Furthermore, the jacking mechanism comprises an encoder, when the second detection switch is triggered, the height of the current jacking mechanism is calculated through the encoder, the height of the current jacking mechanism is subtracted from the height of the uppermost tray on the jacking mechanism, and the obtained value is divided by the thickness of a single tray to calculate the number of the trays on the current jacking mechanism.
After adopting the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the automatic feeding device, the magnetic shoes in the tray are sucked through the sucking disc assembly, and then the magnetic shoes are moved to the conveying belt for feeding.
2. The invention is provided with a plurality of trays which are stacked in sequence, after the magnetic shoe in one tray is completely absorbed, the empty tray is firstly recovered through the recovery mechanism, and then a plurality of trays are jacked through the jacking mechanism, so that the next absorption and feeding can be carried out quickly, and the efficiency is further improved; the tray is automatically lifted by the lifting mechanism and automatically recovered by the recovery mechanism, and only the magnetic shoes in all the trays are required to be intensively replaced once after the feeding is finished, so that the tray is very convenient and the labor cost is saved.
3. In the invention, M multiplied by N magnetic tiles are arranged in each tray, and each sucker component absorbs M magnetic tiles.
4. The automatic feeding device can be used for sending materials, and can also be used for receiving materials by arranging the stop block and the magnetic shoe detection switch on the conveying belt.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an automatic feeding device according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the automatic feeding device according to the first embodiment at a second viewing angle;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the automatic feeding device according to the first embodiment at a third viewing angle;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a jacking mechanism according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a tray according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a material sucking mechanism according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a recycling mechanism according to the first embodiment;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a conveyor belt according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a drawer assembly according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a drawer assembly according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of FIG. 3 at D;
FIG. 12 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of a clamping assembly and a drawer assembly according to the first embodiment;
fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of a support assembly according to the first embodiment;
fig. 15 is a structural view of the support assembly of the first embodiment in a second perspective;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 3;
FIG. 17 is an enlarged view at B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of a monolith module according to the first embodiment;
fig. 19 is a schematic position diagram of a stopper and a magnetic shoe detection switch according to the second embodiment.
Wherein, the first and the second end of the pipe are connected with each other,
the device comprises a jacking mechanism 1, a jacking module 11, a tray 12, a support groove 121, a magnetic shoe 13, a jacking plate 14, a sliding rod 15, a connecting plate 16 and a sliding sleeve 17;
the device comprises a material sucking mechanism 2, a sucker component 21, a sucker 211, a displacement module 22, a translation module 23 and a drag chain 24;
the recovery mechanism 3, the connecting module 31, the moving module 32, the lifting moving module 321, the horizontal moving module 322 and the empty tray rack 33;
the device comprises a conveying belt 4, a pushing module 41, a stop block 42 and a magnetic shoe detection switch 43;
the device comprises a fixed support 5, a drawer assembly 51, a fixed plate 511, a drawer slide rail 512, a push-pull supporting plate 513, a jacking hole 5131, a limiting hole 5132, a clamping assembly 52, a clamping plate 521, a limiting protrusion 5211, a clamping driving module 522, a supporting assembly 53, a supporting plate 531, a transverse driving module 532, a front and rear material arranging module 541, a front and rear material arranging plate 5411, a left and right material arranging module 542 and a left and right material arranging plate 5421;
a first detection switch 61, a second detection switch 62, a third detection switch 63, and a height detection switch 64.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of protection of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1-8, this embodiment provides an automatic feeding device, including climbing mechanism 1, inhale material mechanism 2 and retrieve mechanism 3, wherein, climbing mechanism 1 includes jacking module 11, and the jacking has a plurality of trays 12 that pile up from top to bottom in proper order on jacking module 11, has placed a plurality of magnetic shoe 13 in every tray 12, and a plurality of trays 12 are in inhaling the material position by the jacking module 11 jacking of below until an uppermost tray 12. Further, inhale material mechanism 2 and include sucking disc subassembly 21 and displacement module 22, sucking disc subassembly 21 and absorbing behind these magnetic shoes 13 and being driven to conveyer belt 4 top and release to conveyer belt 4 by displacement module 22, carry to production lines such as detection by conveyer belt 4 again. Further, the recycling mechanism 3 includes a connection module 31, a moving module 32 and an empty tray rack 33, when all the magnetic tiles 13 in the uppermost tray 12 are sucked onto the conveyor belt 4 to become an empty tray, the connection module 31 is connected with the empty tray and is driven to the empty tray rack 33 by the moving module 32.
Like this, the automatic feeding device of this embodiment absorbs the magnetic shoe 13 in the tray 12 through sucking disc subassembly 21 and then removes magnetic shoe 13 to carrying out the material loading on conveyer belt 4, compares with prior art, has avoided the collision between the magnetic shoe, has stopped unnecessary extravagant, has saved the cost. In addition, a plurality of trays 12 stacked in sequence are arranged in the embodiment, after the magnetic shoe 13 in one tray 12 is sucked, the empty tray is firstly recovered through the recovery mechanism 3, and then the next tray 12 is jacked through the jacking mechanism 1, so that next sucking and feeding can be carried out quickly, and the efficiency is further improved; and this embodiment is through the automatic jacking of climbing mechanism 1 and retrieve the automatic recovery of mechanism 3, only need in all trays 12 magnetic shoe 13 all by absorb after the material loading is accomplished carry on once concentrate change can, very convenient, effectively practiced thrift the cost of labor.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, M × N magnetic tiles 13 are flatly laid in each tray 12, where M and N are positive integers greater than or equal to 1, the magnetic tiles 13 in each tray 12 are closely arranged, the length directions of the magnetic tiles 13 are parallel, and the inner and outer arc surfaces of each magnetic tile 13 face the same direction. Furthermore, the suction cup assembly 21 comprises M suction cups 211, the M suction cups 211 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with M magnetic tiles 13 in a row, the M suction cups 211 on the suction cup assembly 21 correspondingly suck one row of magnetic tiles 13, then the M suction cups are driven by the displacement module 22 to be above the conveyer belt 4 and released onto the conveyer belt 4, and then the conveyer belt 4 conveys the magnetic tiles onto the production line, and then the displacement module 22 drives the suction cup assembly 21 to suck the next row of magnetic tiles 13 until all the magnetic tiles 13 in the uppermost tray 12 are sucked. Like this, because be provided with M N magnetic shoe 13 in every tray 12, sucking M magnetic shoes at every time of sucking disc subassembly 21, compare with prior art, the magnetic shoe quantity that absorbs in unit interval obviously increases, has improved work efficiency.
In order to better jack a plurality of trays 12, this embodiment is provided with jacking plate 14 at the removal end of jacking module 11, specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 4, the automatic feeding device of this embodiment is still including placing subaerial fixed bolster 5, the jacking module 11 of this embodiment can be electric jar, cylinder or pneumatic cylinder, the body of jacking module 11 passes through the flange and is fixed with fixed bolster 5, above-mentioned jacking plate 14 is fixed to the removal end of jacking module 11, jack a plurality of trays 12 through jacking plate 14. If the removal end of direct jacking module 11 comes the jacking, that tray 12 is middle atress and atress region very little only, and tray 12 is more in quantity, whole weight is heavier, make tray 12 take place bending deformation easily, influence sucking of sucking disc subassembly 21, therefore, this embodiment sets up jacking board 14 with jacking force evenly distributed on jacking board 14, make the lifting surface area of tray 12 increase and the atress even, make a plurality of trays 12 can the steady movement and guarantee sucking disc subassembly 21 to the normal absorption of magnetic shoe 13 in tray 12.
Furthermore, two sliding rods 15 which are symmetrically arranged by taking the jacking module 11 as a center are fixed below the jacking plate 14, one ends of the two sliding rods 15 are fixed with the jacking plate 14, the other ends of the two sliding rods 15 are fixedly connected through a connecting plate 16, two sliding sleeves 17 are correspondingly arranged on the fixed support 5, and when the jacking plate 14 jacks the tray 12, each sliding rod 15 slides in the corresponding sliding sleeve 17. The sliding rods 15 and the sliding sleeves 17 are arranged for guiding and limiting, and therefore stable movement of each tray 12 is further guaranteed.
In order to place a plurality of trays 12 conveniently, the present embodiment is further provided with a drawer assembly 51, specifically, as shown in fig. 9 to 11, the drawer assembly 51 is configured above the jacking mechanism 1, the drawer assembly 51 includes a fixing plate 511, a drawer slide rail 512, and a push-pull supporting plate 513, the fixing plate 511 is fixed on the fixing support 5, the push-pull supporting plate 513 can slide relative to the fixing plate 511, and a handle is provided on the push-pull supporting plate 513 to facilitate pushing and pulling, so that before placing a plurality of trays 12, the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pulled out, then a plurality of trays 12 full of magnetic tiles are placed on the push-pull supporting plate 513, and then the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pushed in, which is very convenient and fast. It should be noted that, the jacking module 11 of the embodiment only jacks the tray 12 but not the push-pull supporting plate 513, so that a jacking hole 5131 corresponding to the jacking plate 14 is formed in the middle of the push-pull supporting plate 513, the size of the jacking hole 5131 is larger than that of the jacking plate 14 so that the jacking plate 14 can pass through the jacking hole 5131 to jack the tray 12, and the size of the jacking hole 5131 is smaller than that of the tray 12 so that the push-pull supporting plate 513 has a sufficient bearing area to bear a plurality of trays 12.
Further, as shown in fig. 1 and 12, in this embodiment, a height detection switch 64 is further disposed at a side of a front end of the drawer assembly 51, the height detection switch 64 is disposed on a mounting plate on the fixing bracket 5, and the height detection switch 64 is used for detecting whether the tray 12 in the drawer assembly 51 is too high or not, and giving an alarm when the tray 12 is too high, so as to prevent overweight due to too many trays 12 being placed.
As shown in fig. 2, 10 and 11, in the present embodiment, a first detection switch 61 is disposed at the rear end of the push-pull supporting plate 513, and is used for detecting whether the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pushed in place, and only after the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pushed in place, the subsequent jacking operation is performed, so that the tray 12 can be prevented from colliding with other components when being lifted, and the first detection switch 61 is optional but not limited to a micro switch. In order to prevent the push-pull supporting plate 513 from moving during the process of lifting the tray 12, which causes the first detection switch 61 to detect that the push-pull supporting plate 513 is not pushed in place, thereby affecting the normal operation, in this embodiment, clamping assemblies 52 are further disposed on both sides of the drawer assembly 51, specifically, as shown in fig. 9, 10, and 13, each clamping assembly 52 includes a clamping plate 521 and a clamping driving module 522, and after the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pushed in place, the two clamping plates 521 respectively lock the push-pull supporting plate 513 under the driving of the clamping driving module 522. Preferably, the clamping plate 521 is provided with a limiting protrusion 5211, the push-pull supporting plate 513 is provided with a limiting hole 5132, and the push-pull supporting plate 513 can be prevented from moving in multiple directions better by matching the limiting protrusion 5211 with the limiting hole 5132.
In order to realize the non-stop operation of the automatic feeding device, as shown in fig. 9, 14 and 15, in this embodiment, support assemblies 53 are further disposed on two sides of the drawer assembly 51, each support assembly 53 includes a support plate 531 and a transverse driving module 532, as shown in fig. 5, a support groove 121 matched with a support end of the support plate 531 is disposed below each tray 12, and the two support plates 531 support the uppermost tray 12 under the driving of the transverse driving module 532 respectively. Thus, preferably, when only one tray 12 is left on the jacking module 11, the tray 12 is supported by the supporting plate 531, and then the jacking module 11 is controlled to descend to the initial position, and then the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pulled to load a new tray 12 filled with magnetic tiles. In this way, during the loading of a new tray 12 filled with magnetic tiles, the uppermost tray 12 is still supported by the support members 53 at the suction position, so that the automatic loading device does not stop when loading a new tray 12, further improving efficiency.
Further, as shown in fig. 3 and fig. 16, a third detection switch 63 is provided above the empty tray rack 33 in the present embodiment, the third detection switch 63 is used for detecting the number of empty trays on the empty tray rack 33, and preventing the number from being too large to affect the operation of the recovery mechanism 3, the third detection switch 63 is selected from, but not limited to, a photoelectric detection switch, and is set at a certain height, and is triggered when the infrared light emitted by the third detection switch is blocked by the empty trays. For example, if the number of empty trays on the empty tray rack is set to be 20, when the third detection switch 63 is triggered for a long time, it is determined that the 20 th empty tray is placed on the empty tray rack 33, and at this time, the worker can be timely reminded of recycling the empty tray through voice or light. So, do not need the staff to monitor automatic feeding device's work, it is more intelligent.
In this embodiment, it is necessary to ensure that the time required for the suction cup assembly 21 to suck all the magnetic tiles 13 on one tray 12 is longer than the time required for replacing a plurality of new trays 12 filled with magnetic tiles 13. In the case that the number of the magnetic tiles 13 on each tray 12 is small, or when a worker operates a plurality of loading devices at the same time, the time may be insufficient, in this case, a vertical driving module may be disposed at the rear end of the transverse driving module 532, the two supporting plates 531 respectively support two or more trays 12 at the top under the driving of the transverse driving module 532, and the specific number is determined to meet the above time requirement, after the magnetic tiles 13 on the top tray 12 are completely sucked, the vertical driving module drives the supported trays 12 to move up by the thickness of one tray 12, so that the magnetic tiles 13 on the next tray 12 can be sucked.
Further, as shown in fig. 2 and fig. 17, the present embodiment is further provided with a second detection switch 62 for detecting whether the tray 12 reaches the material sucking position, when the second detection switch 62 detects that the tray 12 reaches the material sucking position, the material sucking mechanism 2 starts to work, and the second detection switch 62 is selected but not limited to a reflective photoelectric switch, a distance sensor, and the like.
Further, as shown in fig. 6, a translation module 23 for driving the chuck assembly 21 to move up and down is further disposed on the displacement module 22 of the material suction mechanism 2 of this embodiment, and when the chuck assembly 21 moves to above the magnetic tile 13 on the tray 12, the translation module 23 drives the chuck assembly 21 to move down to suck the magnetic tile 13. The translation module 23 may be selected from, but not limited to, an electric cylinder, an air cylinder, or a hydraulic cylinder.
Further, as shown in fig. 6, in this embodiment, a drag chain 24 is further disposed on the displacement module 22 of the material suction mechanism 2, and a pipeline at the rear end of each suction cup 211 is disposed in the drag chain 24 in a penetrating manner. Adopt sucking disc subassembly 21 to absorb magnetic shoe 13 in this embodiment, sucking disc 211 rear end on the sucking disc subassembly 21 is connected with the evacuation pipeline, and the displacement module 22 removes the in-process pipeline and can take place bending deformation and lead to damaging, and this embodiment sets up the pipeline in tow chain 24, can protect the pipeline well to guarantee whole loading attachment's normal work.
After the jacking module 11 jacks the tray 12 to the material sucking position, the magnetic shoe 13 in the uppermost tray 12 may not be very compact, that is, the magnetic shoe 13 on the tray 12 may not be right opposite to the suction disc assembly 21, and there is a certain position deviation, which affects the sucking of the suction disc assembly 21 to the magnetic shoe 13. In the present embodiment, a material arrangement module is provided to adjust the front, back, left and right positions of the magnetic tiles 13 in the topmost tray 12, specifically, as shown in fig. 18, the material arrangement module includes a front and back material arrangement module 541 and a left and right material arrangement module 542, which are selectable but not limited to electric cylinders, and both of which are higher than the upper surface of the tray 12, so that both can adjust the positions of the magnetic tiles 13 in the topmost tray 12 in the front and back direction and the left and right direction through the front and back material arrangement plates 5411 and the left and right material arrangement plates 5421, respectively, so that the magnetic tiles 13 are compactly arranged and correspond to the suckers 211 on the sucker assembly 21 one by one.
Further, as shown in fig. 7, the connection module 31 of this embodiment includes a plurality of suckers 211, and also connects the empty tray through the way that the suckers 211 suck, the moving module 32 includes a lifting moving module 321 and a horizontal moving module 322, when retrieving the empty tray, the lifting moving module 321 drives the connection module 31 to descend to suck the empty tray, and then lift, and then the horizontal moving module 322 drives the empty tray to the empty tray rack 33 at the side of the material sucking mechanism 2. So, will inhale material mechanism 2 and set up in the top of climbing mechanism 1, empty plate rail 33 sets up in the side of inhaling material mechanism 2 for whole loading attachment compact structure, occupation space is little.
Further, as shown in fig. 8, the material sending end of the conveyor belt 4 is further provided with a material pushing module 41 in this embodiment, and the material pushing module 41 pushes the magnetic shoes 13 on the conveyor belt into a subsequent production line in sequence.
Further, as shown in fig. 1-2, the automatic feeding device of this embodiment further includes a display screen and an operation panel, the display screen can display the current working state in real time, and the operation panel can perform operations such as starting, stopping, and manually replacing the tray.
The working method of the automatic feeding device comprises the following steps:
step 1: pulling the push-pull supporting plate 513 open, loading a plurality of new trays 12 filled with magnetic shoes 13, and pushing the push-pull supporting plate 513 in;
and 2, step: after the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pushed in place, the first detection switch 61 is triggered, the clamping component 52 locks the push-pull supporting plate 513, and the jacking module 11 jacks a plurality of trays 12;
and step 3: when the topmost tray 12 is jacked to the material suction position, the second detection switch 62 is triggered, the material arranging module adjusts the magnetic tiles 13 on the topmost tray 12 in a front-back and left-right mode, then the material suction mechanism 2 starts to suck the magnetic tiles 13 on the topmost tray 12 onto the conveyor belt 4, and the magnetic tiles are conveyed to production lines for detection and the like through the conveyor belt 4;
and 4, step 4: after all the magnetic tiles 13 on the topmost tray 12 are sucked onto the conveyor belt 4, the recovery mechanism 3 recovers the empty tray onto an empty tray rack 33;
and 5: the jacking module 11 continues jacking the height of the thickness of one tray 12, and then the material sucking mechanism 2 continues to work after the position of the material arranging module is adjusted;
step 6: the recovery mechanism 3 continues to recover the empty trays, and when the third detection switch 63 detects that the number of the empty trays on the empty tray rack 33 reaches a set value, an alarm is given to remind a worker to take the empty trays away;
and 7: when the number of the trays 12 on the jacking mechanism 1 reaches a set value, the supporting component 53 clamps the tray 12 on the current jacking mechanism 1, then the jacking module 11 descends to an initial position, and at the moment, the automatic feeding device can send out voice and other prompts to remind a worker to load a new tray 12;
and step 8: and returning to the step 1 and circularly performing.
Wherein, regarding step 4, because whole device during operation has certain shake, even there is the whole piece module also can appear the condition that individual magnetic shoe 13 on tray 12 is not drawn by sucking disc subassembly 21, will lead to the waste of magnetic shoe 13 like this, this embodiment can also set up the camera and monitor whether there are remaining magnetic shoes on the tray 12 above the tray 12, and fix a position remaining magnetic shoe, also draw these remaining magnetic shoes on conveyer belt 4, so make the device more accurate and intelligent, waste is reduced, further practice thrift the cost.
Regarding step 7, in this embodiment, the number of the trays 12 on the current jacking mechanism 1 is obtained by calculating the height difference through conversion, specifically, the jacking mechanism 1 includes an encoder, when the second detection switch 62 is triggered, the height of the upper surface of the current jacking mechanism 1 is calculated through the encoder, the height of the upper surface of the uppermost tray 12 on the jacking mechanism 1 (the height may be set as a fixed value) is subtracted from the height of the upper surface of the current jacking mechanism 1, and the obtained value is divided by the thickness of a single tray 12, so as to calculate the number of the trays 12 on the current jacking mechanism 1. In this way, when only one or two trays 12 remain in the jacking mechanism 1, a worker can be reminded to load a new tray 12. If the number of the trays 12 on the jacking mechanism 1 is calculated by detecting the triggering times of the second detection switch 62, calculation errors may be caused by shaking of the whole device or gaps on the side surfaces of the trays 12 (the trays are generally wooden, and cracks and gaps may occur after long-term use), and the present embodiment obtains the number of the trays 12 on the jacking mechanism 1 by calculating the height difference, so that the calculation result is more accurate.
In addition, the number of the empty trays on the empty tray rack 33 can be obtained while the number of the remaining trays 12 on the jacking mechanism 1 is calculated theoretically, but in the method, certain problems exist, in the actual operation process, a worker may operate a plurality of the feeding devices at the same time, the situation that only new trays 12 are loaded in the loading device within short time but the empty trays on the empty tray rack 33 are not taken away in time is avoided, the number of the stacked empty trays is too large, and the work of the recovery mechanism 3 is affected. In this embodiment, on one hand, when the number of the remaining trays 12 on the jacking mechanism 1 reaches the set value, the new tray 12 is reminded to be loaded, and on the other hand, when the number of the empty trays on the empty tray rack 33 reaches the set value, the empty trays are reminded to be taken away in time, so that the actual operation requirement is met.
According to the automatic feeding device, collision among the magnetic shoes in the feeding process can be avoided, the feeding speed is accelerated, automatic feeding can be realized, and a large amount of labor cost is saved.
Example two:
the automatic feeding device of the first embodiment is used for feeding and sending materials, and the automatic feeding device is improved on the basis of the first embodiment, so that the automatic feeding device can also be used for receiving materials. Specifically, in the first embodiment, the outlet of the conveyor belt 4 is formed as the inlet of the first embodiment, and the pushing module 41 is not required to be disposed on the conveyor belt 4. Further, as shown in fig. 19, in the present embodiment, a stopper 42 and a magnetic shoe detection switch 43 are disposed on the conveyor belt 4, wherein the stopper 42 is disposed at one end far away from the entrance of the conveyor belt 4 (the right end of the conveyor belt 4 in fig. 19 is the entrance of the magnetic shoe), and is configured to be fixedly mounted without moving along with the conveyor belt 4, the magnetic shoe detection switch 43 is disposed at the middle position of the conveyor belt 4, and the distance between the stopper 42 and the detection switch is greater than the length of the M-1 magnetic shoes 13 closely arranged and less than the length of the M magnetic shoes 13 closely arranged, so that when the magnetic shoes 13 are closely arranged to M, the magnetic shoe detection switch 43 is triggered for a long time. Specifically, the magnetic tile detection switch 43 can be selected from but not limited to a photoelectric switch, when the number of the magnetic tiles 13 closely arranged on the conveyor belt 4 is M, the time is triggered, the suction cup assembly 21 in the material suction mechanism 2 starts to correspondingly suck the M magnetic tiles 13 on the conveyor belt 4, and then the magnetic tiles are moved by the displacement module in the material suction mechanism 2 and placed on the empty tray currently located at the material suction position. And the present embodiment lowers the position of the third detection switch 63 as necessary to be triggered when the last tray 12 on the empty tray rack 33 is sucked away.
The working method of the automatic feeding device in the embodiment during material receiving comprises the following steps:
step 1: the recovery mechanism 3 sucks an empty tray from the empty tray frame 33 and places the empty tray on the jacking module 11, at the moment, the jacking module 11 enables the empty tray to be located at a material sucking position at the highest position, the empty tray triggers the second detection switch 62, and the material sucking mechanism 2 waits to work;
step 2: the conveyor belt 4 conveys the magnetic shoes 13 towards the stop block 42 in sequence, the magnetic shoes 13 stop at the current position after being stopped by the stop block 42, when the magnetic shoe detection switch 43 detects that the number of the magnetic shoes 13 closely arranged on the conveyor belt 4 reaches M, the material suction mechanism 2 starts to work, the magnetic shoes 13 on the conveyor belt 4 are sucked and placed on an empty tray at the current material suction position, and the material suction mechanism 2 continues to suck materials when the magnetic shoe detection switch 43 is triggered;
and step 3: after the empty tray at the material sucking position is filled with the magnetic shoes 13, the jacking module 11 descends by the height of the thickness of one tray 12;
and 4, step 4: the recovery mechanism 3 places a new empty tray at the material suction position, and the material suction mechanism 2 continues to suck materials; when the last tray 12 on the empty tray rack 33 is sucked away, the third detection switch 63 is triggered to remind the staff to place a plurality of new empty trays on the empty tray rack 33;
and 5: when the number of the trays 12 on the jacking module 1 reaches a set value, the supporting component 53 clamps the current uppermost tray 12, then the jacking module descends to the lowest position, and the automatic feeding device can send out voice and the like to remind a worker to take away the tray 12 filled with the magnetic tiles 13;
step 6: pulling the push-pull supporting plate 513 open, taking a plurality of trays 12 filled with the magnetic shoes 13 away, and then pushing the push-pull supporting plate 513 in;
and 7: after the push-pull supporting plate 513 is pushed in place, the first detection switch 61 is triggered, the clamping assembly 52 locks the push-pull supporting plate 513, and the jacking module 11 jacks;
and 8: and returning to the step 1 and circularly performing.
Optionally, in other embodiments, the structure of the connection module in the recovery mechanism may also be changed, for example, a clamping jaw structure is used to connect the tray, so that the empty tray may be lifted on the lifting mechanism, and the recovery mechanism is used to clamp the tray full of magnetic tiles after the magnetic tiles on the conveyor belt are placed on the empty tray by the material suction mechanism. Therefore, the material receiving process is similar to the material sending process in the first embodiment, and the difference is that the push-pull supporting plate is filled in the first embodiment to form an empty tray, the material sucking mechanism sucks and places the magnetic tiles on the conveying belt on the empty tray, and the recovery mechanism clamps the tray filled with the magnetic tiles.
Therefore, the automatic feeding device provided by the embodiment can be used for not only sending materials but also receiving materials.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic feeding device, characterized in that includes:
the jacking mechanism (1) comprises a jacking module (11), a plurality of trays (12) which are sequentially stacked up and down are jacked on the jacking module (11), a plurality of magnetic shoes (13) are placed in each tray (12), and the trays (12) are jacked to a material sucking position by the jacking module (11);
the material suction mechanism (2), the material suction mechanism (2) comprises a sucker component (21) and a displacement module (22), and the sucker component (21) sucks the magnetic shoes (13) and then is driven to the upper part of the conveying belt (4) by the displacement module (22) and is released onto the conveying belt (4);
the recycling mechanism (3) comprises a connecting module (31), a moving module (32) and an empty tray frame (33), and when all the magnetic tiles (13) in the uppermost tray (12) are sucked onto the conveying belt (4) to form empty trays, the connecting module (31) is connected with the empty trays and is driven to the empty tray frame (33) by the moving module (32).
2. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, wherein M x N magnetic tiles (13) are flatly laid in each tray (12), wherein M and N are positive integers greater than or equal to 1, the suction cup assembly (21) comprises M suction cups (211), the M suction cups (211) are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with a row of M magnetic tiles (13), and the suction cup assembly (21) is driven by the displacement module (22) to be above the conveyor belt (4) and released onto the conveyor belt (4) after sucking one row of magnetic tiles (13).
3. The automatic feeding device according to claim 2, wherein a lifting plate (14) is fixed to a moving end of the lifting module (11), the automatic feeding device further comprises a drawer assembly (51), the drawer assembly (51) is configured above the lifting mechanism (1), the drawer assembly (51) comprises a slidable push-pull supporting plate (513), the tray (12) is placed on the push-pull supporting plate (513), a lifting hole (5131) corresponding to the lifting plate (14) is formed in the push-pull supporting plate (513), and the size of the lifting hole (5131) is larger than that of the lifting plate (14) and smaller than that of the tray (12).
4. An automatic feeding device according to claim 3, characterized in that both sides of the tray (12) on the jacking mechanism (1) are provided with supporting components (53), each supporting component (53) comprises a supporting plate (531) and a transverse driving module (532), each tray (12) is provided with a supporting groove (121) matched with the supporting plate (531), and the two supporting plates (531) respectively support the topmost tray (12) under the driving of the transverse driving module (532).
5. The automatic feeding device according to claim 3, characterized in that two sides of the tray (12) on the jacking mechanism (1) are provided with supporting components (53), each supporting component (53) comprises a supporting plate (531), a transverse driving module (532) and a vertical driving module, each tray (12) is provided with a supporting groove (121) matched with the supporting plate (531), the two supporting plates (531) respectively support at least two uppermost trays (12) under the driving of the transverse driving module (532), and the tray (12) is driven by the vertical driving module to move up by the thickness of one tray (12) after the magnetic shoes (13) on the uppermost tray (12) are sucked.
6. An automatic loading device according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that it further comprises a first detection switch (61) for detecting whether the push-pull blade (513) is pushed into position and a second detection switch (62) for detecting whether the tray (12) reaches a material suction position.
7. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the connecting module (31) comprises a plurality of suckers (211), the empty tray is sucked by the suckers (211), the moving module (32) comprises a lifting moving module (321) and a horizontal moving module (322), and after the lifting moving module (321) drives the connecting module (31) to suck the empty tray, the connecting module is driven by the horizontal moving module (322) to an empty tray rack (33) at the side of the material sucking mechanism (2).
8. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, further comprising a monolith module comprising a front-rear monolith module (541) and a left-right monolith module (542), the front-rear monolith module (541) being disposed at a rear side of the tray (12) at the suction position, the left-right monolith module (542) being disposed at a right side of the tray (12) at the suction position, the front-rear monolith module (541) and the left-right monolith module (542) performing front-rear and left-right adjustment of the magnetic shoe (13) on the tray (12) at the suction position, respectively.
9. The working method of the automatic feeding device is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
step 1: pulling the push-pull supporting plate (513) open, loading a plurality of new trays (12) filled with magnetic shoes (13), and pushing the push-pull supporting plate (513) in;
and 2, step: after the push-pull supporting plate (513) is pushed in place, the first detection switch (61) is triggered, and the jacking module (11) jacks a plurality of trays (12);
and step 3: when the uppermost tray (12) is jacked to a material suction position, a second detection switch (62) is triggered, the material arranging module adjusts the magnetic shoe (13) on the uppermost tray (12) in a front-back and left-right mode, then the material suction mechanism (2) starts to suck the magnetic shoe (13) on the uppermost tray (12) onto the conveying belt (4), and the magnetic shoe is conveyed to a production line through the conveying belt (4);
and 4, step 4: after all the magnetic shoes (13) on the uppermost tray (12) are sucked onto the conveying belt (4), the recovery mechanism (3) recovers the empty tray onto the empty tray frame (33);
and 5: the jacking module (11) continues to jack the height of the thickness of one tray (12), and then the material suction mechanism (2) continues to work after the position of the material arranging module is adjusted;
step 6: the recovery mechanism (3) continues to recover the empty tray;
and 7: when the number of the trays (12) on the jacking mechanism (1) reaches a set value, the supporting assembly (53) clamps the tray (12) on the current jacking mechanism (1), then the jacking module (11) descends to an initial position, and at the moment, the automatic feeding device sends out a prompt to remind a worker to load a new tray (12);
and 8: and returning to the step 1.
10. The working method of the automatic feeding device according to claim 9, wherein the jacking mechanism (1) comprises an encoder, when the second detection switch (62) is triggered, the current height of the jacking mechanism (1) is calculated through the encoder, the current height of the jacking mechanism (1) is subtracted from the height of the uppermost tray (12) on the jacking mechanism (1), and the obtained value is divided by the thickness of the single tray (12) to calculate the number of the trays (12) on the current jacking mechanism (1).
CN202110783675.8A 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 Automatic feeding device and working method thereof Pending CN115611008A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110783675.8A CN115611008A (en) 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 Automatic feeding device and working method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110783675.8A CN115611008A (en) 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 Automatic feeding device and working method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN115611008A true CN115611008A (en) 2023-01-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110783675.8A Pending CN115611008A (en) 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 Automatic feeding device and working method thereof

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115973749A (en) * 2023-03-22 2023-04-18 江苏科瑞恩科技股份有限公司 Automatic tray loading station and method
CN117842673A (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-04-09 常州市马劲机电设备有限公司 Bearing processing loading attachment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115973749A (en) * 2023-03-22 2023-04-18 江苏科瑞恩科技股份有限公司 Automatic tray loading station and method
CN115973749B (en) * 2023-03-22 2023-06-13 江苏科瑞恩科技股份有限公司 Automatic palletizing station and method
CN117842673A (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-04-09 常州市马劲机电设备有限公司 Bearing processing loading attachment
CN117842673B (en) * 2024-03-07 2024-05-10 常州市马劲机电设备有限公司 Bearing processing loading attachment

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