CN115501934A - Aerated concrete plate breaker - Google Patents

Aerated concrete plate breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115501934A
CN115501934A CN202211168570.2A CN202211168570A CN115501934A CN 115501934 A CN115501934 A CN 115501934A CN 202211168570 A CN202211168570 A CN 202211168570A CN 115501934 A CN115501934 A CN 115501934A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame body
plate
fixedly connected
wall
aerated concrete
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Granted
Application number
CN202211168570.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN115501934B (en
Inventor
孙京伟
郭士鹏
张纪贺
董润泽
石亭
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Dongyue Machinery Co ltd
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Dongyue Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202211168570.2A priority Critical patent/CN115501934B/en
Publication of CN115501934A publication Critical patent/CN115501934A/en
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Publication of CN115501934B publication Critical patent/CN115501934B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/32Adjusting, applying pressure to, or controlling the distance between, milling members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/02Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for reinforced concrete
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an aerated concrete plate crusher, which belongs to the technical field of aerated concrete plate crushing equipment and can well crush generated defective waste plate products in the production process of aerated concrete plates, thoroughly separate reinforcing steel bars in plates from generated concrete waste materials, save labor cost, store land resources in a field and improve production efficiency, so that the plates are conveyed to the working surface of the plate crusher through a conveying device, are crushed by the crusher and then are separated, the reinforcing steel bars are separated from the concrete waste materials, the waste materials are recycled and enter a slurry tank again after being treated, and the automatic integration of the treatment on a defective product production line is realized in the process.

Description

Aerated concrete plate crusher
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of aerated concrete plate crushing equipment, in particular to an aerated concrete plate crusher.
Background
The aerated concrete slab is a porous plate prepared by using siliceous materials and calcareous materials as main raw materials, using aluminum powder as a gas generating material, matching with an anticorrosive reinforcing steel bar net sheet, adding water, stirring, casting and molding, precuring and cutting, and carrying out autoclaved curing.
However, in the existing aerated concrete panel equipment, because there is no equipment which can be used for crushing the waste panels generated by some factors in the production line and recycling the waste, manual work or large-scale crushing equipment is needed for crushing. This has caused the idle of abandonment panel, not only need the panel abandonment place of placing specially, still need the manual work to carry out good after-treatment, has both wasted valuable land resource, also made the great improvement of the cost of labor of production. Moreover, the produced bad products can also produce the labor time cost of transportation in the process of being carried to a crushing site from the off-line, so that the efficiency of producing the plates on the line produces negative effects, and the production efficiency is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an aerated concrete plate crusher, which can crush the generated bad waste plates well in the production process of aerated concrete plates, thoroughly separate the reinforcing steel bars in the plates from the generated concrete waste materials, save labor cost, store land resources in a field and improve production efficiency, so that the plates are conveyed to the working surface of the plate crusher through a conveying device, are crushed by the crusher and then are separated, the reinforcing steel bars are separated from the concrete waste materials, the concrete waste materials are treated and then are recycled and enter a slurry tank again, and the process realizes the automatic integration on the production line for treating the bad products.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions.
The utility model provides an aerated concrete panel breaker, includes the frame body, fixedly connected with support frame between the frame body inner wall, be equipped with the crane between the frame body inner wall, the crane is located the upside of support frame, the cylinder device is all installed to crane and the one end that the support frame is close to each other, the top is equipped with chain overspeed device tensioner in the frame body, crane upper end fixedly connected with elevating gear, fixed connection between elevating gear upper end and the chain overspeed device tensioner, the elevator motor speed reducer is installed to frame body upper end, fixed connection between the output of elevator motor speed reducer and the chain overspeed device tensioner, sole at the bottom of frame body lower extreme fixedly connected with, be equipped with screening plant between the frame body inner wall, screening plant is located the downside of support frame, the left side of frame body is equipped with abandonment panel, abandonment panel passes through conveyor and slides to between two cylinder device inner walls.
Further, the cylinder device includes that support frame and crane are close to two bases of the equal fixed connection of one end each other, base upper end fixedly connected with limiting plate, it is connected with the pivot to rotate between the limiting plate inner wall, the right-hand member of pivot runs through limiting plate and the frame body, and is located the right side of frame body, broken motor speed reducer is installed to the right side upper end of support frame, the right-hand member of pivot and the output fixed connection of broken motor speed reducer, driving motor is installed to the upper end of broken motor speed reducer, the outer end joint of pivot has breaker.
Further, breaker includes the cylinder of pivot outer end joint, a plurality of evenly distributed's piston is installed to the cylinder outer end, piston outer end fixedly connected with strikes the head, the outer pot head of cylinder is equipped with the cylinder, it runs through the cylinder and sliding connection with it to strike the head, cylinder outer end fixedly connected with turbine tooth is a plurality of it is located the clearance between the turbine tooth inner wall to strike the head, and is less than the height of turbine tooth.
Further, chain overspeed device tensioner includes a plurality of first transmission shafts of the internal top end fixed connection of frame, one of them first transmission shaft and elevator motor speed reducer's output fixed connection, first transmission shaft outer end fixedly connected with sprocket, first transmission shaft lower extreme difference fixedly connected with first limiting plate and second limiting plate, first limiting plate, second limiting plate are mutual symmetry and lie in between the inner wall of the frame, and are a plurality of the chain is installed to the sprocket outer end, first limiting plate, second limiting plate outer end are all opened the chisel and are had the through-hole, it is connected with two-way lead screw to rotate between the through-hole inner wall, two-way lead screw is for controlling the lead screw setting, the one end fixedly connected with link plate that first limiting plate is close to the elevator motor speed reducer, the one end that link plate is close to two-way lead screw rotates and is connected with the second transmission shaft, the second transmission shaft is located two-way lead screw upside, second transmission shaft outer end fixedly connected with drive gear and thread bush, the thread bush is located two-way lead screw upside and is connected with it meshing, drive gear is located between thread bush and the link plate inner wall, the sprocket of speed reducer and elevator motor downside is connected.
Further, screening plant includes the transport bottom plate of installation between the frame body inner wall, bottom end chiseling is fluted in the transport bottom plate, it is connected with a plurality of commentaries on classics rollers to rotate between the recess inner wall, commentaries on classics roller outer pot head is equipped with the conveyer belt, it has electronic slide rail to carry the bottom plate inner wall to chive, sliding connection has the slide between the electronic slide rail inner wall, fixedly connected with filter screen between the slide inner wall.
Furthermore, the lifting device drives the lifting frame to move up and down through the screw rod and the screw nut mechanism.
Furthermore, the frame body is fixed on the set foundation through a footing plate mounting bolt.
Furthermore, the piston realizes the expansion of the cylinder through an air pump connected outside the cylinder, and an air duct connected at the outer end of the cylinder is rotatably connected between the cylinders.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) This scheme is for realizing in aerated concrete panel production process, and the abandonment panel of avoiding producing in the production line because of some factors stacks the phenomenon that leads to occuping a large amount of places wantonly and takes place, through having set up the cylinder device to abandonment panel processing, makes produced abandonment panel in the production line can realize the breakage through the cylinder device, separates the reinforcing bar in the panel and concrete to realize concrete reutilization in the abandonment panel.
(2) This scheme is for realizing at aerated concrete panel crushing process, improves the crushing efficiency of breaker to abandonment panel, through having set up the breaker to the high-efficient broken of abandonment panel, impels breaker to reduce the structural strength of abandonment panel to the panel damage in-process through broken face with the point, then is wholly carrying out the breakage to abandonment panel to the realization is to the more efficient crushing effect of abandonment panel.
(3) This scheme is at the aerated concrete panel crushing in-process for the realization, it produces the skew to avoid the crane to drive the cylinder device when going up and down, and adjust the tensile force when transmitting to the chain, through having set up the chain overspeed device tensioner that can adjust the elevator motor speed reducer displacement volume, thereby reach the purpose of chain tensioning, and cooperate nut and limiting plate to fix the bolt simultaneously, form the interact power with the pulling force of chain, reach the force balance state, reach the elevator motor speed reducer after adjusting and not producing the effect of offset.
(4) This scheme is at the aerated concrete panel crushing in-process for the realization, the concrete of the broken separation of abandonment panel and better carrying out secondary recycle, avoid too much extravagant manpower resources to collect the separation material, through having set up the automatic screening plant who collects the screening of concrete and the separation of reinforcing bar material that can form after the breakage to abandonment panel, impel and filter concrete and separation of reinforcing bar material in step when broken to abandonment panel and carry alone, reduce later stage personnel and carry out the working procedure that secondary screened.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the plate crusher of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the plate crusher of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic left-side view of the plate crusher of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the operation of the plate crusher of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the drum device according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the construction of the chain tensioner of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the crushing apparatus according to the present invention;
figure 8 is a schematic diagram of the construction of the screening device of the present invention.
The numbering in the figures illustrates:
1 frame body, 2 support frames, 3 lifting frames, 4 roller devices, 41 bases, 42 limit plates, 43 rotating shafts, 44 crushing devices, 441 cylinders, 442 pistons, 443 rollers, 444 turbine teeth, 445 impact heads, 45 crushing motor reducers, 46 driving motors, 5 lifting devices, 6 lifting motor reducers, 7 chain tensioning devices, 71 first limit plates, 72 through holes, 73 bidirectional screw rods, 74 first transmission shafts, 75 chain teeth, 76 chains, 77 second limit plates, 78 connecting plates, 79 second transmission shafts, 710 transmission gears, 711 thread sleeves, 8 bottom foot plates, 9 screening devices, 91 conveying bottom plates, 92 grooves, 93 rotating rollers, 94 conveying belts, 95 electric sliding rails, 96 sliding plates, 97 filter screens and 10 waste plates.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and do not limit the invention.
Example 1:
in order to realize in aerated concrete panel production process, avoid in the production line because of the discarded panel that some factors produced to cause idle occupation too much factory, and need the manual work to carry and carry out the phenomenon of good after-treatment to it, an aerated concrete panel breaker in this embodiment, in aerated concrete panel production process, through carrying out crushing treatment with the discarded panel that produces in the production line because of some factors, make the reinforcing bar in the panel separate with the concrete waste who produces, operating personnel can realize the waste utilization after handling the concrete waste and get into the slurry tank once more and carry out secondary operation, carry afterwards to the production line in, reduce the produced problem that occupies a large amount of spaces and need the manual work to carry out good after-treatment of discarded panel.
As shown in fig. 1-8, an aerated concrete panel crusher comprises a frame body 1, a support frame 2 is fixedly connected between the inner walls of the frame body 1, a lifting frame 3 is arranged between the inner walls of the frame body 1, the lifting frame 3 is positioned on the upper side of the support frame 2, a roller device 4 is installed at one end, close to each other, of the lifting frame 3 and the support frame 2, a chain tensioning device 7 is arranged at the top end in the frame body 1, a lifting device 5 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the lifting frame 3, a lifting motor speed reducer 6 is installed at the upper end of the lifting device 5 and the chain tensioning device 7, a bottom base plate 8 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the frame body 1, a screening device 9 is arranged between the inner walls of the frame body 1, the screening device 9 is positioned on the lower side of the support frame 2, a waste panel 10 is arranged on the left side of the frame body 1, and the waste panel 10 slides to the inner walls of the two roller devices 4 through a conveying device.
In the use process, an operator can transmit waste plates generated in a production line due to certain factors to a working surface between two roller devices 4 through a transmission device, then the waste plates are crushed by the roller devices 4 to realize the waste separation work of reinforcing steel bars and concrete in the plates, and the later-stage workers can treat the concrete waste materials and fill the concrete waste materials into a slurry tank again for secondary treatment, so that the automatic integration on the production line for treating defective products is realized, meanwhile, in the crushing treatment process of the waste plates 10, the roller devices 4 can rotate through a lead screw of a lifting device 5, the up-and-down translation of the roller devices 4 is realized under the driving of the lead screw and a lead screw nut mechanism, the roller devices 4 on the upper side are translated, the roller devices 4 on the upper side and the lower side are relatively displaced to adjust the appropriate crushing distance, the aim of crushing the plates is achieved, and under the action of a chain tensioning device 7, the tensioning force of a lifting frame 3 is adjusted, so that the lifting frame 3 is not easy to generate offset when being lifted up and down, the state of force balance is achieved, the lifting frame 3 can be more stable when being translated up and the air entraining efficiency of the waste plates and the existing concrete equipment is greatly improved.
Example 2:
further, in order to avoid the phenomenon that a large amount of space is occupied due to random stacking of waste plates generated by certain factors in a production line in the production process of the aerated concrete plates, the roller device 4 for treating the waste plates is added on the basis of the embodiment 1, so that the waste plates generated in the production line can be broken through the roller device 4, and steel bars and concrete in the plates are separated to realize the secondary utilization of the concrete in the waste plates.
As shown in fig. 1-5, the drum device 4 includes two bases 41 with one ends being close to the same fixed connection of the support frame 2 and the crane 3, the upper end of the base 41 is fixedly connected with a limiting plate 42, a rotating shaft 43 is rotatably connected between the inner walls of the limiting plate 42, the right end of the rotating shaft 43 penetrates through the limiting plate 42 and the frame body 1 and is located on the right side of the frame body 1, a crushing motor reducer 45 is installed on the upper end of the right side of the support frame 2, the right end of the rotating shaft 43 is fixedly connected with the output end of the crushing motor reducer 45, a driving motor 46 is installed on the upper end of the crushing motor reducer 45, and a crushing device 44 is clamped at the outer end of the rotating shaft 43.
When using, the discarded panel that the operating personnel accessible produced in with the production line is carried to between two breaker 44 through transmission device, upside breaker 44 moves down through crane 3's effect afterwards, through start driving motor 46, drive broken motor speed reducer 45 functions, cause and rotate with breaker 44 fixed pivot 43 of surface joint, thereby realize reaching broken panel's purpose under the extrusion force that upper and lower breaker 44 rotated the production, decompose discarded panel into concrete and reinforcing bar, the later stage operating personnel is to concrete reutilization in the discarded panel of being convenient for, practice thrift use cost and avoid discarded panel to stack the phenomenon that leads to occuping a large amount of places wantonly under the nothing breakage and take place, also need not the personnel to carry out the working procedure of good after-treatment to the discarded panel of placing at the while.
Example 3:
further, for realizing at the aerated concrete panel crushing in-process, improve breaker 44 to the crushing efficiency of abandonment panel, this embodiment increases breaker 44 to the high-efficient broken of abandonment panel on embodiment 2's basis, makes breaker 44 reduce the structural strength of abandonment panel through with the broken face of point to the panel damage in-process, then is wholly carrying out the breakage to abandonment panel to the realization is to the more efficient crushing effect of abandonment panel.
As shown in fig. 4-5 and 7, the crushing device 44 includes a cylinder 441 clamped at the outer end of the rotating shaft 43, a plurality of pistons 442 evenly distributed are mounted at the outer end of the cylinder 441, an impact head 445 is fixedly connected at the outer end of the piston 442, a roller 443 is sleeved at the outer end of the cylinder 441, the impact head 445 penetrates through the roller 443 and is in sliding connection with the roller 443, turbine teeth 444 are fixedly connected at the outer end of the roller 443, and the plurality of impact heads 445 are located in gaps between inner walls of the turbine teeth 444 and are lower than the height of the turbine teeth 444.
When the crushing device is used, when the waste plate 10 is conveyed between the two crushing devices 44 through the conveying device, and the upper crushing device 44 moves downwards to a proper crushing interval, the two rollers 443 rotate under the action of the rotating shaft 43, the turbine teeth 444 on the outer sides of the two rollers 443 are meshed with each other, so that the waste plate is crushed more thoroughly, meanwhile, in the process that the waste plate is crushed by the two turbine teeth 444, the air pump is connected to the outer end of the air cylinder 441, and the piston 442 performs piston work under the conveying of the air pump, so that when the waste plate is crushed and is positioned at the vertical plane of the impact heads 445 on the upper side and the lower side, the impact heads 445 continuously stretch and extend to perform multi-point impact on the waste plate, further crush the waste plate, reduce the structural rigidity of the waste plate, enable the efficiency of the waste plate crushing by the turbine teeth 444 to be better, and enable the concrete and steel bars to be separated to be looser, and then fall into the screening device 9 for recycling.
Example 4:
further, for realizing at the broken in-process of aerated concrete panel, it produces the skew to avoid crane 3 to drive cylinder device 4 when going up and down, and adjust the tensile force when transmitting to the chain, this embodiment increases the chain overspeed device tensioner 7 that can adjust the elevator motor speed reducer displacement volume on embodiment 1's basis, thereby reach the purpose of chain tensioning, and cooperate nut and limiting plate to fix the bolt simultaneously, form the interact power with the pulling force of chain, reach the power equilibrium state, thereby reach the effect that the elevator motor speed reducer after adjusting is not producing the offset.
As shown in fig. 1-4 and fig. 6, the chain tensioner 7 includes a plurality of first transmission shafts 74 fixedly connected to the top end of the frame 1, one of the first transmission shafts 74 is fixedly connected to the output end of the elevator motor reducer 6, the outer end of the first transmission shaft 74 is fixedly connected to the sprocket 75, the lower end of the first transmission shaft 74 is fixedly connected to the first and second limiting plates 71 and 77, the first and second limiting plates 71 and 77 are symmetrically located between the inner walls of the frame 1, the chain 76 is installed at the outer end of the plurality of sprockets 75, through holes 72 are drilled at the outer ends of the first and second limiting plates 71 and 77, a bidirectional screw rod 73 is rotatably connected between the inner walls of the through holes 72, the bidirectional screw rod 73 is provided as a left-right screw rod, one end of the first limiting plate 71 close to the elevator motor 6 is fixedly connected to the connecting plate 78, one end of the connecting plate 78 close to the bidirectional screw rod 73 is rotatably connected to the second transmission shaft 79, the second transmission shaft 79 is located at the upper side of the bidirectional screw rod 73, the second transmission shaft 79 is fixedly connected to the driving gear 710 and the lower side of the elevator motor reducer 75, the driving gear 710 is connected to the elevating motor reducer 75.
When the device is used, if the tension transmitted by the waste plate 10 needs to be adjusted, an operator can start the lifting motor reducer 6 to enable the lifting motor reducer 6 to rotate clockwise, so that the first transmission shaft 74 and the sprocket 75 below the lifting motor reducer 6 rotate and are linked with the transmission gear 710 to rotate, and under the action of the transmission gear 710, the second transmission shaft 79 is driven to rotate synchronously, so that the threaded sleeve 711 and the bidirectional screw rod 73 are driven to carry out meshing transmission, thereby realizing the worm gear transmission principle, meanwhile, because the bidirectional screw rod 73 is arranged as a left-handed screw rod and a right-handed screw rod, the main structure is that one end is a left-handed screw rod, and the other end is a right-handed screw rod, like a structure that two nuts on one rod can realize the motion in opposite directions at the same time, the left side of two-way lead screw 73 is the setting of dextrorotation thread, the right side is the setting of levogyration thread, the direction of rotation when the lead screw motion that levogyration and dextrorotation of the levogyration lead screw represented respectively in this scheme, the main function of its lead screw is in order to realize turning into linear motion with rotary motion, thereby cause under the rotation of two-way lead screw 73, realize that first limiting plate 71 and second limiting plate 77 remove or remove to the one end that is close to each other to the direction that both sides were kept away from, impel under the effect of interval regulation between first limiting plate 71 and second limiting plate 77, form the interact power with the pulling force of chain 10, reach power balanced state, make the tensile force of chain 76 take place to change, after adjusting, the elevator motor speed reducer is not producing the offset.
Example 5:
further, for realizing at aerated concrete panel crushing in-process, the concrete of the broken separation of abandonment panel and better carrying out secondary recycle with the reinforcing bar, avoid too much extravagant manpower resources to collect the separation material, this embodiment increases the automatic screening plant 9 that collects the screening of concrete and reinforcing bar separation material that can form after the breakage to abandonment panel on embodiment 1's basis, impel and filter concrete and reinforcing bar separation material in step when breaking abandonment panel and carry alone, reduce later stage personnel and carry out the work step of secondary screening.
As shown in fig. 4 and 8, the screening device 9 includes a conveying bottom plate 91 installed between the inner walls of the frame body 1, a groove 92 is cut at the inner bottom end of the conveying bottom plate 91, a plurality of rotating rollers 93 are rotatably connected between the inner walls of the groove 92, a conveying belt 94 is sleeved at the outer end of each rotating roller 93, an electric slide rail 95 is cut on the inner wall of the conveying bottom plate 91, a sliding plate 96 is slidably connected between the inner walls of the electric slide rails 95, and a filter screen 97 is fixedly connected between the inner walls of the sliding plate 96.
When the waste plate crusher is used, the waste plate is crushed under the action of the roller device 4, concrete and steel bars generated by the crushed waste plate fall to the surface of a sliding plate 96 below a frame body 1 from the upper side of a support frame 2, under the action of a filter screen 97 arranged between the inner walls of the sliding plate 96 in a porous mode, concrete with larger particles stays on the upper surface of the filter screen 97, fine concrete gravel falls to the surface of a conveying belt 94 below through the filter screen 97, the conveying belt 94 rotates under the transmission action of a plurality of rollers 93, a to-be-processed working area conveyed by the fine concrete gravel is formed, so that waste materials are conveyed into a slurry tank again for secondary processing, the cost is saved, the labor consumption is reduced, when the fine particles are conveyed by the conveying belt 94 below, the sliding plate 96 above is synchronously piled with the steel bars and the large concrete, under the action of an electric sliding rail 95, the sliding plate 96 full of the steel bars and the sliding plate with larger particles is conveyed to the processing area, meanwhile, the sliding plate 96 of the subsequent waste plate is synchronously jointed, the crushed concrete and the crushed concrete can be automatically collected after no-load screening.
Example 6:
further, elevating gear 5 drives crane 3 through lead screw and lead screw nut mechanism and translates from top to bottom, can be so that crane 3 when reciprocating, stability that can be more, simultaneously under lead screw and lead screw nut mechanism drive, also can be convenient for later maintenance master's dismouting and maintenance, improve work efficiency.
Further, on frame body 1 was fixed in the basis that sets up through 8 construction bolts on the footing board, can be so that operating personnel when stabilizing frame body 1, the installation master can be more convenient, and also can be more high-efficient when later stage is dismantled.
Further, piston 442 realizes through cylinder 441 external connection's air pump that the cylinder is flexible, and the breather pipe that the cylinder 441 outer end is connected rotates between cylinder 441 to be connected, can make piston 442 realize the cylinder work through the air pump, and is better to the impact strength of abandonment panel, and the telescopic link of being different from among the current strikes, strengthens the crushing efficiency to abandonment panel.
In conclusion, the concrete main point of this scheme is including broken cylinder device 4, the elevating gear 5 of the broken interval of control, chain overspeed device tensioner 7, the screening plant 9 and the frame body 1 constitution of separation material. The upper and lower rollers 443 are rotated to generate extrusion force by inputting power through the motor reducer, so that the effect of crushing the plate is achieved. The lifting device 5 enables the upper roller 443 to achieve the lifting effect of the roller 443 through the rotation of the screw, and the plate material proportion is adjusted according to the thickness of the plate on site to meet the requirement of crushing. The tensioning part of the chain 76 is adjusted and limited by double bolts, so that the tensioning degree of the chain 76 is proper, the chain 76 is prevented from breaking due to over-tightness and falling off due to over-looseness, and the stability of a transmission system is improved. The frame body 1 is mainly made of square tubes welded for welding, the connecting parts are connected through bolts, hole sites are machined after integral welding through a numerical control machine, the mounting size and the connecting position precision are guaranteed, and the firmness and durability of the device are guaranteed. Simultaneously, the concrete and the reinforcing steel bars separated from the crushed waste plates 10 are screened by the screening device 9, so that the separated concrete can be more efficiently transmitted to a processing area for secondary processing and recycling. This scheme is damaged to bad panel product through the extrusion force that adopts twin drum, has solved the processing problem of broken bad panel product before, has reduced the cost that occupies the land resource is deposited with the product to the manual work.
The above; are merely preferred embodiments of the invention; the scope of the invention is not limited thereto; those skilled in the art can appreciate that the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed herein; the technical scheme and the improved concept of the invention are equally replaced or changed; are intended to be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an aerated concrete panel breaker, includes frame body (1), its characterized in that: fixedly connected with support frame (2) between the frame body (1) inner wall, be equipped with crane (3) between frame body (1) inner wall, crane (3) are located the upside of support frame (2), drum device (4) are all installed to the one end that crane (3) and support frame (2) are close to each other, the top is equipped with chain overspeed device tensioner (7) in frame body (1), crane (3) upper end fixedly connected with elevating gear (5), fixed connection between elevating gear (5) upper end and chain overspeed device tensioner (7), elevator motor speed reducer (6) are installed to frame body (1) upper end, fixed connection between the output of elevator motor speed reducer (6) and chain overspeed device tensioner (7), frame body (1) lower extreme fixedly connected with end base board (8), be equipped with screening plant (9) between frame body (1) inner wall, screening plant (9) are located the downside of support frame (2), the left side of frame body (1) is equipped with abandonment panel (10), abandonment panel (10) slide to between two drum device (4) inner walls through conveyor.
2. An aerated concrete slab breaker according to claim 1, wherein: roller device (4) are close to two base (41) of the equal fixed connection of one end each other including support frame (2) and crane (3), base (41) upper end fixedly connected with limiting plate (42), it is connected with pivot (43) to rotate between limiting plate (42) inner wall, the right-hand member of pivot (43) runs through limiting plate (42) and the frame body (1), and is located the right side of frame body (1), broken motor speed reducer (45) are installed to the right side upper end of support frame (2), the right-hand member of pivot (43) and the output fixed connection of broken motor speed reducer (45), driving motor (46) are installed to the upper end of broken motor speed reducer (45), the outer end joint of pivot (43) has breaker (44).
3. An aerated concrete plate crusher according to claim 2, characterized in that: breaker (44) include cylinder (441) of pivot (43) outer end joint, a plurality of evenly distributed's piston (442) are installed to cylinder (441) outer end, piston (442) outer end fixedly connected with strikes head (445), the outer pot head of cylinder (441) is equipped with cylinder (443), strike head (445) and run through cylinder (443) and sliding connection with it, cylinder (443) outer end fixedly connected with turbine tooth (444), it is a plurality strike head (445) and be located the clearance between turbine tooth (444) inner wall, and be less than the height of turbine tooth (444).
4. An aerated concrete slab breaker according to claim 1, wherein: chain overspeed device tensioner (7) are including a plurality of first transmission shafts (74) of frame body (1) interior top end fixed connection, one of them first transmission shaft (74) and the output fixed connection of elevator motor speed reducer (6), first transmission shaft (74) outer end fixedly connected with sprocket (75), first transmission shaft (74) lower extreme difference fixedly connected with first limiting plate (71) and second limiting plate (77), first limiting plate (71), second limiting plate (77) are mutual symmetric position between the inner wall of frame body (1), and are a plurality of sprocket (75) outer end installs chain (76), through-hole (72) have all been dug to first limiting plate (71), second limiting plate (77) outer end, it is connected with two-way lead screw (73) to rotate between through-hole (72) inner wall, two-way lead screw (73) are for controlling the rotation lead screw setting, one end fixedly connected with linkage plate (78) that first limiting plate (71) is close to elevator motor speed reducer (6), the one end fixedly connected with second transmission shaft (79) that linkage plate (78) is close to two-way lead screw (73) rotates and is connected with second transmission shaft (79), second transmission shaft (79) upside (710) fixed connection screw thread sleeve (711), the threaded sleeve (711) is positioned on the upper side of the bidirectional screw rod (73) and is in meshed connection with the bidirectional screw rod, the transmission gear (710) is positioned between the threaded sleeve (711) and the inner wall of the connecting plate (78), and the transmission gear (710) is in meshed connection with the sprocket (75) on the lower side of the lifting motor speed reducer (6).
5. An aerated concrete slab breaker according to claim 1, wherein: screening plant (9) are including conveying bottom plate (91) of installation between frame body (1) inner wall, bottom end cut groove (92) in conveying bottom plate (91), it is connected with a plurality of roller (93) of changeing to rotate between groove (92) inner wall, it is equipped with conveyer belt (94) to change roller (93) outer pot head, conveying bottom plate (91) inner wall cut electric slide rail (95), sliding connection has slide (96) between electric slide rail (95) inner wall, fixedly connected with filter screen (97) between slide (96) inner wall.
6. An aerated concrete slab breaker according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting device (5) drives the lifting frame (3) to move up and down through the screw rod and screw nut mechanism.
7. An aerated concrete slab breaker according to claim 1, wherein: the frame body (1) is fixed on the set foundation through a footing plate (8) mounting bolt.
8. An aerated concrete plate crusher according to claim 3, characterized in that: the piston (442) achieves cylinder extension through an air pump connected with the outside of the cylinder (441), and a ventilation pipeline connected with the outer end of the cylinder (441) is rotatably connected between the cylinders (441).
CN202211168570.2A 2022-09-24 2022-09-24 Aerated concrete plate crusher Active CN115501934B (en)

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Denomination of invention: A type of aerated concrete board crusher

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