CN115008291A - Sheet metal edge polishing equipment - Google Patents

Sheet metal edge polishing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115008291A
CN115008291A CN202210823311.2A CN202210823311A CN115008291A CN 115008291 A CN115008291 A CN 115008291A CN 202210823311 A CN202210823311 A CN 202210823311A CN 115008291 A CN115008291 A CN 115008291A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seat
pinch roller
belt transmission
groups
transverse moving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202210823311.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
荣伟娟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN JINGTAI TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Original Assignee
TIANJIN JINGTAI TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by TIANJIN JINGTAI TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD filed Critical TIANJIN JINGTAI TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Priority to CN202210823311.2A priority Critical patent/CN115008291A/en
Publication of CN115008291A publication Critical patent/CN115008291A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation

Abstract

The invention relates to a metal plate edge polishing device. The device comprises an installation rack, wherein a plurality of groups of distance adjusting guide rails are fixedly connected to the top surface of the installation rack, and a first transverse moving seat and a second transverse moving seat are connected to the distance adjusting guide rails in a sliding manner; a group of belt transmission lines are respectively arranged on the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat, and a transmission driving device for driving the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat to synchronously operate and a distance adjusting driving device for adjusting the distance between the two groups of belt transmission lines are arranged between the two groups of belt transmission lines; an edge grinding device and a chamfering device are respectively arranged at the outer sides of the two groups of belt transmission lines, a feeding pinch roller device is respectively arranged above the transmission surfaces of the two groups of belt transmission lines, and the feeding pinch roller device is in rolling contact with the plate and can press the plate on the transmission surfaces; the device also comprises a flange transition device which is respectively arranged on the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat and is positioned at the feeding end of each belt transmission line. The plate polishing machine can continuously convey plates for polishing, is suitable for plates with different widths, and has strong universality and high working efficiency.

Description

Sheet metal edge polishing equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of plate processing equipment, and particularly relates to metal plate edge polishing equipment.
Background
The metal material is a material with the properties of luster, ductility, easy electric conduction, heat transfer and the like, wherein steel is a basic structural material and is called as an industrial skeleton; the cutting processing can not be separated in the forming processing process of a common metal plate, burrs can be generated at the corners of the cut metal plate, and the polishing of the metal plate is an indispensable processing step in order not to influence the processing effect of the subsequent welding and other processes.
In the actual operation process, generally come to process sheet metal through the edging device, utilize motor drive to polish the wheel promptly and carry out the edging chamfer to sheet metal, can remove the burr through the edging, make it pleasing to the eye. And meanwhile, operators can be prevented from being scratched.
However, in the using process, the existing edge grinding device is simple in structure, the position of a grinding element is fixed, the grinding element is inconvenient to adjust, and the edge grinding device is not suitable for grinding plates with various sizes; in addition, the plate is often manually pushed to be polished in the polishing process, the labor intensity of workers is high, the working efficiency is low, and certain potential safety hazards exist.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides the metal plate edge polishing equipment which is reasonable in structural design, convenient to adjust and high in working efficiency, and aims to solve the technical problems in the prior art.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems in the prior art is as follows: the metal plate edge polishing equipment comprises an installation rack, wherein a plurality of groups of distance adjusting guide rails which are transversely arranged in parallel are fixedly connected to the top surface of the installation rack, and a first transverse moving seat and a second transverse moving seat are connected to the distance adjusting guide rails in a sliding manner through sliding blocks; a group of belt transmission lines are respectively arranged on the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat, and a transmission driving device for driving the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat to synchronously operate and a distance adjusting driving device for adjusting the distance between the two groups of belt transmission lines are arranged between the two groups of belt transmission lines; an edge grinding device and a chamfering device are respectively arranged at the outer sides of the two groups of belt transmission lines, a feeding pinch roller device is respectively arranged above the transmission surfaces of the two groups of belt transmission lines, and the feeding pinch roller device is in rolling contact with the plate and can press the plate on the transmission surfaces; the device also comprises a flange transition device which is respectively arranged on the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat and is positioned at the feeding end of each belt transmission line.
The invention has the advantages and positive effects that: the invention provides a metal plate edge polishing device which can continuously convey plates by arranging two groups of belt transmission lines without continuously pushing plates to perform polishing operation by manpower, thereby reducing the labor intensity of the manpower and having high automation degree; by arranging the edge grinding device and the chamfering device, the edge of the plate transmitted by the belt transmission line can be ground, so that the edge of the plate is smooth; the feeding pinch roller device is matched with the belt transmission line for use, so that the plate can be pressed on the transmission surface of the belt transmission line, and safety accidents caused by shaking or flying out of the plate in the edge grinding process are prevented; by arranging the transmission driving device and the distance adjusting driving device, the distance between the two groups of belt transmission lines can be adjusted according to the width of the plate to be processed, and the belt transmission lines after distance adjustment can run synchronously, so that the polishing equipment can polish plates with various sizes, and the device has strong universality and convenient adjustment; through setting up two sets of flange transition devices, can carry on spacingly to the plate that gets into the belt transmission line for edging device and chamfer device can carry out accurate edging operation to the edge of plate, have improved the effect of polishing.
Preferably: the transmission driving device comprises a spline shaft which is transversely arranged, and the extension direction of the spline shaft is consistent with that of the distance-adjusting guide rail; the frames of the two groups of belt transmission lines are in sliding connection with the spline shaft through the spline sleeve; a transmission gear pair is arranged between the spline shaft and the driving belt wheel of each belt transmission line; the transmission mechanism further comprises a transmission motor for driving the spline shaft to rotate.
Preferably: the transmission gear pair comprises a driving transmission gear arranged on the spline shaft and a driven transmission gear arranged on a rotating shaft of a driving belt wheel of the belt transmission line, and the driving transmission gear is meshed with the driven transmission gear.
Preferably: the distance adjusting driving device comprises rack shafts which are respectively arranged on racks of the belt transmission lines, and the extension direction of each rack shaft is consistent with that of the distance adjusting guide rail; the pitch control mechanism is characterized by further comprising a pitch control motor, wherein a driving gear positioned between the two groups of rack shafts is connected to an output shaft of the pitch control motor in a keyed mode, and the driving gear is meshed with the two groups of rack shafts.
Preferably: the edge grinding device comprises a first dovetail seat, a first motor base is connected to the first dovetail seat in a sliding mode, a first adjusting screw rod is connected to the first dovetail seat in a rotating mode, and a nut connected with the first motor base is screwed on the first adjusting screw rod; the grinding machine also comprises a first grinding motor arranged on the first motor base, and an output shaft of the first grinding motor is connected with a grinding wheel; the first hand wheel is arranged at the outer end of the first adjusting screw rod.
Preferably: the chamfering device comprises a chamfering support provided with an inclined plane, a second dovetail seat is installed on the inclined plane of the chamfering support, a second motor base is connected to the second dovetail seat in a sliding mode, a second adjusting screw rod is connected to the second dovetail seat in a rotating mode, and a nut connected with the second motor base is screwed on the second adjusting screw rod; the output shaft of the second grinding motor is connected with a chamfer grinding wheel; and the second hand wheel is arranged at the outer end part of the second adjusting screw rod.
Preferably: the first transverse moving seat and the second transverse moving seat are respectively and fixedly connected with a pinch roller mounting frame positioned at the outer side of the corresponding belt transmission line; the feeding pinch roller devices are provided with a plurality of groups, and the groups of feeding pinch roller devices are connected with the pinch roller mounting frame and are distributed at equal intervals according to the transmission direction of the belt transmission line.
Preferably: the feeding pinch roller device comprises a pinch roller lifting cylinder, wherein the extension end of the pinch roller lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with a pinch roller mounting frame and is downwards arranged, a pinch roller lifting seat is arranged at the extension end of the pinch roller lifting cylinder, a pinch roller seat is arranged below the pinch roller lifting seat, and a plurality of groups of spring buffer assemblies are arranged between the pinch roller lifting seat and the pinch roller seat; the feeding device also comprises a plurality of groups of feeding pinch rollers which are rotatably connected on the pinch roller seat, and the plurality of groups of feeding pinch rollers are distributed along the transmission direction of the belt transmission line; the device also comprises a pinch roller lifting guide rod which is fixedly connected to the pinch roller lifting seat and is longitudinally arranged, and the pinch roller lifting guide rod is connected with the pinch roller mounting frame in a sliding manner through a linear bearing.
Preferably: the spring buffer assembly comprises a spring guide rod which is in sliding connection with the pinch roller lifting seat through a linear bearing, a limiting piece is arranged at the top of the spring guide rod, and the bottom of the spring guide rod is connected with the pinch roller seat; and the buffer spring is arranged between the pinch roller seat and the pinch roller lifting seat and sleeved on the spring guide rod.
Preferably: the flange transition device comprises a flange wheel seat, a plurality of groups of flange positioning wheels which are positioned on the outer side of the transmission surface of the belt transmission line are connected on the flange wheel seat in a rotating manner, and the flange transition device also comprises a transition roller seat which is arranged on the flange wheel seat, a plurality of groups of transition rotating rollers are connected on the transition roller seat in a rotating manner, and the transition rotating rollers are positioned in the front of the feeding end of the belt transmission line.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the belt transmission line, the transmission driving device and the distance-adjusting driving device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a flange transition device according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the edge grinding device according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the chamfering apparatus according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the feeding pinch roller device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. installing a frame; 2. a first traverse seat; 3. adjusting the distance of the guide rail; 4. an edge grinding device; 4-1, grinding edge wheels; 4-2, a first grinding motor; 4-3, a first hand wheel; 4-4, a first adjusting screw; 4-5, a first dovetail seat; 4-6, a first motor base; 5. a chamfering device; 5-1, chamfering the grinding wheel; 5-2, a second grinding motor; 5-3, a second hand wheel; 5-4, a second adjusting screw; 5-5, a second dovetail seat; 5-6, a second motor base; 5-7, chamfering the bracket; 6. a belt transmission line; 7. a transmission drive device; 7-1, spline shaft; 7-2, driving transmission gear; 7-3, a transmission motor; 7-4, a transmission motor base; 8. a distance adjusting driving device; 8-1, adjusting the distance motor; 8-2, a rack shaft; 8-3, a rack guide seat; 9. a feed pinch roller device; 9-1, feeding pinch rollers; 9-2, a pinch roller seat; 9-3, a pinch roller lifting seat; 9-4, a pinch roller lifting cylinder; 9-5, a pinch roller lifting guide rod; 9-6, a spring guide rod; 9-7, a buffer spring; 10. a pinch roller mounting frame; 11. a second traverse seat; 12. a flange transition device; 12-1, a flange wheel seat; 12-2, a flange positioning wheel; 12-3, transition roller; 12-4 and a transition roller seat.
Detailed Description
In order to further understand the contents, features and effects of the present invention, the following embodiments are described in detail as follows:
referring to fig. 1, the metal plate edge polishing apparatus of the present invention includes an installation frame 1, a plurality of sets of distance-adjusting guide rails 3 arranged in parallel and transversely are fixed on the top surface of the installation frame 1, and a first traverse seat 2 and a second traverse seat 11 are slidably connected to the distance-adjusting guide rails 3 through sliders.
A set of belt transmission lines 6 are respectively installed on the first transverse moving seat 2 and the second transverse moving seat 11, each belt transmission line 6 comprises a rack, a set of driven belt wheels are respectively and rotatably connected to two ends of each rack, a driving belt wheel is rotatably connected to the middle of each rack, and a belt is in transmission connection between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel.
A transmission driving device 7 for driving the two belt transmission lines 6 to synchronously operate and a distance adjusting driving device 8 for adjusting the distance between the two belt transmission lines 6 are arranged between the two belt transmission lines 6.
Further referring to fig. 2, the transmission driving device 7 includes a spline shaft 7-1 transversely disposed, and the extension direction of the spline shaft 7-1 is the same as that of the pitch guide rail 3; the frames of the two groups of belt transmission lines 6 are in sliding connection with the spline shafts 7-1 through spline sleeves. A transmission gear pair is arranged between the spline shaft 7-1 and the driving belt wheel of each belt transmission line 6, the transmission gear pair comprises a driving transmission gear 7-2 arranged on the spline shaft 7-1 and a driven transmission gear arranged on a rotating shaft of the driving belt wheel of each belt transmission line 6, and the driving transmission gear 7-2 is meshed with the driven transmission gear. The transmission driving device 7 further comprises a transmission motor 7-3 for driving the spline shaft 7-1 to rotate, in addition, a transmission motor base 7-4 is fixedly connected to the installation rack 1, and the transmission motor 7-3 is connected with the transmission motor base 7-4. By arranging the transmission driving device 7, the two groups of belt transmission lines 6 can still run synchronously after the operation of distance adjustment is finished, and the two groups of belt transmission lines 6 can be driven to run synchronously by arranging one transmission motor 7-3, so that the purchase cost is reduced.
As shown in fig. 2, the pitch drive device 8 includes rack shafts 8-2 respectively mounted on the inner side surfaces of the frames of the respective belt transmission lines 6, and the extending direction of the rack shafts 8-2 coincides with the extending direction of the pitch guide 3. The distance-adjusting driving device 8 further comprises a distance-adjusting motor 8-1, the distance-adjusting motor 8-1 is connected with the transmission motor base 7-4, the distance-adjusting driving device further comprises a rack guide base 8-3 which is arranged on the transmission motor base 7-4 and provided with an inner space, the rack shafts 8-2 are in sliding connection with the rack guide base 8-3, a driving gear located between the two groups of rack shafts 8-2 is connected to an output shaft of the distance-adjusting motor 8-1 in a key mode, the driving gear is meshed with the two groups of rack shafts 8-2, and the driving gear is located in the inner space of the rack guide base 8-3.
In order to clamp the plate transported on the belt transport line 6 and avoid the plate flying out during the polishing process, as shown in fig. 1, the embodiment further includes a pinch roller mounting frame 10 fixedly connected to the first traverse seat 2 and the second traverse seat 11 respectively and located outside the corresponding belt transport line 6; a plurality of groups of feeding pinch roller devices 9 are respectively arranged on the two pinch roller mounting frames 10, and the groups are distributed at equal intervals according to the transmission direction of the belt transmission line 6. In the actual working process, the feeding pinch roller device 9 is in rolling contact with the plate and can press the plate on the conveying surface.
Referring further to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the feeding pinch roller device 9 includes a pinch roller lifting cylinder 9-4 fixed to a pinch roller mounting frame 10 and having a downward extending end, a pinch roller lifting seat 9-3 is installed at the extending end of the pinch roller lifting cylinder 9-4, a pinch roller seat 9-2 is disposed below the pinch roller lifting seat 9-3, and a plurality of sets of spring buffer assemblies are disposed between the pinch roller lifting seat 9-3 and the pinch roller seat 9-2. The spring buffer assembly comprises a spring guide rod 9-6 which is in sliding connection with the pinch roller lifting seat 9-3 through a linear bearing, a limiting piece is arranged at the top of the spring guide rod 9-6, and the bottom of the spring guide rod 9-6 is connected with the pinch roller seat 9-2; and a buffer spring 9-7 which is arranged between the pinch roller seat 9-2 and the pinch roller lifting seat 9-3 and is sleeved on the spring guide rod 9-6.
The feeding pinch roller device 9 also comprises a plurality of groups of feeding pinch rollers 9-1 which are rotatably connected on the pinch roller seat 9-2, and the plurality of groups of feeding pinch rollers 9-1 are distributed along the transmission direction of the belt transmission line 6; the device also comprises a pinch roller lifting guide rod 9-5 which is fixedly connected with the pinch roller lifting seat 9-3 and is longitudinally arranged, and the pinch roller lifting guide rod 9-5 is connected with the pinch roller mounting frame 10 in a sliding way through a linear bearing.
As shown in fig. 1, an edge grinding device 4 and a plurality of chamfering devices 5 are mounted on the outer sides of the two sets of belt conveying lines 6. As shown in fig. 4, the edge grinding device 4 includes a first dovetail seat 4-5, and the first dovetail seat 4-5 is connected to the traverse seat. The first dovetail seat 4-5 is connected with a first motor seat 4-6 in a sliding manner, namely a dovetail-shaped guide rail is arranged on the first dovetail seat 4-5, the extending direction of the guide rail is vertical to the transmission direction of the belt transmission line 6, and a guide groove connected with the dovetail-shaped guide rail in a sliding manner is arranged on the first motor seat 4-6.
The first dovetail seat 4-5 is rotatably connected with a first adjusting screw rod 4-4, and the extending direction of the first adjusting screw rod 4-4 is consistent with the extending direction of the dovetail-shaped guide rail. The first adjusting screw rod 4-4 is screwed with a nut connected with the first motor base 4-6, the edge grinding device 4 further comprises a first grinding motor 4-2 installed on the first motor base 4-6, an output shaft of the first grinding motor 4-2 is connected with an edge grinding wheel 4-1, and for operation convenience, the edge grinding device 4 further comprises a first hand wheel 4-3 installed at the outer end of the first adjusting screw rod 4-4.
As shown in fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the chamfering device 5 includes a chamfering holder 5-7 provided with a slope inclined from top to bottom toward the belt line 6. The inclined surface of the chamfering support 5-7 is provided with a second dovetail seat 5-5, the second dovetail seat 5-5 is connected with a second motor seat 5-6 in a sliding way, namely the second dovetail seat 5-5 is provided with a dovetail-shaped guide rail, the extending direction of the guide rail is vertical to the transmission direction of the belt transmission line 6, and the second motor seat 5-6 is provided with a guide groove in sliding connection with the dovetail-shaped guide rail. A second adjusting screw rod 5-4 is rotatably connected on the second dovetail seat 5-5, and the extending direction of the second adjusting screw rod 5-4 is consistent with the extending direction of the dovetail-shaped guide rail. A nut connected with a second motor base 5-6 is screwed on the second adjusting screw rod 5-4; the grinding machine also comprises a second grinding motor 5-2 arranged on a second motor base 5-6, and an output shaft of the second grinding motor 5-2 is connected with a chamfer angle grinding wheel 5-1; and the device also comprises a second hand wheel 5-3 arranged at the outer end part of the second adjusting screw rod 5-4.
In addition, as shown in fig. 1, in order to limit the plate transported into the belt transporting line 6, the present embodiment further includes a rib transition device 12 installed on the first traverse seat 2 and the second traverse seat 11 respectively and located at the feeding end of each belt transporting line 6. The two flange transition devices 12 are symmetrically arranged.
Referring further to fig. 3, the flange transition device 12 includes a flange wheel seat 12-1, a plurality of sets of flange positioning wheels 12-2 located at the outer side of the transmission surface of the belt transmission line 6 are rotatably connected to the flange wheel seat 12-1, and a transition roller seat 12-4 installed on the flange wheel seat 12-1, a plurality of sets of transition rollers 12-3 are rotatably connected to the transition roller seat 12-4, and the transition rollers 12-3 are located in front of the feeding end of the belt transmission line 6.
The working process is as follows:
starting the distance-adjusting motor 8-1 to drive the two groups of rack shafts 8-2 to move, and further adjusting the distance between the two groups of belt transmission lines 6 according to the width of a plate to be processed; meanwhile, the edge grinding device 4, the chamfering device 5 and the feeding pinch roller device 9 corresponding to each belt transmission line 6 synchronously move to the positions meeting the processing requirements of the plate size along with the belt transmission lines 6;
after the distance adjusting operation is finished, starting a pinch roller lifting cylinder 9-4, and adjusting the height of a feeding pinch roller 9-1 according to the thickness of the plate, so that the feeding pinch roller 9-1 can press the plate, and the plate is prevented from shaking or flying out;
after the height adjustment operation of the feeding pinch roller 9-1 is finished, the transmission motor 7-3 is started to drive the two groups of belt transmission lines 6 to synchronously run, and meanwhile, each polishing motor is started; then, the plate is conveyed to the flange transition devices 12 manually or by a manipulator, so that two edges to be polished of the plate are respectively abutted against the outer peripheral surfaces of the flange positioning wheels 12-2 in the two flange transition devices 12, the plate is limited, and then the plate is pushed manually, so that the plate can enter the transmission surfaces of the two groups of belt transmission lines 6 in a centering manner, and the belt transmission lines 6 can convey the plate forwards; under the drive of the belt transmission line 6, the plate is brought below the feeding pinch roller 9-1, the feeding pinch roller 9-1 presses the plate to prevent the plate from shaking, then the plate is conveyed forwards continuously and is subjected to polishing operation through the edge polishing device 4 and the chamfering device 5 in sequence, each polishing motor drives the polishing wheel connected to the output shaft of each polishing motor to rotate, and then the edge of the plate is polished, so that the edge of the plate is guaranteed to be flat and smooth.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a sheet metal edge equipment of polishing which characterized by: the device comprises an installation rack (1), wherein a plurality of groups of distance adjusting guide rails (3) which are transversely arranged in parallel are fixedly connected to the top surface of the installation rack (1), and a first transverse moving seat (2) and a second transverse moving seat (11) are connected to the distance adjusting guide rails (3) in a sliding manner through sliding blocks; a group of belt transmission lines (6) are respectively arranged on the first transverse moving seat (2) and the second transverse moving seat (11), and a transmission driving device (7) for driving the two belt transmission lines (6) to synchronously operate and a distance adjusting driving device (8) for adjusting the distance between the two belt transmission lines (6) are arranged between the two belt transmission lines;
an edge grinding device (4) and a chamfering device (5) are arranged on the outer sides of the two groups of belt transmission lines (6), a feeding pinch roller device (9) is arranged above the transmission surfaces of the two groups of belt transmission lines (6), and the feeding pinch roller device (9) is in rolling contact with the plate and can press the plate on the transmission surfaces;
the device also comprises a flange transition device (12) which is respectively arranged on the first transverse moving seat (2) and the second transverse moving seat (11) and is positioned at the feeding end of each belt transmission line (6).
2. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the transmission driving device (7) comprises a spline shaft (7-1) which is transversely arranged, and the extension direction of the spline shaft (7-1) is consistent with that of the distance-adjusting guide rail (3); the frames of the two groups of belt transmission lines (6) are in sliding connection with the spline shaft (7-1) through the spline housing; a transmission gear pair is arranged between the spline shaft (7-1) and the driving belt wheel of each belt transmission line (6); the device also comprises a transmission motor (7-3) for driving the spline shaft (7-1) to rotate.
3. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the transmission gear pair comprises a driving transmission gear (7-2) arranged on the spline shaft (7-1) and also comprises a driven transmission gear arranged on a rotating shaft of a driving belt wheel of the belt transmission line (6), and the driving transmission gear (7-2) is meshed with the driven transmission gear.
4. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the distance adjusting driving device (8) comprises rack shafts (8-2) which are respectively arranged on racks of the belt transmission lines (6), and the extending direction of the rack shafts (8-2) is consistent with the extending direction of the distance adjusting guide rail (3); the gear rack is characterized by further comprising a distance adjusting motor (8-1), wherein a driving gear positioned between the two groups of rack shafts (8-2) is connected to an output shaft of the distance adjusting motor (8-1) in a key mode, and the driving gear is meshed with the two groups of rack shafts (8-2).
5. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the edge grinding device (4) comprises a first dovetail seat (4-5), a first motor base (4-6) is connected onto the first dovetail seat (4-5) in a sliding mode, a first adjusting screw rod (4-4) is connected onto the first dovetail seat (4-5) in a rotating mode, and a nut connected with the first motor base (4-6) is screwed on the first adjusting screw rod (4-4); the grinding machine also comprises a first grinding motor (4-2) arranged on the first motor base (4-6), and an output shaft of the first grinding motor (4-2) is connected with a grinding wheel (4-1); the device also comprises a first hand wheel (4-3) arranged at the outer end part of the first adjusting screw rod (4-4).
6. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the chamfering device (5) comprises a chamfering support (5-7) provided with an inclined plane, a second dovetail seat (5-5) is installed on the inclined plane of the chamfering support (5-7), a second motor base (5-6) is connected onto the second dovetail seat (5-5) in a sliding mode, a second adjusting screw (5-4) is connected onto the second dovetail seat (5-5) in a rotating mode, and a nut connected with the second motor base (5-6) is screwed on the second adjusting screw (5-4); the grinding machine also comprises a second grinding motor (5-2) arranged on a second motor base (5-6), and an output shaft of the second grinding motor (5-2) is connected with a chamfer grinding wheel (5-1); and the second hand wheel (5-3) is arranged at the outer end part of the second adjusting screw rod (5-4).
7. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: a pinch roller mounting rack (10) positioned at the outer side of the corresponding belt transmission line (6) is fixedly connected to the first transverse moving seat (2) and the second transverse moving seat (11) respectively; the feeding pinch roller devices (9) are provided with a plurality of groups, and the feeding pinch roller devices (9) are connected with the pinch roller mounting frame (10) and are distributed at equal intervals according to the transmission direction of the belt transmission line (6).
8. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the feeding pinch roller device (9) comprises a pinch roller lifting cylinder (9-4) which is fixedly connected with a pinch roller mounting frame (10) and provided with a downward extending end, a pinch roller lifting seat (9-3) is installed at the extending end of the pinch roller lifting cylinder (9-4), a pinch roller seat (9-2) is arranged below the pinch roller lifting seat (9-3), and a plurality of groups of spring buffer assemblies are arranged between the pinch roller lifting seat (9-3) and the pinch roller seat (9-2); the feeding device also comprises a plurality of groups of feeding pinch rollers (9-1) which are rotatably connected on the pinch roller seat (9-2), wherein the plurality of groups of feeding pinch rollers (9-1) are distributed along the transmission direction of the belt transmission line (6); the device also comprises a pinch roller lifting guide rod (9-5) which is fixedly connected with the pinch roller lifting seat (9-3) and is longitudinally arranged, and the pinch roller lifting guide rod (9-5) is connected with the pinch roller mounting frame (10) in a sliding manner through a linear bearing.
9. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the spring buffer assembly comprises a spring guide rod (9-6) which is in sliding connection with the pinch roller lifting seat (9-3) through a linear bearing, a limiting piece is installed at the top of the spring guide rod (9-6), and the bottom of the spring guide rod (9-6) is connected with the pinch roller seat (9-2); and a buffer spring (9-7) which is arranged between the pinch roller seat (9-2) and the pinch roller lifting seat (9-3) and is sleeved on the spring guide rod (9-6) is also included.
10. The sheet metal edge grinding apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the flange transition device (12) comprises a flange wheel seat (12-1), a plurality of sets of flange positioning wheels (12-2) which are positioned on the outer side of the transmission surface of the belt transmission line (6) are connected to the flange wheel seat (12-1) in a rotating mode, and further comprises a transition roller seat (12-4) which is arranged on the flange wheel seat (12-1), a plurality of sets of transition rollers (12-3) are connected to the transition roller seat (12-4) in a rotating mode, and the transition rollers (12-3) are positioned in front of the feeding end of the belt transmission line (6).
CN202210823311.2A 2022-07-13 2022-07-13 Sheet metal edge polishing equipment Pending CN115008291A (en)

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