CN114772311A - Material tray discharging device - Google Patents

Material tray discharging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114772311A
CN114772311A CN202210608305.5A CN202210608305A CN114772311A CN 114772311 A CN114772311 A CN 114772311A CN 202210608305 A CN202210608305 A CN 202210608305A CN 114772311 A CN114772311 A CN 114772311A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
walking
fixed
fixing frame
synchronous belt
synchronous
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Pending
Application number
CN202210608305.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史旭东
张宏林
谢磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou Transept Automation Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Changzhou Transept Automation Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou Transept Automation Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Changzhou Transept Automation Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202210608305.5A priority Critical patent/CN114772311A/en
Publication of CN114772311A publication Critical patent/CN114772311A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/23Devices for tilting and emptying of containers

Abstract

The invention discloses a charging tray discharging device which comprises a main body frame, a walking assembly and a clamping arm assembly, wherein the walking assembly comprises a walking mechanism and a clamping arm; the main body framework comprises a rack, a walking slide rail and a walking driving device; the walking assembly comprises a walking fixing frame and a lifting cylinder; the arm lock subassembly includes arm lock mount, two arm lock that set up in opposite directions, two tongs that can overturn and adjust, and the arm lock mount passes through the vertical sliding connection of lift slide subassembly and walking mount, and the vertical direction lift displacement of lift cylinder drive arm lock mount, arm lock fixed in arm lock mount lower part, and the interval of two arm lock is adjustable, is fixed with a tongs on every arm lock, and two tongs cooperations are in order to snatch and control the work piece upset. The material tray discharging device can realize mechanical automatic overturning and discharging so as to reduce time cost and labor intensity.

Description

Material tray discharging device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of feed processing equipment, in particular to a charging tray discharging device.
Background
Processing of high protein feed involves a draining process. And after the materials are placed in the material tray for draining, the materials are sent to a material pouring process, the material tray is turned over for pouring, and the materials are collected. The existing material pouring process usually adopts a manual overturning material pouring operation mode, is low in efficiency, powerful and large, is not beneficial to reducing time cost and labor intensity, and needs to be improved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a material tray discharging device capable of automatically discharging materials, so that time cost and labor intensity are reduced, and efficiency is high.
The above purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a charging tray discharging device comprises a main body frame, a walking assembly and a clamping arm assembly; the main body frame comprises a rack, a walking slide rail and a walking driving device, wherein the walking slide rail and the walking driving device are fixed on the rack;
the walking assembly comprises a walking fixing frame and a lifting cylinder, the walking fixing frame is connected to the walking slide rail in a sliding mode, the walking fixing frame is driven by a walking driving device to move along the walking slide rail, the lifting cylinder is fixed to the walking fixing frame, and a piston rod of the lifting cylinder stretches in the vertical direction;
the clamping arm component comprises a clamping arm fixing frame, two clamping arms and two hand grips, the clamping arms are oppositely arranged, the two hand grips can be turned and adjusted, the clamping arm fixing frame is connected with the walking fixing frame in a vertical sliding mode through a lifting slide rail component, a piston rod of a lifting cylinder and the clamping arm fixing frame are fixed to drive the clamping arm fixing frame to vertically lift and displace, the clamping arms are fixed to the lower portion of the clamping arm fixing frame, the distance between the two clamping arms is adjustable, each hand grip is fixed to the clamping arms, and the two hand grips are matched to grab and control the workpiece to turn over.
By adopting the technical scheme, the clamping arms descend and realize clamping of the material tray by controlling the distance between the clamping arms, the material tray clamped is lifted by the lifting cylinder after clamping of the material tray and is driven to the material pouring station under the driving of the traveling assembly, then the material pouring is controlled by the clamping arms, and the empty material tray after material pouring moves to the material tray placing area through the traveling mechanism. The whole material pouring process does not need to be manually lifted to take and pour materials, so that the labor is saved, and the efficiency is high.
The invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the walking driving device comprises a motor, a first synchronous belt and two first synchronous wheels, the motor is fixed on the rack, the two first synchronous wheels are fixed at two ends of the rack respectively, the motor drives one first synchronous wheel to rotate, the first synchronous belt is sleeved on the two first synchronous wheels so as to enable the two first synchronous wheels to rotate synchronously, the transmission direction of the first synchronous belt is parallel to the direction of the walking slide rail, and the first synchronous belt is fixed with the walking fixing frame through a first synchronous belt connecting block to drive the walking fixing frame to walk.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the motor drives first synchronizing wheel and rotates, and first synchronous belt transmission drives the walking mount of fixing with it along walking slide rail lateral displacement, realizes the conversion of different stations.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the clamp arm fixing frame is fixedly provided with a clamp arm sliding rail assembly, at least one clamp arm is connected to the clamp arm fixing frame in a sliding mode through the clamp arm sliding rail assembly, a clamp arm adjusting cylinder connected with the clamp arm is fixedly arranged on the clamp arm fixing frame, and the clamp arm adjusting cylinder drives the clamp arm to move.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, arm lock adjusting cylinder can drive the arm lock walking that is connected with arm lock slide rail set spare to adjust the interval of two arm locks, realize getting the material or the blowing operation.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the clamping arm comprises a vertical supporting seat, a turnover cylinder and two second synchronous wheels, the vertical supporting seat is fixed on a clamping arm fixing frame, the two second synchronous wheels are rotatably fixed on the vertical supporting seat, a second synchronous belt is sleeved on the two second synchronous wheels together, and a second synchronous belt connecting block II is fixed on the second synchronous belt;
the overturning air cylinder is fixed on the vertical supporting seat and connected with a second synchronous belt through a second synchronous belt connecting block, the overturning air cylinder drives the second synchronous belt to move so as to drive a second synchronous wheel to rotate, one second synchronous wheel is fixed with the gripper, and the gripper is driven to overturn through the second synchronous wheel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, upset cylinder is through the displacement of drive synchronizing belt up and down, and then drives the second synchronizing wheel and rotate, fixes the emergence rotation thereupon at the tongs with the second synchronizing wheel, realizes the charging tray upset pouring that is held by the tongs.
The invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: be fixed with the hold-in range slide rail parallel with second synchronous belt drive direction on the vertical support seat, be fixed with hold-in range slider on the synchronous connecting block two, hold-in range slider sliding connection is on the hold-in range slide rail.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, hold-in range slide rail and hold-in range slider's setting can improve hold-in range pivoted stability, reduces its crooked probably, improves the precision of its control arm lock upset operation.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the tail end of the synchronous belt sliding rail, which is far away from the overturning cylinder, is provided with an oil pressure buffer, and the oil pressure buffer is matched with a second synchronous belt connecting block or a synchronous belt sliding block.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of hydraulic buffer is used for reducing vibrations and noise, with the balanced effectual stopping of object in the action, improves the stability of upset operation to play the limiting action to the biggest angle of upset.
The invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the two second synchronizing wheels are vertically fixed on the vertical supporting seat, the second synchronizing wheels and the gripper are respectively arranged on two opposite sides of the vertical supporting seat in a vertical transmission mode, the middle of the gripper is fixed with the second synchronizing wheel at the bottom through a rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the vertical supporting seat.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the vertical support seat is externally fixed with a protective cover, and a second synchronous wheel, a second synchronous belt, a synchronous belt connecting block II, a synchronous belt sliding rail and a synchronous belt sliding block are covered in the protective cover.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of guard shield is used for protecting inside spare part, prevents that dust impurity etc. from influencing normal action.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: the walking frame is characterized in that buffers are fixed at two ends of the walking direction of the walking fixing frame, and buffering adjusting pieces matched with the buffers are fixed at two ends of the frame in the walking direction.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of buffer is used for ending the position, prevents the overtravel operation, plays the effect that reduces vibrations and noise simultaneously.
The present invention in a preferred example may be further configured to: be provided with in the frame and get the material station, fall the material station, put the dish station, be fixed with in the frame with get the material station, fall the material station, put the station photoelectric switch that the dish station corresponds, be fixed with on the walking mount with station photoelectric switch complex tablet.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, station photoelectric switch and tablet cooperation can realize the action of walking mount at different stations, and it drives it to the station of falling the material and overturn and fall the material from grabbing the material taking tray, walking mount through the tongs by getting the material station, then the empty charging tray is driven to the unloading station by the walking mount and is set the unloading. Whole process need not artifical transport and falls the material, practices thrift the manpower, and is efficient.
In summary, the invention includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the automatic feeding device adopts the main body frame, the walking assembly and the clamping arm assembly, the walking assembly horizontally moves on the main body frame to realize walking conversion among different stations, the clamping arm assembly is used for clamping, overturning and dumping the material tray and placing the material tray, the whole process adopts automatic control, manual dumping is not needed, automatic production is realized, the production efficiency is high, and manpower is saved;
2. the walking assembly comprises a walking fixing frame, the walking frame is driven by a motor synchronous belt, a walking slide rail assembly in sliding fit with the walking fixing frame is arranged on the main body frame, and each station is provided with a station photoelectric switch for controlling the motor to stop acting, so that the accurate control of the action positions of material taking, material overturning and material pouring and disc placing is realized;
3. the clamping arm assembly comprises a clamping arm fixing frame and a clamping arm, the clamping arm fixing frame is vertically connected with the walking fixing frame in a sliding mode through a lifting slide rail, and the lifting of the clamping arm fixing frame is controlled through a lifting cylinder so as to realize the operation of descending to grab the material tray and ascending to walk; the distance between the two clamping arms is adjustable through the clamping arm sliding rail assembly, so that the material tray is clamped; the gripper is turned over through the turning cylinder, the second synchronous belt and the second synchronous wheel to finish turning and material pouring; the whole structure is simple, the manufacture is convenient, and the application range is wide.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a partial structural schematic diagram for showing the connection relationship between the frame and the walking fixing frame.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view for showing the connection relationship between the walking assembly and the clamping arm assembly.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the walking assembly of the present invention.
Figure 5 is a schematic diagram of the clamp arm assembly of the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a frame; 11. a material taking station; 12. a material pouring station; 13. a tray placing station; 14. a cushion adjustment member; 15. a station photoelectric switch; 2. a traveling slide rail; 21. a traveling slide block; 3. a travel drive device; 31. a motor; 32. a first synchronization belt; 33. a first synchronizing wheel; 331. a bearing fixing frame; 34. a synchronous belt connecting block I; 341. a synchronous slotted plate; 342. pressing plates of the synchronous belt; 343. a synchronous belt pressing plate cushion block; 4. a walking fixing frame; 41. a buffer; 42. an induction plate; 43. a cylinder fixing plate; 5. a lifting cylinder; 6. a clamp arm fixing frame; 61. a lifting slide rail assembly; 62. a clamp arm slide rail assembly; 621. a clamp arm slide rail; 622. a clamp arm slide block; 63. a clamping arm adjusting cylinder; 64. a connecting plate; 7. clamping arms; 71. a vertical supporting seat; 72. turning over the air cylinder; 73. a second synchronizing wheel; 731. a rotating shaft; 732. a synchronizing wheel fixing block; 74. a second synchronous belt; 75. a second synchronous belt connecting block; 76. a synchronous belt slide rail; 77. a synchronous belt sliding block; 78. a hydraulic buffer; 79. a shield; 8. and (4) a hand grip.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. This figure is a simplified schematic diagram, and only illustrates the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and therefore it only shows the constitution related to the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the invention discloses a material tray discharging device, which comprises a main body frame, a walking assembly and a clamping arm assembly.
The main body frame comprises a frame 1, a walking slide rail 2 and a walking driving device 3 which are fixed on the frame 1. The walking assembly comprises a walking fixing frame 4 and a lifting cylinder 5, the walking fixing frame 4 is connected to the walking slide rail 2 in a sliding mode, the walking fixing frame 4 is driven by the walking driving device 3 to move along the walking slide rail 2, the lifting cylinder 5 is fixed to the walking fixing frame 4, and a piston rod of the lifting cylinder stretches in the vertical direction. The arm lock subassembly includes arm lock mount 6, two arm lock 7 that set up in opposite directions, two tongs 8 that can overturn and adjust, and arm lock mount 6 is through lift slide subassembly 61 and the vertical sliding connection of walking mount 4, and the piston rod of lift cylinder 5 is fixed mutually with 6 vertical direction lift displacements of drive arm lock mount with arm lock mount 6, and arm lock 7 is fixed in 6 lower parts of arm lock mount, and the interval of two arm lock 7 is adjustable, every be fixed with a tongs 8 on the arm lock 7, two tongs 8 cooperations are in order to snatch and control the work piece upset.
The frame 1 is provided with a material taking station 11, a material pouring station 12 and a tray placing station 13. A station photoelectric switch 15 corresponding to the material taking station 11, the material pouring station 12 and the tray placing station 13 is fixed on the frame 1, and an induction plate 42 matched with the station photoelectric switch 15 is fixed on the walking fixing frame 4. Station photoelectric switch 15 sets up to the cell type photoelectricity, and it cooperates with tablet 42, can realize the action of walking mount 4 at different stations, picks the charging tray of taking the material through tongs 8 by getting material station 11, and walking mount 4 drives it to pouring station 12 and overturn and fall the material, and then empty charging tray is driven by walking mount 4 again and is set the unloading to set position 13 by putting. Whole process need not artifical transport and falls the material, practices thrift the manpower, and is efficient.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, the walking slide rails 2 of the main body frame are fixed on two sides of the top of the frame 1 in the length direction, and the walking assembly is connected with the frame 1 in a sliding manner through the walking slide rails 2 on the two sides.
The walking driving device 3 comprises a motor 31, a first synchronous belt 32 and two first synchronous wheels 33, wherein the motor 31 is fixed at the top of the right end of the machine frame 1 in the length direction. The two first synchronous wheels 33 are respectively fixed at the top of the left and right ends of the frame 1, and are located at one end of the frame 1 in the width direction, which is the front end side in the figure. The output shaft of the motor 31 is coaxially fixed with the first synchronous wheel 33 at the right end, so that the motor 31 drives the first synchronous wheel 33 to rotate, the first synchronous wheel 33 at the left end is fixed on the rack 1 through the bearing fixing frame 331, the axial directions of the two synchronous wheels are parallel to each other, the two first synchronous wheels 33 are driven by the first synchronous belt 32, and the inner side of the first synchronous belt 32 is provided with teeth meshed with the first synchronous wheel 33. The transmission direction of the first synchronous belt 32 is parallel to the direction of the walking slide rail 2, and the first synchronous belt 32 is fixed with the walking fixing frame 4 through a synchronous belt connecting block I34 so as to drive the walking fixing frame 4 to walk. The first synchronous belt connecting block 34 comprises a synchronous belt groove plate 341 with a downward opening and a synchronous belt pressing plate 342 positioned at the bottom of the synchronous belt groove plate 341, the first synchronous belt 32 is clamped and fixed by the synchronous belt pressing plate 342 and the synchronous belt groove plate 341, and two ends of the synchronous belt groove plate 341 are fixed with the top wall of the walking fixing frame 4 through synchronous belt pressing plate cushion blocks 343.
Referring to fig. 4, the walking fixing frame 4 of the walking assembly includes a square frame, and two ends of the frame are respectively connected to the walking slide rail 2 through the walking sliding blocks 21 in a sliding manner. The walking fixing frame 4 is driven by the walking driving device 3 to move along the walking slide rail 2. The lifting cylinder 5 is vertically fixed in the middle of the walking fixing frame 4 through a cylinder fixing plate 43, a piston rod of the lifting cylinder 5 stretches downwards, and the piston rod penetrates through the cylinder fixing plate 43 and is fixed with the clamping arm fixing frame 6 so as to drive the clamping arm fixing frame 6 to move up and down.
The two ends of the walking direction of the walking fixing frame 4 are both fixed with a buffer 41, and the two ends of the frame 1 in the walking direction are fixed with a buffer adjusting piece 14 matched with the buffer 41. The bumper 41 is provided to stop the position, prevent the over-travel operation, and reduce the vibration and noise.
Referring to fig. 5, the clamping arm fixing frame 6 of the clamping arm assembly comprises a cuboid vertical frame, the inner side of the edge of the vertical direction of the clamping arm assembly is vertically connected with the walking fixing frame 4 in a sliding mode through a lifting slide rail assembly 61, a connecting plate 64 is fixed to the lower portion of the clamping arm fixing frame 6, the connecting plate 64 is used for being fixed to the piston rod end of the lifting cylinder 5, the purpose that the lifting cylinder 5 drives the clamping arm fixing frame 6 to lift is achieved, and the clamping arm fixing frame 6 vertically slides stably along the lifting slide rail.
In order to realize that the interval of two arm lock 7 is adjustable to snatch the centre gripping charging tray: at least one of the clamping arms 7 is slidably connected to the clamping arm fixing frame 6 through a clamping arm slide rail assembly 62. In this embodiment, one of the arms 7 is fixed and one of the arms 7 is adjustable. Two ends of the bottom wall of the clamping arm fixing frame 6 are respectively fixed with a clamping arm sliding rail assembly 62, the clamping arm 7 at the right end is directly fixed at the bottom wall of the clamping arm fixing frame 6, and the clamping arm 7 at the left end is connected with the clamping arm fixing frame 6 in a sliding manner through the clamping arm sliding rail assembly 62. The clamping arm slide rail assembly 62 comprises a clamping arm slide rail 621 fixed on two sides of the bottom wall of the clamping arm fixing frame 6 in the length direction, the direction of the clamping arm slide rail 621 is in the same direction as the walking slide rail 2, a clamping arm slide block 622 slides on the clamping arm slide rail 621, and the top of the clamping arm 7 at the left end is fixedly connected with the clamping arm slide block 622. In order to drive the clamping arm 7 to slide on the clamping arm slide rail 621, a clamping arm adjusting cylinder 63 is fixed on the clamping arm fixing frame 6, a cylinder body of the clamping arm adjusting cylinder 63 is fixed with the clamping arm fixing frame 6, a piston telescopic rod is connected with the clamping arm 7, the telescopic action direction of the clamping arm adjusting cylinder 63 is parallel to the direction of the clamping arm slide rail 621, and the clamping arm adjusting cylinder 63 drives the left-end clamping arm 7 to be close to or far away from the right-end clamping arm 7 so as to realize clamping of the gripper 8 or put down a charging tray.
The clamping arm 7 comprises a vertical supporting seat 71, a turnover cylinder 72 and two second synchronous wheels 73. The clamping arm 7 at the right end is directly fixed on the clamping arm fixing frame 6 through a vertical supporting seat 71, and the clamping arm 7 at the left end is connected with the clamping arm fixing frame 6 in a sliding manner through the vertical supporting seat 71. The outward side of the vertical supporting seat 71 is connected with a second synchronizing wheel 73, and the inward side is connected with the hand grip 8. The two clamping arms 7 have the same structure.
Two second synchronizing wheels 73 are rotatably fixed on the vertical supporting seat 71, and the second synchronizing wheels 73 are connected with the vertical supporting plate through synchronizing wheel fixing blocks 732: a rotating shaft 731 is fixed at the center of the second synchronizing wheel 73, a synchronizing wheel fixing block 732 is fixed on the vertical support plate, the rotating shaft 731 is rotatably connected with the synchronizing wheel fixing block 732 through a deep groove ball bearing, and the tail end of the rotating shaft 731 penetrates through the deep groove ball bearing and then is fixed with the middle part of the gripper 8. Two second synchronizing wheels 73 are sleeved with a second synchronizing belt 74, and teeth meshed with the second synchronizing wheels 73 are arranged on the inner side of the second synchronizing belt 74. Preferably, two second synchronous wheels 73 are fixed on the vertical supporting seat 71 in an up-and-down distributed manner, and the second synchronous belt 74 drives vertically. The hand grips 8 and the second synchronizing wheel 73 are respectively arranged at two sides of the vertical supporting seat 71, the two hand grips 8 are both arranged at the inner side of the vertical supporting seat 71, and the two hand grips 8 are arranged oppositely.
A second synchronous belt connecting block 75 is fixed on the second synchronous belt 74, and the structure of the second synchronous belt connecting block 75 is the same as that of the first synchronous belt connecting block 34. The overturning cylinder 72 is vertically fixed on the vertical supporting seat 71 and is connected with the second synchronous belt 74 through the second synchronous belt connecting block 75, and the overturning cylinder 72 drives the second synchronous belt 74 to displace so as to drive the second synchronous wheel 73 to rotate. Be fixed with the hold-in range slide rail 76 parallel with second hold-in range 74 transmission direction on the 71 lateral wall of vertical support seat, be fixed with hold-in range slider 77 on the hold-in range connecting block two 75, hold-in range slider 77 sliding connection is on hold-in range slide rail 76. The overturning cylinder 72 is fixed at the top of the vertical supporting seat 71, the telescopic direction of a piston rod of the overturning cylinder is parallel to the direction of the synchronous belt slide rail 76, the tail end of the piston rod of the overturning cylinder 72 is fixed with the second synchronous belt connecting block 75, and the second synchronous belt connecting block 75 is fixed with the synchronous belt slide block 77.
The gripper 8 is connected with the second synchronizing wheel 73 at the bottom of the vertical supporting seat 71, a rotating shaft 731 of the second synchronizing wheel 73 at the bottom extends out of the vertical supporting seat 71 and is fixed with the middle part of the gripper 8, and the second synchronizing wheel 73 drives the gripper 8 to rotate through the rotating shaft 731. The overturning cylinder 72 drives the second synchronous belt to move up and down, so that the second synchronous wheel 73 is driven to rotate, and the second synchronous wheel 73 is fixed on the gripper 8 to rotate along with the second synchronous wheel, so that the material plate clamped by the gripper 8 is overturned and poured.
The end of the synchronous belt slide rail 76 far away from the turnover cylinder 72 is provided with an oil buffer 78, the oil buffer 78 is matched with the bottom end of the second synchronous belt connecting block 75 or the synchronous belt slide block 77, in this embodiment, the bottom end of the second synchronous belt connecting block 75 is matched with the bottom end of the synchronous belt connecting block, and when the bottom end of the synchronous belt connecting block is tightly abutted against the oil buffer 78, the rotation angle of the second synchronous wheel 73 is greater than or equal to 360 degrees.
Perpendicular supporting seat 71 external fixation has guard shield 79, and second synchronizing wheel 73, second hold-in range 74, hold-in range connecting block two 75, hold-in range slide rail 76, hold-in range slider 77 and hydraulic buffer 78 are all covered and are established in guard shield 79 to influence normal action such as dust impurity.
The working process of the invention is as follows:
the motor 31 drives the right first synchronous wheel 33 to rotate and is driven by the first synchronous belt 32 to realize the displacement of the walking fixing frame 4 on the rack 1 along the walking slide rail 2. And when the material taking position is shifted to the point 11 of the material taking position, the induction plate 42 is matched with the station photoelectric switch 15, and the motor 31 is controlled to stop. The lifting cylinder 5 controls the clamping arm fixing frame 6 to descend to a specified height (which can be realized by limiting the stroke of the cylinder or the stroke of a lifting slide rail); the clamping arm adjusting cylinder 63 controls the left end clamping arm 7 to move towards the right end clamping arm 7 until the two grippers 8 hold the material tray tightly; and then the material tray is driven to ascend to separate from the material platform by the adjustment of the lifting cylinder 5.
The motor 31 drives the walking fixing frame 4 to move to the material pouring station 12, and the station induction switch is matched with the induction plate 42 to control the motor 31 to stop. The lifting cylinder 5 adjusts and controls the height of the material tray to an appointed height; the turning cylinder 72 drives the gripper 8 to rotate through a second synchronous belt 74 and a second synchronous wheel 73, so that the material plate is turned and poured.
After the material is poured, the motor 31 continues to drive the walking fixing frame 4 to walk to the material placing station 13, the height of the lifting cylinder 5 is adjusted, the clamping arm adjusting cylinder 63 controls the distance between the two clamping arms 7 to be increased, the gripper 8 loosens the clamping of the material disc, and the material disc is placed on the material placing station 13 to be recycled. So as to finish turning and pouring materials once.
The embodiments of the present invention are all preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited thereby, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a charging tray discharge apparatus which characterized in that: comprises a main body frame, a walking component and a clamping arm component; the main body frame comprises a rack, a walking slide rail and a walking driving device, wherein the walking slide rail and the walking driving device are fixed on the rack;
the walking assembly comprises a walking fixing frame and a lifting cylinder, the walking fixing frame is connected to the walking sliding rail in a sliding mode, the walking fixing frame is driven by the walking driving device to move along the walking sliding rail, the lifting cylinder is fixed to the walking fixing frame, and a piston rod of the lifting cylinder stretches in the vertical direction;
the clamping arm component comprises a clamping arm fixing frame, two clamping arms and two hand grips, the clamping arms are oppositely arranged, the two hand grips can be turned and adjusted, the clamping arm fixing frame is connected with the walking fixing frame in a vertical sliding mode through a lifting slide rail component, a piston rod of a lifting cylinder and the clamping arm fixing frame are fixed to drive the clamping arm fixing frame to vertically lift and displace, the clamping arms are fixed to the lower portion of the clamping arm fixing frame, the distance between the two clamping arms is adjustable, each hand grip is fixed to the clamping arms, and the two hand grips are matched to grab and control the workpiece to turn over.
2. The tray unloading device of claim 1, wherein: the walking driving device comprises a motor, a first synchronous belt and two first synchronous wheels, the motor is fixed on the rack, the two first synchronous wheels are fixed at two ends of the rack respectively, the motor drives one first synchronous wheel to rotate, the first synchronous belt is sleeved on the two first synchronous wheels so as to enable the two first synchronous wheels to rotate synchronously, the transmission direction of the first synchronous belt is parallel to the direction of the walking slide rail, and the first synchronous belt is fixed with the walking fixing frame through a first synchronous belt connecting block to drive the walking fixing frame to walk.
3. The tray discharge apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the clamp arm fixing frame is fixedly provided with a clamp arm sliding rail assembly, at least one clamp arm is connected to the clamp arm fixing frame in a sliding mode through the clamp arm sliding rail assembly, a clamp arm adjusting cylinder connected with the clamp arm is fixedly arranged on the clamp arm fixing frame, and the clamp arm adjusting cylinder drives the clamp arm to move.
4. The tray discharge apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the clamping arm comprises a vertical supporting seat, a turnover cylinder and two second synchronous wheels, the vertical supporting seat is fixed on a clamping arm fixing frame, the two second synchronous wheels are rotatably fixed on the vertical supporting seat, the two second synchronous wheels are jointly sleeved with a second synchronous belt, and a second synchronous belt connecting block II is fixed on the second synchronous belt;
the overturning air cylinder is fixed on the vertical supporting seat and connected with a second synchronous belt through a second synchronous belt connecting block, the overturning air cylinder drives the second synchronous belt to move so as to drive a second synchronous wheel to rotate, one second synchronous wheel is fixed with the gripper, and the gripper is driven to overturn through the second synchronous wheel.
5. The tray unloading device of claim 4, wherein: be fixed with the hold-in range slide rail parallel with second synchronous belt drive direction on the vertical support seat, be fixed with hold-in range slider on the synchronous connecting block two, hold-in range slider sliding connection is on the hold-in range slide rail.
6. The tray discharge apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the tail end of the synchronous belt sliding rail, which is far away from the overturning cylinder, is provided with an oil pressure buffer, and the oil pressure buffer is matched with a second synchronous belt connecting block or a synchronous belt sliding block.
7. The tray unloading device of claim 5, wherein: the two second synchronizing wheels are vertically fixed on the vertical supporting seat, the second synchronizing wheels and the gripper are respectively arranged on two opposite sides of the vertical supporting seat in a vertical transmission mode, the middle of the gripper is fixed with the second synchronizing wheel at the bottom through a rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the vertical supporting seat.
8. The tray unloading device of claim 7, wherein: the vertical support seat external fixation has the guard shield, second synchronizing wheel, second hold-in range, hold-in range connecting block two, hold-in range slide rail, hold-in range slider are covered and are established in the guard shield.
9. The tray unloading device of claim 1, wherein: the frame is fixed with the buffer adjustment spare with buffer complex at the both ends of walking direction.
10. The tray unloading device of claim 1, wherein: the material taking machine is characterized in that a material taking station, a material pouring station and a tray placing station are arranged on the machine frame, station photoelectric switches corresponding to the material taking station, the material pouring station and the tray placing station are fixed on the machine frame, and a sensing plate matched with the station photoelectric switches is fixed on the walking fixing frame.
CN202210608305.5A 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Material tray discharging device Pending CN114772311A (en)

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CN202210608305.5A CN114772311A (en) 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Material tray discharging device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210608305.5A CN114772311A (en) 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Material tray discharging device

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