CN114735456A - Battery formation/capacity grading system - Google Patents

Battery formation/capacity grading system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN114735456A
CN114735456A CN202210445041.6A CN202210445041A CN114735456A CN 114735456 A CN114735456 A CN 114735456A CN 202210445041 A CN202210445041 A CN 202210445041A CN 114735456 A CN114735456 A CN 114735456A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
formation
clamping
batteries
manipulator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202210445041.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李泉辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN202210445041.6A priority Critical patent/CN114735456A/en
Publication of CN114735456A publication Critical patent/CN114735456A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/902Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems incorporating rotary and rectilinear movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/26Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors arranging the articles, e.g. varying spacing between individual articles
    • B65G47/261Accumulating articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/03Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack from above
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses a battery formation/capacity division system which comprises a battery conveying device, a formation/capacity division cabinet, a standing goods shelf and a stacker, wherein a fork of the stacker is provided with a battery clamping manipulator, and the stacker moves after clamping a battery through the battery clamping manipulator, so that the battery is subjected to position conversion among the battery conveying device, the formation/capacity division cabinet and the standing goods shelf, and formation or capacity division and standing are realized. The invention enables the battery to move among different devices without using a tray when the battery is formed/divided, thereby achieving the purpose of reducing the production cost and simultaneously avoiding the battery from having the phenomena of position deviation, dumping and the like to influence the forming/dividing effect.

Description

Battery formation/capacity grading system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of battery formation/capacity grading, in particular to a battery formation/capacity grading system.
Background
In the production process of the lithium battery in the prior art, the tray is adopted for conveying the lithium battery as a carrier, so that the lithium battery can move in batches and be formed/divided between different devices and stations. When the battery is pre-installed on the tray, the battery position is easy to shift, and the battery is likely to topple due to vibration in the tray installation process, so that the position accuracy of the battery in the tray is influenced, and the forming/capacity grading effect is influenced. In addition, the number of trays required in the whole formation/grading process is large, the tray cost is high, a robot is required to disassemble and assemble the lithium battery before entering and exiting a roadway, the trays are transported by a roller line, and formation/grading auxiliary equipment (OCV test, DCIR equipment, a nail inserting machine, a nail pulling machine and the like) needs to work outside a conveying roller line.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a battery formation/capacity grading system aiming at the technical problems in the prior art, and the battery formation/capacity grading system adopts a battery clamping manipulator to clamp a battery to realize the conversion of the battery position, so that a tray can be cancelled.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a battery formation/capacity division system comprises a battery conveying device, a formation/capacity division cabinet, a standing goods shelf and a stacker, wherein a fork of the stacker is provided with a battery clamping manipulator, the stacker clamps a battery through the battery clamping manipulator and then moves, so that the battery is subjected to position conversion among the battery conveying device, the formation/capacity division cabinet and the standing goods shelf, and formation or capacity division and standing are realized.
Furthermore, the battery clamping manipulator is provided with two clamping jaw parts and a power mechanism, wherein the two clamping jaw parts are distributed up and down oppositely, and the power mechanism controls the distance between the two clamping jaw parts so as to clamp or loosen the battery.
Furthermore, the two clamping jaw parts respectively comprise a plurality of clamping jaws distributed at intervals along the width direction of the clamped battery, so that the two clamping jaw parts can clamp a plurality of batteries at one time.
Furthermore, two opposite ends of each clamping jaw of one clamping jaw part in the length direction of the clamped battery are respectively provided with a first limiting block so as to limit the battery in the length direction of the battery; and each clamping jaw of the other clamping jaw part is respectively provided with at least one second limiting block so as to limit the battery in the width direction of the battery.
Further, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the battery conveying device to the formation/grading cabinet, and after the formation/grading of the batteries is completed, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the formation/grading cabinet to the battery conveying device for transfer, and then clamps the batteries from the battery conveying device to the standing shelf; after the batteries are placed in the placement shelf, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the placement shelf to the battery conveying device for blanking.
Furthermore, the battery conveying device comprises a feeding and discharging mechanism, a first battery transfer mechanism for grouping or disassembling batteries and a second battery transfer mechanism for grouping or disassembling batteries, the first battery transfer mechanism and the formation/capacity division cabinet are arranged in a first row, and the first battery transfer mechanism is positioned between the feeding and discharging mechanism and the formation/capacity division cabinet; the second battery transfer mechanism and the standing shelf are arranged in a second row, and the second battery transfer mechanism is positioned between the feeding and discharging mechanism and the standing shelf; the stacker is located between the first row and the second row.
Further, go up unloading mechanism, first battery transfer mechanism and second battery transfer mechanism and adopt bilayer structure respectively, make the battery adopt different layers to convey according to different direction of transfer.
Further, first battery transfer mechanism and second battery transfer mechanism have battery location module respectively and are used for pressing from both sides the transfer manipulator of getting the battery, the transfer manipulator follow go up the unloading mechanism and press from both sides the battery and get the battery and go on in groups to battery location module, perhaps, the transfer manipulator follows go up the batching clamp of getting on the battery location module and get the battery extremely go up unloading mechanism.
Furthermore, the battery positioning module comprises a support plate and a plurality of battery support blocks, the plurality of battery support blocks are arranged on the support plate at intervals in a line along the width direction of the battery, and each battery support block is provided with a battery positioning block respectively so as to position the battery in the width direction of the battery; the first battery transfer mechanism and the second battery transfer mechanism respectively comprise a bottom plate and a translation driving mechanism, and the supporting plate can be connected to the bottom plate in a sliding mode along the distribution direction of the battery supporting blocks and is driven by the translation driving mechanism arranged on the bottom plate.
Furthermore, the feeding and discharging mechanism is of a feeding and discharging drawstring structure.
Furthermore, the number of the battery clamping mechanical arms and the number of the forks are respectively two, the battery clamping mechanical arms correspond to the forks one by one, and the two forks can move in the same direction in the horizontal direction perpendicular to the first row.
Furthermore, the formation/capacity grading cabinet is internally provided with a multi-layer structure, each layer is respectively provided with a battery positioning needle bed, and the battery positioning needle beds are provided with battery positioning structures; the shelf for standing is of a multilayer structure, and each layer is provided with a battery positioning structure.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. because set up the battery on the fork of stacker and press from both sides and get the manipulator, the stacker gets the manipulator through this battery and gets and remove after getting the battery, makes the battery carry out the position transform between battery conveyer, formation/partial volume cabinet and the goods shelves of stewing to realize formation/partial volume, make the battery move between different equipment when forming/partial volume and need not use the tray, thereby reach reduction in production cost's purpose, avoid the battery to appear phenomenon such as offset, topple over simultaneously and influence the effect that becomes/partial volume.
2. The battery clamping manipulator is provided with two clamping jaw parts and a power mechanism, wherein the two clamping jaw parts are distributed up and down oppositely, and the power mechanism controls the distance between the two clamping jaw parts so as to clamp or loosen the battery. Therefore, when the battery clamping manipulator clamps/releases the battery, the whole manipulator does not need to move up and down, but only one or two clamping jaw components move for small displacement in the up-and-down direction, the requirement on the movement space in the height direction is low, the internal space of the existing formation/grading cabinet can be met, and meanwhile, compared with a tray mode, the manipulator of the invention has smaller required height space of the formation/grading cabinet, so that the manipulator of the invention is beneficial to reducing the height of the formation/grading cabinet, and is beneficial to realizing the miniaturization of the formation/grading cabinet.
3. Due to the arrangement of the first limiting block and the second limiting block, the battery clamping manipulator can realize three-dimensional limiting on the clamped battery, so that the working stability and firmness of the battery clamping manipulator in clamping the battery are improved, and the phenomenon of battery slipping is avoided.
4. The battery presss from both sides and gets the manipulator follow after pressing from both sides out the battery in the formation/partial volume cabinet, send into the battery with the battery transfer device transfer, follow again the battery transfer device goes up to press from both sides and gets the battery and send into the goods shelves that stew, the battery is after accomplishing the rest in the goods shelves that stew, the battery presss from both sides the manipulator follow it presss from both sides in the goods shelves that stew gets the battery extremely battery transfer device carries out the unloading, makes the goods shelves that stew and formation/partial volume cabinet can distribute side by side to practice thrift the place space.
5. The battery conveying device comprises the feeding and discharging mechanism, the first battery transfer mechanism and the second battery transfer mechanism, so that the battery directly performs flow transfer in the system after a tray is eliminated, an original robot disassembling and assembling disc mode is replaced by a feeding and discharging transfer mode, the total equipment cost is greatly reduced, and the space advantage is also realized.
6. The feeding and discharging mechanism is of a feeding and discharging drawstring structure, so that the original roller line conveying is replaced by drawstring conveying, and auxiliary equipment such as a nail inserting machine, a nail pulling machine, an OCV test and the like can directly operate on the drawstring line.
The invention is further explained in detail with the accompanying drawings and the embodiments; a battery formation/capacity separation system of the present invention is not limited to the embodiment.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the stacker of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the fork portion of the stacker of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the robot of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of one of the jaws of the lower jaw assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of one of the jaws of the upper jaw member of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a partial configuration of the stacker of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 5;
FIG. 10 is a front view of the robot of the present invention prior to clamping the battery;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged schematic view of portion B of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a side view of the robot of the present invention prior to clamping the battery;
FIG. 13 is a schematic perspective view of the robot of the present invention after clamping the battery;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of the loading and unloading mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a schematic perspective view of a first/second battery relay mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic perspective view of a battery positioning module of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic perspective view of the translation drive mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 18 is a schematic perspective view of the chemical/cosmetic container of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As used herein, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used solely to distinguish similar objects from one another, and are not necessarily used to describe a particular order or sequence, nor are they to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description, the directions or positional relationships indicated by "up", "down", "left", "right", "front" and "rear" are used based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of describing the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the device referred to must have a specific direction, be constructed and operated in a specific direction, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate. "and/or" describes the association relationship of the associated object, indicating that there may be three relationships, for example, a, and/or B, which may indicate: a exists alone, A and B exist simultaneously, and B exists alone. The character "/" generally indicates that the former and latter associated objects are in an "or" relationship. In addition, in the description of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
Referring to fig. 1 to 18, the battery formation/capacity division system of the present invention includes a battery conveying device, a formation/capacity division cabinet 4, a standing shelf 5, and a stacker 6, where a fork of the stacker 6 is provided with a battery gripping manipulator, and the stacker 6 moves after gripping a battery by the battery gripping manipulator, so that the battery is subjected to position conversion among the battery conveying device, the formation/capacity division cabinet 4, and the standing shelf 5, and formation or capacity division and standing are implemented. Specifically, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the battery conveying device to the formation/grading cabinet 4, after the formation or grading of the batteries is completed, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the formation/grading cabinet 4 to the battery conveying device for transfer, and then clamps the batteries from the battery conveying device to the standing shelf 5; after the batteries are placed in the placement shelf 5, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the placement shelf 5 to the battery conveying device for blanking. Therefore, the tray is not needed in the whole process, so that the aim of reducing the production cost is fulfilled, and the influence on the formation/capacity separation effect caused by the phenomena of position deviation, toppling and the like of the battery is avoided.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the battery conveying apparatus specifically includes a feeding and discharging mechanism 1, a first battery transfer mechanism 2 for grouping or disassembling batteries, and a second battery transfer mechanism 3 for grouping or disassembling batteries, where the first battery transfer mechanism 2 and the formation/capacity grading cabinet 4 are arranged in a first row, and the first battery transfer mechanism 2 is located between the feeding and discharging mechanism 1 and the capacity grading cabinet; the second battery transfer mechanism 3 and the standing shelf 5 are arranged in a second row, and the second battery transfer mechanism 3 is positioned between the feeding and discharging mechanism 1 and the standing shelf 5; the stacker 6 is located between the first row and the second row.
In this embodiment, the stacker 6 may realize three-dimensional motions of up and down, left and right, and front and back, where the left and right direction is a direction parallel to the first row and the second row, and the front and back direction is a direction perpendicular to the horizontal direction of the first row and the second row. As shown in fig. 3, the stacker 6 includes a top rail 61, a ground rail 62, a stacker main body 63, and a fork portion 64, wherein the top rail 61 and the ground rail 62 are vertically distributed and respectively located in the left and right directions, the stacker main body 63 moves left and right between the top rail 61 and the ground rail 62, and the fork portion 64 moves up and down on the stacker main body 63. As shown in fig. 4 and 8, the fork portion 64 includes a base frame 648, forks 647, a fork driving mechanism 649, and the battery gripper robot, and the forks 647 are movably provided on the base frame 648 in the front-rear direction and are driven by the fork driving mechanism 649.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the battery clamping robot has two jaw members 642 and 643 disposed opposite to each other, and a power mechanism 644, wherein the power mechanism 644 controls the distance between the two jaw members 642 and 643 to clamp or release the battery. When the two jaw members 642 and 643 are in the pinching state, the two jaw members 642 and 643 contact the top surface and the bottom surface of the battery, respectively, to pinch the battery. The battery clamping manipulator further includes a bracket 641, the power mechanism 644 is disposed on the bracket 641, one of the two jaw members 642, 643 is disposed on the bracket 641 to be movable up and down, the other jaw member of the two jaw members 642, 643 is fixed on the bracket 641 to be movable up and down, specifically, the upper jaw member 642 is disposed on the bracket 641 to be movable up and down, and the lower jaw member 643 is fixed on the bracket 641 to be movable up and down, but not limited thereto, in other embodiments, the two jaw members are disposed on the bracket to be movable up and down, respectively. The power mechanism 644 is coupled to the jaw members that move up and down (i.e., the upper jaw member 642).
In this embodiment, the two jaw members 642 and 643 respectively include a plurality of jaws 6421/6431 spaced apart along the width direction (i.e., the left-right direction) of the gripped battery, so that the two jaw members 642 and 643 can grip a plurality of batteries, specifically, 16 batteries at a time, but are not limited thereto. The grip jaws of the two grip jaw members 642 and 643 have longitudinal directions respectively located in the longitudinal direction of the gripped battery, and width directions respectively located in the width direction of the battery. The vertically movable jaw member (i.e., the upper jaw member 642) further includes a base plate 6422, a plurality of jaws 6421 of the vertically movable jaw member are respectively fixed to the base plate 6422, the base plate 6422 is vertically movably connected to the bracket 641, and the power mechanism 644 is connected to the base plate 6422.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, each of the jaws 6431 of one of the jaw members is longer than the battery of the battery, and first limit blocks 6432 are respectively disposed at two opposite ends of each of the jaws 6431 of one of the jaw members in the length direction of the battery to limit the battery in the length direction of the battery. As shown in fig. 7, each of the jaws 6421 of the other jaw member is provided with at least one second stopper 6423, respectively, to restrict the battery in its width direction. The clamping jaw 6431 of one of the clamping jaw parts is vertically staggered with the clamping jaw 6421 of the other clamping jaw part, so that the other clamping jaws of the other clamping jaw part except the two edge clamping jaws can simultaneously clamp two adjacent batteries respectively, and the second limiting blocks 6423 on the other clamping jaws are positioned between the two adjacent batteries respectively. In particular, but not limited to, the one jaw member being a lower jaw member 643 and the other jaw member being an upper jaw member 642, in other embodiments, the one jaw member being an upper jaw member and the other jaw member being a lower jaw member.
In this embodiment, the power mechanism 644 includes a first motor disposed on the bracket 641 and a first lead screw rotatably mounted on the bracket 641, the first lead screw is located in the vertical direction and is in threaded connection with a first sliding block, and the first sliding block is fixedly connected with the substrate 22. The first screw rod is a trapezoidal screw rod, has a self-locking function, and can effectively ensure that the two clamping jaw components clamp the battery. In other embodiments, the power mechanism comprises a cylinder or the like.
In this embodiment, the substrate 6422 is connected to the bracket 1 by using a plurality of sliding guide mechanisms 645, so as to improve the connection strength between the substrate 6422 and the bracket 641, and avoid the influence of heavy battery weight on the working stability.
In this embodiment, the elastic blocks 6424 are provided on the holding surfaces of the respective jaws 6421 of the vertically movable jaw member (i.e., the upper jaw member 642), as shown in fig. 7, to prevent damage to the battery when the battery is pressed too tightly due to a height error of the battery. A pad 6433 is disposed on the clamping surface of each jaw 6431 of the lower jaw member 643, and the first stopper 6432 is fixed to the pad 6433, as shown in fig. 6.
In this embodiment, the bracket 641 is movably disposed on the fork 647 in a moving direction of the fork 647, and specifically, the bracket 641 is mounted on the bracket 641 by using a plurality of linear guide rails 646. The bracket 641 and the fork 647 are provided with a buffer mechanism 6410 for avoiding obstacles in the advancing direction of the fork 647.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 9, the buffer mechanism 6410 includes a first base 64101, a second base 64102, a guide rod 64104, and a spring 64103, the first base 64101 is fixed to the bracket 641, and the second base 64102 is fixed to the fork 647 and located rearward of the first base 64101 in the advancing direction of the fork 647; the guide rod 64104 is located in the moving direction of the fork 647, one end of the guide rod 64104 is fixedly connected with the first base 64101, and the other end of the guide rod 64104 is movably connected to the second base 64102, so that the wire guide rod can move axially relative to the second base 64102; the spring 64103 is sleeved on the guide rod 64104, and two ends of the spring 64103 are respectively abutted against the first base 64101 and the second base 64102; the number of the buffering mechanisms 6410 is plural, specifically, two, but not limited thereto.
In this embodiment, the present invention further includes an inductive retracting mechanism, which includes an inductive tab 6420 and an inductive switch 6430, wherein the inductive tab 6420 is disposed on the bracket 641, and the inductive switch 6430 is disposed on the fork 647, and as the bracket 641 retreats relative to the fork 647, the inductive switch 6430 detects the inductive tab 6420 and outputs a signal for retracting the fork 647.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 4 and 8, the number of the forks 647 and the number of the battery clamping manipulators are two, and the forks 647 correspond to the battery clamping manipulators one to one; the fork drive mechanism 649 drives the two forks 647 to move in the same direction and in synchronization in the front-to-rear direction.
In this embodiment, the fork driving mechanism 649 includes a second motor and a second screw rod, the second motor is disposed on the bottom frame 8, the second screw rod is rotatably connected to the bottom frame 648 and located in the moving direction of the fork 647, and a second slider is connected to the second screw rod through a thread, and the second slider is fixedly connected to the fork 647. Because the number of the forks 647 is two, the number of the second sliding blocks is also two, the second screw rod is provided with two thread sections with opposite thread directions, and the two thread sections are respectively in one-to-one thread connection with the two second sliding blocks, so that when the second motor is started, the two forks 647 and the battery clamping mechanical arms thereon can be driven by the second screw rod and the two second sliding blocks to move in opposite directions or in the opposite directions, namely, the two forks 647 and the battery clamping mechanical arms thereon extend or retract simultaneously.
When the battery gripping manipulator grips a battery, the clamping jaws 6431 of the lower clamping jaw part 643 respectively hold the bottom surface of the corresponding battery 7, and meanwhile, the two first limiting blocks 6432 on each clamping jaw 6431 respectively limit the length direction of the battery 7, so that the battery 7 cannot be displaced along the length direction; the respective jaws 6421 of the upper jaw member 642 reach above the battery 7 in preparation for clamping, and as shown in fig. 10-12, when the motor of the power mechanism 644 is activated, the upper jaw member 642 moves downward until the elastic blocks 6424 of the respective jaws 6421 contact the top surface of the battery 7, and the second stoppers 6423 of the upper jaw member 642 are engaged with each other to limit the width of the battery 7, so that the battery 7 is not displaced in the width direction, as shown in fig. 13. In combination with the battery 7, the battery is clamped by the upper and lower clamping jaw parts 642 and 643 in the height direction, so that the battery clamping manipulator can realize three-dimensional limitation on the clamped battery 7, the working stability and firmness of the manipulator in clamping the battery are improved, and the phenomenon of battery sliding is avoided.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 14 and 15, the feeding and discharging mechanism 1, the first battery transfer mechanism 2, and the second battery transfer mechanism 3 are respectively of a double-layer structure, so that the batteries are transferred in different layers according to different transfer directions. Go up unloading mechanism 1 specifically is go up unloading stretching strap structure, because go up unloading mechanism 1 and adopt bilayer structure, consequently, go up unloading mechanism 1 specifically includes upper unloading stretching strap 12 and two lower floor's unloading stretching strap 11, 13, and upper unloading stretching strap 12 is located between two lower floor's unloading stretching strap 11, 13 to, three unloading stretching strap edge of going up the fore-and-aft direction distributes.
In this embodiment, the first battery transfer mechanism 2 and the second battery transfer mechanism 3 respectively have a battery positioning module 22 and a transfer manipulator 23 for clamping a battery, and the transfer manipulator 23 clamps the battery from the charging and discharging mechanism 1 to the battery positioning module 22 for grouping, or the transfer manipulator 23 clamps the battery from the battery positioning module 22 in batch to the charging and discharging mechanism 1. As shown in fig. 16, the battery positioning module 22 includes a support plate 221, and a plurality of battery support blocks 222, the plurality of battery support blocks 222 are arranged in a row on the support plate 221 at intervals along a width direction (i.e., the left-right direction) of the battery to be placed, and each battery support block 222 is provided with a battery positioning block 223 for positioning the battery in the width direction of the battery. The first battery relay mechanism 2 and the second battery relay mechanism 3 further include a bottom plate 24 and a translation driving mechanism, respectively, and the supporting plate 221 is slidably connected to the bottom plate 24 along the distribution direction of the battery supporting blocks 222 and is driven by the translation driving mechanism disposed on the bottom plate 24. The translation drive mechanism is embodied as, but not limited to, a cylinder 25. Therefore, the supporting plate 221 and the plurality of battery supporting blocks 222 thereon and the batteries positioned thereon can be pulled to the leftmost end or the rightmost end of the bottom plate 24, so that the stacker 6 can pick up the batteries nearby onto the loading and unloading mechanism 1 or the container forming/sorting cabinet 4 or the stationary shelf 5. Because the first battery transfer mechanism 2 and the second battery transfer mechanism 3 respectively adopt a double-layer structure, each layer of structure of the first battery transfer mechanism 2 and the second battery transfer mechanism 3 respectively comprises the battery positioning module 22, the transfer manipulator 23, the bottom plate 24 and the translation driving mechanism (i.e. the cylinder 25), as shown in fig. 15, the double-layer structure of the first battery transfer mechanism 2 and the second battery transfer mechanism 3 is respectively arranged on the frame 21.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 17, the relay robot 23 is not only movable up and down, but also movable along a guide rail 25 provided in the rack in the left-right direction. The transfer manipulator 23 is provided with two jaw members which are distributed oppositely in the front and back direction, and each jaw member is provided with two jaws, so that the transfer manipulator 23 can clamp two batteries at a time. When the transfer manipulator 23 works, the transfer manipulator moves downwards to clamp the battery, then moves upwards and moves to a corresponding position along the guide rail, and then moves downwards to place the clamped battery in a proper position. When the transfer manipulator 23 grips the battery 7, the two lateral narrow surfaces of the battery 7 are clamped, and the two lateral wide surfaces of the battery are easily deformed under stress, so that the transfer manipulator is not suitable for gripping by the clamping jaws.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 18, the formation/capacity-division cabinet 4 is internally provided with a multi-layer structure, each layer is provided with a battery positioning needle bed 41, and the battery positioning needle bed 41 is provided with a battery positioning structure. The standing shelf 5 is also of a multilayer structure, and each layer is provided with a battery positioning structure. The battery positioning needle beds 41 and the battery positioning structure on the stationary shelf 5 have the same or similar structure as the combined structure of the support plate 221 and the plurality of battery support blocks 222 thereon. Therefore, when the batteries are clamped to the battery positioning needle bed 41 or the standing goods shelf 5, the batteries are limited in the left and right direction, and accurate positioning of the batteries in the formation/grading cabinet 4 and the standing goods shelf 5 is realized. The number of the forming/grading cabinets 4 and the number of the stationary shelves 5 are two, respectively, but not limited thereto.
The invention relates to a battery formation/capacity grading system, which has the working principle as follows:
go up unloading stretching strap 11 of lower floor and once carry 2 batteries, the transfer manipulator of 2 lower floors of first battery transfer mechanism stretches out to snatch 2 batteries and places on the battery orientation module of 2 lower floors of first battery transfer mechanism after targetting in place, and repeat so and circulate until 16 batteries are filled up to the battery orientation module of 2 lower floors of first battery transfer mechanism. Then, the forks 647 of the stacker 6 extend out, and after gripping the 16 batteries toward the battery gripping manipulator of the first battery transfer mechanism 2, the stacker 6 conveys the 16 batteries to the battery positioning needle bed 41 corresponding to the chemical/capacitance separation cabinet 4. The battery is accomplished to become or after dividing the appearance in becoming/dividing the appearance cabinet 4, fork 647 of stacker 6 stretches out, get the manipulator and get 16 batteries from becoming/dividing the appearance cabinet 4 to press from both sides towards becoming/dividing the appearance cabinet 4's battery clamp, carry these 16 batteries to the battery orientation module on first battery transfer mechanism 2 upper strata, the transfer manipulator on first battery transfer mechanism 2 upper strata snatchs the battery and goes up to unloading 12 on the last unloading stretching strap of upper strata, the transfer manipulator on first battery transfer mechanism 2 upper strata snatchs 2 batteries once, need snatch 8 times. The last unloading stretching strap 12 of upper strata carries 16 batteries to the one end that is close to second battery transfer mechanism 3, and the transfer manipulator on 3 upper strata of second battery transfer mechanism stretches out to snatch 2 batteries and places on the battery orientation module on 3 upper strata of second battery transfer mechanism, and such recirculation is until 16 batteries are filled up in the battery orientation module on 3 upper strata of second battery transfer mechanism. Then, the fork 647 of the stacker 6 extends out, and after the battery gripping manipulator of the second battery transfer mechanism 3 grips the 16 batteries on the upper layer of the second battery transfer mechanism 3, the stacker 6 conveys the 16 batteries to the stationary shelf 5 for stationary holding. After the completion of stewing, fork 647 of stacker 6 stretches out, get 16 batteries from stewing the goods shelves 5 towards the battery clamp of goods shelves 5 of stewing, carry these 16 batteries to the battery orientation module of 3 lower floors of second battery transfer mechanism on, the transfer manipulator of 3 lower floors of second battery transfer mechanism snatchs the battery and goes up unloading to the unloading stretching strap 13 on the lower floor, the transfer manipulator of 3 lower floors of second battery transfer mechanism once snatchs 2 batteries, need snatch 8 times.
The battery formation/capacity grading system enables the battery to move among different devices without using a tray when the battery is formed/graded, so that the aim of reducing the production cost is fulfilled, and the phenomenon that the battery is deviated in position, toppled and the like to influence the formation/capacity grading effect is avoided. According to the invention, after a tray is cancelled, the pull belt is adopted to replace a roller for conveying, the battery is directly conveyed through the pull belt, a station for disassembling and assembling the tray by a robot is omitted, and auxiliary equipment can directly work on a pull belt line, so that the equipment cost of a production line is greatly reduced, and the field space is saved.
According to the battery formation/capacity grading system, when the battery clamping manipulator clamps/releases the battery, the whole manipulator does not need to move up and down, the upper clamping jaw part only moves for small displacement in the up-and-down direction, the requirement on the movement space in the height direction is low, the internal space of the existing formation/capacity grading cabinet can be met, and therefore the size of the existing formation/capacity grading cabinet does not need to be changed. If the transfer manipulator shown in fig. 17 is used instead of the battery gripping manipulator, the required up-and-down movement space is larger because the transfer manipulator needs to move up and down as a whole, which is obviously not satisfied by the existing chemical/volume conversion cabinet.
The parts not involved in the battery formation/capacity separation system of the present invention (for example, the control part for controlling the coordinated operation of the battery transport device, the stacker, and the like) are the same as or can be realized by the prior art.
The above-mentioned embodiments are only used to further illustrate the battery formation/capacity grading system of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiments, and any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above-mentioned embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention fall within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. The utility model provides a battery ization becomes/partial volume system, includes battery conveyer, becomes/partial volume cabinet, the goods shelves and the stacker of stewing that its characterized in that: the battery clamping manipulator is arranged on a fork of the stacker, the stacker clamps the battery through the battery clamping manipulator and then moves the battery, so that the battery is subjected to position conversion among the battery conveying device, the formation/capacity division cabinet and the standing goods shelf, and formation or capacity division and standing are realized.
2. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 1, wherein: the battery clamping manipulator is provided with two clamping jaw parts and a power mechanism, wherein the two clamping jaw parts are distributed up and down oppositely, and the power mechanism controls the distance between the two clamping jaw parts so as to clamp or loosen a battery.
3. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 2, wherein: the two clamping jaw parts respectively comprise a plurality of clamping jaws which are distributed at intervals along the width direction of the clamped battery, so that the two clamping jaw parts can clamp a plurality of batteries at one time.
4. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 2, wherein: two opposite ends of each clamping jaw of one clamping jaw part in the length direction of the clamped battery are respectively provided with a first limiting block so as to limit the battery in the length direction of the battery; and each clamping jaw of the other clamping jaw part is respectively provided with at least one second limiting block so as to limit the battery in the width direction of the battery.
5. The battery clamping manipulator as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the battery conveying device to the formation/partial volume cabinet, after the formation/partial volume of the batteries is completed, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the formation/partial volume cabinet to the battery conveying device for transfer, and then clamps the batteries from the battery conveying device to the standing goods shelf; after the batteries are placed in the placement shelf, the battery clamping manipulator clamps the batteries from the placement shelf to the battery conveying device for blanking.
6. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 5, wherein: the battery conveying device comprises a feeding and discharging mechanism, a first battery transfer mechanism for grouping or disassembling batteries and a second battery transfer mechanism for grouping or disassembling batteries, wherein the first battery transfer mechanism and the formation/capacity division cabinet are arranged in a first line, and the first battery transfer mechanism is positioned between the feeding and discharging mechanism and the capacity division cabinet; the second battery transfer mechanism and the standing shelf are arranged in a second row, and the second battery transfer mechanism is positioned between the feeding and discharging mechanism and the standing shelf; the stacker is located between the first row and the second row.
7. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 6, wherein: the feeding and discharging mechanism, the first battery transfer mechanism and the second battery transfer mechanism respectively adopt a double-layer structure, so that batteries are transferred in different layers according to different transfer directions; and/or the feeding and discharging mechanism is a feeding and discharging drawstring structure.
8. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 6, wherein: the first battery transfer mechanism and the second battery transfer mechanism are respectively provided with a battery positioning module and a transfer manipulator for clamping a battery, the transfer manipulator is used for clamping the battery to the battery positioning module to form a group on the charging and discharging mechanism, or the transfer manipulator is used for clamping the battery to the charging and discharging mechanism in batches on the battery positioning module.
9. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 8, wherein: the battery positioning module comprises a supporting plate and a plurality of battery supporting blocks, the plurality of battery supporting blocks are arranged on the supporting plate at intervals in a line along the width direction of the placed battery, and each battery supporting block is provided with a battery positioning block respectively so as to position the battery in the width direction of the battery; the first battery transfer mechanism and the second battery transfer mechanism respectively comprise a bottom plate and a translation driving mechanism, and the supporting plate can be connected to the bottom plate in a sliding mode along the distribution direction of the battery supporting blocks and is driven by the translation driving mechanism arranged on the bottom plate.
10. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 5, wherein: the battery clamping manipulator and the fork are respectively two in number, the battery clamping manipulator corresponds to the fork one by one, and the two forks can move in the same direction in the horizontal direction perpendicular to the first line.
11. The battery formation/capacity division system of claim 1, wherein: the formation/capacity grading cabinet is internally provided with a multilayer structure, each layer is respectively provided with a battery positioning needle bed, and the battery positioning needle beds are provided with battery positioning structures; the shelf for standing is of a multilayer structure, and each layer is provided with a battery positioning structure.
CN202210445041.6A 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 Battery formation/capacity grading system Pending CN114735456A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210445041.6A CN114735456A (en) 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 Battery formation/capacity grading system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210445041.6A CN114735456A (en) 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 Battery formation/capacity grading system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114735456A true CN114735456A (en) 2022-07-12

Family

ID=82283988

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202210445041.6A Pending CN114735456A (en) 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 Battery formation/capacity grading system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN114735456A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115027922A (en) * 2022-08-10 2022-09-09 常州富矿智能科技有限公司 Intelligent material transportation and storage system of mill

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002145448A (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-22 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Reversal piling up device
CN107298307A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-10-27 江苏金帆新程装备有限公司 The catching robot of lead-acid accumulator
CN207038632U (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-02-23 浙江杭可科技股份有限公司 Soft package lithium battery cold-hot pressure fixture is melted into automatic assembly line
CN209374593U (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-09-10 东莞市德瑞精密设备有限公司 Formation of Li-ion batteries partial volume all-in-one machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002145448A (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-22 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Reversal piling up device
CN207038632U (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-02-23 浙江杭可科技股份有限公司 Soft package lithium battery cold-hot pressure fixture is melted into automatic assembly line
CN107298307A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-10-27 江苏金帆新程装备有限公司 The catching robot of lead-acid accumulator
CN209374593U (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-09-10 东莞市德瑞精密设备有限公司 Formation of Li-ion batteries partial volume all-in-one machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115027922A (en) * 2022-08-10 2022-09-09 常州富矿智能科技有限公司 Intelligent material transportation and storage system of mill
CN115027922B (en) * 2022-08-10 2023-09-22 常州富矿智能科技有限公司 Factory intelligent material transportation and storage system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108974964B (en) Intelligent loading and unloading device for container cargo
CN107840059B (en) Automatic reclaimer of two-way storage
US8657310B2 (en) Wafer box conveyor
CN113003208B (en) Automatic stacking and unstacking device and method
CN110937402A (en) Automatic balance equipment
CN105905605A (en) Automatic transportation production line for electronic product materials
CN111874640A (en) Automobile aluminum strip stacking assembly line
CN114735456A (en) Battery formation/capacity grading system
CN112141652A (en) Unloading transfer platform
CN212798575U (en) Discharging device and tray placing equipment
CN109597294B (en) Automatic coil assembling machine for clock movement
CN216271674U (en) Feeding mechanism and flitch transmission device
CN210824351U (en) Soft-package battery module grab put subassembly and feed mechanism
CN212241059U (en) Temporary storage device for bolt sorting
JP3197693B2 (en) Automatic stacking device for channel steel
CN213893930U (en) Picking system and article distribution system
CN108438844A (en) A kind of novel tray shifting apparatus
CN210709127U (en) Material conveying equipment and material production line with same
CN113023193A (en) Automatic stereoscopic warehouse for caching semiconductor components
CN220466467U (en) Three-dimensional feed bin of shallow formula multilayer tray
CN114834887B (en) Battery clamping manipulator, fork part of stacker and stacker
CN215794738U (en) Two-axis robot packaging control device
CN214651836U (en) Transfer device
CN212953119U (en) Automobile aluminum strip stacking assembly line
CN217970058U (en) Automatic boxing equipment for glassware

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination