CN114618633A - Vortex ring impact type waste lithium battery anti-splashing multistage crushing device - Google Patents

Vortex ring impact type waste lithium battery anti-splashing multistage crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114618633A
CN114618633A CN202210306433.4A CN202210306433A CN114618633A CN 114618633 A CN114618633 A CN 114618633A CN 202210306433 A CN202210306433 A CN 202210306433A CN 114618633 A CN114618633 A CN 114618633A
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China
Prior art keywords
reciprocating
crushing
driving
fine
driven
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CN202210306433.4A
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CN114618633B (en
Inventor
张伟明
陈克勤
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Ganzhou Jirui New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Ganzhou Jirui New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Publication of CN114618633B publication Critical patent/CN114618633B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/12Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/20Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy after crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/40Detachers, e.g. scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/55Cleaning with fluid jets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/54Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste accumulators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Battery Electrode And Active Subsutance (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a vortex ring impact type anti-splashing multistage crushing device for waste lithium batteries, which comprises a crushing device body, a weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component, a coarse crushing component, a vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component and a fine crushing mechanism, wherein the crushing device body is provided with an upper end opening cavity, the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component, the coarse crushing component, the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component and the fine crushing mechanism are sequentially arranged in the crushing device body from top to bottom, the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component comprises a blanking baffle, an anti-splashing air bag, an air pump, a flexible guide pipe and an air jet hole, and the blanking baffle is symmetrically hinged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body. The invention belongs to the technical field of lithium battery crushing equipment, and particularly provides a vortex ring impact type anti-splashing multistage crushing device for waste lithium batteries, which can avoid scraps from splashing, is convenient for a user to put in the waste lithium batteries, can avoid scraps from being accumulated, and can reduce the abrasion on the surface of a crushing roller.

Description

Vortex ring impact type anti-splashing multistage crushing device for waste lithium batteries
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of lithium battery crushing equipment, and particularly relates to a vortex ring impact type anti-splashing multistage crushing device for waste lithium batteries.
Background
In the lithium battery recycling industry, crushing equipment is needed to crush and recycle waste lithium batteries, wherein the crushing equipment comprises a plurality of procedures such as primary crushing, fine crushing and screening, the lithium batteries are crushed by a crushing roller in a powerful extrusion manner when the primary crushing is carried out, meanwhile, in order to bring convenience for workers to put the waste lithium batteries into the crushing device, a feeding port of the crushing equipment is mostly always open, the situation that fragments of the lithium batteries fly in disorder is easy to occur, if the waste lithium batteries are inadvertently blown to fragile parts such as eyes of people, serious injury can be brought to people, meanwhile, the battery fragments splashed outside the crushing equipment not only influence the sanitation of the periphery, but also cause the waste of materials, if a baffle capable of being opened and closed is arranged at the feeding port, although the situation of the splashed fragments is avoided, the baffle needs to be opened by the workers before feeding, and the baffle is closed after the feeding, the operation procedures are added, so that time and labor are wasted during operation, which is a technical problem difficult to solve in the prior art; in the crushing and screening processes, scraps of the lithium battery can adhere to the surfaces of the crushing roller and the screen mesh, manual cleaning is needed, time and labor are wasted, the crushing efficiency can be influenced when a large amount of scraps are accumulated on the surface of the crushing roller, and the screening efficiency is influenced because the battery scraps adhering to the surface of the screen mesh easily block the screen mesh, so that the recovery process of the lithium battery is adversely affected; for subsequent screening work, when carrying out fine crushing, need smash into tiny granule with the lithium cell piece, this process causes great wearing and tearing to the surface of fine crushing roller easily, has seriously reduced the life of fine crushing roller, leads to the user to need often change fine crushing roller to reduce production efficiency, increased manufacturing cost.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation and overcoming the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing the waste lithium batteries from splashing, aiming at the contradiction problem that an openable and closable baffle (for avoiding fragments from flying) is arranged at a material inlet and an openable and closable baffle (for keeping the material inlet open so as to be convenient for a user to put in the waste lithium batteries) cannot be arranged at the material inlet, the scheme applies the principles of a flexible shell and weight compensation, by arranging the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning assembly, the technical effects of avoiding the fragments from flying in a mess and bringing convenience for users to put in the waste lithium batteries are achieved, meanwhile, the function of cleaning the surfaces of the driving rough crushing roller and the driven rough crushing roller is realized, and the problem that the chips of the lithium battery are adhered to the surfaces of the driving rough crushing roller and the driven rough crushing roller, so that the subsequent manual cleaning is needed is solved; aiming at the problem that the crushing efficiency is influenced due to the fact that a large amount of scraps are adhered to the surfaces of a fine crushing driving roller and a fine crushing driven roller, and the problem that sieve pores are blocked due to the fact that lithium battery scraps are adhered to the surfaces of an arc-shaped bearing plate and a movable sieve mesh, the scheme combines a flexible film and an air cannon principle, and the vortex ring generated by a vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning assembly continuously impacts the surfaces of the arc-shaped bearing plate, the fine crushing driving roller, the fine crushing driven roller and the movable sieve mesh, so that the scraps accumulated on the surfaces of the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller are cleared, the technical effects of clearing the scraps accumulated on the sieve pores of the arc-shaped bearing plate and the movable sieve mesh are achieved, the smooth operation of the crushing and screening processes is guaranteed, the condition that manual cleaning is needed is avoided, and manpower is saved; to the heavy problem of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller wearing and tearing that produce when fine crushing, this scheme has utilized magnetism to inhale the principle, produce magnetic field through setting up the magnetic adsorption subassembly, make the iron piece among the lithium cell piece receive the attraction in magnetic field, and firmly adsorbed on the surface of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller, realized the protecting effect to the surface of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller, effectively prolonged the life of device, and realized the self-crushing to lithium cell piece through adsorbing the iron piece on fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller surface.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the invention provides a vortex ring impact type anti-splashing multistage crushing device for waste lithium batteries, which comprises a crushing device body, a weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component, a coarse crushing component, a vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component and a fine crushing mechanism, wherein the crushing device body is provided with an upper end opening cavity, the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component, the coarse crushing component, the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component and the fine crushing mechanism are sequentially arranged in the crushing device body from top to bottom, the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component comprises a blanking baffle, an anti-splashing air bag, an air pump, a flexible guide pipe and an air jet hole, the blanking baffle is symmetrically hinged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body, the anti-splashing air bag is symmetrically clamped and fixedly arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body, the anti-splashing air bag is arranged below the blanking baffle, and the air pump is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body, one end of the flexible conduit is communicated with the inflator pump, the other end of the flexible conduit penetrates through the side wall of the smashing device body and is communicated with the anti-splashing air bag, and the air injection holes are evenly distributed on the bottom wall of the flexible conduit at equal intervals.
To not only setting up the baffle that can open and close at the pan feeding mouth (flying in disorder for avoiding the piece) but also can not set up the baffle that can open and close at the pan feeding mouth (keeping the pan feeding mouth open, so that the user puts in old and useless lithium cell) contradictory problem, this scheme has applied the principle of flexible casing and weight compensation, through setting up the weight compensation formula clean subassembly that prevents splashing, realized enough avoiding the piece flying in disorder, again can the convenient to use person put in old and useless lithium cell's technological effect, and simultaneously, realized again carrying out clear function to the surface of initiative coarse crushing roller and driven coarse crushing roller, avoided because of the piece adhesion of lithium cell at the surface of initiative coarse crushing roller and driven coarse crushing roller and the follow-up problem of carrying out artifical clearance of needs that leads to.
As a further improvement of the scheme, the coarse crushing component comprises a coarse crushing driving gear, a coarse crushing driven gear, a driving coarse crushing roller, a driven coarse crushing roller, a coarse crushing driving motor, a coarse crushing driving wheel, a coarse crushing driven wheel and a coarse crushing driving belt, the coarse crushing driving gear is rotatably arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body, the coarse crushing driven gear and the coarse crushing driving gear are arranged in a meshed mode, the driving coarse crushing roller is rotatably arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body, the driving coarse crushing roller is coaxially and fixedly connected with the coarse crushing driving gear, the driven coarse crushing roller is rotatably arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body, the driven coarse crushing roller is coaxially and fixedly connected with the coarse crushing driven gear, the coarse crushing driving motor is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body, the coarse crushing driving wheel is arranged on the coarse crushing driving motor, the coarse crushing driven driving wheel is rotatably arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body and coaxially and fixedly connected with the coarse crushing driving wheel, and the coarse crushing driving belt is wound on the coarse crushing driving wheel and the coarse crushing driven driving wheel.
As a further improvement of the scheme, the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component comprises a reciprocating component, a vortex ring generating component and a driving component, wherein the reciprocating component is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body, the vortex ring generating component is arranged on the crushing device body and is connected with the reciprocating component, the driving component is arranged on the crushing device body, the driving component is in transmission connection with the reciprocating component, the reciprocating component comprises a reciprocating control box body, a reciprocating swing seat, a reciprocating swing shaft, a reciprocating control sliding block, a telescopic spring, a fixed inclined block, a reciprocating stop rod, a movable inclined block, a reciprocating control spring and a reciprocating swing through hole, the reciprocating control box body is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body, the reciprocating swing seat is arranged in the reciprocating control box body in a sliding manner, the reciprocating swing through hole is arranged on the side wall of the reciprocating control box body, which is close to one side of the reciprocating swing seat, one end of the reciprocating swing shaft penetrates through the reciprocating swing through hole to be fixedly arranged on the side wall of the reciprocating swing seat, the other end of the reciprocating swing shaft is hinged with the driving assembly, the reciprocating control slider is arranged in the reciprocating control box body in a sliding manner, one end of the expansion spring is arranged on the reciprocating control slider, the other end of the expansion spring is arranged on the inner side wall of the reciprocating control box body, the expansion spring is arranged in the reciprocating control box body, the fixed inclined block is fixedly arranged on the inner top wall of the reciprocating control box body, the reciprocating stop lever is fixedly arranged on the side wall of one side, close to the reciprocating control slider, of the reciprocating swing seat, the reciprocating stop lever is arranged in the reciprocating control box body, the reciprocating stop lever is arranged below the fixed inclined block, the movable inclined block is connected to the reciprocating control slider in a sliding and plugging manner, one end of the reciprocating control spring is arranged on the reciprocating control slider, and the other end of the reciprocating control spring is arranged on the movable inclined block, the movable oblique block is arranged between the reciprocating stop lever and the fixed oblique block.
Further, the vortex ring produces the subassembly and includes traction frame, traction wheel, strikes pipe, elastic air bag and elastic traction rope, the traction frame is located on the reducing mechanism body lateral wall, the traction wheel rotates and locates on the traction frame, strike on the reducing mechanism body lateral wall is located to the pipe intercommunication, elastic air bag locates on the impact pipe, elastic traction rope one end is fixed to be located on the reciprocating control slider, the elastic traction rope other end is fixed to be located on the elastic air bag, the elastic traction rope is around locating on the traction wheel.
Further, the drive assembly comprises a reciprocating gear, a reciprocating swing rod, a reciprocating drive motor and a reciprocating drive wheel, the reciprocating gear is meshed with the reciprocating gear and is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body in a rotating mode, one end of the reciprocating swing rod is eccentrically and hinged to the reciprocating gear, the other end of the reciprocating swing rod is hinged to a reciprocating swing shaft, the reciprocating drive motor is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body and is in transmission connection with the reciprocating gear, and the reciprocating drive wheel is arranged on the reciprocating drive motor respectively and is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body in a rotating mode.
Furthermore, two sets of reciprocating assemblies are symmetrically arranged on the side wall of the crushing device body, the two sets of reciprocating assemblies are respectively a first reciprocating assembly and a second reciprocating assembly, two sets of vortex ring generating assemblies are respectively arranged on two sides of the crushing device body, the two sets of vortex ring generating assemblies are respectively a first vortex ring generating assembly and a second vortex ring generating assembly, an elastic traction rope of the first vortex ring generating assembly is connected with a reciprocating control slider of the first reciprocating assembly, an elastic traction rope of the second vortex ring generating assembly is connected with a reciprocating control slider of the second reciprocating assembly, the reciprocating gear comprises a reciprocating drive gear and a reciprocating driven gear, the reciprocating drive gear and the reciprocating driven gear are respectively rotatably arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body, the reciprocating drive gear and the reciprocating driven gear are arranged in a meshed manner, the reciprocating swing rod comprises a reciprocating drive swing rod and a reciprocating driven swing rod, and one end of the reciprocating drive swing rod is eccentrically hinged on the side wall of the reciprocating drive gear, the other end of the reciprocating driving swing rod is hinged with a reciprocating swing shaft of the first reciprocating assembly, one end of the reciprocating driven swing rod is eccentrically hinged to the side wall of the reciprocating driven gear, the other end of the reciprocating driven swing rod is hinged with a reciprocating swing shaft of the second reciprocating assembly, a reciprocating driving transmission wheel is coaxially arranged at the output end of the reciprocating driving motor, a reciprocating driven transmission wheel is coaxially arranged on the reciprocating driving gear, reciprocating transmission belts are wound on the reciprocating driving transmission wheel and the reciprocating driven transmission wheel, the reciprocating driving motor drives the reciprocating driving transmission wheel to rotate, and the reciprocating driving transmission wheel drives the reciprocating driven transmission wheel and the reciprocating driving gear to rotate through the reciprocating transmission belts.
To the problem because of the influence crushing efficiency that a large amount of pieces adhesion lead to on fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller surface, and accept the problem of the jam sieve mesh that board and activity screen cloth lead to on the surface because of lithium battery piece adhesion at the arc, this scheme combines together flexible film and air cannon principle, the board is accepted to the arc through the vortex ring that the clean subassembly of the reciprocal impact of vortex ring produced, fine crushing drive roller, the surface of fine crushing driven voller and activity screen cloth constantly strikes, the piece of piling up on the surface of having realized cleaing away fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller, and clear away the arc and accept the technological effect of piling up on the sieve mesh of board and activity screen cloth, the smooth of broken and screening process goes on has been guaranteed, the condition that needs the manual work to clear up has been avoided, the manpower has been practiced thrift.
Preferably, the fine grinding mechanism comprises a fine grinding component and a magnetic adsorption component, the fine grinding component is arranged on the grinding device body, the magnetic adsorption component is arranged on the fine grinding component, the fine grinding component comprises a plugging cavity, an arc-shaped receiving plate, a fine grinding driving roller, a fine grinding driven roller, a fine grinding driving motor, a fine grinding driving gear, a fine grinding driven gear, a fine grinding driving wheel, a fine grinding driven driving wheel, a fine grinding driving belt, a movable screen, a rotary gear ring, an intermediate gear, a rotary driving motor, a rotary driving gear and sieve meshes, the plugging cavity is communicated with and arranged on the side wall of the grinding device body, the arc-shaped receiving plate is arranged in the grinding device body, the arc-shaped receiving plate is coaxially and fixedly connected with the plugging cavity, the fine crushing driving roller one end is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the plugging chamber, the other end of the fine crushing driving roller is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped receiving plate, one end of the fine crushing driven roller is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the plugging chamber, the other end of the fine crushing driven roller is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped receiving plate, the fine crushing driving motor is arranged on the outer wall of the plugging chamber, the fine crushing driving gear is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the plugging chamber, the fine crushing driving gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fine crushing driving roller, the fine crushing driven gear is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the plugging chamber, the fine crushing driven gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fine crushing driven roller, the fine crushing driven gear is meshed with the fine crushing driving gear, the fine crushing driving wheel is arranged on the fine crushing driving motor, and the fine crushing driven wheel is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the plugging chamber, meticulous broken driven drive wheel and the coaxial rigid coupling of meticulous broken drive gear, meticulous broken drive belt is around locating on meticulous broken drive wheel and the meticulous broken driven drive wheel, the activity screen cloth rotates and locates on the arc accepts the board, it is originally internal that the reducing mechanism is located to the activity screen cloth rotation, the rotary teeth ring is located on the activity screen cloth lateral wall, the intermediate gear rotates and locates that the reducing mechanism is originally internal, intermediate gear is the meshing setting with the rotary teeth ring, rotary driving motor locates on the reducing mechanism body lateral wall, rotary driving gear locates on the rotary driving motor, rotary driving gear is the meshing setting with the intermediate gear, the equidistant evenly distributed of sieve mesh is located the arc and is accepted on board and the activity screen cloth.
To carrying out the unsatisfactory problem of crushing effect, this scheme has utilized the dynamic principle, carry out fine-crushing to the lithium cell piece that produces after preliminary breakage through setting up fine-crushing subassembly, it rotates to drive movable screen through the rotary drive motor, pivoted movable screen will be through the lithium cell piece after fine-crushing drive roll and the fine-crushing driven voller are smashed and take back to the top of fine-crushing drive roll and fine-crushing driven voller, and fall into again and smash between fine-crushing drive roll and the fine-crushing driven voller, so circulation is reciprocal, it can be by fully crushing's technological effect to have realized the lithium cell piece.
As a further improvement of the scheme, the magnetic adsorption component comprises a storage battery, an iron core, an insulating pad, a positive conductive groove joint, a positive conductive convex joint, a negative conductive groove ring, a negative conductive convex ring, a positive lead, a negative lead and a magnetized lead, the storage battery is arranged on the outer side wall of the body of the crushing device, the iron core is fixedly arranged in the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller, the insulating pad is fixedly arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate, the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller, the positive conductive convex joint is arranged on the insulating pad on the inner wall of the arc-shaped bearing plate, the positive conductive groove joint is fixedly arranged on the insulating pad on the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller, the positive conductive groove joint is rotatably arranged on the positive conductive convex joint, the negative conductive groove ring is arranged on the insulating pad on the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller, the negative electrode conductive convex ring is arranged on an insulating pad on the inner wall of the arc-shaped bearing plate, the negative electrode conductive concave ring is rotatably connected on the negative electrode conductive convex ring, the positive electrode lead is arranged on the body of the crushing device and on the arc-shaped bearing plate, one end of the positive electrode lead is electrically connected with the storage battery, the other end of the positive electrode lead is electrically connected with the positive electrode conductive convex joint, the negative electrode lead is arranged on the body of the crushing device and on the arc-shaped bearing plate, one end of the negative electrode lead is electrically connected with the storage battery, the other end of the negative electrode lead is electrically connected with the negative electrode conductive convex ring, the magnetizing lead is arranged on the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller, the magnetizing lead is spirally wound on the iron core, one end of the magnetizing lead penetrates through the insulating pad on the fine crushing driving roller and the fine crushing driven roller and is electrically connected with the negative electrode conductive concave ring, the other end of the magnetized lead penetrates through the insulating pads on the fine grinding driving roller and the fine grinding driven roller and is electrically connected with the positive conductive groove joint.
The problem heavier to the wearing and tearing of the fine crushing drive roller that produces when fine crushing and fine crushing driven voller, this scheme has utilized magnetism to inhale the principle, produce magnetic field through setting up the magnetic adsorption subassembly, make the iron piece among the lithium cell piece receive the attraction in magnetic field, and firmly adsorbed on the surface of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller, the protective effect to the surface of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller has been realized, the service life of device has effectively been prolonged, and realized the self-crushing to lithium cell piece through the iron piece that adsorbs on fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller surface.
Wherein the crushing device body is provided with a feeding port which is arranged at the top of the crushing device body, the side wall of the crushing device body is provided with a screening fan which is arranged below the fine crushing mechanism, the crushing device body is provided with a classification drawer in a sliding connection way, the classification drawer is arranged below the screening fan, the classification drawer is respectively provided with a metal object holding cavity and a light material holding cavity, the metal object holding cavity is arranged at one end of the classification drawer close to the screening fan, the light material containing cavity is arranged at one end of the classifying drawer far away from the sieving fan, the outer side wall of the crushing device body is provided with a controller, the controller is electrically connected with the storage battery, the model of the controller is STC89C52, and the storage battery is electrically connected with the inflator pump, the coarse crushing driving motor, the reciprocating driving motor, the fine crushing driving motor and the rotary driving motor respectively.
This scheme utilization wind-force sieves in advance to the particulate matter that produces after smashing, makes particulate matters such as the great metal of quality and particulate matters such as the less diaphragm of quality can be held by the classification, has realized carrying out the function of preliminary screening to its particulate matter in broken lithium cell, has reduced the work load of screening process, has improved recovery efficiency.
The invention with the structure has the following beneficial effects:
(1) to not only setting up the baffle that can open and close at the pan feeding mouth (flying in disorder for avoiding the piece) but also can not set up the baffle that can open and close at the pan feeding mouth (keeping the pan feeding mouth open, so that the user puts in old and useless lithium cell) contradictory problem, this scheme has applied the principle of flexible casing and weight compensation, through setting up the weight compensation formula clean subassembly that prevents splashing, realized enough avoiding the piece flying in disorder, again can the convenient to use person put in old and useless lithium cell's technological effect, and simultaneously, realized again carrying out clear function to the surface of initiative coarse crushing roller and driven coarse crushing roller, avoided because of the piece adhesion of lithium cell at the surface of initiative coarse crushing roller and driven coarse crushing roller and the follow-up problem of carrying out artifical clearance of needs that leads to.
(2) To the problem because of the influence crushing efficiency that a large amount of pieces adhesion lead to on fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller surface, and accept the problem of the jam sieve mesh that board and activity screen cloth lead to on the surface because of lithium battery piece adhesion at the arc, this scheme combines together flexible film and air cannon principle, the board is accepted to the arc through the vortex ring that the clean subassembly of the reciprocal impact of vortex ring produced, fine crushing drive roller, the surface of fine crushing driven voller and activity screen cloth constantly strikes, the piece of piling up on the surface of having realized cleaing away fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller, and clear away the arc and accept the technological effect of piling up on the sieve mesh of board and activity screen cloth, the smooth of broken and screening process goes on has been guaranteed, the condition that needs the manual work to clear up has been avoided, the manpower has been practiced thrift.
(3) To carrying out the unsatisfactory problem of crushing effect, this scheme has utilized the dynamic principle, carry out fine-crushing to the lithium cell piece that produces after preliminary breakage through setting up fine-crushing subassembly, it rotates to drive movable screen through the rotary drive motor, pivoted movable screen will be through the lithium cell piece after fine-crushing drive roll and the fine-crushing driven voller are smashed and take back to the top of fine-crushing drive roll and fine-crushing driven voller, and fall into again and smash between fine-crushing drive roll and the fine-crushing driven voller, so circulation is reciprocal, it can be by fully crushing's technological effect to have realized the lithium cell piece.
(4) The problem heavier to the wearing and tearing of the fine crushing drive roller that produces when fine crushing and fine crushing driven voller, this scheme has utilized magnetism to inhale the principle, produce magnetic field through setting up the magnetic adsorption subassembly, make the iron piece among the lithium cell piece receive the attraction in magnetic field, and firmly adsorbed on the surface of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller, the protective effect to the surface of fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller has been realized, the service life of device has effectively been prolonged, and realized the self-crushing to lithium cell piece through the iron piece that adsorbs on fine crushing drive roller and fine crushing driven voller surface.
(5) This scheme utilization wind-force sieves in advance to the particulate matter that produces after smashing, makes particulate matters such as the great metal of quality and particulate matters such as the less diaphragm of quality can be held by the classification, has realized carrying out the function of preliminary screening to its particulate matter in broken lithium cell, has reduced the work load of screening process, has improved recovery efficiency.
(6) This scheme uses coarse crushing subassembly to carry out preliminary breakage to old and useless lithium cell in advance before carrying out fine-crushing, makes the great old and useless lithium cell of volume smashed into the less lithium cell piece of volume, and the fine-crushing subassembly of being convenient for carries out fine-crushing to lithium cell piece, has improved crushing efficiency.
(7) This scheme is provided with the controller, and the user can control inflator pump, coarse crushing driving motor, reciprocating drive motor, meticulous broken driving motor and rotation driving motor through the controller, is favorable to smashing the process and goes on smoothly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries, provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear view of the vortex ring impact type multi-stage crushing device for preventing the waste lithium battery from splashing provided by the invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the vortex ring impact type multi-stage shattering apparatus for preventing the waste lithium battery from splashing provided by the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a plan sectional view of a portion a-a of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a plan sectional view of portion b-b of FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is a plan sectional view of portion c-c of FIG. 2;
FIG. 8 is a right side view of the shuttle assembly;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view from below at section d-d of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a perspective cross-sectional view from a top perspective of section d-d of FIG. 8;
FIG. 11 is a plan sectional view of section e-e of FIG. 3;
fig. 12 is a plan sectional view of a portion f-f in fig. 3.
1000, a crushing device body, 2000, a weight compensation type splash-proof cleaning component, 2001, a blanking baffle plate, 2002, a splash-proof air bag, 2003, an inflator pump, 2004, a flexible conduit, 2005, an air injection hole, 3000, a coarse crushing component, 3001, a coarse crushing driving gear, 3002, a coarse crushing driven gear, 3003, a driving coarse crushing roller, 3004, a driven coarse crushing roller, 3005, a coarse crushing driving motor, 3006, a coarse crushing driving transmission wheel, 3007, a coarse crushing driven transmission wheel, 3008, a coarse crushing transmission belt, 4000, a vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component, 4100, a reciprocating component, 4100a, a reciprocating component I, 4100b, a reciprocating component II, 4101, a reciprocating control box body, 4102, a reciprocating swing seat, 4103, a reciprocating swing shaft, 4104, a reciprocating control slide block, 4105, a telescopic spring, 4106, a fixed inclined block, 4107, a reciprocating baffle rod, 4108, a reciprocating inclined block, 4109 and a reciprocating control spring, 4110. reciprocating oscillating through hole, 4200, vortex ring generating assembly, 4200a, vortex ring generating assembly one, 4200b, vortex ring generating assembly two, 4201, traction frame, 4202, traction wheel, 4203, impulse tube, 4204, elastic air bag, 4205, elastic traction rope, 4300, driving assembly, 4301, reciprocating gear, 4301a, reciprocating driving gear, 4301b, reciprocating driven gear, 4302, reciprocating pendulum bar, 4302a, reciprocating driving pendulum bar, 4302b, reciprocating driven pendulum bar, 4303, reciprocating driving motor, 4304, reciprocating driving wheel, 4304a, reciprocating driving transmission wheel, 4304b, reciprocating driven transmission wheel, 4305, reciprocating transmission belt, 5000, fine crushing mechanism, 5100, fine crushing assembly, 5101, plugging chamber, 5102, arc receiving plate, 5103, fine crushing driving roller, 5104, fine crushing driven roller, 5105, fine crushing driving motor, 5106, fine crushing driving gear, 5107, fine crushing driving gear, 5105, Fine crushing driven gear, 5108, fine crushing driving transmission wheel, 5109, fine crushing driven transmission wheel, 5110, fine crushing transmission belt, 5111, movable screen, 5112, rotary toothed ring, 5113, intermediate gear, 5114, rotary driving motor, 5115, rotary driving gear, 5116, sieve mesh, 5200, magnetic adsorption component, 5201, storage battery, 5202, iron core, 5203, insulating pad, 5204, positive electrode conductive groove joint, 5205, positive electrode conductive projection joint, 5206, negative electrode conductive groove ring, 5207, negative electrode conductive projection ring, 5208, positive electrode lead, 5209, negative electrode lead, 5210, magnetized lead, 6000, sieving fan, 7000, classification drawer, 7001, metal containing cavity, 7002, light material containing cavity, 8000, controller, 9000, and material inlet.
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments; all other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
The invention provides a vortex ring impact type waste lithium battery anti-splashing multistage crushing device which comprises a crushing device body 1000, a weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component 2000, a coarse crushing component 3000, a vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component 4000 and a fine crushing mechanism 5000, wherein the crushing device body 1000 is a cavity with an opening at the upper end, and the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning component 2000, the coarse crushing component 3000, the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning component 4000 and the fine crushing mechanism 5000 are sequentially arranged in the crushing device body 1000 from top to bottom.
Referring to fig. 1, 6 and 12, the weight compensation type anti-spattering cleaning assembly 2000 includes a blanking baffle 2001, an anti-spattering air bag 2002, an inflator 2003, a flexible conduit 2004 and air injection holes 2005, wherein the blanking baffle 2001 is symmetrically hinged to the inner side wall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the anti-spattering air bag 2002 is symmetrically clamped and fixedly arranged on the inner side wall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the inflator 2003 is arranged below the blanking baffle 2001, one end of the flexible conduit 2004 is communicated with the inflator 2003, the other end of the flexible conduit 2004 penetrates through the side wall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer and is communicated with the anti-spattering air bag 2002, and the air injection holes 2005 are uniformly distributed on the bottom wall of the flexible conduit 2004 at equal intervals.
To not only setting up the baffle that can open and close at the pan feeding mouth (flying in disorder for avoiding the piece) but also can not set up the baffle that can open and close at the pan feeding mouth (keeping the pan feeding mouth open, so that the user puts in old and useless lithium cell), the contradiction problem of flexible casing and weight compensation has been applied to this scheme, through setting up weight compensation formula and preventing the clean subassembly 2000 that splashes, realized enough avoiding the piece flying in disorder, again can the convenient to use person put in old and useless lithium cell's technological effect, and simultaneously, realized again carrying out clear function to initiative coarse crushing roller 3003 and driven coarse crushing roller 3004's surface, avoided because of the piece adhesion of lithium cell at the follow-up problem of carrying out artifical clearance of needs that leads to in the surface of initiative coarse crushing roller 3003 and driven coarse crushing roller 3004.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 8, 9 and 10, the scroll ring reciprocating impact type cleaning assembly 4000 includes a reciprocating assembly 4100, a scroll ring generating assembly 4200 and a driving assembly 4300, the reciprocating assembly 4100 is disposed on an outer sidewall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the scroll ring generating assembly 4200 is disposed on the main body 1000 of the pulverizer and connected to the reciprocating assembly 4100, the driving assembly 4300 is disposed on the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the driving assembly 4300 is drivingly connected to the reciprocating assembly 4100, the reciprocating assembly 4100 includes a reciprocating control housing 4101, a reciprocating swing seat 4102, a reciprocating swing shaft 4103, a reciprocating control slider 4104, a telescopic spring 4105, a fixed oblique block 4106, a reciprocating bar 4107, a movable oblique block 4108, a reciprocating control spring 4109 and a reciprocating swing through hole 4110, the reciprocating control housing 4101 is disposed on an outer sidewall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the reciprocating swing seat 4102 is slidably disposed in the reciprocating control housing 4101, the reciprocating swing through hole 4110 is provided on the side wall of the reciprocating control box 4101 near the reciprocating swing seat 4102, one end of the reciprocating swing shaft 4103 is slidably inserted through the reciprocating swing through hole 4110 and fixedly provided on the side wall of the reciprocating swing seat 4102, the other end of the reciprocating swing shaft 4103 is hinged with the driving component 4300, the reciprocating control slider 4104 is slidably provided in the reciprocating control box 4101, one end of the expansion spring 4105 is provided on the reciprocating control slider 4104, the other end of the expansion spring 4105 is provided on the inner side wall of the reciprocating control box 4101, the expansion spring 4105 is provided in the reciprocating control box 4101, the fixed inclined block 4106 is fixedly provided on the inner top wall of the reciprocating control box 4101, the reciprocating stop lever 4107 is fixedly provided on the side wall of the reciprocating swing seat 4102 near the reciprocating control slider 4104, the reciprocating stop lever 4107 is provided in the reciprocating control box 4101, the reciprocating stop lever 4107 is provided below the fixed inclined block 4106, the movable inclined block 4108 is slidably inserted into and connected with the reciprocating control slider 4104, one end of the reciprocating control spring 4109 is arranged on the reciprocating control slider 4104, the other end of the reciprocating control spring 4109 is arranged on the movable inclined block 4108, and the movable inclined block 4108 is arranged between the reciprocating stop lever 4107 and the fixed inclined block 4106.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, the vortex ring generating assembly 4200 includes a traction frame 4201, a traction wheel 4202, a shock tube 4203, an elastic traction rope 4204 and an elastic traction rope 4205, the traction frame 4201 is disposed on an outer side wall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the traction wheel 4202 is rotatably disposed on the traction frame 4201, the shock tube 4203 is communicatively disposed on the side wall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, the elastic traction rope 4204 is disposed on the shock tube 4203, one end of the elastic traction rope 4205 is fixedly disposed on a reciprocating control slider 4104, the other end of the elastic traction rope 4205 is fixedly disposed on the elastic traction rope 4204, the elastic traction rope 4205 is wound on the traction wheel 4202, the driving assembly 4300 includes a reciprocating gear 4301, a reciprocating pendulum bar 4302, a reciprocating driving motor 4303 and a reciprocating transmission wheel 4304, the reciprocating gear 4301 is rotatably disposed on the outer side wall of the main body 1000 of the pulverizer, one end of the reciprocating gear 4302 is eccentrically hinged on the reciprocating pendulum bar 4301, the other end of the reciprocating swing rod 4302 is hinged to a reciprocating swing shaft 4103, the reciprocating drive motor 4303 is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body 1000, and the reciprocating drive motor 4303 is in transmission connection with a reciprocating gear 4301.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3, 6, 8 and 11, the sidewall of the said body 1000 of the said crushing apparatus is symmetrically provided with two sets of reciprocating assemblies 4100, two sets of reciprocating assemblies 4100 are respectively a reciprocating assembly 4100a and a reciprocating assembly two 4100b, two sets of vortex ring generating assemblies 4200 are respectively provided at two sides of the said body 1000 of the said crushing apparatus, two sets of vortex ring generating assemblies 4200 are respectively a vortex ring generating assembly 4200a and a vortex ring generating assembly two 4200b, the elastic hauling cable 4205 of the vortex ring generating assembly one 4200a is connected with the reciprocating control slider 4104 of the reciprocating assembly one 4100a, the elastic hauling cable 4205 of the vortex ring generating assembly two 4200b is connected with the reciprocating control slider 4104 of the reciprocating assembly two 4100b, the said reciprocating gear 4301 comprises a reciprocating driving gear 4301a and a reciprocating driven gear 4301b, the said reciprocating driving gear 4301a and reciprocating driven gear 4301b are respectively rotatably provided on the outer sidewall of the said body 4100 of the said crushing apparatus, the reciprocating driving gear 4301a and the reciprocating driven gear 4301b are arranged in a meshed manner, the reciprocating swing rod 4302 comprises a reciprocating driving swing rod 4302a and a reciprocating driven swing rod 4302b, one end of the reciprocating driving swing rod 4302a is eccentrically and hingedly arranged on the side wall of the reciprocating driving gear 4301a, the other end of the reciprocating driving swing rod 4302a is hingedly connected with a reciprocating swing shaft 4103 of a first reciprocating assembly 4100a, one end of the reciprocating driven swing rod 4302b is eccentrically and hingedly arranged on the side wall of the reciprocating driven gear 4301b, the other end of the reciprocating driven swing rod 4302b is hingedly connected with a reciprocating swing shaft 4103 of a second reciprocating assembly 4100b, the output end of the reciprocating driving motor 4303 is coaxially provided with a reciprocating driving transmission wheel 4304a, the reciprocating driven driving gear 4304a is coaxially provided with a reciprocating driven transmission wheel 4304b, and reciprocating transmission belts 4305 are wound on the reciprocating driving transmission wheel 4304a and the reciprocating driven transmission wheel 4304b, the reciprocating driving motor 4303 drives the reciprocating driving transmission wheel 4304a to rotate, and the reciprocating driving transmission wheel 4304a drives the reciprocating driven transmission wheel 4304b and the reciprocating driving gear 4301a to rotate through the reciprocating transmission belt 4305.
Aiming at the problem that the crushing efficiency is affected due to the fact that a large amount of scraps are adhered to the surfaces of the fine crushing driving roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104, and the problem that the sieve holes 5116 are blocked due to the fact that the scraps of the lithium battery are adhered to the surfaces of the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102 and the movable sieve screen 5111, the flexible film and the air cannon principle are combined in the scheme, the scraps generated by the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning assembly 4000 continuously impact the surfaces of the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, the fine crushing driving roller 5103, the fine crushing driven roller 5104 and the movable sieve screen 5111, the scraps accumulated on the surfaces of the fine crushing driving roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104 are removed, the technical effect of removing the scraps accumulated on the sieve holes 5116 of the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102 and the movable sieve screen 5111 is achieved, the smooth proceeding of the crushing and sieving processes is guaranteed, and the condition that manual cleaning is needed is avoided, the manpower is saved.
Referring to fig. 7 and 12, the rough crushing assembly 3000 includes a rough crushing driving gear 3001, a rough crushing driven gear 3002, a driving rough crushing roller 3003, a driven rough crushing roller 3004, a rough crushing driving motor 3005, a rough crushing driving transmission wheel 3006, a rough crushing driven transmission wheel 3007 and a rough crushing transmission belt 3008, the rough crushing driving gear 3001 is rotatably disposed on the outer side wall of the crushing device 1000, the rough crushing driven gear 3002 is engaged with the rough crushing driving gear 3001, the driving rough crushing roller 3003 is rotatably disposed on the inner side wall of the crushing device 1000, the driving rough crushing roller 3003 is coaxially fixed to the rough crushing driving gear 3001, the driven rough crushing roller 3004 is rotatably disposed on the inner side wall of the crushing device 1000, the driven rough crushing roller 3004 is coaxially fixed to the rough crushing driven gear 3002, coarse crushing driving motor 3005 is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body 1000, coarse crushing driving transmission wheel 3006 is arranged on the coarse crushing driving motor 3005, coarse crushing driven transmission wheel 3007 is rotated and arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body 1000 and coaxially fixedly connected with a coarse crushing driving gear 3001, and coarse crushing transmission belt 3008 is wound on the coarse crushing driving transmission wheel 3006 and the coarse crushing driven transmission wheel 3007.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 4 and 11, the fine grinding mechanism 5000 includes a fine grinding assembly 5100 and a magnetic adsorption assembly 5200, the fine grinding assembly 5100 is disposed on the grinding apparatus body 1000, the magnetic adsorption assembly 5200 is disposed on the fine grinding assembly 5100, the fine grinding assembly 5100 includes a plugging cavity 5101, an arc-shaped receiving plate 5102, a fine grinding driving roller 5103, a fine grinding driven roller 5104, a fine crushing driving motor 5105, a fine crushing driving gear 5106, a fine crushing driven gear 5107, a fine crushing driving transmission wheel 8, a fine crushing driven transmission wheel 5109, a fine crushing transmission belt 5110, a movable screen 5111, a rotary toothed ring 5112, an intermediate gear 5113, a rotary driving motor 5114, a rotary driving gear 5115 and a sieve aperture 5116, the plugging cavity 5101 is communicated with the side wall of the grinding apparatus body 1000, the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102 is arranged in the crushing device body 1000, the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the blocking cavity 5101, one end of the fine crushing driving roller 5103 is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the blocking cavity 5101, the other end of the fine crushing driving roller 5103 is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, one end of the fine crushing driven roller 5104 is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the blocking cavity 5101, the other end of the fine crushing driven roller 5104 is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, the fine crushing driving motor 5105 is arranged on the outer wall of the blocking cavity 5101, the fine crushing driving gear 5106 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the blocking cavity 5101, the fine crushing driving gear 5106 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fine crushing driving roller 5103, the fine crushing driven gear 5107 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the blocking cavity 5101, the fine crushing driven gear 5107 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fine crushing driven roller 5104, the fine crushing driven gear 5107 and the fine crushing driving roller 5106 are in a meshed arrangement, the fine crushing driving transmission wheel 5108 is arranged on a fine crushing driving motor 5105, the fine crushing driven transmission wheel 5109 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the plugging cavity 5101, the fine crushing driven transmission wheel 5109 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a fine crushing driving gear 5106, the fine crushing transmission belt 5110 is wound on the fine crushing driving transmission wheel 5108 and the fine crushing driven transmission wheel 5109, the movable screen 5111 is rotatably arranged on an arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, the movable screen 5111 is rotatably arranged in the crushing device body 1000, the rotary gear ring 5112 is arranged on the outer side wall of the movable screen 5111, the intermediate gear 5113 is rotatably arranged in the crushing device body 1000, the intermediate gear 5113 is meshed with the rotary gear ring 5112, the rotary driving motor 5114 is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body 1000, the rotary driving gear 5115 is arranged on the rotary driving motor 5114, and the rotary driving gear 5115 is meshed with the intermediate gear 5113, the sieve holes 5116 are uniformly distributed on the arc-shaped supporting plate 5102 and the movable sieve screen 5111 at equal intervals.
To carrying out the unsatisfactory problem of crushing effect, this scheme has utilized the dynamic principle, carry out the fine crushing to the lithium cell piece that produces after preliminary breakage through setting up fine crushing subassembly 5100, drive movable screen 5111 through rotary drive motor 5114 and rotate, pivoted movable screen 5111 will be gone back to the top of fine crushing drive roller 5103 and fine crushing driven roller 5104 through the lithium cell piece after fine crushing drive roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104 is smashed, and fall into again and smash between fine crushing drive roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104, so circulation is reciprocal, realized that the lithium cell piece can be by fully crushing's technological effect.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 4, 7 and 12, a material inlet 9000 is provided on the pulverizing device body 1000, the material inlet 9000 is provided on the top of the pulverizing device body 1000, screening fans 6000 are provided on the side wall of the pulverizing device body 1000, the screening fans 6000 are provided below the fine pulverizing mechanism 5000, a classification drawer 7000 is provided on the pulverizing device body 1000 in a sliding connection manner, the classification drawer 7000 is provided below the screening fans 6000, a metal containing chamber 7001 and a light material containing chamber 7002 are respectively provided on the classification drawer 7000, the metal containing chamber 7001 is provided at one end of the classification drawer 7000 close to the screening fans 6000, the light material containing chamber 7002 is provided at one end of the classification drawer 7000 far away from the screening fans 6000, a controller 8000 is provided on the outer side wall of the pulverizing device body 1000, the controller 8000 is electrically connected to a storage battery 5201, the model of the controller 8000 is STC89C52, the storage battery 5201 is electrically connected with the inflator 2003, the rough crushing drive motor 3005, the reciprocating drive motor 4303, the fine crushing drive motor 5105 and the rotary drive motor 5114 respectively.
This scheme utilization wind-force sieves in advance to the particulate matter that produces after smashing, makes particulate matters such as the great metal of quality and particulate matters such as the less diaphragm of quality can be held by the classification, has realized carrying out the function of preliminary screening to its particulate matter in broken lithium cell, has reduced the work load of screening process, has improved recovery efficiency.
Referring to fig. 2, 4 and 5, the magnetic adsorption assembly 5200 includes a storage battery 5201, an iron core 5202, an insulating pad 5203, a positive conductive groove connector 5204, a positive conductive protrusion connector 5205, a negative conductive groove ring 5206, a negative conductive protrusion ring 5207, a positive conductive wire 5208, a negative conductive wire 5209 and a magnetized conductive wire 5210, the storage battery 5201 is disposed on the outer side wall of the pulverizing apparatus body 1000, the iron core 5202 is fixedly disposed in the fine pulverizing drive roller 5103 and the fine pulverizing driven roller 5104, the insulating pad 5203 is fixedly disposed on the arc-shaped receiving plate 5102, the fine pulverizing drive roller 5103 and the fine pulverizing driven roller 5104, the positive conductive protrusion connector 5205 is disposed on the insulating pad 5203 located on the inner wall of the arc-shaped receiving plate 5202, the positive conductive groove connector 5204 is fixedly disposed on the insulating pads 5203 of the fine pulverizing drive roller 5103 and the fine pulverizing driven roller 5104, the positive conductive groove connector 5204 is rotatably disposed on the conductive protrusion connector 5205, the negative conductive groove ring 5206 is arranged on an insulating pad 5203 positioned on the fine grinding driving roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104, the negative conductive convex ring 5207 is arranged on the insulating pad 5203 positioned on the inner wall of the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, the negative conductive groove ring 5206 is rotatably connected and arranged on the negative conductive convex ring 5207, the positive lead 5208 is arranged on the grinding device body 1000 and arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, one end of the positive lead 5208 is electrically connected with the storage battery 5201, the other end of the positive lead 5208 is electrically connected with the positive conductive convex joint 5205, the negative lead 5209 is arranged on the grinding device body 1000 and arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate 5102, one end of the negative lead 5209 is electrically connected with the storage battery 5201, the other end of the negative lead 5209 is electrically connected with the negative conductive convex ring 5207, the magnetization lead 5210 is arranged on the fine grinding driving roller 5103 and the grinding driven roller 5104, the magnetization wire 5210 is spirally wound on the iron core 5202, one end of the magnetization wire 5210 penetrates through the insulating pad 5203 on the fine grinding driving roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 and is electrically connected with the negative conductive groove ring 5206, and the other end of the magnetization wire 5210 penetrates through the insulating pad 5203 on the fine grinding driving roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 and is electrically connected with the positive conductive groove connector 5204.
To the problem that the wearing and tearing of fine crushing drive roller 5103 and fine crushing driven roller 5104 that produce when fine crushing are heavier, this scheme has utilized magnetism to inhale the principle, produce magnetic field through setting up magnetic adsorption subassembly 5200, make the iron piece in the lithium cell piece receive the attraction in magnetic field, and firmly adsorbed on the surface of fine crushing drive roller 5103 and fine crushing driven roller 5104, the guard effect to the surface of fine crushing drive roller 5103 and fine crushing driven roller 5104 has been realized, the life of device has effectively been prolonged, and realized the iron from the comminuted to the lithium cell piece through adsorbing the piece on fine crushing drive roller 5103 and fine crushing driven roller 5104 surface.
When the anti-splash device is used, before the inflator 2003 is started, the anti-splash air bag 2002 is in a shriveled state, the blanking baffle 2001 naturally sags under the action of gravity, after the inflator 2003 is started, a large amount of gas is rapidly introduced into the anti-splash air bag 2002 by the inflator 2003 to enable the anti-splash air bag 2002 to be rapidly inflated and expanded, the expanded anti-splash air bag 2002 brings upward supporting force to the blanking baffle 2001, the anti-splash air bag 2002 is always kept in an inflated and expanded state due to continuous inflation of the inflator 2003 and continuously brings stable upward supporting force to the blanking baffle 2001, and redundant gas is rapidly ejected downwards along the air ejecting holes 2005 in the anti-splash air bag 2002, so that the upward supporting force borne by the blanking baffle 2001 is enhanced, and the upward supporting force borne by the anti-splash air bag 2002 and the upward supporting force borne by the air ejecting holes 2005 are slightly larger than the downward gravity borne by the baffle 2001 per se, thus, the blanking baffle 2001 is in the state shown in fig. 12, and then, the user respectively starts the rough crushing driving motor 3005, the fine crushing driving motor 5105 and the rotary driving motor 5114 through the controller 8000, the rough crushing driving motor 3005 drives the rough crushing driving wheel 3006 to rotate, the rough crushing driving wheel 3006 drives the rough crushing driven driving wheel 3007 to rotate through the rough crushing driving belt 3008, the rough crushing driven driving wheel 3007 drives the rough crushing driving gear 3001 to rotate, the rough crushing driving gear 3001 drives the driving rough crushing roller 3003 to rotate, meanwhile, the rough crushing driving gear 3001 drives the rough crushing driven gear 3002 to rotate through the gear driving belt, and the rough crushing driven gear 3002 drives the driven rough crushing roller 3004 to rotate; at this time, a user can put the waste lithium batteries into the feeding port 9000, the put lithium batteries firstly fall onto the blanking baffle 2001 and contact with the upper surface of the blanking baffle 2001, and the downward force applied to the blanking baffle 2001 is greater than the upward supporting force applied to the blanking baffle 2001 under the action of the gravity of the lithium batteries, so that the blanking baffle 2001 drives the anti-splashing air bag 2002 to swing downward, a gap enough for the lithium batteries to fall is formed between the two groups of blanking baffles 2001, the lithium batteries quickly fall onto the driving coarse crushing roller 3003 and the driven coarse crushing roller 3004 along the gap, the lithium batteries falling downward can shield the gap between the two groups of blanking baffles 2001 while falling, the splashing condition generated when the lithium batteries are put in is avoided, and after the lithium batteries quickly fall along the gap, because the lithium batteries do not contact with the blanking baffles 2001 any more, the upward supporting force applied to the blanking baffles 2001 is larger than the downward force applied to the blanking baffles 2001, so that the two groups of blanking baffles 2001 are quickly restored to the initial state shown in fig. 12, and the situation that lithium battery fragments are splashed out of the feeding port 9000 due to the fact that the feeding port 9000 is always opened is avoided; then, the waste lithium battery is primarily crushed under the extrusion of the driving rough crushing roller 3003 and the driven rough crushing roller 3004, at this time, the gas rapidly sprayed downwards from the gas orifice 2005 can clean the surfaces of the driving rough crushing roller 3003 and the driven rough crushing roller 3004, thereby avoiding the situation that the lithium battery fragments are adhered on the surfaces of the driving rough crushing roller 3003 and the driven rough crushing roller 3004 and need to be cleaned manually, meanwhile, the rapidly downwards sprayed air can play a certain role in blocking the splashed lithium battery fragments, weakening the splashing force of the lithium battery fragments, and then the lithium battery fragments subjected to primary crushing fall onto the fine crushing driving roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104, at this time, the fine crushing driving motor 5105 drives the fine crushing driving transmission wheel 8 to rotate, the fine crushing driving transmission wheel 5108 drives the fine crushing driven transmission wheel 5109 to rotate through the fine crushing transmission belt 5110, the fine crushing driven transmission wheel 5109 drives the fine crushing driving gear 5106 to rotate, the fine crushing driving gear 5106 drives the fine crushing driven gear 5107 to rotate through gear transmission, and meanwhile, the fine crushing driving gear 5106 and the fine crushing driven gear 5107 respectively drive the fine crushing driving roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104 to rotate, so that the fine crushing driving roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104 finely crush lithium battery fragments, thoroughly crushed lithium battery powder falls along the sieve pores 5116, at the moment, the rotary driving motor 5114 drives the rotary driving gear 5115 to rotate due to the fact that the rotary driving motor 5114 is in a starting state, the rotary driving gear 5115 drives the intermediate gear 5113 to rotate through gear transmission, the intermediate gear 5113 drives the rotary toothed ring 5112 to rotate through gear transmission, the rotary toothed ring 5112 drives the movable screen 5111 to rotate, and the rotary movable screen 5111 drives the incompletely crushed lithium battery fragments passing through the fine crushing driving roller 5103 and the fine crushing driven roller 5104 to rotate The crushed particles fall down along the sieve hole 5116, so as to realize the complete crushing of the lithium battery fragments, and simultaneously, in the process of the fine crushing, a user controls the storage battery 5201 to electrify the positive pole lead 5208 and the negative pole lead 5209 through the controller 8000, the current starts from the positive pole of the storage battery 5201 to sequentially pass through the positive pole lead 5208, the positive pole conductive convex joint 5205, the positive pole conductive concave joint 5204, the magnetizing lead 5210, the negative pole conductive concave ring 5206, the negative pole conductive convex ring 5207 and the negative pole lead 5209, and finally flows back to the positive pole of the storage battery 5201, thereby forming a closed loop, because a part of the magnetizing lead 5210 is spirally wound on the iron core 5202, an electromagnetic field is generated around the iron core 5202, and further, iron fragments generated in the fine grinding process are adsorbed to the surfaces of the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104, so that the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 are not in direct contact with other lithium battery fragments, the surfaces of the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 are protected to a certain extent, the abrasion of the surfaces of the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 is reduced, meanwhile, the iron fragments adsorbed on the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 generate the extrusion crushing effect on the lithium battery fragments and other iron fragments, and the iron fragments adsorbed on the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 are also extruded into powder when colliding and extruding with the lithium battery fragments which are not adsorbed, thereby realizing the self-grinding of the lithium battery fragments, the crushing effect of iron pieces is not affected, and after crushing is completed, the user controls the storage battery 5201 to cut off the power to the positive electrode lead 5208 and the negative electrode lead 5209 through the controller 8000, so that the iron powder particles adsorbed onto the fine-crushing drive roller 5103 and the fine-crushing driven roller 5104 fall off from the fine-crushing drive roller 5103 and the fine-crushing driven roller 5104 and fall down along the sieve holes 5116; in the fine grinding process, in order to avoid the influence of the grinding efficiency caused by the adhesion of a large amount of debris on the surfaces of the fine grinding driving roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 and the influence of the blockage of the sieve pores 5116 caused by the accumulation of debris on the surfaces of the arc-shaped receiving plate 5102 and the movable sieve screen 5111, thereby influencing the sieving efficiency, a user starts the reciprocating driving motor 4303, the reciprocating driving motor 4303 drives the reciprocating driving transmission wheel 4304a to rotate, the reciprocating driving transmission wheel 4304a drives the reciprocating driven transmission wheel 4304b to rotate through the transmission of the reciprocating transmission belt 4305, the reciprocating driven transmission wheel 4304b drives the reciprocating driving gear 4301a to rotate, the reciprocating driving gear 4301a drives the reciprocating driving gear 4301a to rotate through the gear transmission, the reciprocating driving gear 4301a and the reciprocating driven gear 4301b respectively drive the reciprocating driving swing rod 4302a and the reciprocating driven swing rod 4302b to swing in a reciprocating manner, and in a state shown in a figure 1, the reciprocating driving swing rod 4302a reciprocating driving two sets of reciprocating swing shafts 4103 along the reciprocating swing shaft 4303 respectively The reciprocating through hole 4110 makes reciprocating linear motion, the reciprocating shaft 4103 drives the reciprocating swing seat 4102 to make linear motion in the reciprocating control box 4101 and move in the direction close to the fixed inclined block 4106 and the main body 1000 of the crushing device, the reciprocating swing seat 4102 drives the reciprocating lever 4107 to make linear motion and move in the direction close to the fixed inclined block 4106 and the main body 1000 of the crushing device, so that the reciprocating lever 4107 contacts with the movable inclined block 4108 and pushes the movable inclined block 4108 to make linear motion in the direction close to the fixed inclined block 4106 and the main body 1000 of the crushing device, so as to drive the reciprocating control spring 4109 and the reciprocating control slider 4104 to make linear motion in the reciprocating control box 4101 and move in the direction close to the fixed inclined block 4106 and the main body 1000 of the crushing device, during which the telescopic spring 4105 is pressed to generate elastic deformation, when the reciprocating lever 4107 drives the movable inclined block 4108 to close to the fixed inclined block 4106 and the main body 1000 of the crushing device, because the height of the reciprocating bar 4107 is lower than that of the fixed inclined block 4106, the reciprocating bar 4107 continues to make linear motion and move towards the direction close to the main body 1000 of the crushing device, during the process, the reciprocating bar 4107 pushes the movable inclined block 4108 to continue moving towards the direction close to the main body 1000 of the crushing device, so that the inclined plane on the movable inclined block 4108 and the inclined plane on the fixed inclined block 4106 are contacted with each other and pressed, at the same time, the reciprocating bar 4107 continues to make linear motion towards the direction close to the main body 1000 of the crushing device, the inclined plane on the movable inclined block 4108 and the inclined plane on the fixed inclined block 4106 are continuously pressed with each other, so that the reciprocating control spring 4109 is pressed to generate elastic deformation, and the movable inclined block 4108 gradually moves away from the reciprocating bar 4107 until the reciprocating bar 4107 is not contacted with the movable inclined block 4106 any more, and then, under the driving of the reciprocating driving swing rod 4302a and the reciprocating driven swing rod 4302b, the two sets of the reciprocation bars 4107 move in a direction away from the mill body 1000, and the reciprocation control slider 4104 moves the movable swash block 4108 rapidly in a direction away from the fixed swash block 4106 by the deformation return of the expansion spring 4105, so as to reciprocate cyclically, when the reciprocation control slider 4104 moves in a direction approaching the fixed swash block 4106, the reciprocation control slider 4104 pulls the elastic traction rope 4205 wound around the traction wheel 4201, and the elastic air cell 4204 provided on the shock tube 4203 is elastically deformed by the pulling of the elastic traction rope 4205, so that the surface area of the elastic air cell 4204 is gradually increased, and when the reciprocation control slider 4104 moves the movable swash block 4108 rapidly in a direction away from the fixed swash block 4106, the air in the elastic air cell 4204 and the shock tube 4203 is blown toward the arc receiving plate 5102, the fine grinding driving roller 5103, the fine grinding driven roller 5104, and the movable mesh 5111 by the elastic return of the elastic air cell 4204, the blown air forms a vortex ring under the action of air resistance and impacts the surfaces of the arc-shaped receiving plate 5102, the fine grinding drive roller 5103, the fine grinding driven roller 5104 and the movable screen 5111, and by performing the above operations in a cyclic and reciprocating manner, the lithium battery scraps adhered to the surfaces of the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 and the scraps accumulated on the screen holes 5116 of the arc-shaped receiving plate 5102 and the movable screen 5111 are removed, thereby avoiding a situation in which the grinding efficiency is affected due to a large amount of scraps adhered to the surfaces of the fine grinding drive roller 5103 and the fine grinding driven roller 5104 and a situation in which the screen holes 5116 are blocked due to lithium battery scraps adhered to the surfaces of the arc-shaped receiving plate 5102 and the movable screen 5111, and at the same time avoiding a situation in which manual cleaning is required; when the powdery particulate matter that forms after the fine crushing fell down along sieve mesh 5116, the user started screening fan 6000 through controller 8000, and under the blowing of screening fan 6000, the great granule of quality such as metal fell into the metal of categorised drawer 7000 and hold chamber 7001, and the light material that the granule of quality such as diaphragm fell into categorised drawer 7000 held in the chamber 7002, carried out preliminary screening's function to its powder when having realized broken lithium cell.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above, and the description is not intended to be limiting, and the drawings are only one embodiment of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In summary, those skilled in the art should appreciate that they can readily use the disclosed conception and specific embodiments as a basis for designing or modifying other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. Vortex ring impacted style old and useless lithium cell prevents multi-stage reduction device that splashes, its characterized in that: the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning assembly (2000), the coarse crushing assembly (3000), the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning assembly (4000) and the fine crushing mechanism (5000) are sequentially arranged in the crushing device body (1000) from top to bottom, the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning assembly (2000), the coarse crushing assembly (3000), the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning assembly (4000) and the fine crushing mechanism (5000) are arranged in the crushing device body (1000) from top to bottom, the weight compensation type anti-splashing cleaning assembly (2000) comprises a blanking baffle plate (2001), an anti-splashing air bag (2002), an air pump (2003), a flexible conduit (2004) and an air jet hole (2005), the blanking baffle plate (2001) is symmetrically hinged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body (1000), and the anti-splashing air bag (2002) is symmetrically clamped and fixedly arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the anti-splashing air bag (2002) is arranged below the blanking baffle (2001), the inflator pump (2003) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), one end of the flexible guide pipe (2004) is communicated with the inflator pump (2003), the other end of the flexible guide pipe (2004) penetrates through the side wall of the crushing device body (1000) and is communicated with the anti-splashing air bag (2002), and the air injection holes (2005) are evenly distributed on the bottom wall of the flexible guide pipe (2004) at equal intervals.
2. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 1, wherein: the vortex ring reciprocating impact type cleaning assembly (4000) comprises a reciprocating assembly (4100), a vortex ring generating assembly (4200) and a driving assembly (4300), wherein the reciprocating assembly (4100) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the vortex ring generating assembly (4200) is arranged on the crushing device body (1000) and is connected with the reciprocating assembly (4100), the driving assembly (4300) is arranged on the crushing device body (1000), the driving assembly (4300) is in transmission connection with the reciprocating assembly (4100), the vortex ring generating assembly (4200) comprises a traction frame (4201), a traction wheel (4202), an impact tube (4203), an elastic air bag (4204) and an elastic traction rope (4205), the traction frame (4201) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the traction wheel (4202) is rotatably arranged on the traction frame (4201), and the impact tube (4203) is communicated with the side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the elastic air bag (4204) is arranged on the impact tube (4203), one end of the elastic traction rope (4205) is fixedly arranged on the reciprocating assembly (4100), the other end of the elastic traction rope (4205) is fixedly arranged on the elastic air bag (4204), and the elastic traction rope (4205) is wound on the traction wheel (4202).
3. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 2, wherein: the reciprocating component (4100) comprises a reciprocating control box body (4101), a reciprocating swing seat (4102), a reciprocating swing shaft (4103), a reciprocating control sliding block (4104), a telescopic spring (4105), a fixed inclined block (4106), a reciprocating blocking rod (4107), a movable inclined block (4108), a reciprocating control spring (4109) and a reciprocating swing through hole (4110), wherein the reciprocating control box body (4101) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the reciprocating swing seat (4102) is arranged in the reciprocating control box body (4101) in a sliding manner, the reciprocating swing through hole (4110) is arranged on the side wall of the reciprocating control box body (4101) close to the reciprocating swing seat (4102), one end of the reciprocating swing shaft (4103) penetrates through the reciprocating swing through hole (4110) in a sliding manner and is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the reciprocating swing seat (4102), and the other end of the reciprocating swing shaft (4103) is hinged with the driving component (4300), the reciprocating control slider (4104) is arranged in a reciprocating control box body (4101) in a sliding way, the reciprocating control slider (4104) is fixedly connected with an elastic traction rope (4205), one end of a telescopic spring (4105) is arranged on the reciprocating control slider (4104), the other end of the telescopic spring (4105) is arranged on the inner side wall of the reciprocating control box body (4101), the telescopic spring (4105) is arranged in the reciprocating control box body (4101), a fixed inclined block (4106) is fixedly arranged on the inner top wall of the reciprocating control box body (4101), a reciprocating stop lever (4107) is fixedly arranged on the side wall of a reciprocating swing seat (4102) close to one side of the reciprocating control slider (4104), the reciprocating stop lever (4107) is arranged in the reciprocating control box body (4101), the reciprocating stop lever (4107) is arranged below the fixed inclined block (4106), and a movable inclined block (4108) is arranged on the reciprocating control slider (4104) in a sliding and inserting and pulling way, one end of the reciprocating control spring (4109) is arranged on the reciprocating control sliding block (4104), the other end of the reciprocating control spring (4109) is arranged on the movable inclined block (4108), and the movable inclined block (4108) is arranged between the reciprocating stop lever (4107) and the fixed inclined block (4106).
4. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 3, wherein: fine crushing mechanism (5000) includes fine crushing subassembly (5100) and magnetic adsorption subassembly (5200), fine crushing subassembly (5100) is located on reducing mechanism body (1000), magnetic adsorption subassembly (5200) is located on fine crushing subassembly (5100), fine crushing subassembly (5100) includes shutoff chamber (5101), arc-shaped adapter plate (5102), fine crushing drive roller (5103), fine crushing driven roller (5104), fine crushing driving motor (5105), fine crushing driving gear (5106), fine crushing driven gear (5107), fine crushing drive wheel (5108), fine crushing driven drive wheel (5109), fine crushing drive belt (5110), activity screen (5111), rotatory ring gear (5112), intermediate gear (5113), rotary driving motor (5114), Rotary driving gear (5115) and sieve mesh (5116), the shutoff chamber (5101) is communicated with and arranged on the side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102) is arranged in the crushing device body (1000), the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the shutoff chamber (5101), one end of the fine crushing driving roller (5103) is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the shutoff chamber (5101), the other end of the fine crushing driving roller (5103) is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102), one end of the fine crushing driven roller (5104) is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the shutoff chamber (5101), the other end of the fine crushing driven roller (5104) is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102), the fine crushing driving motor (5105) is arranged on the outer side wall of the shutoff chamber (5101), the fine crushing driving gear (5106) is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the shutoff chamber (5101), the fine crushing driving gear (5106) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the shutoff driving roller (5103), the fine crushing driven gear (5107) is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the plugging cavity (5101), the fine crushing driven gear (5107) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fine crushing driven roller (5104), the fine crushing driven gear (5107) is meshed with the fine crushing driving gear (5106), the fine crushing driving transmission wheel (5108) is arranged on the fine crushing driving motor (5105), the fine crushing driven transmission wheel (5109) is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the plugging cavity (5101), the fine crushing driven transmission wheel (5109) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fine crushing driving gear (5106), the fine crushing transmission belt (5110) is wound on the fine crushing driving transmission wheel (5108) and the fine crushing driven transmission wheel (5109), the movable screen (5111) is rotatably arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102), the movable screen (5111) is rotatably arranged in the crushing device body (1000), rotatory ring gear (5112) are located on activity screen cloth (5111) lateral wall, intermediate gear (5113) rotate and locate in reducing mechanism body (1000), intermediate gear (5113) are the meshing setting with rotatory ring gear (5112), rotary driving motor (5114) are located on reducing mechanism body (1000) lateral wall, rotary driving gear (5115) are located on rotary driving motor (5114), rotary driving gear (5115) are the meshing setting with intermediate gear (5113), sieve mesh (5116) equidistant evenly distributed locates on arc accepts board (5102) and activity screen cloth (5111).
5. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 4, wherein: the magnetic adsorption component (5200) comprises a storage battery (5201), an iron core (5202), an insulating pad (5203), a positive conductive groove joint (5204), a positive conductive protrusion joint (5205), a negative conductive groove ring (5206), a negative conductive protrusion ring (5207), a positive wire (5208), a negative wire (5209) and a magnetized wire (5210), wherein the storage battery (5201) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the iron core (5202) is fixedly arranged in the fine crushing driving roller (5103) and the fine crushing driven roller (5104), the insulating pad (5203) is fixedly arranged on the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102), the fine crushing driving roller (5103) and the fine crushing driven roller (5104), the positive conductive protrusion joint (5205) is arranged on the insulating pad (5203) arranged on the inner wall of the arc-shaped bearing plate (5102), and the positive conductive groove joint (5204) is fixedly arranged on the insulating pad (5103) arranged on the crushing driving roller (5203) and the fine crushing driven roller (5204) ) On, positive conductive groove joint (5204) rotates and locates on positive conductive convex joint (5205), negative conductive groove ring (5206) locates on insulating pad (5203) that is located on fine crushing drive roll (5103) and fine crushing driven roll (5104), negative conductive convex ring (5207) locates on insulating pad (5203) that is located on arc adapting plate (5102) inner wall, negative conductive groove ring (5206) rotates and connects on negative conductive convex ring (5207), positive wire (5208) locates on reducing mechanism body (1000) and locates on arc adapting plate (5102), positive wire (5208) one end and battery (5201) electric connection, positive wire (5208) other end and positive conductive convex joint (5205) electric connection, negative wire (5209) locates on reducing mechanism body (1000) and locates on arc adapting plate (5102), one end of the negative electrode lead (5209) is electrically connected with the storage battery (5201), the other end of the negative electrode lead (5209) is electrically connected with the negative electrode conductive convex circular ring (5207), the magnetization lead (5210) is arranged on the fine grinding driving roller (5103) and the fine grinding driven roller (5104), the magnetization lead (5210) is spirally wound on the iron core (5202), one end of the magnetization lead (5210) penetrates through the insulating pad (5203) on the fine grinding driving roller (5103) and the fine grinding driven roller (5104) and is electrically connected with the negative electrode conductive groove circular ring (5206), and the other end of the magnetization lead (5210) penetrates through the insulating pad (5203) on the fine grinding driving roller (5103) and the fine grinding driven roller (5104) and is electrically connected with the positive electrode conductive groove joint (5204).
6. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage crushing device for preventing the waste lithium batteries from splashing of claim 5, wherein: the coarse crushing component (3000) comprises a coarse crushing driving gear (3001), a coarse crushing driven gear (3002), a driving coarse crushing roller (3003), a driven coarse crushing roller (3004), a coarse crushing driving motor (3005), a coarse crushing driving transmission wheel (3006), a coarse crushing driven transmission wheel (3007) and a coarse crushing transmission belt (3008), wherein the coarse crushing driving gear (3001) is rotatably arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the coarse crushing driven gear (3002) is meshed with the coarse crushing driving gear (3001), the driving coarse crushing roller (3003) is rotatably arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the driving coarse crushing roller (3003) is fixedly connected with the coarse crushing driving gear (3001) in a coaxial manner, the driven coarse crushing roller (3004) is rotatably arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing device body (1000), driven coarse crushing roller (3004) and the coaxial rigid coupling of coarse crushing driven gear (3002), reducing mechanism body (1000) lateral wall is located in coarse crushing driving motor (3005), coarse crushing driving wheel (3006) are located on coarse crushing driving motor (3005), coarse crushing driven drive wheel (3007) rotate locate on reducing mechanism body (1000) lateral wall and with the coaxial rigid coupling of coarse crushing driving gear (3001), coarse crushing drive belt (3008) are around locating coarse crushing driving wheel (3006) and coarse crushing driven drive wheel (3007).
7. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 6, wherein: be equipped with pan feeding mouth (9000) on reducing mechanism body (1000), the top of reducing mechanism body (1000) is located in pan feeding mouth (9000), be equipped with screening fan (6000) on reducing mechanism body (1000) lateral wall, screening fan (6000) locate the below of fine crushing mechanism (5000), sliding connection is equipped with categorised drawer (7000) on reducing mechanism body (1000), the below of screening fan (6000) is located in categorised drawer (7000), it holds chamber (7001) and light material and holds chamber (7002) to be equipped with the metal on categorised drawer (7000) respectively, the metal holds chamber (7001) and locates the one end that is close to screening fan (6000) on categorised drawer (7000), the light material holds chamber (7002) and locates the one end of keeping away from screening fan (6000) on categorised drawer (7000).
8. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 7, wherein: the driving assembly (4300) comprises a reciprocating gear (4301), a reciprocating swing rod (4302), a reciprocating driving motor (4303) and a reciprocating transmission wheel (4304), the reciprocating gear (4301) is meshed with the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000) and is rotatably arranged on the outer side wall, one end of the reciprocating swing rod (4302) is eccentrically and hingedly arranged on the reciprocating gear (4301), the other end of the reciprocating swing rod (4302) is hinged to a reciprocating swing shaft (4103), the reciprocating driving motor (4303) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), and the reciprocating driving motor (4303) is in transmission connection with the reciprocating gear (4301).
9. The vortex ring impact type multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of waste lithium batteries according to claim 8, wherein: the side wall of the crushing device body (1000) is symmetrically provided with two groups of reciprocating assemblies (4100), the two groups of reciprocating assemblies (4100) are respectively a first reciprocating assembly (4100a) and a second reciprocating assembly (4100b), two sides of the crushing device body (1000) are respectively provided with two groups of vortex ring generating assemblies (4200), the two groups of vortex ring generating assemblies (4200) are respectively a first vortex ring generating assembly (4200a) and a second vortex ring generating assembly (4200b), an elastic traction rope (4205) of the first vortex ring generating assembly (4200a) is connected with a reciprocating control slider (4104) of the first reciprocating assembly (4100a), an elastic traction rope (4205) of the second vortex ring generating assembly (4200b) is connected with a reciprocating control slider (4104) of the second reciprocating assembly (4100b), the reciprocating gear (4301) comprises a reciprocating driving gear (4301a) and a reciprocating driven gear (4301b), the reciprocating driving gear (4301a) and the reciprocating driven gear (4301b) are respectively and rotatably arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the reciprocating driving gear (4301a) and the reciprocating driven gear (4301b) are arranged in a meshed manner, the reciprocating swing rod (4302) comprises a reciprocating driving swing rod (4302a) and a reciprocating driven swing rod (4302b), one end of the reciprocating driving swing rod (4302a) is eccentrically hinged to the side wall of the reciprocating driving gear (4301a), the other end of the reciprocating driving swing rod (4302a) is hinged to a reciprocating swing shaft (4103) of a first reciprocating component (4100a), one end of the reciprocating driven swing rod (4302b) is eccentrically hinged to the side wall of the reciprocating driven gear (4301b), the other end of the reciprocating driven swing rod (4302b) is hinged to a reciprocating swing shaft (4103) of a second reciprocating component (4100b), the output end of the reciprocating driving motor (4303) is coaxially provided with a reciprocating driving transmission wheel (4304a), and a reciprocating driven transmission wheel (4304b) is coaxially arranged on the reciprocating driving gear (4301a), reciprocating transmission belts (4305) are wound on the reciprocating driving transmission wheel (4304a) and the reciprocating driven transmission wheel (4304b), a reciprocating driving motor (4303) drives the reciprocating driving transmission wheel (4304a) to rotate, and the reciprocating driving transmission wheel (4304a) drives the reciprocating driven transmission wheel (4304b) and the reciprocating driving gear (4301a) to rotate through the reciprocating transmission belts (4305).
10. The multi-stage smashing device for preventing splashing of the vortex ring impact type waste lithium battery as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the crushing device is characterized in that a controller (8000) is arranged on the outer side wall of the crushing device body (1000), the controller (8000) is electrically connected with a storage battery (5201), and the storage battery (5201) is electrically connected with a gas pump (2003), a coarse crushing driving motor (3005), a reciprocating driving motor (4303), a fine crushing driving motor (5105) and a rotary driving motor (5114) respectively.
CN202210306433.4A 2022-03-25 2022-03-25 Vortex ring impact type waste lithium battery anti-splashing multi-stage crushing device Active CN114618633B (en)

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CN211190529U (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-08-07 昆山市鑫盛再生物资回收有限公司 Crushing system for recycling waste PCB copper powder
CN110801894A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-02-18 湖南金凯循环科技有限公司 Can collect breaker for lithium cell recovery of disintegrating slag
CN112454754A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-09 谢汉良 Waste PVC material recovery equipment
CN214390359U (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-10-15 四川朗晟新能源科技有限公司 Full-automatic circulating type crushing and screening device for lithium battery anode material
CN113399038A (en) * 2021-06-15 2021-09-17 黄伟君 Crushing and sorting device for recycling waste lithium batteries
CN113560018A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-10-29 江苏卓维矿业科技有限公司 Automatic negative pressure type dust collecting and dust falling pseudo-elastic progressive crushing ore screening machine

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CN116099633B (en) * 2023-02-17 2023-08-15 邯郸弘远再生资源回收股份有限公司 Double-roller feeding rolling equipment
CN117884345A (en) * 2024-03-12 2024-04-16 潍坊市农业科学院(山东省农业科学院潍坊市分院) Graded screening machine for mung bean processing

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