CN113955501A - PCB board separates paper board collecting machine - Google Patents

PCB board separates paper board collecting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113955501A
CN113955501A CN202111260514.7A CN202111260514A CN113955501A CN 113955501 A CN113955501 A CN 113955501A CN 202111260514 A CN202111260514 A CN 202111260514A CN 113955501 A CN113955501 A CN 113955501A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pcb
paper
board
transverse moving
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202111260514.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈德和
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Universal PCB Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Universal PCB Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Universal PCB Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Universal PCB Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN202111260514.7A priority Critical patent/CN113955501A/en
Publication of CN113955501A publication Critical patent/CN113955501A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/005Stacking of articles by using insertions or spacers between the stacked layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D25/00Details of other kinds or types of rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D25/02Internal fittings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/34Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/88Separating or stopping elements, e.g. fingers
    • B65G47/8807Separating or stopping elements, e.g. fingers with one stop
    • B65G47/8815Reciprocating stop, moving up or down in the path of the article
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/32Filling devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H1/00Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated
    • B65H1/04Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles substantially horizontally, e.g. for separation from top of pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/08Separating articles from piles using pneumatic force
    • B65H3/0808Suction grippers
    • B65H3/0816Suction grippers separating from the top of pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H5/00Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines
    • B65H5/08Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines by grippers, e.g. suction grippers
    • B65H5/10Reciprocating or oscillating grippers, e.g. suction or gripper tables

Abstract

The invention discloses a PCB separating and collecting machine, comprising: the PCB conveying device comprises a rack, a conveying mechanism, a temporary storage mechanism, a paper storage mechanism, a board collecting mechanism and a transverse moving mechanism, wherein the conveying mechanism is arranged on the rack so as to convey a PCB forwards; the temporary storage mechanism is used for collecting and releasing the PCB on the conveying mechanism; the transverse moving mechanism comprises a board taking transverse moving unit and a paper taking transverse moving unit, the moving path of the board taking transverse moving unit is perpendicular to that of the paper taking transverse moving unit, the board taking transverse moving unit is used for transferring the PCB on the conveying mechanism to the board receiving mechanism, and the paper taking transverse moving unit is used for transferring the partition paper on the paper storing mechanism to the PCB on the board receiving mechanism; the board collecting mechanism is arranged on the rack and is positioned at the intersection point of the motion paths of the board taking transverse moving unit and the paper taking transverse moving unit; the paper storage mechanism is arranged on the frame and is positioned on the motion path of the paper taking transverse moving unit. The purpose of automatically placing the paper separating between the adjacent stacked PCB boards is achieved, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, and the production efficiency is improved.

Description

PCB board separates paper board collecting machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of PCB production, in particular to a PCB separating and collecting machine.
Background
The PCB is also called a printed circuit board, and is a carrier for electrical interconnection of electronic components. In the process of PCB board production and processing, for the needs of adaptation automated production, generally adopt the trigger of putting to place the PCB board in the conveyer belt of production line with horizontal mode one by one, and when PCB board processing operation was accomplished, then collect the PCB board on the production line conveyer belt by the trigger of receiving again.
At present, the board collecting machine is when collecting the PCB board, because the PCB board is and stacks and place, in order to prevent that the surface between the adjacent two PCB boards from taking place the problem of scraping damage, need adopt the artifical mode of placing, will receive a PCB board, then place a separation paper above the PCB board for put the separation paper between the adjacent two PCB boards, in order to carry out isolation protection to PCB, and this kind of mode has the problem that degree of automation is low, the cost of labor is high, production efficiency is low. If cardboard or other problems appear in the in-process that the PCB board was makeed simultaneously, can not adopt the mode that equipment shut down to handle, otherwise cause the PCB board of making to report useless easily, consequently need set up a PCB board separation paper delivery machine that has the plate function of keeping in.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide a PCB separating and collecting machine, and aims to solve the problems of lack of temporary storage function of a board piece, low automation degree and low production efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a PCB separating and board collecting machine, which comprises: a frame, a conveying mechanism, a temporary storage mechanism, a paper storage mechanism, a plate collecting mechanism and a transverse moving mechanism,
the conveying mechanism is arranged on the rack so as to convey the PCB forward;
the temporary storage mechanism is used for retracting and releasing the PCB on the conveying mechanism;
the transverse moving mechanism comprises a board taking transverse moving unit and a paper taking transverse moving unit, the moving path of the board taking transverse moving unit is perpendicular to that of the paper taking transverse moving unit, the board taking transverse moving unit is used for transferring the PCB on the conveying mechanism to the board receiving mechanism, and the paper taking transverse moving unit is used for transferring the partition paper on the paper storing mechanism to the PCB on the board receiving mechanism;
the plate collecting mechanism is arranged on the rack and is positioned at the intersection point of the motion paths of the plate taking transverse moving unit and the paper taking transverse moving unit;
the paper storage mechanism is arranged on the rack and is positioned on the motion path of the paper taking transverse moving unit.
Preferably, the temporary storage mechanism comprises a temporary storage rack, a guide unit, a driving unit and a sensing unit,
be equipped with a plurality of storage bits that are used for saving the PCB board on the frame of keeping in, the equal sliding connection of upper end and the lower extreme of the frame of keeping in is in on the guide element, drive unit with the upper end and/or the lower extreme of the frame of keeping in are connected, with the drive the frame of keeping in carries out reciprocating motion on the guide element, induction element locates the upper end of the frame of keeping in for detect the motion state of the frame of keeping in.
Preferably, the board taking traverse unit comprises a driving member, a first traverse module, a mounting frame, a fan, a suction cup and a first lifting module,
the suction cup is arranged on the fixing strip and connected with the fan through an air pipe so as to control the suction force of the suction cup, the driving piece is arranged at one end of the first transverse moving module and drives the first transverse moving module to enable the first sliding block to slide on the first transverse moving assembly to drive the mounting frame to reciprocate.
Preferably, the paper-taking traverse unit comprises a power part, a second traverse module, a fixed frame, a second lifting module and a vacuum suction nozzle,
the second transverse moving module is connected with a second sliding block in a sliding mode, the second sliding block is fixedly connected with one end of the fixing frame, the other end of the fixing frame is connected with the upper end of the second lifting module, the lower end of the second lifting module is connected with a second fixing strip, suction nozzle mounting plates are mounted at two ends of the second fixing strip, vacuum suction nozzles are fixed at two ends of the suction nozzle mounting plates, the power piece is arranged at one end of the second transverse moving module and drives the second transverse moving module, and therefore the second sliding block slides on the second transverse moving module to drive the fixing frame to reciprocate.
Preferably, the paper storage mechanism comprises a first driving motor, a first transmission screw rod, a connecting plate, a first guide rod and a paper placing platform,
the paper feeding machine is characterized in that the first driving motor is fixed on the frame, an output shaft of the first driving motor is connected with a first main chain wheel, a first driven chain wheel is arranged on the lower portion of the first transmission screw rod, a first chain is connected between the first driven chain wheel and the first main chain wheel, the connecting plate is fixed to the top end of the first transmission screw rod, a sliding strip is connected to the first transmission screw rod in a sliding mode, the lower end of the first guide rod penetrates through the connecting plate and is fixedly connected with the sliding strip, and the paper feeding platform is fixedly connected with the upper end of the first guide rod.
Preferably, the paper storing mechanism further comprises a limiting assembly, the limiting assembly comprises a transverse limiting unit and a longitudinal limiting unit,
the transverse limiting unit comprises a mounting beam, a transverse limiting column and a sliding rod, the mounting beam is fixed on the upper surface of the connecting plate, the sliding rod is mounted on the mounting beam, the transverse limiting column is slidably connected to the sliding rod, and two ends of the paper placing platform along the transverse direction are provided with first limiting ports matched with the transverse limiting column;
vertical spacing unit includes the fixed beam, indulges spacing post and activity strip, the fixed beam is fixed the upper surface of connecting plate, just the fixed beam with the installation roof beam is mutually perpendicular, activity strip slidable ground is connected on the fixed beam, the lower extreme of indulging spacing post is fixed on the activity strip, just put the paper platform along the both ends of longitudinal direction all be equipped with indulge the spacing mouth of spacing post matched with second.
Preferably, the plate collecting mechanism comprises a second driving motor, a second transmission screw rod, a second guide rod, a sliding plate and a plurality of supporting bars,
second driving motor installs in the frame, just second driving motor's output shaft has the second leading sprocket, and the lower part of second transmission lead screw is equipped with the second and follows the sprocket, the second follow the sprocket with second chain between the second leading sprocket, the back of slide pass through the slide with second transmission lead screw sliding connection, the second guide arm is located the side of second transmission lead screw, sliding connection has the third slider on the second guide arm, the third slider is fixed the back of slide, the one end of support bar with the front surface fixed connection of slide, and adjacent leave the clearance between the support bar.
Preferably, the PCB board separates paper board collecting machine still includes the platform truck, the frame has been seted up along one side of the extending direction of the support bar other end and has been placed the position, the platform truck stretches into in placing the position for shift the PCB board that piles up on the support bar.
Preferably, the PCB separating and collecting machine further comprises a baffle mechanism, the baffle mechanism comprises an air cylinder and a baffle, the air cylinder is located below the conveying mechanism, and the baffle is connected with a piston rod of the air cylinder so as to block the PCB on the conveying mechanism.
Preferably, the PCB separating and board collecting machine further comprises a central positioning mechanism, the central positioning mechanism is arranged on the rack, and the central positioning mechanism is used for adjusting the position of the PCB on the conveying mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme provided by the embodiment of the application has the following advantages:
(1) the temporary storage mechanism is arranged below the conveying mechanism, and the lifting motion of the temporary storage mechanism is controlled, so that the PCB is lifted from the conveying mechanism to be stored or put back on the conveying mechanism, the structure is simple, the operation is convenient, the problem that the conventional PCB separating and collecting machine is lack of temporary storage function is solved, the problem of clamping plates can be solved without stopping the machine, and the production cost is reduced;
(2) carry the PCB board through conveying mechanism, later absorb the PCB board from conveying mechanism through getting board sideslip unit and place to receive the board mechanism on, and absorb the barrier paper through getting paper sideslip unit from depositing paper mechanism and shift to receiving the board mechanism on the surface, the operation of so repeatedly getting the board and getting paper, alright realize placing the purpose of barrier paper automatically between the adjacent PCB board that stacks, when guaranteeing that the surface between two adjacent PCB boards can not take place the scraping damage, workman's intensity of labour has still been alleviateed, production efficiency has been promoted.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a PCB separating and collecting machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of another embodiment of a PCB separating and collecting machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a temporary storage mechanism in a PCB separating and receiving machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a board-taking and traversing unit of a PCB separating and receiving machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a paper-picking traverse unit of the PCB separating and receiving machine of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a paper storing mechanism in a PCB separating and collecting machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a lateral limiting unit and a longitudinal limiting unit in the PCB separating and collecting machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a board receiving mechanism in the PCB separating and board receiving machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a baffle mechanism in the PCB separating and collecting machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
the reference numbers illustrate:
the objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that if directional indications (such as up, down, left, right, front, and back … …) are involved in the embodiment of the present invention, the directional indications are only used to explain the relative positional relationship between the components, the movement situation, and the like in a specific posture, and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indications are changed accordingly.
In addition, if there is a description of "first", "second", etc. in an embodiment of the present invention, the description of "first", "second", etc. is for descriptive purposes only and is not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, if the meaning of "and/or" and/or "appears throughout, the meaning includes three parallel schemes, for example," A and/or B "includes scheme A, or scheme B, or a scheme satisfying both schemes A and B. In addition, technical solutions between various embodiments may be combined with each other, but must be realized by a person skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, such a combination should not be considered to exist, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides a PCB separating and collecting machine which can automatically place separating paper between two adjacent PCBs, reduce the labor intensity of workers, improve the production efficiency, temporarily store plate pieces, solve the problem that the existing PCB separating and collecting machine is easy to scrap PCBs due to shutdown, and reduce the production cost. The specific structure is as follows:
referring to fig. 1, in an embodiment of the present invention, the PCB separating and board receiving machine includes: a frame 1, a conveying mechanism 2, a temporary storage mechanism 3, a paper storage mechanism 6, a plate collecting mechanism 7 and a transverse moving mechanism,
the conveying mechanism 2 is arranged on the rack 1 so as to convey the PCB forward; the temporary storage mechanism 3 is used for collecting and releasing the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2; the transverse moving mechanism comprises a board taking transverse moving unit 4 for sucking the PCB and a paper taking transverse moving unit 5 for sucking the paper separation, the moving path of the board taking transverse moving unit 4 is vertical to that of the paper taking transverse moving unit 5, the board taking transverse moving unit 4 and the paper taking transverse moving unit are driven to move respectively, so that the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2 is sucked by the board taking transverse moving unit 4 and placed on the board receiving mechanism 7, and the paper separation on the paper storing mechanism 6 is sucked by the paper taking transverse moving unit 5 and placed on the board receiving mechanism 7; the board collecting mechanism 7 is arranged on the rack 1, and the board collecting mechanism 7 is positioned at the intersection point of the motion paths of the board taking transverse moving unit 4 and the paper taking transverse moving unit 5; the paper storing mechanism 6 is arranged on the frame 1 and is positioned on the motion path of the paper taking transverse moving unit 5.
This PCB board separates paper board collecting machine cooperation is used for carrying the thread of PCB board and cooperates the use, promptly: the PCB is conveyed to the conveying mechanism 2 through the main line, then the conveying mechanism 2 conveys the PCB forwards, when the PCB is not required to be temporarily stored, the temporary storage mechanism 3 is not started, the PCB is continuously conveyed forwards, when the moving belt is arranged right below the board taking transverse moving unit 4, the board taking transverse moving mechanism sucks the PCB and moves towards the board collecting mechanism 7, so that the PCB is transferred onto the board collecting mechanism 7, then the paper taking transverse moving unit 5 sucks the partition paper from the paper storing mechanism 6 for storing the partition paper and moves towards the board collecting mechanism 7, so that the partition paper is placed on the upper surface of the PCB, the board taking and paper taking operations are repeated, the purpose of automatically placing the partition paper between the adjacent stacked PCBs can be achieved, the labor intensity of workers is reduced while the surface between the two adjacent PCBs is ensured not to be scratched and damaged, and the production efficiency is improved; when needs keep in the PCB board on conveying mechanism 2, temporary storage mechanism 3 rises from conveying mechanism 2's below, make the PCB board lifted by temporary storage mechanism 3 and break away from with the contact on conveying mechanism 2, thereby on temporary storage mechanism 3 is saved to the plate, when needs put back the PCB board on temporary storage mechanism 3 on conveying mechanism 2, only need control temporary storage mechanism 3 downstream, can realize putting back the PCB board on temporary storage mechanism 3 on conveying mechanism 2, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, and convenient for operation, the problem that present PCB board separates paper and receives the trigger and lack the function of keeping in is solved, make the problem that also can solve the cardboard without shutting down, and production cost is reduced.
In an embodiment of the present application, the temporary storage mechanism 3 includes a temporary storage frame 31, a guiding unit 33, a driving unit 32 and a sensing unit 36, a plurality of storage locations for storing PCB boards are arranged on the temporary storage frame 31, the upper end and the lower end of the temporary storage frame 31 are both slidably connected to the guiding unit 33, the driving unit 32 is connected to the upper end and/or the lower end of the temporary storage frame 31, so as to drive the temporary storage frame 31 to reciprocate on the guiding unit 33, and the sensing unit 36 is arranged at the upper end of the temporary storage frame 31, so as to detect the motion state of the temporary storage frame 31.
Wherein, set up first fixed plate 34 and second fixed plate 35 respectively at the upper end and the lower extreme of scratch pad frame 31, and first fixed plate 34 and second fixed plate 35 connect on one-way unit slidably, drive unit 32 is connected with first fixed plate 34, and induction element 36 includes inductor 361 and response piece 362, inductor 361 installs on first fixed plate 34 towards scratch pad frame 31 on the surface, response piece 362 installs the upper end at scratch pad frame 31, and response piece 362 is located the top of inductor 361, with the motion state to scratch pad frame 31 detects.
When the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2 needs to be temporarily stored, the driving unit 32 drives the first fixing plate 34 to move on the guiding unit 33, and the upper end and the lower end of the temporary storage frame 31 are respectively connected with the first fixing plate 34 and the second fixing plate 35, so that the temporary storage frame 31 is driven to move above the conveying belt, and the plates on the conveying belt are lifted by the storage positions on the temporary storage frame 31 to be separated from the contact with the conveying mechanism 2, thereby realizing the temporary storage of the plates; when the plate on the temporary storage frame 31 needs to be placed back on the conveying mechanism 2, the driving unit 32 drives the first fixing plate 34 to move downwards on the guide unit 33, so that the temporary storage frame 31 moves towards the conveying mechanism 2, and the plate temporarily stored on the storage position is sequentially dropped back on the conveying mechanism 2, so that the structure is simple, and the operation is convenient; and detect the state of keeping in frame 31 through induction element 36, if keep in frame 31 takes place the cardboard when descending, induction element 36 can detect out and treat to put back the plate on conveying mechanism 2 by the chucking, then can control drive unit 32 stop work to avoid the plate to continue to fall from top to bottom toward conveying mechanism 2, can avoid effectively causing the plate to be crushed because of the cardboard appears.
It should be noted that the driving unit 32 adopts a driving method of the temporary storage motor 321 and the temporary storage screw rod 322, that is: the temporary storage motor 321 drives the temporary storage screw rod 322 to rotate through a chain, so that a screw nut on the temporary storage screw rod 322 performs reciprocating motion, and the screw nut is connected with the first fixing plate 34, so that the first fixing plate 34 is driven to perform reciprocating motion on the guide unit 33, and the reciprocating motion of the temporary storage frame 31 is realized.
In an embodiment of the present application, the board taking traverse unit 4 includes a driving member 41, a first traverse module 44, a mounting bracket 43, a fan 48, a suction cup 47 and a first lifting module 45, the first traverse module 44 is connected with a first slider 42 in a sliding manner, an upper end of the mounting bracket 43 is fixedly connected with the first slider 42, a lower end of the mounting bracket 43 is connected with the first lifting module 45, the first lifting module 45 is connected with a first fixing strip 46, the suction cup 47 is installed on the first fixing strip 46, and the suction cup 47 is connected with the fan 48 through an air pipe to control a suction force of the suction cup 47, the driving member 41 is disposed at one end of the first traverse module 44, and the driving member 41 drives the first traverse module 44, so that the first slider 42 slides on the first traverse module to drive the mounting bracket 43 to reciprocate.
When the PCB is conveyed to the position right below the board taking traverse unit 4, the first lifting module 45 moves downwards to enable the suction cup 47 to be driven to move downwards, then the suction cup 47 is provided with a certain negative pressure through the fan 48 to enable the suction cup 47 to suck the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2, then the first lifting module 45 moves upwards to enable the PCB to be separated from the contact with the conveying mechanism 2, then the driving piece 41 drives the first sliding block 42 to slide on the first traverse module 44 to enable the mounting frame 43 connected with the first sliding block 42 to be driven to move towards the board collecting mechanism 7, when the PCB moves to the position right above the board collecting mechanism 7, the first lifting module 45 moves downwards to enable the PCB on the suction cup 47 to be in contact with the board collecting mechanism 7, finally the fan 48 is controlled to control the suction force of the suction cup 47 to release the suction force of the PCB, and accordingly the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2 is transferred to the board collecting mechanism 7, simple structure, convenient operation has promoted production efficiency.
In an embodiment of the present application, the paper fetching traverse unit 5 includes a power member 51, a second traverse module 54, a fixing frame 53, a second lifting module 55 and a vacuum suction nozzle 58, the second traverse module 54 is slidably connected with a second slider 52, the second slider 52 is fixedly connected with one end of the fixing frame 53, the other end of the fixing frame 53 is connected with the upper end of the second lifting module 55, the lower end of the second lifting module 55 is connected with a second fixing strip 56, two ends of the second fixing strip 56 are provided with suction nozzle mounting plates 57, the vacuum suction nozzle 58 is fixed at two ends of the suction nozzle mounting plates 57, the power member 51 is disposed at one end of the second traverse module 54, and the power member 51 drives the second traverse module 54, so that the second slider 52 slides on the second traverse module 54 to drive the fixing frame 53 to reciprocate.
After the board taking and traversing unit 4 transfers the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2 to the board collecting mechanism 7, the power member 51 drives the second slider 52 to move towards the paper storing mechanism 6, so that the fixing frame 53 connected with the second slider 52 is driven to move, when the fixing frame 53 moves right above the paper storing mechanism 6, the second lifting module 55 moves downwards, so that the second fixing bar 56 connected with the second lifting module 55 is driven to move downwards, and further drives the vacuum suction nozzle 58 to move downwards to suck the separation paper on the paper storing mechanism 6, and then the second lifting module 55 moves upwards, so that the separation paper is sucked by the vacuum suction nozzle 58, and then the fixing frame 53 is driven by the power member 51 to move towards the board collecting mechanism 7, when the second lifting module 55 moves downwards to move right above the board collecting mechanism 7, so that the separation paper is contacted with the surface of the PCB on the board collecting mechanism 7, finally, the vacuum suction nozzle 58 loosens the suction force on the separation paper, so that the separation paper is placed on the surface of the PCB, the structure is simple, the operation is convenient, the separation paper is automatically placed between the stacked PCBs, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, and the production efficiency is improved.
In an embodiment of the present application, the paper storage mechanism 6 includes a first driving motor 61, a first driving screw 65, a connecting plate 67, a first guide rod and a paper placing platform 68, the first driving motor 61 is fixed on the frame 1, an output shaft of the first driving motor 61 is connected with a first main chain wheel 62, a lower portion of the first driving screw 65 is provided with a first auxiliary chain wheel 64, the first auxiliary chain wheel 64 and a first chain wheel are connected between the main chain wheels, the connecting plate 67 is fixed on a top end of the first driving screw 65, a sliding strip 66 is connected on the first driving screw 65 in a sliding manner, a lower end of the first guide rod penetrates through the connecting plate 67 and is fixedly connected with the sliding strip 66, and the paper placing platform 68 is fixedly connected with an upper end of the first guide rod.
In one embodiment of the present application, the paper storing mechanism 6 further comprises a limiting assembly, which comprises a transverse limiting unit 611 and a longitudinal limiting unit 612,
the transverse limiting unit 611 comprises a mounting beam 6112, a transverse limiting column 6111 and a sliding rod 6113, the mounting beam 6112 is fixed on the upper surface of the connecting plate 67, the sliding rod 6113 is mounted on the mounting beam 6112, the transverse limiting column 6111 is slidably connected to the sliding rod 6113, and two ends of the paper placing platform 68 along the transverse direction are provided with first limiting ports 69 matched with the transverse limiting column 6111;
correspondingly, the longitudinal limiting unit 612 includes a fixed beam 6122, a longitudinal limiting column 6121 and a movable strip 6123, the fixed beam 6122 is fixed on the upper surface of the connecting plate 67, the fixed beam 6122 is perpendicular to the mounting beam 6112, the movable strip 6123 is slidably connected to the fixed beam 6122, the lower end of the longitudinal limiting column 6121 is fixed on the movable strip 6123, and the two ends of the paper placing platform 68 along the longitudinal direction are both provided with second limiting ports 610 matched with the longitudinal limiting column 6121.
It should be noted that, by respectively arranging the transverse limiting unit 611 and the longitudinal limiting unit 612 in the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction of the placing platform, the paper separating unit stacked on the paper placing platform 68 can be limited in the process that the paper placing platform 68 is continuously lifted upwards, so that the transverse or longitudinal movement is avoided, and the paper taking transverse moving unit 5 is more convenient and accurate in paper taking; meanwhile, the transverse limiting unit 611 and the longitudinal limiting unit 612 can adjust the limiting distance according to the size of the paper separation, so that the paper separation device can be suitable for paper separation of different sizes.
In an embodiment of the present application, the board collecting mechanism 7 includes a second driving motor 71, a second driving screw 711, a second guide rod 75, a sliding plate 79 and a plurality of support bars 77, the second driving motor 71 is installed on the frame 1, an output shaft of the second driving motor 71 is connected with a second main chain wheel 72, a second driven chain wheel 74 is arranged at a lower portion of the second driving screw 711, a second chain 73 is arranged between the second driven chain wheel 74 and the second main chain wheel 72, a back surface of the sliding plate 79 is slidably connected with the second driving screw 711 through a sliding seat 710, the second guide rod 75 is located at a side edge of the second driving screw 711, a third slider 76 is slidably connected onto the second guide rod 75, the third slider 76 is fixed at the back surface of the sliding plate 79, one end of each support bar 77 is fixedly connected with a front surface of the sliding plate 79, and a gap 78 is left between adjacent support bars 77.
It should be noted that, the board taking traversing unit 4 and the paper taking traversing unit 5 are used for stacking the PCB boards and the partition paper on the supporting bars 77 of the board collecting mechanism 7 in sequence, although the PCB boards are stacked continuously, the stacking height is increased continuously, in order to stack more PCB boards as much as possible, the second driving motor 71 is used for driving the second driving screw 711 to rotate, so that the sliding seat 710 connected to the second driving screw 711 in a sliding manner is driven to move, because the sliding seat 710 is connected with the back of the sliding plate 79, one end of the supporting bar 77 is fixedly connected with the front surface of the sliding plate 79, so that the supporting bar 77 is driven to move downwards, thereby the stacked PCB boards move downwards, and more PCB boards can be collected and released.
In an embodiment of the present application, the PCB separation board collecting machine further includes a trolley 10, a placing position is disposed on one side of the frame 1 along an extending direction of the other end of the supporting bar 77, and the trolley 10 extends into the placing position for transferring the PCB stacked on the supporting bar 77. It should be noted that, by placing the trolley 10 below the supporting bars 77, since the stacked PCB boards are supported by the supporting bars 77, the supporting bars 77 are continuously driven to move downwards, and gaps 78 are left between adjacent supporting bars 77, so that the supporting bars on the trolley 10 pass through the gaps 78, at this time, the stacked PCB boards are supported by the supporting bars on the trolley 10, and then the supporting bars 77 continue to descend, so that the PCB boards are separated from the supporting bars 77 and transferred to the trolley 10, and finally the stacked PCB boards are transferred by the trolley 10, which is convenient to operate, simplifies the subsequent transfer work of the worker on the stacked PCB boards, and reduces the labor intensity.
In an embodiment of the present application, the PCB separation and board receiving machine further includes a baffle mechanism 8, the baffle mechanism 8 includes an air cylinder 81 and a baffle 82, the air cylinder 81 is located below the conveying mechanism 2, and the baffle 82 is connected to a piston rod of the air cylinder 81 to block the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2.
When the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2 needs to be temporarily stored, the baffle 82 connected with the piston rod of the cylinder 81 is driven to move upwards by controlling the extension of the piston rod of the cylinder 81, extends to the position of the conveying mechanism 2 to block the PCB, and then temporarily stores the blocked PCB through the temporary storage mechanism 3; when the PCB does not need to be temporarily stored, the air cylinder 81 drives the baffle 82 to move downwards, so that the baffle 82 does not block the PCB any more, and the PCB is conveyed forwards continuously.
In an embodiment of the present application, the PCB separation board collecting machine further includes a center positioning mechanism 9, the center positioning mechanism 9 is disposed on the frame 1, and the center positioning mechanism 9 is used for adjusting the position of the PCB on the conveying mechanism 2, which facilitates the absorption of the PCB by the subsequent board taking and traversing unit 4.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications and equivalents of the present invention, which are made by the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings, or directly/indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a PCB board separates paper board collecting machine which characterized in that includes: a frame, a conveying mechanism, a temporary storage mechanism, a paper storage mechanism, a plate collecting mechanism and a transverse moving mechanism,
the conveying mechanism is arranged on the rack so as to convey the PCB forward;
the temporary storage mechanism is used for retracting and releasing the PCB on the conveying mechanism;
the transverse moving mechanism comprises a board taking transverse moving unit and a paper taking transverse moving unit, the moving path of the board taking transverse moving unit is perpendicular to that of the paper taking transverse moving unit, the board taking transverse moving unit is used for transferring the PCB on the conveying mechanism to the board receiving mechanism, and the paper taking transverse moving unit is used for transferring the partition paper on the paper storing mechanism to the PCB on the board receiving mechanism;
the plate collecting mechanism is arranged on the rack and is positioned at the intersection point of the motion paths of the plate taking transverse moving unit and the paper taking transverse moving unit;
the paper storage mechanism is arranged on the rack and is positioned on the motion path of the paper taking transverse moving unit.
2. The PCB separating and collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the temporary storage mechanism comprises a temporary storage rack, a guiding unit, a driving unit and a sensing unit,
be equipped with a plurality of storage bits that are used for saving the PCB board on the frame of keeping in, the equal sliding connection of upper end and the lower extreme of the frame of keeping in is in on the guide element, drive unit with the upper end and/or the lower extreme of the frame of keeping in are connected, with the drive the frame of keeping in carries out reciprocating motion on the guide element, induction element locates the upper end of the frame of keeping in for detect the motion state of the frame of keeping in.
3. The PCB separating and board collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the board taking traverse unit comprises a driving member, a first traverse module, a mounting frame, a fan, a suction cup and a first lifting module,
the suction cup is arranged on the fixed strip and connected with the fan through an air pipe to control the suction force of the suction cup, the driving piece is arranged at one end of the first transverse moving module and drives the first transverse moving module to enable the first sliding block to slide on the first transverse moving module to drive the mounting frame to reciprocate.
4. The PCB separating and board collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the paper taking traverse unit comprises a power member, a second traverse module, a fixing frame, a second lifting module and a vacuum suction nozzle,
the second transverse moving module is connected with a second sliding block in a sliding mode, the second sliding block is fixedly connected with one end of the fixing frame, the other end of the fixing frame is connected with the upper end of the second lifting module, the lower end of the second lifting module is connected with a second fixing strip, suction nozzle mounting plates are mounted at two ends of the second fixing strip, vacuum suction nozzles are fixed at two ends of the suction nozzle mounting plates, the power piece is arranged at one end of the second transverse moving module and drives the second transverse moving module, and therefore the second sliding block slides on the second transverse moving module to drive the fixing frame to reciprocate.
5. The PCB separating and collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the paper storing mechanism comprises a first driving motor, a first transmission screw rod, a connecting plate, a first guide rod and a paper placing platform,
the paper feeding machine is characterized in that the first driving motor is fixed on the frame, an output shaft of the first driving motor is connected with a first main chain wheel, a first driven chain wheel is arranged on the lower portion of the first transmission screw rod, a first chain is connected between the first driven chain wheel and the first main chain wheel, the connecting plate is fixed to the top end of the first transmission screw rod, a sliding strip is connected to the first transmission screw rod in a sliding mode, the lower end of the first guide rod penetrates through the connecting plate and is fixedly connected with the sliding strip, and the paper feeding platform is fixedly connected with the upper end of the first guide rod.
6. The PCB separating and board collecting machine as claimed in claim 5, wherein the paper storing mechanism further comprises a limiting component, the limiting component comprises a transverse limiting unit and a longitudinal limiting unit,
the transverse limiting unit comprises a mounting beam, a transverse limiting column and a sliding rod, the mounting beam is fixed on the upper surface of the connecting plate, the sliding rod is mounted on the mounting beam, the transverse limiting column is slidably connected to the sliding rod, and two ends of the paper placing platform along the transverse direction are provided with first limiting ports matched with the transverse limiting column;
vertical spacing unit includes the fixed beam, indulges spacing post and activity strip, the fixed beam is fixed the upper surface of connecting plate, just the fixed beam with the installation roof beam is mutually perpendicular, activity strip slidable ground is connected on the fixed beam, the lower extreme of indulging spacing post is fixed on the activity strip, just put the paper platform along the both ends of longitudinal direction all be equipped with indulge the spacing mouth of spacing post matched with second.
7. The PCB separation paper board collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the board collecting mechanism comprises a second driving motor, a second transmission screw rod, a second guide rod, a sliding plate and a plurality of supporting bars,
second driving motor installs in the frame, just second driving motor's output shaft has the second leading sprocket, and the lower part of second transmission lead screw is equipped with the second and follows the sprocket, the second follow the sprocket with second chain between the second leading sprocket, the back of slide pass through the slide with second transmission lead screw sliding connection, the second guide arm is located the side of second transmission lead screw, sliding connection has the third slider on the second guide arm, the third slider is fixed the back of slide, the one end of support bar with the front surface fixed connection of slide, and adjacent leave the clearance between the support bar.
8. The PCB separating and board collecting machine as claimed in claim 7, wherein the PCB separating and board collecting machine further comprises a trolley, the rack is provided with a placing position along one side of the extending direction of the other end of the supporting bar, and the trolley extends into the placing position and is used for transferring the PCB stacked on the supporting bar.
9. The PCB separating and collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a baffle mechanism, wherein the baffle mechanism comprises a cylinder and a baffle plate, the cylinder is located below the conveying mechanism, and the baffle plate is connected with a piston rod of the cylinder to block the PCB on the conveying mechanism.
10. The PCB separating and collecting machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the PCB separating and collecting machine further comprises a centering mechanism, the centering mechanism is arranged on the frame, and the centering mechanism is used for adjusting the position of the PCB on the conveying mechanism.
CN202111260514.7A 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 PCB board separates paper board collecting machine Pending CN113955501A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111260514.7A CN113955501A (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 PCB board separates paper board collecting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111260514.7A CN113955501A (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 PCB board separates paper board collecting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113955501A true CN113955501A (en) 2022-01-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111260514.7A Pending CN113955501A (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 PCB board separates paper board collecting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113955501A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114435971A (en) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-06 深圳市永信达科技有限公司 PCB production line

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114435971A (en) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-06 深圳市永信达科技有限公司 PCB production line

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