CN113953266A - Surface self-cleaning device for solar photovoltaic power generation panel - Google Patents

Surface self-cleaning device for solar photovoltaic power generation panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113953266A
CN113953266A CN202111258348.7A CN202111258348A CN113953266A CN 113953266 A CN113953266 A CN 113953266A CN 202111258348 A CN202111258348 A CN 202111258348A CN 113953266 A CN113953266 A CN 113953266A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle body
pipe
water
power generation
photovoltaic power
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202111258348.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李海山
赵铭
吴春刚
安宝强
陈倩
辛梦璐
曹文暖
王茹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Hengshui Power Supply Co of State Grid Hebei Electric Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Hengshui Power Supply Co of State Grid Hebei Electric Power Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by State Grid Corp of China SGCC, Hengshui Power Supply Co of State Grid Hebei Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Priority to CN202111258348.7A priority Critical patent/CN113953266A/en
Publication of CN113953266A publication Critical patent/CN113953266A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/10Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/12Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools
    • B08B1/10Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/14Wipes; Absorbent members, e.g. swabs or sponges
    • B08B1/143Wipes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)
  • Cleaning In General (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation board, and belongs to the technical field of solar photovoltaic power generation. The invention provides a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel, which comprises a slide rail, a vehicle body, a cleaning mechanism and a docking chamber, wherein the slide rail is laid on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel; the vehicle body is internally provided with a storage battery, a water tank and a driving mechanism; the cleaning mechanism comprises an air blowing component, a cleaning component, a water spraying component and a wiping component which are sequentially arranged on the vehicle body along the advancing direction of the vehicle body, the air blowing component comprises an air blowing pipe and a first air supply structure, the cleaning component comprises a cleaning brush, the water spraying component comprises a water spraying pipe and a water supply structure, and the wiping component comprises wiping cloth; the connection chamber is arranged at one end of the sliding rail and is provided with a charging mechanism. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic power generation panel provided by the invention can realize automatic cleaning of the photovoltaic power generation panel, has high cleaning efficiency, reduces the working strength and is easy to popularize.

Description

Surface self-cleaning device for solar photovoltaic power generation panel
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of solar photovoltaic power generation, and particularly relates to a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation plate.
Background
With the gradual increase of energy crisis, the search for new energy becomes an urgent subject facing human beings at present, and solar power generation gains more and more attention with the advantages of cleanness, safety, resource universality and sufficiency and the like, and becomes the most important new energy in the twenty-first century. Solar power generation carries out the production of electric energy through photovoltaic power generation board, photovoltaic power generation board generally places outdoors, can set up in comparatively remote place sometimes, the inevitable accumulation that can produce dust or other debris in the use on the photovoltaic power generation board, these dust and debris cover can reduce photovoltaic power generation board's photoelectric conversion efficiency on the photovoltaic power generation board, thereby can reduce solar power generation system's efficiency, there is research to show, the dust of piling up on photovoltaic power generation board surface can make photovoltaic power generation board's photoelectric conversion efficiency reduce 30% even, consequently need in time clear up dust and debris on the photovoltaic power generation board, if adopt artifical clearance, because of the photovoltaic power generation board is located outdoors, and the distribution is extensive, can very big extravagant manpower, cleaning efficiency is lower.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel, and aims to solve the problem of low cleaning efficiency of manually cleaning the photovoltaic power generation panel.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: provided is a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel, comprising: the photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning device comprises slide rails, a vehicle body, a cleaning mechanism and a connection chamber, wherein the slide rails are laid on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel; a storage battery, a water tank and a driving mechanism for driving the vehicle body to slide on the slide rail are arranged in the vehicle body; the cleaning mechanism comprises an air blowing component, a cleaning component, a water spraying component and a wiping component which are sequentially arranged on the vehicle body along the advancing direction of the vehicle body, the air blowing component comprises an air blowing pipe and a first air supply structure, the cleaning component comprises a cleaning brush, the water spraying component comprises a water spraying pipe and a water supply structure, and the wiping component comprises wiping cloth; the connection chamber is arranged at one end of the sliding rail and is provided with a charging mechanism connected with the storage battery.
In a possible implementation mode, the terminal surface is provided with under the automobile body with slide rail assorted movable pulley, the automobile body up end is provided with the support frame, the support frame includes that two sets of support posts and setting are two sets of supporting beam between the support post, the support post the gas blow pipe clean brush the spray pipe clean cloth all with photovoltaic power generation board parallel relative setting.
In a possible implementation mode, first air feed structure sets up inside the automobile body, first air feed structure includes first intake pipe, first fan blade and first motor, first intake pipe runs through the lateral wall of automobile body, and with the gas blow pipe is located one end on the automobile body links to each other, first fan blade sets up in the first intake pipe, just first fan blade is installed in the pivot of first motor, first motor with the battery links to each other, be provided with the edge on the gas blow pipe the gas hole that gas blow pipe axis direction distributes, the gas blow pipe is kept away from the one end of automobile body is fixed through first mounting on the supporting beam.
In a possible implementation manner, the cleaning brush is arranged between the vehicle body and the supporting cross beam through a brush holder, the cleaning brush is arranged on one side, close to the photovoltaic power generation panel, of the brush holder, and one end, far away from the vehicle body, of the brush holder is fixed on the supporting cross beam through a second fixing piece.
In a possible implementation manner, the spray pipe is provided with spray holes distributed along the axis direction of the spray pipe, the spray pipe is communicated with the water tank, one end of the spray pipe close to the water tank is provided with a one-way valve and a circulating pump, one end of the spray pipe far away from the vehicle body is provided with a transition pipe, the transition pipe is semi-annular, one end of the transition pipe far away from the spray pipe is provided with a return pipe, the return pipe is communicated with the water tank, and one end of the spray pipe far away from the vehicle body and one end of the return pipe far away from the vehicle body are fixed on the supporting cross beam through a third fixing piece.
In one possible implementation, the wiping cloths are arranged between the vehicle body and the supporting cross member by a conveyor belt assembly, the conveyor belt component comprises a driving wheel arranged on the supporting beam and a driven wheel arranged in the vehicle body, and a conveyor belt sleeved outside the driving wheel and the driven wheel, the driven wheel is arranged in the vehicle body, the lower end of the driven wheel is positioned in the water tank, the wiping cloth is detachably arranged on the outer surface of the conveying belt, the side, close to the photovoltaic power generation panel, of the conveyor belt moves from top to bottom, a penetrating square hole and a penetrating square hole which can be penetrated by the wiping cloth and the conveyor belt are arranged on the upper end face of the vehicle body, the square hole that penetrates with it is relative to wear out the square hole homogeneous phase photovoltaic power generation board parallel arrangement, just it sets up to wear out the square hole penetrate the square hole and keep away from one side of photovoltaic power generation board.
In a possible implementation mode, the automobile body up end is provided with the subassembly that catchments, the subassembly that catchments includes the water-collecting plate, the water-collecting plate sets up photovoltaic power generation board below, the up end of water-collecting plate is close to certainly photovoltaic power generation board is to keeping away from photovoltaic power generation board's direction slope down, the water-collecting plate is kept away from one side of photovoltaic power generation board is provided with the breakwater, the breakwater sets up clearance mechanism is close to one side of photovoltaic power generation board, be provided with the outlet pipe on the water-collecting plate, the outlet pipe is kept away from the one end of water-collecting plate with the water tank intercommunication.
In a possible implementation mode, the supporting beam is close to photovoltaic power generation board one side is provided with the sliding strip, photovoltaic power generation board upper end is provided with the sliding seat, the sliding seat is close to one side of supporting beam be provided with sliding strip assorted sliding tray, the both ends of sliding tray are provided with first magnet, the both ends of sliding block are provided with second magnet, first magnet adsorbs second magnet is convenient for the sliding strip slides in the sliding tray.
In a possible implementation manner, an air drying component is arranged on one side, away from the water spraying component, of the wiping component, the air drying component comprises an air drying pipe and a second air supply structure, the second air supply structure is arranged inside the vehicle body, the second air supply structure comprises a second air inlet pipe, a second fan blade, a second motor and a heating component, the second air inlet pipe penetrates through the side wall of the vehicle body and is connected with one end, located on the vehicle body, of the air drying pipe, the second fan blade is arranged on the second air inlet pipe and is installed on a rotating shaft of the second motor, the second motor is connected with the storage battery, the heating component is arranged on the second air inlet pipe, air drying holes distributed along the axial direction of the air drying pipe are arranged on the air drying pipe, and one end, away from the vehicle body, of the air drying pipe is fixed on the supporting cross beam through a fifth fixing component, the free end of the air drying pipe is in a closed state.
In a possible implementation manner, a water injection pipeline and a water discharge pipeline are arranged in the connection chamber.
The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic power generation panel provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that:
compared with the prior art, the cleaning device comprises a slide rail, a vehicle body, a cleaning mechanism and a connection chamber, wherein the slide rail is laid on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel, the vehicle body is arranged on the slide rail in a sliding manner, the cleaning mechanism is arranged on the vehicle body, the vehicle body slides on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel by means of the slide rail to realize the cleaning of a plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels, an air blowing component, a cleaning component, a water spraying component and a wiping component are sequentially arranged on the vehicle body along the advancing direction of the vehicle body, the air blowing component comprises an air blowing pipe and a first air supply structure, the cleaning assembly comprises a cleaning brush and is used for further cleaning dust impurities on the photovoltaic power generation board, the water spraying assembly comprises a water spraying pipe and a water supply structure and is used for spraying water to the surface of the cleaned photovoltaic power generation board, the cleaning assembly comprises cleaning cloth and is used for cleaning water stains on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation board and further cleaning the photovoltaic power generation board; the automatic cleaning of the surface of the photovoltaic power generation board can be realized, the cleaning efficiency is high, the manpower resource is greatly saved, the environmental adaptability is high, and the popularization is easy.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed for the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the interior of a vehicle body of a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel provided by an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 3 is a left side view structural schematic diagram of a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a slide rail; 2. a vehicle body; 3. a docking chamber; 4. a storage battery; 5. a water tank; 6. a drive mechanism; 7. a sliding wheel; 8. an air blowing pipe; 9. a first intake pipe; 10. an air-drying pipe; 11. a second intake pipe; 12. a first fixing member; 13. a first regulating air valve; 14. cleaning the brush; 15. a brush holder; 16. a second fixing member; 17. a water spray pipe; 18. a one-way valve; 19. a circulation pump; 20. wiping cloth; 21. supporting the upright post; 22. a support beam; 23. a transition duct; 24. a return pipe; 25. a third fixing member; 26. a driving wheel; 27. a driven wheel; 28. a water collection plate; 29. a water baffle; 30. a slide bar; 31. a fifth fixing member; 32. and a second regulating air valve.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to fig. 3, a specific embodiment of a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic panel according to the present invention is described, which includes: the photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning device comprises a sliding rail 1, a vehicle body 2, a cleaning mechanism and a connection chamber 3, wherein the sliding rail 1 is laid on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel; a storage battery 4, a water tank 5 and a driving mechanism 6 for driving the vehicle body 2 to slide on the slide rail 1 are arranged in the vehicle body 2; the cleaning mechanism comprises an air blowing component, a cleaning component, a water spraying component and a wiping component which are sequentially arranged on the vehicle body 2 along the advancing direction of the vehicle body 2, the air blowing component comprises an air blowing pipe 8 and a first air supply structure, the cleaning component comprises a cleaning brush 14, the water spraying component comprises a water spraying pipe 17 and a water supply structure, and the wiping component comprises wiping cloth 20; the connection chamber 3 is arranged at one end of the sliding rail 1 and is provided with a charging mechanism connected with the storage battery 4.
The invention provides a surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel, which comprises a slide rail 1, a vehicle body 2, a cleaning mechanism and a docking chamber 3, wherein the slide rail 1 is laid on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel, the vehicle body 2 is slidably arranged on the slide rail 1, the vehicle body 2 is provided with the cleaning mechanism, the vehicle body 2 slides on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel by means of the slide rail 1 to realize the cleaning of a plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels, the vehicle body 2 is sequentially provided with a blowing component, a cleaning component, a water spraying component and a wiping component along the advancing direction of the vehicle body 2, the blowing component comprises a blowing pipe 8 and a first air supply structure and can preliminarily clean dust and sundries on the photovoltaic power generation panel, the cleaning component comprises a cleaning brush 14 and further cleans the dust and sundries on the photovoltaic power generation panel, and the water spraying component comprises a water spraying pipe 17 and a water supply structure, spraying water to the surface of the cleaned photovoltaic power generation panel, wherein the wiping component comprises wiping cloth 20, and is used for cleaning water stains on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel and further cleaning the photovoltaic power generation panel; the automatic cleaning of the surface of the photovoltaic power generation board can be realized, the cleaning efficiency is high, the manpower resource is greatly saved, the environmental adaptability is high, and the popularization is easy.
Specifically, please refer to fig. 1 to 3, slide rail 1 is laid at the photovoltaic power generation board front side, slide rail 1 and photovoltaic power generation board parallel arrangement, automobile body 2 slides and sets up on slide rail 1, be provided with clearance mechanism on automobile body 2, clearance mechanism includes the subassembly of blowing that sets gradually along 2 advancing direction of automobile body, clean the subassembly, the subassembly of spraying water and clean the subassembly, progressively realize the cleanness to the photovoltaic power generation board, slide rail 1's one end is provided with chamber 3 of plugging into, be provided with charging mechanism in the chamber 3 of plugging into, can charge to battery 4 in the automobile body 2, automobile body 2 slides on slide rail 1 under actuating mechanism 6's effect, accomplish the cleanness to the photovoltaic power generation board, after the cleanness is accomplished, 2 former ways of drive structure drive automobile body return to chamber 3 of plugging into, clean efficient, manpower resources have greatly been saved, environmental suitability is high, and easy popularization.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, a sliding wheel 7 matched with the sliding rail 1 is arranged on the lower end face of a vehicle body 2, a supporting vehicle frame is arranged on the upper end face of the vehicle body 2, the supporting vehicle frame comprises two groups of supporting upright posts 21 and a supporting cross beam 22 arranged between the two groups of supporting upright posts 21, and the supporting upright posts 21, the gas blowing pipe 8, the cleaning brush 14, the water spraying pipe 17 and the wiping cloth 20 are arranged in parallel and opposite to the photovoltaic power generation panel.
Specifically, please refer to fig. 1 to 3, the lower end face of the vehicle body 2 is provided with a sliding wheel 7, which is convenient for sliding on the sliding rail 1, the upper end face of the vehicle body 2 is provided with a supporting frame, which can support a cleaning mechanism arranged on the vehicle body 2, so as to increase the stability of the device, the supporting frame comprises two sets of supporting upright posts 21 and a supporting cross beam 22, the supporting upright posts 21, the blowpipe 8, the cleaning brush 14, the water spray pipe 17, and the wiping cloth 20 have the same inclination angle with the photovoltaic power generation plate, so as to increase the stability of the device in use, and the cleaning force.
As a specific embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel provided by the invention, please refer to fig. 1 to 3, a first air supply structure is arranged inside a vehicle body 2, the first air supply structure comprises a first air inlet pipe 9, a first fan blade and a first motor, the first air inlet pipe 9 penetrates through a side wall of the vehicle body 2 and is connected with one end of an air blowing pipe 8 on the vehicle body 2, the first fan blade is arranged on the first air inlet pipe 9 and is installed on a rotating shaft of the first motor, the first motor is connected with a storage battery 4, the air blowing pipe 8 is provided with air blowing holes distributed along the axial direction of the air blowing pipe 8, and one end of the air blowing pipe 8 far away from the vehicle body 2 is fixed on a supporting beam 22 through a first fixing part 12.
Specifically, please refer to fig. 1 to 3, a first air supply structure is arranged inside a vehicle body 2, and supplies air to an air blowing pipe 8, the first air supply structure includes a first air inlet pipe 9, a first fan blade and a first motor, the first air inlet pipe 9, one end is located outside the vehicle body 2, the other end is communicated with the air blowing pipe 8, the first fan blade is arranged on a rotating shaft of the first motor, and the first fan blade is arranged on the first air inlet pipe 9, the first motor is connected with a storage battery 4, the first motor drives the first fan blade to rotate, and conveys air outside the vehicle body 2 into the air blowing pipe 8, air blowing holes distributed along the axial direction of the air blowing pipe 8 are arranged on the air blowing pipe 8, air blown out from the air blowing holes directly covers the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel, and primarily blows dust and sundries on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel.
Furthermore, one end of the air blow pipe 8, which is far away from the vehicle body 2, is provided with a first adjusting air valve 13, and the adjustment of the air pressure in the air blow pipe 8 is realized by adjusting the opening angle of the first adjusting air valve 13.
As an embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic panel provided by the invention, referring to fig. 1 to 3, a cleaning brush 14 is disposed between a vehicle body 2 and a supporting beam 22 through a brush holder 15, the cleaning brush 14 is disposed on a side of the brush holder 15 close to the photovoltaic panel, and an end of the brush holder 15 away from the vehicle body 2 is fixed on the supporting beam 22 through a second fixing member 16.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1 to 3, the brush holder 15 is disposed between the vehicle body 2 and the supporting beam 22, and the cleaning brush 14 is disposed on a side of the brush holder 15 close to the photovoltaic panel to clean residual dust and impurities on the surface of the photovoltaic panel.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, a water spray pipe 17 is provided with water spray holes distributed along an axial direction of the water spray pipe 17, the water spray pipe 17 is communicated with a water tank 5, one end of the water spray pipe 17 close to the water tank 5 is provided with a one-way valve 18 and a circulating pump 19, one end of the water spray pipe 17 far away from a vehicle body 2 is provided with a transition pipe 23, the transition pipe 23 is semi-annular, one end of the transition pipe 23 far away from the water spray pipe 17 is provided with a return pipe 24, the return pipe 24 is communicated with the water tank 5, and one ends of the water spray pipe 17 and the return pipe 24 far away from the vehicle body 2 are fixed on a support beam 22 through a third fixing member 25.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1 to 3, one end of the water spray pipe 17 is communicated with the water tank 5, the other end of the water spray pipe is communicated with the return pipe 24 through the transition pipe 23, the return pipe 24 is communicated with the water tank 5 to recover the cleaning water which is not sprayed out, the water spray pipe 17 is provided with water spray holes distributed along the axial direction of the water spray pipe 17, the cleaning water is sprayed on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel through the water spray holes to flush the photovoltaic power generation panel, one end of the water spray pipe 17 close to the water tank 5 is provided with a one-way valve 18 and a circulating pump 19, the circulating pump 19 transmits the cleaning water in the water tank 5 into the water spray pipe 17, and the one-way valve 18 prevents the cleaning water from flowing backwards.
As an embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel provided by the invention, referring to fig. 1 to 3, the wiping cloth 20 is arranged between the vehicle body 2 and the supporting cross beam 22 through a conveyor belt assembly, the conveyor belt assembly comprises a driving wheel 26 arranged on the supporting cross beam 22, a driven wheel 27 arranged in the vehicle body 2, and a transmission belt sleeved outside the driving wheel 26 and the driven wheel 27, the driven wheel 27 is arranged in the vehicle body 2, and follow the lower extreme of driving wheel 27 and be located water tank 5, wipe cloth 20 detachable and set up the surface at the conveyer belt, the conveyer belt is close to photovoltaic power generation board one side from the top down movement, the up end of automobile body 2 is provided with and wipes cloth 20 and the square hole of penetrating that the conveyer belt can pass and wear out the square hole, penetrate the square hole and wear out the square hole homogeneous phase to photovoltaic power generation board parallel arrangement, and wear out the square hole setting and keeping away from one side of photovoltaic power generation board in penetrating the square hole.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1 to 3, the conveyor assembly is disposed between the vehicle body 2 and the supporting beam 22, the wiping cloth 20 is detachably disposed on the outer surface of the conveyor belt, so as to facilitate cleaning and replacement of the wiping cloth 20, the driving wheel 26 is disposed on the supporting beam 22 to drive the conveyor belt and the wiping cloth 20 to move, the lower end of the driven wheel 27 is located in the water tank 5, the wiping cloth 20 penetrates through the penetrating square hole to enter the water tank 5, so as to wet and clean the wiping cloth 20, the wiping cloth 20 penetrates through the penetrating square hole to extrude the wiping cloth 20, and redundant cleaning water in the wiping cloth 20 is extruded, so that water is saved.
As a specific embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel provided by the invention, referring to fig. 1 to 3, a water collection assembly is arranged on the upper end surface of a vehicle body 2, the water collection assembly comprises a water collection plate 28, the water collection plate 28 is arranged below the photovoltaic panel, the upper end surface of the water collection plate 28 inclines downwards from the position close to the photovoltaic panel to the position far away from the photovoltaic panel, a water baffle 29 is arranged on the side of the water collection plate 28 far away from the photovoltaic panel, the water baffle 29 is arranged on the side of the cleaning mechanism close to the photovoltaic panel, a water outlet pipe is arranged on the water collection plate 28, and one end of the water outlet pipe far away from the water collection plate 28 is communicated with a water tank 5.
Specifically, please refer to fig. 1 to 3, the water collecting assembly is disposed on the upper end surface of the vehicle body 2 and located below the photovoltaic power generation panel, the cleaning water on the photovoltaic power generation panel slides onto the water collecting panel 28 of the water collecting assembly in the cleaning process, the water collecting panel 28 is provided with a water outlet pipe communicated with the water tank 5, the cleaning water is recovered, the water baffle 29 is disposed between the water collecting panel 28 and the cleaning mechanism, the recovered cleaning water is prevented from affecting the normal use of the cleaning structure, the use stability of the device is improved, the water collecting panel 28 has a slope, and the cleaning water is convenient to collect.
As a specific embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel provided by the invention, referring to fig. 1 to 3, a sliding strip 30 is arranged on one side of the supporting beam 22 close to the photovoltaic panel, a sliding seat is arranged at the upper end of the photovoltaic panel, a sliding groove matched with the sliding strip 30 is arranged on one side of the sliding seat close to the supporting beam 22, first magnets are arranged at two ends of the sliding groove, second magnets are arranged at two ends of the sliding block, and the first magnets attract the second magnets so that the sliding strip 30 can slide into the sliding groove conveniently.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1 to 3, a sliding bar 30 is disposed on the supporting beam 22, a sliding seat matched with the sliding bar 30 is disposed at the upper end of the photovoltaic power generation panel, first magnets are disposed at two ends of the sliding groove, and second magnets are disposed at two ends of the sliding block, so that under the action of the first magnets and the second magnets, bianni and the sliding block can slide into the sliding groove, and the stability of the device is improved.
As a specific embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel provided by the present invention, please refer to fig. 1 to 3, a side of the wiping component away from the water spraying component is provided with an air drying component, the air drying component comprises an air drying pipe 10 and a second air supply structure, the second air supply structure is arranged inside the vehicle body 2, the second air supply structure comprises a second air inlet pipe 11, a second fan blade, a second motor and a heating component, the second air inlet pipe 11 penetrates through a side wall of the vehicle body 2 and is connected with one end of the air drying pipe 10 located on the vehicle body 2, the second fan blade is arranged on the second air inlet pipe 11, the second fan blade is mounted on a rotating shaft of the second motor, the second motor is connected with the storage battery 4, the heating component is arranged on the second air inlet pipe 11, the air drying pipe 10 is provided with air drying holes distributed along the axial direction of the air drying pipe 10, one end of the air drying pipe 10 away from the vehicle body 2 is fixed on the supporting beam 22 through a fifth fixing component 31, the free end of the air-drying duct 10 is closed.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1 to 3, the drying assembly is disposed on one side of the wiping assembly away from the water spraying assembly, the second air supply structure is disposed inside the vehicle body 2 and supplies air to the drying pipe 10, the second air supply structure includes a second air inlet pipe 11, a second fan blade, a second motor and a heating assembly, the second air inlet pipe 11 has one end located outside the vehicle body 2 and the other end communicated with the drying pipe 10, the second fan blade is disposed on a rotating shaft of the second motor, the second fan blade is disposed on the second air inlet pipe 11, the heating assembly is disposed on the second air inlet pipe 11, the second motor and the heating assembly are connected to the storage battery 4, the second motor drives the second fan blade to rotate, the air outside the vehicle body 2 is heated by the heating assembly and conveyed into the drying pipe 10, the drying pipe 10 is provided with drying holes distributed along the axial direction of the drying pipe 10, and the heated air blown from the drying holes directly covers the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel, and drying the residual cleaning water on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel.
Further, referring to fig. 1 to 3, a second air regulating valve 32 is disposed at an end of the air drying pipe 10 away from the vehicle body 2, and the air pressure in the air drying pipe 10 is regulated by regulating an opening angle of the second air regulating valve 32.
As a specific embodiment of the surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic power generation panel provided by the invention, a water injection pipeline and a water discharge pipeline are arranged in the docking chamber 3.
Specifically, the chamber 3 of plugging into is provided with water injection pipeline and drain pipe, is provided with water inlet and delivery port on the water tank 5, and water injection pipeline is convenient for pour into water tank 5 with clean water into, and the outlet conduit can be collected the clean water of discharging in the water tank 5.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A surface self-cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic power generation panel, comprising: the photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning device comprises slide rails, a vehicle body, a cleaning mechanism and a connection chamber, wherein the slide rails are laid on the front side of the photovoltaic power generation panel; a storage battery, a water tank and a driving mechanism for driving the vehicle body to slide on the slide rail are arranged in the vehicle body; the cleaning mechanism comprises an air blowing component, a cleaning component, a water spraying component and a wiping component which are sequentially arranged on the vehicle body along the advancing direction of the vehicle body, the air blowing component comprises an air blowing pipe and a first air supply structure, the cleaning component comprises a cleaning brush, the water spraying component comprises a water spraying pipe and a water supply structure, and the wiping component comprises wiping cloth; the connection chamber is arranged at one end of the sliding rail and is provided with a charging mechanism connected with the storage battery.
2. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic power generation panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower end surface of the vehicle body is provided with a sliding wheel matched with the sliding rail, the upper end surface of the vehicle body is provided with a supporting frame, the supporting frame comprises two sets of supporting columns and a supporting cross beam arranged between the two sets of supporting columns, and the supporting columns, the blowing pipe, the cleaning brush, the water spray pipe and the wiping cloth are arranged in parallel and opposite to the photovoltaic power generation panel.
3. The device of claim 2, wherein the first air supply structure is disposed inside the vehicle body, the first air supply structure comprises a first air inlet pipe, a first fan blade and a first motor, the first air inlet pipe penetrates through a side wall of the vehicle body and is connected to one end of the air blowing pipe on the vehicle body, the first fan blade is disposed on the first air inlet pipe, the first fan blade is mounted on a rotating shaft of the first motor, the first motor is connected to the storage battery, the air blowing pipe is provided with air blowing holes distributed along an axial direction of the air blowing pipe, and one end of the air blowing pipe, which is far away from the vehicle body, is fixed to the supporting beam through a first fixing member.
4. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic power generation panel as claimed in claim 2, wherein the cleaning brush is arranged between the vehicle body and the supporting beam through a brush holder, the cleaning brush is arranged on one side of the brush holder close to the photovoltaic power generation panel, and one end of the brush holder far away from the vehicle body is fixed on the supporting beam through a second fixing member.
5. The self-cleaning device for the surface of a solar photovoltaic power generation panel as claimed in claim 2, wherein the water spraying pipe is provided with water spraying holes distributed along the axis of the water spraying pipe, the water spraying pipe is communicated with the water tank, the end of the water spraying pipe close to the water tank is provided with a one-way valve and a circulating pump, the end of the water spraying pipe far away from the vehicle body is provided with a transition pipe, the transition pipe is semi-annular, the end of the transition pipe far away from the water spraying pipe is provided with a return pipe, the return pipe is communicated with the water tank, and the end of the water spraying pipe and the end of the return pipe far away from the vehicle body are fixed on the supporting beam through a third fixing member.
6. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 2, wherein the wiping cloth is disposed between the vehicle body and the supporting beam by a conveyor belt assembly, the conveyor belt assembly comprises a driving wheel disposed on the supporting beam, a driven wheel disposed in the vehicle body, and a conveyor belt sleeved outside the driving wheel and the driven wheel, the driven wheel is disposed in the vehicle body, and a lower end of the driven wheel is located in the water tank, the wiping cloth is detachably disposed on an outer surface of the conveyor belt, the conveyor belt moves from top to bottom near the side of the photovoltaic panel, an upper end surface of the vehicle body is provided with a penetrating square hole and a penetrating square hole through which the wiping cloth and the conveyor belt can pass, the penetrating square hole and the penetrating square hole are both disposed in parallel to the photovoltaic panel, and the penetrating square hole is arranged on one side of the penetrating square hole, which is far away from the photovoltaic power generation panel.
7. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the upper end face of the vehicle body is provided with a water collecting component, the water collecting component comprises a water collecting plate, the water collecting plate is arranged below the photovoltaic panel, the upper end face of the water collecting plate is inclined downwards from the side close to the photovoltaic panel to the direction far away from the photovoltaic panel, a water baffle plate is arranged on the side of the water collecting plate far away from the photovoltaic panel, the water baffle plate is arranged on the side of the cleaning mechanism close to the photovoltaic panel, a water outlet pipe is arranged on the water collecting plate, and one end of the water outlet pipe far away from the water collecting plate is communicated with the water tank.
8. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 2, wherein the supporting beam is provided with a sliding bar at one side close to the photovoltaic panel, the upper end of the photovoltaic panel is provided with a sliding seat, the side of the sliding seat close to the supporting beam is provided with a sliding groove matched with the sliding bar, two ends of the sliding groove are provided with first magnets, two ends of the sliding block are provided with second magnets, and the first magnets attract the second magnets to facilitate the sliding bar to slide into the sliding groove.
9. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 2, wherein a drying component is disposed on a side of the wiping component away from the water spraying component, the drying component comprises a drying pipe and a second air supply structure, the second air supply structure is disposed inside the vehicle body, the second air supply structure comprises a second air inlet pipe, a second fan, a second motor and a heating component, the second air inlet pipe penetrates through a side wall of the vehicle body and is connected with one end of the drying pipe on the vehicle body, the second fan is disposed on the second air inlet pipe, the second fan is mounted on a rotating shaft of the second motor, the second motor is connected with the storage battery, the heating component is disposed on the second air inlet pipe, and the drying pipe is provided with drying holes distributed along an axial direction of the drying pipe, one end of the air drying pipe, which is far away from the vehicle body, is fixed on the supporting cross beam through a fifth fixing piece, and the free end of the air drying pipe is in a closed state.
10. The surface self-cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic power generation panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein a water injection pipeline and a water discharge pipeline are arranged in the connection chamber.
CN202111258348.7A 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Surface self-cleaning device for solar photovoltaic power generation panel Pending CN113953266A (en)

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CN202111258348.7A CN113953266A (en) 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Surface self-cleaning device for solar photovoltaic power generation panel

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