CN113877840A - Assembling and detecting production line and production method of automobile quick connector - Google Patents

Assembling and detecting production line and production method of automobile quick connector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113877840A
CN113877840A CN202111031169.XA CN202111031169A CN113877840A CN 113877840 A CN113877840 A CN 113877840A CN 202111031169 A CN202111031169 A CN 202111031169A CN 113877840 A CN113877840 A CN 113877840A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
ring
base
shell
outer retainer
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Pending
Application number
CN202111031169.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱建敏
郭卫平
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Waterfront Beijing Great Automotive Components Co ltd
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Waterfront Beijing Great Automotive Components Co ltd
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Application filed by Waterfront Beijing Great Automotive Components Co ltd filed Critical Waterfront Beijing Great Automotive Components Co ltd
Priority to CN202111031169.XA priority Critical patent/CN113877840A/en
Publication of CN113877840A publication Critical patent/CN113877840A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D39/00Application of procedures in order to connect objects or parts, e.g. coating with sheet metal otherwise than by plating; Tube expanders

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly detection production line of an automobile quick connector, which comprises a machine table, wherein a graduated disk assembly is arranged on the machine table, an outer check ring assembling ring assembly, an outer seal ring assembling ring assembly, an isolating ring assembling ring assembly, an inner seal ring assembling ring assembly, a shell mounting assembly, a riveting assembly and a lock catch mounting assembly are sequentially arranged on the graduated disk assembly, a clamping manipulator and an assembly base are further arranged on the graduated disk assembly, a marking assembly and an air tightness testing assembly are arranged on one side of the graduated disk assembly, a visual detection assembly is arranged on one side of the marking assembly, and a bagging assembly is arranged on one side of the air tightness testing assembly. The invention has the advantages of less labor input and high product efficiency, and the alarm can be triggered by the wrong assembly sequence of the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolating ring and the inner seal ring, so that the error installation can be effectively prevented, the unqualified product is prevented from flowing to the next procedure, and the product is more stable.

Description

Assembling and detecting production line and production method of automobile quick connector
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of connector production and processing, in particular to an assembly detection production line and a production method of an automobile quick connector.
Background
The automobile connector is a part used on an automobile pipeline and is mainly used for transmitting media (liquid, air and the like). At present, an automobile connector consists of five parts, namely an outer retainer ring, a spacer ring, an inner seal ring and a shell, and the assembly mode mainly adopts semi-automatic manual assembly line operation. The assembly line is provided with a plurality of semi-automatic assembly devices, basically, each device needs to be provided with at least one person for assembly work, the supplied materials are all manually fed, the assembly process is to place parts to be assembled on the devices, start the devices for assembly, take out semi-finished products to the next station, and repeat the processes until the assembly is completed. The production mode is easy to neglected assembly, less assembly and reverse assembly of parts, inaccurate in assembly precision, large in occupied area, low in production efficiency and high in cost, and a large amount of human resources are wasted.
Therefore, the invention discloses an assembly detection production line and a production method of an automobile quick connector.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an assembly detection production line of an automobile quick connector, which solves the problems that the existing production line is low in product efficiency, much in labor investment, high in misjudgment probability easily caused by manual detection in assembly, unstable in product and incapable of effectively preventing misassembly.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: the utility model provides an equipment detection production line of car quick connector, includes the board, be provided with the graduated disk subassembly on the board, it adorns circle subassembly, outer sealing ring dress circle subassembly, cage dress circle subassembly, inner seal circle dress circle subassembly, shell installation component, riveting subassembly and hasp installation component to have set gradually on the graduated disk subassembly, still be provided with centre gripping manipulator and equipment base on the graduated disk subassembly, one side of graduated disk subassembly is provided with beats mark subassembly and airtight test component, beat one side of mark subassembly and install the visual detection subassembly, one side of airtight test component is provided with the bagging-off subassembly.
Preferably, in the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, the visual detection assemblies are provided with two sets and comprise a first visual detection assembly and a second visual detection assembly, the first visual detection assembly is used for detecting whether the outer check ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring are neglected to be installed or not and whether the assembly sequence is wrongly installed or not, the second visual detection assembly is used for detecting whether the marking position is clear or not, and the first visual detection assembly comprises an image acquisition unit, an image processing unit, a detection control module, a storage and an alarm unit.
Preferably, in the technical scheme disclosed by the present invention, the method for detecting whether the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the spacer ring and the inner seal ring are neglected to be installed and whether the assembly sequence is mistakenly installed by the first visual detection assembly comprises: the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring are sequentially arranged to be green, yellow, black and brown according to the installation sequence of the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring, the correct color sequence is stored in a memory of the first visual detection assembly in advance, when in detection, the image acquisition unit of the first visual detection assembly acquires the color sequence of the outer check ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base and feeds the color sequence back to the image processing unit, the image processing unit feeds processed image information back to the detection control module, the detection control module compares the color sequence processed by the image processing unit with a correct color sequence prestored in the memory, if the color sequence is the same, no missing installation and wrong sequence exist, and if the color sequence is different, the missing installation or wrong assembly sequence exists, and the alarm unit gives an alarm.
Preferably, in the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, the index plate assembly comprises a base arranged on the machine table, a fixed disc arranged on the base, a fixed support penetrating through the center of the fixed disc and connected with the base, a rotating disc sleeved on the fixed support, and an assembly base which is fixedly arranged on the fixed disc and is respectively corresponding to the outer retaining ring assembly, the outer sealing ring assembly, the isolating ring assembly, the inner sealing ring assembly, the outer shell assembly, the riveting assembly and the lock catch assembly and used for placing products and accessories.
Preferably, in the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, the outer retainer ring assembly comprises an outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism which is positioned outside the indexing disc assembly and used for feeding, an outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism which is connected with the outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism so as to facilitate single loading, an outer retainer ring carrying mechanism which is connected with the outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism and used for conveying the outer retainer ring incoming material to the indexing disc assembly and assembling the outer retainer ring incoming material, and an outer retainer ring rotating mechanism which is connected with the outer retainer ring carrying mechanism.
Preferably, in the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, the outer sealing ring loading assembly comprises an outer sealing ring feeding line mechanism which is positioned outside the index plate assembly and used for feeding, an outer sealing ring carrying mechanism which is connected with the outer sealing ring feeding line mechanism and used for conveying the incoming material of the outer sealing ring to the index plate assembly, and an outer sealing ring pressing mechanism which is matched with the outer sealing ring carrying mechanism to complete the incoming material assembly of the outer sealing ring.
Preferably, in the technical solution disclosed in the present invention, the housing installation assembly includes a housing feeding line mechanism located outside the index plate assembly for feeding, and a housing carrying mechanism connected to the housing feeding line mechanism for conveying the incoming housing material to the assembly base on the index plate assembly.
Preferably, in the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, the riveting component comprises a riveting base arranged on the index plate component, a riveting cylinder connected to the riveting base, a riveting plate used for pressing the shell downwards, and a guide rod connecting the riveting cylinder and the riveting plate.
Preferably, in the technical solution disclosed in the present invention, the latch installation assembly includes a latch assembly base and a latch installation mechanism for installing the latch into the housing.
Based on the structure, the production method of the assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector comprises the following steps:
(1) the components of the automobile connector are sequentially and respectively fed by corresponding feed line mechanisms according to the sequence of an outer retainer ring, a spacer ring, an inner seal ring and a shell, and the index plate assembly rotates according to the setting;
(2) the outer retainer ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the dividing plate assembly by the outer retainer ring assembly through the outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism and the outer retainer ring carrying mechanism in sequence;
(3) the outer sealing ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the index plate assembly by an outer sealing ring assembly and an outer sealing ring carrying mechanism and is positioned above the outer check ring;
(4) the isolating ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the indexing disc assembly by an isolating ring assembling ring assembly through an isolating ring dislocation mechanism and an isolating ring carrying mechanism in sequence and is positioned above the outer sealing ring;
(5) the inner sealing ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the dividing disc assembly by an inner sealing ring assembly and an inner sealing ring carrying mechanism and is positioned above the isolating ring;
(6) an image acquisition unit of the first visual detection assembly acquires color sequences of an outer check ring, an isolation ring and an inner seal ring on an assembly base and feeds the color sequences back to an image processing unit, the image processing unit feeds processed image information back to a detection control module, the detection control module compares the color sequences processed by the image processing unit with correct color sequences prestored in a memory, if the color sequences are the same, no missing installation and wrong sequence exist, and if the color sequences are different, the missing installation or wrong assembly sequence exists, and an alarm unit gives an alarm;
(7) the shell mounting assembly conveys the shell to an assembly base of the index plate assembly through the shell carrying mechanism;
(8) the riveting component drives the guide rod and the riveting plate to press the shell downwards through the riveting cylinder so as to enable the guide rod and the riveting plate to correspond to the outer check ring, the outer seal ring, the isolating ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base;
(9) the lock catch mounting assembly pulls out the pressed shell and places the pressed shell on the lock catch assembly base, and the lock catch mechanism is installed to install the lock catch into the shell;
(10) taking out the shell of the marking assembly and placing the shell at a laser marking position for marking;
(11) the second visual detection assembly detects the marking position of the shell and whether the marking is clear;
(12) the air tightness testing component grabs and places the marked main bodies on a testing base one by one for air tightness testing;
(13) the bagging assembly automatically drops the products which pass the air tightness test into a recovery conveying line to be conveyed into a packaging bag, and the products which do not pass the test are loaded into an unqualified box.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the circular dividing plate assembly is used for carrying out flow type assembly and centralized processing on the plurality of quick connectors simultaneously, so that the production efficiency is improved, the space is saved, the whole assembly production line can be completed with less labor (1 person is needed), and the product efficiency is doubled;
2. the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring are sequentially arranged to be green, yellow, black and brown according to the installation sequence of the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring, the correct color sequence is stored in a memory of the first visual detection assembly in advance for storage, during detection, the first visual detection assembly detects the color sequence of the outer retainer ring, the isolating ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base and feeds the color sequence back to the image processing unit, the detection control module compares the detected color sequence with the pre-stored correct color sequence according to the identification degree, if the color sequences are the same, the assembly is complete, no neglected loading or wrong sequence exists, if the color sequence is different, the neglected loading or wrong assembly sequence exists, the visual detection assembly gives an alarm and automatically rejects the product, the unqualified product is prevented from flowing to the next procedure, and the error-in-loading performance can be effectively prevented.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the construction of the index plate assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of an outer retainer ring-mounting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer seal ring assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the housing mounting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a housing handling mechanism of the housing mounting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a riveting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the latch mounting assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the construction of the bagging assembly of the invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic block diagram of a first visual inspection assembly according to the present invention.
The automatic feeding device comprises a machine table 1, an index plate assembly 2, a base 21, a fixed disc 22, a fixed support 23, a rotating disc 24, an outer retainer ring assembly 3, an outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism 31, an outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism 32, an outer retainer ring reverse detection mechanism 33, an outer retainer ring conveying mechanism 34 and an outer retainer ring rotating mechanism 35, wherein the index plate assembly is arranged on the machine table 1; 311 outer retainer supporting seat, 312 outer retainer feeding line motor component, 313 outer retainer flow channel, 314 outer retainer belt, 315 outer retainer pressing bearing, 316 outer retainer blocking block and 317 outer retainer incoming material in-place optical fiber sensor; 321 outer retainer dislocation support seats, 322 outer retainer dislocation flow channels, 323 outer retainer dislocation air cylinders, 324 outer retainer dislocation limiting buffers, 325 outer retainer dislocation limiting blocks, 331 outer retainer installed with a reverse detection support seat, 332 outer retainer installed with a reverse detection CCD, 341 carrying support seats, 342 servo motor carrying modules, 343 outer retainer carrying T-shaped blocks, 344 outer retainer carrying mounting plates, 345 outer retainer carrying air cylinders, 346 linear bearings, 347 outer retainer carrying shafts and 348 outer retainer carrying heads; 351 rotary support seat, 352 rotary support seat horizontal plate A, 353 bushing, 354 rotary shaft, 355 outer retainer seat, 356 coupler, 357 motor, 358 rotary support seat horizontal plate B, 359 optical fiber sensor A; 4, assembling a base, 5, namely an outer sealing ring assembling assembly, 51, 52, 53 and 54 outer sealing ring pressing mechanisms; 511 outer sealing ring feeding line motor components, 512 outer sealing ring runners, 513 outer sealing ring belts, 514 outer sealing ring stop cylinders, 515 outer sealing ring stop blocks and 516 outer sealing ring anti-deformation needles; 521 outer seal ring assembling plate, 522 outer seal ring sliding block, 523 outer seal ring cylinder fixing plate, 524 outer seal ring assembling cylinder, 525 outer seal ring sliding groove and 526 outer seal ring assembling head; 531 an outer sealing ring optical fiber mounting rack, 532 an outer sealing ring optical fiber sensor; 541 outer seal ring material pressing supporting seat, 542 outer seal ring material pressing mounting plate, 543 outer seal ring material pressing linear guide rail, 544 outer seal ring material pressing cylinder, 545 outer seal ring limiting buffer, 546 outer seal ring material pressing moving plate, 547 outer seal ring limiting block, 548 outer seal ring material pressing head, 549 outer seal ring material pressing optical fiber sensor, 6 shell mounting assembly, 61 shell material feeding line mechanism, 62 shell carrying mechanism, 611 shell material feeding line motor assembly, 612 shell flow channel, 613 shell belt, 614 shell material feeding optical fiber sensor, 615 shell material full optical fiber sensor and 616 shell material coming optical fiber sensor; 621 casing carrying mounting plate, 622 casing carrying clamping jaw cylinder and 623 casing carrying clamping head; 7 inner seal circle dress circle subassembly, 8 spacer ring dress circle subassembly, 9 riveting subassembly, 91 riveting base, 92 riveting cylinder, 93 riveting board, 94 guide arm, 10 hasp installation component, 101 hasp equipment base, 102 dress hasp mechanisms, 11 centre gripping manipulators, 12 marking subassemblies, 13 airtight test subassembly, 14 visual inspection subassembly, 1411 image acquisition unit, 1412 image processing unit, 1413 detection control module, 1414 memory, 1415 alarm unit, 1416 rejection unit, 15 bagging-off subassemblies, 151 mounting panel, 152 diaphragm, 153 through-hole, 154 bagging-off bucket.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the drawings and the specific embodiments. Those skilled in the art will be able to implement the invention based on these teachings. Moreover, the embodiments of the present invention described in the following description are generally only some embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. Therefore, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without any creative effort shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, an assembly detection production line of an automobile quick connector comprises a machine table 1, wherein an index plate assembly 2 is arranged on the machine table 1, an outer check ring assembly 3, an outer seal ring assembly 5, an isolation ring assembly 8, an inner seal ring assembly 7, a shell assembly 6, a riveting assembly 9 and a lock catch assembly 10 are sequentially arranged on the index plate assembly 2, a clamping manipulator 11 and an assembly base 4 are further arranged on the index plate assembly 2, a marking assembly 12 and an air tightness testing assembly 13 are arranged on one side of the index plate assembly 2, a visual detection assembly 14 is arranged on one side of the marking assembly 12, and a bagging assembly 15 is arranged on one side of the air tightness testing assembly 13.
In an embodiment, the machine 1 further includes a built-in electrical control component and a controller for controlling each component to operate, and the controller can be implemented by using an existing general PLC control method.
In the embodiment, the visual detection assemblies 14 are provided with two sets which are connected together, and each set comprises a first visual detection assembly and a second visual detection assembly, the first visual detection assembly is used for detecting whether an outer check ring, a spacer ring and an inner seal ring are neglected in assembly or not and whether the assembly sequence is wrong, the second visual detection assembly is used for detecting whether the marking position is clear or not, and the structure and the implementation principle of the detection assembly are similar to those of the existing universal detection equipment. Visual inspection is to use a robot to replace human eyes for measurement and judgment. The visual detection means that a machine vision product (namely an image shooting device which is divided into a CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) product and a CCD (charge coupled device) product) converts a shot target into an image signal, transmits the image signal to a special image processing system, and converts the image signal into a digital signal according to information such as pixel distribution, brightness, color and the like; the image system performs various calculations on these signals to extract the features of the target, and then controls the operation of the on-site equipment according to the result of the discrimination. Is a valuable mechanism for production, assembly or packaging.
As shown in fig. 11, the first visual inspection assembly includes an image acquisition unit 1411, an image processing unit 1412, an inspection control module 1413, a storage 1414 and an alarm unit 1415, the image acquisition unit 1411 is connected with the image processing unit 1412, the image processing unit 1412 is connected with the inspection control module 1413, the storage 1414 and the alarm unit 1415 are connected with the inspection control module 1413, the image acquisition unit 1411 is used for acquiring the image and size information of the inspected object and transmitting the acquired information to the image processing unit 1412, the image processing unit 1412 is used for processing the acquired information, the inspection control module 1413 is used for comparing the information processed by the image processing unit 1412 with the information preset by the storage 1414 and returning the comparison result, the storage 1414 is used for storing correct image information, and the alarm unit 1415 is used for alarming the unmatched error information. The image acquisition unit 1411 can be an industrial camera or a high-definition camera, the industrial camera or the high-definition camera is used for acquiring an image of a detected object, the first visual inspection assembly further comprises a rejection unit 1416, and the rejection unit 1416 is connected with the detection control module 1413 and used for rejecting unqualified products.
In an embodiment, the method for detecting whether the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the spacer ring and the inner seal ring are neglected to be installed and whether the assembly sequence is wrongly installed by the first visual detection assembly comprises the following steps: firstly, in order to identify the assembled outer retainer ring, outer seal ring, spacer ring and inner seal ring in sequence, the outer retainer ring, outer seal ring, spacer ring and inner seal ring are set to green, yellow, black and brown respectively, the color sequence of the correct assembly sequence of the outer retainer ring, outer seal ring, spacer ring and inner seal ring is stored in the memory 1414 of the first visual inspection assembly in advance, during inspection, the image acquisition unit 1411 of the first visual inspection assembly acquires the color sequence of the outer retainer ring, outer seal ring, spacer ring and inner seal ring on the assembly base 4 and feeds back the color sequence to the image processing unit 1412, the image processing unit 1412 feeds back the processed image information to the inspection control module 1413, the inspection control module 1413 compares the color sequence information processed by the image processing unit 1412 with the correct color sequence information prestored in the memory 1414, if the color sequence information is the same, no missing installation or wrong sequence exists, and if the color sequence is different, the missing installation or wrong assembly sequence exists, and the alarm unit 1415 gives an alarm.
In the embodiment, the clamping robot 11 is used for transferring the finished product assembled by the latch installation component 10 to the marking component 12 for marking.
As shown in fig. 3, the index plate assembly 2 includes a base 21 installed on the machine table 1, a fixed disc 22 disposed on the base 21, a fixed support 23 connected with the base 21 through the center of the fixed disc 22, a rotating disc 24 sleeved on the fixed support 23, and an assembly base 4 fixedly installed on the fixed disc 22 and corresponding to the outer retainer ring assembly 3, the outer seal ring assembly 5, the spacer ring assembly 8, the inner seal ring assembly 7, the outer shell assembly 6, the riveting assembly 9, and the latch assembly 10, respectively, for placing products and accessories.
As shown in fig. 4, the outer retainer ring-mounting assembly 3 includes an outer retainer ring-feeding line mechanism 31 located outside the index plate assembly 2 for feeding, an outer retainer ring-dislocating mechanism 32 connected to the outer retainer ring-feeding line mechanism 31 for single loading, an outer retainer ring-mounting reverse-detecting mechanism 33 corresponding to an end of the outer retainer ring-feeding line mechanism 31 and detecting a reverse side and a reverse side of an outer retainer ring incoming material, an outer retainer ring-carrying mechanism 34 connected to the outer retainer ring-dislocating mechanism 32 and carrying the outer retainer ring incoming material to the index plate assembly 2, and an outer retainer ring-rotating mechanism 35 connected to the outer retainer ring-carrying mechanism 34 and rotating the outer retainer ring incoming material in a reverse side state. An outer retainer ring feeding line supporting seat 311 of the outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism 31 is fixed on the bottom plate, an outer retainer ring feeding line motor component 312 and an outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism 32 are arranged on the outer retainer ring supporting seat 311, an outer retainer ring flow channel 313 is fixed on the outer retainer ring feeding line motor component 312, an outer retainer ring belt 314 is arranged in the outer retainer ring feeding line motor component 312 and the outer retainer ring feeding line motor component, the outer retainer ring belt 314 effectively connects the outer retainer ring feeding line motor component and the outer retainer ring feeding line motor component, an outer retainer ring pressing bearing 315 and an outer retainer ring material retaining block 316 are further arranged on the outer retainer ring flow channel 313, and an outer retainer ring incoming material in-place optical fiber sensor 317 is further mounted at the tail end of the outer retainer ring flow channel 313; the outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism 32 comprises an outer retainer ring dislocation support seat 321 connected with the outer retainer ring support seat 311, an outer retainer ring dislocation flow passage 322 arranged on the outer retainer ring dislocation support seat 321 and connected with the outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism 31, an outer retainer ring dislocation cylinder 323 connected with the outer retainer ring dislocation flow passage 322 and controlling the reciprocating motion of the outer retainer ring dislocation flow passage, an outer retainer ring dislocation limiting buffer 324 arranged on the outer retainer ring dislocation flow passage 322, and an outer retainer ring dislocation limiting block 325 arranged on the outer retainer ring dislocation support seat 321; an outer retainer ring mounting and reverse detecting support base 331 of the outer retainer ring mounting and reverse detecting mechanism 33 is mounted on the bottom plate, and an outer retainer ring mounting and reverse detecting CCD 332 is mounted on the outer retainer ring mounting and reverse support base 331; the conveying support 341 of the outer retainer conveying mechanism 34 is mounted on the bottom plate, the servomotor conveying module 342 is mounted on the conveying support 341 and can move 180 degrees, the servomotor conveying module 342 is further connected with an outer retainer conveying T-shaped block 343, an outer retainer conveying mounting plate 344 is arranged on the outer retainer conveying T-shaped block 343, an outer retainer conveying cylinder 345 and a linear bearing 346 are respectively arranged on the outer retainer conveying mounting plate 344, an outer retainer conveying shaft 347 is arranged in the linear bearing 346, one end of the outer retainer conveying shaft 347 is fixedly connected with the outer retainer conveying head 348, a spring is arranged between the outer retainer conveying cylinder 345 and the outer retainer conveying head 348, and the outer retainer conveying head 348 is driven to reciprocate up and down by the outer retainer conveying cylinder 345; the rotating support seat 351 of the outer retaining ring rotating mechanism 35 is installed on the bottom plate, a bushing 353 is arranged in a central circular hole of a rotating support seat horizontal plate A352, a bearing is installed on the rotating shaft 354 and is placed in the bushing 353, an outer retaining ring bearing 355 is installed at the upper end of the rotating shaft 354, the lower end portion of the rotating shaft 354 is connected with a motor 357 through a coupling 356, the motor 357 is fixed on a rotating support seat horizontal plate B358, and an optical fiber sensor A359 is further arranged above the outer retaining ring bearing 355 and is installed on a carrying support seat.
As shown in fig. 5, the outer seal ring assembly 5 includes an outer seal ring feeding line mechanism 51 located outside the index plate assembly 2 for feeding, an outer seal ring carrying mechanism 52 connected to the outer seal ring feeding line mechanism 51 for conveying the outer seal ring supplied material to the index plate assembly 2, an outer seal ring detecting mechanism 53 corresponding to the outer seal ring carrying mechanism 52 in position for detecting whether the outer seal ring supplied material is neglected, and an outer seal ring pressing mechanism 54 cooperating with the outer seal ring carrying mechanism 52 to complete the outer seal ring supplied material assembly. An outer sealing ring feeding line motor component 511 of the outer sealing ring feeding line mechanism 51 is fixed on the bottom plate, an outer sealing ring runner 512 is fixed on the outer sealing ring feeding line motor component 511, an outer sealing ring belt 513 is arranged in the outer sealing ring feeding line motor component 511 and effectively connects the outer sealing ring feeding line motor component and the outer sealing ring belt 513, an outer sealing ring stopping cylinder 514 is arranged on the outer sealing ring runner 512, and an outer sealing ring stop block 515 and an outer sealing ring deformation preventing needle 516 are further arranged at the tail end of the outer sealing ring runner 512; the structure of a carrying support seat of the outer sealing ring carrying mechanism 52 and the structure of a servo motor carrying module are the same as those of the outer retaining ring carrying mechanism 34, the servo motor carrying module is further connected with an outer sealing ring assembling plate 521, an outer sealing ring sliding block 522 is fixed on the outer sealing ring assembling plate 521, an outer sealing ring cylinder fixing plate 523 is further installed on the outer sealing ring sliding block 522, an outer sealing ring assembling cylinder 524 is fixed on the outer sealing ring cylinder fixing plate 523 and is connected with an outer sealing ring sliding groove 525, the outer sealing ring sliding groove 525 is connected with the outer sealing ring sliding block 522 in a sliding mode, and an outer sealing ring assembling head 526 is further arranged on the outer sealing ring sliding groove 525; the outer sealing ring detection mechanism 53 comprises an outer sealing ring optical fiber mounting frame 531 and an outer sealing ring optical fiber sensor 532, the outer sealing ring optical fiber mounting frame 531 is fixed on the fixed disc, and the outer sealing ring optical fiber sensor 532 is fixed on the outer sealing ring optical fiber mounting frame 531; an outer seal ring pressing support 541 of the outer seal ring pressing mechanism 54 is fixed on the base plate, an outer seal ring pressing mounting plate 542 is arranged on the outer seal ring pressing support 541, an outer seal ring pressing linear guide rail 543, an outer seal ring pressing cylinder 544 and an outer seal ring limiting buffer 545 are respectively arranged on the outer seal ring pressing mounting plate 542, an outer seal ring pressing moving plate 546 is mounted on the outer seal ring pressing linear guide rail 543 and connected with the outer seal ring pressing cylinder 544, an outer seal ring limiting block 547 and an outer seal ring pressing head 548 are further arranged on the outer seal ring pressing moving plate 546, and an outer seal ring pressing optical fiber sensor 549 is mounted on the outer seal ring pressing support 541.
In the embodiment, the structure of the spacer ring assembly 8 is the same as that of the outer retainer ring assembly 3, and the structure of the inner seal ring assembly 7 is the same as that of the outer seal ring assembly 5, and will not be described in detail here.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the housing mounting assembly 6 includes a housing feed line mechanism 61 located outside the index plate assembly 2 for feeding, and a housing handling mechanism 62 connected to the housing feed line mechanism 61 for conveying the incoming housing material to the index plate assembly 2; a shell feeding line motor component 611 of the shell feeding line mechanism 61 is fixed on the bottom plate, a shell runner 612 is fixed on the shell feeding line motor component 611, a shell belt 613 is arranged in the shell feeding line motor component and the shell belt 613, the shell belt 613 effectively connects the shell feeding line motor component and the shell feeding line motor component, a shell feeding optical fiber sensor 614 is arranged at the front end of the shell runner 612, a shell full-material optical fiber sensor 615 is arranged in the middle, and a shell incoming material optical fiber sensor 616 is arranged at the tail end; the structure of the transport support seat and the servo motor transport module of the housing transport mechanism 62 is the same as that of the outer retainer transport mechanism, the servo motor transport module is further connected with a housing transport mounting plate 621, a housing transport clamping jaw cylinder 622 is mounted on the housing transport mounting plate 621, and a housing transport clamping head 623 is arranged on the housing transport clamping jaw cylinder 622.
As shown in fig. 8, the riveting assembly 9 includes a riveting base 91 installed on the index plate assembly 2, a riveting cylinder 92 connected to the riveting base 91, a riveting plate 93 for pressing down the housing, and a guide rod 94 connecting the riveting cylinder 92 and the riveting plate 93, wherein the riveting cylinder 92 drives the guide rod 94 and the riveting plate 93 to press down, so that the housing corresponds to the outer retainer ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base 4.
In an embodiment, the latch mounting assembly 10 includes a latch assembly base 101 and a latching mechanism 102 for mounting the latch into the housing. The locking mechanism 102 is the same as any locking mechanism in the existing automobile connector assembling technology.
In the embodiment, the marking assembly 12 is an existing marking device, has the same structure as the prior art, and can be any existing marking assembly. The airtight testing assembly 13 is a conventional airtight testing assembly of an existing automobile connector, and has the same structure as the existing airtight testing assembly.
As shown in fig. 10, the bagging assembly 15 includes a mounting plate 151 for connecting to one side of the machine table 1, a horizontal plate 152 is fixedly connected to the mounting plate 151, a through hole 153 is formed in the horizontal plate 152, and a bagging barrel 154 for bagging is placed in the through hole 153.
In the embodiment, incoming materials of the outer retainer ring, the isolating ring, the inner sealing ring and the shell are all fed in a vibration mode.
Based on the structure, the production method of the assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector comprises the following steps:
(1) the components of the automobile connector are sequentially fed by corresponding feed line mechanisms according to the sequence of an outer retainer ring, a spacer ring, an inner seal ring and a shell, and the index plate assembly 2 rotates according to the setting;
(2) the outer retainer ring is conveyed to the assembly base 4 of the dividing plate component 2 by the outer retainer ring assembly 3 through the outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism 32 and the outer retainer ring carrying mechanism 34 in sequence;
(3) the outer sealing ring is conveyed to the assembly base 4 of the index plate assembly 2 from the outer sealing ring assembly 5 through the outer sealing ring carrying mechanism 52 and is positioned above the outer check ring;
(4) the isolating ring is conveyed to the assembly base 4 of the indexing disc assembly 2 by an isolating ring assembling ring assembly 8 through an isolating ring dislocation mechanism and an isolating ring carrying mechanism in sequence and is positioned above the outer sealing ring;
(5) the inner sealing ring is conveyed to the assembly base 4 of the dividing disc assembly 2 by the inner sealing ring assembly 7 through the inner sealing ring conveying mechanism and is positioned above the isolating ring;
(6) the image acquisition unit 1411 of the first visual detection assembly acquires the color sequence of the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base 4 and feeds the color sequence back to the image processing unit 1412, the image processing unit 1412 feeds processed image information back to the detection control module 1413, the detection control module 1413 compares the color sequence processed by the image processing unit 1412 with the correct color sequence prestored in the memory 1414, if the color sequences are the same, no missing installation and wrong sequence exist, and if the color sequences are different, no missing installation or wrong assembly sequence exists, and the alarm unit 1415 sends an alarm;
(7) the shell mounting assembly 6 conveys the shell to the assembly base 4 of the index plate assembly 2 through the shell carrying mechanism 62;
(8) the riveting component 9 drives the guide rod 94 and the riveting plate 93 to press the outer shell downwards through the riveting cylinder 92 so as to enable the outer shell to correspond to the outer check ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base 4;
(9) the lock catch mounting assembly 10 pulls out the pressed shell and places the pressed shell on the lock catch assembly base 101, and the lock catch mechanism 102 is installed to install the lock catch into the shell;
(10) the marking component 12 is taken out of the shell and placed at a laser marking position for marking;
(11) the second visual detection assembly detects the marking position of the shell and whether the marking is clear;
(12) the air tightness testing component 13 grabs and puts the marked main bodies on a testing base one by one for air tightness testing;
(13) the bagging assembly 15 automatically drops the products which pass the air tightness test into the recovery conveying line and conveys the products into a packaging bag, and the products which do not pass the test are loaded into a unqualified box.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an equipment detection production line of car quick connector, a serial communication port, which comprises a worktable, be provided with the graduated disk subassembly on the board, it adorns circle subassembly, outer sealing ring dress circle subassembly, spacer ring dress circle subassembly, inner seal circle dress circle subassembly, shell installation component, riveting subassembly and hasp installation component to set gradually outer retaining ring on the graduated disk subassembly, still be provided with centre gripping manipulator and equipment base on the graduated disk subassembly, one side of graduated disk subassembly is provided with beats mark subassembly and air tightness test component, beat one side of mark subassembly and install the visual detection subassembly, one side of air tightness test component is provided with the bagging-off subassembly.
2. The assembling and detecting production line of the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the visual detection assembly is provided with two sets which are connected together and comprises a first visual detection assembly and a second visual detection assembly, the first visual detection assembly is used for detecting whether the outer check ring, the isolation ring and the inner check ring are neglected to be assembled or not and whether the assembling sequence is wrong or not, the second visual detection assembly is used for detecting whether the marking position is clear or not, and the first visual detection assembly comprises an image acquisition unit, an image processing unit, a detection control module, a storage and an alarm unit.
3. The assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 2, wherein the detection method for detecting whether the outer check ring, the spacer ring and the inner check ring are neglected to be assembled and whether the assembly sequence is wrongly assembled by the first visual detection assembly comprises the following steps: the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring are sequentially arranged to be green, yellow, black and brown according to the installation sequence of the outer retainer ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring, the correct color sequence is stored in a memory of the first visual detection assembly in advance, when in detection, the image acquisition unit of the first visual detection assembly acquires the color sequence of the outer check ring, the outer seal ring, the isolation ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base and feeds the color sequence back to the image processing unit, the image processing unit feeds processed image information back to the detection control module, the detection control module compares the color sequence processed by the image processing unit with a correct color sequence prestored in the memory, if the color sequence is the same, no missing installation and wrong sequence exist, and if the color sequence is different, the missing installation or wrong assembly sequence exists, and the alarm unit gives an alarm.
4. The assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the index plate assembly comprises a base installed on the machine platform, a fixed disc installed on the base, a fixed support penetrating through the center of the fixed disc and connected with the base, a rotating disc sleeved on the fixed support, and an assembly base fixedly installed on the fixed disc and corresponding to the outer retainer ring assembly, the outer seal ring assembly, the isolation ring assembly, the inner seal ring assembly, the outer shell assembly, the riveting assembly and the latch assembly respectively and used for placing products and accessories.
5. The assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer retainer ring assembly includes an outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism located outside the index plate assembly for feeding, an outer retainer ring misalignment mechanism connected to the outer retainer ring feeding line mechanism for single loading, an outer retainer ring carrying mechanism connected to the outer retainer ring misalignment mechanism for carrying the outer retainer ring incoming material to the index plate assembly and assembling, and an outer retainer ring rotating mechanism connected to the outer retainer ring carrying mechanism.
6. The assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer sealing ring loading assembly comprises an outer sealing ring feeding line mechanism located outside the index plate assembly for feeding, an outer sealing ring carrying mechanism connected with the outer sealing ring feeding line mechanism for conveying the outer sealing ring incoming material to the index plate assembly, and an outer sealing ring pressing mechanism matched with the outer sealing ring carrying mechanism for completing the assembly of the outer sealing ring incoming material.
7. The assembly inspection line of claim 1, wherein the housing mounting assembly comprises a housing feed line mechanism located outside the index plate assembly for feeding, and a housing handling mechanism connected to the housing feed line mechanism for delivering the incoming housing to the assembly base on the index plate assembly.
8. The assembly detection production line of the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the riveting assembly comprises a riveting base mounted on the index plate assembly, a riveting cylinder connected to the riveting base, a riveting plate for pressing down the housing, and a guide rod connecting the riveting cylinder and the riveting plate.
9. The assembly inspection line of claim 1, wherein the latch mounting assembly comprises a latch assembly base and a latch mechanism for mounting the latch to the housing.
10. The production method of the assembly inspection line for the automobile quick connector as claimed in claim 1, comprising the steps of:
(1) the components of the automobile connector are sequentially and respectively fed by corresponding feed line mechanisms according to the sequence of an outer retainer ring, a spacer ring, an inner seal ring and a shell, and the index plate assembly rotates according to the setting;
(2) the outer retainer ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the dividing plate assembly by the outer retainer ring assembly through the outer retainer ring dislocation mechanism and the outer retainer ring carrying mechanism in sequence;
(3) the outer sealing ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the index plate assembly by an outer sealing ring assembly and an outer sealing ring carrying mechanism and is positioned above the outer check ring;
(4) the isolating ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the indexing disc assembly by an isolating ring assembling ring assembly through an isolating ring dislocation mechanism and an isolating ring carrying mechanism in sequence and is positioned above the outer sealing ring;
(5) the inner sealing ring is conveyed to an assembly base of the dividing disc assembly by an inner sealing ring assembly and an inner sealing ring carrying mechanism and is positioned above the isolating ring;
(6) an image acquisition unit of the first visual detection assembly acquires color sequences of an outer check ring, an isolation ring and an inner seal ring on an assembly base and feeds the color sequences back to an image processing unit, the image processing unit feeds processed image information back to a detection control module, the detection control module compares the color sequences processed by the image processing unit with correct color sequences prestored in a memory, if the color sequences are the same, no missing installation and wrong sequence exist, and if the color sequences are different, the missing installation or wrong assembly sequence exists, and an alarm unit gives an alarm;
(7) the shell mounting assembly conveys the shell to an assembly base of the index plate assembly through the shell carrying mechanism;
(8) the riveting component drives the guide rod and the riveting plate to press the shell downwards through the riveting cylinder so as to enable the guide rod and the riveting plate to correspond to the outer check ring, the outer seal ring, the isolating ring and the inner seal ring on the assembly base;
(9) the lock catch mounting assembly pulls out the pressed shell and places the pressed shell on the lock catch assembly base, and the lock catch mechanism is installed to install the lock catch into the shell;
(10) taking out the shell of the marking assembly and placing the shell at a laser marking position for marking;
(11) the second visual detection assembly detects the marking position of the shell and whether the marking is clear;
(12) the air tightness testing component grabs and places the marked main bodies on a testing base one by one for air tightness testing;
(13) the bagging assembly automatically drops the products which pass the air tightness test into a recovery conveying line to be conveyed into a packaging bag, and the products which do not pass the test are loaded into an unqualified box.
CN202111031169.XA 2021-09-03 2021-09-03 Assembling and detecting production line and production method of automobile quick connector Pending CN113877840A (en)

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JPH0574519A (en) * 1991-09-09 1993-03-26 Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd Inspecting method for fit of automotive connector
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0574519A (en) * 1991-09-09 1993-03-26 Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd Inspecting method for fit of automotive connector
CN103273312A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-09-04 周俊雄 Automatic assembly machine of quick connectors
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US20150144536A1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-05-28 Robotica, Inc. Modular handling system and method of using same
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Application publication date: 20220104