CN113788341B - Multifunctional film winding equipment - Google Patents

Multifunctional film winding equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113788341B
CN113788341B CN202111074152.2A CN202111074152A CN113788341B CN 113788341 B CN113788341 B CN 113788341B CN 202111074152 A CN202111074152 A CN 202111074152A CN 113788341 B CN113788341 B CN 113788341B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
paper tube
clamping
paper
film
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202111074152.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN113788341A (en
Inventor
刘勤学
马强
杨彩怡
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Qinbang New Materials Technology Co ltd
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Ningbo Qinbang New Materials Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Ningbo Qinbang New Materials Technology Co ltd filed Critical Ningbo Qinbang New Materials Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202111074152.2A priority Critical patent/CN113788341B/en
Publication of CN113788341A publication Critical patent/CN113788341A/en
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Publication of CN113788341B publication Critical patent/CN113788341B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/22Changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
    • B65H19/30Lifting, transporting, or removing the web roll; Inserting core
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H18/00Winding webs
    • B65H18/02Supporting web roll
    • B65H18/021Multiple web roll supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H18/00Winding webs
    • B65H18/08Web-winding mechanisms
    • B65H18/10Mechanisms in which power is applied to web-roll spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/22Changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
    • B65H19/2207Changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations the web roll being driven by a winding mechanism of the centre or core drive type
    • B65H19/2223Turret-type with more than two roll supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/22Changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
    • B65H19/26Cutting-off the web running to the wound web roll
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/22Changing the web roll in winding mechanisms or in connection with winding operations
    • B65H19/28Attaching the leading end of the web to the replacement web-roll core or spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/10Handled articles or webs
    • B65H2701/19Specific article or web

Abstract

The application discloses multifunctional film winding equipment which comprises a rack, a tensioning roller, a rotating frame, a feeding mechanism, a rubberizing mechanism, a cutting mechanism and six locking mechanisms, wherein the tensioning roller is arranged on the rack; the rotating frame comprises a rotating shaft and two side plates, the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on the frame, and the rotating shaft is positioned at the left side of the tensioning roller; the two side plates are arranged on the rotating shaft at intervals along the axial direction of the rotating shaft, three locking mechanisms are arranged on each side plate at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, a clamping area for clamping the paper tube and driving the paper tube to rotate is formed between the two corresponding locking mechanisms on the two side plates, and the axes of the paper tube, the rotating shaft and the tensioning roller are parallel to each other; the feeding mechanism is arranged at the left side of the rotating shaft, the rubberizing mechanism is arranged right above the rotating shaft, and the cutting mechanism is arranged right below the rotating shaft. The automatic roll changing machine is simple to operate, high in automation degree, capable of achieving the purpose of automatic roll changing, rich in functions and high in safety and working efficiency compared with a traditional manual roll changing mode.

Description

Multifunctional film winding equipment
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of winding equipment, in particular to multifunctional film winding equipment.
Background
Currently, in the process of film production and packaging, film winding equipment is generally required to wind a film of a specific length onto a paper tube of hollow cylindrical structure.
However, the existing film winding device mainly has the following defects: when the paper tube is fully coiled with the film, the film is required to be manually replaced, namely the film is required to be cut off firstly, then the paper tube fully coiled with the film is detached, and after a new paper tube is to be installed, the film is required to be wound on the new paper tube for a plurality of circles so as to realize the fixation between the film and the paper tube; the whole process is complex in operation, low in automation degree, low in working efficiency, easy to cause safety accidents when manual operation is improper, and potential safety hazards exist, and shutdown operation is needed in the roll changing process.
Therefore, how to improve the existing film winding device to overcome the above-mentioned shortcomings is a problem to be solved by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to provide film winding equipment which has high automation degree, high safety, high working efficiency and multiple functions and can automatically realize reel changing operation.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the application adopts the following technical scheme: the multifunctional film winding device comprises a rack, a tensioning roller, a rotating frame, a feeding mechanism, a rubberizing mechanism, a cutting mechanism and six locking mechanisms, wherein the tensioning roller is rotatably arranged on the rack and used for conveying films; the rotating frame comprises a rotating shaft and two side plates, the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on the frame, and the rotating shaft is positioned at the left side of the tensioning roller; the two side plates are arranged on the rotating shaft at intervals along the axial direction of the rotating shaft, three locking mechanisms are arranged on each side plate at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, a clamping area for clamping the paper tube and driving the paper tube to rotate is formed between the two corresponding locking mechanisms on the two side plates, and the axes of the paper tube, the rotating shaft and the tensioning roller are parallel to each other; the feeding mechanism is arranged at the left side of the rotating shaft, the rubberizing mechanism is arranged right above the rotating shaft, and the cutting mechanism is arranged right below the rotating shaft; when the rotating shaft rotates clockwise to align one clamping area with the feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism can automatically convey one paper tube into the clamping area so as to lock the paper tube through two corresponding locking mechanisms; when the rotating shaft continues to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper cylinder moves to be aligned with the rubberizing mechanism, and the rubberizing mechanism can automatically paste double-sided adhesive on the outer ring surface of the paper cylinder; when the rotating shaft continues to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape rotates to be aligned with the tensioning roller, and the double-sided adhesive tape can adhere the film on the paper cylinder; when the paper cylinder aligned with the tensioning roller is fully rolled with the film, the rotating shaft continuously rotates clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper cylinder fully rolled with the film moves to be aligned with the feeding mechanism, and the next paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape moves to be attached with the film; at this time, the film is automatically cut off by the cutting mechanism, the paper tube attached with the double-sided adhesive tape can be continuously pasted with the film for next winding, the locking mechanisms at the two ends of the paper tube which are fully wound with the film are controlled to be unlocked, so that the paper tube which is fully wound with the film is automatically released, and finally, the feeding mechanism is continuously used for feeding.
Preferably, the locking mechanism comprises a fixed shaft, a limiting rod, a clamping sleeve, a reset spring and a first electromagnet; the fixed shaft is rotatably arranged on the side plate, and the fixed shaft is parallel to the rotating shaft; the limiting rod is positioned between the two side plates, and one end of the limiting rod is fixed on the fixed shaft; the clamping sleeve is sleeved on the limiting rod along the axial sliding of the fixed shaft, and a limiting block for preventing the clamping sleeve from falling off is arranged at one end, deviating from the fixed shaft, of the limiting rod; the outer ring surface of the clamping sleeve gradually contracts along the direction deviating from the fixed shaft to form a conical surface structure; the reset spring is sleeved on the limiting rod and is used for forcing the clamping sleeve to slide in a direction deviating from the fixed shaft; the first electromagnet is fixed on the inner side surface of the side plate, and the first electromagnet is used for forcing the clamping sleeve to slide towards the direction close to the fixed shaft after being electrified.
Preferably, the locking mechanism further comprises a driving component for driving the fixed shaft to rotate; the driving assembly comprises a driving motor, a first bevel gear and a second bevel gear, the driving motor is arranged on the outer side face of the side plate along the radial direction of the rotating shaft, and an output shaft of the driving motor is connected with the fixed shaft through the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear.
Preferably, the multifunctional film winding device further comprises a rotary wire holder for supplying power to the driving motor and the first electromagnet; the rotary wire holder comprises an insulating holder, an insulating cover, at least two conductive circular rings, at least two conductive rods, at least two first wire holders and at least two second wire holders; the insulating seat is fixed at one end of the rotating shaft, at least two conductive circular rings are arranged on the insulating seat and deviate from one end of the rotating shaft, the axes of the conductive circular rings are overlapped with the axes of the rotating shaft, and a safety interval is reserved between every two adjacent conductive circular rings; the insulating cover is coaxially and rotatably arranged on the insulating seat, and a closed cavity for wrapping the conductive circular ring is formed between the insulating cover and the insulating seat; the at least two conducting rods are positioned in the closed cavity, one ends of the at least two conducting rods are respectively contacted with the outer ring surface or the inner ring surface of the at least two conducting rings, and the other ends of the at least two conducting rods are arranged on the insulating cover; the at least two first wire holders are arranged on the insulating cover at intervals, are respectively communicated with the at least two conducting rods, and are used for communicating an external power supply; at least two second wiring seats are arranged on the insulating seat at intervals, the at least two second wiring seats are respectively communicated with the at least two conductive circular rings, and the at least two second wiring seats are used for communicating the driving motor and the first electromagnet.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism comprises a collecting hopper, a stop component and a feeding component; the collecting hopper is fixed on the frame, the upper end of the collecting hopper is of an open structure, and the lower end of the collecting hopper extends downwards in a tilting manner to form a channel for the single paper tube to slide down; the stop component comprises two first holding frames and two first clamping blocks; the two first holding frames are arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the channel, a first mounting hole is formed in each first holding frame along the radial direction of the paper tube, and the two first clamping blocks are respectively arranged in the two first mounting holes in a sliding mode; the feeding assembly comprises two telescopic components, two second accommodating frames, two second clamping blocks and two third clamping blocks; the two second holding frames are respectively arranged on the outer wall of the channel through the two telescopic parts, each second holding frame is provided with a second mounting hole and a third mounting hole along the radial direction of the paper tube, and the second mounting holes are positioned between the first mounting holes and the third mounting holes; the two second clamping blocks are respectively arranged in the two second mounting holes in a sliding manner, and the two third clamping blocks are respectively arranged in the two third mounting holes in a sliding manner; when the two telescopic parts drive the two second holding frames to move to the lower end position of the channel, the two first holding blocks are controlled to slide back to back and the two second holding blocks are controlled to slide back to back, the two third holding blocks are controlled to slide in opposite directions until one paper tube at the lowest end in the channel slides to contact with the two third holding blocks, the two first holding blocks are controlled to slide in opposite directions and the two second holding blocks slide in opposite directions, at the moment, the two first holding blocks limit the paper tube in the channel to slide down, and a locking area is formed between the two second holding blocks and the two third holding blocks, and the locking area can lock the paper tube contacted with the third holding blocks; when the two telescopic components drive the two second holding frames to move to the position of the clamping area, the two corresponding locking mechanisms are started to clamp the paper tube in the locking area, the two third clamping blocks are controlled to move back to release the locking of the locking area to the paper tube, and the two telescopic components drive the two second holding frames to move to the position of the lower end of the channel.
Preferably, the stop assembly further comprises two first springs, the two first springs are respectively arranged in the two first mounting holes, and the two first springs are used for forcing the two first clamping blocks to slide in opposite directions; the feeding assembly further comprises two second springs and two third springs, the two second springs are respectively arranged in the two second mounting holes, and the two second springs are used for forcing the two second clamping blocks to slide in opposite directions; the two third springs are respectively arranged in the two third mounting holes and are used for forcing the two third clamping blocks to slide in opposite directions; the feeding mechanism further comprises two second electromagnets, and the two second electromagnets are respectively arranged on the two second holding frames; when the second accommodating frame moves to the lower end position of the channel, the second electromagnet is controlled to be electrified positively so as to force the two first clamping blocks to slide back and the two second clamping blocks to slide back simultaneously; and when the accommodating frame moves to the clamping area position, controlling the second electromagnet to be electrified reversely so as to force the two third clamping blocks to slide back.
Preferably, an arc surface structure is arranged on the first clamping block at a position close to the inside of the channel, and arc surface structures are arranged on the second clamping block and the third clamping block at a position close to the locking area; a first accommodating hole for accommodating the first spring is formed in the first clamping block at a position corresponding to the first spring; a second accommodating hole for accommodating the second spring is formed in the second clamping block at a position corresponding to the second spring; and a third accommodating hole for accommodating the third spring is formed in the position, corresponding to the third spring, of the third clamping block.
Preferably, the rubberizing mechanism comprises a mounting frame, two rotating shafts, a rubberizing assembly and at least one group of rubberizing assemblies; the two rotating shafts are rotatably arranged on the mounting frame, the axes of the two rotating shafts are parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft, and the two rotating shafts are respectively positioned at the left upper part and the right upper part of the rotating shaft; the glue feeding assembly comprises a first reel, a second reel, two first chucks and two second chucks; the first reel is sleeved on the rotating shaft at the left side, the two first chucks are axially movably arranged on the rotating shaft at the left side, and a first clamping area for locking the first reel is formed between the two first chucks; the second reel is sleeved on the rotating shaft on the right side, the two second chucks are axially movably arranged on the rotating shaft on the right side, and a second clamping area for locking the second reel is formed between the two first chucks; the double faced adhesive tape is wound on the first reel and comprises a tape layer and a lining paper layer which are mutually overlapped, wherein the tape layer is of a fracture type structure or a dispensing type structure; the lining paper layer is fixed on the second reel, and the adhesive tape layer between the first reel and the second reel faces downwards; the glue pressing assembly comprises a lifting component and a pressing plate; the pressing plate is positioned right above the rotating shaft, the upper end of the pressing plate is connected with the mounting frame through the lifting component, the lower end of the pressing plate is provided with an arc surface for adapting to the outer annular surface of the paper cylinder, and rounded transition is arranged between the arc surface and the left side surface and the right side surface of the pressing plate; when the paper cylinder moves to the position right below the pressing plate, the lifting part drives the pressing plate to press the lining paper layer downwards so as to enable the adhesive tape layer to be in contact with the paper cylinder; and then controlling the paper tube and the two rotating shafts to rotate so that the adhesive tape layers are fully attached to the outer ring surface of the paper tube, and controlling the rotating shafts to continuously rotate clockwise for 120 degrees until the central angle corresponding to the adhesive tape layers on the outer ring surface of the paper tube reaches 30-360 degrees.
Preferably, the cutting mechanism comprises a cutter, a lifting assembly and three buffer assemblies; the cutter is arranged at the upper end of the lifting assembly and is positioned right below the rotating shaft; the three buffer assemblies are arranged between the two side plates at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, and the three buffer assemblies and the three clamping areas are sequentially and alternately arranged; the buffer assembly comprises a fixed plate, a movable plate, a sliding rod and a buffer spring; a sliding groove is formed in one end, deviating from the rotating shaft, of the fixed plate, and a sliding hole communicated with the sliding groove is formed in one end, close to the rotating shaft, of the fixed plate; the movable plate is movably arranged in the chute along the radial direction of the rotating shaft; the sliding rod is arranged in the sliding hole in a sliding way along the radial direction of the rotating shaft, one end of the sliding rod deviating from the rotating shaft is connected with the movable plate, and one end of the sliding rod, which is close to the rotating shaft, is provided with a limiting part; the buffer spring is arranged in the chute and used for forcing the movable plate to move in a direction deviating from the rotating shaft; when the paper cylinders full of the films are moved to be aligned with the feeding mechanism, and the next paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape is moved to be attached to the films, the movable plate between the two paper cylinders is moved to be right above the cutter, and the films between the two paper cylinders are positioned between the cutter and the movable plate; at this time, the cutter is driven to move upwards by the lifting component, so that the film between the two paper cylinders can be cut off.
Preferably, the multifunctional film winding device further comprises a conveying belt, and the conveying belt is arranged below the feeding mechanism; when the two locking mechanisms at the two ends of the paper tube, which are fully coiled with the film, are controlled to be unlocked, the paper tube, which is fully coiled with the film, automatically falls onto the conveying belt under the action of gravity, so that the paper tube, which is fully coiled with the film, is automatically conveyed to the next station through the conveying belt.
Compared with the prior art, the application has the beneficial effects that: (1) When the paper tube locking device is used, only the paper tube is stored on the feeding mechanism, and one clamping area is moved to be aligned with the feeding mechanism by driving the rotating shaft to rotate, and at the moment, the feeding mechanism automatically conveys one paper tube into the clamping area so as to lock the paper tube through the two locking mechanisms corresponding to the clamping area; continuously driving the rotating shaft to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees so as to enable the paper cylinder to move to be aligned with the rubberizing mechanism, and automatically pasting the double-sided adhesive tape on the outer ring surface of the paper cylinder through the rubberizing mechanism; continuously driving the rotating shaft to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, so that the paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape rotates to be aligned with the tensioning roller, and the film conveyed on the tensioning roller is adhered to the paper cylinder through the double-sided adhesive tape; driving the paper cylinder to rotate through the corresponding clamping area so as to roll the film; after the paper drum is fully wound with the film, continuously driving the rotating shaft to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees; at this time, the paper cylinder full of the film is moved to be aligned with the feeding mechanism, and the next paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape is moved to be aligned with the tensioning roller so as to adhere the film to the paper cylinder; automatically cutting off the film through the cutting mechanism, and continuing to roll the paper tube attached with the double-sided adhesive tape for the next time; and controlling the two locking mechanisms at the two ends of the paper tube, which are fully rolled with the film, to unlock so as to automatically unwind the paper tube fully rolled with the film, and continuing to feed the film through the feeding mechanism.
(2) Above-mentioned whole process easy operation, degree of automation is high, has one throughout the clamping area centre gripping hold the fiber container is carrying out the rolling operation, simultaneously, has one the clamping area is carrying out through feed mechanism the automatic feeding of fiber container, and has one the clamping area centre gripping has the fiber container is carrying out automatic rubberizing operation through rubberizing mechanism to can reach the purpose of automatic roll change, compare in traditional manual work mode of changing rolls, the function is richer, and security and work efficiency are higher.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a multifunctional film winding device provided by the application.
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the multifunctional film winding apparatus of FIG. 1 provided by the present application.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the rotating frame, locking mechanism and cutting mechanism of fig. 2 provided by the present application.
Fig. 4 is an exploded view of a portion of the structure of fig. 3 provided by the present application.
Fig. 5 and 6 are exploded views of the locking mechanism and the damper assembly of fig. 4, respectively, provided by the present application.
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the swivel mount and locking mechanism of fig. 3 provided by the application.
Fig. 8 and 9 are enlarged partial views of the I of fig. 7 in a locked state and an unlocked state according to the present application.
Fig. 10 is an exploded view of the rotary wire holder of fig. 2 provided by the present application.
Fig. 11 and 12 are schematic views illustrating installation of the rotary wire holder of fig. 10 according to the present application.
Fig. 13 is an enlarged view of the feeding mechanism in fig. 2 provided by the application.
Fig. 14 is an enlarged view of the component structure of fig. 13 showing the stop assembly and the feed assembly provided in accordance with the present application.
Fig. 15 is an exploded view of the partial structure at II in fig. 14 provided by the present application.
Fig. 16 is an enlarged view of the rubberizing mechanism of fig. 2 provided by the application.
FIG. 17 is a top view of the multi-functional film take-up device of FIG. 1 provided by the present application.
Fig. 18 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of fig. 17, provided in accordance with the present application.
Fig. 19 to 21 are partial enlarged views of III in fig. 18 in different states, respectively, provided by the present application.
Fig. 22 to 24 are partial enlarged views of IV, V and VI in fig. 18, respectively, provided by the present application.
Fig. 25 to 26 are schematic structural views of two double-sided tapes according to the present application.
In the figure: 1. a frame; 2. a tension roller; 3. a rotating frame; 31. a rotation shaft; 32. a side plate; 4. a feeding mechanism; 41. a collecting hopper; 411. a channel; 42. a stop assembly; 421. a first holding frame; 4211. a first mounting hole; 422. a first clamping block; 4221. a first accommodation hole; 423. a first spring; 43. a feeding assembly; 431. a telescopic member; 432. a second holding frame; 4321. a second mounting hole; 4322. a third mounting hole; 433. a second clamping block; 4331. a second accommodation hole; 434. a third clamping block; 4341. a third accommodation hole; 435. a second spring; 436. a third spring; 4. a second electromagnet; 45. a magnet; 5. a rubberizing mechanism; 51. a mounting frame; 52. a rotating shaft; 53. a glue pressing assembly; 531. a lifting member; 532. a pressing plate; 5321. an arc surface; 54. a glue feeding assembly; 541. a first reel; 542. a second reel; 543. a first chuck; 544. a second chuck; 6. a cutting mechanism; 61. a cutter; 62. a lifting assembly; 63. a buffer assembly; 631. a fixing plate; 6311. a chute; 6312. a slide hole; 632. a movable plate; 633. a slide bar; 6331. a limit part; 634. a buffer spring; 7. a locking mechanism; 71. a fixed shaft; 72. a limit rod; 721. a limiting block; 73. a clamping sleeve; 731. conical surface structure; 74. a return spring; 75. a first electromagnet; 76. a drive assembly; 761. a driving motor; 762. a first bevel gear; 763. a second bevel gear; 77. a control box; 8. a conveyor belt; 9. rotating the wire holder; 91. an insulating base; 92. an insulating cover; 93. a conductive ring; 94. a conductive rod; 95. a first wire holder; 96. a second wire holder; 10. a support frame; 100. a film; 200. a paper tube; 300. double faced adhesive tape; 301. a tape layer; 302. a lining paper layer; 303. a breaking line; 400. and (3) a bearing.
Detailed Description
The present application will be further described with reference to the following specific embodiments, and it should be noted that, on the premise of no conflict, new embodiments may be formed by any combination of the embodiments or technical features described below.
In the description of the present application, it should be noted that, for the azimuth words such as terms "center", "lateral", "longitudinal", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", etc., the azimuth and positional relationships are based on the azimuth or positional relationships shown in the drawings, it is merely for convenience of describing the present application and simplifying the description, and it is not to be construed as limiting the specific scope of protection of the present application that the device or element referred to must have a specific azimuth configuration and operation.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and in the claims are used for distinguishing between similar objects and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order.
The terms "comprises" and "comprising," along with any variations thereof, in the description and claims, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Referring to fig. 1-2, an embodiment of the present application provides a multifunctional film winding apparatus, which includes a frame 1 and a tensioning roller 2 rotatably disposed on the frame 1 and used for conveying a film 100, wherein the tensioning roller 2 and its rotatable mounting manner are all in the prior art. The multifunctional film winding device also comprises a rotating frame 3, a feeding mechanism 4, a rubberizing mechanism 5, a cutting mechanism 6 and six locking mechanisms 7; the rotating frame 3 comprises a rotating shaft 31 and two side plates 32, the rotating shaft 31 is rotatably arranged on the frame 1, and the rotating shaft 31 is positioned at the left side of the tensioning roller 2; the two side plates 32 are arranged on the rotating shaft 31 at intervals along the axial direction of the rotating shaft 31, three locking mechanisms 7 are arranged on each side plate 32 at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft 31, a clamping area for clamping the paper tube 200 and driving the paper tube 200 to rotate is formed between the two corresponding locking mechanisms 7 on the two side plates 32, and the axes of the paper tube 200, the rotating shaft 31 and the tensioning roller 2 are parallel to each other; the feeding mechanism 4 is arranged at the left side of the rotating shaft 31, the rubberizing mechanism 5 is arranged right above the rotating shaft 31, and the cutting mechanism 6 is arranged right below the rotating shaft 31.
When the rotation shaft 31 rotates clockwise to align one of the clamping areas with the feeding mechanism 4, the feeding mechanism 4 can automatically convey one paper tube 200 into the clamping area so as to lock the paper tube 200 through the corresponding two locking mechanisms 7; when the rotation shaft 31 continues to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper tube 200 moves to be aligned with the rubberizing mechanism 5, and the rubberizing mechanism 5 can automatically paste the double-sided adhesive tape 300 on the outer ring surface of the paper tube 200; when the rotation shaft 31 continues to rotate clockwise by 120 °, the paper roll 200 attached with the double-sided tape 300 is rotated to be aligned with the tension roller 2, and the double-sided tape 300 adheres the film 100 to the paper roll 200.
When the film 100 is fully wound on the paper roll 200 aligned with the tensioning roller 2, the rotating shaft 31 continues to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper roll 200 fully wound on the film 100 moves to be aligned with the feeding mechanism 4, and the next paper roll 200 attached with the double-sided tape 300 moves to be attached to the film 100; at this time, the film 100 is automatically cut off by the cutting mechanism 6, so that the paper tube 200 with the double faced adhesive tape 300 is continuously adhered to the film 100 for the next winding, and then the locking mechanisms 7 at two ends of the paper tube 200 with the film 100 fully rolled are controlled to unlock, so that the paper tube 200 with the film 100 fully rolled is automatically released, and the paper tube 200 is continuously fed by the feeding mechanism 4.
Referring to fig. 3-5 and 7-9, in this embodiment, the locking mechanism 7 includes a fixed shaft 71, a stopper rod 72, a clamping sleeve 73, a return spring 74, and a first electromagnet 75; the fixed shaft 71 is rotatably disposed on the side plate 32, and the fixed shaft 71 is parallel to the rotation shaft 31; the limiting rod 72 is positioned between the two side plates 32, and one end of the limiting rod 72 is fixed on the fixed shaft 71; the clamping sleeve 73 is sleeved on the limiting rod 72 in a sliding manner along the axial direction of the fixed shaft 71, and a limiting block 721 for preventing the clamping sleeve 73 from falling off is arranged at one end, deviating from the fixed shaft 71, of the limiting rod 72; the outer annular surface of the clamping sleeve 73 gradually contracts in a direction deviating from the fixed shaft 71 to form a conical surface structure 731; the return spring 74 is sleeved on the limiting rod 72, and the return spring 74 is used for forcing the clamping sleeve 73 to slide in a direction deviating from the fixed shaft 71; the first electromagnet 75 is fixed to the inner side surface of the side plate 32, and the first electromagnet 75 is energized to force the clamping sleeve 73 to slide in a direction approaching the fixed shaft 71. During feeding, the first electromagnet 75 is started to attract the clamping sleeve 73 (the clamping sleeve 73 contains materials such as iron, cobalt, nickel and magnet) to slide towards the direction close to the fixed shaft 71, then the feeding mechanism 4 conveys one paper tube 200 to be overlapped with the axis of the fixed shaft 71 (as shown in fig. 9), the first electromagnet 75 is closed, the reset spring 74 forces the clamping sleeve 73 to be inserted into the paper tube 200 (as shown in fig. 8), and the paper tube 200 can be clamped and fixed through the two clamping sleeves 73 at the two ends of the paper tube 200; meanwhile, the paper tube 200 can be driven to synchronously rotate by driving the fixed shaft 71 to rotate, so that interference can not be generated on clamping and fixing of the paper tube 200. In addition, under the action of the conical surface structure 731, on one hand, the problem that the clamping sleeve 73 cannot be normally inserted into the paper tube 200 due to a small error is avoided, and on the other hand, the paper tubes 200 with different diameters can be clamped and fixed. It should be noted that, the fixing shaft 71 and the side plate 32 may be rotatably mounted and fixed by the bearing 400; in addition, the first electromagnet 75 is preferably in an annular structure and is sleeved on the fixed shaft 71 (as shown in fig. 8, the first electromagnet 75 and the fixed shaft 71 are not contacted), so that space can be saved, and the fixed shaft 71 can also serve as an iron core of the first electromagnet 75.
Referring to fig. 5 and 8, in the present embodiment, the locking mechanism 7 further includes a driving assembly 76 for driving the fixed shaft 71 to rotate; the driving assembly 76 includes a driving motor 761, a first bevel gear 762 and a second bevel gear 763, the driving motor 761 is disposed on an outer side surface of the side plate 32 along a radial direction of the rotation shaft 31, and an output shaft of the driving motor 761 is connected to the fixed shaft 71 through the first bevel gear 762 and the second bevel gear 763. On the one hand, the driving motor 761 drives the fixed shafts 71 to rotate, so that the paper tube 200 between the two corresponding fixed shafts 71 can be driven to rotate; on the other hand, under the action of the first and second bevel gears 762 and 763, not only the installation of the driving motor 761 can be made more compact, but also the transmission ratio between the driving motor 761 and the fixed shaft 71 can be changed.
Referring to fig. 10 to 12, in the present embodiment, the multifunctional film winding apparatus further includes a rotary wire holder 9 for supplying power to the driving motor 761 and the first electromagnet 75; the rotary wire holder 9 comprises an insulating holder 91, an insulating cover 92, at least two conductive rings 93, at least two conductive rods 94, at least two first wire holders 95 and at least two second wire holders 96; the insulating seat 91 is fixed at one end of the rotating shaft 31, at least two conductive rings 93 are arranged at one end of the insulating seat 91 deviating from the rotating shaft 31, the axis of each conductive ring 93 coincides with the axis of the rotating shaft 31, and a safe interval is reserved between every two adjacent conductive rings 93; the insulating cover 92 is coaxially and rotatably arranged on the insulating seat 91, and a closed cavity for wrapping the conductive ring 93 is formed between the insulating cover 92 and the insulating seat 91; at least two conductive rods 94 are positioned in the closed cavity, one ends of the at least two conductive rods 94 are respectively contacted with the outer ring surface or the inner ring surface of the at least two conductive rings 93, and the other ends of the at least two conductive rods 94 are arranged on the insulating cover 92; the at least two first wire holders 95 are arranged on the insulating cover 92 at intervals, the at least two first wire holders 95 are respectively communicated with the at least two conductive rods 94, and the at least two first wire holders 95 are used for communicating with an external power supply; at least two second wire holders 96 are arranged on the insulating holder 91 at intervals, the at least two second wire holders 96 are respectively communicated with the at least two conductive circular rings 93, and the at least two second wire holders 96 are used for communicating the driving motor 761 and the first electromagnet 75. As shown in fig. 12, during installation, the zero line, the live line and the ground line are respectively connected through three first wire holders 95 integrally arranged at the right ends of the three conductive rods 94; three second wire holders 96 inside the rotary shaft 31 (the hollow rotary shaft 31 is convenient for wiring) respectively connect the first electromagnets 75 and the driving motors 761 in parallel; when the rotation shaft 31 rotates, the insulating seat 91 rotates synchronously with the rotation shaft 31, the insulating cover 92 is fixed on the support frame 10 and does not rotate, and the three conductive rods 94 slide on the outer annular surfaces of the three conductive rings 93 respectively, that is, the conductive rods 94 are always connected with the corresponding conductive rings 93, so that the power supply can be realized. It should be noted that, the on/off of the first electromagnet 75 and the start/stop of the driving motor 761 are all in the prior art, for example, each locking mechanism 7 may be provided with a circuit control box 77 (as shown in fig. 5), the control box 77 is installed on the outer side surface of the side plate 32, and the specific working principle of the control box 77 is in the prior art and will not be described in detail herein.
Referring to fig. 13-15 and 18-21, in this embodiment, the loading mechanism 4 includes a collection hopper 41, a stop assembly 42, and a feed assembly 43; the collecting hopper 41 is fixed on the frame 1, the upper end of the collecting hopper 41 is of an open structure, and the lower end of the collecting hopper 41 extends downwards in a tilting way to form a channel 411 for the single paper tube 200 to slide down; the stop assembly 42 comprises two first holding frames 421 and two first clamping blocks 422; the two first holding frames 421 are arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the channel 411, each first holding frame 421 is radially provided with a first mounting hole 4211 along the paper tube 200, and the two first clamping blocks 422 are respectively arranged in the two first mounting holes 4211 in a sliding manner; the feeding assembly 43 comprises two telescopic parts 431, two second accommodating racks 432, two second clamping blocks 433 and two third clamping blocks 434; the two second holding frames 432 are respectively installed on the outer wall of the channel 411 through two telescopic parts 431, a second installation hole 4321 and a third installation hole 4322 are arranged on each second holding frame 432 along the radial direction of the paper tube 200, and the second installation holes 4321 are positioned between the first installation holes 4211 and the third installation holes 4322; the two second clamping blocks 433 are respectively slidably disposed in the two second mounting holes 4321, and the two third clamping blocks 434 are respectively slidably disposed in the two third mounting holes 4322. When feeding, the two telescopic parts 431 are controlled to drive the two second holding frames 432 to move to the lower end position of the channel 411 (as shown in fig. 19); then, the two first clamping blocks 422 are controlled to slide back and the two second clamping blocks 433 are controlled to slide back, the two third clamping blocks 434 are controlled to slide in opposite directions until one paper tube 200 at the lowest end in the channel 411 slides down to be in contact with the two third clamping blocks 434 (as shown in fig. 20), and the two first clamping blocks 422 are controlled to slide in opposite directions and the two second clamping blocks 433 are controlled to slide in opposite directions (as shown in fig. 21), at this time, the two first clamping blocks 422 limit the paper tube 200 in the channel 411 to slide down, and a locking area is formed between the two second clamping blocks 433 and the two third clamping blocks 434, and the locking area is locked to the paper tube 200 in contact with the third clamping blocks 434, so that when the two second accommodating frames 432 are driven to move to the clamping area positions by the two telescopic parts 431, one paper tube 200 can be carried to the clamping area, and accordingly the two locking mechanisms 7 on the clamping area can clamp the paper tube 200; after clamping, the two clamping blocks are controlled to slide back to release the locking area from locking the paper tube 200, and then the two second holding frames 432 are driven to move to the lower end position of the channel 411 by the two telescopic parts 431 to wait for the next feeding operation.
Referring to fig. 15 and fig. 19-21, in the present embodiment, the stop assembly 42 further includes two first springs 423, the two first springs 423 are respectively disposed in the two first mounting holes 4211, and the two first springs 423 are used to force the two first clamping blocks 422 to slide towards each other; the feeding assembly 43 further includes two second springs 435 and two third springs 436, the two second springs 435 are respectively disposed in the two second mounting holes 4321, and the two second springs 435 are used for forcing the two second clamping blocks 433 to slide in opposite directions; the two third springs 436 are respectively disposed in the two third mounting holes 4322, and the two third springs 436 are used for forcing the two third clamping blocks 434 to slide in opposite directions; the feeding mechanism 4 further includes two second electromagnets 44, and the two second electromagnets 44 are respectively disposed on the two second accommodating frames 432. When the second holding frame 432 moves to the lower end position of the channel 411, the second electromagnet 44 is controlled to be energized in the forward direction so as to simultaneously force the two first clamping blocks 422 to slide back and the two second clamping blocks 433 to slide back (as shown in fig. 20); when the holding frame moves to the clamping area position, the second electromagnet 44 is controlled to be electrified reversely so as to force the two third clamping blocks 434 to slide back; when the second electromagnet 44 is controlled to be powered off, the first clamping block 422, the second clamping block 433 and the third clamping block 434 automatically complete resetting under the action of the first spring 423, the second spring 435 and the third spring 436 (as shown in fig. 19). The whole process is simple to control, only one second electromagnet 44 is needed, and the structure is simpler. Note that, the manner in which the second electromagnet 44 attracts (or repels) the first clamping block 422, the second clamping block 433, and the third clamping block 434 is in the prior art, for example, magnets 45 in different directions are respectively disposed in the first clamping block 422, the second clamping block 433, and the third clamping block 434 (as shown in fig. 19-21, N, S in the drawing indicates that the directions on the magnets 45 facing one end of the second electromagnet 44 are N-pole and S-pole).
Referring to fig. 19-21, in this embodiment, the first clamping block 422 is provided with an arc structure at a position near the interior of the channel 411, and the second clamping block 433 and the third clamping block 434 are provided with arc structures at positions near the locking region; the contact surfaces between the paper tube 200 and the first clamping block 422, the second clamping block 433 and the third clamping block 434 are improved through the cambered surface structure, so that damage to the paper tube 200 can be avoided.
Referring to fig. 15, a first receiving hole 4221 for receiving the first spring 423 is provided at a position of the first clamping block 422 corresponding to the first spring 423; a second accommodating hole 4331 for accommodating the second spring 435 is provided on the second clamping block 433 at a position corresponding to the second spring 435; the third clamping block 434 is provided with a third receiving hole 4341 for receiving the third spring 436 at a position corresponding to the third spring 436. Under the action of the first accommodating hole 4221, the second accommodating hole 4331 and the third accommodating hole 4341, the first spring 423, the second spring 435 and the third spring 436 can be respectively accommodated, so that the structure of the stop assembly 42 and the feeding assembly 43 is more compact, and the magnetic force action of the second electromagnet 44 on the magnet 45 can be enhanced.
Referring to fig. 16 and 22, in the present embodiment, the rubberizing mechanism 5 includes a mounting frame 51, two rotating shafts 52, a rubberizing assembly 53, and at least one set of a rubberizing assembly 54; the two rotating shafts 52 are rotatably arranged on the mounting frame 51, the axes of the two rotating shafts 52 are parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft 31, and the two rotating shafts 52 are respectively positioned at the left upper part and the right upper part of the rotating shaft 31; the glue assembly 54 includes a first reel 541, a second reel 542, two first chucks 543, and two second chucks 544; the first reel 541 is sleeved on the left rotating shaft 52, two first chucks 543 are axially movably arranged on the left rotating shaft 52, and a first clamping area for locking the first reel 541 is formed between the two first chucks 543; the second reel 542 is sleeved on the right rotating shaft 52, two second chucks 544 are axially movably arranged on the right rotating shaft 52, and a second clamping area for locking the second reel 542 is formed between the two first chucks 543; the double-sided tape 300 is wound on the first reel 541, the double-sided tape 300 includes a tape layer 301 and a liner paper layer 302 stacked on each other, the tape layer 301 is in a broken structure (as shown in fig. 25, the tape layer 301 is provided with broken lines 303 at equal intervals) or in a dispensing structure (as shown in fig. 26, the tape layer 301 is a plurality of dispensing structures, generally circular or elliptical, provided on the liner paper layer 302 at equal intervals), the liner paper layer 302 is fixed on the second reel 542, and the tape layer 301 between the first reel 541 and the second reel 542 faces downward; the glue pressing assembly 53 includes a lifting member 531 and a pressing plate 532; the pressing plate 532 is located right above the rotating shaft 31, the upper end of the pressing plate 532 is connected with the mounting frame 51 through the lifting component 531, the lower end of the pressing plate 532 is provided with an arc surface 5321 for adapting to the outer annular surface of the paper tube 200, and rounded transition is formed between the arc surface 5321 and the left side surface and the right side surface of the pressing plate 532.
As shown in fig. 22, when the paper roll 200 moves to the position right below the pressing plate 532, the lifting member 531 drives the pressing plate 532 to press the interleaving paper layer 302 so that the tape layer 301 is in contact with the paper roll 200; the paper tube 200 and the two rotating shafts 52 are controlled to rotate, so that the adhesive tape layer 301 is fully attached to the outer ring surface of the paper tube 200, and the rotating shaft 31 is controlled to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees until the central angle corresponding to the adhesive tape layer 301 on the outer ring surface of the paper tube 200 reaches 30-360 degrees. Since the adhesive tape layer 301 is of a breaking type structure or a dispensing type structure, when the rubberizing is finished, and the rotating shaft 31 is controlled to continuously rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the separation between the paper tube 200 and the adhesive tape layer 301 can be automatically realized without cutting operation. In addition, the first chuck 543 and the second chuck 544 may be screwed on the two rotation shafts 52, so that the first chuck 543 and the second chuck 544 may be rotated while the first reel 541 and the second reel 542 may be driven to move axially along the rotation shafts 52, so that the position of the adhesive tape layer 301 adhered to the paper drum 200 may be changed.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 6, in the present embodiment, the cutting mechanism 6 includes a cutter 61, a lifting assembly 62 and three buffer assemblies 63; the cutter 61 is arranged at the upper end of the lifting assembly 62, and the cutter 61 is positioned right below the rotating shaft 31; the three buffer assemblies 63 are arranged between the two side plates 32 at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft 31, and the three buffer assemblies 63 and the three clamping areas are alternately arranged in sequence; the buffer assembly 63 includes a fixed plate 631, a movable plate 632, a slide bar 633 and a buffer spring 634; a sliding groove 6311 is formed in one end, deviating from the rotating shaft 31, of the fixing plate 631, and a sliding hole 6312 communicated with the sliding groove 6311 is formed in one end, close to the rotating shaft 31, of the fixing plate 631; the movable plate 632 is movably arranged in the sliding groove 6311 along the radial direction of the rotating shaft 31; the sliding rod 633 is arranged in the sliding hole 6312 in a sliding way along the radial direction of the rotating shaft 31, one end of the sliding rod 633 deviating from the rotating shaft 31 is connected with the movable plate 632, and one end of the sliding rod 633 close to the rotating shaft 31 is provided with a limiting part 6331; the buffer spring 634 is disposed inside the sliding groove 6311 and serves to force the movable plate 632 to move in a direction deviated from the rotation axis 31.
Referring to fig. 18, 23 and 24, when the paper roll 200 fully wound with the film 100 moves to align with the feeding mechanism 4 and the next paper roll 200 attached with the double-sided tape 300 moves to be attached to the film 100 (as shown in fig. 24), the movable plate 632 between the two paper rolls 200 moves to be directly above the cutter 61, and the film 100 between the two paper rolls 200 is located between the cutter 61 and the movable plate 632 (as shown in fig. 23); at this time, the cutter 61 is driven to move upward by the elevating assembly 62, so that the film 100 between the two paper rolls 200 is cut. Under the action of the buffer spring 634, the cutter 61 may force the movable plate 632 to move upward while cutting the film 100, so as to avoid the abrasion of the cutter 61 due to the rigid impact of the movable plate 632.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 18, in the present embodiment, the multifunctional film winding apparatus further includes a conveyor belt 8, and the conveyor belt 8 is disposed below the feeding mechanism 4; after the two locking mechanisms 7 at the two ends of the paper tube 200 which is fully rolled with the film 100 are controlled to be unlocked, the paper tube 200 which is fully rolled with the film 100 automatically falls onto the conveying belt 8 under the action of gravity, so that the paper tube 200 which is fully rolled with the film 100 is automatically conveyed to the next station through the conveying belt 8.
Working principle: as shown in fig. 18, the paper tube 200 is stored in the collecting hopper 41, and under the action of gravity, the paper tube 200 gradually falls to the lower end of the channel 411 and is blocked by the two first clamping blocks 422 (as shown in fig. 19). The rotating shaft 31 is driven to rotate, so that one clamping area moves to be aligned with the feeding mechanism 4, the two second electromagnets 44 are positively electrified, so that the two first clamping blocks 422 slide back and the two second clamping blocks 433 slide back (as shown in fig. 20), until one paper tube 200 at the lowest end in the channel 411 falls to be in contact with the two third clamping blocks 434, then the two second electromagnets 44 are powered off, under the action of the first springs 423 and the second springs 435, the two first clamping blocks 422 re-limit the paper tube 200 in the channel 411 to continuously fall, and a locking area formed between the two second clamping blocks 433 and the two third clamping blocks 434 is used for locking the paper tube 200 in contact with the third clamping blocks 434, so that the two second accommodating frames 432 and the two second electromagnets 44 can be synchronously driven to move towards the clamping areas through the two telescopic parts 431; when the paper tube 200 in the locking area is overlapped with the axis of the fixed shaft 71 (as shown in fig. 9), the clamping sleeves 73 at the two ends of the paper tube 200 clamp the paper tube 200 by energizing the corresponding two first electromagnets 75 (as shown in fig. 8); after the paper tube 200 is locked, the two second electromagnets 44 are reversely electrified (as shown in fig. 21), so that the two third clamping blocks 434 are forced to move back to release the locking of the paper tube 200 by the locking area, and then the two second holding frames 432 are controlled to move back to the lower end position of the channel 411 again by controlling the two telescopic parts 431 to wait for the next feeding operation, namely, the feeding operation is performed once after the rotating shaft 31 rotates for 120 degrees.
After the feeding is finished, the rotary shaft 31 is controlled to continuously rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, and the clamping area with the paper tube 200 clamped therein moves to be aligned with the rubberizing mechanism 5, namely, the paper tube 200 moves to be right below the pressing plate 532 (as shown in fig. 22); the pressing plate 532 is driven by the lifting component 531 to press the lining paper layer 302 so as to enable the adhesive tape layer 301 to be in contact with the paper cylinder 200, the second reel 542 is controlled to pull the lining paper layer 302 and the adhesive tape layer 301 to move rightwards, the adhesive tape layer 301 is adhered on the paper cylinder 200 and drives the paper cylinder 200 to rotate clockwise, and when the adhesive tape layer 301 reaches the position of the breaking line 303 or reaches the interval position between two adjacent dispensing points, the paper cylinder 200 can automatically stretch the adhesive tape layer 301 with a breaking structure or automatically separate the adhesive tape layer 301 with a dispensing structure; when the central angle corresponding to the adhesive tape layer 301 on the outer ring surface of the paper tube 200 reaches 30-360 ° (i.e. the paper tube 200 rotates clockwise 30-360 °) in the rubberizing process, the rubberizing operation is completed.
After the rubberizing operation is finished, the rotating shaft 31 is continuously controlled to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, so that the paper cylinder 200 with the double-sided adhesive tape 300 is rotated to be aligned with the tensioning roller 2, and the film 100 conveyed on the tensioning roller 2 is adhered to the paper cylinder 200 through the double-sided adhesive tape 300; the corresponding two driving motors 761 are started to synchronously rotate so as to drive the paper drum 200 to rotate, so that the film 100 is wound. When the paper tube 200 is fully wound with the film 100, the rotary shaft 31 is continuously driven to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees; at this time, the paper roll 200 full of the film 100 is moved to be aligned with the feeding mechanism 4, and the next paper roll 200 with double-sided tape 300 is moved to be aligned with the tension roller 2 to adhere the film 100 to the paper roll 200 through the tape layer 301 (as shown in fig. 24); at this time, the movable plate 632 between the paper tube 200 full of the film 100 and the paper tube 200 to which the film 100 is adhered moves to the position right above the cutter 61, and the film 100 is interposed between the movable plate 632 and the cutter 61, and the lifting assembly 62 is controlled to drive the cutter 61 to move upward, so that the film 100 can be cut off. The paper tube 200 close to the tensioning roller 2 is controlled to rotate while the film 100 is cut off so as to automatically perform the next winding operation; and then the first electromagnets 75 at the two ends of the paper tube 200 fully rolled with the film 100 are controlled to be electrified so as to attract the corresponding two clamping sleeves 73 to move back, so that the paper tube 200 fully rolled with the film 100 automatically falls onto the conveying belt 8, and then the feeding mechanism 4 is used for continuously feeding.
It should be noted that: the telescopic member 431, the elevating unit 62, and the elevating member 531 are conventional, and may be, for example, a cylinder, an oil cylinder, a screw elevating mechanism, or the like, and are not illustrated here.
The foregoing has outlined the basic principles, features, and advantages of the present application. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present application is not limited to the embodiments described above, and that the above embodiments and descriptions are merely illustrative of the principles of the present application, and various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the application, which is defined by the appended claims. The scope of the application is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. A multifunctional film winding device comprises a frame and a tensioning roller which is rotatably arranged on the frame and is used for conveying films; the multifunctional film winding device is characterized by further comprising a rotating frame, a feeding mechanism, a rubberizing mechanism, a cutting mechanism and six locking mechanisms; the rotating frame comprises a rotating shaft and two side plates, the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on the frame, and the rotating shaft is positioned at the left side of the tensioning roller; the two side plates are arranged on the rotating shaft at intervals along the axial direction of the rotating shaft, three locking mechanisms are arranged on each side plate at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, a clamping area for clamping the paper tube and driving the paper tube to rotate is formed between the two corresponding locking mechanisms on the two side plates, and the axes of the paper tube, the rotating shaft and the tensioning roller are parallel to each other; the feeding mechanism is arranged at the left side of the rotating shaft, the rubberizing mechanism is arranged right above the rotating shaft, and the cutting mechanism is arranged right below the rotating shaft;
When the rotating shaft rotates clockwise to align one clamping area with the feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism can automatically convey one paper tube into the clamping area so as to lock the paper tube through two corresponding locking mechanisms; when the rotating shaft continues to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper cylinder moves to be aligned with the rubberizing mechanism, and the rubberizing mechanism can automatically paste double-sided adhesive on the outer ring surface of the paper cylinder; when the rotating shaft continues to rotate clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape rotates to be aligned with the tensioning roller, and the double-sided adhesive tape can adhere the film on the paper cylinder;
when the paper cylinder aligned with the tensioning roller is fully rolled with the film, the rotating shaft continuously rotates clockwise for 120 degrees, the paper cylinder fully rolled with the film moves to be aligned with the feeding mechanism, and the next paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape moves to be attached with the film; at the moment, the film is automatically cut off through the cutting mechanism, the paper tube attached with the double-sided adhesive tape is continuously pasted with the film for next winding, the locking mechanisms at the two ends of the paper tube fully wound with the film are controlled to be unlocked, so that the paper tube fully wound with the film is automatically released, and finally feeding is continuously performed through the feeding mechanism;
The feeding mechanism comprises a collecting hopper, a stop component and a feeding component; the collecting hopper is fixed on the frame, the upper end of the collecting hopper is of an open structure, and the lower end of the collecting hopper extends downwards in a tilting manner to form a channel for the single paper tube to slide down; the stop component comprises two first holding frames and two first clamping blocks; the two first holding frames are arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the channel, a first mounting hole is formed in each first holding frame along the radial direction of the paper tube, and the two first clamping blocks are respectively arranged in the two first mounting holes in a sliding mode; the feeding assembly comprises two telescopic components, two second accommodating frames, two second clamping blocks and two third clamping blocks; the two second holding frames are respectively arranged on the outer wall of the channel through the two telescopic parts, each second holding frame is provided with a second mounting hole and a third mounting hole along the radial direction of the paper tube, and the second mounting holes are positioned between the first mounting holes and the third mounting holes; the two second clamping blocks are respectively arranged in the two second mounting holes in a sliding manner, and the two third clamping blocks are respectively arranged in the two third mounting holes in a sliding manner;
When the two telescopic parts drive the two second holding frames to move to the lower end position of the channel, the two first holding blocks are controlled to slide back to back and the two second holding blocks are controlled to slide back to back, the two third holding blocks are controlled to slide in opposite directions until one paper tube at the lowest end in the channel slides to contact with the two third holding blocks, the two first holding blocks are controlled to slide in opposite directions and the two second holding blocks slide in opposite directions, at the moment, the two first holding blocks limit the paper tube in the channel to slide down, and a locking area is formed between the two second holding blocks and the two third holding blocks, and the locking area can lock the paper tube contacted with the third holding blocks;
when the two telescopic components drive the two second accommodating frames to move to the clamping area, the two corresponding locking mechanisms are started to clamp the paper tube in the locking area, the two third clamping blocks are controlled to move back to release the locking area to lock the paper tube, and then the two telescopic components drive the two second accommodating frames to move to the lower end of the channel;
The locking mechanism comprises a fixed shaft, a limiting rod, a clamping sleeve, a reset spring and a first electromagnet; the fixed shaft is rotatably arranged on the side plate, and the fixed shaft is parallel to the rotating shaft; the limiting rod is positioned between the two side plates, and one end of the limiting rod is fixed on the fixed shaft; the clamping sleeve is sleeved on the limiting rod along the axial sliding of the fixed shaft, and a limiting block for preventing the clamping sleeve from falling off is arranged at one end, deviating from the fixed shaft, of the limiting rod; the outer ring surface of the clamping sleeve gradually contracts along the direction deviating from the fixed shaft to form a conical surface structure; the reset spring is sleeved on the limiting rod and is used for forcing the clamping sleeve to slide in a direction deviating from the fixed shaft; the first electromagnet is fixed on the inner side surface of the side plate and is used for forcing the clamping sleeve to slide towards the direction close to the fixed shaft after being electrified;
the locking mechanism further comprises a driving component for driving the fixed shaft to rotate; the driving assembly comprises a driving motor, a first bevel gear and a second bevel gear, the driving motor is arranged on the outer side face of the side plate along the radial direction of the rotating shaft, and an output shaft of the driving motor is connected with the fixed shaft through the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear.
2. The multifunctional film winding apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a rotary wire holder for supplying power to the driving motor and the first electromagnet; the rotary wire holder comprises an insulating holder, an insulating cover, at least two conductive circular rings, at least two conductive rods, at least two first wire holders and at least two second wire holders;
the insulating seat is fixed at one end of the rotating shaft, at least two conductive circular rings are arranged on the insulating seat and deviate from one end of the rotating shaft, the axes of the conductive circular rings are overlapped with the axes of the rotating shaft, and a safety interval is reserved between every two adjacent conductive circular rings; the insulating cover is coaxially and rotatably arranged on the insulating seat, and a closed cavity for wrapping the conductive circular ring is formed between the insulating cover and the insulating seat; the at least two conducting rods are positioned in the closed cavity, one ends of the at least two conducting rods are respectively contacted with the outer ring surface or the inner ring surface of the at least two conducting rings, and the other ends of the at least two conducting rods are arranged on the insulating cover; the at least two first wire holders are arranged on the insulating cover at intervals, are respectively communicated with the at least two conducting rods, and are used for communicating an external power supply; at least two second wiring holders are arranged on the insulating holder at intervals, at least two second wiring holders are respectively communicated with at least two conductive circular rings, and at least two second wiring holders are used for being communicated with the driving motor and the first electromagnet.
3. The multi-functional film winding apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the stopper assembly further comprises two first springs, the two first springs are respectively disposed in the two first mounting holes, and the two first springs are used for forcing the two first clamping blocks to slide in opposite directions; the feeding assembly further comprises two second springs and two third springs, the two second springs are respectively arranged in the two second mounting holes, and the two second springs are used for forcing the two second clamping blocks to slide in opposite directions; the two third springs are respectively arranged in the two third mounting holes and are used for forcing the two third clamping blocks to slide in opposite directions; the feeding mechanism further comprises two second electromagnets, and the two second electromagnets are respectively arranged on the two second holding frames; when the second accommodating frame moves to the lower end position of the channel, the second electromagnet is controlled to be electrified positively so as to force the two first clamping blocks to slide back and the two second clamping blocks to slide back simultaneously; and when the accommodating frame moves to the clamping area position, controlling the second electromagnet to be electrified reversely so as to force the two third clamping blocks to slide back.
4. The multifunctional film winding device as claimed in claim 3, wherein an arc surface structure is arranged on a part of the first clamping block, which is close to the inside of the channel, and an arc surface structure is arranged on a part of the second clamping block and the third clamping block, which is close to the locking area; a first accommodating hole for accommodating the first spring is formed in the first clamping block at a position corresponding to the first spring; a second accommodating hole for accommodating the second spring is formed in the second clamping block at a position corresponding to the second spring; and a third accommodating hole for accommodating the third spring is formed in the position, corresponding to the third spring, of the third clamping block.
5. The multi-functional film winding apparatus of claim 1, wherein the rubberizing mechanism comprises a mounting frame, two rotating shafts, a rubberizing assembly, and at least one set of a rubberizing assembly; the two rotating shafts are rotatably arranged on the mounting frame, the axes of the two rotating shafts are parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft, and the two rotating shafts are respectively positioned at the left upper part and the right upper part of the rotating shaft; the glue feeding assembly comprises a first reel, a second reel, two first chucks and two second chucks; the first reel is sleeved on the rotating shaft at the left side, the two first chucks are axially movably arranged on the rotating shaft at the left side, and a first clamping area for locking the first reel is formed between the two first chucks; the second reel is sleeved on the rotating shaft on the right side, the two second chucks are axially movably arranged on the rotating shaft on the right side, and a second clamping area for locking the second reel is formed between the two first chucks; the double faced adhesive tape is wound on the first reel and comprises a tape layer and a lining paper layer which are mutually overlapped, wherein the tape layer is of a fracture type structure or a dispensing type structure; the lining paper layer is fixed on the second reel, and the adhesive tape layer between the first reel and the second reel faces downwards; the glue pressing assembly comprises a lifting component and a pressing plate; the pressing plate is positioned right above the rotating shaft, the upper end of the pressing plate is connected with the mounting frame through the lifting component, the lower end of the pressing plate is provided with an arc surface for adapting to the outer annular surface of the paper cylinder, and rounded transition is arranged between the arc surface and the left side surface and the right side surface of the pressing plate;
When the paper cylinder moves to the position right below the pressing plate, the lifting part drives the pressing plate to press the lining paper layer downwards so as to enable the adhesive tape layer to be in contact with the paper cylinder; and then controlling the paper tube and the two rotating shafts to rotate so that the adhesive tape layers are fully attached to the outer annular surface of the paper tube, and controlling the rotating shafts to continuously rotate clockwise for 120 degrees until the central angle corresponding to the adhesive tape layers on the outer annular surface of the paper tube reaches 30-360 degrees.
6. The multi-functional film winding apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the cutting mechanism comprises a cutter, a lifting assembly and three buffer assemblies; the cutter is arranged at the upper end of the lifting assembly and is positioned right below the rotating shaft; the three buffer assemblies are arranged between the two side plates at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, and the three buffer assemblies and the three clamping areas are sequentially and alternately arranged; the buffer assembly comprises a fixed plate, a movable plate, a sliding rod and a buffer spring; a sliding groove is formed in one end, deviating from the rotating shaft, of the fixed plate, and a sliding hole communicated with the sliding groove is formed in one end, close to the rotating shaft, of the fixed plate; the movable plate is movably arranged in the chute along the radial direction of the rotating shaft; the sliding rod is arranged in the sliding hole in a sliding way along the radial direction of the rotating shaft, one end of the sliding rod deviating from the rotating shaft is connected with the movable plate, and one end of the sliding rod, which is close to the rotating shaft, is provided with a limiting part; the buffer spring is arranged in the chute and used for forcing the movable plate to move in a direction deviating from the rotating shaft;
When the paper cylinders full of the films are moved to be aligned with the feeding mechanism, and the next paper cylinder attached with the double-sided adhesive tape is moved to be attached to the films, the movable plate between the two paper cylinders is moved to be right above the cutter, and the films between the two paper cylinders are positioned between the cutter and the movable plate; at this time, the cutter is driven to move upwards by the lifting component, so that the film between the two paper cylinders can be cut off.
7. The multifunctional film winding apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising a conveyor belt disposed below the feeding mechanism; when the two locking mechanisms at the two ends of the paper tube, which are fully coiled with the film, are controlled to be unlocked, the paper tube, which is fully coiled with the film, automatically falls onto the conveying belt under the action of gravity, so that the paper tube, which is fully coiled with the film, is automatically conveyed to the next station through the conveying belt.
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