CN113561878B - Air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible mushrooms - Google Patents

Air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible mushrooms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113561878B
CN113561878B CN202110924802.1A CN202110924802A CN113561878B CN 113561878 B CN113561878 B CN 113561878B CN 202110924802 A CN202110924802 A CN 202110924802A CN 113561878 B CN113561878 B CN 113561878B
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China
Prior art keywords
carriage
threaded rod
fixedly connected
top surface
placing
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CN202110924802.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113561878A (en
Inventor
夏红霞
朱启红
辛良群
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Dragon Totem Technology Hefei Co ltd
Linyi Yongteng Refrigeration Equipment Co.,Ltd.
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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Priority to CN202110924802.1A priority Critical patent/CN113561878B/en
Publication of CN113561878A publication Critical patent/CN113561878A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/20Refrigerated goods vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D33/00Superstructures for load-carrying vehicles
    • B62D33/04Enclosed load compartments ; Frameworks for movable panels, tarpaulins or side curtains
    • B62D33/048Enclosed load compartments ; Frameworks for movable panels, tarpaulins or side curtains for refrigerated goods vehicles

Abstract

The utility model provides a gas conditioning refrigerator car for transporting domestic fungus, the refrigerator car is including locomotive and carriage, carriage front side outer wall be provided with the carriage in the refrigerator of intercommunication, the carriage rear side is provided with the door, the carriage bottom surface be provided with the carriage in the gas conditioning equipment of intercommunication, be provided with in the carriage a plurality of be used for spreading out the domestic fungus put the goods board of placing, put the goods board front side be provided with be used for vibrations to put the vibrations unit of goods board, put the goods board rear side and be provided with the unit of placing that is used for pouring the domestic fungus in the turnover basket into putting the goods board. The refrigerator car is provided with the air conditioning equipment, the edible fungi can be directly loaded in the refrigerator car without small bag packaging, the packaging cost is reduced, the transportation efficiency is improved, the edible fungi are conveniently spread by the multilayer goods placing plates and are distributed more uniformly, and the reduction of the preservation effect caused by accumulation and heat accumulation of the edible fungi is avoided.

Description

Air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible mushrooms
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of transportation, in particular to an air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible fungi.
Background
The edible fungus refers to edible mushroom with large fruiting body, and is commonly called mushroom. The edible fungi are vegetables which are difficult to store, respiration and transpiration are still carried out quickly after harvesting, and the phenomena of surface browning, mushroom stem elongation, mushroom cap opening, softening, putrefaction and the like are easily caused after the edible fungi are harvested due to the fact that the supply of nutrients and water from the compost is cut off, so that the freshness of the edible fungi is rapidly reduced, the edible value and the commodity value are lost, and the edible fungi are generally stored for 1-2 days at normal temperature. The edible fungi are stored for a long time and transported for a long distance, and are mostly used for refrigeration preservation, dormancy preservation, modified atmosphere preservation and the like.
Modified atmosphere preservation, as the name suggests, achieves the purpose of storage and preservation by controlling the gas proportion. The modified atmosphere preservation technology is a technology for prolonging the storage life and the shelf life of food by adjusting environmental gas, and the basic principle is as follows: in a certain closed system, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, ozone and other gases are injected, and regulating gases different from normal atmospheric components are obtained through various regulating modes, so that the physiological and biochemical processes and the activities of microorganisms which cause food spoilage are inhibited.
In the prior art, the air-conditioning fresh-keeping machine is used for small bag packaging, the packaging cost is high, a large amount of waste is caused, the transportation is inconvenient, and a refrigerated vehicle with the air-conditioning function is urgently needed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible mushrooms.
The invention aims to realize the purpose through the technical scheme, which comprises a headstock and a carriage, wherein the headstock is arranged at the front side, the outer wall of the front side of the carriage is provided with a refrigerator communicated with the inside of the carriage, the rear side of the carriage is provided with a vehicle door, the bottom surface of the carriage is provided with an air conditioning device communicated with the inside of the carriage, a plurality of goods placing plates used for spreading out and placing edible fungi are arranged in the carriage, the front side of each goods placing plate is provided with a vibration unit used for vibrating the goods placing plates, and the rear side of each goods placing plate is provided with a placing unit used for pouring the edible fungi in a turnover basket into the goods placing plates;
the inlet end of the placing unit is communicated with the outside of the carriage through a vehicle door, the outlet end of the placing unit is communicated with the inlet end of the goods placing plate, and the vibration end of the vibration unit can be connected with the goods placing plate;
a plurality of pallets evenly set up in the carriage from top to bottom, and the pallets all include the bottom plate, and the front side of bottom plate has three curb plate with the side rigid coupling of controlling, and three curb plate is perpendicular with the bottom plate, has seted up a plurality of holes that leak on the bottom plate, and the rigid coupling has a plurality of installation pieces on the curb plate outer wall on the side of controlling, and the mounting groove with installation piece one-to-one is seted up to the inside wall about the carriage, and the installation piece can be from top to bottom the activity be located the mounting groove, the top surface and the bottom surface of installation piece rigid coupling respectively have first spring, the first spring other end respectively with the top and bottom rigid coupling in the mounting groove, the rotatable first pivot of installing of lateral wall behind the bottom plate, and first pivot axial lead is parallel with lateral wall behind the bottom plate, and the rigid coupling has the baffle on the circumference outer wall of first pivot, and the one end of stretching out bottom plate and rigid coupling has first bevel gear, on the curb plate outer wall of front side the rigid coupling have can with vibrations unit complex shake the piece.
Preferably, the vibration unit comprises a first chute which is arranged on the inner wall of the front side of the carriage and is vertical to the ground, a first threaded rod is rotatably arranged in the first chute, a first motor is arranged on the top surface of the carriage, one end of the first threaded rod extends out of the top surface of the carriage and is fixedly connected with the output end of the first motor, a first installation platform is arranged in the first chute in a vertically sliding mode, the first installation platform is sleeved on the first threaded rod and is in threaded connection with the first threaded rod, a first electric telescopic rod is arranged on the top surface of the first installation platform, the telescopic end of the first electric telescopic rod points to a goods placing plate and is fixedly connected with a second installation platform, a second chute which is parallel to the telescopic direction of the first electric telescopic rod is formed in the top surface of the first installation platform, the second installation platform can slide forwards and backwards through a first sliding block on the bottom surface and is located in the second chute, a second motor is arranged on the second installation platform, and the output shaft of the second motor points to the goods placing plate and is fixedly connected with a first gear which can be matched with the vibration block.
Preferably, the placing unit comprises a second threaded rod and a first sliding rod, the second threaded rod and the first sliding rod are perpendicular to the ground and are respectively close to the left inner side wall and the right inner side wall of the carriage, one end of a third mounting platform is slidably sleeved on the first sliding rod, the other end of the third mounting platform is sleeved on the second threaded rod and is in threaded connection with the second threaded rod, a third motor is mounted on the top surface of the carriage, one end of the second threaded rod extends out of the top surface of the carriage and is fixedly connected with the output end of the third motor, a fourth mounting platform for clamping a turnover basket is hinged to the top surface of the third mounting platform, the turnover basket can be turned over towards the direction of the pallet along the hinge point, a second electric telescopic rod is further mounted on the top surface of the third mounting platform, and the telescopic end of the second electric telescopic rod points to the fourth mounting platform and is hinged to the bottom surface of the fourth mounting platform;
and a placing groove for placing the turnover basket is formed in the bottom surface of the inner side of the carriage.
Preferably, a water tank is fixedly connected to the top surface of the carriage, a third chute is formed in the top wall of the inner side of the carriage, the third chute is arranged from front to back, a third threaded rod is rotatably arranged in the third chute, a second slider is positioned in the third chute in a front-back sliding manner, the second slider is sleeved on the third threaded rod and is in threaded connection with the third threaded rod, a first pipeline is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the second slider, a plurality of nozzles capable of sprinkling water for the pallet are mounted on the circumferential outer wall of the first pipeline, the first pipeline is communicated with the water tank through a water pipe, one end of the third threaded rod extends out of the third chute and is fixedly connected with a second gear capable of being meshed with the first gear;
the fourth spout has been seted up to the inboard roof in carriage, and the fourth spout is perpendicular with the third spout, and slidable installs first rack in the fourth spout, and first rack can mesh with first gear, and articulated on the carriage lateral wall have the inside and outside ventilation window in the carriage that can feed through, and first rack one end stretches out the fourth spout and is inboard articulated with the ventilation window.
Preferably, a second rotating shaft is further rotatably mounted on the inner side wall of the carriage and is perpendicular to the ground, a plurality of second bevel gears which are in one-to-one correspondence with the first bevel gears and meshed with the first bevel gears are fixedly connected to the second rotating shaft, a fourth motor is mounted on the top surface of the carriage, and one end of the second rotating shaft penetrates through the top surface of the carriage and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the fourth motor.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the following advantages:
1. the refrigerator car is provided with the air conditioning equipment, the edible fungi can be directly loaded in the refrigerator car without small bag packaging, the packaging cost is reduced, the transportation efficiency is improved, the edible fungi are conveniently spread by the multilayer goods placing plates and are more uniformly distributed, and the reduction of the preservation effect caused by accumulation and heat accumulation of the edible fungi is avoided.
2. The vibration unit can jack up or press down the front side of putting the pallet, makes the faster feeding or ejection of compact of putting the pallet, and can make first water pipe seesaw in the transportation, and even for the domestic fungus watering is moisturized, reaches the destination after, can open the ventilation window in advance, and the filling gas in the loss carriage avoids filling gas to cause the injury to the workman.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof.
Drawings
The drawings of the present invention are described below.
FIG. 1 is an overall schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the pallet of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the baffle of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the first sliding chute of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a third chute of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a vibration unit according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of a placement unit of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a showerhead of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a first rack of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is an internal schematic view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a headstock; 2. a carriage; 3. a refrigerator; 4. a vehicle door; 5. air conditioning equipment; 6. a base plate; 7. a side plate; 8. a water leakage hole; 9. mounting blocks; 10. mounting grooves; 11. a first spring; 12. a first rotating shaft; 13. a baffle plate; 14. a first bevel gear; 15. a vibration block; 16. a first chute; 17. a first threaded rod; 18. a first motor; 19. a first mounting table; 20. a first electric telescopic rod; 21. a second mounting table; 22. a second chute; 23. a first slider; 24. a second motor; 25. a first gear; 26. a second threaded rod; 27. a first slide bar; 28. a third mounting table; 29. a third motor; 30. a fourth mounting table; 31. a second electric telescopic rod; 32. a placement groove; 33. a water tank; 34. a third chute; 35. a third threaded rod; 36. a second slider; 37. a first conduit; 38. a spray head; 39. a water pipe; 40. a second gear; 41. a fourth chute; 42. a first rack; 43. a ventilation window; 44. a second rotating shaft; 45. a second bevel gear; 46. a fourth motor.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated by the following figures and examples.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the embodiments of the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred devices or elements must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the embodiments of the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless explicitly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. Specific meanings of the above terms in the embodiments of the present invention can be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 10, the air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible fungi comprises a car head 1 and a carriage 2, wherein the direction of the car head 1 is the front side, the outer wall of the front side of the carriage 2 is provided with a refrigerator 3 communicated with the inside of the carriage 2, the rear side of the carriage 2 is provided with a car door 4, the bottom surface of the carriage 2 is provided with an air-conditioning device 5 communicated with the inside of the carriage 2, a plurality of goods placing plates for spreading and placing edible fungi are arranged in the carriage 2, the front side of the goods placing plates is provided with a vibration unit for vibrating the goods placing plates, and the rear side of the goods placing plates is provided with a placing unit for pouring the edible fungi in a turnover basket into the goods placing plates;
the inlet end of the placing unit is communicated with the outside of the carriage 2 through a vehicle door 4, the outlet end of the placing unit is communicated with the inlet end of the goods placing plate, and the vibration end of the vibration unit can be connected with the goods placing plate;
a plurality of pallets evenly set up in carriage 2 from top to bottom, the pallets all include bottom plate 6, the front side of bottom plate 6 with control the side rigid coupling have three curb plate 7, and three curb plate 7 is perpendicular with bottom plate 6, seted up a plurality of holes 8 that leak on bottom plate 6, the rigid coupling has a plurality of installation blocks 9 on the curb plate 7 outer wall on the left and right sides, the inside wall has seted up mounting groove 10 with installation block 9 one-to-one about carriage 2, installation block 9 can be the activity from top to bottom be located mounting groove 10, the top surface and the bottom surface of installation block 9 rigid coupling respectively have first spring 11, the first spring 11 other end respectively with curb plate 10 in top and bottom rigid coupling, bottom plate 6 rear side wall is rotatable installs first pivot 12, and first pivot 12 axial lead is parallel with bottom plate 6 rear side wall, the rigid coupling has baffle 13 on the circumference outer wall of first pivot 12, the one end of first pivot 12 stretches out bottom plate 6 and the rigid coupling has first bevel gear 14, have on the 7 outer wall of front side can with vibrations unit complex vibrations piece 15.
In the embodiment, the vehicle door is opened, a worker places the turnover basket filled with the edible fungi on the placing unit, and the placing unit can lift to pour the edible fungi in the turnover basket into the goods placing plates with different heights; the vibration unit vibrates the corresponding goods placing plate, so that the edible fungi can be spread on the goods placing plate, the distribution is more uniform, the poor accumulation and heat dissipation are avoided, after a car door is closed, the air conditioning equipment can inject nitrogen, carbon dioxide, ozone and the like into a carriage, the air component ratio in the carriage is changed, the breathing effect of the edible fungi is inhibited, the edible fungi enter a dormant state, the edible fungi are cooled by a refrigerator, and the fresh-keeping effect is better;
when edible fungi are poured in, the vibration unit contacts the vibration block from the upper side to press the front side of the goods placing plate downwards, the whole goods placing plate is inclined forwards, the vibration unit vibrates the goods placing plate when the edible fungi fall into the goods placing plate, and the vibration is beneficial to faster feeding;
when the edible fungi are poured out, the vibration unit contacts the vibration block from the lower part to jack up the front side of the goods placing plate, the whole goods placing plate is inclined backwards, the vibration unit vibrates the goods placing plate when the edible fungi roll out of the goods placing plate, and the vibration is helpful for faster discharging;
the water leakage holes are convenient for the air circulation of the goods placing plates on each layer, and the consistency of the gas component concentration in each area is maintained.
As shown in fig. 4 to 6, the vibration unit includes a first sliding groove 16 which is provided on an inner wall of a front side of the carriage 2 and is perpendicular to the ground, a first threaded rod 17 is rotatably installed in the first sliding groove 16, a first motor 18 is installed on a top surface of the carriage 2, one end of the first threaded rod 17 extends out of the top surface of the carriage 2 and is fixedly connected with an output end of the first motor 18, a first installation table 19 is provided in the first sliding groove 16 and can slide up and down, the first installation table 19 is sleeved on the first threaded rod 17 and is in threaded connection with the first threaded rod 17, a first electric telescopic rod 20 is installed on a top surface of the first installation table 19, a telescopic end of the first electric telescopic rod 20 points to a cargo placing plate and is fixedly connected with a second installation table 21, a second sliding groove 22 which is parallel to a telescopic direction of the first electric telescopic rod 20 is provided on a top surface of the first installation table 19, the second installation table 21 can slide back and forth through a first sliding block 23 on a bottom surface and is located in the second sliding groove 22, a second motor 24 is installed on the second installation table 21, an output shaft of the second motor 24 points to a cargo placing plate and is fixedly connected with a first vibration gear 25 which can be matched with a first vibration gear block 15.
In the embodiment, the first motor is started, the first threaded rod rotates to drive the first mounting table to move up and down in the first sliding groove, so that the vibration unit moves up and down to contact different cargo containing plates, the first electric telescopic rod stretches and retracts to drive the second mounting table to slide, the second mounting table drives the second motor and the first gear on the second motor to slide back and forth, and the first gear can select whether to avoid a vibration block;
first gear both can be from last down motion, and with the vibrations piece pushing down, also can be from up moving down, upwards pushes up the vibrations piece, and after first gear and vibrations piece contact, the second motor starts, and first gear revolve in-process produces vibrations effect to the vibrations piece.
As shown in fig. 4 and 7, the placing unit includes a second threaded rod 26 and a first slide rod 27, the second threaded rod 26 and the first slide rod 27 are both perpendicular to the ground and are respectively close to the left and right inner side walls of the carriage 2, one end of a third mounting table 28 is slidably sleeved on the first slide rod 27, the other end of the third mounting table 28 is sleeved on the second threaded rod 26 and is in threaded connection with the second threaded rod 26, a third motor 29 is mounted on the top surface of the carriage 2, one end of the second threaded rod 26 extends out of the top surface of the carriage 2 and is fixedly connected with the output end of the third motor 29, a fourth mounting table 30 for clamping a turnover basket is hinged on the top surface of the third mounting table 28, the turnover basket can be turned over towards the pallet placing direction along a hinge point, a second electric telescopic rod 31 is further mounted on the top surface of the third mounting table 28, and the telescopic end of the second electric telescopic rod 31 points to the fourth mounting table 30 and is hinged with the bottom surface of the fourth mounting table 30;
the bottom surface of the inner side of the carriage 2 is provided with a placing groove 32 for placing a turnover basket.
In the embodiment, a worker clamps the turnover basket on the fourth mounting table, the second threaded rod rotates to drive the third mounting table to ascend along the first sliding rod, the third mounting table drives the fourth mounting table to ascend and can move to the positions beside the goods placing plates with different heights, the second electric telescopic rod extends out to drive the fourth mounting table to overturn towards the goods placing plates, and edible fungi in the turnover basket are poured into the goods placing plates;
after the goods placing plate is filled with the goods, the second threaded rod rotates to drive the third installation platform to descend along the first sliding rod, the third installation platform drives the fourth installation platform to descend, a worker takes down the turnover basket and places the turnover basket into the placing groove, after the destination is reached, the turnover basket in the placing groove can be placed on the fourth installation platform again, the second threaded rod rotates to drive the third installation platform to ascend along the first sliding rod, the third installation platform drives the fourth installation platform to ascend, the turnover basket can move to the positions beside the goods placing plate with different heights, the goods placing plate vibrates to discharge the materials, and the turnover basket receives and takes edible fungi;
when the turnover basket connects and gets full back, the second threaded rod rotates, drives the third mount table and descends along first slide bar, and the third mount table drives the fourth mount table and descends, and the workman will take off the turnover basket that fills with, and the workman need not climb, can cooperate the unit of placing to the department of putting of eminence board put into or take out domestic fungus convenient to use.
As shown in fig. 8 to 9, a water tank 33 is fixedly connected to the top surface of the carriage 2, a third sliding groove 34 is formed in the top wall of the inner side of the carriage 2, the third sliding groove 34 is arranged from front to back, a third threaded rod 35 is rotatably arranged in the third sliding groove 34, a second slider 36 is positioned in the third sliding groove 34 in a front-back sliding manner, the second slider 36 is sleeved on the third threaded rod 35 and is in threaded connection with the third threaded rod 35, a first pipeline 37 is fixedly connected below the second slider 36, a plurality of spray heads 38 capable of spraying water for a cargo holding plate are mounted on the circumferential outer wall of the first pipeline 37, the first pipeline 37 is communicated with the water tank 33 through a water pipe 39, and one end of the third threaded rod 35 extends out of the third sliding groove 34 and is fixedly connected with a second gear 40 capable of being meshed with the first gear 25;
fourth spout 41 has been seted up to carriage 2 inboard roof, and fourth spout 41 is perpendicular with third spout 34, and slidable installs first rack 42 in the fourth spout 41, and first rack 42 can mesh with first gear 25, and articulated on the carriage 2 lateral wall have the ventilation window 43 that can communicate the carriage 2 inside and outside, and fourth spout 41 is stretched out and ventilation window 43 inboard is articulated to first rack 42 one end.
In the embodiment, when the first gear of the vibration unit rises to the top of the carriage and is not contacted with the goods placing plate, the first electric telescopic rod stretches, and the first gear can be respectively meshed with the second gear and the first rack;
in the transportation process, when the first gear is meshed with the second gear, the third threaded rod is driven to rotate, the third threaded rod drives the second sliding block to slide in the third sliding groove, the first pipeline moves along with the second sliding block, the spray head below the first pipeline can reciprocate, edible fungi on the opposite pallet can spray clean water, the edible fungi can be moisturized, water drops onto the lower pallet through the water leakage holes on the pallet, the edible fungi on the lower pallet are moisturized, and water resources can be saved;
after the transportation arrives the destination, when first gear and first rack meshing, drive first rack and slide, ventilation window can be opened to first rack, because of the packing gas concentration in the carriage is higher, when directly opening the door, inhales gas such as nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen gas and probably causes the injury to the person that can open the door, consequently need open the window earlier and ventilate, opens the door after making packing gas escape with higher speed, simple structure, safe and reliable.
As shown in fig. 2 to 3, a second rotating shaft 44 is further rotatably mounted on the inner side wall of the carriage 2, the second rotating shaft 44 is perpendicular to the ground, a plurality of second bevel gears 45 which correspond to the first bevel gears 14 one to one and are meshed with the first bevel gears 14 are fixedly connected to the second rotating shaft 44, a fourth motor 46 is mounted on the top surface of the carriage 2, and one end of the second rotating shaft 45 penetrates through the top surface of the carriage 2 and is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the fourth motor 46.
In this embodiment, the second pivot rotates, drives second bevel gear and rotates, and second bevel gear drives first bevel gear, and first bevel gear drives first pivot, and first pivot drives the baffle, can open or close each pallet in batches, and when the baffle rotated to the inclination of opening between with closing, the extension section that can regard as the bottom plate can cooperate and place the unit business turn over material.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting the same, and although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that: modifications and equivalents may be made to the embodiments of the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is to be covered by the claims.

Claims (4)

1. The air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible fungi is characterized by comprising a car head (1) and a carriage (2), wherein the direction of the car head (1) is the front side, the outer wall of the front side of the carriage (2) is provided with a refrigerator (3) communicated with the inside of the carriage (2), the rear side of the carriage (2) is provided with a car door (4), the bottom surface of the carriage (2) is provided with air-conditioning equipment (5) communicated with the inside of the carriage (2), a plurality of goods placing plates for spreading and placing the edible fungi are arranged in the carriage (2), a vibration unit for vibrating the goods placing plates is arranged on the front side of the goods placing plates, and a placing unit for pouring the edible fungi in a turnover basket into the goods placing plates is arranged on the rear side of the goods placing plates;
the inlet end of the placing unit is communicated with the outside of the carriage (2) through a vehicle door (4), the outlet end of the placing unit is communicated with the inlet end of the goods placing plate, and the vibration end of the vibration unit can be connected with the goods placing plate;
the plurality of cargo placing plates are uniformly arranged in the carriage (2) from top to bottom, each cargo placing plate comprises a bottom plate (6), three side plates (7) are fixedly connected to the front side and the left side and the right side of the bottom plate (6), the three side plates (7) are perpendicular to the bottom plate (6), a plurality of water leakage holes (8) are formed in the bottom plate (6), a plurality of mounting blocks (9) are fixedly connected to the outer walls of the side plates (7) on the left side and the right side, mounting grooves (10) which correspond to the mounting blocks (9) one by one are formed in the left inner side wall and the right inner side wall of the carriage (2), the mounting blocks (9) can move up and down and are positioned in the mounting grooves (10), first springs (11) are fixedly connected to the top surface and the bottom surface of each mounting block (9), the other ends of the first springs (11) are fixedly connected to the top and the bottom in the mounting grooves (10) respectively, first rotating shafts (12) are rotatably arranged on the rear side walls of the bottom plate (6), the first rotating shafts (12) are parallel to the rear side walls of the bottom plate (6), baffles (13) are fixedly connected to the outer walls of the first rotating shafts (12), and bevel gears (14) can be fixedly connected to be matched with the front vibrating units (7);
the vibration unit comprises a first chute (16) which is arranged on the inner wall of the front side of a carriage (2) and is perpendicular to the ground, a first threaded rod (17) is rotatably arranged in the first chute (16), a first motor (18) is arranged on the top surface of the carriage (2), one end of the first threaded rod (17) extends out of the top surface of the carriage (2) and is fixedly connected with the output end of the first motor (18), a first mounting table (19) is arranged in the first chute (16) in a vertically sliding mode, the first mounting table (19) is sleeved on the first threaded rod (17) and is in threaded connection with the first threaded rod (17), a first electric telescopic rod (20) is arranged on the top surface of the first mounting table (19), the telescopic end of the first electric telescopic rod (20) is located in a second chute (22) in a sliding mode in the front and back of a first sliding block (23) of the second sliding block (21), a second chute (22) which is parallel to the telescopic direction of the first electric telescopic rod (20) is arranged on the top surface of the second mounting table (19), a second mounting table (21) is provided with a second sliding mode that the sliding block (24) can slide in the front and is located in the second chute (24), and an output shaft (24) matched with a motor (24) is arranged on the second sliding mode.
2. The controlled atmosphere refrigerator car for transporting edible fungi according to claim 1, wherein the placing unit comprises a second threaded rod (26) and a first sliding rod (27), the second threaded rod (26) and the first sliding rod (27) are both arranged perpendicular to the ground and are respectively close to the left inner side wall and the right inner side wall of the carriage (2), one end of a third mounting table (28) is slidably sleeved on the first sliding rod (27), the other end of the third mounting table is sleeved on the second threaded rod (26) and is in threaded connection with the second threaded rod (26), a third motor (29) is mounted on the top surface of the carriage (2), one end of the second threaded rod (26) extends out of the top surface of the carriage (2) and is fixedly connected with the output end of the third motor (29), the top surface of the third mounting table (28) is hinged with a fourth mounting table (30) for clamping the turnover basket, the fourth mounting table (30) can turn the turnover basket towards the cargo placing plate along the hinged point, a second electric telescopic rod (31) is further mounted on the top surface of the third mounting table (28), and the telescopic end of the second electric telescopic rod (31) points to the fourth mounting table (30);
the bottom surface of the inner side of the carriage (2) is provided with a placing groove (32) for placing a turnover basket.
3. The air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible fungi according to claim 1, wherein a water tank (33) is fixedly connected to the top surface of the car body (2), a third chute (34) is formed in the top wall of the inner side of the car body (2), the third chute (34) is arranged from front to back, a third threaded rod (35) is rotatably arranged in the third chute (34), a second slider (36) can slide back and forth in the third chute (34), the second slider (36) is sleeved on the third threaded rod (35) and is in threaded connection with the third threaded rod (35), a first pipeline (37) is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the second slider (36), a plurality of spray heads (38) capable of spraying water on a cargo holding plate are mounted on the outer circumferential wall of the first pipeline (37), the first pipeline (37) is communicated with the water tank (33) through a water pipe (39), and a second gear (40) capable of being meshed with the first gear (25) is fixedly connected to one end of the third chute (34);
fourth spout (41) have been seted up to carriage (2) inboard roof, and fourth spout (41) are perpendicular with third spout (34), and slidable installs first rack (42) in fourth spout (41), and first rack (42) can mesh with first gear (25), and it has inside and outside ventilation window (43) to articulate on carriage (2) lateral wall can communicate carriage (2), and fourth spout (41) are stretched out to first rack (42) one end and are articulated inboard with ventilation window (43).
4. The modified atmosphere refrigerator car for transporting edible fungi according to claim 1, wherein the inner side wall of the car body (2) is further rotatably provided with a second rotating shaft (44), the second rotating shaft (44) is perpendicular to the ground, a plurality of second bevel gears (45) which are in one-to-one correspondence with the first bevel gears (14) and are meshed with the first bevel gears (14) are fixedly connected to the second rotating shaft (44), the top surface of the car body (2) is provided with a fourth motor (46), and one end of the second rotating shaft (44) penetrates through the top surface of the car body (2) and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the fourth motor (46).
CN202110924802.1A 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Air-conditioning refrigerator car for transporting edible mushrooms Active CN113561878B (en)

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Patentee before: CHONGQING University OF ARTS AND SCIENCES