CN113245826B - Automatic installation equipment of photovoltaic module junction box and control method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic installation equipment of photovoltaic module junction box and control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113245826B
CN113245826B CN202110740615.8A CN202110740615A CN113245826B CN 113245826 B CN113245826 B CN 113245826B CN 202110740615 A CN202110740615 A CN 202110740615A CN 113245826 B CN113245826 B CN 113245826B
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China
Prior art keywords
junction box
module
photovoltaic
bus bar
temperature cloth
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CN202110740615.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113245826A (en
Inventor
范维涛
黄青松
朱宏平
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Keshengda Suzhou Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Keshengda Suzhou Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C5/00Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work
    • B05C5/02Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work the liquid or other fluent material being discharged through an outlet orifice by pressure, e.g. from an outlet device in contact or almost in contact, with the work
    • B05C5/0208Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work the liquid or other fluent material being discharged through an outlet orifice by pressure, e.g. from an outlet device in contact or almost in contact, with the work for applying liquid or other fluent material to separate articles
    • B05C5/0212Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work the liquid or other fluent material being discharged through an outlet orifice by pressure, e.g. from an outlet device in contact or almost in contact, with the work for applying liquid or other fluent material to separate articles only at particular parts of the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B11/00Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding
    • F16B11/006Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding by gluing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/30Electrical components
    • H02S40/34Electrical components comprising specially adapted electrical connection means to be structurally associated with the PV module, e.g. junction boxes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses automatic installation equipment of a photovoltaic module junction box and a control method thereof, wherein the automatic installation equipment comprises a busbar preprocessing unit, a junction box automatic installation unit and a transmission mechanism, wherein the busbar preprocessing unit comprises a high-temperature cloth tearing module which is used for tearing high-temperature cloth on a photovoltaic laminating piece and enabling a busbar on the photovoltaic laminating piece to be vertically upward; the conveying mechanism is used for supporting the photovoltaic laminating piece to be treated and sequentially conveying the photovoltaic laminating piece to the busbar pretreatment unit and the junction box automatic installation unit; the junction box automatic installation unit comprises a gluing module and a junction box positioning module, and is used for installing the junction box on the pretreated photovoltaic laminating part. The technical scheme provided by the invention has high automation degree, further improves the production efficiency and precision on the basis of ensuring the production quality, and effectively shortens the production period.

Description

Automatic installation equipment of photovoltaic module junction box and control method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of photovoltaics, in particular to automatic installation equipment of a photovoltaic module junction box and a control method thereof.
Background
The photovoltaic module is formed by laminating crystalline silicon battery pieces, toughened glass and packaging materials in different orders, and the temperature is raised in the laminating process to melt EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) glue films on the upper layer and/or the lower layer of the bus bar, so that one end of the bus bar is positioned in the laminating piece, and the other end of the bus bar extends out of a leading-out hole of the packaging material on the upper layer for subsequent connection and installation with a junction box.
In the prior art, in order to prevent the molten EVA glue from overflowing from the extraction holes during the lamination process to affect the performance and the beauty of the photovoltaic laminate, a high-temperature cloth is needed to be adhered to the surface of the photovoltaic laminate before lamination and cover the extraction holes to prevent the EVA glue from overflowing, and after the lamination is completed, the high-temperature cloth is needed to be torn off, and a bus bar which is bent to be adhered to the surface of the laminate during the lamination process needs to be rotated upwards to be vertical.
The high-temperature cloth is a high-performance and multipurpose composite material which is prepared by taking suspended polytetrafluoroethylene (commonly known as plastic king) emulsion as a raw material and soaking high-performance glass fiber cloth, and has non-adhesive property. To the work of tearing off of high temperature cloth, often adopt manual operation in the past, with high costs and tear off inefficiency, and can't ensure that the busbar rotates to vertical standard operation, if the busbar does not rotate to standard position, can influence follow-up its equipment with the terminal box, in order to reduce cost and improve production efficiency, prior art directly uses clamping jaw device to tear off the operation of high temperature cloth on the photovoltaic lamination piece surface, though the cost is solved and efficiency problem, but because clamping jaw device is tearing off the operation in-process direct contact photovoltaic lamination piece surface of high temperature cloth, the clamping jaw scrapes the photovoltaic lamination piece very easily and causes the photovoltaic lamination piece to damage for photovoltaic product yield reduces.
In addition to the above defects, there is a problem in the prior art that the junction box and the bus bar are not properly mounted, for example, the junction box is mounted on the photovoltaic laminate without matching the bus bar with the through hole of the junction box, which directly affects the mounting accuracy of the junction box, thereby reducing the product yield.
In summary, although the prior art reduces the links of manual operation and improves the automation degree slightly, a new technical problem is brought along therewith, and in order to solve the problems in the prior art, an automatic installation device of a photovoltaic module junction box and a control method thereof are needed, which not only ensure high automation degree, but also overcome the above defects.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems in the prior art, the invention provides automatic installation equipment of a photovoltaic module junction box and a control method thereof, which not only have high automation degree, but also ensure the production efficiency and the product yield. The technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
on one hand, the invention provides automatic installation equipment of a photovoltaic module junction box, which is used for preprocessing high-temperature cloth and bus bars of a to-be-processed area of a photovoltaic laminating part and installing the junction box on the preprocessed photovoltaic laminating part, and comprises a bus bar preprocessing unit, an automatic junction box installation unit and a conveying mechanism, wherein the conveying mechanism is used for supporting the to-be-processed photovoltaic laminating part and sequentially conveying the to-be-processed photovoltaic laminating part to the bus bar preprocessing unit and the automatic junction box installation unit;
the bus bar preprocessing unit comprises a high-temperature cloth tearing module, the high-temperature cloth tearing module comprises a heating and air injection mechanism, a sucker, a first clamping jaw and a tool shovel, the heating and air injection mechanism is used for injecting hot air flow to a high-temperature cloth area on the photovoltaic laminating piece, the sucker is used for adsorbing and lifting the high-temperature cloth, the first clamping jaw is used for clamping the lifted edge area of the high-temperature cloth and lifting the high-temperature cloth to enable the high-temperature cloth to be separated from the photovoltaic laminating piece and drive the end part of the bus bar to be tilted, and the tool shovel is used for extending into the lower part of the tilted end part of the bus bar and driving the bus bar to rotate to a vertical state;
the junction box automatic installation unit comprises a gluing module and a junction box positioning module, wherein the gluing module is used for gluing a to-be-processed area on the photovoltaic laminating part, the to-be-processed area is matched with a junction box to be installed, the junction box positioning module comprises a second clamping jaw and an imaging and deviation correcting mechanism, the second clamping jaw is used for clamping the junction box to be installed, the imaging and deviation correcting mechanism is used for imaging the bus bar and the junction box clamped by the second clamping jaw respectively, and correcting the position and/or angle of the junction box according to an imaging result, so that when the second clamping jaw drives the junction box which finishes deviation correction to move towards the bus bar, the bus bar can penetrate through holes in the junction box, and the junction box is adhered to the area subjected to gluing processing. The junction box to be installed is subjected to position correction through the imaging and correction mechanism, so that the through hole in the junction box can be matched with the bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating part, the installation precision of the junction box is improved, and the product yield is guaranteed.
Preferably, the number of the sucking discs is one or more, the high-temperature cloth tearing module further comprises air suction pumps and first power mechanisms which are in one-to-one correspondence with the sucking discs, and the sucking discs can adsorb the high-temperature cloth under the action of the air suction pumps; the sucker can move up and down under the driving of the first power mechanism.
Preferably, the number of the first clamping jaws is one or more, the high-temperature cloth tearing module further comprises a second power mechanism and a third power mechanism which are in one-to-one correspondence with the first clamping jaws, and the first clamping jaws can clamp the high-temperature cloth under the driving of the second power mechanisms; and the first clamping jaw can move up and down under the driving of the third power mechanism.
Preferably, the number of the tool shovels is one or more, the high-temperature cloth tearing module further comprises a fourth power mechanism and a fifth power mechanism which are matched with the tool shovels in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the tool shovels can horizontally move under the driving of the fourth power mechanism, and the tool shovels can vertically move under the driving of the fifth power mechanism, so that the tool shovels extend into the lower part of the end part of the bus bar.
Further, the busbar preprocessing unit still includes first motion module, first motion module include first slider and with first slider complex first guide rail, sixth power unit, it sets up to tear the high temperature cloth module on the first slider under the drive of sixth power unit, first slider can drive it follows to tear the high temperature cloth module and do the motion on the length direction of first guide rail, so that it reaches to tear the high temperature cloth module the regional top position of treating of photovoltaic lamination spare.
Further, the bus bar preprocessing unit further comprises an initialization module for positioning the photovoltaic laminate, wherein the initialization module comprises a correction portion for forming a correction area, a translation mechanism for horizontally moving the photovoltaic laminate, and a rotation mechanism for rotating the photovoltaic laminate, and the photovoltaic laminate can be matched with the correction area under the translation action of the translation mechanism and/or the rotation action of the rotation mechanism.
Preferably, the photovoltaic laminating piece is provided with a plurality of to-be-processed areas, and the high-temperature cloth tearing module, the gluing module and the junction box positioning module are in one-to-one correspondence with the to-be-processed areas.
Further, terminal box automatic installation unit still includes and is used for placing the transfer module of the terminal box of treating the installation, the transfer module includes a plurality of tools, is equipped with a plurality of reference columns on every tool, the reference column is used for the location the terminal box, the tool with treat regional one-to-one on the photovoltaic lamination spare.
Furthermore, the junction box automatic installation unit further comprises a second movement module, the second movement module comprises a second sliding part, a second guide rail matched with the second sliding part, and a seventh power mechanism, the transfer module is arranged on the second sliding part, and the second sliding part can drive the transfer module to move along the length direction of the second guide rail under the driving of the seventh power mechanism, so that the transfer module moves to a position above the region to be processed on the photovoltaic laminating part.
Further, the gluing module comprises a gluing head and a power assembly matched with the gluing head, and the gluing head can glue the area to be processed of the photovoltaic laminating part under the driving of the power assembly.
Furthermore, the junction box automatic installation unit further comprises a third movement module, the third movement module comprises a third sliding part, a third guide rail and an eighth power mechanism, the third guide rail and the eighth power mechanism are matched with the third sliding part, the gluing module is arranged on the third sliding part, and under the driving of the eighth power mechanism, the third sliding part can drive the gluing module to move along the length direction of the third guide rail, so that the gluing module moves to the position above the area to be processed on the photovoltaic laminating part.
Further, the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism images the bus bar and the junction box clamped by the second clamping jaw respectively to obtain a bus bar image and a junction box image, the bus bar image comprises a first reference point and a second reference point, the junction box image comprises a third reference point and a fourth reference point, and the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism adjusts the position and/or the angle of the junction box to enable the coordinate position of the third reference point in the junction box image to be consistent with the coordinate position of the first reference point in the bus bar image and enable the coordinate position of the fourth reference point in the junction box image to be consistent with the coordinate position of the second reference point in the bus bar image.
Furthermore, the through hole on the junction box is provided with an inclined side wall, so that the bus bar passing through the through hole on the junction box is in an inclined state, and the junction box positioning module further comprises a pressing mechanism which is used for moving downwards to drive the bus bar in the inclined state to rotate towards the direction close to the surface of the photovoltaic laminating piece.
Furthermore, the junction box automatic installation unit further comprises a fourth movement module, the fourth movement module comprises a fourth sliding part, a fourth guide rail and a ninth power mechanism, the fourth guide rail and the ninth power mechanism are matched with the fourth sliding part, the junction box positioning module is arranged on the fourth sliding part, and under the driving of the ninth power mechanism, the fourth sliding part can drive the junction box positioning module to move along the length direction of the fourth guide rail, so that the junction box positioning module moves to the position above the area to be processed on the photovoltaic laminating part.
In another aspect, the present invention provides a control method for an automatic installation device based on the above-mentioned photovoltaic module junction box, including the following steps:
s1, controlling a heating and air-injecting mechanism of a high-temperature cloth tearing module of the bus bar preprocessing unit to inject hot air flow to high-temperature cloth on the photovoltaic laminating piece, and driving a sucking disc of the high-temperature cloth tearing module to adsorb the upper surface of the high-temperature cloth;
s2, driving the sucker to lift, clamping the edge area of the sucked and lifted high-temperature cloth by a first clamping jaw of the high-temperature cloth tearing module, and driving the first clamping jaw to lift until the high-temperature cloth is separated from the photovoltaic laminating piece, so that the end part of a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating piece tilts;
s3, driving a tool shovel of the high-temperature cloth tearing module to extend below the end of a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminated piece, and driving the tool shovel to rise until the bus bar rotates to a vertical state;
s4, conveying the photovoltaic laminate from the bus bar preprocessing unit to a junction box automatic installation unit;
s5, controlling a gluing module of the junction box automatic installation unit to glue a to-be-processed area on the pretreated photovoltaic laminating piece, and controlling an imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism of the junction box automatic installation unit to image a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating piece to obtain a bus bar image;
s6, driving a second clamping jaw of the automatic junction box mounting unit to clamp a junction box to be mounted, controlling the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism to image the junction box to obtain a junction box image, and driving the second clamping jaw to adjust the position and/or angle of the junction box according to the bus bar image and the junction box image;
and S7, aligning the junction box after rectification to the bus bar, and driving the second clamping jaw to drive the junction box to move downwards so that the bus bar passes through the through hole on the junction box, and the junction box is adhered to the area subjected to glue coating treatment.
The invention has the following advantages:
a) through the matching of the heating and air injection mechanism, the sucking disc and the clamping jaws, the tearing difficulty of the high-temperature cloth can be reduced by adopting the operation sequence of firstly heating and then tearing, the high-temperature cloth can be automatically clamped by the clamping jaws, meanwhile, the photovoltaic laminating part can be prevented from being scratched by the clamping jaws, and the tearing efficiency and precision of the high-temperature cloth are further improved on the basis of ensuring the production quality;
b) the novel module can simultaneously realize the functions of tearing off the high-temperature cloth and preprocessing the bus bar, greatly improves the working efficiency and reduces the production cost;
c) the height position relationship between the gluing module and the imaging and deviation correcting mechanism is skillfully set, so that the gluing module and the imaging and deviation correcting mechanism can work simultaneously without mutual influence, and the production period is greatly shortened;
this equipment passes through under the closely supporting of busbar preprocessing unit and terminal box automatic installation unit, has effectively improved the work efficiency and the product yield of terminal box installation line.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a first schematic view of an automatic installation apparatus for a photovoltaic module junction box according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a second schematic view of an automatic installation apparatus for a photovoltaic module junction box according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a third schematic view of an automatic installation apparatus for a photovoltaic module junction box according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a fourth schematic view of an automatic installation apparatus for a photovoltaic module junction box according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a first schematic view of a bus bar preprocessing unit according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 6 is a second schematic view of a bus bar preprocessing unit according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 7 is a third schematic view of a bus bar preprocessing unit according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 8 is a first schematic view of a high temperature cloth tearing module according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a second schematic view of the high temperature cloth tearing module according to the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 10 is a third schematic view of a high temperature cloth tearing module according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a first schematic view of an automatic mounting unit for a junction box according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a second schematic view of an automatic junction box mounting unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a third schematic view of an automatic junction box mounting unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 14 is a first schematic view of a transfer module according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a second schematic view of a transfer module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 16 is a third schematic view of a transfer module according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 17 is a first schematic view of a glue application module according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 18 is a second schematic view of a glue application module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 19 is a first schematic view of a junction box positioning module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 20 is a second schematic view of a junction box positioning module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 21 is a third schematic view of a junction box positioning module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 22 is a first partial schematic view of a junction box positioning module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 23 is a second partial schematic view of a junction box positioning module according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 24 is a third partial schematic view of a junction box positioning module according to an embodiment of the invention.
Wherein the reference numerals include: 1-busbar pretreatment unit, 100-busbar, 11-tearing high-temperature cloth module, 111-heating air injection mechanism, 1111-exhaust pipe, 1112-rotation module, 112-sucker, 113-first buffer mechanism, 114-first clamping jaw, 115-tool shovel, 116-waste box, 121-first sliding piece, 122-first guide rail, 131-correction part, 132-translation mechanism, 133-rotation mechanism, 141-first conveyor belt, 2-junction box automatic installation unit, 200-junction box, 21-transfer module, 211-jig, 2111-positioning column, 2112-light source module, 221-second sliding piece, 222-second guide rail, 23-gluing module, 231-gluing head and 241-third sliding piece, 242-third guide rail, 25-junction box positioning module, 251-second clamping jaw, 2521-imaging module, 253-pressing mechanism, 254-second buffer mechanism, 261-fourth sliding part, 262-fourth guide rail, 271-second conveyor belt, 3-housing, 4-wheel assembly and 5-support assembly.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions of the present invention better understood and more clearly understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the implementations not shown or described in the drawings are in a form known to those of ordinary skill in the art. Additionally, while exemplifications of parameters including particular values may be provided herein, it is to be understood that the parameters need not be exactly equal to the respective values, but may be approximated to the respective values within acceptable error margins or design constraints. It is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely exemplary of a portion of the invention and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. In addition, the terms "comprises" and "comprising," and any variations thereof, in the description and claims of this invention, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, apparatus, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
In one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an automatic mounting apparatus of a junction box of a photovoltaic module, as shown in fig. 1, comprising a housing 3, and inside the housing 3, a bus bar preprocessing unit 1, an automatic junction box mounting unit 2, and a transfer mechanism. The automatic installation equipment is used for preprocessing high-temperature cloth and bus bars 100 of a to-be-processed area of the photovoltaic laminating part and installing a junction box 200 on the preprocessed photovoltaic laminating part, wherein the to-be-processed area is used for tearing off the high-temperature cloth and preprocessing the bus bars 100 and installing the junction box 200.
As shown in fig. 1-4, a wheel assembly 4 for facilitating movement of the automatic mounting device and a support assembly 5 for carrying the automatic mounting device are further provided on the housing 3; the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 is used for tearing off high-temperature cloth on a photovoltaic laminate and preprocessing a bus bar 100 on the photovoltaic laminate, wherein the preprocessing is to rotate the bus bar 100 to be vertical; the conveying mechanism is used for supporting the photovoltaic laminating piece to be treated and conveying the photovoltaic laminating piece to the busbar pretreatment unit 1 and the junction box automatic installation unit 2 in sequence; the junction box automatic installation unit 2 is used for installing the junction box 200 on the photovoltaic laminate subjected to the pretreatment.
Specifically, the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 tears off the high temperature cloth on the photovoltaic lamination piece, and preprocesses the bus bar 100 on the photovoltaic lamination piece, makes it rotate to vertical, and after the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 finishes preprocessing work, the transport mechanism conveys the photovoltaic lamination piece that finishes preprocessing to the junction box automatic installation unit 2 department, the junction box automatic installation unit 2 carries out installation junction box 200 work.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus of a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, as shown in fig. 5 to 7, wherein the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 includes a tearing high temperature cloth module 11 for tearing off a high temperature cloth on a photovoltaic laminate and preprocessing a bus bar 100 on the photovoltaic laminate to rotate it to be vertical. As shown in fig. 8 to 10, the high temperature tearing cloth module 11 includes a heating and air injecting mechanism 111, one or more suction cups 112, the suction pumps and the first power mechanisms corresponding to the suction cups 112 one by one, one or more first clamping jaws 114, the second power mechanisms and the third power mechanisms corresponding to the first clamping jaws 114 one by one, one or more tool shovels 115, and the fourth power mechanisms and the fifth power mechanisms corresponding to the tool shovels 115 one by one.
Wherein, heating jet mechanism 111 is equipped with air pump, heater and with blast pipe 1111 of air pump intercommunication under the air pump effect, blast pipe 1111 is used for spraying the warp the air current after the heater heating. The suction cup 112 can absorb the high temperature cloth under the action of the suction pump; the suction cup 112 can move up and down under the driving of the first power mechanism. Under the driving of the second power mechanism, the first clamping jaw 114 can clamp the high-temperature cloth; the first clamping jaw 114 can move up and down under the driving of the third power mechanism. Under the drive of the fourth power mechanism, the tool shovel 115 can move horizontally, and under the drive of the fifth power mechanism, the tool shovel 115 can move up and down, so that the tool shovel 115 can extend into the lower part of the end part of the tilted bus bar 100 and drive the bus bar 100 to rotate to a vertical state.
Because in the process of preparing the photovoltaic laminating part, in order to prevent the EVA glue from overflowing, high-temperature cloth is required to be adhered on the photovoltaic laminating part, the high-temperature cloth has non-adhesion, if the high-temperature cloth is torn off by directly using a clamping jaw like the prior art, the clamping jaw is necessarily contacted with the surface of the photovoltaic laminating part, the high-temperature cloth can be clamped and torn off, and the problem brought about by the clamping jaw is that the surface of the photovoltaic laminating part is very easy to scratch by the clamping jaw, and the quality of the photovoltaic laminating part is directly influenced. Therefore, in order to solve the defects in the prior art, the hot air jet tearing module 11 provided by the present invention sprays hot air flow to the high temperature cloth region on the photovoltaic laminate by arranging the heating air jet mechanism 111, and uses the suction cup 112 to absorb and lift the high temperature cloth, and then the first clamping jaw 114 clamps the lifted edge region of the high temperature cloth and lifts the high temperature cloth to separate the high temperature cloth from the photovoltaic laminate, so that the arrangement prevents the first clamping jaw 114 from scratching the photovoltaic laminate, and ensures the quality of the photovoltaic laminate. Specifically, in this embodiment, the heating and air-injecting mechanism injects hot air to the high-temperature cloth through the exhaust pipe 1111, and the suction cup 112 descends to a first preset height to contact the upper surface of the high-temperature cloth, and under the action of the air suction pump, the suction cup 112 adsorbs the high-temperature cloth, and then rises to a second preset height, and the first clamping jaw 114 clamps the adsorbed and lifted high-temperature cloth and rises to a third preset height, so that the high-temperature cloth is separated from the photovoltaic laminate and drives the tilting of the end portion of the bus bar 100 on the photovoltaic laminate.
Furthermore, some prior art tear the high temperature cloth earlier through the mode of pressing (being fixed promptly) the busbar, and rethread clamping jaw buckles the busbar, and the drawback of doing so is unanimous with the drawback that tears among the prior art and remove the high temperature cloth and bring, causes to scrape the flower promptly and so on damage to the surface of photovoltaic lamination spare. The high-temperature cloth tearing module 11 provided by the invention does not pre-press the bus bar 100, but utilizes the characteristic that the end part of the bus bar 100 is driven to tilt in the process of tearing off the high-temperature cloth by the first clamping jaw 114, and then the tool shovel 115 extends into the lower part of the end part of the tilted bus bar 100 and drives the bus bar 100 to rotate to a vertical state, so that the tool shovel 115 is prevented from directly contacting the surface of the photovoltaic laminating part, and the quality of the photovoltaic laminating part is further ensured.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein a guide portion (not shown) is provided on a tool blade 115 of a tearing module 11 of a bus bar preprocessing unit 1, and is used for guiding a movement direction of the bus bar 100, so that the bus bar 100 can rotate to a vertical state or a nearly vertical state, and a width of the guide portion may be greater than or equal to a width of the bus bar 100, without limiting a protection scope of the present invention.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein the heating and air-injecting mechanism 111 of the torn high-temperature cloth module 11 of the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a rotating module 1112 and a power mechanism cooperating with the rotating module 1112, as shown in fig. 8 and 10, the rotating module 1112 is connected to the exhaust pipe 1111, and under the driving of the power mechanism cooperating with the rotating module 1112, the rotating module 1112 can rotate the exhaust pipe 1111 to adjust the injection direction of the exhaust pipe 1111, so as to more flexibly align the high-temperature cloth region of the hot air flow to be injected.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein the high temperature tear fabric module 11 of the busbar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a first buffer mechanism 113, as shown in fig. 8, the first buffer mechanism 113 is disposed above the first power mechanism, and the first buffer mechanism 113 is configured to buffer the movement of the suction cup 112.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein the high temperature cloth tearing module 11 of the busbar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a waste material box 116, as shown in fig. 5, the waste material box 116 is used for placing the high temperature cloth torn from the photovoltaic laminate by the first clamping jaw 114, specifically, the action of placing the high temperature cloth in the waste material box 116 by the first clamping jaw 114 may be performed after the high temperature cloth is torn by the first clamping jaw 114, or may be performed after the busbar 100 is driven by the shovel 115 to rotate to be vertical, which does not limit the protection scope of the present invention.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein the busbar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a first moving module, which includes a first slider 121, a first guide rail 122 matched with the first slider 121, and a sixth power mechanism, the torn high-temperature cloth module 11 is disposed on the first slider 121, and under driving of the sixth power mechanism, the first slider 121 can drive the torn high-temperature cloth module 11 to move along a length direction of the first guide rail 122, so that the torn high-temperature cloth module 11 moves to a position above a region to be processed of the photovoltaic laminate.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 5, the first guide rail 122 includes two sub-guide rails respectively disposed on two sides, the first slider 121 is a cross beam erected on the two sub-guide rails, and the high temperature tear fabric module 11 is disposed on the cross beam. Under the drive of the sixth power mechanism, the cross beam can drive the high-temperature cloth tearing module 11 to move to a position above the to-be-processed area of the photovoltaic laminating part along the length direction of the sub-guide rail.
If the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11 cannot move to a position just above the area to be processed of the photovoltaic laminate only through the first moving module, a plurality of moving modules can be further arranged on the cross beam to enable the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11 to move to a position above the area to be processed of the photovoltaic laminate, it is assumed that the length direction of the first guide rail 122 of the first moving module is along the X-axis direction, and for better illustration, the first moving module is referred to as an X-axis moving module, and further explanation is made on the basis that:
in an embodiment of the present invention, the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a Y-axis movement module, which includes a corresponding Y-axis slider, and a Y-axis guide rail and a Y-axis power mechanism cooperating with the Y-axis slider, as shown in fig. 6, the length direction of the Y-axis guide rail is along the Y-axis movement direction, and the Y-axis guide rail is disposed on the first slider 121, i.e., the cross beam, of the first movement module, and the Y-axis slider can reciprocate along the Y-axis guide rail under the driving of the Y-axis power mechanism. By arranging the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11 on the Y-axis sliding part, and under the combined action of the first motion module and the Y-axis motion module, the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11 can move to a position above the to-be-processed area of the photovoltaic laminated part.
If after setting up Y axle motion module, still can't realize tear high temperature cloth module 11 move extremely the regional top position of pending of photovoltaic lamination spare, perhaps can't realize along Y axle motion tear high temperature cloth module 11 normal during operation, can also be in set up Z axle motion module on the Y axle guide rail of Y axle motion module, promptly:
in an embodiment of the present invention, the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a Z-axis movement module, which includes a corresponding Z-axis slider, and a Z-axis guide rail and a Z-axis power mechanism cooperating with the Z-axis slider, wherein, as shown in fig. 7, the length direction of the Z-axis guide rail is along the Z-axis direction, and the Z-axis guide rail is disposed on a Y-axis slider of the Y-axis movement module, and the Z-axis slider can reciprocate along the Z-axis guide rail under the driving of the Z-axis power mechanism. Through will tear high temperature cloth module 11 and set up on the Z axle slider to under the combined action of first motion module, Y axle motion module and Z axle motion module, tear high temperature cloth module 11 and can move to the top position in the regional pending of photovoltaic lamination spare, thereby realize the preliminary treatment work to photovoltaic lamination spare.
In addition, in an embodiment of the present invention, the busbar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a plurality of square tubes, and the plurality of motion modules are disposed on the square tubes, which is beneficial to create a suitable working environment, for example, if the horizontal height of the square tubes is higher, the range of the Z-axis slide of the Y-axis motion module that can move on the Z-axis guide rail is larger.
In one embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus of a photovoltaic module junction box is provided, wherein the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 further comprises an initialization module for positioning the photovoltaic laminate. As shown in fig. 3 and 5, the initialization module includes a correction portion 131 for forming a correction region, a translation mechanism 132 for horizontally moving the photovoltaic laminate, and a rotation mechanism 133 for rotating the photovoltaic laminate, and the photovoltaic laminate can be matched with the correction region under the translation action of the translation mechanism 132 and/or the rotation action of the rotation mechanism 133.
The correction area is specified by taking a conventional photovoltaic laminate as a rectangular plate as an example:
first, the correcting portion 131 may be a plurality of correcting plates (not shown), and the correcting plates are regularly placed in a region for placing the photovoltaic laminate to be pretreated on the bus bar pretreatment unit 1, for example, if the correcting portion 131 is two correcting plates, the two correcting plates may be vertically arranged along the length and width directions of the photovoltaic laminate to be pretreated, and the opposite region formed by the two correcting plates is a correcting region. Then, the photovoltaic laminate to be pretreated is adjusted by the translation mechanism 132 and/or the rotation mechanism 133, so that the two adjacent sides of the photovoltaic laminate to be pretreated are tightly attached to the two correction plates, that is, the photovoltaic laminate to be pretreated is just located in the correction area.
Since the specifications of the photovoltaic laminate are different, when the photovoltaic laminate with different specifications is processed, the thickness problem needs to be considered, and the requirement for lifting the photovoltaic laminate is further generated, in an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein the initialization module of the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 further includes a lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is used for lifting the photovoltaic laminate to be preprocessed, and the lifting mechanism, the translation mechanism 132 and the rotation mechanism 133 adjust the photovoltaic laminate to be preprocessed together, so that the photovoltaic laminate can be matched with the correction area.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, as shown in fig. 11-13, wherein the automatic junction box installation unit 2 includes a gluing module 23 and a junction box positioning module 25.
The gluing module 23 is used for gluing a to-be-processed area on the photovoltaic laminate, and the to-be-processed area is matched with the junction box 200 to be installed; as shown in fig. 19 to 21, the junction box positioning module 25 includes a second clamping jaw 251, an imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism, the second clamping jaw 251 is used for clamping a junction box 200 to be mounted, the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism further includes an imaging module 2521, the imaging module 2521 is used for imaging the bus bar 100 and the junction box 200 clamped by the second clamping jaw 251 respectively, and the position and/or the angle of the junction box 200 is rectified according to the imaging result, so that when the second clamping jaw 251 drives the junction box 200 after deviation rectification to move towards the bus bar 100, the bus bar 100 can pass through the through hole on the junction box 200, and the junction box 200 is adhered to the area subjected to glue coating processing.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, as shown in fig. 17, wherein the gluing module 23 of the automatic junction box installation unit 2 includes a glue head 231 and a power assembly cooperating with the glue head 231, and the glue head 231 can glue an area to be processed of the photovoltaic laminate under the driving of the power assembly.
In this embodiment, the part of the region to be treated where glue is applied may be a region where the entire junction box 200 contacts the photovoltaic laminate, or may be a partial region, as long as it is ensured that the junction box 200 can be normally mounted on the photovoltaic laminate through glue application, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; in addition, in the embodiment, the power assembly cooperating with the rubber head 231 is an air cylinder, which does not limit the protection scope of the present invention.
In addition, according to the invention, by skillfully setting the height position relationship between the gluing module 23 and the junction box positioning module 25, for example, the height of the gluing module 23 is lower than that of the junction box positioning module 25, and the gluing module 23 performs gluing operation on the outer edge area of the bus bar 100 of the lamination (without affecting the imaging module 2521 on the junction box positioning module 25 to image the bus bar 100), the junction box positioning module 25 can also work while the gluing module 23 performs gluing operation on the area to be processed, and the gluing operation and the imaging operation do not affect each other, so that the production period is greatly shortened.
In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 18, the automatic junction box mounting apparatus 2 further includes a third moving module, which includes a third slider 241, a third guide rail 242 cooperating with the third slider 241, and an eighth power mechanism, wherein the gluing module 23 is disposed on the third slider 241, and under the driving of the eighth power mechanism, the third slider 241 can drive the gluing module 23 to move along the length direction of the third guide rail 242, so that the gluing module 23 moves to a position above the region to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic mounting apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, as shown in fig. 19 to 21, wherein an imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism of a junction box positioning module 25 of an automatic junction box mounting unit 2 images a bus bar image and a junction box image respectively on the bus bar 100 and the junction box 200 clamped by the second clamping jaw 251, the bus bar image includes a first reference point and a second reference point, and the junction box image includes a third reference point and a fourth reference point. According to the information of the first reference point, the second reference point, the third reference point and the fourth reference point, the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism controls the second clamping jaw 251 to adjust the position and/or the angle of the junction box 200, so that the coordinate position of the third reference point in the junction box image is consistent with the coordinate position of the first reference point in the bus bar image, and the coordinate position of the fourth reference point in the junction box image is consistent with the coordinate position of the second reference point in the bus bar image, therefore, the second clamping jaw 251 can ensure that the bus bar 100 passes through the through hole on the junction box 200 during the downward moving process, and the junction box 200 is adhered to the gluing area.
It should be noted that, in an embodiment of the present invention, the through hole of the junction box 200 has an inclined sidewall, so that the bus bar 100 passing through the through hole of the junction box 200 is in an inclined state.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, as shown in fig. 22-24, wherein the junction box positioning module 25 of the automatic installation unit 2 of a photovoltaic module further includes a pressing mechanism 253 for moving downward to rotate the bus bar 100 in an inclined state in a direction close to the surface of the photovoltaic laminate.
In addition, in an embodiment of the present invention, the junction box positioning module 25 further includes a second buffering mechanism 254, as shown in fig. 22, wherein the second buffering mechanism 254 is used for buffering the movement of the pressing mechanism 253.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic mounting apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, wherein the automatic mounting unit 2 of a junction box further includes a fourth moving module, which includes a fourth sliding member 261, a fourth guide rail 262 matched with the fourth sliding member 261, and a ninth power mechanism, the junction box positioning module 25 is disposed on the fourth sliding member 261, and under the driving of the ninth power mechanism, the fourth sliding member 261 can drive the junction box positioning module 25 to move along the length direction of the fourth guide rail 262, so that the junction box positioning module 25 moves to a position above an area to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 11, the fourth guide rail 262 includes two sub-guide rails respectively disposed on two sides, the fourth slider 261 is a cross beam disposed on the two sub-guide rails, and the junction box positioning module 25 is disposed on the cross beam. Under the driving of the ninth power mechanism, the cross beam can drive the junction box positioning module 25 to move to the position above the to-be-processed area of the photovoltaic laminating part along the length direction of the sub-guide rail.
If it is only impossible to realize that the junction box positioning module 25 just moves to the position above the to-be-processed region of the photovoltaic laminate by the fourth movement module, a plurality of movement modules may be further disposed on the beam to realize that the junction box positioning module 25 can move to the position above the to-be-processed region of the photovoltaic laminate, and it is assumed that the length direction of the fourth guide rail 262 of the fourth movement module is along the X-axis direction, the junction box automatic installation unit 2 may further include a Y-axis movement module and/or a Z-axis movement module corresponding to the fourth movement module, and the specific setting manner is the same as that of the first movement module used for driving the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11 to move and the Y-axis movement module and/or the Z-axis movement module correspondingly added in the foregoing, and will not be described herein again.
In addition, in an embodiment of the present invention, the automatic junction box installation unit 2 further includes a plurality of square tubes, and the fourth movement module and the Y-axis movement module and the Z-axis movement module corresponding to the fourth movement module are disposed on the square tubes, which is beneficial to creating a suitable working environment for the installation of the junction box 200.
In an embodiment of the present invention, an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module is provided, as shown in fig. 11 and 12, wherein the automatic installation unit 2 of a junction box further includes a transfer module 21 for placing the junction box 200 to be installed. As shown in fig. 14 to 16, the transfer module 21 includes a plurality of jigs 211, each jig 211 is provided with a plurality of positioning posts 2111, the positioning posts 2111 are used for positioning the junction box 200, and the jigs 211 correspond to regions to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate one to one.
In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 11, the automatic junction box mounting unit 2 further includes a second moving module, which includes a second sliding member 221, a second guide rail 222 engaged with the second sliding member 221, and a seventh power mechanism, wherein the relay module 21 is disposed on the second sliding member 221, and under the driving of the seventh power mechanism, the second sliding member 221 can drive the relay module 21 to move along the length direction of the second guide rail 222, so that the relay module 21 moves to a position above a region to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate. By arranging the second moving module, the transfer module 21 transports the junction box 200 to be mounted to a region to be processed, and the second clamping jaw 251 does not need to be additionally driven to move to an external junction box feeding device to load the junction box 200 to be mounted, so that the operation is more convenient.
In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 15, the transfer module 21 of the automatic junction box installation unit further includes a plurality of light source modules 2112, which are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of jigs 211, where the light source modules 2112 are used for performing a light supplementing effect when the imaging module 2521 images the junction box 200 to be installed, which is placed on the jig 211, so that an obtained junction box image is more accurate.
It should be noted that, in an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an automatic installation apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module, the number of the areas to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate is plural, and the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11, the gluing module 23, the junction box positioning module 25, and the jigs 211 on the transfer module 21 are all in one-to-one correspondence with the areas to be processed, so that the rotating mechanism 133 has an effect of turning the photovoltaic laminate to the areas to be processed and in one-to-one correspondence with the tearing high-temperature cloth module 11, and/or the gluing module 23, and/or the junction box positioning module 25, in addition to an effect of rotating the photovoltaic laminate for initialization. For example, in the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, three high temperature cloth tearing modules 11 are arranged on the bus bar preprocessing unit 1, and are arranged side by side along the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism, and there are three areas to be processed arranged side by side on the photovoltaic laminate to be preprocessed, and the rotating mechanism 133 should turn the photovoltaic laminate to be preprocessed until the three areas to be processed are parallel to the three high temperature cloth tearing modules 11.
In an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an automatic mounting apparatus for a junction box of a photovoltaic module, wherein a transfer mechanism includes a first transfer module and a second transfer module, as shown in fig. 4, the first transfer module is disposed on the busbar preprocessing unit 1, and the second transfer module is disposed on the automatic mounting unit 2.
As shown in fig. 5, the first conveying module includes a plurality of first conveying belts 141 and first driving assemblies corresponding to the plurality of first conveying belts 141 one to one; as shown in fig. 11, the second conveying module includes a plurality of second conveying belts 271 and second driving assemblies corresponding to the plurality of second conveying belts 271 in a one-to-one manner. The first driving assembly and the second driving assembly drive the conveyor belts corresponding to the first driving assembly and the second driving assembly to move in the same distance and direction each time.
In this embodiment, the first conveyor belt 141 receives the photovoltaic laminate to be processed, after the bus bar preprocessing unit 1 finishes preprocessing, the first conveyor belt 141 conveys the preprocessed photovoltaic laminate to the second conveyor belt 271, and the junction box automatic installation unit 2 conveys the junction box to the outside through the second conveyor belt 271 after finishing junction box installation for the next process.
Since the conveying process of the conveyor belt may be affected by errors of the mechanical device itself, in an embodiment of the present invention, the automatic junction box installation unit 2 also includes another initialization module having a specific structure consistent with the initialization module provided on the bus bar preprocessing unit 1, which is more advantageous to ensure the installation accuracy of the automatic junction box installation unit 2 on the junction box 200.
In an embodiment of the invention, there is provided a control method of an automatic installation device based on the photovoltaic module junction box, including the following steps:
s1, controlling a heating and air-injecting mechanism of a high-temperature cloth tearing module of the bus bar preprocessing unit to inject hot air flow to high-temperature cloth on the photovoltaic laminating piece, and driving a sucking disc of the high-temperature cloth tearing module to adsorb the upper surface of the high-temperature cloth;
s2, driving the sucker to lift, clamping the edge area of the sucked and lifted high-temperature cloth by a first clamping jaw of the high-temperature cloth tearing module, and driving the first clamping jaw to lift until the high-temperature cloth is separated from the photovoltaic laminating piece, so that the end part of a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating piece tilts;
s3, driving a tool shovel of the high-temperature cloth tearing module to extend below the end of a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminated piece, and driving the tool shovel to rise until the bus bar rotates to a vertical state;
s4, conveying the photovoltaic laminate from the bus bar preprocessing unit to a junction box automatic installation unit;
s5, controlling a gluing module of the junction box automatic installation unit to glue a to-be-processed area on the pretreated photovoltaic laminating piece, and controlling an imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism of the junction box automatic installation unit to image a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating piece to obtain a bus bar image;
s6, driving a second clamping jaw of the automatic junction box mounting unit to clamp a junction box to be mounted, controlling the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism to image the junction box to obtain a junction box image, and driving the second clamping jaw to adjust the position and/or angle of the junction box according to the bus bar image and the junction box image;
and S7, aligning the junction box after rectification to the bus bar, and driving the second clamping jaw to drive the junction box to move downwards so that the bus bar passes through the through hole on the junction box, and the junction box is adhered to the area subjected to glue coating treatment.
The idea of the embodiment of the control method is the same as the working process of the automatic installation device in the above embodiment, and the entire contents of the embodiment of the automatic installation device are incorporated into the embodiment of the control method by full-text reference, which is not described again.
According to the technical scheme provided by the invention, the high-temperature cloth on the photovoltaic laminating part is automatically torn off through the matching of the sucking disc and the clamping jaw, the clamping jaw is prevented from scratching the photovoltaic laminating part, the tearing efficiency and precision are improved, and the production quality is also ensured; the position of the junction box to be mounted is corrected through the imaging and correcting mechanism, so that the through hole in the junction box can be matched with the bus bar on the photovoltaic laminated part, the mounting precision of the junction box is improved, and the product yield is guaranteed; in addition, a brand new module capable of simultaneously realizing two functions of tearing off the high-temperature cloth and preprocessing the bus bar is provided, so that the working efficiency is greatly improved, and the production cost is reduced; moreover, the position relation between the gluing module and the imaging and deviation correcting mechanism is skillfully set, so that the gluing module and the imaging and deviation correcting mechanism can work simultaneously without mutual influence, and the production period is greatly shortened; in conclusion, the automatic installation equipment for the photovoltaic module junction box provided by the invention effectively improves the working efficiency and the product yield of a junction box installation production line.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes that can be directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields using the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (15)

1. The automatic installation equipment of the junction box of the photovoltaic assembly is characterized by being used for preprocessing high-temperature cloth and bus bars of a to-be-processed area of a photovoltaic laminating part and installing the junction box on the photovoltaic laminating part subjected to preprocessing;
the bus bar preprocessing unit comprises a high-temperature cloth tearing module, the high-temperature cloth tearing module comprises a heating and air injection mechanism, a sucker, a first clamping jaw and a tool shovel, the heating and air injection mechanism is used for injecting hot air flow to a high-temperature cloth area on the photovoltaic laminating piece, the sucker is used for adsorbing and lifting the high-temperature cloth, the first clamping jaw is used for clamping the lifted edge area of the high-temperature cloth and lifting the high-temperature cloth to enable the high-temperature cloth to be separated from the photovoltaic laminating piece and drive the end part of the bus bar to be tilted, and the tool shovel is used for extending into the lower part of the tilted end part of the bus bar and driving the bus bar to rotate to a vertical state;
the junction box automatic installation unit comprises a gluing module and a junction box positioning module, wherein the gluing module is used for gluing a to-be-processed area on the photovoltaic laminating part, the to-be-processed area is matched with a junction box to be installed, the junction box positioning module comprises a second clamping jaw and an imaging and deviation correcting mechanism, the second clamping jaw is used for clamping the junction box to be installed, the imaging and deviation correcting mechanism is used for imaging the bus bar and the junction box clamped by the second clamping jaw respectively, and correcting the position and/or angle of the junction box according to an imaging result, so that when the second clamping jaw drives the junction box which finishes deviation correction to move towards the bus bar, the bus bar can penetrate through holes in the junction box, and the junction box is adhered to the area subjected to gluing processing.
2. The automatic installation equipment of the photovoltaic module junction box as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of the suction cups is one or more, the high temperature cloth tearing module further comprises suction pumps and first power mechanisms which are in one-to-one correspondence with the suction cups, and the suction cups can adsorb the high temperature cloth under the action of the suction pumps; the sucker can move up and down under the driving of the first power mechanism.
3. The automatic installation equipment of the photovoltaic module junction box as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of the first clamping jaws is one or more, the high temperature cloth tearing module further comprises a second power mechanism and a third power mechanism which are in one-to-one correspondence with the first clamping jaws, and the first clamping jaws can clamp the high temperature cloth under the driving of the second power mechanism; and the first clamping jaw can move up and down under the driving of the third power mechanism.
4. The automatic installation device of a photovoltaic module junction box according to claim 1, wherein the number of the tool shovels is one or more, the high temperature tearing cloth module further comprises a fourth power mechanism and a fifth power mechanism which are matched with the tool shovels in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the tool shovels can horizontally move under the driving of the fourth power mechanism, and the tool shovels can move up and down under the driving of the fifth power mechanism, so that the tool shovels extend into the lower portion of the end portion of the bus bar.
5. The automatic installation equipment of a photovoltaic module junction box as claimed in claim 1, wherein the busbar preprocessing unit further comprises a first moving module, the first moving module comprises a first sliding part, a first guide rail matched with the first sliding part, and a sixth power mechanism, the high temperature cloth tearing module is arranged on the first sliding part, and the first sliding part can drive the high temperature cloth tearing module to move along the length direction of the first guide rail under the driving of the sixth power mechanism, so that the high temperature cloth tearing module moves to a position above the area to be processed of the photovoltaic lamination part.
6. The automatic installation device of a photovoltaic module junction box according to claim 1, characterized in that said busbar pre-treatment unit further comprises an initialization module for positioning said photovoltaic laminate, said initialization module comprising a correction portion for forming a correction zone, a translation mechanism for horizontally moving said photovoltaic laminate, a rotation mechanism for rotating said photovoltaic laminate, said photovoltaic laminate being able to be matched with said correction zone under the translation action of said translation mechanism and/or the rotation action of said rotation mechanism.
7. The automatic installation equipment of the photovoltaic module junction box in any one of claims 1-6, wherein the number of the areas to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate is multiple, and the tearing high-temperature cloth module, the gluing module and the junction box positioning module are in one-to-one correspondence with the areas to be processed.
8. The automatic installation equipment of a junction box of a photovoltaic module according to claim 1, wherein the automatic installation unit of a junction box further comprises a transfer module for placing the junction box to be installed, the transfer module comprises a plurality of jigs, each jig is provided with a plurality of positioning columns for positioning the junction box, and the jigs correspond to the areas to be processed on the photovoltaic lamination piece one by one.
9. The automatic installation equipment of a photovoltaic module junction box of claim 8, wherein the automatic installation unit further comprises a second motion module, the second motion module comprises a second sliding member, a second guide rail matched with the second sliding member, and a seventh power mechanism, the transfer module is disposed on the second sliding member, and the second sliding member can drive the transfer module to move along the length direction of the second guide rail under the driving of the seventh power mechanism, so that the transfer module moves to a position above the area to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate.
10. The automatic installation equipment of the photovoltaic module junction box is characterized in that the gluing module comprises a gluing head and a power assembly matched with the gluing head, and the gluing head can carry out gluing treatment on the area to be treated of the photovoltaic laminate under the driving of the power assembly.
11. The automatic installation equipment of the photovoltaic module junction box as claimed in claim 1, wherein the automatic installation unit further comprises a third moving module, the third moving module comprises a third sliding member, a third guide rail matched with the third sliding member, and an eighth power mechanism, the gluing module is disposed on the third sliding member, and under the driving of the eighth power mechanism, the third sliding member can drive the gluing module to move along the length direction of the third guide rail, so that the gluing module moves to a position above the area to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate.
12. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the imaging and de-skewing mechanism images the bus bar and the junction box clamped by the second clamping jaw respectively to obtain a bus bar image and a junction box image, the bus bar image comprises a first reference point and a second reference point, the junction box image comprises a third reference point and a fourth reference point, and the imaging and de-skewing mechanism adjusts the position and/or angle of the junction box to make the coordinate position of the third reference point in the junction box image coincide with the coordinate position of the first reference point in the bus bar image and to make the coordinate position of the fourth reference point in the junction box image coincide with the coordinate position of the second reference point in the bus bar image.
13. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the through-hole of the junction box has an inclined sidewall such that the bus bar passing through the through-hole of the junction box is in an inclined state, and the junction box positioning module further comprises a pressing mechanism for moving downward to rotate the bus bar in the inclined state in a direction close to the surface of the photovoltaic laminate.
14. The automatic installation device of the photovoltaic module junction box according to claim 1, wherein the automatic installation unit of the junction box further comprises a fourth motion module, the fourth motion module comprises a fourth slide, a fourth guide rail matched with the fourth slide, and a ninth power mechanism, the junction box positioning module is disposed on the fourth slide, and the fourth slide can drive the junction box positioning module to move along the length direction of the fourth guide rail under the driving of the ninth power mechanism, so that the junction box positioning module moves to a position above the area to be processed on the photovoltaic laminate.
15. A control method of an automatic installation device of a photovoltaic module junction box based on the photovoltaic module junction box of claim 1, which is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, controlling a heating and air-injecting mechanism of a high-temperature cloth tearing module of the bus bar preprocessing unit to inject hot air flow to high-temperature cloth on the photovoltaic laminating piece, and driving a sucking disc of the high-temperature cloth tearing module to adsorb the upper surface of the high-temperature cloth;
s2, driving the sucker to lift, clamping the edge area of the sucked and lifted high-temperature cloth by a first clamping jaw of the high-temperature cloth tearing module, and driving the first clamping jaw to lift until the high-temperature cloth is separated from the photovoltaic laminating piece, so that the end part of a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating piece tilts;
s3, driving a tool shovel of the high-temperature cloth tearing module to extend below the end of a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminated piece, and driving the tool shovel to rise until the bus bar rotates to a vertical state;
s4, conveying the photovoltaic laminate from the bus bar preprocessing unit to a junction box automatic installation unit;
s5, controlling a gluing module of the junction box automatic installation unit to glue a to-be-processed area on the pretreated photovoltaic laminating piece, and controlling an imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism of the junction box automatic installation unit to image a bus bar on the photovoltaic laminating piece to obtain a bus bar image;
s6, driving a second clamping jaw of the automatic junction box mounting unit to clamp a junction box to be mounted, controlling the imaging and deviation rectifying mechanism to image the junction box to obtain a junction box image, and driving the second clamping jaw to adjust the position and/or angle of the junction box according to the bus bar image and the junction box image;
and S7, aligning the junction box after rectification to the bus bar, and driving the second clamping jaw to drive the junction box to move downwards so that the bus bar passes through the through hole on the junction box, and the junction box is adhered to the area subjected to glue coating treatment.
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