CN113079843A - Pruning device for dwarfing close-planting pear trees and implementation method thereof - Google Patents

Pruning device for dwarfing close-planting pear trees and implementation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113079843A
CN113079843A CN202110494045.9A CN202110494045A CN113079843A CN 113079843 A CN113079843 A CN 113079843A CN 202110494045 A CN202110494045 A CN 202110494045A CN 113079843 A CN113079843 A CN 113079843A
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China
Prior art keywords
pruning
rotating shaft
box
motor
sliding sleeve
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CN202110494045.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张俊荣
张进
徐艳蓉
李硕
陈建霖
张霖
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Jiangsu Aohong Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Aohong Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110494045.9A priority Critical patent/CN113079843A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G3/00Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees
    • A01G3/02Secateurs; Flower or fruit shears
    • A01G3/025Secateurs; Flower or fruit shears having elongated or extended handles
    • A01G3/0255Tree pruners, i.e. pruning shears carried at the end of a pole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G3/00Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Ecology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Harvester Elements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of pruning of dwarf close-planted pears, in particular to a pruning device for dwarf close-planted pears and an implementation method thereof; the invention drives the rotating shaft to rotate through rotating the handle, drives the pruning component to move leftwards, and the device is provided with a first motor and a second motor, under the matching of the first motor, the second rotating shaft, the second smooth rod and the second sliding sleeve, the pruning mechanism can be roughly adjusted to rise to the position of the pruning height according to the difference of the pruning heights of the pear trees, and then the pruning mechanism can accurately reach the position of the pear tree pruning by controlling the extension of the hydraulic rod, so that the effect of pruning the branches and leaves of the pear trees is realized, the collection box can be arranged to collect the branches and leaves falling during pruning, the safety of pruning personnel is prevented from being threatened by the falling branches and leaves, meanwhile, the problem that the branches and leaves need to be collected again after the workers prune the pear trees is avoided, the labor burden of the pruning workers is reduced, the working efficiency of pruning the branches and leaves is improved, meanwhile, the stability of the device is improved by the matching of the sliding block and the sliding rail and the matching of the roller and the limiting groove.

Description

Pruning device for dwarfing close-planting pear trees and implementation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of pruning of dwarf close-planted pears, in particular to a pruning device for dwarf close-planted pears and an implementation method thereof.
Background
The pear trees are perennial deciduous fruit trees and arbors of the genus Pyri of the family Rosaceae and are widely distributed all over the world. The cultivation area and yield of Chinese pears are second to that of apples only. The Anhui province and Hebei provinces are concentrated growing areas of Chinese pears, the cultivation area accounts for about half of the growing area, the yield accounts for 80%, and the annual yield of the Dangshan county of the Anhui province accounts for 1/3% of China.
The pear fruit is edible and has high nutritive and medicinal value. The trunk has smooth bark in the sapling stage, and the bark becomes thick, longitudinally cracked or peeled off after the age of the trunk is increased. The tender branches have no hair or have fuzz, and then fall off.
The dwarf close planting cultivation of the pear trees has the obvious characteristics of early production, good quality, high yield and good benefit; in recent years, with the introduction of new varieties and the popularization of new technologies, the dwarfing close planting cultivation technology of pear trees is more and more popular with pear growers, and in order to enable the dwarfing close planting pear trees to grow better and improve the yield of the pear trees, branches and leaves of the dwarfing close planting pear trees need to be reasonably and appropriately trimmed.
At present, some current be used for dwarfing close planting pear tree trimming means, there is following problem, can't correspond according to the difference in height that dwarfing close planting pear tree pruned the position, adjust trimming means, can not collect the pear branch and leaf after the pruning, lead to the branch after the pruning to drop easily and injure the staff by a crashing object, security when staff prunes the branch can not be ensured, branch and leaf after the pruning scatters one place, the staff still need collect once more after the pruning, staff's operating time has not only been wasted, trimming staff's work burden has still been increased.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides a pruning device for dwarfing close-planted pear trees and an implementation method thereof.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
a pruning device for dwarf and close planting of pear trees comprises a base, wherein a transverse through groove is formed in the middle of the upper end of the base, a section of sliding rail is arranged at the bottom end inside the base, and a first rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the left end and the right end inside the base;
the right end of the first rotating shaft extends out of the base and is connected with a rotating ring, a section of thread is arranged on the first rotating shaft, the thread is connected with a first sliding sleeve in a threaded mode, the lower end of the first sliding sleeve is connected with a sliding block, the sliding block is connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode, and the upper end of the first sliding sleeve is connected with a lifting assembly.
Preferably, the lifting assembly comprises a first motor, the first motor is upwards connected with a second rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft upwards extends out and is matched with the through groove, the second rotating shaft upwards penetrates through the fixing block, a section of thread is arranged on the second rotating shaft, and the top end of the second rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the top plate; the bottom end of the fixed block is provided with 4 rollers, and the right side of the upper end of the fixed block is connected with a smooth rod; the top end of the smooth sliding rod is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the top plate, a second sliding sleeve is sleeved on the smooth sliding rod and is in threaded connection with the second rotating shaft, and the left end of the second sliding sleeve is connected with an adjustable trimming mechanism.
Preferably, the adjustable trimming mechanism comprises a hydraulic rod, the right end of the hydraulic rod is connected with the sliding sleeve II, the left end of the hydraulic rod is connected with the motor box, a second motor is installed inside the motor box, and the left end of the second motor is connected with a rotating shaft III; the rotating shaft extends out of the motor box from the left direction in a three-way manner and also extends into the working box, and is connected with a first type bevel gear which is meshed with a second type bevel gear which is arranged on a fourth rotating shaft; the upper end and the lower end of the rotating shaft IV are rotationally connected with the inner walls of the upper end and the lower end of the working box, two sections of threads in opposite directions are symmetrically arranged on the upper end and the lower end of the rotating shaft IV, and a sliding sleeve III is correspondingly screwed at the thread positions; the third sliding sleeve extends leftwards and is matched with the through hole, and the three sliding sleeves are symmetrically hinged with two pruning shears which are movably connected through a pin shaft; the through holes are arranged at the left end of the working box in an up-and-down symmetrical manner.
Preferably, baffles are symmetrically arranged in the working box, a protection bin is formed between the baffles, a first-class bevel gear and a second-class bevel gear are arranged in the protection bin, and the rotating shaft four penetrates through the two baffles.
Preferably, the bottom ends of the working tanks are symmetrically provided with fixed blocks, the fixed blocks are fixedly connected with the recovery tank through bolts, and the upper end of the recovery tank is provided with an opening.
Preferably, the interior symmetrical connection in both ends bottom has the torsional spring about the collection box, and the torsional spring all is connected with the baffle, and the baffle is total two, and two baffles seal the port under the collection box, and the baffle bottom all is connected with the stay cord, and the stay cord all is connected with the pull ring.
Preferably, the upper end of the base is symmetrically provided with transverse limiting grooves in the front and back directions, the limiting grooves are located on the front side and the back side of the through groove, and the limiting grooves are matched with the rollers.
Preferably, the base bottom is connected with the universal wheel, and the quantity of universal wheel is 4, all installs the brake block on the universal wheel.
A pruning device for dwarf and close-planting pear trees and an implementation method thereof comprise the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the pruning personnel firstly push the pruning device to the working place, and correspondingly control or adjust each component to work according to the position of the dwarf and close-planted pear tree to be pruned;
step two: firstly, rotating the rotating ring to enable the first rotating shaft to rotate to drive the first sliding sleeve to move leftwards, sliding the sliding block to slide leftwards in the sliding rail, and moving the lifting assembly and the adjustable trimming mechanism to a proper position leftwards;
step three: the first motor is controlled to work, the first motor rotates forwards and backwards to drive the second rotating shaft to rotate forwards and backwards, the second sliding sleeve moves up and down at the thread of the second rotating shaft, and the adjustable trimming mechanism is roughly adjusted to a trimming position;
step four: controlling the hydraulic rod to extend according to the requirement, so that the adjustable pruning mechanism can be further accurately adjusted to the position where the dwarf close-planted pear trees need to be pruned;
step five: the rotation of the second motor is controlled, the rotating shaft III rotates to drive the first-class bevel gear, the second-class bevel gear and the rotating shaft IV to rotate, the two sliding sleeves III move relatively on the rotating shaft IV, and the two sliding sleeves III drive the two pruning knives to prune the position where the dwarf and densely planted pear trees are pruned;
step six: the pruned and fallen pear branches and leaves can fall into a recovery box, the treatment modes are 2, when the recovery box is full of branches and leaves, a bolt is screwed off, and the pear branches and leaves in the recovery box are treated in a centralized manner; when the branches and leaves in the recycling bin are full, the pull ring is held to pull the pull rope downwards, the two partition plates are separated, the pruned branches and leaves in the recycling bin drop off, and the processing bin is placed at the lower end of the recycling bin.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the pruning device for the dwarf close-planted pear trees drives the rotating shaft I to rotate through the rotating handle, the pruning component is driven to move leftwards, the pruning mechanism is roughly adjusted to rise to the pruning height position according to the difference of the pruning heights of the pear trees through the first motor and the second motor which are arranged on the pruning device under the matching of the first motor, the rotating shaft II, the smooth rod and the sliding sleeve II, the pruning position of the pear trees is accurately reached through controlling the extension of the hydraulic rod, the second motor further drives the pruning knife to realize the effect of pruning the branches of the pear trees, the branches and leaves which are pruned can be collected through the arranged recycling box, the branches and leaves are prevented from falling off to threaten the safety of pruning personnel, meanwhile, the process that the working personnel need to collect the branches and leaves again after pruning the pear trees is avoided, the labor burden of the pruning personnel is reduced, and the working efficiency of pruning the branches and leaves is improved, meanwhile, the matching of the sliding block and the sliding rail and the matching of the roller and the limiting groove are utilized, so that the trimming device is more stable during trimming operation, and the stability of the trimming device is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a corresponding base according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of the adjustable trimming mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a third embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a top view of a third corresponding base according to the present invention;
in the figure: 1-base, 101-universal wheel, 102-brake block, 103-through groove, 104-slide rail, 105-limit groove, 2-rotating shaft I, 201-rotating ring, 3-sliding sleeve I, 301-slide block, 4-first motor, 5-fixed block, 501-roller, 6-rotating shaft II, 7-smooth rod, 8-top plate, 9-sliding sleeve II, 10-hydraulic rod, 11-motor box, 12-second motor, 13-rotating shaft III, 14-working box, 141-through hole, 142-fixed block, 143-baffle, 15-rotating shaft IV, 16-second type bevel gear, 17-first type bevel gear, 18-sliding sleeve III, 19-trimmer, 20-bolt, 21-recovery box, 22-torsion spring, 23-partition plate, 24-pull rope and 25-pull ring.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments of the present invention without any inventive step, are within the scope of the present invention.
Example 1
A pruning device for dwarf and close planting of pear trees comprises a base 1, wherein a transverse through groove 103 is formed in the middle of the upper end of the base 1, a section of sliding rail 104 is arranged at the bottom end inside the base 1, and a first rotating shaft 2 is rotatably connected to the left end and the right end inside the base 1;
the right end of the first rotating shaft 2 extends out of the base 1 and is connected with the rotating ring 201, a section of thread is arranged on the first rotating shaft 2, the thread is connected with a first sliding sleeve 3 in a threaded mode, the lower end of the first sliding sleeve 3 is connected with a sliding block 301, the sliding block 301 is connected with the sliding rail 104 in a sliding mode, and the upper end of the first sliding sleeve 3 is connected with a lifting assembly.
The lifting assembly comprises a first motor 4, the first motor 4 is upwards connected with a second rotating shaft 6, the second rotating shaft 6 upwards extends out and is matched with the through groove 103, the second rotating shaft 6 upwards penetrates through the fixing block 5, a section of thread is arranged on the second rotating shaft 6, and the top end of the second rotating shaft 6 is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the top plate 8; the bottom end of the fixed block 5 is provided with 4 rollers 501, and the right side of the upper end of the fixed block 5 is connected with a smooth rod 7; smooth 7 tops of pole and 8 bottom rigid couplings of roof, the smooth pole 7 is gone up to cup joint two sliding sleeves 9, two sliding sleeves 9 and two 6 screw thread departments spiro union of pivot, and two 9 left ends of sliding sleeves are connected with adjustable trimming mechanism, and height position difference is pruned according to the pear tree is convenient for correspond and is adjusted trimming mechanism's height.
The adjustable trimming mechanism comprises a hydraulic rod 10, the right end of the hydraulic rod 10 is connected with a second sliding sleeve 9, the left end of the hydraulic rod is connected with a motor box 11, a second motor 12 is installed inside the motor box 11, and the left end of the second motor 12 is connected with a third rotating shaft 13; the third rotating shaft 13 extends out of the motor box 11 leftwards and also extends into the working box 14 and is connected with a first bevel gear 17, the first bevel gear 17 is meshed with a second bevel gear 16, and the second bevel gear 16 is arranged on the fourth rotating shaft 15; the upper end and the lower end of the rotating shaft IV 15 are rotationally connected with the inner walls of the upper end and the lower end of the working box 14, two sections of threads with opposite directions are symmetrically arranged on the upper end and the lower end of the rotating shaft IV 15, and a sliding sleeve III 18 is correspondingly screwed at the thread; the third sliding sleeve 18 extends leftwards and is matched with the through hole 141, and the pruning shears 19 are symmetrically hinged, the number of the pruning shears 19 is two, and the two pruning shears 19 are movably connected through a pin shaft; the through holes 141 are symmetrically arranged at the left end of the working box 14 up and down, and control the second motor 12 to work, the third rotating shaft 13 rotates to drive the first-class bevel gear 17, the second-class bevel gear 16 and the fourth rotating shaft 15 to rotate, so that the two pruning knives 19 can be adjusted conveniently to prune branches of pear trees with different thicknesses.
The working box 14 is internally and symmetrically connected with the baffles 143, a protection bin is formed between the baffles 143, a first-class bevel gear 17 and a second-class bevel gear 16 are arranged in the protection bin, and the rotating shaft four 15 penetrates through the two baffles 143, so that the first-class bevel gear 17 and the second-class bevel gear 16 are protected conveniently, and the normal work is prevented from being blocked.
The fixed blocks 142 are symmetrically installed at the bottom end of the working box 14, the fixed blocks 142 are fixedly connected with the recycling box 21 through bolts 20, and the upper end of the recycling box 21 is provided with an opening, so that the trimmed branches and leaves can be conveniently collected in a centralized manner, and the subsequent treatment is facilitated.
The bottom end of the base 1 is connected with universal wheels 101, the number of the universal wheels 101 is 4, brake pads 102 are mounted on the universal wheels 101, and trimming personnel can freely move or fix the trimming device conveniently.
This dwarfing close-planting pear tree trimming means's working method:
the pruning personnel stir the brake block 102 of universal wheel 101, push the trimming means to the workplace, press the brake block 102 of universal wheel 101 again, fix the trimming means at the workplace, and the trimming personnel corresponds control or adjusts each subassembly and carries out work according to the position that dwarfing closely planted pear tree needs to be pruned.
The staff rotates swivel 201 for pivot 2 rotates, further drives sliding sleeve 3 and moves left, and slider 301 slides to left in slide rail 104, and gyro wheel 501 of fixed block 5 lower extreme slides in base 1 upper end, and slider 301 and the cooperation of slide rail 104 and gyro wheel 501 and base 1 play the stable effect of direction to trimming means, and sliding sleeve 3 drives lifting unit and adjustable trimming means and moves to suitable position left.
The first motor 4 is controlled to work, the first motor 4 rotates positively and negatively to drive the rotating shaft two 6 to rotate positively and reversely, the sliding sleeve two 9 moves up and down at the thread of the rotating shaft two 6, the adjustable trimming mechanism is roughly adjusted to the position where the dwarf close-planted pear trees need to be trimmed according to the difference of the heights of the dwarf close-planted pear trees and the difference of trimming positions, and then the adjustable trimming mechanism is further extended through the control hydraulic rod 10, so that the adjustable trimming mechanism is further and accurately adjusted to the position where the dwarf close-planted pear trees need to be trimmed.
The worker controls the second motor 12 to rotate, the third rotating shaft 13 rotates to drive the first-class bevel gear 17, the second-class bevel gear 16 and the fourth rotating shaft 15 to rotate, the two third sliding sleeves 18 move relatively on the fourth rotating shaft 15, the two third sliding sleeves 18 are close to each other, and the two third sliding sleeves 18 drive the two pruning knives 19 to prune the pruning positions of the dwarf and densely planted pear trees.
The branches and leaves of the pear tree pruned by the two pruning knives 19 can fall into the recycling box 21, when the recycling box 21 is full of branches and leaves, the bolt 20 is screwed off, the recycling box 21 is taken down, and the pruning personnel can perform centralized processing on the branches and leaves of the pear tree in the recycling box 21.
Example 2
Symmetrical connection has torsional spring 22 in the both ends bottom about collection box 21, torsional spring 22 all is connected with baffle 23, baffle 23 is total two, and two baffles 23 seal the port under collection box 21, and baffle 23 bottom all is connected with stay cord 24, and stay cord 24 all is connected with pull ring 25, holds pull ring 25 pulling stay cord 24 for two baffles 23 part, avoid twisting bolt 20 and just can handle the branch and leaf in the collection box 21, improve the work efficiency that branch and leaf was retrieved.
The procedure of example 1 was followed except that: the branch and leaf in the recovery box 21 are treated in different ways; when the branch and leaf is full in collection box 21, the pull ring 25 is held to the clipping personnel and pull rope 24 is pulled downwards, two baffles 23 of 24 pulling of pull rope move downwards, two baffles 23 will part, and then the clipping branch and leaf of collecting in collection box 21 will drop, place special recovery processing case can at collection box 21 lower extreme, be convenient for the staff follow-up correspond the processing to the pear branch and leaf after the clipping, the clipping personnel loosens pull ring 25, because torsional spring 22's reset action, two baffles 23 can be closed again together, again with the port closure under collection box 21, collection box 21 continues to collect the branch and leaf of pruning whereabouts, avoid twisting bolt 20 and just can handle the branch and leaf in collection box 21, improve the work efficiency that branch and leaf was retrieved.
Example 3
The upper end of the base 1 is symmetrically provided with transverse limiting grooves 105 in the front and back directions, the limiting grooves 105 are located on the front side and the back side of the through groove 103, the limiting grooves 105 are matched with the roller 501, and the limiting grooves 105 guide the roller 501 in a limiting mode.
The same effect as in example 2, the only difference being: utilize gyro wheel 501 and spacing groove 105 to mutually support for gyro wheel 501 removes at spacing groove 105, and then plays the guide effect, plays stable gyro wheel 501's effect simultaneously, also plays certain positive role to trimming means's stability simultaneously, makes trimming means more stable in the course of the work.
The motor, universal wheel, the torsional spring that this patent adopted are the market, and its structure and control mode are prior art, no longer describe in the description.
The above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a be used for dwarfing close planting pear tree trimming means, includes base (1), its characterized in that: a transverse through groove (103) is formed in the middle of the upper end of the base (1), a section of sliding rail (104) is arranged at the bottom end inside the base (1), and a first rotating shaft (2) is rotatably connected to the left end and the right end inside the base (1);
the base (1) is stretched out to pivot (2) right-hand member to be connected with swivel (201), be provided with one section screw thread on pivot (2), its screw thread department corresponds spiro union and has sliding sleeve (3), sliding sleeve (3) lower extreme is connected with slider (301), and sliding connection between slider (301) and slide rail (104), and sliding sleeve (3) upper end is connected with lifting unit.
2. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting assembly comprises a first motor (4), a second rotating shaft (6) is upwards connected to the first motor (4), the second rotating shaft (6) upwards extends out and is matched with the through groove (103), the second rotating shaft (6) upwards penetrates through the fixing block (5), a section of thread is arranged on the second rotating shaft (6), and the top end of the second rotating shaft (6) is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the top plate (8); the bottom end of the fixed block (5) is provided with 4 rollers (501), and the right side of the upper end of the fixed block (5) is connected with a smooth rod (7); the top end of the smooth sliding rod (7) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the top plate (8), a second sliding sleeve (9) is sleeved on the smooth sliding rod (7), the second sliding sleeve (9) is in threaded connection with the second rotating shaft (6), and the left end of the second sliding sleeve (9) is connected with an adjustable trimming mechanism.
3. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 2, wherein: the adjustable trimming mechanism comprises a hydraulic rod (10), the right end of the hydraulic rod (10) is connected with the second sliding sleeve (9), the left end of the hydraulic rod is connected with a motor box (11), a second motor (12) is installed inside the motor box (11), and the left end of the second motor (12) is connected with a third rotating shaft (13); the third rotating shaft (13) extends out of the motor box (11) leftwards and also extends into the working box (14) and is connected with a first-class bevel gear (17), the first-class bevel gear (17) is meshed with a second-class bevel gear (16), and the second-class bevel gear (16) is arranged on the fourth rotating shaft (15); the upper end and the lower end of the rotating shaft IV (15) are rotationally connected with the inner walls of the upper end and the lower end of the working box (14), two sections of threads in opposite directions are symmetrically arranged on the upper end and the lower end of the rotating shaft IV (15), and the thread part is correspondingly screwed with a sliding sleeve III (18); the third sliding sleeve (18) extends leftwards and is matched with the through hole (141), and the three sliding sleeves are symmetrically hinged with two pruning shears (19), and the two pruning shears (19) are movably connected through a pin shaft; the through holes (141) are arranged at the left end of the working box (14) in an up-and-down symmetrical manner.
4. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 3, wherein: baffles (143) are symmetrically arranged inside the working box (14), a protection bin is formed between the baffles (143), a first-class bevel gear (17) and a second-class bevel gear (16) are arranged in the protection bin, and a rotating shaft four (15) penetrates through the two baffles (143).
5. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 4, wherein: the bottom end of the working box (14) is symmetrically provided with fixing blocks (142), the fixing blocks (142) are fixedly connected with the recovery box (21) through bolts (20), and the upper end of the recovery box (21) is provided with an opening.
6. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 5, wherein: symmetrical connection has torsional spring (22) in both ends bottom about collection box (21), torsional spring (22) all are connected with baffle (23), baffle (23) are total two, and two baffle (23) seal collection box (21) lower port, and baffle (23) bottom all is connected with stay cord (24), and stay cord (24) all are connected with pull ring (25).
7. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the base (1) is symmetrically provided with transverse limiting grooves (105) in the front and back directions, the limiting grooves (105) are located on the front side and the back side of the through groove (103), and the limiting grooves (105) are matched with the rollers (501) mutually.
8. The pruning device for dwarf close-planted pear trees according to claim 1, wherein: the base (1) bottom is connected with universal wheel (101), the quantity of universal wheel (101) is 4, all installs brake block (102) on universal wheel (101).
9. A pruning device for dwarf and close-planting pear trees and an implementation method thereof are characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the pruning personnel firstly push the pruning device to the working place, and correspondingly control or adjust each component to work according to the position of the dwarf and close-planted pear tree to be pruned;
step two: firstly, rotating the rotating ring (201) to enable the rotating shaft I (2) to rotate to drive the sliding sleeve I (3) to move leftwards, and enabling the sliding block (301) to slide leftwards in the sliding rail (104) to move the lifting assembly and the adjustable trimming mechanism leftwards to proper positions;
step three: then the first motor (4) is controlled to work, the first motor (4) rotates forwards and backwards to drive the second rotating shaft (6) to rotate forwards and backwards, the second sliding sleeve (9) moves up and down at the thread of the second rotating shaft (6), and the adjustable trimming mechanism is roughly adjusted to a trimming position;
step four: the hydraulic rod (10) is controlled to extend as required, so that the adjustable pruning mechanism can be further accurately adjusted to the position where the dwarf and close-planted pear trees need to be pruned;
step five: by controlling the second motor (12) to rotate, the rotating shaft III (13) rotates to drive the first-class bevel gear (17), the second-class bevel gear (16) and the rotating shaft IV (15) to rotate, the two sliding sleeves III (18) move relatively on the rotating shaft IV (15), and the two sliding sleeves III (18) drive the two pruning knives (19) to prune the pruning positions of the dwarf and dense-planted pear trees;
step six: the pruned and fallen pear branches and leaves can fall into the recycling box (21), the treatment modes are 2, firstly, when the recycling box (21) is full of branches and leaves, the bolt (20) is unscrewed, and the pear branches and leaves in the recycling box (21) are treated in a centralized manner; when the branches and leaves in the recycling box (21) are full, the pull ring (25) is held to pull the pull rope (24) downwards, the two partition plates (23) are separated, the pruned branches and leaves in the recycling box (21) fall off, and the treatment box is placed at the lower end of the recycling box (21).
CN202110494045.9A 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Pruning device for dwarfing close-planting pear trees and implementation method thereof Pending CN113079843A (en)

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CN202110494045.9A CN113079843A (en) 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Pruning device for dwarfing close-planting pear trees and implementation method thereof

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CN202110494045.9A CN113079843A (en) 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Pruning device for dwarfing close-planting pear trees and implementation method thereof

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114080889A (en) * 2021-11-17 2022-02-25 东北农业大学 Rice leaf age index management digital diagnosis unmanned vehicle
CN114223420A (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-03-25 国网河南省电力公司鹤壁供电公司 Tree high branch pruning device
CN115211295A (en) * 2022-08-02 2022-10-21 舟山市定海区农业技术推广中心(舟山市定海区农产品推广中心、舟山市定海区农业教育培训中心) Multi-stage control multifunctional pruning device for branches and leaves of waxberries and operation method thereof
CN116158274A (en) * 2022-12-25 2023-05-26 东珠生态环保股份有限公司 Rail type green belt trimming and maintaining device and working method thereof

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CN209806522U (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-12-20 时海香 Forestry pruning device
CN111955202A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-11-20 广州睿喑科技有限公司 Adjustable branch cutter that agricultural afforestation used
CN112616477A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-04-09 安徽泓森高科林业股份有限公司 Elm is planted and is used trimming means

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CN108033411A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-15 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of lifting gear for pruning fruit tree
CN108142133A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-06-12 黎花英 A kind of automatic clipping device of garden seedling tree
CN108990585A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-14 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 Trimmer is used in a kind of plantation of pear tree
CN109220294A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-18 六安市叶集区绿叶果木种植专业合作社 Clipping device is used in a kind of multi-functional yellow peach plantation
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CN111955202A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-11-20 广州睿喑科技有限公司 Adjustable branch cutter that agricultural afforestation used
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114080889A (en) * 2021-11-17 2022-02-25 东北农业大学 Rice leaf age index management digital diagnosis unmanned vehicle
CN114223420A (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-03-25 国网河南省电力公司鹤壁供电公司 Tree high branch pruning device
CN115211295A (en) * 2022-08-02 2022-10-21 舟山市定海区农业技术推广中心(舟山市定海区农产品推广中心、舟山市定海区农业教育培训中心) Multi-stage control multifunctional pruning device for branches and leaves of waxberries and operation method thereof
CN116158274A (en) * 2022-12-25 2023-05-26 东珠生态环保股份有限公司 Rail type green belt trimming and maintaining device and working method thereof

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Application publication date: 20210709