CN112828364A - Boring and milling device with self-cleaning function - Google Patents

Boring and milling device with self-cleaning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112828364A
CN112828364A CN202011598137.3A CN202011598137A CN112828364A CN 112828364 A CN112828364 A CN 112828364A CN 202011598137 A CN202011598137 A CN 202011598137A CN 112828364 A CN112828364 A CN 112828364A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
groove
boring
milling
motor
cleaning function
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011598137.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘伟
田志强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bengbu Furuida Machine Tool Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
Original Assignee
Bengbu Furuida Machine Tool Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bengbu Furuida Machine Tool Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd filed Critical Bengbu Furuida Machine Tool Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority to CN202011598137.3A priority Critical patent/CN112828364A/en
Publication of CN112828364A publication Critical patent/CN112828364A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • B23C3/28Grooving workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/08Protective coverings for parts of machine tools; Splash guards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/10Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work

Abstract

The invention discloses a boring and milling device with an automatic cleaning function, which comprises a workbench, wherein a water tank is arranged at the right end of the workbench; the middle part of the vertical plate is provided with a lifting groove; the device comprises a suspension beam, wherein a feeding device is arranged above the suspension beam, an installation table is fixedly installed at the bottom of the feeding device, a boring and milling box is fixedly installed at the bottom of the installation table, a feeding groove is formed in the boring and milling box, a ram is slidably installed in the feeding groove, a third motor is fixedly installed at the bottom of the feeding groove, a third lead screw is fixedly installed at the output end of the third motor, the third lead screw is in threaded connection with the ram, a fourth motor is fixedly installed above the ram, a boring rod is fixedly installed at the output shaft of the fourth motor, and a milling head is fixedly installed at the lower end of the boring rod through the ram; the invention relates to the technical field of boring and milling, and can spray cutting fluid to the outer side of a milling head while cleaning waste chips in a milling groove, so that the service life of the milling head is prolonged.

Description

Boring and milling device with self-cleaning function
The technical field is as follows:
the invention relates to the technical field of boring and milling processing, in particular to a boring and milling device with an automatic cleaning function.
Background art:
the milling machine mainly refers to a machine tool for processing various surfaces of a workpiece by using a milling cutter. Typically the milling cutter is moved primarily in a rotary motion and the movement of the workpiece and the milling cutter is a feed motion. It can be used for processing plane, groove, various curved surfaces and gears.
The boring machine is a machine tool which mainly uses a boring cutter to bore the existing prefabricated holes of workpieces. Typically, the boring tool rotation is the primary motion and the boring tool or workpiece movement is the feed motion. It is mainly used for machining high-precision holes or finishing multiple holes by one-time positioning, and can also be used for machining other machining surfaces related to hole finishing.
The boring and milling machine is a processing tool commonly used in the processing industry, and combines two functions of a boring machine and a milling machine into a whole, so that the processing efficiency is higher, the precision is better, and the product quality and the labor efficiency are greatly improved.
The current boring and milling machine can produce a large amount of sweeps when carrying out the milling flutes to the work piece, cause the influence to the processing environment, mill the in-process simultaneously and produce a large amount of heats, the damage speed of milling cutter has been accelerated, cause the influence to the machining precision of work piece simultaneously, traditional boring and milling machine adopts artifical jet-milling cutting fluid to milling cutter and work piece contact site in the course of working, although partial boring and milling machine is equipped with cutting fluid spraying device, but the jet angle can not follow milling cutter position control, certain limitation has.
The invention content is as follows:
in view of the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a boring and milling device with an automatic cleaning function.
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is realized by adopting the following technical scheme: a boring and milling device with automatic cleaning function comprises
The device comprises a workbench, wherein a water tank is arranged at the right end of the workbench, mounting grooves are formed in the left side and the right side of the water tank, a filter screen is arranged in the mounting grooves in a sliding manner, a plurality of groups of idler wheels are fixedly mounted at the bottoms and the side surfaces of the two ends of the filter screen, a pressure spring is fixedly mounted at the rear end of the right side of the upper surface of the filter screen, a limiting ball is fixedly mounted at the top of the pressure spring, an arc-shaped groove is formed in the upper side of the rear end of the mounting groove at the right side, the limiting ball is movably clamped with the arc-shaped groove, a dismounting groove is formed in;
a vertical plate, wherein the middle part of the vertical plate is provided with a lifting groove, one side of the lifting groove close to the suspension beam is provided with a limit groove,
the suspension beam is connected with the limiting groove in a sliding mode, a fixed pulley is fixedly mounted on the left side of the bottom of the suspension beam, lifting plates are fixedly mounted at two ends of the suspension beam and are connected with the lifting groove in a sliding mode, a first lead screw is connected to the middle of each lifting plate in a threaded mode, and the upper end of each first lead screw is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a first motor;
a feeding device is arranged above the suspension beam, an installation table is fixedly installed at the bottom of the feeding device, a boring and milling box is fixedly installed at the bottom of the installation table, a feeding groove is formed in the boring and milling box, a ram is slidably installed in the feeding groove, a third motor is fixedly installed at the bottom of the feeding groove, a third lead screw is fixedly installed at the output end of the third motor, the third lead screw is in threaded connection with the ram, a fourth motor is fixedly installed above the ram, a boring rod is fixedly installed at the output shaft of the fourth motor, bearings are arranged at the connection positions of the upper end and the lower end of the boring rod and the ram, and a milling head is fixedly installed at the lower end of the boring rod through the ram;
the water pipe is arranged inside the workbench, one end of the water pipe is communicated with the water tank, the other end of the water pipe penetrates through the vertical plate and is fixedly connected with the input end of the high-pressure pump, a bearing plate is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the vertical plate on the left side, and a water spraying device is arranged on the upper side of the bearing plate.
Preferably, the radius of the arc-shaped groove is larger than that of the limiting ball, and the length of the disassembling rod is larger than that of the disassembling groove.
Preferably, the distance between the upper side of the fourth motor and the bottom side of the milling head is smaller than the height of the feed slot.
Preferably, the feeding device comprises a second motor, a second lead screw is fixedly mounted at the output end of the second motor, a support is fixedly mounted at the left end of the upper side of the suspension beam, the left end of the second lead screw is rotatably connected with the support, a sliding block is connected with the middle of the second lead screw in a threaded manner, a translation groove is formed in the middle of the suspension beam, the sliding block is connected with the translation groove in a sliding manner, and the bottom of the sliding block penetrates through the translation groove and is fixedly connected with the mounting table.
Preferably, water jet equipment includes the high-pressure pump, loading board upside right-hand member fixed mounting has the grip block, the grip block top articulates there is the squirt, the squirt left end passes through the ripple hose connection with the output of high-pressure pump, squirt right-hand member bottom articulates there is the extension spring, the extension spring is kept away from squirt one end and is articulated with the loading board, squirt upside middle part fixed mounting has the semicircle ring, the semicircle intra-annular fixedly connected with wire, the wire is walked around fixed connection between fixed pulley and the mount table left side wall.
Preferably, the spray nozzle is fixedly installed at the right end of the water gun, and the adjusting angle range between the spray nozzle and the workbench is between an angle and an angle.
Preferably, the upper surface of the workbench is provided with two groups of transverse grooves which are positioned on the front side and the rear side of the workpiece, the upper side of the workbench is provided with a vertical groove which is positioned on the left side of the workpiece, the front end and the rear end of the vertical groove are communicated with the transverse grooves, and the right ends of the transverse grooves are communicated with the water tank.
Preferably, the transverse groove is obliquely arranged, and the height of the joint of the transverse groove and the vertical groove is greater than that of the joint of the transverse groove and the water tank.
Preferably, the filter screen is located above the joint of the water pipe and the water tank, and the filter screen is located below the joint of the transverse tank and the water tank.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: prefabricating a certain amount of cutting fluid in a water tank in advance, fixing a workpiece to be machined above a workbench, driving a first screw rod to rotate by a first motor, driving a suspension beam to move downwards by a lifting plate, adjusting the distance between a boring and milling box and the workpiece according to the height of the workpiece, controlling a third motor to drive a third screw rod to rotate, enabling a ram to move downwards in a feeding groove, abutting a milling head against the workpiece preprocessing position, then controlling a fourth motor to rotate, driving the boring rod and the milling head to synchronously rotate, simultaneously enabling the ram to move downwards by the rotation of the third motor, machining the workpiece, driving a second screw rod to rotate by matching with a second motor, enabling a slide block to drive a mounting table and the boring and milling box to move rightwards, and milling the groove of the workpiece;
when the installation table is above, the wire is in a loose state, the wire is still in the loose state when the milling head is in contact with the workpiece and is tighter than the initial state, at the moment, the spray head forms an included angle of 45 degrees with the surface of the workpiece, water can be sprayed on the milling head and the milling groove simultaneously, when the milling groove is carried out, the installation table drives the boring and milling box to move rightwards, the wire is gradually tightened, when the milling head moves to the middle position of the workpiece, the wire is tightened to generate the same tension with the tension spring, the milling head continues to move rightwards, under the traction action of the wire, the water gun rotates anticlockwise, when the milling head moves to the rightmost side of the workpiece, the included angle between the spray head and the workpiece is 85 degrees, the milling groove can be completed, the surface of the.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the ram is controlled to move up and down in a mechanical transmission mode, so that the milling head is driven to process a workpiece, the milling head can be contracted in a boring and milling box when not used, the milling head can be protected, the lifting function of a cantilever beam is matched, the workpieces with different sizes and heights can be processed, the workpiece is subjected to groove milling through the traction effect of a wire, a spray head at the end part of a water gun is made to rotate along with the movement of a mounting table, cutting fluid can be sprayed to the outer side of the milling head when the waste chips in the groove are cleaned, the heat is timely reduced, the milling head is protected, the service life of the milling head is prolonged, the waste chips and the cutting fluid are separated and recovered through a filter screen above a water tank, the cutting fluid is recycled through a water pipe and a high-pressure pump, and the waste in the processing process is reduced.
Description of the drawings:
in order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts;
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of a suspension beam according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a partial enlarged view of FIG. 1 at B;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of the transverse slot of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at C;
FIG. 7 is a left side schematic view of the mounting groove of the present invention;
wherein: 1. a work table; 101. a water tank; 102. mounting grooves; 103. an arc-shaped slot; 104. disassembling the groove; 105. a transverse slot; 106. a vertical groove; 2. a vertical plate; 201. a lifting groove; 202. a limiting groove; 3. a suspension beam; 301. a translation slot; 4. a first motor; 5. a first lead screw; 6. a lifting plate; 7. a second motor; 8. a support; 9. a second lead screw; 10. a slider; 11. an installation table; 12. boring and milling a box; 1201. a feed slot; 13. a fixed pulley; 14. a wire; 15. a filter screen; 16. a ram; 17. a third motor; 18. a third screw rod; 19. a fourth motor; 20. boring a rod; 21. a milling head; 22. a bearing; 23. a roller; 24. a pressure spring; 25. a limiting ball; 26. disassembling the rod; 27. a carrier plate; 28. a high pressure pump; 29. a clamping plate; 30. a water gun; 31. a corrugated hose; 32. a water pipe; 33. a semicircular ring; 34. a spray head; 35. a tension spring; 36. and (5) a workpiece.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
in order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further explained below by combining the specific drawings.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1-3; a boring and milling device with automatic cleaning function comprises
The water tank device comprises a workbench 1, wherein a water tank 101 is arranged at the right end of the workbench 1;
a lifting groove 201 is arranged in the middle of the vertical plate 2, a limit groove 202 is arranged on one side of the lifting groove 201 close to the suspension beam 3,
the suspension beam 3 is connected with the limiting groove 202 in a sliding mode, the fixed pulley 13 is fixedly mounted on the left side of the bottom of the suspension beam 3, the lifting plates 6 are fixedly mounted at two ends of the suspension beam 3, the lifting plates 6 are connected with the lifting groove 201 in a sliding mode, the middle of each lifting plate 6 is in threaded connection with the first lead screw 5, and the upper end of each first lead screw 5 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the first motor 4; the first motor drives the first screw rod to rotate, the lifting plate is driven to move up and down, and then the suspension beam is controlled to feed up and down.
3 tops of hanging oneself from a beam are equipped with feeding device, feeding device includes second motor 7, the output end fixed mounting of second motor 7 has second lead screw 9, 3 upside left end fixed mounting of hanging oneself from a beam has support 8, rotate between 9 left ends of second lead screw and the support 8 and be connected, 9 middle part threaded connection of second lead screw have slider 10, 3 middle parts of hanging oneself from a beam are equipped with translation groove 301, sliding connection between slider 10 and the translation groove 301, translation groove 301 and 11 fixed connection of mount table are run through to slider 10 bottom, and it is rotatory to drive the second lead screw through the second motor, and control slider and mount table remove at the horizontal direction.
The distance between the upper side of the fourth motor 19 and the bottom side of the milling head 21 is smaller than the height of the feed slot 1201.
The feeding device is characterized in that a mounting table 11 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the feeding device, a boring and milling box 12 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the mounting table 11, a feeding groove 1201 is formed in the boring and milling box 12, a ram 16 is slidably mounted in the feeding groove 1201, a third motor 17 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the feeding groove 1201, a third lead screw 18 is fixedly mounted at the output end of the third motor 17, the third lead screw 18 is in threaded connection with the ram 16, a fourth motor 19 is fixedly mounted above the ram 16, a boring rod 20 is fixedly mounted at the output shaft of the fourth motor 19, bearings 22 are arranged at the connection parts of the upper end and the lower end of the boring rod 20 and the ram 16, and a milling head 21 is fixedly mounted at the lower end of the boring rod 20 through the ram 16; and the third motor drives the third screw rod to rotate, so that the height of the ram is controlled, and the position of the milling head is controlled.
The first motor drives the first lead screw to rotate, the lifting plate drives the suspension beam to move downwards, the distance between the boring and milling box and a workpiece is adjusted according to the height of the workpiece, the third motor is controlled to drive the third lead screw to rotate, the ram is enabled to move downwards in the feed groove, the milling head is abutted against the workpiece preprocessing position, then the fourth motor is controlled to rotate, the boring rod and the milling head are driven to rotate synchronously, meanwhile, the ram is enabled to move downwards by the rotation of the third motor, the workpiece is processed, the second lead screw is driven to rotate by matching with the second motor, the slide block drives the mounting table and the boring and milling box to move rightwards, and the workpiece is subjected to groove milling processing;
example 2:
on the basis of example 1, as shown in fig. 4 and 5; a water pipe 32 is arranged in the workbench 1, one end of the water pipe 32 is communicated with the water tank 101, the other end of the water pipe 32 penetrates through the vertical plate 2 and is fixedly connected with the input end of the high-pressure pump 28, the bottom of the vertical plate 2 on the left side is fixedly provided with a bearing plate 27, the upper side of the bearing plate 27 is provided with a water spraying device, the water spraying device comprises a high-pressure pump 28, the right end of the upper side of the bearing plate 27 is fixedly provided with a clamping plate 29, a water gun 30 is hinged above the clamping plate 29, the left end of the water gun 30 is connected with the output end of the high-pressure pump 28 through a corrugated hose 31, the bottom of the right end of the water gun 30 is hinged with a tension spring 35, one end of the tension spring 35, which is far away from the water gun 30, is hinged with the bearing plate 27, the utility model discloses a squirt 30 upside middle part fixed mounting has semicircle ring 33, fixedly connected with wire 14 in the semicircle ring 33, wire 14 walks around fixed connection between fixed pulley 13 and the 11 left side walls of mount table.
The spray gun 30 is fixedly provided with a spray head 34 at the right end, and the adjusting angle between the spray head 34 and the workbench 1 is 45-85 degrees.
When the installation table is above, the wire is in a loose state, the wire is still in the loose state when the milling head is in contact with the workpiece and is tighter than the initial state, at the moment, the spray head forms an included angle of 45 degrees with the surface of the workpiece, water can be sprayed on the milling head and the milling groove simultaneously, when the milling groove is carried out, the installation table drives the boring and milling box to move rightwards, the wire is gradually tightened, when the milling head moves to the middle position of the workpiece, the wire is tightened to generate the same tension with the tension spring, the milling head continues to move rightwards, under the traction action of the wire, the water gun rotates anticlockwise, when the milling head moves to the rightmost side of the workpiece, the included angle between the spray head and the workpiece is 85 degrees, the milling groove can be completed, the surface of the.
Example 3:
on the basis of the embodiment 1 and the embodiment 2, as shown in fig. 6 and fig. 7; the basin 101 left and right sides all is equipped with mounting groove 102, slidable mounting has filter screen 15 in mounting groove 102, the equal fixed mounting in filter screen 15 both ends bottom and side has a plurality of groups of gyro wheels 23, separates sweeps and cutting fluid through the filter screen, and the cutting fluid recycle of being convenient for reduces the material extravagant.
A pressure spring 24 is fixedly mounted at the rear end of the right side of the upper surface of the filter screen 15, a limiting ball 25 is fixedly mounted at the top of the pressure spring 24, an arc-shaped groove 103 is formed in the upper side of the rear end of the mounting groove 102 in the right side, the limiting ball 25 is movably clamped with the arc-shaped groove 103, a dismounting groove 104 is formed in the upper side of the arc-shaped groove 103, a dismounting rod 26 is connected in the dismounting groove 104 in a sliding mode, and the bottom end of the dismounting rod 26 is movably contacted with the limiting ball 25; when dismantling the filter screen, press the disassembly bar downwards, spacing ball moves down, and the pressure spring is in compression state, and spacing ball breaks away from the joint with the arc wall, can outwards take out the filter screen, and detachable construction is taken to the filter screen, collects centralized processing to the sweeps.
The radius of the arc-shaped groove 103 is larger than that of the limiting ball 25, and the length of the dismounting rod 26 is larger than that of the dismounting groove 104, so that the filter screen can be conveniently mounted and dismounted.
The upper surface of the workbench 1 is provided with transverse grooves 105, the transverse grooves 105 are provided with two groups and located on the front side and the rear side of the workpiece 36, the upper side of the workbench 1 is provided with vertical grooves 106, the vertical grooves 106 are located on the left side of the workpiece 36, the front end and the rear end of each vertical groove 106 are communicated with the transverse grooves 105, and the right ends of the transverse grooves 105 are communicated with the water tank 101. A small amount of scraps and cutting fluid on the worktable are guided into the water tank through the vertical groove and the transverse groove.
The transverse groove 105 is obliquely arranged, the height of the joint of the transverse groove 105 and the vertical groove 106 is larger than that of the joint of the transverse groove 105 and the water tank 101, so that the scraps can move rightwards conveniently under the action of water flow and gravity, and the scraps can be collected and processed conveniently.
The filter screen 15 is located above the joint of the water pipe 32 and the water tank 101, and the filter screen 15 is located below the joint of the transverse groove 105 and the water tank 101, so that scraps and cutting fluid can be separated and recovered conveniently, and the utilization rate of the cutting fluid is improved.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other identical elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a boring and milling device with self-cleaning function which characterized in that: comprises that
The automatic cleaning device comprises a workbench (1), wherein a water tank (101) is arranged at the right end of the workbench (1), mounting grooves (102) are formed in the left side and the right side of the water tank (101), a filter screen (15) is arranged in the mounting grooves (102) in a sliding manner, a plurality of groups of idler wheels (23) are fixedly mounted at the bottom and the side faces of two ends of the filter screen (15), a pressure spring (24) is fixedly mounted at the rear end of the right side of the upper surface of the filter screen (15), a limiting ball (25) is fixedly mounted at the top of the pressure spring (24), an arc-shaped groove (103) is formed in the right side of the upper side of the rear end of the mounting groove (102), the limiting ball (25) is movably clamped with the arc-shaped groove (103), a dismounting groove (104) is formed in the upper side of the arc-shaped groove (103);
a lifting groove (201) is arranged in the middle of the vertical plate (2), a limit groove (202) is arranged on one side of the lifting groove (201) close to the suspension beam (3),
the suspension beam (3) is connected with the limiting groove (202) in a sliding mode, a fixed pulley (13) is fixedly mounted on the left side of the bottom of the suspension beam (3), lifting plates (6) are fixedly mounted at two ends of the suspension beam (3), the lifting plates (6) are connected with the lifting groove (201) in a sliding mode, a first lead screw (5) is connected to the middle of each lifting plate (6) in a threaded mode, and the upper end of each first lead screw (5) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a first motor (4);
a feeding device is arranged above the suspension beam (3), an installation platform (11) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the feeding device, a boring and milling box (12) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the mounting table (11), a feeding groove (1201) is arranged in the boring and milling box (12), a ram (16) is slidably arranged in the feeding groove (1201), a third motor (17) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the feeding groove (1201), the output end of the third motor (17) is fixedly provided with a third screw rod (18), the third screw rod (18) is in threaded connection with the ram (16), a fourth motor (19) is fixedly arranged above the ram (16), a boring bar (20) is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the fourth motor (19), bearings (22) are arranged at the joints of the upper end and the lower end of the boring bar (20) and the ram (16), the lower end of the boring bar (20) penetrates through the ram (16) and is fixedly provided with a milling head (21);
workstation (1) is inside to be equipped with water pipe (32), water pipe (32) one end and basin (101) intercommunication, fixed connection between the input that the water pipe (32) other end runs through riser (2) and high-pressure pump (28), the left side riser (2) bottom fixed mounting has loading board (27), loading board (27) upside is equipped with water jet equipment.
2. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the radius of the arc-shaped groove (103) is larger than that of the limiting ball (25), and the length of the dismounting rod (26) is larger than that of the dismounting groove (104).
3. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the distance between the upper side of the fourth motor (19) and the bottom side of the milling head (21) is smaller than the height of the feed slot (1201).
4. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feeding device comprises a second motor (7), an output end of the second motor (7) is fixedly provided with a second lead screw (9), a support (8) is fixedly arranged at the left end of the upper side of the cantilever beam (3), the second lead screw (9) is rotatably connected with the support (8), a sliding block (10) is connected to the middle of the second lead screw (9) in a threaded manner, a translation groove (301) is arranged at the middle of the cantilever beam (3), the sliding block (10) is slidably connected with the translation groove (301), and the translation groove (301) and a mounting table (11) are fixedly connected to the bottom of the sliding block (10).
5. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: water jet equipment includes high-pressure pump (28), loading board (27) upside right-hand member fixed mounting has grip block (29), grip block (29) top articulates there is squirt (30), squirt (30) left end passes through corrugated hose (31) with the output of high-pressure pump (28) and is connected, squirt (30) right-hand member bottom articulates there is extension spring (35), extension spring (35) are kept away from squirt (30) one end and are articulated with loading board (27), squirt (30) upside middle part fixed mounting has semicircle ring (33), fixedly connected with wire (14) in semicircle ring (33), wire (14) are walked around fixed connection between fixed pulley (13) and mounting table (11) left side wall.
6. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 5, characterized in that: squirt (30) right-hand member fixed mounting has shower nozzle (34), the angle of regulation scope between shower nozzle (34) and workstation (1) is between 45 to 85.
7. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: workstation (1) upper surface is equipped with transverse groove (105), transverse groove (105) are equipped with two sets ofly and are located both sides around work piece (36), workstation (1) upside is equipped with vertical groove (106), vertical groove (106) are located work piece (36) left side, both ends and transverse groove (105) intercommunication around vertical groove (106), transverse groove (105) right-hand member and basin (101) intercommunication.
8. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 7, characterized in that: the horizontal groove (105) is obliquely arranged, and the height of the joint of the horizontal groove (105) and the vertical groove (106) is greater than that of the joint of the horizontal groove (105) and the water tank (101).
9. The boring and milling device with the automatic cleaning function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the filter screen (15) is positioned above the joint of the water pipe (32) and the water tank (101), and the filter screen (15) is positioned below the joint of the transverse groove (105) and the water tank (101).
CN202011598137.3A 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 Boring and milling device with self-cleaning function Pending CN112828364A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113333842A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-03 大连交通大学 Milling device with noise reduction function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113333842A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-03 大连交通大学 Milling device with noise reduction function

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