CN112817350A - Ventilation control method and system for building farm - Google Patents

Ventilation control method and system for building farm Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112817350A
CN112817350A CN202011618452.8A CN202011618452A CN112817350A CN 112817350 A CN112817350 A CN 112817350A CN 202011618452 A CN202011618452 A CN 202011618452A CN 112817350 A CN112817350 A CN 112817350A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
air inlet
trench
fan
channel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011618452.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓学锋
肖斌
周波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changsha Ruihe Digital Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Changsha Ruihe Digital Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changsha Ruihe Digital Technology Co ltd filed Critical Changsha Ruihe Digital Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011618452.8A priority Critical patent/CN112817350A/en
Publication of CN112817350A publication Critical patent/CN112817350A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00 characterised by the use of electric means

Abstract

The invention provides a ventilation control method and a system for a building farm, wherein a ventilation system of the building farm comprises a house body, an air inlet pipe, an excrement channel and a trench air channel; the air inlet pipe comprises a pipeline body, an air inlet and an air outlet, an air inlet fan is arranged at the air inlet, and the diameter of the pipeline body is reduced from the air inlet to the air outlet; a plurality of relay fans are arranged in the pipeline body at intervals; a plurality of air outlets are also arranged at intervals on the bottom of the pipeline body so that air in the pipeline body can be vertically discharged downwards; be provided with the division wall between excrement way and the trench wind channel, be provided with a plurality of ventilation holes in the division wall to thereby it discharges to the excrement way to make from the perpendicular downward exhaust air of air inlet duct through the internal back row in room, and thereby discharge to the atmosphere in the via-air vent flow direction trench wind channel. The invention has the advantages of high air purification efficiency and contribution to isolating disease diffusion. This ventilation system of building plant is suitable for and installs in the plant, for example pig farm.

Description

Ventilation control method and system for building farm
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of ventilation systems of building farms, in particular to a ventilation control method and system of a building farm.
Background
The ventilation system of the farm in the prior art carries out integral horizontal ventilation on the house body of the farm through a high-power air blower. Because the wind speed can descend progressively in the time of the animal in room body space and the plant, it is lower to lead to the back wind speed more, and the air is dirty and the temperature is higher, leads to dirty air effectively to discharge, and the disease is propagated from the front to the back along the wind direction easily, can not realize the accurate accuse temperature in every region moreover. Namely, the ventilation system in the prior art has the defects of low air purification efficiency and easy disease transmission.
In view of the above, there is a need for a new ventilation control method and system for building farms, which solves or at least alleviates the above technical drawbacks.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide a ventilation control method and system for a building farm, and aims to solve the technical problems that in the prior art, a ventilation system of the building farm is low in air purification efficiency and easily causes disease propagation.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a ventilation system for a building farm, comprising:
the house body is provided with an air inlet pipe arranged at the top of the house body, and an excrement channel and a trench air channel arranged at the bottom of the house body;
the air inlet pipe comprises a pipeline body, an air inlet and an air outlet which are respectively arranged at two ends of the pipeline body, an air inlet fan is arranged at the air inlet, and the diameter of the pipeline body is reduced from the air inlet to the air outlet;
a plurality of relay fans are arranged in the pipeline body at intervals and are used for driving air entering from the air inlet to flow to the air outlet so as to ensure that the air speed is not attenuated;
a plurality of air outlets are further arranged at intervals on the bottom of the pipeline body, so that air in the pipeline body can be vertically and downwards discharged;
the excrement way with be provided with the division wall between the trench wind channel, be provided with a plurality of ventilation holes in the division wall, so that follow the perpendicular downward exhaust air of air inlet pipe arranges to behind the internal portion in room the excrement way, and the warp thereby the ventilation hole flow direction of division wall the trench wind channel is arranged in the atmosphere.
Further, ventilation system of building plant still includes central controller, internal a plurality of temperature and humidity sensors and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensor of still being provided with of room, temperature and humidity sensor and carbon dioxide sensor evenly distributed are in each region of the room body, central controller respectively with a plurality of temperature and humidity sensor, a plurality of carbon dioxide sensor, air inlet fan and a plurality of relay fan signal connection, in order to pass through central controller receives a plurality of temperature and humidity sensor and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensor's measured data, sends control signal after the analysis and processing and adjusts the rotational speed of air inlet fan and a plurality of relay fan.
Furthermore, every exhaust vent department all is connected with the exhaust duct, the vertical setting of exhaust duct, install the fan of airing exhaust in the exhaust duct, the fan of airing exhaust with central controller signal connection, with pass through central controller can the independent control every the rotational speed of the fan of airing exhaust.
Furthermore, a plurality of trench fans are arranged in the trench air duct at intervals and are in signal connection with the central controller respectively so as to control the trench fans to discharge air in the trench air duct through the central controller.
Furthermore, the vent hole is provided with a vent pipe, and the pipe orifice of the vent pipe is arranged upwards from the vent hole to the excrement channel.
Further, the air outlet department in trench wind channel still is provided with the exhaust fan, the ventilation system of building plant still includes the exhaust gas passageway, the air inlet department of exhaust gas passageway installs the exhaust fan, the air outlet department of exhaust gas passageway installs negative-pressure air fan, the exhaust fan with negative-pressure air fan respectively with central controller signal connection.
Further, the waste gas channel comprises a vertical pipeline and a horizontal pipeline which are communicated with each other, the vertical pipeline is vertically arranged, the vertical pipeline is communicated with the trench air channel, a plurality of vertical fans are arranged in the vertical pipeline, the negative pressure fan is installed in the horizontal pipeline, and the vertical fans are in signal connection with the central controller.
Furthermore, a deodorizing filter screen is installed at the air outlet of the waste gas channel, so that air exhausted from the negative pressure fan is discharged into the atmosphere after being deodorized.
Further, a steel wire mesh and a paper core water curtain are further installed at the front end of the air inlet air pipe, the steel wire mesh is used for placing birds and winged insects to enter, and the paper core water curtain is used for cooling entering air.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention further provides a ventilation control method for a building farm, which is applied to the ventilation system for a building farm, and comprises the following steps:
receiving measurement data and position information of a plurality of temperature and humidity sensors and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensors;
and sending control signals to respectively and independently control the rotating speeds of the air inlet fan, the relay fan and the air exhaust fan according to the measurement data and the position information.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention further provides a computer-readable storage medium, having a computer program stored thereon, where the computer program is executed by a processor to implement the steps of the ventilation control method for a building farm.
In the technical scheme, the ventilation system of the building farm comprises a house body, an air inlet pipe arranged at the top of the house body, and a dung channel and a trench air channel arranged at the bottom of the house body; the air inlet pipe comprises a pipeline body, an air inlet and an air outlet which are respectively arranged at two ends of the pipeline body, an air inlet fan is arranged at the air inlet, and the diameter of the pipeline body is reduced from the air inlet to the air outlet; a plurality of relay fans are arranged in the pipeline body at intervals and are used for driving air entering from the air inlet to flow to the air outlet so as to ensure that the air speed is not attenuated; a plurality of air outlets are also arranged at intervals on the bottom of the pipeline body so that air in the pipeline body can be vertically discharged downwards; a separation wall is arranged between the excrement channel and the trench air channel, and a plurality of vent holes are formed in the separation wall, so that air vertically discharged downwards from the air inlet pipe is discharged to the excrement channel after passing through the interior of the house body, and the air flows to the trench air channel through the vent holes of the separation wall and is discharged to the atmosphere. In the above scheme, can arrange air inlet tuber pipe level in the top of the room body, excrement way and trench wind channel set up in the bottom of the room body, and air inlet fan is used for inhaling air inlet tuber pipe with external fresh air intraductally. As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, the wind speed will gradually decrease as the air is conveyed through the intake air duct. For this reason, the present embodiment makes two improvements: firstly, the diameter of the air inlet duct is designed to be reduced from the air inlet to the air outlet, so that the air speed at the rear section of the air inlet duct is accelerated; secondly, a plurality of relay fans are arranged in the air inlet duct at intervals, and the relay fans are used for discharging air from the air inlet direction to the air outlet direction, so that the accelerator is equivalently provided for the air flow in the air inlet duct, the speed loss caused in the air flow process is offset, and the air flow rate is ensured to be uniform. It should be noted that, in relation to the first point, it is described that the diameter of the intake air duct is reduced, but if the intake air duct is not a circular duct, such as a square duct or an irregular shape, it can be understood that the area of the cross section of the intake air duct is reduced; moreover, the reduction can be gradual reduction or stepped reduction, and can be set by a person skilled in the art according to actual needs. In addition, a plurality of air outlets are arranged at the bottom of the air inlet pipe, so that air can be vertically discharged downwards, when the air flows through the air inlet pipe, a part of air flows towards the air outlet under the driving of the relay fan, a part of air flows out of the air outlets and vertically flows into the room body, flows to the excrement channel after vertically flowing through the room body, flows to the trench air channel from the air holes of the partition wall between the excrement channel and the trench air channel, and is discharged into the atmosphere through the trench air channel, and the circulation of the air is completed. In the embodiment, due to the variable diameter of the air inlet duct and the design of the internal power fan of the air inlet duct, the uniform air speed of air in the air inlet duct can be ensured, and the phenomenon that the air is not smoothly discharged due to the over-small air speed at the rear section of the air inlet duct is avoided. And through set up the air exit in air inlet duct bottom for the air is discharged perpendicularly downwards, and each region homoenergetic obtains fresh air, and the air directly discharges into the excrement way behind the room body and the animal in the plant and flows into trench air duct from the excrement way and discharges, compares and adopts horizontal ventilation among the prior art, and the design can not cause dirty air and disease to wind gap rear end diffusion like this, is favorable to the diffusion of isolated disease. And a downward flowing air flow flowing through the excrement channel is formed in the house body, so that odor and bacteria in the excrement channel can be discharged, and the air in the house body can be further purified. The invention has the advantages of high air purification efficiency and contribution to isolating disease diffusion. This ventilation system of building plant is applicable to and installs in the plant, for example pig farm.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a ventilation system of a building farm according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of another perspective of a ventilation system of a building farm according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an air inlet duct according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a fecal tract and a trench duct according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a ventilation system of a building farm according to an embodiment of the present invention (multi-storey building);
FIG. 6 is another schematic structural view of a ventilation system of a building farm according to an embodiment of the present invention (multi-storey building);
FIG. 7 is a flow chart illustrating a ventilation control method for a building farm according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a hardware operating environment of a ventilation control method for a building farm according to another embodiment of the present invention.
The reference numbers illustrate:
1. a house body; 2. an air inlet pipe; 21. an air inlet; 22. an air outlet; 23. an air outlet; 24. a pipeline body; 25. a secondary tuyere; 3. an air intake fan; 4. a fecal tract; 5. a trench duct; 6. a trench fan; 7. a relay fan; 8. a partition wall; 81. a vent hole; 9. an exhaust fan; 10. an exhaust gas passage; 11. a vertical fan; 12. a negative pressure fan; 13. a deodorizing filter screen; 14. steel wire mesh; 15. a paper core water curtain; 16. a manure partition plate; 01. a communication module; 02. a memory; 03. a processor.
The implementation, functional features and advantages of the present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that all the directional indicators (such as the upper and lower … …) in the embodiment of the present invention are only used to explain the relative position relationship, movement, etc. of the components in a specific posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indicator is changed accordingly.
In addition, the descriptions related to "first", "second", etc. in the present invention are only for descriptive purposes and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature.
Moreover, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention may be combined with each other, but it is necessary to be able to be realized by a person skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should be considered to be absent, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides a ventilation system for a building farm, comprising:
the house comprises a house body 1, an air inlet pipe 2 arranged at the top of the house body 1, and an excrement channel 4 and a trench air channel 5 which are arranged at the bottom of the house body 1;
the air inlet pipe 2 comprises a pipeline body 24, an air inlet 21 and an air outlet 22 which are respectively arranged at two ends of the pipeline body 24, an air inlet fan 3 is arranged at the air inlet 21, and the diameter of the pipeline body 24 is reduced from the air inlet 21 to the air outlet 22;
a plurality of relay fans are arranged in the pipeline body 24 at intervals, and the relay fans are used for driving air entering from the air inlet 21 to flow to the air outlet 22 so as to ensure that the air speed is not attenuated;
a plurality of air outlets 23 are further arranged on the bottom of the pipeline body 24 at intervals, so that air in the pipeline body 24 can be vertically discharged downwards;
a separation wall 8 is arranged between the excrement channel 4 and the trench air duct 5, and a plurality of vent holes 81 are arranged in the separation wall 8, so that air vertically discharged downwards from the air inlet pipe 2 is discharged to the excrement channel 4 after passing through the inside of the house body 1, and flows to the trench air duct 5 through the vent holes 81 of the separation wall 8, and then is discharged to the atmosphere.
In the above embodiment, can arrange air inlet pipe 2 level in the top of the room body 1, excrement way 4 and trench wind channel 5 set up in the bottom of the room body 1, and air inlet fan 3 is used for inhaling the fresh air in the air inlet pipe 2 with the external world. As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, the wind speed will gradually decrease as the air is conveyed through the intake air duct. For this reason, the present embodiment makes two improvements: firstly, the diameter of the air inlet duct is designed to be reduced from the air inlet 21 to the air outlet 22, so that the air speed at the rear section of the air inlet duct is accelerated; secondly, a plurality of relay fans 7 are arranged in the air inlet duct at intervals, and the relay fans 7 are used for discharging air from the air inlet 21 to the air outlet 22, which is equivalent to providing a plurality of accelerators for the air flow in the air inlet duct, thereby offsetting the speed loss caused in the air flow process and ensuring the air flow rate to be uniform. It should be noted that, in relation to the first point, it is described that the diameter of the intake air duct is reduced, but if the intake air duct is not a circular duct, such as a square duct or an irregular shape, it can be understood that the area of the cross section of the intake air duct is reduced; moreover, the reduction can be gradual reduction or stepped reduction, and can be set by a person skilled in the art according to actual needs. In addition, a plurality of air outlets 23 are arranged at the bottom of the air inlet pipe 2, so that air can be discharged vertically downwards, when the air flows through the air inlet pipe 2, a part of air flows towards the air outlet 22 under the driving of the relay fan 7, a part of air flows out of the air outlets 23 and vertically flows into the room body 1, flows to the excrement channel 4 after vertically flowing through the room body 1, flows to the trench air channel 5 from the air vents 81 of the partition wall between the excrement channel 4 and the trench air channel 5, and is discharged to the atmosphere through the trench air channel 5, and the circulation of the air is completed. In the embodiment, due to the variable diameter of the air inlet duct and the design of the relay fan 7 in the air inlet duct, the uniform air speed of the air in the air inlet duct can be ensured, and the phenomenon of unsmooth air discharge caused by the over-small air speed at the rear section of the air inlet duct is avoided. And through set up air exit 23 in air inlet duct bottom for the air is discharged perpendicularly downwards, and every region all can obtain fresh air, and the air directly discharges into excrement way 4 after through the animal in room body 1 and the plant and flows into trench duct 5 from excrement way 4 and discharges, and above-mentioned ventilation hole 81 can be the ventilation hole 81 of variable density. Compared with the horizontal ventilation adopted in the prior art, the design can not cause the diffusion of the foul air and the diseases to the rear end of the air opening, and is favorable for isolating the diffusion of the diseases. And a downward air flow flowing through the excrement channel 4 is formed in the house body 1, which is also beneficial to discharging odor and bacteria in the excrement channel 4 and further purifying the air in the house body 1. The embodiment has the advantages of high air purification efficiency and contribution to isolating disease diffusion. This embodiment is suitable for installation in a farm, such as a pig farm.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, as an expanded embodiment of the above embodiment, the embodiment is applicable to buildings with multiple stories, each of which is provided with a ventilation system of a building farm, and the ventilation systems of multiple building farms can share the exhaust air duct 10 and the negative pressure fan 12. Therefore, the occupied area of the farm can be saved, and the cost is saved.
As a preferred implementation manner of the above embodiment, the ventilation system of the building farm further includes a central controller, the room body 1 is further provided with a plurality of temperature and humidity sensors and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensors, the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors are uniformly distributed in each area of the room body 1, the central controller is respectively in signal connection with the plurality of temperature and humidity sensors, the plurality of carbon dioxide sensors, the air intake fan 3 and the plurality of relay fans, furthermore, each air outlet 23 is connected with an air exhaust duct, the air exhaust duct is vertically arranged, the air exhaust duct is provided with an air exhaust fan, the air exhaust fan is in signal connection with the central controller, the central controller is used for receiving the measurement data and the position information of the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors, and sending control signals to adjust the rotating speeds of the air inlet fan 3, the air exhaust fan 9 and the relay fans after analysis and processing. The vertical arrangement of the exhaust duct is to make the air exhaust vertically downwards, and the central controller receives the data and controls the operation of the whole ventilation system after the data are analyzed and processed. The temperature and humidity conditions and the air quality of each area in the farm are measured by arranging the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors, the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors send measured data and respective position information to the central controller, and the central controller can adjust the rotating speeds of the air inlet fan 3, the relay fan 7 and the air exhaust fan according to the measured data and the position information so as to realize accurate air supply of each area, regional temperature and ventilation regulation and control and improve the ventilation efficiency. For example, when the measured temperature and the carbon dioxide amount in a certain area exceed the standard, the central controller sends signals to control the rotating speed of the relay fan 7 and the exhaust fan in the corresponding area to be increased, so that more fresh air is exhausted into the corresponding area, accurate air supply of each area is realized, and the ventilation efficiency is improved. When the measured temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide in the whole area exceed the standard, the rotating speed of the air inlet fan 3 can be controlled to be increased, so that more fresh air is sucked and discharged into the farm. In addition, a secondary air opening 25 can be arranged on the side surface of the air inlet pipe 2, and air can vertically flow downwards along with the air flow after being discharged from the secondary air opening 25 so as to increase the air displacement of the air.
As a more preferable implementation manner of the above embodiment, a plurality of trench fans 6 are arranged at intervals in the trench air duct 5, and the plurality of trench fans 6 are respectively connected with the central controller by signals so as to discharge air in the trench air duct 5 through the trench fans 6. The arrangement of the plurality of trench fans 6 also aims to accelerate the air flow in the trench air duct 5 and prevent the air flow in the trench air duct 5 from being uneven or prevent the air from flowing back to the room body 1 due to air accumulation. Through with trench fan 6 and central controller signal connection, also can realize the accurate control of each regional air exhaust. For example, when it is detected that the data index of a certain area in the trench air duct 5 or the dung duct 4 seriously exceeds the standard, the central controller can send a signal to the corresponding trench fan 6 and the trench fan 6 at the rear section of the corresponding trench fan 6, and dirty air is quickly discharged by increasing the rotating speed of the central controller, so that the dirty air is prevented from flowing back to the farm.
Furthermore, a vent pipe is installed at the vent hole 81, and the pipe orifice of the vent pipe is arranged upwards from the vent hole 81 to the excrement channel 4. Since the ventilation holes 81 are easily blocked by the excrement in the excrement channel 4, the ventilation pipe is arranged in the ventilation holes 81, and the pipe opening of the ventilation pipe is arranged upwards, so that the air flow is not obstructed, and the excrement is not easily collected to cause blockage. In addition, a dung partition 16 can be arranged on the dung channel 4, and air flows into the dung channel 4 through air holes in the partition.
Further, an exhaust fan 9 is further arranged at an air outlet 22 of the trench air duct 5, the ventilation system of the building farm further comprises a waste gas channel 10, the exhaust fan 9 is installed at an air inlet 21 of the waste gas channel 10, the negative pressure fan 12 is installed at an air outlet 22 of the waste gas channel 10, and the exhaust fan 9 and the negative pressure fan are respectively in signal connection with the central controller. The exhaust air discharged from the trench duct 5 is discharged out of the exhaust air passage 10 through the exhaust fan 9 and discharged into the atmosphere by the negative pressure fan 12. Of course, the negative pressure fan 12 and the exhaust fan 9 are also controlled by the central controller, and when the exhaust gas concentration in the exhaust gas channel 10 or the trench air duct 5 is high, the central controller sends a signal to increase the rotation speed of the negative pressure fan 12 and the exhaust fan 9, so as to accelerate the exhaust of the exhaust gas.
Further, the waste gas channel 10 comprises a vertical pipeline and a horizontal pipeline which are communicated with each other, the vertical pipeline is vertically arranged and communicated with the trench air duct 5, a plurality of vertical fans 11 are arranged in the vertical pipeline, the negative pressure fan 12 is arranged in the horizontal pipeline, and the vertical fans 11 are in signal connection with the central controller. The vertical fans 11 are arranged to accelerate the air flow in the exhaust gas channel 10, the signal connection between the vertical fans 11 and the central controller has the same function as that of the above, and the rotation speed of the vertical fans 11 is adjusted according to the exhaust gas concentration, which is not described herein again. The waste gas is extended to a certain height through the vertical section and discharged, so that people on the ground can be prevented from inhaling too much waste gas to feel uncomfortable. Of course, the air outlet 22 of the exhaust gas channel 10 is also provided with a deodorizing filter 13, so that the air discharged from the negative pressure fan 12 is deodorized and then discharged into the atmosphere. To ensure that air is not contaminated, the exhaust gas from the exhaust gas channel 10 is deodorized and sterilized before being discharged into the atmosphere.
Further, wire net 14 and refill cascade 15 are still installed to the air intake 21 front end of air inlet pipe 2, and wire net 14 can be used for placing birds and winged insect and get into, and refill cascade 15 can be used for giving the air cooling of entering, can be according to the size of the water yield and the temperature of ambient temperature regulation cascade.
According to another aspect of the present invention, referring to fig. 7, the present invention further provides a ventilation control method for a building farm, which is applied to the ventilation system for a building farm, and includes the following steps:
s100, receiving measurement data and position information of a plurality of temperature and humidity sensors and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensors;
and S200, sending control signals to respectively and independently control the rotating speeds of the air inlet fan 3, the relay fan and the air exhaust fan according to the measurement data and the position information.
In the above embodiment, the temperature and humidity conditions and the air quality of each area in the farm are obtained by receiving the temperature and humidity sensors and the dioxide sensors, the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors send the measured data and the respective position information to the central controller, and the central controller can adjust the rotating speeds of the air intake fan 3, the relay fan 7 and the air exhaust fan according to the measured data and the position information, so as to realize accurate air supply of each area, adjust and control temperature and ventilation in different areas, and improve ventilation efficiency. For example, when the measured temperature and the carbon dioxide amount in a certain area exceed the standard, the central controller sends signals to control the rotating speed of the relay fan 7 and the exhaust fan in the corresponding area to be increased, so that more fresh air is exhausted into the corresponding area, and accurate air supply of each area is realized. When the measured temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide in the whole area exceed the standard, the rotating speed of the air inlet fan 3 can be controlled to be increased, so that more fresh air is sucked and discharged into the farm. Of course, the temperature and humidity sensor and the oxidation sensor are in continuous real-time monitoring, and the central controller is also in the process of continuously receiving data and position information and continuously adjusting the rotating speed of each fan, so that the air in the farm is always in the preset requirement range. The embodiment has the advantages of realizing accurate air supply of each area, regulating and controlling temperature and ventilation in different areas and improving ventilation efficiency.
And the ventilation system of the building plant applied in the embodiment is improved for two times: firstly, the diameter of the air inlet duct is designed to be reduced from the air inlet 21 to the air outlet 22, so that the air speed at the rear section of the air inlet duct is accelerated; secondly, a plurality of relay fans 7 are arranged in the air inlet duct at intervals, and the relay fans 7 are used for discharging air from the air inlet 21 to the air outlet 22, which is equivalent to providing a plurality of accelerators for the air flow in the air inlet duct, thereby offsetting the speed loss caused in the air flow process and ensuring the air flow rate to be uniform. In addition, the ventilation system of building plant sets up a plurality of air outlets 23 in the bottom of air inlet pipe 2 for the air can be discharged downwards perpendicularly, and when the air current was through air inlet pipe 2, some air flowed towards air outlet 22 under the drive of relay fan 7, and some air flows out from air outlet 23 and flows to in the room body 1 perpendicularly, and this part of air flows to excrement way 4 after flowing through the room body 1 perpendicularly to from the ventilation hole 81 of the partition wall between excrement way 4 and trench wind way 5 flow to trench wind channel 5, then discharge to the atmosphere through trench wind channel 5, accomplish gaseous circulation. Due to the variable diameter of the air inlet duct and the design of the relay fan 7 in the air inlet duct, the air speed of the air in the air inlet duct can be ensured to be uniform, and the phenomenon that the air is not smoothly discharged due to the over-small air speed at the rear section of the air inlet duct is avoided. And through set up air exit 23 in air inlet duct bottom for the air is discharged downwards perpendicularly, and each region all can obtain fresh air, and the air directly discharges into excrement way 4 and from excrement way 4 to trench wind channel 5 and discharge consequently behind room body 1. Therefore, the embodiment also has the advantages of high air purification efficiency and favorable isolation of disease diffusion.
The central controller may include a memory 02, a processor 03, and a computer program stored in the memory 02 and executable on the processor 03, wherein the computer program, when executed by the processor 03, implements the steps of the ventilation control method for a building farm as described above.
Referring to fig. 8, a communication module 01 may be further included and may be connected to the temperature and humidity sensor and the dioxide sensor through a network. The communication module 01 can receive requests sent by the temperature and humidity sensor and the dioxide sensor, and can also send requests, instructions and information to the temperature and humidity sensor and the dioxide sensor.
The memory 02 may be used to store software programs and various data. The memory 02 may mainly include a storage program area and a storage data area, wherein the storage program area may store an operating system, an application program required for at least one function, and the like; the storage data area may include a database, and the storage data area may store data or information created according to use of the system, or the like. Further, the memory 02 may include high speed random access memory 02, and may also include non-volatile memory 02, such as at least one piece of disk memory 02, flash memory device, or other piece of volatile solid state memory 02.
The processor 03 is a control center of the ventilation system of the building farm, is connected with each part of the ventilation system of the building farm by various interfaces and lines, and executes various functions and processing data of the ventilation system of the building farm by running or executing software programs and/or modules stored in the memory 02 and calling data stored in the memory, thereby integrally monitoring the ventilation system of the building farm. Processor 03 may include one or more processing units; alternatively, the processor 03 may integrate the application processor 03 and the modem processor 03, wherein the application processor 03 mainly handles operating systems, user interfaces, application programs, and the like, and the modem processor 03 mainly handles wireless communication. It is to be understood that the modem processor 03 may not be integrated into the processor 03.
To achieve the above object, the present invention further provides a computer readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, wherein the computer program, when executed by the processor 03, implements the steps of the ventilation control method for a building farm as described above. The computer-readable storage medium may be a Memory 02 in a ventilation system of a building farm, or may be at least one of a ROM (Read-Only Memory), a RAM (Random access Memory, step S Memory), a magnetic disk, and an optical disk, and includes instructions for enabling a terminal device (which may be a computer, a server, a terminal, or a network device) having a processor 03 to perform the method according to the embodiments of the present invention.
Although the embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, it should be understood that the above embodiment is illustrative and not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and that those skilled in the art can make changes, modifications and substitutions to the above embodiment within the scope of the present invention, and that these changes, modifications and substitutions should be covered by the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a ventilation system of building plant which characterized in that includes:
the house body is provided with an air inlet pipe arranged at the top of the house body, and an excrement channel and a trench air channel arranged at the bottom of the house body;
the air inlet pipe comprises a pipeline body, an air inlet and an air outlet which are respectively arranged at two ends of the pipeline body, an air inlet fan is arranged at the air inlet, and the diameter of the pipeline body is reduced from the air inlet to the air outlet;
a plurality of relay fans are arranged in the pipeline body at intervals and are used for driving air entering from the air inlet to flow to the air outlet so as to ensure that the air speed is not attenuated;
a plurality of air outlets are further arranged at intervals on the bottom of the pipeline body, so that air in the pipeline body can be vertically and downwards discharged;
the excrement way with be provided with the division wall between the trench wind channel, be provided with a plurality of ventilation holes in the division wall, so that follow the perpendicular downward exhaust air of air inlet pipe arranges to behind the internal portion in room the excrement way, and the warp thereby the ventilation hole flow direction of division wall the trench wind channel is arranged in the atmosphere.
2. The ventilation system of the building farm according to claim 1, further comprising a central controller, wherein a plurality of temperature and humidity sensors and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensors are further arranged in the house body, the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors are uniformly distributed in each area of the house body, and the central controller is in signal connection with the temperature and humidity sensors, the carbon dioxide sensors, the air intake fan and the relay fans respectively so as to receive measurement data and position information of the temperature and humidity sensors and the carbon dioxide sensors through the central controller, and sends out control signals to adjust the rotating speeds of the air intake fan and the relay fans after analysis and processing.
3. The ventilation system of building farms of claim 2, wherein each air outlet is connected with an air exhaust duct, the air exhaust duct is vertically arranged, an air exhaust fan is installed in the air exhaust duct, and the air exhaust fan is in signal connection with the central controller, so that the central controller can independently control the rotation speed of each air exhaust fan.
4. The ventilation system of the building farm according to claim 2, wherein a plurality of trench fans are arranged at intervals in the trench air duct, and the plurality of trench fans are respectively in signal connection with the central controller so as to control the trench fans to discharge air in the trench air duct through the central controller.
5. The ventilation system of building farm according to claim 1, wherein the vent hole is provided with a ventilation pipe, and the pipe orifice of the ventilation pipe is arranged from the ventilation hole to the manure channel upwards.
6. The ventilation system of the building farm according to claim 2, wherein an exhaust fan is further arranged at the air outlet of the trench air duct, the ventilation system of the building farm further comprises an exhaust air channel, the exhaust fan is mounted at the air inlet of the exhaust air channel, a negative pressure fan is mounted at the air outlet of the exhaust air channel, and the exhaust fan and the negative pressure fan are respectively in signal connection with the central controller.
7. The ventilation system of building farm according to claim 6, wherein the exhaust channel comprises a vertical pipe and a horizontal pipe which are communicated with each other, the vertical pipe is vertically arranged and is communicated with the trench air channel, a plurality of vertical fans are arranged in the vertical pipe, the negative pressure fan is arranged in the horizontal pipe, and the vertical fans are in signal connection with the central controller.
8. The ventilation system of building farm according to claim 7, wherein a deodorizing filter net is further installed at the air outlet of the exhaust air channel, so that the air exhausted from the negative pressure fan is discharged into the atmosphere after being deodorized; the air inlet air pipe is characterized in that a steel wire mesh and a paper core water curtain are further installed at the front end of an air inlet of the air inlet air pipe, the steel wire mesh is used for placing birds to enter, and the paper core water curtain is used for cooling entering air.
9. A ventilation control method for a building farm, which is applied to the ventilation system for a building farm according to any one of claims 1 to 8, comprising the steps of:
receiving measurement data and position information of a plurality of temperature and humidity sensors and a plurality of carbon dioxide sensors;
and sending control signals to respectively and independently control the rotating speeds of the air inlet fan, the relay fan and the air exhaust fan according to the measurement data and the position information.
10. A computer-readable storage medium, characterized in that the computer-readable storage medium has stored thereon a computer program which, when being executed by a processor, carries out the steps of the method for ventilation control of a building farm according to claim 9.
CN202011618452.8A 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 Ventilation control method and system for building farm Pending CN112817350A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011618452.8A CN112817350A (en) 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 Ventilation control method and system for building farm

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011618452.8A CN112817350A (en) 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 Ventilation control method and system for building farm

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112817350A true CN112817350A (en) 2021-05-18

Family

ID=75855769

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011618452.8A Pending CN112817350A (en) 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 Ventilation control method and system for building farm

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112817350A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113393937A (en) * 2021-07-12 2021-09-14 长沙瑞和数码科技有限公司 Method, device, equipment and computer storage medium for preventing pig infectious diseases

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE33600E (en) * 1986-12-29 1991-06-04 Cornell Research Foundation, Inc. Environmental control system for poultry houses
CN103704145A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-09 李学杰 Ventilation and temperature control system for animal housing
CN105165654A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-12-23 中国农业大学 Confined poultry house winter ventilation system and air distribution method
CN106482275A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-03-08 湖南匡为科技有限公司 A kind of ventilation unit and the toilet ventilation system with the device
CN107960330A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-04-27 广西秀博科技股份有限公司 Displaced type ventilating system
CN208175706U (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-12-04 青岛大牧人机械股份有限公司 A kind of multi-storey building formula pig house
CN208908808U (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-05-31 余平 Building type animal room ventilating system
CN111076290A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-28 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air outlet duct structure suitable for air conditioner indoor unit and air conditioner
CN111109089A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-05-08 青岛特牧机械设备有限公司 Accurate environmental control system of building pig house
CN211931910U (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-11-17 大牧人机械(胶州)有限公司 Temperature-controllable building type precise ventilation structure for livestock and poultry house

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE33600E (en) * 1986-12-29 1991-06-04 Cornell Research Foundation, Inc. Environmental control system for poultry houses
CN103704145A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-09 李学杰 Ventilation and temperature control system for animal housing
CN105165654A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-12-23 中国农业大学 Confined poultry house winter ventilation system and air distribution method
CN106482275A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-03-08 湖南匡为科技有限公司 A kind of ventilation unit and the toilet ventilation system with the device
CN107960330A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-04-27 广西秀博科技股份有限公司 Displaced type ventilating system
CN208175706U (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-12-04 青岛大牧人机械股份有限公司 A kind of multi-storey building formula pig house
CN208908808U (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-05-31 余平 Building type animal room ventilating system
CN111076290A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-28 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air outlet duct structure suitable for air conditioner indoor unit and air conditioner
CN111109089A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-05-08 青岛特牧机械设备有限公司 Accurate environmental control system of building pig house
CN211931910U (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-11-17 大牧人机械(胶州)有限公司 Temperature-controllable building type precise ventilation structure for livestock and poultry house

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113393937A (en) * 2021-07-12 2021-09-14 长沙瑞和数码科技有限公司 Method, device, equipment and computer storage medium for preventing pig infectious diseases

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN211931910U (en) Temperature-controllable building type precise ventilation structure for livestock and poultry house
CN112931234A (en) Novel ventilation system for livestock and poultry multi-storey building
CN112817350A (en) Ventilation control method and system for building farm
CN111306686B (en) A novel ventilation unit for building
CN107278959B (en) Positive-pressure ventilation greenhouse chicken house
CN111837966B (en) Ventilation system for livestock and poultry breeding
CN217470999U (en) Henhouse ventilation device
CN206442902U (en) A kind of environment-friendly type sheep hurdle
CN218339259U (en) Air treatment device for livestock farm
CN212589482U (en) Ventilation system for livestock and poultry breeding
US20080034482A1 (en) Ventilated toilet
JPS6115335B2 (en)
CN106614035A (en) Feeding room structure for livestock farming
CN218235562U (en) Greenhouse fan capable of locally adjusting air speed
CN215935862U (en) Practice thrift flat-layer pig farm that field is flat and arrangement structure thereof
KR20040019412A (en) Stall for raising the livestocks of weaning period
CN206371286U (en) A kind of novel environment friendly epidemic prevention pig house
JP2017172851A (en) Ventilation fan system for livestock barn
CN210746686U (en) Ventilation unit of poultry plant
JP2018123968A (en) Ventilation blower system for barn
CN211983130U (en) Building type livestock and poultry house ventilation structure
CN214628910U (en) Easily ventilated pigsty
JP2535137B2 (en) Windless poultry house structure
CN219478826U (en) Clean deodorization system of plant
CN216769696U (en) A new trend system for preventing cross infection

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20210518