CN112616401A - Fertilizer injection unit with adjustable maize - Google Patents

Fertilizer injection unit with adjustable maize Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112616401A
CN112616401A CN202011521212.6A CN202011521212A CN112616401A CN 112616401 A CN112616401 A CN 112616401A CN 202011521212 A CN202011521212 A CN 202011521212A CN 112616401 A CN112616401 A CN 112616401A
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China
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fixedly connected
periphery
collecting box
material collecting
corn
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CN202011521212.6A
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CN112616401B (en
Inventor
张海军
牟群
韩明明
吕连杰
安霞
蒋方山
陈军
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ZIBO ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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ZIBO ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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Publication of CN112616401A publication Critical patent/CN112616401A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/005Undercarriages, tanks, hoppers, stirrers specially adapted for seeders or fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/006Hoppers

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an adjustable corn fertilizing device, which comprises a material collecting box, a supporting seat and a conveying pipe, wherein the material collecting box is arranged on the supporting seat; according to the corn fertilizer applying device, the angle deflection positioning of the feed delivery pipe in the supporting seat can be effectively realized by utilizing the five groups of sleeves and the limiting nuts arranged on the inner wall of the supporting seat, so that corn fertilizer in a material collecting box arranged on the supporting seat can be effectively transmitted to the feed delivery pipe and the feed guide by utilizing the connecting pipes and the corrugated pipes, and meanwhile, the position of the feed delivery pipe and the feed guide can be adjusted by matching with the screw rods driven by the motor in the mounting seat, so that the corn fields with different column distances and different height positions can be subjected to position adjustment when the fertilizer applying operation is carried out on the corn fields, the fertilizer spreading precision can be effectively improved in the fertilizer applying process, the root and stem leaves of the corn can be orderly subjected to fertilizer applying operation, the waste of fertilizer resources is effectively avoided, and the high efficiency of corn fertilizer applying is effectively improved.

Description

Fertilizer injection unit with adjustable maize
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fertilizing devices, in particular to an adjustable corn fertilizing device.
Background
Compared with the traditional grain crops such as rice, wheat and the like, the corn has strong drought resistance, cold resistance, barren resistance and excellent environmental adaptability, the corn has higher nutritional value, is an excellent grain crop, is a high-yield grain crop in China, is an important feed source for animal husbandry, aquaculture and the like, is one of indispensable raw materials for food, medical health, light industry, chemical industry and the like, has a plurality of biological activities such as oxidation resistance, tumor resistance, blood sugar reduction, immunity improvement, bacteriostasis, sterilization and the like due to extremely abundant, cheap and easily obtained corn resources, has wide development and application prospects, and is mainly used for applying fertilizers to soil or spraying the fertilizers on plants to provide nutrients required by the plants and maintain and improve the soil fertility, and the main purpose of the fertilization is to increase the crop yield, improve crop quality, fertilize soil fertility and improve economic benefits, so reasonable and scientific fertilization is one of the main means for guaranteeing grain safety and maintaining sustainable development of agriculture, and a fertilizing device for corn has certain defects in practical application, such as:
the fertilizing device in the prior art has the defects of self structure, so that a user can easily cause inaccurate fertilization of fertilizer on corn root, stem and leaf when fertilizing operation is carried out on corns with different plant distances and different positions, thereby greatly reducing the fertilizing effect of the corn and wasting a large amount of fertilizer resources at the same time, and further failing to meet the requirements of the prior art.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an adjustable corn fertilization device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an adjustable corn fertilizer device comprises a material collecting box, a supporting seat and material conveying pipes, wherein the periphery of the upper surface of the supporting seat, which is close to the edge, is fixedly connected with a supporting frame through bolts, the inner wall of the supporting frame is fixedly connected with the material collecting box through fasteners, guide rods are inserted into the middle parts of the two sides of the inner wall of the supporting seat in a rotating mode through bearings, sleeves are movably sleeved on the peripheries of the guide rods, the peripheries of the guide rods at the two ends of each sleeve are sleeved with limit nuts in a threaded mode, the middle part of the front surface of each sleeve is fixedly connected with the material conveying pipes through the bolts, the top ends of the material conveying pipes are fixedly connected with corrugated pipes through flanges and screws, the top ends of the peripheries of the corrugated pipes are fixedly connected with connecting pipes through the flanges and the screws, the two ends of the periphery of the supporting seat are fixedly connected with mounting seats through bolts, the middle part of one side of each mounting seat, which is close to the top end, is fixedly connected with a controller through bolts, the middle part of the inner wall of the upper surface of each mounting seat is fixedly connected with a motor through bolts, the top end of the inner wall of the upper surface of each mounting seat is fixedly connected with a storage battery through bolts, the middle part of the other side of the periphery of each mounting seat, which is close to the bottom end, is provided with a limiting groove, a sliding block is inserted and connected in a sliding manner in the inner wall of the limiting groove, the power output end of the motor penetrates through the limiting groove and is fixedly connected with a lead screw through a coupler, the peripheral bottom end of the lead screw penetrates through a sliding block and is rotatably inserted and connected in the bottom end, and a positioning nut is sleeved on the periphery of the rotating shaft through threads.
Preferably, the case that gathers materials still includes level sensor, it all is connected with level sensor through screw fixed connection to gather materials incasement wall both sides near bottom department, the distance size between level sensor lower surface and the incasement wall lower surface that gathers materials is five millimeters.
Preferably, the material collecting box further comprises a cover plate, the material collecting box is of a quadrangular frustum pyramid structure, the upper surface of the material collecting box is fixedly connected with the cover plate through a movable clamping piece, the middle part of the upper surface of the cover plate is fixedly connected with a handle through a screw, and air holes are formed in the periphery of the handle.
Preferably, the sleeve is of a hollow cylindrical structure, the sleeve is in clearance fit with the guide rod, a thread groove is formed in the periphery of the guide rod, and the guide rod is in threaded connection with the limiting nut through the thread groove.
Preferably, the connecting pipe further comprises an electromagnetic valve, the periphery of the connecting pipe close to the bottom end is fixedly connected with the electromagnetic valve through a bolt, and the electromagnetic valve is used as an on-off control mechanism of the connecting pipe.
Preferably, the included angle between the axial lead of each material guide pipe and the horizontal plane is sixty degrees, the distance between any two adjacent material guide pipes is the same, and seven material guide pipes are arranged on two sides of the periphery of each material guide pipe.
Preferably, the slider is convex character type structure, and the spacing groove is convex character type structure, the fixed plate is four arris board type structure, fixed plate one side and mount pad sliding connection, the fixed plate is located same vertical plane with the mount pad.
Preferably, the bottom end of the fixing plate is of a spherical groove type structure, the range of the rotation angle of the rotating shaft in the spherical groove is zero to ninety degrees, and a rubber sleeve is sleeved and fixed on the periphery of the roller.
Preferably, the mounting seat further comprises a backing plate, a support is fixedly connected to the middle of one side of the periphery of the mounting seat, close to the bottom end, through bolts, the support is of an L-shaped structure, a threaded rod is inserted into the middle of the support in a threaded manner, and the bottom end of the threaded rod penetrates through the support and passes through the backing plate fixedly connected with the bolts.
Preferably, the supporting seat is of a square structure, the length of the conveying pipeline is not larger than the height of the mounting seat, and the height of the fixing plate is not larger than the height of the mounting seat.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention can effectively implement angle deflection positioning on the feed delivery pipe in the supporting seat by utilizing five groups of sleeves and limiting nuts arranged on the inner wall of the supporting seat, thereby effectively utilizing the connecting pipe and the corrugated pipe to transmit the fertilizer to the feed delivery pipe and the feed guide pipe in the material collecting box arranged on the supporting seat, simultaneously controlling the opening and closing of the electromagnetic valve on the connecting pipe through the controller on the mounting seat, effectively improving the efficiency of a user for applying fertilizer to each corn plant in the corn field, simultaneously being matched with the screw rod driven by the motor in the mounting seat, thereby effectively driving the fixed plate to be lifted when the slide block slides directionally in the mounting seat, and further implementing position-oriented adjustment on corn with different column distances and different height positions when the feed delivery pipe and the feed guide pipe apply fertilizer to the corn field, thereby make fertilizer can effectually promote the precision of scattering of fertilizer and make the root stem leaf of maize obtain the fertilization operation in order and the effectual waste of avoiding the fertilizer resource at the fertilization in-process, and then the effectual high efficiency that promotes maize fertilization, can effectually make the fixed plate pass through the gyro wheel and can also cooperate the backing plate on the support to overall structure implementation location support when the gyro wheel removes in maize ground through utilizing steel ball and set nut in the fixed plate bottom, thereby the steadiness of convenience that the convenience of user when controlling and then powerful promotion maize fertilization effectually remedied not enough among the prior art.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an overall half-section configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a half-section of the support base of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a half-section structure of the mounting base of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-collecting box; 11-a liquid level sensor; 12-a cover plate; 13-a handle; 2-a support seat; 21-a support frame; 22-a guide bar; 23-a sleeve; 24-a limit nut; 3-a material conveying pipe; 31-a bellows; 32-connecting tube; 33-a solenoid valve; 34-a material guide pipe; 4-mounting a base; 41-a controller; 42-a storage battery; 43-a motor; 44-a screw rod; 45-a slide block; 46-a fixed plate; 5-steel balls; 51-a rotating shaft; 52-a roller; 53-a positioning nut; 6-a scaffold; 61-threaded rod; 62-backing plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: an adjustable corn fertilizer device comprises a material collecting box 1, a supporting seat 2 and material conveying pipes 3, wherein the supporting seat 2 is of a square structure, the deflection of each material conveying pipe 3 on the periphery of a guide rod 22 can be limited by the design of the square structure, the periphery of the upper surface of the supporting seat 2 is close to the edge and is fixedly connected with a supporting frame 21 through bolts, the inner wall of the supporting frame 21 is fixedly connected with the material collecting box 1 through a clamping piece, fertilizer for corn fertilization can be effectively loaded and stored through the material collecting box 1, the middle parts of two sides of the inner wall of the supporting seat 2 are rotatably inserted with the guide rods 22 through bearings, sleeves 23 are movably sleeved on the periphery of the guide rods 22, the sleeves 23 are provided with five parts, the sleeves 23 are of a hollow cylindrical structure, the sleeves 23 are in clearance fit with the guide rods 22, so that the sleeves 23 can freely slide on the periphery of the guide rods 22, and limiting, a thread groove is formed in the periphery of the guide rod 22, the guide rod 22 is in threaded insertion with the limiting nuts 24 through the thread groove, and the sleeve 23 can be positioned on the guide rod 22 through the two adjacent limiting nuts 24, so that the sleeve 23 can be stabilized on the guide rod 22 to avoid deflection displacement;
the middle part of the front surface of the sleeve 23 is fixedly connected with a material conveying pipe 3 through a bolt, fertilizer in the material collecting box 1 can be effectively conveyed to a corn field through the material conveying pipe 3, the top end of the material conveying pipe 3 is fixedly connected with a corrugated pipe 31 through a flange and a screw, the swing angle between the material conveying pipe 3 and a connecting pipe 32 can be flexibly deflected through the corrugated pipe 31, the top end of the corrugated pipe 31 is fixedly connected with the connecting pipe 32 through the flange and the screw, the peripheral top end of the connecting pipe 32 penetrates through the material collecting box 1 and is fixedly connected with the material collecting box 1 through the bolt, material conveying pipes 34 are inserted in threads on two peripheral sides of the material conveying pipe 3, the included angle between the axial lead of each material conveying pipe 34 and the horizontal plane is sixty degrees, the distance between any two adjacent material conveying pipes 34 is the same, seven material conveying pipes 34 on two peripheral sides of the material conveying pipe 3 are arranged, and the fertilizer application operation, thereby improving the comprehensiveness of the fertilization process;
the two ends of the periphery of the supporting seat 2 are fixedly connected with an installation seat 4 through bolts, the length of the material conveying pipe 3 is not larger than the height of the installation seat 4, the middle part of one side of the installation seat 4, which is close to the top end, is fixedly connected with a controller 41 through bolts, the controller 41 is convenient for users to control and use so as to control each electrical device, the middle part of the inner wall of the upper surface of the installation seat 4 is fixedly connected with a motor 43 through bolts, the top end of the inner wall of the upper surface of the installation seat 4 is fixedly connected with a storage battery 42 through bolts, the middle part of the other side of the periphery of the installation seat 4, which is close to the bottom end, is provided with a limiting groove, the limiting groove is in a convex structure, the inner wall of the limiting groove is slidably inserted with a sliding block 45, the sliding block 45 is in a convex structure, the power output end of the motor 43 penetrates, the motor 43 is used for driving the screw rod 44 to effectively enable the sliding block 45 to directionally move in the limiting groove, one side of the sliding block 45 is fixedly connected with a fixing plate 46 through a bolt, the fixing plate 46 is of a quadrangular plate type structure, the height of the fixing plate 46 is not larger than that of the mounting seat 4, one side of the fixing plate 46 is in sliding connection with the mounting seat 4, the sliding block 45 can effectively drive the fixing plate 46 to displace, so that the horizontal position of the supporting seat 2 is lifted, the conveying pipeline 3 and the material guide pipes 34 can effectively conduct fertilization operation on corns with different heights, the fixing plate 46 and the mounting seat 4 are located on the same vertical plane, and the bottom end of the fixing plate 46 is of a spherical groove type structure;
the steel ball 5 is inlayed to fixed plate 46 bottom, steel ball 5 peripheral one side welded fastening has pivot 51, and the turned angle scope of pivot 51 in the spherical recess is zero to ninety degrees, pivot 51 one end is rotated through the bearing and is cup jointed gyro wheel 52, can make gyro wheel 52 implement 90 degrees deflections through pivot 51 through ninety degree's design to it can also implement to bear the weight of by the help of gyro wheel 52 and support fixedly to carry out in the maize field when making fixed plate 46 implement the removal in the maize field, gyro wheel 52 peripheral cup joints and is fixed with the rubber sleeve, pivot 51 peripheral screw thread cup joints set nut 53, can implement the limited to the deflected angle of gyro wheel 52 through set nut 53.
Example two:
referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: an adjustable corn fertilizer applicator comprises a material collecting box 1, a supporting seat 2 and material conveying pipes 3, wherein the supporting seat 2 is of a square structure, the deflection of each material conveying pipe 3 on the periphery of a guide rod 22 can be limited by the design of the square structure, the periphery of the upper surface of the supporting seat 2 is close to the edge and is fixedly connected with a supporting frame 21 through bolts, the inner wall of the supporting frame 21 is fixedly connected with the material collecting box 1 through a clamping piece, fertilizers for corn fertilization can be effectively loaded and stored through the material collecting box 1, the positions, close to the bottom ends, of the two sides of the inner wall of the material collecting box 1 are fixedly connected with liquid level sensors 11 through screws, the distance between the lower surfaces of the liquid level sensors 11 and the inner wall of the material collecting box 1 is five millimeters, the surplus of the fertilizers in the material collecting box 1 can be effectively detected through the liquid, the upper surface of the material collecting box 1 is fixedly connected with a cover plate 12 through a movable clamping piece, a sealing ring is embedded between the adjacent surfaces of the cover plate 12 and the material collecting box 1, the middle part of the upper surface of the cover plate 12 is fixedly connected with a handle 13 through screws, the handle 13 is of a U-shaped structure, air holes are formed in the periphery of the handle 13, the gripping comfort of the handle 13 can be effectively improved through the air holes, guide rods 22 are rotatably inserted into the middle parts of two sides of the inner wall of the supporting seat 2 through bearings, sleeves 23 are movably sleeved on the periphery of the guide rods 22, the number of the sleeves 23 is five, the sleeves 23 are of a hollow cylindrical structure, the sleeves 23 are in clearance fit with the guide rods 22, so that the sleeves 23 can freely slide on the periphery of the guide rods 22, limit nuts 24 are sleeved on the peripheries of the guide rods 22 at two ends of the sleeves 23 through threads, thread grooves, the sleeve 23 can be positioned on the guide rod 22 through two adjacent limiting nuts 24, so that the sleeve 23 is stabilized on the guide rod 22 to avoid deflection displacement;
the middle part of the front surface of the sleeve 23 is fixedly connected with a material conveying pipe 3 through a bolt, fertilizer in the material collecting box 1 can be effectively conveyed to the corn field through the material conveying pipe 3, the top end of the material conveying pipe 3 is fixedly connected with a corrugated pipe 31 through a flange and a screw, the swing angle between the material conveying pipe 3 and a connecting pipe 32 can be flexibly deflected through the corrugated pipe 31, the top end of the corrugated pipe 31 is fixedly connected with the connecting pipe 32 through the flange and the screw, the peripheral top end of the connecting pipe 32 penetrates through the material collecting box 1 and is fixedly connected with the material collecting box 1 through the bolt, the position, close to the bottom end, of the periphery of the connecting pipe 32 is fixedly connected with an electromagnetic valve 33 through the bolt, the electromagnetic valve 33 is used as an on-off control mechanism of the connecting pipe 32, so that a user can flexibly control the start-stop adjustment of the electromagnetic valve, the included angle between the axial lead of the material guiding pipes 34 and the horizontal plane is sixty degrees, the distance between any two adjacent material guiding pipes 34 is the same, seven material guiding pipes 34 are arranged on two sides of the periphery of the material conveying pipe 3, and the corn fields on two sides of the periphery of the material conveying pipe 3 can be effectively improved through the material guiding pipes 34 to implement fertilization operation, so that the comprehensiveness in the fertilization process is improved;
the two ends of the periphery of the supporting seat 2 are fixedly connected with an installation seat 4 through bolts, the length of the material conveying pipe 3 is not larger than the height of the installation seat 4, the middle part of one side of the installation seat 4, which is close to the top end, is fixedly connected with a controller 41 through bolts, the controller 41 is convenient for users to control and use so as to control each electrical device, the middle part of the inner wall of the upper surface of the installation seat 4 is fixedly connected with a motor 43 through bolts, the top end of the inner wall of the upper surface of the installation seat 4 is fixedly connected with a storage battery 42 through bolts, the middle part of the other side of the periphery of the installation seat 4, which is close to the bottom end, is provided with a limiting groove, the limiting groove is in a convex structure, the inner wall of the limiting groove is slidably inserted with a sliding block 45, the sliding block 45 is in a convex structure, the power output end of the motor 43 penetrates, the motor 43 is used for driving the screw rod 44 to effectively enable the sliding block 45 to directionally move in the limiting groove, one side of the sliding block 45 is fixedly connected with a fixing plate 46 through a bolt, the fixing plate 46 is of a quadrangular plate type structure, the height of the fixing plate 46 is not larger than that of the mounting seat 4, one side of the fixing plate 46 is in sliding connection with the mounting seat 4, the sliding block 45 can effectively drive the fixing plate 46 to displace, so that the horizontal position of the supporting seat 2 is lifted, the conveying pipeline 3 and the material guide pipes 34 can effectively conduct fertilization operation on corns with different heights, the fixing plate 46 and the mounting seat 4 are located on the same vertical plane, and the bottom end of the fixing plate 46 is of a spherical groove type structure;
the steel ball 5 is inlayed to fixed plate 46 bottom, steel ball 5 peripheral one side welded fastening has pivot 51, and the turned angle scope of pivot 51 in the spherical recess is zero to ninety degrees, pivot 51 one end is rotated through the bearing and is cup jointed gyro wheel 52, can make gyro wheel 52 implement 90 degrees deflections through pivot 51 through ninety degree's design to it can also implement to bear the weight of by the help of gyro wheel 52 and support fixedly to carry out in the maize field when making fixed plate 46 implement the removal in the maize field, gyro wheel 52 peripheral cup joints and is fixed with the rubber sleeve, pivot 51 peripheral screw thread cup joints set nut 53, can implement the limited to the deflected angle of gyro wheel 52 through set nut 53.
Example three:
referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: an adjustable corn fertilizer device comprises a material collecting box 1, a supporting seat 2 and material conveying pipes 3, wherein the supporting seat 2 is of a square structure, the deflection of each material conveying pipe 3 on the periphery of a guide rod 22 can be limited by the design of the square structure, the periphery of the upper surface of the supporting seat 2 is close to the edge and is fixedly connected with a supporting frame 21 through bolts, the inner wall of the supporting frame 21 is fixedly connected with the material collecting box 1 through a clamping piece, fertilizer for corn fertilization can be effectively loaded and stored through the material collecting box 1, the middle parts of two sides of the inner wall of the supporting seat 2 are rotatably inserted with the guide rods 22 through bearings, sleeves 23 are movably sleeved on the periphery of the guide rods 22, the sleeves 23 are provided with five parts, the sleeves 23 are of a hollow cylindrical structure, the sleeves 23 are in clearance fit with the guide rods 22, so that the sleeves 23 can freely slide on the periphery of the guide rods 22, and limiting, a thread groove is formed in the periphery of the guide rod 22, the guide rod 22 is in threaded insertion with the limiting nuts 24 through the thread groove, and the sleeve 23 can be positioned on the guide rod 22 through the two adjacent limiting nuts 24, so that the sleeve 23 can be stabilized on the guide rod 22 to avoid deflection displacement;
the middle part of the front surface of the sleeve 23 is fixedly connected with a material conveying pipe 3 through a bolt, fertilizer in the material collecting box 1 can be effectively conveyed to a corn field through the material conveying pipe 3, the top end of the material conveying pipe 3 is fixedly connected with a corrugated pipe 31 through a flange and a screw, the swing angle between the material conveying pipe 3 and a connecting pipe 32 can be flexibly deflected through the corrugated pipe 31, the top end of the corrugated pipe 31 is fixedly connected with the connecting pipe 32 through the flange and the screw, the peripheral top end of the connecting pipe 32 penetrates through the material collecting box 1 and is fixedly connected with the material collecting box 1 through the bolt, material conveying pipes 34 are inserted in threads on two peripheral sides of the material conveying pipe 3, the included angle between the axial lead of each material conveying pipe 34 and the horizontal plane is sixty degrees, the distance between any two adjacent material conveying pipes 34 is the same, seven material conveying pipes 34 on two peripheral sides of the material conveying pipe 3 are arranged, and the fertilizer application operation, thereby improving the comprehensiveness of the fertilization process;
the two ends of the periphery of the supporting seat 2 are fixedly connected with an installation seat 4 through bolts, the length of the material conveying pipe 3 is not larger than the height of the installation seat 4, the middle part of one side of the installation seat 4, which is close to the top end, is fixedly connected with a controller 41 through bolts, the controller 41 is convenient for users to control and use so as to control each electrical device, the middle part of the inner wall of the upper surface of the installation seat 4 is fixedly connected with a motor 43 through bolts, the top end of the inner wall of the upper surface of the installation seat 4 is fixedly connected with a storage battery 42 through bolts, the middle part of the other side of the periphery of the installation seat 4, which is close to the bottom end, is provided with a limiting groove, the limiting groove is in a convex structure, the inner wall of the limiting groove is slidably inserted with a sliding block 45, the sliding block 45 is in a convex structure, the power output end of the motor 43 penetrates, the motor 43 is used for driving the screw rod 44 to effectively enable the sliding block 45 to directionally move in the limiting groove, one side of the sliding block 45 is fixedly connected with a fixing plate 46 through a bolt, the fixing plate 46 is of a quadrangular plate type structure, the height of the fixing plate 46 is not larger than that of the mounting seat 4, one side of the fixing plate 46 is in sliding connection with the mounting seat 4, the sliding block 45 can effectively drive the fixing plate 46 to displace, so that the horizontal position of the supporting seat 2 is lifted, the conveying pipeline 3 and the material guide pipes 34 can effectively conduct fertilization operation on corns with different heights, the fixing plate 46 and the mounting seat 4 are located on the same vertical plane, and the bottom end of the fixing plate 46 is of a spherical groove type structure;
the bottom end of the fixing plate 46 is inlaid with a steel ball 5, one side of the periphery of the steel ball 5 is fixedly welded with a rotating shaft 51, the rotating angle range of the rotating shaft 51 in the spherical groove is zero to ninety degrees, one end of the rotating shaft 51 is rotatably sleeved with a roller 52 through a bearing, the roller 52 can deflect 90 degrees through the rotating shaft 51 through the design of ninety degrees, so that the fixing plate 46 can carry out bearing, supporting and fixing in a corn field through the roller 52 while moving through the roller 52, a rubber sleeve is sleeved and fixed on the periphery of the roller 52, a positioning nut 53 is sleeved and fixed on the periphery of the rotating shaft 51, the deflection angle of the roller 52 can be limited through the positioning nut 53, a support 6 is fixedly connected to the middle of one side of the periphery of the mounting seat 4 close to the bottom end through a bolt, the support 6 is of an L-shaped structure, and a threaded rod, the bottom end of the threaded rod 61 penetrates through the support 6 and is fixedly connected with a base plate 62 through a bolt, the base plate 62 is of a circular truncated cone structure, and the base plate 62 is driven through the threaded rod 61 so that the mounting base 4 can effectively obtain supporting force, and therefore the stability of the whole structure can be improved when the deflection angle of the roller 52 is adjusted by a user conveniently.
The working principle is as follows: when in use, the five groups of sleeves 23 and the limiting nuts 24 arranged on the inner wall of the supporting seat 2 by using the guide rods 22 can effectively implement angle deflection positioning on the conveying pipe 3 in the supporting seat 2, so that corn fertilizer in the collecting box 1 arranged on the supporting frame 21 can be effectively transferred to the conveying pipe 3 and the guide pipe 34 by using the connecting pipe 32 and the corrugated pipe 31, and meanwhile, the controller 41 on the mounting seat 4 can control the opening and closing of the electromagnetic valve 33 on the connecting pipe 32, so that the efficiency of a user for applying fertilizer to each corn plant in the corn field is effectively improved, and meanwhile, the slide block 45 is matched with the screw rod 44 driven by the motor 43 in the mounting seat 4, so that the slide block 45 can effectively drive the fixing plate 46 to implement position lifting when sliding in the mounting seat 4, and the conveying pipe 3 and the guide pipe 34 can implement position adjustment to the corn fields with different column distances and different height positions when applying fertilizer to the corn field, thereby make fertilizer can effectual promotion fertilizer in the fertilization in-process the precision of scattering, and then the effectual high efficiency that promotes maize fertilization, can effectually make fixed plate 46 pass through gyro wheel 52 through the fixed plate 46 bottom and can also cooperate the backing plate 62 on the support 6 to implement the location support to overall structure when the removal in maize ground at fixed plate 46 bottom with set nut 53 to convenience of customers' steadiness when controlling and then the powerful convenience that has promoted maize fertilization.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a fertilizer injection unit with adjustable maize which characterized in that includes:
a material collecting box (1);
a support base (2); and
a feed delivery pipe (3);
the supporting frame (21) is fixedly connected to the periphery, close to the edge, of the upper surface of the supporting seat (2) through bolts, the inner wall of the supporting frame (21) is fixedly connected with the material collecting box (1) through a clamping piece, guide rods (22) are rotatably inserted into the middle parts of two sides of the inner wall of the supporting seat (2) through bearings, sleeves (23) are movably sleeved on the peripheries of the guide rods (22), the number of the sleeves (23) is five, and limit nuts (24) are sleeved on the peripheries of the guide rods (22) at two ends of each sleeve (23) in a threaded;
the middle part of the front surface of the sleeve (23) is fixedly connected with a material conveying pipe (3) through a bolt, the top end of the material conveying pipe (3) is fixedly connected with a corrugated pipe (31) through a flange and a screw, the top end of the corrugated pipe (31) is fixedly connected with a connecting pipe (32) through a flange and a screw, the top end of the periphery of the connecting pipe (32) penetrates through the material collecting box (1) and is fixedly connected with the material collecting box (1) through a bolt, and material guide pipes (34) are inserted in threads on two sides of the periphery of the material;
both ends of the two sides of the periphery of the supporting seat (2) are fixedly connected with mounting seats (4) through bolts, a controller (41) is fixedly connected at the middle part of one side of the mounting seat (4) close to the top end through a bolt, the middle part of the inner wall of the upper surface of the mounting seat (4) is fixedly connected with a motor (43) through a bolt, the top end of the inner wall of the upper surface of the mounting seat (4) is fixedly connected with a storage battery (42) through a bolt, a limit groove is arranged at the middle part of the other side of the periphery of the mounting seat (4) close to the bottom end, and the inner wall of the limit groove is inserted with a slide block (45) in a sliding way, the power output end of the motor (43) penetrates through the limit groove and is fixedly connected with a screw rod (44) through a coupler, the peripheral bottom end of the screw rod (44) penetrates through the sliding block (45) and is rotatably inserted at the bottom end of the inner wall of the limiting groove through a bearing, one side of the sliding block (45) is fixedly connected with a fixing plate (46) through a bolt;
the steel ball (5) are inlaid in the bottom end of the fixing plate (46), a rotating shaft (51) is fixedly welded on one side of the periphery of the steel ball (5), a roller (52) is sleeved on one end of the rotating shaft (51) in a rotating mode through a bearing, and a positioning nut (53) is sleeved on the periphery of the rotating shaft (51) in a threaded mode.
2. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the material collecting box (1) further comprises:
a liquid level sensor (11);
gather workbin (1) inner wall both sides and be close to bottom department and all pass through screw fixedly connected with level sensor (11), the distance size between level sensor (11) lower surface and the workbin (1) inner wall lower surface that gathers is five millimeters.
3. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the material collecting box (1) further comprises:
a cover plate (12);
the material collecting box (1) is of a quadrangular frustum pyramid structure, the upper surface of the material collecting box (1) is fixedly connected with a cover plate (12) through a movable clamping piece, the middle part of the upper surface of the cover plate (12) is fixedly connected with a handle (13) through a screw, and air holes are formed in the periphery of the handle (13).
4. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the sleeve (23) is of a hollow cylindrical structure, the sleeve (23) is in clearance fit with the guide rod (22), a thread groove is formed in the periphery of the guide rod (22), and the guide rod (22) is in threaded connection with the limiting nut (24) through the thread groove.
5. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the connection tube (32) further comprises:
an electromagnetic valve (33);
the periphery of the connecting pipe (32) is fixedly connected with an electromagnetic valve (33) close to the bottom end through a bolt, and the electromagnetic valve (33) is used as an on-off control mechanism of the connecting pipe (32).
6. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the included angle between the axial lead of the material guide pipes (34) and the horizontal plane is sixty degrees, the distance between any two adjacent material guide pipes (34) is the same, and seven material guide pipes (34) are arranged on two peripheral sides of the material conveying pipe (3).
7. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: slider (45) are type structure of protruding, and the spacing groove is type structure of protruding, fixed plate (46) are four arris board type structures, fixed plate (46) one side and mount pad (4) sliding connection, fixed plate (46) and mount pad (4) are located same vertical plane.
8. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom end of the fixing plate (46) is of a spherical groove type structure, the rotating angle range of the rotating shaft (51) in the spherical groove is zero to ninety degrees, and a rubber sleeve is sleeved and fixed on the periphery of the roller (52).
9. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the mounting seat (4) further comprises:
a backing plate (62);
the middle part of one peripheral side of the mounting seat (4) is close to the bottom end and is fixedly connected with a support (6) through a bolt, the support (6) is of an L-shaped structure, a threaded rod (61) is inserted in the middle of the support (6) through threads, and the bottom end of the threaded rod (61) penetrates through the support (6) and is fixedly connected with a base plate (62) through a bolt.
10. The adjustable fertilizing device for corns as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the supporting seat (2) is of a square structure, the length of the conveying pipeline (3) is not larger than the height of the mounting seat (4), and the height of the fixing plate (46) is not larger than the height of the mounting seat (4).
CN202011521212.6A 2020-12-21 2020-12-21 Fertilizer injection unit with adjustable maize Active CN112616401B (en)

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