CN112586314B - Dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation - Google Patents

Dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112586314B
CN112586314B CN202011469888.5A CN202011469888A CN112586314B CN 112586314 B CN112586314 B CN 112586314B CN 202011469888 A CN202011469888 A CN 202011469888A CN 112586314 B CN112586314 B CN 112586314B
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China
Prior art keywords
water tank
water
irrigation
drip irrigation
pipeline
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CN202011469888.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112586314A (en
Inventor
王振清
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Shenzhen Caiguo Fruit Agricultural Products Co ltd
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Shenzhen Caiguo Fruit Agricultural Products Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/08Cleaning involving contact with liquid the liquid having chemical or dissolving effect
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation of agricultural irrigation, which comprises a water tank and soil, wherein the water tank is buried in the ground, water guide plates are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the water tank and arranged in the soil, a filter screen is arranged above the water guide plates on two sides of the water tank, a water inlet pipe is connected to one side of the water tank, a semipermeable membrane is arranged at the position, corresponding to the water inlet pipe, of the other side of the water tank, a water pump is arranged at the center position in the water tank, the water pump is connected with a water pipe, a box body is fixedly welded above the water tank, the other end of the water pipe penetrates through the water tank and is positioned in the box body, a straight rod is connected with the water tank in a sliding manner, and one end, positioned in the water tank, of the straight rod is fixedly connected with a floating ball. The advantages are that: through utilizing the tee bend to connect drip irrigation pipeline and sprinkling irrigation pipeline simultaneously, can carry out the sprinkling irrigation and drip irrigation the switching, the staff can control as required circumstances, and the device also can switch by oneself simultaneously.

Description

Dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural irrigation, in particular to a spray and drip irrigation dual-purpose device for agricultural irrigation.
Background
The sprinkling irrigation is an irrigation method that uses mechanical and power equipment to make water jet into the air through a spray head (or nozzle) and drop in the field in a raindrop state. The sprinkling irrigation equipment consists of a water inlet pipe, a water pump, a water delivery pipe, a water distribution pipe, a spray head (or a spray nozzle) and the like, and can be fixed, semi-fixed or movable. The drip irrigation system has the advantages of saving water, not damaging the soil structure, adjusting the ground climate, not being limited by the terrain and the like, is the most effective water-saving irrigation mode in the drought and water-lack areas at present, and has the water utilization rate of 95 percent. Compared with spray irrigation, the drip irrigation has higher water-saving and yield-increasing effects, and can be combined with fertilization to improve the fertilizer efficiency by more than one time. The irrigation system is suitable for irrigation of fruit trees, vegetables, economic crops and greenhouses, and can be used for irrigation of field crops in arid and water-deficient places. The disadvantage is that the drippers are prone to scaling and clogging.
The main measures of water-saving irrigation in various countries in the world currently comprise seepage prevention of channels, low-pressure pipe irrigation, sprinkling irrigation, micro irrigation and the like. However, a single water-saving irrigation mode cannot achieve the best effect on agricultural irrigation, so that water resource waste or insufficient irrigation and the like are necessarily caused, and the growth of crops is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art, and provides a spray and drip irrigation dual-purpose device for agricultural irrigation.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a spout dual-purpose device of drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, includes water tank, soil, the water tank buries in the bottom of the earth, water tank bilateral symmetry is provided with the water guide plate, the water guide plate sets up in soil, the water tank both sides are located the water guide plate top and are provided with the filter screen, water tank one side is connected with the inlet tube, the water tank opposite side is provided with the semipermeable membrane with the position that the inlet tube corresponds, bottom central point puts in the water tank and is provided with the water pump, the water pump is connected with the water pipe, water tank top welded fastening has the box, the water pipe other end runs through the water tank and is located the box, water tank sliding connection has the straight-bar, the straight-bar runs through water tank and box, the one end fixedly connected with floater that the straight-bar is located the water tank, the box is connected with irrigation equipment.
In the dual-purpose device of drip irrigation is spouted in above-mentioned, irrigation equipment is including being located the water piping connection of box, three-way pipe one end is connected with drip irrigation pipeline, be provided with the drip irrigation water dropper on the drip irrigation pipeline, the drip irrigation water dropper sets up in plant root system position, the three-way pipe other end is connected with the sprinkling irrigation pipeline, the box top is provided with sprinkler, sprinkler is run through to the sprinkling irrigation pipeline, the three-way pipe rotates and is connected with the pivot, the pivot runs through the three-way pipe, the pivot is located the outside one end welded fastening of three-way pipe has the dwang, the spout has all been seted up at dwang both ends, dwang one end is connected with the straight-bar rotation through the round pin axle, the dwang other end is connected with the slide bar through the rotation of round pin axle, the inside welded fastening of box has the stock solution box, the inside fixedly connected with baffle of slide bar, the slide bar slides on the stock solution box, the stock solution box is run through.
In the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, one end of the rotating shaft, which is positioned in the three-way pipe, is fixedly provided with the spur gear in a coaxial welding manner, the spur gear rotates in the three-way pipe, the spur gear is meshed with the rack, the rack slides in the three-way pipe, the inside of the three-way pipe is rotationally connected with the splitter plate through the pin, and the splitter plate is rotationally connected with the rack through the pin shaft.
In the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, the box body is positioned on the ground surface, water is arranged in the water tank, and the model of the water pump is IH.
In the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, one end of the sliding rod, which is positioned in the liquid storage box, is fixedly provided with the retainer ring in a gluing way, the retainer ring is propped against the retainer plate, the bottom of the liquid storage box is fixedly connected with the liquid pipeline, the other end of the liquid pipeline is fixedly connected with the drip irrigation pipeline, and the liquid storage box is internally provided with the hydrochloric acid solution.
In the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, the spring is fixedly welded on the flow dividing plate, and the other end of the spring is fixedly welded on the three-way pipe.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. according to the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, which is provided by the invention, rainwater permeated underground is collected into the water tank by utilizing the water guide plate for recycling, and meanwhile, the liquid in the water tank is kept balanced by the water inlet pipe and the semipermeable membrane, so that the water shortage during irrigation is prevented.
2. According to the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, provided by the invention, the three-way pipe is used for simultaneously connecting the drip irrigation pipeline and the drip irrigation pipeline, so that the sprinkling irrigation and the drip irrigation can be switched, a worker can control according to the required situation, and meanwhile, the device can be switched automatically.
3. According to the dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, disclosed by the invention, the movement of the sliding rod is controlled by utilizing the rotating rod, so that the outflow of hydrochloric acid solution is controlled, and the hydrochloric acid solution enters a drip irrigation pipeline to dissolve the plug on a drip irrigation dropper.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a dual-purpose device for spray and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a dual-purpose device for spray and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is an enlarged view of part a of a dual-purpose device for spray and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1 water tank, 2 soil, 3 water guide plates, 4 filter screens, 5 water inlet pipes, 6 semipermeable membranes, 7 water pumps, 8 water pipes, 9 straight rods, 10 floating balls, 11 three-way pipes, 12 drip irrigation pipes, 13 drip irrigation drippers, 14 drip irrigation pipes, 15 sprinkling irrigation devices, 16 boxes, 17 rotating rods, 18 liquid storage boxes, 19 baffle plates, 20 slide rods, 21 check rings, 22 liquid pipelines, 23 slide grooves, 24 rotating shafts, 25 straight gears, 26 racks, 27 flow distribution plates and 28 springs.
Detailed Description
The following examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation comprises a water tank 1 and soil 2, wherein the water tank 1 is buried in the ground, water guide plates 3 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the water tank 1, the water guide plates 3 are arranged in the soil 2, a filter screen 4 is arranged above the water guide plates 3 on two sides of the water tank 1, a water inlet pipe 5 is connected to one side of the water tank 1, a semipermeable membrane 6 is arranged at a position corresponding to the water inlet pipe 5 on the other side of the water tank 1, a water pump 7 is arranged at the central position in the water tank 1, a water pipe 8 is connected to the water pump 7, a box 16 is welded and fixed above the water tank 1, the other end of the water pipe 8 penetrates through the water tank 1 and is positioned in the box 16, a straight rod 9 is connected in a sliding manner, the straight rod 9 penetrates through the water tank 1 and the box 16, one end of the straight rod 9 in the water tank 1 is fixedly connected with a floating ball 10, and the box 16 is connected with an irrigation device.
The irrigation device comprises a water pipe 8 positioned in a box 16, a three-way pipe 11 is connected with a drip irrigation pipeline 12 at one end of the three-way pipe 11, a drip irrigation drip emitter 13 is arranged on the drip irrigation pipeline 12, the drip irrigation drip emitter 13 is arranged at a plant root position, the other end of the three-way pipe 11 is connected with a spray irrigation pipeline 14, a spray irrigation device 15 is arranged at the top of the box 16, the spray irrigation pipeline 14 penetrates through the spray irrigation device 15, the three-way pipe 11 is rotationally connected with a rotating shaft 24, the rotating shaft 24 penetrates through the three-way pipe 11, one end of the rotating shaft 24 positioned outside the three-way pipe 11 is fixedly welded with a rotating rod 17, sliding grooves 23 are formed in two ends of the rotating rod 17, one end of the rotating rod 17 is rotationally connected with a straight rod 9 through a pin shaft, a liquid storage box 18 is rotationally connected with a baffle 19 through the pin shaft at the other end of the rotating rod 17, the sliding rod 20 penetrates through the liquid storage box 18, the liquid storage box 18 is fixedly connected with a baffle 19 inside the liquid storage box 18, the sliding rod 20 penetrates through the liquid storage box 18, rainwater penetrating into the underground is collected into the water tank 1 through a water guide plate 3 for recycling, and liquid in the water storage tank 1 is kept balanced through a water inlet pipe 5 and a semipermeable membrane 6 at the same time, and water shortage in the water storage tank 1 is prevented from occurring during irrigation.
One end of the rotating shaft 24, which is positioned in the three-way pipe 11, is coaxially welded and fixed with a spur gear 25, the spur gear 25 rotates in the three-way pipe 11, the spur gear 25 is meshed with a rack 26, the rack 26 slides in the three-way pipe 11, a splitter plate 27 is rotatably connected inside the three-way pipe 11 through a pin, and the splitter plate 27 is rotatably connected with the rack 26 through a pin shaft.
The box 16 is located the earth's surface, the inside water that is provided with of water tank 1, the model of water pump 7 is IH, the slide bar 20 is located the one end veneer that the receiver 18 is fixed with retaining ring 21, retaining ring 21 offsets with baffle 19, receiver 18 bottom fixedly connected with liquid pipeline 22, liquid pipeline 22 other end fixed connection is on drip irrigation pipeline 12, be provided with hydrochloric acid solution in the receiver 18, welded fastening has spring 28 on the flow distribution plate 27, spring 28 other end welded fastening is on three-way pipe 11, through utilizing three-way pipe 11 to connect drip irrigation pipeline 12 and sprinkling irrigation pipeline 14 simultaneously, can carry out sprinkling irrigation and drip irrigation's switching, the staff can control as required circumstances, the device also can switch by oneself simultaneously.
In the invention, firstly, the water inlet pipe 5 is communicated with the outside, the water inlet pipe 5 and the semipermeable membrane 6 keep the balance of liquid in the water tank 1, when the liquid level is lower than the water inlet pipe 5, the outside irrigates the water tank 1, when the liquid level is higher than the semipermeable membrane 6, the liquid slowly permeates into the soil 2 through the semipermeable membrane 6, when irrigation is needed, a worker starts the water pump 7 to enable water flow to enter the three-way pipe 11 through the water pipe 8, at the moment, the floating ball 10 is at the bottommost part, the flow dividing plate 27 divides the flow into the drip irrigation pipeline 12 to drip irrigation plants, when raining, rainwater permeates into the soil 2, flows into the water tank 1 through the water guide plate 3, is filtered by the filter screen 4 and then enters the water tank 1, and as the permeation speed of the semipermeable membrane 6 is lower, the water in the water tank 1 is gradually increased, at the moment, the floating ball 10 is subjected to buoyancy, and then rises upwards to drive the straight rod 9 to rise upwards, the rotating rod 17 is driven to rotate, the rotating shaft 24 is driven to rotate, the spur gear 25 is driven to rotate, the rack 26 is driven to slide, the splitter plate 27 is driven to rotate, the splitter plate 27 is enabled to split the flow to the sprinkling irrigation pipeline 14, meanwhile, the rotating rod 17 drives the sliding rod 20 to slide downwards, the retainer ring 21 is separated from the baffle plate 19, hydrochloric acid solution in the liquid storage box 18 falls down and enters the drip irrigation pipeline 12 through the liquid pipeline 22, so that the blocking material on the drip irrigation dripper 13 is dissolved in the drip irrigation pipeline 12, the service life of the drip irrigation dripper 13 is effectively prolonged, a large amount of cost is reduced, when the drip irrigation is stopped, the water pump 7 is started, rainwater enters the sprinkling irrigation device 15 through the water pipe 8 to perform sprinkling irrigation on plants, when the water tank does not have more water, but a user still wants to perform sprinkling irrigation, only water needs to be injected into the water tank 1 through the water inlet pipe 5.
Although the terms of the water tank 1, the soil 2, the water guide plate 3, the filter screen 4, the water inlet pipe 5, the semipermeable membrane 6, the water pump 7, the water pipe 8, the straight rod 9, the floating ball 10, the tee pipe 11, the drip irrigation pipe 12, the drip irrigation emitter 13, the drip irrigation pipe 14, the sprinkling irrigation device 15, the tank 16, the rotating rod 17, the liquid storage box 18, the baffle 19, the slide rod 20, the retainer ring 21, the liquid pipe 22, the chute 23, the rotating shaft 24, the straight gear 25, the rack 26, the diversion plate 27, the spring 28 are used more herein, the possibility of using other terms is not excluded. These terms are used merely for convenience in describing and explaining the nature of the invention; they are to be interpreted as any additional limitation that is not inconsistent with the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a spout dual-purpose device of drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation, includes water tank (1), soil (2), its characterized in that, water tank (1) buries in the bottom, water tank (1) bilateral symmetry is provided with water guide plate (3), water guide plate (3) set up in soil (2), water tank (1) both sides are located water guide plate (3) top and are provided with filter screen (4), water tank (1) one side is connected with inlet tube (5), water tank (1) opposite side is provided with semi-permeable membrane (6) with the position that inlet tube (5) corresponds, water tank (1) bottom central point puts and is provided with water pump (7), water pump (7) are connected with water pipe (8), water tank (1) top welded fastening has box (16), the water pipe (8) other end runs through water tank (1) and is arranged in box (16), water tank (1) sliding connection has straight-bar (9), straight-bar (9) run through water tank (1) and box (16), straight-bar (9) are arranged in water tank (1) and are located water tank (16), and floater (10) are connected with each other, irrigation device; the irrigation device comprises a water pipe (8) positioned in a box body (16) and is connected with a three-way pipe (11), one end of the three-way pipe (11) is connected with a drip irrigation pipeline (12), drip irrigation drippers (13) are arranged on the drip irrigation pipeline (12), the drip irrigation drippers (13) are arranged at plant root positions, the other ends of the three-way pipe (11) are connected with a spray irrigation pipeline (14), the top of the box body (16) is provided with a spray irrigation device (15), the spray irrigation pipeline (14) penetrates through the spray irrigation device (15), the three-way pipe (11) is rotationally connected with a rotating shaft (24), the rotating shaft (24) penetrates through the three-way pipe (11), one end of the rotating shaft (24) positioned outside the three-way pipe (11) is fixedly welded with a rotating rod (17), sliding grooves (23) are formed in two ends of the rotating rod (17), one end of the rotating rod (17) is rotationally connected with a straight rod (9) through a pin shaft, the other end of the rotating rod (17) is rotationally connected with a spray irrigation pipeline (20), a liquid storage box (18) is fixedly welded inside the box (16), the liquid storage box (18) is fixedly connected with the sliding rod (20), the sliding rod (18) penetrates through the sliding rod (20). The utility model provides a drip irrigation device, including three-way pipe (11), including pivot (24), rack (26), baffle (19), liquid storage box (18) bottom fixedly connected with liquid pipeline (22), liquid pipeline (22) other end fixedly connected with is on drip irrigation pipeline (12), be provided with hydrochloric acid solution in liquid storage box (18), the floater receives buoyancy, and it is upwards to drive the straight-bar to rotate for pivot rotation, drive the straight-bar rotation, drive the liquid storage box and rotate through round pin hub and rack (26) and be connected, one end veneer that slide bar (20) are located in liquid storage box (18) is fixed with retaining ring (21), retaining ring (21) offsets with baffle (19), liquid storage box (18) bottom fixedly connected with liquid pipeline (22), liquid pipeline (22) other end fixedly connected with is on drip irrigation pipeline (12), be provided with hydrochloric acid solution in liquid storage box (18), the water in the water of water tank increases gradually, and the floater receives buoyancy, upwards drives the straight-bar and rotates for the pivot, drives the straight-bar rotation, drives the meshing and slides, drives the baffle and rotates, drives the retaining ring and rotate, drives the baffle and rotate, makes to drop down into the drip irrigation pipe and drop down into the drip irrigation pipe through the drop down, and drop down into the drip irrigation pipeline, and drop irrigation pipeline and drop down into the drip irrigation pipeline.
2. The dual-purpose device for spray and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation according to claim 1, wherein the tank (16) is located on the ground, water is arranged inside the water tank (1), and the model of the water pump (7) is IH type.
3. The dual-purpose device for spray and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation according to claim 1, wherein a spring (28) is welded and fixed on the flow dividing plate (27), and the other end of the spring (28) is welded and fixed on the tee pipe (11).
CN202011469888.5A 2020-12-14 2020-12-14 Dual-purpose device for spraying and drip irrigation for agricultural irrigation Active CN112586314B (en)

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CN114589018A (en) * 2022-03-22 2022-06-07 江西旺来科技有限公司 Water-saving plastic dropper spray head
CN115316228A (en) * 2022-08-25 2022-11-11 浙江萧建集团有限公司 Water circulation irrigation system for urban landscape greening

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