CN112478542B - Multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse - Google Patents

Multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112478542B
CN112478542B CN202010846195.7A CN202010846195A CN112478542B CN 112478542 B CN112478542 B CN 112478542B CN 202010846195 A CN202010846195 A CN 202010846195A CN 112478542 B CN112478542 B CN 112478542B
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warehousing
warehouse
conveying
goods
delivery
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CN112478542A (en
Inventor
谷春光
周志坚
白红星
陈静
包立新
马新文
马兰
张洪健
汪涛
王鑫
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Hubei Kaileshi Tongda Technology Co ltd
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Hubei Kaileshi Tongda Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0492Storage devices mechanical with cars adapted to travel in storage aisles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)
  • Stackable Containers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse which is characterized by comprising the following components: the goods storage mechanism comprises a plurality of storage layers, at least one in-out warehouse conveying layer and a plurality of lifting channel units for connecting the storage layers and the in-out warehouse conveying layer, and each storage layer is provided with a plurality of goods positions for storing goods and at least one conveying channel; the warehouse entry and exit mechanisms comprise warehouse entry components and warehouse exit components; and at least one cargo conveying mechanism arranged in the conveying channel and used for conveying the cargo between the lifting channel unit and the cargo space, wherein the lifting channel unit comprises a warehouse-in lifting channel and a warehouse-out lifting channel.

Description

Box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of multilayer
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a stereoscopic warehouse of a multilayer box type shuttle vehicle.
Background
With the development of manufacturing industry, the application of the stereoscopic warehouse is more and more extensive, and the stereoscopic warehouse can achieve the purpose of small occupied area and effective space utilization.
The traditional stereoscopic warehouse mainly comprises conveying equipment, a lifter, a shuttle car and a goods shelf, wherein warehouse-in and warehouse-out ports of the stereoscopic warehouse are formed in two end portions of the goods shelf, the arrangement direction of conveying lines connected with the warehouse-in and warehouse-out ports is parallel to the goods shelf, a warehouse-in reversing transfer platform is arranged on one side of a track of the shuttle car, a warehouse-out reversing transfer platform is arranged on the other side of the track of the shuttle car, and the warehouse-in reversing transfer platform and the warehouse-out reversing transfer platform are symmetrically arranged.
However, in the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse with the structure, only one warehousing elevator and one ex-warehouse elevator can be arranged on one shuttle car track at most, the conveying efficiency of the shuttle car is often not matched with the lifting efficiency of the elevators, and researches show that the probability that the shuttle car waits for the elevators is high when storage operation is carried out, so that the system redundancy of the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse is too much, the cargo throughput reaches a bottleneck when the storage operation is carried out, and the storage efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse, which is used for storing box type goods and is characterized by comprising the following components in parts by weight: the goods storage mechanism comprises a plurality of storage layers, at least one in-out warehouse conveying layer and a plurality of lifting channel units for connecting the storage layers and the in-out warehouse conveying layer, and each storage layer is provided with a plurality of goods positions for storing goods and at least one conveying channel; the warehouse entry and exit mechanisms comprise warehouse entry components and warehouse exit components; and at least one cargo conveying mechanism arranged in the conveying channel and used for conveying the cargos between the lifting channel unit and the cargo space, wherein the lifting channel unit comprises a warehousing lifting channel and an ex-warehouse lifting channel. The goods storage mechanism is internally provided with a plurality of lifting channel units which are arranged in a matrix manner in the horizontal direction, and the warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer is arranged at the top of the goods storage mechanism, or between the bottommost storage layer and the ground, or between two storage layers.
The invention provides a multi-layer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse which can also be characterized in that the warehousing component comprises a warehousing elevator arranged in a warehousing lifting channel and a warehousing conveyor arranged on an warehousing and ex-warehouse conveying layer, and the ex-warehouse component comprises an ex-warehouse elevator arranged in an ex-warehouse lifting channel and an ex-warehouse conveyor arranged on an ex-warehouse conveying layer.
The invention provides a multistory box shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse, which can also have the characteristics that, wherein the warehousing elevator is provided with a warehousing bearing part and a warehousing lifting driving motor, the warehousing bearing part is movably arranged on the warehousing elevator, used for bearing goods, the warehousing lifting driving motor is used for driving the warehousing bearing part to move up and down along the vertical direction so as to move the goods to a preset storage layer, so that the goods conveying mechanism moves the goods to a predetermined goods position, the delivery elevator is provided with a delivery bearing part and a delivery elevating driving motor, the delivery bearing part is movably arranged on the delivery elevator, used for bearing goods, the delivery lifting driving motor is used for driving the delivery bearing part to move up and down along the vertical direction, thereby after the goods conveying mechanism moves the goods to the corresponding delivery bearing part, the delivery bearing part drives the goods to move to the delivery conveying layer.
The invention provides a multi-layer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse, which can also be characterized in that a warehousing conveyor comprises a warehousing conveying unit and a warehousing conveying driving motor, wherein the warehousing conveying unit is provided with at least one warehousing conveying end matched with a warehousing bearing part, and the warehousing conveying driving motor is used for driving the warehousing conveying unit so as to convey goods to the warehousing conveying end and convey the goods to the warehousing bearing part through the warehousing conveying end.
The invention provides a multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse, which can also be characterized in that a goods storage mechanism is a plurality of single-deep-position shelves or double-deep-position shelves with a multilayer structure, each warehousing conveying unit comprises a warehousing main conveying unit and at least one warehousing auxiliary conveying unit, the warehousing main conveying unit extends in the width direction of the shelf, one end of each warehousing auxiliary conveying unit is connected with the warehousing main conveying unit, and the other end of each warehousing auxiliary conveying unit is a warehousing conveying end.
The invention provides a multi-layer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse, which can also be characterized in that the ex-warehouse conveyor comprises an ex-warehouse conveying unit and an ex-warehouse conveying driving motor, the ex-warehouse conveying unit is provided with at least one ex-warehouse conveying end matched with the ex-warehouse bearing part, and the ex-warehouse conveying driving motor is used for driving the ex-warehouse conveying unit, so that goods are conveyed by the ex-warehouse conveying unit after being moved from the ex-warehouse bearing part to the ex-warehouse conveying end.
The invention provides a multi-layer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse, which can also be characterized in that a goods storage mechanism is a plurality of single-depth shelves or double-depth shelves with a multi-layer structure, each warehouse-out conveying unit comprises a warehouse-out main conveying unit and at least one warehouse-out auxiliary conveying unit, the warehouse-out main conveying unit extends along the width direction of the shelf, one end of each warehouse-out auxiliary conveying unit is connected with the warehouse-out main conveying unit, and the other end of each warehouse-out auxiliary conveying unit is a warehouse-out conveying end.
The invention provides a multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse which can also be characterized in that warehouse-in ports are arranged at the same positions of each storage layer and the warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer and are communicated in the vertical direction so as to form a warehouse-in lifting channel, warehouse-out ports are arranged at the same positions of each storage layer and the warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer and are communicated in the vertical direction so as to form a warehouse-out lifting channel.
The invention provides a multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse, which can also be characterized in that a corresponding warehousing transfer position is arranged near each warehousing port, and a corresponding ex-warehouse transfer position is arranged near each ex-warehouse port.
The invention provides a multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse which can also be characterized in that a goods conveying mechanism is a shuttle car, and a goods storage mechanism is a plurality of single deep goods shelves or double deep goods shelves with a multi-layer structure.
Action and Effect of the invention
The multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse comprises a goods storage mechanism, a warehouse in and out mechanism and a goods conveying mechanism, wherein the goods storage mechanism is internally provided with a plurality of lifting channel units which are used for connecting a storage layer and a warehouse in and out conveying layer and comprise a warehouse in lifting channel and a corresponding warehouse out lifting channel, the warehouse in and out mechanism comprises a warehouse in assembly and a warehouse out assembly, the warehouse in assembly comprises a warehouse in lifter arranged in the warehouse in lifting channel, the warehouse out assembly comprises a warehouse out lifter arranged in the warehouse out lifting channel, and the goods conveying mechanism is arranged in the conveying channel of each storage layer of the goods storage mechanism, so that when goods are warehoused and warehoused, one goods conveying mechanism can be matched with a plurality of warehouse in lifters and warehouse out lifters on the corresponding conveying channels, so that when the goods are conveyed, the goods conveying mechanism does not need to wait for an in-warehouse elevator and an out-warehouse elevator, so that the waiting time of the goods conveying mechanism is effectively reduced, namely the conveying efficiency of the goods conveying mechanism is matched with the lifting efficiency of the in-warehouse and out-warehouse mechanism, the goods handling capacity of the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse is greatly improved, the system redundancy of the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse is reduced, and the requirement of various projects on high efficiency of product storage in and out of the warehouse can be met.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a multi-level box shuttle storage unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a multi-level box shuttle storage rack of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a left side view of a multi-story box shuttle storage according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial top view of the multi-level box shuttle storage according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a pallet according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of an in-warehouse elevator and an out-warehouse elevator according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an in-warehouse conveying unit and an out-warehouse conveying unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a shuttle car according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, creation characteristics, achievement purposes and effects of the invention easy to understand, the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse of the invention is specifically explained in the following with the attached drawings.
< example >
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a multi-level box shuttle storage according to an embodiment of the present invention; fig. 2 is a front view of a multi-story box shuttle storage according to an embodiment of the present invention; fig. 3 is a left side view of a multi-story box shuttle storage according to an embodiment of the present invention; fig. 4 is an enlarged partial top view of the multistorey box shuttle storage according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse 100 of the present embodiment is used for storing goods, and includes a goods storage mechanism 10, an in-out mechanism 20, and a goods conveying mechanism 30. In this embodiment, the goods are packaged in the form of plastic boxes or cartons, and the goods are transported into or out of the warehouse by an external transportation device (such as a goods conveyor belt or a goods forklift).
The cargo storage mechanism 10 includes a plurality of storage levels 11, at least one in-out storage transport level 12, and at least one elevation path unit.
Each storage level 11 is provided with a plurality of cargo spaces 111 for storing goods and at least one transfer passage 112.
In the present embodiment, the cargo storage mechanism 10 includes two in-out transport levels 12 respectively located at the bottom position and the middle position of the cargo storage mechanism 10, that is, one in-out transport level 12 is located between the bottommost storage level 11 and the ground, and the other in-out transport level 12 is located between the two intermediate storage levels 11.
The elevation channel unit extends in a direction perpendicular to the storage layer 11, that is, in a vertical direction. In this embodiment, the lifting passage unit is provided inside the cargo storage mechanism 10, and penetrates all the storage floors 11 and the in-out transport floor 12.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a shelf according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 5, the cargo storage mechanism 10 is composed of a plurality of single-depth racks or double-depth racks of a multi-layer structure arranged in a width direction (Y direction shown in fig. 1) of the cargo storage mechanism 10, and each of the racks has a cargo space 111 mounted (for example, bolted or welded) on a support bar 113 and connected to each other by a cross beam, thereby forming the storage layer 11. Each cargo space 111 extends along the length of the cargo storage mechanism 10 (in the X direction as shown in fig. 1).
The conveying passage 112 is located between two adjacent cargo spaces 111, and extends along the length direction (the X direction shown in fig. 1) of the cargo storage mechanism 10.
As shown in fig. 1, the lifting channel units are arranged in a matrix along the X direction and the Y direction, and include a warehousing lifting channel extending along the vertical direction (e.g., the Z direction shown in fig. 2) and an ex-warehouse lifting channel corresponding to the warehousing lifting channel.
The same positions on each storage layer 11 and each warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer 12 are respectively provided with a warehouse-in port 114, the warehouse-in ports 114 are communicated along the vertical direction (the Z direction shown in figure 2), so that a warehouse-in lifting channel is formed, the same positions on each storage layer 11 and each warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer 12 are respectively provided with a warehouse-out port 115, and the warehouse-out ports 115 are communicated along the vertical direction (the Z direction shown in figure 2), so that a warehouse-out lifting channel is formed.
A corresponding warehousing transfer position 116 is arranged near each warehousing port 114, and is used for allowing goods to be placed at the warehousing transfer position 116 for transfer when being warehoused, so that the goods conveying mechanism 30 moves the goods at the warehousing transfer position 116 to the preset goods position 111.
A corresponding delivery transfer position 117 is arranged near each delivery port 115, and a roller conveying device is arranged on the delivery transfer position 117 and used for transferring goods through the roller conveying device when the goods are delivered out of the warehouse, so that the goods are conveyed to an external conveying device through the delivery mechanism 20.
In the present embodiment, the warehousing port 114 and the delivery port 115 are provided at the side of the transport passage 112, and the warehousing relay position 116 and the delivery relay position 117 are provided at the side positions of the corresponding transport passage 112.
The warehouse entry/exit mechanism 20 includes a warehouse entry unit 21 and a warehouse exit unit 22.
The warehousing component 21 is configured to move the goods from the warehousing/ex-warehousing conveying layer 12 to the predetermined storage layer 11 through the warehousing lifting channel, so that the goods conveying mechanism 30 moves the goods to the predetermined goods location 111, including the warehousing lifter 211 and the warehousing conveyor 212. The warehousing elevator 211 is provided in the warehousing elevator shaft, and the warehousing conveyor 212 is provided in the in-and-out conveyance layer 12 and near the warehousing elevator shaft.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of an in-warehouse elevator and an out-warehouse elevator according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 6, the storage elevator 211 has a storage loading section 211a, a storage elevating drive motor (not shown), and a storage rotating drive motor (not shown). In the present embodiment, since the warehousing-in elevating channel is provided inside the cargo storage mechanism 10, the warehousing-in elevator 211 is also provided inside the cargo storage mechanism 10 as a matter of course.
The warehousing bearing part 211a is movably arranged in the warehousing lifting channel and is used for bearing goods. In this embodiment, the warehousing-carrying section is sized to match the size of the goods and is movably mounted on the support of the warehousing elevator 211 by a sprocket-and-chain structure.
The warehousing lifting drive motor is used for driving the warehousing bearing part 211a to move up and down along the vertical direction (i.e., the extending direction of the warehousing lifting channel), so that the goods are lifted and moved to the predetermined storage layer 11, and the goods are further moved to the predetermined goods position 111 by the goods conveying mechanism 30. In this embodiment, the warehousing lift driving motor drives the driving wheel in the sprocket to rotate, so as to drive the warehousing bearing part 211a to move along the vertical direction (the Z direction shown in fig. 2) through the structure of the sprocket chain.
The warehousing conveyor 212 includes a warehousing conveying unit and a warehousing conveying drive motor (not shown in the figure).
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an in-warehouse conveying unit and an out-warehouse conveying unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 7, the warehousing transportation unit has at least one warehousing transportation end that engages with the warehousing bearing section 211a, and includes a warehousing main transportation unit 212a and a warehousing sub-transportation unit 212 b. In this embodiment, the warehousing main conveyor unit 212a and the warehousing sub-conveyor unit 212b are each a single-layer structure drum-type conveyor belt having a plurality of rollers. In other embodiments, the warehousing conveying units with a multi-layer structure can also be arranged by adding steel platforms.
The warehousing main conveyance unit 212a extends in the width (Y direction shown in fig. 1) direction of the cargo storage mechanism 10. One end of each warehousing sub-conveying unit 212b is connected to the warehousing main conveying unit 212a, and the other end is a warehousing conveying end matched with the warehousing bearing part 211 a. In this embodiment, the input end of the warehousing main conveying unit 212a is connected with an external conveying device, so that the goods can be conveyed to the corresponding warehousing lifting channel sequentially through the warehousing main conveying unit 212a and the warehousing auxiliary conveying unit 212 b.
The warehousing conveying driving motor is used for driving the warehousing conveying unit so as to convey the goods to the warehousing conveying end and further to the warehousing bearing part 211a, and comprises a warehousing main conveying motor and at least one warehousing auxiliary conveying motor.
The warehousing main conveying motors are used for driving the warehousing main conveying units 212a to convey the goods, and the warehousing auxiliary conveying motors correspond to the warehousing auxiliary conveying units in number and are used for driving the warehousing auxiliary conveying units 212b to convey the goods.
The warehousing bearing part 211a is a roller goods loading platform, and the warehousing rotation driving motor is used for driving the rollers on the warehousing bearing part 211a to rotate, so that the goods are moved to the corresponding warehousing transfer position 116 from the warehousing port 114.
The delivery assembly 22 is used for moving the goods from the storage layer 11 to the delivery layer 12 after the goods conveying mechanism moves the goods to the delivery lifting passage, and comprises a delivery lifter 221 and a delivery conveyor 222. The delivery elevator 221 is provided in the delivery elevating path, and the delivery conveyor 222 is provided in the delivery conveying layer 12 and near the delivery elevating path.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of an in-warehouse elevator and an out-warehouse elevator according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 6, the delivery elevator 221 includes a delivery receiving portion 221a, a delivery elevating drive motor (not shown), and a delivery rotating drive motor (not shown). In the present embodiment, since the delivery elevator shaft is provided inside the cargo storage mechanism 10, the delivery elevator 221 is embedded inside the cargo storage mechanism 10.
The delivery carrying part 221a is movably disposed in the delivery lifting passage for carrying the goods. In this embodiment, the delivery carrying portion 221a is sized to match the size of the goods, and is movably mounted on the support of the elevator 221 by a sprocket-and-chain structure.
The delivery lift driving motor is configured to drive the delivery carrying portion 221a to move up and down along a vertical direction (i.e., an extending direction of the warehousing lift passage). After the cargo conveying mechanism 30 moves the cargo to the corresponding delivery transfer position 117, the delivery carrying portion 221a receives the cargo at the delivery transfer position 117 and drives the cargo to descend to the delivery layer 12. In this embodiment, the delivery elevating driving motor drives the driving wheel in the chain wheel to rotate, so as to drive the delivery bearing part 221a to move along the vertical direction (the Z direction shown in fig. 2) through the structure of the chain wheel and the chain.
The delivery conveyor 222 includes a delivery conveying unit and a delivery conveying drive motor (not shown).
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an in-warehouse conveying unit and an out-warehouse conveying unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 7, the delivery unit has at least one delivery end that is engaged with the delivery receiving portion 221a, and includes a delivery main conveying unit 222a and at least one delivery sub-conveying unit 222 b. In this embodiment, the delivery main conveying unit 222a and the delivery sub-conveying unit 222b are each a single-layer structure drum-type conveyor belt having a plurality of rollers. In other embodiments, the ex-warehouse conveying unit with a multi-layer structure can be arranged by adding a steel platform.
The delivery main transport unit 222a extends in the width (Y direction shown in fig. 1) direction of the cargo storage mechanism 10. One end of each delivery sub-conveying unit 222b is connected to the delivery main conveying unit 222a, and the other end is a delivery conveying end engaged with the delivery carrying portion 221 a. In this embodiment, the output end of the delivery main conveying unit 222a is connected to an external conveying device, so that the goods can be conveyed out by the external conveying device after being conveyed to the output end of the corresponding delivery main conveying unit 222a through the delivery sub-conveying unit 222b and the delivery main conveying unit 222a in order.
The delivery conveying driving motor is used for driving the delivery conveying unit, so that the delivery conveying unit can convey goods after the goods move to the delivery conveying end from the delivery bearing part 221a, and the delivery conveying driving motor comprises a delivery main conveying motor and at least one delivery auxiliary conveying motor.
The delivery main conveying motor is used for driving the delivery main conveying unit 222a to convey the goods, and the delivery auxiliary conveying motors correspond to the delivery auxiliary conveying units in number and are used for driving the delivery auxiliary conveying unit 222b to convey the goods.
The delivery carrying portion 221a is a roller carrying platform, and the delivery rotation driving motor is used for driving the rollers on the delivery carrying portion 221a to rotate, so as to move the goods from the delivery transferring position 117 to the corresponding delivery outlet 115.
In this embodiment, the warehousing elevator 211 and the ex-warehouse elevator 221 are elevators having the same structure, and the warehousing conveyor 212 and the ex-warehouse conveyor 222 are conveyors having the same structure. In other embodiments, elevators and conveyors of different structures may be used to meet the different storage requirements of each part of the multi-story box shuttle storage.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the shuttle car according to the embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 8, the cargo conveyance mechanism 30 is provided in the conveyance passage 112 of the corresponding storage floor 11 for conveying the cargo. In this embodiment, the cargo conveying mechanisms 30 are intelligent shuttles, and each cargo conveying mechanism 30 is matched with the warehousing elevator 211 and the ex-warehouse elevator 221 at each warehousing port 114 and each ex-warehouse port 115 arranged on the conveying channel 112 and is used for conveying the cargo at the warehousing transfer position 116 to a predetermined cargo space through the conveying channel 112 or conveying the cargo in the cargo space 111 to the ex-warehouse transfer position 117 through the conveying channel 112.
The operation process of the multistorey box shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse 100 for storing goods according to the embodiment will be described with reference to the drawings.
The action process of warehousing and storing the goods specifically comprises the following steps:
step S1, the goods are transported to the input end of the warehousing main transport unit 212a by the external transport device, and then the process goes to step S2;
step S2, the warehousing transportation driving motor drives the warehousing main transportation unit 212a to transport the goods from the warehousing main transportation unit 212a to the corresponding warehousing sub-transportation unit 212b, further transports the goods to the warehousing bearing part 211a at the warehousing port 114 of the warehousing entrance and exit transportation layer 12 through the warehousing transportation end, and then proceeds to step S3;
step S3, the warehousing lift driving motor drives the warehousing bearing part 211a to move in the warehousing lift channel along the vertical direction, so as to move the goods to the predetermined storage layer 11, and then the process goes to step S4;
step S4, the warehousing rotation driving motor drives the roller on the warehousing bearing part 211a to rotate, so as to move the goods from the warehousing entrance 114 of the predetermined storage layer 11 to the warehousing transfer position 116, and then the process goes to step S5;
in step S5, the cargo transporting mechanism 30 transports the cargo from the warehousing relay position 116 to the predetermined cargo space 111 for storage, and warehousing of the cargo is completed.
The action process of carrying out warehouse-out transportation on goods specifically comprises the following steps:
in step T1, the cargo carrying mechanism 30 takes the cargo out of the cargo space 111, carries the cargo to the delivery transfer position 117, and then proceeds to step T2;
step T2, the roller conveyor at the transfer position 117 moves the goods from the delivery transfer position 117 to the delivery carrying portion 221a located in the delivery port 115 of the corresponding storage deck 11, and then proceeds to step T3;
step T3, the delivery elevating driving motor drives the delivery carrying part 221a to move in the delivery elevating channel along the vertical direction, so as to move the goods to the delivery opening 115 of the delivery conveying layer 12, and then the step T4 is performed;
step T4, the delivery driving motor drives the delivery sub-conveying unit 222b to convey the goods at the delivery port 115 to the corresponding delivery main conveying unit 222a, and further to the output end of the delivery main conveying unit 222a, and then step T5 is performed;
in step T5, the external transportation device transports the goods from the output end of the delivery main transportation unit 222a, thereby completing delivery of the goods.
Effects and effects of the embodiments
The multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse comprises a cargo storage mechanism, an in-out warehouse mechanism and a cargo conveying mechanism, wherein a plurality of lifting channel units are arranged in the cargo storage mechanism, extend along the direction perpendicular to a storage layer and are arranged in a matrix form in the horizontal direction, the lifting channel units comprise an in-storage lifting channel and a corresponding out-of-warehouse lifting channel, the in-out warehouse mechanism comprises an in-storage assembly and an out-of-warehouse assembly, the in-storage assembly comprises an in-storage lifter arranged in the in-storage lifting channel, the out-of-warehouse assembly comprises an out-of-warehouse lifter arranged in the out-of-warehouse lifting channel, and the cargo conveying mechanism is arranged in the conveying channel of each storage layer of the cargo storage mechanism, so that when cargos are put in and taken out of a warehouse, one cargo conveying mechanism can be matched with the plurality of in-storage lifters and the out-of-warehouse lifters on the corresponding conveying channel, the goods conveying mechanism does not need to wait for the warehousing elevator and the ex-warehousing elevator when conveying goods, waiting time of the goods conveying mechanism is effectively shortened, namely conveying efficiency of the goods conveying mechanism is matched with lifting efficiency of the ex-warehousing mechanism, so that goods throughput of the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse of the embodiment is greatly improved, system redundancy of the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse of the embodiment is reduced, and high efficiency requirements of various projects on product storage ex-warehousing can be met.
Because the warehousing component comprises warehousing elevators and the ex-warehouse component comprises ex-warehouse elevators, the warehousing elevators and the ex-warehouse elevators are embedded and installed inside the goods storage mechanism, each warehousing elevator corresponds to the warehousing lifting channel one by one, each ex-warehouse elevator corresponds to the ex-warehouse lifting channel one by one, by the arrangement and the installation mode, a plurality of warehousing lifters and ex-warehouse lifters can be installed along the length direction (the X direction shown in figure 1) and the width direction (the Y direction shown in figure 1) of the goods storage mechanism, therefore, the arrangement of the elevators is more flexible, the number of the warehousing elevators and the ex-warehouse elevators can be adjusted according to different cargo conveying mechanisms, make the lift efficiency of lift can with the goods conveying mechanism's of difference transport efficiency phase-match, reduce thing conveying mechanism's latency, improve the storage efficiency of the box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of multilayer of this embodiment.
The warehousing conveying units comprise warehousing main conveying units and warehousing auxiliary conveying units, the warehousing main conveying units extend in the width direction of the goods shelf and are connected with external conveying devices, goods are conveyed to corresponding warehousing ports through the warehousing auxiliary conveying units, similarly, the warehousing conveying units comprise ex-warehouse main conveying units and ex-warehouse auxiliary conveying units, the ex-warehouse main conveying units and the ex-warehouse auxiliary conveying units extend in the width direction of the goods shelf and are arranged in the same mode as the warehousing conveying units, therefore, the conveying efficiency of the warehousing conveying units and the ex-warehouse conveying units is matched with the lifting efficiency of the lifter and the conveying efficiency of the goods conveying mechanism, the goods throughput of the stereoscopic warehouse of the multilayer box type shuttle car of the embodiment is further improved, and the system redundancy of the stereoscopic warehouse of the multilayer box type shuttle car of the embodiment is reduced.
Because goods storage mechanism is a plurality of multilayer structure's single depth goods shelves or two depth goods shelves, every goods position passes through bracing piece fixed connection, consequently for goods storage mechanism's simple structure is firm, and can adapt to the goods of different types and volume.
The foregoing detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the invention has been presented. It should be understood that numerous modifications and variations could be devised by those skilled in the art in light of the present teachings without departing from the inventive concept. Therefore, the technical solutions available to those skilled in the art through logic analysis, reasoning and limited experiments based on the prior art according to the concept of the present invention should be within the scope of protection defined by the claims.
For example, in the multi-story box-type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse in the embodiment, the lifting channel units, the elevators and the conveying units are all arranged at the same intervals, and in order to meet practical application, the lifting channel units, the elevators and the conveying units in the multi-story box-type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse provided by the invention can be randomly arranged along the X and Y directions shown in fig. 1 according to different goods to be stored in each storage layer or storage area in the goods storage mechanism, so that the throughput requirements of different goods are met, and the multi-story box-type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse has more practical use value.
For example, in the embodiment, the in-out conveying layer is arranged at the bottom and the middle part of the goods storage mechanism, in other embodiments, the in-out conveying layer in the multi-layer box type shuttle car stereoscopic warehouse provided by the invention can also be arranged at the top position or other positions of the goods storage mechanism according to actual requirements.
In addition, the warehousing elevator and the ex-warehouse elevator can also be respectively provided with a telescopic fork which is used for moving the goods on the warehousing bearing part to the warehousing transfer position or moving the goods at the ex-warehouse transfer position to the ex-warehouse bearing part, and at the moment, the warehousing bearing part and the ex-warehouse bearing part can be rectangular bearing plates or a loading platform with a beam structure.
In another embodiment, the telescopic fork of the cargo conveying mechanism can pick and place the cargo on the loading and unloading part.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of multilayer for save box goods, its characterized in that includes:
the goods storage mechanism comprises a plurality of storage layers, at least one in-out warehouse conveying layer and a plurality of lifting channel units for connecting the storage layers and the in-out warehouse conveying layer, and each storage layer is provided with a plurality of goods positions for storing goods and at least one conveying channel; the warehouse entry and exit mechanisms comprise warehouse entry components and warehouse exit components; and
at least one cargo carrying mechanism provided in the carrying passage for carrying the cargo between the elevation passage unit and the cargo space,
wherein the lifting channel units comprise a warehouse-in lifting channel and a warehouse-out lifting channel, a plurality of lifting channel units are arranged in the goods storage mechanism and are arranged in a matrix in the horizontal direction,
the warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer is arranged at the top of the goods storage mechanism, or between the bottommost storage layer and the ground, or between two storage layers.
2. The multistory box shuttle storage facility of claim 1 wherein:
wherein the warehousing component comprises a warehousing elevator arranged in the warehousing lifting channel and a warehousing conveyor arranged on the warehousing-in and warehousing-out conveying layer,
the warehouse-out component comprises a warehouse-out lifter arranged in the warehouse-out lifting channel and a warehouse-out conveyor arranged on the warehouse-in and warehouse-out conveying layer.
3. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 2, wherein:
wherein the warehousing elevator is provided with a warehousing bearing part and a warehousing lifting driving motor, the warehousing bearing part is movably arranged on the warehousing elevator and is used for bearing the goods,
the warehousing lifting driving motor is used for driving the warehousing bearing part to move up and down along the vertical direction, so that the goods are moved to the preset storage layer, the goods conveying mechanism is further used for moving the goods to the preset goods position,
the delivery elevator is provided with a delivery bearing part and a delivery elevating driving motor,
the delivery carrying part is movably arranged on the delivery lifter and is used for carrying the goods,
the delivery lifting driving motor is used for driving the delivery bearing parts to lift and move along the vertical direction, so that the delivery bearing parts drive the goods to move to the delivery conveying layer after the goods conveying mechanism moves the goods to the corresponding delivery bearing parts.
4. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 3, wherein:
wherein the warehousing conveyor comprises a warehousing conveying unit and a warehousing conveying driving motor,
the warehousing conveying unit is provided with at least one warehousing conveying end matched with the warehousing bearing part,
the warehousing conveying driving motor is used for driving the warehousing conveying unit so as to convey the goods to the warehousing conveying end and convey the goods to the warehousing bearing part through the warehousing conveying end.
5. The multistory box shuttle storage facility of claim 4 wherein:
the goods storage mechanism is a plurality of single-depth goods shelves or double-depth goods shelves with a multilayer structure,
wherein the warehousing conveying unit comprises a warehousing main conveying unit and at least one warehousing auxiliary conveying unit which extend along the width direction of the shelf,
one end of each warehousing auxiliary conveying unit is connected with the warehousing main conveying unit, and the other end of each warehousing auxiliary conveying unit is the warehousing conveying end.
6. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 3, wherein:
wherein the delivery conveyor comprises a delivery conveying unit and a delivery conveying driving motor,
the delivery conveying unit is provided with at least one delivery conveying end matched with the delivery bearing part,
the delivery conveying driving motor is used for driving the delivery conveying unit, so that the delivery conveying unit conveys the goods after the goods move to the delivery conveying end from the delivery bearing part.
7. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 6, wherein:
the goods storage mechanism is a plurality of single-depth goods shelves or double-depth goods shelves with a multilayer structure,
wherein the delivery conveying unit includes a delivery main conveying unit extending in a width direction of the rack and at least one delivery sub-conveying unit,
one end of each delivery auxiliary conveying unit is connected with the delivery main conveying unit, and the other end of each delivery auxiliary conveying unit is the delivery conveying end.
8. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 3, wherein:
wherein, the storage layer and the warehousing-in/out conveying layer are provided with warehousing ports at the same position, the warehousing ports are communicated along the vertical direction, thereby forming the warehousing lifting channel,
and warehouse-out ports are formed in the same positions of the storage layer and the warehouse-out conveying layer, and are communicated in the vertical direction, so that the warehouse-out lifting channel is formed.
9. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 8, wherein:
and the neighborhood of each warehousing port is provided with a corresponding warehousing transfer position, and the neighborhood of each delivery port is provided with a corresponding delivery transfer position.
10. The multistorey box shuttle stereoscopic warehouse of claim 1, wherein:
the goods conveying mechanism is a shuttle, and the goods storage mechanism is a plurality of single-depth goods shelves or double-depth goods shelves with a multilayer structure.
CN202010846195.7A 2019-09-11 2020-08-21 Multilayer box type shuttle stereoscopic warehouse Active CN112478542B (en)

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