CN112299601A - Organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment and sewage treatment method - Google Patents

Organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment and sewage treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112299601A
CN112299601A CN202011094008.0A CN202011094008A CN112299601A CN 112299601 A CN112299601 A CN 112299601A CN 202011094008 A CN202011094008 A CN 202011094008A CN 112299601 A CN112299601 A CN 112299601A
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bin
sewage
water tank
treatment
water pump
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不公告发明人
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/26Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by extraction
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/40Devices for separating or removing fatty or oily substances or similar floating material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5236Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5281Installations for water purification using chemical agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/04Disinfection

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Water Treatment By Sorption (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment and a sewage treatment method, wherein the equipment comprises a second water tank, a first water tank is arranged on one side of the second water tank, a filtering component is arranged at the same end of the first water tank and the second water tank together, a temporary storage bin is arranged on one side of the first water tank far away from the second water tank, a first treatment bin is arranged at one end of the temporary storage bin close to the filtering component, a first water pump is arranged at one end of the top of the temporary storage bin close to the first treatment bin, and the input end of the first water pump is communicated with the inner bottom of the first treatment bin. According to the invention, through the matching use of the partition plate, the first water pump, the first water tank, the first treatment bin, the driving motor, the second water pump, the collection bin, the oil absorption assembly, the storage bin, the temporary storage bin, the stirring paddle, the flow valve and the second guide pipe, the treatment effect of the equipment on wastewater is improved, the treated wastewater can reach the standard, and the practical effect of the organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment is also improved.

Description

Organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment and sewage treatment method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sewage treatment equipment, in particular to organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment and a sewage treatment method.
Background
Organic wastewater generally refers to effluent water from domestic and industrial processes, which is contaminated to some extent, mainly domestic sewage, industrial wastewater and initial rainwater, and main pollutants of wastewater are pathogen pollutants, oxygen-consuming pollutants, plant nutrients, toxic pollutants and the like, and from the viewpoint of the source of wastewater, wastewater can be defined as liquid or water carrying wastes mixed with groundwater, surface water, storm snow and the like discharged from residential, institutional, commercial or industrial areas.
When the current organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment is used for treating organic wastewater, the equipment can only filter relatively large impurities in the sewage, but waste oil in the sewage is difficult to remove, so that the filtered sewage is difficult to reach the discharge standard, and the treatment effect of the organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment on the sewage is reduced; the current organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment can only carry out filtration treatment on sewage through a plurality of groups of filter screens, so that the purification treatment effect of the device on particulate matters and bacteria in the sewage is difficult to further improve, and the organic wastewater treated by the device still has great pollution and is difficult to reuse, thereby causing waste of water resources; meanwhile, when the current organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment is used for treating organic wastewater, the treated wastewater is usually required to be subjected to standing precipitation, so that the efficiency of the device for treating sewage is reduced, the device cannot continuously purify the organic wastewater, and the popularization and the use of the organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment are inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention aims to provide an organic wastewater and sewage treatment apparatus and a sewage treatment method, so as to solve the problems related to the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an organic wastewater and sewage treatment device and a sewage treatment method comprise a second water tank, wherein a first water tank is arranged on one side of the second water tank, a filtering component is jointly arranged at the same end of the first water tank and the second water tank, a temporary storage bin is arranged on one side of the first water tank far away from the second water tank, a first treatment bin is arranged at one end of the temporary storage bin close to the filtering component, a first water pump is arranged at one end of the top of the temporary storage bin close to the first treatment bin, the input end of the first water pump is communicated with the inner bottom of the first treatment bin, the output end of the first water pump is communicated with the inner part of the temporary storage bin, a slot is arranged at the top of one end of the inner part of the first water tank, an installation frame is inserted in the slot, a first filter screen is arranged on the inner side of the installation frame, a second treatment bin is arranged at one end of the inner part of, and driving motor is all installed to the one end at second processing bin and first processing bin top, driving motor's output extends to the inside of first processing bin and second processing bin respectively and installs the stirring rake, the storage silo is all installed to the other end at first processing bin and second processing bin top, and the bottom of storage silo installs the flow valve, the second pipe is installed to the bottom of flow valve, the one end of keeping away from the temporary storage bin in first basin one side is installed and is catchment the storehouse, and collects the top of storehouse and install the second water pump, the output of second water pump with collect the inside intercommunication in storehouse, the one end that the first basin top is close to and gathers the storehouse is provided with the oil absorption subassembly, the bottom that the second basin is close to first filter screen one end is installed the drain valve, the one end that the second basin is kept away from first basin one side is installed control panel, control panel passes through the wire respectively with first water pump, control panel, The driving motor is electrically connected with the second water pump;
the oil absorption component comprises a floating ball, a U-shaped frame, a mounting plate, a movable bin, a first guide pipe, a threaded rod, a telescopic rod, a spring and an oil inlet hole, the U-shaped frame is mounted at one end of the top of the first water tank far away from the first filter screen, a threaded rod is arranged in the middle of the top of the U-shaped frame, an installation plate is arranged on the outer side of the threaded rod in a threaded manner, a telescopic rod is arranged at one end of the bottom of the installation plate, which is far away from the threaded rod, and the bottom end of the telescopic rod is provided with a movable bin, the outer side of the telescopic rod is sleeved with a spring, the top end and the bottom end of the spring are respectively and fixedly connected with the mounting plate and the movable bin, floating balls are symmetrically arranged on two sides of one end of the movable bin close to the threaded rod, oil inlet holes are uniformly arranged on one end of the movable bin far away from the floating balls, a first guide pipe is arranged at the top of the movable bin, and one end of the first guide pipe, which is far away from the movable bin, is communicated with the input end of a second water pump;
the filter component comprises a filter bin, a second filter screen, an alum placing bin, a through hole and an active carbon bag, wherein the filter bin is jointly installed at the same end of the second water tank and the first water tank, the alum placing bin is installed at one side inside the filter bin, the active carbon bag is installed at the other side inside the filter bin, the second filter screen is arranged at one end, close to the alum placing bin, of the inside of the filter bin, and the through hole is evenly formed in both ends of the alum placing bin and the active carbon bag.
Preferably, the end of the inner side of the first water tank, which is far away from the first filter screen, is symmetrically provided with limiting strips, and grooves matched with the limiting strips are symmetrically formed in the middle positions of the two sides of the movable bin.
Preferably, an auxiliary bearing is installed in the middle of the top of the U-shaped frame, and the bottom of the threaded rod is fixedly connected with the inner side of the auxiliary bearing.
Preferably, the alum placing bin is filled with an alum block, and the activated carbon bag is filled with an activated carbon layer.
Preferably, the middle position inside the first water tank is uniformly provided with the partition plates, and the plurality of groups of partition plates are distributed inside the first water tank in a staggered manner.
Preferably, the angle between the mounting frame and the plane of the bottom in the first water tank is 60 degrees.
Preferably, the bottom that the storehouse is close to first processing storehouse one end of gathering is installed and is connected the valve, and the one end that the valve kept away from the storehouse of gathering communicates with the interior top in first processing storehouse.
Preferably, the top of the two ends of the first treatment bin is symmetrically provided with an inlet and an outlet.
Preferably, a hand wheel is installed on the top end of the threaded rod, and anti-skid lines are arranged on the outer side of the hand wheel.
Preferably, the use method of the organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment comprises the following steps:
firstly, moving a sewage discharge port above a first filter screen to enable sewage to be flushed to the first filter screen, primarily filtering the sewage through the first filter screen, gradually flowing the sewage to a filter assembly, and increasing a flow path of the sewage after the sewage passes through a plurality of groups of partition plates so that waste oil in the sewage can gradually float on the surface of the sewage;
step two, when the waste oil on the surface of the sewage passes through the movable bin, the movable bin and the oil inlet hole float on the sewage due to the buoyancy of the floating ball, then controlling a second water pump to start working, wherein the second water pump forces the waste oil floating on the sewage to enter the interior of the collecting bin after sequentially passing through the oil inlet hole, the movable bin, the first guide pipe and the second water pump, after the waste oil collected in the collecting bin enters the interior of the first treatment bin, the extractant in the storage bin at the top of the first treatment bin enters the first treatment bin and is stirred by the stirring paddle, so that the extractant can be fully contacted with the waste oil, then the waste oil mixed with the extracting agent in the first processing bin is pumped into the temporary storage bin through a first water pump, the waste oil in the temporary storage bin is gradually layered after standing for a period of time, and then layered liquid is discharged and collected one by one through a group of valves at the bottom of one end of the temporary storage bin;
step three, after the waste oil on the sewage surface is siphoned away, the remaining sewage is secondarily filtered through the second filter screen, then the sewage enters the alum placing bin, part of alum in the alum placing bin is dissolved in the sewage, then the sewage mixed with the dissolved alum flows into the activated carbon bag, the sewage is subjected to tertiary adsorption filtration through the activated carbon in the activated carbon bag, then the sewage flows into the second treatment bin, the storage bin at the top of the second treatment bin injects chlorine into the sewage, and the sewage mixed with the chlorine is stirred through the stirring paddle, so that the purification effect of the chlorine on the sewage is improved.
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides an organic wastewater and sewage treatment device and a sewage treatment method, which have the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention uses the matching of the clapboard, the first water pump, the first water tank, the first processing bin, the driving motor, the second water pump, the gathering bin, the oil absorption component, the storage bin, the temporary storage bin, the stirring paddle, the flow valve and the second conduit, when the waste water flows among a plurality of groups of clapboards, the waste oil in the waste water gradually floats, the movable bin also floats on the surface of the waste water, the waste oil on the surface of the waste water sequentially passes through the oil inlet hole, the movable bin, the first conduit and the second water pump and then enters the interior of the gathering bin by utilizing the second water pump, after the waste oil flows into the interior of the first processing bin, the extracting agent is injected into the interior of the first processing bin, the waste oil mixed with the extracting agent is stirred, then the waste oil mixture is pumped into the interior of the temporary storage bin for standing, after the waste oil mixed liquid is layered, the layered solution is discharged sequentially, thereby not only improving the processing effect of the waste water by the equipment, being, the practical effect of the organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment is also improved.
2. The invention uses the cooperation of the first processing bin, the driving motor, the filtering component, the second processing bin, the second water tank, the drain valve, the slot, the first filter screen, the stirring paddle, the mounting frame, the flow valve and the second conduit, the first filter screen primarily filters the wastewater, the wastewater is secondarily filtered by the second filter screen after the wastewater is deoiled, when the wastewater passes through the alum and is placed in the bin, the alum is dissolved in the wastewater, so that partial particles in the wastewater are gathered together, when the wastewater passes through the activated carbon bag, the particles and the particle aggregations in the wastewater are adsorbed by the activated carbon bag, and then the wastewater enters the second processing bin and is disinfected by chlorine, thereby greatly improving the purification effect of the organic wastewater treatment equipment on the wastewater, so that the treated wastewater can be reused, the waste of water resources is avoided.
3. According to the invention, through the matching use of the waste oil treatment structure and the waste water filtering and purifying structure, the waste oil in the waste water is extracted and then discharged, the deoiled waste water is filtered by matching alum and active carbon, and then is disinfected by chlorine, and the organic waste water and sewage treatment equipment is always in a working state in the whole process, so that the sewage treatment efficiency of the equipment is greatly improved, and the popularization and the use of the organic waste water and sewage treatment equipment are facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a rear view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front sectional view of a first treatment chamber of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the oil absorption assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the mounting frame of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view taken at A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a partition plate; 2. a first water pump; 3. a first water tank; 4. a first processing bin; 5. a drive motor; 6. a second water pump; 7. a collecting bin; 8. a filter assembly; 801. a filtering bin; 802. a second filter screen; 803. an alum storage bin; 804. a through hole; 805. an active carbon bag; 9. an oil absorption assembly; 901. a floating ball; 902. a U-shaped frame; 903. mounting a plate; 904. a movable bin; 905. a first conduit; 906. a threaded rod; 907. a telescopic rod; 908. a spring; 909. an oil inlet hole; 10. a storage bin; 11. a second treatment bin; 12. a second water tank; 13. a drain valve; 14. a slot; 15. a first filter screen; 16. a temporary storage bin; 17. a stirring paddle; 18. installing a frame; 19. a control panel; 20. a flow valve; 21. a second conduit.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, the present invention provides a technical solution: an organic wastewater and sewage treatment device and a sewage treatment method comprise a second water tank 12, wherein a first water tank 3 is arranged at one side of the second water tank 12, a filtering component 8 is jointly arranged at the same end of the first water tank 3 and the second water tank 12, partition plates 1 are uniformly arranged at the middle position inside the first water tank 3, a plurality of groups of partition plates 1 are in a staggered distribution state inside the first water tank 3, the improvement of the path length of wastewater flowing inside the first water tank 3 is facilitated, a temporary storage bin 16 is arranged at one side of the first water tank 3, which is far away from the second water tank 12, a first treatment bin 4 is arranged at one end, which is close to the filtering component 8, of the temporary storage bin 16, inlet and outlet are symmetrically formed in the tops of two ends of the first treatment bin 4, a first water pump 2 is arranged at one end, which is close to the first treatment bin 4, the input end of the first water pump 2 is communicated with the inner bottom of the first treatment bin 4, the output end of the first water pump, a slot 14 is arranged at the top of one end inside the first water tank 3, an installation frame 18 is inserted into the slot 14, an included angle between the installation frame 18 and the plane of the bottom inside the first water tank 3 is 60 degrees, which is beneficial to improving the filtering effect of the first filter screen 15 on wastewater, the first filter screen 15 is installed on the inner side of the installation frame 18, a second treatment bin 11 is installed at one end inside the second water tank 12 close to the first filter screen 15, a driving motor 5 is installed at one end of the top of each of the second treatment bin 11 and the first treatment bin 4, and the output end of the driving motor 5 extends to the inside of each of the first treatment bin 4 and the second treatment bin 11 and is provided with a stirring paddle 17;
the other ends of the tops of the first treatment bin 4 and the second treatment bin 11 are both provided with a storage bin 10, the bottom of the storage bin 10 is provided with a flow valve 20, the bottom end of the flow valve 20 is provided with a second conduit 21, one end of one side of the first water tank 3, which is far away from the temporary storage bin 16, is provided with a gathering bin 7, the top of the gathering bin 7 is provided with a second water pump 6, the bottom of the gathering bin 7, which is near to one end of the first treatment bin 4, is provided with a connecting valve, one end of the connecting valve, which is far away from the gathering bin 7, is communicated with the inner top of the first treatment bin 4, so that waste oil collected in the gathering bin 7 can be controlled to flow into the first treatment bin 4, the output end of the second water pump 6 is communicated with the inside of the gathering bin 7, one end of the top of the first water tank 3, which is near to the gathering bin 7, is provided with an oil absorption component 9, the bottom of one end of the, the control panel 19 is electrically connected with the first water pump 2, the driving motor 5 and the second water pump 6 through leads respectively;
the oil absorption assembly 9 comprises a floating ball 901, a U-shaped frame 902, a mounting plate 903, a movable bin 904, a first guide pipe 905, a threaded rod 906, a telescopic rod 907, a spring 908 and an oil inlet 909, wherein the U-shaped frame 902 is mounted at one end of the top of the first water tank 3, which is far away from the first filter screen 15, the threaded rod 906 is arranged at the middle position of the top of the U-shaped frame 902, a hand wheel is mounted at the top end of the threaded rod 906, anti-slip lines are arranged on the outer side of the hand wheel, the threaded rod 906 is conveniently rotated manually by an operator, an auxiliary bearing is mounted at the middle position of the top of the U-shaped frame 902, the bottom of the threaded rod 906 is fixedly connected with the inner side of the auxiliary bearing, the threaded rod 906 can be rotated manually, the mounting plate 903 is mounted on the outer side of the threaded rod 906 in a threaded manner, the telescopic rod 907 is mounted at, grooves matched with the limiting strips are symmetrically formed in the middle positions of two sides of the movable bin 904, so that the stability of the movable bin 904 in the lifting process is improved, a spring 908 is sleeved on the outer side of the telescopic rod 907, the top end and the bottom end of the spring 908 are fixedly connected with the mounting plate 903 and the movable bin 904 respectively, floating balls 901 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of one end, close to the threaded rod 906, of the movable bin 904, oil inlet holes 909 are uniformly formed in one end, far away from the floating balls 901, of the movable bin 904, a first guide pipe 905 is arranged at the top of the movable bin 904, and one end, far away from the movable bin 904, of the first guide pipe 905;
the filtering component 8 comprises a filtering bin 801, a second filtering screen 802, an alum placing bin 803, a through hole 804 and an activated carbon bag 805, the filtering bin 801 is jointly installed at the same end of the second water tank 12 and the first water tank 3, the alum placing bin 803 is installed at one side inside the filtering bin 801, the activated carbon bag 805 is installed at the other side inside the filtering bin 801, an alum block is filled inside the alum placing bin 803, an activated carbon layer is filled inside the activated carbon bag 805, the second filtering screen 802 is arranged at one end, close to one side of the alum placing bin 803, inside the filtering bin 801, and the through hole 804 is uniformly formed in both ends of the alum placing bin 803 and the activated carbon bag 805.
Example 1, as shown in fig. 1 to 7, when waste oil in waste water is treated, firstly, the organic waste water discharge pipe is moved above the first filter 15, the waste water is primarily filtered by the first filter 15, then the waste water flows to the position of the movable bin 904 after passing through the plurality of sets of partition boards 1, the waste oil in the waste water gradually floats during the process, the movable bin 904 also floats on the surface of the waste water, so that the movable bin 904 can be located at the same level as the floating waste oil, then the second water pump 6 is controlled by the control panel 19 to start working, the waste oil floating on the surface of the waste water is forced to enter the interior of the collecting bin 7 after passing through the oil inlet 909, the movable bin 904, the first conduit 905 and the second water pump 6 in sequence, after the waste oil flows into the interior of the first treatment bin 4, an extraction agent is injected into the interior of the first treatment bin 4 through the storage bin 10 at the top of the first treatment bin 4, and control driving motor 5 and drive stirring rake 17 and stir the mixed liquid inside first processing storehouse 4 for waste oil and extractant contact are abundant, and then utilize first water pump 2 to pump the mixed liquid of waste oil into the inside of temporary storage storehouse 16 and stew, wait that the mixed liquid of waste oil stratifies the back, through a set of valve of temporary storage storehouse 16 one end bottom with the layering liquid discharge of bottom, then discharge another layer of layering liquid.
Example 2, as shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6, when the wastewater after oil removal is purified, the wastewater is secondarily filtered by the second filter screen 802, and when the wastewater passes through the inside of the alum storage bin 803, part of alum is dissolved in the wastewater, so that part of particulate matters in the wastewater are gathered together, and when the wastewater passes through the activated carbon packet 805, the particulate matters and particulate matters in the wastewater are adsorbed by the activated carbon packet 805, and then the wastewater enters the inside of the second treatment bin 11 and is disinfected by chlorine, and finally the treated wastewater is discharged through the drain valve 13.
In embodiment 3, as shown in fig. 5, when the liquid level of the wastewater in the first water tank 3 rises, the floating ball 901 forces the movable bin 904 to follow the rising, the telescopic rod 907 is gradually shortened, the spring 908 is stressed to be shortened, so that the movable bin 904 can stably float on the surface of the wastewater at any time, the oil inlet 909 can be contacted with the waste oil at any time, when the liquid level of the wastewater in the first water tank 3 is lowered too much, the hand wheel can be manually rotated to force the mounting plate 903 and the movable bin 904 to fall together, and the movable bin 904 is ensured to be contacted with the waste oil on the surface of the wastewater at any time.
The working principle is as follows: before use, the device is powered on, firstly, the organic wastewater discharge pipe is moved to the upper part of the first filter screen 15, wastewater is primarily filtered by the first filter screen 15, then the wastewater flows to the position of the movable bin 904 after flowing through the plurality of groups of partition boards 1, the waste oil in the wastewater gradually floats during the process, the movable bin 904 also floats on the surface of the wastewater at the moment, so that the movable bin 904 and the floating waste oil can be positioned on the same horizontal plane, then the second water pump 6 is controlled to start working through the control panel 19, the waste oil floating on the surface of the wastewater is forced to enter the interior of the collecting bin 7 after sequentially passing through the oil inlet 909, the movable bin 904, the first conduit 905 and the second water pump 6, after the waste oil flows into the interior of the first treatment bin 4, the extracting agent is injected into the interior of the first treatment bin 4 through the storage bin 10 at the top of the first treatment bin 4, and the driving motor 5 is controlled to drive the stirring paddle 17 to stir the mixed liquid in the, the waste oil is fully contacted with the extracting agent, then the mixed liquid of the waste oil is pumped into the temporary storage bin 16 by the first water pump 2 for standing, after the mixed liquid of the waste oil is layered, the layered liquid at the bottom layer is discharged through a group of valves at the bottom of one end of the temporary storage bin 16, and then the layered liquid at the other layer is discharged; after the waste oil on the surface of the wastewater is sucked away, the wastewater is secondarily filtered through the second filter screen 802, when the wastewater passes through the alum placing bin 803, the alum is dissolved in part of the wastewater, so that part of particulate matters in the wastewater are gathered together, when the wastewater passes through the activated carbon bag 805, the particulate matters and the particulate matters in the wastewater are adsorbed by the activated carbon in the activated carbon bag 805, then the wastewater enters the second treatment bin 11 and is disinfected by chlorine, and finally the treated wastewater is discharged through the drain valve 13; when the waste water is in the rising of the inside height of first basin 3, floater 901 can force activity storehouse 904 to follow and rise, telescopic link 907 shortens gradually this moment, and spring 908 atress shortens for activity storehouse 904 can be constantly stabilized and float on the surface of waste water, and inlet port 909 just also can contact with waste oil constantly, when waste water reduces too much at the inside liquid level of first basin 3, can manually rotate the hand wheel, force mounting panel 903 and activity storehouse 904 together to descend, guarantee activity storehouse 904 constantly and the waste oil contact on waste water surface.
Finally, it should be noted that the above-mentioned contents are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention, and not for limiting the protection scope of the present invention, and that the simple modifications or equivalent substitutions of the technical solutions of the present invention by those of ordinary skill in the art can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An organic wastewater sewage treatment device, comprising a second water tank (12), characterized in that: a first water tank (3) is installed on one side of the second water tank (12), a filtering component (8) is jointly arranged at the same end of the first water tank (3) and the second water tank (12), a temporary storage bin (16) is installed on one side, far away from the second water tank (12), of the first water tank (3), a first treatment bin (4) is installed at one end, close to the filtering component (8), of the temporary storage bin (16), a first water pump (2) is installed at one end, close to the first treatment bin (4), of the top of the temporary storage bin (16), the input end of the first water pump (2) is communicated with the inner bottom of the first treatment bin (4), the output end of the first water pump (2) is communicated with the inner portion of the temporary storage bin (16), a slot (14) is formed in the top of one end of the inner portion of the first water tank (3), a mounting frame (18) is inserted into the inner portion of the slot (14), a first filter screen (15) is installed on the inner side of, the second water tank (12) is internally provided with a second treatment bin (11) at one end close to the first filter screen (15), the second treatment bin (11) and one end of the top of the first treatment bin (4) are provided with a driving motor (5), the output end of the driving motor (5) extends into the first treatment bin (4) and the second treatment bin (11) respectively and is provided with a stirring paddle (17), the other ends of the tops of the first treatment bin (4) and the second treatment bin (11) are provided with a storage bin (10), the bottom of the storage bin (10) is provided with a flow valve (20), the bottom of the flow valve (20) is provided with a second conduit (21), one end of one side of the first water tank (3) far away from the temporary storage bin (16) is provided with a collection bin (7), the top of the collection bin (7) is provided with a second water pump (6), the output end of the second water pump (6) is communicated with the interior of the collection bin (7), an oil absorption assembly (9) is arranged at one end, close to the gathering bin (7), of the top of the first water tank (3), a drain valve (13) is arranged at the bottom of one end, close to the first filter screen (15), of the second water tank (12), a control panel (19) is arranged at one end, far away from one side of the first water tank (3), of the second water tank (12), and the control panel (19) is electrically connected with the first water pump (2), the driving motor (5) and the second water pump (6) through leads respectively;
the oil absorption assembly (9) comprises a floating ball (901), a U-shaped frame (902), a mounting plate (903), a movable bin (904), a first guide pipe (905), a threaded rod (906), a telescopic rod (907), a spring (908) and an oil inlet hole (909), wherein the U-shaped frame (902) is mounted at one end, far away from the first filter screen (15), of the top of the first water tank (3), the threaded rod (906) is arranged at the middle position of the top of the U-shaped frame (902), the mounting plate (903) is mounted on the outer side of the threaded rod (906) in a threaded manner, the telescopic rod (907) is mounted at one end, far away from the threaded rod (906), of the bottom of the mounting plate (903), the movable bin (904) is mounted at the bottom end of the telescopic rod (907), the spring (908) is sleeved outside the telescopic rod (907), and the top end and the bottom end, floating balls (901) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of one end, close to the threaded rod (906), of the movable bin (904), oil inlet holes (909) are uniformly formed in one end, far away from the floating balls (901), of the movable bin (904), a first guide pipe (905) is arranged at the top of the movable bin (904), and one end, far away from the movable bin (904), of the first guide pipe (905) is communicated with the input end of a second water pump (6);
the filter assembly (8) comprises a filter bin (801), a second filter screen (802), an alum placing bin (803), a through hole (804) and an activated carbon bag (805), wherein the same end of the second water tank (12) and the first water tank (3) is provided with the filter bin (801), one side of the interior of the filter bin (801) is provided with the alum placing bin (803), the other side of the interior of the filter bin (801) is provided with the activated carbon bag (805), one end of one side of the interior of the filter bin (801), which is close to the alum placing bin (803), is provided with the second filter screen (802), and two ends of the alum placing bin (803) and the activated carbon bag (805) are uniformly provided with the through hole (804).
2. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment plant according to claim 1, wherein: the one end symmetry that first filter screen (15) were kept away from to first basin (3) inboard is provided with spacing, the recess of mutually supporting with spacing is seted up to the intermediate position department symmetry of activity storehouse (904) both sides.
3. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment plant according to claim 1, wherein: an auxiliary bearing is installed in the middle of the top of the U-shaped frame (902), and the bottom of the threaded rod (906) is fixedly connected with the inner side of the auxiliary bearing.
4. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment device and the sewage treatment method according to claim 1, wherein: the alum placing bin (803) is filled with alum blocks, and the activated carbon bag (805) is filled with an activated carbon layer.
5. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment plant according to claim 1, wherein: the middle position inside the first water tank (3) is uniformly provided with the partition boards (1), and the plurality of groups of partition boards (1) are distributed inside the first water tank (3) in a staggered manner.
6. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment plant according to claim 1, wherein: the included angle between the mounting frame (18) and the plane of the bottom in the first water tank (3) is 60 degrees.
7. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment plant according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the gathering bin (7) close to one end of the first processing bin (4) is provided with a connecting valve, and one end of the connecting valve far away from the gathering bin (7) is communicated with the inner top of the first processing bin (4).
8. The organic wastewater and sewage treatment plant according to claim 1, wherein: the top parts of the two ends of the first treatment bin (4) are symmetrically provided with inlets and outlets.
9. The organic wastewater sewage treatment according to claim 1, characterized in that: the hand wheel is installed on the top of threaded rod (906), and the outside of hand wheel is provided with anti-skidding line.
10. A method of using the organic wastewater treatment facility of claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of:
firstly, moving a sewage discharge port above a first filter screen (15) to enable sewage to be flushed to the first filter screen (15), firstly, primarily filtering the sewage through the first filter screen (15), then, gradually flowing the sewage to a filter assembly (8), and increasing a flowing path of the sewage after passing through a plurality of groups of partition plates (1) so that waste oil in the sewage can gradually float on the surface of the sewage;
step two, when the waste oil on the surface of the sewage passes through the movable bin (904), the movable bin (904) and the oil inlet (909) float on the sewage due to the buoyancy of the floating ball (901), then the second water pump (6) is controlled to start working, the second water pump (6) forces the waste oil floating on the sewage to sequentially pass through the oil inlet (909), the movable bin (904), the first conduit (905) and the second water pump (6) and then enter the collecting bin (7), after the waste oil collected in the collecting bin (7) enters the first treatment bin (4), the extractant in the storage bin (10) at the top of the first treatment bin (4) enters the first treatment bin (4), and then the extractant and the waste oil are stirred by the stirring paddle (17) so that the extractant can be fully contacted, and then the waste oil mixed with the extractant in the first treatment bin (4) is pumped into the first treatment bin (16) by the first water pump (2), the waste oil in the temporary storage bin (16) is gradually layered after standing for a period of time, and then layered liquid is discharged and collected one by one through a group of valves at the bottom of one end of the temporary storage bin (16);
and step three, after waste oil on the surface of the sewage is sucked away, the residual sewage is subjected to secondary filtration through a second filter screen (802), then the sewage enters an alum placing bin (803), alum in the alum placing bin (803) is dissolved, a part of the alum is mixed into the sewage, then the sewage mixed with the dissolved alum flows into an activated carbon bag (805), the sewage is subjected to tertiary adsorption filtration through activated carbon in the activated carbon bag (805), then the sewage flows into a second treatment bin (11), a storage bin (10) at the top of the second treatment bin (11) injects chlorine into the sewage, and then the sewage mixed with the chlorine is stirred through a stirring paddle (17), so that the purification effect of the sewage mixed with the chlorine is improved.
CN202011094008.0A 2020-10-14 2020-10-14 Organic wastewater and sewage treatment equipment and sewage treatment method Pending CN112299601A (en)

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Application publication date: 20210202