CN112252249A - Wet garbage disturbance crushing device - Google Patents

Wet garbage disturbance crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112252249A
CN112252249A CN202011031403.4A CN202011031403A CN112252249A CN 112252249 A CN112252249 A CN 112252249A CN 202011031403 A CN202011031403 A CN 202011031403A CN 112252249 A CN112252249 A CN 112252249A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
disturbance
shell
wet
suction nozzle
main shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011031403.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程磊
单龙
苏忠浩
顾晓彤
张利那
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou XCMG Environment Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xuzhou XCMG Environment Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xuzhou XCMG Environment Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xuzhou XCMG Environment Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202011031403.4A priority Critical patent/CN112252249A/en
Publication of CN112252249A publication Critical patent/CN112252249A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/05Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt with driven brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • E01H1/0845Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be sucked- up, e.g. brushes, scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C2201/066Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage for garden waste

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Refuse-Collection Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of sanitation trucks, and particularly relates to a wet garbage disturbance crushing device.A suction nozzle is movably arranged on a suction disc, a shell is integrated on the suction nozzle, and the interior of the shell is communicated with the interior of the suction nozzle; a main shaft is arranged in the shell, a tool rest assembly is arranged on the main shaft, a tool is arranged on the tool rest assembly, and a brush is further arranged on the tool rest assembly; the main shaft is in transmission connection with a power device. Through the disturbance of the brush to the wet leaves, more wet leaves can be sucked up by the suction nozzle, so that the ground is cleaner. The wet rubbish after the breakage has reduced the volume that the rubbish was piled up, and the effectual holding capacity that improves the dustbin has reduced the number of times that rubbish was emptyd.

Description

Wet garbage disturbance crushing device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of sanitation trucks, and particularly relates to a wet garbage disturbance crushing device.
Background
With the increasing requirements of people on the surrounding environment, various cleaning special vehicles for urban streets, plaza streets and high-grade roads are continuously present in the visual field of people. Especially in northern cities, leaf falling cleaning is a heavy cleaning work in autumn and winter, and on one hand, the running speed of a cleaning vehicle is influenced; on the other hand, the number of times of dumping the garbage of the cleaning vehicle is influenced. Aiming at the problem that wet garbage such as wet fallen leaves and the like which are tightly attached to the ground can not be thoroughly cleaned in rainy days, the cleaning effect is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the wet garbage disturbance crushing device, wet garbage is disturbed through the brushes and then crushed through the rotating cutter, and meanwhile, the storage volume of the crushed wet garbage is reduced, so that the garbage holding capacity is increased.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a wet garbage disturbance crushing device is characterized in that a suction nozzle is movably arranged on a suction disc, a shell is integrated on the suction nozzle, and the inside of the shell is communicated with the inside of the suction nozzle; a main shaft is arranged in the shell, a tool rest assembly is arranged on the main shaft, a tool is arranged on the tool rest assembly, and a brush is further arranged on the tool rest assembly; the main shaft is in transmission connection with a power device.
Furthermore, three groups of cutters are arranged on the tool rest assembly, and the hairbrush is arranged between every two groups of cutters.
Furthermore, the cutter is fixed on the tool rest assembly through a pin shaft, and the brush is assembled on a tool rest rib plate of the tool rest assembly.
Further, a toothed plate is arranged at the top of the inner part of the shell.
Furthermore, a movable door is arranged on the side surface of the shell.
Furthermore, a guide plate is arranged on the sucker through a support, and a guide surface of the guide plate is obliquely arranged towards one side of the suction nozzle.
Further, the power device is a hydraulic motor.
Furthermore, suction nozzles are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the suction disc.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: 1. the functions are satisfied: the effective crushing is ensured under the condition that wet garbage such as wet fallen leaves exists; 2. simple structure is reliable: the integrated design of the shell and the suction nozzle and the assembly structure are adopted, and the shell and the suction nozzle can be directly replaced after being worn; 3. the working efficiency is improved: under the condition of satisfying the function, the volume of rubbish heap has been reduced to wet rubbish after the breakage, and the effectual holding capacity that improves the dustbin has reduced the number of times that rubbish was emptyd.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the interior of the housing of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an overall schematic view of the present invention;
in the drawing, the device comprises a main shaft 1, a main shaft 2, a toothed plate 3, a cutter 4, a brush 5, a pin shaft 6, a tool rest assembly 7, bearing seats I and 8, a movable door 9, a shell 10, a suction nozzle 11, bearing seats II and 12, a power device 13, a guide plate 14, a support 15 and a suction disc.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated below with reference to the figures and examples.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, a wet garbage disturbing and pulverizing device is provided with a suction nozzle 10 movably arranged on a suction cup 15, and the suction nozzle 10 and the suction cup 15 are detachably connected to facilitate replacement of the suction nozzle 10 and its accessories. A shell 9 is integrated on the suction nozzle 10, and the inside of the shell 9 is communicated with the inside of the suction nozzle 10; be equipped with main shaft 1 in the casing 9, establish on casing 9 through bearing frame I7 and bearing frame II 11 respectively in the both sides of main shaft 1, be equipped with knife rest assembly 6 on the main shaft 1, install cutter 3 on the knife rest assembly 6, cutter 3 is fixed on knife rest assembly 6 through round pin axle 5, and cutter 3 is provided with three groups, and 3 equipartitions of three groups of cutters are on main shaft 1. The tool rest component 6 is also provided with a brush 4, the brush 4 is arranged between every two groups of the cutters 3, and the brush 4 is assembled on the tool rest rib plate of the tool rest component 6. The main shaft 1 is in transmission connection with a power device 12, and the power device 12 can be a hydraulic motor or a driving device such as a motor. The guide plate 13 is arranged on the suction cup 15 through the bracket 14, and the bracket 14 is detachably connected with the suction cup 15 and the bracket 14 is detachably connected with the guide plate 13. The guide surface of the guide plate 13 is obliquely arranged toward one side of the suction nozzle 10. In use, wet garbage (mainly wet leaves) is pushed to one side of the suction nozzle 10 through the flow guide surface of the flow guide plate 13, and the wet leaves gather to the side of the suction nozzle 10. Power device 12 drive main shaft 1, main shaft 1 drives knife rest assembly 6 rotatory, knife rest assembly 6's rotation drives cutter 3 and brush 4 and rotates, brush 4 carries out the disturbance to pasting subaerial wet leaf, wet leaf after the disturbance has reduced the laminating power with ground, at this moment, rethread suction nozzle 10 is with in the wet leaf inspiration suction nozzle 10, get into behind the suction nozzle 10, wet leaf is broken by rotatory cutter 3, the wet leaf after smashing is again by in the inspiration box. The volume of garbage pile is reduced by the wet garbage after being crushed, the holding capacity of the garbage can is effectively improved, and the garbage dumping times of the cleaning vehicle are reduced.
As a modification of the present embodiment, the toothed plate 2 is provided on the top of the inside of the housing 9. Wet leaf can contact with pinion rack 2 on the casing 9 at the rotatory broken in-process of cutter 3, and pinion rack 2 can carry out the secondary crushing to wet leaf, decomposes into littleer volume, and rethread suction nozzle 10 gets into the box and subsides and collect. The bearing capacity of the box body can be further increased after the secondary crushing.
In order to facilitate maintenance of the parts such as the cutter 3 and the hairbrush 4 in the shell 9, a movable door 8 is arranged on the side face of the shell 9, one side of the movable door 8 is hinged and fixed with the shell 9 through a hinge, the other opposite side of the movable door 8 is movably connected with the shell 9, and when maintenance is needed, the movable door 8 is opened along the hinge to maintain the parts inside the shell 9.
Meanwhile, the suction cups 10 are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the suction cup 15 according to vehicle types. Each suction nozzle 10 is integrated with a corresponding shell 9, namely two sets of wet garbage disturbance crushing devices are arranged on the suction disc 15, and each set of wet garbage disturbance crushing device is matched with a corresponding guide plate 13. Two sets of wet garbage disturbance crushing devices increase the cleaning area and improve the working efficiency.
Compared with the prior art, this application can make more wet leaves suck up by the suction nozzle through the disturbance to wet leaves of brush for the clear cleaner more on ground. After wet leaf is broken through the smashing device, the volume of garbage stacking is reduced, the containing capacity of the garbage can is effectively improved, and the garbage dumping frequency is reduced.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a wet rubbish disturbance reducing mechanism which characterized in that: a suction nozzle (10) is movably arranged on the suction disc (15), a shell (9) is integrated on the suction nozzle (10), and the inside of the shell (9) is communicated with the inside of the suction nozzle (10); a main shaft (1) is arranged in the shell (9), a tool rest assembly (6) is arranged on the main shaft (1), a cutter (3) is arranged on the tool rest assembly (6), and a brush (4) is also arranged on the tool rest assembly (6); the main shaft (1) is in transmission connection with a power device (12).
2. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: the tool rest assembly (6) is provided with three groups of tools (3), and the hairbrushes (4) are arranged between every two groups of tools (3).
3. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: the cutter (3) is fixed on the cutter rest component (6) through a pin shaft (5), and the brush (4) is assembled on a cutter rest rib plate of the cutter rest component (6).
4. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: the top of the inside of the shell (9) is provided with a toothed plate (2).
5. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: and a movable door (8) is arranged on the side surface of the shell (9).
6. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: a guide plate (13) is arranged on the suction disc (15) through a support (14), and the guide surface of the guide plate (13) is obliquely arranged towards one side of the suction nozzle (10).
7. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: the power device (12) is a hydraulic motor.
8. The wet refuse disturbance comminution device of claim 1 in which: suction nozzles (10) are respectively arranged at the left side and the right side of the suction disc (15).
CN202011031403.4A 2020-09-27 2020-09-27 Wet garbage disturbance crushing device Pending CN112252249A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011031403.4A CN112252249A (en) 2020-09-27 2020-09-27 Wet garbage disturbance crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011031403.4A CN112252249A (en) 2020-09-27 2020-09-27 Wet garbage disturbance crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112252249A true CN112252249A (en) 2021-01-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011031403.4A Pending CN112252249A (en) 2020-09-27 2020-09-27 Wet garbage disturbance crushing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112252249A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114319216A (en) * 2022-03-17 2022-04-12 徐州沣收喷灌设备有限公司 Municipal works are with sprinkling irrigation street washing car based on bionics principle

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1079735A2 (en) * 1982-09-27 1984-03-15 Научно-Исследовательский И Конструкторско-Технологический Институт Городского Хозяйства Picking device for sweeping and refuse collecting machine
DE4018083A1 (en) * 1990-06-06 1990-09-27 Heinrich Dipl Ing Ostgathe Implement for sweeping up leaves - comminutes and compacts leaves in container
JPH11209937A (en) * 1998-01-21 1999-08-03 Kyoeisha:Kk Ground surface cleaning machine
JPH11264124A (en) * 1998-03-18 1999-09-28 Ohashi:Kk Cleaning device, cleaning method and lawn chip scraper
JP2002004234A (en) * 2000-06-20 2002-01-09 Bridgestone Corp Adhered material removal method of hard floor face and road surface
CN107829394A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-03-23 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Reducing mechanism and suction nozzle of sweeping car
CN109024415A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-18 福建龙马环卫装备股份有限公司 A kind of sweeping machine fallen leaves crushing suction apparatus and purging system
CN208501595U (en) * 2018-07-05 2019-02-15 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of scavenging vehicle leaf grinding device
CN109537508A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-29 上海神舟汽车节能环保股份有限公司 A kind of round brush suction inlet
CN208717829U (en) * 2018-07-12 2019-04-09 郑州宇通重工有限公司 A kind of nozzle unit and the sweeper using the nozzle unit
CN211228295U (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-08-11 任沛 Building engineering residue processing apparatus

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1079735A2 (en) * 1982-09-27 1984-03-15 Научно-Исследовательский И Конструкторско-Технологический Институт Городского Хозяйства Picking device for sweeping and refuse collecting machine
DE4018083A1 (en) * 1990-06-06 1990-09-27 Heinrich Dipl Ing Ostgathe Implement for sweeping up leaves - comminutes and compacts leaves in container
JPH11209937A (en) * 1998-01-21 1999-08-03 Kyoeisha:Kk Ground surface cleaning machine
JPH11264124A (en) * 1998-03-18 1999-09-28 Ohashi:Kk Cleaning device, cleaning method and lawn chip scraper
JP2002004234A (en) * 2000-06-20 2002-01-09 Bridgestone Corp Adhered material removal method of hard floor face and road surface
CN107829394A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-03-23 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Reducing mechanism and suction nozzle of sweeping car
CN109024415A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-18 福建龙马环卫装备股份有限公司 A kind of sweeping machine fallen leaves crushing suction apparatus and purging system
CN208501595U (en) * 2018-07-05 2019-02-15 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of scavenging vehicle leaf grinding device
CN208717829U (en) * 2018-07-12 2019-04-09 郑州宇通重工有限公司 A kind of nozzle unit and the sweeper using the nozzle unit
CN109537508A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-29 上海神舟汽车节能环保股份有限公司 A kind of round brush suction inlet
CN211228295U (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-08-11 任沛 Building engineering residue processing apparatus

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114319216A (en) * 2022-03-17 2022-04-12 徐州沣收喷灌设备有限公司 Municipal works are with sprinkling irrigation street washing car based on bionics principle

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PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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Application publication date: 20210122

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication