CN219973052U - Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle - Google Patents

Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219973052U
CN219973052U CN202321038883.6U CN202321038883U CN219973052U CN 219973052 U CN219973052 U CN 219973052U CN 202321038883 U CN202321038883 U CN 202321038883U CN 219973052 U CN219973052 U CN 219973052U
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China
Prior art keywords
soil pick
bevel gear
car
fixed mounting
fixedly arranged
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Application number
CN202321038883.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王川
崔新云
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Beijing Zhengli Supervision Consulting Co ltd
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Beijing Zhengli Supervision Consulting Co ltd
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Priority to CN202321038883.6U priority Critical patent/CN219973052U/en
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Publication of CN219973052U publication Critical patent/CN219973052U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sewage suction device of a road cleaning vehicle, which comprises a sewage suction vehicle, wherein a dust collector is arranged in the sewage suction vehicle, a crushing tank is fixedly arranged on the bottom wall of the sewage suction vehicle, a dust suction pipe is communicated between the crushing tank and the dust collector, a transmission shaft is rotatably arranged at the bottom end of the crushing tank in a penetrating manner, a plurality of blades are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the transmission shaft, a hose is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the sewage suction vehicle, which is close to the crushing tank, a sewage suction head is fixedly arranged at one end of the hose, which is far away from the sewage suction vehicle, and the hose is communicated with the inside of the crushing tank. According to the utility model, the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the driving motor, so that the rotating shaft drives the driven bevel gear meshed with the rotating shaft to rotate by the driving bevel gear, the driven bevel gear drives the transmission shaft to rotate, and the blade fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the transmission shaft breaks the sucked large impurities, so that the large impurities are prevented from being sucked into the dust collector, the dust collector is blocked, and the dirt sucking effect of the dust collector is affected.

Description

Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of dirt sucking devices, in particular to a dirt sucking device of a road cleaning vehicle.
Background
With the development of China and the increasing progress of science and technology, environmental protection is more and more important, and further improvement is needed in urban public transportation, municipal construction and environmental sanitation industries.
In the patent of publication number CN211690120U, a novel municipal road cleaning vehicle is proposed, including the carriage, the cleaning tank, the battery is installed to the cleaning tank top, the rotatory brush is installed to the cleaning tank bottom, install the wheel behind the rotatory brush, respectively there are two around the wheel, install the dust absorption mouth in the middle of the cleaning tank bottom, dust absorption mouth and dust collection incasement portion link to each other, install the dust scraper in the dust absorption mouth the earth of scraping again by the dust absorption mouth in the dust collection incasement, the debris bag of depositing debris is installed to the dust collection incasement side, the back installation watering shower nozzle of cleaning tank is used for wasing the road surface of sweeping, air-purifying, the watering shower nozzle has one respectively about, the watering shower nozzle has the piston valve of steerable water yield size, and it is connected with the suction pump, the water tank is connected to the suction pump.
In the above patent, the soil adhered to the road surface can be shoveled out and sucked into the dust box; because the impurity size on road surface is different, after inhaling great impurity in the dust catcher, great impurity causes the jam to the dust catcher easily, influences the dirt absorbing effect of dust catcher.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the problems that in the prior art, because the sizes of impurities on road surfaces are different, after larger impurities are sucked into a dust collector, the dust collector is easily blocked by the larger impurities, and the dirt sucking effect of the dust collector is affected.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a road cleaning car dirt pick-up device, includes the soil pick-up car, install the dust catcher in the soil pick-up car, the diapire fixed mounting of soil pick-up car has crushing jar, it has the dust absorption pipe to communicate between crushing jar and the dust catcher, the bottom of crushing jar runs through and rotates and installs the transmission shaft, the surface fixed mounting of transmission shaft has a plurality of blades, the soil pick-up car is close to the lower fixed surface of crushing jar and installs the hose, the hose is kept away from one end fixed mounting of soil pick-up car and is had the soil pick-up head, and the hose is linked together with the inside of smashing the jar, rotate between the surface of the relative both sides of soil pick-up car and install the pivot, the surface fixed mounting of pivot has drive bevel gear, the top fixed mounting of transmission shaft has driven bevel gear, drive bevel gear meshes with driven bevel gear, the surface fixed mounting of soil pick-up car has driving motor, driving motor's output runs through the surface of soil pick-up car and with the rotation center fixed mounting of pivot.
As a further scheme of the utility model, two fixing plates are symmetrically and fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the sewage suction truck, a guide rod is fixedly arranged between the two fixing plates, a moving block is slidably arranged on the outer surface of the guide rod, and the moving block is fixedly arranged with the sewage suction head.
As a further scheme of the utility model, a reciprocating screw rod is rotatably arranged between the two fixed plates, the reciprocating screw rod penetrates through the outer surface of the moving block and is in threaded connection with the moving block, and a transmission assembly is arranged between the reciprocating screw rod and the rotating shaft.
As a further scheme of the utility model, a reciprocating screw rod is rotatably arranged between the two fixed plates, the reciprocating screw rod penetrates through the outer surface of the moving block and is in threaded connection with the moving block, and a transmission assembly is arranged between the reciprocating screw rod and the rotating shaft.
As a further scheme of the utility model, the outer surface of the soil pick-up car is fixedly provided with a handle.
As a further scheme of the utility model, the axes of the reciprocating screw rod and the guide rod are mutually parallel.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
the rotary shaft is driven to rotate through the driving motor, the rotary shaft drives the driven bevel gear meshed with the rotary shaft to rotate through the driving bevel gear, the driven bevel gear drives the transmission shaft to rotate, the blade fixedly mounted on the outer surface of the transmission shaft breaks up large impurities sucked, the large impurities are prevented from being sucked into the dust collector, the dust collector is blocked, and the dirt sucking effect of the dust collector is affected.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a left-hand structure of a dirt suction device of a road cleaning vehicle according to the present utility model;
fig. 2 is a schematic right-view structural diagram of a dirt suction device of a road cleaning vehicle according to the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an internal structure of a dirt suction device of a road cleaning vehicle according to the present utility model;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure at a in fig. 3.
In the figure: 1. a soil pick-up car; 2. a dust collector; 3. a pulverizing tank; 4. a dust collection pipe; 5. a transmission shaft; 6. a blade; 7. a hose; 8. a soil pick-up head; 9. a fixing plate; 10. a guide rod; 11. a reciprocating screw rod; 12. a moving block; 13. a driven bevel gear; 14. a rotating shaft; 15. a drive bevel gear; 16. a driving motor; 17. a belt wheel; 18. a belt.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments.
It should be noted that, without conflict, the embodiments of the present utility model and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other. The utility model will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings in connection with embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-4, a sewage suction device of a road cleaning vehicle comprises a sewage suction vehicle 1, wherein a dust collector 2 is installed in the sewage suction vehicle 1, a crushing tank 3 is fixedly installed on the bottom wall of the sewage suction vehicle 1, a dust suction pipe 4 is communicated between the crushing tank 3 and the dust collector 2, a transmission shaft 5 is installed through rotation of the bottom end of the crushing tank 3, a plurality of blades 6 are fixedly installed on the outer surface of the transmission shaft 5, a hose 7 is fixedly installed on the lower surface of the sewage suction vehicle 1, which is close to the crushing tank 3, a sewage suction head 8 is fixedly installed on one end of the hose 7, which is far away from the sewage suction vehicle 1, and the hose 7 is communicated with the inside of the crushing tank 3, a rotary shaft 14 is installed between the outer surfaces of two opposite sides of the sewage suction vehicle 1 in a rotating manner, a driving bevel gear 15 is fixedly installed on the outer surface of the rotary shaft 14, a driven bevel gear 13 is fixedly installed on the top end of the transmission shaft 5, the driving bevel gear 15 is meshed with the driven bevel gear 13, a driving motor 16 is fixedly installed on the outer surface of the sewage suction vehicle 1, and the output end of the driving motor 16 penetrates the outer surface of the sewage suction vehicle 1 and is fixedly installed with the rotation center of the rotary shaft 14.
In this embodiment, two fixing plates 9 are symmetrically and fixedly installed on the lower surface of the soil pick-up truck 1, a guide rod 10 is fixedly installed between the two fixing plates 9, a moving block 12 is slidably installed on the outer surface of the guide rod 10, and the moving block 12 is fixedly installed with the soil pick-up head 8.
In the embodiment, a reciprocating screw rod 11 is rotatably installed between the two fixed plates 9, the reciprocating screw rod 11 penetrates through the outer surface of the moving block 12 and is in threaded connection with the moving block, and a transmission assembly is arranged between the reciprocating screw rod 11 and the rotating shaft 14.
In the embodiment, the outer surface of the soil pick-up car 1 is fixedly provided with a handle, and the soil pick-up car 1 is conveniently pushed to move by the handle.
In this embodiment, the transmission assembly includes two pulleys 17 respectively fixedly mounted at the same end portions of the reciprocating screw 11 and the rotating shaft 14, a belt 18 is sleeved on the outer surfaces of the two pulleys 17, and the pulleys 17 and the belt 18 are used for the rotating shaft 14 to drive the reciprocating screw 11.
In this embodiment, the axes of the reciprocating screw 11 and the guide rod 10 are parallel to each other.
From the above description, it can be seen that the above embodiments of the present utility model achieve the following technical effects: when the dust collector is used, the dust collector 2 sucks air into the crushing tank 3 through the dust suction pipe 4, so that the crushing tank 3 sucks dirt on a road surface through the hose 7 and the dirt suction head 8, impurities on the road surface are sucked into the crushing tank 3, the driving motor 16 drives the rotating shaft 14 to rotate, the rotating shaft 14 drives the driven bevel gear 13 meshed with the rotating shaft 14 to rotate through the driving bevel gear 15, the driven bevel gear 13 drives the transmission shaft 5 to rotate, the blades 6 fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the transmission shaft 5 crush the sucked larger impurities, the larger impurities are prevented from being sucked into the dust collector 2, the dust collector 2 is blocked, and the dirt suction effect of the dust collector 2 is affected;
when the rotating shaft 14 rotates, the rotating shaft 14 drives the reciprocating screw rod 11 to rotate through the belt pulley 17 and the belt 18, so that the reciprocating screw rod 11 drives the dirt sucking head 8 to reciprocate back and forth along the axial direction of the guide rod 10 through the moving block 12, foreign matters at different positions of a road surface are adsorbed, and the dirt sucking range of the dirt sucking head 8 is enlarged.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present utility model may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the utility model being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present disclosure describes embodiments, not every embodiment is provided with a separate embodiment, and that this description is provided for clarity only, and that the disclosure is not limited to the embodiments described in detail below, and that the embodiments described in the examples may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments that will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a road cleaning car dirt pick-up device, includes soil pick-up car (1), install dust catcher (2) in soil pick-up car (1), its characterized in that, the diapire fixed mounting of soil pick-up car (1) has crushing jar (3), it has dust absorption pipe (4) to smash between jar (3) and dust catcher (2) intercommunication, the bottom of crushing jar (3) runs through and rotates and installs transmission shaft (5), the surface fixed mounting of transmission shaft (5) has a plurality of blades (6), the lower surface fixed mounting of soil pick-up car (1) near crushing jar (3) has hose (7), the one end fixed mounting that hose (7) kept away from soil pick-up head (8), and the inside of hose (7) and crushing jar (3) is linked together, rotate between the surface of soil pick-up car (1) opposite both sides and install pivot (14), the surface fixed mounting of pivot (14) has driving bevel gear (15), the top fixed mounting of transmission shaft (5) has driven bevel gear (13), driving bevel gear (15) and driven bevel gear (16) are engaged with each other, driven bevel gear (16) are fixed mounting has, the output end of the driving motor (16) penetrates through the outer surface of the sewage suction truck (1) and is fixedly arranged with the rotation center of the rotating shaft (14).
2. The soil pick-up device of the road cleaning vehicle according to claim 1, wherein two fixing plates (9) are symmetrically and fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the soil pick-up vehicle (1), a guide rod (10) is fixedly arranged between the two fixing plates (9), a moving block (12) is slidably arranged on the outer surface of the guide rod (10), and the moving block (12) is fixedly arranged with the soil pick-up head (8).
3. A road cleaning vehicle dirt absorbing device according to claim 2, characterized in that a reciprocating screw rod (11) is rotatably arranged between the two fixing plates (9), the reciprocating screw rod (11) penetrates through the outer surface of the moving block (12) and is in threaded connection with the moving block, and a transmission assembly is arranged between the reciprocating screw rod (11) and the rotating shaft (14).
4. A soil pick-up device for a road cleaning vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the transmission assembly comprises two pulleys (17) fixedly mounted on the same end parts of the reciprocating screw rod (11) and the rotating shaft (14), and the outer surfaces of the two pulleys (17) are sleeved with belts (18).
5. The soil pick-up device of a road cleaning vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that a handle is fixedly mounted on the outer surface of the soil pick-up vehicle (1).
6. A road cleaning vehicle dirt pick-up device according to claim 3, characterized in that the axes of the reciprocating screw (11) and the guide rod (10) are parallel to each other.
CN202321038883.6U 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle Active CN219973052U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321038883.6U CN219973052U (en) 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321038883.6U CN219973052U (en) 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219973052U true CN219973052U (en) 2023-11-07

Family

ID=88582399

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321038883.6U Active CN219973052U (en) 2023-05-05 2023-05-05 Dirt suction device of road cleaning vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219973052U (en)

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