CN219280580U - Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage - Google Patents

Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN219280580U
CN219280580U CN202223141393.7U CN202223141393U CN219280580U CN 219280580 U CN219280580 U CN 219280580U CN 202223141393 U CN202223141393 U CN 202223141393U CN 219280580 U CN219280580 U CN 219280580U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
arc
sweeping
crushing
road sweeper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202223141393.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万军
李亮
米思雨
李子颖
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Yingfeng Intelligent Environmental Sanitation Technology Co ltd
Changsha Zoomlion Environmental Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Yingfeng Intelligent Environmental Sanitation Technology Co ltd
Changsha Zoomlion Environmental Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Yingfeng Intelligent Environmental Sanitation Technology Co ltd, Changsha Zoomlion Environmental Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Yingfeng Intelligent Environmental Sanitation Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202223141393.7U priority Critical patent/CN219280580U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN219280580U publication Critical patent/CN219280580U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Disintegrating Or Milling (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage, which comprises a vehicle body, a garbage bin, a mounting frame arranged in front of a cab of the vehicle body, a pickup device which is arranged on the mounting frame and used for collecting the large garbage in a shoveling mode, a crushing device which is connected with the pickup device and used for crushing the large garbage, and a conveying device which is connected with the crushing device and used for conveying garbage fragments to the garbage bin, wherein the pickup device comprises an arc-shaped shovel plate arranged on the mounting frame, baffle plates arranged at two ends of the arc-shaped shovel plate, sweeping blades arranged between the two baffle plates, and a first driving device which is arranged on the baffle plates and used for driving the sweeping blades to rotate so as to move the large garbage from the bottom end of the arc-shaped shovel plate to the top end; the automatic cleaning machine has high degree of automation, can promote the cleaning capacity and the sucking and sweeping effect of the road sweeper, is not only suitable for urban municipal cleaning, but also suitable for recycling cartons and cartons of some large-scale production factories.

Description

Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of road sweeper, in particular to a road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage.
Background
Along with the development of urban process in China, sanitation vehicles are greatly developed. As one of novel road surface operation cleaning tools, the road sweeper can effectively replace tedious and laborious sanitation work, saves a great deal of labor force and can improve the sweeping efficiency. Therefore, the demand of the environmental sanitation departments is gradually increased, and the application range is wider and wider.
The landscape tree on both sides of the autumn road can generate fallen leaves and fallen branches on the road; the green belt has the functions of beautifying the environment, purifying the air and weakening noise, but the flourishing branches and leaves easily shield the line of sight of the driving, so that great potential safety hazards are brought to pedestrians and vehicles, and the plants in the green belt need to be trimmed regularly and the branches and leaves remained on the road surface due to the consideration of road traffic safety. When working, the existing road sweeper is easy to cause blockage of suction nozzle pipes, so that the sweeping capability is reduced, and even sundries such as blocked branches in the suction nozzle can be cleaned to work continuously; in addition, the existing road sweeper cannot clean paper boxes and cartons with large volumes.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage, which aims to solve the technical problems that when the existing road sweeper cleans branches, suction nozzle pipes are easy to block, and paper boxes with larger volumes cannot be cleaned.
According to one aspect of the utility model, a road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage is provided, and comprises a vehicle body, a garbage bin, a mounting frame arranged in front of a cab of the vehicle body, a pickup device which is arranged on the mounting frame and used for collecting the large garbage in a shoveling mode, a crushing device which is connected with the pickup device and used for crushing the large garbage, and a conveying device which is connected with the crushing device and used for conveying garbage fragments to the garbage bin, wherein the pickup device comprises an arc-shaped shovel plate arranged on the mounting frame, baffle plates arranged at two ends of the arc-shaped shovel plate, cleaning blades arranged between the two baffle plates, and a first driving device which is arranged on the baffle plates and used for driving the cleaning blades to rotate so as to move the large garbage from the bottom end of the arc-shaped shovel plate to the top end, and the top end of the arc-shaped shovel plate is connected with an inlet of the crushing device.
Further, a first concave-convex structure is arranged at the edge of the cleaning end of the cleaning blade, and a second concave-convex structure matched with the first concave-convex structure is arranged on the arc-shaped shovel plate.
Further, the front end of the arc-shaped shovel plate is provided with a wear-resistant rubber layer.
Further, a supporting component extending towards the ground is arranged on the mounting frame, and a first roller is arranged at the bottom end of the supporting component.
Further, the supporting component is a lifting driving device for adjusting the ground clearance of the arc-shaped shovel plate.
Further, the crushing device comprises a shell, crushing blades and a second driving device, wherein the shell is installed on the installation frame and connected with the top end of the arc-shaped shovel plate, the crushing blades are arranged in the shell and used for crushing large garbage, and the second driving device is used for driving the crushing blades to rotate.
Further, the crushing blade comprises a rotating main shaft connected with the second driving device and blades distributed along the circumference of the rotating main shaft.
Further, the crushing blade further comprises a blade mounting shaft arranged along the circumference of the rotating main shaft, and the blades are arranged on the blade mounting shaft.
Further, a second roller is arranged on the baffle.
Further, the road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage also comprises a sweeping disc and a suction nozzle, wherein the sweeping disc and the suction nozzle are arranged behind the crushing device.
The utility model has the following beneficial effects:
according to the utility model, the mounting frame is arranged in front of the vehicle body cab, the pick-up device and the crushing device are arranged on the mounting frame, so that the stability of the pick-up device and the crushing device can be ensured, when the front of the road sweeper encounters garbage (such as a paper box, thick branches and trunks) with larger size and garbage containing a large number of branches and leaves, the pick-up device can scoop the garbage (such as the paper box and the paper box) with larger size and the garbage containing a large number of leaves into the arc-shaped shovel plate, and the rotating cleaning blade is matched with the arc-shaped shovel plate to squeeze the garbage (such as the paper box and the paper box) with larger size and the branches, so that the garbage (such as the paper box and the paper box) with larger size and the garbage containing a large number of branches can be smoothly fed into the crushing device, and then fed into the garbage box through the conveying device, so that the automatic degree is high, and the cleaning capability and the sucking effect of the road sweeper can be improved, and the garbage cleaning device is not only suitable for municipal cleaning, but also suitable for recycling of paper boxes and paper boxes of large-scale production factories.
In addition to the objects, features and advantages described above, the present utility model has other objects, features and advantages. The present utility model will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the utility model and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the utility model and together with the description serve to explain the utility model. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a sweeper adapted for sweeping large debris in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a left side view of a sweeper adapted for sweeping large debris in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of a sweeping blade according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of a baffle plate according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the construction of an arcuate blade in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of a crushing blade according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a guide roll according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model.
Legend description:
1. a vehicle body; 11. a mounting frame; 12. a support assembly; 13. a first roller; 2. a pick-up device; 21. an arc-shaped shovel plate; 211. a second concave-convex structure; 212. a wear-resistant rubber layer; 22. a baffle; 23. cleaning the blade; 231. a first concave-convex structure; 24. a first driving device; 25. a second roller; 26. a third roller; 261. a first gear; 27. a guide roller; 271. a second gear; 3. a crushing device; 31. a housing; 32. crushing the blades; 321. rotating the main shaft; 322. a blade; 323. a blade mounting shaft; 33. a second driving device; 4. a conveying device; 5. a dustbin; 6. a sweeping disc; 7. and (5) a suction nozzle.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the utility model are described in detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures, but the utility model can be practiced in a number of different ways, as defined and covered below.
As shown in fig. 1, the road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage of this embodiment comprises a vehicle body 1, a dustbin 5, a mounting frame 11 arranged in front of a cab of the vehicle body 1, a pickup device 2 arranged on the mounting frame 11 and used for collecting the large garbage, a crushing device 3 connected with the pickup device 2 and used for crushing the large garbage, a conveying device 4 connected with the crushing device 3 and used for conveying garbage fragments to the dustbin 5, wherein the pickup device 2 comprises an arc-shaped shovel plate 21 arranged on the mounting frame 11, baffle plates 22 arranged at two ends of the arc-shaped shovel plate 21, cleaning blades 23 arranged between the two baffle plates 22 and coaxially arranged with the arc-shaped shovel plate 21, and a first driving device 24 arranged on the baffle plates 22 and used for driving the cleaning blades 23 to rotate so as to move the large garbage from the bottom end of the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 to the top end, and the top end of the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 is connected with an inlet of the crushing device 3.
The road sweeper of this embodiment lays the mounting bracket 11 in automobile body driver's cabin place ahead, lay pickup device 2 and breaker 3 again on mounting bracket 11, can ensure the stability of pickup device 2 and breaker 3, when the rubbish of bigger size (carton ) and contain a large amount of branches, the rubbish of leaf is seen to the road sweeper the place ahead, rotatory cleaning blade 23 can sweep into arc shovel board 21 with the rubbish of bigger size (carton ) and containing a large amount of branches, the leaf, and extrude rubbish (carton ) and branch of bigger size with arc shovel board 21 cooperation, make bigger size rubbish (carton ) and contain a large amount of branches and can get into breaker 3 smoothly, breaker 3 gets into rubbish (carton ) and contain a large amount of branches fragment automatically, and get into dustbin 5 through conveyor 4 again, degree of automation is high, can promote the cleaning ability and the effect of sucking and sweeping of road sweeper, but not only be applicable to municipal cleaning, still be applicable to the carton of some large-scale production type factories, carton recovery. Optionally, the cleaning blade 23 and the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 are coaxially arranged, so that the cleaning blade 23 and the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 keep a uniform gap, the garbage is prevented from being clamped, and the garbage pickup effect is ensured.
As shown in fig. 3, 4 and 6, in this embodiment, the edge of the cleaning end of the cleaning blade 23 is provided with a first concave-convex structure 231, the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 is provided with a second concave-convex structure 211 adapted to the first concave-convex structure 231, the second concave-convex structure 211 can increase the strength of the arc-shaped shovel plate 21, the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 is prevented from deforming, the first concave-convex structure 231 is adapted to the second concave-convex structure 211, the garbage is ensured to be picked up smoothly, and the garbage can be extruded.
As shown in fig. 5, in this embodiment, the front end of the arc-shaped shovel 21 is provided with the wear-resistant rubber layer 212, and the bottom surface of the wear-resistant rubber layer 212 is located between the lowest point and the bottom surface of the arc-shaped shovel 21, so that on one hand, friction between the arc-shaped shovel 21 and the ground can be avoided, the ground can be prevented from being scratched, the service life of the arc-shaped shovel 21 can be prolonged, and on the other hand, damage caused by direct collision between the front end of the arc-shaped shovel 21 and a large piece of garbage can be avoided, and the service life of the arc-shaped shovel 21 can be prolonged; the front end of the wear-resistant rubber layer 212 is a downward inclined surface inclined to the outer side of the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 so as to ensure that garbage can smoothly enter the arc-shaped shovel plate 21. Alternatively, as shown in fig. 8, a third roller 26 and a guide roller 27 engaged with the third roller 26 are disposed at the bottom of the front end of the arc-shaped shovel 21, a first gear 261 is disposed at the inner side of the third roller 26, a second gear 271 is disposed at one end of the guide roller 27, the first gear 261 is engaged with the second gear 271, brushes, felts or concave-convex structures are disposed on the guide roller 27, and the like, when the arc-shaped shovel 21 moves forward, the third roller 26 walks on the ground, and drives the guide roller 27 to rotate in the direction of the arc-shaped shovel 21, so that large garbage in front of the arc-shaped shovel 21 is guided into the arc-shaped shovel 21.
As shown in fig. 1, in this embodiment, a supporting component 12 extending towards the ground is disposed on a mounting frame 11, a first roller 13 is disposed at the bottom end of the supporting component 12, the supporting component 12 can provide good support for the mounting frame 11, and the first roller 13 enables the mounting frame 11 to run synchronously with a vehicle body 1, so that a pickup device 2 and a crushing device 3 on the mounting frame 11 are prevented from falling down, and damage is caused by friction with the ground.
As shown in fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the supporting component 12 is a lifting driving device for adjusting the ground clearance of the arc-shaped shovel 21; the lifting driving device can adjust the height of the mounting frame 11, so that the height of the front end of the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 above the ground is adjusted, the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 is lifted when the pick-up device 2 and the crushing device 3 are not required to work or the obstacle is required to be avoided, and the arc-shaped shovel plate 21 is put down when large garbage cleaning is performed. Optionally, the lifting driving device is a gear rack structure driven by a hydraulic cylinder, an air cylinder or a motor.
As shown in fig. 2, in this embodiment, the crushing device 3 includes a housing 31 mounted on the mounting frame 11 and connected to the top end of the arc-shaped shovel 21, a crushing blade 32 disposed in the housing 31 for crushing large garbage, and a second driving device 33 for driving the crushing blade 32 to rotate; the large garbage is driven by the cleaning blades 23 to enter the shell 31 of the crushing device 3 along the arc-shaped shovel plate 21, the crushing blades 32 driven by the second driving device 33 in the shell 31 are crushed into garbage fragments with smaller volume and smaller weight, and the garbage fragments are conveyed into the garbage bin 5 by the conveying device 4. Optionally, multiple groups of crushing blades 32 are arranged in the shell 31, the axes of the multiple groups of crushing blades 32 are arranged in parallel, and two adjacent groups of crushing blades 32 rotate in opposite directions, so that the crushing efficiency can be improved. Alternatively, the second drive means 33 is an electric or hydraulic motor.
As shown in fig. 7, in the present embodiment, the crushing blade 32 includes a rotation main shaft 321 connected to the second driving device 33 and blades 322 arranged along the circumference of the rotation main shaft 321; the blades 322 are capable of rapidly breaking the long shoots and cartons into waste pieces which are transported by the conveyor 4 into the waste bin 5. Alternatively, the blades 322 comprise long and short blades, which are staggered along the circumference of the rotary spindle 321. Alternatively, the blades 322 comprise thick and thin blades that are staggered along the circumference of the spindle 321.
As shown in fig. 7, in this embodiment, the crushing blade 32 further includes a blade mounting shaft 323 disposed along the circumference of the rotation main shaft 321, and the blades 322 are disposed on the blade mounting shaft 323, since the garbage picked up by the pickup device 2 does not necessarily enter the crushing device 3 uniformly, the wear degrees of the blades 322 at different positions on the blade mounting shaft 323 are different, and by disposing the blades 322 on the blade mounting shaft 323, the replacement can be performed for the single blade 322 with serious wear, and the crushing device has a simple structure and is convenient to disassemble and assemble, and the waste caused by the whole replacement of the blades can be avoided.
As shown in fig. 5, in this embodiment, the second roller 25 is disposed on the baffle 22 to support the pickup device 2, so that the arc shovel 21 and the vehicle run synchronously, and the vibration of the arc shovel 21 can be reduced, so as to ensure the effect of picking up the garbage.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, the road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage further includes a sweeping disc 6 and a suction nozzle 7 for sweeping, and the sweeping disc 6 and the suction nozzle 7 are disposed behind the crushing device 3. When the road sweeper cleans the large garbage, the pick-up device 2 and the crushing device 3 clean the large garbage, the sweeping discs 6 on two sides of the vehicle body 1 sweep the garbage to the suction nozzle 7, the garbage is sucked into the dustbin 5 through the suction nozzle 7, the pick-up device 2 and the crushing device 3 clean and crush the large garbage, normal sweeping operation of the rear sweeping disc 6 and the suction nozzle 7 cannot be influenced, dust, scattered blades and paper dust can be cleaned, the application range is wide, and the cleaning efficiency is high.
The above description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present utility model and is not intended to limit the present utility model, but various modifications and variations can be made to the present utility model by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present utility model should be included in the protection scope of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage, which comprises a vehicle body (1) and a garbage can (5), and is characterized in that,
the garbage truck also comprises a mounting frame (11) arranged in front of the cab of the truck body (1), a pickup device (2) which is arranged on the mounting frame (11) and used for collecting large garbage in a shoveling mode, a crushing device (3) which is connected with the pickup device (2) and used for crushing the large garbage, a conveying device (4) which is connected with the crushing device (3) and used for conveying garbage fragments to the garbage can (5),
the pick-up device (2) comprises an arc-shaped shovel plate (21) arranged on the mounting frame (11), baffle plates (22) arranged at two ends of the arc-shaped shovel plate (21), cleaning blades (23) arranged between the two baffle plates (22) and a first driving device (24) arranged on the baffle plates (22) and used for driving the cleaning blades (23) to rotate so as to move a large piece of garbage from the bottom end to the top end of the arc-shaped shovel plate (21),
the top end of the arc-shaped shovel plate (21) is connected with the inlet of the crushing device (3).
2. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
the edge of the cleaning end of the cleaning blade (23) is provided with a first concave-convex structure (231), and the arc-shaped shovel plate (21) is provided with a second concave-convex structure (211) which is matched with the first concave-convex structure (231).
3. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
the front end of the arc-shaped shovel plate (21) is provided with a wear-resistant rubber layer (212).
4. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
a supporting component (12) extending towards the ground is arranged on the mounting frame (11), and a first roller (13) is arranged at the bottom end of the supporting component (12).
5. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 4, wherein,
the supporting component (12) is a lifting driving device for adjusting the ground clearance of the arc-shaped shovel plate (21).
6. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
the crushing device (3) comprises a shell (31) which is arranged on the mounting frame (11) and connected with the top end of the arc-shaped shovel plate (21), crushing blades (32) which are arranged in the shell (31) and used for crushing large garbage, and a second driving device (33) which is used for driving the crushing blades (32) to rotate.
7. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as set forth in claim 6, characterized in that,
the crushing blade (32) comprises a rotating spindle (321) connected to the second drive (33) and blades (322) arranged along the circumference of the rotating spindle (321).
8. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as set forth in claim 7, characterized in that,
the crushing blade (32) further comprises a blade mounting shaft (323) arranged along the circumference of the rotating main shaft (321), and the blade (322) is arranged on the blade mounting shaft (323).
9. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
a second roller (25) is arranged on the baffle plate (22).
10. A road sweeper suitable for sweeping large garbage as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
the device also comprises a sweeping disc (6) and a suction nozzle (7) which are used for sweeping, and the sweeping disc (6) and the suction nozzle (7) are arranged at the rear of the crushing device (3).
CN202223141393.7U 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage Active CN219280580U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223141393.7U CN219280580U (en) 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223141393.7U CN219280580U (en) 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219280580U true CN219280580U (en) 2023-06-30

Family

ID=86912369

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202223141393.7U Active CN219280580U (en) 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219280580U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN2570322Y (en) Multifunctional road surface,land ice and snow sweeping vehicle
CN101148865B (en) Cleaning vehicle
CN200964577Y (en) Adjustable sweeping, snow-removing dual-purpose machine
CN103015352A (en) Automatic garbage separation type road sweeper
CN110670525A (en) Cleaning robot
CN201232176Y (en) Icebreaking, snow removing and sweeping combined machine
CN219280580U (en) Road sweeper suitable for cleaning large garbage
CN111636344A (en) Sweeping vehicle garbage cleaning device
CN209836889U (en) Garbage cutting and crushing device and suction nozzle with same
CN102836865B (en) Mould cloth to collect and broken, equipment of raking the soil level
CN203904897U (en) Road maintenance sweeper
CN106702929B (en) Classification road sweeper
CN112064557B (en) Rubble clearance collection device
CN107268499B (en) Duplex cleaning device and method for electric garden cleaning vehicle
CN214328681U (en) Special cleaning device for front-mounted expressway of vehicle
CN211547572U (en) Cleaning vehicle
CN219560889U (en) Crushing suction nozzle device and sweeper
CN220150193U (en) Hydraulically driven road sweeper
CN2718051Y (en) High-speed dust-sucking road surface cleaning machine
CN111021297B (en) Garbage suction system and sweeping vehicle with same
CN211735205U (en) Sweeping mechanism for road sweeper
CN2307817Y (en) Cleaning vehicle
CN217419464U (en) Novel garbage collection and crushing sanitation vehicle
CN219973048U (en) Road sanitation sweeper high-efficient crushing fallen leaves device of returning to field
CN2543988Y (en) Refuse lifting conveyer for road-cleaning vehicle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant