CN112057660A - Animal and plant disease control, aldehyde removal and deodorization device and method - Google Patents

Animal and plant disease control, aldehyde removal and deodorization device and method Download PDF

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CN112057660A
CN112057660A CN202010745325.8A CN202010745325A CN112057660A CN 112057660 A CN112057660 A CN 112057660A CN 202010745325 A CN202010745325 A CN 202010745325A CN 112057660 A CN112057660 A CN 112057660A
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hypochlorous acid
acid solution
water
aldehyde
animal
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孙秀会
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/14Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using sprayed or atomised substances including air-liquid contact processes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61DVETERINARY INSTRUMENTS, IMPLEMENTS, TOOLS, OR METHODS
    • A61D7/00Devices or methods for introducing solid, liquid, or gaseous remedies or other materials into or onto the bodies of animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/22Phase substances, e.g. smokes, aerosols or sprayed or atomised substances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/24Apparatus using programmed or automatic operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/46Removing components of defined structure
    • B01D53/72Organic compounds not provided for in groups B01D53/48 - B01D53/70, e.g. hydrocarbons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B11/00Oxides or oxyacids of halogens; Salts thereof
    • C01B11/04Hypochlorous acid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/14Means for controlling sterilisation processes, data processing, presentation and storage means, e.g. sensors, controllers, programs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L2209/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2209/11Apparatus for controlling air treatment
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L2209/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2209/11Apparatus for controlling air treatment
    • A61L2209/111Sensor means, e.g. motion, brightness, scent, contaminant sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L2209/20Method-related aspects
    • A61L2209/21Use of chemical compounds for treating air or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2251/00Reactants
    • B01D2251/10Oxidants
    • B01D2251/108Halogens or halogen compounds

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of animal and plant disease control and aldehyde removal deodorization, and provides an animal and plant disease control, aldehyde removal and deodorization device and a method, wherein the device comprises an automatic water treatment mechanism, the water inlet end of the automatic water treatment mechanism is communicated with a tap water pipe, the water outlet end of the automatic water treatment mechanism is communicated with the water inlet end of a hypochlorous acid generation mechanism, the water outlet end of the hypochlorous acid generation mechanism is communicated with the water inlet end of an atomization mechanism, and generated hypochlorous acid is atomized by the atomization mechanism and sprayed to a designated area. The invention integrates pure water preparation, hypochlorous acid generation and atomization and automatic control by using tap water as a medium, and realizes the advantages of existing hypochlorous acid preparation, safety, high efficiency, low cost, convenience, rapidness and the like.

Description

Animal and plant disease control, aldehyde removal and deodorization device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of animal and plant disease control and aldehyde and odor removal, in particular to an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde and odor removal device and method.
Background
The disinfectant is a preparation for killing pathogenic microorganisms on a transmission medium to ensure that the pathogenic microorganisms meet the harmless requirement, is different from antibiotics, and has the main function of killing the pathogenic microorganisms outside organisms in disease prevention, cutting off the transmission path of infectious diseases and achieving the purpose of controlling the infectious diseases. The disinfectant can be divided into a sterilizing agent, a high-efficiency disinfectant, a middle-efficiency disinfectant and a low-efficiency disinfectant according to the action level. The sterilizing agent can kill all microorganisms to meet the sterilizing requirement, and comprises glutaraldehyde, ethylene oxide, peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, chlorine dioxide, chlorine and the like. The high-efficiency disinfectant can kill all bacteria propagules (including mycobacteria), viruses, fungi, spores thereof and the like, has a certain killing effect on bacterial spores, meets the requirement of high-level disinfection, and comprises chlorine-containing disinfectant, ozone, methyl hydantoin compounds, double-chain quaternary ammonium salt and the like. The intermediate disinfectant can only kill microbes such as mycobacteria, fungi, viruses, bacterial propagules and the like, meets the disinfection requirement and comprises iodine-containing disinfectant, alcohol disinfectant, phenol disinfectant and the like. The low-efficiency disinfectant can only kill bacteria propagules and lipophilic viruses to meet the requirements of the disinfectant, and comprises quaternary ammonium salt disinfectants such as benzalkonium bromide and the like, biguanide disinfectants such as chlorhexidine (chlorhexidine) and the like, metal ion disinfectants such as mercury, silver, copper and the like and Chinese herbal medicine disinfectants.
Animal diseases are a big problem which puzzles the livestock breeding industry at present, and in recent years, high-pathogenicity animal diseases such as swine influenza, avian influenza, swine fever, African swine fever and the like are frequently caused, bring immeasurable loss to the livestock breeding industry nationwide and even worldwide, and also pose great threat to human life health, diet supply and diet safety. How to kill the pathogenic microorganisms safely and efficiently and prevent the occurrence of serious animal epidemic situation is a great problem. At present, the disinfectants commonly used for breeding houses comprise peracetic acid, glutaraldehyde, iodine, caustic soda, sodium hypochlorite (84), bleaching powder, Chinese herbal medicine disinfectants and the like, wherein the disinfectants only comprise peracetic acid, sodium hypochlorite (84) and bleaching powder, which belong to high-efficiency disinfectants, and the other disinfectants are medium-efficiency and low-efficiency disinfectants. Peracetic acid, sodium hypochlorite (84) and bleaching powder have great irritation, are easily uncomfortable to the cultured animals, and affect growth. Secondly, the odor of the livestock breeding colony house is also a great problem, which not only causes great trouble to workers and surrounding residents, but also affects the health of the animals bred in the colony house by breathing the odor substances for a long time, thereby affecting the yield of meat, eggs, milk and the like. The prior common deodorization methods include a physical deodorization method, a chemical masking method, a biological deodorization method and the like. The physical deodorization method requires frequent windowing for ventilation, and can clean the excrement in the pigsty in time and keep the inside of the pigsty clean. However, the method is time-consuming and labor-consuming, addresses symptoms and does not address root causes, and has a large influence on people; the chemical eye shielding method is to spray some aromatic agents in the colony house, but the aroma released by the method has certain stimulation effect on human and animals, and part of odor of ammonia can be shielded on the surface, but chemical drugs have great harm to the human and the animals and can be generated along with obvious side effect; the biological deodorization method is used for deodorizing and removing ammonia gas from multiple aspects by utilizing the decomposition and fermentation effects of microorganisms, is green and pollution-free, hardly has harm to animals and human bodies, but is expensive, and is easy to lose efficacy due to improper storage, transportation and use. For the requirements of disinfection and deodorization of the animal breeding houses, people urgently need a technology and a product which can well solve the problems, and have low price and high efficiency. Besides other disinfectants, ozone is also a high-efficiency disinfectant and has a deodorizing effect, but the ozone has a large taste, causes discomfort to animals, is very uncomfortable to inhale, and affects respiratory tracts.
Plant diseases are a big problem which puzzles the agricultural planting industry at present, plant diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and the like comprise downy mildew, rust disease, black spot disease, gray spot disease, powdery mildew, brown spot disease, anthracnose, southern blight, sooty mould, leaf spot disease, damping-off and the like, and cause immeasurable loss to the grain planting industry, the fruit planting industry, the melon and vegetable planting industry, the flower planting industry and the like of the agricultural production every year. Agricultural science and technology workers in China and even in the world invest a great deal of manpower and expenses to research plant disease control every year, and a great deal of control methods, technologies and medicines emerge to achieve certain effects. The control principle of the plant diseases is as follows: eliminating pathogens or inhibiting the occurrence and spread of pathogens; the disease resistance of the plant is improved; environmental conditions are controlled or modified to be beneficial to plants but not beneficial to pathogens, so that the occurrence and development of diseases are inhibited. Generally, prevention is mainly used, and specific comprehensive treatment measures are taken according to the occurrence and development rules of crop diseases according to time and place. Each measure is to fully exert the beneficial factors in the agricultural ecosystem and avoid the adverse factors, particularly the pollution and the poisoning of people and livestock, so that the disease is suppressed to be below the economic allowable level to achieve the maximum economic benefit. The control method and measures mainly include plant quarantine, disease-resistant breeding, cultivation control, chemical control, physical and mechanical control, biological control and the like. Among them, chemical control methods are one of the main means, and all the methods have a significant effect, and the annual cost for chemical control is also very large. However, long-term use of chemical pesticides with stable properties can not only enhance the drug resistance of certain pests and diseases and reduce the control effect, but also pollute agricultural products, air, soil and water areas and endanger the health, safety and ecological environment of people and livestock. The current commonly used disease-resistant bactericides in agriculture comprise Bordeaux mixture, chlorothalonil, carbendazim, thiophanate, zineb, lime sulphur, arsenic thiram, sodium pentachlorophenate, kasugamycin, ozone and the like, the efficiency is different, the toxicity is basically certain, and the pesticide resistance is easy to generate.
The health problems caused by the microbial transmission of the central air conditioner and the like are quite prominent, and with the annual improvement of economic level and the improvement of living standard of people, a large number of large buildings and buildings are built and put into use every year, and most of the buildings use the central air conditioner as air conditioning equipment. The central air conditioner features that the central air supply and return system is used in the whole building, and the air in all rooms is communicated via the central air conditioner. Such as the spring 2020 epidemic, all of the rooms in a building using central air conditioning are at risk of infection if one of the rooms is infected. In addition, if some room or some rooms buy new office furniture, the formaldehyde emitted can also be emitted to other rooms through the central air-conditioning system, and harm is caused to all people. In the air conditioning system used for several years, the whole air supply return air filtering system can also store some odorous substances, and the freshness of air in each room in the whole building is influenced.
The harm caused by formaldehyde pollution is well known at present, and how to remove formaldehyde release in home decoration, newly purchased furniture, new vehicles and the like is a very concerned problem in recent years. The currently used formaldehyde removal methods include plant absorption, chemical purification, emulsion paint absorption, activated carbon adsorption, air purifier treatment, and the like. The plant absorption method utilizes the formaldehyde absorption capacity of some plants, such as chlorophytum comosum, sansevieria trifasciata, ivy, aloe, agave, gerbera, cactus, kaffir lily, sago cycas, chrysanthemum and the like, and the plants have certain air purification effect but cannot completely remove formaldehyde in the air, and the absorption of the plants on the formaldehyde can only play an auxiliary role in the air purification process. The chemical agent purification method is mainly characterized in that formaldehyde in the air is consumed through physical adsorption or chemical reaction, at present, two formaldehyde catching agents in the market are divided into two types, one type is to purify the air through neutralizing the formaldehyde and generating harmless substances; the other is to purify the air by blocking formaldehyde and preventing the formaldehyde from volatilizing. The method has the advantages of high efficiency and immediate effect after use, and has the disadvantages of temporary solution and non-permanent solution, the release of formaldehyde is a long process which lasts for years or even decades, and only a small part of released formaldehyde is absorbed or reacted. The latex paint absorption method is a brand new idea of absorbing and decomposing formaldehyde by utilizing latex paint, realizes the purification of household air by selecting emulsion of special molecular groups with the functions of absorbing and decomposing formaldehyde through a unique formula, consumes free formaldehyde in the air by utilizing a chemical reaction formula, and generates water molecules harmless to human bodies and the environment. The disadvantage is also evident, only a very small fraction being adsorbed. The activated carbon adsorption method utilizes the characteristic that solid activated carbon has many pores, has strong adsorption effect on harmful substances such as formaldehyde and the like, and the smaller the particles of the activated carbon, the better the adsorption effect. The adsorption effect of the activated carbon on formaldehyde is obvious, and the amount of the activated carbon to be placed is different according to the size of the space. The activated carbon needs to be replaced after being adsorbed to a certain degree. Although the effect of the activated carbon is good, the activated carbon only passively adsorbs toxic and harmful gases such as formaldehyde, and if the air is not circulated and is equal to the decoration, the carbon bags and carbon sculptures sold in the market can only adsorb the part of the placement position in a room. The air purifier in the market at present is classified into anion type, ozone type, filter adsorption type, electrostatic integration type and photocatalyst type. Different air purifiers have different working principles, and the negative ions and the ozone can treat the formaldehyde, and other effects are common.
Secondly, the number of domestic pets is increased in the years, 70 percent of domestic pets are full of pungent odor of the pets, no special method is available for removing the odor except for covering methods such as using air fresheners, and the influence on the human health is still large.
For the requirements of disinfection, aldehyde removal and deodorization, people urgently need a substance which can well solve the problems and has good performance in the scenes. Researches show that the disinfectant is colorless and tasteless, efficient and safe, can remove formaldehyde and pet odor, and only hypochlorous acid can achieve a good effect at present. Although ozone is also a high-efficiency disinfectant and can also remove formaldehyde and odor, the ozone has a large taste and is easily uncomfortable for people, and the situation of discomfort can occur when people inhale the ozone. Hypochlorous acid is used as a chlorine-containing disinfectant, is a high-efficiency disinfectant, can kill all bacterial propagules (including mycobacteria), viruses, fungi, spores of the fungi and the like, has a certain killing effect on bacterial spores, meets the high-level disinfection requirement, is safe, and only hypochlorous acid disinfectant and iodophor can be used for disinfecting mucous membranes in disinfectant use guidelines issued by national health and construction committee offices in 2 months and 18 days of 2020.
Therefore, the development of the device and the method for preventing and treating the diseases of the animals and the plants, removing the aldehyde and deodorizing has urgent research values and also has good economic benefits and application potentials, which is the basis of the power of the invention.
Disclosure of Invention
The present inventors have conducted intensive studies to overcome the above-identified drawbacks of the prior art, and as a result, have completed the present invention after having made a great deal of creative efforts.
Specifically, the technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: the utility model provides an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorizing device, through using the running water as the medium, prepare pure water, hypochlorous acid generation and atomizing and automated control integration in an organic whole, realized advantages such as the existing preparation of hypochlorous acid, safe high efficiency, low cost, convenient and fast.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorizing device, includes automatic water treatment mechanism, the end intercommunication water pipe of intaking of automatic water treatment mechanism, the end of intaking that automatic water treatment mechanism's play water end intercommunication hypochlorous acid generated the mechanism holds, the play water end intercommunication atomizing mechanism's of hypochlorous acid generation mechanism end of intaking to the hypochlorous acid that will generate through atomizing mechanism atomizes and sprays appointed area.
As an improved scheme, the automatic water treatment mechanism comprises a water quality pretreatment tank, a pure water unit and a pure water tank, wherein a water inlet end of the water quality pretreatment tank is communicated with a tap water pipe, a water outlet end of the water quality pretreatment tank is communicated with a water inlet end of the pure water unit, and a water outlet end of the pure water unit is communicated with a water inlet end of the pure water tank;
the hypochlorous acid generating mechanism comprises a hypochlorous acid generating control box, an electric cabinet is arranged at the top of the hypochlorous acid generating control box, a hypochlorous acid reaction module is arranged at the bottom of the electric cabinet and controls the operation of the hypochlorous acid reaction module, the input end of the hypochlorous acid reaction module is communicated with the water outlet end of the pure water tank, and the output end of the hypochlorous acid reaction module is communicated with the input end of the atomizing mechanism.
As an improved scheme, the hypochlorous acid reaction module comprises a pure water constant flow pump, a hypochlorous acid reaction generator, an acid solution storage tank, a sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank and a hypochlorous acid storage tank;
the water inlet end of the pure water constant flow pump is communicated with the water outlet end of the pure water tank, the water outlet end of the pure water constant flow pump is communicated with the input end of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator, the output end of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator is communicated with the input end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank, and the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank is communicated with the input end of the atomization mechanism;
the output end of the acid solution storage tank is communicated with the input end of the acid solution metering pump, and the output end of the acid solution metering pump is communicated with the first input branch pipe of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator;
the output of sodium hypochlorite solution bin communicates the input of sodium hypochlorite solution measuring pump, the output intercommunication of sodium hypochlorite solution measuring pump the second input branch pipe of hypochlorous acid reaction generator.
As an improved scheme, the atomizing mechanism comprises an ultrasonic atomizer, the input end of the ultrasonic atomizer is communicated with the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank through a pipeline, the output end of the ultrasonic atomizer is communicated with a first atomizing nozzle through a pipeline, and hypochlorous acid solution is sprayed to a designated area through the first atomizing nozzle.
As an improved scheme, the atomizing mechanism comprises a high-pressure pump, the input end of the high-pressure pump is communicated with the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank through a pipeline, the output end of the high-pressure pump is communicated with a second atomizing nozzle through a pipeline, and hypochlorous acid solution is sprayed to a designated area through the second atomizing nozzle.
As an improved scheme, the atomization mechanism comprises an air compressor, a compressed air storage tank and a first aerosol spray head;
air compressor passes through high-pressure air pipeline intercommunication the input of compressed air holding vessel, the output of compressed air holding vessel passes through high-pressure air pipeline intercommunication the input of first aerial fog shower nozzle, the input of first aerial fog shower nozzle still passes through the pipeline intercommunication the output of hypochlorous acid holding vessel to pass through hypochlorous acid solution first aerial fog shower nozzle spun high-pressure gas carries and sprays the designated area.
As an improved scheme, the atomizing mechanism comprises a high-pressure fan, the output end of the high-pressure fan is communicated with the input end of the second aerial fog spray head through a high-pressure air conveying pipeline, the input end of the second aerial fog spray head is communicated with the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank through a pipeline, and hypochlorous acid solution is carried and sprayed to a specified area through high-pressure gas sprayed out of the second aerial fog spray head.
As an improved scheme, the electric cabinet comprises a microcomputer, a display control panel, a control switch, a power input interface, a PH sensor, an acid solution indicator lamp, a sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp and a signal input/output interface, and the display control panel, the control switch, the power input interface, the PH sensor, the acid solution indicator lamp, the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp and the signal input/output interface are all connected with the microcomputer;
the pure water constant flow pump, the acid solution metering pump and the sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump are also connected with the microcomputer;
the microcomputer internally comprises a built-in program for controlling the whole plant and animal diseases and the program of the aldehyde and odor removing device;
the display control panel is provided with a display screen, a menu key, an up-down arrow key, a confirmation key and a stop key; the menu key is used for selecting setting functions, wherein the setting functions comprise normal display, concentration setting and quantity preparation setting, and the normal display, the concentration setting and the quantity preparation setting are sequentially and circularly displayed;
the normal display comprises a concentration of generated hypochlorous acid and a PH of the generated hypochlorous acid;
the concentration setting is used for setting the range value of the prepared hypochlorous acid concentration, selecting the set concentration through the upper and lower arrow keys and confirming through the confirmation key;
the preparation amount setting is used for setting a preparation amount range value of hypochlorous acid, selecting the set preparation amount through the upper and lower arrow keys and confirming through the confirmation key;
the control switch is used for controlling the plant disease control and the operation of the aldehyde and odor removal device;
the power input interface is used for being connected with a power grid through a power line;
the PH sensor is arranged in a pipeline connected between the hypochlorous acid reaction generator and the hypochlorous acid storage tank and is used for detecting the PH value of the hypochlorous acid solution generated by the chloric acid reaction generator on line;
the acid solution indicator lamp is used for indicating the storage amount of the acid solution in the acid solution storage tank;
the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp is used for indicating the storage amount of the sodium hypochlorite solution in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank;
and the signal input and output interface is used for carrying out remote control and accessing the Internet of things.
As an improved scheme, the concentration range value of the hypochlorous acid solution generated by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device is 10ppm-500 ppm;
the preparation amount range value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is 10L-2000L;
the PH value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is 5.0-7.0;
the specification of the hypochlorous acid solution generated in unit time is 10L/H-5000L/H.
The invention also aims to provide a method for preventing and treating diseases of animals and plants and removing aldehyde and odor, which comprises a hypochlorous acid preparation method, a disinfection and sterilization method, an aldehyde removal method and an odor removal method;
the hypochlorous acid preparation method comprises the following steps:
inputting source water in a tap water pipe into a water quality pretreatment tank, and pretreating the source water through the water quality pretreatment tank to remove particle impurities and macromolecular organic matters in the source water;
inputting the pretreated water into a water purification unit, removing organic matters and ions in the water through activated carbon and a reverse osmosis membrane arranged in the water purification unit, obtaining pure water with the conductivity of less than 50 mu S/cm, and then, storing the pure water in a pure water tank;
pure water in the pure water tank is conveyed to the hypochlorous acid reaction generator through the pure water constant flow pump;
the acid solution in the acid solution storage tank is input into the hypochlorous acid reaction generator by an acid solution metering pump;
the sodium hypochlorite solution in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank is also input into the hypochlorous acid reaction generator by a sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump;
the pure water, the acid solution and the sodium hypochlorite solution react in the hypochlorous acid reaction generator to generate the hypochlorous acid solution, and the concentration range value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is as follows: 10ppm-500ppm, pH value is 5.0-7.0, then the generated hypochlorous acid solution enters a hypochlorous acid storage tank through a pipeline;
the hypochlorous acid storage tank is communicated with the atomization mechanism, and the generated hypochlorous acid is atomized by the atomization mechanism and sprayed to a designated area;
the disinfection and sterilization method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 20ppm-200ppm is prepared by an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, the animals and plants are sprayed by an atomization mechanism, and the following reactions occur:
monovalent chlorine Cl in hypochlorous acid solution+The antibacterial agent has strong oxidizing property, contacts with thalli and viruses, and captures electrons of proteins on the surfaces of the thalli and the viruses to denature the proteins so as to achieve the effects of disinfection and sterilization;
the hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution is subjected to decomposition reaction:
2HClO=2HCl+2[O],
wherein, 2[ O ]]Generation of O2Decomposition to form oxygen radical [ O ]]The oxygen free radicals have strong oxidizing property, contact with thalli and viruses and capture electrons of proteins on the surfaces of the thalli and the viruses to denature the proteins so as to achieve the effects of disinfection and sterilization;
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution acts on cell walls of the thalli and shells of the viruses, permeates into the thalli and the viruses and has oxidation reaction with organic polymers in the thalli and the viruses to achieve the disinfection and sterilization effects;
the aldehyde removal method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 100ppm-200ppm is prepared by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to the designated area by the ultrasonic atomizer and the first atomizing nozzle, and the following reactions occur:
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, formaldehyde has reducibility, the hypochlorous acid sprayed into the air in an atomizing way reacts with the formaldehyde in the air to achieve the effect of removing the formaldehyde, and the specific chemical reaction formula is as follows:
HCHO+HClO=HCOOH+HCl;
the deodorization method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 100ppm-200ppm is prepared by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to the designated area by the ultrasonic atomizer and the first atomizing nozzle, and the following reactions occur:
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, and reacts with one or more of ammonia gas, hydrogen sulfide, trimethylamine and methyl mercaptan in the odor to decompose the ammonia gas, the hydrogen sulfide, the trimethylamine and the methyl mercaptan in the odor to achieve the deodorization effect, and the specific chemical reaction formula is as follows:
reaction with ammonia water: 3HClO +2NH3=N2+3HCl+3H2O,
Reaction with hydrogen sulfide: (1)2HClO + H2S=Cl2+2H2O+S,
(2)H2S+4HClO=4HCl+H2SO4,
Reaction with trimethylamine: 2 (CH)3)3N+4HClO=2(CH3)3NCl+2H20+Cl2
Reaction with methyl mercaptan: CH (CH)3SH+3HClO=CH3SO3H+3HCl。
After the technical scheme is adopted, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the automatic water treatment mechanism can purify tap water from a municipal pipe network into pure water with the conductivity of less than 50 mu S/cm, pure water treatment equipment does not need to be purchased newly, the hypochlorous acid generation mechanism and the atomization mechanism are arranged, the prepared hypochlorous acid can be directly atomized for use, secondary dilution configuration is not needed, the pollution and the error of proportioning are reduced, the disinfection effect is avoided to be reduced, meanwhile, the hypochlorous acid is prepared through chemical combination reaction, the cost is low, and the preparation is convenient and quick;
the water quality pretreatment tank is arranged to pretreat source water from a tap water pipe to remove granular impurities and macromolecular organic matters in the source water, the pure water unit is arranged, and the activated carbon and the reverse osmosis membrane arranged in the pure water unit can remove the organic matters and ions in the water and obtain pure water with the conductivity of less than 50 mu S/cm;
the automatic production can be realized by arranging the electric cabinet, the automatic production can be realized only by selecting the hypochlorous acid concentration and the preparation amount in the setting function through a menu key after starting up, no adjustment is needed in the production process, and meanwhile, the fixed amount preparation or the continuous preparation can be set in the hypochlorous acid preparation amount;
the PH value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution can be detected on line by arranging the PH sensor, the PH sensor is connected with the microcomputer, the microcomputer can control the input quantity of the acid solution metering pump, when the detected PH value exceeds the range, the microcomputer automatically regulates and controls the input quantity of the acid solution through the acid solution metering pump, so that the PH value of the finally produced hypochlorous acid solution is stabilized within the range of 5.0-7.0, the highest free acid content of hypochlorous acid is obtained, and meanwhile, the stability of the hypochlorous acid solution is greatly improved;
the display control panel is provided with a display screen, a menu key, an upper arrow key, a lower arrow key, a confirmation key and a stop key, a setting function can be selected through the menu key, a hypochlorous acid concentration range value between 10ppm and 500ppm can be obtained through concentration setting, the set concentration can be freely selected through the upper arrow key and the lower arrow key, and confirmation is carried out through the confirmation key, so that different requirements of different users and different scenes can be met from the aspect of different concentrations, and secondly, the prepared hypochlorous acid concentration is in the range of 10ppm to 500ppm, the content is very low due to ppm level, the effect can be achieved within 5-15 seconds, and the safety is high.
In conclusion, the invention integrates pure water preparation, hypochlorous acid generation and atomization and automatic control by using tap water as a medium, thereby realizing the advantages of existing hypochlorous acid preparation, safety, high efficiency, low cost, convenience, rapidness and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic water treatment mechanism provided by the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a hypochlorous acid generating mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an electrical control structure of the electrical cabinet provided by the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of an atomizing mechanism provided by the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a second embodiment of an atomizing mechanism provided by the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a third embodiment of an atomizing mechanism provided in the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a fourth embodiment of an atomizing mechanism provided in the present invention;
wherein each numerical designation refers to a particular meaning, element, and/or component, respectively, as follows in the figures.
In the figure: 1. an automatic water treatment mechanism, 101, a water quality pretreatment box, 102, a water purification unit, 103, a pure water tank, 2, a hypochlorous acid generation mechanism, 201, a hypochlorous acid generation control box, 202, an electric control box, 2021, a microcomputer, 2022, a display control panel, 20221, a display screen, 20222, a menu key, 20223, an up and down arrow key, 20224, a confirmation key, 20225, a stop key, 2023, a control switch, 2024, a power input interface, 2025, a PH sensor, 2026, an acid solution indicator light, 2027, a sodium hypochlorite solution indicator light, 2028, a signal input and output interface, 2029, a liquid level sensor, 203, a hypochlorous acid reaction module, 2031, a pure water constant flow pump, 2032, a hypochlorous acid reaction generator, 2033, an acid solution storage tank, 2034, a sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank, a hypochlorous acid storage tank, 2036, an acid solution metering pump, 2037, a sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump, 3, an atomization mechanism, 301. ultrasonic atomizer, 302, first atomizer, 303, high-pressure pump, 304, second atomizer, 305, air compressor, 306, compressed air storage tank, 307, first aerosol nozzle, 308, high-pressure air delivery pipe, 309, high-pressure positive blower, 310, second aerosol nozzle, 4, water pipe.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated by the following specific examples. The use and purpose of these exemplary embodiments are to illustrate the present invention, not to limit the actual scope of the present invention in any way, and not to limit the scope of the present invention in any way.
Example 1, as shown in figure 1, an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, including the automatic water treatment mechanism 1, the automatic water treatment mechanism 1 water inlet end connected to the tap water pipe 4, can come from the municipal pipe network purified to the conductivity of less than 50 mus/cm pure water, the automatic water treatment mechanism 1 water outlet end connected to the hypochlorous acid generating mechanism 2 water inlet end, the hypochlorous acid generating mechanism 2 water outlet end connected to the atomizing mechanism 3 water inlet end, and through the atomizing mechanism 3 will generate hypochlorous acid atomization and spray to the designated area, through setting up the hypochlorous acid generating mechanism 2 and the atomizing mechanism 3, can be directly atomized use the hypochlorous acid prepared, does not need the secondary dilution configuration, has reduced pollution and the error of ratio, avoids reducing the disinfection effect, also avoids the long-time storage failure problem, simultaneously, through the chemical combination reaction to obtain hypochlorous acid, low cost and convenient and quick preparation.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the automatic water treatment mechanism 1 includes a water quality pretreatment tank 101, a pure water unit 102, and a pure water tank 103, a water inlet end of the water quality pretreatment tank 101 is communicated with a tap water pipe 4, source water from the tap water pipe 4 can be pretreated to remove particulate impurities and macromolecular organic matters in the source water, a water outlet end of the water quality pretreatment tank 101 is communicated with a water inlet end of the pure water unit 102, a water outlet end of the pure water unit 102 is communicated with a water inlet end of the pure water tank 103, and activated carbon and a reverse osmosis membrane arranged inside the pure water unit 102 can remove organic matters and ions in the water and obtain pure water with a conductivity of less than 50 μ S/cm, and the pure water tank 103 plays a role in storing and buffering the pure water and can provide stable pure water supply for a subsequent hypochlorous acid generation link;
the hypochlorous acid generation mechanism 2 comprises a hypochlorous acid generation control box 201, an electric control box 202 is arranged on the top of the hypochlorous acid generation control box 201, and by arranging the electric control box 202, can realize automatic production, can automatically produce by selecting the hypochlorous acid concentration and the preparation amount in the set function through the menu key 20222 after being started, does not need any adjustment in the production process, and simultaneously, the hypochlorous acid preparation can be set to be carried out in a fixed amount or continuous manner in the hypochlorous acid preparation amount, a hypochlorous acid reaction module 203 is arranged at the bottom of the electric cabinet 202, the electric cabinet 202 controls the operation of the hypochlorous acid reaction module 203, the input end of the hypochlorous acid reaction module 203 is communicated with the water outlet end of the pure water tank 103, the output end of the hypochlorous acid reaction module 203 is communicated with the input end of the atomizing mechanism 3, the prepared hypochlorous acid can be directly atomized on site through the atomizing mechanism 3, and the problem of long-time storage failure is avoided.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 3, the hypochlorous acid reaction module 203 includes a pure water constant flow pump 2031, a hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032, an acid solution storage tank 2033, a sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank 2034, and a hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035, wherein the acid solution stored in the acid solution storage tank 2033 includes one of hydrogen chloride, formic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, and the like, in this embodiment, the acid solution is preferably hydrogen chloride, and the sodium hypochlorite solution stored in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank 2034 is sodium hypochlorite solution;
the water inlet end of the pure water constant flow pump 2031 is communicated with the water outlet end of the pure water tank 103, the water outlet end of the pure water constant flow pump 2031 is communicated with the input end of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032, the output end of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032 is communicated with the input end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035, and the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 is communicated with the input end of the atomization mechanism 3;
the output end of the acid solution storage tank 2033 is communicated with the input end of the acid solution metering pump 2036, the output end of the acid solution metering pump 2036 is communicated with the first input branch pipe of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032, and the mixture is firstly mixed with the pure water input by the pure water constant flow pump 2031 to prepare a weakly acidic aqueous solution;
the output end of the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank 2034 is communicated with the input end of a sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump 2037, the output end of the sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump 2037 is communicated with a second input branch pipe of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032, and the prepared weakly acidic aqueous solution is mixed with the sodium hypochlorite solution to generate a chemical combination reaction to generate a hypochlorous acid solution;
in addition, the bottom of the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 is also communicated with a hypochlorous acid water intake, an open-close valve is arranged at the hypochlorous acid water intake, and the hypochlorous acid can be taken out of the split charging container through the hypochlorous acid water intake and is conveyed to other scenes for use;
in the embodiment, the components are communicated by adopting a conveying pipeline;
in this embodiment, different specifications of 10l/h to 5000l/h can be obtained by using the pure water constant flow pump 2031, the acid solution metering pump 2036, and the sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump 2037 with different specifications of flow rates.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, the atomizing mechanism 3 includes the ultrasonic atomizer 301, the ultrasonic atomizer 301 can atomize the hypochlorous acid solution, the input end of the ultrasonic atomizer 301 passes through the output end of the pipeline communicated hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035, the output end of the ultrasonic atomizer 301 passes through the pipeline communicated first atomizer 302, and the atomized hypochlorous acid solution is sprayed to the designated area through the first atomizer 302, so as to achieve the purposes of disinfection, aldehyde removal and deodorization.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the electric cabinet 202 includes a microcomputer 2021, a display control panel 2022, a control switch 2023, a power input interface 2024, a PH sensor 2025, an acid solution indicator lamp 2026, a sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp 2027, and a signal input/output interface 2028, and the display control panel 2022, the control switch 2023, the power input interface 2024, the PH sensor 2025, the acid solution indicator lamp 2026, the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp 2027, and the signal input/output interface 2028 are all connected to the microcomputer 2021;
the pure water constant flow pump 2031, the acid solution metering pump 2036 and the sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump 2037 are also connected with the microcomputer 2021, and the microcomputer 2021 can control the input amount of the acid solution and the sodium hypochlorite solution through the pure water constant flow pump 2031, the acid solution metering pump 2036 and the sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump 2037, so as to change the concentration and the pH value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution;
the microcomputer 2021 includes a built-in program inside for the program control of the whole plant and animal disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, the microcomputer 2021 is a computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit CPU, which is common in daily life and belongs to the common general knowledge of the technical personnel in this technical field, and is not described herein again;
the display control panel 2022 is provided with a display screen 20221, a menu key 20222, an up-down arrow key 20223, a confirm key 20224 and a stop key 20225, and the display screen 20221 is used for displaying various numerical values; the menu key 20222 is used for selecting setting functions and switching between different setting function interfaces; an up-down arrow key 20223 for manually selecting a setting parameter value; a confirmation key 20224 is used to confirm the selected parameter values and to operate the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removing deodorizing device according to the set parameter values; the stop key 20225 is used for stopping the preparation in the preparation process and is not prepared according to the set preparation amount any more; (ii) a
The menu key 20222 is used for selecting a setting function, the setting function includes normal display, concentration setting and preparation amount setting, and the normal display, the concentration setting and the preparation amount setting are sequentially displayed in a circulating manner;
normally showing the concentration of generated hypochlorous acid and the pH of the generated hypochlorous acid;
concentration setting for setting a range of the produced hypochlorous acid concentration, selecting the set concentration by an up-down arrow key 20223, and confirming by a confirmation key 20224;
a preparation amount setting for setting a preparation amount range value of hypochlorous acid, selecting the set preparation amount by the up-down arrow keys 20223, and confirming by the confirmation keys 20224;
a control switch 2023 for controlling the operation of the plant and animal disease control and aldehyde deodorization device;
the power input interface 2024 is used for connecting a power grid through a power line and supplying power to the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde and odor removal device;
the PH sensor 2025 is disposed in a pipe connected between the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032 and the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035, and is configured to detect a PH of the hypochlorous acid solution generated by the hypochlorous acid reaction generator on-line, because the PH sensor 2025 is connected to the microcomputer 2021, the microcomputer 2021 can control an input amount of the acid solution metering pump 2036, when the detected PH exceeds a range, the microcomputer 2021 automatically controls the input amount of the acid solution through the acid solution metering pump 2036, so that a PH of the hypochlorous acid solution finally produced is stabilized within a range of 5.0 to 7.0, thereby obtaining a maximum free acid hypochlorous acid content, and at the same time, the stability of the hypochlorous acid solution is greatly improved, in this embodiment, the preferred setting value of the PH is 5.8 to 6.2, when the detected PH is less than 5.8, the input amount of the acid solution 2036 is decreased, and when the detected PH is greater than 6.2, the input amount of the acid solution 2036 is increased, thereby the PH value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is always kept in a set range;
the acid solution indicator lamp 2026 is used for indicating the storage amount of the acid solution in the acid solution storage tank 2033, a liquid level sensor 2029 is arranged in the acid solution storage tank 2033, the liquid level sensor 2029 is connected with the microcomputer 2021, when the storage amount of the acid solution is sufficient, the microcomputer 2021 controls the acid solution indicator lamp 2026 to be in a normally bright state, and the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device is in a normal working state; when the storage amount of the acid solution is insufficient, the microcomputer 2021 controls the acid solution indicator lamp 2026 to be in a flashing state, and meanwhile, the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removing deodorization device is in a stop working state;
a sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp 2027 for indicating the storage amount of sodium hypochlorite solution in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank 2034, a liquid level sensor 2029 is also arranged in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank 2034, when the storage amount of the sodium hypochlorite solution is sufficient, the microcomputer 2021 controls the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp 2027 to be in a normally-on state, and the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removing deodorization device is in a normal working state; when the storage amount of the sodium hypochlorite solution is insufficient, the microcomputer 2021 controls the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp 2027 to be in a flashing state, and meanwhile, the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removing deodorization device is in a stop working state;
and the signal input/output interface 2028 is used for performing remote control and accessing to the internet of things.
In addition, a liquid level sensor 2029 is also installed in the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035, the liquid level sensor 2029 is connected with a microcomputer 2021, and when the liquid level sensor 2029 detects that the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 is full of liquid, the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removing deodorization device stops working temporarily; when the liquid level sensor 2029 detects that the hypochlorous acid solution in the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 is released to a set minimum amount, the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device restarts to operate, and the operation is repeated until the set dosage is finished.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the concentration range of the hypochlorous acid solution generated by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device is 10ppm to 500 ppm;
the preparation amount range value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is 10L-2000L;
the PH value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is 5.0-7.0;
the specification of the hypochlorous acid solution generated in unit time is 10L/H-5000L/H.
Embodiment 2, as shown in fig. 6, an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device is the same as embodiment 1 except that in embodiment 1, the atomizing mechanism 3 comprises a high-pressure pump 303, an input end of the high-pressure pump 303 is communicated with an output end of a hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 through a pipeline, an output end of the high-pressure pump 303 is communicated with a second atomizing nozzle 304 through a pipeline, hypochlorous acid solution is pressurized by the high-pressure pump 303, and the hypochlorous acid solution is sprayed to a designated area through the second atomizing nozzle 304 for disinfection, sterilization and aldehyde deodorization.
Example 3, as shown in fig. 7, an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device is the same as example 1 except that in example 1, the atomizing mechanism 3 includes an air compressor 305, a compressed air storage tank 306 and a first aerosol spray head 307;
the air compressor 305 is communicated with the input end of the compressed air storage tank 306 through a high-pressure air delivery pipeline 308, the output end of the compressed air storage tank 306 is communicated with the input end of the first aerosol spray head 307 through the high-pressure air delivery pipeline 308, the input end of the first aerosol spray head 307 is also communicated with the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 through a pipeline, hypochlorous acid solution is sprayed to a designated area by carrying high-pressure air sprayed from the first aerosol spray head 307, the air is compressed by the air compressor 305 and then input into the compressed air storage tank 306, the compressed air in the compressed air storage tank 306 is delivered to the first aerosol spray head 307 through the high-pressure air delivery pipeline 308 and is sprayed at a high speed, hypochlorous acid solution in the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 enters the first aerosol spray head 307 through the delivery pipeline and is carried out by the high-speed air in the first aerosol spray head 307 to form a high-speed aerosol spray and is sprayed to a use, the aims of disinfection, sterilization, aldehyde removal and deodorization are achieved.
Example 4, as shown in fig. 8, an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device is the same as example 1 except that in example 1, the atomizing mechanism 3 includes a high pressure fan 309, an output end of the high pressure fan 309 is communicated with an input end of a second aerosol spray 310 through a high pressure air delivery pipe 308, an input end of the second aerosol spray 310 is communicated with an output end of a hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 through a pipe, hypochlorous acid solution is carried and sprayed to a designated area through high pressure air sprayed from the second aerosol spray 310, air is delivered to the second aerosol spray 310 through the high pressure air delivery pipe 308 by the high pressure fan 309 and is sprayed out at a high speed, hypochlorous acid solution in the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 enters the second aerosol spray 310 through the delivery pipe and is carried out in the second aerosol spray 310 by the high speed air, form high-speed air mist to be sprayed into a use place, thereby achieving the purposes of disinfection, sterilization, aldehyde removal and deodorization.
As shown in the combined drawings 1-5, the invention also provides an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde and odor removal method, which comprises a hypochlorous acid preparation method, a disinfection and sterilization method, an aldehyde and odor removal method;
the hypochlorous acid preparation method comprises the following steps:
inputting source water in a tap water pipe 4 into a water quality pretreatment tank 101, and pretreating the source water through the water quality pretreatment tank 101 to remove particle impurities and macromolecular organic matters in the source water;
inputting the pretreated water into a pure water unit 102, removing organic matters and ions in the water through activated carbon and a reverse osmosis membrane arranged in the pure water unit 102, obtaining pure water with the conductivity of less than 50 mu S/cm, and then, storing the pure water in a pure water tank 103;
pure water in the pure water tank 103 is delivered to the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032 by the pure water constant flow pump 2031;
the acid solution in the acid solution storage tank 2033 is fed into the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032 by the acid solution metering pump 2036;
the sodium hypochlorite solution in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank 2034 is also input into the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032 by a sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump 2037;
the pure water, the acid solution and the sodium hypochlorite solution react in the hypochlorous acid reaction generator 2032 to generate a hypochlorous acid solution, wherein the generated hypochlorous acid solution has a concentration range of: 10ppm to 500ppm, and the pH value is 5.0 to 7.0, and then the generated hypochlorous acid solution enters a hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 through a pipeline;
the hypochlorous acid storage tank 2035 is communicated with the atomizing mechanism 3, the atomizing mechanism 3 can adopt any one of the 4 embodiments, and the generated hypochlorous acid is atomized by the atomizing mechanism 3 and sprayed to a designated area by the spray head;
the disinfection and sterilization method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 20ppm-200ppm is prepared by the plant and animal disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to the plants and animals by the atomizing mechanism 3, and the following reactions occur:
the monovalent chlorine Cl + in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, is in contact with the bacteria and the virus, and captures electrons of proteins on the surfaces of the bacteria and the virus to denature the proteins so as to achieve the effects of disinfection and sterilization;
the hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution is subjected to decomposition reaction:
2HClO=2HCl+2[O],
wherein 2O generates O2, and oxygen free radical O is generated by decomposition, the oxygen free radical has strong oxidizing property, contacts with bacteria and virus, and captures electrons of bacteria and virus surface protein to denature the protein, thereby achieving the disinfection and sterilization effect;
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has small molecular weight and no electric charge, can act on cell walls of thalli and shells of viruses, can permeate into the thalli and the viruses, and has oxidation reaction with organic macromolecules in the thalli and the viruses to achieve the disinfection and sterilization effects;
the aldehyde removing method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 100ppm-200ppm is prepared by an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to a designated area by an ultrasonic atomizer 301 and a first atomizing nozzle 302, and the following reactions occur:
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, formaldehyde has reducibility, the hypochlorous acid sprayed into the air in an atomizing manner reacts with the formaldehyde in the air to achieve the effect of removing the formaldehyde, and the specific chemical reaction formula is as follows:
HCHO+HClO=HCOOH+HCl;
the deodorization method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 100ppm-200ppm is prepared by an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to a designated area by an ultrasonic atomizer 301 and a first atomizing nozzle 302, and the following reactions occur:
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, and reacts with one or more of ammonia gas, hydrogen sulfide, trimethylamine and methyl mercaptan in the odor to decompose the ammonia gas, the hydrogen sulfide, the trimethylamine and the methyl mercaptan in the odor to achieve the deodorization effect, and the specific chemical reaction formula is as follows:
reaction with ammonia water: 3HClO +2NH3=N2+3HCl+3H2O,
Reaction with hydrogen sulfide: (1)2HClO + H2S=Cl2+2H2O+S,
(2)H2S+4HClO=4HCl+H2SO4
Reaction with trimethylamine: 2 (CH)3)3N+4HClO=2(CH3)3NCl+2H20+Cl2
Reaction with methyl mercaptan: CH (CH)3SH+3HClO=CH3SO3H+3HCl。
In addition, hypochlorous acid is a natural antibacterial immune factor produced by the human body per se, in the human body, one of the main components of the white blood cells, namely neutrophils (accounting for about 50-70 percent of the total amount of the white blood cells), forms hypochlorous acid into a 'MPO-H2O 2-ClO' bactericidal functional substance through the action of Myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the cells, kills invading bacteria, fungi and viruses and protects the health of the human body, so that the hypochlorous acid is part of an autoimmune bactericidal and bactericidal barrier of the human body and is safe;
meanwhile, the molecular weight of the hypochlorous acid is small, and drug-resistant strains and germs cannot be generated; in addition, hypochlorous acid acts on microorganisms within 30 seconds after release to kill the microorganisms, so that the effect is instantaneous; hypochlorous acid is unstable, and the remaining hypochlorous acid is decomposed in the environment for a short time to generate hydrogen chloride, oxygen (visible light), or hydrogen chloride and chloric acid (heat), and the generated substances are harmless and safe because of a trace amount thereof.
In conclusion, the invention integrates pure water preparation, hypochlorous acid generation and atomization and automatic control by using tap water as a medium, and realizes the advantages of existing hypochlorous acid preparation, safety, high efficiency, low cost, convenience, rapidness and the like.
It should be understood that these examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Further, it should also be understood that various alterations, modifications and/or variations can be made to the present invention by those skilled in the art after reading the technical content of the present invention, and all such equivalents fall within the protective scope defined by the claims of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorizing device which characterized in that: including automatic water treatment mechanism, the end intercommunication water pipe of intaking of automatic water treatment mechanism, the end of intaking that automatic water treatment mechanism's play water end intercommunication hypochlorous acid generated the mechanism holds, the play water end intercommunication atomizing mechanism's of hypochlorous acid generation mechanism end of intaking to the hypochlorous acid that will generate through atomizing mechanism atomizes and sprays the appointed region.
2. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the automatic water treatment mechanism comprises a water quality pretreatment box, a pure water unit and a pure water tank, wherein the water inlet end of the water quality pretreatment box is communicated with a tap water pipe, the water outlet end of the water quality pretreatment box is communicated with the water inlet end of the pure water unit, and the water outlet end of the pure water unit is communicated with the water inlet end of the pure water tank;
the hypochlorous acid generating mechanism comprises a hypochlorous acid generating control box, an electric cabinet is arranged at the top of the hypochlorous acid generating control box, a hypochlorous acid reaction module is arranged at the bottom of the electric cabinet and controls the operation of the hypochlorous acid reaction module, the input end of the hypochlorous acid reaction module is communicated with the water outlet end of the pure water tank, and the output end of the hypochlorous acid reaction module is communicated with the input end of the atomizing mechanism.
3. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 2, characterized in that: the hypochlorous acid reaction module comprises a pure water constant flow pump, a hypochlorous acid reaction generator, an acid solution storage tank, a sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank and a hypochlorous acid storage tank;
the water inlet end of the pure water constant flow pump is communicated with the water outlet end of the pure water tank, the water outlet end of the pure water constant flow pump is communicated with the input end of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator, the output end of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator is communicated with the input end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank, and the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank is communicated with the input end of the atomization mechanism;
the output end of the acid solution storage tank is communicated with the input end of the acid solution metering pump, and the output end of the acid solution metering pump is communicated with the first input branch pipe of the hypochlorous acid reaction generator;
the output of sodium hypochlorite solution bin communicates the input of sodium hypochlorite solution measuring pump, the output intercommunication of sodium hypochlorite solution measuring pump the second input branch pipe of hypochlorous acid reaction generator.
4. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the atomizing mechanism includes ultrasonic atomizer, ultrasonic atomizer's input passes through the pipeline intercommunication the output of hypochlorous acid holding vessel, ultrasonic atomizer's output passes through the first atomizer of pipeline intercommunication, and passes through first atomizer sprays hypochlorous acid solution to the specified area.
5. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the atomizing mechanism comprises a high-pressure pump, the input end of the high-pressure pump is communicated with the output end of the hypochlorous acid storage tank through a pipeline, and the output end of the high-pressure pump is communicated with a second atomizing nozzle through a pipeline and sprays hypochlorous acid solution to a designated area through the second atomizing nozzle.
6. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the atomization mechanism comprises an air compressor, a compressed air storage tank and a first aerosol spray head;
air compressor passes through high-pressure air pipeline intercommunication the input of compressed air holding vessel, the output of compressed air holding vessel passes through high-pressure air pipeline intercommunication the input of first aerial fog shower nozzle, the input of first aerial fog shower nozzle still passes through the pipeline intercommunication the output of hypochlorous acid holding vessel to pass through hypochlorous acid solution first aerial fog shower nozzle spun high-pressure gas carries and sprays the designated area.
7. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 3, characterized in that: atomizing mechanism includes high pressure positive blower, high pressure positive blower's output passes through the input of high-pressure air pipeline intercommunication second aerial fog shower nozzle, the input of second aerial fog shower nozzle still passes through the pipeline intercommunication the output of hypochlorous acid holding vessel to pass through hypochlorous acid solution second aerial fog shower nozzle spun high-pressure gas carries and sprays the appointed area.
8. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the electric cabinet comprises a microcomputer, a display control panel, a control switch, a power input interface, a PH sensor, an acid solution indicator lamp, a sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp and a signal input/output interface, and the display control panel, the control switch, the power input interface, the PH sensor, the acid solution indicator lamp, the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp and the signal input/output interface are all connected with the microcomputer;
the pure water constant flow pump, the acid solution metering pump and the sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump are also connected with the microcomputer;
the microcomputer internally comprises a built-in program for controlling the whole plant and animal diseases and the program of the aldehyde and odor removing device;
the display control panel is provided with a display screen, a menu key, an up-down arrow key, a confirmation key and a stop key; the menu key is used for selecting setting functions, wherein the setting functions comprise normal display, concentration setting and quantity preparation setting, and the normal display, the concentration setting and the quantity preparation setting are sequentially and circularly displayed;
the normal display comprises a concentration of generated hypochlorous acid and a PH of the generated hypochlorous acid;
the concentration setting is used for setting the range value of the prepared hypochlorous acid concentration, selecting the set concentration through the upper and lower arrow keys and confirming through the confirmation key;
the preparation amount setting is used for setting a preparation amount range value of hypochlorous acid, selecting the set preparation amount through the upper and lower arrow keys and confirming through the confirmation key;
the control switch is used for controlling the plant disease control and the operation of the aldehyde and odor removal device;
the power input interface is used for being connected with a power grid through a power line;
the PH sensor is arranged in a pipeline connected between the hypochlorous acid reaction generator and the hypochlorous acid storage tank and is used for detecting the PH value of the hypochlorous acid solution generated by the chloric acid reaction generator on line;
the acid solution indicator lamp is used for indicating the storage amount of the acid solution in the acid solution storage tank;
the sodium hypochlorite solution indicator lamp is used for indicating the storage amount of the sodium hypochlorite solution in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank;
and the signal input and output interface is used for carrying out remote control and accessing the Internet of things.
9. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removal deodorizing device according to claim 8, characterized in that: the concentration range value of the hypochlorous acid solution generated by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde-removing deodorizing device is 10ppm-500 ppm;
the preparation amount range value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is 10L-2000L;
the PH value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is 5.0-7.0;
the specification of the hypochlorous acid solution generated in unit time is 10L/H-5000L/H.
10. An animal and plant disease control and aldehyde and odor removal method is characterized in that: the method comprises a hypochlorous acid preparation method, a disinfection and sterilization method, an aldehyde removal method and a deodorization method;
the hypochlorous acid preparation method comprises the following steps:
inputting source water in a tap water pipe into a water quality pretreatment tank, and pretreating the source water through the water quality pretreatment tank to remove particle impurities and macromolecular organic matters in the source water;
inputting the pretreated water into a water purification unit, removing organic matters and ions in the water through activated carbon and a reverse osmosis membrane arranged in the water purification unit, obtaining pure water with the conductivity of less than 50 mu S/cm, and then, storing the pure water in a pure water tank;
pure water in the pure water tank is conveyed to the hypochlorous acid reaction generator through the pure water constant flow pump;
the acid solution in the acid solution storage tank is input into the hypochlorous acid reaction generator by an acid solution metering pump;
the sodium hypochlorite solution in the sodium hypochlorite solution storage tank is also input into the hypochlorous acid reaction generator by a sodium hypochlorite solution metering pump;
the pure water, the acid solution and the sodium hypochlorite solution react in the hypochlorous acid reaction generator to generate the hypochlorous acid solution, and the concentration range value of the generated hypochlorous acid solution is as follows: 10ppm-500ppm, pH value is 5.0-7.0, then the generated hypochlorous acid solution enters a hypochlorous acid storage tank through a pipeline;
the hypochlorous acid storage tank is communicated with the atomization mechanism, and the generated hypochlorous acid is atomized by the atomization mechanism and sprayed to a designated area;
the disinfection and sterilization method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 20ppm-200ppm is prepared by an animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, the animals and plants are sprayed by an atomization mechanism, and the following reactions occur:
monovalent chlorine Cl in hypochlorous acid solution+The antibacterial agent has strong oxidizing property, contacts with thalli and viruses, and captures electrons of proteins on the surfaces of the thalli and the viruses to denature the proteins so as to achieve the effects of disinfection and sterilization;
the hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution is subjected to decomposition reaction:
2HClO=2HCl+2[O],
wherein, 2[ O ]]Generation of O2Decomposition to form oxygen radical [ O ]]The oxygen free radicals have strong oxidizing property, contact with thalli and viruses and capture electrons of proteins on the surfaces of the thalli and the viruses to denature the proteins so as to achieve the effects of disinfection and sterilization;
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution acts on cell walls of the thalli and shells of the viruses, permeates into the thalli and the viruses and has oxidation reaction with organic polymers in the thalli and the viruses to achieve the disinfection and sterilization effects;
the aldehyde removal method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 100ppm-200ppm is prepared by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to the designated area by the ultrasonic atomizer and the first atomizing nozzle, and the following reactions occur:
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, formaldehyde has reducibility, the hypochlorous acid sprayed into the air in an atomizing manner reacts with the formaldehyde in the air to achieve the effect of removing the formaldehyde, and the specific chemical reaction formula is as follows:
HCHO+HClO=HCOOH+HCl;
the deodorization method comprises the following steps:
the hypochlorous acid solution with the concentration range of 100ppm-200ppm is prepared by the animal and plant disease control and aldehyde deodorization device, and is sprayed to the designated area by the ultrasonic atomizer and the first atomizing nozzle, and the following reactions occur:
hypochlorous acid in the hypochlorous acid solution has strong oxidizing property, and reacts with one or more of ammonia gas, hydrogen sulfide, trimethylamine and methyl mercaptan in the odor to decompose the ammonia gas, the hydrogen sulfide, the trimethylamine and the methyl mercaptan in the odor to achieve the deodorization effect, and the specific chemical reaction formula is as follows:
reaction with ammonia water: 3HClO +2NH3=N2+3HCl+3H2O,
Reaction with hydrogen sulfide: (1)2HClO + H2S=Cl2+2H2O+S,
(2)H2S+4HClO=4HCl+H2SO4,
Reaction with trimethylamine: 2 (CH)3)3N+4HClO=2(CH3)3NCl+2H20+Cl2
Reaction with methyl mercaptan: CH (CH)3SH+3HClO=CH3SO3H+3HCl。
CN202010745325.8A 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Animal and plant disease control, aldehyde removal and deodorization device and method Pending CN112057660A (en)

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Application publication date: 20201211