CN111921878A - Automatic warehouse code scanning classification method - Google Patents

Automatic warehouse code scanning classification method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111921878A
CN111921878A CN202010959619.0A CN202010959619A CN111921878A CN 111921878 A CN111921878 A CN 111921878A CN 202010959619 A CN202010959619 A CN 202010959619A CN 111921878 A CN111921878 A CN 111921878A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
code scanning
loading box
station
loading
transmission
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202010959619.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111921878B (en
Inventor
胡海东
张�浩
吴玉超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kunshan Hongshida Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Kunshan Hostar Intelligence Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN202010959619.0A priority Critical patent/CN111921878B/en
Publication of CN111921878A publication Critical patent/CN111921878A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111921878B publication Critical patent/CN111921878B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C3/00Sorting according to destination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C3/00Sorting according to destination
    • B07C3/02Apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C3/00Sorting according to destination
    • B07C3/10Apparatus characterised by the means used for detection ofthe destination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/248Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic warehousing code scanning classification method, which comprises the following steps: 1) automatically feeding; 2) scanning the code and detecting; 3) and storing and receiving materials. On one hand, the alignment adjustment is carried out on the loading boxes which are transmitted to the transmission branch in a shunting way, so that the rack trays are stacked in the loading boxes which take the adjacent side edges of the loading boxes as the reference regardless of the types of products, and the material taking of the rack trays is further facilitated; on the other hand, through sweeping yard setting of keeping in station and reprinting mechanism, can realize two times around fast that the yard dish of stacking is swept in succession and is detected, and then promote to sweep yard detection classification's efficiency, but also can ensure that every batch of detection product can range upon range of receipts to original loading case.

Description

Automatic warehouse code scanning classification method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of product code scanning classification, and particularly relates to an automatic storage code scanning classification method.
Background
At present, for some code scanning packages of products to be placed on shelves, a plurality of shelves are basically stacked in a loading box, and identification codes are correspondingly formed on the loading box, and the specific flow is as follows:
automatic feeding, reading loading box identification codes (each product corresponds to one identification code) → the system acquires the product type of the whole box → one disk in the loading box is taken out and the code is read → the inspection is wrong or missing → the reading is finished and the other disk is put back to the electrostatic box → the whole box is OK to flow out, the code scanning of each product on the rack is finished, and then the basis is provided for the storage, and meanwhile, if NG exists in the inspection, the product enters an NG cache area, and the alarm prompt and the manual processing are carried out.
However, the storage code scanning process has the following defects:
1) the loading boxes are unified standard parts, and the types of products are diversified, so that the size of the selected rack tray can be changed, and thus when the loading boxes take out the rack tray, the material taking standards are unified, so that when the rack trays with different sizes are taken and placed, the phenomenon that the tray taking is misplaced or the tray taking fails occurs, and inconvenience is brought to actual code scanning detection;
2) when the code is photographed and read, the products are basically operated one by one, so that the efficiency is low, missing photographing or missing code scanning (missing detection) of the products is easily caused, and NG products are directly discharged from manufacturers;
3) the frame dish after taking out from the loading case is through detecting the back, can't directly deposit to original loading case in, must detect out a mouthful department and stack, wait to all vacate the frame dish after, will load the case and remove to detecting out a mouthful department again, deposit to the loading case by the manipulator of fetching material with a frame dish one by one again, consequently, at the vanning in-process after the detection, not only influenced the efficiency of vanning, and must accomplish preceding vanning work after, could carry out the material detection work of getting of next loading case, and then also influenced the efficiency of detection.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide an improved automatic warehouse code scanning classification method.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an automatic warehousing code scanning classification method adopts automatic warehousing code scanning classification equipment which comprises the following steps: the automatic feeding system comprises a main transmission path, a plurality of transmission branch paths connected with the main transmission path, corner connection mechanisms arranged on the main transmission path and corresponding to the transmission branch paths one by one, and loading box alignment adjusting units arranged on each transmission branch path, wherein under the adjustment of the loading box alignment adjusting units, the loading boxes are stacked by taking the inner walls of two adjacent sides of the loading boxes as positioning references;
a code scanning detection system comprises a code scanning feeding station, a code scanning detection station, a feeding transverse manipulator and a discharging transverse manipulator which are respectively arranged at an inlet of the code scanning feeding station and an outlet of the code scanning detection station, wherein the code scanning feeding station and the code scanning detection station are positioned at the same side of a transmission branch, a code scanning temporary storage station is also arranged between the code scanning feeding station and the code scanning detection station, a first code scanning transshipping mechanism is arranged between the code scanning temporary storage station and the code scanning feeding station, a second code scanning transshipping mechanism is arranged between the code scanning temporary storage station and the code scanning detection station, the first code scanning transshipping mechanism comprises a lifting unit which can lift layer by layer along the vertical direction by taking the height of each layer of frame tray as the movement reference, and a transverse unit which is positioned in a working area formed by the lifting unit and staggered relative to the lifting unit, the transverse unit is parallel to the transmission branch, and the front end part and the rear end part form the code scanning temporary storage station and the code scanning feeding station, two groups of lifting units are respectively and correspondingly arranged in the code scanning temporary storage station and the code scanning feeding station, wherein the two groups of lifting units can be synchronously lifted or independently moved,
the warehousing and receiving system comprises a first transmission auxiliary road and a second transmission auxiliary road which are communicated with the transmission branch, wherein the first transmission auxiliary road is communicated with the qualified area, the second transmission auxiliary road is communicated with the NG cache area,
the method comprises the following steps:
1) and an automatic feeding process: the loading box is linearly transmitted on the main transmission path, the branch of the transmission branch is realized through the lifting motion of the correspondingly arranged corner connection mechanism, then under the alignment adjustment of the alignment adjustment unit of the loading box, the frame trays positioned in the loading box are attached to the adjacent inner walls of the loading box from the adjacent two sides and are stacked in the loading box, and then the frame trays are transmitted to the inlet of the code scanning feeding station;
2) and a code scanning detection process: when a front full-load loading box is conveyed to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station, the feeding traverse manipulator takes and conveys the rack trays in the loading box one by one, the rack trays descend layer by layer on the code scanning and loading station until the empty loading box is taken, the empty loading box is conveyed to the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station and waits at the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station, the stacked rack trays fall at the rear end of the traverse manipulator, then the stacked rack trays move to the code scanning and temporary storage station at the front end under the conveying of the traverse manipulator, the lifting unit in the code scanning and detecting station gradually ascends for temporary storage, the second code scanning and transferring mechanism takes and conveys the rack trays one by one to the code scanning and detecting station for disk-by-disk code scanning and detecting, the detected rack trays are taken and put by the discharging traverse manipulator into the loading box waiting at the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station for stacked disk collection, wherein the first code transferring mechanism transfers the stacked rack trays on the code scanning and loading station to the code scanning and temporary storage station, repeating the step 1), moving the next loading box to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station, taking and sending the shelf trays in the loading box to the code scanning and loading station one by the feeding transverse moving manipulator to be stacked until the next loading box is emptied, waiting the next loading box side by side on the transmission branch, waiting the next loading box for stacking and collecting the shelf trays of the next batch of shelf trays when the code scanning detection and stacking and collecting of the products in all the shelf trays in the previous loading box are finished, repeating the process, finishing the code scanning detection of the products in the loading box batch by batch, and enabling the products of each batch to be stacked and collected to the original loading box;
3) and a material storage and collection process: and (3) in the step 2), the shelves which finish the code scanning detection in each batch are stored to the originally stored loading boxes, and are respectively transmitted to the corresponding qualified area and the NG buffer area through the first transmission auxiliary path and the second transmission auxiliary path according to the detection result of the products in each loading box.
Preferably, the corner connection mechanism is used for the loading box to switch over from the main transmission path to the branch transmission path, the main transmission path includes a plurality of transmission rollers distributed at intervals, wherein the top surfaces of the plurality of transmission rollers are aligned to form a main transmission surface, the branch transmission path is positioned at one side of the main transmission surface, the transmission surface formed by the branch transmission path is positioned above the side of the main transmission surface, the corner connection mechanism includes a connection frame hidden under the main transmission surface formed by the main transmission path, a transmission unit which has the same transmission direction as the branch transmission path and is arranged on the connection frame, and a lifter for driving the transmission unit to eject upwards or retract downwards to the main transmission surface, wherein the transmission unit has two or more groups, and the two or more groups of transmission units are distributed in a staggered way with the plurality of transmission rollers, the upper surfaces of the groups of transmission units are flush, when the upper surfaces of the transmission units protrude upwards out of the main transmission surface and are flush with the transmission surface, the transfer unit movement transfers the loading bin onto the transfer surface.
Preferably, two or more groups of transmission units can synchronously move up and down and transmit movement.
According to a specific implementation and preferred aspect of the invention, the transmission units comprise a mounting seat, belt wheels arranged on the mounting seat, endless conveyor belts and motors, wherein the endless conveyor belts of two adjacent groups of transmission units are arranged in parallel, and the endless conveyor belts and the transmission rollers are arranged in a staggered mode.
Preferably, each transmission unit has three belt pulleys, and be located upper portion and first belt pulley and the second belt pulley that sets up, the third belt pulley that is located the lower part respectively, and endless conveyor overlaps on first belt pulley, second belt pulley and the third belt pulley. The advantage of setting up like this has sufficient space to realize transmission unit up-and-down motion, has also further increased the motion stroke that rises to satisfy the needs of different requirements of plugging into.
Furthermore, the third belt wheel is positioned below the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel, two or more groups of transmission units are used for synchronously connecting two adjacent third belt wheels through the synchronizing shaft, and the motor is used for driving the synchronizing shaft to rotate so as to drive the annular conveying belt to rotate. Here, it is also to be noted that the third pulley is a drive pulley, which may also be understood as a tension pulley.
According to a specific embodiment and preferred aspect of the invention, there are two sets of transfer units, and the two sets of mounting seats are fixed on the same carrier plate, the lifter is correspondingly arranged between the carrier plate and the docking bay, and the motor is located between the two endless conveyor belts. The layout can reasonably utilize space and is convenient for assembling and disassembling each part.
Preferably, the lifter is a telescopic rod in the vertical direction, and the bottom of the carrier plate is provided with a plurality of guide rods which extend along the vertical direction and slide through the connecting frame. The stability of lifting is further ensured through the guide of the guide rod.
Furthermore, a sliding sleeve is correspondingly arranged on the connecting frame, and the guide rod is arranged in the sliding sleeve in a sliding manner. The service life of the rod piece is prolonged, and meanwhile, the sliding sleeve comprises an upper sliding sleeve and a lower sliding sleeve, wherein when the carrying frame plate descends and abuts against the upper sliding sleeve, the transmission unit retracts to the position below the main conveying surface. That is, the upper slipcover can also be used as a matching part for limiting the descending of the carrier plate.
The corner connection mechanism also comprises limiting connecting rods which are used for connecting the bottoms of every two guide rods and are arranged in parallel; the contact sensor is arranged on the limiting connecting rod, and when the contact sensor rises along with the guide rod and is abutted by the connecting frame, the upper surface of the transmission unit upwards protrudes out of the main transmission surface and is flush with the transmission surface. The contact sensor is arranged to facilitate control of the ascending limit, so that the upper surface of the transmission unit is ensured to be flush with the transmission surface
According to another specific implementation and preferred aspect of the invention, the loading box alignment adjustment unit comprises a positioning stop block which is arranged on a moving path of the transmission branch and can move up and down, and an adjustment assembly which is arranged inside the transmission branch and is used for driving the loading box to perform relative turnover movement, wherein the loading box is a square body with an upward opening, the length direction of the loading box is perpendicular to the length direction of a transmission roller of the transmission branch, the adjustment assembly comprises a first turnover mechanism and a second turnover mechanism which are arranged on the transmission branch, the first turnover mechanism is used for driving the loading box to turn over upwards by taking the left or right long edge of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the stacking tray is aligned to the corresponding side edge of the loading box; the second turnover mechanism is used for driving the loading box to turn upwards by taking the short side of the front side or the rear side of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the laminated shelf trays are aligned to the corresponding side edges of the loading box.
Preferably, the loading box alignment adjusting unit comprises the following steps:
A) the loading box is conveyed forwards on the conveying surface of the conveying branch and is abutted against the positioning stop block from the front end part, so that the loading box is positioned on the conveying branch;
B) firstly, the loading box is driven by the first turnover mechanism to turn upwards by taking the left or right long edge of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the laminated frame discs are aligned to the corresponding side edges of the loading box; then the second turnover mechanism drives the loading box to turn upwards by taking the short edge at the front or rear side of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the stacked shelf discs are aligned to the corresponding side edges of the loading box;
C) and the positioning stop block retracts into the transmission branch, and the loading box continues to move forwards and is transmitted to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station under the transmission of the transmission branch so as to feed materials to the feeding and transverse moving manipulator.
Furthermore, the first turnover mechanism is a first jacking part which can jack up or retract into the transmission branch, and the first jacking part is correspondingly arranged on the opposite side edge of the long edge rotation center; the second turnover mechanism is a second jacking part which can jack upwards or retract into the transmission branch, and the second jacking part is correspondingly arranged on the opposite side of the short edge rotation center.
According to a specific implementation and preferred aspect of the invention, each group of lifting units comprises a carrier correspondingly arranged on the code scanning feeding station or the code scanning temporary storage station, and a driving assembly used for driving the carrier to move up and down, wherein an avoidance space is formed on the carrier, and when the carrier descends below a conveying surface formed by the transverse moving unit, the transverse moving unit penetrates out of the avoidance space. So, not only make whole yard detecting system that sweeps compact structure, occupation space is little, is convenient for moreover sweep a yard material loading station and sweep a yard frame dish transmission between the station of keeping in, simultaneously, at the decline and the lifting in-process of carrier, the frame dish of being convenient for is sweeping a yard material loading station range upon range of and frame dish one by one to sweeping yard detection station feed, improvement detection efficiency.
Preferably, the carriers of the two sets of lifting units are integrally arranged, and after the transfer of the rack-tray batch to the code scanning detection station is completed, the rear end portion of the carrier starts the stacking of the rack trays in the next loading box.
Or the carriers of the two groups of lifting units are arranged relatively independently, wherein when the batch of rack trays is transferred to the code scanning detection station, the carriers positioned at the code scanning feeding station reversely run to carry out the stacking feeding of the next batch of rack trays.
Specifically, the sideslip unit includes two sets of synchronous and along the annular transmission band that extends of being on a parallel with transmission branch road length direction mutually and with the synchronous driving medium of two sets of annular transmission band synchronous rotations. Under the transmission of annular transmission band, very make things convenient for range upon range of frame dish from sweeping sign indicating number material loading station to sweeping sign indicating number temporary storage station sideslip.
According to a further embodiment and a preferred aspect of the present invention, the code scanning detection station includes a code scanning conveyor line parallel to the conveying branch, a plurality of code scanning guns disposed on the code scanning conveyor line and arranged side by side, and a camera corresponding to the code scanning guns, wherein the code scanning guns and the cameras can scan and photograph the products on the shelf tray row by row for comparison detection during the movement of the shelf tray. Therefore, the detection of products on each shelf disc can be efficiently realized, and the detection leakage is prevented.
Preferably, sweep a yard transfer chain and be the endless belt, and can place three frame dish side by side on the endless belt at least, sweep a yard rifle and camera and correspond the setting in the top of sweeping a yard transfer chain middle part. Therefore, the detection efficiency is greatly improved, and the linking operation of disc collection and disc hanging can be facilitated.
Preferably, the feeding traversing manipulator and the discharging traversing manipulator have the same structure and respectively comprise a material taking chuck, a lifting component for driving the material taking chuck to move up and down and a traversing component for driving the material taking chuck to traverse, wherein the material taking chuck comprises a clamping seat, a plurality of negative pressure adsorption heads arranged on the clamping seat, a negative pressure source and an air pipe. When the material taking chuck takes materials, the rack disc is sucked in a negative pressure adsorption mode, then moves linearly, is conveyed to a corresponding position and is decompressed, and the rack disc is separated from the material taking chuck.
Preferably, the second code scanning and transferring mechanism comprises a transverse moving guide rail, a sliding trolley arranged on the transverse moving guide rail in a sliding mode, and a transferring chuck arranged on the sliding trolley, wherein the transferring chuck can move up and down, and comprises a transferring seat, a plurality of negative pressure adsorption nozzles arranged on the transferring seat, a negative pressure source and an air pipe. In the case, the transshipment chuck absorbs the rack disc in a negative pressure absorption mode, the rack disc is transshipped under the movement of the sliding trolley, the rack disc is conveyed to a corresponding position and then decompressed in the lifting motion of the transshipment chuck, and the rack disc is separated from the transshipment chuck and falls to the code scanning detection station.
In addition, an identification code is arranged on the side edge of each loading box, wherein the identification code corresponds to the type of a product, when the loading boxes are shunted to a transmission branch path, product information is obtained through scanning the identification code, then product comparison detection is carried out after code scanning and photographing so as to judge whether the corresponding product in the shelf tray is qualified, once NG occurs, a record is formed at the same time, the loading box with NG is transmitted to an NG cache area under the transmission of a second transmission auxiliary path, and the position of the shelf tray where the NG product is located on the stacked shelf tray in the loading box can be accurately obtained according to the record; and the qualified batch of products are transmitted to the qualified area from the first transmission auxiliary path. After NG is detected out, which tray can be found quickly and accurately and the corresponding position of the corresponding row is found, and then manual handling of NG products is facilitated.
Due to the implementation of the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
on one hand, the alignment adjustment is carried out on the loading boxes which are transmitted to the transmission branch in a shunting way, so that the rack trays are stacked in the loading boxes which take the adjacent side edges of the loading boxes as the reference regardless of the types of products, and the material taking of the rack trays is further facilitated; on the other hand, through sweeping yard setting of keeping in station and reprinting mechanism, can realize two times around fast that the yard dish of stacking is swept in succession and is detected, and then promote to sweep yard detection classification's efficiency, but also can ensure that every batch of detection product can range upon range of receipts to original loading case.
Drawings
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic top view of an automatic warehouse code scanning classification device according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the corner connection mechanism of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the alignment adjustment unit of the loading cassette of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the code scanning detection system of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the feed traversing robot of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a partial schematic view of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the code scanning station of FIG. 4;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the first scan code transferring mechanism in FIG. 4;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of the second code scanning transfer mechanism in FIG. 4;
firstly, an automatic feeding system; 1. a main transmission path; 10a, a conveying roller; 2. a transmission branch; 3. a corner connection mechanism; 30. a docking rack; 31. a transmission unit; 310. a mounting seat; 311. a pulley; b1, a first pulley; b2, a second pulley; b3, a third pulley; 312. an endless conveyor belt; 313. a motor; 314. a carrier plate; b. a synchronizing shaft; 32. a lifter; 33. a guide bar; 34. a sliding sleeve; 340. an upper sliding sleeve; 341. a lower sliding sleeve; 35. a limiting connecting rod; 36. a touch sensor; 37. a protective member; 38. a loading box alignment adjusting unit; 380. positioning a stop block; 381. an adjustment assembly; a1, a first folding mechanism; a2, a second folding mechanism;
secondly, a code scanning detection system; 4. a code scanning and feeding station; 5. scanning a code detection station; 50. scanning a code conveying line; 51. a code scanning gun; 52. a camera; 6. scanning a temporary storage station; 7. feeding and transversely moving the mechanical arm; 70. a material taking chuck; 71. a lifting member; 72. a traverse member; 8. a discharging transverse moving manipulator; 9. a first code scanning and transferring mechanism; 90. a lifting unit; 900. a carrier; 901. a drive assembly; 91. a traverse unit; 910. an endless conveyor belt; 911. a synchronous transmission member; 10. a second code scanning and transferring mechanism; 100. transversely moving the guide rail; 101. a sliding trolley; 102. a transfer chuck;
thirdly, a storage and material receiving system; q, qualified area; K. an NG cache region;
x, a loading box; J. and (4) a frame disc.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present application more comprehensible, embodiments accompanying the present application are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present application. This application is capable of embodiments in many different forms than those described herein and that modifications may be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the application and it is therefore not intended to be limited to the specific embodiments disclosed below.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the present application.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present application, "plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixed connections, removable connections, or integral parts; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through intervening media. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature. It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" or "disposed on" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "vertical," "horizontal," "upper," "lower," "left," "right," and the like as used herein are for illustrative purposes only and do not denote a unique embodiment.
As shown in fig. 1, the automatic warehouse code scanning classification device includes an automatic feeding system, a code scanning detection system, and a warehouse material receiving system.
Specifically, the automatic feeding system includes a main transmission path 1, a plurality of transmission branches 2 connected to the main transmission path 1, and a corner connection mechanism 3 provided on the main transmission path 1 and corresponding to the transmission branches 2.
In this example, the products to be inspected are arranged side by side on the shelf trays J, and the shelf trays J are stacked in the loading box X, wherein the loading box X is a square body with an upward opening, and the shelf trays are also square.
The transport branch 2, i.e. for the detection of the shunt, is connected to each detection line.
In this example, the main transport path 1 and the branch transport path 2 are each constituted by transport rollers and are arranged vertically therebetween.
Referring to fig. 2, the corner connection mechanism 3 is used for the loading box X to be connected from the main transmission path 1 to the branch transmission path 2.
The main transmission path 1 includes a plurality of transmission rollers 10a spaced apart from each other, wherein the plurality of transmission rollers 10a are aligned in top surface and form a main transmission surface, the transmission branch path 2 is located on one side of the main transmission surface, and the transmission surface formed by the transmission branch path 2 is located above the side of the main transmission surface.
The corner connection mechanism 3 includes a connection frame 30 hidden below a main conveying surface formed by the main conveying path 1, a conveying unit 31 having the same conveying direction as the conveying direction of the conveying branch path 2 and disposed on the connection frame 30, and a lifter 32 for driving the conveying unit 31 to eject upward or retract downward the main conveying surface.
Specifically, the conveying units 31 have two sets, and the two sets are distributed in a staggered manner with respect to the plurality of conveying rollers 10 a.
In this example, the two sets of transmission units 31 can synchronously move up and down and transmit movement.
The transmission units 31 include a mounting seat 310, pulleys 311 provided on the mounting seat 310, endless conveyor belts 312, and a motor 313, wherein the endless conveyor belts 312 of two adjacent sets of transmission units 31 are arranged in parallel, and the endless conveyor belts 312 are arranged offset relative to the transmission rollers 10 a.
Each transmission unit 31 has three belt wheels 311, which are respectively a first belt wheel b1 and a second belt wheel b2 located at the upper part and arranged in a flush manner, and a third belt wheel b3 located at the lower part, and the endless transmission belt 312 is sleeved on the first belt wheel b1, the second belt wheel b2 and the third belt wheel b 3. The advantage of setting up like this has sufficient space to realize transmission unit up-and-down motion, has also further increased the motion stroke that rises to satisfy the needs of different requirements of plugging into.
The third belt wheel b3 is located below the first belt wheel b1 and the second belt wheel b2, two sets of transmission units 31 are synchronously connected with two adjacent third belt wheels b3 through a synchronous shaft b, and the motor 313 is used for driving the rotation of the synchronous shaft b to drive the rotation of the endless transmission belt 312. Here, it should be noted that the third pulley b3 is a driving pulley, and may be also understood as a tension pulley.
In this example, the two sets of mounting seats 310 are fixed to the same carrier plate 314, the lifter 32 is correspondingly disposed between the carrier plate 314 and the docking bay 30, and the motor 313 is disposed between the two endless conveyor belts 312. The layout can reasonably utilize space and is convenient for assembling and disassembling each part.
The lifter 32 is a vertically telescopic rod, and the bottom of the carrier plate 314 is provided with a plurality of guide rods 33 extending in the vertical direction and sliding through the connecting frame 30. The stability of the lifting is further ensured by the guidance of the guide rod 33.
Specifically, the lifter 32 is a commonly used air cylinder.
In this example, a sliding sleeve 34 is correspondingly provided on the docking cradle 30, and the guide bar 33 is slidably provided in the sliding sleeve 34. The service life of the rod piece is prolonged.
Meanwhile, the sliding sleeve 34 includes an upper sliding sleeve 340 and a lower sliding sleeve 341, wherein when the carrier plate 314 descends and abuts on the upper sliding sleeve 340, the transfer unit 31 retracts below the main conveying surface. That is, the upper slipcover can also be used as a matching part for limiting the descending of the carrier plate.
Specifically, four guide rods 33 are provided and are evenly distributed around the circumference of the lifter 32.
The corner connection mechanism 3 further comprises limiting connecting rods 35 which are used for connecting the bottoms of every two guide rods 33 and are arranged in parallel; and the contact sensor 36 is arranged on the limiting connecting rod 35, and when the contact sensor 36 ascends along with the guide rod 33 and is abutted by the connecting frame 30, the upper surface of the transmission unit 31 protrudes upwards out of the main transmission surface and is flush with the transmission surface. Here, the contact sensor is arranged to facilitate control of the upward limit, so that the upper surface of the transmission unit is ensured to be flush with the transmission surface.
Further, a protective member 37 is provided at each of the stopper links 35, and when the upper surface of the transfer unit is flush with the transfer surface, the carrier plate 314 rides on the upper end of the protective member 37, thus preventing accidental damage to the touch sensor 36.
In summary, the loading box steering process of the present embodiment is as follows:
the loading box X is linearly transmitted on the main transmission path 1, the plurality of transmission branches 2 are divided through the lifting motion of the correspondingly arranged corner connection mechanism 3, and the divided loading box X moves to the corresponding transmission branch 2.
Specifically, when the loading box X moves to the position of the main transmission path 1 corresponding to the branch transmission path 2, the hidden corner mechanism 3 is arranged, so that the main transmission surface of the main transmission path 1 protrudes upward from the upper surfaces of the two sets of transmission units 31 and is flush with the transmission surface of the branch transmission path 2, the two endless belts 312 of the two sets of transmission units 31 move synchronously, and the carrier box is transferred to the transmission surface of the branch transmission path 2.
Referring to fig. 3, the automatic feeding system (i) in this embodiment further includes a loading box alignment adjustment unit 38 disposed on the conveying branch 2.
Specifically, the loading box alignment adjusting unit 38 includes a positioning block 380 disposed on the moving path of the transporting branch 2 and capable of moving up and down, and an adjusting assembly 381 disposed inside the transporting branch 2 and used for driving the loading box X to perform a relative turning movement.
In this example, the adjusting assembly 381 includes a first turnover mechanism a1 and a second turnover mechanism a2 disposed on the conveying branch 2, wherein the first turnover mechanism a1 and the second turnover mechanism a2 are respectively a first jacking cylinder and a second jacking cylinder hidden under the conveying roller of the conveying branch 2.
The length direction of the loading box X is vertical to the length direction of the conveying roller of the conveying branch 2. The first jacking cylinder is positioned on the right side of the transmission rollers and can extend out or retract the roller conveying surface from between two adjacent transmission rollers (the roller conveying surfaces are formed on the upper surfaces of the transmission rollers of the transmission branch 2), so that the first turnover mechanism a1 is used for driving the loading box X to turn upwards by taking the long edge on the right side of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the laminated shelf tray J is aligned to the left side of the loading box X. The second jacking cylinder is positioned at the inlet of the roller conveying surface, the loading box X is conveyed from the inlet to the outlet and can stretch out or retract the roller conveying surface from between two adjacent conveying rollers, so that the second turnover mechanism a2 is used for driving the loading box X to turn upwards by taking the short edge at the rear side of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the stacking tray is aligned to the front side edge of the loading box X. Therefore, under the motion regulation of first jacking cylinder and second jacking cylinder, all frame dishes all use the front side and the left side inner wall of loading case as the benchmark neatly to pile up, and then are convenient for get the material.
As shown in fig. 4, the code scanning detection system comprises a code scanning loading station 4, a code scanning detection station 5, a code scanning temporary storage station 6, a feeding transverse manipulator 7 and a discharging transverse manipulator 8 which are respectively arranged at an inlet of the code scanning loading station 4 and an outlet of the code scanning detection station 5, a first code scanning transshipping mechanism 9 arranged between the code scanning loading station 4 and the code scanning temporary storage station 6, and a second code scanning transshipping mechanism 10 arranged between the code scanning detection station 5 and the code scanning temporary storage station 6.
Referring to fig. 5, the feeding traverse robot 7 includes a material taking chuck 70, a lifting member 71 for driving the material taking chuck 70 to move up and down, and a traverse member 72 for driving the material taking chuck 70 to traverse, wherein in the material taking of the feeding traverse robot 7, the material taking chuck 70 is driven to take out the trays J from the loading box X one by one, and the trays are transported to the code scanning and loading station 4 by the traverse of the material taking chuck 70.
The material taking chuck 70 comprises a chuck base, a plurality of negative pressure adsorption heads arranged on the chuck base, a negative pressure source and an air pipe.
Specifically, when the material taking chuck 70 takes materials, the rack tray J is sucked in a negative pressure adsorption mode, then moves linearly, is delivered to a corresponding position and is decompressed, and the rack tray J is separated from the material taking chuck 70.
As for the discharging traverse robot 8, the structure thereof is the same as that of the feeding traverse robot 7.
As shown in fig. 6, the code scanning detection station 5 is arranged parallel to the transmission branch 2, the moving direction of the second code scanning transfer mechanism 10, the moving direction of the feeding traverse manipulator 7, and the moving direction of the discharging traverse manipulator 8 are parallel to each other, and the moving direction of the first code scanning transfer mechanism 9 is perpendicular to the moving direction of the second code scanning transfer mechanism 10. The layout is optimized, so that the production line is compact in structure, the shelf trays taken out of the loading boxes can be optimally stacked and collected by the originally stored loading boxes after detection, and meanwhile, the time consumption is short, and the efficiency is high.
Referring to fig. 7, the scanning code detecting station 5 includes a scanning code conveying line 50 parallel to the conveying branch 2, a plurality of scanning code guns 51 arranged on the scanning code conveying line 50 and arranged side by side, and a camera 52 corresponding to the scanning code guns 51, wherein the scanning code guns 51 and the camera 52 can scan and photograph the products on the rack tray J row by row in the movement of the rack tray J for comparison and detection. Therefore, the detection of products on each shelf disc can be efficiently realized, and the detection leakage is prevented.
Sweep and place three frame dish J side by side on sign indicating number transfer chain 50, and sweep a yard rifle 51 and camera 52 and correspond the setting in the top of sweeping a yard transfer chain 50 middle part. Therefore, the detection efficiency is greatly improved, and the linking operation of disc collection and disc hanging can be facilitated.
As shown in fig. 8, the first scan-code transfer mechanism 9 includes a lifting unit 90 which moves up and down in a vertically stacked manner, and a traverse unit 91 which is displaced from the lifting unit 90.
Specifically, the lifting unit 90 includes a carrier 900 located between the code scanning loading station 4 and the code scanning temporary storage station 6, and a driving assembly 901 for driving the carrier 900 to move up and down, wherein the carrier 900 is parallel to the conveying direction of the conveying branch 2, and an avoidance area is formed in the middle of the carrier 900.
In this example, there are two sets of lifting units 90, which are correspondingly disposed at the front and rear ends of the traverse unit 91 and form a code scanning temporary storage station 6 and a code scanning loading station 4.
The driving assembly 901 may adopt a conventional screw nut structure, as long as it can move up and down, and the lifting process is performed step by step (or step by step).
The traverse unit 91 includes two sets of endless conveyor belts 910 synchronized to each other and extending in the longitudinal direction of the carriage, and a synchronizing transmission member 911 for synchronizing the rotation of the two sets of endless conveyor belts 910.
Thus, the feeding process is as follows: after taking out the rack tray J from the loading box X, the feeding traversing manipulator 7 conveys the rack tray J to the carrier where the code scanning and feeding station 4 is located, and after taking out one rack tray, the carrier 900 descends one layer until all the rack trays are taken out from the loading box, the carrier 900 at this time falls to the lower part of the conveying surface formed by the annular conveying belt 910 (at this time, the annular conveying belt 910 penetrates out from the avoiding area), and the stacked rack trays are erected at the rear end part of the annular conveying belt 910.
The process of reloading the stacked trays is as follows: by the operation of the annular conveying belt 910, the stacked shelf trays move forward horizontally, so that the stacked shelf trays can be transferred to the front end of the annular conveying belt 910, at the moment, the carrier 900 where the code scanning temporary storage station 6 is located ascends and supports the stacked shelf trays J, and the transfer of the stacked shelf trays J from the code scanning feeding station 4 to the code scanning temporary storage station 6 is completed.
Detection and feeding of stacked trays: after the stacked tray J is located on the scanning-code temporary storage station 6, the second scanning-code transferring mechanism 10 transfers the tray J to the scanning-code conveying line 50 one by one, and meanwhile, when the second scanning-code transferring mechanism 10 conveys the tray J once, the carrier 900 where the scanning-code temporary storage station 6 is located ascends by one layer until the picking and conveying of all the trays J of the corresponding batch are completed.
In this example, the first scanning and transferring mechanism 9 is arranged to facilitate the transfer of the rack tray J between the scanning and loading station 4 and the scanning and temporary storage station 6, and to facilitate the stacking of the rack tray J at the scanning and loading station 4 and the feeding of the rack tray J one by one to the scanning and detecting station 5 during the descending and lifting of the carrier.
Meanwhile, the two groups of lifting units 90 are arranged independently, so that the shelf tray stacking feeding and the feeding can be completely separated and synchronously performed, the feeding and feeding time is shortened as far as possible, and the feeding and feeding efficiency is improved.
As shown in fig. 9, the second scanning and transferring mechanism 10 includes a traverse rail 100, a slide carriage 101 slidably disposed on the traverse rail 100, and a transfer collet 102 disposed on the slide carriage 101, wherein the transfer collet 102 is adjustably disposed on the slide carriage 101 to move up and down.
Specifically, the transfer chuck 102 includes a transfer base, a plurality of negative pressure suction nozzles disposed on the transfer base, a negative pressure source, and an air tube.
In addition, in the moving process of the rack tray, the rack tray is sucked in a negative pressure adsorption mode as long as the material taking chuck is adopted for transshipment.
Specifically, the transfer chuck 102 can move up and down, the transfer chuck 102 sucks the rack and tray J in a negative pressure adsorption mode, transfer of the rack and tray J is performed under the movement of the sliding trolley 101, the rack and tray J is delivered to a corresponding position in the lifting movement of the transfer chuck 102 and then is decompressed, and the rack and tray J is separated from the transfer chuck 102 and falls to the code scanning detection station 5.
In this example, the warehousing and receiving system is used for warehousing of the detected loading boxes X, and the warehousing and receiving system has two auxiliary transmission paths, which are a first auxiliary transmission path and a second auxiliary transmission path, respectively, wherein the first auxiliary transmission path leads to the qualified area Q, and the second auxiliary transmission path leads to the NG buffer area K.
As for the first conveying auxiliary path and the second conveying auxiliary path, conventional conveying rollers may be employed for conveyance.
In addition, each side of loading case X is equipped with the identification code, and wherein the identification code corresponds with the kind of product, when loading case X shunts to transmission branch 2 on, knows the product information through scanning the code identification code, then scans the code and carry out product contrast after shooing and detect to judge whether qualified the corresponding product in the shelf dish, if NG, form the record, transmit the loading case that the NG product of collecting the dish is located to NG buffer memory.
Meanwhile, after NG is detected, the position of the shelf tray where the NG is located in the stacked shelf trays in the loading box can be accurately known. After NG is detected out, which tray can be found quickly and accurately and the corresponding position of the corresponding row is found, and then manual handling of NG products is facilitated.
In summary, the method for sorting the automatic warehouse code scanning codes includes the following steps:
1) and an automatic feeding process: the loading box X is linearly transmitted on the main transmission path 1, the branch of the transmission branch path 2 is realized through the lifting and linear transmission motion of the correspondingly arranged corner connection mechanism 3, then under the alignment adjustment of the loading box alignment adjustment unit 38, the frame trays J positioned in the loading box X are attached to the adjacent inner walls of the loading box X from the adjacent two sides and are stacked in the loading box X, and then the loading box X is transmitted to the inlet of the code scanning loading station 4;
2) and a code scanning detection process: when a front full-load loading box X is conveyed to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station 4, the feeding traverse manipulator 7 takes and conveys the shelf trays J in the loading box X one by one, and the shelf trays J are stacked on the code scanning and loading station 4 descending layer by layer at the lifting unit 90 until the empty loading box X is taken, the empty loading box X is conveyed to the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station 5 and waits at the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station 5, at the moment, the stacked shelf trays J fall at the rear end of the traverse unit 91, then under the conveying of the traverse unit 91, the stacked shelf trays J move to the code scanning and temporary storing station 6 at the front end and ascend gradually by the lifting unit 90 in the code scanning and temporary storing station 6, the second code scanning and transshipping mechanism 10 takes and conveys the shelf trays J one by one to the code scanning and detecting station 5 for disc by disc scanning and code detection, the detected shelf trays J are taken and conveyed to the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station 5 by the discharging traverse manipulator 8 for stacking and disc collection, while the first code scanning and transferring mechanism 9 transfers the rack trays J stacked on the code scanning and feeding station 4 to the code scanning and temporary storage station 6, the step 1) is repeated, the next loading box X is moved to the inlet of the code scanning and feeding station 4, the feeding and transverse moving manipulator 7 takes and sends the rack trays J in the loading box X to the code scanning and feeding station 4 one by one to be stacked until the next loading box X is emptied, the next loading box X waits side by side on the transmission branch 2, when the code scanning detection and the stacking and collecting of the products in all the rack trays J in the previous loading box X are completed, the next loading box X is replaced by a position to wait for the stacking and collecting of the next batch of rack trays, the processes are repeated, the code scanning detection of the products in the loading box X is completed batch by batch, and each batch of products can be stacked and collected to the original loading box X;
3) and boxing and storing process: in the step 2), the rack trays J which are scanned and detected in each batch are collected to the originally stored loading box X, once the detection NG exists in the corresponding batch, the corresponding loading box X is transmitted to the NG buffer area K under the transmission of the second transmission auxiliary path, and the position of the rack tray where the NG products are located on the stacked rack trays in the loading box X can be accurately obtained according to the record of the detection result; and qualified batch products are transmitted to the qualified area Q from the first transmission auxiliary path.
The present invention has been described in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments. All equivalent changes or modifications made according to the spirit of the present invention should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic warehousing code scanning classification method adopts automatic warehousing code scanning classification equipment which comprises the following steps:
the automatic feeding system comprises a main transmission path, a plurality of transmission branch paths connected with the main transmission path and corner connection mechanisms which are arranged on the main transmission path and correspond to the transmission branch paths one by one;
the code scanning detection system comprises a code scanning feeding station, a code scanning detection station, a feeding transverse moving manipulator and a discharging transverse moving manipulator, wherein the feeding transverse moving manipulator and the discharging transverse moving manipulator are respectively arranged at an inlet of the code scanning feeding station and an outlet of the code scanning detection station;
the warehousing and receiving system comprises a first transmission auxiliary road and a second transmission auxiliary road which are communicated with the transmission branch, wherein the first transmission auxiliary road is communicated with the qualified area, the second transmission auxiliary road is communicated with the NG cache area,
the method is characterized in that:
the automatic feeding system also comprises loading box alignment adjusting units arranged on each transmission branch, wherein the loading boxes are adjusted by the loading box alignment adjusting units, and the shelves contained in the loading boxes are arranged in a stacking mode by taking the inner walls of two adjacent sides of the loading boxes as positioning references;
sweep sign indicating number material loading station and sweep sign indicating number detection station and be in the homonymy of transmission branch road, and sweep sign indicating number material loading station with sweep between the sign indicating number detection station still be equipped with sweep sign indicating number temporary storage station, sweep sign indicating number temporary storage station with sweep and be equipped with first sign indicating number reprinting mechanism between the sign indicating number material loading station, sweep sign indicating number temporary storage station with sweep and be equipped with the second between the sign indicating number detection station and sweep sign indicating number reprinting mechanism, first sign indicating number reprinting mechanism include along vertical direction with the height of every layer frame dish as the lifting unit of motion benchmark successive layer elevating movement, be located in the workspace that the lifting unit formed and with the sideslip unit that the lifting unit staggers relatively, the sideslip unit with the transmission branch road is parallel, and front and back tip forms sweep sign indicating number temporary storage station with sweep sign indicating number material loading station, the lifting unit has two sets ofly, and correspond the setting respectively in sweep sign indicating number material loading station and sweep sign indicating, wherein the two groups of lifting units can be synchronously lifted or independently moved,
the method comprises the following steps:
1) and an automatic feeding process: the loading box is linearly transmitted on the main transmission path, the branch of the transmission branch is realized through the lifting motion of the correspondingly arranged corner connection mechanism, then under the alignment adjustment of the alignment adjustment unit of the loading box, the frame trays positioned in the loading box are attached to the adjacent inner walls of the loading box from the adjacent two sides and are stacked in the loading box, and then the frame trays are transmitted to the inlet of the code scanning feeding station;
2) and a code scanning detection process: when a front full-load loading box is conveyed to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station, the feeding traverse manipulator takes and conveys the rack trays in the loading box one by one, the rack trays descend layer by layer on the code scanning and loading station until the empty loading box is taken, the empty loading box is conveyed to the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station and waits at the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station, the stacked rack trays fall at the rear end of the traverse manipulator, then the stacked rack trays move to the code scanning and temporary storage station at the front end under the conveying of the traverse manipulator, the lifting unit in the code scanning and detecting station gradually ascends for temporary storage, the second code scanning and transferring mechanism takes and conveys the rack trays one by one to the code scanning and detecting station for disk-by-disk code scanning and detecting, the detected rack trays are taken and put by the discharging traverse manipulator into the loading box waiting at the outlet of the code scanning and detecting station for stacked disk collection, wherein the first code transferring mechanism transfers the stacked rack trays on the code scanning and loading station to the code scanning and temporary storage station, repeating the step 1), moving the next loading box to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station, taking and sending the shelf trays in the loading box to the code scanning and loading station one by the feeding transverse moving manipulator to be stacked until the next loading box is emptied, waiting the next loading box side by side on the transmission branch, waiting the next loading box for stacking and collecting the shelf trays of the next batch of shelf trays when the code scanning detection and stacking and collecting of the products in all the shelf trays in the previous loading box are finished, repeating the process, finishing the code scanning detection of the products in the loading box batch by batch, and enabling the products of each batch to be stacked and collected to the original loading box;
3) and a material storage and collection process: and (3) in the step 2), the shelves which finish the code scanning detection in each batch are stored to the originally stored loading boxes, and are respectively transmitted to the corresponding qualified area and the NG buffer area through the first transmission auxiliary path and the second transmission auxiliary path according to the detection result of the products in each loading box.
2. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 1, wherein: the corner connection mechanism comprises a connection frame hidden below a main conveying surface formed by the main conveying path, a transmission unit which has the same transmission direction with the transmission branch and is arranged on the connection frame, and a lifter for driving the transmission unit to eject upwards or retract downwards to the main conveying surface.
3. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 1, wherein: the loading box alignment adjusting unit comprises a positioning stop block which is arranged on a moving path of the transmission branch and can move up and down, and an adjusting component which is arranged in the transmission branch and is used for driving the loading box to turn over relatively, wherein the loading box is a square body with an upward opening, the length direction of the loading box is vertical to the length direction of a transmission roller of the transmission branch, the adjusting component comprises a first turning mechanism and a second turning mechanism which are arranged on the transmission branch, the first turning mechanism is used for driving the loading box to turn over upwards by taking the left or right long edge of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the laminated frame disc is aligned to the corresponding side edge of the loading box; the second turnover mechanism is used for driving the loading box to turn upwards by taking the short side of the front side or the rear side of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the laminated shelf trays are aligned to the corresponding side edges of the loading box.
4. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 3, wherein: the loading box alignment adjusting unit comprises the following steps:
A) the loading box is conveyed forwards on the conveying surface of the conveying branch and is abutted against the positioning stop block from the front end part, so that the loading box is positioned on the conveying branch;
B) firstly, the loading box is driven by the first turnover mechanism to turn upwards by taking the left or right long edge of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the laminated frame discs are aligned to the corresponding side edges of the loading box; then the second turnover mechanism drives the loading box to turn upwards by taking the short edge at the front or rear side of the box bottom as a rotation center, and at the moment, the stacked shelf discs are aligned to the corresponding side edges of the loading box;
C) and the positioning stop block retracts into the transmission branch, and the loading box continues to move forwards and is transmitted to the inlet of the code scanning and loading station under the transmission of the transmission branch so as to feed materials of the feeding transverse moving manipulator.
5. The method for sorting the automatic warehouse scan codes according to claim 3 or 4, wherein: the first turnover mechanism is a first jacking part which can jack up or retract into the transmission branch, and the first jacking part is correspondingly arranged on the opposite side edge of the long edge rotation center; the second turnover mechanism is a second jacking part which can lift upwards or retract into the transmission branch, and the second jacking part is correspondingly arranged on the opposite side of the short edge rotation center.
6. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 1, wherein: the code scanning detection station is arranged in parallel with the transmission branch, the moving direction of the second code scanning transshipment mechanism, the moving direction of the feeding transverse moving manipulator and the moving direction of the discharging transverse moving manipulator are parallel, and the moving direction of the first code scanning transshipment mechanism is perpendicular to the moving direction of the second code scanning transshipment mechanism.
7. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 6, wherein: each group of lifting units comprises a carrier correspondingly arranged on the code scanning feeding station or the code scanning temporary storage station and a driving assembly used for driving the carrier to move up and down, wherein an avoiding space is formed on the carrier, and when the carrier descends below a conveying surface formed by the transverse moving units, the transverse moving units penetrate out of the avoiding space.
8. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 7, wherein: the carrier frames of the two groups of lifting units are integrally arranged, and after the batch of rack trays is transferred to the code scanning detection station, the rear end part of each carrier frame starts to stack the rack trays in the next loading box; or the two groups of carriers of the lifting units are arranged relatively independently, wherein when the batch of the trays is transferred to the code scanning detection station, the carriers positioned at the code scanning feeding station reversely run to carry out the stacking feeding of the next batch of trays.
9. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 1, wherein: sweep a yard detection station include with the parallel yard transfer chain of sweeping, the setting of transmission branch road is in sweep a plurality of yard guns of sweeping and with sweep the corresponding camera of a yard gun on the yard transfer chain and set up side by side, wherein sweep a yard gun with the camera can sweep the sign indicating number and shoot to a product on the frame dish that row by row in the removal of frame dish, sweep a yard transfer chain be the girdle, just three frame dish can be placed side by side on the girdle at least, sweep a yard gun and camera correspondence setting and be in sweep the top at a yard transfer chain middle part.
10. The automated warehouse code scanning classification method according to claim 1, wherein: an identification code is arranged on the side edge of each loading box, wherein the identification code corresponds to the type of a product, when the loading boxes are shunted to a transmission branch path, product information is obtained through scanning the identification code, then product comparison detection is carried out after code scanning and photographing so as to judge whether the corresponding product in the shelf tray is qualified, once NG occurs, a record is formed at the same time, the loading boxes with NG are transmitted to an NG cache area under the transmission of a second transmission auxiliary path, and the positions of the shelf trays where the NG products on the stacked shelf trays in the loading boxes are located can be accurately obtained according to the record; and the qualified batch of products are transmitted to the qualified area from the first transmission auxiliary path.
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