Material pretreatment system and kitchen waste treatment equipment with same
The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to a material pretreatment system and kitchen waste treatment equipment with the same.
The utility model provides a rubbish reducing mechanism of function is rolled in area for CN107715968A, smashes rubbish through the crushing roller that sets up oppositely, and the interval between the crushing roller that sets up oppositely is certain, and it is incomplete to appear smashing easily when facing rubbish so, or the great rubbish of hardness can block the crushing roller when adjusting the crushing roller to less clearance to and can not carry out solid-liquid separation after carrying out the breakage to rubbish.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a material pretreatment system and kitchen waste treatment equipment with the same, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a pretreatment of material system, includes unloading pipe, roof, pivot, crushing roller, motor I, reciprocating drive mechanism, stripper plate, link, bottom plate and motor II, the bottom plate rotates the bottom of installing at the unloading pipe, motor II passes through the bolt and installs on the unloading pipe, its power take off end and bottom plate fixed connection, wherein:
two roof rotates respectively through the pivot and installs the both sides at unloading pipe end portion, and wherein the pivot is installed on unloading pipe for rotating, and the roof is solid to be overlapped in the pivot, rotates on the roof and installs the crushing roller, and wherein motor I passes through the bolt and installs on the roof, and its power take off end is connected with the crushing roller, two reciprocating drive mechanism's power take off part is connected with two roof respectively, two the stripper plate agrees with respectively in the inside of unloading pipe, and the bracing piece of stripper plate tip runs through the unloading pipe, and the bracing piece of stripper plate tip overlaps admittedly has the link, and wherein the other end and the pivot cooperation of link can drive the link and do linear motion when the pivot rotates.
Preferably, the interior of the extrusion plate is of a cavity structure, and the side surfaces and the bottom surface of the extrusion plate are provided with a plurality of through holes for water inlet and outlet.
Preferably, the end part of the rotating shaft is provided with a threaded rod, wherein the threaded rod penetrates through the connecting frame and forms thread transmission with the connecting frame.
Preferably, the reciprocating driving mechanism comprises a motor III, a rotary table and a connecting arm, the motor III is installed on the side face of the discharging pipe through a bolt, the rotary table is fixedly sleeved at the power output end of the motor III, one end of the connecting arm is hinged with the rotary table, and the other end of the connecting arm is hinged with the top plate.
Preferably, a gap is formed between the bottom plate and the blanking pipe for water leakage.
A kitchen waste treatment device comprises the material pretreatment system.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the garbage crusher, the reciprocating driving mechanism is used for pushing the top plate to swing in a reciprocating mode, so that garbage entering the top plate can be effectively crushed, the extrusion plate can be driven to move in a reciprocating mode when the top plate swings in a reciprocating mode, the extrusion plate extrudes the crushed garbage, and the effect of solid-liquid separation is achieved.
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the extrusion plate of the present invention in a sectional state;
in the figure: the device comprises a feeding pipe 1, a top plate 2, a rotating shaft 3, a crushing roller 4, a motor I5, a reciprocating driving mechanism 6, an extrusion plate 7, a connecting frame 8, a bottom plate 9, a motor II 10, a threaded rod 31, a motor III 61, a rotary table 62 and a connecting arm 63.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
referring to fig. 1 to 3, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a material pretreatment system, includes unloading pipe 1, roof 2, pivot 3, crushing roller 4, motor I5, reciprocating drive mechanism 6, stripper plate 7, link 8, bottom plate 9 and motor II 10, wherein:
the two top plates 2 are respectively rotatably installed at two sides of the end part of the blanking pipe 1 through the rotating shaft 3, wherein two ends of the rotating shaft 3 are rotatably installed on the blanking pipe 1 through bearings, and the top plates 2 are fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft 3, so that the rotating shaft 3 can be driven to rotate when the top plates 2 shake, the end parts of the rotating shaft 3 are provided with threaded rods 31, the top plates 2 are rotatably installed with crushing rollers 4, wherein a motor I5 is installed on the top plates 2 through bolts, the power output end of the motor I5 is connected with the crushing rollers 4, so that the motor I5 drives the crushing rollers 4 to rotate to crush garbage, the two reciprocating driving mechanisms 6 are oppositely arranged, each reciprocating driving mechanism 6 comprises a motor III 61, a rotating plate 62 and a connecting arm 63, the motor III 61 is installed at the side surface of the blanking pipe 1 through bolts, the power output end of the motor III 61 is fixedly sleeved with, the other end of the crank rocker mechanism is hinged with the top plate 2 to form a crank rocker mechanism, two extrusion plates 7 are respectively matched in the blanking pipe 1, the extrusion plates 7 can move along the inner wall of the blanking pipe 1, the interior of the extrusion plates 7 is of a cavity structure, a plurality of through holes are formed in the side surfaces and the bottom surface of the extrusion plates 7 and are used for water inlet and water outlet, then when the extrusion plates 7 extrude the crushed garbage, liquid parts flow in along the through holes in the side surfaces of the extrusion plates 7 and finally flow out along the through holes in the bottom of the extrusion plates 7, the situation that the liquid continuously permeates the interior of the solid garbage due to the fact that the liquid cannot be discharged in time after the extrusion is avoided, the supporting rods at the end parts of the extrusion plates 7 penetrate through the blanking pipe 1, the connecting frames 8 are fixedly sleeved on the supporting rods at the end parts of the extrusion plates 7, and the threaded rods 31 at the end parts of the rotating shafts, therefore, when the rotating shaft 3 rotates, the connecting frame 8 can be driven to do linear motion and further transmit the linear motion to the extrusion plate 7, the bottom plate 9 is rotatably installed at the bottom of the blanking pipe 1 through a pin shaft, a gap is reserved between the bottom plate 9 and the blanking pipe 1 for water leakage, the motor II 10 is installed on the blanking pipe 1 through a bolt, the power output end of the motor II 10 is fixedly connected with the pin shaft of the installation bottom plate 9, and then the motor II 10 can drive the bottom plate 9 to seal the bottom of the blanking pipe 1 or open the bottom of the blanking pipe 1;
kitchen waste treatment equipment comprises the material pretreatment system
The principle of the invention is as follows: kitchen garbage gets into along two roof 2, so motor I5 on roof 2 starts and then drives crushing roller 4 and rotates, so crushing roller 4 on two roof 2 that are in the facade carries out crushing treatment to rubbish, and motor III 61 drives carousel 62 and rotates, and carousel 62 drives the reciprocal swing of roof 2 through linking arm 63, consequently, the clearance that is in between the crushing roller 4 on the roof 2 of facade can change, and then reach better broken effect, can get into to unloading pipe 1 after rubbish accomplishes the breakage, and the reciprocal swing of roof 2 can drive pivot 3 reciprocating rotation, so link 8 can be linear motion along the threaded rod 31 of 3 tip of pivot, and then be close to each other between two stripper plates 7 and keep away from each other, so stripper plate 7 can extrude the rubbish that gets into unloading pipe 1 inside, the liquid that contains of rubbish this moment under the effect of pressure flows out and part liquid is along between bottom plate 9 and unloading pipe 1 The clearance outflow, and inside partial liquid can permeate to stripper plate 7 through the through-hole of stripper plate 7 side, the liquid that gets into in the stripper plate 7 can flow along the through-hole of its bottom after that, the last liquid that extrudes when stripper plate 7 keeps away from each other can discharge unloading pipe 1 completely, the condition of liquid backward flow has been avoided, and then the effectual solid-liquid separation that has realized, finally motor II 10 drives bottom plate 9 and breaks away from unloading pipe 1 after rubbish in unloading pipe 1 is piled up, rubbish can descend along unloading pipe 1 so, finally recycle grinder or auger conveyor and carry out complete shredding.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.