CN111805696A - Manufacturing process of building decoration component - Google Patents

Manufacturing process of building decoration component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111805696A
CN111805696A CN201910290178.7A CN201910290178A CN111805696A CN 111805696 A CN111805696 A CN 111805696A CN 201910290178 A CN201910290178 A CN 201910290178A CN 111805696 A CN111805696 A CN 111805696A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cement
glass fiber
repairing
sand
building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910290178.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈平飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Chiyi Decoration Engineering Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Chiyi Decoration Engineering Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Chiyi Decoration Engineering Co ltd filed Critical Shanghai Chiyi Decoration Engineering Co ltd
Priority to CN201910290178.7A priority Critical patent/CN111805696A/en
Publication of CN111805696A publication Critical patent/CN111805696A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/52Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material specially adapted for producing articles from mixtures containing fibres, e.g. asbestos cement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/08Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for reshaping the surface, e.g. smoothing, roughening, corrugating, making screw-threads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/38Treating surfaces of moulds, cores, or mandrels to prevent sticking
    • B28B7/384Treating agents

Abstract

The invention discloses a manufacturing process of a member for architectural decoration, which comprises the following steps: manufacturing a mould by adopting a mould material according to the requirements of a design drawing or a model; uniformly spraying a release agent into the mold, mixing and stirring cement, fine sand and water to obtain surface mortar, and uniformly spraying the surface mortar on the inner surface of the mold; fully and continuously stirring and mixing cement, rock sand, water and alkali-resistant glass fiber to obtain cement glass fiber slurry; placing a steel bar framework at a corresponding position in the mold, embedding an embedded part, and pouring the cement glass fiber slurry into the mold; and (3) when the cement glass fiber slurry is solidified to 70-80%, demolding, and watering for curing to obtain the glass fiber cement. The invention has mature and simple process flow, simple and easy processing, low cost and strong carving plasticity, can be used for industrially producing various landscape sculptures for architectural decoration in large scale, and can also be used for preparing architectural outer wall decorative members for realizing styles of imitating European classical buildings and the like on various architectural outer walls.

Description

Manufacturing process of building decoration component
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of buildings, in particular to a landscape sculpture for building decoration and a manufacturing process of a building outer wall decoration component.
Background
With the advance of the urbanization of China, the building landscape industry is synchronously growing, the landscape space forms are continuously enriched and expanded, and particularly, the landscape sculpture for building decoration and the decoration of the outer wall of a building are becoming indispensable elements for building and beautifying the environment of the city.
The main reason that the development of the structural member for architectural decoration is limited at present is that firstly, the whole manufacturing process is complicated, the production efficiency is low, the non-standardized manufacturing characteristic is realized, and the whole manufacturing cost is high; secondly, most landscape sculptures for building decoration and building outer wall decoration components adopt common cement as raw materials, have the defects of rough modeling and manufacturing, poor layering, poor plasticity, toughness, poor jointing performance and the like, and finally prepared finished products are easy to age, crack and deform after being subjected to long-term outdoor wind and rain.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a manufacturing process of a member for architectural decoration, which can solve the problems that landscape sculptures for architectural decoration and decorative members of external walls of buildings in the prior art are easy to age, crack and deform and influence the beauty if wind and rain are blown outdoors for a long time.
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a manufacturing process of a member for architectural decoration, which comprises the following steps:
s1, manufacturing a mould by adopting a mould material according to the requirements of a design drawing or the model;
s2, assembling the die, cleaning the inner surface of the die, and coating a release agent for pretreatment;
s3, adding cement and fine sand into a stirrer according to a specific ratio, stirring for 2 minutes, adding water into the stirrer, continuously stirring for 3-5 minutes to obtain surface mortar, uniformly spraying the surface mortar on the inner surface of a mould to obtain flour paste with a preset thickness, and standing until the flour paste is not sticky to fingers but has sticky hand feeling when touched by hands;
s4, adding cement, rock sand and water into a stirrer according to the proportion, stirring for 5 minutes, then adding alkali-resistant glass fiber into the stirrer, and fully continuing stirring for 5-8 minutes to uniformly disperse the alkali-resistant glass fiber into cement paste to obtain cement glass fiber paste;
s5, after surface mortar is sprayed on the inner surface of the die in the step S3, a steel reinforcement framework is arranged at a corresponding position in the die, an embedded part is embedded, the cement glass fiber slurry prepared in the step S4 is poured into the die to a specified thickness by adopting mechanical spraying, net laying and mortar plastering and a mixed construction method, the net cloth is bonded with the cement glass fiber slurry properly, and the net cloth and the steel reinforcement are compacted as much as possible;
s6, when the cement glass fiber slurry in the mold is solidified to 70-80%, demolding, repairing surface flaws, polishing to enable the surface of an object to have no cracks and no joints, and watering and maintaining to obtain a building decoration member;
and S7, treating the appearance of the member for architectural decoration, wherein the treatment comprises the steps of grinding, finishing and cleaning the appearance of the member again, and performing appearance coating treatment on the member according to the actual use condition of the member.
Further, in the step S3, the mass ratio of the cement to the fine sand to the water is (1-2) to 1: 1, in the step S4, the mass ratio of the cement, the rock sand, the water and the alkali-resistant glass fiber is (5-10): 6-8): 1: 1.
further, the cement in the step S3 and the step S4 is quick-drying cement or portland cement, and the rock sand in the step S4 is yellow sand, quartz sand, colored sand or marble waste residue.
Further, in the step S7, the exterior coating may be performed in the form of arc spraying, sandstone, gravel paint, baking paint, etc. according to the actual use condition of the component, so as to form the surface coating shape of metal, marble, glass fiber reinforced plastic, or glaze paint.
Further, in step S6, the surface defect repairing process includes: cleaning the part to be repaired and the periphery, wetting the part to be repaired with mucilage, repairing with a repairing material, cleaning the repairing area after the repairing material is cured, and wiping and polishing the repairing part to ensure that the color effect of the repairing part is basically consistent with the color effect of the periphery.
When the member for architectural decoration is used for decorating the outer wall of a building, the anchoring force point of the member for architectural decoration and the gap between the member for architectural decoration and an attachment are filled with glue, cement and fine sand.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) according to the invention, an alkali-resistant glass fiber reinforced cement technology is adopted, the prepared product has the advantages of light weight, high strength, strong plasticity, wind, rain and rain resistance, no cracking and deformation after long-term use, and convenient construction, particularly, the prepared building outer wall decoration member has light weight, can be conveniently installed on various buildings and walls, and can be seamlessly spliced and installed on the building outer wall, so that the overall appearance of the engineering is beautiful, meanwhile, the rapid and firm splicing and installation are realized through the reserved embedded parts between the members, the completion quality is high, and the overall engineering progress is accelerated;
(2) the invention adopts the steps of preparing a mold in advance, spraying surface mortar on the inner surface of the mold, paving a steel bar framework and an embedded part, pouring, curing, demolding and post-treating, has mature and simple whole process flow, simple and easy processing, low cost and strong carving plasticity, can be used for industrially producing various landscape sculptures for architectural decoration in large scale, and can also be used for preparing products such as lines, plates, columns and the like for the external wall of various buildings to realize the styles of imitating European classical buildings and the like.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to specific embodiments and with reference to the following drawings.
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of the manufacturing process of the architectural decoration member of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following further describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to examples. The following examples are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby.
The invention provides a manufacturing process of a member for architectural decoration, which comprises the following steps as shown in figure 1:
s1, manufacturing a mould by adopting a mould material according to the requirements of a design drawing or the model;
s2, assembling the die, cleaning the inner surface of the die, and coating a release agent for pretreatment;
s3, adding cement and fine sand into a stirrer according to a specific ratio, stirring for 2 minutes, adding water into the stirrer, continuously stirring for 3-5 minutes to obtain surface mortar, uniformly spraying the surface mortar on the inner surface of a mould to obtain flour paste with a preset thickness, and standing until the flour paste is not sticky to fingers but has sticky hand feeling when touched by hands; the surface mortar formed by spraying the surface mortar mainly plays a role in appearance decoration, so the thickness is generally 10-15mm, and the thickness can be adjusted according to the specific requirements of actual components and the arrangement position on a building;
s4, adding cement, rock sand and water into a stirrer according to the proportion, stirring for 5 minutes, then adding alkali-resistant glass fiber into the stirrer, and fully continuing stirring for 5-8 minutes to uniformly disperse the alkali-resistant glass fiber into cement paste to obtain cement glass fiber paste;
s5, after surface mortar is sprayed on the inner surface of the die in the step S3, a steel reinforcement framework is placed at a corresponding position in the die, an embedded part is embedded, the cement glass fiber slurry prepared in the step S4 is poured into the die to a specified thickness by adopting mechanical spraying, net laying and mortar plastering and a mixed construction method, the net cloth is bonded with the cement glass fiber slurry properly, the net cloth and the steel reinforcement are compacted as far as possible, and no empty drum is formed at the corner of the die; the embedded parts comprise various preformed holes, embedded bolts, hoisting parts and the like;
s6, when the cement glass fiber slurry in the mold is solidified to 70-80%, demolding, repairing surface flaws, polishing to enable the surface of an object to have no cracks and no joints, and then watering and maintaining for 7 days to obtain the building decoration member;
and S7, treating the appearance of the member for architectural decoration, wherein the treatment comprises the steps of grinding, finishing and cleaning the appearance of the member again, and performing appearance coating treatment on the member according to the actual use condition of the member.
In the step S3, the mass ratio of cement to fine sand to water is (1-2) to 1: 1, in the step S4, the mass ratio of the cement, the rock sand, the water and the alkali-resistant glass fiber is (5-10): 6-8): 1: 1.
the cement in the step S3 and the step S4 is quick-drying cement or portland cement, and the rock sand in the step S4 is yellow sand, quartz sand, colored sand or marble waste residue.
In step S7, the exterior coating may be performed in the form of arc spraying, sandstone, gravel paint, baking varnish, etc. according to the actual use condition of the component, so as to form the surface coating shape of metal, marble, glass fiber reinforced plastic, or glaze paint.
In step S6, the surface defect repairing process includes: cleaning the part to be repaired and the periphery, wetting the part to be repaired with mucilage, repairing with a repairing material, cleaning the repairing area after the repairing material is cured, and wiping and polishing the repairing part to ensure that the color effect of the repairing part is basically consistent with the color effect of the periphery.
When the member for building decoration is used for decorating the outer wall of a building, the anchoring force point of the member for building decoration and the gap between the member for building decoration and an attachment are filled with glue, cement and fine sand to form an adhesive.
According to the invention, an alkali-resistant glass fiber reinforced cement technology is adopted, the prepared product has the advantages of light weight, high strength, strong plasticity, wind, rain and weather resistance, no cracking and deformation after long-term use, and convenient construction, particularly, the prepared building outer wall decoration member has light weight, can be conveniently installed on various buildings and walls, and can be seamlessly spliced and installed on the building outer wall, so that the overall appearance of the engineering is beautiful, meanwhile, the rapid and firm splicing and installation are realized through the reserved embedded parts between the members, the completion quality is high, and the overall engineering progress is accelerated. The method comprises the steps of preparing a mold in advance, spraying surface mortar on the inner surface of the mold, paving a steel bar framework and an embedded part, pouring, curing, demolding and post-treating, has mature and simple whole process flow, simple and easy processing, low cost and strong carving plasticity, can be used for industrially producing landscape sculptures with various structures or shapes for architectural decoration in a large scale, and can also be used for preparing products such as lines, plates, columns and other decorative components of the outer wall of the building to realize the styles of imitating European classical buildings and the like.
The present invention has been described in terms of specific examples, which are provided to aid understanding of the invention and are not intended to be limiting. For a person skilled in the art to which the invention pertains, several simple deductions, modifications or substitutions may be made according to the idea of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. A manufacturing process of a member for architectural decoration is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, manufacturing a mould by adopting a mould material according to the requirements of a design drawing or the model;
s2, assembling the die, cleaning the inner surface of the die, and coating a release agent for pretreatment;
s3, adding cement and fine sand into a stirrer according to a specific ratio, stirring for 2 minutes, adding water into the stirrer, continuously stirring for 3-5 minutes to obtain surface mortar, uniformly spraying the surface mortar on the inner surface of a mould to obtain flour paste with a preset thickness, and standing until the flour paste is not sticky to fingers but has sticky hand feeling when touched by hands;
s4, adding cement, rock sand and water into a stirrer according to the proportion, stirring for 5 minutes, then adding alkali-resistant glass fiber into the stirrer, and fully continuing stirring for 5-8 minutes to uniformly disperse the alkali-resistant glass fiber into cement paste to obtain cement glass fiber paste;
s5, after surface mortar is sprayed on the inner surface of the die in the step S3, a steel reinforcement framework is arranged at a corresponding position in the die, an embedded part is embedded, the cement glass fiber slurry prepared in the step S4 is poured into the die to a specified thickness by adopting mechanical spraying, net laying and mortar plastering and a mixed construction method, the net cloth is bonded with the cement glass fiber slurry properly, and the net cloth and the steel reinforcement are compacted as much as possible;
s6, when the cement glass fiber slurry in the mold is solidified to 70-80%, demolding, repairing surface flaws, polishing to enable the surface of an object to have no cracks and no joints, and watering and maintaining to obtain a building decoration member;
and S7, treating the appearance of the member for architectural decoration, wherein the treatment comprises the steps of grinding, finishing and cleaning the appearance of the member again, and performing appearance coating treatment on the member according to the actual use condition of the member.
2. The process for producing a building decorative member according to claim 1, wherein in step S3, the mass ratio of cement, fine sand and water is (1-2): 1: 1, in the step S4, the mass ratio of the cement, the rock sand, the water and the alkali-resistant glass fiber is (5-10): 6-8): 1: 1.
3. the process for producing a building decorative member according to claim 2, wherein the cement in the step S3 and the step S4 is quick-setting cement or portland cement, and the rock sand in the step S4 is yellow sand, quartz sand, colored sand, or marble waste.
4. The process for manufacturing a structural member for architectural decoration according to claim 3, wherein in step S7, the exterior coating is performed in the form of arc spraying, sandstone, gravel paint, baking paint, etc. according to the actual use condition of the structural member, so as to form the surface coating shape of metal, marble, glass fiber reinforced plastic, glaze paint.
5. The process for producing a building decorative member according to claim 1, wherein in the step S6, the surface defect repairing process is as follows: cleaning the part to be repaired and the periphery, wetting the part to be repaired with mucilage, repairing with a repairing material, cleaning the repairing area after the repairing material is cured, and wiping and polishing the repairing part to ensure that the color effect of the repairing part is basically consistent with the color effect of the periphery.
6. The process for producing a building decorative member according to claim 1, wherein when the building decorative member is used for decorating an outer wall of a building, the anchoring force point of the building decorative member and a gap between the anchoring force point and an attachment are filled with an adhesive prepared from a glue, cement, and fine sand.
CN201910290178.7A 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Manufacturing process of building decoration component Pending CN111805696A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910290178.7A CN111805696A (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Manufacturing process of building decoration component

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910290178.7A CN111805696A (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Manufacturing process of building decoration component

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111805696A true CN111805696A (en) 2020-10-23

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113530291A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-10-22 中国一冶集团有限公司 Construction method for indoor scene restoration of memorial hall

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113530291A (en) * 2021-07-09 2021-10-22 中国一冶集团有限公司 Construction method for indoor scene restoration of memorial hall

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