CN111762463A - Multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment - Google Patents

Multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111762463A
CN111762463A CN202010568497.2A CN202010568497A CN111762463A CN 111762463 A CN111762463 A CN 111762463A CN 202010568497 A CN202010568497 A CN 202010568497A CN 111762463 A CN111762463 A CN 111762463A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
plate
crushing
wet
barrel body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010568497.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张秦玮
谭彩银
孙瑞瑞
王世政
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North Minzu University
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North Minzu University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by North Minzu University filed Critical North Minzu University
Priority to CN202010568497.2A priority Critical patent/CN111762463A/en
Publication of CN111762463A publication Critical patent/CN111762463A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/0033Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor specially adapted for segregated refuse collecting, e.g. receptacles with several compartments; Combination of receptacles
    • B65F1/0053Combination of several receptacles
    • B65F1/006Rigid receptacles stored in an enclosure or forming part of it
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/015Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using gaseous or vaporous substances, e.g. ozone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • B01D29/03Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements self-supporting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • B65F1/1405Compressing means incorporated in, or specially adapted for, refuse receptacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • B65F1/1468Means for facilitating the transport of the receptacle, e.g. wheels, rolls
    • B65F1/1473Receptacles having wheels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/102Absorbing means
    • B65F2210/1026Absorbing means for smelling substances
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/12Crushing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/162Pressing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2250/00Materials of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2250/114Plastics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/10Waste collection, transportation, transfer or storage, e.g. segregated refuse collecting, electric or hybrid propulsion

Abstract

The invention discloses multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment, wherein a dry garbage containing box for containing dry garbage and a wet garbage containing box for containing wet garbage are arranged in a barrel body, and the bottom of the wet garbage containing box is opened; a compression mechanism for compressing the dry garbage is arranged on the fixed cover above the dry garbage containing box; the wet garbage storage box is internally provided with a crushing mechanism for crushing wet garbage. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment is provided with the compression mechanism and the crushing mechanism, so that dry garbage can be compressed conveniently, wet garbage can be crushed conveniently, the inner space of the dry garbage containing box can be fully utilized, the crushed wet garbage can be composted, and resources are saved; through combining air purification mechanism and waste classification equipment, can purify the air to the air freshening of living environment has been ensured.

Description

Multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to a garbage can, in particular to multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment.
Background
With the development of society, household garbage needs to be classified and treated. Present garbage bin, though can be with dry rubbish and wet rubbish separation, but because dry rubbish is bulky, present garbage bin can't compress dry rubbish to lead to dry garbage bin inner space to utilize inadequately, thereby need frequently wash the garbage bin and empty, wet rubbish can regard as the raw materials of fertilizer simultaneously, directly places the waste that can lead to the resource in wet garbage bin. In order to be able to facilitate the compression of dry waste and the composting of wet waste, a multifunctional intelligent waste classification device needs to be designed to meet the requirements.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device comprises a barrel body, a base, a fixed cover and a top cover; the fixed cover is arranged on the barrel body, and a top cover used for sealing the barrel body is rotatably arranged on the fixed cover; the bottom of the barrel body is provided with a base, and the bottom of the base is supported by a plurality of supporting legs; a dry garbage containing box for containing dry garbage and a wet garbage containing box for containing wet garbage are respectively arranged in the barrel body, and the bottom of the wet garbage containing box is open; a compression mechanism for compressing the dry garbage in the dry garbage containing box is arranged on the fixed cover above the dry garbage containing box; and a crushing mechanism for crushing the wet garbage is arranged in the barrel body on one side of the opening at the bottom of the wet garbage storage box.
As a further scheme of the invention: the compression mechanism comprises a compression plate, a fixed shaft, a connecting rod and a push rod; the two ends of the compression plate for compressing the dry garbage are rotatably provided with fixed shafts; the outer sides of the two fixed shafts are respectively fixed at one end of the connecting rod; the other ends of the two connecting rods are respectively fixed at the two ends of the push rod; the fixed cover is provided with a clamping groove for placing the connecting rod and the push rod, and the two ends of the fixed cover are provided with clamping grooves convenient for the two connecting rods to slide.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the crushing mechanism comprises a rotating shaft, a grinding plate, a planet wheel, a sun wheel, a rotating plate, a grinding rod and a concave-convex inner wall; a rotating shaft is rotatably arranged in the barrel body, and a sun wheel is fixed at the upper end of the rotating shaft; the sun wheel is rotatably arranged on the positioning frame, and a plurality of planet wheels meshed with the sun wheel are distributed on the positioning frame along an annular equal angle; the gear ring meshed with the planet wheels is arranged inside the grinding plate, and the grinding plate is provided with a plurality of grinding plate filtering holes for discharging the ground wet garbage; a rotating plate is arranged on an inner opening of the grinding plate above the planet wheels, and through holes corresponding to the planet wheels one by one are formed in the rotating plate; grinding rods for grinding wet garbage are fixed at the upper ends of the planet wheels through holes; the concave-convex inner wall matched with the plurality of grinding rods is fixed in the wet garbage inner barrel, and a plurality of semi-cylindrical grooves matched with the grinding rods are equidistantly arranged in the side wall of the grinding plate; the inside of staving still is equipped with the drive mechanism of drive pivot pivoted.
As a still further scheme of the invention: a cutting mechanism for cutting up the ground wet garbage is also arranged in the wet garbage containing box; the cutting mechanism is positioned below the grinding plate and comprises a crushing plate and a crushing blade; a plurality of cutting blade sets are equidistantly distributed on the rotating shaft below the grinding plate from top to bottom; the cutting blade group comprises a plurality of crushing blades which are arranged on the outer side of the rotating shaft at equal angles; a crushing plate is arranged below the lowermost crushing blade, and a plurality of crushing plate filtering holes for discharging the crushed wet garbage are formed in the crushing plate; a driving mechanism is arranged below the crushing plate; the driving mechanism comprises a driving motor; the rotating end of the driving motor rotates to penetrate through the filter plate and is connected with one end of the rotating shaft.
As a still further scheme of the invention: a collecting drawer for collecting and composting the crushed wet garbage is also arranged in the wet garbage containing box; the collection drawer is arranged on one side of the barrel body in a sliding mode and is positioned below the opening of the wet garbage storage box; EM bacteria for composting are added into the collection drawer; the last filtration pore that is used for liquid exhaust that is equipped with of collection steamer tray, and the filtration pore below is equipped with the waste liquid box that is used for collecting liquid.
As a still further scheme of the invention: an air purification mechanism is also arranged in the base; the air purification mechanism comprises a motor, fan blades and a purification layer; a motor is fixed inside the base, and a rotating end of the motor is provided with fan blades; the blowing direction of the fan blades is upward; a purifying layer for purifying air is arranged in the base above the fan blades; an air outlet convenient for exhausting air is formed in one side of the barrel body; the shape of the air outlet is leaf-shaped.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the active carbon deodorization cotton used for absorbing peculiar smell is detachably arranged on one side of the inner wall of the top cover.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the purification layer comprises an initial effect filter screen, an EPS composite filter screen, an HEPA high-efficiency filter screen, an ozone sterilization layer and a negative ion fresh five-layer filter layer in sequence.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the bottoms of the supporting legs are provided with rollers convenient for moving the garbage can; a detection device is arranged on one side of the barrel body, and a humidity-temperature detector for detecting the temperature and humidity of the external environment in real time is arranged in the detection device; a display screen for displaying temperature and humidity is arranged on one side of the detection device; the humidity temperature detector is a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor; the barrel body and the base are made of ABS plastic.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. in the aspect of the compression function of dry rubbish, when rubbish is more full in the dry rubbish containing box, open the top cap on the dry rubbish containing box, later take up the catch bar, will compress the board and push down to compress dry rubbish, reduce the space between the dry rubbish, thereby vacate certain storage space.
2. And in the aspect of the crushing function of the wet garbage, the volume and the final state of the wet garbage are changed. The wet garbage is ground, and the garbage is ground by utilizing the interaction of the grinding rod and the concave-convex inner wall, so that the garbage is changed into a relatively small block shape. Secondly, the wet garbage is crushed, and the wet garbage blocks ground at the upper layer are further crushed by the rotation of the blades. And finally, the crushed garbage is collected by the lower collection drawer, so that the whole grinding and crushing process is completed, the storage capacity of wet garbage is increased, and the garbage dumping time is prolonged.
3. In the global design of the garbage classification equipment, the functions of garbage classification, air purification, temperature and humidity detection and the like are integrated, so that the garbage classification equipment is intelligent and high-end, can be used for multiple purposes, reduces the number of household appliances and reduces the waste of resources. In the aspect of the combination of the garbage classification equipment and the air purification, the air is filtered by the filter screen by utilizing the passive purification principle, so that fresh air is obtained. In the aspect of the combination of the garbage classification equipment and the temperature and humidity detection, the environment is correspondingly measured through the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor, so that data display is performed by means of the electronic screen.
4. In the aspect of the deodorization and composting functions of wet garbage, the deodorization function utilizes the activated carbon deodorization cotton to deodorize the wet garbage, and the deodorization cotton is placed on the garbage bin cover so as to absorb and treat the odor of the wet garbage. In the realization process of the composting function, EM bacteria are utilized to correspondingly catalyze the crushed wet garbage, so that the useless wet garbage is changed into useful plant fertilizer.
5. The invention integrates the functions of garbage classification, temperature and humidity detection, air purification, garbage storage space optimization, garbage composting and the like, integrates the functions of three products of garbage classification, temperature and humidity detection and air purification into one product, improves the utilization rate of equipment and meets the requirements of human beings on intelligent products.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
Fig. 2 is an exploded view of the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a compression mechanism in the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a of fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of a shredding mechanism in the multifunctional intelligent waste sorting device.
Fig. 6 is an internal structure schematic diagram of a crushing mechanism in the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
Fig. 7 is an internal structure diagram of a base in the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
Fig. 8 is a top view of fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of a top cover in the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
Fig. 10 is a schematic diagram of a collection drawer in the multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device.
In the figure: 1-barrel body, 2-base, 3-supporting legs, 4-dry garbage storage box, 5-wet garbage storage box, 6-fixed cover, 7-top cover, 8-compression plate, 9-fixed shaft, 10-connecting rod, 11-push rod, 12-rotating shaft, 13-grinding plate, 14-planet wheel, 15-sun wheel, 16-rotating plate, 17-grinding rod, 18-grinding blade, 19-concave-convex inner wall, 20-grinding plate, 21-driving motor, 22-collecting drawer, 23-fan blade, 24-purification layer, 25-air outlet, 26-detection device, 27-activated carbon deodorization cotton and 28-roller.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to specific embodiments.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, the present embodiment provides a multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device, which includes a barrel 1, a base 2, a fixing cover 6 and a top cover 7; the fixed cover 6 is arranged on the barrel body 1, and a top cover 7 for sealing the barrel body 1 is rotatably arranged on the fixed cover 6; the bottom of the barrel body 1 is provided with a base 2, and the bottom of the base 2 is supported by a plurality of supporting legs; a dry garbage containing box 4 for containing dry garbage and a wet garbage containing box 5 for containing wet garbage are respectively arranged in the barrel body 1, and the bottom of the wet garbage containing box 5 is open; a compression mechanism for compressing the dry garbage in the dry garbage containing box 4 is arranged on the fixed cover 6 positioned above the dry garbage containing box 4; and a crushing mechanism for crushing the wet garbage is arranged in the barrel body 1 on one side of the opening at the bottom of the wet garbage containing box 5. Set up like this, to dry rubbish place dry rubbish containing box 4 back, use compression mechanism to compress dry rubbish to can make dry rubbish compressed, thereby make the limited space in dry rubbish containing box 4 by make full use of, place wet rubbish behind wet rubbish containing box 5, use rubbing crusher to smash wet rubbish, thereby can be convenient for carry out the compost to the wet rubbish after smashing, thereby carry out recycle to wet rubbish, practiced thrift the resource.
The compression mechanism comprises a compression plate 8, a fixed shaft 9, a connecting rod 10 and a push rod 11; two ends of the compression plate 8 for compressing the dry garbage are rotatably provided with fixed shafts 9; the outer sides of the two fixed shafts 9 are respectively fixed at one end of a connecting rod 10; the other ends of the two connecting rods 10 are respectively fixed at two ends of a push rod 11; the fixed cover 6 is provided with a clamping groove for placing the connecting rod 10 and the pushing rod 11, and the two ends of the fixed cover 6 are provided with clamping grooves convenient for the two connecting rods 10 to slide; set up like this, after will doing rubbish and place in the containing bucket through compression plate 8, take up catch bar 11, two connecting rods 10 rotate this moment, and after connecting rod 10 and fixed lid 6 are perpendicular, push bar 11 pushes down, and two connecting rods 10 slide downwards along the draw-in groove at the both ends of fixed lid 6 this moment to drive compression plate 8 and slide downwards, thereby realize the compression to doing rubbish.
The crushing mechanism comprises a rotating shaft 12, a grinding plate 13, a planet wheel 14, a sun wheel 15, a rotating plate 16, a grinding rod 17 and a concave-convex inner wall 19; a rotating shaft 12 is rotatably arranged in the barrel body 1, and a sun gear 15 is fixed at the upper end of the rotating shaft 12; the sun wheel 15 is rotatably arranged on the positioning frame, and a plurality of planet wheels 14 meshed with the sun wheel 15 are annularly and equiangularly distributed on the positioning frame; the gear ring meshed with the planet gears 14 is arranged inside the grinding plate 13, and the grinding plate 13 is provided with a plurality of grinding plate filtering holes for discharging the ground wet garbage; a rotating plate 16 is arranged on an inner opening of the grinding plate 13 above the plurality of planet wheels 14, and through holes corresponding to the plurality of planet wheels 14 one by one are formed in the rotating plate 16; the upper ends of the planet wheels 14 are all fixed with grinding rods 17 for grinding wet garbage through holes; the concave-convex inner wall 19 matched with the plurality of grinding rods 17 is fixed in the wet garbage inner barrel 5, and a plurality of semi-cylindrical grooves matched with the grinding rods 17 are equidistantly arranged in the side wall of the concave-convex inner wall 19; a driving mechanism for driving the rotating shaft 12 to rotate is further arranged inside the barrel body 1; set up like this, when actuating mechanism drives pivot 12 and rotates, drive sun gear 15 and rotate to drive the rotation in a plurality of planet wheel 14 limits, and a plurality of planet wheel 14 drive lapping plate 13 and rotate, thereby through the cooperation of grinding rod 17 and unsmooth inner wall 19, make wet rubbish by fully grinding, wet rubbish after the grinding is discharged from the lapping plate filtration pore on crushing plate 13.
In order to further improve the crushing effect, a cutting mechanism for cutting up the ground wet garbage is further arranged in the wet garbage containing box 5; the cutting mechanism is positioned below the grinding plate 13 and comprises a cutting plate 20 and a crushing blade 18; a plurality of groups of cutting blade sets are equidistantly distributed on the rotating shaft 12 below the grinding plate 13 from top to bottom; the cutting blade set comprises a plurality of crushing blades 18 which are arranged at equal angles on the outer side of the rotating shaft 12; a crushing plate 20 is arranged below the lowermost crushing blade 18, and a plurality of cutting plate filtering holes for discharging the crushed wet garbage are formed in the crushing plate 20; a driving mechanism is arranged below the crushing plate 20; the driving mechanism comprises a driving motor 21; the rotating end of the driving motor 21 passes through the crushing plate 20 in a rotating way and is connected with one end of the rotating shaft 12; so set up, after driving motor 21 drives pivot 12 and rotates to drive multiunit cutting blade group and rotate, thereby further smash the wet rubbish after grinding, thereby promoted crushing effect.
In order to facilitate the collection and composting of the crushed wet garbage, a collection drawer 22 for collecting and composting the crushed wet garbage is further arranged inside the wet garbage storage box 5; the collection drawer 22 is arranged on one side of the barrel body 1 in a sliding mode, and the collection drawer 22 is located below an opening of the wet garbage storage box 5; EM (effective microorganisms) for composting are added into the collection drawer 22; since liquid is generated in the wet garbage during composting, in order to discharge the liquid, the collection drawer 22 is provided with a filter hole for discharging the liquid, and a waste liquid box for collecting the liquid is arranged below the filter hole.
In order to purify the air in the external environment of the garbage can, an air purification mechanism is also arranged in the base 2; the air purification mechanism comprises a motor, fan blades 23 and a purification layer 24; a motor is fixed inside the base 2, and a rotating end of the motor is provided with a fan blade 23; the blowing direction of the fan blades 23 is upward; a purifying layer 24 for purifying air is arranged in the base 2 above the fan blades 23; an air outlet 25 convenient for discharging air is arranged at one side of the barrel body 1; with this arrangement, the fan 23 is driven by the motor to rotate, so that the air outside the barrel 1 is sucked into the base 2 and is purified by the purifying layer 24 and then discharged from the air outlet 25.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows: will do rubbish and place 4 backs at dry rubbish containing box, use compression mechanism to compress dry rubbish to can make dry rubbish compressed, thereby make the limited space in the dry rubbish containing box 4 by make full use of, place wet rubbish behind wet rubbish containing box 5, use rubbing crusher to smash wet rubbish, thereby can be convenient for carry out the compost to the wet rubbish after smashing, thereby carry out recycle to wet rubbish, practiced thrift the resource.
Wherein, compression mechanism's theory of operation is, after placing dry rubbish in the storage barrel through compression board 8, take up catch bar 11, two connecting rods 10 rotate this moment, and after connecting rod 10 was perpendicular with fixed lid 6, push bar 11 pushed down, two connecting rods 10 slided downwards along the draw-in groove at the both ends of fixed lid 6 this moment to drive compression board 8 and slide downwards, thereby realize the compression to dry rubbish.
The working principle of the crushing mechanism is as follows: when actuating mechanism drives pivot 12 and rotates, drives sun gear 15 and rotates to drive the 14 limit rotations of a plurality of planet wheels, and a plurality of planet wheels 14 drive lapping plate 13 and rotate, thereby through the cooperation of grinding rod 17 and unsmooth inner wall 19, make wet rubbish by fully grinding, the wet rubbish after the grinding is discharged from the lapping plate filtration pore on crushing plate 13.
The working principle of the cutting mechanism is as follows: after the driving motor 21 drives the rotating shaft 12 to rotate, the plurality of groups of cutting blade sets are driven to rotate, so that the ground wet garbage is further crushed, and the crushing effect is improved.
Example 2
The embodiment is further improved on the basis of the embodiment 1, and the improvement is as follows: in order to further remove the peculiar smell generated by the garbage, the activated carbon deodorizing cotton 27 for absorbing the peculiar smell is detachably arranged on one side of the inner wall of the top cover 7; the purification layer 24 comprises an initial effect filter screen, an EPS composite filter screen, an HEPA high-efficiency filter screen, an ozone sterilization layer and a negative ion fresh five-layer filter layer in sequence.
The bottoms of the supporting legs are provided with rollers 28 which are convenient for moving the garbage can; a detection device 26 is arranged on one side of the barrel body 1, and a humidity-temperature detector for detecting the temperature and humidity of the external environment in real time is arranged in the detection device 26; a display screen for displaying temperature and humidity is arranged on one side of the detection device 26; the humidity temperature detector is a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor; the barrel body 1 and the base 2 are made of ABS plastic; the shape of the air outlet 25 is not limited, and in this embodiment, preferably, the shape of the air outlet 25 is a leaf shape; the barrel body 1 and the base 2 are made of ABS plastic.
While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and various changes can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention within the knowledge of those skilled in the art.

Claims (9)

1. A multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device comprises a barrel body (1), a base (2), a fixed cover (6) and a top cover (7); the fixed cover (6) is arranged on the barrel body (1), and a top cover (7) used for sealing the barrel body (1) is rotatably arranged on the fixed cover (6); the bottom of the barrel body (1) is provided with a base (2), and the bottom of the base (2) is supported by a plurality of supporting legs;
the garbage can is characterized in that a dry garbage containing box (4) for containing dry garbage and a wet garbage containing box (5) for containing wet garbage are arranged in the can body (1), and the bottom of the wet garbage containing box (5) is open; a compression mechanism for compressing the dry garbage in the dry garbage containing box (4) is arranged on the fixed cover (6) positioned above the dry garbage containing box (4); a crushing mechanism for crushing the wet garbage is arranged in the barrel body (1) on one side of the bottom opening of the wet garbage containing box (5).
2. The multifunctional intelligent waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein the compression mechanism comprises a compression plate (8), a fixed shaft (9), a connecting rod (10) and a pushing rod (11); two ends of the compression plate (8) for compressing the dry garbage are rotatably provided with fixed shafts (9); the outer sides of the two fixed shafts (9) are respectively fixed at one end of a connecting rod (10); the other ends of the two connecting rods (10) are respectively fixed at the two ends of a push rod (11); the fixing cover (6) is provided with a clamping groove for placing the connecting rod (10) and the push rod (11), and the two ends of the fixing cover (6) are provided with clamping grooves convenient for the two connecting rods (10) to slide.
3. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 1, wherein the crushing mechanism comprises a rotating shaft (12), a grinding plate (13), a planet wheel (14), a sun wheel (15), a rotating plate (16), a grinding rod (17) and a concave-convex inner wall (19); a rotating shaft (12) is rotatably arranged in the barrel body (1), and a sun wheel (15) is fixed at the upper end of the rotating shaft (12); the sun wheel (15) is rotatably arranged on the positioning frame, and a plurality of planet wheels (14) meshed with the sun wheel (15) are annularly and equiangularly distributed on the positioning frame; the gear ring meshed with the planet wheels (14) is arranged inside the grinding plate (13), and the grinding plate (13) is provided with a plurality of grinding plate filtering holes for discharging the ground wet garbage; a rotating plate (16) is arranged on an inner opening of the grinding plate (13) above the planet wheels (14), and through holes corresponding to the planet wheels (14) one by one are formed in the rotating plate (16); the upper ends of the planet wheels (14) are all fixed with grinding rods (17) for grinding wet garbage through holes; the concave-convex inner wall (19) matched with the grinding rods (17) is fixed in the wet garbage inner barrel (5), and a plurality of semi-cylindrical grooves matched with the grinding rods (17) are equidistantly arranged in the side wall of the concave-convex inner wall (19); the barrel body (1) is also internally provided with a driving mechanism for driving the rotating shaft (12) to rotate.
4. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 3, wherein a cutting mechanism for cutting ground wet garbage is further arranged in the wet garbage storage box (5); the cutting mechanism is positioned below the grinding plate (13) and comprises a crushing plate (20) and a crushing blade (18); a plurality of groups of cutting blade sets are equidistantly distributed on the rotating shaft (12) positioned below the grinding plate (13) from top to bottom; the cutting blade group comprises a plurality of crushing blades (18) which are arranged at the outer side of the rotating shaft (12) at equal angles; a crushing plate (20) is arranged below the lowermost crushing blade (18), and a plurality of crushing plate filtering holes for discharging the crushed wet garbage are formed in the crushing plate (20); a driving mechanism is arranged below the crushing plate (20); the drive mechanism comprises a drive motor (21); the rotating end of the driving motor (21) rotates to penetrate through the crushing plate (20) and is connected with one end of the rotating shaft (12).
5. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 4, characterized in that a collection drawer (22) for collecting and composting the crushed wet garbage is further arranged inside the wet garbage storage box (5); the collection drawer (22) is arranged on one side of the barrel body (1) in a sliding mode, and the collection drawer (22) is located below an opening of the wet garbage storage box (5); EM (effective microorganisms) for composting are added into the collection drawer (22); the collection drawer (22) is provided with a filter hole for discharging liquid, and a waste liquid box for collecting liquid is arranged below the filter hole.
6. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 1, characterized in that an air purification mechanism is further arranged in the base (2); the air purification mechanism comprises a motor, fan blades (23) and a purification layer (24); a motor is fixed inside the base (2), and a rotating end of the motor is provided with a fan blade (23); the blowing direction of the fan blades (23) is upward; a purifying layer (24) for purifying air is arranged in the base (2) above the fan blades (23); an air outlet (25) convenient for discharging air is formed in one side of the barrel body (1); the shape of the air outlet (25) is leaf-shaped.
7. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 1, wherein the activated carbon deodorizing cotton (27) for absorbing odor is detachably arranged on one side of the inner wall of the top cover (7).
8. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 6, wherein the purification layer (24) comprises a primary filter screen, an EPS composite filter screen, a HEPA high efficiency filter screen, an ozone sterilization and a negative ion fresh five-layer filter in sequence.
9. The multifunctional intelligent garbage classification device according to claim 1, wherein the bottoms of a plurality of the supporting legs are provided with rollers (28) for moving the garbage can conveniently; a detection device (26) is arranged on one side of the barrel body (1), and a humidity-temperature detector for detecting the temperature and the humidity of the external environment in real time is arranged in the detection device (26); a display screen for displaying temperature and humidity is arranged on one side of the detection device (26); the humidity temperature detector is a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor; the barrel body (1) and the base (2) are made of ABS plastic.
CN202010568497.2A 2020-06-19 2020-06-19 Multifunctional intelligent garbage classification equipment Pending CN111762463A (en)

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