CN114669382B - Dry animal husbandry is bred and is smashed grinding device with fodder that can disinfect - Google Patents

Dry animal husbandry is bred and is smashed grinding device with fodder that can disinfect Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114669382B
CN114669382B CN202210602951.0A CN202210602951A CN114669382B CN 114669382 B CN114669382 B CN 114669382B CN 202210602951 A CN202210602951 A CN 202210602951A CN 114669382 B CN114669382 B CN 114669382B
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China
Prior art keywords
grinding
crushing
blanking
wall
drying
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CN202210602951.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114669382A (en
Inventor
刘刚
马雪锋
孙馨
王桂凤
刘佳
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Qinhuangdao Chiatai Co ltd
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Tangshan Vocational & Technical College
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/04Heat
    • A61L2/06Hot gas
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • B02C18/04Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0056Other disintegrating devices or methods specially adapted for specific materials not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a feed crushing and grinding device capable of sterilizing and drying for livestock breeding, which comprises a sterilizing and drying supporting disk, a grinding supporting disk, a crushing supporting disk, a stacking type rotary feeding mechanism, a ratchet wheel progressive gridding crushing mechanism, a salient point planetary traveling grinding mechanism and a spiral throwing electromagnetic heating and sterilizing drying mechanism, wherein a heating and drying cavity is arranged on the upper wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting disk, the grinding supporting disk is arranged on the sterilizing and drying supporting disk, the grinding cavity is arranged on the upper wall of the grinding supporting disk in a penetrating manner, the grinding supporting disk is arranged on the grinding supporting disk, a bean cake discharging groove is arranged on the upper wall of the crushing supporting disk, and a crushing cavity is arranged on the inner bottom wall of the bean cake discharging groove in a penetrating manner. The invention belongs to the field of animal husbandry breeding equipment, and particularly relates to feed crushing and grinding equipment for animal husbandry breeding, which solves the technical problems that human bodies can be damaged in the process of manually feeding and crushing bean cakes one by one, a large amount of dust pollution and noise are generated in the crushing process, and high-temperature sterilization and drying are needed after crushing and grinding.

Description

Dry animal husbandry is bred and is smashed grinding device with fodder that can disinfect
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of animal husbandry breeding equipment, and particularly relates to bactericidal and drying feed crushing and grinding equipment for animal husbandry breeding.
Background
The livestock industry mainly comprises the livestock and poultry raising industry of cattle, horses, donkeys, mules, camels, pigs, sheep, chickens, ducks, geese, rabbits, bees and the like.
In the case of raising livestock and poultry, in order to balance the nutrition of livestock and poultry, a soybean cake is generally used as an additive feed, and the soybean cake is used as a byproduct after oil extraction of soybean (mainly soybean and black soybean), and has the highest nutritive value among various plants. Generally, the digestion energy in the dry matter of each kilogram of bean cakes is more than 3000 kilocalories, the crude protein content is more than 40%, the biological value of the protein is higher than that of any cake feed, wherein the lysine content required by livestock and poultry reaches 2.5% -3%, which is 10 times higher than that of corn, and nevertheless, the following problems must be strictly paid to when the bean cakes are used as the feed:
1. the raw soybean cake, especially soybean meal (by-product after solvent immersion in oil) contains some harmful substances, such as antitrypsin, urease, hemagglutinin, saponin, goitrogenic factor, etc., of which the effect is the greatest with antitrypsin. However, most of the harmful substances are not heat-resistant, so that the nutritive value of the feed can be improved only by cooking and feeding, the feed is generally heated to 100-110 ℃, and the feed can be heated by a food steamer in rural areas (steaming is carried out for 30-50 minutes after water is boiled), but the heating time and temperature must be properly controlled; the soybean cake can be denatured by over-heating, the activity of lysine and arginine is reduced, and cystine is damaged;
2. because the soybean cake contains more fat (about 5 percent), the soybean cake is easy to mildew and deteriorate and loses the feeding value. Therefore, the bean cakes should be stored in dry, ventilated and light-proof places to prevent rancidity and bitterness and reduce palatability. Meanwhile, the propagation of mould is prevented, and the harm of harmful substances (such as aflatoxin) to livestock and poultry, which are mildewed and can not be fed, is avoided to prevent poisoning.
In the process of crushing the bean cake, the following problems occur:
1. when the bean cakes are crushed, the bean cakes need to be manually carried and placed in a crusher, so that time and labor are wasted, the efficiency is low, and workers are easily injured;
2. when the bean cake is broken, a large amount of dust and noise are generated, and the health of a producer is damaged.
After the existing bean cake crusher coarsely crushes bean cakes, the particle fineness can not meet the requirement of livestock breeding and can not avoid the technical problems, so that the feed crushing and grinding equipment capable of sterilizing and drying for livestock breeding is needed to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation, in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the feed crushing and grinding equipment for livestock breeding, which can sterilize and dry, and solves the technical problems that the human body can be damaged in the process of manually feeding and crushing the bean cakes one by one, a large amount of dust pollution and noise are generated in the crushing process, and high-temperature sterilization and drying are needed after crushing and grinding.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the invention provides a feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying, which comprises a sterilizing and drying support plate, a grinding support plate, a crushing support plate, a stacking type rotary feeding mechanism, a ratchet progressive meshing crushing mechanism, a salient point planetary traveling grinding mechanism and a spiral throwing electromagnetic heating and sterilizing and drying mechanism, wherein the upper wall of the sterilizing and drying support plate is provided with a heating and drying cavity, the grinding support plate is arranged on the sterilizing and drying support plate, the upper wall of the grinding support plate is provided with a grinding cavity in a penetrating manner, the crushing support plate is arranged on the grinding support plate, the upper wall of the crushing support plate is provided with a bean cake discharging groove, the inner bottom wall of the bean cake discharging groove is provided with a crushing cavity in a penetrating manner, the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism is arranged on the upper wall of the crushing support plate, the ratchet progressive meshing type crushing mechanism is arranged at the crushing cavity on the upper wall of the crushing support plate, and the ratchet progressive meshing type crushing mechanism comprises a progressive crushing ratchet conversion component and a meshing type lower pressing crushing component, the utility model discloses a smash dry mechanism, including meshing crushing subassembly, bump planet walking grinding mechanism, grinding lift blanking subassembly and bump walking grinding subassembly, smash ratchet conversion subassembly gradually and locate and smash the intracavity, meshing crushing subassembly is pushed down and is located the ratchet conversion subassembly lower part gradually, bump planet walking grinding mechanism locates and grinds the intracavity, bump planet walking grinding mechanism is including grinding lift blanking subassembly and bump walking grinding subassembly, it locates and grinds the intracavity to grind lift blanking subassembly, bump walking grinding subassembly is located and is ground lift blanking subassembly lower part, the spiral is shed electromagnetic heating and is disinfected drying mechanism and locate the heat drying intracavity in the dry supporting disk that disinfects.
In order to solve the problem of carrying bean cakes, the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism comprises a stacking placing cylinder, a stacking fixing hoop, a stacking fixing rod, a blanking fixed connecting shaft, a blanking fixed connecting block, an automatic blanking ring, a blanking rotating shaft, a blanking rotary motor and a motor cover plate, wherein a motor placing groove II is arranged at the center of the inner bottom wall of a bean cake blanking groove, the blanking rotary motor is arranged in the motor placing groove II, the motor cover plate is arranged at the opening of the motor placing groove II, the blanking rotating shaft penetrates through the lower wall of the motor cover plate and is connected with the blanking rotary motor, the blanking fixed connecting shaft is rotatably arranged on the blanking rotating shaft, the blanking fixed connecting block array is arranged on the outer wall of the blanking fixed connecting shaft, the side wall of the automatic blanking ring is arranged at one end of the blanking fixed connecting block, and the stacking fixing rods are arranged at the edges of the upper wall of the crushing supporting plate in pairs, the stacking fixing hoops are arranged on the stacking fixing rods in pairs, and the stacking placing cylinder is arranged in the stacking fixing hoops.
In order to generate large and small progressive crushing and rotate an angle for re-crushing after crushing, the progressive crushing ratchet conversion component comprises a motor placing frame, a fixed supporting plate, a progressive rotating disk, a ratchet wheel fixing frame, a crushing rotating motor, a crushing rotating shaft, an eccentric lower pressing wheel, a progressive rotating shaft, a rotating cylinder, a ratchet wheel propelling rod, a ratchet wheel propelling block and a propelling balancing weight, wherein the ratchet wheel fixing frame is symmetrically arranged on the upper wall of the crushing supporting plate, the fixed supporting plate is arranged on the ratchet wheel fixing frame, the progressive rotating disk is rotatably arranged on the fixed supporting plate, the lower end of the motor placing frame is arranged on the upper wall of the crushing supporting plate, the crushing rotating motor is arranged on the upper part of the outer wall of the motor placing frame, the crushing rotating shaft penetrates through the upper part of the outer side wall of the motor placing frame, the crushing rotating shaft is connected with the crushing rotating motor, and the eccentric lower pressing wheel is arranged on the crushing rotating shaft, the eccentric pinch roller inside wall down is located to progressive rotation axis one end, the rotatory section of thick bamboo is located on the progressive rotation axis, ratchet propulsion pole one end is articulated to be located the rotatory section of thick bamboo outer wall, the ratchet impels the piece to be triangle-shaped and sets up, the ratchet impels the piece to locate the other end of ratchet propulsion pole, impel the balancing weight to locate the ratchet propulsion pole and be close to ratchet propulsion piece one end upper wall, the other end of ratchet propulsion pole is located progressive rotary disk upper wall, progressive rotary disk upper wall array is equipped with the ratchet and impels the groove.
In order to solve the technical problems of noise and a large amount of dust generated during crushing and solve the technical problems of noise and a large amount of dust generated during crushing, the gridding downward pressing and crushing component comprises a crushing and propelling cylinder, a crushing and gradual rotating column, a gradual limiting slide block, a downward pressing fixed block, a blade fixed frame, a gridding crushing knife, a propelling and recovering spring, a crushing and discharging rotating shaft, a crushing and discharging tray and a crushing and discharging motor, wherein the upper end of the crushing and gradual rotating column is arranged on the lower wall of the gradual rotating disk, the gradual limiting slide block array is arranged on the outer wall of the crushing and gradual rotating column, the upper end of the propelling and recovering spring is arranged at the center of the lower end face of the crushing and gradual rotating column, the crushing and propelling cylinder is sleeved on the crushing and gradual rotating column, the inner side wall array of the crushing and propelling cylinder is provided with a gradual limiting slide groove, and the gradual limiting slide block is arranged in the gradual limiting slide groove, the bottom wall of the crushing propelling cylinder is arranged at the lower end of a propelling recovery spring, the blade fixing frame is arranged in a circular ring shape, the blade fixing frame is arranged at the lower wall of the crushing propelling cylinder, the gridding crushing knife is arranged in the blade fixing frame, the downward pressing fixing block is arranged at the upper part of the outer wall of the crushing propelling cylinder, the lower wall of the crushing supporting disk is provided with a crushing blanking groove, a crushing blanking rotating shaft is arranged at the center of the inner bottom wall of the crushing blanking groove, the crushing blanking plate is arranged in the crushing blanking groove, the crushing blanking plate is arranged on the crushing blanking rotating shaft, the upper wall of the grinding supporting disk is provided with a motor placing groove I, the crushing blanking motor is arranged in the motor placing groove I, the crushing blanking motor is connected with the crushing blanking rotating shaft, when the long shaft of the eccentric downward pressing wheel leaves the downward pressing fixing block, the propelling recovery spring upwards bounces the crushing propelling cylinder at the moment, and then the gradually rotating disk rotates, eccentric pinch roller pushes down the fixed block downwards once more, smashes the bean cake once more, wherein smash the supporting disk outer wall and be equipped with crushing observation hole, smash observation hole and smash the chamber and align, smash the charging tray outer wall and be equipped with and smash the display mark, smash charging tray upper wall off-centre and be equipped with and smash the feed opening, smash the display mark and align with smashing the feed opening, when observing from smashing observation hole and smashing the display mark, smash the chamber this moment and grind two alignments.
Preferably, in order to solve the problem of grinding the unloading of chamber, grind lift blanking subassembly and include cross bracing piece, hydraulic lifting rod and umbelliform apron, the grinding intracavity lateral wall is located to the cross bracing piece, hydraulic lifting rod locates cross bracing piece lower wall center department, the expansion end of hydraulic lifting rod is located to the umbelliform apron, and wherein the height of umbelliform apron is controlled to hydraulic lifting rod to the control grinds the transmission and places the difference in height of dish and grinding backup pad, and then the unloading in chamber is ground in the control.
In order to grind the bean cakes cut into small blocks again, the salient point walking grinding component comprises a grinding transmission central shaft, a grinding support plate, a grinding transmission placing plate, a grinding transmission central wheel, a grinding transmission driven wheel, a grinding motor, a grinding connecting shaft, a transmission conversion connecting block, a grinding driving bevel gear, a grinding driving shaft, a grinding driven bevel gear, a center rotation connecting block and a salient point walking grinding roller, wherein the grinding transmission placing plate is arranged in a hollow cavity with an upper opening, the grinding transmission placing plate is arranged at the center of the grinding support plate, a clamping block is arranged at the lower part of the outer wall of the grinding transmission placing plate, a clamping groove is arranged on the inner ring upper wall array of the grinding support plate, the clamping block is arranged in the clamping groove, the grinding transmission central shaft penetrates through the center of the inner bottom wall of the grinding transmission placing plate, and the upper end of the grinding transmission central shaft is rotatably arranged at the center of the bottom wall of the umbrella-shaped cover plate, the grinding motor is arranged at the center of the lower wall of the grinding transmission placing disc, the grinding motor is connected with a grinding transmission central shaft, the grinding transmission central shaft is arranged in the grinding transmission placing disc, the grinding transmission central shaft is arranged on the grinding transmission central shaft, the center rotating connecting block is arranged on the grinding transmission central shaft, the grinding connecting shaft array is rotatably arranged on the side wall of the center rotating connecting block, the grinding driven bevel gear is arranged on the grinding connecting shaft, the transmission converting connecting block is arranged on the outer side of the grinding driven bevel gear, the grinding driving shaft is rotatably arranged at the center of the lower wall of the transmission converting connecting block, the grinding driving bevel gear is arranged on the grinding driving shaft, the grinding driving bevel gear is meshed with the grinding driven bevel gear, and the grinding transmission driven gear is arranged at the lower end of the grinding driving bevel gear, the grinding transmission driven wheel is meshed with the grinding transmission central wheel, the salient point walking grinding roller is arranged in a conical shape and is arranged on the grinding connecting shaft, the central height of the salient point walking grinding roller is larger than the size of a bean cake after cutting, and the bean cake is prevented from rotating along with the salient point walking grinding roller and cannot be ground.
After the feed is crushed and ground, the feed needs to be heated, sterilized and dried so as to be convenient for the feed to be placed without generating mould and killing bacteria harmful to livestock, the spiral sprinkling electromagnetic heating, sterilizing and drying mechanism comprises a conveying rotating motor, a heating electromagnetic coil, a spiral conveying shaft, a spiral conveying blade, a conveying sleeve, a heating and drying pipe, a supporting column, a connecting pipe, a discharging plug, a supporting and placing block and a drying air hole, wherein the inner bottom wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting plate is obliquely arranged, the inner bottom wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting plate is provided with a discharging hole in a penetrating way, the connecting column is arranged on the inner side wall of the discharging hole in an array way, the supporting and placing block is arranged on the connecting column, the spiral conveying shaft is arranged on the supporting and placing block in a penetrating way, the conveying rotating motor is arranged in the middle of the lower wall of the supporting and placing block, the conveying rotating motor is connected with the spiral conveying shaft, and the spiral conveying blade is arranged on the outer wall of the spiral conveying shaft, the utility model discloses a feed drying device, including heating drying pipe, support column array, screw conveyer axle and screw conveyer blade, heating drying pipe diapire edge in the heating drying intracavity is located to the heating drying pipe array, heating drying pipe runs through heating drying intracavity diapire, the heating drying pipe outer wall is evenly located to dry gas pocket, heating solenoid locates heating drying intracavity wall, the support column array is located the edge in the unloading hole of heating drying intracavity diapire, the screw conveyer blade is located to the conveyer sleeve cover, the conveyer sleeve is located on the support column, unloading stopper is located unloading hole department through the screw thread, the heating drying pipe lower extreme is located to the connecting pipe, the connecting pipe communicates with each other with the heating drying pipe, and screw conveyer axle and screw conveyer blade produce the effect of shedding to the fodder, and the heating drying pipe can further be dry to the fodder.
The inner ring size of the automatic discharging ring is smaller than or equal to the inner diameter size of the crushing cavity, bean cakes cannot be clamped during discharging, and the inner diameter size of the stacking placing cylinder is larger than or equal to the inner diameter size of the automatic discharging ring, so that the stacked bean cakes fall into the automatic discharging ring one by one.
Wherein, the dry supporting disk outer wall that disinfects runs through and is equipped with the ventilation hole, is equipped with the filter screen in the ventilation hole, when aerifing, keeps the purpose of internal pressure balance and gas exchange, carries out the drying to the fodder.
In the device, the lower wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting disk is provided with the supporting legs, so that the stability of the device is ensured, and meanwhile, the feed is convenient to guide out.
The invention with the structure has the following beneficial effects:
1. in the ratchet progressive gridding crushing mechanism, a blade for crushing bean cakes is creatively arranged into a gridding shape, on one hand, the rotation of an eccentric lower pressing wheel drives a crushing propulsion cylinder and a gridding crushing cutter to move vertically, and the bean cakes are cut in a gridding manner to form small gridding blocks, on the other hand, the eccentric lower pressing wheel drives a ratchet propulsion rod to pull back and forth, the ratchet propulsion rod drives a progressive rotating disc to rotate horizontally, the alternate motion of vertical crushing and horizontal steering causes the gridding crushing cutter to overlap the progressively cut bean cakes, so that the bean cakes form the small gridding blocks gradually, and in the process, the cutting actions are all extrusion cutting actions, so that a large amount of dust can not be generated, and noise can not be generated.
2. In the salient point planet walking grinding mechanism, a planet wheel structure is utilized and the steering function of a bevel gear is combined to complete the motion conversion of the salient point walking grinding roller, the salient point walking grinding roller is not rotated only by utilizing friction force, but is rotated around a grinding transmission central shaft on one hand and self-rotation on the other hand, the technical problem that the salient point walking grinding roller is clamped by a small bean cake and cannot rotate only by utilizing the friction force is solved, the technical problem that the small bean cake cut in the ratchet wheel progressive meshing crushing mechanism cannot be ground due to sliding is solved by utilizing the small bean cake with the size smaller than the radius size of the salient point walking grinding roller, wherein the salient point walking grinding roller is arranged in a conical shape and is matched with a grinding supporting plate, on the one hand grinds the fodder, and on the other hand grinds the backup pad and grinds concatenation and the separation that the dish was placed in the transmission and realize the ejection of compact to the fodder that the grinding was accomplished.
3. In the spiral electromagnetic heating sterilization drying mechanism that spills, utilize the transport characteristic of auger delivery axle, the fodder after will smashing the grinding upwards carries to form the state of shedding, reuse heating solenoid to the heating drying tube heating, make it blow off hot-blast, thoroughly dry and disinfect the fodder of shedding, solved because of the fodder is in the same place, and the technical problem that can't thoroughly disinfect.
4. In the rotatory feeding mechanism of stack formula, utilize the periodic rotation of automatic unloading ring, can circulate and take away the bean cake, realize convenient unloading under the circumstances of bean cake stack, avoided directly placing the bean cake in crushing mechanism and caused the injury to the human body.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a feed crushing and grinding device for livestock farming, which is capable of sterilizing and drying according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a lower portion of a pulverizing and grinding plate of the sterilizable and dryable fodder pulverizing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the upper part of a grinding support plate of the sterilizable and dryable fodder grinding and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry breeding according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a ratchet progressive meshing crushing mechanism of the sterilizable and dryable feed crushing and grinding device for animal husbandry breeding according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a grid crushing knife of the feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the inner structure of a pulverizing and propelling barrel of the sterilizable and dryable fodder pulverizing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 4;
fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a convex point planetary traveling grinding mechanism of the sterilizable and dryable fodder grinding and grinding device for animal husbandry breeding according to the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the convex point planetary walking grinding mechanism of the feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of portion B of FIG. 9;
fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of a spiral sprinkling electromagnetic heating sterilization drying mechanism of the feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a matched three-dimensional structure of a feeding plug and a feeding hole of a spiral sprinkling electromagnetic heating sterilization drying mechanism of the feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying provided by the invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic perspective view of a stacking type rotary feeding mechanism of the feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying according to the present invention;
fig. 14 is a schematic top structure view of a pulverizing and grinding plate of a sterilizable and dryable fodder pulverizing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry.
Wherein, 1, a sterilization drying supporting disk, 2, a heating drying cavity, 3, a grinding supporting disk, 4, a grinding cavity, 5, a grinding supporting disk, 6, a bean cake discharging groove, 7, a grinding cavity, 8, a stacking type rotary feeding mechanism, 9, a ratchet wheel progressive gridding crushing mechanism, 10, a progressive grinding ratchet wheel conversion component, 11, a gridding downward pressing grinding component, 12, a salient point planet walking grinding mechanism, 13, a grinding lifting blanking component, 14, a salient point walking grinding component, 15, a spiral sprinkling electromagnetic heating sterilization drying mechanism, 16, a stacking placing barrel, 17, a stacking fixing hoop, 18, a stacking fixing rod, 19, a blanking fixing connecting shaft, 20, a blanking fixing connecting block, 21, an automatic blanking ring, 22, a blanking rotating shaft, 23, a blanking rotating motor, 24, a motor cover plate, 25, a motor placing groove II, 26, a motor placing rack, 27 and a fixing supporting disk, 28. a progressive rotation disk, 29, a ratchet wheel fixing frame, 30, a grinding rotation motor, 31, a grinding rotation shaft, 32, an eccentric lower pressing wheel, 33, a progressive rotation shaft, 34, a rotation cylinder, 35, a ratchet wheel pushing rod, 36, a ratchet wheel pushing block, 37, a pushing balancing weight, 38, a ratchet wheel pushing groove, 39, a grinding pushing cylinder, 40, a grinding progressive rotation column, 41, a progressive limiting slide block, 42, a lower pressing fixing block, 43, a blade fixing frame, 44, a gridding grinding knife, 45, a pushing recovery spring, 46, a grinding blanking rotation shaft, 47, a grinding blanking disc, 48, a grinding blanking motor, 49, a progressive limiting slide groove, 50, a grinding blanking groove, 51, a motor placing groove I, 52, a grinding observation hole, 53, a grinding display mark, 54, a cross support rod, 55, a hydraulic lifting rod, 56, an umbrella-shaped cover plate, 57, a grinding transmission center shaft, 58 and a grinding support plate, 59. grinding transmission placing disc 60, grinding transmission central wheel 61, grinding transmission driven wheel 62, grinding motor 63, grinding connecting shaft 64, transmission conversion connecting block 65, grinding driving bevel gear 66, grinding driving shaft 67, grinding driven bevel gear 68, center rotation connecting block 69, bump walking grinding roller 70, clamping block 71, clamping groove 72, conveying rotating motor 73, heating electromagnetic coil 74, spiral conveying shaft 75, spiral conveying blade 76, conveying sleeve 77, heating drying tube 78, support column 79, connecting column 80, connecting tube 81, blanking plug 82, support placing block 83, drying air hole 84, blanking hole 85, ventilation hole 86, filter screen 87, support leg 88 and crushing blanking hole.
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments; all other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
As shown in figures 1, 3, 8, 9, 11 and 13, the invention provides a feed crushing and grinding device for livestock breeding capable of sterilizing and drying, which comprises a sterilizing and drying support plate 1, a grinding support plate 3, a crushing support plate 5, a stacking type rotary feeding mechanism 8, a ratchet wheel progressive meshing crushing mechanism 9, a salient point planet walking grinding mechanism 12 and a spiral throwing electromagnetic heating and sterilizing and drying mechanism 15, wherein the upper wall of the sterilizing and drying support plate 1 is provided with a heating and drying cavity 2, the grinding support plate 3 is arranged on the sterilizing and drying support plate 1, the upper wall of the grinding support plate 3 is provided with a grinding cavity 4 in a penetrating way, the crushing support plate 5 is arranged on the grinding support plate 3, the upper wall of the crushing support plate 5 is provided with a bean cake discharging groove 6, the inner bottom wall of the bean cake discharging groove 6 is provided with a crushing cavity 7 in a penetrating way, the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism 8 is arranged on the upper wall of the crushing support plate 5, the ratchet wheel progressive meshing crushing mechanism 9 is arranged at the crushing cavity 7 on the upper wall of the crushing support plate 5, the ratchet progressive meshing crushing mechanism 9 comprises a progressive crushing ratchet conversion component 10 and a meshing downward-pressing crushing component 11, the progressive crushing ratchet conversion component 10 is arranged in a crushing cavity 7, the meshing downward-pressing crushing component 11 is arranged in the crushing cavity 7, the meshing downward-pressing crushing component 11 is arranged on the lower portion of the progressive crushing ratchet conversion component 10, a bump planetary walking grinding mechanism 12 is arranged in a grinding cavity 4, the bump planetary walking grinding mechanism 12 comprises a grinding lifting blanking component 13 and a bump walking grinding component 14, the grinding lifting blanking component 13 is arranged in the grinding cavity 4, the bump walking grinding component 14 is arranged on the lower portion of the grinding lifting blanking component 13, and a spiral sprinkling electromagnetic heating sterilizing drying mechanism 15 is arranged in a heating drying cavity 2 in a sterilizing drying supporting disk 1.
As shown in fig. 1, 13 and 14, in order to solve the problem of transporting bean cakes, the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism 8 comprises a stacking placing cylinder 16, a stacking fixing hoop 17, a stacking fixing rod 18, a blanking fixing connecting shaft 19, a blanking fixing connecting block 20, an automatic blanking ring 21, a blanking rotating shaft 22, a blanking rotating motor 23 and a motor cover plate 24, wherein a motor placing groove II 25 is arranged at the center of the inner bottom wall of the bean cake blanking groove 6, the blanking rotating motor 23 is arranged in the motor placing groove II 25, the motor cover plate 24 is arranged at the opening of the motor placing groove II 25, the blanking rotating shaft 22 penetrates through the lower wall of the motor cover plate 24, the blanking rotating shaft 22 is connected with the blanking rotating motor 23, the blanking fixing connecting shaft 19 is rotatably arranged on the blanking rotating shaft 22, the blanking fixing connecting blocks 20 are arranged on the outer wall of the blanking fixing connecting shaft 19 in an array, and the side wall of the automatic blanking ring 21 is arranged at one end of the blanking fixing connecting block 20, the stacking fixing rods 18 are arranged at the edges of the upper wall of the crushing supporting plate 5 in pairs, the stacking fixing hoops 17 are arranged on the stacking fixing rods 18 in pairs, the stacking placing barrel 16 is arranged in the stacking fixing hoops 17, the inner ring size of the automatic discharging ring 21 is smaller than or equal to the inner diameter size of the crushing cavity 7, bean cakes cannot be clamped during discharging, the inner ring size of the automatic discharging ring 21 is larger than or equal to the inner diameter size of the stacking placing barrel 16, and the stacked bean cakes fall into the automatic discharging ring 21 one by one.
As shown in fig. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, in order to generate large and small progressive pulverization, the progressive pulverization ratchet conversion assembly 10 rotates by an angle to perform re-pulverization after pulverization, and comprises a motor rack 26, a fixed support plate 27, a progressive rotation plate 28, a ratchet fixing frame 29, a pulverization rotation motor 30, a pulverization rotation shaft 31, an eccentric lower pinch roller 32, a progressive rotation shaft 33, a rotation cylinder 34, a ratchet push rod 35, a ratchet push block 36 and a push counter weight block 37, wherein the ratchet fixing frame 29 is symmetrically arranged on the upper wall of the pulverization support plate 5, the fixed support plate 27 is arranged on the ratchet fixing frame 29, the progressive rotation plate 28 is rotatably arranged on the fixed support plate 27, the lower end of the motor rack 26 is arranged on the upper wall of the pulverization support plate 5, the pulverization rotation motor 30 is arranged on the upper part of the outer wall of the motor rack 26, the pulverization rotation shaft 31 penetrates through the upper part of the outer side wall of the motor rack 26, crushing rotation axis 31 is connected with crushing rotating electrical machines 30, eccentric pinch roller 32 is located on crushing rotation axis 31 down, eccentric pinch roller 32 inside wall is located to progressive rotation axis 33 one end, revolving cylinder 34 is located on progressive rotation axis 33, ratchet propulsion pole 35 one end is articulated to be located revolving cylinder 34 outer wall, ratchet propulsion piece 36 is the triangle-shaped setting, ratchet propulsion piece 36 is located the other end of ratchet propulsion pole 35, impel balancing weight 37 to locate ratchet propulsion pole 35 and be close to the one end upper wall of ratchet propulsion piece 36, the other end of ratchet propulsion pole 35 is located progressive rotary disk 28 upper wall, progressive rotary disk 28 upper wall array is equipped with ratchet propulsion groove 38.
As shown in fig. 4, 5 and 6, in order to solve the technical problem of noise and a large amount of dust generated during crushing, the gridding downward pressing and crushing assembly 11 includes a crushing and propelling cylinder 39, a crushing and progressive rotating column 40, a progressive limit slider 41, a downward pressing fixed block 42, a blade fixed mount 43, a gridding crushing knife 44, a propelling and restoring spring 45, a crushing and blanking rotating shaft 46, a crushing and blanking disc 47 and a crushing and blanking motor 48, wherein the upper end of the crushing and progressive rotating column 40 is arranged on the lower wall of the progressive rotating disc 28, the progressive limit slider 41 is arranged on the outer wall of the crushing and progressive rotating column 40 in an array manner, the upper end of the propelling and restoring spring 45 is arranged at the center of the lower end face of the crushing and progressive rotating column 40, the crushing and propelling cylinder 39 is sleeved on the crushing and progressive rotating column 40, the inner side wall array of the crushing and propelling cylinder 39 is provided with a progressive limit chute 49, the progressive limit slider 41 is slidably arranged in the progressive limit chute 49, the bottom wall of the crushing propelling cylinder 39 is arranged at the lower end of the propelling restoring spring 45, the blade fixing frame 43 is arranged in a circular ring shape, the blade fixing frame 43 is arranged at the lower wall of the crushing propelling cylinder 39, the gridding crushing knife 44 is arranged in the blade fixing frame 43, the pressing fixing block 42 is arranged at the upper part of the outer wall of the crushing propelling cylinder 39, the lower wall of the crushing supporting disk 5 is provided with a crushing blanking groove 50, the crushing blanking rotating shaft 46 is arranged at the center of the bottom wall of the crushing blanking groove 50, the crushing blanking disk 47 is arranged in the crushing blanking groove 50, the crushing blanking disk 47 is arranged on the crushing blanking rotating shaft 46, the upper wall of the grinding supporting disk 3 is provided with a motor placing groove I51, the crushing blanking motor 48 is arranged in the motor placing groove I51, the crushing blanking motor 48 is connected with the crushing blanking rotating shaft 46, when the long shaft of the eccentric pressing wheel 32 leaves the pressing fixing block 42, at this time, the propulsion recovery spring 45 springs the crushing propulsion cylinder 39 upwards, and then the progressive rotating disk 28 rotates, the eccentric lower pressure wheel 32 presses the lower pressure fixing block 42 downwards again to crush the bean cake again, wherein the outer wall of the crushing supporting disk 5 is provided with a crushing observation hole 52, the crushing observation hole 52 is aligned with the crushing cavity 7, the outer wall of the crushing blanking disk 47 is provided with a crushing display mark 53, the upper wall of the crushing blanking disk 47 is eccentrically provided with a crushing blanking port 88, the crushing display mark 53 is aligned with the crushing blanking port 88, and when the crushing display mark 53 is observed from the crushing observation hole 52, the crushing cavity 7 is aligned with the grinding cavity.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, in order to solve the problem of the blanking of the grinding chamber 4, the grinding lifting blanking assembly 13 includes a cross support rod 54, a hydraulic lifting rod 55 and an umbrella-shaped cover plate 56, the cross support rod 54 is disposed on the inner side wall of the grinding chamber 4, the hydraulic lifting rod 55 is disposed at the center of the lower wall of the cross support rod 54, the umbrella-shaped cover plate 56 is disposed at the movable end of the hydraulic lifting rod 55, wherein the hydraulic lifting rod 55 controls the height of the umbrella-shaped cover plate 56, thereby controlling the height difference between the grinding transmission placing plate 59 and the grinding support plate 58, and further controlling the blanking of the grinding chamber 4.
As shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, in order to grind the bean cake cut into small pieces again, the convex point walking grinding assembly 14 includes a grinding transmission central shaft 57, a grinding support plate 58, a grinding transmission placing plate 59, a grinding transmission central wheel 60, a grinding transmission driven wheel 61, a grinding motor 62, a grinding connection shaft 63, a transmission conversion connection block 64, a grinding driving bevel gear 65, a grinding driving shaft 66, a grinding driven bevel gear 67, a central rotation connection block 68 and a convex point walking grinding roller 69, the grinding transmission placing plate 59 is provided in a hollow cavity with an open upper side, the grinding transmission placing plate 59 is provided at the center of the grinding support plate 58, a clamping block 70 is provided at the lower part of the outer wall of the grinding transmission placing plate 59, clamping grooves 71 are provided in an array on the inner ring upper wall of the grinding support plate 58, the clamping block 70 is provided in the clamping grooves 71, the grinding transmission central shaft 57 penetrates through the center of the inner bottom wall of the grinding transmission placing plate 59, the upper end of a grinding transmission central shaft 57 is rotatably arranged at the center of the bottom wall of the umbrella-shaped cover plate 56, a grinding motor 62 is arranged at the center of the lower wall of a grinding transmission placing plate 59, the grinding motor 62 is connected with the grinding transmission central shaft 57, a grinding transmission central wheel 60 is arranged in the grinding transmission placing plate 59, the grinding transmission central wheel 60 is arranged on the grinding transmission central shaft 57, a central rotating connecting block 68 is arranged on the grinding transmission central shaft 57, an array of grinding connecting shafts 63 is rotatably arranged on the side wall of the central rotating connecting block 68, a grinding driven bevel gear 67 is arranged on the grinding connecting shaft 63, a transmission conversion connecting block 64 is arranged outside the grinding driven bevel gear 67, a grinding driving shaft 66 is rotatably arranged at the center of the lower wall of the transmission conversion connecting block 64, a grinding driving bevel gear 65 is arranged on the grinding driving shaft 66, and the grinding driving bevel gear 65 is meshed with the grinding driven bevel gear 67, grinding transmission is followed driving bevel gear 65 lower extreme and is located from driving wheel 61, grinding transmission is followed driving wheel 61 and is ground transmission centre wheel 60 meshing, bump walking grinding roll 69 is the toper setting, bump walking grinding roll 69 cooperates with grinding backup pad 58, grind the bean cake on the one hand, the toper setting of grinding backup pad 58 is convenient for to the bean cake unloading after grinding on the other hand, bump walking grinding roll 69 is located on grinding connecting shaft 63, wherein bump walking grinding roll 69's central height is greater than the size of the bean cake after the cutting, avoided the bean cake to follow bump walking grinding roll 69 and rotate together, and can not play the effect of grinding.
Referring to fig. 11 and 12, after grinding and grinding, the feed needs to be heated, sterilized and dried so as to be convenient for the feed to be placed without generating mold and killing bacteria harmful to livestock, the spiral throwing electromagnetic heating, sterilizing and drying mechanism 15 comprises a conveying rotary motor 72, a heating electromagnetic coil 73, a spiral conveying shaft 74, a spiral conveying blade 75, a conveying sleeve 76, a heating and drying pipe 77, a supporting column 78, a connecting column 79, a connecting pipe 80, a blanking plug 81, a supporting and placing block 82 and a drying air hole 83, the inner bottom wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting plate 1 is obliquely arranged, the inner bottom wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting plate 1 is provided with a blanking hole 84 in a penetrating way, the connecting column 79 is arranged on the inner side wall of the blanking hole 84 in an array way, the supporting and placing block 82 is arranged on the connecting column 79, the spiral conveying rotary motor 74 is arranged on the middle part of the lower wall of the supporting and placing block 82, the conveying rotary motor 72 is connected with the spiral conveying shaft 74, the spiral conveying blade 75 is arranged on the outer wall of the spiral conveying shaft 74, the heating and drying tube 77 is arranged on the edge of the inner bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity 2 in an array manner, the heating and drying tube 77 penetrates through the inner bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity 2, the drying air holes 83 are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the heating and drying tube 77, the heating and drying electromagnetic coil 73 is arranged on the inner wall of the heating and drying cavity 2, the support pillar 78 is arranged on the edge of the blanking hole 84 of the inner bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity 2 in an array manner, the conveying sleeve 76 is sleeved on the spiral conveying blade 75, the conveying sleeve 76 is arranged on the support pillar 78, the blanking plug 81 is arranged at the blanking hole 84 through threads, the connecting tube 80 is arranged at the lower end of the heating and drying tube 77, the connecting tube 80 is communicated with the heating and drying tube 77, the spiral conveying shaft 74 and the spiral conveying blade 75 generate a splashing effect on the feed, the heating and drying tube 77 can further dry the feed, wherein the outer wall of the sterilizing and drying support plate 1 penetrates through and is provided with the vent hole 85, a filter screen 86 is arranged in the ventilation hole 85, and when air is filled, the purposes of internal pressure balance and air exchange are kept, and the feed is dried.
As shown in figure 1, the lower wall of the sterilizing and drying supporting disk 1 is provided with supporting legs 87, so that the stability of the device is ensured, and meanwhile, the feed is conveniently led out.
When the bean cake crushing device is used, bean cakes are placed one by one from the upper part of the stacking placing cylinder 16 after the device is placed stably, the blanking rotating motor 23 is opened, the blanking rotating motor 23 drives the blanking rotating shaft 22 to rotate, the blanking rotating shaft 22 drives the automatic blanking ring 21 to rotate, the automatic blanking ring 21 is placed at the lower part of the stacking placing cylinder 16, when the automatic blanking ring 21 is just aligned with the stacking placing cylinder 16, the bean cake at the lowest layer enters the automatic blanking ring 21, when the blanking rotating motor 23 is rotated again, the automatic blanking ring 21 filled with the bean cake rotates to the crushing cavity 7, the bean cake just falls into the crushing cavity 7, then the crushing rotating motor 30 is opened, the crushing rotating motor 30 drives the eccentric lower pressing wheel 32 to rotate, the eccentric lower pressing wheel 32 downwards extrudes the lower pressing fixing plate, the lower pressing fixing plate drives the crushing pushing cylinder 39 to move downwards, the crushing pushing cylinder 39 drives the gridding crushing cutter 44 to move downwards, the gridding crushing knife 44 cuts the bean cake for the first time, when the crushing rotating motor 30 drives the eccentric lower pressing wheel 32 to continue rotating, the propelling recovery spring 45 upwards bounces the crushing progressive rotating column 40 at the moment, the gridding crushing knife 44 is separated from the bean cake at the moment, the eccentric lower pressing wheel 32 drives the progressive rotating shaft 33 to rotate at the moment, the progressive rotating shaft 33 drives the rotating cylinder 34 to rotate, the rotating cylinder 34 drives the ratchet propelling rod 35 to slide, the ratchet propelling rod 35 drives the ratchet propelling block 36 to enter the ratchet propelling groove 38, the ratchet propelling rod 35 pulls the progressive rotating disc 28 for an angle, the eccentric lower pressing wheel 32 presses the lower pressing fixed block 42 downwards again at the moment, the operation is repeated until the progressive rotating disc 28 rotates for a circle, the bean cake is cut into small blocks at the moment, then the crushing blanking motor 48 is opened, the crushing blanking motor 48 drives the crushing blanking rotating shaft 46 to rotate, the crushing blanking rotating shaft 46 drives the crushing blanking disc 47 to rotate, at this time, the crushing display mark 53 can be observed through the crushing observation hole 52, the crushing blanking motor 48 is suspended, the crushing cavity 7 is aligned with the grinding cavity 4, the crushed bean cake falls onto the umbrella-shaped cover plate 56, the crushed bean cake slides from the umbrella-shaped cover plate 56 to the salient point walking grinding roller 69, the grinding motor 62 is turned on, the grinding motor 62 drives the grinding transmission central shaft 57 to rotate, the grinding transmission central shaft 57 drives the grinding transmission central wheel 60 to rotate, the grinding transmission central wheel 60 drives the grinding transmission driven wheel 61 to rotate, the grinding transmission driven wheel 61 drives the grinding driving bevel gear 65 to rotate, the grinding driving bevel gear 65 is meshed with the grinding driven bevel gear 67, the grinding driven bevel gear 67 drives the grinding connecting shaft 63 to rotate, the grinding connecting shaft 63 drives the salient point walking grinding roller 69 to rotate, the cut small bean cake is ground to reach the required feed size, then the hydraulic lifting rod 55 is adjusted, the hydraulic lifting rod 55 moves upwards, the hydraulic lifting rod 55 drives the umbrella-shaped cover plate 56 and the grinding transmission placing plate 59 to move upwards, the grinding transmission placing plate 59 is staggered with the grinding support plate 58, the ground bean cakes slide down from the grinding support plate 58 to the heating and drying cavity 2 because the grinding support plate 58 is arranged obliquely, the ground bean cakes enter the spiral conveying blade 75 from the lower part of the conveying sleeve 76 because the bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity 2 is conical, then the conveying rotating motor 72 is turned on, the conveying rotating motor 72 drives the spiral conveying shaft 74 and the spiral conveying blade 75 to rotate, the ground feed is conveyed upwards and slides down from the upper part of the conveying sleeve 76, the feed is continuously sprayed by the compressed gas conveyed to the connecting pipe 80 from the outside, the gas is sprayed out through the heating and drying pipe 77, and the heating electromagnetic coil 73 is turned on at the same time, the heating solenoid coil 73 heats the heating and drying pipe 77, the blown hot air is heated, the temperature is controlled between 100 ℃ and 110 ℃, the thrown feed is heated, sterilized and dried, and the corresponding crushing cavity 7 can be operated when the operations of the crushing cavity 7, the grinding cavity 4 and the crushing cavity 7 are independently completed.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above, and the description is not intended to be limiting, and the drawings are only one embodiment of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In summary, those skilled in the art should appreciate that they can readily use the disclosed conception and specific embodiments as a basis for designing or modifying other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. Dry animal husbandry of can disinfecting is smashed grinding device with fodder, its characterized in that: comprises that
The sterilization drying device comprises a sterilization drying supporting disk (1), wherein a heating drying cavity (2) is arranged on the upper wall of the sterilization drying supporting disk (1);
the grinding and drying device comprises a grinding and supporting disk (3), wherein the grinding and supporting disk (3) is arranged on a sterilizing and drying supporting disk (1), and a grinding cavity (4) penetrates through the upper wall of the grinding and supporting disk (3);
the bean cake grinding device comprises a grinding support disc (5), wherein the grinding support disc (5) is arranged on a grinding support disc (3), a bean cake discharging groove (6) is formed in the upper wall of the grinding support disc (5), and a grinding cavity (7) penetrates through the inner bottom wall of the bean cake discharging groove (6);
the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism (8), the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism (8) is arranged on the upper wall of the crushing support plate (5);
the ratchet progressive meshing crushing mechanism (9), the ratchet progressive meshing crushing mechanism (9) is arranged at a crushing cavity (7) on the upper wall of the crushing support plate (5), the ratchet progressive meshing crushing mechanism (9) comprises a progressive crushing ratchet conversion component (10) and a meshing downward pressing crushing component (11), the progressive crushing ratchet conversion component (10) is arranged in the crushing cavity (7), the meshing downward pressing crushing component (11) is arranged in the crushing cavity (7), and the meshing downward pressing crushing component (11) is arranged at the lower part of the progressive crushing ratchet conversion component (10);
the bump planetary traveling grinding mechanism (12) is arranged in the grinding cavity (4), the bump planetary traveling grinding mechanism (12) comprises a grinding lifting blanking component (13) and a bump traveling grinding component (14), the grinding lifting blanking component (13) is arranged in the grinding cavity (4), and the bump traveling grinding component (14) is arranged at the lower part of the grinding lifting blanking component (13);
the spiral throwing electromagnetic heating sterilization drying mechanism (15) is arranged in a heating drying cavity (2) in the sterilization drying supporting disk (1).
2. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 1, wherein: the stacking type rotary feeding mechanism (8) comprises a stacking placing barrel (16), a stacking fixing hoop (17), a stacking fixing rod (18), a blanking fixing connecting shaft (19), a blanking fixing connecting block (20), an automatic blanking ring (21), a blanking rotating shaft (22), a blanking rotating motor (23) and a motor cover plate (24), wherein a motor placing groove II (25) is arranged at the center of the inner bottom wall of the bean cake blanking groove (6), the blanking rotating motor (23) is arranged in the motor placing groove II (25), the motor cover plate (24) is arranged at the opening of the motor placing groove II (25), the blanking rotating shaft (22) penetrates through the lower wall of the motor cover plate (24), the blanking rotating shaft (22) is connected with the blanking rotating motor (23), the blanking connecting shaft (19) is rotatably arranged on the blanking rotating shaft (22), and the blanking fixing connecting block (20) is arranged on the outer wall of the blanking fixing connecting block (19) in an array manner, the side wall of the automatic blanking ring (21) is arranged at one end of a blanking fixed connecting block (20), the stacking fixing rod (18) is arranged at the edge of the upper wall of the crushing supporting disk (5) in pairs, the stacking fixing hoop (17) is arranged on the stacking fixing rod (18) in pairs, and the stacking placing cylinder (16) is arranged in the stacking fixing hoop (17).
3. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 2, wherein: the progressive grinding ratchet wheel conversion assembly (10) comprises a motor placing frame (26), a fixed supporting plate (27), a progressive rotating plate (28), a ratchet wheel fixing frame (29), a grinding rotating motor (30), a grinding rotating shaft (31), an eccentric lower pressing wheel (32), a progressive rotating shaft (33), a rotating cylinder (34), a ratchet wheel pushing rod (35), a ratchet wheel pushing block (36) and a pushing balancing weight (37), wherein the ratchet wheel fixing frame (29) is symmetrically arranged on the upper wall of the grinding supporting plate (5), the fixed supporting plate (27) is arranged on the ratchet wheel fixing frame (29), the progressive rotating plate (28) is rotatably arranged on the fixed supporting plate (27), the lower end of the motor placing frame (26) is arranged on the upper wall of the grinding supporting plate (5), the grinding rotating motor (30) is arranged on the upper part of the outer wall of the motor placing frame (26), and the grinding rotating shaft (31) penetrates through the upper part of the outer side wall of the motor placing frame (26), smash rotation axis (31) and smash rotating electrical machines (30) and be connected, pinch roller (32) are located under the eccentric and smash on rotation axis (31), pinch roller (32) inside wall under eccentric is located to rotation axis (33) one end that advances, rotatory section of thick bamboo (34) are located on rotation axis (33) that advances gradually, ratchet propulsion pole (35) one end is articulated to be located rotatory section of thick bamboo (34) outer wall, ratchet propulsion piece (36) are triangle-shaped and set up, ratchet propulsion piece (36) locate the other end of ratchet propulsion pole (35), it is close to one of ratchet propulsion piece (36) and serves the upper wall to advance ratchet propulsion pole (35) to advance balancing weight (37), the other end of ratchet propulsion pole (35) is located gradual rotary disk (28) upper wall, gradual rotary disk (28) upper wall array is equipped with ratchet propulsion groove (38).
4. The sterilizable and dryable fodder grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 3, wherein: the gridding downward-pressing smashing component (11) comprises a smashing propelling cylinder (39), a smashing progressive rotary column (40), a progressive limiting sliding block (41), a downward-pressing fixing block (42), a blade fixing frame (43), a gridding smashing knife (44), a propelling restoring spring (45), a smashing blanking rotary shaft (46), a smashing blanking tray (47) and a smashing blanking motor (48), wherein the upper end of the smashing progressive rotary column (40) is arranged on the lower wall of the progressive rotary disk (28), the progressive limiting sliding block (41) is arranged on the outer wall of the smashing progressive rotary column (40) in an array mode, the upper end of the propelling restoring spring (45) is arranged on the center of the lower end face of the smashing progressive rotary column (40), the smashing propelling cylinder (39) is sleeved on the smashing progressive rotary column (40), the inner side wall array of the smashing propelling cylinder (39) is provided with a progressive limiting sliding groove (49), and the progressive limiting sliding block (41) is arranged in the progressive limiting sliding groove (49), the bottom wall of the smashing propulsion cylinder (39) is arranged at the lower end of a propulsion recovery spring (45), the blade fixing frame (43) is arranged in a circular ring shape, the blade fixing frame (43) is arranged at the lower wall of the smashing propulsion cylinder (39), the gridding smashing knife (44) is arranged in the blade fixing frame (43), the pressing fixing block (42) is arranged at the upper part of the outer wall of the smashing propulsion cylinder (39), the lower wall of the smashing supporting disk (5) is provided with a smashing blanking groove (50), the smashing blanking rotating shaft (46) is arranged at the center of the bottom wall of the smashing blanking groove (50), the smashing blanking disk (47) is arranged in the smashing blanking groove (50), the smashing blanking disk (47) is arranged on the smashing blanking rotating shaft (46), the upper wall of the grinding supporting disk (3) is provided with a motor placing groove I (51), the smashing blanking motor (48) is arranged in the motor placing groove I (51), smash unloading motor (48) and crushing unloading rotation axis (46) and be connected, it is equipped with crushing observation hole (52) to smash supporting disk (5) outer wall, it aligns with crushing chamber (7) to smash observation hole (52), it is equipped with crushing display mark (53) to smash down charging tray (47) outer wall, it is equipped with crushing feed opening (88) to smash charging tray (47) upper wall off-centre down, smash display mark (53) and smash feed opening (88) and align.
5. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 4, wherein: grind lift blanking subassembly (13) and include cross bracing piece (54), hydraulic lifting rod (55) and umbelliform apron (56), grinding chamber (4) inside wall is located in cross bracing piece (54), cross bracing piece (54) lower wall center department is located in hydraulic lifting rod (55), the expansion end of hydraulic lifting rod (55) is located in umbelliform apron (56).
6. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 5, wherein: the bump walking grinding component (14) comprises a grinding transmission central shaft (57), a grinding support plate (58), a grinding transmission placing disc (59), a grinding transmission central wheel (60), a grinding transmission driven wheel (61), a grinding motor (62), a grinding connecting shaft (63), a transmission conversion connecting block (64), a grinding driving bevel gear (65), a grinding driving shaft (66), a grinding driven bevel gear (67), a center rotation connecting block (68) and bump walking grinding rollers (69), wherein the grinding transmission placing disc (59) is provided with a hollow cavity with an upper side opening, the grinding transmission placing disc (59) is arranged at the center of the grinding support plate (58), a clamping block (70) is arranged at the lower part of the outer wall of the grinding transmission placing disc (59), a clamping groove (71) is arranged on the inner ring upper wall array of the grinding support plate (58), and the clamping block (70) is arranged in the clamping groove (71), the grinding transmission central shaft (57) penetrates through the center of the inner bottom wall of the grinding transmission placing disc (59), the upper end of the grinding transmission central shaft (57) is rotatably arranged at the center of the bottom wall of the umbrella-shaped cover plate (56), the grinding motor (62) is arranged at the center of the lower wall of the grinding transmission placing disc (59), the grinding motor (62) is connected with the grinding transmission central shaft (57), the grinding transmission central wheel (60) is arranged in the grinding transmission placing disc (59), the grinding transmission central wheel (60) is arranged on the grinding transmission central shaft (57), the central rotation connecting block (68) is arranged on the grinding transmission central shaft (57), the grinding connecting shafts (63) are rotatably arranged on the side wall of the central rotation connecting block (68) in an array manner, the grinding driven bevel gear (67) is arranged on the grinding connecting shaft (63), and the transmission conversion connecting block (64) is arranged on the grinding connecting shaft (63), the grinding and polishing machine is characterized in that the transmission conversion connecting block (64) is arranged on the outer side of the grinding and polishing driven bevel gear (67), the grinding driving shaft (66) is rotatably arranged at the center of the lower wall of the transmission conversion connecting block (64), the grinding driving bevel gear (65) is arranged on the grinding driving shaft (66), the grinding driving bevel gear (65) is meshed with the grinding and polishing driven bevel gear (67), the grinding and driving driven wheel (61) is arranged at the lower end of the grinding driving bevel gear (65), the grinding and driving driven wheel (61) is meshed with the grinding and driving central wheel (60), the bump walking and polishing roller (69) is in a conical arrangement, and the bump walking and polishing roller (69) is arranged on the grinding connecting shaft (63).
7. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 6, wherein: the spiral throwing electromagnetic heating sterilization drying mechanism (15) comprises a conveying rotary motor (72), a heating electromagnetic coil (73), a spiral conveying shaft (74), a spiral conveying blade (75), a conveying sleeve (76), a heating drying pipe (77), a supporting column (78), a connecting column (79), a connecting pipe (80), a blanking plug (81), a support placing block (82) and a drying air hole (83), wherein the inner bottom wall of the sterilization drying supporting disk (1) is obliquely arranged, the inner bottom wall of the sterilization drying supporting disk (1) is provided with a blanking hole (84) in a penetrating manner, the connecting column (79) is arranged on the inner side wall of the blanking hole (84) in an array manner, the support placing block (82) is arranged on the connecting column (79), the spiral conveying shaft (74) is arranged on the support placing block (82) in a penetrating manner, the conveying rotary motor (72) is arranged in the middle of the lower wall of the support placing block (82), the conveying rotating motor (72) is connected with the spiral conveying shaft (74), the spiral conveying blade (75) is arranged on the outer wall of the spiral conveying shaft (74), the heating and drying tube (77) is arranged at the edge of the inner bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity (2) in an array manner, the heating and drying tube (77) penetrates through the inner bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity (2), the drying air hole (83) is uniformly formed in the outer wall of the heating and drying tube (77), the heating electromagnetic coil (73) is arranged on the inner wall of the heating and drying cavity (2), the support pillar (78) is arranged at the edge of the blanking hole (84) of the inner bottom wall of the heating and drying cavity (2) in an array manner, the conveying sleeve (76) is sleeved on the spiral conveying blade (75), the conveying sleeve (76) is arranged on the support pillar (78), the blanking plug (81) is arranged at the blanking hole (84) through threads, the connecting tube (80) is arranged at the lower end of the heating and drying tube (77), the connecting pipe (80) is communicated with the heating and drying pipe (77).
8. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 7, wherein: the size of the inner ring of the automatic blanking ring (21) is smaller than or equal to the size of the inner diameter of the crushing cavity (7), and the size of the inner ring of the automatic blanking ring (21) is larger than or equal to the size of the inner diameter of the stacking placing barrel (16).
9. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 8, wherein: the outer wall of the sterilization drying supporting disk (1) is provided with a ventilation hole (85) in a penetrating mode, and a filter screen (86) is arranged in the ventilation hole (85).
10. The sterilizable and dryable fodder crushing and grinding apparatus for animal husbandry cultivation according to claim 9, wherein: the lower wall of the sterilizing and drying support plate (1) is provided with support legs (87).
CN202210602951.0A 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Dry animal husbandry is bred and is smashed grinding device with fodder that can disinfect Active CN114669382B (en)

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CN117123324B (en) * 2023-10-27 2023-12-22 烟台金丝猴食品科技有限公司 Nutlet crusher
CN117288546B (en) * 2023-11-27 2024-02-06 云南亚明环境监测科技有限公司 A soil sample grinder for soil detection

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CN210906474U (en) * 2019-04-13 2020-07-03 镇江高美新材料有限公司 Superfine powder dispersion grinding device
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