CN111758320A - Fertilizer injection unit who has loose mechanism of fertilizer based on farming is with having - Google Patents

Fertilizer injection unit who has loose mechanism of fertilizer based on farming is with having Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111758320A
CN111758320A CN202010709466.4A CN202010709466A CN111758320A CN 111758320 A CN111758320 A CN 111758320A CN 202010709466 A CN202010709466 A CN 202010709466A CN 111758320 A CN111758320 A CN 111758320A
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China
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fixedly connected
fertilizer
groove
fixed
block
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CN202010709466.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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陈存润
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202010709466.4A priority Critical patent/CN111758320A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • A01B49/065Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising the soil-working tools being actively driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/16Fertiliser distributors with means for pushing out the fertiliser, e.g. by a roller
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/50Movable or transportable mixing devices or plants
    • B01F33/502Vehicle-mounted mixing devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/83Mixing plants specially adapted for mixing in combination with disintegrating operations

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of fertilizer application devices, in particular to a fertilizer application device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism based on agricultural planting. According to the invention, the lifting mechanism is arranged, the knob is rotated in use, the rack is driven to move in the rotation of the knob, the rack pushes the moving wheel to move in the moving process, so that the position of the moving wheel is adjusted, meanwhile, the second fixing block is inserted into the groove on the surface of the connecting shaft, the first round table column is prevented from rotating reversely under the action of gravity, the fertilizer slides into the strip-shaped groove on the surface of the discharging roller through the groove at the bottom end of the fixing bottom plate to be stored through the transmission discharging mechanism, and the discharging roller drops the fertilizer belt to the bottom end of the discharging slideway to be scattered in the rotation process, so that the device is more uniform in fertilizing.

Description

Fertilizer injection unit who has loose mechanism of fertilizer based on farming is with having
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fertilizer application devices, in particular to a fertilizer application device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism based on agricultural planting.
Background
The fertilization refers to an agricultural technical measure of applying fertilizer to soil or spraying the fertilizer on plants to provide nutrients needed by the plants and maintain and improve soil fertility, the main purpose of the fertilization is to increase crop yield, improve crop quality, cultivate soil fertility and improve economic benefits, so that reasonable and scientific fertilization is one of main means for guaranteeing grain safety and maintaining sustainable development of agriculture, the main basis of the fertilization is soil fertility level, crop type, target yield, climate environment and fertilizer characteristics, so that proper fertilizer is selected, the required fertilizer dosage is estimated, the fertilization time and fertilization mode are determined, the fertilization can be divided into base fertilizer and additional fertilizer according to the difference of the fertilization time, and the fertilization can be divided into broadcast fertilization, water fertilization, hole fertilization, strip fertilization and the like according to the difference of the fertilization mode.
Crops all need fertilize soil earlier before planting on the market now, fertilizer needs multiple material to carry out the ratio before the use and mixes, the worker needs to stir manually when the ratio mixes, mixed fertilizer glues together easily when piling up simultaneously, influence the normal unloading of equipment, the quantity of worker when throwing fertilizer is different, lead to its fertilization inhomogeneous, and simultaneously, current shallow fertilizer injection unit's high majority can not be adjusted, can not adjust fertilizer injection unit's chassis height according to the demand of topography, for this reason we have proposed one kind and have the fertilizer injection unit of the loose mechanism of fertilizer to solve above-mentioned problem based on agricultural planting.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a fertilizer applying device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism based on agricultural planting, which aims to solve the problems that the fertilizer provided by the background technology needs to be mixed with various materials in proportion before use, workers need to stir manually during proportioning and mixing, the mixed fertilizer is easy to stick together during stacking, the normal blanking of equipment is influenced, the number of workers is different during fertilizer throwing, the fertilizer applying is not uniform, and meanwhile, the height of the existing cart fertilizer applying device cannot be adjusted mostly and the chassis height of the fertilizer applying device cannot be adjusted according to the requirements of terrain.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a fertilizer applying device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism based on agricultural planting comprises a fixed base plate, wherein a lifting mechanism is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the fixed base plate and comprises a fixed shell, a first fixed block is fixedly connected to the left side of the fixed shell, a strip-shaped groove is formed in the inner wall of the first fixed block, a first limiting block is inserted into the strip-shaped groove in the inner wall of the first fixed block, a rack is fixedly connected to the surface of the first limiting block, the surface of the rack is meshed with a circular gear, a first circular table column is fixedly connected to the surface of the circular gear, a knob is fixedly connected to the surface of the first circular table column, a second circular table column is fixedly connected to one side of the circular gear, which is far away from the first circular table column, a limiting button is hinged to the surface of the second circular table column, and a first limiting disc is fixedly connected to the position, which is far away from the circular gear, and one side of the first limiting disc far away from the second circular table column is fixedly connected with a connecting shaft, the surface of the connecting shaft is provided with a groove, a threaded rod is inserted in the groove, the surface of the threaded rod is sleeved with a second fixed block, the second fixed block is fixed on the surface of a fixed shell, the bottom end of the rack is fixedly provided with a movable wheel, the bottom center position of the fixed bottom plate is fixedly provided with a transmission blanking mechanism, the transmission blanking mechanism comprises a blanking slideway, the inside of the blanking slideway is fixedly provided with a discharging roller, the surface of the discharging roller is fixedly provided with a first belt pulley, one side of the first belt pulley far away from the discharging roller is fixedly connected with a first motor, the first motor is fixedly arranged on the surface of the fixed plate, the fixed plate is fixed on the surface of the blanking slideway, and the first belt pulley is connected with a second, one side fixedly connected with of second belt pulley removes the wheel, PMKD's left side fixed mounting has the push rod, PMKD's top and the corresponding position department fixed mounting of unloading slide have the storage tank.
Preferably, an adjusting mechanism is fixedly mounted on the right side of the top end of the fixed bottom plate, the adjusting mechanism comprises a cylindrical fixing frame, a rotating shaft is mounted on the inner wall of the cylindrical fixing frame through a bearing in a transmission manner, a limiting plate is fixedly connected to the surface of the top end of the rotating shaft, an inverted L-shaped through groove is formed in the surface of the cylindrical fixing frame, a sliding sleeve is sleeved on the surface of the rotating shaft, a connecting block is fixedly connected to the right side of the sliding sleeve through the L-shaped through groove, a connecting sleeve is fixedly connected to the top end of the connecting block and is sleeved on the surface of the cylindrical fixing frame, a first connecting rod is fixedly connected to the left side of the connecting sleeve, a second limiting block is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the rotating shaft, an annular sliding groove is formed in the surface of the second limiting block, a limiting ring is, the bottom fixedly connected with first conical gear of second stopper, and the surface and the second conical gear of first conical gear mesh mutually, the right side fixedly connected with second connecting rod of second conical gear, and the second connecting rod passes through the bearing frame transmission and installs the surface at the cylinder mount, the right side fixedly connected with crank of second connecting rod.
Preferably, the surface of the crank is provided with an annular groove, the surface of the annular sliding groove is sleeved with the holding sleeve, the surface of the holding sleeve is fixedly connected with semicircular convex blocks, and the semicircular convex blocks are uniformly distributed on the surface of the holding sleeve in an encircling manner at equal intervals.
Preferably, the cross section of the first fixed block is of a trapezoidal structure, the groove in the inner wall of the first fixed block is a trapezoidal groove, and the inner diameter of the trapezoidal groove is matched with the outer diameter of the first limiting block.
Preferably, an installation mechanism is fixedly installed on the left side of the bottom end of the fixed base plate and comprises a soil turning plow, a groove is formed in the surface of the soil turning plow, a hinge shaft is inserted into the groove, a rotary sleeve is sleeved on the surface of the hinge shaft, and the top end of the hinge shaft is hinged to the surface of the fixed base plate.
Preferably, the articulated shaft is L shape structure, and the articulated shaft is provided with four groups, the surface of articulated shaft is equipped with the external screw thread, the inner wall of revolving the cover is provided with the internal thread, the internal thread of revolving the cover and the external screw thread looks adaptation of articulated shaft.
Preferably, the cross section of the first fixed block is of a trapezoidal structure, the groove in the inner wall of the first fixed block is a trapezoidal groove, and the inner diameter of the trapezoidal groove is matched with the outer diameter of the first limiting block.
Preferably, triangular teeth are annularly distributed on the surface of the fixed shell and at the position corresponding to the second circular truncated cone column, the limiting button is of a crescent structure, and the surface of the limiting button is in contact with the surface of the triangular teeth.
Preferably, the surface of the knob is fixedly connected with a convex block, the convex block is provided with two sections, one end of the convex block is of a spherical structure, and the other end of the convex block is of a cylindrical structure.
Preferably, the left side fixed mounting of head rod has loose mixing mechanism, loose mixing mechanism includes the electromechanical box, the inside fixed mounting of electromechanical box has the second motor, the spacing dish of bottom fixedly connected with second of second motor, the bottom fixedly connected with dead lever of electromechanical box, the inside of dead lever and the corresponding position department of the spacing dish of second have seted up annular groove, and the inside of annular groove inserts and is equipped with the spacing dish of second, the bottom fixedly connected with carousel of the spacing dish of second, and the bottom fixed mounting of carousel has the mixed board.
Preferably, the mixing plate is designed to be inclined, through holes are formed in the surface of the mixing plate, and the through holes are evenly distributed on the surface of the mixing plate at equal intervals.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the invention, the lifting mechanism is arranged, the knob is rotated in use, the rack is driven to move in the rotation of the knob, the rack pushes the moving wheel to move in the moving process, so that the position of the moving wheel is adjusted, meanwhile, the second fixing block is inserted into the groove on the surface of the connecting shaft, the first round table column is prevented from being reversed under the action of gravity, so that the chassis height of the equipment is suitable for various terrain requirements, the fertilizer slides into the strip-shaped groove on the surface of the discharging roller through the groove at the bottom end of the fixing bottom plate to be stored, and the discharging roller drops the fertilizer belt to the bottom end of the discharging slideway in the rotation process, so that the equipment is more uniform in the fertilization process;
(2) according to the invention, the installation mechanism is arranged, when the fertilizer is scattered on the surface of the soil, the soil on which the fertilizer is scattered is turned by the soil turning plough during movement, so that the nutrition of the fertilizer is scattered in the soil, and the fertilizer is favorably absorbed by the soil;
(3) according to the invention, the loosening and mixing mechanism and the adjusting mechanism are arranged, after various types of fertilizers are poured into the storage tank, the sliding sleeve rotates through the rotating shaft, so that the sliding sleeve moves on the surface of the sliding sleeve, meanwhile, the sliding sleeve drives the connecting sleeve to move through the connecting block in the movement process, the connecting sleeve adjusts the position of the electromechanical box through the first connecting rod in the movement process, so that the attaching degree of the mixing plate and the fertilizers is adjusted, the second motor drives the rotating disc to rotate through the second limiting disc in the rotation process, the rotating disc stirs and mixes the fertilizers through the mixing plate in the rotation process, and meanwhile, the fertilizer blocks are scattered, so that the fertilizer application effect is prevented from being influenced by the fact that the.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top sectional view of the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view showing the construction of the lifting mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective sectional view of the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of the lifting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged partial view of A of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic sectional view of the top view of the structure of the transmission blanking mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the discharge roller and the first pulley of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged partial view of B of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic sectional elevation view of the loose mixing mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a front view of the cylindrical holder according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. fixing the bottom plate; 2. a lifting mechanism; 21. a stationary case; 22. a first fixed block; 23. a rack; 24. a first stopper; 25. a circular gear; 26. a first circular table column; 27. a knob; 28. a second circular table column; 29. a limit button; 210. a first limiting disc; 211. a connecting shaft; 212. a second fixed block; 213. a threaded rod; 3. an adjustment mechanism; 31. a cylindrical fixing frame; 32. a rotating shaft; 33. a limiting plate; 34. a sliding sleeve; 35. connecting blocks; 36. connecting sleeves; 37. a first connecting rod; 38. a second limiting block; 39. a limiting ring; 310. a first bevel gear; 311. a second bevel gear; 312. a second connecting rod; 313. a crank; 314. holding the sleeve; 4. a transmission blanking mechanism; 41. a blanking slideway; 42. a discharging roller; 43. a first pulley; 44. a first motor; 45. a fixing plate; 46. a connecting belt; 47. a second pulley; 5. an installation mechanism; 51. a soil turning plow; 52. hinging a shaft; 53. screwing a sleeve; 6. a push rod; 7. a material storage groove; 8. a loosening and mixing mechanism; 81. an electromechanical housing; 82. a second motor; 83. a second limiting disc; 84. fixing the rod; 85. a turntable; 86. a mixing plate; 9. the wheel is moved.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-12, an embodiment of the present invention is shown: a fertilizer applying device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism based on agricultural planting comprises a fixed base plate 1, a lifting mechanism 2 is fixedly installed at the bottom end of the fixed base plate 1, the lifting mechanism 2 comprises a fixed shell 21, a first fixed block 22 is fixedly connected to the left side of the fixed shell 21, a strip-shaped groove is formed in the inner wall of the first fixed block 22, a first limiting block 24 is inserted into the strip-shaped groove in the inner wall of the first fixed block 22, a rack 23 is fixedly connected to the surface of the first limiting block 24, the surface of the rack 23 is meshed with a circular gear 25, a first circular table column 26 is fixedly connected to the surface of the circular gear 25, a knob 27 is fixedly connected to the surface of the first circular table column 26, a second circular table column 28 is fixedly connected to one side of the circular gear 25, which is far away from the first circular table column 26, a limiting button 29 is hinged to the surface of the second circular table column 28, a first limiting disc 210 is fixedly connected to the position of the second circular table, a connecting shaft 211 is fixedly connected to one side of the first limiting disc 210 far away from the second circular table column 28, a groove is formed in the surface of the connecting shaft 211, a threaded rod 213 is inserted into the groove, a second fixing block 212 is sleeved on the surface of the threaded rod 213 and fixed on the surface of the fixing shell 21, a moving wheel 9 is fixedly installed at the bottom end of the rack 23, a transmission blanking mechanism 4 is fixedly installed at the bottom center position of the fixing bottom plate 1, the transmission blanking mechanism 4 comprises a blanking slideway 41, a discharging roller 42 is fixedly installed inside the blanking slideway 41, a first belt pulley 43 is fixedly installed on the surface of the discharging roller 42, a first motor 44 is fixedly connected to one side of the first belt pulley 43 far away from the discharging roller 42, the first motor 44 is fixedly installed on the surface of the fixing plate 45, the fixing plate 45 is fixed on the surface of the blanking slideway 41, and the first belt pulley 43 is in transmission connection with a second belt, one side of the second belt pulley 47 is fixedly connected with a moving wheel 9, the left side of the fixed bottom plate 1 is fixedly provided with a push rod 6, and the top end of the fixed bottom plate 1 is fixedly provided with a material storage groove 7 at a position corresponding to the blanking slideway 41;
further, an adjusting mechanism 3 is fixedly installed on the right side of the top end of the fixed base plate 1, the adjusting mechanism 3 includes a cylindrical fixing frame 31, a rotating shaft 32 is installed on the inner wall of the cylindrical fixing frame 31 through a bearing in a transmission manner, a limiting plate 33 is fixedly connected to the surface of the top end of the rotating shaft 32, an inverted L-shaped through groove is formed in the surface of the cylindrical fixing frame 31, a sliding sleeve 34 is sleeved on the surface of the rotating shaft 32, a connecting block 35 is fixedly connected to the right side of the sliding sleeve 34 through the L-shaped through groove, a connecting sleeve 36 is fixedly connected to the top end of the connecting block 35, the connecting sleeve 36 is sleeved on the surface of the cylindrical fixing frame 31, a first connecting rod 37 is fixedly connected to the left side of the connecting sleeve 36, a second limiting block 38 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the rotating shaft 32, an annular sliding groove is formed in the surface of the second limiting, the bottom end of the second limiting block 38 is fixedly connected with a first bevel gear 310, the surface of the first bevel gear 310 is meshed with a second bevel gear 311, the right side of the second bevel gear 311 is fixedly connected with a second connecting rod 312, the second connecting rod 312 is installed on the surface of the cylindrical fixing frame 31 through a bearing seat in a transmission manner, the right side of the second connecting rod 312 is fixedly connected with a crank 313, the rotating shaft 32 enables the sliding sleeve 34 to move on the surface thereof in the rotating process, meanwhile, when the sliding sleeve 34 moves to the top end of the inverted-L-shaped through groove, the rotating shaft 32 drives the sliding sleeve 34 to rotate, so that the sliding sleeve 34 moves transversely in the L-shaped through groove, and then the connecting sleeve 36 is driven to rotate through the connecting block 35, so that the position of the first connecting rod;
furthermore, an annular groove is formed in the surface of the crank 313, the surface of the annular sliding groove is sleeved with the holding sleeve 314, the surface of the holding sleeve 314 is fixedly connected with semicircular convex blocks, the semicircular convex blocks are uniformly distributed on the surface of the holding sleeve 314 in an encircling manner at equal intervals, and the semicircular convex blocks on the surface of the holding sleeve 314 can increase the friction force of a worker when holding the hand, so that the hand is prevented from loosening during rotation;
further, an installation mechanism 5 is fixedly installed on the left side of the bottom end of the fixed base plate 1, the installation mechanism 5 comprises a soil turning plow 51, a groove is formed in the surface of the soil turning plow 51, a hinge shaft 52 is inserted into the groove, a rotary sleeve 53 is sleeved on the surface of the hinge shaft 52, the top end of the hinge shaft 52 is hinged to the surface of the fixed base plate 1, the hinge shaft 52 is inserted into the groove of the soil turning plow 51, and the rotary sleeve 53 is rotated and moved to the surfaces of the hinge shaft 52 and the soil turning plow 51, so that the soil turning plow 51 is installed rapidly;
further, the hinge shaft 52 is of an L-shaped structure, four groups of hinge shafts 52 are arranged, external threads are assembled on the surface of the hinge shaft 52, internal threads are arranged on the inner wall of the rotary sleeve 53, the internal threads of the rotary sleeve 53 are matched with the external threads of the hinge shaft 52, the hinge shaft 52 is inserted into a groove in the surface of the turning plow 51 in rotation, and the rotary sleeve 53 moves to the surfaces of the hinge shaft 52 and the turning plow 51, so that the turning plow 51 is fixed in position, and the turning plow 51 can conveniently turn the soil after fertilizer is completely sprinkled;
further, the cross section of the first fixing block 22 is of a trapezoid structure, a groove in the inner wall of the first fixing block 22 is a trapezoid groove, the inner diameter of the trapezoid groove is matched with the outer diameter of the first limiting block 24, the groove in the inner wall of the first fixing block 22 limits the first limiting block 24, the groove provides a sliding track for the movement of the first limiting block 24, and the stability of the rack 23 during movement is guaranteed;
furthermore, triangular teeth are annularly distributed on the surface of the fixed shell 21 and at a position corresponding to the second circular table column 28, the limit button 29 is in a crescent structure, the surface of the limit button 29 is in contact with the surface of the triangular teeth, the second circular table column 28 drives the limit button 29 to move on a triangular tooth block on the surface of the fixed shell 21 in rotation, and the triangular tooth block limits the limit button 29, so that the second circular table column 28 can be effectively prevented from being reversed;
further, the surface of the knob 27 is fixedly connected with a bump, the bump is provided with two sections, one end of the bump is of a spherical structure, the other end of the bump is of a cylindrical structure, when a worker twists the knob 27, the worker inserts fingers between the two groups of bumps, and the bumps block the fingers, so that the worker is prevented from sliding when rotating the knob 27;
further, a loose mixing mechanism 8 is fixedly mounted on the left side of the first connecting rod 37, the loose mixing mechanism 8 comprises an electromechanical box 81, a second motor 82 is fixedly mounted inside the electromechanical box 81, a second limiting disc 83 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the second motor 82, a fixing rod 84 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the electromechanical box 81, an annular groove is formed in the position, corresponding to the second limiting disc 83, inside the fixing rod 84, a second limiting disc 83 is inserted inside the annular groove, a rotating disc 85 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the second limiting disc 83, a mixing plate 86 is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the rotating disc 85, the loose mixing mechanism 8 is arranged, the rotating disc 85 is driven to rotate by the second limiting disc 83 after the second motor 82 is started, and the rotating disc 85 drives the mixing plate 86 to rotate, so that the fertilizer is started to be mixed and stirred and is broken up;
further, the mixing plate 86 is designed to be inclined, through holes are formed in the surface of the mixing plate 86 and are evenly distributed on the surface of the mixing plate 86 at equal intervals, the mixing plate 86 mixes and stirs the fertilizer when rotating along with the rotary disc 85, the mixing plate 86 scoops up the fertilizer during rotation, and meanwhile, part of the fertilizer passes through the through holes of the mixing plate 86, so that the fertilizer is scattered, the situation that the fertilizer is adhered to each other to form blocks during use and the proportion and mixing of the fertilizer of the blanking machine of the equipment are influenced is avoided, and the height of the mixing plate 86 can be set randomly according to actual conditions in the scheme;
the working principle is as follows: in use, as shown in fig. 1 and 7, a worker holds the grip sleeve 314 to rotate, the grip sleeve 314 drives the handle 313 to rotate in rotation, the handle 313 drives the second connecting rod 312 to rotate in rotation, the second connecting rod 312 drives the second bevel gear 311 to rotate in rotation, the second bevel gear 311 drives the first bevel gear 310 to rotate in rotation, the first bevel gear 310 drives the second limiting block 38 to rotate in rotation, the second limiting block 38 rotates to drive the rotating shaft 32 to rotate, the rotating shaft 32 moves the sliding sleeve 34 on the surface thereof in rotation, the sliding sleeve 34 drives the connecting sleeve 36 to move through the connecting block 35, when the sliding sleeve 34 moves to the inverted L-shaped transverse groove position on the surface of the cylindrical fixing frame 31, the sliding sleeve 34 rotates along with the rotating shaft 32, the rotating shaft 32 drives the connecting block 35 to rotate, the connecting block 35 rotates to drive the connecting sleeve 36 to rotate, the connecting sleeve 36 drives the first connecting rod 37 to rotate in rotation, thereby changing the position of the loose mixing mechanism 8 and consequently opening the top end of the storage tank 7.
At this moment, pour the inside of depositing silo 7 into the fertilizer of multiple pattern, simultaneously, the above-mentioned operation of reverse repetition, make electromechanical box 81 remove to suitable position, as shown according to fig. 11, start second motor 82, second motor 82 drives the spacing dish 83 of second and rotates, the spacing dish 83 of second drives carousel 85 rotatory in rotating, carousel 85 drives mixed plate 86 in rotating and rotates, thereby make mixed plate 86 mix the stirring to fertilizer, break up sticky fertilizer simultaneously, avoid appearing the phenomenon of blocking.
When the position of the moving wheel 9 needs to be adjusted, according to fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5 and fig. 6, a worker holds the knob 27 to rotate, the knob 27 drives the first circular table column 26 to rotate in rotation, the first circular table column 26 drives the circular gear 25 to rotate in rotation, the circular gear 25 drives the rack 23 to move in rotation, the rack 23 drives the first limiting block 24 to slide in the groove on the inner wall of the first fixing block 22 in movement, and the rack 23 pushes the moving wheel 9 to move in movement, so that the position of the moving wheel 9 is changed, and then the chassis height of the device is adjusted.
When the turning plow 51 needs to be installed, as shown in fig. 10, the turning plow 51 is inserted into the bottom groove of the fixed base plate 1, the hinge shaft 52 is rotated, the end of the hinge shaft 52 far away from the fixed base plate 1 is inserted into the groove on the surface of the turning plow 51, the rotary sleeve 53 is rotated, the rotary sleeve 53 moves to the surfaces of the hinge shaft 52 and the turning plow 51 during rotation, so that the position of the turning plow 51 is fixed, loosening of the turning plow in use is avoided, and after fertilizer is spread on the surface of the soil, the soil is turned over by the turning plow 51, so that the fertilizer is absorbed more fully by the soil.
When the device works, a worker holds the push rod 6 by hand, the first motor 44 is started according to the attached drawings of fig. 8 and 9, the first motor 44 drives the discharging roller 42 to rotate after being started, the discharging roller 42 sprays fertilizer in the rotation process, meanwhile, the first motor 44 is started to drive the first belt pulley 43 to move, the first belt pulley 43 drives the second belt pulley 47 to rotate through the connecting belt 46 in the movement process, and the second belt pulley 47 drives the moving wheel 9 to rotate, so that the worker can conveniently push the device to walk.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a fertilizer injection unit who has loose mechanism of fertilizer based on farming, includes PMKD (1), its characterized in that: the bottom end of the fixed bottom plate (1) is fixedly provided with a lifting mechanism (2), the lifting mechanism (2) comprises a fixed shell (21), the left side of the fixed shell (21) is fixedly connected with a first fixed block (22), the inner wall of the first fixed block (22) is provided with a strip-shaped groove, a first limit block (24) is inserted into the strip-shaped groove of the inner wall of the first fixed block (22), the surface of the first limit block (24) is fixedly connected with a rack (23), the surface of the rack (23) is meshed with a circular gear (25), the surface of the circular gear (25) is fixedly connected with a first circular table column (26), the surface of the first circular table column (26) is fixedly connected with a knob (27), one side of the circular gear (25) far away from the first circular table column (26) is fixedly connected with a second circular table column (28), and the surface of the second circular table column (28) is hinged with a limit button (29), the position of the second circular table column (28) far away from the circular gear (25) is fixedly connected with a first limiting disc (210), one side of the first limiting disc (210) far away from the second circular table column (28) is fixedly connected with a connecting shaft (211), the surface of the connecting shaft (211) is provided with a groove, a threaded rod (213) is inserted in the groove, a second fixing block (212) is sleeved on the surface of the threaded rod (213), the second fixing block (212) is fixed on the surface of a fixing shell (21), a moving wheel (9) is fixedly installed at the bottom end of the rack (23), a transmission blanking mechanism (4) is fixedly installed at the bottom end center position of the fixing base plate (1), the transmission blanking mechanism (4) comprises a blanking slide way (41), a discharging roller (42) is fixedly installed in the inner part of the blanking slide way (41), and a first belt pulley (43) is fixedly installed on the surface of the discharging roller (42), first belt pulley (43) keep away from the first motor (44) of one side fixedly connected with of ejection of compact cylinder (42), and first motor (44) fixed mounting is on the surface of fixed plate (45), the surface at unloading slide (41) is fixed in fixed plate (45), first belt pulley (43) are connected with second belt pulley (47) through connecting band (46) transmission, wheel (9) are removed to one side fixedly connected with of second belt pulley (47), the left side fixed mounting of PMKD (1) has push rod (6), the top of PMKD (1) and the corresponding position department fixed mounting of unloading slide (41) have storage tank (7).
2. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 1, wherein: the top right side fixed mounting of PMKD (1) has adjustment mechanism (3), adjustment mechanism (3) include cylinder mount (31), pivot (32) are installed through the bearing transmission to the inner wall of cylinder mount (31), the top fixed surface of pivot (32) is connected with limiting plate (33), the logical groove of "L" shape of falling has been seted up on the surface of cylinder mount (31), sliding sleeve (34) have been cup jointed on the surface of pivot (32), and the right side of sliding sleeve (34) runs through L shape logical groove fixedly connected with connecting block (35), the top fixedly connected with adapter sleeve (36) of connecting block (35), and adapter sleeve (36) cup joint on the surface of cylinder mount (31), the left side fixedly connected with first connecting rod (37) of adapter sleeve (36), the bottom fixedly connected with second stopper (38) of pivot (32), and the surface of second stopper (38) has seted up annular spout, the inside of second stopper (38) surface annular spout is inserted and is equipped with spacing ring (39), and one side that second stopper (38) were kept away from in spacing ring (39) is fixed at the inner wall of cylinder mount (31), the first conical gear (310) of bottom fixedly connected with of second stopper (38), and the surface and the second conical gear (311) of first conical gear (310) mesh mutually, the right side fixedly connected with second connecting rod (312) of second conical gear (311), and second connecting rod (312) pass through the bearing frame transmission and install the surface at cylinder mount (31), the right side fixedly connected with crank (313) of second connecting rod (312).
3. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 2, wherein: the surface of the crank (313) is provided with an annular groove, the surface of the annular sliding groove is sleeved with a holding sleeve (314), the surface of the holding sleeve (314) is fixedly connected with semicircular convex blocks, and the semicircular convex blocks are uniformly distributed on the surface of the holding sleeve (314) in an encircling manner at equal intervals.
4. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom left side fixed mounting of PMKD (1) has installation mechanism (5), installation mechanism (5) are including native plough (51), the surface of native plough (51) is seted up flutedly, and the inside of recess is inserted and is equipped with articulated shaft (52), the surface of articulated shaft (52) has cup jointed cover (53) soon, articulated shaft (52) top articulates the surface at PMKD (1).
5. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 4, wherein: articulated shaft (52) are L shape structure, and articulated shaft (52) are provided with four groups, the surface of articulated shaft (52) is equipped with the external screw thread, the inner wall of cover (53) is provided with the internal thread soon, the internal thread of cover (53) and the external screw thread looks adaptation of articulated shaft (52) soon.
6. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 1, wherein: the cross section of the first fixing block (22) is of a trapezoid structure, the inner wall groove of the first fixing block (22) is a trapezoid groove, and the inner diameter of the trapezoid groove is matched with the outer diameter of the first limiting block (24).
7. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 1, wherein: triangular teeth are annularly distributed at the position, corresponding to the second circular table column (28), on the surface of the fixed shell (21), the limiting button (29) is of a crescent structure, and the surface of the limiting button (29) is in contact with the surface of the triangular teeth.
8. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 1, wherein: the surface of the knob (27) is fixedly connected with a convex block, the convex block is arranged into two sections, one end of the convex block is of a spherical structure, and the other end of the convex block is of a cylindrical structure.
9. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 2, wherein: the left side fixed mounting of head rod (37) has loose mixing mechanism (8), loose mixing mechanism (8) are including electromechanical box (81), the inside fixed mounting of electromechanical box (81) has second motor (82), the spacing dish of bottom fixedly connected with second (83) of second motor (82), the bottom fixedly connected with dead lever (84) of electromechanical box (81), the annular groove has been seted up with the corresponding position department of the spacing dish of second (83) in the inside of dead lever (84), and the inside of annular groove inserts and is equipped with the spacing dish of second (83), the bottom fixedly connected with carousel (85) of the spacing dish of second (83), and the bottom fixed mounting of carousel (85) has mixed board (86).
10. The fertilizer spreading device with a fertilizer loosening mechanism for agricultural planting according to claim 9, wherein: the mixing plate (86) is designed to be inclined, through holes are formed in the surface of the mixing plate (86), and the through holes are evenly distributed on the surface of the mixing plate (86) at equal intervals.
CN202010709466.4A 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Fertilizer injection unit who has loose mechanism of fertilizer based on farming is with having Withdrawn CN111758320A (en)

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CN113079781A (en) * 2021-04-17 2021-07-09 张风浩 Device is applyed with degree of depth adjustable fertilization to canopy plant vegetables
CN113179729A (en) * 2021-05-25 2021-07-30 高金昌 Automatic fertilization equipment capable of adjusting spreading range for fertilizer spreading
CN113841475A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-12-28 李涛涛 Seed manure soil turning agricultural machine and use method thereof

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