CN111715870A - Casting sand box transfer device - Google Patents

Casting sand box transfer device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111715870A
CN111715870A CN201910209878.9A CN201910209878A CN111715870A CN 111715870 A CN111715870 A CN 111715870A CN 201910209878 A CN201910209878 A CN 201910209878A CN 111715870 A CN111715870 A CN 111715870A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
hook
wheel
sand box
groups
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910209878.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜勇卫
陈庆兵
韦宝章
罗志恒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liuzhou Yuhua Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Liuzhou Yuhua Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liuzhou Yuhua Technology Co ltd filed Critical Liuzhou Yuhua Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201910209878.9A priority Critical patent/CN111715870A/en
Publication of CN111715870A publication Critical patent/CN111715870A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D33/00Equipment for handling moulds
    • B22D33/02Turning or transposing moulds

Abstract

The invention discloses a casting sand box transfer device, which comprises a support device, a conveying device, a clamping device, a sand box, a conveying wheel bracket and a casting post conveying line, wherein the support device comprises a bracket, the bracket comprises two groups of first limiting blocks, a third sensor and two groups of second limiting blocks, the conveying device comprises a walking frame, a driving motor, a transmission shaft, a hydraulic oil cylinder, a bearing seat, a wheel rail, a wheel carrier and a guide post, the clamping device comprises a lifting plate, an air cylinder, a hook frame shaft, a hook frame connecting plate, a hook frame and a hook, the conveying wheel bracket is arranged on the bottom surface of the clamping device, and comprises the third limiting block, the first sensor and the conveying wheel, the invention drives the hook frame to hook the sand box and the hydraulic oil cylinder and drives the sand box to be lifted by the walking frame to be transferred to a casting line, the whole process is automated, the production efficiency is greatly improved, the labor force is reduced, the labor cost is reduced, the operation safety rate is improved, and the life safety of workers is guaranteed.

Description

Casting sand box transfer device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machine manufacturing, in particular to a casting sand box transfer device.
Background
In the production process of iron-type precoated sand casting, after the procedures of sand core placement, sand box upper die and sand box lower die assembly to form a complete casting sand box and the like are carried out on a conveying wheel, the conveying wheel is transferred to a pouring line for molten iron pouring. The casting sand box is large in size and very heavy, casting is transferred to a pouring line in a traveling crane hoisting mode generally at present, the method is more in manpower, complex in operation, incapable of achieving automatic production and low in production efficiency, and meanwhile, due to the fact that the environment of a casting workshop is severe, close-range operation also affects physical and mental health of workers, and therefore the casting sand box transfer device is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention aims to overcome the above-mentioned shortcomings and provide a technical solution to solve the above-mentioned problems.
A casting sand box transfer device comprises a supporting device, a conveying device, a clamping device, a sand box, a conveying wheel support and a pouring column conveying line.
The supporting device comprises a support, the support comprises two groups of first limiting blocks, a third sensor and two groups of second limiting blocks, the two groups of second limiting blocks are arranged on the surface of the left side of the support, the third sensor is arranged at the upper end of the surface of the left side of the support, the two groups of first limiting blocks are arranged on the surface of the right side of the support, and a conveying device is arranged on the surface of the supporting device;
the transportation device comprises a walking frame, a driving motor, a transmission shaft, a hydraulic oil cylinder, a bearing seat, wheel tracks, a wheel frame and a guide post, wherein two groups of wheel tracks are arranged on the surface of the bracket, each group of wheel rails are respectively positioned at the left side and the right side of the surface of the bracket, a walking frame is arranged between the two groups of wheel rails, the left side and the right side of the middle position of the bottom surface of the walking frame are respectively provided with a bearing seat, a transmission shaft is arranged between the two groups of bearing seats and rotates between the two groups of bearing seats, wheel carriers are respectively arranged at four frame corners of the bottom surface of the walking frame, the bottom of the wheel frame is hinged with wheels which are positioned in the wheel track, the right side of the top surface of the walking frame is provided with a driving motor, the driving motor is connected with the rotating shaft, a hydraulic oil cylinder is arranged in the middle of the surface of the top end of the walking frame, guide pillars are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the hydraulic oil cylinder, and the transportation device is connected with the clamping device;
the clamping device comprises a lifting plate, an air cylinder, a hook frame shaft, a hook frame connecting plate, a hook frame and a hook, the bottom end of the guide pillar is connected with the surface of the lifting plate, the left side and the right side of the middle position of the bottom surface of the lifting plate are respectively provided with the hook frame connecting plate, the hook frame connecting plate is hinged with the hook frame through the hook frame shaft, the left side and the right side of the bottom surface of the lifting plate are respectively hinged with the air cylinder, the air cylinder and the hook frame are mutually hinged, the lifting plate is connected with a piston rod on a hydraulic oil cylinder, so that the lifting plate can be lifted, the bottom surface of the clamping device is provided with a conveying wheel support, the conveying wheel support comprises a third limiting block, a plurality of output wheels which are uniformly distributed and arranged, the bottom end of the right side edge of the output wheel support is provided with the third limiting block, and a first sensor is arranged on the right side of the third limiting block, a sand box is placed on the surface of the output wheel support, and the bottom surface of the sand box is in contact with the output wheel.
Preferably, the two groups of second limiting blocks are parallel to each other.
Preferably, the two groups of first limiting blocks are parallel to each other.
Preferably, the bottom end of the hook frame is provided with a hook.
Preferably, the first inductor is electrically connected with the hydraulic oil cylinder and the driving motor.
Preferably, a casting post conveying line is arranged at the left side of the bottom end of the support.
Preferably, the left side and the right side of the sand box are respectively provided with a sand box hook strip.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the hook frame is driven by the air cylinder to hook the sand box, the hydraulic oil cylinder lifts the sand box and the walking frame drives the sand box to transfer to a pouring line, the whole process is automated, the production efficiency is greatly improved, redundant labor force is reduced, the labor cost is reduced, the operation safety rate is also improved, and the life safety and health of workers are guaranteed.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a foundry flask transfer apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the transport device;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the transport device;
figure 4 is a schematic view of the working structure of the clamping device;
figure 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamping device.
Shown in the figure: 1. the device comprises a bracket, 2, a conveying wheel bracket, 3, a first inductor, 4, a sand box, 5, a hook frame, 6, a cylinder, 7, a lifting platform, 8, a wheel rail, 9, a first limiting block, 10, a walking frame, 11, a driving motor, 12, a hydraulic oil cylinder, 13, a guide pillar, 14, a wheel frame, 15, a second limiting block, 16, a pouring conveying line, 17, a third limiting block, 18, a conveying wheel, 19, a bearing seat, 20, a transmission shaft, 21, a wheel, 22, a hook frame shaft, 23, a hook frame connecting plate, 24, a clamping supporting frame, 25, a second inductor, 26, a third inductor, a sand box, a hook strip, 28 and a hook.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, in one embodiment of the present invention, a foundry flask transfer apparatus includes a support apparatus, a conveyor, a clamping apparatus, a flask 4, a transfer wheel frame 2, and a pillar conveyor 16.
The supporting device comprises a support 1, the support 1 comprises two groups of first limiting blocks 9, third sensors 26 and two groups of second limiting blocks 15, the surfaces of the left sides of the support 1 are provided with the two groups of second limiting blocks 15, the two groups of second limiting blocks 15 are parallel to each other, the upper ends of the surfaces of the left sides of the support 1 are provided with the third sensors 26, the surfaces of the right sides of the support 1 are provided with the two groups of first limiting blocks 9, the two groups of first limiting blocks 9 are parallel to each other, and the surface of the supporting device is provided with a conveying device;
the transportation device comprises a walking frame 10, a driving motor 11, a transmission shaft 20, a hydraulic oil cylinder 12, bearing seats 19, wheel rails 8, wheel frames 14 and a guide post 13, wherein two groups of wheel rails 8 are arranged on the surface of the support 1, each group of wheel rails 8 are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of the surface of the support 1, the walking frame 10 is arranged between the two groups of wheel rails 8, the bearing seats 19 are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the middle position of the bottom surface of the walking frame 10, the transmission shaft 20 is arranged between the two groups of bearing seats 19, the transmission shaft 20 rotates between the two groups of bearing seats 19, the wheel frames 14 are respectively arranged at the four frame corners of the bottom surface of the walking frame 10, the bottom ends of the wheel frames 14 are hinged with wheels 21, the wheels 21 are positioned in the wheel rails 8, so that the walking frame 10 can slide in the wheel rails 8 through the wheels 21, the driving motor 11 is arranged at the right side, the driving motor 11 drives the rotating shaft 20 to rotate, a hydraulic oil cylinder 12 is arranged in the middle of the top end surface of the walking frame 10, guide pillars 2 are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the hydraulic oil cylinder 12, and the transporting device is connected with the clamping device;
the clamping device comprises a lifting plate 7, an air cylinder 6, a hook frame shaft 22, hook frame connecting plates 23, hook frames 5 and hooks 28, the bottom end of the guide post 2 is connected with the surface of the lifting plate 7, the left side and the right side of the middle position of the bottom surface of the lifting plate 7 are respectively provided with the hook frame connecting plates 23, the hook frame connecting plates 23 are hinged with the hook frames 5 through the hook frame shafts 22, the bottom end of the hook frame 5 is provided with the hooks 28, the left side and the right side of the bottom surface of the lifting plate 7 are respectively hinged with the air cylinder 6, the air cylinders 6 are mutually hinged with the hook frames 5, the lifting plate 7 is connected with piston rods on hydraulic oil cylinders 12, so that the lifting plate 7 is lifted, the bottom surface of the clamping device is provided with a conveying wheel support 2, the conveying wheel support 2 comprises a third limiting block 17, a first inductor 3 and a conveying wheel 18, the left side and the right side of the surface of the output wheel support 2 are respectively, and the bottom of the right side of the output wheel bracket 2 is provided with a third limit block 17, the right side of the third limit block 17 is provided with a first sensor 3, and the first sensor 3 is electrically connected with the hydraulic oil cylinder 12 and the driving motor 11, the sand box 4 is placed on the surface of the output wheel bracket 2, and the bottom surface of the sand box 4 is in contact with the output wheel 18, so that the sand box 4 is conveyed on the output wheel bracket 2, when the sand box 4 is in contact with the third limit block 17, the first sensor 3 on the third limit block 17 is sensed, and the clamping device is controlled to clamp and transport the sand box 4.
A casting post conveying line 16 is arranged at the left side of the bottom end of the support 1, and the sand box 4 is clamped and conveyed to the casting post conveying line 16 by the clamping device and the conveying device, so that the next casting post operation is carried out.
The left side and the right side of the sand box 4 are respectively provided with a sand box hook strip 27, so that the hooks 28 at the bottom end of the hook frame 5 can stably hook the sand box 4, and the sand box 4 is prevented from falling out of the hook frame 5 in the transportation process, thereby accidentally injuring operators.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when the device is in an initial state, the walking frame 10 stops at the rightmost side of the bracket 1, the lifting platform is positioned at the top inside the bracket 1, and the hook frame 5 is in an open state;
when the sand box 4 is conveyed forwards through the conveying wheels 18 on the conveying wheel support 2, and when the sand box 4 is stopped by being blocked by the third limiting block 17, the first sensor 3 senses the sand box 4, the piston rod of the hydraulic oil cylinder 12 starts to drive the lifting platform 7 to do descending motion, when the sand box 4 descends to the lowest end, the piston rod of the air cylinder 6 extends out to drive the hook frame 5 to rotate by taking the hook frame shaft 22 as an axis, the hooks 28 at the bottom ends of the two hook frames 5 do opposite motion until the hooks 28 catch the bottom of the sand box hook strips 27 of the sand box 4, then the piston rod of the hydraulic oil cylinder 12 drives the lifting platform 7 to ascend, the hooks 28 catch the sand box 4 to ascend, when the sand box ascends to the top, the driving motor 11 drives the transmission shaft 20 to rotate, the transmission shaft 20 drives the wheels 21 at the bottom surface of the walking frame 10 to rotate, the whole walking frame 10 starts to move leftwards along the wheel rails 8, when the sand box, the driving motor 11 drives the wheel 21 to decelerate until the walking frame 10 is stopped by the second limit block 15, then the hydraulic cylinder 12 drives the lifting platform 7 to descend to the bottommost end, the sand boxes 4 are stably placed on the pouring conveyor line 16, the pouring conveyor line 16 drives the sand boxes 4 to sequentially perform pouring work on the sand boxes 4, then the piston rods of the air cylinders 6 retract to drive the hooks 28 to open oppositely, so that the hooks 28 do not hook the sand box hooks 27, then the hydraulic cylinder 12 retracts to drive the lifting platform 7 to ascend to the topmost end, the driving motor 11 drives the walking frame 10 to move rightwards, when the walking frame 1 moves to the rightmost end, the second sensor 25 senses the walking frame 10, the driving motor 11 drives the wheel 21 to decelerate until the walking frame 10 is stopped and stopped by the first limit block 9, so far, the transferring work of one sand box 4 is completely completed, when the first sensor 3 senses the next sand box 4 on the conveying wheel 18, the next flask transfer is started so that the apparatus continues to cycle to transfer the flasks 4 one by one.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (7)

1. A casting sand box transfer device comprises a supporting device, a conveying device, a clamping device, a sand box, a conveying wheel support and a casting post conveying line, and is characterized in that the supporting device comprises a support, the support comprises two groups of first limiting blocks, a third sensor and two groups of second limiting blocks, the two groups of second limiting blocks are arranged on the surface of the left side of the support, the third sensor is arranged at the upper end of the surface of the left side of the support, the two groups of first limiting blocks are arranged on the surface of the right side of the support, and the conveying device is arranged on the surface of the supporting device;
the transportation device comprises a walking frame, a driving motor, a transmission shaft, a hydraulic oil cylinder, a bearing seat, wheel tracks, a wheel frame and a guide post, wherein two groups of wheel tracks are arranged on the surface of the bracket, each group of wheel rails are respectively positioned at the left side and the right side of the surface of the bracket, a walking frame is arranged between the two groups of wheel rails, the left side and the right side of the middle position of the bottom surface of the walking frame are respectively provided with a bearing seat, a transmission shaft is arranged between the two groups of bearing seats and rotates between the two groups of bearing seats, wheel carriers are respectively arranged at four frame corners of the bottom surface of the walking frame, the bottom of the wheel frame is hinged with wheels which are positioned in the wheel track, the right side of the top surface of the walking frame is provided with a driving motor, the driving motor is connected with the rotating shaft, a hydraulic oil cylinder is arranged in the middle of the surface of the top end of the walking frame, guide pillars are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the hydraulic oil cylinder, and the transportation device is connected with the clamping device;
the clamping device comprises a lifting plate, an air cylinder, a hook frame shaft, a hook frame connecting plate, a hook frame and a hook, the bottom end of the guide pillar is connected with the surface of the lifting plate, the left side and the right side of the middle position of the bottom surface of the lifting plate are respectively provided with the hook frame connecting plate, the hook frame connecting plate is hinged with the hook frame through the hook frame shaft, the left side and the right side of the bottom surface of the lifting plate are respectively hinged with the air cylinder, the air cylinder and the hook frame are mutually hinged, the lifting plate is connected with a piston rod on a hydraulic oil cylinder, so that the lifting plate can be lifted, the bottom surface of the clamping device is provided with a conveying wheel support, the conveying wheel support comprises a third limiting block, a plurality of output wheels which are uniformly distributed and arranged, the bottom end of the right side edge of the output wheel support is provided with the third limiting block, and a first sensor is arranged on the right side of the third limiting block, a sand box is placed on the surface of the output wheel support, and the bottom surface of the sand box is in contact with the output wheel.
2. The foundry flask transfer apparatus of claim 1 wherein said two sets of second stops are parallel to each other.
3. The foundry flask transfer apparatus of claim 1 wherein said two sets of first stops are parallel to each other.
4. The foundry flask transfer apparatus of claim 1, wherein the bottom end of the hook frame is provided with a hook.
5. The foundry flask transfer apparatus of claim 1 wherein the first sensor is electrically connected to the hydraulic ram and the drive motor.
6. The foundry flask transfer apparatus of claim 1 wherein a post conveyor line is provided to the left of the bottom end of the frame.
7. The foundry flask transfer device of claim 1, wherein flask hook strips are provided on each of the left and right sides of the flask.
CN201910209878.9A 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Casting sand box transfer device Pending CN111715870A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910209878.9A CN111715870A (en) 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Casting sand box transfer device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910209878.9A CN111715870A (en) 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Casting sand box transfer device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111715870A true CN111715870A (en) 2020-09-29

Family

ID=72563183

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910209878.9A Pending CN111715870A (en) 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Casting sand box transfer device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111715870A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112722739A (en) * 2021-01-05 2021-04-30 中国第一重型机械股份公司 Metal solid-solid composite additive blank manufacturing treatment system and treatment method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112722739A (en) * 2021-01-05 2021-04-30 中国第一重型机械股份公司 Metal solid-solid composite additive blank manufacturing treatment system and treatment method

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