CN111528928B - Sampling mask - Google Patents

Sampling mask Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN111528928B
CN111528928B CN202010666290.9A CN202010666290A CN111528928B CN 111528928 B CN111528928 B CN 111528928B CN 202010666290 A CN202010666290 A CN 202010666290A CN 111528928 B CN111528928 B CN 111528928B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
sampling
sub
mask
surface layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202010666290.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111528928A (en
Inventor
汪建
尹烨
吴红龙
林永权
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BGI Shenzhen Co Ltd
Shenzhen Huada Yinyuan Pharmaceutical Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BGI Shenzhen Co Ltd
Shenzhen Huada Yinyuan Pharmaceutical Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BGI Shenzhen Co Ltd, Shenzhen Huada Yinyuan Pharmaceutical Technology Co Ltd filed Critical BGI Shenzhen Co Ltd
Priority to CN202010666290.9A priority Critical patent/CN111528928B/en
Publication of CN111528928A publication Critical patent/CN111528928A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111528928B publication Critical patent/CN111528928B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/0045Devices for taking samples of body liquids
    • A61B10/0051Devices for taking samples of body liquids for taking saliva or sputum samples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial or sporting protective garments, e.g. surgeons' gowns or garments protecting against blows or punches
    • A41D13/05Professional, industrial or sporting protective garments, e.g. surgeons' gowns or garments protecting against blows or punches protecting only a particular body part
    • A41D13/11Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D31/00Materials specially adapted for outerwear
    • A41D31/02Layered materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D31/00Materials specially adapted for outerwear
    • A41D31/04Materials specially adapted for outerwear characterised by special function or use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar shape; Layered products comprising a layer having particular features of form
    • B32B3/02Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar shape; Layered products comprising a layer having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions
    • B32B3/08Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar shape; Layered products comprising a layer having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions characterised by added members at particular parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B33/00Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings; Layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/022Non-woven fabric
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/06Interconnection of layers permitting easy separation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B2010/009Various features of diagnostic instruments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • B32B2262/0253Polyolefin fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • B32B2262/0261Polyamide fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • B32B2262/0276Polyester fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/06Vegetal fibres
    • B32B2262/062Cellulose fibres, e.g. cotton

Landscapes

  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Surgery (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Pathology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Medical Informatics (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Physical Education & Sports Medicine (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Pulmonology (AREA)
  • Hematology (AREA)
  • Investigating Or Analysing Biological Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a sampling mask. This sampling gauze mask includes the cover body, the cover body includes: an outer surface layer, an inner surface layer, a filter layer, and a sampling layer, wherein the filter layer is disposed between the outer surface layer and the inner surface layer; the sampling layer is arranged on one side of the inner surface layer, which is far away from the filter layer. This sampling gauze mask can utilize the sample layer to collect the aerosol that the person of wearing exhaled when wearing, accomplishes the sample of virus, from this both can be as much as possible collect by the virus of lung exhalation, avoid the passerby risk of the people that probably causes in the sampling process and various discomforts that the human body brought are given in the sampling process simultaneously, can also realize many people and take a sample simultaneously, improve sampling efficiency greatly.

Description

Sampling mask
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of sanitary products, and particularly relates to a sampling mask.
Background
At present, the situation of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic situation in China is still very severe, the new coronary pneumonia epidemic situation is mainly transmitted through respiratory droplets and closely contacted, and in addition, the new coronary pneumonia epidemic situation is possibly transmitted through aerosol when being exposed to high-concentration aerosol with the droplets in a relatively closed environment for a long time. Nucleic acid detection by throat swab collection is one of the main methods for diagnosing whether novel coronavirus infection exists at present, however, infection propagation parts of the novel coronavirus are in the lung, the existing amount of the novel coronavirus in the upper respiratory tract is very small, and false negative problem may exist in throat swab detection; in addition, sampling personnel directly and closely contact with detected people during throat swab collection, infection risks are high, especially when nucleic acid screening is carried out in a large range, each sampling personnel needs to sample the detected people one by one, multiple people cannot be sampled simultaneously, and efficiency is low; meanwhile, throat swab collection can bring discomfort to the detected person.
Therefore, methods for collecting samples for detecting novel coronavirus and other respiratory tract infection viruses are still to be further improved.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving, at least to some extent, one of the technical problems in the related art. Therefore, one object of the present invention is to provide a sampling mask. This sampling gauze mask can utilize the sample layer to collect the aerosol that the person of wearing exhaled when wearing, accomplishes the sample of virus, from this both can be as much as possible collect by the virus of lung exhalation, avoid the passerby risk of the people that probably causes in the sampling process and various discomforts that the human body brought are given in the sampling process simultaneously, can also realize many people and take a sample simultaneously, improve sampling efficiency greatly.
The present application is mainly proposed based on the following findings of the inventors:
the new type of coronary pneumonia is mainly transmitted by spray, close contact and aerosol formed by spray, and obviously, the aerosol exhaled by a patient with the new type of coronary pneumonia has the new type of coronavirus. Thus, the inventors envisage that relevant assays, such as nucleic acid assays, antibody assays, can be performed by collecting novel coronaviruses carried in the aerosol.
To this end, according to one aspect of the invention, a sampling mask is provided. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the sampling mask comprises: a cover, the cover comprising:
an outer surface layer;
an inner surface layer;
a filter layer disposed between the outer surface layer and the inner surface layer; and
the sampling layer is arranged on one side, far away from the filtering layer, of the inner surface layer.
According to the sampling mask provided by the embodiment of the invention, the sampling layer is additionally arranged on one side of the inner surface layer of the mask body, which is far away from the filter layer, so that the sampling layer can be directly contacted with the mouth and the nose of a wearer when the sampling mask is worn, aerosol exhaled by the wearer is collected by using the sampling layer, and the sampling of viruses is completed, therefore, the viruses exhaled by the lung can be collected as much as possible, the possible personnel transmission risk in the sampling process and various discomfort brought to a human body in the sampling process are avoided, the simultaneous sampling of multiple persons can be realized, and the sampling efficiency is greatly improved. It should be noted that the sampling mask is not only suitable for collecting the virus of the novel coronary pneumonia, but also suitable for collecting the virus of other pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infection.
In addition, the sampling mask according to the above embodiment of the present invention may further have the following additional technical features:
in some embodiments of the invention, the sampling layer contains an adsorbent material for adsorbing viruses in an aerosol exhaled by the wearer.
In some embodiments of the invention, the adsorbent material comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of cotton, graphite, graphene, activated carbon, porous carbon materials, polyester fibers, nylon, and polypropylene fibers.
In some embodiments of the invention, the sampling layer is disposed on at least a portion of an area of the inner surface layer corresponding to the mouth and nose of the user.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the sampling layer comprises: an adhesive sub-layer releasably bonded to the inner surface layer and an absorbent material sub-layer; the adsorption material sub-layer is arranged on the side of the pasting sub-layer far away from the inner surface layer.
In some embodiments of the invention, the adhesive sub-layer is formed of an adhesive material.
In some embodiments of the invention, the adhesive sub-layers are provided on at least a portion of at least one of the lateral and medial portions of the sub-layers of adsorbent material.
In some embodiments of the invention, the sampling layer has at least one peel member formed thereon.
In some embodiments of the invention, the peel member is disposed on at least one corner of the sampling layer.
In some embodiments of the invention, the release member is integrally formed with the adhesive sub-layer.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the sampling layer further comprises: an isolating sublayer disposed on a side of the adsorbent material sublayer distal from the affixing sublayer.
In some embodiments of the invention, the barrier sub-layer is formed from a non-woven material.
In some embodiments of the invention, the barrier sublayer is a hydrophilic material.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the area of the sampling layer is 5 to 20 square centimeters.
In some embodiments of the invention, the sampling mask further comprises: the attaching layer is arranged on the mask body and is suitable for being attached to the face of a user to form a closed space with the mask body.
In some embodiments of the invention, the conforming layer is disposed on at least a portion of the side edges of the inner surface layer.
In some embodiments of the invention, the sampling mask further comprises: an indicating material disposed on the cover and adapted to indicate a flow rate of water vapor or carbon dioxide.
In some embodiments of the invention, the indicator material changes color upon contact with a predetermined amount of water or carbon dioxide.
In some embodiments of the invention, the indicating material comprises a predetermined pattern.
In some embodiments of the invention, the indicator material comprises: at least one of water color-changing ink, color-changing silica gel, carbon dioxide indicator film, bromothymol blue, and a mixture of methyl red and bromothymol blue.
In some embodiments of the invention, the sampling mask further comprises: the hanger component is connected with the cover body.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is an exploded view of a sampling mask body according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of a sampling layer according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a sampling layer according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a sampling layer according to still another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a sampling layer according to still another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is an exploded view of a sampling layer according to yet another embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is an exploded view of a sampling layer according to yet another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is an exploded view of a sampling mask body according to yet another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a sampling mask according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
According to one aspect of the present invention, a sampling mask is provided. As shown in fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, the sampling mask includes: cover 10, cover 10 includes: an outer surface layer 11, an inner surface layer 12, a filter layer 13 and a sampling layer 14. Wherein the filter layer 13 is arranged between the outer surface layer 11 and the inner surface layer 12; a sampling layer 14 is provided on the side of the inner surface layer 12 remote from the filter layer 13, the sampling layer being adapted to collect viruses exhaled by the user. This sampling gauze mask adds sampling layer 14 through the one side of keeping away from filter layer 13 at the internal surface layer 12 of the cover body 10, can make sampling layer 14 direct and the contact of wearer's mouth and nose when wearing sampling gauze mask, utilize sampling layer 14 to collect the aerosol of wearer's exhalation, accomplish the sample of virus, from this both can be as much as possible the collection by the virus of lung exhalation, avoid the biography people risk that probably causes among the sampling process and the various discomfort that the sampling process brought for the human body simultaneously, can also realize many people and take a sample simultaneously, improve sampling efficiency greatly. It should be noted that the sampling mask is not only suitable for collecting the virus of the novel coronary pneumonia, but also suitable for collecting the virus of other pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infection.
The sampling mask according to the above embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 9.
Sampling layer
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the sampling layer 14 may contain an adsorbent material for adsorbing viruses in the aerosol exhaled by the wearer. The kind of the adsorbent in the present invention is not particularly limited, and may be selected by those skilled in the art according to the actual circumstances. But comprehensively considering the aspects of production cost, adsorption capacity of the adsorption material, convenience for virus adsorption, convenience for virus elution when the adsorption material is contacted with a buffer solution and the like, the adsorption material can comprise at least one of cotton, graphite, graphene, activated carbon, porous carbon materials, polyester fibers, nylon and polypropylene fibers, the adsorption material is used in a sampling layer to effectively adsorb viruses in aerosol exhaled by a human body, and then the adsorption material is eluted to realize virus collection.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the sampling layer 14 may be disposed on at least a portion of the inner surface layer 12 corresponding to the nose and mouth of the user, where the nose and mouth correspond to the area where the concentration of the aerosol exhaled by the human body is the largest and where the viruses are most distributed, and the sampling layer may be disposed on at least a portion of the inner surface layer corresponding to the nose and mouth of the user, so as to adsorb the viruses in the aerosol quickly and efficiently, thereby improving the sampling efficiency and effect.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 1-2, the sampling layer 14 may comprise: an adhesive sub-layer 141 and an absorbent material sub-layer 142, wherein the adhesive sub-layer 141 may be releasably bonded to the inner surface layer 12; the adsorbent material sub-layer 142 may be disposed on a side of the adhesive sub-layer 141 remote from the inner surface layer 12, wherein the adsorbent material sub-layer 142 may be directly or indirectly attached to the inner surface layer 12 via the adhesive sub-layer 141, wherein fig. 2 is an exploded view of the adhesive sub-layer 141 and the adsorbent material sub-layer 142. The adsorbing material sub-layer 142 includes an adsorbing material and is adapted to collect viruses therethrough, wherein the adsorbing material may include at least one selected from the group consisting of cotton, graphite, graphene, activated carbon, porous carbon material, polyester fiber, nylon, and polypropylene fiber. By adopting the arrangement, when the detection requirement is met, the sampling layer can be fixed on the inner surface layer of the mask body through the sticking sub-layer, so that the adsorption material sub-layer is contacted with the region corresponding to the mouth and the nose, and the sampling is carried out in the using process of the sampling mask; after the sampling is completed, the adhesive sub-layer is peeled from the inner surface layer of the cover body, the sampling layer is disassembled, and the virus is conveniently detected in the follow-up process, so that the sampling is convenient, the time for the sampling personnel to contact with the virus can be reduced, and the potential infection risk is greatly reduced. When the detection requirement is not needed, whether the sampling layer is reserved or not can be selected according to the actual situation of the person.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the composition of the adhesive sub-layer 141 is not particularly limited, and may be selected by one skilled in the art according to the actual needs, as long as the adhesive sub-layer 141 is releasably bonded to the inner surface layer 12. Preferably, the adhesive sub-layer 141 may be made of an adhesive material only, so that the structure of the sampling layer can be further simplified, the feeling of oppression of the human body when wearing the sampling mask can be reduced, and the production cost can be further reduced.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 2 to 5, the adhesive sub-layers 141 may be disposed on at least a portion of at least one of the side edges and the middle portion of the adsorbing material sub-layer 142. The inventor finds that the mask body and the mouth and nose can play a certain fixing and supporting role in the wearing process of the sampling mask, so that the sampling layer can be fixed and detached without forming adhesive sub-layers on all parts of the surface of the sub-layer of the adsorption material. In addition, it should be noted that the distribution manner of the adhesive sub-layer in the present invention is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can select the distribution manner according to actual needs, for example, the adhesive sub-layer may be centrally distributed on the side edges or the middle portion of the absorbent material sub-layer, or be distributed as a plurality of adhesive dots/blocks randomly or uniformly distributed on the side edges and/or the middle portion of the absorbent material sub-layer, or be distributed on the side edges and/or the middle portion of the absorbent material sub-layer in a "cross" shape, "i" shape, "m" shape, "back" shape, "U" shape, "T" shape, or be randomly combined.
In accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 3-8, at least one peel member 143 can be formed on the sampling layer 14. Fig. 3 to 5 are schematic views of the adhesive sub-layer, the adsorbing material sub-layer, and the release member after assembly, that is, schematic views in actual use. When the sampling layer is separated and sampled, the problems that the adhesion strength of the sticking sub-layer and the inner surface layer is too high or the edge of the sticking sub-layer is completely adhered to the inner surface layer and the like may exist, so that the sampling layer is difficult to peel off, and the sampling difficulty is increased. According to the invention, the stripping component is formed on the sampling layer, so that the sampling layer can be stripped conveniently, and the contact between sampling personnel and viruses in the sampling process can be reduced remarkably. It should be noted that the type of the peeling member in the present invention is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can select the peeling member according to actual needs. For example, the peel-off member may be a pop-top sticker or a pop-top strip, wherein at least a portion of the pull end of the pop-top sticker extends beyond the sampling layer; at least one part of the end part of the easy-pulling strip is not connected with the sampling layer, wherein the easy-pulling strip can be completely arranged on the sampling layer or partially extends out of the sampling layer; for another example, as shown in fig. 4, an easy-to-pull strip may be used as the peeling member 143 disposed along at least a portion of the side edge of the sampling layer 14, and the adhesive sub-layer is disposed only on the sampling layer in the region outside the easy-to-pull strip, so that the sampling layer without the adhesive sub-layer portion can be smoothly peeled off by the easy-to-pull strip.
According to still another embodiment of the present invention, the position where the peeling member 143 is disposed is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can select the position according to actual needs. For example, the peeling member 143 may be provided on the side of the sampling layer remote from the inner surface layer (as shown in FIG. 3), or on the side of the sampling layer close to the inner surface layer (as shown in FIG. 6 or 7), or integrally formed with the sampling layer (as shown in FIG. 5), to facilitate smooth peeling of the entire sampling layer.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 5 or 6, the peeling member 143 may be disposed on at least one corner of the sampling layer 14, which is more favorable for stress concentration, thereby not only facilitating peeling of the sampling layer, but also not affecting the adsorption effect of the sampling layer on viruses. Further, the manner of forming the peeling member 143 on the sampling layer 14 is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can select the peeling member according to actual needs, for example, the peeling member 143 and the sampling layer 14 may be integrally formed as shown in fig. 5, so that the bonding force between the peeling member and the sampling layer can be further improved, thereby facilitating the peeling of the sampling layer.
According to yet another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 6, the sampling layer 14 may further include: the isolation sublayer 144, the isolation sublayer 144 may be disposed on a side of the adsorbent material sublayer 142 distal from the adhesion sublayer 141. In order to improve the adsorption capacity, the adsorption material generally has a larger specific surface area, so the adsorption material mostly exists in the form of particles or fine fibers, and the adsorption material can be coated and fixed by further arranging an isolation sub-layer, and the adsorption material can be prevented from directly contacting with the mouth and the nose of a user to further harm the health of the user, such as symptoms of breathing disorder, cough, asthma and the like.
According to yet another embodiment of the present invention, the barrier sub-layer 144 may be formed of a non-woven material. Therefore, the aerosol exhaled by the user can smoothly enter the adsorbing material sub-layer and is exhausted after being adsorbed by the adsorbing material sub-layer.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the isolation sublayer 144 may be a hydrophilic material, on one hand, the aerosol exhaled by the human body contains water vapor, and the hydrophilic material is used as the isolation sublayer, so that the aerosol can smoothly enter the adsorption material sublayer through the isolation sublayer, and further viruses in the aerosol are enriched in the adsorption material as much as possible, thereby improving the sampling efficiency and the effect; on the other hand, the sampling layer needs to be immersed in the buffer solution for storage after sampling, the buffer solution is mostly water-based buffer solution, and the hydrophilic material is adopted as the isolation sub-layer, so that the sampling layer can be further favorably immersed in the buffer solution completely. The hydrophilic material may be a hydrophilic nonwoven fabric, and the hydrophilic nonwoven fabric may be produced by adding a hydrophilic agent to the fibers in the production process of the nonwoven fabric, or by adding a hydrophilic agent to the fibers in the production process of the fibers.
According to yet another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 7, the sampling layer 14 may further include: the rear separating sub-layer 145 and the rear separating sub-layer 145 may be disposed between the adsorbing material sub-layer 142 and the adhering sub-layer 141, wherein the rear separating sub-layer 145 may be formed of a non-woven fabric material, and is preferably formed of a non-woven fabric having hydrophobicity, such as a water-repellent non-woven fabric. The isolation sublayer is matched with the rear isolation sublayer for use, so that on one hand, the adsorption material sublayer can be integrally coated and fixed, the loss of the adsorption material during sampling is obviously reduced, and higher virus extraction amount is obtained; on the other hand, the hydrophilic material is used as the separation sub-layer, so that the aerosol exhaled by the user can smoothly enter the adsorption material sub-layer, and the hydrophobic material is used as the rear separation sub-layer, so that the output power of the aerosol can be reduced, the retention time of the aerosol in the adsorption material sub-layer can be obviously prolonged, viruses in the aerosol can be enriched in the adsorption material as much as possible, and the sampling efficiency and effect are improved.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the forming manner of the sampling layer 14 is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can select the forming manner according to actual needs, for example, the sub-layers in the sampling layer can be formed and assembled separately, or can be formed integrally. The sub-layers of the sampling layer can be assembled in a manner of easy separation and stripping, so that the volume of the part subjected to sample processing after stripping is small, and the sample processing is convenient.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the whole sampling layer can be stripped and detected, besides the sub-layer of the adsorbing material, other sub-layers of the sampling layer can also be loaded with a small amount of viruses, and the viruses adsorbed by the sampling layer can be extracted as much as possible by stripping and detecting the whole sampling layer, so that the sufficient amount of the viruses for detecting new coronary pneumonia or other respiratory tract infection diseases can be obtained, and the reliability of the detection result is improved.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the area of the sampling layer 14 may be 5 to 20 square centimeters. The overlarge area of the sampling layer is not beneficial to the elution of subsequent viruses, and the elution efficiency and the elution effect of the viruses can be further improved by controlling the size of the sampling layer.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 9, the sampling mask may further include: an attachment layer 20, the attachment layer 20 being positionable on the shell 10 and adapted to attach to the face of a user to form an enclosure with the shell 10. Adopt hangers part etc. to fix the gauze mask more in current gauze mask, nevertheless because user's shape of face or fat thin difference, gauze mask and user's face can not form good enclosure space, and the aerosol of user's exhalation is most not through adsorbing and direct diffusion outside the cover body, seriously influences the enrichment efficiency of virus. According to the invention, the attachment layer is arranged on the cover body to attach the cover body to the face of a user, so that the sealing property of the cover body and the face of the user can be further improved, excessive aerosol is prevented from being diffused into the air, and the virus enrichment efficiency and effect of the sampling layer can be remarkably improved. In addition, the attachment layer is arranged on the mask body, so that the arrangement of a hanger part can be omitted, and the sampling mask can be tightly attached to the face only through the attachment layer; in addition, the bonding material for forming the bonding layer in the present invention is not particularly limited, and may be selected by those skilled in the art according to actual needs, for example, the bonding layer may be formed of latex or silicone.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the attaching layer 20 may be disposed on at least a portion of the side edge of the inner surface layer, for example, when the sampling mask does not include the ear hanging component, the attaching layer may be disposed on each side edge of the inner surface layer of the mask body, and may be distributed along the circumferential edge of the inner surface layer, as shown in fig. 9, thereby further ensuring that the mask body can be closely attached to the face of the user; for another example, when the sampling mask has ear hanging parts, the attaching layers can be disposed on two sides of the inner surface layer corresponding to the cheeks, thereby further ensuring that the mask body can be closely attached to the face of the user.
According to yet another embodiment of the present invention, the sampling mask may further comprise: an indicating material (not shown) may be disposed on the cover and adapted to indicate the flow of water vapor or carbon dioxide. In the actual sampling process, the enrichment concentration of the virus cannot be directly known, so that it is difficult to determine the accurate sampling time. The inventor imagines that whether the enriched concentration of the virus meets the detection requirement can be indirectly judged through the flow rate of the aerosol exhaled by the user, and based on the fact that the inventor adopts an indicating material suitable for indicating the flow rate of water vapor or carbon dioxide, the quantity of the aerosol exhaled by the user is reversely deduced according to the content of the water vapor or the carbon dioxide displayed by the indicating material, and then the sampling time is determined, so that the sampling reliability can be further improved, and whether the user operates according to the sampling indication can be conveniently judged.
According to still another embodiment of the present invention, the indicator material may change color after contacting with a predetermined amount of water or carbon dioxide, whereby the content of water vapor or carbon dioxide may be estimated based on the degree of color change of the indicator material, and the amount of aerosol exhaled by the user may be deduced in reverse, thereby determining the sampling time, whereby the reliability of sampling may be further improved. It is noted that the predetermined amount of water or carbon dioxide refers to an amount of water or carbon dioxide that provides a sufficient amount of virus for detecting new coronary pneumonia or other respiratory infectious diseases, and the range or specific value of the predetermined amount can be determined by routine experimentation by one skilled in the art. For example, one skilled in the art can determine the time required for a patient to exhale a detectable amount of the virus by a step test, a parallel test, or a control test, and then calculate the amount of aerosol exhaled for that time period, while estimating the range or specific value for that predetermined amount in combination with the type of indicator material, the amount, and the concentration of water or carbon dioxide in the aerosol, etc. According to the embodiment of the invention, the carbon dioxide indicator film is used as the indicating material, the carbon dioxide indicator film can change color when the concentration of carbon dioxide in a detection environment exceeds 3%, and when the carbon dioxide indicator film is used as the indicating material, the expired air volume corresponding to the color change is enough to provide a sample volume for detecting new coronary pneumonia or other respiratory tract infection diseases. In addition, according to another embodiment of the present invention, the indicator material used is bromothymol blue, the color change requirement is that the pH value reaches 6, and the expiration volume corresponding to the color change is also enough to provide a sample volume for detecting new crown pneumonia or other respiratory infection diseases. Of course, one skilled in the art will appreciate that one skilled in the art can also estimate the range or specific value of the predetermined amount of carbon dioxide by integrating the time required to diagnose the amount of virus in a detectable amount exhaled by the patient, the volume/mass of other indicator materials used, and the concentration of carbon dioxide in the aerosol.
According to still another embodiment of the present invention, the indicating material may constitute a predetermined pattern, whereby whether sampling is completed or not may be judged according to whether or not the indicating material forms the predetermined pattern, or according to the degree to which the indicating material forms the predetermined pattern.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the type of the indicating material in the present invention is not particularly limited, and those skilled in the art can select the indicating material according to actual needs only to be able to indicate the flow rate of the water vapor or the carbon dioxide. For example, the indicating material may include, but is not limited to: at least one of water color-changing ink, color-changing silica gel, carbon dioxide indicator film, bromothymol blue and a mixture of methyl red and bromothymol blue, and the like, but the carbon dioxide indicator film or the bromothymol blue may be preferable from the aspects of raw material cost, good indication property, convenient process, and the like.
According to yet another embodiment of the present invention, the sampling mask may further comprise: a hanger component (not shown) that can be coupled to the shield 10. Thereby further ensuring that the sampling mask can be attached to the face of the user.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "inner", "outer", "circumferential", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise. In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "connected" and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection or a removable connection, or an integral part; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. A sampling mask, comprising:
a cover, the cover comprising:
an outer surface layer;
an inner surface layer;
a filter layer disposed between the outer surface layer and the inner surface layer;
the sampling layer is arranged on one side, away from the filtering layer, of the inner surface layer, and the area of the sampling layer is 5-20 square centimeters; and
an indicator material disposed on the mask body and adapted to indicate a flow of water vapor or carbon dioxide, the indicator material changing color upon contact with a predetermined amount of water or carbon dioxide, the predetermined amount of water or carbon dioxide referring to an amount of water or carbon dioxide that provides a sufficient amount of virus for detecting new crown pneumonia or other respiratory infectious diseases,
wherein the sampling layer comprises:
an adhesive sub-layer releasably bonded to the inner surface layer;
an adsorbent material sub-layer disposed on a side of the adhesion sub-layer distal from the inner surface layer;
an isolating sub-layer arranged on the side of the adsorbing material sub-layer far away from the pasting sub-layer, wherein the isolating sub-layer is formed by a hydrophilic non-woven fabric material;
a back spacer sub-layer disposed between the adsorbent material sub-layer and the adhesive sub-layer, the back spacer sub-layer formed of a hydrophobic non-woven material; and
at least one peel member disposed on at least one corner of the sampling layer.
2. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein the sampling layer comprises an adsorbent material for adsorbing viruses from an aerosol exhaled by the wearer.
3. The sampling mask of claim 2 wherein said adsorbent material comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of cotton, graphite, activated carbon, polyester fiber, nylon and polypropylene fiber.
4. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein the sampling layer is disposed on at least a portion of the area of the inner surface layer corresponding to the nose and mouth of the user.
5. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein said adhesive sub-layer is formed of an adhesive material.
6. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein said adhesive sub-layer is disposed on at least a portion of at least one of a lateral side and a medial side of said sub-layer of adsorbent material.
7. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein the peel component is integrally formed with the adhesive sub-layer.
8. The sampling mask of claim 1 further comprising:
the attaching layer is arranged on the mask body and is suitable for being attached to the face of a user to form a closed space with the mask body.
9. The sampling mask of claim 8 wherein said conforming layer is disposed on at least a portion of the side edges of said inner surface layer.
10. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein said indicating material comprises a predetermined pattern.
11. The sampling mask of claim 1 wherein said indicating material comprises: at least one of water color-changing ink, color-changing silica gel, carbon dioxide indicator film, bromothymol blue, and a mixture of methyl red and bromothymol blue.
12. The sampling mask of claim 1 further comprising:
the hanger component is connected with the cover body.
CN202010666290.9A 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 Sampling mask Active CN111528928B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010666290.9A CN111528928B (en) 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 Sampling mask

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010666290.9A CN111528928B (en) 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 Sampling mask

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111528928A CN111528928A (en) 2020-08-14
CN111528928B true CN111528928B (en) 2020-11-27

Family

ID=71969759

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010666290.9A Active CN111528928B (en) 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 Sampling mask

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111528928B (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20220034761A1 (en) * 2020-07-29 2022-02-03 Shazi S. Iqbal Microbial sample collection, transport and processing apparatus and method
CN111990705A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-27 广州大学 Coronavirus intelligent monitoring clothes
TWI766603B (en) * 2020-10-06 2022-06-01 康科特股份有限公司 Facial mask for collecting virus specimen from respirator tracts of human and animals
US20220125333A1 (en) * 2020-10-26 2022-04-28 Innovaprep Llc Multi-function face masks
CN112370083A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-19 广州金域医学检验中心有限公司 Respiratory virus sampling device and method
CN112826160B (en) * 2020-11-27 2023-12-15 浙江海阔人工智能科技有限公司 Color-changing mask and color-changing warning method for mask service time
CN112471640A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-03-12 安徽信息工程学院 Health monitoring mask
DE202021000606U1 (en) 2021-02-17 2021-04-16 Norbert Sadler Extension of the use of the well-known Covid-19 virus protection masks
CN113519939B (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-12-28 中南大学 Mouth-nose mask for visible target collection of novel coronavirus sample and visible warning
CN114395468A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-04-26 西湖大学 Device for collecting pathogens of human respiratory diseases

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2608051Y (en) * 2003-05-09 2004-03-31 于海 Disposable active carbon adhesive chip for mouthpiece
CN2873253Y (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-02-28 立绩实业股份有限公司 Active carbon mask
CN200995002Y (en) * 2007-02-04 2007-12-26 李桂峰 Sanitary protective breathing mask
CN104605533A (en) * 2015-01-03 2015-05-13 浙江理工大学 Filter-element-replaceable type mask with adsorption and filtration functions
CN105996230A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-10-12 苏州艾美医疗用品有限公司 Super-high-moisture-absorption-and-filtration medical protective mask
CN107072338A (en) * 2014-09-05 2017-08-18 霍尼韦尔国际公司 The end-of-life indicator of disposable face guard
CN108325112A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-27 安徽锦海医药科技有限责任公司 A kind of production method of absorbing filter gauze mask
CN108783659A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-13 合肥炫升环保材料科技有限公司 A kind of anti-fog can prompt hygienic environment-protecting mask
CN210445776U (en) * 2020-02-29 2020-05-05 首都医科大学宣武医院 Mask for sampling pathogen of coronavirus pneumonia
CN111227347A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-06-05 刘巍 Special enrichment sampling medical mask for respiratory tract transmitted pathogens

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207767582U (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-08-28 康豪奈米应用材料有限公司 Respirator structure with antibacterial and deodouring function

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2608051Y (en) * 2003-05-09 2004-03-31 于海 Disposable active carbon adhesive chip for mouthpiece
CN2873253Y (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-02-28 立绩实业股份有限公司 Active carbon mask
CN200995002Y (en) * 2007-02-04 2007-12-26 李桂峰 Sanitary protective breathing mask
CN107072338A (en) * 2014-09-05 2017-08-18 霍尼韦尔国际公司 The end-of-life indicator of disposable face guard
CN104605533A (en) * 2015-01-03 2015-05-13 浙江理工大学 Filter-element-replaceable type mask with adsorption and filtration functions
CN105996230A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-10-12 苏州艾美医疗用品有限公司 Super-high-moisture-absorption-and-filtration medical protective mask
CN108325112A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-27 安徽锦海医药科技有限责任公司 A kind of production method of absorbing filter gauze mask
CN108783659A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-13 合肥炫升环保材料科技有限公司 A kind of anti-fog can prompt hygienic environment-protecting mask
CN111227347A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-06-05 刘巍 Special enrichment sampling medical mask for respiratory tract transmitted pathogens
CN210445776U (en) * 2020-02-29 2020-05-05 首都医科大学宣武医院 Mask for sampling pathogen of coronavirus pneumonia

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN111528928A (en) 2020-08-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN111528928B (en) Sampling mask
US20100087749A1 (en) Collection Device for Sampling Exhaled Airstreams
US10335569B2 (en) Oxygen face mask and component system
US20180110951A2 (en) Facial access oxygen face mask and component system
EP2379128A2 (en) Lung aerosol collection device
US20120090613A1 (en) Breathing Apparatus
CN111513377A (en) Novel mask for collecting coronavirus pathogens in aerosol and droplet and collection method
CN212590390U (en) Mask capable of collecting pathogens
CN209884147U (en) Portable expired air collection system
CN213045306U (en) Aerosol and droplet pathogen collecting mask
JPH10118183A (en) Nose-covering instrument
US20210298639A1 (en) Apparatus for Breath Sample Collection
CN213189770U (en) Active suction type respiratory tract medical sample collecting device
US20030086825A1 (en) Nose airway device for detecting airborne contaminants
CN215349095U (en) Device for collecting new coronavirus nucleic acid in breath
CN114073829B (en) Mask with sampling function and matched sample collection tube thereof
US20230218847A1 (en) Mask, sample collecting tube, and pathogen collecting apparatus
CN212346582U (en) Medical self-service sampling device of respiratory track
CN111839609B (en) Initiative suction type respiratory tract medical sample collection device
CN217561522U (en) Simple detection kit for total IgE of nasal secretion
CN211796608U (en) Gas production front end
CN202486139U (en) Oral fast detector for TB (Tuberculosis) antigen
CN215365740U (en) Sampling device
CN212489964U (en) Respiratory tract discharge specimen enrichment device
CN213640966U (en) Be suitable for new crown pneumonia sample collection system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: HK

Ref legal event code: DE

Ref document number: 40024956

Country of ref document: HK