CN111496572A - Machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpiece and working method - Google Patents

Machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpiece and working method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111496572A
CN111496572A CN202010343192.1A CN202010343192A CN111496572A CN 111496572 A CN111496572 A CN 111496572A CN 202010343192 A CN202010343192 A CN 202010343192A CN 111496572 A CN111496572 A CN 111496572A
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film
workpiece
feeding
controller
machine tool
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CN202010343192.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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段建英
李伟
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • B23Q7/043Construction of the grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D21/00Machines or devices for shearing or cutting tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D33/00Accessories for shearing machines or shearing devices
    • B23D33/02Arrangements for holding, guiding, and/or feeding work during the operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/02Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of drums or rotating tables or discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/06Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of pushers

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to a machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpieces, a working method and a working method, wherein the machine tool feeding device comprises a base, a controller, a feeding mechanism, a turnover mechanism and a supporting mechanism, the feeding mechanism is arranged at the top of the base and used for feeding the film-coated workpieces, the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding box and a discharging assembly, the turnover mechanism is arranged beside the feeding mechanism and used for turning over the film-coated workpieces, the turnover mechanism comprises a rotating frame and a driving assembly, the supporting mechanism is arranged beside the turnover mechanism and used for conveying the film-coated workpieces to a machine tool, the supporting mechanism comprises a Z-shaped table, a pushing assembly and two clamping assemblies, the discharging assembly, the driving assembly, the pushing assembly and the two clamping assemblies are electrically connected with the controller, and the machine tool feeding device for cutting the film-coated workpieces, the working method and the working method are provided by the invention, the clamping force of the clamping jaw can be controlled, the protective film is prevented from being damaged, the feeding distance of the workpiece can be accurately adjusted, and the finish machining of the workpiece is realized.

Description

Machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpiece and working method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to a feeding device of a machine tool for cutting a film-coated workpiece and a working method.
Background
When the cutting machine tool is coated with a protective film when the surface of a pipe material to be machined is coated with the protective film, the protective film on the surface of the pipe material can be damaged by the feeding mechanism and the machine tool fixture in the feeding and machining processes, so that the surface of the pipe material is polished after the pipe material is cut, the production efficiency is reduced, and the production cost is increased.
Chinese patent application No.: CN 201510499043.3; the publication date is as follows: 2015.11.18 discloses an automatic feeding and discharging cutting machine tool for processing pipes with plastic films, belonging to the technical field of machinery. The problem that a surface film of an existing machine tool is easily damaged when the existing machine tool cuts a pipe material is solved. This unloading cutting off machine tool in automation of processing area plastic film tubular product includes lathe bed and headstock, be equipped with the support on the headstock, be equipped with the pillar on the lathe bed, it is equipped with the slide rail on crossbeam and the crossbeam to link firmly between pillar and the support, be equipped with the longeron on the slide rail, be equipped with the mount pad on the longeron and have the line rail that supplies the mount pad front and back translation, be equipped with push cylinder one and push cylinder two on the mount pad, the material pulling device has been linked firmly on the cylinder axle one of push cylinder one, the clamp device has been linked firmly on the cylinder axle two of push cylinder two, the lathe bed is equipped with a plurality of strutting arrangement outward, strutting arrangement includes big nylon gyro wheel and two little nylon gyro wheels. The invention has the advantages of protecting the plastic film on the surface of the pipe material with the plastic film, high cutting precision and the like.
Chinese patent application No.: CN 201911390886.4; the publication date is as follows: 2020.02.07A pipe automatic feeding device comprises a first frame, a feeding station is arranged on the side of the first frame, a plurality of feeding devices are arranged on the feeding station in parallel, each feeding device comprises a plurality of transmission brackets which are arranged on the first frame in parallel and fixed, a plurality of transmission chain belts which are driven by a first driving motor to operate, and a plurality of feeding frames which are driven by a second driving motor to advance, a supporting bracket is fixed on one end of each feeding frame close to the feeding station, each feeding frame is arranged on the first frame by the second driving motor in a sliding way, each transmission chain belt is arranged on the transmission bracket by the first driving motor in a rotating way, the feeding station is provided with a second machine frame, the first machine frame is provided with a first chuck and a second chuck in a sliding mode, and a cutting electric chuck for cutting the pipe is fixedly arranged between the first chuck and the second chuck. The invention has smart structure, effectively improves the working efficiency and reduces the production cost.
The above two inventive structures have the following disadvantages:
1. the material clamping jaw that draws of design has only designed the nylon liner on its surface, though can play the effect of the protection film of supplementary protection workpiece surface, can't adjust the clamping jaw to workpiece surface's the size of the tight dynamics of clamp, when the tight dynamics of clamp is great, can damage the protection film, and then be unfavorable for the protection to workpiece surface protection film.
2. In the process of feeding a workpiece to a machine tool machining center, the main feeding mode is that the workpiece is pulled by a material pulling clamping jaw, the nylon roller is used as an auxiliary roller and matched with the auxiliary roller to realize feeding of the workpiece, when the workpiece is cut, the material pulling not only easily causes scratches of a workpiece surface protective film, but also only can realize a single feeding action during feeding, the feeding distance of the workpiece cannot be accurately controlled, and therefore finish machining of the workpiece is not facilitated.
According to the defects of the prior art, a feeding control system and a working method of a machine tool for cutting a coated workpiece are needed to be designed, wherein the feeding control system can control the clamping force of a clamping jaw, prevent a protective film from being damaged, accurately adjust the feeding distance of the workpiece and realize finish machining.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a feeding device of a machine tool for cutting a coated workpiece, a working method and a working method.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpieces, a working method and a working method, which comprises a base, a controller, a feeding mechanism, a turnover mechanism and a supporting mechanism, wherein the feeding mechanism is arranged at the top of the base and is used for feeding the film-coated workpieces, the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding box and a discharging component, the feeding box is fixedly arranged at the top of the base, the discharging component is arranged at the top of the feeding box, the controller is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the feeding box, the turnover mechanism is arranged at the side of the feeding mechanism and is used for turning over the film-coated workpieces, the turnover mechanism comprises a rotating frame and a driving component, the rotating frame is rotatably arranged at the top of the base through two supporting rods, the driving component is arranged at the side of the rotating frame and is in transmission connection with the rotating frame, the supporting mechanism is arranged at the side of the turnover mechanism, the bearing mechanism comprises a Z-shaped platform, a pushing assembly and two clamping assemblies, and the feeding assembly, the driving assembly, the pushing assembly and the two clamping assemblies are electrically connected with the controller.
Further, the drain hole has been seted up at the top of going up the workbin, the top of drain hole is the wedge structure, and the inside of going up the workbin is equipped with the recess that can supply the tectorial membrane work piece to hold, and the recess is the slope, and the one end of going up the workbin and being close to the swivel mount has seted up the discharge gate, and drain hole, recess and discharge gate are integrated into one piece, and the bottom of going up the workbin is the symmetry and is provided with four supporting legss, and every supporting legs all with the top fixed connection of base.
Further, the blowing subassembly includes biax cylinder, arm-tie and two dogs, and the top one end that the workbin is close to the discharge gate is equipped with logical groove, biax cylinder is vertical the side of establishing at logical groove through the backup pad, the arm-tie is fixed to be established on biax cylinder's output to the arm-tie is less than logical groove, and two dogs are the symmetry and set up in the bottom of arm-tie and extend to in the discharge gate, and every dog is made by the rubber material, and the top both ends of arm-tie all are equipped with the gag lever post, and the both ends that lead to the groove are all fixed and are equipped with the quarter butt, the fixed limiting plate that is equipped with in top of quarter butt, the limiting plate is inserted with the gag.
Further, the swivel mount includes sleeve pipe and four overlap joint boards, the sleeve pipe passes through the rotatable setting of rotation axis between two bracing pieces, and four overlap joint boards equidistant setting are on sheathed tube circumferencial direction ascending outer wall to every overlap joint board all with sheathed tube outer wall fixed connection, the slope is provided with first guide plate between discharge gate and the overlap joint board, the slope is provided with the second guide plate between overlap joint board and the "Z" shape platform.
Further, a pot head that the rotation axis is close to drive assembly is equipped with the graduated disk, four butt joint grooves have been seted up to the graduated disk equidistant, drive assembly includes step motor, disc and traction lever, step motor fixes the top of establishing at the base, the disc is fixed to be established on step motor's output, the traction lever is fixed to be established on the outer wall of disc to the traction lever is all lapped with every butt joint groove, still fixedly is equipped with the positioning disk on step motor's the output, the positioning disk is connected with the outer wall laminating of graduated disk, step motor is connected with the controller electricity.
Furthermore, the top one end that "Z" shape platform is close to the swivel mount is equipped with trapezoidal chute feeder, the inside equidistant a plurality of nylon gyro wheel that is provided with of trapezoidal chute feeder, every nylon gyro wheel all rotates with the inner wall of trapezoidal chute feeder to position sensor is installed to the side of trapezoidal chute feeder, propelling movement subassembly includes push rod, servo motor, action wheel, follows driving wheel and cable wire, servo motor fixes and establishes the top one end of keeping away from the swivel mount at "Z" shape platform, the action wheel cover is established on servo motor's output, follow the rotatable setting of driving wheel on the outer wall of "Z" shape platform, the steel cable cover is established between action wheel and follow driving wheel, the fixed slider that is equipped with on the outer wall of cable wire, the push rod is fixed and is established at the top of slider, and the push rod is "L" shape structure to the one end fixedly connected with circular flange that the slider was kept away from to the push rod, and the side of trapezoidal chute feeder is fixed and is equipped with the guide bar, the one end that the slider was kept away from.
Furthermore, each clamping component comprises a bearing cover, a first rack, a single-shaft cylinder and two clamping jaws, one end, far away from the guide rod, of the Z-shaped platform at the top is vertically provided with a hydraulic rod, a support frame is fixedly arranged at the output end of the hydraulic rod, the bearing cover is fixedly arranged at one end of the bottom of the support frame through a connecting plate, the first rack is inserted into the center of the bearing cover, the two clamping jaws are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the inside of the bearing cover, a film pressure sensor is fixedly arranged on the surface of each clamping jaw, one end, close to the first rack, of each clamping jaw is fixedly connected with a first gear, each first gear is meshed with the first rack and hinged with the inner wall of the bearing cover, the two first gears are symmetrical, the single-shaft cylinder is fixedly arranged on the connecting plate, and the output end of the single-shaft cylinder penetrates through the bearing cover, and the output end of the clamping jaw is fixedly connected with one end, far away from the clamping jaw, of the first rack, and the hydraulic rod, the single-shaft cylinder and the film pressure sensor are all electrically connected with the controller.
Further, the fixed driving motor that is equipped with in top of base, the cover is equipped with the second gear on driving motor's the output, the fixed riser that is equipped with in bottom of "Z" shape platform, the fixed surface of riser is equipped with the second rack, the second gear is connected with the meshing of second rack, and the fixed limiting plate that is equipped with in top of base, limiting plate and riser sliding connection, the both ends of "Z" shape platform are all fixed and are equipped with the slider, and the top of base is the symmetry and is provided with two slides, and every slider all with a slide sliding connection, driving motor is connected with the controller electricity.
Further, servo motor's one end is fixed to be equipped with the diaphragm is kept away from to "Z" shape platform, the fixed lantern ring that is equipped with in top of diaphragm, equidistant four balls that are provided with on the inner wall of the lantern ring, the surface of every ball is made by carbon fiber material to be equipped with the flexible through-hole of four balls on the inner wall of the lantern ring, equidistant four draw runners that are provided with on the inner wall of the lantern ring, every ball all is articulated with a draw runner, and be equipped with four spouts on the inner wall of the lantern ring, every spout all with a draw runner sliding connection, the inside of every spout all is equipped with the spring, the one end that the ball was kept away from to the draw runner and the inner wall of spout respectively with the.
A machine tool feeding device for cutting a film-coated workpiece, a working method and a working method comprise the following steps:
s1: loading the film-coated workpiece:
before the pay-off work begins, at first put into the material loading case from the drain hole with the work piece, because the slope design of recess, the work piece is from the inside one end that the drain hole automatic slip goes into the material loading case and is close to the discharge gate, the discharge gate makes things convenient for the work piece to carry to the swivel mount, when carrying the tectorial membrane work piece to the swivel mount, at first start biax cylinder through the controller, thereby make its output shrink, therefore it rises to drive the arm-tie, pull out the outside to the discharge gate by leading to the groove with the arm-tie, because arm-tie and two dog fixed connection, the bottom of two dogs all extends to in the discharge gate, therefore make in the discharge gate not shelter from, and then make the tectorial membrane work piece discharge from the discharge gate, dog that the rubber material was made is when sheltering from the tectorial.
S2: turning over the film-coated workpiece:
the stepping motor is started through the controller, so that the disc is driven to rotate, four butt joint grooves are designed on the dividing plate at equal intervals, each butt joint groove is in lap joint with the traction rod, the traction rod is fixedly connected with the disc, the dividing plate is further driven to rotate, the dividing plate is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the sleeve, in addition, the four lap joint plates are fixedly connected with the sleeve, the lap joint plates carrying the film-coated workpieces are driven to overturn at ninety degrees, the film-coated workpieces are conveyed to the top of the second material guide plate, the second material guide plate is obliquely arranged and is arranged between the lap joint plates and the Z-shaped platform, and therefore the film-coated workpieces slide towards the Z-shaped platform.
S3: pushing the film-coated workpiece:
when the film covering workpiece slides to the trapezoid feeding groove at the top of the Z-shaped table from the top of the second material guiding plate, after the position sensor detects the information of the workpiece, the information is transmitted to the controller, therefore, the servo motor is started through the controller, the driving wheel is driven to rotate, the driven wheel is rotationally designed, the driving wheel is sleeved with the driven wheel through the steel cable, the sliding block is fixedly connected with the steel cable, the bottom of the pushing rod is fixedly connected with the sliding part, the top of the pushing rod is located in the trapezoid feeding groove, the pushing rod is driven to slide towards one end close to the machine tool through the sliding block, the film covering workpiece is further pushed towards one end close to the machine tool, the servo motor is used as a driving source of the pushing assembly, the sliding distance of the sliding block can be accurately adjusted, namely, the feeding of the.
S4: fixing the film-coated workpiece:
when the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the lower part of the support frame, the hydraulic rod is started through the controller, so that the output end of the hydraulic rod is contracted, the bearing cover is driven to descend, then the two groups of clamping components are started through the controller, so that the two clamping jaws rotate, the distance between the two clamping components is reduced, the workpiece is clamped, a clamping and fixing effect is realized, the clamping force of the clamping jaws is detected by the film pressure sensor in real time, when the clamping force exceeds the bearing pressure value of a workpiece surface protective film preset in the controller, a signal is transmitted to the controller, the single-shaft cylinder is powered off through the controller, then the single-shaft cylinder is restarted, the second rack is driven to slide, the clamping jaws are driven to clamp the workpiece through the second rack again, the best clamping effect is obtained through a mode of debugging the second rack repeatedly, namely, under the condition that the protective film on the outer wall, the protection film on the surface of the workpiece is effectively protected when the material is fed to the cutting machine tool, and the processing quality of the film-coated workpiece is further improved.
After the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the inside of the lantern ring, four balls are abutted against the outer wall of the workpiece to play a limiting role, and then two clamping jaws are matched to ensure that the workpiece does not shake during processing, so that the smooth operation of cutting work is ensured, the balls are hinged with the sliding strip, the workpiece is not influenced when being conveyed to a cutter in the lantern ring, the sliding strip slides in the sliding groove due to the design of the spring, so that the balls are driven to stretch and retract, and further the fixing effect of the film-coated workpiece with different diameters is met, the surfaces of the balls are made of carbon fibers, the protective film on the surface of the workpiece is favorably protected while contacting the film-coated workpiece, the balls are separated from the workpiece at the same time, the direct friction between the balls and the surface of the workpiece is reduced, the service life of the balls is favorably prolonged, the frequent replacement due to the abrasion problem of the balls is, when the machine tool cuts a workpiece, the vibration force caused by the cutter can be reduced, the noise is reduced, and the cutting efficiency is improved.
S4: height adjustment of the "Z" shaped stage:
because there is the difference in the height of lathe, when meetting higher lathe, start driving motor through the controller to it is rotatory to drive the second gear, because the second gear is connected with the meshing of second rack, second rack and riser fixed connection, again because riser and "Z" shape platform fixed connection, and then drive "Z" shape platform and rise, until the machining plane highly uniform with the lathe, limiting plate and two sliders all play the guide effect, further guarantee the lift of "Z" shape platform steadily.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, through designing the clamping assembly and the film pressure sensor, when the clamping force exceeds the bearing pressure value of the workpiece surface protective film preset in the controller, a signal is transmitted to the controller, the clamping force of the clamping jaw is timely adjusted through the controller, and the clamping and fixing effects are simultaneously realized under the condition that the workpiece outer wall protective film is not damaged.
2. According to the invention, by designing the pushing assembly and using the servo motor as a driving source of the pushing assembly, the sliding distance of the sliding block can be accurately controlled, so that the accurate pushing of the push rod is realized, namely the feeding distance of the film-coated workpiece is accurately controlled, the cutter can conveniently and effectively process in time, the finish machining effect is achieved, and the machining efficiency of the machine tool is further improved.
3. According to the invention, the surface of the ball is designed into the carbon fiber material, so that the protection of a protective film on the surface of the workpiece is facilitated while the ball is in contact with the coated workpiece, and the ball is separated from the workpiece, so that the direct friction between the ball and the surface of the workpiece is reduced, the service life of the ball is prolonged, the ball does not need to be frequently replaced due to the abrasion problem of the ball, the maintenance cost of the device is saved, meanwhile, the carbon fiber is soft in texture, the shock absorption effect is better, and when the machine tool cuts the workpiece, the vibration force brought by the cutter can be reduced, the noise is reduced, and the cutting efficiency.
4. According to the invention, through the feeding box, the discharging assembly and the turnover mechanism, a worker only needs to sequentially place the film-coated workpiece to be cut into the feeding box, then the discharging assembly is used for controlling the material, the workpiece can be discharged only through one workpiece at a time, then the turnover assembly is used for realizing the turnover of the workpiece, and finally the workpiece is conveyed to the Z-shaped table to finish the feeding of the workpiece to the cutting machine tool, the feeding step is well-lined, and the whole feeding operation does not need manual intervention, so that the batch processing of the workpiece is realized, the yield is enlarged, the labor cost is saved, and the enterprise income is increased.
5. According to the invention, the height of the Z-shaped table can be adjusted in time by driving the motor, the second rack and the second gear so as to be matched with machine tools with different heights, so that feeding is realized, the requirements of cutting planes with different heights are further met, and the practicability of the device is further improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention are briefly described below.
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of FIG. 3 at B;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the turnover mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a dispensing assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the clamping assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of the base and support mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a plan sectional view of a collar of the present invention;
in the figure: the device comprises a base 1, a driving motor 10, a second gear 100, a second rack 11, a controller 2, a feeding mechanism 3, a feeding box 30, a discharging component 31, a double-shaft cylinder 310, a pulling plate 311, a stop block 312, a turnover mechanism 4, a rotating frame 40, a sleeve 400, a lapping plate 401, an index plate 402, a driving component 41, a stepping motor 410, a disc 411, a traction rod 412, a guide plate 413, a bearing mechanism 5, a Z-shaped table 50, a nylon roller 500, a position sensor 501, a hydraulic rod 502, a lantern ring 503, a ball 504, a sliding strip 505, a spring 506, a pushing component 51, a push rod 510, a servo motor 511, a driving wheel 512, a driven wheel 513, a steel cable 514, a clamping component 52, a bearing cover 520, a first rack 521, a single-shaft cylinder 522, a clamping jaw 523, a film pressure sensor 524, a first gear 525, a first guide plate 6 and a second guide plate 7.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by the specific implementation mode in combination with the attached drawings.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustration only and are shown by way of illustration only and not in actual form, and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent; to better illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, some components of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, a feeding device of a machine tool for cutting a film-coated workpiece and a working method thereof are disclosed, the feeding device comprises a base 1, a controller 2, a feeding mechanism 3, a turnover mechanism 4 and a supporting mechanism 5, the feeding mechanism 3 is arranged at the top of the base 1 for feeding the film-coated workpiece, the feeding mechanism 3 comprises a feeding box 30 and a discharging assembly 31, the feeding box 30 is fixedly arranged at the top of the base 1, the discharging assembly 31 is arranged at the top of the feeding box 30, the controller 2 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the feeding box 30, the turnover mechanism 4 is arranged beside the feeding mechanism 3 for turnover of the film-coated workpiece, the turnover mechanism 4 comprises a rotating frame 40 and a driving assembly 41, the rotating frame 40 is arranged at the top of the base 1 through two rotatable supporting rods, the driving assembly 41 is arranged beside the rotating frame 40 and is in transmission connection with the rotating frame 40, the supporting mechanism 5 is arranged beside the turnover mechanism 4 and used for conveying the film-coated workpiece to the machine tool, the supporting mechanism 5 comprises a Z-shaped table 50, a pushing assembly 51 and two clamping assemblies 52, and the emptying assembly 31, the driving assembly 41, the pushing assembly 51, the two clamping assemblies 52 and the controller 2 are all electrically connected.
Go up the feed box 30's top and seted up the drain hole, the top of drain hole is the wedge structure, and the inside of going up feed box 30 is equipped with the recess that can supply the tectorial membrane work piece to hold, and the recess is the slope, and the one end that goes up feed box 30 and be close to swivel mount 40 has seted up the discharge gate, and drain hole, recess and discharge gate are integrated into one piece, and the bottom of going up feed box 30 is the symmetry and is provided with four supporting legss, every supporting legss all with base 1's top fixed connection, before pay-off work begins, at first with the work piece from the drain hole feed box 30, because the slope design of recess, the work piece is from the inside one end that the drain hole automatic sliding goes up feed box 30 and is close to the.
The discharging assembly 31 comprises a double-shaft cylinder 310, a pulling plate 311 and two stop blocks 312, one end of the top of the feeding box 30, which is close to the discharging port, is provided with a through groove, the double-shaft cylinder 310 is vertically arranged at the side of the through groove through a supporting plate, the pulling plate 311 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the double-shaft cylinder 310, the pulling plate 311 is smaller than the through groove, the two stop blocks 312 are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the pulling plate 311 and extend into the discharging port, each stop block 312 is made of rubber material, both ends of the top of the pulling plate 311 are respectively provided with a limiting rod, both ends of the through groove are respectively provided with a short rod, the top of the short rod is fixedly provided with a limiting plate, the limiting plates are inserted and connected with the limiting rods, the double-shaft cylinder 310 is electrically connected with a controller 2, when a film-coated workpiece is conveyed to the rotating frame 40, the double-, pull out the outside to the discharge gate with arm-tie 311 by leading to the groove, because arm-tie 311 and two dog 312 fixed connection, the bottom of two dog 312 all extends to in the discharge gate, therefore make in the discharge gate not shelter from, and then make the tectorial membrane work piece discharge from the discharge gate, dog 312 that the rubber material was made can not scrape the protection film on its surface when sheltering from the tectorial membrane work piece, play a guard action, two gag lever posts are pegged graft with two limiting plates, further ensure the stability that arm-tie 311 functions.
The rotating frame 40 comprises a sleeve 400 and four bridging plates 401, the sleeve 400 is rotatably arranged between two support rods through a rotating shaft, the four bridging plates 401 are arranged on the outer wall of the sleeve 400 in the circumferential direction at equal intervals, each bridging plate 401 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the sleeve 400, a first material guide plate 6 is obliquely arranged between the discharge port and the bridging plates 401, a second material guide plate 7 is obliquely arranged between the bridging plates 401 and the Z-shaped table 50, and after a film-coated workpiece is discharged from the discharge port, the film-coated workpiece automatically falls into one of the bridging plates 401 on the rotating frame 40 due to the fact that the first material guide plate 6 is obliquely arranged between the discharge port and the bridging plates 401.
The end, close to the driving component 41, of the rotating shaft is sleeved with an index plate 402, four butt-joint grooves are formed in the index plate 402 at equal intervals, the driving component 41 comprises a stepping motor 410, a disc 411 and a draw bar 412, the stepping motor 410 is fixedly arranged at the top of the base 1, the disc 411 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the stepping motor 410, the draw bar 412 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the disc 411, the draw bar 412 is in lap joint with each butt-joint groove, a guide plate 413 is further fixedly arranged at the output end of the stepping motor 410, the guide plate 413 is in fit connection with the outer wall of the index plate 402, the stepping motor 410 is electrically connected with the controller 2, when a laminating workpiece falls into the top of one of the lap-joint plates 401, the stepping motor 410 is started through the controller 2, so that the disc 411 is driven to rotate, four butt-joint grooves are formed in the index plate 402 at equal intervals, since the drawbar 412 is fixedly connected to the circular plate 411 and further drives the index plate 402 to rotate, since the index plate 402 is fixedly connected to the rotary shaft, the rotary shaft is fixedly connected to the sleeve 400, and in addition, the four lapping plates 401 are fixedly connected to the sleeve 400, further the lapping plates 401 carrying the film-coated workpieces are driven to turn over at ninety degrees, and the film-coated workpieces are conveyed to the top of the second guide plate 7, since the second guide plate 7 is obliquely arranged and is arranged between the lapping plates 401 and the "Z" -shaped table 50, the film-coated workpieces are made to slide toward the "Z" -shaped table 50.
The special tool comprises a Z-shaped table 50, a trapezoidal feed chute is arranged at one end, close to the top of a rotating frame 40, of the Z-shaped table 50, a plurality of nylon rollers 500 are arranged in the trapezoidal feed chute at equal intervals, each nylon roller 500 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the trapezoidal feed chute, a position sensor 501 is mounted beside the trapezoidal feed chute, a pushing assembly 51 comprises a push rod 510, a servo motor 511, a driving wheel 512, a driven wheel 513 and a steel cable 514, the servo motor 511 is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the top of the rotating frame 40, of the Z-shaped table 50, the driving wheel 512 is sleeved on the output end of the servo motor 511, the driven wheel 513 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the Z-shaped table 50, the steel cable 514 is sleeved between the driving wheel 512 and the driven wheel 513, a slide block is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the steel cable 514, the push rod 510 is fixedly arranged at the top of the slide block, the push rod 510 is of the "L" -shaped structure, one end, the push rod 510, which is far away from the slide block, a circular flange is fixedly connected with the slide flange, a guide rod is fixedly arranged beside the trapezoidal feed chute, one end, the push rod 510 is sleeved with the guide rod 511, the slide block, the slide control module 510, the slide block is connected with a workpiece 511, the slide control module is connected with a workpiece 511, the slide control module which is connected with a workpiece 511, so as a slide control module which is connected with a slide mechanism, when the slide mechanism.
Each clamping component 52 comprises a bearing cover 520, a first rack 521, a single-shaft cylinder 522 and two clamping jaws 523, a hydraulic rod 502 is vertically arranged at one end, far away from the top of the guide rod, of the Z-shaped table 50, a supporting frame is fixedly arranged at the output end of the hydraulic rod 502, the bearing cover 520 is fixedly arranged at one end of the bottom of the supporting frame through a connecting plate, the first rack 521 is inserted in the center of the bearing cover 520, the two clamping jaws 523 are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the inside of the bearing cover 520, a film pressure sensor 524 is fixedly arranged on the surface of each clamping jaw 523, one end, close to the first rack 521, of each clamping jaw 523 is fixedly connected with a first gear 525, each first gear 525 is connected with the first rack 521 in a meshed manner, each first gear 525 is hinged with the inner wall of the bearing cover 520, the two first gears 525 are symmetrical, and the single-shaft cylinder 522 is fixedly arranged on the connecting plate, the output end of the single-shaft cylinder 522 penetrates through the bearing cover 520, the output end of the single-shaft cylinder 522 is fixedly connected with one end, far away from the clamping jaws 523, of the first rack 521, the hydraulic rod 502, the single-shaft cylinder 522 and the film pressure sensor 524 are all electrically connected with the controller 2, when a film-coated workpiece is pushed to the lower part of the support frame, the hydraulic rod 502 is started through the controller 2, so that the output end of the hydraulic rod is contracted, the bearing cover 520 is driven to descend, then the single-shaft cylinder 522 is started through the controller 2, the output end of the hydraulic rod is contracted, the first rack 521 is driven to slide towards one end close to the single-shaft cylinder 522, each second gear 100 is hinged with the bearing cover 520 due to the fact that the two second gears 100 are fixedly connected with the two clamping jaws 523, and because the two first gears 525 are symmetrical, each second gear 100 is meshed with the first rack 521, so that the two clamping, the interval of the two is reduced, press from both sides the work piece tightly, play a fixed effect of centre gripping, film pressure sensor 524 real-time detection clamping jaw 523's clamp force size, when finding that it surpasses the pressure value that bears of the inside predetermined work piece surface protection film of controller 2, send signal to controller 2, through controller 2 outage unipolar cylinder 522, then restart unipolar cylinder 522, it slides to drive second rack 11, drive clamping jaw 523 through second rack 11 once more and carry out the centre gripping to the work piece, obtain the best clamping effect through the mode of debugging second rack 11 repeatedly, do not destroy the condition of work piece outer wall protection film promptly, play centre gripping fixed action simultaneously, guaranteed when the pay-off to cutting off machine, the protection film of work piece surface has effectively been protected, the processingquality of tectorial membrane work piece has further been promoted.
The top of the base 1 is fixedly provided with a driving motor 10, the output end of the driving motor 10 is sleeved with a second gear 100, the bottom of the Z-shaped platform 50 is fixedly provided with a vertical plate, the surface of the vertical plate is fixedly provided with a second rack 11, the second gear 100 is meshed with the second rack 11, the top of the base 1 is fixedly provided with a limiting plate, the limiting plate is connected with the vertical plate in a sliding manner, two ends of the Z-shaped platform 50 are respectively fixedly provided with a sliding block, the top of the base 1 is symmetrically provided with two sliding ways, each sliding block is connected with one sliding way in a sliding manner, the driving motor 10 is electrically connected with the controller 2, and due to the difference of heights of the machine tools, when a higher machine tool is encountered, the driving motor 10 is started through the controller 2 so as to drive the second gear 100 to rotate, and due to the meshed connection of the second gear 100 and the second rack 11, the vertical plate, and because the vertical plate is fixedly connected with the Z-shaped platform 50, the Z-shaped platform 50 is driven to ascend until the height of the Z-shaped platform is consistent with the height of the machining plane of the machine tool, the limiting plate and the two sliding blocks play a role in guiding, and the Z-shaped platform 50 is further ensured to stably ascend and descend.
A transverse plate is fixedly arranged at one end of the Z-shaped table 50, which is far away from the servo motor 511, a lantern ring 503 is fixedly arranged at the top of the transverse plate, four balls 504 are arranged on the inner wall of the lantern ring 503 at equal intervals, the surface of each ball 504 is made of carbon fiber, through holes for the four balls 504 to stretch are arranged on the inner wall of the lantern ring 503, four sliding strips 505 are arranged on the inner wall of the lantern ring 503 at equal intervals, each ball 504 is hinged with one sliding strip 505, four sliding grooves are arranged on the inner wall of the lantern ring 503, each sliding groove is connected with one sliding strip 505 in a sliding manner, a spring 506 is arranged inside each sliding groove, one end of each sliding strip 505, which is far away from the balls 504, and the inner wall of each sliding groove are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the spring 506, when a film-coated workpiece is pushed into the interior of the lantern ring 503, the four balls 504, can ensure that the workpiece does not shake and the like during processing, thereby ensuring the smooth operation of cutting work, the ball 504 is hinged with the slide bar 505, the workpiece is guaranteed not to be affected when conveyed to the cutter in the lantern ring 503, the sliding strip 505 slides in the sliding groove due to the design of the spring 506, so as to drive the ball 504 to stretch and retract, thereby satisfying the fixing effect of the film-coated workpieces with different diameters, the surface of the ball 504 is made of carbon fiber, when contacting the film-coated workpiece, the protective film is beneficial to protecting the surface of the workpiece, and simultaneously the ball 504 is separated from the workpiece, so that the direct friction between the ball 504 and the surface of the workpiece is reduced, thereby being beneficial to prolonging the service life of the ball 504, avoiding frequent replacement due to the abrasion of the ball 504, having soft texture of the carbon fiber and better shock absorption effect, when the machine tool cuts a workpiece, the vibration force caused by the cutter can be reduced, the noise is reduced, and the cutting efficiency is improved.
A machine tool feeding device for cutting a film-coated workpiece, a working method and a working method comprise the following steps:
s1: loading the film-coated workpiece:
before the pay-off work begins, at first put into the material loading case 30 from the drain hole with the work piece, because the slope design of recess, the work piece is from the inside one end that the drain hole automatic slip goes into material loading case 30 and is close to the discharge gate, the discharge gate makes things convenient for the work piece to carry to swivel mount 40, when carrying the tectorial membrane work piece to swivel mount 40, at first start biax cylinder 310 through controller 2, thereby make its output shrink, therefore drive arm-tie 311 and rise, pull out arm-tie 311 to the outside of discharge gate by leading to the groove, because arm-tie 311 and two dog 312 fixed connection, the bottom of two dog 312 all extends to in the discharge gate, therefore make and do not shelter from in the discharge gate, and then make the tectorial membrane work piece discharge from the discharge gate, dog 312 that the rubber material made is when sheltering from the tectorial membrane work piece, can not scrape.
S2: turning over the film-coated workpiece:
the controller 2 is used for starting the stepping motor 410, so that the disc 411 is driven to rotate, four butt joint grooves are designed on the dividing plate 402 at equal intervals, each butt joint groove is in lap joint with the traction rod 412, the traction rod 412 is fixedly connected with the disc 411, and the dividing plate 402 is further driven to rotate, the dividing plate 402 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the sleeve 400, in addition, the four lap joint plates 401 are fixedly connected with the sleeve 400, and the lap joint plates 401 carrying film-coated workpieces are driven to overturn at ninety degrees, so that the film-coated workpieces are conveyed to the top of the second material guide plate 7, the second material guide plate 7 is obliquely arranged and is arranged between the lap joint plates 401 and the Z-shaped table 50, and therefore the film-coated workpieces slide to the Z-shaped table 50.
S3: pushing the film-coated workpiece:
when the film covering workpiece slides into the trapezoid feeding groove at the top of the Z-shaped table 50 from the top of the second material guiding plate 7, after the position sensor 501 detects the arrival of the workpiece, the information is transmitted to the controller 2, thereby, the servo motor 511 is started by the controller 2, so as to drive the driving wheel 512 to rotate, because the driven wheel 513 is designed to rotate, the driving wheel 512 is sleeved with the driven wheel 513 through the steel cable 514, the sliding block is fixedly connected with the steel cable 514, and because the bottom of the push rod 510 is fixedly connected with the sliding block, the top of the push rod 510 is positioned in the trapezoidal feeding groove, the push rod 510 is driven by the sliding block to slide towards one end close to the machine tool, further, the film-coated workpiece is pushed to one end close to the machine tool, the servo motor 511 is used as a driving source of the pushing component 51, the sliding distance of the sliding block can be accurately adjusted, namely, the feeding of the film-coated workpiece is accurately controlled, and the fine machining effect is achieved.
S4: fixing the film-coated workpiece:
when the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the lower part of the support frame, the hydraulic rod 502 is started through the controller 2, so that the output end of the hydraulic rod is contracted, the bearing cover 520 is driven to descend, then the two groups of clamping components 52 are started through the controller 2, so that the two clamping jaws 523 rotate, the distance between the two clamping components is reduced, the workpiece is clamped, a clamping and fixing effect is achieved, the clamping force of the clamping jaws 523 is detected by the film pressure sensor 524 in real time, when the clamping force exceeds the bearing pressure value of the workpiece surface protection film preset in the controller 2, a signal is transmitted to the controller 2, the single-shaft cylinder 522 is powered off through the controller 2, then the single-shaft cylinder 522 is restarted, the second rack 11 is driven to slide, the workpiece is clamped through the second rack 11 again, the best clamping effect is obtained through the mode of repeatedly debugging the second rack 11, namely under the condition that the workpiece outer wall protection film, meanwhile, the clamping and fixing effects are achieved, the protective film on the surface of the workpiece is effectively protected when the workpiece is fed to the cutting machine tool, and the processing quality of the film-coated workpiece is further improved.
After the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the inside of the lantern ring 503, the four balls 504 are abutted with the outer wall of the workpiece to play a limiting role, and then the two clamping jaws 523 are matched to ensure that the workpiece does not shake during processing and the like, thereby ensuring the smooth operation of cutting work, the balls 504 are hinged with the slide bar 505, and ensuring that the workpiece is not influenced when being conveyed to a cutter in the lantern ring 503, the slide bar 505 slides in the chute due to the design of the spring 506, thereby driving the balls 504 to stretch and retract, further meeting the fixing effect of film-coated workpieces with different diameters, the surface of the balls 504 is made of carbon fibers, and when contacting the film-coated workpiece, the protective film on the surface of the workpiece is favorable for protecting the protective film on the surface of the workpiece, and the balls 504 and the workpiece are separated, so that the direct friction between the balls 504 and the surface of the workpiece is reduced, simultaneously, the texture of the carbon fiber is soft, the shock absorption effect is better, and when a machine tool cuts a workpiece, the vibration force brought by the cutter can be reduced, the noise is reduced, and the cutting efficiency is improved.
S4: height adjustment of the "Z" table 50:
because there is the difference in the height of lathe, when meetting higher lathe, start driving motor 10 through controller 2, thereby it is rotatory to drive second gear 100, because second gear 100 is connected with the meshing of second rack 11, second rack 11 and riser fixed connection, again because riser and "Z" shape platform 50 fixed connection, and then drive "Z" shape platform 50 and rise, until the machining plane height unanimous with the lathe, limiting plate and two sliders all play the guide effect, further guarantee "Z" shape platform 50's the steady lift.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: before feeding work begins, a workpiece is firstly put into the feeding box 30 from a discharge port, due to the inclined design of the groove, the workpiece automatically slides into one end, close to the discharge port, of the feeding box 30 from the discharge port, the discharge port facilitates the conveying of the workpiece to the rotating frame 40, when a film-coated workpiece is conveyed to the rotating frame 40, the double-shaft air cylinder 310 is firstly started through the controller 2, so that the output end of the double-shaft air cylinder is contracted, the pulling plate 311 is driven to rise, the pulling plate 311 is pulled out to the outer part of the discharge port from the through groove, because the pulling plate 311 is fixedly connected with the two check blocks 312, the bottoms of the two check blocks 312 extend into the discharge port, so that no shielding exists in the discharge port, the film-coated workpiece is further discharged from the discharge port, when the rubber check blocks 312 shield the film-coated workpiece, the protective film on the surface of the film-coated workpiece cannot, further ensuring the stability of the operation of the pulling plate 311.
After the film-coated workpiece is discharged from the discharge port, the first material guide plate 6 is obliquely arranged between the discharge port and the lapping plates 401, so that the film-coated workpiece automatically falls into one of the lapping plates 401 on the rotating frame 40, after the film-coated workpiece falls into the top of one of the lapping plates 401, the stepping motor 410 is started through the controller 2, so as to drive the disc 411 to rotate, because the indexing plate 402 is provided with four butt-joint grooves at equal intervals, each butt-joint groove is lapped with the traction rod 412, and because the traction rod 412 is fixedly connected with the disc 411, the indexing plate 402 is further driven to rotate, because the indexing plate 402 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the sleeve 400, and in addition, the four lapping plates 401 are fixedly connected with the sleeve 400, so as to drive the lapping plates 401 carrying the film-coated workpiece to turn in a ninety-degree angle, so as to convey the film-coated workpiece to the top of the, and is provided between the lapping plate 401 and the "Z" table 50, thereby allowing the film-coating work to slide toward the "Z" table 50.
When the film-coated workpiece slides from the top of the second material guiding plate 7 to the trapezoidal feeding groove at the top of the Z-shaped table 50, after the position sensor 501 detects the arrival information of the workpiece, the information is transmitted to the controller 2, so that the servo motor 511 is started by the controller 2 to drive the driving wheel 512 to rotate, because the driven wheel 513 is designed to rotate, the driving wheel 512 and the driven wheel 513 are sleeved by the steel cable 514, the sliding block is fixedly connected with the steel cable 514, and because the bottom of the push rod 510 is fixedly connected with the sliding part, the top of the push rod 510 is located in the trapezoidal feeding groove, the push rod 510 is driven by the sliding block to slide towards one end close to the machine tool, so as to push the film-coated workpiece towards one end close to the machine tool, the guide rod is inserted into the push rod 510 to play a guiding role, so that the operation stability of the push rod 510 is ensured, and the servo, namely, the feeding of the film-coated workpiece is accurately controlled, and the fine machining effect is achieved.
When the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the lower part of the support frame, the hydraulic rod 502 is started by the controller 2, so that the output end of the hydraulic rod is contracted, the bearing cover 520 is driven to descend, then the single-shaft cylinder 522 is started by the controller 2, so that the output end of the hydraulic rod is contracted, the first rack 521 is driven to slide towards one end close to the single-shaft cylinder 522, because the two second gears 100 are fixedly connected with the two clamping jaws 523, each second gear 100 is hinged with the bearing cover 520, and because the two first gears 525 are symmetrical, each second gear 100 is meshed and connected with the first rack 521, so that the two clamping jaws 523 rotate, the distance between the two clamping jaws 523 is reduced, the workpiece is clamped, a clamping and fixing effect is achieved, the film pressure sensor 524 detects the clamping force of the clamping jaws 523 in real time, when the clamping force exceeds the bearing pressure value of a workpiece surface protective film preset in the controller 2, give controller 2 with signal transmission, through controller 2 outage unipolar cylinder 522, then restart unipolar cylinder 522, it slides to drive second rack 11, drive clamping jaw 523 through second rack 11 once more and carry out the centre gripping to the work piece, obtain the best tight effect of clamp through the mode of debugging second rack 11 repeatedly, promptly under the condition of not destroying work piece outer wall protection film, play centre gripping fixed action simultaneously, guaranteed when the pay-off to cutting off machine tool, the protection film on work piece surface has effectively been protected, the processingquality of tectorial membrane work piece has further been promoted.
After the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the inside of the lantern ring 503, the four balls 504 are abutted against the outer wall of the workpiece to play a limiting role, and then the two clamping jaws 523 are matched to ensure that the workpiece does not shake during processing and the like, so as to ensure smooth cutting work, the balls 504 are hinged with the slide bar 505, so that the workpiece can be ensured not to be influenced when being conveyed to a cutter in the lantern ring 503, the slide bar 505 slides in the chute due to the design of the spring 506, so as to drive the balls 504 to stretch and retract, thereby further meeting the fixing effect of film-coated workpieces with different diameters, the surfaces of the balls 504 are made of carbon fibers, a protective film on the surface of the workpiece is favorably protected while contacting the film-coated workpiece, the balls 504 and the workpiece are separated, direct friction between the balls 504 and the surface of the workpiece is reduced, so that the service life of the balls 504 is favorably, simultaneously, the texture of the carbon fiber is soft, the shock absorption effect is better, and when a machine tool cuts a workpiece, the vibration force brought by the cutter can be reduced, the noise is reduced, and the cutting efficiency is improved.
Because there is the difference in the height of lathe, when meetting higher lathe, start driving motor 10 through controller 2, thereby it is rotatory to drive second gear 100, because second gear 100 is connected with the meshing of second rack 11, second rack 11 and riser fixed connection, again because riser and "Z" shape platform 50 fixed connection, and then drive "Z" shape platform 50 and rise, until the machining plane height unanimous with the lathe, limiting plate and two sliders all play the guide effect, further guarantee "Z" shape platform 50's the steady lift.

Claims (10)

1. A machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpieces and a working method thereof comprise a base (1) and are characterized by further comprising a controller (2), a feeding mechanism (3), a turnover mechanism (4) and a supporting mechanism (5), wherein the feeding mechanism (3) is arranged at the top of the base (1) and used for feeding the film-coated workpieces, the feeding mechanism (3) comprises a feeding box (30) and a discharging assembly (31), the feeding box (30) is fixedly arranged at the top of the base (1), the discharging assembly (31) is arranged at the top of the feeding box (30), the controller (2) is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the feeding box (30), the turnover mechanism (4) is arranged beside the feeding mechanism (3) and used for turning over the film-coated workpieces, the turnover mechanism (4) comprises a rotary frame (40) and a driving assembly (41), the rotary frame (40) is rotatably arranged at the top of the base (1) through two support rods, drive assembly (41) are established at the side of swivel mount (40) and are connected rather than the transmission, the side in tilting mechanism (4) is established in bearing mechanism (5) is in order to be used for carrying the tectorial membrane work piece to the lathe, and bearing mechanism (5) are including "Z" shape platform (50), propelling movement subassembly (51) and two centre gripping subassemblies (52), and blowing subassembly (31), drive assembly (41), propelling movement subassembly (51) and two centre gripping subassemblies (52) are electric connection with controller (2).
2. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece, which are disclosed by claim 1, are characterized in that: go up the top of workbin (30) and seted up the drain hole, the top of drain hole is the wedge structure, and the inside of going up workbin (30) is equipped with the recess that can supply the tectorial membrane work piece to hold, and the recess is the slope, and the discharge gate has been seted up to the one end that goes up workbin (30) and is close to swivel mount (40), and drain hole, recess and discharge gate are integrated into one piece, and the bottom of going up workbin (30) is the symmetry and is provided with four supporting legss, every supporting legs all with the top fixed connection of base (1).
3. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece, which are disclosed by claim 2, are characterized in that: blowing subassembly (31) are including biax cylinder (310), arm-tie (311) and two dog (312), and the top one end that goes up workbin (30) and be close to the discharge gate is equipped with logical groove, biax cylinder (310) is vertical the side of establishing at logical groove through the backup pad, arm-tie (311) are fixed to be established on the output of biax cylinder (310) to arm-tie (311) are less than logical groove, and two dog (312) are the symmetry and set up in the bottom of arm-tie (311) and extend to in the discharge gate, and every dog (312) are made by the rubber material, and the top both ends of arm-tie (311) all are equipped with the gag lever post, and the both ends that lead to the groove are all fixed and are equipped with the quarter butt, the fixed limiting plate that is equipped with in top of quarter butt, the limiting plate is inserted with the gag lever post and is.
4. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece according to claim 3 are characterized in that: the swivel mount (40) includes sleeve pipe (400) and four bridging plate (401), sleeve pipe (400) pass through the rotatable setting of rotation axis between two bracing pieces, and four bridging plate (401) equidistant setting are on the ascending outer wall of the circumferencial direction of sleeve pipe (400) to every bridging plate (401) all with the outer wall fixed connection of sleeve pipe (400), the slope is provided with first guide plate (6) between discharge gate and bridging plate (401), the slope is provided with second guide plate (7) between bridging plate (401) and "Z" shape platform (50).
5. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece according to claim 4 are characterized in that: the utility model discloses a multi-functional electric bicycle, including rotation axis, drive assembly (41), traction bar (412), rotation axis, drive assembly (41) and controller (2), one pot head that the rotation axis is close to drive assembly (41) is equipped with graduated disk (402), four butt joint grooves have been seted up to graduated disk (402) equidistant, drive assembly (41) are including step motor (410), disc (411) and traction lever (412), step motor (410) fixed top of establishing at base (1), disc (411) are fixed to be established on the output of step motor (410), traction lever (412) are fixed to be established on the outer wall of disc (411) to traction lever (412) and every butt joint groove overlap joint all, still fixed deflector (413) that are equipped with on the output of step motor (410), deflector (413) are connected with the outer wall laminating of graduated disk (402), step motor (410) are connected.
6. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece are characterized in that a trapezoidal feeding groove is formed in one end, close to the top of the rotating frame (40), of the Z-shaped table (50), a plurality of nylon rollers (500) are arranged in the trapezoidal feeding groove at equal intervals, each nylon roller (500) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the trapezoidal feeding groove, a position sensor (501) is installed beside the trapezoidal feeding groove, the pushing assembly (51) comprises a push rod (510), a servo motor (511), a driving wheel (512), a driven wheel (513) and a steel cable (514), the servo motor (511) is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the top of the rotating frame (40), of the Z-shaped table (50), the driving wheel (512) is sleeved on the output end of the servo motor (511), the driven wheel (513) is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the Z-shaped table (50), the steel cable (514) is sleeved between the driving wheel (512) and the driven wheel (513), a sliding block is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the push rod (510), one end, far away from the top of the sliding block (510), a circular guide rod (510) and a guide rod (510) is electrically connected with a circular guide rod (510) and a circular guide rod (501) connected with a guide rod (510).
7. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece according to claim 6, characterized in that: each clamping component (52) comprises a bearing cover (520), a first rack (521), a single-shaft cylinder (522) and two clamping jaws (523), one end, far away from the top of the guide rod, of the Z-shaped table (50) is vertically provided with a hydraulic rod (502), a support frame is fixedly arranged at the output end of the hydraulic rod (502), the bearing cover (520) is fixedly arranged at one end of the bottom of the support frame through a connecting plate, the first rack (521) is inserted in the inner center of the bearing cover (520), the two clamping jaws (523) are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the inner portion of the bearing cover (520), a film pressure sensor (524) is fixedly arranged on the surface of each clamping jaw (523), one end, close to the first rack (521), of each clamping jaw (523) is fixedly connected with a first gear (525), each first gear (525) is meshed with the first rack (521), and each first gear (525) is hinged to the inner wall of the bearing cover (520), two first gears (525) are symmetrical, unipolar cylinder (522) are fixed to be established on the connecting plate, and bearing cover (520) are passed to the output of unipolar cylinder (522) to its output and first rack (521) keep away from the one end fixed connection of clamping jaw (523), hydraulic stem (502), unipolar cylinder (522) and film pressure sensor (524) all are connected with controller (2) electricity.
8. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece according to claim 7 are characterized in that: the fixed driving motor (10) that is equipped with in top of base (1), the cover is equipped with second gear (100) on the output of driving motor (10), the fixed riser that is equipped with in bottom of "Z" shape platform (50), the fixed surface of riser is equipped with second rack (11), second gear (100) are connected with second rack (11) meshing, and the fixed limiting plate that is equipped with in top of base (1), limiting plate and riser sliding connection, the both ends of "Z" shape platform (50) are all fixed and are equipped with the slider, and the top of base (1) is the symmetry and is provided with two slides, and every slider all with a slide sliding connection, driving motor (10) are connected with controller (2) electricity.
9. The feeding device and the working method of the machine tool for cutting the film-coated workpiece according to claim 8 are characterized in that: the fixed diaphragm that is equipped with in one end that servo motor (511) was kept away from to "Z" shape platform (50), the top of diaphragm is fixed and is equipped with lantern ring (503), equidistant four balls (504) that are provided with on the inner wall of lantern ring (503), the surface of every ball (504) is made by carbon fiber material, and be equipped with the through-hole that can supply four balls (504) to stretch out and draw back on the inner wall of lantern ring (503), equidistant four draw runner (505) that are provided with on the inner wall of lantern ring (503), every ball (504) all articulate with a draw runner (505), and be equipped with four spouts on the inner wall of lantern ring (503), every spout all with a draw runner (505) sliding connection, the inside of every spout all is equipped with spring (506), the one end that ball (504) were kept away from in draw runner (505) and the inner wall of spout respectively with the both ends fixed connection of spring.
10. Method of operating a machine tool feed control system according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of:
s1: loading the film-coated workpiece:
before feeding work begins, a workpiece is firstly put into the feeding box (30) from the discharging port, due to the inclined design of the groove, the workpiece automatically slides into one end, close to the discharging port, of the feeding box (30) from the discharging port, the discharging port facilitates the conveying of the workpiece to the rotating frame (40), when a film-coated workpiece is conveyed to the rotating frame (40), the double-shaft cylinder (310) is started through the controller (2) firstly, so that the output end of the double-shaft cylinder is contracted, the pulling plate (311) is driven to rise, the pulling plate (311) is pulled out to the outside of the discharging port from the through groove, because the pulling plate (311) is fixedly connected with the two check blocks (312), the bottoms of the two check blocks (312) extend into the discharging port, the discharging port is free of shading, the film-coated workpiece is discharged from the discharging port, and when the film-coated workpiece is shaded by the check blocks (312) made of rubber materials, the, the protective function is achieved;
s2: turning over the film-coated workpiece:
the controller (2) starts the stepping motor (410) to drive the disc (411) to rotate, because the indexing plate (402) is provided with four butt-joint grooves at equal intervals, each butt-joint groove is lapped with the traction rod (412), and the traction rod (412) is fixedly connected with the disc (411) so as to drive the indexing plate (402) to rotate, because the index plate (402) is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the sleeve (400), and the four lapping plates (401) are fixedly connected with the sleeve (400), further drives the lapping plate (401) carrying the film-coated workpiece to turn over at an angle of ninety degrees, conveys the film-coated workpiece to the top of the second material guiding plate (7), the second material guiding plate (7) is obliquely arranged and is arranged between the lapping plate (401) and the Z-shaped table (50), so that the film coating workpiece slides towards the Z-shaped table (50);
s3: pushing the film-coated workpiece:
when the film-coated workpiece slides from the top of the second material guide plate (7) to the trapezoidal feeding groove at the top of the Z-shaped table (50), after the position sensor (501) detects the information of the arrival of the workpiece, the information is transmitted to the controller (2), so the servo motor (511) is started through the controller (2) to drive the driving wheel (512) to rotate, because the driven wheel (513) is designed in a rotating way, the driving wheel (512) is sleeved with the driven wheel (513) through the steel cable (514), the sliding block is fixedly connected with the steel cable (514), and because the bottom of the pushing rod (510) is fixedly connected with the sliding way, the top of the pushing rod (510) is positioned in the trapezoidal feeding groove, so the sliding block drives the pushing rod (510) to slide towards one end close to the machine tool, and then the film-coated workpiece is pushed towards one end close to the machine tool, the servo motor (511) is used as a driving source of the pushing assembly (, the feeding of the film-coated workpiece is accurately controlled, and the fine machining effect is achieved;
s4: fixing the film-coated workpiece:
when the tectorial membrane work piece is pushed to the below of support frame, start hydraulic stem (502) through controller (2), thereby make its output shrink, therefore drive bearing cover (520) decline, then lead to controller (2) and start two sets of centre gripping subassemblies (52), thereby make two clamping jaws (523) rotatory, the interval of the two reduces, press from both sides the work piece, play a fixed effect of centre gripping, film pressure sensor (524) real-time detection clamping jaw (523) the clamp force size, when finding that it exceeds the bearing pressure value of the inside predetermined work piece surface protection film of controller (2), send signal to controller (2), through controller (2) outage unipolar cylinder (522), then restart unipolar cylinder (522), drive second rack (11) and slide, drive clamping jaw (523) through second rack (11) again and carry out the centre gripping to the work piece, the best clamping effect is obtained by repeatedly debugging the second rack (11), namely, the clamping and fixing effects are achieved under the condition that the protective film on the outer wall of the workpiece is not damaged, the protective film on the surface of the workpiece is effectively protected when the workpiece is fed to a cutting machine tool, and the processing quality of the film-coated workpiece is further improved;
after the film-coated workpiece is pushed to the inside of the sleeve ring (503), four balls (504) are abutted against the outer wall of the workpiece to play a limiting role, and then two clamping jaws (523) are matched to ensure that the workpiece does not shake during processing, so that smooth cutting work is ensured, the balls (504) are hinged with the slide bar (505), and the workpiece is not influenced when conveyed to a cutter in the sleeve ring (503), the slide bar (505) slides in the chute due to the design of the spring (506), so that the balls (504) are driven to stretch and retract, the fixing effect of film-coated workpieces with different diameters is further met, the surfaces of the balls (504) are made of carbon fibers, and when the film-coated workpiece is contacted, a protective film on the surface of the workpiece is favorably protected, the balls (504) are separated from the workpiece at the same time, direct friction between the balls (504) and the surface of the workpiece is reduced, so that the service life of the balls (, frequent replacement due to the abrasion problem of the balls (504) is not needed, meanwhile, the carbon fibers are soft in texture and better in shock absorption effect, and when a machine tool cuts a workpiece, the vibration force caused by a cutter can be reduced, the noise is reduced, and the cutting efficiency is improved;
s4: height adjustment of the "Z" -shaped table (50):
because there is the difference in the height of lathe, when meetting higher lathe, start driving motor (10) through controller (2), thereby it is rotatory to drive second gear (100), because second gear (100) are connected with second rack (11) meshing, second rack (11) and riser fixed connection, again because riser and "Z" shape platform (50) fixed connection, and then drive "Z" shape platform (50) and rise, until the processing plane highly uniform with the lathe, limiting plate and two sliders all play the guide effect, further guarantee the lift of "Z" shape platform (50) steady.
CN202010343192.1A 2020-04-27 2020-04-27 Machine tool feeding device for cutting film-coated workpiece and working method Withdrawn CN111496572A (en)

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Application publication date: 20200807