CN111425017A - Assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111425017A
CN111425017A CN202010345876.5A CN202010345876A CN111425017A CN 111425017 A CN111425017 A CN 111425017A CN 202010345876 A CN202010345876 A CN 202010345876A CN 111425017 A CN111425017 A CN 111425017A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
cantilever
ring
roof
construction
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Pending
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CN202010345876.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔小丽
胡文杰
苏源
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Mingdao Hechuang Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Mingdao Hechuang Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Application filed by Mingdao Hechuang Intelligent Technology Co ltd filed Critical Mingdao Hechuang Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010345876.5A priority Critical patent/CN111425017A/en
Publication of CN111425017A publication Critical patent/CN111425017A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens' huts, dressing cubicles
    • E04H1/1205Small buildings erected in the open air
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work

Abstract

An assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion and a construction method thereof comprise a framework and plates, wherein the framework comprises upright posts, an overhanging base plate framework and a roof framework, the overhanging base plate and a ground support are preset with an overhanging distance and comprise a foundation base plate and an overhanging corridor; the cantilever outer gallery comprises a cantilever beam, a bottom plate side beam and a support rod; the bottom of the cantilever beam is provided with an inclined strut to form a triangular reinforcing structure; the top of the upright post is raised, so that the integral roof truss is raised; the roof purline is fixedly connected with the ring beam through an angle connecting piece; still set up locker, washing tank, lighting apparatus, guardrail, glass curtain wall or push-and-pull door, improve the convenience. The factory prefabricated parts are assembled on site, welding construction is avoided, the environment is protected, and the requirement on construction space is low; the suspension corridor structure is beneficial to ground ventilation, moisture prevention and snake and mouse prevention; the upright posts are raised, so that the coordination and adaptation of the roof gradient, the cornice width and the cornice height are effectively realized; the size in the modulus is changed and combined by adjusting the modulus of the roof truss component, so that the roof truss component is adaptive to different space requirements.

Description

Assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of molding kiosks, in particular to an assembled multifunctional molding kiosk and a construction method thereof.
Background
The recreation pavilion is often required to be installed in gardens, parks or garden bases and the like, and along with the development of the building field and the pursuit of people on living comfort, the requirements of people on the shaping pavilion are higher and higher, so that healthier and more convenient use experience can be obtained. Under the wide big background of promoting of assembled building, the assembled pavilion technique of modelling also develops, however, many moulding pavilions still have the structure complicacy, the member is many, intensity can not be guaranteed, the technical problem that the on-the-spot construction space requires highly, in addition, many projects are to eaves inclination angle, eaves bottom surface levelness, roofing slope etc. occasionally require, how effectively to realize the roofing slope, the coordination of eaves width and eaves degree is unified, and through the general modulus of part, realize the change compound mode of size in the modulus, the different space size demands of adaptation, be the problem that needs to solve at present.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion and a construction method thereof, which solve the technical problems of complex structure, multiple components, high cost, high requirement on site construction space and high manufacturing cost of the modeling pavilion in the prior art; simultaneously, the problem of coordination and unification of the roof gradient, the cornice width and the cornice height is solved.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a multi-functional molding pavilion of assembled, includes steel structure skeleton and lays the panel on steel structure skeleton, its characterized in that: the steel structure framework comprises upright posts, an overhanging bottom plate framework and a roof framework;
the number of the upright posts is multiple, and the bottoms of the upright posts are fixed on the attachment surface;
the cantilever bottom plate frame is horizontally arranged, and a cantilever height is reserved between the cantilever bottom plate frame and the bottom attachment surface, and the cantilever bottom plate frame comprises a middle foundation bottom plate and a surrounding cantilever outer gallery;
the foundation slab comprises a slab ring beam and a middle structural beam; the bottom plate ring beam consists of steel beams arranged between the stand columns, and the end parts of the steel beams are fixedly connected with the stand columns;
the cantilever outer gallery comprises a cantilever beam, a bottom plate side beam and a support rod; the cantilever beam is arranged on the periphery of the bottom plate ring beam, the inner side of the cantilever beam is fixedly connected with the bottom plate ring beam or the upright post, the outer side of the cantilever beam is cantilevered, and the bottom of the cantilever beam is provided with an inclined strut to form a triangular reinforcing structure; the bottom plate edge beam is arranged around the end part of the cantilever beam, and the support rod is arranged in an enclosed area of the bottom plate edge beam and the bottom plate ring beam;
the roof framework is arranged at the top of the upright post, the bottom of the roof framework is provided with a top ring beam, and the top surface of the roof framework is provided with a roof truss; the top of the upright post extends upwards to form a raising column on the top ring beam, and purlines at the ridge of the roof truss are erected on the raising column to realize raising of the whole roof truss; the purline on the roof is fixedly connected with the top ring beam through an angle connecting piece; the bottom surface of the roof truss is flush with the bottom surface of the top ring beam, and a horizontal cornice is formed after the plate is coated, so that the installation of doors and windows with narrow edges can be better matched;
still include the furred ceiling, including jib and furred ceiling board, the vertical setting of jib, the top snap-on is on the purlin, and the bottom links firmly with the furred ceiling board.
The molding pavilion is arranged in water, the bottom end of each upright post is provided with an anchor plate, and the anchor plates are fixed with foundation bolts pre-cast in underwater concrete piers; the cantilever bottom plate frame is positioned above the water surface.
Further preferably, the modeling pavilion is a rectangular pavilion; the roof truss is of a bilaterally symmetrical single-layer truss body structure and comprises a main body truss in the middle and dovetail racks arranged at the front end and the rear end of the main body truss; the main body frame is a module roof truss which is used for carrying out module adjustment according to the length of the modeling pavilion; the top of the roof truss is provided with a skylight, and the periphery of the skylight is provided with a hidden electric curtain.
Preferably, the upright posts are connected with the bottom plate ring beam or the top ring beam through I-shaped steel connecting pieces; the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-shaped steel connecting piece are both horizontally arranged, and the outer side of the middle web plate is shortened and provided with bolt holes; the bottom plate ring beam and the top ring beam are made of I-shaped steel, the connecting ends of the bottom plate ring beam and the top ring beam are inserted between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-shaped steel connecting piece, the corresponding flange plate overlapping parts are connected through bolts, the two webs are connected through the one-way connecting plate bolts after being spliced, and the number of installation anchor bolts can be greatly reduced due to the arrangement of the I-shaped steel connecting piece.
Preferably, the cantilever beam of the cantilever corridor comprises a cantilever main beam and a cantilever auxiliary beam; the two cantilever main beams are horizontally arranged and are vertical to each other; the inclined strut is arranged at the bottom of the overhanging main beam, the outer side of the inclined strut is fixed at the bottom of the overhanging main beam, and the inner side of the inclined strut is connected with the upright post; the cantilever auxiliary beam is arranged between the adjacent main cantilever beams.
Preferably, the angle connecting piece comprises a horizontal lower flange plate, an upper flange plate with a low outer part and a high inner part and a middle web plate, the lower flange plate is welded and fixed with the upper flange plate of the top ring beam, and the upper flange plate is connected with the lower flange plate of the purline through bolts.
Further preferably, the part of the ceiling plate corresponding to the overhanging gallery is a horizontal plate, and the middle part of the interior corresponding to the foundation slab is funnel-shaped.
Further preferably, the washing tank is communicated with an external water path through a water pipe, and the lighting equipment is communicated with an external power supply through an electric wire; the water pipe and the electric wire are buried in the dark.
More preferably, the curtain wall structure further comprises a glass curtain wall or a sliding door, wherein the glass curtain wall or the sliding door is arranged between the upright posts and is of a transparent or semitransparent structure.
In addition, the invention also provides a construction method of the assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion, which is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step one, preparation work: determining the cantilever height of the cantilever bottom plate frame and the height of a cantilever column at the top of the upright column according to design requirements;
step two, member factory prefabrication and attachment surface construction: prefabricating a steel structural member in a factory and preparing an attachment surface; preparing an attachment surface, and reserving strong and weak electricity and water supply and drainage in place;
step three, column installation: mounting a stand column on the attachment surface, and adjusting the verticality and the levelness;
step four, constructing a foundation slab: according to the preset height requirement, a bottom plate ring beam is installed, a structural beam is installed inside the bottom plate ring beam, other auxiliary beams are arranged, the upper surface flatness is guaranteed, and all connecting positions are connected through bolts;
step five, constructing the cantilever gallery: two overhanging main beams are arranged on the upright column, inclined struts are correspondingly arranged on the upright column, the overhanging main beams, the bottom plate side beams and the rest support rods are arranged, the upper surface flatness is ensured, and all joints are connected by bolts;
step six, paving a bottom plate: after the bottom integral frame is finished, laying a bottom plate;
step seven, scaffold erection: a scaffold is erected, so that a top structure is conveniently built;
step eight, roof framework construction: the top ring beam is lifted to the position of an I-shaped steel connecting piece welded on the top of the upright post in advance through the pulley, and after the mounting is finished, the purline and the raising post or the top ring beam are fixed; finally, mounting the annular small purlines and the roof boundary beams;
ninth, roof system and suspended ceiling construction: carrying out roofing system laying, suspended ceiling construction and pipeline installation type hiding engineering;
step ten, constructing the glass curtain wall or the sliding door: installing and constructing a glass curtain wall or a sliding door between the upright posts, and installing an indoor storage cabinet, a cleaning tank and/or lighting equipment after the installation;
and step eleven, carrying out overall quality inspection, and dismantling the scaffold, so that the construction is completed.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the technical advantages that:
1. the heights of the bottom plate and the roof can be flexibly adjusted according to requirements, the size in the modulus can be changed and combined through the modulus adjustment of the roof truss parts, the roof truss is adaptive to different space requirements and has strong adaptability, the roof can effectively realize the coordination of the roof slope, the cornice width and the cornice height through the matching of the lifting columns at the tops of the upright columns and the angle connecting pieces, is suitable for projects with requirements on the cornice inclination angle, the cornice bottom surface levelness and the roof slope, can be organically integrated with courtyards of building genres with various styles, can be self-adaptive to various life, leisure and sports scenes, and can complement each other;
2. the suspended outer corridor structure is more excellent in ventilation, moisture prevention, snake and mouse prevention and the like from the ground, and meanwhile, the pavilion is more closely integrated into the natural environment in a corridor way, so that a more friendly and intimate experience way is obtained;
3. the bottom plate overhanging main beam, the upright post and the inclined strut form a triangular support structure, so that the stability and the strength of the frame are effectively ensured;
4. adopt the I-steel connecting piece as the connecting piece between stand and the ring beam, the I-steel connecting piece both had welded with the stand when the mill is prefabricated, correspond respectively the trompil on upper and lower flange plate and web, correspond flange plate coincide part with the ring beam and pass through bolted connection, pass through one-way connecting plate after two webs amalgamation, for the connected mode of the three one-way connecting plate of current bracket cooperation, very big reduction the use amount of crab-bolt, convenient operation, it is with low costs.
5. The assembly type building process can greatly shorten the time period, has small field assembly sound, does not influence the normal activities of the used space, does not have the process procedures with potential safety hazards such as cutting, welding and the like in field assembly, and does not be influenced by people to neglect the installation of details.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the assembled multi-functional modeling kiosk according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an integral framework according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a portion of the enlarged structure of A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic bottom view of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the arrangement relationship between the overhanging main beam and the upright post according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the construction of an I-beam connector on a column according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of an overhanging auxiliary beam according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a partial enlarged structural view of B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the relationship between a purlin and a raised column in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the arrangement of the angle joint according to the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the suspended ceiling related to the invention.
Reference numerals: 1-upright column, 1.1-elevated column, 1.2-anchor plate, 1.3-small segment cantilever, 1.4-connecting inclined plate, 1.5-ground anchor bolt, 2-elevated floor plate frame, 2.1-foundation floor plate, 2.11-floor ring beam, 2.12-structural beam, 2.2-elevated corridor, 2.21-elevated beam, 2.22-floor side beam, 2.23-support rod, 2.24-elevated main beam, 2.25-elevated auxiliary beam, 2.26-inclined strut, 3-roof framework, 3.1-top ring beam, 3.2-purlin, 3.3-ear plate, 3.4-skylight, 3.5-roof side beam, 4-I-steel connecting piece, 5-angle connecting piece, 6-one-way connecting plate, 7-glass curtain wall or sliding door, 8-suspended ceiling, 8.1-hanger rod, 8.2-roof plate, 9-a storage cabinet and 10-a cleaning tank.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, an assembled multifunctional modeling kiosk includes an integral framework, which is characterized in that: the integral framework is a steel structure framework and comprises upright posts, an overhanging bottom plate framework 2 and a roof framework 3;
a plurality of upright posts 1 are arranged around the modeling pavilion, and the bottoms of the upright posts are fixed on the attachment surface through concrete piers; the shape of molding pavilion is not restricted, can be circular, rectangle or other feasible arbitrary shapes, and molding pavilion is the rectangle pavilion in this embodiment, and through the general modulus of part, realizes the change compound mode of size in the modulus, the different space size demands of adaptation, and four bights of rectangle pavilion set up the stand respectively, and are corresponding, four bights that bottom plate girt and top girt are rectangle frame roof beam rectangle pavilion set up stand 1 respectively, and are corresponding, and bottom plate girt 2.11 and top girt 3.1 are the rectangle frame structure.
As shown in fig. 3-5, the overhanging base plate frame 2 is horizontally arranged at the upper position of the bottom end of the upright post 1, and comprises a middle foundation base plate 2.1 and surrounding overhanging outer galleries 2.2; the foundation bottom plate 2.1 comprises a surrounding bottom plate ring beam 2.11 and a middle structural beam 2.12, and the bottom plate ring beam 2.11 is a closed frame beam and consists of a plurality of sections of steel beams arranged between adjacent upright posts 1; the steel beam is connected with the upright column 1 through an I-steel connecting piece 4, as shown in figure 5, the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-steel connecting piece 4 are both horizontally arranged, and the outer side of the middle web plate is truncated and provided with bolt holes; the bottom plate ring beam 2.11 and the top ring beam 3.1 are also made of I-steel, the connecting ends of the bottom plate ring beam and the top ring beam are inserted between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-steel connecting piece 4, the superposed parts of the flange plates are respectively connected through bolts, and the two web plates are connected through a one-way connecting plate 6 through bolts after being spliced. The structural beam 2.12 is arranged in the bottom plate ring beam 2.11, and two ends of the structural beam are fixedly connected with the bottom plate ring beam 2.11; the cantilever outer corridor 2.2 comprises a cantilever beam 2.21, a bottom plate boundary beam 2.22 and a support rod 2.23; the cantilever beam 2.21 is radially arranged on the outer side of the bottom plate ring beam 2.11, the inner side of the cantilever beam is fixedly connected with the bottom plate ring beam 2.11, the outer side of the cantilever beam is cantilevered, and the bottom of the cantilever beam is provided with an inclined strut 2.26 to form a triangular reinforcing structure; the cantilever beam 2.21 comprises a cantilever main beam 2.24 and a cantilever auxiliary beam 2.25, the cantilever main beam 2.24 is arranged outside the upright post 1, and the two cantilever main beams 2.24 are respectively arranged corresponding to the transverse beam and the longitudinal beam of the bottom plate ring beam 2.11; the inclined strut 2.26 is correspondingly arranged at the bottom of the overhanging main beam 2.24, the outer side of the inclined strut is in bolt connection with the one-way connecting plate 6 arranged at the bottom of the overhanging main beam 2.24, and the inner side of the inclined strut is fixedly connected with a small section of cantilever 1.3 arranged on the side wall of the bottom of the upright post or an anchor plate; the cantilever auxiliary beam 2.25 is arranged between the adjacent main cantilever beams 2.24. The cantilever auxiliary beam 2.25 is made of I-steel, and the inner side web plate and the upper and lower flange plates are fixedly connected with the bottom plate ring beam 2.11 through the one-way connecting plate 6 respectively.
As shown in fig. 7, the lower flange plate and part of the web plate at the bottom of the outer side of the overhanging auxiliary beam 2.25 are cut to form a beam body with a narrow outer part and a wide inner part; the support rod 2.23 is fixedly connected with the side surface of the web plate through a one-way connecting plate 6. The bottom plate boundary beam 2.22 is arranged around the end part of the cantilever beam 2.21, and the support rod 2.23 is arranged in the enclosed area of the bottom plate boundary beam 2.22 and the bottom plate ring beam 2.11.
As shown in fig. 8-10, the roof framework 3 is arranged at the top of the upright post and comprises a top ring beam 3.1 and a roof truss; the top ring beam 3.1 is horizontally arranged at the position, close to the lower part, of the top end of the upright post 1 and consists of a plurality of sections of steel beams arranged between adjacent upright posts 1, the steel beams are connected with the upright posts 1 through I-steel connecting pieces 4, upper flange plates and lower flange plates of the I-steel connecting pieces 4 are horizontally arranged, and bolt holes are formed in the outer sides of the middle web plates in a truncated mode; the top ring beam 3.1 is I-steel, the connecting end thereof is inserted between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-steel connecting piece 4, the superposed parts of the flange plates are respectively connected by bolts, and the two webs are connected by bolts through a one-way connecting plate 6 after being spliced; purlines 3.2 of the roof truss are erected on the raising columns 1.1 at the top ends of the upright columns 1, so that the integral roof truss is raised; purlines 3.2 between adjacent columns 1 are fixedly connected with the top ring beam 3.1 through angle connecting pieces 5, each angle connecting piece 5 comprises a horizontal lower flange plate, an upper flange plate with a low outer part and a high inner part and a middle web plate, the lower flange plates are fixedly welded with the upper flange plates of the top ring beam 3.1, and the upper flange plates are connected with the lower flange plates of the purlines 3.2 through bolts; the bottom end of the purline 3.2 forms an eave which is level with the bottom surface of the top ring beam 3.1. The distance between the top ring beam 3.1 and the top end of the upright post 1, namely the height range of the elevated post 1.1 is 41.5-90.4 mm; the purline 3.2 is I-steel, and the otic placode 3.3 is established to its lower flange board both sides with stand 1 junction, and otic placode 3.3 and the connection swash plate 1.4 bolted connection who locates the stand 1 top. Skylight 3.4 is seted up at roof skeleton 3's roof truss top, be located the purlin top surface to realize the structure matching through the assembled roofing, skylight 3.4 window frame and top girth 3.1 are located to purlin 3.2, have the electric window curtain in addition, the electric window curtain is hidden and is located top H type purlin inslot space.
In addition, as shown in fig. 11, the modeling pavilion of the invention is also provided with a suspended ceiling 8, which comprises a suspension rod 8.1 and a suspended ceiling plate 8.2, wherein the suspension rod 8.1 is vertically arranged, the top end is directly fixed on the purlin 3.2, and the bottom end is fixedly connected with the suspended ceiling plate 5.2; the part that furred ceiling 8.2 and encorbelment corridor 2.2 correspond is the horizontal plate, and inside middle part that corresponds with soleplate 2.1 is the infundibulate.
The modeling pavilion foundation can be pre-poured in an outdoor base and can also be arranged in water to form the visual effect that the pavilion floats on the water surface, after the bottom of the upright post 1 is deep into the water bottom, the bottom end of the upright post is welded and fixed with an embedded plate of a foundation anchor bolt 1.2 in a concrete pier, the embedded plate is provided with a reserved hole, and an embedded rib penetrates through the reserved hole from bottom to top and is fixed with a bolt of the embedded plate; the cantilever bottom plate frame 2 is horizontally arranged above the water surface; i-steel connecting pieces 4 are arranged at the connecting parts of the upright posts 1 and the bottom plate ring beam 2.11 or the top ring beam 3.1, the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of each I-steel connecting piece 4 are horizontally arranged, and the outer sides of the middle web plates are truncated and provided with bolt holes; the bottom plate ring beam 2.11 and the top ring beam 3.1 are also made of I-steel, the connecting ends of the bottom plate ring beam and the top ring beam are inserted between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-steel connecting piece 4, the superposed parts of the flange plates are respectively connected through bolts, and the two web plates are connected through a one-way connecting plate 6 through bolts after being spliced.
In order to further improve the molding pavilion and improve the use comfort, one side in the molding pavilion is provided with a storage cabinet 9 and a cleaning tank 10, the design is similar to a cabinet, the cleaning tank 10 is communicated with an external water path through a water pipe, lighting equipment is arranged on a suspended ceiling, and the lighting equipment is communicated with an external power supply through an electric wire; wherein the water pipe and the electric wire are buried in the dark; a glass curtain wall or a sliding door is arranged on any one side or a plurality of sides or all sides of the moulding pavilion, and the glass curtain wall or the sliding door is arranged between the upright posts and is of a transparent or semitransparent structure; a guardrail can be arranged and is arranged around the overhanging outer corridor 2.2.
During the specific construction, the method comprises the following steps:
step one, preparation work: according to design requirements, determining the overhanging height of the overhanging baseplate frame from the attachment surface and the height of an overhanging column at the top of the upright column;
step two, member factory prefabrication and attachment surface construction: prefabricating a steel structural member in a factory and preparing an attachment surface;
step three, column installation: mounting a stand column on the attachment surface and adjusting the verticality, and adjusting the three-axis horizontal and vertical spatial positions of the stand column 1 by embedding a foundation bolt nut and a square gasket with a diameter slightly larger than that of the screw rod;
step four, constructing a foundation slab: installing a bottom plate ring beam according to a preset height requirement, installing a structural beam in the bottom plate ring beam, arranging other auxiliary beams, and connecting all joints by adopting bolts; the height difference generated by fixing the surface anchor bolt and the code piece is avoided, and the ground in the corresponding pavilion is smooth, so that the subsequent installation and laying of the floor decoration material are facilitated;
step five, constructing the cantilever gallery: two overhanging main beams are installed on the upright column and are correspondingly provided with inclined struts, a one-way connecting plate 6 is preset at the bottom of each overhanging main beam 2.24, a small section of cantilever 1.3 is welded on the side of the bottom column in advance, two ends of each inclined strut 2.26 are respectively connected with the small section of cantilever 1.3 and the one-way connecting plate 6 through bolts, the overhanging main beams, the bottom plate side beams and the rest supporting rods are installed, and all joints are connected through bolts; the connection of the upper end face of the side beam body is the same plane, so that the flatness of the surrounding edge-folding surface of the subsequent side beam is ensured.
Step six, paving a bottom plate: after the bottom integral frame is finished, laying a bottom plate;
step seven, scaffold erection: a scaffold is erected, so that a top structure is conveniently built;
step eight, roof framework construction: the top ring beam is lifted to the position of an I-shaped steel connecting piece welded on the top of the upright post in advance through the pulley, and after the mounting is finished, the purline and the raising post or the top ring beam are fixed; finally, mounting the annular small purlines and the roof boundary beams; after the top ring beam and the bottom plate ring beam are installed, two whole longer purlins are fixed with the top ring beam through bolts through angle connecting pieces welded on the ring beams in advance; after the whole longer purline is installed and fixed, the small purlines and the ring beams are fixed with the connecting pieces welded in advance of the long purlines, and the top skylight ring beam is fixed through bolts after all the small purlines are fixed in the mode. The upper end surface of the boundary beam and the upper end surfaces of the surrounding purlines need to keep the same horizontal plane. And after the periphery is installed, the whole structure is built.
Ninth, roof system and suspended ceiling construction: carrying out roofing system laying, suspended ceiling construction and pipeline installation type hiding engineering;
step ten, constructing the glass curtain wall or the sliding door: installing and constructing a glass curtain wall or a sliding door between the upright posts, and installing an indoor storage cabinet, a cleaning tank and/or lighting equipment after the installation;
and step eleven, carrying out overall quality inspection, and dismantling the scaffold, so that the construction is completed.
The construction of the plate material related to the invention, such as the laying construction of roof panels (including roof aluminum plates, heat-insulating layers, waterproof coiled materials and European pine plates), floor panels and the like, is combined and constructed according to the existing assembly type technology except for special description, and is not repeated herein.
The modeling pavilion structure is a metal structure, the outer surface coating is processed by factory standardization and integration, and the metal structure and the coating are processed to achieve the performance characteristics of safety, stability, wear resistance, water resistance and the like; the adaptability is strong, the building garden self-adaption device can be organically integrated with courtyards of building genres of various styles, is self-adaptive to various life, leisure and sports scenes, and brings out the best in each other. The assembly type building process can greatly shorten the time period, has small field assembly sound, does not influence the normal activities of the used space, does not have the process procedures with potential safety hazards such as cutting, welding and the like in field assembly, and does not be influenced by people to neglect the installation of details. The product begins from processing production, all can carry out quantitative reference number, two-dimensional code to every type spare part and trace to the source, and the workman also can carry out every work according to the installation standard technology in the installation, effectively surely guarantees on-the-spot "three do not principle": no waste of materials, no labor waste, no noise and no omission; in addition, the three-province principle can be realized: time, cost and worry are saved. In addition, the three systems of water heating and electricity can be well integrated into a product, so that the water heating and electricity self-supply of an outdoor living room of a user can be realized, and the outdoor living room becomes a comfortable place which the user is willing to stay for a long time and is close to the indoor space of a residence.
According to the invention, through stronger scheme design, accurate modularized production, convenient field installation and integration of various strong functions, safe, comfortable and convenient user experience is brought to users in practice, and meanwhile, the cost is greatly reduced, so that the method is the core competitiveness of the product.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein, and any reference signs in the claims are not intended to be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a multi-functional molding pavilion of assembled, includes steel structure skeleton and lays the panel on steel structure skeleton, its characterized in that: the steel structure framework comprises upright posts (1), a cantilever bottom plate framework (2) and a roof framework (3);
a plurality of upright posts (1) are arranged, and the bottoms of the upright posts are fixed on the attachment surface;
the cantilever bottom plate frame (2) is horizontally arranged, and a cantilever height is reserved between the cantilever bottom plate frame and the bottom attachment surface, and comprises a middle foundation bottom plate (2.1) and a surrounding cantilever outer corridor (2.2);
the foundation slab (2.1) comprises a slab ring beam (2.11) and a middle structural beam (2.12); the bottom plate ring beam (2.11) consists of steel beams arranged between the upright posts (1), and the end parts of the steel beams are fixedly connected with the upright posts (1);
the cantilever outer gallery (2.2) comprises a cantilever beam (2.21), a bottom plate edge beam (2.22) and a support rod (2.23); the cantilever beam (2.21) is arranged on the periphery of the bottom plate ring beam (2.11), the inner side of the cantilever beam is fixedly connected with the bottom plate ring beam (2.11) or the upright post (1), the outer side of the cantilever beam is cantilevered, and the bottom of the cantilever beam is provided with an inclined strut (2.26) to form a triangular reinforcing structure; the bottom plate edge beam (2.22) is arranged around the end part of the cantilever beam (2.21), and the support rod (2.23) is arranged in an enclosed area of the bottom plate edge beam and the bottom plate ring beam;
the roof framework (3) is arranged at the top of the upright post, the bottom is provided with a top ring beam (3.1), and the top surface is provided with a roof truss; the top of the upright post (1) extends upwards to form a raising column (1.1) on the top ring beam (3.1), and purlines (3.2) at the ridge of the roof truss are erected on the raising column (1.1) to realize raising of the whole roof truss; the purline (3.2) on the roof is fixedly connected with the top ring beam (3.1) through an angle connecting piece (5); the bottom surface of the roof truss is flush with the bottom surface of the top ring beam (3.1), and a horizontal cornice is formed after the plate is coated;
still include furred ceiling (8), including jib (8.1) and furred ceiling board (8.2), jib (8.1) vertical setting, top snap-on are on purlin (3.2), and the bottom links firmly with furred ceiling board (5.2).
2. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the modeling pavilion is arranged in water, the bottom end of the upright post (1) is provided with an anchor plate (1.2), and the anchor plate (1.2) is fixed with a foundation anchor bolt (1.5) pre-cast in a water bottom concrete pier; the cantilever bottom plate frame (2) is positioned above the water surface.
3. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the modeling pavilion is a rectangular pavilion; the roof truss is of a bilaterally symmetrical single-layer truss body structure and comprises a main body truss in the middle and dovetail racks arranged at the front end and the rear end of the main body truss; the main body frame is a module roof truss which is used for carrying out module adjustment according to the length of the modeling pavilion; the top of the roof truss is provided with a skylight (3.4), and a hidden electric curtain is arranged around the skylight (3.4).
4. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of any one of claims 1, wherein: the upright posts (1) are connected with the bottom plate ring beam (2.11) or the top ring beam (3.1) through I-shaped steel connecting pieces (4); the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-shaped steel connecting piece (4) are both horizontally arranged, and the outer side of the middle web plate is truncated and provided with bolt holes; the bottom plate ring beam (2.11) and the top ring beam (3.1) are made of I-shaped steel, the connecting ends of the bottom plate ring beam and the top ring beam are inserted between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate of the I-shaped steel connecting piece (4), the corresponding flange plate overlapping parts are connected through bolts, and the two webs are connected through a one-way connecting plate (6) through bolts after being spliced.
5. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the cantilever beam (2.21) of the cantilever corridor (2.2) comprises a cantilever main beam (2.24) and a cantilever auxiliary beam (2.25); the cantilever girders (2.24) are arranged on the upright posts (1) in pairs, and the two cantilever girders (2.24) are horizontally arranged and are vertical to each other; the inclined strut (2.26) is arranged at the bottom of the overhanging main beam (2.24), the outer side of the inclined strut is fixed at the bottom of the overhanging main beam (2.24), and the inner side of the inclined strut is connected with the upright post (1); the cantilever auxiliary beam (2.25) is arranged between the adjacent main cantilever beams (2.24).
6. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the angle connecting piece (5) comprises a horizontal lower flange plate, an upper flange plate with a low outer part and a high inner part and a middle web plate, the lower flange plate is fixedly welded with the upper flange plate of the top ring beam (3.1), and the upper flange plate is connected with the lower flange plate of the purline (3.2) through bolts.
7. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the part that furred ceiling board (8.2) and encorbelment corridor (2.2) correspond is the horizontal plate, and inside intermediate part that corresponds with soleplate (2.1) is the infundibulate.
8. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the washing tank (10) is communicated with an external water path through a water pipe, and the lighting equipment is communicated with an external power supply through an electric wire; the water pipe and the electric wire are buried in the dark.
9. The multi-purpose molding kiosk of claim 1 wherein: the glass curtain wall or the sliding door (7) is arranged between the upright posts and is of a transparent or semitransparent structure.
10. A construction method of an assembled multi-functional molding kiosk according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized by comprising the steps of:
step one, preparation work: according to design requirements, determining the cantilever height of the cantilever bottom plate frame (2) and the height of a cantilever column (1.1) at the top of an upright column;
step two, member factory prefabrication and attachment surface construction: prefabricating a steel structural member in a factory and preparing an attachment surface; preparing an attachment surface, and reserving strong and weak electricity and water supply and drainage in place;
step three, mounting the upright post (1): mounting a stand column (1) on the attachment surface, and adjusting the verticality and the levelness;
step four, constructing a foundation slab (2.1): according to the preset height requirement, a bottom plate ring beam (2.11) is installed, a structural beam (2.12) is installed inside the bottom plate ring beam (2.11), other auxiliary beams are arranged, the upper surface flatness is guaranteed, and all joints are connected through bolts;
step five, constructing the cantilever gallery (2.2): two overhanging main beams (2.24) are arranged on the upright post (1), inclined struts (2.26) are correspondingly arranged, the overhanging main beams (2.25), the bottom plate boundary beams (2.22) and the rest support rods (2.23) are arranged, the upper surface flatness is ensured, and all joints are connected by bolts;
step six, paving a bottom plate: after the bottom integral frame is finished, laying a bottom plate;
step seven, scaffold erection: a scaffold is erected, so that a top structure is conveniently built;
step eight, roof framework construction: the top ring beam (3.1) is lifted to the position of an I-shaped steel connecting piece (4) welded at the top of the upright column in advance through a pulley, and after the mounting is finished, the purline (3.2) is fixed with the raising column (1) or the top ring beam (3.1); finally, mounting the annular small purlines and the roof side beams (3.5);
ninth, roof system and suspended ceiling construction: carrying out roofing system laying, suspended ceiling construction and pipeline installation type hiding engineering;
step ten, constructing the glass curtain wall or the sliding door: installing and constructing a glass curtain wall or a sliding door between the upright posts, and installing an indoor storage cabinet, a cleaning tank and/or lighting equipment after the installation;
and step eleven, carrying out overall quality inspection, and dismantling the scaffold, so that the construction is completed.
CN202010345876.5A 2020-04-27 2020-04-27 Assembled multifunctional modeling pavilion and construction method thereof Pending CN111425017A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2841792Y (en) * 2005-10-06 2006-11-29 中国矿业大学 Steel frame structure cantilever beam connection node
CN201401027Y (en) * 2009-04-14 2010-02-10 北京通宜仿古商亭厂 Assembly archaizing four-corner pavilion
CN202100027U (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-01-04 翟舒航 Novel pavilion with steel structure outer-wrapped by wood plastic composite
CN103993728A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-20 泰兴市第一建筑安装工程有限公司 Assembly-type section steel cantilever protective shed
CN203808566U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-09-03 浙江元森态家具有限公司 Wood-plastic square pavilion
CN107558613A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-09 苏州艺库文化旅游发展有限公司 A kind of installation method of hexagonal pavilion
JP2018150722A (en) * 2017-03-13 2018-09-27 新日鐵住金株式会社 Column and beam joint structure and forming method of column and beam joint structure
CN212078811U (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-12-04 明道合创智能科技有限公司 Courtyard assembled molding pavilion

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2841792Y (en) * 2005-10-06 2006-11-29 中国矿业大学 Steel frame structure cantilever beam connection node
CN201401027Y (en) * 2009-04-14 2010-02-10 北京通宜仿古商亭厂 Assembly archaizing four-corner pavilion
CN202100027U (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-01-04 翟舒航 Novel pavilion with steel structure outer-wrapped by wood plastic composite
CN103993728A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-20 泰兴市第一建筑安装工程有限公司 Assembly-type section steel cantilever protective shed
CN203808566U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-09-03 浙江元森态家具有限公司 Wood-plastic square pavilion
JP2018150722A (en) * 2017-03-13 2018-09-27 新日鐵住金株式会社 Column and beam joint structure and forming method of column and beam joint structure
CN107558613A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-09 苏州艺库文化旅游发展有限公司 A kind of installation method of hexagonal pavilion
CN212078811U (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-12-04 明道合创智能科技有限公司 Courtyard assembled molding pavilion

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