CN111330701A - Medical treatment protection articles for use recovery processing device - Google Patents

Medical treatment protection articles for use recovery processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111330701A
CN111330701A CN202010151694.4A CN202010151694A CN111330701A CN 111330701 A CN111330701 A CN 111330701A CN 202010151694 A CN202010151694 A CN 202010151694A CN 111330701 A CN111330701 A CN 111330701A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
cylinder
fixing
crushing
execution
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Granted
Application number
CN202010151694.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111330701B (en
Inventor
倪美锦
陈旺
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倪美锦
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Priority to CN202010151694.4A priority Critical patent/CN111330701B/en
Publication of CN111330701A publication Critical patent/CN111330701A/en
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Publication of CN111330701B publication Critical patent/CN111330701B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L11/00Methods specially adapted for refuse
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/02Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention provides a medical protective article recovery processing device, which comprises an external fixing device, a stirring and crushing device, a pneumatic discharging device and a sterilizing device, wherein the external fixing device is arranged on the external fixing device; the invention can solve the problems that the recovery treatment of the medical protective articles in the current market mainly comprises the following steps: most medical protective articles are directly collected in a centralized way and disinfected by spraying a disinfection and disinfection liquid, and the medical protective articles are stacked together to cause incomplete disinfection and have certain virus and bacteria which can be infected; b: the medical protective articles after being smashed are attached to the smashing blades when the smashing processing mechanism conducts smashing processing on the medical protective articles at present, so that the follow-up smashing effect is not ideal, and the smashing recovery and other problems of the medical articles are further influenced.

Description

Medical treatment protection articles for use recovery processing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage recycling, in particular to a recycling device for medical protective articles.
Background
In medicine, in order to protect the life safety of medical personnel; the medical protection article is worn by medical staff when the medical staff treats patients to prevent the spread of some diseases; most medical protective articles in the market are disposable articles; aiming at protecting the safety of medical staff; if a large amount of disposable medical protective articles are used and recycled for disinfection treatment in time, a large amount of virus infected people can be caused; certain potential safety hazards exist; but the current market mainly has the following problems for the recycling treatment of medical protective articles:
a: most medical protective articles are directly collected in a centralized way and disinfected by spraying a disinfection and disinfection liquid, and the medical protective articles are stacked together to cause incomplete disinfection and have certain virus and bacteria which can be infected; b: when the medical protective articles are crushed by the current crushing mechanism, the crushed medical protective articles are attached to the crushing blades, so that the subsequent crushing effect is unsatisfactory, and the crushing recovery of the medical articles is further influenced.
Therefore, the invention provides a medical protective article recovery and treatment device.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme that the medical protective article recovery processing device comprises an external fixing device, a stirring and crushing device, a pneumatic discharging device and a sterilizing device; the middle position in the outer fixing device is provided with a stirring and crushing device in a rotating connection mode, the lower end position in the outer fixing device is provided with a pneumatic discharging device, and the sterilizing device is arranged on the inner wall of the upper end in the outer fixing device in a rotating connection mode; wherein:
the stirring and crushing device comprises a driving motor, a clamping shaft, a limiting clamping block, a fixed spring, an execution shaft lever, a crushing unit, a cleaning unit and a fixed ring cover; the driving motor is installed at the lower end of the external fixing device through a motor base, an output shaft of the driving motor is connected with a clamping shaft through a flange, the upper end of the clamping shaft is of a cavity structure, and a rubber ball is arranged on the inner wall of the bottom end of a cavity of the clamping shaft; the inner wall of the cavity body positioned on the clamping shaft is uniformly provided with limiting fixture blocks in a movable connection mode along the circumferential direction of the inner wall, the limiting fixture blocks are connected with the clamping shaft through fixing springs, the upper end of the execution shaft rod is provided with an execution shaft rod in a clamping mode, the upper end of the execution shaft rod is arranged on the outer fixing device through a fixing ring cover, and the upper end of the execution shaft rod is matched and connected with the outer fixing device through a bearing; the outer wall of the execution shaft lever is provided with two crushing units in a staggered manner through bolts from top to bottom, and the outer wall of the lowest end of the execution shaft lever is provided with a cleaning unit through bolts; the crushing unit is driven to crush the medical waste inside by the working of the driving motor; meanwhile, the medical garbage in the garbage can be fully crushed and discharged under the action of the cleaning unit.
The pneumatic discharging device comprises a material guiding bin, an air pump, a folded plate, an auxiliary cylinder, a baffle plate, an execution cylinder and a material guiding cylinder; an air pump is arranged at the left end inside the material guide bin, an air inlet of the air pump is communicated with the outside, an auxiliary air cylinder is arranged on the outer wall of the upper end of the material guide bin, a folded plate is connected to the top end of the auxiliary air cylinder, the folded plate is installed in the material guide bin in a sliding fit mode, and the folded plate is matched with an air outlet of the air pump; the bottom end of the execution cylinder is arranged in the guide bin through a pin shaft, the top end of the execution cylinder is connected to the baffle through a hinge, the baffle is arranged in the guide bin through a hinge, the guide cylinder is arranged in the guide bin, and the outer wall of the guide cylinder is communicated with the outside; after the medical waste in the outer fixed cylinder is fully crushed; the baffle is opened through the execution cylinder, the folded plate is opened through the auxiliary cylinder, and all medical waste crushed in the outer fixed cylinder is discharged from the guide cylinder for recycling under the action of the air pump.
The sterilizing device comprises a driving ring, a sterilizing lamp, an executing motor and a driving gear; the inner wall of the driving ring is uniformly provided with sterilizing lamps along the circumferential direction, the lower end of the driving ring is meshed with the driving gear, the actuating motor is arranged on the external fixing device through a motor base, and the output shaft of the actuating motor is connected with the driving gear; the actuating motor works to drive the driving ring to rotate, so that the sterilizing lamp at the upper end of the driving ring fully performs sterilization treatment on medical waste crushed in the outer fixed barrel; the disinfection treatment of the crushed medical waste is ensured, and the recovery treatment effect of the medical waste is fully ensured.
The outer fixing device comprises a support column, an outer fixing barrel, a clamping cover, an arc-shaped clamping block, a clamping column, a limiting spring and a feeding module; the lower end of the outer fixed cylinder is uniformly provided with support columns along the circumferential direction, and the outer wall of the upper end port of the outer fixed cylinder is provided with an annular groove along the circumferential direction; the clamping columns are uniformly arranged in the annular groove of the clamping device in a movable connection mode, a limiting spring is sleeved on the outer wall of each clamping column, and one end of each clamping column positioned in the annular groove is connected with an arc-shaped clamping block; the lower end of the clamping cover is uniformly provided with arc-shaped grooves along the circumferential direction of the clamping cover, and the clamping cover is arranged in the annular groove of the outer fixed cylinder through the clamping action of the clamping cover and the arc-shaped clamping block; the left side of the upper end of the outer fixed cylinder is provided with a feeding module.
The crushing unit comprises an inclined rod, a conical column, a crushing cutter, an execution spring, an auxiliary ring, a clamping spring and a fixing block; the lower end of the inclined rod is connected with a fixed block in a movable fit mode, and the top end of the fixed block is provided with a rolling ball in a rolling connection mode; the fixed block and the inclined rod are limited by a clamping spring; the outer wall of the inclined rod is uniformly provided with conical columns, the outer wall of the top end of each conical column is symmetrically provided with crushing cutters, the outer wall of the bottom end of each conical column is sleeved with an auxiliary ring, and the auxiliary rings are connected with the inclined rod through actuating springs; the inclined rod is driven to rotate by the execution shaft rod, so that the medical waste in the crushing cutter is stirred and crushed, and in the process of crushing the medical waste, in order to avoid the medical waste from being adhered to the crushing cutter, the fixed block is driven to reciprocate by the rotation of the execution shaft rod, the cleanness of the crushing cutter is kept by cleaning the fixed block, and the crushing effect of the crushing cutter on the medical waste is fully ensured; the medical waste is fully recovered.
The cleaning unit comprises an L-shaped rod, a brush head and a pressing spring, the brush head is arranged at the lower end of the L-shaped rod in a sliding fit mode, and the brush head is connected with the L-shaped rod through the pressing spring; the L-shaped rod is driven to rotate by the execution shaft rod, so that medical waste accumulated at the upper end of the material guide bin is cleaned to the middle part of the material guide bin under the action of the lower end brush head, and the recovery treatment is facilitated; the cleanness of the interior of the treated steel is fully ensured.
The feeding module comprises a feeding plate, a locking cylinder and a locking plate; the feeding plate is arranged on the outer fixed cylinder, the locking cylinder is arranged on the locking cylinder, and the top end of the locking cylinder is connected with the locking plate; medical waste to be recycled is poured into the outer fixed cylinder from the feeding plate; then, the locking plate is pushed to the upper end position through the work of the locking cylinder to seal the outer fixed cylinder, and the medical waste inside is disinfected and crushed through the medical waste crusher.
Preferably; the material guide bin is annular, the inner wall of the material guide bin is of a conical structure, and the inner wall of the material guide bin is of the conical structure, so that medical waste after crushing treatment cannot be accumulated in the material guide bin.
Preferably; the sterilizing lamps are sequentially increased in wavelength around the inner wall of the driving ring; the sterilizing lamps with different wavelengths are arranged to fully sterilize the medical protective articles recycled in the medical protective article recycling device, so that the safety of the recycled medical articles is ensured.
Preferably; the outer wall of the auxiliary ring is uniformly provided with bristles; the outer wall of the auxiliary ring is provided with the bristles, so that the bristles on the auxiliary ring can brush and clean the sundries on the crushing cutter and the sundries attached to the outer wall of the conical column.
Advantageous effects
The medical garbage crushing device has the advantages that the inclined rod is driven to rotate through the execution shaft rod, so that the crushing cutter can stir and crush medical garbage in the crushing cutter, in the process of crushing the medical garbage, in order to avoid the medical garbage from being adhered to the crushing cutter, the execution shaft rod rotates to drive the fixing block to reciprocate, the cleanness of the crushing cutter is kept through the cleaning of the fixing block, and the crushing effect of the crushing cutter on the medical garbage is fully guaranteed; the medical waste is fully recovered;
the driving ring is driven to rotate by the operation of the execution motor, so that the sterilization lamp at the upper end of the driving ring can fully sterilize medical waste crushed in the outer fixed barrel; sterilizing lamps with different wavelengths are arranged to fully sterilize the medical protective articles recycled from the interior of the medical protective article recycling device, so that the safety of the recycled medical articles is ensured;
thirdly, the medical garbage crusher drives the crushing unit to crush the medical garbage in the crusher through the work of the driving motor; meanwhile, the medical garbage in the garbage can be fully crushed and discharged under the action of the cleaning unit.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a front view in section view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at C in FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a partial enlarged view of the invention at D in fig. 1.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In this process, the width of the lines or the size of the components in the drawings may be exaggerated for clarity and convenience of description.
The following terms are defined based on the functions of the present invention, and may be different depending on the intention of the user or the operator or the convention. Therefore, these terms are defined based on the entire contents of the present specification.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, a medical protective article recycling device comprises an external fixing device 1, a stirring and crushing device 2, a pneumatic discharging device 3 and a sterilizing device 4; the middle position in the outer fixing device 1 is provided with a stirring and crushing device 2 in a rotating connection mode, the lower end position in the outer fixing device 1 is provided with a pneumatic discharging device 3, and the sterilizing device 4 is arranged on the inner wall of the upper end in the outer fixing device 1 in a rotating connection mode; wherein:
the external fixing device 1 comprises a support column 11, an external fixing barrel 12, a clamping cover 13, an arc-shaped clamping block 14, a clamping column 15, a limiting spring 16 and a feeding module 17; the lower end of the outer fixed cylinder 12 is uniformly provided with support columns 11 along the circumferential direction, and the outer wall of the upper end port of the outer fixed cylinder 12 is provided with an annular groove along the circumferential direction; the clamping columns 15 are uniformly arranged in the annular groove of the clamping device in a movable connection mode, a limiting spring 16 is sleeved on the outer wall of each clamping column 15, and one end of each clamping column 15 positioned in the annular groove is connected with an arc-shaped clamping block 14; the lower end of the clamping cover 13 is uniformly provided with arc-shaped grooves along the circumferential direction, and the clamping cover 13 is arranged in the annular groove of the outer fixed cylinder 12 through the clamping action of the arc-shaped clamping blocks 14; the left side of the upper end of the outer fixed cylinder 12 is provided with a feeding module 17.
The feeding module 17 comprises a feeding plate 171, a locking cylinder 172 and a locking plate 173; the feeding plate 171 is arranged on the outer fixed cylinder 12, the locking cylinder 172 is arranged on the locking cylinder 172, and the top end of the locking cylinder 172 is connected with the locking plate 173; the medical waste to be recycled is poured into the outer fixed cylinder 12 from the feeding plate 171; then, the locking plate 173 is pushed to the upper end position by the operation of the locking cylinder 172 to seal the outer fixed cylinder 12, and the medical waste inside is sterilized and crushed by the present invention.
The stirring and crushing device 2 comprises a driving motor 21, a clamping shaft 22, a limiting fixture block 23, a fixing spring 24, an execution shaft rod 25, a crushing unit 26, a cleaning unit 27 and a fixing ring cover 28; the driving motor 21 is arranged at the lower end of the external fixing device 1 through a motor base, an output shaft of the driving motor 21 is connected with a clamping shaft 22 through a flange, the upper end of the clamping shaft 22 is of a cavity structure, and a rubber ball is arranged on the inner wall of the bottom end of a cavity of the clamping shaft 22; the inner wall of the cavity body of the clamping shaft 22 is uniformly provided with limiting clamping blocks 23 in a movable connection mode along the circumferential direction of the inner wall, the limiting clamping blocks 23 are connected with the clamping shaft 22 through fixing springs 24, the upper end of the execution shaft rod 25 is provided with an execution shaft rod 25 in a clamping mode, the upper end of the execution shaft rod 25 is arranged on the external fixing device 1 through a fixing ring cover 28, and the upper end of the execution shaft rod 25 is matched and connected with the external fixing device 1 through a bearing; the outer wall of the execution shaft rod 25 is provided with two crushing units 26 in a staggered mode through bolts from top to bottom, and the outer wall of the lowest end of the execution shaft rod 25 is provided with a cleaning unit 27 through bolts; the crushing unit 26 is driven by the operation of the driving motor 21 to crush the medical waste inside; meanwhile, the cleaning unit 27 can fully ensure that the medical waste inside is completely crushed and discharged.
The crushing unit 26 comprises an inclined rod 261, a conical column 262, a crushing cutter 263, an actuating spring 264, an auxiliary ring 265, a clamping spring 266 and a fixing block 267; the lower end of the inclined rod 261 is connected with a fixed block 267 in a movable fit mode, and the top end of the fixed block 267 is provided with a rolling ball in a rolling connection mode; the fixed block 267 is limited with the inclined rod 261 through a clamping spring 266; conical columns 262 are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the inclined rod 261, crushing cutters 263 are symmetrically arranged on the outer wall of the top end of each conical column 262, an auxiliary ring 265 is sleeved on the outer wall of the bottom end of each conical column 262, and the auxiliary ring 265 is connected with the inclined rod 261 through an actuating spring 264; bristles are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the auxiliary ring 265; the bristles are arranged on the outer wall of the auxiliary ring 265, so that the bristles on the auxiliary ring 265 can brush and clean sundries attached to the crushing cutter 263 and the outer wall of the conical column 262; the inclined rod 261 is driven to rotate by the execution shaft rod 25, so that the crushing cutter 263 stirs and crushes medical waste in the crushing cutter 263, in the process of crushing the medical waste, in order to avoid the medical waste from being adhered to the crushing cutter 263, the fixing block 267 is driven to reciprocate by the rotation of the execution shaft rod 25, the cleanness of the crushing cutter 263 is kept by cleaning the fixing block 267, and the crushing effect of the crushing cutter 263 on the medical waste is fully ensured; the medical waste is fully recovered.
The cleaning unit 27 comprises an L-shaped rod 271, a brush head 272 and a pressing spring 273, the brush head 272 is installed at the lower end of the L-shaped rod 271 in a sliding fit manner, and the brush head 272 and the L-shaped rod 271 are connected through the pressing spring 273; the L-shaped rod 271 is driven to rotate by the execution shaft rod 25, so that medical waste accumulated at the upper end of the material guide bin 31 is cleaned to the middle part of the material guide bin 31 under the action of the lower end brush head, and the recovery treatment is facilitated; the cleanness of the interior of the treated steel is fully ensured.
The pneumatic discharging device 3 comprises a material guiding bin 31, an air pump 32, a folded plate 33, an auxiliary air cylinder 34, a baffle 35, an execution air cylinder 36 and a material guiding cylinder 37; the material guide bin 31 is annular, the inner wall of the material guide bin 31 is of a conical structure, the inner wall of the material guide bin 31 is of the conical structure, the fact that medical waste after being crushed cannot be accumulated inside the material guide bin is fully guaranteed, the air pump 32 is arranged at the left end inside the material guide bin 31, the air inlet of the air pump 32 is communicated with the outside, the auxiliary air cylinder 34 is arranged on the outer wall of the upper end of the material guide bin 31, the top end of the auxiliary air cylinder 34 is connected with the folded plate 33, the folded plate 33 is installed in the material guide bin 31 in a sliding fit mode, and the folded plate 33 is matched with the air outlet of the; the bottom end of the execution cylinder 36 is installed inside the material guide bin 31 through a pin shaft, the top end of the execution cylinder 36 is connected to the baffle 35 through a hinge, the baffle 35 is installed inside the material guide bin 31 through a hinge, the material guide cylinder 37 is installed inside the material guide bin 31, and the outer wall of the material guide cylinder 37 is communicated with the outside; after the medical waste inside the outer fixed cylinder 12 is fully crushed; the shutter 35 is opened by the actuating cylinder 36, and the flap 33 is opened by the auxiliary cylinder 34, so that all the medical waste crushed inside the outer fixed cylinder 12 is discharged from the guide cylinder 37 by the air pump 32 and collected.
The disinfection device 4 comprises a driving ring 41, a disinfection lamp 42, an actuating motor 43 and a driving gear 44; the inner wall of the drive ring 41 is uniformly provided with the germicidal lamps 42 around the circumferential direction thereof, and the germicidal lamps 42 are sequentially increased in wavelength around the inner wall of the drive ring 41; the sterilizing lamps 42 with different wavelengths are arranged to fully sterilize the medical protective articles recycled in the medical protective article recycling device, so that the safety of the recycled medical articles is ensured; the lower end of the driving ring 41 is meshed with the driving gear 44, the actuating motor 43 is installed on the external fixing device 1 through a motor base, and the output shaft of the actuating motor 43 is connected with the driving gear 44; the actuating motor 43 works to drive the driving ring 41 to rotate, so that the sterilizing lamp 42 at the upper end of the driving ring 41 fully sterilizes the medical waste crushed in the outer fixed barrel 12; the disinfection treatment of the crushed medical waste is ensured, and the recovery treatment effect of the medical waste is fully ensured.
When specifically carrying out recovery processing to discarded medical protective articles:
firstly, pouring medical waste to be recycled into the outer fixed cylinder 12 through the feeding plate 171; the locking plate 173 is then pushed into the upper end position by the operation of the locking cylinder 172 to seal the outer fixed cylinder 12;
then the driving motor 21 works to drive the crushing unit 26 to crush the medical waste inside, and in the process of crushing, the execution motor 43 works to drive the driving ring 41 to rotate, so that the sterilizing lamp 42 at the upper end of the driving ring 41 fully sterilizes the medical waste crushed inside the outer fixed barrel 12;
finally, after the crushing is finished; the shutter 35 is opened by the actuating cylinder 36, and the flap 33 is opened by the auxiliary cylinder 34, so that all the medical waste crushed inside the outer fixed cylinder 12 is discharged from the guide cylinder 37 by the air pump 32 and collected.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A recovery processing device for medical protective articles comprises an external fixing device (1), a stirring and crushing device (2), a pneumatic discharging device (3) and a sterilizing device (4); the method is characterized in that: the middle position in the outer fixing device (1) is provided with a stirring and crushing device (2) in a rotating connection mode, the lower end position in the outer fixing device (1) is provided with a pneumatic discharging device (3), and the sterilizing device (4) is arranged on the inner wall of the upper end in the outer fixing device (1) in a rotating connection mode; wherein:
the stirring and crushing device (2) comprises a driving motor (21), a clamping shaft (22), a limiting clamping block (23), a fixed spring (24), an execution shaft lever (25), a crushing unit (26), a cleaning unit (27) and a fixed ring cover (28); the driving motor (21) is mounted at the lower end of the external fixing device (1) through a motor base, an output shaft of the driving motor (21) is connected with a clamping shaft (22) through a flange, the upper end of the clamping shaft (22) is of a cavity structure, and a rubber ball is arranged on the inner wall of the bottom end of a cavity of the clamping shaft (22); the inner wall of the cavity body of the clamping shaft (22) is uniformly provided with limiting clamping blocks (23) in a movable connection mode along the circumferential direction of the inner wall, the limiting clamping blocks (23) are connected with the clamping shaft (22) through fixing springs (24), the upper end of the execution shaft rod (25) is provided with the execution shaft rod (25) in a clamping mode, the upper end of the execution shaft rod (25) is arranged on the external fixing device (1) through a fixing ring cover (28), and the upper end of the execution shaft rod (25) is matched and connected with the external fixing device (1) through bearings; the outer wall of the execution shaft lever (25) is provided with two crushing units (26) in a staggered mode through bolts from top to bottom, and the outer wall of the lowest end of the execution shaft lever (25) is provided with a cleaning unit (27) through bolts;
the pneumatic discharging device (3) comprises a material guiding bin (31), an air pump (32), a folded plate (33), an auxiliary cylinder (34), a baffle plate (35), an execution cylinder (36) and a material guiding cylinder (37); an air pump (32) is arranged at the left end of the interior of the material guide bin (31), an air inlet of the air pump (32) is communicated with the outside, an auxiliary cylinder (34) is arranged on the outer wall of the upper end of the material guide bin (31), a folded plate (33) is connected to the top end of the auxiliary cylinder (34), the folded plate (33) is installed in the material guide bin (31) in a sliding fit mode, and the folded plate (33) is matched with an air outlet of the air pump (32); the bottom of execution cylinder (36) is installed inside guide bin (31) through the round pin axle, and the top of execution cylinder (36) passes through hinged joint on baffle (35), baffle (35) pass through hinged joint inside guide bin (31), guide cylinder (37) install in guide bin (31) and the outer wall and the external world intercommunication of guide cylinder (37).
2. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the disinfection device (4) comprises a driving ring (41), a sterilizing lamp (42), an actuating motor (43) and a driving gear (44); the inner wall of the driving ring (41) is uniformly provided with sterilizing lamps (42) around the circumferential direction, the lower end of the driving ring (41) is meshed with the driving gear (44), the actuating motor (43) is arranged on the outer fixing device (1) through a motor base, and the output shaft of the actuating motor (43) is connected with the driving gear (44).
3. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the outer fixing device (1) comprises a support column (11), an outer fixing barrel (12), a clamping cover (13), an arc-shaped clamping block (14), a clamping column (15), a limiting spring (16) and a feeding module (17); the lower end of the outer fixed cylinder (12) is uniformly provided with supporting columns (11) along the circumferential direction, and the outer wall of the upper end port of the outer fixed cylinder (12) is provided with an annular groove along the circumferential direction; clamping columns (15) are uniformly arranged in the annular groove of the clamping device in a movable connection mode, a limiting spring (16) is sleeved on the outer wall of each clamping column (15), and one end of each clamping column (15) located in the annular groove is connected with an arc-shaped clamping block (14); arc-shaped grooves are uniformly formed in the lower end of the clamping cover (13) along the circumferential direction of the clamping cover, and the clamping cover (13) is installed in the annular groove of the outer fixing cylinder (12) through the clamping effect of the arc-shaped clamping block (14); the left side of the upper end of the outer fixed cylinder (12) is provided with a feeding module (17).
4. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the crushing unit (26) comprises an inclined rod (261), a conical column (262), a crushing cutter (263), an execution spring (264), an auxiliary ring (265), a clamping spring (266) and a fixing block (267); the lower end of the inclined rod (261) is connected with a fixed block (267) in a movable fit mode, and the top end of the fixed block (267) is provided with a rolling ball in a rolling connection mode; the fixed block (267) and the inclined rod (261) are limited by a clamping spring (266); the utility model discloses a crushing cutter, including down tube, diagonal pole (261), crushing cutter (263), the top outer wall symmetry that is located tapered column (262) is provided with tapered column (262) outer wall evenly, the bottom outer wall cover of tapered column (262) is equipped with supplementary ring (265), and is connected through executive spring (264) between supplementary ring (265) and diagonal pole (261).
5. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cleaning unit (27) comprises an L-shaped rod (271), a brush head (272) and a pressing spring (273), the brush head (272) is installed at the lower end of the L-shaped rod (271) in a sliding fit mode, and the brush head (272) is connected with the L-shaped rod (271) through the pressing spring (273).
6. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the feeding module (17) comprises a feeding plate (171), a locking cylinder (172) and a locking plate (173); the feeding plate (171) is arranged on the outer fixed cylinder (12), the locking cylinder (172) is installed on the locking cylinder (172), and the top end of the locking cylinder (172) is connected with the locking plate (173).
7. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the material guiding cabin (31) is annular and the inner wall of the material guiding cabin is of a conical structure.
8. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the germicidal lamp (42) has a wavelength that increases in sequence around the inner wall of the drive ring (41).
9. The medical protective product recycling device as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the outer wall of the auxiliary ring (265) is uniformly provided with bristles.
CN202010151694.4A 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Medical treatment protection articles for use recovery processing device Active CN111330701B (en)

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DE202006014804U1 (en) * 2006-05-09 2007-09-13 Hugo Vogelsang Maschinenbau Gmbh Prestressing device for cutter rotor, has prestressing part coaxially arranged within cutter drive shaft such that cutter drive shaft and prestressing part are connected with each other by clamping nut
CN208098326U (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-11-16 贵州环宇资源再生科技有限公司 A kind of Medical waste disposing device
CN208449516U (en) * 2018-02-12 2019-02-01 安徽金百格包装股份有限公司 A kind of carton production waste paper recyclable device
CN109604032A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-12 孙阿妮 A kind of anti-infection disinfection and isolation device for medical waste
CN109954746A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-02 孙元盛 A kind of medical waste treatment device
CN209061309U (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-07-05 徐建飞 A kind of garbage pulverator high-speed cutting motor installing mechanism

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1479863A (en) * 2000-12-13 2004-03-03 詹马科・罗杰罗 Device for disntegrating biological samples
DE202006014804U1 (en) * 2006-05-09 2007-09-13 Hugo Vogelsang Maschinenbau Gmbh Prestressing device for cutter rotor, has prestressing part coaxially arranged within cutter drive shaft such that cutter drive shaft and prestressing part are connected with each other by clamping nut
CN208098326U (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-11-16 贵州环宇资源再生科技有限公司 A kind of Medical waste disposing device
CN208449516U (en) * 2018-02-12 2019-02-01 安徽金百格包装股份有限公司 A kind of carton production waste paper recyclable device
CN209061309U (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-07-05 徐建飞 A kind of garbage pulverator high-speed cutting motor installing mechanism
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CN109954746A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-02 孙元盛 A kind of medical waste treatment device

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