CN111318340A - Building decoration refuse treatment equipment - Google Patents

Building decoration refuse treatment equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111318340A
CN111318340A CN202010131106.0A CN202010131106A CN111318340A CN 111318340 A CN111318340 A CN 111318340A CN 202010131106 A CN202010131106 A CN 202010131106A CN 111318340 A CN111318340 A CN 111318340A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
sorting
lifting
cylinder
material moving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010131106.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田杨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Zhongyu Property Management Co ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Zhongyu Property Management Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Zhongyu Property Management Co ltd filed Critical Guangdong Zhongyu Property Management Co ltd
Priority to CN202010131106.0A priority Critical patent/CN111318340A/en
Publication of CN111318340A publication Critical patent/CN111318340A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • B02C18/04Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B5/00Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating
    • B03B5/28Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation
    • B03B5/30Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation using heavy liquids or suspensions
    • B03B5/36Devices therefor, other than using centrifugal force
    • B03B5/40Devices therefor, other than using centrifugal force of trough type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses building decoration garbage treatment equipment, which belongs to the technical field of building garbage treatment equipment and comprises a sorting treatment mechanism, a flexible garbage treatment mechanism, a treatment tank, a rigid garbage leading-out mechanism and a sorting pond, wherein the sorting treatment mechanism comprises a material moving platform, a transverse material moving assembly and a flexible garbage salvaging assembly, two sliding rails are arranged on two sides of the top of the sorting pond, a feeding nozzle is arranged on one side of the sorting pond, a material guide slideway which is obliquely arranged is arranged between the sorting pond and the treatment tank, and a through groove is formed in the right side of the treatment tank. The garbage sorting and transferring device has the advantages that the soft garbage can be salvaged and transferred under the action of the sorting and processing mechanism, the soft garbage can be automatically moved into the processing box, the soft garbage can be crushed under the action of the flexible garbage processing mechanism, generated dust can be collected in a concentrated mode, and the phenomenon that a screening box is blocked can be avoided.

Description

Building decoration refuse treatment equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction waste treatment equipment, in particular to construction decoration waste treatment equipment.
Background
The amount of decorative construction waste is increasing, and as the decorative construction waste is mainly large and hard waste such as stone, soil, reinforcing steel bars, waste furniture and the like, the main treatment method is transportation and landfill. However, the volume of the garbage is large, nearly half of the current domestic garbage is decoration building garbage, and simple landfill not only causes a large amount of waste of land, but also causes irreversible pollution to soil and underground water. Therefore, the decorative construction waste needs to be treated in a targeted manner. The decoration building rubbish treatment is generally distinguished according to the size of the decoration building rubbish, and when the decoration building rubbish is distinguished according to hard rubbish and soft rubbish in the decoration building rubbish, the decoration building rubbish is generally sorted manually, great labor and time are needed, and improvement is needed.
The invention with the publication number of CN110694780A provides a construction waste treatment device, which aims at solving the problems that the existing waste treatment device is inconvenient to move, dust is easily generated in the process of crushing waste, and the waste can cause injury to human bodies. The dust collector is reasonable in structure and simple to operate, the movable wheel can be in contact with the ground through the electric push rod, construction waste does not need to be transported manually, the treatment efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, dust can be treated through the action of the powder suction machine and the dust removal box, so that the dust is prevented from injuring a human body.
However, in actual operation, the above utility model still has the following problems: first, although the device can distinguish garbage with different sizes, hard garbage and soft garbage are difficult to automatically sort, so that when some hard garbage such as reinforcing steel bars are crushed, the crushing device is greatly damaged, and the service life of the crushing device is influenced; second, above-mentioned device adopt the filter screen to sort kibbling rubbish, but the filter screen can take place to block up in-service use, has influenced the filter screen and to the normal screening function of kibbling rubbish, needs to improve.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide building decoration garbage treatment equipment to solve the technical problems that hard garbage and soft garbage are difficult to automatically sort and the normal screening function of a filter screen cannot be guaranteed in the prior art.
The invention provides building decoration garbage treatment equipment which comprises a sorting treatment mechanism, a flexible garbage treatment mechanism, a treatment box, a rigid garbage leading-out mechanism and a sorting pool, wherein the sorting treatment mechanism is arranged at the top of the sorting pool, the rigid garbage leading-out mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the sorting pool, the treatment box is arranged at the left side of the sorting pool, the flexible garbage treatment mechanism is arranged on the treatment box, the sorting treatment mechanism comprises a material moving platform, a transverse material moving component and a flexible garbage salvaging component, the transverse material moving component is arranged at the top of the sorting pool, two sides of the top of the sorting pool are respectively provided with a sliding rail which is horizontally arranged, the material moving platform is in sliding fit with the two sliding rails, the garbage salvaging component is arranged at the top of the material moving platform, one side of the sorting pool is provided with a feeding nozzle, and a material guide sliding rail which is obliquely arranged is arranged between the sorting pool and the treatment box, the right side of handling the case is equipped with logical groove, be equipped with the apopore on the guide slide.
Further, the subassembly is salvaged to soft rubbish is including salvaging fill, crane, two drive actuating cylinder and two articulated seats of interval setting on the crane, two the afterbody that drives actuating cylinder is articulated with two articulated seats respectively, the both sides of crane all are equipped with the erection column, salvage and fight and fix between two erection columns, every drive actuating cylinder's output all with salvage the lateral wall of fighting articulated, salvage and be equipped with the apopore on fighting.
Furthermore, the soft garbage fishing assembly further comprises a lifting cylinder arranged at the top of the material moving platform and two fixing columns arranged at the bottom of the material moving platform at intervals, each fixing column is provided with a lifting rod in sliding fit with the bottom of the fixing column, the top of the lifting frame is fixedly connected with the bottom ends of the two lifting rods, the output end of the lifting cylinder is arranged downwards, and the output end of the lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with the top of the lifting frame.
Furthermore, the transverse material moving assembly comprises a horizontally arranged material moving cylinder and a cylinder seat arranged at the top of the sorting pool, the material moving cylinder is arranged at the top of the cylinder seat, an extending seat is arranged on one side of the material moving platform, and the output end of the material moving cylinder is fixedly connected with the side wall of the extending seat.
Further, hard rubbish derivation mechanism is including vibrations cylinder and the stock guide that is the slope setting in the inside bottom of letter sorting pond, be equipped with a plurality of limbers on the stock guide, the bottom of letter sorting pond is equipped with the drain pipe rather than inside intercommunication, be equipped with the on-off valve on the drain pipe, the output of vibrations cylinder sets up, and is equipped with on the output of vibrations cylinder with letter sorting pond sliding fit's slide bar, the top of slide bar is equipped with the vibrations ball, the below of stock guide is equipped with four supporting seats that are matrix distribution, every the top of supporting seat all is equipped with vibrations spring, the stock guide is fixed on four vibrations spring's top, the front portion of letter sorting pond is equipped with rather than sliding fit's slip lid, the front portion of slip lid is equipped with the handle, one side of letter sorting pond is equipped with storage box.
Further, flexible refuse treatment mechanism is including reciprocal vibrations subassembly, dust removal subassembly and the screening box of level setting in handling the incasement, be equipped with the sieve mesh on the screening box, the below of screening box is equipped with four support columns that are matrix distribution, every the top of support column all is equipped with rather than sliding fit's slip post, the top at four slip posts is fixed to the screening box, every all the cover is equipped with expanding spring, every on the slip post the top of bottom and slip post in the screening box is connected respectively at expanding spring's both ends, the below of screening box is equipped with the material receiving box.
Further, reciprocal vibrations subassembly is including the mount pad that the level set up, set up at the installation stand and the crushing blade of a plurality of setting in the mount pad bottom of handling the roof portion, the bottom of installation stand is equipped with rather than sliding fit's lift post, the bottom of lift post and the top fixed connection of mount pad, the inside of installation stand is equipped with reset spring, reset spring's both ends are connected respectively in the top of lift post and the inside top of installation stand, the bottom fixed mounting seat fixed connection of lift post.
Further, reciprocal vibrations subassembly is still including driving motor, rope sheave, support riser and drive gear, be equipped with the rotation axis that the level set up on the support riser, the rope sheave cover is established on the rotation axis, be equipped with the lift rope on the rope sheave, the tip of lift rope pass the top of installation stand and with the top fixed connection of lift post, drive gear cover is established on the rotation axis, driving motor fixes on the lateral wall of supporting the riser, the cover is equipped with the incomplete gear with drive gear meshing on driving motor's the output.
Further, the dust removal subassembly is including fan and dust bag, the output of fan and the dust bag advance the dirt mouth intercommunication, be equipped with the dust absorption pipeline on the input of fan, the dust absorption pipeline extends to the inside of handling the case.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the garbage sorting device is provided with a sorting treatment mechanism, a flexible garbage treatment mechanism, a treatment box, a hard garbage guiding mechanism and a sorting pool, wherein the treatment box is used for preventing flexible garbage from moving to the outer side of the treatment box after being crushed and preventing dust from separating to the outer side of the treatment box, a slide rail is used for guiding and supporting a material moving table, a material moving cylinder works to enable the material moving table to horizontally move, so that the material moving table can drive a soft garbage salvaging component to move in the horizontal direction, so that the soft garbage salvaging component can salvage garbage in the horizontal direction, the soft garbage can be salvaged and moved under the action of the sorting treatment mechanism, the soft garbage can automatically move into the treatment box, the soft garbage can be crushed under the action of the flexible garbage treatment mechanism, the generated dust can be collected in a concentrated manner, and the blocking phenomenon of a screening box can be avoided, the technical problems that hard garbage and soft garbage are difficult to automatically sort and the normal screening function of a filter screen cannot be guaranteed in the prior art are solved.
Secondly, the invention is provided with a sorting processing mechanism, the soft garbage can be salvaged and moved under the action of the sorting processing mechanism, so that the soft garbage can be automatically moved into a processing box, specifically, the material moving platform is horizontally moved by the operation of the transverse material moving component, so that the material moving platform can drive the soft garbage salvage component to move in the horizontal direction, the lifting cylinder can drive the lifting frame to vertically move, the lifting frame can drive the salvage hopper to vertically move, so that the salvage hopper is positioned below the floating soft garbage, the fishing bucket can rotate under the action of the driving cylinder, the fishing bucket is in an inclined state, the fishing bucket can horizontally move under the action of the material moving cylinder and collect floating garbage, can make salvage the fill and salvage soft rubbish under the secondary action of lift cylinder to can dump soft rubbish to the guide slide in under the secondary action of moving the material cylinder.
Thirdly, the flexible garbage disposal device is provided with a flexible garbage disposal mechanism, a driving motor works to enable an incomplete gear to rotate, the incomplete gear can drive a transmission gear meshed with the incomplete gear to rotate, so that the rotation of a rotating shaft is realized, the rotating shaft can drive a rope pulley to rotate, and further a lifting rope can drive a lifting column to move, so that the lifting column can drive a mounting seat and a crushing blade at the bottom of the mounting seat to lift, at the moment, a return spring is in a compressed state, when the incomplete gear is not meshed with the transmission gear, the crushing blade can rapidly move downwards under the action of the self return force of the return spring, the flexible garbage is crushed, and meanwhile, a screening box can vibrate to avoid the blocking phenomenon of a filtering hole of the screening box; the flexible garbage crushed into certain particles can enter the material receiving box through the screening box.
Fourthly, the rigid garbage guiding mechanism is arranged, a worker can discharge water through the liquid outlet pipeline by opening the on-off valve, the worker manually slides the sliding cover out through the lifting handle, rigid garbage can be discharged into the material storage box under the action of the obliquely arranged material guide plate, the vibration cylinder can work in a reciprocating mode to vibrate the material guide plate, the rigid garbage is prevented from being adhered to the material guide plate, and meanwhile the dumping efficiency of the rigid garbage is improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a partial perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial cross-sectional view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a partial sectional view of the second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is an enlarged view of fig. 6 at B.
Reference numerals:
a sorting processing mechanism 1, a material transferring platform 11, a transverse material transferring assembly 12, a material transferring cylinder 13, a cylinder seat 14, an extending seat 15, a flexible garbage processing mechanism 2, a reciprocating vibration assembly 21, a mounting seat 22, a mounting upright column 23, a crushing blade 24, a lifting column 25, a return spring 251, a screening box 26, a sieve hole 261, a support column 27, a sliding column 271, a telescopic spring 272, a material receiving box 28, a driving motor 29, a rope wheel 291, a support upright plate 292, a transmission gear 293, a rotating shaft 294, a lifting rope 295, an incomplete gear 296, a processing box 3, a hard garbage guiding mechanism 4, a vibration cylinder 41, a material guide plate 42, a water through hole 43, a liquid outlet pipeline 44, an on-off valve 45, a sliding rod 46, a vibration ball 47, a support seat 48, a vibration spring 481, a sliding cover 482, a lifting handle 483, a material storage box 49, a sorting pool 5, a feeding nozzle 51, a sliding rail 52, a material guide slideway 53, the soft garbage fishing assembly 6, the fishing bucket 61, the lifting frame 62, the driving cylinder 63, the hinged seat 64, the lifting rod 65, the fixing column 66, the lifting cylinder 67, the dust removing assembly 7, the fan 71, the dust removing bag 72 and the dust collecting pipeline 73.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention.
The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations. Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention.
All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, an embodiment of the present invention provides a building decoration garbage disposal apparatus, including a sorting and processing mechanism 1, a flexible garbage processing mechanism 2, a processing box 3, a hard garbage deriving mechanism 4 and a sorting pond 5, wherein the sorting and processing mechanism 1 is disposed at the top of the sorting pond 5, the hard garbage deriving mechanism 4 is disposed at the bottom of the sorting pond 5, the processing box 3 is disposed at the left side of the sorting pond 5, the flexible garbage processing mechanism 2 is disposed on the processing box 3, the sorting and processing mechanism 1 includes a material moving table 11, a transverse material moving assembly 12 and a soft garbage salvaging assembly 6, the transverse material moving assembly 12 is disposed at the top of the sorting pond 5, two sides of the top of the sorting pond 5 are both provided with a horizontally disposed slide rail 52, the material moving table 11 is slidably engaged with the two slide rails 52, the soft garbage salvaging assembly 6 is disposed at the top of the material moving table 11, a feeding nozzle 51 is arranged on one side of the sorting pond 5, a material guide slideway 53 which is obliquely arranged is arranged between the sorting pond 5 and the treatment box 3, a through groove 54 is arranged on the right side of the treatment box 3, and a water outlet hole 55 is arranged on the material guide slideway 53; the treatment box 3 is used for preventing the flexible garbage from being crushed and then moving to the outer side of the treatment box 3, meanwhile, dust is prevented from being separated from the outer side of the treatment box 3, the sliding rail 52 is used for guiding and supporting the material moving table 11, the material moving cylinder 13 works to enable the material moving table 11 to move horizontally, the material moving table 11 can drive the flexible garbage fishing assembly 6 to move in the horizontal direction, the flexible garbage fishing assembly 6 can fish the garbage in the horizontal direction, the fishing and material moving operation on the flexible garbage can be realized under the action of the sorting treatment mechanism 1, the flexible garbage can automatically move into the treatment box 3, the crushing operation on the flexible garbage can be realized under the action of the flexible garbage treatment mechanism 2, and the generated dust can be collected in a concentrated mode.
Specifically, the soft garbage fishing assembly 6 comprises a fishing bucket 61, a lifting frame 62, two driving cylinders 63 and two hinge seats 64 arranged on the lifting frame 62 at intervals, the tail parts of the two driving cylinders 63 are respectively hinged with the two hinge seats 64, mounting columns are arranged on two sides of the lifting frame 62, the fishing bucket 61 is fixed between the two mounting columns, the output end of each driving cylinder 63 is hinged with the side wall of the fishing bucket 61, and a water outlet hole 55 is formed in the fishing bucket 61; the fishing bucket 61 can be rotated by the driving cylinder 63 to tilt the fishing bucket 61, the fishing bucket 61 can be horizontally moved by the material transferring cylinder 13 to collect floating garbage, and the water outlet hole 55 prevents water from being accumulated in the fishing bucket 61.
Specifically, the soft garbage salvaging assembly 6 further comprises a lifting cylinder 67 arranged at the top of the material moving platform 11 and two fixing columns 66 arranged at the bottom of the material moving platform 11 at intervals, a lifting rod 65 in sliding fit with each fixing column 66 is arranged at the bottom of each fixing column 66, the top of the lifting frame 62 is fixedly connected with the bottom ends of the two lifting rods 65, the output end of the lifting cylinder 67 is arranged downwards, and the output end of the lifting cylinder 67 is fixedly connected with the top of the lifting frame 62; the work of lift cylinder 67 can make crane 62 vertical migration, make crane 62 can drive salvage fill 61 vertical migration, make salvage fill 61 be located the below of showy soft rubbish, can make salvage fill 61 rotate under the effect that drives actuating cylinder 63, make salvage fill 61 be the tilt state, can make salvage fill 61 horizontal migration and collect showy rubbish under the effect that moves material cylinder 13, can make salvage fill 61 salvage soft rubbish play under the secondary action of lift cylinder 67, and can empty soft rubbish to in the guide slide 53 under the secondary action that moves material cylinder 13.
Specifically, the transverse material moving assembly 12 comprises a material moving cylinder 13 arranged horizontally and a cylinder seat 14 arranged at the top of the sorting pool 5, the material moving cylinder 13 is arranged at the top of the cylinder seat 14, an extension seat 15 is arranged at one side of the material moving platform 11, and the output end of the material moving cylinder 13 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the extension seat 15; the material moving cylinder 13 works to enable the material moving platform 11 to move horizontally, so that the material moving platform 11 can drive the soft garbage fishing assembly 6 to move in the horizontal direction, and the soft garbage fishing assembly 6 can fish garbage in the horizontal direction.
Specifically, the hard waste guiding mechanism 4 includes a vibration cylinder 41 and a material guiding plate 42 obliquely arranged at the bottom end inside the sorting pond 5, the material guiding plate 42 is provided with a plurality of water through holes 43, the bottom of the sorting pond 5 is provided with a liquid outlet pipeline 44 communicated with the inside of the sorting pond 5, the liquid outlet pipeline 44 is provided with an on-off valve 45, the output end of the vibration cylinder 41 is arranged upward, the output end of the vibration cylinder 41 is provided with a sliding rod 46 in sliding fit with the sorting pond 5, the top end of the sliding rod 46 is provided with a vibration ball 47, four support seats 48 distributed in a matrix are arranged below the material guiding plate 42, the top of each support seat 48 is provided with a vibration spring 481, the material guiding plate 42 is fixed at the top ends of the four vibration springs 481, the front part of the sorting pond 5 is provided with a sliding cover 482 in sliding fit with the sorting pond 5, the front part of the sliding cover 482, a material storage box 49 is arranged on one side of the sorting pool 5; after flexible rubbish is salvaged and is accomplished, the worker can make water discharge through going out liquid pipeline 44 through opening on-off valve 45, and the worker is manual to make slip lid 482 roll-off through handle 483, can make rigid rubbish discharge to the magazine 49 in under the effect of the stock guide 42 that the slope set up, and vibrations cylinder 41 can reciprocating work come to vibrate stock guide 42, avoids having rigid rubbish to adhere on stock guide 42, has improved rigid rubbish's the efficiency of empting simultaneously.
Specifically, the flexible garbage treatment mechanism 2 comprises a reciprocating vibration component 21, a dust removal component 7 and a screening box 26 horizontally arranged in the treatment box 3, wherein a screen hole 261 is formed in the screening box 26, four support columns 27 distributed in a matrix manner are arranged below the screening box 26, a sliding column 271 in sliding fit with the top of each support column 27 is arranged at the top of each support column 27, the screening box 26 is fixed at the tops of the four sliding columns 271, a telescopic spring 272 is sleeved on each sliding column 271, two ends of each telescopic spring 272 are respectively connected to the bottom of the screening box 26 and the top of the sliding column 271, and a material receiving box 28 is arranged below the screening box 26; the extension spring 272 is used for enabling the screening box 26 to vibrate when being subjected to external force, so as to avoid the blocking phenomenon of the filtering holes of the screening box 26, and the sliding column 271 is used for guiding and supporting the screening box 26.
Specifically, the reciprocating vibration assembly 21 comprises a horizontally arranged mounting seat 22, a mounting upright column 23 arranged at the top of the treatment box 3 and a plurality of crushing blades 24 arranged at the bottom of the mounting seat 22, wherein a lifting column 25 in sliding fit with the mounting upright column 23 is arranged at the bottom of the mounting upright column 23, the bottom of the lifting column 25 is fixedly connected with the top of the mounting seat 22, a return spring 251 is arranged inside the mounting upright column 23, two ends of the return spring 251 are respectively connected to the top of the lifting column 25 and the top end of the inside of the mounting upright column 23, and the bottom of the lifting column 25 is fixedly connected with the mounting seat 22; the broken blade 24 of lift post 25 can drive mount pad 22 and mount pad 22 bottom under the effect of drive power goes up and down, and reset spring 251 is compression state this moment, when incomplete gear 296 does not mesh with drive gear 293, can make broken blade 24 remove downwards fast under the effect of reset spring 251 self's restoring force to carry out crushing treatment to flexible rubbish, can make screening box 26 shake simultaneously, avoid screening box 26's filtration pore to produce blocking phenomenon.
Specifically, the reciprocating vibration assembly 21 further comprises a driving motor 29, a rope pulley 291, a supporting vertical plate 292 and a transmission gear 293, wherein a rotating shaft 294 is horizontally arranged on the supporting vertical plate 292, the rope pulley 291 is sleeved on the rotating shaft 294, a lifting rope 295 is arranged on the rope pulley 291, the end of the lifting rope 295 passes through the top end of the mounting upright post 23 and is fixedly connected with the top of the lifting post 25, the transmission gear 293 is sleeved on the rotating shaft 294, the driving motor 29 is fixed on the side wall of the supporting vertical plate 292, and an incomplete gear 296 meshed with the transmission gear 293 is sleeved on the output end of the driving motor 29; the driving motor 29 works to rotate the incomplete gear 296, so that the incomplete gear 296 can drive the transmission gear 293 engaged with the incomplete gear to rotate, thereby realizing the rotation of the rotating shaft 294, so that the rotating shaft 294 can drive the rope wheel 291 to rotate, further, the lifting rope 295 can drive the lifting column 25 to move, so that the lifting column 25 can drive the mounting seat 22 and the crushing blade 24 at the bottom of the mounting seat 22 to lift, at the moment, the return spring 251 is in a compression state, when the incomplete gear 296 is not engaged with the transmission gear 293, the crushing blade 24 can be rapidly moved downwards under the action of the self restoring force of the return spring 251, and the flexible garbage is crushed, and meanwhile, the sieving box 26 can be vibrated, so that the blocking phenomenon of the filtering holes of the sieving box 26 is avoided.
Specifically, the dust removal assembly 7 comprises a fan 71 and a dust removal bag 72, an output end of the fan 71 is communicated with a dust inlet of the dust removal bag 72, an input end of the fan 71 is provided with a dust suction pipeline 73, and the dust suction pipeline 73 extends to the inside of the treatment box 3; the fan 71 can make the dust suction pipe 73 in a negative pressure state, so that the dust in the treatment box 3 can enter the dust removing bag 72 through the dust suction pipe 73, and the dust removing bag 72 is used for collecting the dust in a centralized manner.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: the worker adds water into the sorting pool 5 in advance, the worker tilts and inverts decorative garbage into the sorting pool 5 through the feeding nozzle 51, the soft garbage can be in a floating state under the buoyancy action of the water, and the hard garbage such as metal and the like sinks onto the material guide plate 42;
the soft garbage can be salvaged and moved under the action of the sorting and processing mechanism 1, so that the soft garbage can be automatically moved into the processing box 3, specifically, the transverse material moving component 12 works to horizontally move the material moving platform 11, so that the material moving platform 11 can drive the soft garbage salvage component 6 to move in the horizontal direction, the lifting cylinder 67 works to vertically move the lifting frame 62, so that the lifting frame 62 can drive the salvage bucket 61 to vertically move, so that the salvage bucket 61 is positioned below the floating soft garbage, the fishing bucket 61 can be rotated by the driving cylinder 63, the fishing bucket 61 is inclined, the fishing bucket 61 can be horizontally moved under the action of the material moving cylinder 13 and the floating garbage is collected, the fishing bucket 61 can salvage the soft garbage under the re-action of the lifting cylinder 67, and the soft garbage can be dumped into the material guide slideway 53 under the re-action of the material moving cylinder 13;
the soft garbage can be moved into the screening box 26 under the action of the obliquely arranged material guiding slide 53, the soft garbage can be crushed under the action of the flexible garbage disposal mechanism 2, and the generated dust can be collected in a concentrated manner, specifically, the incomplete gear 296 is rotated by the operation of the driving motor 29, the incomplete gear 296 can drive the transmission gear 293 engaged with the incomplete gear to rotate so as to realize the rotation of the rotating shaft 294, the rotating shaft 294 can drive the rope wheel 291 to rotate, the lifting rope 295 can drive the lifting column 25 to move, the lifting column 25 can drive the mounting seat 22 and the crushing blade 24 at the bottom of the mounting seat 22 to lift, at the moment, the return spring 251 is in a compressed state, when the incomplete gear 296 is not engaged with the transmission gear 293, the crushing blade 24 can be rapidly moved downwards under the action of the self restoring force of the return spring 251, the flexible garbage is crushed, and the screening box 26 can be vibrated at the same time, so that the phenomenon that the filtering holes of the screening box 26 are blocked is avoided; the flexible garbage crushed into certain particles can enter the material receiving box 28 through the screening box 26;
in the process of crushing the flexible garbage, the fan 71 always works, the fan 71 works to enable the dust suction pipeline 73 to be in a negative pressure state, so that the dust in the treatment box 3 can enter the dust removal bag 72 through the dust suction pipeline 73, and the dust removal bag 72 is used for collecting the dust in a centralized manner;
after flexible rubbish is salvaged and is accomplished, the worker can make water discharge through going out liquid pipeline 44 through opening on-off valve 45, and the worker is manual to make slip lid 482 roll-off through handle 483, can make rigid rubbish discharge to the magazine 49 in under the effect of the stock guide 42 that the slope set up, and vibrations cylinder 41 can reciprocating work come to vibrate stock guide 42, avoids having rigid rubbish to adhere on stock guide 42, has improved rigid rubbish's the efficiency of empting simultaneously.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The building decoration garbage treatment equipment is characterized by comprising a sorting treatment mechanism (1), a flexible garbage treatment mechanism (2), a treatment tank (3), a rigid garbage leading-out mechanism (4) and a sorting pool (5), wherein the sorting treatment mechanism (1) is arranged at the top of the sorting pool (5), the rigid garbage leading-out mechanism (4) is arranged at the bottom of the sorting pool (5), the treatment tank (3) is arranged on the left side of the sorting pool (5), the flexible garbage treatment mechanism (2) is arranged on the treatment tank (3), the sorting treatment mechanism (1) comprises a material moving platform (11), a transverse material moving assembly (12) and a soft garbage salvaging assembly (6), the transverse material moving assembly (12) is arranged at the top of the sorting pool (5), two sides of the top of the sorting pool (5) are respectively provided with a sliding rail (52) which is horizontally arranged, move material platform (11) and two slide rails (52) sliding fit, soft rubbish is salvaged subassembly (6) and is set up at the top of moving material platform (11), one side of letter sorting pond (5) is equipped with feed nozzle (51), be equipped with guide slide (53) that the slope set up between letter sorting pond (5) and processing case (3), the right side of processing case (3) is equipped with logical groove (54), be equipped with apopore (55) on guide slide (53).
2. The building decoration garbage disposal equipment of claim 1, wherein the soft garbage fishing assembly (6) comprises a fishing bucket (61), a lifting frame (62), two driving cylinders (63) and two hinged seats (64) arranged on the lifting frame (62) at intervals, the tail parts of the two driving cylinders (63) are hinged to the two hinged seats (64) respectively, mounting columns are arranged on two sides of the lifting frame (62), the fishing bucket (61) is fixed between the two mounting columns, the output end of each driving cylinder (63) is hinged to the side wall of the fishing bucket (61), and a water outlet hole (55) is formed in the fishing bucket (61).
3. The building decoration garbage disposal device according to claim 2, wherein the soft garbage fishing assembly (6) further comprises a lifting cylinder (67) arranged at the top of the material moving platform (11) and two fixing columns (66) arranged at the bottom of the material moving platform (11) at intervals, the bottom of each fixing column (66) is provided with a lifting rod (65) in sliding fit with the fixing column, the top of the lifting frame (62) is fixedly connected with the bottom ends of the two lifting rods (65), the output end of the lifting cylinder (67) is arranged downwards, and the output end of the lifting cylinder (67) is fixedly connected with the top of the lifting frame (62).
4. The building decoration garbage disposal apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the lateral material moving assembly (12) comprises a horizontally arranged material moving cylinder (13) and a cylinder seat (14) arranged at the top of the sorting pond (5), the material moving cylinder (13) is arranged at the top of the cylinder seat (14), an extension seat (15) is arranged at one side of the material moving platform (11), and the output end of the material moving cylinder (13) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the extension seat (15).
5. The building decoration garbage disposal apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the hard garbage leading-out mechanism (4) comprises a vibration cylinder (41) and a material guiding plate (42) obliquely arranged at the bottom end inside the sorting tank (5), the material guiding plate (42) is provided with a plurality of water through holes (43), the bottom of the sorting tank (5) is provided with a liquid outlet pipeline (44) communicated with the inside of the sorting tank, the liquid outlet pipeline (44) is provided with an on-off valve (45), the output end of the vibration cylinder (41) is arranged upwards, the output end of the vibration cylinder (41) is provided with a sliding rod (46) in sliding fit with the sorting tank (5), the top end of the sliding rod (46) is provided with a vibration ball (47), four supporting seats (48) distributed in a matrix are arranged below the material guiding plate (42), and the top of each supporting seat (48) is provided with a spring (481), the material guide plate (42) is fixed at the top ends of the four vibrating springs (481), the front part of the sorting pool (5) is provided with a sliding cover (482) in sliding fit with the material guide plate, the front part of the sliding cover (482) is provided with a lifting handle (483), and one side of the sorting pool (5) is provided with a material storage box (49).
6. A building decorating waste disposal apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the flexible waste disposal means (2) comprises a reciprocating vibration assembly (21), a dust removal assembly (7) and a screening box (26) horizontally disposed within the disposal bin (3), the screening box (26) is provided with screen holes (261), four support columns (27) distributed in a matrix are arranged below the screening box (26), the top of each support column (27) is provided with a sliding column (271) in sliding fit with the support column, screening box (26) are fixed at the top of four slip posts (271), every all the cover is equipped with expanding spring (272) on slip post (271), every expanding spring (272)'s both ends are connected respectively in the bottom of screening box (26) and the top of slip post (271), the below of screening box (26) is equipped with material receiving box (28).
7. The building decoration garbage disposal apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the reciprocating vibration assembly (21) comprises a horizontally arranged mounting seat (22), a mounting column (23) arranged at the top of the disposal box (3) and a plurality of crushing blades (24) arranged at the bottom of the mounting seat (22), the bottom of the mounting column (23) is provided with a lifting column (25) in sliding fit with the mounting column, the bottom of the lifting column (25) is fixedly connected with the top of the mounting seat (22), a return spring (251) is arranged inside the mounting column (23), two ends of the return spring (251) are respectively connected to the top of the lifting column (25) and the top end of the inside of the mounting column (23), and the bottom of the lifting column (25) is fixedly connected with the mounting seat (22).
8. The building decoration garbage disposal apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the reciprocating vibration assembly (21) further comprises a driving motor (29), a rope pulley (291), a supporting vertical plate (292) and a transmission gear (293), the supporting vertical plate (292) is provided with a horizontally arranged rotating shaft (294), the rope pulley (291) is sleeved on the rotating shaft (294), the rope pulley (291) is provided with a lifting rope (295), the end of the lifting rope (295) penetrates through the top end of the mounting upright post (23) and is fixedly connected with the top of the lifting upright post (25), the transmission gear (293) is sleeved on the rotating shaft (294), the driving motor (29) is fixed on the side wall of the supporting vertical plate (292), and the output end of the driving motor (29) is sleeved with an incomplete gear (296) meshed with the transmission gear (293).
9. The building decoration garbage disposal apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the dust removing assembly (7) comprises a fan (71) and a dust removing bag (72), an output end of the fan (71) is communicated with a dust inlet of the dust removing bag (72), a dust suction pipeline (73) is arranged on an input end of the fan (71), and the dust suction pipeline (73) extends to the inside of the disposal box (3).
CN202010131106.0A 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 Building decoration refuse treatment equipment Pending CN111318340A (en)

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CN111921607A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-13 武汉合创四联科技发展有限公司 Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures
CN111974490A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-11-24 李琼 Integrative equipment of broken flotation of building rubbish
CN112246389A (en) * 2020-08-21 2021-01-22 中国市政工程华北设计研究总院有限公司 System suitable for soft and hard classification treatment of decoration garbage and operation method
CN112387411A (en) * 2020-10-24 2021-02-23 金爱兰 Rock debris screening device for petroleum exploration
CN113102456A (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-07-13 河南城建学院 Building rubbish letter sorting edulcoration device

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CN111921607A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-13 武汉合创四联科技发展有限公司 Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures
CN112246389A (en) * 2020-08-21 2021-01-22 中国市政工程华北设计研究总院有限公司 System suitable for soft and hard classification treatment of decoration garbage and operation method
CN112387411A (en) * 2020-10-24 2021-02-23 金爱兰 Rock debris screening device for petroleum exploration
CN113102456A (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-07-13 河南城建学院 Building rubbish letter sorting edulcoration device

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Application publication date: 20200623