CN111250984B - Multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine - Google Patents

Multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111250984B
CN111250984B CN202010170464.2A CN202010170464A CN111250984B CN 111250984 B CN111250984 B CN 111250984B CN 202010170464 A CN202010170464 A CN 202010170464A CN 111250984 B CN111250984 B CN 111250984B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
sheath
module
block
feeding
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CN202010170464.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111250984A (en
Inventor
乔敢冬
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Suzhou Lingce Precision Technology Co ltd
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Suzhou Lingce Precision Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010170464.2A priority Critical patent/CN111250984B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/002Article feeders for assembling machines orientating the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine. The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine comprises a rack, wherein a splitter turntable is arranged on the rack, a lower insulator assembling mechanism, a contact pin assembling mechanism, an upper insulator assembling mechanism, an outer shell assembling mechanism, a sheath assembling mechanism and a press riveting and blanking mechanism are sequentially arranged on the rack around the splitter turntable, an included angle between every two adjacent mechanisms is 60 degrees, and 6 circumferentially arranged terminal jigs are arranged on the splitter turntable. The scheme provided by the invention can realize automatic terminal complete set assembly.

Description

Multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of terminal assembling equipment, in particular to a multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine.
Background
The structure of the terminal in the prior art is shown in fig. 1, and the terminal comprises a housing a and a sheath B sleeved on the housing a, wherein an upper insulator C, a contact pin D and a lower insulator E are arranged inside the housing a. In order to improve the production efficiency and accuracy, it is a trend to realize the automatic production of the terminal, and the general assembly steps are from inside to outside, so how to automatically assemble the lower insulator, the pin, the upper insulator, the housing and the sheath in sequence is the problem to be solved by the inventor.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention mainly aims to provide a terminal assembling machine with a plurality of mechanisms for assembling a terminal whole set, which can realize automation.
In order to realize the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine comprises a rack, wherein a splitter turntable is arranged on the rack, a lower insulator assembling mechanism, a contact pin assembling mechanism, an upper insulator assembling mechanism, a shell assembling mechanism, a sheath assembling mechanism and a press riveting and blanking mechanism are sequentially arranged on the rack around the splitter turntable, an included angle between every two adjacent mechanisms is 60 degrees, and 6 circumferentially arranged terminal jigs are arranged on the splitter turntable.
Preferably, the lower insulator assembling mechanism comprises a lower insulator vibration disc and a lower insulator loading module, the lower insulator loading module comprises a rack, a material receiving unit and a material transferring unit, the material receiving unit comprises a first material inlet block connected with the lower insulator vibration disc through a transparent hose, a plurality of lower insulators are placed in the lower insulator vibration disc, a material inlet only allowing one lower insulator to enter is formed in the first material inlet block, the material inlet block is connected with a material pushing cylinder, the material pushing cylinder is connected with a material receiving plate arranged below the first material inlet block, and a placing hole corresponding to the material inlet is formed in the material receiving plate; the material moving unit comprises a servo module, the servo module is connected with a lifting cylinder, the lifting cylinder is connected with a material suction head capable of adsorbing a lower insulator from a placing hole, detection holes are formed in two sides of the placing hole on a material receiving plate, a first detection correlation optical fiber capable of detecting whether the lower insulator is placed in the placing hole or not is arranged on the detection holes, a material protecting frame is arranged on the frame and comprises two separation blades, through holes are formed in the two separation blades respectively, and a second detection correlation optical fiber capable of detecting whether the lower insulator is placed in the two separation blades or not is arranged on the material protecting frame.
Preferably, the contact pin assembling mechanism comprises a contact pin vibration disc and a contact pin loading module, the contact pin loading module comprises a distributing unit, a receiving unit and a moving unit, the receiving unit comprises a support, a distributing block connected with the contact pin vibration disc is arranged on the support, the distributing block is connected with a first sliding table air cylinder, a first detection reflection optical fiber is arranged on one side of the distributing block on the support, an air blowing opening and a transparent hose are further arranged on the support, and a through hole capable of being connected with the transparent hose is formed in the distributing block; the material receiving unit comprises a feeding block connected with the transparent hose, the feeding block is connected with a second sliding table cylinder, a feeding jig is arranged below the feeding block, the feeding block is connected with the feeding jig in a sliding mode, a bearing hole capable of bearing a contact pin sliding out of the transparent hose is formed in the feeding jig, and a jacking sliding table cylinder capable of jacking the contact pin out of the bearing hole is arranged below the bearing hole; move the material unit and include servo module, be connected with first lift cylinder on the servo module, first lift cylinder is connected with can the centre gripping contact pin get material clamping jaw cylinder.
Preferably, the shell assembly mechanism comprises a shell vibration disc and a shell loading module, the shell loading module comprises a rack, a distribution unit and a material moving unit, the distribution unit comprises a distribution jig for receiving a shell in the shell vibration disc, a material pushing block capable of pushing the shell is arranged on the distribution jig, the material pushing block is connected with a sliding table cylinder, the distribution jig is provided with a proximity switch and a shell outlet, and the material pushing block is provided with an inclined plane capable of pushing the shell to the shell outlet; move the material unit and include X axle module and set up the Z axle module on X axle module, be provided with the lift cylinder on the Z axle module, the lift cylinder is connected with has the material of getting the clamping jaw and indicates the cylinder, still be provided with the location that has the location clamping jaw and indicate the cylinder in the frame.
Preferably, the sheath assembling mechanism comprises a sheath vibrating disk and a sheath feeding module, the sheath feeding module comprises a rack, a material distributing unit and a material moving unit, the material distributing unit comprises a sheath jig arranged on the rack, the sheath jig is used for bearing a sheath in the sheath vibrating disk, and the top of the sheath jig is provided with a detection correlation optical fiber; move the material unit and include the lateral shifting module that is driven by servo motor, the axial assembly that can adsorb and press the sheath is connected to the lateral shifting module through the slip cylinder of oscilaltion, the frame still is connected with the location finger cylinder that has the location clamping jaw.
Preferably, the axle group is including setting up the fixed block on sliding cylinder, be provided with the sheath axle of impressing on the fixed block, it gets the sheath axle to insert to be equipped with in the sheath axle of impressing, it has negative pressure device to get the sheath axle and connect, it passes through the spring and is connected with the sheath axle of impressing, it can be at the epaxial up-and-down motion of sheath axle of impressing to get the sheath axle, the sheath axle of impressing connects the manometer.
Preferably, the press riveting and blanking mechanism comprises a press riveting unit, the press riveting unit comprises a rack, a discharging module and a press riveting module are arranged on the rack, the discharging module comprises a support frame, a discharging sliding table cylinder is arranged on the support frame, the discharging sliding table cylinder is connected with a fixed plate, a discharging rotating cylinder is arranged on the fixed plate, and the discharging rotating cylinder is connected with a discharging finger cylinder with a discharging clamping jaw; the pressure riveting module comprises a pressure riveting support, a pressure riveting cylinder is arranged on the pressure riveting support, a lower die used for bearing a terminal is arranged below the pressure riveting cylinder, and the pressure riveting cylinder is connected with an upper die located above the lower die.
Preferably, press and rivet unloading mechanism includes the unloading unit, the unloading unit includes the frame, be provided with the mount in the frame, be provided with unloading slip table cylinder on the mount, unloading slip table cylinder connection bears the board, it is provided with unloading revolving cylinder on the board to bear, unloading revolving cylinder is connected with the mounting panel, the unloading finger cylinder that has the unloading clamping jaw is connected to the mounting panel, unloading slip table cylinder top is provided with the stopper that has the breach, be provided with on the mounting panel can with the spacing arch of breach butt.
Compared with the prior art, the feeding device has the advantages that the working process is that a plurality of lower insulators are placed in the lower insulator vibration disc, the lower insulators can enter a feeding hole of the feeding block along the transparent hose, the diameter of the transparent hose is slightly larger than that of the lower insulators, only one lower insulator can enter the feeding block at the same time, the lower insulator enters a placing hole of a receiving plate below the lower insulator from the feeding hole, then the receiving plate is driven by the material pushing cylinder to move out of the feeding block, then the material moving unit acts, a servo motor of the material moving unit drives the lifting cylinder on the transverse moving module to move to the position above the lower insulators, and the lifting cylinder drives the material sucking head to suck and move the lower insulators to the designated position, so that the feeding process of the lower insulators is achieved. Then the contact pin in the contact pin vibration disc is vibrated into the distributing block, after the first detection reflection optical fiber detects the contact pin in the distributing block, the first sliding table cylinder drives the distributing block to move towards the direction of the air outlet, when the first detection reflection optical fiber moves to the position of the air outlet, the air blowing port blows air to blow the contact pin from the distributing block to the transparent hose, the contact pin enters the feed block through the transparent hose, at the beginning, the feed block is aligned with the feeding jig, namely, the bearing hole can receive the contact pin leaked from the feed block, then the second sliding table cylinder drives the feed block to retreat, then the jacking sliding table cylinder ejects the contact pin in the bearing hole, then the material moving unit acts, the servo motor drives the first lifting cylinder on the transverse moving module to move to the upper part of the contact pin and descend, the material taking clamping jaw cylinder acts to clamp the contact pin, then the servo motor drives the first lifting cylinder on the transverse moving module to move to the upper part of the installed lower insulator, get material clamping jaw cylinder and insert the contact pin and establish on lower insulator under the drive of first lift cylinder. This scheme can be accurate quick assembles contact pin and lower insulator. And then the lower insulator assembling mechanism assembles the lower insulator, and the structure and the working principle of the lower insulator assembling mechanism are the same as those of the upper insulator assembling mechanism. The shell vibration disc vibrates the shell into vertical and arranges into one row and enters into the branch material tool, and proximity sensor detects that the shell targets in place, and the ejector pad is pushed out a shell to the shell export under the drive of slip table cylinder, realizes dividing the material. The X-axis module moves to a material taking position, the Z-axis module descends to a material taking height, the material taking finger cylinder drives the material taking clamping jaw to clamp the shell, and the Z-axis module ascends to finish material taking. The jig which has finished the material placing of the former mechanism is driven by the turntable divider to operate to the mechanism, and is clamped by the positioning gas claw of the positioning finger cylinder. The X-axis module moves to a material placing position, the Z-axis module descends to sleeve the outer shell on the upper insulator, the positioning clamping jaw is loosened, the Z-axis module continues to descend to press the outer shell in place, the outer shell is installed completely, and the cam divider conveys the material with the outer shell to a next mechanism. This scheme can assemble automatic accurate quick. The sheath vibration disk vibrates the sheath neatly into the sheath tool, and the detection reflection optical fiber detects that the sheath is in place. The servo motor drives the sliding table cylinder on the transverse moving module to move to a material taking position, the sliding table cylinder descends, the sheath taking shaft enters the sheath, and the sheath starts to suck. The manometer detects that the negative pressure reaches the setting value, and the slip table cylinder rises, gets the material and accomplishes. The turntable divider operates the material with the casing to the mechanism, and the positioning finger cylinder clamps the material via the positioning gas claw. Servo motor drives the slip table cylinder on the lateral shifting module and moves to the blowing position, and the slip table cylinder descends, impresses the sheath on the terminal of material, and the in-process of impressing gets the sheath axle and rises, and the sheath axle of impressing continues to impress the sheath downwards and targets in place, and the sheath installation is accomplished. This scheme can carry out accurate quick installation with the sliding sleeve automatically, has improved production efficiency. The terminal after the installation is accomplished is through the material position of getting of carousel decollator operation this mechanism, when the below of blowing finger cylinder and blowing clamping jaw promptly, blowing slip table cylinder descends to getting the material position, the blowing clamping jaw presss from both sides the terminal of assembling on with the tool tightly, blowing slip table cylinder rises, blowing revolving cylinder rotates blowing clamping jaw and terminal to the bed die top, the slip table cylinder descends, the terminal is put into the bed die, the blowing gas claw loosens, the slip table cylinder rises, blowing revolving cylinder rotates to initial position, the blowing is accomplished. The pressure riveting cylinder descends, pressure riveting is completed after descending in place, the pressure riveting cylinder ascends after pressure riveting is completed, and the photoelectric sensor is used for detecting whether a terminal is placed in the lower die or not. This scheme can carry out automatic quick and accurate pressure riveting operation with the terminal that assembles. After the terminal finishes the final press riveting process, the terminal needs to be blanked from the press riveting mechanism. The blanking sliding table cylinder moves the blanking clamping jaw to the position above the terminal, then the blanking rotating cylinder drives the blanking clamping jaw to rotate to the position above the terminal, the blanking sliding table cylinder descends again, the blanking clamping jaw clamps the terminal tightly, the blanking sliding table cylinder ascends, the blanking rotating cylinder rotates to the material box, and the blanking clamping jaw is loosened to place the finished product terminal into the material box to complete the blanking operation. This scheme can be automatic quick and accurate carry out the unloading with the terminal that assembles.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a terminal according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of a multi-mechanism terminal assembly machine of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a lower insulator assembling mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a pin assembling mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the housing assembly mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a sheath assembling mechanism according to the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the rivet pressing and blanking mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: A. a housing; B. a sheath; C. an upper insulator; D. inserting a pin; e, mounting an insulator; 1. a divider turntable; 2. a lower insulator assembly mechanism; 21. a lower insulator vibration disc; 22. a transparent hose; 23. a first feed block; 24. a feed inlet; 25. a material pushing cylinder; 26. a material receiving plate; 27. placing holes; 28. a lifting cylinder; 29. a suction head; 210. a detection hole; 211. a first detection correlation fiber; 212. a second detection correlation optical fiber; 3. a pin assembling mechanism; 31. inserting a pin and vibrating a disc; 32. a material distributing block; 33. a first sliding table cylinder; 34. a first detection reflection optical fiber; 35. an air blowing port; 351. a transparent hose; 36. a feeding block; 37. a second sliding table cylinder; 38. feeding a jig; 39. a bearing hole; 310. jacking a sliding table cylinder; 311. a first lifting cylinder; 312. a material taking clamping jaw cylinder; 4. an upper insulation assembling mechanism; 5. a housing assembly mechanism; 51. a shell vibrating tray; 52. a material distributing jig; 53. a material pushing block; 54. a proximity switch; 55. an outer shell outlet; 56. a material taking finger cylinder; 57. positioning a finger cylinder; 6. a sheath assembling mechanism; 61. a sheath jig; 62. a sheath vibrating disk; 63. a shaft group; 64. a fixed block; 65. the sheath is pressed into the shaft; 66. taking a sheath shaft; 67. a pressure gauge; 7. a press riveting and blanking mechanism; 71. a discharge sliding table cylinder; 72. a fixing plate; 73. a discharging rotary cylinder; 74. a discharging finger cylinder; 75. pressing and riveting the bracket; 76. a lower die; 77. an upper die; 78. a bearing plate; 79. a limiting block; 710. a limiting bulge; 8. a terminal fixture.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, the multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine comprises a rack, wherein a splitter turntable 1 is arranged on the rack, a lower insulator assembling mechanism 2, a pin inserting assembling mechanism 3, an upper insulator assembling mechanism 4, a shell assembling mechanism 5, a sheath assembling mechanism 6 and a press riveting blanking mechanism 7 are sequentially arranged on the rack around the splitter turntable 1, an included angle between every two adjacent mechanisms is 60 degrees, and 6 circumferentially arranged terminal jigs 8 are arranged on the splitter turntable 1.
Preferably, the lower insulator assembling mechanism 2 comprises a lower insulator vibration disc 21 and a lower insulator loading module, the lower insulator loading module comprises a rack, a material receiving unit and a material moving unit, the material receiving unit comprises a first material inlet block 23 connected with the lower insulator vibration disc 21 through a transparent hose 22, a plurality of lower insulators are placed in the lower insulator vibration disc 21, a material inlet 24 only allowing one lower insulator to enter is formed in the first material inlet block 23, the material inlet block is connected with a material pushing cylinder 25, the material pushing cylinder 25 is connected with a material receiving plate 26 arranged below the first material inlet block 23, and a placing hole 27 corresponding to the material inlet 24 is formed in the material receiving plate 26; the material moving unit comprises a servo module, the servo module is connected with a lifting cylinder 28, the lifting cylinder 28 is connected with a material sucking head 29 capable of sucking a lower insulator from a placing hole 27, detection holes 210 are formed in two sides of the placing hole 27 on a material receiving plate 26, a first detection correlation optical fiber 211 capable of detecting whether the lower insulator is placed in the placing hole 27 or not is arranged on the detection holes 210, a material protecting frame is arranged on the rack and comprises two separation blades, through holes are formed in the two separation blades respectively, and a second detection correlation optical fiber 212 capable of detecting whether the lower insulator is placed in the two separation blades or not is arranged on the material protecting frame.
Preferably, the pin assembling mechanism 3 includes a pin vibrating tray 31 and a pin loading module, the pin loading module includes a material distributing unit, a material receiving unit and a material moving unit, the material receiving unit includes a support, a material distributing block 32 connected to the pin vibrating tray 31 is provided on the support, the material distributing block 32 is connected to a first sliding table cylinder 33, a first detection reflection optical fiber 34 is provided on one side of the material distributing block 32 on the support, an air blowing port 35 and a transparent hose 351 are further provided on the support, and a through hole capable of being connected to the transparent hose 22 is provided on the material distributing block 32; the material receiving unit comprises a feeding block 36 connected with a transparent hose 351, the feeding block 36 is connected with a second sliding table cylinder 37, a feeding jig 38 is arranged below the feeding block 36, the feeding block 36 is connected with the feeding jig 38 in a sliding manner, a bearing hole 39 capable of bearing a contact pin sliding out of the transparent hose 22 is formed in the feeding jig 38, and a jacking sliding table cylinder 310 capable of jacking the contact pin out of the bearing hole 39 is arranged below the bearing hole 39; move the material unit and include servo module, be connected with first lift cylinder 28 on the servo module, first lift cylinder 311 is connected with the material clamping jaw cylinder 312 of getting that can the centre gripping contact pin.
Preferably, the shell assembling mechanism 5 includes a shell vibration disc 51 and a shell feeding module, the shell feeding module includes a frame, a material distributing unit and a material moving unit, the material distributing unit includes a material distributing jig 52 for receiving the shell in the shell vibration disc 51, a material pushing block 53 capable of pushing the shell is arranged on the material distributing jig 52, the material pushing block 53 is connected with a sliding table cylinder, the material distributing jig 52 is provided with a proximity switch 54 and a shell outlet 55, and the material pushing block 53 is provided with an inclined plane capable of pushing the shell to the shell outlet 55; the material moving unit comprises an X-axis module and a Z-axis module arranged on the X-axis module, a lifting cylinder 28 is arranged on the Z-axis module, the lifting cylinder 28 is connected with a material taking finger cylinder 56 with a material taking clamping jaw, and a positioning finger cylinder 57 with a positioning clamping jaw is further arranged on the rack.
Preferably, the sheath assembling mechanism 6 includes a sheath vibrating tray 62 and a sheath feeding module, the sheath feeding module includes a rack, a material distributing unit and a material moving unit, the material distributing unit includes a sheath jig 61 arranged on the rack, the sheath jig 61 is used for receiving the sheath in the sheath vibrating tray 62, and the top of the sheath jig 61 is provided with a detection correlation optical fiber; the material moving unit comprises a transverse moving module driven by a servo motor, the transverse moving module is connected with a shaft set 63 capable of adsorbing and pressing a sheath through a sliding cylinder which ascends and descends, and the rack is further connected with a positioning finger cylinder 57 with a positioning clamping jaw.
Preferably, the shaft set 63 includes a fixing block 64 disposed on the sliding cylinder, a sheath press-in shaft 65 is disposed on the fixing block 64, a sheath press-in shaft 66 is inserted into the sheath press-in shaft 65, the sheath press-in shaft 66 is connected with a negative pressure device, the sheath press-in shaft 66 is connected with the sheath press-in shaft 65 through a spring, the sheath press-in shaft 66 can move up and down in the sheath press-in shaft 65, and the sheath press-in shaft 65 is connected with a pressure gauge 67.
Preferably, the press riveting and blanking mechanism 7 comprises a press riveting unit, the press riveting unit comprises a rack, a discharging module and a press riveting module are arranged on the rack, the discharging module comprises a support frame, a discharging sliding table cylinder 71 is arranged on the support frame, the discharging sliding table cylinder 71 is connected with a fixing plate 72, a discharging rotating cylinder 73 is arranged on the fixing plate 72, and the discharging rotating cylinder 73 is connected with a discharging finger cylinder 74 with a discharging clamping jaw; the pressure riveting module comprises a pressure riveting support 75, a pressure riveting cylinder is arranged on the pressure riveting support 75, a lower die 76 used for bearing a terminal is arranged below the pressure riveting cylinder, and the pressure riveting cylinder is connected with an upper die 77 positioned above the lower die 76.
Preferably, press and rivet unloading mechanism 7 including the unloading unit, the unloading unit includes the frame, be provided with the mount in the frame, be provided with unloading slip table cylinder on the mount, unloading slip table cylinder connection bears board 78, it is provided with unloading revolving cylinder on the board 78 to bear, unloading revolving cylinder is connected with the mounting panel, the unloading finger cylinder that has the unloading clamping jaw is connected to the mounting panel, unloading slip table cylinder top is provided with stopper 79 that has the breach, be provided with on the mounting panel can with the spacing arch 710 of breach butt.
The invention relates to a multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine which comprises a working process that a plurality of lower insulators are placed in a lower insulator vibration disc 21, the lower insulators can enter a feeding hole 24 of a feeding block along a transparent hose 22, the diameter of the transparent hose 22 is slightly larger than that of the lower insulators, only one lower insulator can enter the feeding block at the same time, the lower insulator enters a placing hole 27 of a receiving plate 26 below the lower insulator from the feeding hole 24, then a material pushing cylinder 25 drives the receiving plate 26 to move out of the feeding block, then a material moving unit acts, a servo motor of the material moving unit drives a lifting cylinder 28 on a transverse moving module to move to the upper part of the lower insulator, and the lifting cylinder 28 drives a material suction head 29 to adsorb and move the lower insulator to a specified position, so that the feeding process of the lower insulator is realized. Then the pins in the pin vibrating tray 31 are vibrated into the distributing block 32, after the first detecting reflective optical fiber 34 detects the pins in the distributing block 32, the first sliding table cylinder 33 drives the distributing block 32 to move towards the air outlet, when the first detecting reflective optical fiber moves to the air outlet, the air blowing port 35 blows air to blow the pins from the distributing block 32 to the transparent hose 22, the pins enter the feeding block 36 through the transparent hose 22, at the beginning, the feeding block 36 is aligned with the feeding jig 38, that is, the bearing hole 39 can receive the pins leaked from the feeding block 36, then the second sliding table cylinder 37 drives the feeding block 36 to retreat, then the jacking sliding table cylinder 310 ejects the pins in the bearing hole 39, then the material moving unit acts, the servo motor drives the first lifting cylinder 28 on the transverse moving module to move to the upper side of the pins and descend, the clamping jaw cylinder acts to clamp the pins, then the servo motor drives the first lifting cylinder 28 on the transverse moving module to move to the upper lifting cylinder 28 on the installed lower side And the material taking clamping jaw cylinder is driven by the first lifting cylinder 28 to insert the contact pin on the lower insulator. This scheme can be accurate quick assembles contact pin and lower insulator. And then the lower insulator assembling mechanism 2 assembles a lower insulator, and the structure and the working principle of the lower insulator assembling mechanism 2 are the same as those of the upper insulator assembling mechanism 4. The shell vibration disc 51 vibrates the shells into a vertical shape and arranges the shells into a row to enter the material distribution jig 52, the proximity sensor detects that the shells are in place, and the material pushing block 53 pushes one shell out to the shell outlet 55 under the driving of the sliding table cylinder, so that material distribution is realized. The X-axis module moves to the material taking position, the Z-axis module descends to the material taking height, the material taking finger cylinder 56 drives the material taking clamping jaw to clamp the shell, the Z-axis module ascends, and material taking is completed. The jig which has finished the material placement in the former mechanism is driven by the turntable divider to operate to the mechanism, and is clamped by the positioning gas claw of the positioning finger cylinder 57. The X-axis module moves to a material placing position, the Z-axis module descends to sleeve the outer shell on the upper insulator, the positioning clamping jaw is loosened, the Z-axis module continues to descend to press the outer shell in place, the outer shell is installed completely, and the cam divider conveys the material with the outer shell to a next mechanism. This scheme can assemble automatic accurate quick. The sheath vibrating disk 62 vibrates the sheath neatly into the sheath jig 61, and the detection reflection optical fiber detects that the sheath is in place. The servo motor drives the sliding table cylinder on the transverse moving module to move to the material taking position, the sliding table cylinder descends, the sheath taking shaft 66 enters the sheath, and the sheath starts to suck air to suck the sheath. Manometer 67 detects the negative pressure and reaches the setting value, and the slip table cylinder rises, gets the material and accomplishes. The turntable divider operates the material filled with the housing to the mechanism, and the positioning finger cylinder 57 clamps the material through the positioning gas claw. Servo motor drives the slip table cylinder on the lateral shifting module and moves to the blowing position, and the slip table cylinder descends, impresses the sheath on the terminal of material, and the in-process of impressing gets that sheath axle 66 rises, and the sheath is impressed axle 65 and is continued to be impressed the sheath downwards and target in place, and the sheath installation is accomplished. This scheme can carry out accurate quick installation with the sliding sleeve automatically, has improved production efficiency. The terminal after the installation is accomplished moves to the position of getting of this mechanism through decollator carousel 1, when blowing finger cylinder 74 and the below of blowing clamping jaw promptly, blowing slip table cylinder 71 descends to getting the material position, the blowing clamping jaw presss from both sides the terminal of assembling on the tool tightly, blowing slip table cylinder 71 rises, blowing revolving cylinder 73 is rotatory the blowing clamping jaw and terminal to the bed die 76 top, the slip table cylinder descends, the terminal is put into the bed die 76, the blowing gas claw is loosened, the slip table cylinder rises, blowing revolving cylinder 73 rotates to the initial position, the blowing is accomplished. The press riveting cylinder descends, press riveting is completed after descending in place, the press riveting cylinder ascends after press riveting is completed, and the photoelectric sensor is used for detecting whether a terminal is placed in the lower die 76. This scheme can carry out automatic quick and accurate pressure riveting operation with the terminal that assembles. After the terminal finishes the final press riveting process, the terminal needs to be blanked from the press riveting mechanism. The blanking sliding table cylinder moves the blanking clamping jaw to the position above the terminal, then the blanking rotating cylinder drives the blanking clamping jaw to rotate to the position above the terminal, the blanking sliding table cylinder descends again, the blanking clamping jaw clamps the terminal tightly, the blanking sliding table cylinder ascends, the blanking rotating cylinder rotates to the material box, and the blanking clamping jaw is loosened to place the finished product terminal into the material box to complete the blanking operation. This scheme can be automatic quick and accurate carry out the unloading with the terminal that assembles.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and all technical solutions that belong to the idea of the present invention belong to the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that modifications and adaptations to those skilled in the art without departing from the principles of the present invention should also be considered as within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a multimachine constructs terminal kludge which characterized in that: the device comprises a rack, wherein a splitter turntable is arranged on the rack, a lower insulator assembling mechanism, a contact pin assembling mechanism, an upper insulator assembling mechanism, a shell assembling mechanism, a sheath assembling mechanism and a press riveting and blanking mechanism are sequentially arranged on the rack around the splitter turntable, an included angle between every two adjacent mechanisms is 60 degrees, 6 terminal fixtures arranged circumferentially are arranged on the splitter turntable, the lower insulator assembling mechanism comprises a lower insulator vibrating disc and a lower insulator feeding module, the lower insulator feeding module comprises a rack, a material receiving unit and a material transferring unit, the material receiving unit comprises a first material inlet block connected with the lower insulator vibrating disc through a transparent hose, a plurality of lower insulators are placed in the lower insulator vibrating disc, a material inlet only allowing one lower insulator to enter is formed in the first material inlet block, and the material inlet block is connected with a material pushing cylinder, the material pushing cylinder is connected with a material receiving plate arranged below the first feeding block, and a placing hole corresponding to the feeding hole is formed in the material receiving plate; the material moving unit comprises a servo module, the servo module is connected with a lifting cylinder, the lifting cylinder is connected with a material suction head capable of adsorbing a lower insulator from a placing hole, detection holes are formed in two sides of the placing hole on the material receiving plate, a first detection correlation optical fiber capable of detecting whether the lower insulator is placed in the placing hole is arranged on the detection holes, a material protecting frame is arranged on the rack and comprises two blocking pieces, through holes are formed in the two blocking pieces respectively, a second detection correlation optical fiber capable of detecting whether the lower insulator is placed in the two blocking pieces is arranged on the material protecting frame, the pin assembling mechanism comprises a pin vibrating disc and a pin feeding module, the pin feeding module comprises a material distributing unit, a material receiving unit and a material moving unit, the material receiving unit comprises a support, and a material distributing block connected with the pin vibrating disc is arranged on the support, the distribution block is connected with a first sliding table cylinder, a first detection reflection optical fiber is arranged on one side of the distribution block on the support, an air blowing opening and a transparent hose are further arranged on the support, and a through hole capable of being connected with the transparent hose is formed in the distribution block; the material receiving unit comprises a feeding block connected with the transparent hose, the feeding block is connected with a second sliding table cylinder, a feeding jig is arranged below the feeding block, the feeding block is connected with the feeding jig in a sliding mode, a bearing hole capable of bearing a contact pin sliding out of the transparent hose is formed in the feeding jig, and a jacking sliding table cylinder capable of jacking the contact pin out of the bearing hole is arranged below the bearing hole; the material moving unit comprises a servo module, a first lifting cylinder is connected to the servo module, the first lifting cylinder is connected to a material taking clamping jaw cylinder capable of clamping a contact pin, the shell assembling mechanism comprises a shell vibrating disc and a shell feeding module, the shell feeding module comprises a rack, a material distributing unit and a material moving unit, the material distributing unit comprises a material distributing jig used for receiving a shell in the shell vibrating disc, a material pushing block capable of pushing the shell is arranged on the material distributing jig, the material pushing block is connected with a sliding table cylinder, a proximity switch and a shell outlet are arranged on the material distributing jig, and an inclined plane capable of pushing the shell to the shell outlet is arranged on the material pushing block; the sheath assembling mechanism comprises a sheath vibrating disc and a sheath feeding module, the sheath feeding module comprises a frame, a distributing unit and a moving unit, the distributing unit comprises a sheath jig arranged on the frame, the sheath jig is used for bearing a sheath in the sheath vibrating disc, and the top of the sheath jig is provided with a detection correlation optical fiber; the material moving unit comprises a transverse moving module driven by a servo motor, the transverse moving module is connected with a shaft group capable of adsorbing and pressing a sheath through a sliding cylinder which ascends and descends, the rack is further connected with a positioning finger cylinder with a positioning clamping jaw, the press riveting and blanking mechanism comprises a press riveting unit, the press riveting unit comprises a rack, a material discharging module and a press riveting module are arranged on the rack, the material discharging module comprises a supporting frame, a material discharging sliding table cylinder is arranged on the supporting frame, the material discharging sliding table cylinder is connected with a fixing plate, a material discharging rotating cylinder is arranged on the fixing plate, and the material discharging rotating cylinder is connected with a material discharging finger cylinder with a material discharging clamping jaw; the module is riveted including pressing the riveting support to the pressure, it rivets the cylinder to press to be provided with on the riveting support, press and rivet the cylinder below and be provided with the bed die that is used for the bearing terminal, press and rivet the cylinder and be connected with the bed die that is located the bed die top, press and rivet unloading mechanism including the unloading unit, the unloading unit includes the frame, be provided with the mount in the frame, be provided with unloading slip table cylinder on the mount, unloading slip table cylinder connection bears the board, it is provided with unloading revolving cylinder on the board to bear, unloading revolving cylinder is connected with the mounting panel, the unloading finger cylinder that has the unloading clamping jaw is connected to the mounting panel, unloading slip table cylinder top is provided with the stopper that has the breach, be provided with on the mounting panel can with the spacing arch of breach butt.
2. The multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein: the axle group is including setting up the fixed block on sliding cylinder, be provided with the sheath axle of impressing on the fixed block, the sheath axle of getting is inserted in the sheath axle of impressing, it has negative pressure device to get the sheath axle, get the sheath axle and pass through spring and sheath axle of impressing and connect, get the sheath axle and can be at the epaxial up-and-down motion of sheath axle of impressing, the sheath axle of impressing connects the manometer.
CN202010170464.2A 2020-03-12 2020-03-12 Multi-mechanism terminal assembling machine Active CN111250984B (en)

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CN112139805B (en) * 2020-07-26 2021-10-26 宁波市双鹤宏盛电子科技有限公司 Automatic production process of dial thermometer
CN112846751A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-05-28 深圳爱仕特科技有限公司 Be used for monocrystalline silicon piece contact coil skeleton rigging equipment
CN112719894A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-04-30 镇安芯木田科技有限公司 Automatic kludge of carousel formula double-end probe
CN113146182B (en) * 2021-04-27 2022-04-12 代晶 Connecting piece equipment of explosive drug detector
CN113829060A (en) * 2021-11-25 2021-12-24 常州安费诺福洋通信设备有限公司 Automatic assembling machine for connectors between boards

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SU1328139A1 (en) * 1983-06-24 1987-08-07 Московские Отделы Специального Конструкторско-Технологического Бюро По Изоляторам И Арматуре Всесоюзного Производственного Объединения "Союзэлектросетьизоляция" Assembly machine
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