CN111230458A - Continuous press fitting equipment for tubular workpieces - Google Patents

Continuous press fitting equipment for tubular workpieces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111230458A
CN111230458A CN202010144903.2A CN202010144903A CN111230458A CN 111230458 A CN111230458 A CN 111230458A CN 202010144903 A CN202010144903 A CN 202010144903A CN 111230458 A CN111230458 A CN 111230458A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
plate
pushing
reciprocating
guide
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Granted
Application number
CN202010144903.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111230458B (en
Inventor
费建国
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Suzhou Zhiyun Chuangyu Information Technology Co.,Ltd.
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费建国
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Priority to CN202010144903.2A priority Critical patent/CN111230458B/en
Publication of CN111230458A publication Critical patent/CN111230458A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111230458B publication Critical patent/CN111230458B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/002Article feeders for assembling machines orientating the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms

Abstract

The invention discloses a tubular workpiece continuous press-fitting device, and belongs to the field of workpiece production and processing mechanical equipment. The workpiece conveying belt is arranged on the lower side of a workpiece conveying support, workpiece conveying rotating rollers connected to two sides of the workpiece conveying support are wound on two sides of the workpiece conveying belt respectively, a workpiece conveying motor is in transmission connection with the workpiece conveying rotating rollers through a workpiece conveying chain, a workpiece guide mechanism, a workpiece moving mechanism and a workpiece overturning mechanism are sequentially arranged on the workpiece conveying support on the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction of the workpiece conveying belt, and a workpiece pushing mechanism and a workpiece pressing mechanism are arranged on the workpiece conveying support on two sides of the end portion of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction respectively. The pipe type workpiece conveying device is reasonable in structural design, can conveniently and smoothly convey the pipe type workpieces one by one, can realize sequential continuous press-fitting processing of a plurality of components in the pipe type workpiece conveying process, improves the automation degree of workpiece processing, and meets the requirements of production and use.

Description

Continuous press fitting equipment for tubular workpieces
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of workpiece production and processing mechanical equipment, and particularly relates to tubular workpiece continuous press-fitting equipment which is mainly applied to the field of tubular workpiece continuous conveying, assembling and processing.
Background
The mechanical workpiece is a single non-detachable part for forming machines and machines, and plays an important role in the automation industry, the mechanical workpiece comprises the connection of parts, the parts for supporting, the lubricating system and the sealing parts for lubricating, and the parts of the transmission system for transmitting motion and energy, the mechanical workpiece can be divided into a shaft sleeve type workpiece and a disk cover type workpiece according to the shape, the tubular workpiece is a main shaft sleeve type workpiece, the tubular workpiece is a cylindrical workpiece, the variety of the tubular workpiece is large, different tubular workpieces are made of different materials, the quality of the tubular workpiece is directly determined by the quality of the materials, the tubular workpiece is a necessary material for building engineering and mechanical equipment, and the tubular workpiece is a general name of the parts for connecting, controlling, changing directions, shunting, sealing, supporting and the like in the mechanical system. In the process of producing and processing tubular workpieces, after the tubular workpieces are sequentially subjected to processing steps such as die-casting forming, sanding processing, punching processing and the like, the processed tubular workpieces and a plurality of independent processing and manufacturing components are required to be sequentially assembled, and the tubular workpieces and the components are connected and assembled into a workpiece which is combined into a whole, so that the assembled workpieces can be conveniently used by a subsequent process or large-scale equipment, the conventional assembling method of the tubular workpieces is that manual assistance is carried out on the assembling equipment to press the components and the workpieces, the tubular workpieces are required to be continuously conveyed and guided in the whole assembling process of the tubular workpieces, the tubular workpieces which are produced and processed by a previous process are stacked in a storage hopper, the existing tubular workpiece moving and conveying mechanism is difficult to stably and accurately convey and guide the tubular workpieces in the storage hopper, and the tubular workpieces in the storage hopper are required to be manually fed one by one, the labor intensity of workers is high, and for the tubular workpiece with a sealed end at one side, the existing tubular workpiece moving and conveying mechanism is difficult to efficiently sort the workpieces in the guiding process of the tubular workpiece, so that the orientation of the tubular workpiece moving and conveying mechanism with a sealed end at one side is difficult to keep consistent in the moving and conveying process, and the subsequent press-fitting processing of the tubular workpiece is influenced, the existing tubular workpiece moving and conveying mechanism is difficult to conveniently and accurately adjust the tubular workpiece to a required processing station in the conveying process of the tubular workpiece, the processing station of the tubular workpiece needs to be manually adjusted, so that the tubular workpiece is difficult to be efficiently and accurately assembled and processed, the assembly efficiency of the tubular workpiece is low, the requirement of large-batch industrial production is difficult to meet, in the whole assembly process of the tubular workpiece, the labor intensity of the workers is high, and the workers continuously take and place the tubular workpiece, the production safety accident of workers is caused by the fact that the workers are easily damaged by being clamped by equipment due to misoperation and fatigue of continuous production and processing.
The existing workpiece assembly method mainly adopts mechanical automatic assembly, wherein the mechanical automatic assembly means that the connection of mechanical workpieces or parts is realized according to the designed technical requirements, the mechanical workpieces or parts are combined into a combined workpiece, the mechanical assembly is an important link for machine manufacturing and repairing, and particularly for mechanical manufacturing, the efficiency of equipment and equipment can be greatly improved by efficient mechanical assembly, and the quality of workpiece assembly and equipment assembly can also be improved. The existing tubular workpiece assembling equipment is difficult to efficiently and stably realize tubular workpiece assembling and processing, workpieces are required to be manually operated by workers in the processes of conveying and feeding before tubular workpieces are assembled and assembling tubular workpieces, the automation degree of tubular workpiece assembling is reduced, the existing tubular workpiece assembling equipment can only realize press fitting processing of tubular workpieces and a single component, the tubular workpieces cannot be sequentially and continuously assembled with a plurality of components in the transferring process according to the tubular workpiece assembling requirement, the efficiency and quality of the press fitting processing of the tubular workpieces are difficult to ensure, and the requirements of production and use cannot be met.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to overcome the defects in the prior art, and provide the continuous press-fitting equipment for the tubular workpieces, which has reasonable structural design, can conveniently and smoothly guide, convey and move the tubular workpieces one by one, can realize sequential continuous press-fitting of a plurality of components in the conveying process of the tubular workpieces, improves the automation degree of workpiece processing, and meets the production and use requirements.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a continuous pressure equipment of tubular work piece which characterized in that: the tubular workpiece continuous press-fitting equipment comprises a workpiece conveying support, a workpiece conveying belt, a workpiece guide mechanism, a workpiece transferring mechanism, a workpiece overturning mechanism, a workpiece pushing mechanism and a workpiece press-fitting mechanism, wherein the workpiece conveying belt is horizontally arranged at the lower side of the workpiece conveying support, the workpiece guide mechanism, the workpiece transferring mechanism and the workpiece overturning mechanism are sequentially and horizontally arranged on the workpiece conveying support at the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction of the workpiece conveying belt, the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece press-fitting mechanism are respectively arranged on the workpiece conveying supports at two sides of the end part of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction, two sides of the middle part of the workpiece conveying support are respectively and horizontally and rotatably connected with the workpiece conveying rotating rollers, two sides of the workpiece conveying belt are respectively and rotatably connected with the workpiece conveying rotating rollers at two sides of the workpiece conveying support, and a workpiece conveying motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side of, the output end of a workpiece conveying motor is vertically provided with a material conveying main chain wheel, the end part of a workpiece material conveying rotating roller at one side of a workpiece material conveying belt is coaxially and vertically fixedly provided with a material conveying auxiliary chain wheel, the material conveying main chain wheel and the material conveying auxiliary chain wheel are in transmission connection by a workpiece conveying chain, the workpiece material guiding mechanism comprises a workpiece storage hopper, a material guiding and conveying pipe, a material bearing baffle plate, a rotary baffle plate, a sorting cylinder, a material guiding inclined plate and a material collecting and storing box, the workpiece storage hopper is fixedly arranged on the upper side of a workpiece conveying support, the lower side of the workpiece storage hopper is obliquely communicated with the material guiding and conveying pipe, the material guiding and conveying pipe is arranged adjacent to the workpiece material conveying belt, the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding and conveying pipe is of an open structure, the lower end part of the material guiding and conveying pipe is provided with the, the upper end of the material bearing baffle is provided with a limit baffle, the lower end of the rotating baffle is provided with a limit step groove matched with the limit baffle, a rotating plate reset tension spring is obliquely arranged between the upper side of the rotating baffle and the material guiding and feeding pipe, the middle part of the material guiding and feeding pipe is fixedly provided with a workpiece sorting bracket, a sorting cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece sorting bracket, the sorting cylinder is mutually vertical to the material guiding and feeding pipe, the output end of the sorting cylinder is movably provided with a sorting reciprocating push rod, the material guiding and feeding pipe is provided with a push rod reciprocating hole matched with the sorting reciprocating push rod, the material guiding and feeding pipe on the side corresponding to the push rod reciprocating hole is provided with a sorting discharge hole, the workpiece conveying bracket adjacent to the sorting discharge hole is provided with a workpiece guide hole, the workpiece conveying bracket on the lower side of the workpiece guide hole is obliquely, the workpiece transferring mechanism comprises a workpiece transferring track, a reciprocating transferring guide plate, a workpiece transferring guide rod, a guide rod adjusting guide plate, a reciprocating translation cylinder, a station adjusting rotating shaft, a workpiece adsorbing pull plate and a station adjusting toothed plate, the workpiece transferring track is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece transferring support on the upper side of the material guiding and conveying pipe, the reciprocating transferring guide plate is arranged on the workpiece transferring track in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, a material transferring cylinder support is fixedly arranged on the workpiece transferring support on one side of the workpiece transferring track, the reciprocating translation cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the material transferring cylinder support, the output end of the reciprocating translation cylinder is fixedly connected with one side of the reciprocating transferring guide plate, the workpiece transferring guide rod is arranged on the reciprocating transferring guide plate in a sliding mode along the vertical direction, and a spring supporting baffle is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the workpiece transferring guide rod, a guide rod lifting spring is sleeved on a workpiece moving guide rod between the reciprocating moving guide plate and the spring supporting baffle, a guide rod lifting guide wheel is vertically and rotatably connected to the upper side of the spring supporting baffle, a moving material fixing connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the workpiece moving guide rod, a station adjusting rotating shaft is vertically and rotatably connected to the lower side of the moving material fixing connecting plate, a workpiece adsorbing pull plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the station adjusting rotating shaft, an arc-shaped material sucking groove is arranged at the lower side of the workpiece adsorbing pull plate, an arc-shaped electromagnet is attached and arranged in the arc-shaped material sucking groove, the guide rod adjusting guide plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on a workpiece conveying bracket at the upper side of a workpiece moving track, a guide rod adjusting arc groove of a semicircular structure is arranged at the guide rod adjusting guide plate along the workpiece conveying belt side, the middle part of the station adjusting rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating rotating gear, a workpiece conveying support below a horizontal structure on one side of the guide rod adjusting guide plate is horizontally and fixedly provided with a toothed plate fixing base, the workpiece adjusting toothed plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the toothed plate fixing base, the workpiece overturning mechanism comprises a workpiece overturning rotating shaft, an overturning reciprocating gear, a workpiece overturning guide plate, a workpiece overturning cylinder, a workpiece overturning bearing rod, a translation pressure rod cylinder, a workpiece overturning support and a workpiece adsorption bearing plate, the workpiece overturning rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected with the workpiece conveying support, the overturning reciprocating gear is vertically and fixedly arranged on the workpiece overturning rotating shaft, the workpiece overturning guide plate is arranged on the outer side of the overturning reciprocating gear, the middle part on one side of the workpiece overturning guide plate is fixedly provided with an overturning connecting support, the overturning connecting support is fixedly arranged at the outer side end part of the, a turnover translation rack meshed and connected with a turnover reciprocating gear is arranged in the rack translation bracket in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the workpiece turnover cylinder is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack translation bracket, the output end of the workpiece turnover cylinder is fixedly connected with the end part of the turnover translation rack, the workpiece turnover bearing rod is arranged on the workpiece turnover guide plate in a sliding manner, the upper end of the workpiece turnover bearing rod is fixedly provided with a spring reset baffle, a workpiece lifting spring is sleeved on the workpiece turnover bearing rod between the workpiece turnover guide plate and the spring reset baffle, the upper side of the spring reset baffle is rotatably connected with a bearing rod adjusting guide wheel, the workpiece turnover bracket is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the workpiece turnover bearing rod, two sides below the workpiece turnover bracket are respectively and fixedly provided with a workpiece placing guide rod, a material placing reciprocating guide plate is arranged below the workpiece turnover bracket, the feeding reciprocating guide plate is sleeved with a bearing plate reset spring along a workpiece placing guide rod on the workpiece moving mechanism side, the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is fixedly arranged on the lower side of the feeding reciprocating guide plate, the surface of the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is provided with a turnover material sucking electromagnet in an attaching mode, a workpiece conveying support on the upper side of a turnover reciprocating gear is horizontally and fixedly provided with a material sucking pressure rod support, a translation pressure rod air cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the material sucking pressure rod support, the output end of the translation pressure rod air cylinder is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation pressure rod wedge plate, the lower side surface of the translation pressure rod wedge plate is provided with a pressure rod material sucking inclined plane, the workpiece pushing mechanism comprises a workpiece pushing support, a pushing reciprocating swing rod, a reciprocating translation push rod, a workpiece pushing rotating shaft, a workpiece pushing rotating plate and a connecting input rotating shaft, the workpiece pushing support is, the material pushing reciprocating swing rod is arranged on one side of the workpiece pushing support, the upper end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod is hinged and connected with the workpiece pushing support, a push rod guide support is horizontally and fixedly arranged below the workpiece pushing support along the side of the workpiece conveying support, the reciprocating translation push rod is arranged on the push rod guide support in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the reciprocating translation push rod is arranged on the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt and is perpendicular to the workpiece conveying belt, the reciprocating translation push rod is vertically and fixedly provided with a workpiece pushing connecting plate along the end of the workpiece conveying belt, the workpiece conveying support is provided with a connecting plate reciprocating slotted hole matched with the workpiece pushing connecting plate, the reciprocating translation push rod is provided with a reciprocating material pushing connecting rod along the end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod and the lower end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod, the two ends of the reciprocating material pushing connecting rod are respectively hinged and connected with the material pushing swing rod, the workpiece pushing rotating shaft is provided with a workpiece pushing rotating plate along the side of the pushing reciprocating swing rod, one end of the workpiece pushing rotating plate is fixedly connected to the end of the workpiece pushing rotating shaft, the other end of the workpiece pushing rotating plate is hinged with a reciprocating push plate sliding block, a sliding block reciprocating guide groove is formed in the pushing reciprocating swing rod and is parallel to the pushing reciprocating swing rod, the reciprocating push plate sliding block is arranged in the sliding block reciprocating guide groove in a sliding mode, a pushing supporting shaft sleeve matched with the workpiece pushing rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece pushing support, a pushing bevel gear is vertically and fixedly arranged at the outer side end of the workpiece pushing rotating shaft, the connection input rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the workpiece conveying support, the connection input rotating shaft is perpendicular to the workpiece pushing rotating shaft, a connection supporting shaft sleeve matched with the connection input rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support, and an input bevel gear meshed The device comprises a wheel, an input belt pulley is vertically and fixedly arranged along the end of a workpiece conveying belt by connecting an input rotating shaft, the workpiece press-mounting mechanism comprises a press-mounting support plate, a guide rod reciprocating support, a workpiece press-mounting support, a guide rod driving support, a press-mounting material pushing motor and a workpiece lifting cylinder, the press-mounting support plate is horizontally and closely arranged on one side of the workpiece conveying belt, the upper side surface of the press-mounting support plate and the upper side surface of the workpiece conveying belt are in the same horizontal position, a support fixing connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the lower side of the press-mounting support plate, the end part of the support fixing connecting plate is fixedly connected with the workpiece conveying support, the guide rod driving support is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support on one side of the press-mounting support plate, a support fixing connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on, a press-fitting material pushing motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of a guide rod driving bracket, the press-fitting material pushing motor drives a push rod translation rotating shaft to rotate, the push rod translation rotating shaft is vertically and fixedly provided with a material pushing belt pulley along the side of a workpiece conveying bracket, the material pushing belt pulley is in transmission connection with an input belt pulley connected with the end part of the input rotating shaft through a material pushing connecting belt, a front material pushing cam and a rear material pushing cam are respectively and vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of the push rod translation rotating shaft above the guide rod driving bracket, the front material pushing cam and the rear material pushing cam are arranged in a symmetrical mirror image mode, a guide rod reciprocating bracket is vertically and fixedly arranged on the upper side of a press-fitting support plate, a forward reciprocating push rod and a rear reciprocating push rod are respectively and horizontally arranged on two sides of the guide rod reciprocating bracket, the forward, the front reciprocating push rod is vertically and rotatably connected with a front push rod guide wheel along the end of a front pushing cam, the other end of the front reciprocating push rod is horizontally and fixedly provided with a front translation pushing plate, the rear reciprocating push rod is fixedly provided with a rear spring baffle along the side of a rear pushing cam, a rear push rod reset spring is sleeved on the rear reciprocating push rod between a guide rod reciprocating support and the rear spring baffle, the rear reciprocating push rod is vertically and rotatably connected with a rear push rod guide wheel along the end of the rear pushing cam, the other end of the rear reciprocating push rod is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation push rod connecting plate, one side of the translation push rod connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly provided with a rear translation material suction plate, the rear translation material suction plate is provided with a rear translation electromagnet along the side of the front translation pushing plate, the rear translation material suction plate is horizontally arranged in the translation motion direction of the, the upper side of the workpiece press-mounting support is sequentially and horizontally fixedly provided with two component guide and feed channels along the workpiece pushing direction, the outer side end of each component guide and feed channel is horizontally and fixedly provided with a component push cylinder, the output end of each component push cylinder is fixedly provided with a component push plate, each component guide and feed channel is vertically and fixedly provided with a component press-mounting support along the workpiece press-mounting support at the workpiece material conveying belt side, each component press-mounting support is vertically and downwardly and fixedly provided with a component press-mounting cylinder, the output end of each component press-mounting cylinder is fixedly provided with a component pressure-lifting plate, each workpiece press-mounting support at the lower side of the component pressure-lifting plate is provided with a component press-mounting through hole, each workpiece press-mounting support at one side of the component press-mounting cylinders is vertically and downwardly and fixedly provided with a workpiece press-fitting cylinder, the output end of each workpiece press-fitting cylinder is fixedly provided with, the workpiece lifting device is characterized in that a workpiece lifting through hole is formed in the pressing and mounting support plate on the lower side of the pressing and matching plate, a workpiece lifting support plate is arranged in the workpiece lifting through hole, a workpiece lifting cylinder is vertically and upwards fixedly arranged on a workpiece conveying support on the lower side of the workpiece lifting support plate, and the output end of the workpiece lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with the lower side of the workpiece lifting support plate.
Furthermore, the upper end part of the rotating baffle of the workpiece guide mechanism is horizontally and rotatably connected with a workpiece transferring guide wheel.
Further, a buffering bearing plate is vertically arranged on the workpiece conveying support on one side of the lower end of the material guide inclined plate of the workpiece material guide mechanism, the upper end of the buffering bearing plate is hinged to the workpiece conveying support, a bearing plate supporting spring is arranged between the lower side of the buffering bearing plate and the workpiece conveying support, and a material bearing glue layer is arranged on the buffering bearing plate along the side surface of the material guide inclined plate in a laminating mode.
Furthermore, two sides below the guide rod adjusting guide plate of the workpiece moving and conveying mechanism are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a material moving reciprocating stop dog.
Furthermore, the material moving fixing connecting plate of the workpiece moving and transporting mechanism is of an L-shaped structure, a positioning adsorption magnet is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the material moving fixing connecting plate along the side of the station adjusting rotating shaft, and a positioning adsorption iron sheet is fixedly arranged at the corresponding position of the station adjusting rotating shaft in an attaching mode.
Furthermore, the workpiece adsorption bearing plate of the workpiece turnover mechanism is of an L-shaped structure, and the turnover adsorption electromagnet on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is of an L-shaped structure matched with the structure of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate.
Furthermore, a plurality of wedge plate supporting rollers are sequentially arranged on the upper side surface of the wedge plate of the translation pressure rod of the workpiece turnover mechanism along the horizontal direction.
Furthermore, the material pushing belt pulley of the push rod translation rotating shaft is the same as the input belt pulley connected with the input rotating shaft in size and specification, and the material pushing bevel gear of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft is the same as the input bevel gear connected with the input rotating shaft in size and specification.
Furthermore, a front push rod sleeve and a rear push rod sleeve are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged on two sides of a guide rod reciprocating support of the workpiece press-fitting mechanism.
Furthermore, a pushing bearing groove with a V-shaped structure is arranged on the side surface of a front translation pushing plate of the workpiece press-mounting mechanism, and a rear translation electromagnet on the surface of a rear translation sucking plate is of an arc-shaped structure.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and effects: the invention has reasonable structural design, the workpiece conveying belt is horizontally arranged at the lower side of the workpiece conveying bracket, the workpiece guide mechanism, the workpiece transfer mechanism and the workpiece turnover mechanism are sequentially and horizontally arranged on the workpiece conveying bracket at the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction of the workpiece conveying belt, the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece press-mounting mechanism are respectively arranged on the workpiece conveying brackets at two sides of the end part of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction, the output end of the workpiece conveying motor is in transmission connection with the workpiece conveying roller at one side of the workpiece conveying belt by adopting a workpiece conveying chain, the workpiece guide mechanism can realize the sequential and stable rolling falling of tubular workpieces and can sort the tubular workpieces with closed end parts at one side in the falling process of the tubular workpieces, the tubular workpieces which fall to the lower end part of the conveying pipe are consistent in orientation, and the workpiece transfer mechanism can stably and smoothly transfer the tubular workpieces from the lower end of the conveying pipe to the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt, the pipe type workpiece can be rotated vertically along the horizontal direction in the moving and transporting process of the pipe type workpiece, the pipe type workpiece can be rotated and adjusted to a required station and then horizontally and stably conveyed under the driving of the workpiece material conveying belt, the pipe type workpiece conveyed along the workpiece material conveying belt can be overturned one by the workpiece overturning mechanism, the pipe type workpiece is overturned from the horizontal station to the vertical station, a pipe fitting overturned to the vertical station can be stably placed to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt to be continuously conveyed, the pipe fitting conveyed along the workpiece material conveying belt can be stably pushed to the workpiece press-fitting mechanism one by the workpiece pushing mechanism, the pipe type workpiece can be sequentially and stably horizontally pushed to the required press-fitting station by the workpiece press-fitting mechanism, and the pipe type workpiece and a plurality of components can be sequentially and continuously press-fitted in the moving process of the pipe type workpiece, the pipe type workpiece which is pressed and processed can be conveniently and smoothly moved out of a pressing and loading station, the pipe type workpiece can be conveniently and safely taken out of a workpiece pressing and loading mechanism in a high-efficiency manner, the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece pressing and loading mechanism are in transmission connection by adopting a material pushing connection belt and are synchronously driven by a pressing and material pushing motor, so that the pushing and loading of the pipe type workpiece by the workpiece pushing mechanism and the pressing and loading of the pipe type workpiece by the workpiece pressing and loading mechanism can be sequentially and orderly carried out, the pipe type workpiece is pushed and loaded and pressed and processed one by one stably, the automation degree of the pressing and loading of the pipe type workpiece is improved, the efficiency and the quality of the guide and the pressing and processing of the pipe type workpiece are ensured, a guide pipe feeding hopper is obliquely communicated with the lower side of the workpiece storage hopper, the upper side of the lower end of the guide pipe feeding is of an open structure, a rotating baffle plate is, the upper end of the material bearing baffle is provided with a limit baffle, the lower end of the rotating baffle is provided with a limit stepped groove matched with the limit baffle, a rotating plate reset tension spring is obliquely arranged between the upper side of the rotating baffle and the material guiding and feeding pipe, a tubular workpiece in the workpiece storage hopper can sequentially and stably slide down along the obliquely arranged material guiding and feeding pipe, the rotating baffle can be stably arranged on the upper side of the material bearing baffle under the synergistic action of the traction of the rotating plate reset tension spring and the limit baffle, so that the tubular workpiece can be limited and supported by the material bearing baffle and the rotating baffle when sliding down to the lower end of the material guiding and feeding pipe, the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding and feeding pipe is of an open structure, the tubular workpiece can be transported and guided from an opening at the upper end of the lower end of the material guiding and feeding pipe under the driving of the workpiece transporting mechanism, the lower end of the rotating baffle is hinged and connected, when the tubular workpiece is touched and pushed by the rotary baffle plate, the rotary baffle plate can rotate clockwise to ensure that the tubular workpiece can be stably and smoothly transported, after the tubular workpiece is transported and guided, the rotary baffle plate can rotate anticlockwise under the traction action of the rotary plate reset tension spring to quickly reset to a required position, a workpiece transfer guide wheel is horizontally and rotatably connected to the upper end part of the rotary baffle plate, so that the tubular workpiece can be stably and smoothly contacted and separated with the rotary baffle plate under the action of the workpiece transfer guide wheel in the process of transporting the tubular workpiece of the guide and guide pipe by the workpiece transfer mechanism, a sorting cylinder is fixedly arranged on a workpiece sorting bracket in the middle of the guide and guide pipe, a sorting reciprocating push rod is movably arranged at the output end of the sorting cylinder, a sorting discharge hole is arranged on the guide and guide pipe on the side corresponding to the reciprocating hole of the push rod, and a workpiece guide hole is arranged on a workpiece conveying bracket adjacent to the sorting discharge, a material guide inclined plate is fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support below the workpiece material guide hole in an inclined downward mode, the material collecting storage box is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support below the end portion of the material guide inclined plate, so that tubular workpieces with single-side end portions closed can be pushed to the upper side of the material guide inclined plate along the material sorting hole and the workpiece material guide hole under the pushing action of the sorting reciprocating push rod by horizontally pushing the sorting reciprocating push rod by utilizing the sorting cylinder in the process of sliding down along the material guide pipe in sequence, and the tubular workpieces roll down along the material guide inclined plate to the material collecting storage box for collection and storage, so that the opening directions of the tubular workpieces which roll down along the material guide pipe can be sorted, the tubular workpieces which roll down to the lower end portion of the material guide pipe can be ensured to be consistent in direction, and the tubular workpieces are hinged to the workpiece conveying support through the upper end of a, a bearing plate supporting spring is arranged between the lower side of the buffering bearing plate and the workpiece conveying bracket, the buffering bearing plate is provided with a material bearing glue layer along the side surface of the material guide sloping plate in a fitting manner, so that the tubular workpiece which rolls down along the material guide sloping plate can be buffered and decelerated by the buffering bearing plate, the tubular workpiece can be ensured to smoothly fall to the material collecting and storing box, the tubular workpiece is arranged on the workpiece transferring track along the horizontal direction in a sliding manner by the reciprocating transferring guide plate, the output end of the reciprocating translation cylinder is fixedly connected with one side of the reciprocating transferring guide plate, the workpiece transferring guide rod is arranged on the reciprocating transferring guide plate along the vertical direction in a sliding manner, a guide rod lifting spring is sleeved on the workpiece transferring guide rod between the reciprocating transferring guide plate and the spring supporting baffle plate, the upper side of the spring supporting baffle plate is vertically and rotatably connected with a guide rod lifting guide wheel, the guide rod adjusting guide, the reciprocating translation cylinder can horizontally push the reciprocating movement guide plate to perform translation motion, the guide rod lifting guide wheel can sequentially roll along the guide rod adjusting arc groove and the horizontal structure of the guide rod adjusting guide plate in the translation process of the workpiece movement guide rod, so that the workpiece movement guide rod can synchronously and stably perform lifting motion in the translation motion process, the two sides below the guide rod adjusting guide plate are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a material moving reciprocating stop dog, so that the workpiece movement guide rod can perform reciprocating translation motion stably and accurately along the horizontal direction, a station adjusting rotating shaft is vertically and rotatably connected with the lower side of a material moving fixed connecting plate at the lower end of the workpiece movement guide rod, a workpiece adsorption pull plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the station adjusting rotating shaft, an arc-shaped electromagnet is attached and arranged in the arc-shaped material adsorption groove at the lower side of the workpiece adsorption pull plate, and a reciprocating rotating, a workpiece adjusting toothed plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on a toothed plate fixing base of the workpiece conveying support, when a workpiece adsorption pull plate moves to the end of a workpiece conveying pipe, the arc electromagnet is electrified to have magnetic force, so that the arc electromagnet can adsorb and fix a tubular workpiece, in the process of performing translational motion along a workpiece conveying track, a workpiece conveying guide rod can drive the tubular workpiece to synchronously perform lifting motion in the translational motion process, so that the tubular workpiece can be stably and smoothly conveyed to the upper side of a workpiece conveying belt from the workpiece conveying pipe, when a guide rod lifting guide wheel at the upper end of the workpiece conveying guide rod performs translational rolling along a horizontal structure of the guide rod adjusting guide plate, a reciprocating rotating gear of a station adjusting rotating shaft performs vertical angle rotation under the meshing connection effect of the station adjusting toothed plate, so that the tubular workpiece can be stably and accurately rotated and adjusted to a required station and then is horizontally and stably conveyed under the driving of the workpiece conveying belt, the synchronous adjustment and conveying of the tubular workpiece in the process of transferring the tubular workpiece from the material guide and conveying pipe to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt is realized, the positioning adsorption magnet is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the material transferring fixing connecting plate along the side of the station adjusting rotating shaft, the positioning adsorption iron sheet is fixedly arranged at the corresponding position of the station adjusting rotating shaft in an attaching mode, the reciprocating rotating gear of the station adjusting rotating shaft can overcome the suction force between the positioning adsorption magnet and the positioning adsorption iron sheet through the rotation after being meshed and connected with the station adjusting toothed plate, the rotary positioning of the station adjusting rotating shaft is realized by utilizing the mutual adsorption of the positioning adsorption magnet and the positioning adsorption iron sheet, the accurate positioning and fixing of the station adjusting rotating shaft can be ensured when the tubular workpiece is placed on the workpiece material conveying belt and then is reset and rotated, the continuous transferring of the tubular workpiece is prevented from being influenced by the offset rotation of the station adjusting rotating shaft in the translation and lifting, the turnover connecting support at one side of the workpiece turnover guide plate is fixedly arranged at the outer end part of the workpiece turnover rotating shaft, a turnover translation rack meshed with a turnover reciprocating gear is arranged in a rack translation support in a sliding manner, the output end of a workpiece turnover cylinder is fixedly connected with the end part of the turnover translation rack, the turnover translation rack is pushed to reciprocate by the workpiece turnover cylinder, the turnover reciprocating gear can be driven by the turnover translation rack to rotate in a reciprocating manner, the workpiece turnover guide plate can synchronously rotate in a reciprocating manner with the turnover reciprocating gear, the workpiece turnover guide plate is arranged on the workpiece turnover guide plate in a sliding manner through a workpiece turnover bearing rod, a workpiece lifting spring is sleeved on the workpiece turnover bearing rod between a spring reset baffle plate and the workpiece turnover guide plate, a bearing rod adjusting guide wheel is rotatably connected at the upper side of the spring reset baffle plate, and a discharge reciprocating guide, the feeding reciprocating guide plate is sleeved with a bearing plate reset spring along a workpiece placing guide rod on the workpiece transferring mechanism side, the lower side surface of a workpiece adsorption bearing plate on the lower side of the feeding reciprocating guide plate is attached with a turnover material sucking electromagnet, one side of a material sucking pressure rod support on the upper side of a turnover reciprocating gear is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation pressure rod cylinder, the lower side surface of a translation pressure rod wedge plate on the output end of the translation pressure rod cylinder is provided with a pressure rod material sucking inclined plane, when a workpiece turnover bearing rod is in a vertical position, the translation pressure rod cylinder is utilized to horizontally push the translation pressure rod wedge plate, so that the workpiece turnover bearing rod can vertically move downwards, the turnover material sucking electromagnet on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is electrified with magnetic force, so that the workpiece adsorption bearing plate can adsorb and fix a tubular workpiece on the upper side of a workpiece material conveying belt, the translation pressure rod wedge plate is horizontally, the workpiece overturning bearing rod vertically moves upwards under the action of a workpiece lifting spring, the tubular workpiece moves upwards under the driving of a workpiece adsorption bearing plate to realize the separation of the lower side surface of the tubular workpiece from a workpiece material conveying belt, so that the tubular workpiece can be efficiently and smoothly overturned to adjust a station, a workpiece overturning cylinder is utilized to drive a workpiece overturning guide plate to anticlockwise rotate, the workpiece overturning guide plate drives the workpiece overturning bearing rod to synchronously anticlockwise rotate, the tubular workpiece adsorbed and fixed by the workpiece adsorption bearing plate can be stably and accurately overturned at a vertical angle, the tubular workpiece is overturned from a horizontal station to a vertical station, after the workpiece overturning bracket drives the tubular workpiece to be overturned and adjusted to the vertical position, the tubular workpiece utilizes the self gravity to realize the compression of the bearing plate reset spring, so that the tubular workpiece can smoothly descend along the vertical direction, and the tubular workpiece can be ensured to stably fall to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying, the pipe type workpiece can be stably placed on a workpiece material conveying belt to be conveyed continuously after the workpiece material conveying belt is turned over, a workpiece adsorption bearing plate of a workpiece turning mechanism is of an L-shaped structure, a turning material sucking electromagnet on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is of an L-shaped structure matched with the workpiece adsorption bearing plate structure, so that the pipe type workpiece can be stably and effectively adsorbed, fixed and turned over, and the workpiece material conveying belt is provided with a plurality of wedge plate supporting rollers in sequence along the horizontal direction on the upper side surface of a translation pressure rod wedge plate, so that the translation pressure rod wedge plate can smoothly and accurately perform reciprocating translation motion along a material sucking pressure rod support, the upper end of a material pushing reciprocating swing rod is hinged and connected to a workpiece pushing support, a reciprocating translation push rod is arranged on a push rod guide support in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the reciprocating translation push rod is arranged on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt and is perpendicular to the workpiece, a reciprocating material pushing connecting rod is arranged between the reciprocating translation push rod and the lower end of a material pushing reciprocating swing rod, a workpiece material pushing rotating shaft is provided with a workpiece material pushing rotating plate along the side of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod, a slider reciprocating guide slot is arranged on the material pushing reciprocating swing rod, a reciprocating push plate slider at the end part of the workpiece material pushing rotating plate is arranged in the slider reciprocating guide slot in a sliding manner, a material pushing bevel gear is vertically and fixedly arranged at the end part of the outer side of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft, an input bevel gear meshed with the material pushing bevel gear is vertically and fixedly arranged along the end of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft, an input belt pulley is vertically and fixedly arranged along the end of a workpiece material conveying belt and connected with the input rotating shaft, the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft drives the workpiece material pushing rotating plate to synchronously rotate in the rotating process, the material pushing reciprocating swing rod can utilize the reciprocating material pushing connecting rod to drive the reciprocating translation push rod to reciprocate horizontally in the swinging process, so that the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt can be pushed continuously and stably by utilizing the continuous reciprocating translation motion of the workpiece pushing connecting plate at the end part of the reciprocating translation push rod, the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt can be pushed stably and accurately to the upper side of a press-mounting supporting plate of a workpiece press-mounting mechanism, the press-mounting supporting plate is horizontally and closely arranged on one side of the workpiece material conveying belt in a neighboring way, the upper side surface of the press-mounting supporting plate and the upper side surface of the workpiece material conveying belt are at the same horizontal position, so that the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt can be pushed stably and smoothly to the upper side of the press-mounting supporting plate under the horizontal, a front pushing cam and a rear pushing cam are respectively and vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of a push rod translation rotating shaft above a guide rod driving support, a front return push rod and a rear return push rod are respectively and horizontally arranged on two sides of a guide rod reciprocating support, a front push rod reset spring is sleeved on the front return push rod between the guide rod reciprocating support and a front spring baffle, the front return push rod is vertically and rotatably connected with a front push rod guide wheel along the end of the front pushing cam, a front translation pushing plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the other end of the front return push rod, a rear push rod reset spring is sleeved on the rear return push rod between the guide rod reciprocating support and the rear spring baffle, the rear return push rod is vertically and rotatably connected with a rear push rod guide wheel along the end of the rear pushing cam, a rear translation sucking plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of a translation push rod, the push rod translation rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the press-fitting material pushing motor, the push rod translation rotating shaft can drive the front material pushing cam and the rear material pushing cam to synchronously rotate, the front material pushing cam can drive the front reciprocating push rod to do translation motion in the rotation process, the rear material pushing cam can drive the rear reciprocating push rod to do translation motion in the rotation process, the front material pushing cam and the rear material pushing cam are arranged in a symmetrical mirror image mode, the front reciprocating push rod and the rear reciprocating push rod on the two sides of the guide rod reciprocating support can synchronously move in a translation mode in opposite directions, after the reciprocating translation push rod of the workpiece pushing mechanism pushes the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt to the press-fitting support plate, the tubular workpiece is pushed and translated by the front reciprocating push rod, then the tubular workpiece is adsorbed and fixed after the rear translation electromagnet is electrified with magnetic force, and the translational motion of the rear reciprocating push rod, the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the press-fitting support plate can sequentially, stably and accurately move in a translational manner to three press-fitting stations under the synergistic action of the front reciprocating push rod and the rear reciprocating push rod, the side surface of the front translational push plate is provided with a material pushing and bearing groove with a V-shaped structure, the rear translational electromagnet on the surface of the rear translational suction plate is of a circular arc structure, so that the tubular workpiece on the press-fitting support plate can stably and accurately move in a translational manner, two component guide and feed channels are sequentially and horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the workpiece press-fitting support along the workpiece pushing direction, the output end of a component push cylinder outside the component guide and feed channel is fixedly provided with a component push plate, the component guide and feed channel is fixedly provided with a component lifting and lowering plate along the output end of a component press-fitting cylinder of a component pressing support on the workpiece, the output end of a workpiece pressing cylinder on a workpiece pressing support at one side of an assembly pressing cylinder is fixedly provided with a pressing matching plate, the assembly pressing cylinder and the workpiece pressing cylinder of two assembly material guide and delivery channels at the upper side of the workpiece pressing support are sequentially and fixedly arranged along the pushing direction of a workpiece, required pressing assemblies are respectively placed in the two assembly material guide and delivery channels, the assembly pressing cylinder is used for vertically pushing the assembly lifting and lowering plates downwards to enable the assemblies in the assembly material guide and delivery channels to be stably and smoothly pressed and assembled downwards, the assembly pushing cylinder is used for horizontally pushing the assembly pushing plate to enable a plurality of assemblies placed in the assembly material guide and delivery channels to be sequentially pushed to the lower side of the assembly pressing cylinder, the assemblies in the assembly material guide and delivery channels can be stably pressed in tubular workpieces on a pressing support plate one by one, and tubular workpieces on the pressing support plate can be respectively subjected to pressing and processing of the assemblies when being sequentially translated to the two, the workpiece pressing cylinder is used for vertically pushing the pressing matching plate downwards, so that when the tubular workpiece moves to a pressing station at the lower side of the workpiece pressing cylinder, a plurality of assemblies and the tubular workpiece can be pressed and fixed again by using the pressing matching plate, the situation that the assemblies and the tubular workpiece are separated due to insufficient pressing and the like is avoided, a workpiece lifting through hole is formed in the pressing supporting plate at the lower side of the pressing matching plate, a workpiece lifting supporting plate is arranged in the workpiece lifting through hole, the workpiece lifting cylinder is vertically and upwards fixedly arranged on a workpiece conveying support at the lower side of the workpiece lifting supporting plate, the output end of the workpiece lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with the lower side of the workpiece lifting supporting plate, when the workpiece lifting supporting plate and the pressing supporting plate are at the same horizontal position under the driving of the workpiece lifting cylinder, the tubular workpiece at the upper side of, after the workpiece pressing cylinder finishes pressing and machining the tubular workpiece on the workpiece lifting bearing plate, the workpiece lifting bearing plate is vertically pulled downwards by the workpiece lifting cylinder, so that the tubular workpiece on the workpiece lifting bearing plate can stably and smoothly move downwards, the tubular workpiece can be conveniently and efficiently moved out of the pressing and bearing plate, the tubular workpiece can be conveniently and safely removed from a workpiece pressing and installing mechanism in a high-efficiency manner, a material pushing connecting belt is adopted for transmission connection between a material pushing belt pulley vertically fixed along the side of a workpiece conveying support through a push rod translation rotating shaft and an input belt pulley connected with the end part of the input rotating shaft, the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece pressing and installing mechanism are connected through the material pushing connecting belt, and are synchronously driven by a pressing and pushing motor, so that the pushing and feeding of the tubular workpiece by the workpiece pushing mechanism and the pressing and installing mechanism can be sequentially and orderly carried out on the tubular, the mechanism has the advantages that the structural design is reasonable, the tubular workpieces can be conveniently and smoothly guided, moved and transported one by one, the sequential continuous press-fitting processing of a plurality of components can be realized in the tubular workpiece transferring process, the workpiece processing automation degree is improved, and the requirements of production and use are met.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic front view of the workpiece guide mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic front view of the lower end of the material guiding tube of the workpiece material guiding mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a left side view structural schematic diagram of the connection of the material guiding and feeding pipe and the sorting cylinder.
Fig. 5 is a schematic front view of the workpiece transfer mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic front view of the station adjusting rotating shaft of the invention.
Fig. 7 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the work inverting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the work turning mechanism of the present invention in use.
Fig. 9 is a front view structural schematic diagram of the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece press-fitting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic top view of the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece press-fitting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the work pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic top view of the workpiece pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a left side view schematically illustrating the workpiece pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the work press-fitting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic top view of the workpiece press-fitting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the work press-fitting holder and its related mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a schematic top view of the workpiece press-fitting holder and its associated mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 18 is a schematic top view of the tubular workpiece forward press-fitting station of the present invention.
Fig. 19 is a schematic top view of a press-fitting station in a tubular workpiece in accordance with the present invention.
Fig. 20 is a schematic top view of the post-press-fitting station for a tubular workpiece of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a workpiece conveying support, 2 a workpiece conveying belt, 3 a workpiece guide mechanism, 4 a workpiece moving mechanism, 5 a workpiece turnover mechanism, 6 a workpiece pushing mechanism, 7 a workpiece press-mounting mechanism, 8 a workpiece conveying roller, 9 a workpiece conveying motor, 10 a material conveying main chain wheel, 11 a material conveying auxiliary chain wheel, 12 a workpiece conveying chain, 13 a workpiece storage hopper, 14 a material conveying pipe, 15 a material bearing baffle, 16 a rotating baffle, 17 a sorting cylinder, 18 a material guide inclined plate, 19 an aggregate storage box, 20 a limiting baffle, 21 a limiting step groove, 22 a rotating plate reset tension spring, 23 a workpiece sorting support, 24 a sorting push rod, 25 a push rod reciprocating hole, 26 a sorting discharge hole, 27 a workpiece guide hole, 28 a workpiece moving track, 29. 30 parts of a reciprocating transfer guide plate, 30 parts of a workpiece transfer guide rod, 31 parts of a guide rod adjusting guide plate, 32 parts of a reciprocating translation air cylinder, 33 parts of a station adjusting rotating shaft, 34 parts of a workpiece adsorption pull plate, 35 parts of a station adjusting toothed plate, 36 parts of a material transferring air cylinder bracket, 37 parts of a spring supporting baffle plate, 38 parts of a guide rod lifting spring, 39 parts of a guide rod lifting guide wheel, 40 parts of a material transferring fixed connecting plate, 41 parts of an arc-shaped material sucking groove, 42 parts of an arc-shaped electromagnet, 43 parts of a guide rod adjusting arc groove, 44 parts of a guide wheel transition arc surface, 45 parts of a reciprocating rotation gear, 46 parts of a toothed plate fixed base, 47 parts of a workpiece turnover rotating shaft, 48 parts of a turnover reciprocating gear, 49 parts of a workpiece turnover guide plate, 50 parts of a workpiece turnover air cylinder, 51 parts of a workpiece turnover bearing rod, 52 parts of a translation pressure rod air, 56. a rack translation bracket, 57, a turnover translation rack, 58, a spring return baffle, 59, a workpiece lifting spring, 60, a bearing rod adjusting guide wheel, 61, a workpiece placing guide rod, 62, a discharging reciprocating guide plate, 63, a bearing plate return spring, 64, a turnover material sucking electromagnet, 65, a material sucking pressure rod bracket, 66, a translation pressure rod wedge plate, 67, a pressure rod material sucking inclined plane, 68, a workpiece pushing bracket, 69, a material pushing reciprocating swing rod, 70, a reciprocating translation push rod, 71, a workpiece material pushing rotating shaft, 72, a workpiece material pushing rotating plate, 73, a connecting input rotating shaft, 74, a push rod guide support, 75, a workpiece pushing connecting plate, 76, a connecting plate reciprocating groove hole, 77, a reciprocating pushing connecting rod, 78, a reciprocating push plate sliding block, 79, a sliding block reciprocating guide groove, 80, a pushing support shaft sleeve, 81, a pushing bevel gear, 82. the device comprises a connecting supporting shaft sleeve, 83 a input bevel gear, 84 a input belt pulley, 85 a press-fitting supporting plate, 86 a guide rod reciprocating bracket, 87 a workpiece press-fitting bracket, 88 a guide rod driving bracket, 89 a press-fitting pushing motor, 90 a workpiece lifting cylinder, 91 a supporting fixed connecting plate, 92 a bracket fixed connecting plate, 93 a push rod translation rotating shaft, 94 a pushing belt pulley, 95 a pushing connecting belt, 96 a front pushing cam, 97 a rear pushing cam, 98 a front reciprocating push rod, 99 a rear reciprocating push rod, 100 a front spring baffle, 101 a front push rod reset spring, 102 a front push rod guide wheel, 103 a front translation pushing plate, 104 a rear spring baffle, 105 a rear push rod reset spring, 106 a rear push rod guide wheel, 107 a translation push rod connecting plate, 108 a rear translation sucking plate, 109. the device comprises a rear translation electromagnet, 110, an assembly material guide and delivery channel, 111, an assembly pushing cylinder, 112, an assembly pushing plate, 113, an assembly pressing support, 114, an assembly press-mounting cylinder, 115, an assembly lifting plate, 116, an assembly press-mounting through hole, 117, a workpiece pressing cylinder, 118, a press-fitting plate, 119, a workpiece lifting through hole, 120, a workpiece lifting bearing plate, 121, a workpiece transfer guide wheel, 122, a workpiece transfer guide wheel, 123, a bearing plate supporting spring, 124, a material bearing glue layer, 125, a material transfer reciprocating stop, 126, a positioning adsorption magnet, 127, a positioning adsorption iron sheet, 128, a wedge plate supporting roller, 129, a front push rod sleeve, 130, a rear push rod sleeve and 131, and a material pushing bearing groove.
Detailed Description
For further description of the present invention, the following description will further describe a specific embodiment of a tubular workpiece continuous press-fitting apparatus with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the following embodiments are illustrative of the present invention and the present invention is not limited to the following embodiments.
As shown in figure 1, the invention relates to a tubular workpiece continuous press mounting device, which comprises a workpiece conveying bracket 1, a workpiece conveying belt 2, a workpiece guide mechanism 3, a workpiece transfer mechanism 4, a workpiece turnover mechanism 5, a workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and a workpiece press mounting mechanism 7, wherein the workpiece conveying belt 2 is horizontally arranged at the lower side of the workpiece conveying bracket 1, the workpiece guide mechanism 3, the workpiece transfer mechanism 4 and the workpiece turnover mechanism 5 are sequentially and horizontally arranged on the workpiece conveying bracket 1 at the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 along the conveying direction of the workpiece conveying belt 2, the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the workpiece press mounting mechanism 7 are respectively arranged on the workpiece conveying brackets 1 at two sides of the end part of the workpiece conveying belt 2 along the conveying direction, two sides at the middle part of the workpiece conveying bracket 1 are respectively and horizontally and rotatably connected with a workpiece conveying transfer roller 8, two sides of the workpiece conveying belt 2 are respectively and wound around the workpiece transfer rollers 8 connected with two sides of the workpiece conveying bracket 1, the lower side of the workpiece conveying support 1 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a workpiece conveying motor 9, the output end of the workpiece conveying motor 9 is vertically provided with a material conveying main chain wheel 10, the end part of the workpiece material conveying rotating roller 8 on one side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 is coaxially and vertically fixedly provided with a material conveying auxiliary chain wheel 11, and the material conveying main chain wheel 10 and the material conveying auxiliary chain wheel 11 are in transmission connection through a workpiece conveying chain 12. As shown in fig. 2, 3 and 4, the workpiece material guiding mechanism 3 of the present invention includes a workpiece storage hopper 13, a material guiding pipe 14, a material bearing baffle 15, a rotary baffle 16, a sorting cylinder 17, a material guiding sloping plate 18 and a material collecting storage tank 19, the workpiece storage hopper 13 is fixedly disposed on the upper side of the workpiece conveying support 1, the lower side of the workpiece storage hopper 13 is obliquely communicated with the material guiding pipe 14, the material guiding pipe 14 is disposed adjacent to the workpiece conveying belt 2, the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding pipe 14 is open, the lower end of the material guiding pipe 14 is disposed with the material bearing baffle 15 having a circular arc structure, the upper end of the material bearing baffle 15 is disposed with the rotary baffle 16, the lower end of the rotary baffle 16 is hinged to the end of the material bearing baffle 15, the upper end of the material bearing baffle 15 is disposed with a limit baffle 20, the lower end of the rotary baffle 16 is disposed with a limit step groove 21 adapted to the limit baffle 20, a rotary, the middle part of the material guiding and feeding pipe 14 is fixedly provided with a workpiece sorting support 23, the sorting cylinder 17 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece sorting support 23, the sorting cylinder 17 is vertical to the material guiding and feeding pipe 14, the output end of the sorting cylinder 17 is movably provided with a sorting reciprocating push rod 24, the material guiding and feeding pipe 14 is provided with a push rod reciprocating hole 25 matched with the sorting reciprocating push rod 24, the material guiding and feeding pipe 14 at the side corresponding to the push rod reciprocating hole 25 is provided with a sorting material hole 26, the workpiece conveying support 1 adjacent to the sorting material hole 26 is provided with a workpiece guide hole 27, the workpiece conveying support 1 at the lower side of the workpiece guide hole 27 is obliquely and downwards fixedly provided with a material guiding inclined plate 18, the material guiding and feeding pipe 14 and the material guiding inclined plate 18 are respectively arranged at two sides of the workpiece conveying support 1, and the storage tank 19.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the workpiece transfer mechanism 4 of the present invention comprises a workpiece transfer rail 28, a reciprocating transfer guide plate 29, a workpiece transfer guide rod 30, a guide rod adjusting guide plate 31, a reciprocating translation cylinder 32, a station adjusting rotating shaft 33, a workpiece absorbing pull plate 34 and a station adjusting toothed plate 35, wherein the workpiece transfer rail 28 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying bracket 1 at the upper side of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14, the reciprocating transfer guide plate 29 is horizontally and slidably arranged on the workpiece transfer rail 28, a material transferring cylinder bracket 36 is fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying bracket 1 at one side of the workpiece transfer rail 28, the reciprocating translation cylinder 32 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at one side of the material transferring cylinder bracket 36, the output end of the reciprocating translation cylinder 32 is fixedly connected with one side of the reciprocating transfer guide plate 29, the workpiece transfer guide rod 30 is vertically and slidably arranged on the reciprocating transfer guide plate 29, the upper end of the workpiece transfer guide rod 30 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a spring, a guide rod lifting spring 38 is sleeved on the workpiece transferring guide rod 30 between the reciprocating transferring guide plate 29 and the spring supporting baffle 37, a guide rod lifting guide wheel 39 is vertically and rotatably connected on the upper side of the spring supporting baffle 37, a transferring fixing connecting plate 40 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the workpiece transferring guide rod 30, a station adjusting rotating shaft 33 is vertically and rotatably connected on the lower side of the transferring fixing connecting plate 40, a workpiece adsorbing pull plate 34 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33, an arc-shaped material sucking groove 41 is arranged at the lower side of the workpiece adsorbing pull plate 34, an arc-shaped electromagnet 42 is arranged in the arc-shaped material sucking groove 41 in an attached manner, a guide rod adjusting guide plate 31 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying bracket 1 at the upper side of the workpiece transferring track 28, a guide rod adjusting arc groove 43 with a semicircular structure is arranged at the side of the, guide wheel transition arc surface 44 is arranged at the end part of guide rod adjusting arc groove 43, reciprocating rotating gear 45 is horizontally and fixedly arranged in the middle of station adjusting rotating shaft 33, toothed plate fixing base 46 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on workpiece conveying support 1 below the horizontal structure on one side of guide rod adjusting guide plate 31, and workpiece adjusting toothed plate 35 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on toothed plate fixing base 46. As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the workpiece turnover mechanism 5 of the present invention comprises a workpiece turnover rotating shaft 47, a turnover reciprocating gear 48, a workpiece turnover guide plate 49, a workpiece turnover cylinder 50, a workpiece turnover support rod 51, a translation pressure rod cylinder 52, a workpiece turnover support 53 and a workpiece adsorption support plate 54, wherein the workpiece turnover rotating shaft 47 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the workpiece conveying support 1, the turnover reciprocating gear 48 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the workpiece turnover rotating shaft 47, the workpiece turnover guide plate 49 is arranged on the outer side of the turnover reciprocating gear 48, a turnover connection support 55 is fixedly arranged in the middle of one side of the workpiece turnover guide plate 49, the turnover connection support 55 is fixedly arranged at the outer end of the workpiece turnover rotating shaft 47, a rack translation support 56 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 on the upper side of the turnover reciprocating gear 48, a turnover translation rack 57 engaged and connected with the turnover reciprocating gear 48, the workpiece overturning cylinder 50 is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack translation bracket 56, the output end of the workpiece overturning cylinder 50 is fixedly connected with the end part of the overturning translation rack 57, the workpiece overturning bearing rod 51 is slidably arranged on the workpiece overturning guide plate 49, the upper end of the workpiece overturning bearing rod 51 is fixedly provided with a spring return baffle 58, the workpiece overturning bearing rod 51 between the workpiece overturning guide plate 49 and the spring return baffle 58 is sleeved with a workpiece lifting spring 59, the upper side of the spring return baffle 58 is rotatably connected with a bearing rod adjusting guide wheel 60, the workpiece overturning bracket 53 is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the workpiece overturning bearing rod 51, two sides below the workpiece overturning bracket 53 are respectively and fixedly provided with a workpiece placing guide rod 61, the lower side of the workpiece overturning bracket 53 is provided with a discharging reciprocating guide plate 62, the discharging reciprocating guide plate 62 is slidably arranged on the workpiece placing guide rod 61, the discharging reciprocating guide plate 62 is sleeved with a bearing plate return spring, the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 is fixedly arranged on the lower side of the discharging reciprocating guide plate 62, the surface of the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 is provided with a turnover material sucking electromagnet 64 in a fitting mode, the workpiece conveying support 1 on the upper side of the turnover reciprocating gear 48 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a material sucking pressure rod support 65, the translation pressure rod cylinder 52 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the material sucking pressure rod support 65, the output end of the translation pressure rod cylinder 52 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation pressure rod wedge plate 66, and the surface of the lower side of the translation pressure rod wedge plate 66.
As shown in fig. 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 of the present invention includes a workpiece pushing support 68, a material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69, a reciprocating translation push rod 70, a workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71, a workpiece pushing rotating plate 72 and a connecting input rotating shaft 73, the workpiece pushing support 68 is vertically and fixedly disposed on the workpiece conveying support 1, the workpiece pushing support 68 and the workpiece material conveying belt 2 are respectively disposed on both sides of the workpiece conveying support 1, the material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69 is disposed on one side of the workpiece pushing support 68, the upper end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69 is hinged to the workpiece pushing support 68, a push rod guide support 74 is horizontally and fixedly disposed below the workpiece pushing support 68 along the side of the workpiece conveying support 1, the reciprocating translation push rod 70 is slidably disposed on the push rod guide support 74 along the horizontal direction, the reciprocating translation push rod 70 is disposed on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 and is perpendicular to the workpiece, the reciprocating translation push rod 70 is vertically and fixedly provided with a workpiece pushing connecting plate 75 along the end of the workpiece material conveying belt 2, the workpiece conveying bracket 1 is provided with a connecting plate reciprocating slotted hole 76 matched with the workpiece pushing connecting plate 75, a reciprocating material pushing connecting rod 77 is arranged between the end of the reciprocating translation push rod 70 along the material pushing reciprocating oscillating rod 69 and the lower end of the material pushing reciprocating oscillating rod 69, two ends of the reciprocating material pushing connecting rod 77 are respectively hinged and connected with the material pushing reciprocating oscillating rod 69 and the reciprocating translation push rod 70, a workpiece material pushing rotating shaft 71 is horizontally and rotatably connected with the middle part of one side of the workpiece pushing bracket 68, a workpiece material pushing rotating shaft 71 is provided with a workpiece material pushing rotating plate 72 along the material pushing reciprocating oscillating rod 69 side, one end part of the workpiece material pushing rotating plate 72 is fixedly connected with the end part of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft 71, the other end part of the workpiece material pushing rotating plate 72 is hinged and, the reciprocating push plate sliding block 78 is slidably arranged in the sliding block reciprocating guide groove 79, a pushing supporting shaft sleeve 80 matched with the workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece pushing support 68, a pushing bevel gear 81 is vertically and fixedly arranged at the outer side end of the workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71, the connecting input rotating shaft 73 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the workpiece conveying support 1, the connecting input rotating shaft 73 is perpendicular to the workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71, a connecting supporting shaft sleeve 82 matched with the connecting input rotating shaft 73 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1, an input bevel gear 83 meshed with the pushing bevel gear 81 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the connecting input rotating shaft 73 along the end of the workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71, and an input belt pulley 84 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the connecting input rotating shaft 73 along the.
As shown in fig. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20, the workpiece press-fitting mechanism 7 of the present invention includes a press-fitting support plate 85, a guide rod reciprocating support 86, a workpiece press-fitting support 87, a guide rod driving support 88, a press-fitting pushing motor 89 and a workpiece lifting cylinder 90, the press-fitting support plate 85 is horizontally and closely disposed at one side of the workpiece conveying belt 2, the upper surface of the press-fitting support plate 85 and the upper surface of the workpiece conveying belt 2 are at the same horizontal position, a support fixing link plate 91 is horizontally and fixedly disposed at the lower side of the press-fitting support plate 85, the end of the support fixing link plate 91 is fixedly connected to the workpiece conveying support 1, the guide rod driving support 88 is horizontally and fixedly disposed on the workpiece conveying support 1 at one side of the press-fitting support plate 85, a support fixing link plate 92 is horizontally and fixedly disposed at the lower side of the guide rod, a push rod translation rotating shaft 93 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the guide rod driving bracket 88, a press-fitting material pushing motor 89 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the guide rod driving bracket 88, the press-fitting material pushing motor 89 drives the push rod translation rotating shaft 93 to rotate, a material pushing belt pulley 94 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the push rod translation rotating shaft 93 along the side of the workpiece conveying bracket 1, the material pushing belt pulley 94 is in transmission connection with an input belt pulley 84 connected with the end part of the input rotating shaft 73 by adopting a material pushing connecting belt 95, a front material pushing cam 96 and a rear material pushing cam 97 are respectively and vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of the push rod translation rotating shaft 93 above the guide rod driving bracket 88, the front material pushing cam 96 and the rear material pushing cam 97 are arranged in a symmetrical mirror image mode, the guide rod reciprocating bracket 86 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the press-fitting supporting plate 85, a front reciprocating, a front push rod return spring 101 is sleeved on the forward return push rod 98 between the guide rod reciprocating support 86 and the front spring baffle 100, the forward return push rod 98 is vertically and rotatably connected with a front push rod guide wheel 102 along the end of the front push cam 96, the other end of the forward return push rod 98 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a front translation push plate 103, the rear reciprocating push rod 99 is fixedly provided with a rear spring baffle 104 along the side of the rear push cam 97, the rear reciprocating push rod 99 between the guide rod reciprocating support 86 and the rear spring baffle 104 is sleeved with a rear push rod return spring 105, the rear reciprocating push rod 99 is vertically and rotatably connected with a rear push rod guide wheel 106 along the end of the rear push cam 97, the other end of the rear reciprocating push rod 99 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation push rod connecting plate 107, one side of the translation push rod connecting plate 107 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a rear translation suction plate 108, the rear translation material suction plate 108 is horizontally arranged in the translation movement direction of the front reciprocating push rod 98, the workpiece press-mounting support 87 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the press-mounting support plate 85, the workpiece press-mounting support 87 is of an L-shaped structure with an opening facing, two component guide and feed channels 110 are sequentially and horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the workpiece press-mounting support 87 along the workpiece pushing direction, a component pushing cylinder 111 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the outer end part of the component guide and feed channel 110, a component pushing plate 112 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the component pushing cylinder 111, a component lower pressing support 113 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the workpiece press-mounting support 87 at the side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 of the component guide and feed channel 110, a component press-mounting cylinder 114 is vertically and downwardly and fixedly arranged on the component lower pressing support 113, a component pressure-lifting plate 115 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the component press-, a workpiece pressing cylinder 117 is vertically and downwards fixedly arranged on a workpiece pressing support 87 at one side of the assembly pressing cylinder 114, a pressing matching plate 118 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the workpiece pressing cylinder 117, the assembly pressing cylinder 114 and the workpiece pressing cylinder 117 of the two assembly guide and feed channels 110 at the upper side of the workpiece pressing support 87 are sequentially and fixedly arranged along the workpiece pushing direction, a workpiece lifting through hole 119 is arranged on a pressing matching plate 85 at the lower side of the pressing matching plate 118, a workpiece lifting bearing plate 120 is arranged in the workpiece lifting through hole 119, the workpiece lifting cylinder 90 is vertically and upwards fixedly arranged on a workpiece conveying support 1 at the lower side of the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120, and the output end of the workpiece lifting cylinder 90 is fixedly connected with the lower side of.
The workpiece transfer guide wheel 121 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the upper end of the rotating baffle 16 of the workpiece guide mechanism 3, so that the tubular workpiece can be smoothly and stably contacted with and separated from the rotating baffle 16 under the action of the workpiece transfer guide wheel 121 in the process of transferring the tubular workpiece of the guide and feed pipe 14 by the workpiece transfer mechanism 4. According to the workpiece guide mechanism 3, the buffer bearing plate 122 is vertically arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 on one side of the lower end of the guide sloping plate 18, the upper end of the buffer bearing plate 122 is hinged to the workpiece conveying support 1, the bearing plate supporting spring 123 is arranged between the lower side of the buffer bearing plate 122 and the workpiece conveying support 1, and the buffer bearing plate 122 is provided with the material bearing glue layer 124 along the side surface of the guide sloping plate 18 in an attaching manner, so that the tubular workpieces which roll and slide down along the guide sloping plate 18 can be buffered and decelerated by the buffer bearing plate 122, and the tubular workpieces can be ensured to smoothly fall to the collecting storage tank 19. The two sides below the guide rod adjusting guide plate 31 of the workpiece moving mechanism 4 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a material moving reciprocating stop block 125, so that the workpiece moving guide rod 30 can stably and accurately perform reciprocating translational motion along the horizontal direction. The material transferring fixing connecting plate 40 of the workpiece transferring mechanism 4 is of an L-shaped structure, the lower end of the material transferring fixing connecting plate 40 is fixedly provided with a positioning adsorption magnet 126 along the side of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33, the corresponding position of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 is fixedly provided with a positioning adsorption iron sheet 127 in an attaching mode, the rotating positioning of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 is realized by utilizing the mutual adsorption of the positioning adsorption magnet 126 and the positioning adsorption iron sheet 127, the accurate positioning and fixing of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 can be ensured when the tubular workpiece is placed on the workpiece conveying belt 2 and then reset and rotated, and the phenomenon that the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 generates offset rotation in the translation and lifting processes to influence the continuous transferring of the tubular workpiece is avoided. The workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 of the workpiece turnover mechanism 5 is of an L-shaped structure, and the turnover material adsorption electromagnet 64 on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 is of an L-shaped structure matched with the structure of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54, so that the tubular workpiece can be stably and effectively adsorbed, fixed and turned over to adjust the station. The upper side surface of the translation pressure rod wedge plate 66 of the workpiece turnover mechanism 5 is sequentially provided with a plurality of wedge plate supporting rollers 128 along the horizontal direction, so that the translation pressure rod wedge plate 66 can smoothly and accurately perform reciprocating translation motion along the material sucking pressure rod bracket 65. According to the invention, the material pushing belt pulley 94 of the push rod translation rotating shaft 93 is the same as the input belt pulley 84 connected with the input rotating shaft 73 in size and specification, and the material pushing bevel gear 81 of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft 71 is the same as the input bevel gear 83 connected with the input rotating shaft 73 in size and specification, so that the pushing and feeding of the tubular workpiece by the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the press-fitting of the tubular workpiece by the workpiece press-fitting mechanism 7 can be sequentially and orderly carried out. The two sides of the guide rod reciprocating bracket 86 of the workpiece press-fitting mechanism 7 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a front push rod sleeve 129 and a rear push rod sleeve 130, so that the forward reciprocating push rod 98 and the rear reciprocating push rod 99 can stably and accurately reciprocate to perform translational motion. The side surface of the front translation material pushing plate 103 of the workpiece press-fitting mechanism 7 is provided with a material pushing and bearing groove 131 with a V-shaped structure, and the rear translation electromagnet 109 on the surface of the rear translation material sucking plate 108 is of an arc-shaped structure, so that the pipe type workpiece on the press-fitting support plate 85 can be ensured to perform translational motion stably and accurately.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the tubular workpiece continuous press-fitting equipment is used, the workpiece conveying belt 2 is horizontally arranged at the lower side of the workpiece conveying support 1, the workpiece guide mechanism 3, the workpiece transfer mechanism 4 and the workpiece turnover mechanism 5 are sequentially and horizontally arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 at the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 along the conveying direction of the workpiece conveying belt 2, the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the workpiece press-fitting mechanism 7 are respectively arranged on the workpiece conveying supports 1 at two sides of the end part of the workpiece conveying belt 2 along the conveying direction, the output end of the workpiece conveying motor 9 is in transmission connection with the workpiece conveying rotating roller 8 at one side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 by the workpiece conveying chain 12, the tubular workpieces can be sequentially and stably rolled and fall by utilizing the workpiece guide mechanism 3, and the tubular workpieces with closed end parts at one side can be sorted in the falling process of the tubular workpieces, the tubular workpieces rolled to the lower end part of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14 are consistent in orientation, the tubular workpieces can be stably and smoothly conveyed to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 from the lower end of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14 by the workpiece moving and conveying mechanism 4, the tubular workpieces can be rotated vertically along the horizontal direction in the moving and conveying process of the tubular workpieces, the tubular workpieces can be horizontally and stably conveyed under the driving of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 after being rotatably adjusted to required stations, the tubular workpieces conveyed along the workpiece material conveying belt 2 can be turned over one by the workpiece turning mechanism 5, the tubular workpieces can be turned over from the horizontal stations to the vertical stations, the pipe fittings turned over to the vertical stations can be stably placed to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 for continuous conveying, and the pipe fittings conveyed along the workpiece material conveying belt 2 can be stably pushed to the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 one by the workpiece pushing mechanism 6, the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 can be used for sequentially and stably horizontally pushing the tubular workpiece to a required press-mounting station, so that the tubular workpiece can be sequentially and continuously press-mounted with a plurality of components in the translation process of the tubular workpiece, the tubular workpiece which is subjected to press-mounting processing can be conveniently and smoothly moved out of the press-mounting station, the tubular workpiece can be conveniently and safely taken out of the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 with high efficiency, the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 are in transmission connection by adopting a material pushing connecting belt 95 and are synchronously driven by a press-mounting material pushing motor 89, so that the pushing and feeding of the tubular workpiece by the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the press-mounting processing of the tubular workpiece by the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 can be sequentially and orderly carried out, the tubular workpieces are pushed and stably one by one for press-mounting processing, the automation degree of the press-mounting processing of the tubular workpiece is improved, and the efficiency and the, the lower side of a workpiece storage hopper 13 is obliquely communicated with a material guiding and conveying pipe 14, the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14 is of an open structure, the upper end part of a material bearing baffle plate 15 below the material guiding and conveying pipe 14 is provided with a rotary baffle plate 16, the lower end of the rotary baffle plate 16 is hinged and connected to the end part of the material bearing baffle plate 15, the upper end of the material bearing baffle plate 15 is provided with a limit baffle plate 20, the lower end of the rotary baffle plate 16 is provided with a limit step groove 21 matched with the limit baffle plate 20, a rotary plate reset tension spring 22 is obliquely arranged between the upper side of the rotary baffle plate 16 and the material guiding and conveying pipe 14, a tubular workpiece in the workpiece storage hopper 13 can sequentially and stably slide down along the obliquely arranged material guiding and conveying pipe 14, the rotary baffle plate 16 can be stably arranged on the upper side of the material bearing baffle plate 15 under the synergistic action of the rotary plate reset tension spring 22 and, the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14 is in an open structure, so that a tubular workpiece can be conveyed and conveyed from an open position on the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14 under the driving of the workpiece conveying mechanism 4, the lower end of the rotating baffle plate 16 is hinged and connected to the end part of the material bearing baffle plate 15, so that the rotating baffle plate 16 can rotate clockwise when the tubular workpiece is pushed by the rotating baffle plate 16 in a contact manner in the process of conveying and conveying the tubular workpiece, so that the tubular workpiece can be stably and smoothly conveyed, the rotating baffle plate 16 can rotate anticlockwise under the drawing action of the rotating plate reset tension spring 22 to quickly reset to a required position after the conveying and conveying of the tubular workpiece is guided and conveyed, the workpiece conveying mechanism 4 is horizontally and rotatably connected with the workpiece guide wheel 121 through the upper end part of the rotating baffle plate 16, so that the conveying mechanism 4 can convey the tubular workpiece in the process of conveying, the tubular workpiece can be smoothly and stably contacted and separated with the rotary baffle 16 under the action of the workpiece transfer guide wheel 121, a separation cylinder 17 is fixedly arranged on a workpiece separation support 23 in the middle of the guide pipe 14, a separation reciprocating push rod 24 is movably arranged at the output end of the separation cylinder 17, a separation material hole 26 is arranged on the guide pipe 14 on the side corresponding to the push rod reciprocating hole 25, a workpiece guide hole 27 is arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 adjacent to the separation material hole 26, a guide inclined plate 18 is fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 below the workpiece guide hole 27 in an inclined downward manner, an aggregate storage tank 19 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 below the end part of the guide inclined plate 18, so that the separation reciprocating push rod 24 is horizontally pushed by the separation cylinder 17 in the process of sequentially sliding downwards along the guide pipe 14 for the tubular workpiece with a single-side end part sealed, and the tubular workpiece with an opening facing the workpiece conveying support 1 can be pushed by the separation reciprocating push rod 24 The material selecting and discharging hole 26 and the workpiece material guiding hole 27 are pushed to the upper side of the material guiding sloping plate 18, and roll down to the aggregate storage tank 19 along the material guiding sloping plate 18 for collection and storage, so as to realize the separation of the opening orientation of the tubular workpiece rolling down along the material guiding and feeding pipe 14, ensure the orientation of the tubular workpiece rolling down to the lower end part of the material guiding and feeding pipe 14 to be consistent, the upper end of the buffer bearing plate 122 on one side of the lower end of the material guiding sloping plate 18 is hinged to the workpiece conveying support 1, a bearing plate supporting spring 123 is arranged between the lower side of the buffer bearing plate 122 and the workpiece conveying support 1, the buffer bearing plate 122 is provided with a material bearing glue layer 124 along the side surface of the material guiding sloping plate 18, so that the tubular workpiece rolling down along the material guiding sloping plate 18 can be buffered and decelerated by the buffer bearing plate 122, ensure the tubular workpiece can smoothly fall to the aggregate storage tank 19, and, the output end of the reciprocating translation cylinder 32 is fixedly connected with one side of the reciprocating transport guide plate 29, the workpiece transport guide rod 30 is arranged on the reciprocating transport guide plate 29 in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, a guide rod lifting spring 38 is sleeved on the workpiece transport guide rod 30 between the reciprocating transport guide plate 29 and the spring supporting baffle plate 37, a guide rod lifting guide wheel 39 is vertically and rotatably connected to the upper side of the spring supporting baffle plate 37, a guide rod adjusting arc groove 43 with a semicircular structure is arranged on the guide rod adjusting guide plate 31 along the side of the material conveying pipe 14, the guide rod adjusting guide plate 31 is of a horizontal structure along the side of the workpiece conveying belt 2, the reciprocating translation cylinder 32 can horizontally push the reciprocating transport guide plate 29 to perform translation motion, and in the translation process of the workpiece transport guide rod 30, the guide rod lifting guide wheel 39 can sequentially roll along the horizontal structures of the guide rod adjusting arc groove 43 and the guide rod adjusting guide plate 31, so that the workpiece transport guide rod 30, the two sides below the guide rod adjusting guide plate 31 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a material moving reciprocating stop block 125, so that the workpiece moving guide rod 30 can stably and accurately perform reciprocating translational motion along the horizontal direction, a station adjusting rotating shaft 33 is vertically and rotatably connected with the lower side of a material moving fixing connecting plate 40 at the lower end of the workpiece moving guide rod 30, a workpiece adsorption pull plate 34 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33, an arc-shaped electromagnet 42 is arranged in an arc-shaped material suction groove 41 at the lower side of the workpiece adsorption pull plate 34 in an attaching mode, a reciprocating rotating gear 45 is horizontally and fixedly arranged in the middle of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33, a workpiece adjusting toothed plate 35 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on a toothed plate fixing base 46 of the workpiece conveying support 1, when the workpiece adsorption pull plate 34 moves to the end of the material guiding and conveying pipe 14, the arc-shaped, during the process of the translational motion of the reciprocating transfer guide plate 29 along the workpiece transfer rail 28, the workpiece transfer guide rod 30 can drive the tubular workpiece to synchronously perform the lifting motion during the translational motion, so that the tubular workpiece can be smoothly and stably transferred from the material guide pipe 14 to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2, when the guide rod lifting guide wheel 39 at the upper end of the workpiece transfer guide rod 30 performs the translational rolling along the horizontal structure of the guide rod adjusting guide plate 31, the reciprocating rotary gear 45 of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 performs the vertical angle rotation under the meshing connection action of the station adjusting toothed plate 35, so that the tubular workpiece can be stably and accurately horizontally rotated and adjusted to a required station and then is horizontally and stably transferred under the driving of the workpiece material conveying belt 2, the tubular workpiece is synchronously adjusted to a transfer station during the process of transferring from the material guide pipe 14 to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2, and the positioning adsorption magnet 126 is fixedly arranged along the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 side through the lower end of the material transfer fixing connecting plate, the corresponding position of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 is fixedly provided with a positioning adsorption iron sheet 127 in an attaching manner, the rotation of the reciprocating rotating gear 45 of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 after being meshed and connected with the station adjusting toothed plate 35 can overcome the suction force between the positioning adsorption magnet 126 and the positioning adsorption iron sheet 127, the rotation positioning of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 is realized by utilizing the mutual adsorption of the positioning adsorption magnet 126 and the positioning adsorption iron sheet 127, the accurate positioning and fixing of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 can be ensured when the tubular workpiece is placed on the workpiece conveying belt 2 and then reset and rotated, the continuous moving and transportation of the tubular workpiece is prevented from being influenced by the offset rotation of the station adjusting rotating shaft 33 in the translation and lifting processes, the overturning reciprocating gear 48 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the workpiece overturning rotating shaft 47, and the overturning connecting support 55 at one side of the workpiece overturning guide plate 49 is fixedly arranged at the outer side end, a turnover translation rack 57 meshed and connected with the turnover reciprocating gear 48 is arranged in the rack translation bracket 56 in a sliding way, the output end of the workpiece turnover cylinder 50 is fixedly connected with the end part of the turnover translation rack 57, the workpiece turnover cylinder 50 is used for pushing the turnover translation rack 57 to reciprocate, the turnover reciprocating gear 48 can be driven by the turnover translation rack 57 to reciprocate, the workpiece turnover guide plate 49 can synchronously reciprocate with the turnover reciprocating gear 48, the workpiece turnover guide plate 49 is arranged on the workpiece turnover guide plate 49 in a sliding way through a workpiece turnover bearing rod 51, a workpiece lifting spring 59 is sleeved on the workpiece turnover bearing rod 51 between the spring return baffle plate 58 and the workpiece turnover guide plate 49, the upper side of the spring return baffle plate 58 is rotatably connected with a bearing rod adjusting guide wheel 60, a discharge reciprocating guide plate 62 is arranged below the workpiece turnover bracket 53 at the lower end of the workpiece turnover bearing rod 51 in a sliding way, the discharge reciprocating guide plate 62 is sleeved with a bearing plate return spring 63 along the workpiece, the surface of the lower side of a workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 on the lower side of a discharging reciprocating guide plate 62 is provided with a turnover material sucking electromagnet 64 in a fitting manner, one side of a material sucking pressure rod support 65 on the upper side of a turnover reciprocating gear 48 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation pressure rod cylinder 52, the surface of the lower side of a translation pressure rod wedge plate 66 at the output end of the translation pressure rod cylinder 52 is provided with a pressure rod material sucking inclined plane 67, when a workpiece turnover bearing rod 51 is in a vertical position, the translation pressure rod cylinder 52 is utilized to horizontally push the translation pressure rod wedge plate 66, so that the workpiece turnover bearing rod 51 can vertically move downwards, the turnover material sucking electromagnet 64 on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 is electrified with magnetic force, so that the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 can adsorb and fix a tubular workpiece on the upper side of a workpiece material conveying belt 2, the translation pressure rod cylinder 52 horizontally pulls the translation pressure, the workpiece overturning bearing rod 51 vertically moves upwards under the action of the workpiece lifting spring 59, the tubular workpiece moves upwards under the driving of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 to realize the separation of the lower side surface of the tubular workpiece from the workpiece material conveying belt 2, so that the tubular workpiece can be efficiently and smoothly overturned to adjust a station, the workpiece overturning air cylinder 50 is used for driving the workpiece overturning guide plate 49 to rotate anticlockwise, the workpiece overturning guide plate 49 drives the workpiece overturning bearing rod 51 to synchronously rotate anticlockwise, the tubular workpiece adsorbed and fixed by the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 can be stably and accurately overturned at a vertical angle, the tubular workpiece is overturned from a horizontal station to a vertical station, after the workpiece overturning support 53 drives the tubular workpiece to be overturned to the vertical position, the tubular workpiece utilizes the self gravity to realize the compression of the bearing plate reset spring 63, so that the tubular workpiece can descend along the vertical direction, the pipe-type workpiece can be ensured to stably fall to the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2, the pipe-type workpiece can be stably placed on the workpiece material conveying belt 2 for continuous conveying after the pipe-type workpiece is turned over and adjusted, the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 of the workpiece turning mechanism 5 is of an L-shaped structure, the turning material adsorption electromagnet 64 on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54 is of an L-shaped structure matched with the structure of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate 54, so that the pipe-type workpiece can be stably and effectively adsorbed and fixed and the turning adjustment station is performed, a plurality of wedge supporting rollers 128 are sequentially arranged on the upper side surface of the translational pressure rod wedge 66 along the horizontal direction, the translational pressure rod wedge 66 can smoothly and accurately perform reciprocating translational motion along the material adsorption pressure rod support 65, the upper end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69 is hinged to the workpiece pushing support 68, and the reciprocating translational push rod 70, the reciprocating translation push rod 70 is arranged on the upper side of the workpiece material conveying belt 2 and is perpendicular to the workpiece material conveying belt 2, a workpiece pushing connecting plate 75 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the reciprocating translation push rod 70 along the end of the workpiece material conveying belt 2, a reciprocating material pushing connecting rod 77 is arranged between the reciprocating translation push rod 70 and the lower end of a material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69, a workpiece material pushing rotating shaft 71 is provided with a workpiece material pushing rotating plate 72 along the side of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69, a slider reciprocating guide groove 79 is arranged on the material pushing reciprocating swing rod 69, a reciprocating push plate slider 78 at the end part of the workpiece material pushing rotating plate 72 is slidably arranged in the slider reciprocating guide groove 79, a material pushing bevel gear 81 is vertically and fixedly arranged at the outer side end part of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft 71, an input bevel gear 83 meshed with the material pushing bevel gear 81 is vertically and fixedly arranged at the end, the workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71 is driven to rotate continuously by the connecting input rotating shaft 73, the workpiece pushing rotating shaft 71 drives the workpiece pushing rotating plate 72 to rotate synchronously in the rotating process, the workpiece pushing rotating plate 72 drives the pushing reciprocating oscillating bar 69 to oscillate continuously and reciprocally by the reciprocating push plate slider 78, the pushing reciprocating oscillating bar 69 can drive the reciprocating translation push rod 70 to perform translation motion horizontally by the reciprocating push rod 77, so that the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 can be pushed to the upper side of the press-mounting supporting plate 85 of the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 stably and accurately by the continuous reciprocating translation motion of the workpiece pushing connecting plate 75 at the end of the reciprocating translation push rod 70, the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 is horizontally and closely arranged on one side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 by the press-mounting supporting plate 85, the upper side surface of the press-mounting supporting plate 85 and the upper side surface of the workpiece conveying belt 2 are in the same horizontal position, so that the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 can be smoothly and smoothly pushed to the upper side of the press-fitting support plate 85 under the horizontal pushing action of the workpiece pushing mechanism 6, a push rod translation rotating shaft 93 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the guide rod driving bracket 88, a front push rod cam 96 and a rear push rod cam 97 are respectively and vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of the push rod translation rotating shaft 93 above the guide rod driving bracket 88, a front reciprocating push rod 98 and a rear reciprocating push rod 99 are respectively and horizontally and slidably arranged on two sides of the guide rod reciprocating bracket 86, a front push rod return spring 101 is sleeved on a front return push rod 98 between the guide rod reciprocating bracket 86 and a front spring baffle 100, a front push rod guide wheel 102 is vertically and rotatably connected to the front return push rod 98 along the end of the front push rod cam 96, a front translation push plate 103 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the other end of the front return push rod 98, a rear push rod return, the rear reciprocating push rod 99 is vertically and rotationally connected with a rear push rod guide wheel 106 along the end of the rear pushing cam 97, one side of a translation push rod connecting plate 107 at the other end of the rear reciprocating push rod 99 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a rear translation material sucking plate 108, the rear translation material sucking plate 108 is provided with a rear translation electromagnet 109 along the side of the front translation material pushing plate 103, a pushing rod translation rotating shaft 93 is driven to rotate by a pressing and loading material pushing motor 89, the pushing rod translation rotating shaft 93 can drive the front pushing cam 96 and the rear pushing cam 97 to synchronously rotate, the front pushing cam 96 can drive the front reciprocating push rod 98 to do translation motion in the rotating process, the rear pushing cam 97 can drive the rear reciprocating push rod 99 to do translation motion in the rotating process, and the front pushing cam 96 and the rear pushing cam 97 are symmetrically arranged in a mirror image manner, so that the front reciprocating push rod 98 and the rear reciprocating push rod, after a reciprocating translation push rod 70 of a workpiece pushing mechanism 6 pushes a tubular workpiece on the upper side of a workpiece conveying belt 2 to a press-fitting support plate 85, the tubular workpiece is pushed and translated by a front reciprocating push rod 98, then the tubular workpiece is adsorbed and fixed by magnetic force after a rear translation electromagnet 109 is electrified, the translational motion of the rear reciprocating push rod 99 drives the tubular workpiece to perform translational motion, so that the tubular workpiece on the upper side of the press-fitting support plate 85 can perform sequential stable and accurate translational motion to three press-fitting stations under the synergistic action of the front reciprocating push rod 98 and the rear reciprocating push rod 99, a pushing and bearing groove 131 with a V-shaped structure is arranged on the side surface of a front translation push plate 103, a rear translation electromagnet 109 on the surface of a rear translation suction plate 108 is of an arc-shaped structure, the tubular workpiece on the press-fitting support plate 85 can perform translational motion stably and accurately, two component guide material channels 110 are sequentially and horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of a workpiece press-fitting, the output end of a component pushing cylinder 111 outside the component guide and feeding channel 110 is fixedly provided with a component pushing plate 112, the output end of a component press-fitting cylinder 114 of a component downward-pressing support 113 on the side of the workpiece conveying belt 2 of the component guide and feeding channel 110 is fixedly provided with a component lifting and lowering plate 115, a workpiece press-fitting support 87 on the lower side of the component lifting and lowering plate 115 is provided with a component press-fitting through hole 116, the output end of a workpiece press-fitting cylinder 117 on the workpiece press-fitting support 87 on the side of the component press-fitting cylinder 114 is fixedly provided with a press-fitting plate 118, the component press-fitting cylinders 114 and the workpiece press-fitting cylinders 117 of the two component guide and feeding channels 110 on the upper side of the workpiece press-fitting support 87 are sequentially and fixedly arranged along the workpiece pushing direction, required press-fitting components are respectively placed in the two component guide and feeding channels 110, the component lifting and lowering plates 115 are vertically pushed downward, the component pushing cylinder 111 is used for horizontally pushing the component pushing plate 112, so that a plurality of components placed in the component guiding and feeding channel 110 can be sequentially pushed to the lower side of the component press-fitting cylinder 114, the components in the component guiding and feeding channel 110 can be stably press-fitted into the tubular workpiece on the press-fitting support plate 85 one by one, the tubular workpiece on the press-fitting support plate 85 can be respectively press-fitted and machined when being sequentially translated to two press-fitting stations, the press-fitting matching plate 118 is vertically and downwards pushed by the workpiece pressing cylinder 117, when the tubular workpiece moves to the press-fitting station at the lower side of the workpiece pressing cylinder 117, the components and the tubular workpiece can be pressed and fixed again by the press-fitting plate 118, the situations that the components are not fully pressed and separated from the tubular workpiece and the like are avoided, the workpiece lifting through-hole 119 is formed in the press-fitting plate 118, a workpiece lifting bearing plate 120 is arranged in the workpiece lifting through hole 119, the workpiece lifting cylinder 90 is vertically and upwardly fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support 1 at the lower side of the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120, the output end of the workpiece lifting cylinder 90 is fixedly connected with the lower side of the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120, when the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120 is driven by the workpiece lifting cylinder 90 to be at the same horizontal position as the press-fitting bearing plate 85, the tubular workpiece at the upper side of the press-fitting bearing plate 85 can be driven by the post-translation material suction plate 108 to be translated to the upper side of the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120, after the press-fitting processing of the tubular workpiece at the upper side of the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120 is completed by the workpiece pressing cylinder 117, the workpiece lifting bearing plate 120 is vertically and downwardly pulled by the workpiece lifting cylinder 90, so that the tubular workpiece at the upper side of the, the pipe type workpiece is conveniently, efficiently and safely taken away from the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7, the pushing belt pulley 94 vertically fixed along the side of the workpiece conveying support 1 through the push rod translation rotating shaft 93 and the input belt pulley 84 connected with the end part of the input rotating shaft 73 are in transmission connection through the pushing connecting belt 95, the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 are in transmission connection through the pushing connecting belt 95 and are synchronously driven by the press-mounting pushing motor 89, the pushing and loading of the pipe type workpiece by the workpiece pushing mechanism 6 and the press-mounting of the pipe type workpiece by the workpiece press-mounting mechanism 7 can be sequentially and orderly carried out, and the pipe type workpiece is pushed and loaded one by one and is subjected to press-mounting. Through the mechanism, the pipe type workpiece conveying and transporting mechanism is reasonable in structural design, pipe type workpieces can be conveniently and smoothly conveyed, moved and transported one by one, sequential and continuous press-fitting processing of a plurality of components can be realized in the pipe type workpiece conveying process, the workpiece processing automation degree is improved, and the requirements of production and use are met.
The above description of the present invention is intended to be illustrative. Various modifications, additions and substitutions for the specific embodiments described may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a continuous pressure equipment of tubular work piece which characterized in that: the tubular workpiece continuous press-fitting equipment comprises a workpiece conveying support, a workpiece conveying belt, a workpiece guide mechanism, a workpiece transferring mechanism, a workpiece overturning mechanism, a workpiece pushing mechanism and a workpiece press-fitting mechanism, wherein the workpiece conveying belt is horizontally arranged at the lower side of the workpiece conveying support, the workpiece guide mechanism, the workpiece transferring mechanism and the workpiece overturning mechanism are sequentially and horizontally arranged on the workpiece conveying support at the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction of the workpiece conveying belt, the workpiece pushing mechanism and the workpiece press-fitting mechanism are respectively arranged on the workpiece conveying supports at two sides of the end part of the workpiece conveying belt along the conveying direction, two sides of the middle part of the workpiece conveying support are respectively and horizontally and rotatably connected with the workpiece conveying rotating rollers, two sides of the workpiece conveying belt are respectively and rotatably connected with the workpiece conveying rotating rollers at two sides of the workpiece conveying support, and a workpiece conveying motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side of, the output end of a workpiece conveying motor is vertically provided with a material conveying main chain wheel, the end part of a workpiece material conveying rotating roller at one side of a workpiece material conveying belt is coaxially and vertically fixedly provided with a material conveying auxiliary chain wheel, the material conveying main chain wheel and the material conveying auxiliary chain wheel are in transmission connection by a workpiece conveying chain, the workpiece material guiding mechanism comprises a workpiece storage hopper, a material guiding and conveying pipe, a material bearing baffle plate, a rotary baffle plate, a sorting cylinder, a material guiding inclined plate and a material collecting and storing box, the workpiece storage hopper is fixedly arranged on the upper side of a workpiece conveying support, the lower side of the workpiece storage hopper is obliquely communicated with the material guiding and conveying pipe, the material guiding and conveying pipe is arranged adjacent to the workpiece material conveying belt, the upper side of the lower end of the material guiding and conveying pipe is of an open structure, the lower end part of the material guiding and conveying pipe is provided with the, the upper end of the material bearing baffle is provided with a limit baffle, the lower end of the rotating baffle is provided with a limit step groove matched with the limit baffle, a rotating plate reset tension spring is obliquely arranged between the upper side of the rotating baffle and the material guiding and feeding pipe, the middle part of the material guiding and feeding pipe is fixedly provided with a workpiece sorting bracket, a sorting cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece sorting bracket, the sorting cylinder is mutually vertical to the material guiding and feeding pipe, the output end of the sorting cylinder is movably provided with a sorting reciprocating push rod, the material guiding and feeding pipe is provided with a push rod reciprocating hole matched with the sorting reciprocating push rod, the material guiding and feeding pipe on the side corresponding to the push rod reciprocating hole is provided with a sorting discharge hole, the workpiece conveying bracket adjacent to the sorting discharge hole is provided with a workpiece guide hole, the workpiece conveying bracket on the lower side of the workpiece guide hole is obliquely, the workpiece transferring mechanism comprises a workpiece transferring track, a reciprocating transferring guide plate, a workpiece transferring guide rod, a guide rod adjusting guide plate, a reciprocating translation cylinder, a station adjusting rotating shaft, a workpiece adsorbing pull plate and a station adjusting toothed plate, the workpiece transferring track is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece transferring support on the upper side of the material guiding and conveying pipe, the reciprocating transferring guide plate is arranged on the workpiece transferring track in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, a material transferring cylinder support is fixedly arranged on the workpiece transferring support on one side of the workpiece transferring track, the reciprocating translation cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the material transferring cylinder support, the output end of the reciprocating translation cylinder is fixedly connected with one side of the reciprocating transferring guide plate, the workpiece transferring guide rod is arranged on the reciprocating transferring guide plate in a sliding mode along the vertical direction, and a spring supporting baffle is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the workpiece transferring guide rod, a guide rod lifting spring is sleeved on a workpiece moving guide rod between the reciprocating moving guide plate and the spring supporting baffle, a guide rod lifting guide wheel is vertically and rotatably connected to the upper side of the spring supporting baffle, a moving material fixing connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the workpiece moving guide rod, a station adjusting rotating shaft is vertically and rotatably connected to the lower side of the moving material fixing connecting plate, a workpiece adsorbing pull plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower end of the station adjusting rotating shaft, an arc-shaped material sucking groove is arranged at the lower side of the workpiece adsorbing pull plate, an arc-shaped electromagnet is attached and arranged in the arc-shaped material sucking groove, the guide rod adjusting guide plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on a workpiece conveying bracket at the upper side of a workpiece moving track, a guide rod adjusting arc groove of a semicircular structure is arranged at the guide rod adjusting guide plate along the workpiece conveying belt side, the middle part of the station adjusting rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating rotating gear, a workpiece conveying support below a horizontal structure on one side of the guide rod adjusting guide plate is horizontally and fixedly provided with a toothed plate fixing base, the workpiece adjusting toothed plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the toothed plate fixing base, the workpiece overturning mechanism comprises a workpiece overturning rotating shaft, an overturning reciprocating gear, a workpiece overturning guide plate, a workpiece overturning cylinder, a workpiece overturning bearing rod, a translation pressure rod cylinder, a workpiece overturning support and a workpiece adsorption bearing plate, the workpiece overturning rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected with the workpiece conveying support, the overturning reciprocating gear is vertically and fixedly arranged on the workpiece overturning rotating shaft, the workpiece overturning guide plate is arranged on the outer side of the overturning reciprocating gear, the middle part on one side of the workpiece overturning guide plate is fixedly provided with an overturning connecting support, the overturning connecting support is fixedly arranged at the outer side end part of the, a turnover translation rack meshed and connected with a turnover reciprocating gear is arranged in the rack translation bracket in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the workpiece turnover cylinder is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack translation bracket, the output end of the workpiece turnover cylinder is fixedly connected with the end part of the turnover translation rack, the workpiece turnover bearing rod is arranged on the workpiece turnover guide plate in a sliding manner, the upper end of the workpiece turnover bearing rod is fixedly provided with a spring reset baffle, a workpiece lifting spring is sleeved on the workpiece turnover bearing rod between the workpiece turnover guide plate and the spring reset baffle, the upper side of the spring reset baffle is rotatably connected with a bearing rod adjusting guide wheel, the workpiece turnover bracket is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the workpiece turnover bearing rod, two sides below the workpiece turnover bracket are respectively and fixedly provided with a workpiece placing guide rod, a material placing reciprocating guide plate is arranged below the workpiece turnover bracket, the feeding reciprocating guide plate is sleeved with a bearing plate reset spring along a workpiece placing guide rod on the workpiece moving mechanism side, the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is fixedly arranged on the lower side of the feeding reciprocating guide plate, the surface of the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is provided with a turnover material sucking electromagnet in an attaching mode, a workpiece conveying support on the upper side of a turnover reciprocating gear is horizontally and fixedly provided with a material sucking pressure rod support, a translation pressure rod air cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the material sucking pressure rod support, the output end of the translation pressure rod air cylinder is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation pressure rod wedge plate, the lower side surface of the translation pressure rod wedge plate is provided with a pressure rod material sucking inclined plane, the workpiece pushing mechanism comprises a workpiece pushing support, a pushing reciprocating swing rod, a reciprocating translation push rod, a workpiece pushing rotating shaft, a workpiece pushing rotating plate and a connecting input rotating shaft, the workpiece pushing support is, the material pushing reciprocating swing rod is arranged on one side of the workpiece pushing support, the upper end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod is hinged and connected with the workpiece pushing support, a push rod guide support is horizontally and fixedly arranged below the workpiece pushing support along the side of the workpiece conveying support, the reciprocating translation push rod is arranged on the push rod guide support in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the reciprocating translation push rod is arranged on the upper side of the workpiece conveying belt and is perpendicular to the workpiece conveying belt, the reciprocating translation push rod is vertically and fixedly provided with a workpiece pushing connecting plate along the end of the workpiece conveying belt, the workpiece conveying support is provided with a connecting plate reciprocating slotted hole matched with the workpiece pushing connecting plate, the reciprocating translation push rod is provided with a reciprocating material pushing connecting rod along the end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod and the lower end of the material pushing reciprocating swing rod, the two ends of the reciprocating material pushing connecting rod are respectively hinged and connected with the material pushing swing rod, the workpiece pushing rotating shaft is provided with a workpiece pushing rotating plate along the side of the pushing reciprocating swing rod, one end of the workpiece pushing rotating plate is fixedly connected to the end of the workpiece pushing rotating shaft, the other end of the workpiece pushing rotating plate is hinged with a reciprocating push plate sliding block, a sliding block reciprocating guide groove is formed in the pushing reciprocating swing rod and is parallel to the pushing reciprocating swing rod, the reciprocating push plate sliding block is arranged in the sliding block reciprocating guide groove in a sliding mode, a pushing supporting shaft sleeve matched with the workpiece pushing rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece pushing support, a pushing bevel gear is vertically and fixedly arranged at the outer side end of the workpiece pushing rotating shaft, the connection input rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the workpiece conveying support, the connection input rotating shaft is perpendicular to the workpiece pushing rotating shaft, a connection supporting shaft sleeve matched with the connection input rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support, and an input bevel gear meshed The device comprises a wheel, an input belt pulley is vertically and fixedly arranged along the end of a workpiece conveying belt by connecting an input rotating shaft, the workpiece press-mounting mechanism comprises a press-mounting support plate, a guide rod reciprocating support, a workpiece press-mounting support, a guide rod driving support, a press-mounting material pushing motor and a workpiece lifting cylinder, the press-mounting support plate is horizontally and closely arranged on one side of the workpiece conveying belt, the upper side surface of the press-mounting support plate and the upper side surface of the workpiece conveying belt are in the same horizontal position, a support fixing connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the lower side of the press-mounting support plate, the end part of the support fixing connecting plate is fixedly connected with the workpiece conveying support, the guide rod driving support is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the workpiece conveying support on one side of the press-mounting support plate, a support fixing connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on, a press-fitting material pushing motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of a guide rod driving bracket, the press-fitting material pushing motor drives a push rod translation rotating shaft to rotate, the push rod translation rotating shaft is vertically and fixedly provided with a material pushing belt pulley along the side of a workpiece conveying bracket, the material pushing belt pulley is in transmission connection with an input belt pulley connected with the end part of the input rotating shaft through a material pushing connecting belt, a front material pushing cam and a rear material pushing cam are respectively and vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of the push rod translation rotating shaft above the guide rod driving bracket, the front material pushing cam and the rear material pushing cam are arranged in a symmetrical mirror image mode, a guide rod reciprocating bracket is vertically and fixedly arranged on the upper side of a press-fitting support plate, a forward reciprocating push rod and a rear reciprocating push rod are respectively and horizontally arranged on two sides of the guide rod reciprocating bracket, the forward, the front reciprocating push rod is vertically and rotatably connected with a front push rod guide wheel along the end of a front pushing cam, the other end of the front reciprocating push rod is horizontally and fixedly provided with a front translation pushing plate, the rear reciprocating push rod is fixedly provided with a rear spring baffle along the side of a rear pushing cam, a rear push rod reset spring is sleeved on the rear reciprocating push rod between a guide rod reciprocating support and the rear spring baffle, the rear reciprocating push rod is vertically and rotatably connected with a rear push rod guide wheel along the end of the rear pushing cam, the other end of the rear reciprocating push rod is horizontally and fixedly provided with a translation push rod connecting plate, one side of the translation push rod connecting plate is horizontally and fixedly provided with a rear translation material suction plate, the rear translation material suction plate is provided with a rear translation electromagnet along the side of the front translation pushing plate, the rear translation material suction plate is horizontally arranged in the translation motion direction of the front, the upper side of the workpiece press-mounting support is sequentially and horizontally fixedly provided with two component guide and feed channels along the workpiece pushing direction, the outer side end of each component guide and feed channel is horizontally and fixedly provided with a component push cylinder, the output end of each component push cylinder is fixedly provided with a component push plate, each component guide and feed channel is vertically and fixedly provided with a component press-mounting support along the workpiece press-mounting support at the workpiece material conveying belt side, each component press-mounting support is vertically and downwardly and fixedly provided with a component press-mounting cylinder, the output end of each component press-mounting cylinder is fixedly provided with a component pressure-lifting plate, each workpiece press-mounting support at the lower side of the component pressure-lifting plate is provided with a component press-mounting through hole, each workpiece press-mounting support at one side of the component press-mounting cylinders is vertically and downwardly and fixedly provided with a workpiece press-fitting cylinder, the output end of each workpiece press-fitting cylinder is fixedly provided with, the workpiece lifting device is characterized in that a workpiece lifting through hole is formed in the pressing and mounting support plate on the lower side of the pressing and matching plate, a workpiece lifting support plate is arranged in the workpiece lifting through hole, a workpiece lifting cylinder is vertically and upwards fixedly arranged on a workpiece conveying support on the lower side of the workpiece lifting support plate, and the output end of the workpiece lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with the lower side of the workpiece lifting support plate.
2. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper end part of the rotary baffle of the workpiece material guide mechanism is horizontally and rotatably connected with a workpiece transferring guide wheel.
3. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the workpiece guide mechanism is characterized in that a buffer bearing plate is vertically arranged on the workpiece conveying support on one side of the lower end of a guide inclined plate of the workpiece guide mechanism, the upper end of the buffer bearing plate is hinged to the workpiece conveying support, a bearing plate supporting spring is arranged between the lower side of the buffer bearing plate and the workpiece conveying support, and a material bearing adhesive layer is arranged on the buffer bearing plate along the side surface of the guide inclined plate in a laminating manner.
4. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and two sides below the guide rod adjusting guide plate of the workpiece moving and conveying mechanism are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a material moving reciprocating stop dog.
5. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the material moving fixing connecting plate of the workpiece moving and conveying mechanism is of an L-shaped structure, the lower end of the material moving fixing connecting plate is fixedly provided with a positioning adsorption magnet along the side of the station adjusting rotating shaft, and a positioning adsorption iron sheet is fixedly arranged at the corresponding position of the station adjusting rotating shaft in an attaching mode.
6. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the workpiece adsorption bearing plate of the workpiece turnover mechanism is of an L-shaped structure, and the turnover adsorption electromagnet on the lower side of the workpiece adsorption bearing plate is of an L-shaped structure matched with the workpiece adsorption bearing plate structure.
7. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper side surface of the wedge plate of the translation pressure rod of the workpiece turnover mechanism is sequentially provided with a plurality of wedge plate supporting rollers along the horizontal direction.
8. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the material pushing belt pulley of the push rod translation rotating shaft is the same as the input belt pulley connected with the input rotating shaft in size and specification, and the material pushing bevel gear of the workpiece material pushing rotating shaft is the same as the input bevel gear connected with the input rotating shaft in size and specification.
9. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a front push rod sleeve and a rear push rod sleeve are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged on two sides of a guide rod reciprocating support of the workpiece press-mounting mechanism.
10. The continuous press-fitting equipment for tubular workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the side surface of a front translation pushing plate of the workpiece press-mounting mechanism is provided with a pushing bearing groove with a V-shaped structure, and a rear translation electromagnet on the surface of a rear translation suction plate is of an arc-shaped structure.
CN202010144903.2A 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Continuous press fitting equipment for tubular workpieces Active CN111230458B (en)

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CN202010144903.2A CN111230458B (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Continuous press fitting equipment for tubular workpieces

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010144903.2A CN111230458B (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Continuous press fitting equipment for tubular workpieces

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Cited By (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112025265A (en) * 2020-07-25 2020-12-04 三联泵业股份有限公司 Automatic assembling equipment for water pump rotor
CN112474966A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-12 佛山市科凌电器有限公司 Stamping jig for stamping ceiling fan accessories
CN112621032A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-09 全南英创电子有限公司 Magnetic head spot welding machine table

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CN209052021U (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-07-02 老河口市汽车密封件有限责任公司 Automotive sealant produces line turnover device
CN110451228A (en) * 2019-07-06 2019-11-15 郭煜萍 A kind of sorting conveyor structure for groove workpiece
CN110509018A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-11-29 黄明珠 A kind of Workpiece transfer press-loading apparatus

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JPH09323225A (en) * 1996-05-31 1997-12-16 Asahi Seiki Kogyo Kk Work transfer device
JP3488201B2 (en) * 2000-12-26 2004-01-19 東洋ゴム工業株式会社 Bolt press-fitting equipment
CN204135662U (en) * 2014-08-25 2015-02-04 武汉钢铁(集团)公司 A kind of automatic press mounting nailing system
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CN112025265B (en) * 2020-07-25 2021-12-24 三联泵业股份有限公司 Automatic assembling equipment for water pump rotor
CN112474966A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-12 佛山市科凌电器有限公司 Stamping jig for stamping ceiling fan accessories
CN112621032A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-09 全南英创电子有限公司 Magnetic head spot welding machine table

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