CN111082617A - Intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine and winding method - Google Patents

Intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine and winding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111082617A
CN111082617A CN202010083295.9A CN202010083295A CN111082617A CN 111082617 A CN111082617 A CN 111082617A CN 202010083295 A CN202010083295 A CN 202010083295A CN 111082617 A CN111082617 A CN 111082617A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
winding
layer
pressing
ring
wire
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Granted
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CN202010083295.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111082617B (en
Inventor
贺爽
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Covali Ningbo Precision Instruments Co Ltd
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Covali Ningbo Precision Instruments Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202010083295.9A priority Critical patent/CN111082617B/en
Priority claimed from CN202010083295.9A external-priority patent/CN111082617B/en
Publication of CN111082617A publication Critical patent/CN111082617A/en
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Publication of CN111082617B publication Critical patent/CN111082617B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/04Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines of windings, prior to mounting into machines
    • H02K15/0435Wound windings
    • H02K15/0442Loop windings

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine and a winding method, wherein the intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine comprises a shockproof machine table, wherein two symmetrically arranged winding machines are arranged on the machine table; the sliding wire pressing mechanism comprises a wire pressing driving cylinder, a guide frame, a combined oil cylinder, a wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring, a wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring and a wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring which are sequentially nested with one another, and the combined oil cylinder is respectively connected with the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring, the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring and the wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring; the invention can wind the three-layer auxiliary pole coil, is operated mechanically, and greatly reduces the labor intensity of the winding of the three-layer auxiliary pole coil.

Description

Intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine and winding method
Technical Field
The invention relates to an intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine and a winding method.
Background
The invention patent No. 201910246583.9 discloses an auxiliary pole coil of a direct current motor and a winding method thereof, which improves the parallelism of the end faces of the coil and the effective turn number of the coil per unit height by changing the interlayer and turn transition mode in the coil winding process. The coil is of a three-layer structure, and the transition between layers and turns is complex, but the winding requirements of the coil cannot be met by the conventional coil winding device.
Therefore, it is urgently needed to provide a coil winding device which can meet the winding requirements of the coil.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects and provide an intelligent robot complete machine for winding three-layer auxiliary pole coils.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following specific scheme:
an intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine comprises a shockproof machine table, wherein two symmetrically arranged winding machines are arranged on the machine table.
The winding machine comprises a bottom plate, a vertical plate arranged on one side of the bottom plate, a linear moving mechanism arranged on the vertical plate, an annular winding mechanism with one side connected to the linear moving mechanism in a sliding manner, a wire pressing die mechanism and a sliding wire pressing mechanism, wherein the wire pressing die mechanism and the sliding wire pressing mechanism are oppositely arranged on two ends of the bottom plate;
the wire pressing die mechanism comprises a rotary motor, a rotary frame, a winding die, a die side forward two-layer compression ring and a die side forward three-layer compression ring, the rotary motor is connected to a bottom plate through a first mounting frame, the rotary frame is connected with the output end of the rotary motor, the winding die is provided with an integrally formed connecting part and a winding part, the thickness of the winding part is smaller than that of the connecting part, the connecting part of the winding die is connected to the rotary frame, the die side forward two-layer compression ring is movably sleeved on the connecting part of the winding die, the die side forward three-layer compression ring is movably sleeved on the die side forward two-layer compression ring, a first oil cylinder and a second oil cylinder are embedded in the connecting part of the winding die, a piston rod of the first oil cylinder is connected with the die side forward two-layer compression ring, and a piston rod of the second oil cylinder is connected with the die side forward three-layer, one end of the winding part is provided with a forward layer of limiting part, and one side of the forward layer of limiting part is attached to the connecting part;
the sliding wire pressing mechanism comprises a wire pressing driving cylinder, a guide frame, a combined cylinder, a wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring, a wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring and a wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring, the wire pressing driving cylinder is connected to the bottom plate through a second mounting frame, the guide frame is connected with the output end of the wire pressing driving cylinder, the guide frame is connected with the second mounting frame in a sliding mode, the combined cylinder is arranged on the guide frame, the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring is movably sleeved on the guide frame, the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring is movably sleeved on the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring, the wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring is movably sleeved on the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring, the combined cylinder is provided with a first output end, a second output end and a third output end, the first output end of the combined cylinder is connected with the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring, the second output end of the combined cylinder is connected with, the third output end of the combined oil cylinder is connected with the positive three-layer compression ring at the line pressing side;
the winding machine further comprises a material pulling mechanism, and the material pulling mechanism is used for being matched with the wire pressing die mechanism to wind the reverse winding coil group.
Wherein, one side of the winding part of the winding mould, which is far away from the connecting part, is provided with a conical part.
The sliding assembly is located between the two first side plates, the output end of the line pressing driving cylinder is connected with a sliding block, the guide frame is fixed on the sliding block, the bottom surface of the sliding block is connected with the sliding assembly, and the first side plates are respectively provided with a limiting protrusion used for limiting the sliding maximum stroke of the sliding block at one end away from the line pressing driving cylinder.
Wherein, draw material mechanism to include that the U-shaped draws floating support, swager, the power support, the power roller, compression spring and the electro-magnet of U-shaped, draw the material support to connect on the bottom plate through a third mounting bracket, draw the both ends of material support to connect respectively on the third mounting bracket, floating support and power support locate relatively and draw on the material support, the swager rotates to locate on the floating support, the power roller rotates to locate on the power support, the electro-magnet is fixed at the top of drawing the material support, compression spring's both ends are connected respectively at the top of drawing the material support and the top of floating support, draw the side at the both ends of material support to inwards buckle and form spacing direction edge, the bottom on spacing direction edge extends and has the supporting legs that is used for supporting the power support.
Wherein, the annular winding mechanism comprises a fixed plate, a winding driving motor, a winding ring, a wire storage ring and a wire ring braking component, one side of the fixed plate is connected on the linear moving mechanism in a sliding way, the winding driving motor is arranged on the surface of the fixed plate facing to the wire pressing die mechanism, four guide wheel sets distributed in a quadrilateral way are arranged on the surface of the fixed plate facing away from the wire pressing die mechanism, the winding ring and the wire storage ring are embedded between the four guide wheel sets side by side, the fixed plate is provided with a central through hole matched with the winding ring and the wire storage ring, the central through hole is positioned between the four guide wheel sets, an inter-ring connecting bolt is connected between the winding ring and the wire storage ring, a winding wheel and a U-shaped wire rod guide groove are also arranged on the winding ring, the winding wheel is connected on the winding ring and positioned between the winding ring and the wire storage ring, one end of, the other end of the wire guide groove is positioned above the wire storing ring, the distance between the two ends of the wire guide groove is gradually reduced from one side to the other side, the winding driving motor is in transmission connection with the winding ring through a gear and a gear ring, and the wire ring braking component is used for controlling the rotating speed of the wire storing ring.
The linear moving mechanism comprises a linear driving motor, a screw rod, two second side plates and two guide rods, the second side plates are correspondingly fixed on the vertical plate side by side, the guide rods are fixed between the two second side plates side by side, two ends of the screw rod are respectively connected to the two second side plates in a rotating mode and located between the two guide rods, the linear driving motor is fixed on one of the second side plates and connected with one end of the screw rod, and the annular winding mechanism is connected with the screw rod and the two guide rods through linear bearings.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: compared with the prior art, the three-layer forward winding coil group is wound by utilizing the matching of the oppositely arranged wire pressing die mechanism and the sliding wire pressing mechanism, and the three-layer reverse winding coil group is wound by utilizing the matching of the wire pressing die mechanism and the material pulling mechanism, so that the three-layer auxiliary pole coil is wound, the mechanical operation is realized, and the labor intensity of the winding of the three-layer auxiliary pole coil is greatly reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a wire pressing mold mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a portion of the wire pressing die mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a sliding wire pressing mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a pulling mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a ring winding mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a positive one-layer pressure ring on the pressure line side in the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a mold-side forward bi-level pressure ring according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a positive-direction bi-level clamping ring on a clamping line side according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a mold-side forward trilayer pressure ring of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a positive trilayer pressure ring on the pressure line side of the present invention;
description of reference numerals: 1-a bottom plate; 2-standing the plate; 3-a linear moving mechanism; 4-a ring winding mechanism; 41-fixing plate; 42-a wound drive motor; 43-a wire-wound ring; 44-a wire trap ring; 45-wire loop braking means; 46-a guide wheel set; 47-inter-ring connecting bolts; 48-a reel; 49-wire guide groove; 5-pressing a line die mechanism; 51-a rotating electrical machine; 52-a rotating frame; 53-winding mould; 531-forward one layer of limiting part; 54-die side forward sense bi-layer compression ring; 55-forward three-layer compression ring at the side of the die; 56-a first oil cylinder; 57-a second oil cylinder; 6-a sliding wire pressing mechanism; 61-pressing line driving cylinder; 62-a guide frame; 63-a combined oil cylinder; 64-pressing a layer of pressing rings on the positive direction of the pressing line side; 65-a positive two-layer pressure ring at the pressure line side; 66-forward three-layer compression ring on the compression line side; 67-a slide assembly; 68-a first side panel; 69-sliding blocks; 7-pulling the material mechanism; 71-pulling the material bracket; 72-a floating mount; 73-nip rolls; 74-a powered mount; 75-powered rollers; 76-a hold down spring; 77-electromagnet. a-a first female die; b-a first unfilled corner; c-a second female die; d-a second unfilled corner; e-a second male die; f-a third unfilled corner; g-bevel edge punch edge; h-bevel edge concave die edge; machine-a; a winder-b.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following figures and specific examples, without limiting the scope of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 12, the whole intelligent three-layer parasitic-pole coil winding robot in this embodiment includes a shockproof machine platform a, and two symmetrically arranged winders b are arranged on the machine platform.
The winding machine b comprises a bottom plate 1, a vertical plate 2 arranged on one side of the bottom plate 1, a linear moving mechanism 3 arranged on the vertical plate 2, an annular winding mechanism 4 with one side connected to the linear moving mechanism 3 in a sliding manner, a wire pressing die mechanism 5 and a sliding wire pressing mechanism 6 which are oppositely arranged at two ends of the bottom plate 1, wherein the linear moving mechanism 3 is used for driving the annular winding mechanism 4 to do linear reciprocating motion, and the annular winding mechanism 4 is used for winding a motor winding on the wire pressing die mechanism 5 in a forward direction;
the wire pressing die mechanism 5 comprises a rotary motor 51, a rotary frame 52, a winding die 53, a die side forward two-layer pressing ring 54 and a die side forward three-layer pressing ring 55, wherein the rotary motor 51 is connected to the bottom plate 1 through a first mounting frame, the rotary frame 52 is connected with the output end of the rotary motor 51, the winding die 53 is provided with an integrally formed connecting part and a winding part, the thickness of the winding part is smaller than that of the connecting part, the connecting part of the winding die 53 is connected to the rotary frame 52, the die side forward two-layer pressing ring 54 is movably sleeved on the connecting part of the winding die 53, the die side forward three-layer pressing ring 55 is movably sleeved on the die side forward two-layer pressing ring 54, a first oil cylinder 56 and a second oil cylinder 57 are embedded in the connecting part of the winding die 53, a piston rod of the first oil cylinder 56 is connected with the die side forward two-layer pressing ring 54, a piston rod of the second oil cylinder 57 is connected with the die-side forward three-layer compression ring 55, one end of the winding part is provided with a forward one-layer limiting part 531, and one side of the forward one-layer limiting part 531 is attached to the connecting part;
the sliding wire pressing mechanism 6 comprises a wire pressing driving cylinder 61, a guide frame 62, a combined oil cylinder 63, a wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64, a wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring 65 and a wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring 66, the wire pressing driving cylinder 61 is connected to the bottom plate 1 through a second mounting frame, the guide frame 62 is connected with the output end of the wire pressing driving cylinder 61, the guide frame 62 is connected with the second mounting frame in a sliding manner, the combined oil cylinder 63 is arranged on the guide frame 62, the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 is movably sleeved on the guide frame 62, the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring 65 is movably sleeved on the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64, the wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring 66 is movably sleeved on the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring 65, the combined oil cylinder 63 has a first output end, a second output end and a third output end, the first output end of the combined oil cylinder 63 is connected with the wire pressing side, a second output end of the combined oil cylinder 63 is connected with a line pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring 65, and a third output end of the combined oil cylinder 63 is connected with a line pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring 66;
the winding machine further comprises a material pulling mechanism 7, wherein the material pulling mechanism 7 is used for being matched with the wire pressing die mechanism 5 to wind a reverse winding coil group.
The working mode of the embodiment is as follows: firstly, a section of motor winding wire is transferred from a material roll to the annular winding mechanism 4 through the annular winding mechanism 4, then the tail end of the motor winding wire is pulled to the pulling mechanism 7, the motor winding wire for winding a reverse winding coil group is reserved under the action of the pulling mechanism 7, then under the action of the annular winding mechanism 4, the annular winding mechanism 4 winds the motor winding wire except the reserved motor winding wire on the winding part of the winding mold 53 in three forward layers, before winding, an insulating block nine is attached to the tail end of the limiting part 531 along the limiting part 531 on the forward layer along the winding part, then the annular winding mechanism 4 winds the first turn on the forward layer on the winding mold 53, then a wire pressing driving cylinder 61 pushes a guide frame 62 to extend out towards the wire pressing mold mechanism 5, then a wire pressing side forward layer of pressing ring 64 is pushed out under the action of a combined oil cylinder 63, thus, the forward one-layer limiting part 531 on the winding part is a forming fixing male die, the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 is a moving female die, a first turn of the first layer is subjected to novel extrusion forming, namely the moving female die moves towards the forming fixing male die to perform extrusion shaping, and the process is repeated, the linear moving mechanism 3 drives the annular winding mechanism 4 to move in the axial direction of the coil, so that the last turn of the first layer is wound and shaped, meanwhile, the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 keeps an extending state, and the motor winding wire is transited from the first layer to the second layer under the action of the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64; when the second layer is wound, the positive second-layer pressing ring 65 on the line pressing side extends out to abut against the first turn of the second layer, the positive second-layer pressing ring 65 on the line pressing side is used as a forming fixing male die, the positive second-layer pressing ring 54 on the die side is used as a moving female die, each turn of the second layer is continuously extruded and formed under the driving of the first oil cylinder 56, and at the moment, the tail end of the first layer of the second layer is wound back to the position above the initial end of the first layer; winding a forward third layer, directly transiting from the second layer to the third layer, simultaneously placing an insulation block eight at a transition section between the second layer and the third layer, continuously performing extrusion forming on each turn of the third layer by taking the die side forward three-layer compression ring 55 as a forming fixed male die and the line pressing side forward three-layer compression ring 66 as a moving male die until the last turn of the third layer is wound and shaped, and reserving a first lead-out wire with a proper length, thus finishing the winding work of the three-layer motor coil group of the forward winding coil group;
after the winding of the forward winding coil group is completed, the pressing line driving cylinder 61 drives the pressing line side forward one-layer pressing ring 64, the pressing line side forward two-layer pressing ring 65 and the pressing line side forward three-layer pressing ring 66 to be retracted, so as to withdraw from the winding part of the winding mold 53, meanwhile, the mold side forward two-layer pressing ring 54 and the mold side forward three-layer pressing ring 55 are retracted under the action of the first oil cylinder 56 and the second oil cylinder 57, then the rotating motor 51 drives the rotating frame 52 to rotate reversely, the rotating frame 52 drives the winding mold 53 to rotate reversely, when the winding mold 53 rotates reversely, the motor winding wire which is reserved in advance for winding the reverse winding coil group is reversely wound three-layer on the winding part of the winding mold 53 by matching with the pulling mechanism 7, and a second outgoing line with a proper length is reserved.
In the embodiment, the three-layer forward winding coil group is wound by mutually matching the oppositely arranged wire pressing die mechanism 5 and the sliding wire pressing mechanism 6, and the three-layer reverse winding coil group is wound by matching the wire pressing die mechanism 5 and the material pulling mechanism 7, so that the three-layer pole-attached coil is wound, and the labor intensity of winding the three-layer pole-attached coil is greatly reduced by mechanical operation.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the forward one-layer limiting portion 531 is set as a first male die, as shown in fig. 7 to 11, an upper edge of the free end portion of the line pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 is provided with a first female die a for cooperating with the first male die to make the forward winding coil group perform the inter-turn transition, and a lower edge of the free end portion of the line pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 is provided with a first unfilled corner b for the inter-turn transition of the forward winding coil group;
a second concave die c for second turn-to-turn transition transfer is arranged on the upper edge of the free end part of the die side forward two-layer compression ring 54, and a second unfilled corner d convenient for the second concave die c to fully extend out is arranged on the lower edge of the free end part of the die side forward two-layer compression ring 54;
the upper edge of the free end part of the line pressing side forward two-layer compression ring 65 is provided with a second male die e which is used for being matched with a second female die c to enable the second layer of turns of the forward winding coil group to be in transition transfer, and the lower edge of the free end part of the line pressing side forward two-layer compression ring 65 is provided with a third unfilled corner f which is matched with the first unfilled corner b to enable the forward winding coil group to be in transition transfer;
the lower edge of the free end part of the die side forward three-layer compression ring 55 is provided with a bevel edge male die edge g in a protruding mode, the lower edge of the free end part of the line pressing side forward three-layer compression ring 66 is provided with a bevel edge female die edge h matched with the bevel edge male die edge g in a protruding mode, and during winding, the bevel edge female die edge h is matched with the bevel edge male die edge g in a protruding mode, so that the forward winding coil group third layer inter-turn transition transfer is achieved.
In the complete intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot in this embodiment, a tapered portion is disposed on one side of the winding portion of the winding mold 53, which is far away from the connecting portion. The arrangement is such that the wound three-layer additional pole coil can be removed from the winding die 53.
This embodiment an intelligence three-layer epipolar coil coiling robot complete machine, be equipped with slip subassembly 67 on the second mounting bracket and be equipped with two first curb plates 68 side by side, slip subassembly 67 is located between two first curb plates 68, the output of line ball driving cylinder 61 is connected with sliding block 69, leading truck 62 is fixed on sliding block 69, sliding block 69's bottom surface and sliding block 67 are connected, two first curb plate 68 is equipped with the spacing arch that is used for restricting the biggest stroke of sliding block 69 respectively keeping away from the one end of line ball driving cylinder 61. In practical use, the line pressing driving cylinder 61 transmits pushing force and pulling force to the guide frame 62 through the sliding block 69, so that the feeding and withdrawing of the line pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64, the line pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring 65 and the line pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring 66 are realized, the limiting protrusions are arranged, the maximum stroke of the movement of the sliding block 69 towards the line pressing die mechanism 5 can be limited, the line pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64, the line pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring 65 and the line pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring 66 are ensured not to be excessively fed, and the structure is more reliable; in this embodiment, the second mounting bracket is L-shaped, the one end of second mounting bracket is fixed on bottom plate 1, line ball driving cylinder 61 is fixed at the other end of second mounting bracket, two first curb plate 68 are fixed in the one end of second mounting bracket, slip subassembly 67 includes linear guide and slider, and linear guide fixes in the one end of second mounting bracket to be located between two first curb plate 68, slider sliding connection is on linear guide, and slider 69 fixed connection is on the slider.
In the embodiment of the complete intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot, as shown in fig. 5, the drawing mechanism 7 includes a U-shaped drawing support 71, a U-shaped floating support 72, a nip roll 73, a U-shaped power support 74, a power roll 75, a hold-down spring 76 and an electromagnet 77, the drawing support 71 is connected to the base plate 1 through a third mounting bracket, two ends of the drawing support 71 are respectively connected to the third mounting bracket, the floating support 72 and the power support 74 are relatively arranged on the drawing support 71, the nip roll 73 is rotatably arranged on the floating support 72, the power roll 75 is rotatably arranged on the power support 74, the electromagnet 77 is fixed to the top of the drawing support 71, two ends of the hold-down spring 76 are respectively connected to the top of the floating drawing support 71 and the top of the floating support 72, side edges of two ends of the drawing support 71 are bent inward to form a limiting guide edge, the bottom end of the limiting guide edge extends to form a supporting foot for supporting the power bracket 74. In actual use, the electromagnet 77 is electrified, the electromagnet 77 magnetically adsorbs the floating support 72, the floating support 72 drives the nip roll 73 to slide upwards, and compresses the hold-down spring 76, at which time the distance between the nip roller 73 and the power roller 75 increases, so as to pass through the motor winding wire, and then the electromagnet 77 is de-energized, the nip roller 73 is slid downward, under the action of the pressing spring 76, the nip roll 73 always keeps pressing force on the winding wire of the motor, then the power roller 75 rotates to pull out the motor winding wire, thereby achieving the purpose of reserving the motor winding wire for winding the reverse winding coil group, when the winding of the forward winding coil group is finished, the power roller 75 rotates reversely, therefore, the motor winding wire is conveyed for winding the reverse winding coil group, and meanwhile, the tension of the motor winding wire is kept constantly under the action of the nip roll 73, so that the winding work of the reverse winding coil group is guaranteed to be completed smoothly.
In this embodiment, the number of the pressing springs 76 is two, and the two pressing springs 76 are symmetrically disposed on two sides of the electromagnet 77, so that the stress on the floating bracket 72 is more balanced, and further, the pressing force of the nip roll 73 is more balanced.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, the annular winding mechanism 4 includes a fixing plate 41, a winding driving motor 42, a winding ring 43, a wire storage ring 44, and a wire loop braking component 45, one side of the fixing plate 41 is slidably connected to the linear moving mechanism 3, the winding driving motor 42 is disposed on the surface of the fixing plate 41 facing the wire pressing mold mechanism 5, four guiding wheel sets 46 distributed in a quadrilateral shape are disposed on the surface of the fixing plate 41 facing away from the wire pressing mold mechanism 5, the fixing plate 41 is provided with a central through hole matching with the winding ring 43 and the wire storage ring 44, the central through hole is located between the four guiding wheel sets 46, the winding ring 43 and the wire storage ring 44 are embedded between the four guiding wheel sets 46 side by side, an inter-ring connecting bolt 47 is connected between the winding ring 43 and the wire storage ring 44, the winding ring 43 is further provided with a reel 48 and a U-shaped wire guiding groove 49, the reel 48 is coupled to the winding ring 43 and located between the winding ring 43 and the wire retaining ring 44, one end of the wire guide groove 49 is connected to the winding ring 43, the other end of the wire guide groove 49 is located above the wire retaining ring 44, the distance between the two ends of the wire guide groove 49 is gradually reduced from one side to the other side, the winding driving motor 42 is drivingly connected to the winding ring 43 through a gear and a ring gear, and the wire retaining member 45 is used for controlling the rotation speed of the wire retaining ring 44.
In actual use, before winding, the winding ring 43 and the wire storage ring 44 are fixedly connected together through the inter-ring connecting bolt 47 between the two rings to transmit power to the wire storage ring 44, so that the motor winding wire can be wound and stored in the wire storage ring 44 from a material coil, after the wire storage is finished, the connection between the winding ring 43 and the wire storage ring 44 is broken, then the motor winding wire between the wire storage ring 44 and the material coil is cut, one end of the motor winding wire wound on the wire storage ring 44 passes through the wire guiding groove 49 and then is wound into the wheel groove of the winding wheel 48, meanwhile, the annular winding mechanism 4 is driven by the linear moving mechanism 3 to move towards the wire pressing die mechanism 5, so that the winding die 53 of the wire pressing die mechanism 5 passes through the central through hole of the fixing plate 41, then one end of the motor winding wire passes through the pulling mechanism 7, and the length of the motor winding wire of the reverse winding coil group is pulled out of the wire storage ring 44 under the action of the pulling mechanism 7, then under the action of a winding driving motor 42, a winding ring 43 is driven to rotate through a gear and a gear ring, meanwhile, a linear moving mechanism 3 drives an annular winding mechanism 4 to move, a motor winding wire of a forward winding coil group is wound on a winding part of a winding mold 53 in sequence, and meanwhile, a wire pressing mold mechanism 5 and a sliding wire pressing mechanism 6 are matched with each other to carry out extrusion forming on each turn of coil in the winding process; the wire ring braking component 45 can control the rotating speed of the wire storing ring 44 in the winding process, so as to control the tension of the motor winding wire in the winding process, and meet the winding requirements of wires with different wire diameters and different cross-section shapes.
The embodiment of the complete intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot is characterized in that the linear moving mechanism 3 comprises a linear driving motor, a screw rod, two second side plates and two guide rods, the second side plates are correspondingly fixed on the vertical plate 2 side by side, the two guide rods are fixed between the two second side plates side by side, two ends of the screw rod are respectively rotatably connected to the two second side plates and located between the two guide rods, the linear driving motor is fixed on one of the second side plates and connected with one end of the screw rod, and the annular winding mechanism 4 is respectively connected with the screw rod and the two guide rods through linear bearings. In practical use, the linear driving motor drives the screw rod to rotate, and the screw rod drives the fixing plate 41 of the annular winding mechanism 4 to move parallel to the axis of the coil, so that winding of each turn of each layer in the forward winding coil group is realized.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equivalent changes or modifications of the structure, characteristics and principles described in the present patent application are included in the protection scope of the present patent application.

Claims (7)

1. An intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine is characterized in that,
the device comprises a shockproof machine table (a), wherein two symmetrically arranged winding machines (b) are arranged on the machine table.
2. The intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine as claimed in claim 1,
the winding machine (b) comprises a bottom plate (1), a vertical plate (2) arranged on one side of the bottom plate (1), a linear moving mechanism (3) arranged on the vertical plate (2), an annular winding mechanism (4) with one side connected to the linear moving mechanism (3) in a sliding manner, a wire pressing die mechanism (5) and a sliding wire pressing mechanism (6) which are oppositely arranged on two ends of the bottom plate (1), wherein the linear moving mechanism (3) is used for driving the annular winding mechanism (4) to do linear reciprocating motion, and the annular winding mechanism (4) is used for winding a motor winding on the wire pressing die mechanism (5) in the forward direction;
the wire pressing die mechanism (5) comprises a rotary motor (51), a rotary frame (52), a winding die (53), a die side forward two-layer clamping ring (54) and a die side forward three-layer clamping ring (55), wherein the rotary motor (51) is connected to the bottom plate (1) through a first mounting frame, the rotary frame (52) is connected with the output end of the rotary motor (51), the winding die (53) is provided with an integrally formed connecting part and a winding part, the thickness of the winding part is smaller than that of the connecting part, the connecting part of the winding die (53) is connected to the rotary frame (52), the die side forward two-layer clamping ring (54) is movably sleeved on the connecting part of the winding die (53), the die side forward three-layer clamping ring (55) is movably sleeved on the die side forward two-layer clamping ring (54), the connecting part of the winding die (53) is embedded with a first oil cylinder (56) and a second oil cylinder (57), a piston rod of the first oil cylinder (56) is connected with the die side forward two-layer compression ring (54), a piston rod of the second oil cylinder (57) is connected with the die side forward three-layer compression ring (55), a forward one-layer limiting part (531) is arranged at one end of the winding part, and one side of the forward one-layer limiting part (531) is attached to the connecting part;
the sliding wire pressing mechanism (6) comprises a wire pressing driving cylinder (61), a guide frame (62), a combined oil cylinder (63), a wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring (64), a wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring (65) and a wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring (66), the wire pressing driving cylinder (61) is connected to the bottom plate (1) through a second mounting frame, the guide frame (62) is connected with the output end of the wire pressing driving cylinder (61), the guide frame (62) is connected with the second mounting frame in a sliding manner, the combined oil cylinder (63) is arranged on the guide frame (62), the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring (64) is movably sleeved on the guide frame (62), the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring (65) is movably sleeved on the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring (64), the wire pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring (66) is movably sleeved on the wire pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring (65), the combined oil cylinder (63) is provided with a first output end, a second output end and a third output end, the first output end of the combined oil cylinder (63) is connected with the line pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring (64), the second output end of the combined oil cylinder (63) is connected with the line pressing side forward two-layer pressing ring (65), and the third output end of the combined oil cylinder (63) is connected with the line pressing side forward three-layer pressing ring (66);
the winding machine is characterized by further comprising a material pulling mechanism (7), wherein the material pulling mechanism (7) is used for being matched with the wire pressing die mechanism (5) to wind a reverse winding coil group.
3. The robot for winding the intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil as claimed in claim 1, wherein a tapered portion is provided on a side of the winding portion of the winding mold (53) away from the connecting portion.
4. The intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a sliding assembly (67) and two first side plates (68) are arranged side by side on the second mounting frame, the sliding assembly (67) is located between the two first side plates (68), the output end of the wire pressing driving cylinder (61) is connected with a sliding block (69), the guide frame (62) is fixed on the sliding block (69), the bottom surface of the sliding block (69) is connected with the sliding assembly (67), and the two first side plates (68) are respectively provided with a limiting protrusion for limiting the maximum sliding stroke of the sliding block (69) at one end far away from the wire pressing driving cylinder (61).
5. The intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the drawing mechanism (7) comprises a U-shaped drawing support (71), a U-shaped floating support (72), a material pressing roller (73), a U-shaped power support (74), a power roller (75), a pressing spring (76) and an electromagnet (77), the drawing support (71) is connected to the base plate (1) through a third mounting frame, two ends of the drawing support (71) are respectively connected to the third mounting frame, the floating support (72) and the power support (74) are oppositely arranged on the drawing support (71), the material pressing roller (73) is rotatably arranged on the floating support (72), the power roller (75) is rotatably arranged on the power support (74), the electromagnet (77) is fixed to the top of the drawing support (71), and two ends of the pressing spring (76) are respectively connected to the top of the drawing support (71) and the floating support (72) ) The side edges at two ends of the pulling support (71) are bent inwards to form a limiting guide edge, and supporting legs for supporting the power support (74) extend from the bottom end of the limiting guide edge.
6. The robot winding complete machine of the intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil as claimed in claim 1, wherein the annular winding mechanism (4) comprises a fixing plate (41), a winding driving motor (42), a winding ring (43), a wire storage ring (44) and a wire ring braking component (45), one side of the fixing plate (41) is slidably connected to the linear moving mechanism (3), the winding driving motor (42) is arranged on the surface of the fixing plate (41) facing the wire pressing die mechanism (5), four guide wheel sets (46) distributed in a quadrilateral shape are arranged on the surface of the fixing plate (41) facing away from the wire pressing die mechanism (5), the fixing plate (41) is provided with a central through hole matched with the winding ring (43) and the wire storage ring (44), the central through hole is located between the four guide wheel sets (46), the winding ring (43) and the wire storage ring (44) are embedded between the four guide wheel sets (46) side by side, an inter-ring connecting bolt (47) is connected between the winding ring (43) and the wire storing ring (44), a winding wheel (48) and a U-shaped wire guide groove (49) are further arranged on the winding ring (43), the winding wheel (48) is connected to the winding ring (43) in a shaft mode and located between the winding ring (43) and the wire storing ring (44), one end of the wire guide groove (49) is connected to the winding ring (43), the other end of the wire guide groove (49) is located above the wire storing ring (44), the distance between two ends of the wire guide groove (49) is gradually reduced from one side to the other side, the winding driving motor (42) is in transmission connection with the winding ring (43) through a gear and a gear ring, the wire ring braking component (45) is used for controlling the rotating speed '' of the wire storing ring (44), and the linear moving mechanism (3) comprises a linear driving motor, a screw rod, two second side plates and two guide rods, the two second side plates are correspondingly fixed on the vertical plate (2) side by side, the two guide rods are fixed between the two second side plates side by side, two ends of the screw rod are respectively and rotatably connected to the two second side plates and located between the two guide rods, the linear driving motor is fixed on one of the second side plates and connected with one end of the screw rod, and the annular winding mechanism (4) is respectively connected with the screw rod and the two guide rods through linear bearings.
7. A winding method of a three-layer auxiliary pole coil comprises the following steps: the method is characterized in that: firstly, a section of motor winding wire is transferred from a material roll to the annular winding mechanism 4 through the annular winding mechanism 4, then the tail end of the motor winding wire is pulled to the pulling mechanism 7, the motor winding wire for winding a reverse winding coil group is reserved under the action of the pulling mechanism 7, then under the action of the annular winding mechanism 4, the annular winding mechanism 4 winds the motor winding wire except the reserved motor winding wire on the winding part of the winding mold 53 in three forward layers, before winding, an insulating block nine is attached to the tail end of the limiting part 531 along the limiting part 531 on the forward layer along the winding part, then the annular winding mechanism 4 winds the first turn on the forward layer on the winding mold 53, then a wire pressing driving cylinder 61 pushes a guide frame 62 to extend out towards the wire pressing mold mechanism 5, then a wire pressing side forward layer of pressing ring 64 is pushed out under the action of a combined oil cylinder 63, thus, the forward one-layer limiting part 531 on the winding part is a forming fixing male die, the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 is a moving female die, a first turn of the first layer is subjected to novel extrusion forming, namely the moving female die moves towards the forming fixing male die to perform extrusion shaping, and the process is repeated, the linear moving mechanism 3 drives the annular winding mechanism 4 to move in the axial direction of the coil, so that the last turn of the first layer is wound and shaped, meanwhile, the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64 keeps an extending state, and the motor winding wire is transited from the first layer to the second layer under the action of the wire pressing side forward one-layer pressing ring 64; when the second layer is wound, the positive second-layer pressing ring 65 on the line pressing side extends out to abut against the first turn of the second layer, the positive second-layer pressing ring 65 on the line pressing side is used as a forming fixing male die, the positive second-layer pressing ring 54 on the die side is used as a moving female die, each turn of the second layer is continuously extruded and formed under the driving of the first oil cylinder 56, and at the moment, the tail end of the first layer of the second layer is wound back to the position above the initial end of the first layer; and winding the forward third layer, directly transiting from the second layer to the third layer, simultaneously placing an insulation block eight at a transition section between the second layer and the third layer, continuously performing extrusion forming on each turn of the third layer by taking the die side forward three-layer compression ring 55 as a forming fixing male die and the line pressing side forward three-layer compression ring 66 as a moving male die until the last turn of the third layer is wound and shaped, and reserving a first lead-out wire with proper length, thus finishing the winding work of the three-layer motor coil group of the forward winding coil group.
CN202010083295.9A 2020-02-09 Intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine CN111082617B (en)

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CN202010083295.9A CN111082617B (en) 2020-02-09 Intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine
CN202011113366.1A CN112332623A (en) 2020-02-09 2020-02-09 Winding method of intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine

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CN111082617B CN111082617B (en) 2021-03-05

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200412824Y1 (en) * 2006-01-04 2006-04-03 권동철 winding equipment of BLDC motor
CN102385983A (en) * 2010-09-03 2012-03-21 上海祯驰电气设备有限公司 Foil type winding machine wound with two-layer coils
CN102624166A (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-08-01 中山市远东电动工具有限公司 Winding machine used for automatically winding stator coil of slotless motor
CN102843004A (en) * 2012-09-17 2012-12-26 苏州依斯克拉汽车电器有限公司 Winding device and method of armature winding
CN204155757U (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-02-11 深圳市有钢机电设备有限公司 Coil winding machine
EP2889990A1 (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-07-01 Marsilli & Co. S.P.A. Device for inserting, winding and layering a wire on one or more stator or rotor cores
CN109378952A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-22 金华市捷欣智能科技有限公司 A kind of flat type copper wire coiling molding machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200412824Y1 (en) * 2006-01-04 2006-04-03 권동철 winding equipment of BLDC motor
CN102385983A (en) * 2010-09-03 2012-03-21 上海祯驰电气设备有限公司 Foil type winding machine wound with two-layer coils
CN102624166A (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-08-01 中山市远东电动工具有限公司 Winding machine used for automatically winding stator coil of slotless motor
CN102843004A (en) * 2012-09-17 2012-12-26 苏州依斯克拉汽车电器有限公司 Winding device and method of armature winding
EP2889990A1 (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-07-01 Marsilli & Co. S.P.A. Device for inserting, winding and layering a wire on one or more stator or rotor cores
CN204155757U (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-02-11 深圳市有钢机电设备有限公司 Coil winding machine
CN109378952A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-22 金华市捷欣智能科技有限公司 A kind of flat type copper wire coiling molding machine

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