CN110034646B - Pole coil winding mould and the method for winding for using the pole coil winding mould - Google Patents

Pole coil winding mould and the method for winding for using the pole coil winding mould Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110034646B
CN110034646B CN201910508811.5A CN201910508811A CN110034646B CN 110034646 B CN110034646 B CN 110034646B CN 201910508811 A CN201910508811 A CN 201910508811A CN 110034646 B CN110034646 B CN 110034646B
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China
Prior art keywords
mold core
wedge shape
gauge
disk
baffle plate
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CN110034646A (en
Inventor
曹扬
范勇
姜敞�
陈锋
吴军
徐建洪
卢念成
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New United Rail Transit Technology Co Ltd
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New United Rail Transit Technology Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/04Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines of windings, prior to mounting into machines
    • H02K15/0435Wound windings
    • H02K15/0442Loop windings
    • H02K15/045Form wound coils

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Manufacture Of Motors, Generators (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pole coil winding mould and use the method for winding of the pole coil winding mould, comprising: rear mold, preceding mould, unwinding snap-gauge group and unwinding disk, rear mold include mold core after being connected molding rear mold baffle plate and wedge shape;Preceding mould includes mold core before being connected molding preceding mould baffle plate and wedge shape;After wedge shape the inclined-plane of mold core be suitable for be bonded with the inclined-plane of mold core before wedge shape so that after wedge shape mold core and wedge shape before mold core split formed suitable for electromagnetic wire wind coiling mold core;Preceding mould baffle plate be suitable for rear mold baffle plate Relative distribution, and formed between rear mold baffle plate and preceding mould baffle plate for mold core after split wedge shape and it is wedge-shaped before mold core section;Unwinding snap-gauge group includes a pair of of the circle snap-gauge being oppositely arranged.Using pole coil winding mould of the invention and the compactedness using the method for winding of the pole coil winding mould, after pole coil coiling can be improved.

Description

Pole coil winding mould and the method for winding for using the pole coil winding mould
Technical field
The present invention relates to motor manufacturing processing technique field more particularly to a kind of pole coil winding mould and use the magnetic The method for winding of pole coil winding mold.
Background technique
In the power equipments such as direct current generator, ac synchronous motor and transformer, pole coil is important component therein, With the raising of the power equipments power density such as motor, also require pole coil structure more compact, current density improves.To at Type pole coil usually drives the winding mould being fixed thereon to rotate by motor or machine tool chief axis, by conducting wire be wrapped in around Then coil production is completed in demoulding on line mold.
Such as the patent of publication number CN108573809A " a kind of winding mould component and its winding mould " discloses one kind Winding mould component includes drive mechanism and winding mould.Wherein, drive mechanism includes positioning disk, ring flange and extension shaft, Fixed on the output by ring flange, winding mould includes interior wedge block and outer wedge block, and inside and outside wedge block includes coiling Block and block end plate, Stop structure are arranged at the big end of two wedge blocks, and Stop structure forms block on winding mould Face, block end plate and the positioning disk inlay card of interior wedge block are located by connecting.In use, conducting wire is wrapped in two wedge blocks composition On the periphery wall of portion's rectangle body Model, cross spacing is carried out to coil by stopping surface, the coil slump of outer layer is prevented, avoids The shape and size of end turn are not up to standard, and then improve the Forming Quality of coil.For the winding mould of the patent disclosure For make coil when for one direction wind, for multilayer multiturn coil, the starting point of made formed coil must be from line It encloses internal layer to draw, integrally irregular so as to cause the formed coil of production, starting point wire locations short transverse can locally be protruded Single turn size influences coil assembly, is unfavorable for compact overall structure.
Summary of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of pole coil winding mould, compact after raising coil winding to solve The technical issues of property.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method for winding using pole coil winding mould, to solve to improve line Enclose coiling after compactedness the technical issues of.
Pole coil winding mould of the invention is achieved in that
A kind of pole coil winding mould, comprising:
Rear mold, the rear mold include mold core after being connected molding rear mold baffle plate and wedge shape;
Preceding mould, the preceding mould include mold core before being connected molding preceding mould baffle plate and wedge shape;Mold core is oblique after the wedge shape Face be suitable for be bonded with the inclined-plane of mold core before wedge shape so that after wedge shape mold core and wedge shape before mold core split formed suitable for electromagnetic wire winding Coiling mold core;The preceding mould baffle plate be suitable for rear mold baffle plate Relative distribution, and in rear mold baffle plate and preceding mould baffle plate Between formed for split wedge shape after mold core and wedge shape before mold core section;
Snap-gauge group is unwound, the unwinding snap-gauge group includes a pair of of the circle snap-gauge being oppositely arranged, a pair of circle snap-gauge difference U-shaped groove with one for being clamped with mold core before mold core after the wedge shape and wedge shape;And a pair of circle snap-gauge is respectively After mold core clamps before mold core after the wedge shape and wedge shape, a pair of circle snap-gauge is adapted to be posted by rear mold baffle plate court Forward on a side end face of mould baffle plate;
Disk is unwound, the unwinding disk is suitable for being coupled with the rear mold and preceding mould, and mold core is with before after the wedge shape of the rear mold Mold core split locks after forming coiling mold core with the unwinding disk before the wedge shape of mould, and the unwinding disk is close to the rear mold backstop Side end face setting of the backboard from preceding mould baffle plate.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, a pair of circle snap-gauge respectively with mold core after the wedge shape and it is wedge-shaped before mould After core clamps, the part for the upside that a pair of circle snap-gauge is located at coiling mold core is respectively provided with an inclined surface;And a pair of circle The inclined surface of one of circle snap-gauge is towards rear mold baffle plate in snap-gauge, and the inclined surface of another circle snap-gauge is towards preceding mould backstop Plate;And
The inclined surface being respectively provided on a pair of circle snap-gauge is identical relative to the slope of circle snap-gauge.
One of circle in preferred embodiments of the present invention, in a pair of circle snap-gauge of rear mold baffle plate direction The side end face of the inclined surface of snap-gauge is equipped with one from the lateral wall of the rear mold baffle plate to the inclined conformal wire casing of medium position;
The conformal wire casing has a high order end and a low order end along inclined direction;
The high order end of the conformal wire casing is close to the lateral wall setting of rear mold baffle plate and the low order end of the conformal wire casing Medium position close to rear mold baffle plate is arranged.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the groove width of the conformal wire casing is not less than the line width of electromagnetic wire;And
The thickness of the circle snap-gauge is not less than the line width of electromagnetic wire.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, left-external side edge and the right outer side edge edge of the rear mold baffle plate are respectively equipped with One recess crosses line short slot.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the left-external side edge and right outer side edge edge of the preceding mould baffle plate, Yi Jishang Side edge and lower side are along the shaping slot for being respectively equipped with a recess.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the unwinding disk includes that the first fixed disk being oppositely arranged and second are fixed Disk, and the circular disk for being suitable for electromagnetic wire winding being connected between the first fixed disk and the second fixed disk;
Second fixed disk is arranged close to the rear mold baffle plate;And
The left-external side edge of mold core and the side end face point on right outer side edge edge after second fixed disk corresponds to the wedge shape Not She You a recess cross line notch, it is described to cross line notch and the line short slot of crossing is correspondingly arranged so that electromagnetic wire is suitable for simultaneously wearing It crosses the line notch excessively and crosses line short slot;
Be parallel on the circular disk axis direction compartment of terrain around disk be equipped with it is multiple for fixing consolidating for electromagnetic wire Determine slot.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, the unwinding disk further includes through first fixed disk, the second fixed disk With the center fixation hole around the center of disk;
It is suitable for after mold core split before the wedge shape of mold core and preceding mould through an installation bolt successively after the wedge shape of the rear mold Lock again with the center fixation hole after preceding mould and rear mold;And
It is described unwinding disk further include through state the first fixed disk, the second fixed disk and around disk and be located at center fixation hole At least a pair of pilot hole for being coupled with coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism of side.
Method for winding of the invention is achieved in that
A kind of method for winding, comprising: use the pole coil winding mould;Include:
Step S1: after mould and preceding mould and unwinding disk lock in the completed, the unwinding electromagnetic wire that electromagnetic wire is reserved is wound in It unwinds on disk;
Step S2: a pair of of circle snap-gauge is clamped with mold core after mold core before wedge shape and wedge shape respectively, so that electromagnetic wire was reserved Unwind electromagnetic wire remaining electromagnetic wire one of circle from mold core after wedge shape and a pair of of circle snap-gauge after the winding for completing unwinding disk It is wound in after being passed through between snap-gauge on the coiling mold core formed after mold core split before mold core and wedge shape after wedge shape and carries out electromagnetic wire Positive coiling unwinds disk at this time and rotates in the forward direction;
Step S3: after completing electromagnetic wire relative to the positive coiling of coiling mold core, a pair of of circle snap-gauge is removed, while will be electric The reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire of magnet-wire is unclamped from unwinding disk, driven by unwinding the reverse rotation of disk unwinding electromagnetic wire surround around Line mold core is oppositely wound.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention, electromagnetic wire in step s 2 surrounds the process of coiling mold core forward direction coiling In, electromagnetic wire avoids circle snap-gauge so that electromagnetic wire will not be wrapped on circle snap-gauge.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention has the following beneficial effects: pole coil winding mould of the invention And the method for winding using the pole coil winding mould allows to carry out electromagnetism by the cooperation of unwinding disk and unwinding snap-gauge group During line is wound, the temporary fixation of the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire of electromagnetic wire can be carried out with unwinding disk, and passes through unwinding snap-gauge The limit of group, so that the turn-to-turn in the positive coiling of electromagnetic wire realizes serpentine bending transition transfer, and in the reversed of electromagnetic wire Serpentine bending transition transfer is realized between coiling and the positive coiling of electromagnetic wire, and raising coil is shifted by serpentine bending transition and is twined Around overall compactness, and using pole coil winding mould of the invention make the winding process of electromagnetic wire formed it is positive around System and oppositely wound structure, so that the electricity that the lead-out wire and oppositely wound lead-out wire of positive coiling are formed from coiling The outside of magnetic coil is drawn, and is had the advantages that additionally increase the local height of whole coil, is avoided Local Convex circle, so as to It contacts when being drawn to avoid the lead-out wire of coil in the prior art from coil internal layer with rotor or is asked with what stator yoke was interfered Topic generates.
Further, the shaping slot being provided at the edge of preceding mould baffle plate, so that in the coiling for carrying out electromagnetic wire Cheng Zhong can carry out shaping to coil in real time, promote the winding of coil turn-to-turn close not loose, guarantee that loop construction is compact.
Further, for whole unwinding disk, unwinding disk passes through pilot hole and coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism Between dismounted, disassembly process convenient and efficient is also convenient for the disassembly by unwinding disk and coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism To be safeguarded to coiling mold core.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the signal that the electromagnetic coil formed after electromagnetic wire winding is carried out using pole coil winding mould of the invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram at the first visual angle of pole coil winding mould of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram at the second visual angle of pole coil winding mould of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram at the third visual angle of pole coil winding mould of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the configuration schematic diagram of pole coil winding mould of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram at the 4th visual angle of pole coil winding mould of the invention;
Fig. 7 is that the pole coil winding mould of Fig. 6 is wound with the status diagram after the electromagnetic wire of part.
In figure: the reserved unwinding electricity of lead-out wire 1, serpentine bending transition transfer R, the electromagnetic wire of the electromagnetic wire of positive coiling The lead-out wire 5 of magnet-wire 3, oppositely wound electromagnetic wire;
Rear mold baffle plate 101 crosses mold core 102, inclined-plane Q, conformal wire casing 1012, high order end after line short slot 1011, wedge shape 1013, low order end 1015;
Mold core 202 before preceding mould baffle plate 201, shaping slot 2011, wedge shape;
Circle snap-gauge 300, U-shaped groove 301, inclined surface K, base portion 302, wing portion 303;
First fixed disk 401, the second fixed disk 402, circular disk 403, fixing groove 4031, line notch 405, center excessively are fixed Hole 407;
Bolt 501, pilot hole 503 are installed.
Specific embodiment
In order that the present invention can be more clearly and readily understood, right below according to specific embodiment and in conjunction with attached drawing The present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1:
It please refers to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, present embodiments provides a kind of pole coil winding mould, be suitable for as shown in Figure 1 Pole coil, which is formed with the electromagnetism of positive coiling part and oppositely wound part in electromagnetic wire winding process The electromagnetic coil that line, the lead-out wire 1 of the electromagnetic wire of positive coiling and the lead-out wire 5 of oppositely wound electromagnetic wire are formed from coiling Outside draw (positive coiling herein and it is oppositely wound specifically refer to the winding direction relative to mold be it is opposite, Define one of direction for forward direction, another direction be it is reversed, herein in regard to positive coiling and oppositely wound detailed restriction It can be the attached polar curve circle and its winding method of the direct current generator of CN109728669A with referenced patent publication No.).
Specifically, the pole coil winding mould of the present embodiment includes: to form the preceding mould of coiling mold core with after for split Mould, and the unwinding disk for being assembled with coiling mold core.Unwinding disk herein is used for and coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism phase Even, allow coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism drive unwinding disk positive or reversely rotate (herein rotate in the forward direction and Reversely rotating specifically corresponding is direction of rotation on the contrary, the two kinds of contrary rotations for rotating clockwise and rotating counterclockwise Mode).
Specifically, rear mold includes mold core 102 after being connected molding rear mold baffle plate 101 and wedge shape, and rear mold herein is stopped Mold core 102 can be integrally formed structure after baffle 101 and wedge shape, be also possible to the modular construction of assembly, in this regard, this reality It applies example and does not do absolute limit.Preceding mould includes mold core 202 before being connected molding preceding mould baffle plate 201 and wedge shape, and preceding mould herein stops Mold core 202 can be integrally formed structure before baffle 201 and wedge shape, be also possible to the modular construction of assembly, in this regard, this reality It applies example and does not do absolute limit.
After wedge shape the inclined-plane Q of mold core 102 be suitable for be bonded with the inclined-plane Q of mold core 202 before wedge shape so that after wedge shape mold core 102 and 202 split of mold core forms the coiling mold core for being suitable for electromagnetic wire winding before wedge shape, needs to be illustrated herein, mold core after wedge shape 102 and wedge shape before mold core 202 specification be adaptation so that after wedge shape mold core 102 and wedge shape before 202 split of mold core formed The smooth no protrusion of coiling core surface, wound around on coiling mold core convenient for electromagnetic wire.And preceding mould baffle plate 201 be suitable for 101 Relative distribution of rear mold baffle plate, and formed between rear mold baffle plate 101 and preceding mould baffle plate 201 for after split wedge shape The section of mold core 202 before mold core 102 and wedge shape.Before should be noted inclined-plane Q and wedge shape for mold core 102 after wedge shape The position of the inclined-plane Q fitting of mold core 202 approaches for the preceding mould baffle plate 201 and rear mold baffle plate 101 of Relative distribution The central region of Yu Qianmo baffle plate 201 and rear mold baffle plate 101, central region with rule structural body for, specially closely The centre of one object radiates the region to be formed to outer circumferential.
Unwinding snap-gauge group includes a pair of of the circle snap-gauge 300 being oppositely arranged, and a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 is respectively provided with one and is used for and wedge The U-shaped groove 301 that mold core 102 is clamped with mold core 202 before wedge shape after shape, herein specifically, in a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 wherein Mold core 202 is clamped before one circle snap-gauge 300 is suitable for being formed the wedge shape of coiling mold core with split, and another circle snap-gauge 300 is then fitted Mold core 102 is clamped after the wedge shape for forming coiling mold core with split.Also, a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 respectively with mold core after wedge shape After 102 clamp with mold core 202 before wedge shape, a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 is adapted to be posted by rear mold baffle plate 101 towards preceding mould baffle plate On 201 side end face.
It to be illustrated herein, the U-shaped groove 301 of circle snap-gauge 300 mould before mold core 102 and/or wedge shape after wedge shape Core 202 is inserted into away from the outboard end of inclined-plane Q.Specifically, circle snap-gauge 300 includes base portion 302 and adjacent with the one of base portion 302 A pair of of wing portion 303, and between a pair of of wing portion 303 formed U-shaped groove 301;The mold core after U-shaped groove 301 and wedge shape After 102 clamp with mold core 202 before wedge shape, one of wing portion 303 is overlapped on the wedge under split state in a pair of of wing portion 303 The upside of mold core 102 and mold core 202 before wedge shape after shape, and another wing portion 303 in a pair of of wing portion 303 is then overlapped on The lower side of mold core 102 and mold core 202 before wedge shape after wedge shape under split state, the present embodiment are with a kind of optional situation Example, for circle snap-gauge 300 at this time when completing with the clamping of mold core 102 after mold core 202 before wedge shape and wedge shape, circle snap-gauge 300 Base portion 302 abut split state under wedge shape before mold core 202 and wedge shape after mold core 102 deviate from inclined-plane Q side.
It unwinds disk to be suitable for being coupled with rear mold and preceding mould, after the wedge shape of rear mold before the inclined-plane Q of mold core 102 and the wedge shape of preceding mould The inclined-plane Q of mold core 202 be bonded so that after wedge shape before mold core 102 and wedge shape 202 split of mold core formed after coiling mold core suitable for and move back Drum locking, also, for the unwinding disk of the present embodiment, unwinding disk deviates from preceding mould baffle plate close to rear mold baffle plate 101 201 side end face setting.The effect of the unwinding disk one side of the present embodiment is to realize and coil winding machine or lathe whirler Structure is connected, and transmits the rotary power of coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism to drive the rotation of coiling mold core, the work of another aspect The temporary winding of the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of electromagnetic wire is formed with being, temporary winding herein is mainly in electromagnetic wire The fixation for the unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 reserved before carrying out positive coiling for electromagnetic wire, not influence the tight of electromagnetic wire forward direction coiling Gathering property.
A pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 with mold core 202 before mold core 102 after wedge shape and wedge shape after clamping respectively, a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 An inclined surface K, for the concrete condition of the present embodiment, inclined surface K are respectively provided with positioned at the part of the upside of coiling mold core In the wing portion 303 of circle snap-gauge 300, and in a kind of optional situation, the inclined surface K of a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 is respectively positioned on wing Alar part 303 is overlapped on the part of mold core 102 and the upside of mold core 202 before wedge shape after the wedge shape under split state.Herein, a pair of In circle snap-gauge 300 the inclined surface K of one of circle snap-gauge 300 is towards rear mold baffle plate 101, and another circle snap-gauge 300 inclines Inclined-plane K is towards preceding mould baffle plate 201, that is to say, that is for the inclined surface K being respectively provided on a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 herein It is relatively existing.For the inclined surface K of circle snap-gauge 300, role essentially consists in be formed in electromagnetic wire winding process Turn-to-turn " S " shape bending transition shift R, therefore, for the inclined surface K being respectively provided on a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 of the present embodiment Slope relative to circle snap-gauge 300 is preferably arranged to identical.
Herein it should also be noted that, a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 is completed and mold core 102 after mold core 202 before wedge shape and wedge shape Clamping after, wing portion 303 that a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 respectively includes all close to rear mold baffle plate 101 medium position, still There are certain gaps between the end in the wing portion 303 that a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 respectively includes, and will not directly contact.For this For the medium position at place it should be noted that by taking the rear mold baffle plate 101 of rule and symmetrical structure as an example, medium position is that distance should The identical part of distance of the left outside side wall and right outside sidewall of rear mold baffle plate 101.
In addition it is also necessary to which explanation, the thickness of a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 are not less than the line width of electromagnetic wire, optional feelings Under condition, the thickness of a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 can be set to identical thickness.Herein in preferred situation, the thickness of circle snap-gauge 300 The equal to or slightly greater than line width of electromagnetic wire, the meaning designed in this way are that a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 forms coiling mold core and powers on magnetic Line unwinds the limit in space, so that electromagnetic coil reserves on coiling mold core when carrying out positive coiling on coiling mold core The winding position of the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of electromagnetic wire, and pass through the setting of circle snap-gauge 300, for whole coiling mold core For, winding space is effectively divided into " positive coiling space " and " oppositely wound space ", in the positive coiling for carrying out electromagnetic wire During, due to circle snap-gauge 300 effect so that electromagnetic wire can arrange in " positive coiling space " it is compact, will not be due to Because for whole coiling model, it is also necessary to carry out oppositely wound and reserved oppositely wound space so that it is positive around The electromagnetic wire of part processed is difficult to compact arrangement.
Again specifically, rear mold baffle plate 101 towards one of circle snap-gauge 300 in a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 inclined surface K Side end face be equipped with one from the lateral wall of the rear mold baffle plate 101 to the inclined conformal wire casing 1012 of medium position, that is to say, that The inclined surface K of circle snap-gauge 300 herein is the one side edge of conformal wire casing 1012.Specifically, conformal wire casing 1012 is along inclining Oblique direction has a high order end 1013 and a low order end 1015.The high order end 1013 of conformal wire casing 1012 is close to rear mold baffle plate 101 lateral wall setting and the low order end 1015 of the conformal wire casing 1012 are set close to the medium position of rear mold baffle plate 101 It sets, in fact, the low order end 1015 of the conformal wire casing 1012 in the present embodiment and the end in the wing portion 303 of circle snap-gauge 300 are neat It is flat.The groove width of conformal wire casing 1012 herein is not less than the line width of electromagnetic wire, in preferred situation, the groove width of conformal wire casing 1012 The equal to or slightly greater than line width of electromagnetic wire.At this point, by the conformal wire casing 1012 of setting, so that the reserved electromagnetic wire of electromagnetic wire It is limited between rear mold baffle plate 101 and circle snap-gauge 300 in the electromagnetic wire part of electromagnetic wire forward direction coiling intersection, this When, effect namely fixed for a limit on the head of electromagnetic wire forward direction coiling part for the limit of the part electromagnetic wire Fruit, so that the compactedness of whole coiling can be improved in the part of electromagnetic wire forward direction coiling.
In view of improving the compactedness for electromagnetic wire in positive winding process, the present embodiment is also in preceding mould baffle plate 201 left-external side edge and right outer side edge edge and upper side edge edge and lower side are along the shaping slot 2011 for being respectively equipped with a recess. By shaping slot 2011, the adjustable positive winding in such a way that the such as, but not limited to tapping of insulation loosening bar or clamping plate compress The tightness of the turn-to-turn of electromagnetic wire on coiling mold core, to improve the compactedness of whole coil.
Again to be detailed, unwinding disk includes the first fixed disk 401 and the second fixed disk 402 being oppositely arranged, and the What is be connected between one fixed disk 401 and the second fixed disk 402 is suitable for the circular disk 403 of electromagnetic wire winding, and the second fixed disk 402 is leaned on Nearly rear mold baffle plate 101 is arranged.It the first fixed disk 401 herein, the second fixed disk 402 and is set as around disk 403 is optional Circular configuration, the present embodiment combination attached drawing is by taking circular configuration as an example.It is fixed for the first fixed disk 401, around disk 403 and second Optional between disk 402 to use integrated formed structure, also modular construction optionally removably, does not also leave no room for manoeuvre to this present embodiment To restriction.
The left-external side edge of mold core 102 and the side end face on right outer side edge edge are distinguished after the corresponding wedge shape of the second fixed disk 402 Line notch 405 is crossed equipped with a recess, at this point, the left-external side edge of corresponding rear mold baffle plate 101 and right outer side edge are along respectively Line short slot 1011 is crossed equipped with a recess, the cooperation crossed line notch 405 and cross line short slot 1011 herein is mainly so that temporarily twine It is wound on the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of the electromagnetic wire on disk 403 while passing through line notch 405 and crossing 1011 transition of line short slot The positive winding of electromagnetic wire is carried out on to coiling mold core.
The head end of unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 for the ease of reserving to electromagnetic wire is fixed, to ensure that electromagnetic wire forward direction is wound Compactedness in the process, the present embodiment are equipped with multiple in the axis direction compartment of terrain for being parallel to the circular disk 403 on disk 403 For fixing the fixing groove 4031 of electromagnetic wire.The width of fixing groove 4031 herein is slightly larger than electromagnetic wire gauge thickness, so that electric The end of a thread of magnet-wire is easy to be fixed.
In a kind of optional situation, the unwinding disk of the present embodiment further includes through the first fixed disk 401, the second fixed disk 402 and around disk 403 center center fixation hole 407;It is suitable for after rear mold and preceding mould split through an installation bolt 501 sequentially pass through before lock again with center fixation hole 407 after mould and rear mold.And carrying out unwinding disk and coil winding machine or lathe rotation In the assembling process of rotation mechanism, the unwinding disk of the present embodiment is by running through the first fixed disk 401, the second fixed disk 402 and surrounding Disk 403 and at least a pair of dress for being coupled with coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism for being located at 407 side of center fixation hole Distribution 503 realizes that pilot hole 503 herein is chosen as rotation stop pin hole, to be used to and coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism Bayonet fittings, in conjunction with installation bolt 501 fixed function come ensure to unwind the related preceding mould of disk and rear mold be integrally attached to together around In the live spindle of line machine or lathe rotating mechanism.
Embodiment 2:
On the basis of the pole coil winding mould of embodiment 1, a kind of method for winding is present embodiments provided, using reality Apply the pole coil winding mould of example 1;Specifically, the method for winding of the present embodiment includes:
Step S1: after mould and preceding mould and unwinding disk lock in the completed, the unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 that electromagnetic wire is reserved is wound in It unwinds on disk.
Specifically, including: in step S1
Step S11, according to the total length of the unwinding circle of the coil of calculating to determine the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of electromagnetic wire Length determines the circle number of the winding needed for unwinding disk further according to the length for the unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 that electromagnetic wire is reserved, by unwinding disk On the fixing groove 4031 started for Motionless electromagnetic line adjust non-integer circle number number length;
Step S12, unwinding disk rotate in the forward direction that (Cong Tuzhong observes the pole coil coiling of the present embodiment along the direction arrow F Mold, unwinding disk at this time rotate in the forward direction to rotate clockwise, so that the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of electromagnetic wire is first wound up It unwinds on disk.
Step S2: a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 is clamped with mold core 102 after mold core 202 before wedge shape and wedge shape respectively, so that electromagnetism The reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of line remaining electromagnetic wire mold core 102 and a pair of of circle snap-gauge after wedge shape after the winding for completing unwinding disk It is wound in after being passed through between one of circle snap-gauge 300 in 300 after wedge shape and is formed after 202 split of mold core before mold core 102 and wedge shape Coiling mold core on carry out electromagnetic wire positive coiling, at this time unwind disk rotate in the forward direction (Cong Tuzhong along the direction arrow F observe this The pole coil winding mould of embodiment, unwinding disk at this time rotate in the forward direction to rotate clockwise);In this step, work as electricity The reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of magnet-wire is solid across second when the circle number wound on unwinding disk is equal to the circle number calculated in step S11 It is crossed on price fixing 402 on line notch 405 and rear mold baffle plate 101 and crosses line short slot 1011, be successively wrapped in rear mold baffle plate later The forward direction of electromagnetic wire is carried out on the wire casing and coil mold core that the inclined surface K of conformal wire casing 1012, circle snap-gauge 300 on 101 is formed Winding.During the normal winding of electromagnetic wire, it can be carried out in real time by the shaping slot 2011 on preceding mould baffle plate 201 Shaping operation in electromagnetic wire winding process, it is ensured that the tightness of the turn-to-turn winding in electromagnetic wire winding process.
Step S3: after completing electromagnetic wire relative to the positive coiling of coiling mold core, a pair of of circle snap-gauge 300 is removed, simultaneously The unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 that electromagnetic wire is reserved is unclamped from unwinding disk, drives unwinding electromagnetic wire by unwinding the reverse rotation of disk It is oppositely wound around coiling mold core.Herein it should be noted that can be selected in for the electromagnetic wire after completion electromagnetic wire forward direction coiling Setting one, can also be by external fixator for example for fixing the card slot of electromagnetic wire forward direction winding end on preceding mould baffle plate 201 But it is not limited to elastic component and carries out fixation before electromagnetic wire forward direction winding end and wedge shape between mold core 202.Carrying out, electromagnetic wire is pre- When that stays unwinds the winding between electromagnetic wire 3 and coiling mold core, controls coil winding machine or machine tool chief axis is formed relative to step S12 The reverse rotation rotated in the forward direction, reverse rotation herein is rotation counterclockwise, drives electromagnetic wire reserved by reversely rotating The reverse-winding between electromagnetic wire 3 and coiling mold core is unwound, until completing the coiling of the reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 of electromagnetic wire Journey so far realizes positive coiling and oppositely wound combination for whole electromagnetic wire, and the electromagnetism of forward direction coiling It draws in the outside for the electromagnetic coil that the lead-out wire 1 of line and the lead-out wire 5 of oppositely wound electromagnetic wire are formed from coiling.For this The method for winding combination attached drawing of embodiment is only by taking single layer electromagnetic coil as an example, when needing to turn to multilayer such as three layers of electromagnetism When coil, it is only necessary to repeat above-mentioned positive winding process, continue along the positive coiling outer layer for the single layer completed The pole coil winding mould of the present embodiment can be used to realize the coiling of three layer line circles, herein in the winding second layer and third layer The direct current that can be specifically CN109728669A with reference to publication No. for the coiling detailed step of three layers of electromagnetic coil and process The attached polar curve circle and its winding method of motor, in this regard, this embodiment is not repeated.
It should also be noted that, due to the effect of the circle snap-gauge 300 in step S2 essentially consist in it is reserved pre- for electromagnetic wire Winding space of the unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 stayed during carrying out oppositely wound around coiling mold core, therefore, carrying out, electromagnetic wire is pre- It needs to remove circle snap-gauge 300 in the winding process of the unwinding electromagnetic wire 3 stayed, so, electromagnetic wire in step s 2 encloses During coiling mold core forward direction coiling, electromagnetic wire avoids circle snap-gauge 300 so that electromagnetic wire will not be wrapped in circle snap-gauge 300 On.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, indicating position or the term of positional relationship are based on shown in attached drawing Orientation or positional relationship, be merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning Or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integral;It can be direct phase Even, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, the interaction that can be connection or two elements inside two elements is closed System.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term in the present invention specific can be understood as the case may be Meaning.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, or be somebody's turn to do Invention product using when the orientation or positional relationship usually put, be merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, without It is that the device of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore not It can be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, and cannot manage Solution is indication or suggestion relative importance.
In the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature can be on or below second feature Directly contacted including the first and second features, also may include the first and second features be not direct contact but by them it Between other characterisation contact.Moreover, fisrt feature is on second feature, top and above include fisrt feature second spy Right above sign and oblique upper, or first feature horizontal height is merely representative of higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature it Under, lower section and fisrt feature included below be directly below and diagonally below the second feature, or be merely representative of first feature horizontal height Less than second feature.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of pole coil winding mould characterized by comprising
Rear mold, the rear mold include mold core after being connected molding rear mold baffle plate and wedge shape;
Preceding mould, the preceding mould include mold core before being connected molding preceding mould baffle plate and wedge shape;The inclined-plane of mold core is suitable after the wedge shape In be bonded with the inclined-plane of mold core before wedge shape so that after wedge shape mold core and wedge shape before mold core split formed be suitable for electromagnetic wire winding around Line mold core;The preceding mould baffle plate be suitable for rear mold baffle plate Relative distribution, and between rear mold baffle plate and preceding mould baffle plate Form the section for mold core before mold core after split wedge shape and wedge shape;
Snap-gauge group is unwound, the unwinding snap-gauge group includes a pair of of the circle snap-gauge being oppositely arranged, and a pair of circle snap-gauge is respectively provided with One U-shaped groove for being clamped with mold core before mold core after the wedge shape and wedge shape;And a pair of circle snap-gauge respectively with institute For mold core with after mold core clamping before wedge shape, a pair of circle snap-gauge is adapted to be posted by the rear mold baffle plate before after stating wedge shape On one side end face of mould baffle plate;
Disk is unwound, the unwinding disk is suitable for the rear mold and the mating of preceding mould, mold core and preceding mould after the wedge shape of the rear mold Mold core split locks after forming coiling mold core with the unwinding disk before wedge shape, and the unwinding disk is close to the rear mold backstop backboard Side end face setting from preceding mould baffle plate.
2. pole coil winding mould according to claim 1, which is characterized in that a pair of circle snap-gauge respectively with institute With after mold core clamping before wedge shape, the part for the upside that a pair of circle snap-gauge is located at coiling mold core is respectively provided with mold core after stating wedge shape One inclined surface;And in a pair of circle snap-gauge one of circle snap-gauge inclined surface towards rear mold baffle plate, and another circle card The inclined surface of plate is towards preceding mould baffle plate;And
The inclined surface being respectively provided on a pair of circle snap-gauge is identical relative to the slope of circle snap-gauge.
3. pole coil winding mould according to claim 2, which is characterized in that a pair of of institute of rear mold baffle plate direction The side end face for stating the inclined surface of one of circle snap-gauge in circle snap-gauge is equipped with one from the lateral wall of the rear mold baffle plate to middle part The inclined conformal wire casing in position;
The conformal wire casing has a high order end and a low order end along inclined direction;
The high order end of the conformal wire casing is close close to the lateral wall setting of rear mold baffle plate and the low order end of the conformal wire casing The medium position of rear mold baffle plate is arranged.
4. pole coil winding mould according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the groove width of the conformal wire casing is not less than The line width of electromagnetic wire;And
The thickness of the circle snap-gauge is not less than the line width of electromagnetic wire.
5. pole coil winding mould according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the left outside side of the rear mold baffle plate Edge and right outer side edge are along the line short slot excessively for being respectively equipped with a recess.
6. according to claim 1 or 5 described in any item pole coil winding moulds, which is characterized in that the preceding mould baffle plate Left-external side edge and right outer side edge edge and upper side edge edge and lower side along the shaping slot for being respectively equipped with a recess.
7. pole coil winding mould according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the unwinding disk includes being oppositely arranged First fixed disk and the second fixed disk, and what is be connected between the first fixed disk and the second fixed disk are suitable for what electromagnetic wire was wound Around disk;
Second fixed disk is arranged close to the rear mold baffle plate;And
The left-external side edge of mold core and the side end face on right outer side edge edge are set respectively after second fixed disk corresponds to the wedge shape Have a recess crosses line notch, and the line notch of crossing is correspondingly arranged with the line short slot of crossing so that electromagnetic wire is suitable for also cross institute It stated line notch and crossed line short slot;
Be parallel on the circular disk axis direction compartment of terrain around disk be equipped with it is multiple for fixing the fixing grooves of electromagnetic wire.
8. pole coil winding mould according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the unwinding disk further includes through described First fixed disk, the second fixed disk and the center fixation hole around the center of disk;
It is suitable for after mold core split before the wedge shape of mold core and preceding mould after the wedge shape of the rear mold through an installation screw bolt passes Lock again with the center fixation hole after preceding mould and rear mold;And
It is described unwinding disk further include through state the first fixed disk, the second fixed disk and around disk and be located at center fixation hole side At least a pair of pilot hole for being coupled with coil winding machine or lathe rotating mechanism.
9. a kind of method for winding using pole coil winding mould, which is characterized in that using such as any one of claim 1~8 The pole coil winding mould;Include:
Step S1: after mould and preceding mould and unwinding disk lock in the completed, the unwinding electromagnetic wire that electromagnetic wire is reserved is wound in unwinding On disk;
Step S2: a pair of of circle snap-gauge is clamped with mold core after mold core before wedge shape and wedge shape respectively, so that the unwinding that electromagnetic wire is reserved Electromagnetic wire remaining electromagnetic wire one of circle snap-gauge from mold core after wedge shape and a pair of of circle snap-gauge after the winding for completing unwinding disk Between pass through after be wound in the forward direction that electromagnetic wire is carried out on the coiling mold core formed after mold core split after wedge shape before mold core and wedge shape Coiling unwinds disk at this time and rotates in the forward direction;
Step S3: after completing electromagnetic wire relative to the positive coiling of coiling mold core, removing a pair of of circle snap-gauge, while by electromagnetic wire Reserved unwinding electromagnetic wire is unclamped from unwinding disk, drives unwinding electromagnetic wire around winding former by unwinding the reverse rotation of disk Core is oppositely wound.
10. the method for winding according to claim 9 using pole coil winding mould, which is characterized in that in step S2 In electromagnetic wire during the forward direction coiling of coiling mold core, electromagnetic wire avoids circle snap-gauge so that electromagnetic wire will not be wrapped in On circle snap-gauge.
CN201910508811.5A 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 Pole coil winding mould and the method for winding for using the pole coil winding mould Active CN110034646B (en)

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CN111276328B (en) * 2020-01-21 2022-05-24 昆山联滔电子有限公司 Winding machine and coil demolding method thereof
CN111082617B (en) * 2020-02-09 2021-03-05 科瓦力(宁波)精密器械有限公司 Intelligent three-layer auxiliary pole coil winding robot complete machine
CN112216502B (en) * 2020-09-15 2022-07-08 湖南科美达电气股份有限公司 Electromagnetic coil winding tool
CN112435850B (en) * 2020-11-09 2022-09-13 深圳顺络电子股份有限公司 Winding jig and winding equipment for preparing wireless charging coil
CN113571286B (en) * 2021-07-27 2023-04-18 浙江田中精机股份有限公司 NFC coil blank and winding device thereof
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CN114141529B (en) * 2021-12-15 2023-03-31 中国工程物理研究院流体物理研究所 Winding tool and winding method for pulse magnet coil
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Denomination of invention: Winding mold of magnetic pole coil and winding method using the same

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