CN111057407A - Construction process of real stone paint - Google Patents

Construction process of real stone paint Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111057407A
CN111057407A CN201911299623.2A CN201911299623A CN111057407A CN 111057407 A CN111057407 A CN 111057407A CN 201911299623 A CN201911299623 A CN 201911299623A CN 111057407 A CN111057407 A CN 111057407A
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parts
paint
real stone
stone paint
construction
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CN111057407B (en
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王卫琼
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Zhongshan Shixing Decoration Co ltd
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Zhongshan Shixing Decoration Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D4/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, based on organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond ; Coating compositions, based on monomers of macromolecular compounds of groups C09D183/00 - C09D183/16
    • C09D4/06Organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond in combination with a macromolecular compound other than an unsaturated polymer of groups C09D159/00 - C09D187/00
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/14Paints containing biocides, e.g. fungicides, insecticides or pesticides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/18Fireproof paints including high temperature resistant paints
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/61Additives non-macromolecular inorganic
    • C09D7/62Additives non-macromolecular inorganic modified by treatment with other compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/63Additives non-macromolecular organic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/65Additives macromolecular
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/70Additives characterised by shape, e.g. fibres, flakes or microspheres
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/02Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of real stone paint, and particularly relates to a construction process of real stone paint. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out base layer treatment; constructing a primer; leveling; spraying finish paint and other working procedures; the stone-like paint comprises the following components: the anti-cracking and anti-aging coating comprises dipentaerythritol, sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, modified bentonite, chitosan, cenospheres, water-based acrylic emulsion, a bactericide, an antifoaming agent and water, has good anti-cracking and anti-aging properties, is suitable for being used under high-temperature and dry conditions, is simple in preparation method, suitable for industrial production, applicable to a painting process of furniture, and simple and easy in construction process.

Description

Construction process of real stone paint
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of real stone paint, and particularly relates to a construction process of real stone paint.
Background
The stone-like paint has decorative effect similar to that of marble and granite. It is mainly made up by using natural stone powder with various colours, and can be used for imitating stone effect of external wall of building, so that it is also called liquid stone. The stone paint has thick paste type paint imitating natural stone, marble and granite. The stone has natural color, has the texture of natural stone, has various line grid designs, can provide pattern structures with various three-dimensional shapes, can show the elegance and the solemn beauty of the whole building visually, and is the best substitute for the dry hanging stone of the outer wall.
The stone-like paint has the same effect as natural stone, and has the features of high hardness, high weather resistance, high fire resistance, high acid and alkali resistance, high pollution resistance, no toxicity, no smell, etc. and may be used widely in various outer wall decoration. The stone-like paint has the texture and the decorative effect of natural stone due to convenient construction, thereby being popular with vast owners and builders in the external decorative engineering of high-rise building external walls. The building decorated by the stone paint has natural and real natural color, gives people elegant, harmonious and solemn aesthetic feeling, and is suitable for indoor and outdoor decoration of various buildings. Especially, the decoration on the curved surface building is vivid and lifelike, and has an effect of returning to nature.
Along with the improvement of the living standard of people, the requirements on the appearance of furniture are more and more diversified, the traditional raw wood is usually worn after being used for a long time, if the wood is poorer, the damage of the furniture can be accelerated, the color of the existing paint is single, the artistry is strong after the paint is coated, but the aesthetic feeling is not enough, and the raw wood is easy to warp and peel after being used for a long time. In the prior art, the high-simulation natural stone paint prepared by using natural sand with various colors and particle compositions, taking emulsion as a base material and assisting various auxiliary agents has strong decoration. Natural color, natural stone texture, various line grid designs, decorative pattern structures with various three-dimensional shapes, and elegant and solemn beauty in vision. Therefore, most furniture designs and manufacturers apply the real stone paint to the manufacture of furniture.
Chinese patent application CN 106010039A discloses a real stone paint for wooden furniture surface and a preparation method thereof, which is prepared from the following raw materials: volcanic tuff powder, natural mica powder, castor oil polyoxyethylene ether, polyethylene wax, modified urea-formaldehyde resin glue powder, hyperbranched polyurethane emulsion, polyacrylate fine latex, hydroxyethyl cellulose, polypropylene glycerol ether, phthalimide and water. Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages: the invention takes the volcanic tuff powder and the natural mica powder as main materials, selects the colors according to the actual needs, and the fixed gradation ensures that the real stone paint keeps exquisite texture, has good film forming property after being used on the surface of wooden furniture, can be dried for a short time under the condition of low temperature, forms a film on the surface of the furniture uniformly after being dried, is not pulverized, has better stain resistance and water resistance, has good color retentivity, does not fade after being used for a long time, also improves the wear resistance of the furniture, and has the advantages of rich texture and strong durability compared with the common paint.
The Chinese patent application CN 106760288A discloses an environment-friendly paint process for furniture, which comprises the following process steps: (1) and (3) drying treatment: drying the base material after the medium is opened; (2) polishing; (3) polishing; (4) spraying a primer; (5) polishing; (6) spraying finish paint; (7) packaging a finished product; the paint painting process has the characteristics of simple process, safe operation, beautiful appearance, low cost, no pollution to the environment, no harm to human bodies and the like, promotes the sustainable development of furniture production, and is beneficial to reducing the damage of human health. However, the adhesion, stability, and crack resistance are still desired.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the technical problems, the invention provides a construction process of a real stone paint, under the construction process, the obtained real stone furniture has good anti-cracking and anti-aging performances, meanwhile, the color difference is small, the staining resistance is good, the real stone furniture is suitable for being used under the conditions of high temperature and drying, the preparation method is simple, and the real stone paint is suitable for industrial production.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
a construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating the surface of the plate with a mixture of a real stone paint and sand to form a texture in a batch scraping manner;
(3) leveling: baking finish, after the texture is dried, leveling the surface of the texture of the real stone paint and polishing the surface;
(4) spraying the texture surface with finish paint, performing matte treatment, and finishing the construction process;
wherein the amount of putty is 2-3kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 0.5-1 mm; criticizing process temperature riseThe material consumption is 3-4kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish is 0.5-1 mm.
Preferably, the baking varnish is a heating baking varnish;
preferably, the temperature of the heating baking varnish is 160-175 ℃;
preferably, the sand is natural colored stone sand or quartz sand;
preferably, the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint is 3-4: 2.
The stone-like paint comprises the following components: dipentaerythritol, sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, modified bentonite, chitosan, cenospheres, aqueous acrylic emulsion, bactericide, defoaming agent and water;
preferably, the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5-20 parts of dipentaerythritol, 1-10 parts of sodium alginate, 1-10 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 10-30 parts of modified bentonite, 5-20 parts of chitosan, 5-20 parts of hollow microspheres, 80-160 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 0.1-1 part of bactericide, 0.1-1 part of defoaming agent and 30-60 parts of water;
preferably, the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-20 parts of dipentaerythritol, 5-10 parts of sodium alginate, 1-5 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 20-30 parts of modified bentonite, 5-15 parts of chitosan, 5-10 parts of hollow microspheres, 120 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 160 parts of bactericide, 0.1-0.5 part of defoaming agent and 30-40 parts of water;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
s1: sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water to form an aqueous solution;
s2: mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system.
Preferably, in step S1, the dissolving is performed at 40-60 ℃;
preferably, in step S2, the dispersion is performed under ultrasound with a frequency of 80-100KHz and a power of 150-.
Preferably, the components of the bactericide are: trisodium phosphate, pine needle oil, dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, salicylic acid and water;
preferably, the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of trisodium phosphate, 1-5 parts of pine needle oil, 0.1-0.5 part of dodecyl dimethyl aminoethylenolactone, 1-5 parts of salicylic acid and 80-90 parts of water;
preferably, the defoamer comprises the following components: glyceryl polyether, dimethyl silicone oil and glycol;
preferably, the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10-20 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 30-50 parts of ethylene glycol;
compared with the prior art, the invention has the technical advantages that:
(1) the construction process of the stone-like paint provided by the invention has simple steps, can improve the spraying quality of furniture paint, and ensures that the paint has uniform thickness, no fading, durability and beautiful appearance;
(2) the stone-like paint can be used for texture spraying of artificial sandstone and natural colored stone; the method has the characteristics of no pollution to the environment, no harm to human bodies and the like, promotes the sustainable development of furniture production, is beneficial to reducing the damage of human health, and can ensure that the obtained high-simulation stone slab for furniture has better mechanical stability and adhesive force;
(3) in the stone-like paint vehicle, sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate and chitosan have good synergistic effect, and can effectively promote the performance stability of the stone-like paint vehicle;
(4) the glycerol polyether, the dimethyl silicone oil and the ethylene glycol can effectively reduce the foam in the paint and increase the surface smoothness of the paint after use;
(5) the trisodium phosphate, the pine needle oil, the dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone and the salicylic acid can well play a role in bacteriostasis, can prolong the storage time of the paint and can improve the storage stability.
(6) The dipentaerythritol and the modified bentonite used in the invention have good synergistic effect, and the suspension property, adhesive force and brushing property of the paint can be greatly improved.
Detailed Description
Example 1
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of a real stone paint material and sand (natural colored stone sand), wherein the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint material is 3: 2;
(3) leveling: heating and baking paint at 170 ℃, flattening the surface of the real stone paint texture and polishing the surface after the texture is dried;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 2kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 0.5 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 3kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 0.5 mm.
Wherein the real stone paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of dipentaerythritol, 5 parts of sodium alginate, 5 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 20 parts of modified bentonite, 15 parts of chitosan, 10 parts of cenospheres, 160 parts of aqueous acrylic emulsion, 0.5 part of bactericide, 0.5 part of defoaming agent and 40 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of trisodium phosphate, 5 parts of pine needle oil, 0.1 part of dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, 5 parts of salicylic acid and 80 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 50 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water at 50 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 200W.
Example 2
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of a real stone paint and sand (quartz sand) (the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint is 4:2) in a batch scraping manner;
(3) leveling: heating and baking paint at 160 ℃, and flattening and polishing the surface of the real stone paint texture after the texture is dried;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 3kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 1 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 4kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 1 mm.
The stone-like paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 20 parts of dipentaerythritol, 10 parts of sodium alginate, 1 part of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 30 parts of modified bentonite, 5 parts of chitosan, 5 parts of cenospheres, 80 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 0.1 part of bactericide, 1 part of defoaming agent and 30 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of trisodium phosphate, 1 part of pine needle oil, 0.5 part of dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, 1 part of salicylic acid and 90 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of glycerol polyether, 20 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 30 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water at 40 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 100KHz and 150W.
Example 3
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: heating and baking paint at 175 ℃, and scraping and coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of real stone paint and sand (quartz sand) (the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint is 3: 2);
(3) leveling: after the texture is dried, flattening and polishing the surface of the texture of the real stone paint;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 2kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 1 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 4kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 0.5 mm. The stone-like paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of dipentaerythritol, 1 part of sodium alginate, 10 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 10 parts of modified bentonite, 20 parts of chitosan, 20 parts of cenospheres, 120 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 1 part of bactericide, 0.1 part of defoaming agent and 60 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of trisodium phosphate, 1 part of pine needle oil, 0.1 part of dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, 5 parts of salicylic acid and 90 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 50 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water at 60 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 150W.
Comparative example 1
Compared with the example 1, the difference is that the natural stone paint does not contain 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propane sulfonate.
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of a real stone paint material and sand (natural colored stone sand), wherein the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint material is 3: 2;
(3) leveling: heating and baking paint at 170 ℃, flattening the surface of the real stone paint texture and polishing the surface after the texture is dried;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 2kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 0.5 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 3kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 0.5 mm. The stone-like paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of dipentaerythritol, 5 parts of sodium alginate, 20 parts of modified bentonite, 15 parts of chitosan, 10 parts of cenospheres, 160 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 0.5 part of bactericide, 0.5 part of defoaming agent and 40 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of trisodium phosphate, 5 parts of pine needle oil, 0.1 part of dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, 5 parts of salicylic acid and 80 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 50 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water at 50 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 200W.
Comparative example 2
The difference compared to example 1 is that the real stone paint vehicle does not contain sodium alginate.
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of a real stone paint material and sand (natural colored stone sand), wherein the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint material is 3: 2;
(3) leveling: heating and baking paint at 170 ℃, flattening the surface of the real stone paint texture and polishing the surface after the texture is dried;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 2kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 0.5 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 3kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 0.5 mm.
The stone-like paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of dipentaerythritol, 5 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 20 parts of modified bentonite, 15 parts of chitosan, 10 parts of hollow microspheres, 160 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 0.5 part of bactericide, 0.5 part of defoaming agent and 40 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of trisodium phosphate, 5 parts of pine needle oil, 0.1 part of dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, 5 parts of salicylic acid and 80 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 50 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan into water at 50 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 200W.
Comparative example 3
Compared with the example 1, the difference is that the stone paint does not contain sodium alginate and 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propane sulfonate.
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of a real stone paint material and sand (natural colored stone sand), wherein the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint material is 3: 2;
(3) leveling: heating and baking paint at 170 ℃, flattening the surface of the real stone paint texture and polishing the surface after the texture is dried;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 2kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 0.5 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 3kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 0.5 mm.
The stone-like paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of dipentaerythritol, 20 parts of modified bentonite, 15 parts of chitosan, 10 parts of hollow microspheres, 160 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 0.5 part of bactericide, 0.5 part of defoaming agent and 40 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of trisodium phosphate, 5 parts of pine needle oil, 0.1 part of dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, 5 parts of salicylic acid and 80 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 50 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan into water at 50 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 200W.
Comparative example 4
The composition of the germicide for real stone paint is different compared to example 1.
A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating textures on the surface of the plate by using a mixture of a real stone paint material and sand (natural colored stone sand), wherein the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint material is 3: 2;
(3) leveling: heating and baking paint at 170 ℃, flattening the surface of the real stone paint texture and polishing the surface after the texture is dried;
(4) and spraying the surface with finish paint, and performing matte treatment to finish the construction process.
Wherein the amount of putty is 2kg/m2The thickness of the primer is 0.5 mm; the temperature rising material in the criticizing procedure is 3kg/m2(ii) a The thickness of the finish was 0.5 mm.
The stone-like paint comprises the following components:
the real stone paint comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10 parts of dipentaerythritol, 5 parts of sodium alginate, 5 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 20 parts of modified bentonite, 15 parts of chitosan, 10 parts of cenospheres, 160 parts of aqueous acrylic emulsion, 0.5 part of bactericide, 0.5 part of defoaming agent and 40 parts of water;
the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 parts of trisodium phosphate, 5 parts of eucalyptus oil, 0.1 part of dodecyl dimethyl aminoethylenolactone, 5 parts of salicylic acid and 80 parts of water;
the defoaming agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 50 parts of ethylene glycol;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water at 50 ℃ to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 200W.
Comparative example 5
Compared with the example 1, the difference is that the preparation method of the real stone paint is different.
The construction process of the real stone paint is the same as that of the embodiment 1.
The composition of the stone-like paint is the same as that of the paint in the embodiment 1;
the preparation method of the stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water at normal temperature to form an aqueous solution;
(2) mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system under the ultrasonic conditions of 80KHz and 200W.
Examples of effects
Storage stability: the storage stability of the real stone paints prepared in examples 1 to 3 and comparative examples 1 to 5 was evaluated by conducting an accelerated test (storage at 50. + -. 2 ℃ C. for 30 days) according to the method described in GB-T6753.3-1986 test method for storage stability of paint.
Adhesion force: selecting an electric-driven cutter to cut the paint film according to the adhesion force cross-cutting measuring method of part 4 of GBT 4893.4-2013 furniture surface paint film physical and chemical property test, and carrying out an adhesion force test;
and (3) crack resistance: a CGK-2 type initial drying crack resistance testing machine is used for arranging a testing plate parallel to the direction of air flow in a wind tunnel, and after an axial flow fan is started, an air volume regulating device is used for regulating and controlling the air speed within 3 +/-0.3 m/s. Placing the sprayed furniture test board on a test board frame in an air detecting tunnel; and adjusting the drying control time according to the product requirements, automatically stopping the machine after the drying control time is up, and visually observing whether the surface of the test plate has cracks or not. (the main technical parameters are that the wind speed is controlled to be 3 +/-0.3M/S, the working voltage is 200-240V and 50HZ, and the laboratory temperature is 23 +/-2 ℃ and the relative humidity is 50% +/-5%).
Table 1 table of performance testing data
Therefore, the invention provides the real stone paint with good stability, adhesion, crack resistance and the like; at the same time, the paint composition has a significant influence on its properties.
The above detailed description is specific to one possible embodiment of the present invention, and the embodiment is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all equivalent implementations or modifications without departing from the scope of the present invention should be included in the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A construction process of a real stone paint comprises the following steps:
(1) base layer treatment: leveling the surface of the furniture board by using putty to ensure the flatness;
(2) primer construction: coating the surface of the plate with a mixture of a real stone paint and sand to form a texture in a batch scraping manner;
(3) leveling: baking finish, after the texture is dried, leveling the surface of the texture of the real stone paint and polishing the surface;
(4) spraying the texture surface with finish paint, performing matte treatment, and finishing the construction process;
the sand is natural colored stone sand or quartz sand; the mass ratio of the sand to the real stone paint is 3-4: 2.
2. The real stone paint construction process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the real stone paint is prepared from the following raw materials: dipentaerythritol, sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, modified bentonite, chitosan, cenospheres, aqueous acrylic emulsion, bactericide, defoaming agent and water.
3. The real stone paint construction process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the raw materials of the real stone paint comprise the following components in parts by weight: 5-20 parts of dipentaerythritol, 1-10 parts of sodium alginate, 1-10 parts of 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, 10-30 parts of modified bentonite, 5-20 parts of chitosan, 5-20 parts of hollow microspheres, 80-160 parts of water-based acrylic emulsion, 0.1-1 part of bactericide, 0.1-1 part of defoaming agent and 30-60 parts of water.
4. The real stone paint construction process as claimed in any one of claims 2 or 3, wherein the preparation method of the real stone paint comprises the following steps:
s1: sequentially dissolving sodium alginate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl sodium propanesulfonate, a bactericide, a defoaming agent and chitosan in water to form an aqueous solution;
s2: mixing the aqueous solution with the aqueous acrylic emulsion to form an aqueous acrylic emulsion system, dissolving dipentaerythritol, and dispersing the modified bentonite and the cenospheres in the aqueous acrylic emulsion system.
5. The process of claim 4, wherein the dissolving is performed at 40-60 ℃ in step S1.
6. The process for constructing natural stone paint as claimed in claim 4, wherein the dispersion is performed under the ultrasonic condition of 80-100KHz and power of 150-200W in step S2.
7. The process for constructing a stone-like paint as claimed in claim 4, wherein the components of the bactericide are as follows: trisodium phosphate, pine needle oil, dodecyl dimethyl amine ethyl lactone, salicylic acid and water.
8. The construction process of the real stone paint as claimed in claim 4, wherein the bactericide comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5-10 parts of trisodium phosphate, 1-5 parts of pine needle oil, 0.1-0.5 part of dodecyl dimethyl aminoethylenolactone, 1-5 parts of salicylic acid and 80-90 parts of water.
9. The process for constructing the real stone paint as claimed in claim 4, wherein the components of the antifoaming agent are: glyceryl polyether, dimethyl silicone oil and glycol.
10. The real stone paint construction process according to claim 4, wherein the defoamer comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of glycerol polyether, 10-20 parts of dimethyl silicone oil and 30-50 parts of ethylene glycol.
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