CN111012628B - 一种行走康复设备 - Google Patents

一种行走康复设备 Download PDF

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CN111012628B
CN111012628B CN201911399267.1A CN201911399267A CN111012628B CN 111012628 B CN111012628 B CN 111012628B CN 201911399267 A CN201911399267 A CN 201911399267A CN 111012628 B CN111012628 B CN 111012628B
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shank
chair
electric cylinder
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leg
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CN111012628A (zh
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邹阿鹏
安丰敏
陈明忠
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邹阿鹏
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/04Wheeled walking aids for disabled persons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0255Both knee and hip of a patient, e.g. in supine or sitting position, the feet being moved in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane
    • A61H1/0262Walking movement; Appliances for aiding disabled persons to walk
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0218Drawing-out devices
    • A61H2001/0233Pulsating, alternating, fluctuating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H2003/005Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about with knee, leg or stump rests
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0149Seat or chair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1207Driving means with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg
    • A61H2205/106Leg for the lower legs

Abstract

一种行走康复设备,其特征在于包括康复锻炼机构、靠背、椅子和椅子框架,所述靠背固定安装在两个椅子框架中间,椅子固定安装在两个椅子框架上面,康复锻炼机构包括腿部机构电缸、腿部连接杆、小腿垫板、小腿垫板电缸和小腿卡板,小腿垫板通过转轴与腿部连接杆转动连接,在小腿垫板上面滑动安装有小腿卡板,小腿垫板电缸缸体端部固定安装在腿部连接杆上,小腿垫板电缸活塞杆端部与小腿垫板转动连接,通过前轮子和后轮放下和收起来实现两种功能的变换,使病人锻炼的和休息两种变换,使病人可以根据不同情况来锻炼不同时间,提高了锻炼效果。

Description

一种行走康复设备
技术领域
本发明涉及康复设备技术领域,特别涉及一种行走康复设备。
背景技术
腿部受伤后,需要经常锻炼,有助于康复,由于开始的时候需要护士和家人去辅助来完成行走,当由于家人或者护士比较繁忙,因此不能进行及时的辅助病人进行锻炼,因此需要一个可以辅助病人锻炼行走的机器。
发明内容
针对上述问题, 本发明提供了一种行走康复设备,通过前轮子和后轮放下和收起来实现两种功能的变换,使病人锻炼的和休息两种变换,使病人可以根据不同情况来锻炼不同时间,提高了锻炼效果。
本发明所使用的技术方案是:一种行走康复设备,其特征在于包括康复锻炼机构、靠背、椅子和椅子框架,所述靠背固定安装在两个椅子框架中间,椅子固定安装在两个椅子框架上面,康复锻炼机构包括腿部机构电缸、腿部连接杆、小腿垫板、小腿垫板电缸和小腿卡板,所述腿部连接杆转动安装在椅子下面的轴上,所述腿部机构电缸缸体底部固定安装在椅子框架上,腿部机构电缸活塞杆端部套筒与腿部连接杆通过转轴转动连接;小腿垫板通过转轴与腿部连接杆转动连接,在小腿垫板上面滑动安装有小腿卡板,小腿垫板电缸缸体端部固定安装在腿部连接杆上,小腿垫板电缸活塞杆端部与小腿垫板转动连接。
具体地,所述弹簧安装在小腿垫板的滑杆上,小腿卡板的套筒滑动安装在小腿垫板的滑杆上,小腿卡板的套筒安装在弹簧上。
具体地,所述后轮支架固定安装在椅子下面,所述后轮滑动安装在后轮支架下面的滑杆上,后轮电缸一端固定安装在后轮支架上,一端与后轮固定连接。
具体地,在所述椅子框架上面滑轨上安装有手扶架,所述手扶架电缸一端固定安装在椅子框架侧面支撑板上,其另一面与手扶架侧面连接板固定连接。
具体地,在椅子框架下面设有前轮子,所述前轮子通过转轴转动安装在椅子框架上面,侧面安装有电机。
具体地,在椅子框架上面设有控制开关,控制开关用于控制机器移动。
本发明的有益效果:
通过前轮子和后轮放下和收起来实现两种功能的变换,使病人锻炼的和休息两种变换,使病人可以根据不同情况来锻炼不同时间,提高了锻炼效果。
附图说明
图1、图2、图3、图4为本发明的整体结构示意图。
图5为本发明的图1的A1的结构示意图。
图6为本发明的图3的A2的结构示意图。
图7为本发明的图4的A3的部结构示意图。
附图标号:1-靠背;2-椅子;3-支撑杆;4-椅子框架;5-手扶架;6-手扶架电缸;7-控制开关;8-前轮子;9-腿部机构电缸;10-后轮支架;11-后轮电缸;12-后轮;13-腿部连接杆;14-小腿垫板;15-小腿垫板电缸;16-小腿卡板;17-弹簧。
具体实施例
一种行走康复设备,其特征在于包括康复锻炼机构、靠背1、椅子2和椅子框架4,所述靠背1固定安装在两个椅子框架4中间,椅子2固定安装在两个椅子框架4上面,康复锻炼机构包括腿部机构电缸9、腿部连接杆13、小腿垫板14、小腿垫板电缸15和小腿卡板16,所述腿部连接杆13转动安装在椅子2下面的轴上,所述腿部机构电缸9缸体底部固定安装在椅子框架4上,腿部机构电缸9活塞杆端部套筒与腿部连接杆13通过转轴转动连接;小腿垫板14通过转轴与腿部连接杆13转动连接,在小腿垫板14上面滑动安装有小腿卡板16,小腿垫板电缸15缸体端部固定安装在腿部连接杆13上,小腿垫板电缸15活塞杆端部与小腿垫板14转动连接,具体地,通过腿部机构电缸9和小腿垫板电缸15配合工作来带动患者的腿部活动进行锻炼。
进一步地,所述弹簧17安装在小腿垫板14的滑杆上,小腿卡板16的套筒滑动安装在小腿垫板14的滑杆上,小腿卡板16的套筒安装在弹簧17上,通过弹簧17带动小腿卡板16进而卡住使小腿卡板16固定在患者腿上。
具体地,所述后轮支架10固定安装在椅子2下面,所述后轮12滑动安装在后轮支架10下面的滑杆上,后轮电缸11一端固定安装在后轮支架10上,一端与后轮12固定连接,通过后轮电缸11来带动后轮12进行上下移动。
进一步地,在所述椅子框架4上面滑轨上安装有手扶架5,所述手扶架电缸6一端固定安装在椅子框架4侧面支撑板上,其另一面与手扶架5侧面连接板固定连接,通过手扶架电缸6带动手扶架5上下调节来适应不同身高的人。
进一步地,在椅子框架4下面设有前轮子8,所述前轮子8通过转轴转动安装在椅子框架4上面,侧面安装有电机,通过电机来带动前轮子8着地和离地来变化状态。
进一步地,在椅子框架4上面设有控制开关7,控制开关7用于控制机器移动,通过控制开关7控制机器移动。
当病人需要行走的时候,通过前轮子8侧面电机带动前轮子8着地,通过后轮电缸11带动后轮12着地来完成支撑,病人将小腿卡入小腿卡板里,手扶到手扶架5上,通过腿部机构电缸9和小腿踏板电缸15带动患者进行行走锻炼。
当病人需要坐下休息的时候,通过前轮子8侧面电机带动前轮子8离地,通过后轮电缸11带动后轮12离地,通过支撑杆3支撑到地面,患者坐到坐板2上进行休息。

Claims (1)

1.一种行走康复设备,其特征在于包括康复锻炼机构、靠背(1)、椅子(2)和椅子框架(4),所述靠背(1)固定安装在两个椅子框架(4)中间,椅子(2)固定安装在两个椅子框架(4)上面,康复锻炼机构包括腿部机构电缸(9)、腿部连接杆(13)、小腿垫板(14)、小腿垫板电缸(15)和小腿卡板(16),所述腿部连接杆(13)转动安装在椅子(2)下面的轴上,所述腿部机构电缸(9)缸体底部固定安装在椅子框架(4)上,腿部机构电缸(9)活塞杆端部套筒与腿部连接杆(13)通过转轴转动连接;小腿垫板(14)通过转轴与腿部连接杆(13)转动连接,在小腿垫板(14)上面滑动安装有小腿卡板(16),小腿垫板电缸(15)缸体端部固定安装在腿部连接杆(13)上,小腿垫板电缸(15)活塞杆端部与小腿垫板(14)转动连接;
弹簧(17)安装在小腿垫板(14)的滑杆上,小腿卡板(16) 的套筒滑动安装在小腿垫板(14)的滑杆上,小腿卡板(16)的套筒安装在弹簧(17)上;
后轮支架(10)固定安装在椅子(2)下面,所述后轮(12)滑动安装在后轮支架(10)下面的滑杆上,后轮电缸(11 )一端固定安装在后轮支架(10)上,一端与后轮(12)固定连接;
在所述椅子框架(4)上面滑轨上安装有手扶架(5),手扶架电缸(6)一端固定安装在椅子框架(4)侧面支撑板上,其另一面与手扶架(5)侧面连接板固定连接;
在椅子框架(4)下面设有前轮子(8),所述前轮子(8)通过转轴转动安装在椅子框架(4)上面,侧面安装有电机;
在椅子框架(4)上面设有控制开关(7),控制开关(7)用于控制机器移动;
当病人需要行走的时候,通过前轮子(8)侧面电机带动前轮子(8)着地,通过后轮电缸(11)带动后轮(12)着地来完成支撑,病人将小腿卡入小腿卡板里,手扶到手扶架(5)上,通过腿部机构电缸(9)和小腿垫板电缸(15)带动患者进行行走锻炼;
当病人需要坐下休息的时候,通过前轮子(8)侧面电机带动前轮子(8)离地,通过后轮电缸(11)带动后轮(12)离地,通过支撑杆(3)支撑到地面,患者坐到椅子(2)上进行休息。
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CN106983641A (zh) * 2017-04-19 2017-07-28 浙江工业大学 一种全手动辅助病人移动用装置
CN108969308A (zh) * 2018-05-16 2018-12-11 河南应用技术职业学院 一种下肢康复机器人
CN110353955B (zh) * 2019-08-22 2021-09-07 周凡 一种神经内科偏瘫康复训练设备
CN110403803A (zh) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-05 郑州航空工业管理学院 一种座椅与刹车联动式助行器

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